PORTFOLIO|RUI GUAN MSAAD | COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY
City, as an accumulation of human civilization and the foundation of modern society, has always been my concern and interest. In my understanding, there is no clear difference between designing a building and designing the city. Every time you built, no matter what scale or function, you change the city on its structure, view or lifestyle. It is a choice for every architect, to take the responsibility or to ignore it; to create bonuses or to make problems. I have been constantly working on the "bonus way" in my graduate year. As presented in my portfolio, three projects are selected to show three different responsive ways to city issues -- to modify the metabolism of Coney Island Beach in urbanization process; to create Full Food Chain in urtinsa industrial area; to develop public institution solving the water problem in Barranquilla, Collombia. Each project generates the concept from a city problem and follows a clear logic to complete the architectural design and create bonus for city. In a word, my design methodology is to make the city a better place rather than make the architecture an artwork.
CONTENT 001 Bodily Urbanism
Defining Coney Island Beach Frontline
002 Vertical Occupation
Typological Correction for Urtinsa Industrial Area
003 Staging Urbanization
Urban Design for Maqun Metro Transfer Station
004 Dual Publicness
Cultural & Art Center
005 Renewal and Derivation
Renovation of Historical Building in Campus
006 Efficient Transportation
Ningbo Lishe International Airport Terminal 2
007 Other Works
001. BODILY URBANISM Acadamic work of defining coney island beach frontline 2016.06- 2016.08 Cooperative work, Collaborater: Zhe Cao Critic: Prof. Andres Jaque Location: Coney Island Beach, Brooklyn, New York
Coney Island is a peninsular residential neighborhood, beach, and entertainment destination on the Lower Bay in the southwestern part of the borough of Brooklyn, New York City. Coney Island beach is well known as the site of amusement parks and a seaside resort. The attractions reached a historical peak during the first half of the 20th century, declining in popularity after World War II and years of neglect. The Coney Island beach (beach front line) is consisted of the metabolism and the expansion of metabolism of every actors on the beach. Metabolism and the expansion of metabolism in these context indicates the chemical reactions involved in a human or animal body. And the expansion of metabolism collaborating or coordination between creatures and artificial constructions, as in machineries, urban architectures, and infrastructures.
Deconstruction of Coney Island Mapping of Coney Island, the beach frontline is so complicated including different infrastructure, amusement park facilities, beach supplying buildings and socail housing. They contribute to the beach to create the beach as it is. The deconstruction aims to recreate the connections between those elements in a different perspective.
The Metabolism of Coney Island Metabolism and the expansion of metabolism in these context indicates the chemical reactions involved in a human or animal body. And the expansion of metabolism collaborating or coordination between creatures and artificial constructions, as in machineries, urban architectures, and infrastructures.
When people participate in the entertainment facilities, the fast movement of their body on the Thunderbolt, the Roller Coaster, the wonder wheel. People will generate different extent of hormone which is the endocrine system.
The rise of adrenaline leads to faster heart breaking, blood flowing and the rise of blood sugar which make people hungry. The food service on the beach affect people`s digestive system.
The nervous system was affected by every single movement on the beach. People can feel the great views of the beach, the smell from the Nathanâ€™s hotdog, the temperature of seawater, the wind flowing through faces.
The rise of adrenaline leads to faster heart breaking, blood flowing and the rise of blood sugar which make people hungry. The food service on the beach affect people`s urinary system.
Another side of Metabolism The metabolical process accumulates conflicts and complicities. The toxicity accumulates in the water and absorbed by creature and intake by human that eventually affects human metabolism; the hotdog made by chopped pork that contains large amount of excessive of energy. All 12 cases has their complicities.
Introduce a new type of domesticity. By adding the modular structure of living/ resorting unit. With the help of which lowered the density of space and introduce new expansion of life.
Connect the beach and the urban center. People get into the carbin of the ferry, which is also the capsule of ride.
Accelerate the body performance of urbanism by making the Nathanâ€™s a giant infrastructure, itâ€™s a terminal of urban infrastructure.
BLADDER OF CONEY
Modular kiosks which has wind/sunlight sensor. Adapting/reacting to the weather change and the human need.
Rotating Intake water from the sewage system. Cleaning water adjusting the water system and further purify the marine creatures.
The circular ride connect all the rides and the fun places in Coney. At the same time the ride works as a transportation system that send people to places.
