Loudoun County, VA Chapter Meeting March 8, 2018 #ThrowThemOut #ExpectUs @momsdemand
Moms Demand Action - Who Are We? • Not Just Moms - Mothers AND OTHERS, husbands, grandparents, aunts, friends, neighbors, STUDENTS • Nonpartisan • Volunteers • Community Members • Local political representatives
Moms Demand Action Works To:
Close background check loophole(s). Keep guns out of the hands of criminals, abusers, and the dangerous mentally ill. Get good bills passed, and keep bad bills out. Bring gun violence to the forefront of political consciousness. Gun sense voter. Educate the public about responsible gun storage and prevent child access. Onus of responsibility… Change the conversation about gun violence in America. Corporate responsibility, education.
Did you know:
Gun Violence in America
Data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) show that on an average day, 96 Americans are killed with guns. On average there are nearly 13,000 gun homicides a year in the U.S. Nearly two-thirds (62%) of firearm deaths in the U.S. are suicides. America’s gun homicide rate is more than 25x the average of other high-income countries.
Source: Everytown for Gun Safety.
Gun Violence in America
More guns = more deaths: gun death rates are 7x higher in the states with the highest compared with the lowest household gun ownership. The risk of homicide is 3x higher in homes with firearms. Keeping a firearm in the home increases the risk of suicide by a factor of 3 to 5 and increases the risk of suicide with a firearm by a factor of 17 A gun in the home is more likely to be used in a homicide, suicide, or unintentional shooting than to be used in self-defense: 11x for completed and attempted suicides 7x in criminal assaults and homicides, and 4x in unintentional shooting deaths or injuries.
Source: Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence.
Gun Violence in America:The Cost
The total cost of gun violence in America: $229 billion, or more than $700/person With each shooting, expenses can include emergency services, police investigations, long-term medical and mental-health care, court and prison costs. About 87% of these costs fall on taxpayers. There are also indirect costs: lost income, losses to employers, and impact on quality of life.
(1) Mother Jones, “What Does Gun Violence Really Cost”.
Virginia law: X Background checks required for all handgun sales X Prohibited domestic abusers must turn in their guns ďƒź Requires a permit to carry a concealed handgun in public X Requires hands-on safety training to carry a concealed handgun in public. Source: Everytown for Gun Safety, Gun Law Navigator
Federal & Virginia Gun Law Timeline 20 years in the wrong direction – easier access, more guns, more shootings Today Use of guns with high capacity magazine clips by criminals was cut by 50% in Virginia during decade‐long Federal Assault Weapons ban but rebounded sharply after ban expired.1 Washington Post
1993 & 1994 Federal Law Enacted (The Brady Bill) ‐ Federal background checks for gun purchases through licensed dealers (Assault Weapons Ban) ‐Bans certain assault weapons ‐Bans high capacity magazines
Virginia makes it easier to obtain a concealed weapons permit
Sept. 13, 2004 Federal law expires on the assault Weapons ban & high capacity magazine
Virginia again makes it easier to obtain a concealed weapons permit & weakens safety training requirement by allowing online Q&A
Virginia enacts 1 gun per month law
1990 1993 1994
Virginia enacts laws to … 1) Repeal 1 gun per month law 2) Restrict gun buybacks 3) Eliminate fingerprints for concealed carry applicants 4) Reduce penalty for not carrying concealed weapon permit
Virginia allows concealed carry of guns in bars
Despite objections by police and other experts, efforts to weaken current gun safety measures in VA continue. More than 50 Bills have been introduced which would among other things: 1) Arm teachers 2) Allow guns in sensitive places (schools and airports) 3) Remove or weaken the concealed carry permit system At the same time, lawmakers block measures to keep women and children safe. Bills were blocked that would 1) Prevent those convicted of stalking and domestic violence from possessing a firearm (supported by the Virginia State Police, the Virginia Association of Chiefs of Police, and the Virginia Sexual and Domestic Violence Alliance)11 2) Make it a misdemeanor for parents to allow a child 4 years or younger to use a firearm.12
2013 Bills Introduced13 HB1557: Arm Teachers/Principals (failed) HB2340: Criminalize enforcement of Federal gun laws (failed)
2014 Bills Introduced14 HB21 Require school boards to arm 1 person in every school (failed) HB114 Allow firearms in schools (private and religious) (failed) HB43: Criminalize enforcement of Federal gun law(failed) HB639: Remove permit system (failed)
2015 Bills Introduced15 SB1132 Allow permit holders to carry guns in schools during after hours (passed Cmte., failed in full Senate) HB1773 Allow firearms in schools (failed) HB2027 allow firearms in airports (failed) HB1329: Weakens Permit system (passed in House, Passed in Senate Cmte.)
