Indicators of health Presented by: Dr.khalda khalid
Health indicators are required to:
1.measure health status of a community. 2.compare the health status of one country with that of another. 3.assess health care needs. 4.for allocation of scarce resources. 5.for monitoring & evaluation of health services, activities & programmes.
6.measure the extent to which the objectives & targets of a programme are being attained.
Definition of indicators: ď Ż
In whoâ€™s guidelines for health programme evaluation, indicators are defined as variables which help to measure changes.
Characteristics of indicators:
1.should be valid; measure what they are supposed to measure. 2.Should be reliable & objective; the answers should be the same if measured by different people in similar circumstances. 3.should be sensitive; they should be sensitive to changes in the situation concerned.
4. should be specific; they should reflect changes only in the situation concerned. 5.should be feasible; they should have the ability to obtain data needed. 6.should be relevant; they should contribute to the understanding of the phenomenon of interest.
Indicators of health:
1.mortality indicators. 2.morbidity indicators. 3.disability rates. 4.nutritional status indicators. 5.health care delivery indicators. 6.utilization rates. 7.indicators of social & mental health. 8.Environmental indicators.
9.socio-economic indicators. 10.health policy indicators. 11.indicators of quality of life. 12.other indicators: • • •
health for all indicators. social indicators. basic needs indicators.
Published on Aug 16, 2013