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Growth Center For urban agriculture

Muhammed Alwadie

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1315639 Architecture Department Faculty of Environmental Designs King Abdul Aziz University 2018 - 2017


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BACKGROUND TABLE OF CONTENTS

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INTRODUCTION Project Brief Problem Statement Vision - Goals Location Project Element Project users

DESING CONCEPT

- Genral Concept - Concept Development ( Zoning -Mass Genertion)

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GENERAL ANALYSIS Case Studies Analysis Site Analysis and Response - Location - Existing use - Building - Neighbor hood - Size and Erea - View from -to Site - Pedestrianc

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BULDING DESIGN - Plans - Elevation - Bulding Systems - Isometric - Prespectives


INTRODUCTION


INTRODUCTION

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Project Brief

‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع‬

‫ﻫﻮ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻳﺴﺎﻫﻢ ﻓﻲ اﻇﻬﺎر ﻗﻴﻤﺔ وأﻫﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ واﻟﺨﺮوج ﻋﻦ ﺣﺪود اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﻰ ﻧﻄﺎق‬, ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت وﺗﺠﺴﻴﺪﻫﺎ وﻳﻜﻮن ﻣﺨﺼﺺ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻄﺎق‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻐﺬﻳﺔ واﻟﻐﺬاء وأﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺮدود اﻟﻤﺒﺎﺷﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ اﻟﻤﺤﻴﻂ‬

Project Brief Is a center that contributes to show the value and importance of scientificresearch, and out of thelimits of data to the scope of information and embodiment and be dedicated to the scope ofnutrition and food and its importance in the direct impact on the surrounding community

Data

Data

.GC.

Data Data

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Data

Information


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INTRODUCTION Project Brief

‫ﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ اﻟﺤﻀﺮﻳﺔ؟‬ ‫اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ اﻟﺤﻀﺮﻳﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺗﺰاﻳﺪ اﻟﻨﺒﺎﺗﺎت وﺗﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﻟﺤﻴﻮاﻧﺎت‬ ‫ وﺗﺘﻤﺜﻞ اﻟﺴﻤﺔ اﻷﺑﺮز ﻓﻲ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ‬.‫داﺧﻞ اﻟﻤﺪن وﺣﻮﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ ﻓﻲ أﻧﻬﺎ‬،‫ واﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻤﻴﺰﻫﺎ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ اﻟﺮﻳﻔﻴﺔ‬،‫اﻟﺤﻀﺮﻳﺔ‬ :‫ﺗﺪﻣﺞ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدي واﻹﻳﻜﻮﻟﻮﺟﻲ اﻟﺤﻀﺮي‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﺰراﻋﺔ اﻟﺤﻀﺮﻳﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺟﺰء ﻻ ﻳﺘﺠﺰأ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ وﺗﺸﻤﻞ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺮواﺑﻂ‬.‫اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻹﻳﻜﻮﻟﻮﺟﻲ اﻟﺤﻀﺮي‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺨﺪام ﺳﻜﺎن اﻟﺤﻀﺮ ﻛﻌﻤﺎل واﺳﺘﺨﺪام ﻣﻮارد‬ ‫ﺣﻀﺮﻳﺔ ﻧﻤﻮذﺟﻴﺔ )ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎت اﻟﻌﻀﻮﻳﺔ ﻛﺴﻤﺎد‬ ‫ ورواﺑﻂ وﻛﺬﻟﻚ آﺛﺎر‬،(‫وﻣﻴﺎه ﺻﺮف ﺣﻀﺮﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﺮي‬ ،‫ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮة ﻣﻊ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﻠﻜﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺤﻀﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺰراﻋﺔ اﻟﺤﻀﺮﻳﺔ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﻘﺎﻳﺎ اﻟﻤﺎﺿﻲ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﻮف‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻼﺷﻰ وﻻ ﺗﺠﻠﺐ إﻟﻰ اﻟﻤﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﻟﻤﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ اﻟﺮﻳﻔﻴﻴﻦ‬ .‫اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﻔﻘﺪون ﻋﺎداﺗﻬﻢ اﻟﺮﻳﻔﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺮور اﻟﻮﻗﺖ‬ .‫وﻫﻮ ﺟﺰء ﻻ ﻳﺘﺠﺰأ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻟﺤﻀﺮي‬ What is urban agriculture? Urban agriculture is growing plants and raising animals in and around cities. The main feature of urban agriculture, which distinguishes it from rural agriculture, is that it is integrated into the urban economic and ecological system: urban agriculture is an integral part of interaction with the urban ecosystem. These linkages include the use of urban dwellers as workers and the use of typical urban resources (such as organic waste as fertilizer and urban wastewater for irrigation), as well as direct linkages with urban consumers, and urban agriculture are not remnants of the past that will vanish and will not bring rural migrants who will lose their rural habits With the passage of time. It is an integral part of the urban system

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INTRODUCTION Project Brief

Urban agriculture involves many different types of food- producing spaces stakeholders, resources , and policies , and contributes to many bemefits

Benefits

Health

Social

Access to healthy food Food - health literacy Healthy eating Physical activity

Empowerment + Mobilization Youth Development & Education Food Security Safe spaces Socially Integrated Aging

Local economic stimulation Job Growth Job Readiness Food Affordability

pation gardening General Farms

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Ecological

Economic

Awareness of Food Systems Ecology Stewardship Conservation Strom Water Managment Soil lmporovement Biodiversity + Habitat Imporovement

the cultivaion of vacant lots

Rooftop agricuiture

Green Houses

Farmer Marketing


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types

INTRODUCTION

Project Brief / Alternatives ‫ﻣﺰاﻳﺎ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ اﻟﺤﻀﺮﻳﺔ‬

‫ زﻳﺎدة اﻷﻣﻦ اﻟﻐﺬاﺋﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪﻳﻦ واﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ‬‫ ﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ ﺗﻌﺒﺌﺔ اﻧﺒﻌﺎﺛﺎت اﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮن اﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ وﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﻨﻈﺎم‬‫ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ذﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ‬، ‫اﻟﺒﻴﺌﻲ اﻟﻤﺤﻠﻲ ﺑﻄﺮق ﻋﺪﻳﺪة‬ :‫ﺳﺒﻴﻞ اﻟﻤﺜﺎل ﻻ اﻟﺤﺼﺮ‬ ‫ زﻳﺎدة إﻧﺘﺎج اﻷﻛﺴﺠﻴﻦ اﻟﻤﺤﻠﻲ واﻣﺘﺼﺎص ﺛﺎﻧﻲ‬. ‫أﻛﺴﻴﺪ اﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮن‬ ‫ اﻟﺤﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎن ﻣﻴﺎه اﻷﻣﻄﺎر ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ اﻣﺘﺼﺎص‬. ‫ﻣﻴﺎه اﻷﻣﻄﺎر‬ ‫ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻣﻮﻃﻦ ﻟﻠﺤﻴﺎة اﻟﺒﺮﻳﺔ‬. ‫ أﻗﺼﻰ درﺟﺔ ﺣﺮارة ﺧﺎرﺟﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻮازن واﻟﺘﻠﻮث اﻟﻤﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬. ‫ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﺗﻜﺮار اﻟﺤﺎﺟﺔ إﻟﻰ اﺳﺘﺒﺪال اﻟﺴﻄﺢ‬. ‫ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﻬﻮاء واﻟﻤﺎء‬.

