PORTFOLIO MARIA AMÁLIA MIRANDA LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
The following publication is an academic portfolio with a selection of works I did, Amรกlia Miranda in the bachelor and master in Landscape Architecture in the Oporto University and in erasmus in the school Van Hall Larenstein, Arnhem, The Netherlands. The bachelor has 3 years of studies and the master of two years will be finished by the summer of 2014. The bachelor has a multidisciplinary approach and subjects such as: Drawings, Public Spaces Design, Botany, Green Spaces Management, Spatial planning, Urbanism, Vegetation appliance, Design: Construction Techniques, Software and also, as optional Management and Entrepreneurship, Design of Visual Communication and Urban Ecosystems and Sustainability... It gives basis and prepares the students scientifically, technically and artistically for Landscape Architecture issues from design, maintenance and management to spatial planning. The portfolio shows works started by hand drawn concepts which most of the time were after developed in some of this software: AutoCAD, Autocad civil 3d, Microstation, Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign, Sketch Up, Maxwell Render, ArcGis, ArcMap. During this studies I developed also, professionally some garden design for private houses and balcony and did an internship half a year in an office of Architecture, Urbanism and Landscape Architecture (wUrck) in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
I describe myself as an enthusiastic and committed person. Landscape Architecture fascinates me as a multidisciplinary and versatile profession with end results in people lives. I am passionate in creating empathy with people and nature in order to design/plan sustainable and efficient solutions to shape public spaces and the environment through an holistic approach enhancing the quality of life. Iâ€™m a proactive worker and pursue to be involved in challenging projects putting my endeavor in finding visionary solutions which respect the historical identity, improve peopleâ€™s experiences of space and influence the future of the environment in order to conceive flourishing designs.
Table of contents 05 counts Every drop -water
01 Aveiro Smart City
pg. 6 Urban Planning
02 Urban Park
06 Old features new functions 20 Park Design
03 Urban Park and the city
07 Quires Urban Park 8 Urban Qualification
04 Bridging Prague
08 Cadouรงos Square 17 Masterplanning
09 Therapeutic Garden 38 Park Design Plant focus
20 Ecology Masterplanning
10 University campus
management 42 Green Spaces Management
11 Detached house garden 30 Park Design
44 Garden Design
12 Drawings and models 34 Square Design
Aveiro Smart City Urban Planning
individual work; academic- 2012 descriptive report - booklet • A1 poster • law application calculations, tables and drawings
Requirements. Develop urban design considering the existing principles and facing the realities of the city studied in analysis • consider the existing urban planning laws and numbers and change part of the design according to this rules •
ZONE OF OFFICES AND BUSINESS ATRACTIVE AND COMPETITIV EMPLOYMENT AND ENTREPENEURSHIP ECONOMY PEOPLE DIVERSITY OF BUILDING TYPOLOGIES COMUNITY LIVING PUBLIC GATHERING IN THE STREETS AND PUBLIC SPACES CREATED LEISURE LIVABLE CULTURAL OFFER PROXIMITY WITH EDUCATIONAL, RECREATIVE, COMERCIAL AND SERVICES FACILITIES QUALITY OF LIFE
MOBILITY ACCESSIBILITY EXTENSION OF THE CYCLE PATH CONFORTABLE ROAD PROFILE TO PEDESTRIANS AND CARS PEDESTRIAN PATHS GRID PARKING FOR BIKES AND CARS
ENVIRONMENT GREEN SPACES GRID INTEGRATED IN THE EXISTING GREEN STRUCTURE URBAN DRAINAGE SYSTEMS RENEWABLE ENERGIES GREEN ROOFS
Concept. Smart city through design - considering the reality of the city and the current world issues and principles on cities development • design using four structural principles: green structure; roads structure; public space structure and building typologies • improve public life and public realm
parking fac for bikes cars
DESTACHED HOUSE 2 floors with private garden
2 floors private garden in the back
5 floors private gardens in the middle
cross sections avenues boulevard like, with green space and cycle path Buildings â€˜Eâ€™ shaped
5 floors small public gardens between blocs
Buildings with mixed use 1 floor trade 1 floor services 3 floors living green roofs
Buildings of offices and companys
5 floors offices public garden/square in the center of the building public garden nearby
cross sections avenues boulevard like with cycle path
offices and companys
trade and services in the avenue continuity and identity with the existing city
more green space creating continuity
spaces of leisure and recreation
safe pedestrian and cycling paths
Urban Park Park Design
individual work; academic- 2012 descriptive report - booklet • A1 poster •
40 ha of agriculture fields in the center of the city to transform into an urban Park • needs for recreation and leisure • urban agriculture • integrate the green structure • approach sustanabilty • find strategies to financiate the Park • face reality as a design challenge •
Design principles. In the north of the Park there’s already a green public space and a coffee, related to a sports complex so, it is more sustainable if the Park starts from here and has a strong connection with the city. The woods in the North were also preserved and improved in terms of vegetation, paths and views. The big clearing is the most important space in the Park which serves the needs for recreation and leisure of the population.