002. VERTICAL OCCUPATION Acadamic work of typologycal correction for urtinsa industrial area 2017.01- 2017.05 Cooperative work, Collaborater: Wenzhao Zhang Critic: Prof. Juan Herreros, Maite Borjabad Location: Alcorcon, Madrid, Spain
Observing the current disjointed relationship between agricultural production and city life, the project aims to create a different scenario where the food production is synthesized with everyday living. The proposal aims to use the existing factories on site as an infrastructure and bring in a new layer of food production from growing to production and finally consumption. Not in the previous disjointed way but integrated as a new contemporary agricultural industrial way. By combining the food production with living scenes, these industrial elements could become an artificial nature on this monotonous site and generate a new living experience. The project tries to correct the exsiting typologies by introducing this scene where everyday life, growing amd industrial all happening together and in this way generate a new living experience.
54% Argricultural land Total 25,600,000 ha of the land
6.4% of population working in agriculture industry and produce 3% of the GDP
48% Argriculture land in the community if Madrid
Main crops in Madrid: Vine Grapes, Cereals, Olives and vegetables
1% of the 2,700 companies in Alcorcon are related with argriculture
NEW STEEL STRUCTURE
EXISTING TRUSS STRUCTURE
EXPERIMENTAL FIELD RESIDENCE
RESIDENCE GREEN HOUSE
EXPERIMENTAL FIELD GREEN SPACE
RESIDENCE EXPERIMENTAL FIELD
URBAN FARM EXISTING FACTORY
003. Staging Urbanization Urban Design for Maqun Metro Transfer Station 2014.09-2014.11 Individual work Mentor: Pro. Tang Peng, Pro. Shen Yang Location: Maqun Streets, Nanjing, China
The process of China's urbanization can be rewritten as an embarrassing history of urban villages while they emergy and fade. Surrounded by fast roads and sky scapers, these dilapidated areas serve for quite a period as temporary shelters for people who struggled at the bottom of cities, and also the last spiritual sustenance for farmers who once binded their entire lives with the land. Dilapidated, truly, but there is still memory and memorable lifestyle lie in them. When the urban villages are about to be torn down and replaced by modern buildings, how to deal with the dying lifestyle and memory? Who shall take responsibility for the turbulence in local people's life? Where lies a soft path for them to integrate into city life? In the case of construction of urban complex in Maqun against local urban villages, I offer a solution concerning the dimension of time in urbanization. The specific dtrategy as "growth pattern of construction" concludes main public space as base of growth construction, three stages of construction matching with urban villages' transformation and technical method. Hopefully it may provide a fresh new way of thinking in China's urbanization process.
Crisis：Urban Villages in Maqun
Solution in Time
Located in the suburban area of Nanjing, the site of the project is currently surround urban villages. In the Nanjing government's vision for the city's future, this area would de eastern gate to the city, a prosperous place with busy traffic and active commercial eve Thus, the urban villages and local people's past life are doomed to fade.
60％ Age ≥ 40 70％ Non-local 45％ No fixed ocupation 75％ Monthly income ≤ 2000
70％ ≥5 years
Status of Villagers
50％ Approval Local vs. Non-local
Attitude for removal [ Survey results in five urban villages in Maqun ]
By the removal of urban villages, there is predictable chaos, predicam
ded by 6-8 typical evelop into a main ents.
The project concentrates on the period when the site is under construction while the urban villages are under remove. The keypoint is to deal with the pain in removal by offering supplies in the new project.
[ Traditional construction strategy ]
Need for urban villages
construction period =
Feeling for current life
Turn the construction period into a gentle process for the urban villagers to intergrate into modern city life.
predicament and confusedness of people
80％ Nothing clear
Planning for future
ment and confusedness in people's life.
[ New construction strategy ]
Each phase is relatively independent, complete, functional; and is also continuation of the previous stage.
Strategy: Growth pattern of Construction
â… Base: Core public space The core public space arises first, serving as the base and the witness of the growing process, is consist of three parts.
â…˘ Growth: 3 stages fit with urban village transformation Stage 1
1-1 Urban villages and existing metro line.
2-1 Urban villages being removed.
1-2 Transfer station and three lines to be built.
1-3 Time Line guides the stream of people.
Which brings stream of people as well as great opportunity to the area.
(farmland/ park/ pedestrian street) Which connects the space as a whole.
(market/ community center/ exhibition l) Which communicates the residents.
2-2 Basic housing as temporary shelter for urban villagers.
2-3 Time Line offers space for farmland in stage 1.
â…Ą Technique: Frame structure for addtion Prototype of Construction tower to be added [stage 3]
basic housing [stage 1] reserved base
3-1 Surrounding areas are about to develope.