A

Vertical agriculture

B

conventional horizontal

C

Raised Bed Gardening

Advantages of urban agriculture - Increase food security for beneficiaries and users - Provides a Learning Opportunity -Carry out significant carbon emissions and help the local ecosystem in several ways, including but not limited to: . Increase local oxygen production and carbon dioxide absorption . Reduce water runoff from storms by absorbing rainwater . Provide a habitat for wildlife . The balance of extreme external temperatures and proper pollution . Reduce the frequency of the need to replace the surface . Filter air and water

Vertical agriculture

Vertical agriculture

A vertical garden is a garden that grows upward (vertically) using a trellis or other support system, rather than on the ground (horizontally). Some vertical farms have conditions similar to greenhouses indoors, using artificial lighting and humidity and heating controls.

https://www.maximumyield.com/definition/2182/urban-agriculture

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conventional horizontal

Raised Bed Gardening

Typically, green surfaces come in one of two categories: extensive Wide ceilings are lighter and lighter. . They usually have weeds, algae and other plants with shallow root systems growing on them

is a form of gardening in which the soil is formed in beds, which can be of any length or shape, . The soil is raised above the ground and is usually enclosed by a frame made of wood, rock, or concrete blocks, and may be enriched with compost.

intenseThe thick surfaces are deeper than the substrate, and will generally have heavier plants with deeper root structures


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INTRODUCTION

Project Brief / Hydroponics

Definition - What does Hydroponics mean? Hydroponics is a method of growing plants without using soil (i.e., soil less). This technique instead uses a mineral nutrient solution in a water solvent, allowing the nutrient uptake process to be more efficient than when using soil. There are several types or variations of hydroponics. MaximumYield explains Hydroponics Hydroponics is suitable for commercial food producers and hobbyist gardeners alike. Hydroponics possesses several advantages over a soil medium. Unlike plants grown in soil, plants grown in a hydroponics system do not need to develop extensive root structures to search for nutrients. It is easier to test and adjust pH levels. In the hydroponics method, plants are raised in an inert and perfectly pH balanced growing medium where the plants only need to expend minimal energy to acquire nutrients from the roots. The energy saved by the roots is better spent on fruit and flower production. There are several types of hydroponic growing techniques, including:

Nutrient film technique (NFT)

Wicks system

Ebb and flow (flood and drain)

Water culture

Drip system

Aeroponic system

Nutrient film technique (NFT) Wicks system Ebb and flow (flood and drain) Water culture Drip system Aeroponic system Aquaponics is hydroponics combined with aquaculture (raising fish) https://www.maximumyield.com/definition/2182/urban-agriculture

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‫‪INTRODUCTION‬‬ ‫‪Problem Statement‬‬

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‫إﺷﻜﺎﻟﻴﺔ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع‬

‫زﻳﺎدة اﻟﻮﻋﻲ ﺑﺄﻫﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﻐﻄﺎء اﻟﻨﺒﺎﺗﻲ ﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺴﻜﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫وﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫زﻳﺎدة ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻌﻤﺮان وﻗﻠﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﺎت اﻟﻤﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ‬

‫ﻧﺰوح ﺳﻜﺎن اﻟﻘﺮى اﻟﻰ اﻟﻤﺪن ﻣﻤﺎ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻓﻲ اﻻزدﺣﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻜﺎﻧﻲ وﻗﻠﺔ اﻷﻳﺪي اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ‬

‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﻼﺣﻆ اﻟﺘﻮﺳﻊ اﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﻲ وﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﺗﻠﻘﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت ﻓﻲ وﻗﺘﻨﺎ اﻟﺤﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺴﺎﻫﻢ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻄﻮر وﻟﻜﻦ ﻛﻞ ذﻟﻚ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻠﺤﻮظ ﻋﺒﺮ اﻟﺪول‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﻄﻮر واﻟﻤﺘﻘﺪﻣﺔ وذﻟﻚ ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺴﺘﺪﻋﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ اﻟﺜﻘﺮة اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻤﻨﻌﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠﺤﺎق ﺑﻬﻢ وﺳﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫‪ ,‬وﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﺮق اﻟﻤﻮﺻﻠﺔ ﻫﻮ دراﺳﺔ اﻟﺤﺎل اﻟﻮاﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎ وﺣﻞ ﻣﺸﺎﻛﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﻻﺻﻌﺪة واﺳﺘﻘﻼل‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺪرات واﻟﻤﻮاﻫﺐ اﻟﻜﺎﻣﻨﺔ وﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﺎه اﻟﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺮاﻛﺪة وﻣﻦ ذﻟﻚ ﻗﻠﺔ اﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎت اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ واﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫وﺗﻮﺛﻴﻖ ﺧﻄﻮات اﻟﺒﺤﺚ وﺗﺠﺴﻴﺪﻫﺎ وﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻄﻮر اﻟﻤﻠﺤﻮظ اﻻ اﻧﻪ ﻻزال ﻳﺤﺘﺎج اﻟﻰ دﻋﻢ‬ ‫وﻣﻦ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻇﻬﺮت ﻓﻜﺮة ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﺠﺴﻴﺪ اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻜﻮن ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ واﻟﺘﻠﻘﻲ اﻟﻨﻈﺮي واﻟﻌﻤﻠﻲ‬

‫‪Problem Statement‬‬

‫اﺳﺘﻐﻼل أوﻗﺎت اﻟﻔﺮاغ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺤﻔﻴﺰ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬

‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻓﺮص ﻋﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﻰ اﺳﺘﻐﻼل اﻟﺨﺒﺮات‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺻﺤﺎب اﻟﺮﻳﻒ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻘﻞ اﻟﺨﺒﺮات‬

‫اﺳﺘﻐﻼل اﺳﻄﺢ اﻟﻤﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ واﻻﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﻤﺤﻠﻲ‬ ‫وﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ اﻟﻮﻗﺖ واﻟﺠﻬﺪ‬

‫‪We also note the expansion of knowledge‬‬ ‫‪and the speed of receiving information in‬‬ ‫‪the present time, which contributes to the‬‬ ‫‪development, but all this, as is noticeable‬‬ ‫‪through developed and advanced coun‬‬‫‪tries, which requires searching for the‬‬ ‫‪gravity that prevents us from catching‬‬ ‫‪them and filling them. One of the ways is‬‬ ‫‪to study the current situation and solve its‬‬ ‫‪problems at all levels And the indepen‬‬‫‪dence of potential capabilities and talents‬‬ ‫‪and moving the water stagnant science‬‬ ‫‪and the lack of scientific and practical‬‬ ‫‪outputs and document the steps of‬‬ ‫‪research and embodiment and despite the‬‬ ‫‪remarkable development, but still needs‬‬ ‫‪support‬‬ ‫‪Hence, the idea of information center‬‬ ‫‪emerged as a platform for the develop‬‬‫‪ment and reception of theory and practice‬‬