Cross section with the roads surrounding the Park after improvement. The new configuration of the roads enhance the connection between the city and the park by the pedestrians and cyclists: larger walking paths with trees and safer upgraded crossings, safe cycle path
Strategies. A design in three fases, any fase work as a park for the citizens • public participation in the park evolution process, in the maintenance and in activities • park sponsors • places for business like Co.Working space in the woods
Circulation. pedestrian and zoning: path through the whole Park and its surroundings (blue) • places to large gatherings and fuctions of recreation and leisure (blue symbol) • ecologic and biodiversity places (green symbol) • framework areas (pink) bicycle and car: cycle path (pink) • bicycle parking place (pink ‘P’) • roads (grey) • cars parking place (grey ‘P’)
Existing formal Lawn Proposed Parking place Coffee Sports Complex
Existing parking place Gas Pump
Proposed Parking place
Linear Market Square
In a flat city, located at a low level and with a lagoon and many habitats which integrate the bird routes makes sence to have a wetarea wich makes the Park more interesting and interactive for people along the seasons and brings biodiversity .
The roads surrounding the Park and the train line impact was softened by creating dynamical spaces like a market square and by changing the transversal profile of the roads, this way, more people can get there and the roads came to be roads of the Park wich goes further than the roads.
In the firt phase the agricultural fields East were preserved and integrated in this new Park
Urban Park and the city Urban Qualification Europe.Portugal.Aveiro
group; academic- 2013 A0 poster • descriptive report - booklet • plans: contours, plantation • details • simulations • cross sections
Requirements. In groups propose a design for a Sustainable Urban Park and for the qualification of the city in the surroundings
Design concept. After analysing the city and find the main used pedestrian and car axes, the public spaces which are not distributed, the main public institutions (map left above) and the spaces with no program and need for qualification (map right above), create a logical grid of green and public spaces in the city through qualification of empty or degradated spaces integrating the Park in the dynamics of the city and its surroundings.
New design or rearrangement proposed for some squares and avenues in the city which have a lot of public activity potential but were not design for people The design aims to improve peopleâ€™s experience of the city by giving them places to stay and gather and are integrated in a grid creating routes in the city provided with public and green spaces which connect the new Urban Park.
Existing area of the Park 13
Consolidation of the riparian gallery by removing weeds and improving the wet area with native and phytoremediation plants increasing visual and environmental quality of the space.
Concave linear lawn surrounded by stone pine (Pinus pinea) crossed by the main entrances of the Park. Itâ€™s an element of beauty for recreation and leisure.
Coffee and Market to sell the products made in the Park by the farmers and the citizens themselves and for people to relax and gather.
Urban vegetable gardens, a plot to cultivate can be rent by the citizens to produce or sell their own products. Associated to the plot are aromatic plants. This place has a productive , educative and sensorial character.