3-2 Original residents move into newly-built buildings or other parts of the city.
3-3 Time Line offers green space as city park in stage 2.
1-4 Public building as the end of the "line".
1-5 Three podiums as basic housing for urban villagers.
2-4 Meanwhile the other three buildings are under construction.
-4 Meanwhile the three podiums are under the additional construction.
2-5 While urban villages are entirely removed. Park
3-5 Time Line turns into pedestrian area for shopping and activities.
Oct 01, 2022
Nov 25, 2026
Jun 01, 2030
During three stages of construction, the view on the site gradually changes. Trees grow higher, buildings rise, farmland turns into green space, more and more people and shops and enterprises gather around. The construction period itself is a brief history of urbanization, as well as a piece of valuable memory for local people.
2036 2034 2032 2030
Stage 3 completed A regular active urban life stats in this area.
2022 Urban village- Niuwangmiao In demolition money dispute
Urban village- Chenjiayuan Starting process of remove
Start of Maqun Complex
Stage 1 completed Villagers from Fujunwei move in and start a life
Villagers spent 5 years of tough time during construction.
︵ Original urban village- Wanjialou ︶
Nanwan Yingwen Garden
Villagers moved to other district , far away from original home.
︵ Original urban village- Wujiadun ︶
Nanjing No.1 Middle School
Stage 2 completed Villagers move from contemporary housing to new apartments
Villagers spent 6 years of construction time in Maqun complex.
︵ Original urban village- Fujunwei ︶
2028 2026 2018
2024 2016 2014 2012 2010 2008 2006 2004
Complete status of Stage 1,2 &3 Every stage is independent and functional, can maintain the current status until whenever the next stage begins to construct.
Light rail No.7
TIME AXIS cirulation Temporary housing cirulation
TIME AXIS cirulation Department cirulation
Light rail No.2 Inter-city rail
Light rail No.13
Ticket Entrance Shot Cut Terminal cirulation TIME AXIS cirulation Commercial cirulation Vehicle cirulation
004. Dual Publicness Cultural & Art Center 2014.04-2014.06 Individual work Mentor: Pro. BaoLi Location: Qinhuai Riverside, Nanjing, China
The lack of public space is not an unusal problem in Chinese cities, while public buildings carries most responsibillity to improve the situation. The site of the project is a typical case of this situation. The broadened fast road on the north and narrow alleys on the community side largely limit the area where social activities could happen. However the Qinhuai river across the site gives it potential of publicness. How to awaken the protential through the newly built theater? How to activate the site and the urban life in the area? How to maximize the value of landscape? In my design, I created two layers of publicness, considering the actural operation of the theater. One is autonomous publicness while the other is urban publicness, each focuses on the interior/ exterior space, and activities as an audience/ an normal visiter. Both of them benefits from the view of the river. With the dual publicness, the cultural and art center can serve a large area as a active factor in the city.
The site is located in the downtown area of Nanjing, however not quite convenient as in public spaces. The nearest museum is 1.5 kilometers away, while the nearest park is 3.0 kilometers away. The site area faces the lack of public space in urban scale. Beijige Park
Jiuhua Mountain Park
Wutai Mountain Gymnasium
Nanjing Art Museum
Jiangning Zhizao Museum
m 9k 1.
Liuchao Museum Wuchaomen Park
① City in the north
② Community in the south
Zhujiang road in the north and Longpan road in the east are six-lane roads which carry heavy traffic. The broad roads and cars make it hard to stay.
The narrow alleys in the south can hardly carry the traffic and restaurants of its own, not to say extra public activities.
River in the middle
The Qinhuai River flows across the site, giving it potential of publicness. The way to maximize the advantage of the view is also one of the challenges in the project.
How does a public building contribute to the site? [Autonomous Publicness]
In the activities of an audience, the halftime in the lounge is when publicness most likely generates. As the relationship between two theaters is concerned, a shared lounge area above the river is created.
perfomance hall ticket office
In one day of activities on the site, the outdoor space by the river carries most of the possible publicness. To maximize the value of landscape, the space by the river is carefully designed to attract visitors.
URBAN PUBLICNESS Quality outdoor public space is created along the Qinhuai River, maximizing the valuable landscape. City square and sunken plaza are designed to attract people from both the city and the community to the riverside. SITE AREA The site is divided into two parts by the river.
SQUARE FOR CITY The square in front of the large theater gathers people from different directions.
ADAPT TO URBAN FABRIC Two theaters are placed following the urban fabric, forming a gentle trasition from city to community.