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Genral Analysis current situation


‫‪INTRODUCTION‬‬ ‫‪Vision - Goals‬‬

‫‪1.3‬‬

‫‪Goals‬‬

‫‪ECONOMIC‬‬

‫اﻻﺳﺘﺮاﺗﻴﺠﻴﺎت‬ ‫ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻛﻤﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻻﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﻐﺬاﺋﻲ اﻟﻤﺤﻠﻲ‬‫ﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ اﻻﺳﺘﻴﺮاد ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬‫اﻟﺸﻤﺴﻴﺔ واﻟﺮﻳﺎح ﻟﺴﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﻟﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ‬ ‫ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻓﺮاﻏﺎت ﻟﺘﺒﺎدل اﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎت و‬‫اﻻﺳﺘﻔﺎدة ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺮدود اﻟﻤﺎدي‪.‬‬ ‫ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺎت ﻟﺘﻐﻄﻴﺔ وﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻟﻼﻟﻮاح‬‫اﻟﺸﻤﺴﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﻰ اﺳﺘﻐﻼل اﻟﻤﻤﺮات‬ ‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﻳﺎح‬

‫‪ENVIRONMENTAL‬‬

‫‪SOCIAL‬‬

‫اﻻﺳﺘﺮاﺗﻴﺠﻴﺎت‬

‫اﻻﺳﺘﺮاﺗﻴﺠﻴﺎت‬

‫ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺎت ﺧﻀﺮاء ﻟﻠﺰراﻋﺔ واﻻﻧﺘﺎج‬‫اﻟﻤﺤﻠﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ اﻋﺎدة اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﻤﻴﺎة وﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺘﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ري‬‫اﻷﺷﺠﺎر‬

‫ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻣﺘﺪاﺧﻠﺔ وﻣﺤﻔﺰة‬‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ اﺷﺮاك اﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ اﻻﺳﺮي واﻟﻤﺴﺎﻫﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ‬‫اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ‬

‫اﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ‬ ‫ اﺳﺘﻐﻼل اﺳﻄﺢ اﻟﻤﻴﺪان اﻷﻛﺎدﻳﻤﻲ ﻟﺘﻮﻓﻴﺮ‬‫اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﺔ ﻟﻠﺰراﻋﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﻣﻴﺎه ﻏﺴﻴﻞ اﻟﻴﺪ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻲ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع‬

‫اﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ‬ ‫ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﻔﺮاﻏﺎت اﻟﻤﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ واﺷﺮاك‬‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ‬ ‫ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﻓﺮاﻏﺎت ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ ﺧﺎرج‬‫اﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﻲ‬

‫ﺗﺴﻌﻰ رؤﻳﺔ ‪ 2030‬ﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﺟﻬﻮدﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻻﺳﺘﺰراع‬ ‫واﻻﺳﺘﻤﺮار ﻓﻲ ﺑﻨﺎء ﻣﺨﺰوﻧﺎت اﺳﺘﺮاﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﺑﻤﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎت‬ ‫آﻣﻨﺔ وﻛﺎﻓﻴﺔ واﻻﺳﺘﺮﺷﺎد ﻓﻲ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﻤﻴﺎه ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺠﺎل اﻟﺰراﻋﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Vision 0302 seeks to focus its efforts on‬‬ ‫‪aquaculture, to continue to build strategic‬‬ ‫‪stocks at safe and adequate levels and to‬‬ ‫‪guide agricultural water use.‬‬

‫اﻟﺮؤﻳﺔ‬ ‫أن ﻳﻜﻮن اﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﻟﻸﻛﺘﺎف اﻟﺬاﺗﻲ واﻟﺪﻋﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﻨﻮي ﻟﻜﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻲ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﻣﻦ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻲ وأﺳﺮي وﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺳﻮق اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪The center should be a reference point for‬‬ ‫‪self-sufficiency and moral support for all‬‬ ‫‪project users from a university and family‬‬ ‫‪society as well as the labor market.‬‬

‫‪10‬‬


Nor

1.4

INTRODUCTION Location

‫اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻊ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﻘﺎﻃﻊ ﺷﺎرع اﻟﺤﺎﺳﺐ اﻻﻟﻲ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺷﺎرع أ ﺑﺠﻮار ﻛﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﻬﻨﺪﺳﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺼﻮل دراﺳﻴﺔ ﺗﺤﺖ اﻻﻧﺸﺎء ﺣﻴﺚ أﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻮم اﻷرض‬

Location

It is located at the intersection of alhasib alalii Street and A Street next to the Faculty of Engineering

Existing use

Semesters under construction as they belong to the Faculty of Earth Sciences

11

th


1.4

INTRODUCTION Location

Alternative A

Alternative B

Research & Support Center

Faculty of Environmental Designs

Alternative C

‫اﺳﺒﺎب اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ‬

‫ اﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ اﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﻔﺰة ﻣﻦ دراﺳﺔ وﻋﻤﻞ‬‫وﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ وﺿﻮح اﻟﺮؤﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪم وﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺳﻬﻮﻟﺔ اﻟﻮﺻﻮﻟﻴﺔ‬‫اﻟﻰ اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ اﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪاﻣﺎت اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮدة ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺗﺤﺘﺎج اﻟﻰ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ‬. ‫ﺑﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬

Reasons to choose a Site

- The possibility of achieving a stimulating environment of study, work and research - Visibility of the user as well as easy access to the site - Existing uses need to provide a research

Research

Work

12

Study

Faculty of Geology


1.4

INTRODUCTION Location / Site forces

‫ ﻗﺮب اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ اﻟﻤﻮﻫﺒﺔ واﻻﺑﺪاع وﻋﻤﺎدة‬‫ﺷﺆون اﻟﻄﻼب‬ - Near the site of the center of talent and creativity

‫ وﺟﻮد اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﺗﻘﺎﻃﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬‫ﻣﺴﺎرات رﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ - The location at the junction between three Main Paths

‫ اﻟﻐﺎء ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﻤﺮات اﻟﻤﻤﻠﺔ واﻟﻤﺼﻤﺘﻪ‬- Cancel the end of the boring corridors and the stalemate

‫ ﺗﻜﻮﻳﻦ ﺣﻠﻘﺔ ﻣﺘﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺸﺎرﻳﻊ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺜﺔ‬- The formation of an integrated loop of modern projects

A B

Deanship of Student Affairs the center of talent and creativity

13

C


1.1

01

Genral Analysis

contents project roof


‫‪SITE ANALYSIS‬‬

‫اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ‬

‫‪1.4‬‬

‫‪Location‬‬

‫ﻛﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﻬﻨﺪﺳﺔ‬

‫ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻮم اﻷرض‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻄﻌﻢ اﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰي‬