The orchard gives a rural productive, ornamental and sensorial character to the space. Itâ€™s good for kids to play and learn and for parents to sit in the benches and read or have lunch. 15
Bridging Prague Masterplanning
team work (3); open competition- 2012 poster A0
Requirements. An international ideas competition for the Vltava River in Prague • Organized by reSITE Festival and ARCHIP • Competitors were asked to develop a new Vision Plan for this section of the riverfront that creates a unified experience linking cultural, recreational, ecological, historical and economic opportunities • design an intervention that will become a premiere destination along the river Vltava with easy pedestrian access to the historical core •
Sinopse. The Vltava and its immediate context are not a part of everyday experiences of city residents as well as the cultural imagination. Our proposal seeks to claim the river as the first step for civic space and a territory for multiple uses: ecological, economic and social. Our approach stands for a new economy that values local production, urban agriculture, self-sustaining energy, art, sociability, and the most important, the people. We will make full use of the landscape as a productive, ecological infrastructure for enhancing social equality, generatic economic vitality, and regaining cultural identity.
regular river water lever â€˘ ecologic island
floded area â€˘ ecologic island
Design concept. Elaborate new models for the city life is one of the goals. The strategy is flexible and therefore dynamic and sustainable. The inhabitants are the main players in this scene. This policy leverages underutilized and waste resources; finds efficiencies in collaboration and cross fertilization between urban and environmental systems.
To improve the peopleâ€™s interaction with the river, a new amphitheatre is proposed where people can rest, socialize and recreate themselves; It is connected by a boardwalk where they can experience the river in a closer perspective; The river pool seeks to give back to the people the river that once they use to swim on.
• when the river is in its normal water level the
greehouse is supported in the base of the dock • when the water level rises the dock is filled with water and the greenhouse floats up
amphibious - farm
Close to the promenade where the famous farmer’s market takes place, the “Amphibious farm” rise as a greenhouse in the water which is able to float when the water level rises; This place has an educational purpose where kids can learn about farms in the city and how to grow their own crops, combined with a restaurant and terrace where people can eat local produced food and rest in the Vltava River with nice views to the city of Prague. 19
‘Every drop counts ‘ Almere - Water Resilient Cities Ecology, Masterplanning Europe.Netherlands . Almere group; academic- 2012 booklet • posters
Requirements. The project area is the eastern part of the city of Almere (a city below the water level created by the Dutch) , which comprises the expanded area of Almere Oost as well as the yet-to-be-established ecological corridor, called OostvaardersWold. The challenge is to design the area in connection with the ecological corridor, regarding climate change issues in accordance with the Almere Principles and having the theme Water Resilient Areas.
Design concept. Being a city below water level, the water in Almere is being pumped out every day and every hour • development of a Plan for water resilient Almere using the design principles for water resilient cities on the right • Regarding climate change it’s more sustainable to store the water in Almere to stimulate
biodiversity and for uses in housing. Considering this, the design uses an old historical valley and tranform it into a new blue corridor next to the green corridor to store water, where biodiversity can flow and recreational routes are proposed • different typologies of living with diferent road system, density, green structure water system and energy: business and living, eco-living, luxury living, self-sufficient living - integrated in the multi core structure of Almere • different typologies of nature and storage: open water, forests, streams, pools, wetland, meadow, swamp • Above an image of the typologie business and living •
Businesses Geometric patterns
Water storage and purification
Design principles. Water cycle: Rain water is collected inside the residencial areas; waste water will be filtered and reuse for flushing toilet. Filthy water gets into the areas and redundant clean water goes back into the system. Animal species also profit from this water and nature zone.
Ecologic and recreational zone: A difference in water depth will increase ecologic diversity. Water and nature are used to prepare for climate change as well as for recreational activities. Living next to dynamic nature. Nature and water enter residential areas to create a sustainable water cycle.
Combating salinity: Fresh groundwater is used to irrigate agricultural plots. Toom much pumping will bring up salt water. Fresh water storage puts pressure onto the water system to combate salinity.
Cooling Urban heat Island: Business parks know a high density. Big buildings generate a lot of heat. Large water areas combined with nature are used to cool the urban heat islands.