â…Ł Dry Skating Arena SPACE FOR COMMUNITY The small theater is lifted to create a sunken plaza for community.
INTAKE LANDSCAPE The riverside space is carefully designed to create quality public space.
Ⅰ Main Entrance
Ⅲ Pedestrian Street
ⅡPlatform along river
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09
Main hall of the large theater Main stage Main auditorium Lobby Lounge Platform near the water Dry skating arena Hall of the small theater Staff office Souvenir store
Main entrance hall, people gather here from the city square. Big stairs lead to theaters and the riverside.
Platform over the Qinhuai river, people can see the beautiful landscape along the riverside.
Bridge connecting two theaters, different audiences meet here and enjoy the view.
Dry skating arena under the small theater, attrating people from community to the riverside.
AUTONOMOUS PUBLICNESS Quality indoor public space is created by the relationship between two theaters. The bridge over the river gathers people from two lounges, making a surprising view and activity in the ordinary audience's activity.
How to activate the lounges ?
Open the view of landscape.
How to attract people from community?
Uplift the small theater for a sunken plaza.
How do communication happen?
Set a bridge and intake landscape.
How to support the bridge?
Use continuous longspan inclined strut.
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10 11 12
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Sealing material Aluminum plate Shield plate Parting stop Double glazing glass Binder plate Fixed link frame Sectional material Rib floor Huge Structure Suspended ceiling Space truss
005. Renewal and Derivation Renovation of Historical Building in Campus 2014.02-2014.04 Individual work Mentor: Pro. Tang Peng Location: Southeast University, Nanjing, China
Historical buildings carry valuable shared memory for cities and act as a part of cities' history, which makes the alteration and addition sensitive. Shatangyuan Canteen is located across from the campus gate, designed by YangTingbao in 1950s and has been serving students for 63 years. The rennovation project focuses on form, space and function of it, turning the canteen into a multifunctional student activity center. How does the additional building response to the old? How to put a new life into the historical building? How doe the old-new relationship fit with the campus axis? In my design, the old-new relationship is carefully designed. On the one hand, the new response to the old in several ways, including axis, space, roof and material. On the other hand, the new activates the old in several ways including function and circulation. The two parts work together, creating quality interior and exterior space. Besides, the structure and construction issues are emphasized in the design.
The site is located at the end of the campus axis. Two buildings are preserved on the site: Shatangyuan Canteen and a small Minguo building.
Derivation- The new generate form, space and material from the old. Renewal- The old is activated in space, function and circulation from the ne
The two parts work together, creating an interesting view for the campus a a renewed shared memory for the city.
Respond to the axis
Generate the roof
Echo campus axis
Square & Path
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12
Main hall of canteen Canteen cafe Garden Kitchen Multi-function hall Casual cafe Rehearsal room Archives Students` association Exhibition Connecting bridge Reading salon
a 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1 2 3 4 5
10 11 12 13 14 4 9
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
Plaster layer Prefabricated concrete Waterproof layer Themal insulation layer Air partition layer Cushion block Space truss Skylight Roof drainage Roofing tiles Roof deck Ventilation layer Brick wall Fixed structure Window frame Glass handrail Steel girder Suspended ceiling Profiled steel sheet Floor board Connecting sheet Foundation
006. Efficient Transportation Ningbo Lishe International Airport Terminal 2 2015.03-2015.06 Cooperative work CollaboratorďźšHongyu Zhang My role: Concept, analysis, model, drawings Mentor: Pro. Zhouying, Pro. Gao Wenyan Location: Lishe, Ningbo, China
Rapid transportation is one of the bases of modern city, and the improvement of efficiency seems to be an endless issue. In a terminal design project, the value of efficiency has significant importance. It is common to feel confused and lost in a terminal, and also desperate when pressed for time. The rushing travelers, cold metal material, and long, complex circulation always drive people mad. How to improve the traditional circulation for clarity and efficiency? How to maximize the potential of airport configuration concerning accessibility and economy? How to balance the structure requirement for long-span space and comfort level? In the Ningbo Lishe airport Terminal 2 addition project, the design generates from three aspects including configuration, circulation and structure, focusing on the improvement of efficiency and space. The main building use parabola to decrease the influence from U-shaped bay which blocks planes to get in and out. In terms of circulation, the vertical strategy is used to separate different streams of people, which highly improves efficiency. The structure system combines the long-span space and the concept of the bamboo weaving, creating high-quality interior space.