‫ﺟﺴﺮ ﻣﺸﺎه‬

‫‪100‬‬

‫‪50‬‬

‫‪20‬‬

‫‪10‬‬

‫‪0‬‬

‫ﻳﻘﻊ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﻓﻲ اﻟﺸﻤﺎل اﻟﻐﺮﺑﻲ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﻘﻞ‬ ‫اﻷﻛﺎدﻳﻤﻲ ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﺤﻴﻂ ﺑﻪ اﻟﻔﺼﻮل اﻟﺪراﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﻟﻰ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ اﻟﺨﻮارزم و ‪CTS‬‬ ‫‪The project site is located in the‬‬ ‫‪north-west of the academic field, surround‬‬‫‪ed by classrooms as well as Al Khwarizm‬‬ ‫‪Library and STC‬‬

‫‪14‬‬


Nor

1.5 INTRODUCTION Project [ users - Element ]

PROJECT USERS

University community

Labor market

- Students - Masters - Visitors - Administrators - Cleaners and maintenance

Family community

- Companies - Businessmen - Administrators - Customers

-

Fathers Mothers Children Relatives The guests

‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ ﻣﺴﺘﻮدع‬‫ ﻏﺮف ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻼﺑﺲ‬-

‫ﻏﺮف دراﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬‫ ﻏﺮف اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﺎت‬-

‫ﻣﻜﺎﺗﺐ‬ ‫ إدارﻳﻴﻦ‬‫ ﺑﺎﺣﺜﻴﻦ‬-

University community

Labor market

Family community

The academic field

15

‫ﺳﻮق‬ ‫ ﻣﺤﻼت‬‫ ﻣﻄﻌﻢ‬-

‫ﺣﻘﻮل‬ ‫ ﻏﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﻌﻄﺎت‬‫ اﺳﺘﺮاﺣﺔ ﻋﻤﺎل‬-

‫ﻓﺮاﻏﺎت ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ اﻻﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎل‬‫ دورات ﻣﻴﺎه‬-

th


CASY STUDY


2.1

GENERAL ANALYSIS casy study

Jacobs Institute for Design Innovation Founded on the conviction that design can help address some of society’s most pressing challenges, the Jacobs Institute for Design Innovation at UC Berkeley, is devoted to introducing sustainable design innovation at the center of engineering education and university life. The project was conceived by the College of Engineering as an interdisciplinary hub for students and teachers from across the university who work at the intersection of design and technology. It is designed as both a collaborative, project-based educational space and a symbol to the region of the University’s commitment to sustainable innovation. Project Owner: University of California, Berkeley Location: Berkeley California United States Building or Project Gross Floor Area: 24,035 square feet

17


2.1

GENERAL ANALYSIS casy study

Jacobs Institute for Design Innovation Text description provided by the architects. The Jacobs Institute for Design Innovation is devoted to introducing design innovation at the center of university life, preparing students to address some of society’s most pressing challenges. The project is a team-based, project-centric educational space and a compelling symbol to the region of the University’s commitment to sustainable innovation. • MODELING SUSTAINABLE INNOVATION: The project was envisioned as a striking new threshold to the campus - a “beacon of innovation” expressing the sustainable values of the Institute and the University. The architecture outwardly demonstrates sustainable design innovation, integrating economic strategies that foster practical and poetic connections between students and the natural world. • ADVANCED ENERGY-EFFICIENCY: The project is designed to exceed the AIA 2030 Commitment target, using 90% less energy than the national median for university buildings. Integrated energy efficiency drives the overall building form and appearance, including simplified massing, high-performance skin and the cantilevered photovoltaic array.

18


2.1

GENERAL ANALYSIS casy study

Binh House / VTN Architects part of VTN architects’ ‘house for trees’ series, the ‘binh house’ demonstrates the approach of integrating tropical gardens, open spaces and water within a high density neighborhood in vietnam. as the dwelling is occupied by a family of three generations, the challenge was to establish a home that will give each inhabitant their own space, while encouraging interaction. ‘using sustainable materials such as natural stone, wood, exposed concrete combined with the microclimate, this house reduces greatly operational and maintenance cost. the architecture is not only to meet the functional and aesthetic concerns, but also as a means to connect people to people and people to nature.

name: binh house program: private house location: ho chi minh, vietnam site area: 321.6 sqm

19


2.1

Lighting

GENERAL ANALYSIS casy study

and energy saving

Self-sufficiency of agricultural crop

Binh House / VTN Architects The roof gardens host large trees for shading, therefore reducing indoor temperature. Vegetables can also be planted to serve its resident's daily needs. This vertical farming solution is suitable for high-density housing whilst also contributing to Vietnamese way of life. The vertical variation of spaces creates a lopsided pressure difference. Thus, when the surrounding houses are built, natural ventilation is maintained. Thanks to these passive strategies, the house always stays cool in the tropical climate. Air conditioning system is rarely used. Gardens located on top of the vertically stacking spaces; bounded by sliding glass doors. This strategy not only improves the microclimate by using natural ventilation and daylight in every room, but the alternately stacking openings also increase visibility and interaction between the family members

20

Ventilation

and reduction of air conditioning

Vision

and context preservation


GENERAL ANALYSIS


3.1

SITE ANALYSIS Buildings use

The completion of the new academic field in 1431. The field includes university colleges as well as institutes, deanships and the central library. The number of field visitors from students, faculty members, administrators and visitors reaches 15,000

m Aleulu

street

a stree Al'iidar

2

d Almirsa

t

street

Altaqnia s

treet

ŮĄŮĽ

6

1

5 3

eet

str yat i l u Alk Class rooms

22

Faculty of Economics.

Classrooms

Faculty of Science

Faculty of Environmental Designs

Central library

Faculty of Computer Science

Deanships

Reearch and Support Center

Faculty of Engineering

Deanship of Community Services

Faculty of Earth Sciences

Faculty of Meteorology


Genral Analysis

3.2

contents project site

6

1

Building entrance 91

3 Al - Khawarzam Library

2

Open Space

4

5

Engineering Entrance

6

Bridge entrance

1

5

2 4

3

23

Saudi Telecom


‫‪Genral Analysis‬‬

‫‪3.3‬‬

‫‪Roof Analysis‬‬

‫‪34.2%‬‬

‫‪65.8%‬‬

‫‪65.8%‬‬

‫ﻳﺤﺘﻮي ﺳﻄﺢ اﻟﻤﻴﺪان اﻷﻛﺎدﻳﻤﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺎت‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﺤﺘﻮي ﻧﺴﺒﺔ اﻟﻤﺒﻨﻲ ‪56.8%‬‬