Gun Trafficking in the US
The Iron Pipeline
What was “One Gun a Month?” • • •
Virginia’s one-gun-a-month law (1993 to 2012) prohibited the purchase of more than one handgun/person in any 30-day period. Virginia initially adopted its law after the state became recognized as a primary source of crime guns recovered in states in the northeastern U.S. After the law’s adoption, the odds of tracing a gun originally acquired in the Southeast to a Virginia gun dealer (as opposed to a dealer in a different southeastern state) dropped by:
From the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence.
Who voted to repeal “One Gun a Month”?
Domestic Violence ď‚§ ď‚§
The presence of a gun in a domestic violence situation makes it 5x more likely that a woman will be killed. Women in the U.S. are 16x more likely to be killed with a gun than women in other high-income countries, making this country the most dangerous in the developed world when it comes to gun violence against women. In an average month, 50 American women are shot to death by intimate partners, and many more are injured. Nearly 1 million women alive today have been shot, or shot at, by an intimate partner.
Source: Everytown for Gun Safety Research.
Everytown’s analysis of mass shootings from 2009 to 2016 shows that in 54% of mass shootings, the shooters killed intimate partners or other family members. Only 15 states require abusers subject to final domestic violence restraining orders to turn in their guns – but NOT Virginia. (CA, CO, CT, HI, IA, IL, MA, MD, MN, NC, NH, NY, TN, WA, and WI.) States that require background checks on all handgun sales see 47% fewer women shot to death by intimate partners than states that do not have this requirement.
Source: Everytown for Gun Safety Research.
The Be SMART campaign was created to bring together all responsible adults to reduce the number of unintentional shootings that occur when children get ahold of an unsecured firearm.
At least 864 Children (age 17 & under) were killed or injured by guns in since 2015(1)
Research shows that nearly 2 million American children live in homes with guns that are not stored responsibly, as defined by the American Academy of Pediatrics — locked & unloaded, stored separately from ammunition. Every year, hundreds of American children gain access to irresponsibly stored firearms & unintentionally shoot themselves or someone else.
(1) Everytown For Gun Safety Research, as of 2/20/18.
#NotAnAccident Index: Since 2015
MYTH: Congress didnâ€™t act on Manchin-Toomey, so nothing has changed since Sandy Hook.
What Can I Do? • • • • • • • • • • • •
Call your Congressperson and leave a comment Write a Letter to the Editor Register to vote and get your friends to register as well Become a Be Smart presenter or host a Be Smart presentation in your home, church, or community center Campaign for gun sense candidates Make phone calls right from home to welcome new members Help us with data entry Help staff a table at community events Organize Moms events Fundraise Visit your Representatives and Senators on Capitol Hill or at local offices Visit your State Delegates and Senators
What You Can Do In Our Chapter
Welcome Calls Faith Outreach Care Cards Social Media Community Outreach Membership Survivor Engagement
Be SMART Events (Planning & Attending) Legislative Work MOMs Campaigns Data Work Spokespeople Letters to the Editor
We donâ€™t have to live like this.
Membership Meeting, March 8, 2018