CONFIGURATION TRAFFIC STREAM ANALYSIS LONDON
Domestic airlines before Terminal 2 addition
International & domestic airlines after Terminal 2 addition
At the very beginning, i give several solutions which are tentative to test if they fit the site, have a good relationship with TERMINAL 1 or if they are tourist-friendly. The system evaluates these solutions on several aspects: Indexes of airport, efficiency when they are used, flexibilty when they are constructed. Configuration
CIRCULATION NORMAL AIRPORT PARTITION
PEOPLE STREAM ANALYSIS
Domestic tourists and international tourists should be seperated completely. Circulations of two parts are not allowed to overlap. Normally, airports are divided horizontally. DOMESTIC INTERNATIONAL
DOMESTIC INTERNATIONAL DOMESTIC INTERNATIONAL DOMESTIC INTERNATIONAL DOMESTIC
INTERNATIONAL transfer counter
There are four kinds of transferring flight. Because of thedomestic security check customs DOMESTIC security level of INTERNATIONAL flights are the most rigorous, frontier inspection international security check INTERNATIONAL arrive on transferring. tourists waste a lot of time and energy DOMESTIC
domestic security check
international security check
CIRCULATION CONCEPT Simplifying the circulation of transferring is the most humanfriendly design. Centralizing these procedures of transfering is the key point. So, i divide the airport vertically into four parts. All the transfering processes are on the central part of the airport so that everyone can get to the 'transferring regionâ€˜ easily.
INTERNATIONAL DEPART INTERNATIONAL ARRIVE DOMESTIC ARRIVE
ALL ARRIVE INTERNATIONAL to INTERNATIONAL
INTERNATIONAL to DOMESTIC DOMESTIC to INTERNATIONAL
16 15 5
01 02 03 04 05
Domestic departure distant apron International departure distant apron Baggage section Domestic arrival baggage claim area International arrival baggage claim area
06 07 08 09 10
Customs inspection counter Arrival lounge Arrival curbside platform Coach station Commercial area
11 12 13 14
VVIP departure VVIP arrival Bus parking lot Car parking lot
15 16 17 18 19
Domestic departure&a Duty free shop Domestic security chec International to domes Connection with Termi
34 23 15
ck counter stic transfer counter inal 1
20 Metro station 21 Metro platform
22 23 24 25 26
International arrival hall To international transfer counter To domestic transfer counter Domestic check-in counter International check-in counter
27 28 29 30
To international departure hall Main entrance Departure curbside platform Restaurant
31 32 33 34 35
International departure hall International security check counter Customs&border inspection counter International to international transfer counter To the check-in hall
STRUCTURE LONG-SPAN STRUCTURE As a huge transportation architecture, airports need long-span space to support many different functions. There are several prototypes of LONG-SPAN STRUCTURE. The structure should be not only strong enough to hold huge space of airport, but also pure enough not to block the light.
LOCAL FLAVOR Handicrafts like bamboo weavings are of historic and local meanings to NINGBO. I think the airport of NINGBO should embody the beauty and concept of local handicrafts.
Combine the long-span structure and concept of the bamboo weaving. The whole structure contains many structure units. These units connect with each other and form a space truss.
TRUSS SPACESPACE TRUSS
LONG-SPAN SPACE LONG-SPAN
Look out of the airport check-in hall. After checking in, travellers can have some time to look around. They will see the steel archway and traffic center. The huge roof will be hidden from travellers because of the intense light outside. Trees and other landscapes make the view pleasant and impressive.
View from airport check-in hall. The main space for the airport. People in the hall will pay more attention to the roof and the huge structure which divides the main space into two parts, the check-in hall and waiting hall. Light from the skywindow make the hall bright enough for travellers.
007 OTHER WORKS MICRO HEYUAN`ER
Exhibited in Beijing International Design Week, 2015 Internship in Standard Architecture Location: Dashilar, Beijing, China Instructor: Zhang Ke, Fang Shujun My role: Design; Drawing; Model making
DIGITAL FABRICATION OF WOOD Supported by Canada Wood Summerschool in University of British Columbia Collaborator: Zhang weiyi Instructor: Annalisa Meyboom, Blair Satterfield My role: Design; Analysis; Drawing
JOINERY SYSTEM: MODULES AND VARIABLES horizontal extension
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CPT Internship at New Practice LLC 2017.01- 2017.05 Status: Under Construction Location: 315 Bowery Street Collaborative Architect: Sidong Lang My role: Design; Drafting; Modeling; Visulization
ARCHITECTURAL PHOTOGRAPHY Visual Elective 2017.01- 2017.03 Location: New York City Individual Project