‫‪100‬‬

‫‪50‬‬

‫‪20‬‬

‫‪10‬‬

‫‪0‬‬

‫‪Built 65.8 %‬‬ ‫‪not Built 34.2 %‬‬

‫‪24‬‬


3.4

SITE ANALYSIS Neighborhood

Site Condation

Design Response

Provide external spaces

Add studios to participate with the Faculty of Engineering

Faculty of Geology

College of Engineering

Project Site

Classrooms 51 Project Site

Add services to the central restaurant

STC Classrooms 41

Al - Khawarzam Library

KAU restaurant

Remove the walls and add glass interfaces that allow visual communication

Glass Wall Open Space

25


Nor

3.5

th

SITE ANALYSIS

Pedestrians

Design Response

Site Condation Bridge entrance

Interconnecting the inner spaces and allowing access to the outer spaces

Engineering Entrance

Building entrance 91 Entrance Parking

Continuity of movement paths in the second round and breaking dead ends

Communication work between the levels of different surfaces Direct access to the surface by means of vertical connection without having to enter the buildings

Between spaces Between Roof levels

Students area From site to Roof

26


Nor

3.6

SITE ANALYSIS Size and area

Design Response

Site Condation

Roof 8.1

2

1301.849 m

14.8

2

814.368 m

Frist level 4.6

14.8

14.4

4.3

4.6

9.9

4.6

4.6

10.4

9.9

7.5

7.0

27

9.9

6.8

10.4

Not to add the blocks of the design and exploitation of the vacuum in the diversification between the dossiers in addition to visual communication

th


Nor

3.7

SITE ANALYSIS

View to site

Site Condation

Design Response

Change the facades to glass

Change the interface by placing the new project instead

Interaction of motion paths with new change

Change the faรงades by placing ponds for planting

Re-create the open space so that it interacts with the project

Glass Wall new project Change open space

Improved corridor

28

th


Nor

3.8

INTRODUCTION View from site

Site Condation

Design Response

Bridge entrance

Taking agriculture is the link between the project and the surrounding neighborhood

Link the inner spaces with the outer spaces

Bridge entrance

Space between inside and outside

Basin cultivation

Bridge entrance

29

th


Nor

3.9

SITE ANALYSIS

Noise

Site Condation

Design Response

Continuity of movement paths in the second round and breaking dead ends Continuity of movement paths in the second

Bridge entrance

Glass Wall

Bridge entrance

30

Open Space

th


‫‪th‬‬

‫‪Nor‬‬

‫‪Analysis‬‬ ‫‪Shadows study‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ‬

‫‪In summer‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﺸﺘﺎء‬

‫‪In winter‬‬

‫‪4.5‬‬

‫‪We made a study of the shadows of academic square‬‬ ‫‪area during the school day from 8 am to 4 pm on‬‬ ‫‪summer and winter periods, so as to find out the‬‬ ‫‪scope of the shadows and places that need to be‬‬ ‫‪covered.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ دراﺳﺔ ﻟﻠﻈﻼل ﺑﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﻤﻴﺪان‬ ‫اﻻﻛﺎدﻳﻤﻲ ﺧﻼل ﻧﻄﺎق اﻟﻴﻮم اﻟﺪراﺳﻲ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ‪ 8‬ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ اﻟﻰ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ‪ 4‬ﻋﺼﺮا ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺮﺗﻲ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ و اﻟﺸﺘﺎء وذﻟﻚ ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻧﻄﺎق‬ ‫اﻟﻈﻼل و اﻻﻣﺎﻛﻦ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﺎج اﻟﻰ ﺗﻈﻠﻴﻞ‪.‬‬

‫ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ارﺗﻔﺎع اﻟﻤﺒﺎﻧﻲ اﻟﻜﺒﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻴﺪان اﻻﻛﺎدﻳﻤﻲ اﻟﺬي ﻳﺼﻞ اﻟﻰ ﺧﻤﺲ ﻃﻮاﺑﻖ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫واﻳﻀﺎ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺗﻼﺻﻘﻬﺎ وﺿﻴﻖ اﻟﻤﻤﺮات ﻧﺴﺒﺔ اﻟﻰ اﻟﻤﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﻓﺄن ﻧﺴﺒﺔ اﻟﻈﻼل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺪار اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ وﺗﻐﻄﻲ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ اﻟﻤﻴﺪان اﻻﻛﺎدﻳﻤﻲ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎء اﻟﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰﻳﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﺎج اﻟﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﻰ اﻟﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻓﺘﺮة اﻟﺼﻴﻒ‪.‬‬ ‫‪400‬‬

‫‪200‬‬

‫‪100‬‬

‫‪0‬‬

‫‪31‬‬


‫‪th‬‬

‫‪Nor‬‬

‫‪Analysis‬‬ ‫‪Wind study‬‬

‫‪4.4‬‬

‫‪Wind velocity = 2.5 m/s‬‬ ‫‪Wind direction = NW‬‬ ‫‪Level = Ground floor‬‬ ‫‪We made a study of the movement of wind and‬‬ ‫‪speed in academic square so as to know about places‬‬ ‫‪of high pressure and low pressure and wind impact‬‬ ‫‪on buildings and squares directly.‬‬

‫ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ دراﺳﺔ ﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﺮﻳﺎح وﺳﺮﻋﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺒﺎﻧﻲ اﻟﻤﻴﺪان اﻻﻛﺎدﻳﻤﻲ وذﻟﻚ ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﻀﻐﻂ اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ و اﻟﻀﻐﻂ اﻟﻤﻨﺨﻔﺾ‬ ‫وﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ اﻟﺮﻳﺎح ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﺒﺎﻧﻲ و اﻟﺴﺎﺣﺎت ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺎم‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺗﻼﺻﻖ اﻟﻤﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﺗﺄﺛﺮت ﺣﺮﻛﺔ دﺧﻮل اﻟﺮﻳﺎح اﻟﻰ اﻟﺴﺎﺣﺎت و‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻤﺮات وﺳﺎﻫﻤﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﺣﻴﺚ اﺻﺒﺤﺖ اﻟﻤﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﻛﺤﺎﺟﺰ ﺻﺪ ﻟﻠﺮﻳﺎح ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺮى ان اﻟﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰﻳﺔ ﺗﺤﻈﻰ ﺑﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﻬﻮﻳﺔ وذﻟﻚ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ اﻧﺨﻔﺎض اﻟﺮﻳﺎح‬ ‫‪velocity m/s‬‬ ‫اﻟﻰ اﺳﻔﻞ اﻟﺴﺎﺣﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪400‬‬

‫‪200‬‬

‫‪100‬‬

‫‪0‬‬

‫‪32‬‬


DESIGN CONCEPT


‫‪DESIGN CONCEPT‬‬ ‫‪Urban design standards‬‬

‫‪1.1‬‬

‫اﻟﻨﻔﺎذﻳﺔ‬

‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﻓﻲ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ اﺗﺼﺎل ﺑﻴﻦ ﺛﻼث ﻣﻤﺮات ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻴﺪان‬ ‫اﻻﻛﺎدﻳﻤﻲ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﺘﻴﺢ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻗﻮﻳﺔ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺼﺎل ﺑﺎﻻﺳﻄﺢ اﻟﻌﻠﻮﻳﺔ‬