Building principle: Only buildings and roads are built on sand. Clay from streams is put on existing soil.
current urban structures
dike around the agricultural polder
Business & Living
continuous water flow connected with the Hoge- and Lage Vaart
ecological agricultural land different types of forest
partially dried up stream
transitionzone forest, shrubs, grassland
partially dried up pool
different types of dry grassland and meadow
open water for waterstorage and recreation
different types of wet brushwood and recreative green
small corridor trough the living area
different types of wetland and reed swamp
Old features new functions Masterlplanning
group. academic- 2011 poster A0 • presentation
Requirements. Develop a design for a new neighbourhood in the grasslands near the village of Leek and relate it to the Terjeil Estate
Design concept. Enhance the connection between the city and the surrounding landscape this extention lies in a wet area that will be used for recreational purposes and to increase the value of the landscape surrounding the dwellings • extension of the estate feeling: using estate typologies for green structure • bring back the old farm of the estate: Rome creating a new living environment • the three elements will create a central point that will be connected with the center of Leek GREEN CONNECTIONS AND RECREATIONAL ROUTES
EXPANDING ESTATE TYPOLOGIES
ESTATE TYPOLOGIES CLOSED SPACE TYPOLOGIE
FOREST/OPEN TYPOLOGIE FARM TYPOLOGIE LANE
OLD FEATURES WITH NEW FUNCTIONS
RECREATIONAL WET AREA
NEW FUNCTIONS ROME FARM
Farm of the estate - Rome
LIVING IN THE FOREST
Old water line
Old forest estate typologies
HOUSES TYPOLOGIES AND ROADS
WATER SYSTEM AND WET AREA
Leek Center Living in the Wet area
Rome - living in the old farm area
Living in the forest
living in the wet area
Rome - living in the old farm area
The Landscape makes the Design Urban Planning
individual. academic- 2011 2 posters A0
For the region
The landscape makes the Design
For people For the nature itself
Requirements. Individually choose a neighbourhood of the masterplan and detail it in terms or urban design
Design concept. As shown above: The wet area will be a good place to live and learn from the nature. The landscape is the stage so, the houses must all have views to it, they are the audience, in this way the housing becomes a ‘U’ shape and in the middle space it’s semi private. There will be no back gardens because the landscape is the garden but every floor will have balconys to enjoy the landscape. People in the surroundings must also enjoy this landscape in this way a deck will be implemented with few impact in the landscape, creating sort of a linear park so, everyone can take part of the landscape in a sustainable way. The existing landscape will be the connection between the diferent spaces in the area and also the connection between the areas in the masterplan like rome and forest areas.; green roofs in housing can improve this connection for biodiversity The landscape is a dynamic element through the year and a continuous feature to live. 27
recreational deck above the wet area
area in between dwellings a community place
recreational deck above the wet area
bird eye view of the neighbourhood
Quires Urban Park Park Design
group of 2. academic- 2011 booklet and two posters
site connections: park (pink) ,airport, metro, industrial area, forest area and agriculture area
Requirements. Develop a park for a new neighbourhood in Maia, Porto in a place that was a trash deposit
Design concept. The proposal uses the existing contours and improve them bringing a new dynamic to the space; preserves existing trees which create good shadow; creates a Wadii to sustainable storage of water , a lawn good for recreation and a smaller lawn with slopes for kids to play; The path kind of gives the park an identity, a contemporary identity, after entering the Park it guides the visitors thought a dynamic of places like woods, lawn, aromatic shrubs or ornamental grasses. All this features bring to the new neighbourhood a sustainable green space, versatil and dynamic with greate potencial of leisure and recreation
diagram of the proposed dynamic of routes and thematic areas
park and the road of the park
wet area with ornamental grasses 31
Wet area with ornamental grasses
Sloped lawn for kids activities
rubs Reception square
Cadouços square Square design
Europe. Portugal . Porto individual work • academic - 2012
Requirements. Redesign a square in a sunny space with views to the sea which actually has an old design that is not working, it is a tilted area, the space is too chambered for its dimension and it’s being crossed by car lanes and with cars parked illegaly everywhere.
