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Theresa Dallies Dr. Maria Licuana-Galela Soc 22778 (Social Problems) November 16, 2017 Population, Inequality and the Environmental Crisis The growth of the population is an issue that is becoming hard to control due to the large amount of industrialization and increasing life expectancies. There is continuing to be an increase in population growth throughout the world. The world’s population is expected to double before the year 2050. Immigration is viewed as the driving force behind the huge increase in population. People from underdeveloped countries are moving to developed countries for job opportunities or to get away from issues such as their country’s government. Millions of people immigrate to the United States alone, with an estimated 8-10 million entering the country illegally every year. The greater the earth’s population grows, the harder it will become to support the increasing amount of people needing resources such as healthcare and food. The only way to maintain this growing issue is through fertility control, pollution reduction and possible technological advances. World hunger and malnutrition are some of the greatest problems as a result of overpopulation. Food shortages are becoming more and more common coming from increasing economic inequality. Malnutrition is the leading risk factor for death and it results in more than half of the deaths in children in developing nations. These issues strongly affect both adults and children in these developing nations. The green revolution has increased a small amount of this famine by creating “miracle” crops. Although the green revolution has helped the world hunger

rate, it hasn’t helped as much as it was intended to. The products needed to increase the agriculture production tend to be quite expensive and are not included in the low budgets of the developing countries who desperately need them. One of the greatest problems that occurred during the green revolution is that a lot of the needed funding was cut back. These drawbacks reduced the amount of crops that farmers were able to produce in the low-income countries. The biotechnical revolution has also attempted to help the global food shortage, but the funding of this project was not possible for middle or low income nations as well. By trying to achieve zero population growth, countries can attempt to control the evergrowing population and issues in food shortages. The United States is close to nearing zero population growth. This results from the increase in labor force and decrease in the interest of creating families. It also results from the availability of birth control, later marriage, child costs, and the increasing education teenagers have about fertility. Programs such as Planned Parenthood give education about how to prevent unwanted pregnancy as well as distributing birth control for no or very little cost. Family planning also has been proven to increase survival and health and reduce the population growth. Immigration is the greatest issue of population control, as it is virtually impossible to calculate an accurate amount of immigrants that come into the United States especially. The greatest efforts being taken to increase the immigration Strict immigration policies are being enforced more and more by the government in an effort to stop illegal immigrants. A large reason for the growing enforcement is the immigrants are causing the urban populations to grow much faster than they would otherwise. Illegal immigrants are more likely to have low job skills than legal immigrants, which means they are typically employed in jobs such as fast-food, construction and landscaping.

The functionalist perspective is important because it focuses on all aspects of the population control and how to resolve it. The social, technological and environmental structure are all factors that contribute to the rapidly increasing population. Technological innovation greatly contributes to society and the increasing need for goods to support the ever-growing population. Although these innovations keep up with increasing need for mass production, they cause harmful effects to the environment such as pollution and waste. Functionalists believe that the only way to solve the problem is to develop new technologies for the environmental and agricultural issues in the population.

Chapter 15 population  
Chapter 15 population