‫ﻣﻌﻴﺎر ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺣﺮﻛﺔ اﻹﻧﺴﺎن داﺧﻞ اﻟﻤﻜﺎن‬ ‫ﺳﻮاء ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺑﺼﺮﻳﺔ ‪ :‬ﻓﻬﻲ أﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ رؤﻳﺔ اﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ اﻟﻮﺻﻮل إﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫أو ﻣﺎدﻳﺔ ‪ :‬وﻫﻲ ﺳﻬﻮﻟﺔ اﻟﻮﺻﻮل اﻟﻰ ﺗﻠﻚ اﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ‬

‫اﻟﺘﻨﻮع‬

‫ﻫﻮ ﺗﻨﻮع اﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎرات واﻻﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻻت واﻟﻤﻌﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫واﻟﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻜﺎن ‪.‬‬

‫اﻻﺳﺘﻘﺮاء‬

‫اﻟﻔﺮص واﻹﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻮﻓﺮﻫﺎ اﻟﻤﻜﺎن وﻳﺮﺳﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﺻﻮرة ذﻫﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺎن‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

‫اﻟﺘﻨﻮع ﻓﻲ اﺳﺘﻐﻼل اﻟﻔﺮاغ ﺑﺤﻴﺚ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﺄدﻳﺔ أﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻔﺲ اﻟﻮﻗﺖ أو ﺑﻤﺮور اﻟﻮﻗﺖ‬

‫اﻟﻤﻼﺋﻤﺔ اﻟﺒﺼﺮﻳﺔ‬

‫ﻫﻲ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ اﻟﻔﺮاغ ﻋﻦ وﻇﻴﻔﺘﻪ وﺗﻜﻮﻳﻨﻪ واﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺪور ﻓﻴﻪ ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﻐﻨﻰ‬

‫زﻳﺎدة اﻟﺘﺠﺎرب اﻟﺤﺴﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺴﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺮاغ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﻣﻌﺎﻳﺸﺘﻪ اﻟﻔﺮاغ ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ اﻟﺬاﺗﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﻋﻦ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻔﺮاغ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻋﻦ اﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ ‪.‬‬

‫‪http://www.cpas-egypt.com/pdf/Baher/Master/003.pdf‬‬

‫‪34‬‬


‫‪DESIGN CONCEPT‬‬ ‫‪Alternatives‬‬

‫‪3‬‬

‫إﺟﺎﺑﻴﺎت‬ ‫‪ +‬اﻟﺘﻨﻮع ﻓﻲ ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ اﻟﻔﺮاﻏﺎت‬ ‫‪ +‬اﺣﺘﺮام اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﻛﻤﻤﺮ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﻜﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺒﻴﺎت‬ ‫ ﺿﻌﻒ اﻻﺗﺼﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻔﺮاﻏﺎت‬‫‪ -‬ﻋﺪم وﺿﻮح اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬

‫‪1‬‬

‫‪2‬‬

‫إﺟﺎﺑﻴﺎت‬ ‫‪ +‬ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ اﻟﻔﺮاﻏﺎت ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻰ اﻻﻃﻼﻟﺖ‬ ‫‪ +‬وﺿﻮح اﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬ ‫‪ +‬ﺗﻨﻮع ﻓﻲ ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ اﻟﻔﺮاﻏﺎت ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﺎم اﻟﻰ اﻟﺨﺎص‬ ‫‪ +‬ﺑﺴﺎﻃﺔ اﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ ﻟﻠﻤﻴﺪان اﻷﻛﺎدﻳﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺒﻴﺎت‬ ‫ ﻋﺪم اﺳﺘﻐﻼل اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﻜﻔﻲ‬‫‪ -‬ﻋﺪم اﺗﺼﺎﻟﻴﺔ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺤﻴﻂ اﻟﻤﺠﺎور ﻟﻪ‬

‫‪1.1‬‬

‫إﺟﺎﺑﻴﺎت‬ ‫‪ +‬ﺗﻈﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ أﻛﺒﺮ ﻟﻠﻤﻤﺮات‬ ‫‪ +‬ﻗﺮب اﻟﻔﺮاﻏﺎت اﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺒﻴﺎت‬ ‫ اﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺗﻜﺘﻞ اﻟﻰ اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬‫ ﻋﺪم وﺿﻮح اﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ ﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻲ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع‬‫ﻋﺪم ارﺗﺒﺎط اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﺑﺴﻄﺢ اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻜﻞ‬‫اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب‬

‫‪35‬‬


DESIGN CONCEPT 1.1

Alternatives

INTRODUCTION

36

Permeability

Permeability

Permeability

Varity Legibility

Varity Legibility

Varity Legibility

Robustness

Robustness

Robustness

Visual Appropriatene Richness

Visual Appropriatene Richness

Visual Appropriatene Richness

Personalization

Personalization

Personalization


DESIGN CONCEPT 1.1

DESIGN CONCEPT

Concept

1

2

Roof

3

4 Bulding

Faculty of Geology College of Engineering

STC Workers

Bulding Frame

Entrance

Saving space

Income STC

Produce

Ventilation

Roof

Space

Space

Shading Vision Students

Researchers NEW

Open space Attraction

Entrance Masters

Visitors

Easy communication from all directions

37

Easy communication from all directions

Easy communication from all directions

Easy communication from all directions


‫‪DESIGN CONCEPT‬‬ ‫‪Concept development‬‬

‫‪3‬‬

‫اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﺪاﺧﻠﻴﺔ واﺿﺤﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﻰ اﺳﺘﻤﺮار‬ ‫اﻟﺮؤﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺪاﺧﻞ واﻟﺨﺎرج‬

‫‪2‬‬

‫اﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ اﻟﻮﺻﻮل ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺮوع ﻣﻦ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﻟﻤﻤﺮات ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻌﻴﻞ اﻟﻤﻤﺮات اﻟﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬

‫‪6‬‬

‫ﺗﻐﻄﻴﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﺎت اﻟﺨﻀﺮاء واﺳﺘﻐﻼﻟﻬﺎ ﺑﻮﺿﻊ اﻟﺨﻼﻳﺎ اﻟﺸﻤﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻣﺎﻟﺘﻬﺎ ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺎدة ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﻳﺎح‬

‫‪1‬‬

‫إﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻛﺘﻠﺔ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﺑﺤﻴﺚ ﻻ ﺗﺆﺛﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﺤﻴﻂ اﻟﻤﺠﺎور‬ ‫وﺗﻜﻮن ﺑﺴﻴﻄﻪ‬

‫‪5‬‬

‫ﺟﻌﻞ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع راﺑﻂ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎت اﻻﺳﻄﺢ اﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫واﺳﺘﻐﻼﻟﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺰراﻋﺔ‬

‫‪1.1‬‬

‫‪4‬‬

‫ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ اﻟﻔﺮاﻏﺎت ﺑﺤﻴﺚ ﺗﻜﻮن ﻟﻬﺎ اﻃﻼﻻت ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ‬