Design concept. The main concept is fluidity, serving the needs of people who wants to stay for a while but also the ones passing by. The proposal aims to solve the space problems by creating new parking places and pleasant spaces for people. The Cadouços Square will be a place to stay, to contemplate or walk by with stunning views to the sea. The main feature in this concept is the walking path which is crucial to give continuity breaking the fragmentation of the space, in this path users can circulate from top to down in safe and with pleasant views. The shape of the path create harmony and its diferent lenghts where sometimes people can find a place to sit by the plants make it a pleasant place to walk. There will also be a coffe with esplanade and a great paved space for gathering with nice views to the garden and the lawn. 34
Paved Surface Coffee
coffee and paved area and lawn
view from the top of the pathway
Construction details. portuguese pavement granite or basalt cubic stones between 0,03 and 0,16 m sand layer with cement granite curb (0,10 x 0,16 x 1m) top view double layer of ‘tout-venant’ - 0,16 m compacted soil existing soil pine bark
humus asphalt 0,02m granite curb 0,11 x 0,10 x 1m concrete settlement PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT compacted soil
MURO DE SUPORTE EM PEDRA SECA Unitário suporting wall in dry stone humus drainage layer in gravel dry joint irregular granite stone PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT
humus 0,10 m compacted soil gravel layer 0,10 m
brita layer existing soil
Maria Amália Ferreira Pinho Souto de M Faculdade de Ciências - Unive
Park Desing with planting design focus Europe.Portugal . Porto
group; academic- 2010 poster A1; plantation plan of trees,shrubs and grasses • descriptive report
Casa da Av. da BoavMúsica ista Rotunda Boavista
Requirements. In the center of the city of Porto, close to the Metro and close to the ‘Casa da Música’ where some new buldings will grow design a Park for the citizens and the neighbourhood taking special concern about the vegetation and having as main theme: Therapeutic Garden
Design concept. The garden is thought for the different ages and conditions of a comunity, with special focus on the eldery people. We use the principle of reminiscence to stimulate the memories and life experiences of old people using old features and plants that bring good memories, for instance the recovery of the old train lines that passed by the area or the use of Olea europea or Citrus sinensis which are plants always in the memories of the portuguese people. The space provides many different spaces for recreation with easy instalation and maintenance and visual transparency important for safety, it is composed by a Coffe with esplanade where one can see the old train lines surrounded by aromatic and colored plants, the more residencial area between buildings with the same character, the paved surface where many things can be experienced like just observing, relax, socialize or make urban agiculture as a therapy in lifted boxes or play card games in the tables and also a sloped lawn for kids, in this areas the pavement is apropriated for blind people and some handrails with braille information about the park. In the north will be a Center of Fisiotherapy and Geriatric Reabilitation and the arboretum, with many trees and plants with sensorial and therapeutic interest the whole year and also a dynamic of slopes where exercises and fisiotherapy can be done and close by the center a naturalised lake to bring biodiversity and dynamics to the area . So this Park aims to be agreeable, usefull and accesible for the whole community and satisfy its interests. 38
CIRCULAÇÃO PEDONAL DIRECTA
CIRCULAÇÃO PEDONAL DEAMBULANTE
O projecto de int quadrado nas im potencial promo nais. Marcado, comboio que o Boavista, represe
Através da terap busca das memó etação proposta dade, condicion memória.
Arboretum Center for phisiotherapy and reabilitation
Paved surfaces for experiences
Na intervenção d pletada com um Boavista), uma z zona mais a no Centro de Fisiot volve um exterio sazonalidades de actividade física
Lawn for kids
Train lines and aromatics
N ESCALA 1:500
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT
Planting design concepts.
After a deep research the plants were criteriouly choosen acoording to its proprerties like design caracteristics such as texture or color but also for its smeel and its psicologic and therapeutic effects in people. And also portuguese plants that could appeal good memories in the elderly people. Color and its significances in people were an important feature thought all the plan. Each area of the Park has a function and acording to it a dominant color in different seasons creating a coffortable feeling and sensorial stimulation not only by the color but also texture and shape. Plants can also be used in therapeutic horiticulture so its effects in human bodys and biodiversity appeal were also considered.
Através da terapia da remenisciência, pretende-se a busca das memórias passadas, conseguida pela vegetação proposta e pelo espaço de cultivo em comunidade, condicionando ambas a emoção associada à memória.
PROJECTO CACIA (TRABALHO)
Na intervenção distingue-se uma zona de praça comThe scheme shows the dynamic of colors and textures throught the pletada com um Café-Restaurante (antiga Estação da seasons of the year in the different parts of different plants Boavista), uma zona central de recreio activo e uma A EMPRESA “KRAKATOA JARDIM” PEDIU UM PLANO GERAL QUE MOSTRASSE zona mais a norte que, associada a um edifício de UMA PROPOSTA PARA AS TRASEIRAS DE UMA CASA ANTIGA EM CACIA, ONDE SE PRETENDIA CRIAR UM ESPAÇOde DE Fisioterapia e Reabilitação Geriátrica, enCentro FESTAS PARA CRIANÇAS OU ADULTOS volvePROJECTO, um exterior dotado de variações de declive e de ASSIM, SURGIU O SEGUINTE SENDO A PRIMEIRA EXPERIÊNCIA PROFISSIONAL EM QUE sazonalidades ESTIVE ENVOLVIDA. de vegetação, propício ao estímulo da DO LADO DIREITO PODE VER-SE UMA actividade física e de terapêutica geriátrica. MAGEM DA HORTA BIOLÓGICA PRE-
PLANO GERAL PARA ÁREA DE FESTAS EM CACIA
TENDIDA PELOS PROPRIETÁRIOS PARA O LOCAL, EM BAIXO UMA IMAGEM COM A VISTA GERAL DO ESPAÇO APÓS NTERVENÇÃO.
University Campus Management Green spaces management Europe.Portugal . Porto
group; academic- 2010 slaughterings and demolitions plan • plantation plan • map of quatities and budget • specifications of works document
Project description. Reorder the campus of the faculty of sciences by the management and maintenance of the existing space, creating better social space in a sustainable way and small budget
Design concept. A conceptual plan of managment was developed: the interventions vary from demolishing the invasive plants or the ones which are not in good conditions. Planting to improve the design by creating shadows and better social places and with a focus on the sensorial effects of plants during the year. The trees and shrubs will grow free requiring the less maintenance, just some pruning when needed ; the grass will be managed through cut and no cut. The irrigation will be mainly in the lawns for recreation and leisure through the whole year when the humidity is not enough for the plants.
Detached house garden Garden design
Europe.Portugal . Porto individual- 2009 model â€˘ masterplan
Project description. In a tilted plot, design a garden keeping the existing trees for detached house of a family with kids and one handicap, he must be able to get close to almost every space in the garden. (so the path must be no more than 6% sloped). It has to have parking place.
Design concept. A formal garden was designed but with informal use of the vegetation (by the textures and positions). The main path has 6% and guide the users through all the garden, small stairs create a faster connection between the entrance, the house and the lawn. Thereâ€™s benches where itâ€™s possible to have a perspective of tha whole garden in the reception space after the entrance The lawn is sloped almost creating two different lawns, the area of utility of the house increases by the implementation in the extension of the living room of a deck half hanging in the lake, nice views and the water sound can be heard from here. The solar expositions were a big issue, the parking place is in the north and the lawn, the deck, the vegetable garden and the lake are south positioned. The vegetable garden has direct connection with the kitchen of the house. The garden has a dynamic of shadow and sun and big exploration of vegetation ans water element.
Trees and shrubs Stairs
Artificial Lake Walking path
Drawings and Models drawing in site: perspective outdoors; landscape; fruits; humans; flowers; boxes , rags and tools; fruits ; flowers human figure. Fast sketches, slow detailed drawings Materials: sketch pen, pencil, coloured pens and pencils, pastels, oil pastels, graphite, paint brush, inc ...
MARIA AMÁLIA MIRANDA LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE BSLA . MLA Aveiro, Portugal email@example.com