‫‪38‬‬


PROGRAM


PROGRAM 1.1

Space Program

3m

3m

4m

4m

W.C

4m

Smaller units are duplicated in the project as well as elevators Area: 24m Number: 6

Meeting rooms

Smaller units are duplicated in the project as well as elevators Area: 12m Number: 5

12 m

6m

4m

Labs

4m

office

Smaller units are duplicated in the project as well as elevators Area: 12m Number: 2

6m

6m

4m

elevators

Smaller units are duplicated in the project as well as elevators Area: 12m Number: 3

40

3m

4m

Market Smaller units are duplicated in the project as well as elevators Area: 24m Number: 2

Resturant Smaller units are duplicated in the project as well as elevators Area: 48m Number: 1

Smaller units are duplicated in the project as well as elevators Area: 24 m Number: 3


PROGRAM 1.1

Functional Program Restaurant and Café

field

Study rooms

Labs Restaurant and Café

Offices

Market Services

Reception

entrance

Public Special Strong connection Poor connection

41

Labs

Offices


INTRODUCTION 1.1

Functional Program

‫ﻳﺤﺘﻮي اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺮاﻏﺎت ﻋﺎﻣﺔ وﺷﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ وﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻟﺘﻨﻮع اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻳﻢ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺮوع‬ ‫وﺗﻢ ﺗﻮزﻳﻌﻬﺎ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺜﻼ اﻟﻜﺎﻓﻲ ﻳﺘﺎح اﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪام ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ اﻟﻮﺻﻮﻟﻴﺔ اﻟﻴﻪ ﺳﻬﻠﺔ اﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻓﻴﺼﻌﺐ اﻟﻮﺻﻮل اﻟﻴﻪ ﻻﻧﻪ‬ . ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﻔﺮاﻏﺎت اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ‬

ENTRY LOBBY RECEPTION LOUNGE SERVICES ELEVATOR

The project contains public and semi-private spaces, especially for the diversity of the users of the project and distributed in proportion to users, for example enough to be used by everyone, so access to it easy, as for laboratories, it is difficult to access it because of private spaces

PRIVATE SEMI-PRIVATE PUBLIC

STAIRS W.C CAFE ORGANIC OFFICES STUDY ROOMS SHOP LABS CHANGE ROOM MEETING ROOM TRACE FIELD RESTROOM STORE

MUST

SHUOLD MAYEE

42


BULDING DESIGN


BULDING DESIGN Zoning

LOBBY LOUNGE GREEN AREA TRACE W.C

Nor

th


BULDING DESIGN 1.1

Zoning

ROOF GREEN AREA TRACE COFFE W.C

45

Nor

th


BULDING DESIGN 1.1

Nor

Zoning

ROOF

ROOF GREEN AREA TRACE OFFICE W.C

46

ROOF

th


BULDING DESIGN 1.1

Zoning

ROOF GREEN AREA LABS STUDY ROOMS W.C

47

Nor

th


BUILDING DESIGN

1.1

Ground Floor

5 3 6

4 2

1

Key Plan 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ENTRY LOBBY RECEPTION LOUNGE W.C TRACE SHOP Nor

7

th

3

53

UP

6

12


BUILDING DESIGN

1.1

Frist Floor

5

6

1 4

Key Plan CAFE ORGANIC LOUNGE OUT SPACE MEETING TRACE W.C

1 2 3 4 5 6

Nor

3

th

3

53

DN

6

12

2


BUILDING DESIGN

1.1

Second Floor

4

2

Key Plan OFFICE W.C TRACE OUT SPACE FIELD

1 2 3 4 5

Nor

3 1

th

3

53 50

5

6

12


BUILDING DESIGN

1.1

3 Floor

5

4

SEMINAR 2

Key Plan STADY ROOM W.C TRACE MEATING ROOM SEMINAR

1 2 3 4 5

Nor

th

3

53

6

12

3

1


BUILDING DESIGN

1.1

4 Floor

5

4

Key Plan ROOF GARDEN TRACE W.C OFFICE SEMINR

1 2 3 4 5

Nor

2

th

3

53

3

1

6

12

1


BUILDING DESIGN

1.1

5 Floor

4 3

1

Key Plan LABS W.C CHANG ROOM FIELD

1 2 3 4

2

Nor

th

3

53

6

12


1.1 Building Design Section A-A

1

Callout

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Sheetrock gypsum panel Sheetrock Acoustical Sealant Wood or Steel Stud Wood Subfloor Base Plate flexible leveling compund Liner sheet 3 Beam Steel Column steel

1 2 4

5

6 8

4

9

1

2

Callout

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Sheetrock gypsum panel Sheetrock Acoustical Sealant Wood or Steel Stud Wood Subfloor Base Plate Liner sheet Beam Steel Column steel

1

2

3 4

5 6 7

2 3

3

Callout

1 2 3 4 5

Column steel Column Base plate Anchor Bolts Reinforced concrete bases Roof 3

1

2 4 5

4

4

8

16

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Callout vegetation or plant layer heavy extensive media filter cloth granular drainage media felt protection layer rock membrane protection and separation insulation vapor barrier roof deck

1 2

3 4

5 6 8 9

10

01

7

7


5

1.1

Building Design Section B-B

Callout soil and vegetation soil retention grid typical

1 2 3 4 5 6

bituminous cover board & roof sheathing

7 8 9 10 11

stainless steel edqe flashing galvanized steel plate edge trim cant strip &wood blocking steel deck steel framing

drainage layer roof membrane roof insulation

1

2

3 4 5

5

6

7 8

11

6

10

8

5 1 2 3 4 5

Colaut kalzip standing seam sheet insulation vapour control layer structural deak glass wall

1 2

3 4

5

7 4

8

16

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Colaut 1

share wall reinforced concrete wood tread Steel pan I beem glass aluminium glass panel

3

2

4

5 6 7

01


1.1

Building Design Elevations

EAST ELEVATION

01

SOUTH ELEVATION


1.1

Building Design Elevations

WAST ELEVATION

01

NOTH ELEVATION


1.1

Building Design Wall Section

20

30

The Vertical Forest helps to build a microclimate

ROOF FLOOR

31.5 m

Wall Concrete

filter sunlight, and rejecting the narrow technological and mechanical approach to environmental sustainability.

5 th FLOOR

27.00 m

Glass

filter fine particles contained in the urban environment.

4 th FLOOR

22.5 m

Wood

H 2O

The diversity of plants helps to develop the microclimate which produces humidity

3th FLOOR

18.00 m Steel

The different sense of changing the seasons and adding the connection between the inside and outside

CO2

SECOND FLOOR 13.5 m

O2

absorbs CO2 and , produces oxygen

Frist Floor 9.00 m

protects against radiation and noise pollution.

01

GROUND FLOOR 0.00


1.1

Building Design Materials

Perhaps one of the biggest advantages of using wood as a building material is that it is a natural resource, making it readily available and economically feasible. It is remarkably strong in relation to its weight, and it provides good insulation from the cold. Wood is highly machinable, and can be fabricated into all kinds of shapes and sizes to fit practically any construction need. Wood is also the perfect example of an environmentally sustainable product; it is biodegradable and renewable, and carries the lowest carbon footprint of any comparable building material. In addition, no high-energy fossil fuels are required to produce wood, unlike other common building materials such as brick, steel or plastic

http://www.understandconstruction.com/wood.html

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1.1

Building Systems

Base

01

4

structural System

Connect the column to the base

Beam connections

Beam to beam connections

8

16


1.1

4

Building Systems Plumbing System

01

HVAC System

Drainage

Return Ducts

supply

Supply Ducts

8

16


1.1

Building Design Energy

Consumption calculation

Consumption

Device

Capacity (W)

Quantity

Usage

Per Day (Wh)

Per Year (Wh)

Total (kWh)

Lighting

18

4

10

720

259,200

259.2

AC Power

5000

1

14

70,000

25,200,000

25,200

Comouters

350

12

8

33,600

12,096,000

12,096

TV Screen

300

2

8

4,800

1,728,000

1,728

Fridge

200

1

24

4,800

1,728,000

1,728

Coffee Maker

800

1

8

6,400

2,304,000

2,304

120,320

43,315,200

43,315.5

4 3

PV supply calculation

PV supply calculation

LG NeON R Solar Efficiency (%) Maximum power (W)

365

Maximum power (V)

36.7

Cell technology type

Monocrystalline

Number of cells

60

Leangth (cm)

170

Widht (cm)

101.6

Depth (cm)

4

Minimum temp.( C)

-40

Maximum temp. ( C)

90

E= Gh* n* A 2500* 0.15* 440 = 165,000 kWh/a panels = 258 Panels

01

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Yearly Total

Total consumption vs total PV Supply

Ed

Em

Hd

Hm

4.33 4.90 5.42 4.97 4.84 4.71 4.58 4.65 4.79 4.98 4.53 4.32 4.75

134 137 168 149 150 141 142 144 144 154 136 134 144

6.04 6.92 7.75 7.19 7.06 6.92 6.74 6.87 7.03 7.24 6.45 6.04 6.85

187 194 240 216 219 208 209 213 211 224 194 187 208

1730

2500

110,000 kW 100,000 kW 90,000 kW 80,000 kW 70,000 kW 60,000 kW 50,000 kW 40,000 kW 30,000 kW 20,000 kW 10,000 kW 0

Consumption

PV Supply


1.1

Building Design Gray whater

Hydroponics system-Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) NFT provides no medium support for roots. Typically, roots sit in a long sloping irrigation channel (Fig 1.1). Nutrient is introduced at the high end of the channel and allowed to flow over the roots after which it drains into a nutrient reservoir. It is then re-pumped back into the channel to repeat the watering process. This feed cycle can be intermittent or continuous. An ‘intermittent’ feed cycle is regulated by a timer and repeated many times per hour. It is sometimes termed “pulsed NFT”. Pulsed NFT usually achieves better aeration of roots because roots are exposed to air between each feed. A ‘continuous’ feed cycle runs non-stop. This is often used in commercial operations.

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1.1

Building Design Plant

. Their Active Modular Phytoremediation (AMP) system is a fancy name for what’s basically a souped-up flower pot: a perforated, irrigated sheet of vacuum-molded plastic that lets you raise an entire wall of hydroponic plants in the open air. The plants fit in the holes. The holes expose the plants’ roots to airborne toxins. The wall’s shape–originally based on geometry invented by a NASA scientist and a sculptor–is optimized to guide all those pollutants across the roots, exploiting the rhizospheres’ cleaning powers. Per SOM’s press release: As the air passes over the roots, microorganisms that live on the roots absorb volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and other pollutants from the air and break them down into harmless substances. The filtered air passes through the AMP unit and circulates back to the indoor environment.

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1.1

01

Building Design Wind


1.1

Building Design Plant Details

Irrigation system Mint lettuce Rocca Onions basil

HYDROPONIC

0 .60 0 .40

Cm

SHRUBBERY

(naenae) (khas) (jarjir) (bsl) (rayhan)

Cucumber Tomatoes Aubergine pepper Carrots

(khiar) (tamatim) (badhnjan) (flfl) (juzur)

surface irrigation sprinkler irrigation sub-surface irrigation method.

draining system

Recycling System

1.00 m TREES

01

guava Lemon Figs mango

(jawaafa) (limun) (tayn) (manju)

surface drains subsurface drainage systems -Corrugated and PVC slotted subsurface pipes -Mole drainage including: Mole drains Mole drains over collector pipe systems Gravel mole drains -Interceptor drains -Ground water pumps


1.1

Building Design

4

Energy Study- mechanical system

Duct Sizing q = Room volume (v) × Air changes per hour (ACH) = 1,250 × 3 = 3,750 m3/ h v’ = 8 × 30 = 240 m3/ h v’ = 8 × 30 = 240m3/ h v’ = 12 × 30 = 360m3/ h v’ = 13 × 30 = 390m3/ h v’ = 5 × 30 = 150m3/ h Total v’ = 2,370 + 150 + 240+ 240+ 360+ 390 =3,750

Duct section area (A) m2 = (Airflow rate / 3600 × V (2.5) × Friction loss (ratio) ) = ( 3750 / 3600 × 2.5 ) × 1.25 = 0.5 m2 = 50 cm

50 cm

390 m3/ h 50 cm 360 m3/ h 2,370m3/ h

150 m3/ h

240 m3/ h 240 m3/ h

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8

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1.1

Building Design Conclusion

The diversity of the entrances to the project in addition to activating the corridors and the direct link between the site and the roof

The use of glass material in the facades is greater, so as to allow direct communication between the users inside and outside the project

SOCIAL 01

ENVIRONMENTAL

ECONOMIC


1.1

Building Design Conclusion

Taking advantage of the fifth face of the academic field and planting them with various crops that benefit the project and society

Take advantage of the water used in hand washing to feed plants through hydroponics after they are filtered and treated to be prepared for the lungs

SOCIAL 01

ENVIRONMENTAL

ECONOMIC


1.1

Building Design Conclusion

Vertical agriculture helps to reduce the temperature inside the vacuum, which reduces the use of air conditioning and energy saving

The use of renewable energy such as wind and continuity of movement in the vacuum through the corridors in addition to the solar panels as well as the use of natural lighting by using glass in the facades and reduce the use of industrial lighting

SOCIAL 01

ENVIRONMENTAL

ECONOMIC


1.1

Building Design

Conclusion

Special spaces for researchers and research are close to the fields for easy transfer and testing of samples and directly connected to the surfaces of the academic field

Administrative offices to serve the center in addition to a special study room for students and researchers for research and interviews

Public services as a point of contact between all the spaces and accessibility and isolated from the general vision of the project

An open area for all users to visually communicate to the project's overseas users as well as direct contact from the site to the roof without passing through the internal spaces

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1.1

01

PERSPECTIVES From path


1.1

01

Building Design

Conclusion

Muhammed alwadie final  
Muhammed alwadie final  
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