Page 1

P5' UD. ABALOS How to live together, forty years after

Alvaro Gonzalez Cerezo R.03.01 2018


MADRID


CLIMATIC ANALYSIS OF MADRID

After a thotough analysis of Madrid's climate I have come to conclude that the key elements that shape this particular climate are the extreme temperatures, and its highly oscillating values both from day to night and from summer to winter. The sun also plays a very important role, increasing the sensation of heat and provoking situations which are very far away from the comfort zone in summer, whereas during winter, the sun's radiation can be one the main resoruces to tackle extremely cold temperatures. The temperatures cause wind to be another element to consider. Wind can reach very high speeds and due to the hot or cold temperature of the air, this makes wind an element that considerably affects the climatic comfort. All these factors are also accentuated by the lack of humidity in the air, being a very dry climate.


LISTING & RANKING

MAIN STRATEGIES AND RESOURCES It is clear the extreme temperatures both in summer and winter are the main climatic factor to tackle. Protection from wind is also important due to its high and low temperatures in summer and winter respectively, along with its speed which can be very high. These would be the two mos important negative factors. Observing the listing and ranking diagram we can see two other factors that can improve the climatic condition, working positively during summer and winter, therefore, being two potential resources to fight against negative factors. These to elements are humidity, which will improve the environment by reducing the impact of heat, and the ground's stability regarding temperatures, whcih can be associated to the startegy of thermal mass. The rest of factors do not have a clear positive or negative influence, as depending on the time of the year they will provoke different situations and alterations int he climate, which aren't specially favourable or unfavourable.

ELEMENTS TO TACKLE

ELEMENTS TO USE AS RESOURCES


KEY STRATEGY

Variation of temperature's oscillations / depth 26 24

regular oscilation

22 20 18

-7.00 m oscilation

16 14

summer

winter

UNDERGROUND STABILITY OF TEMPERATURES From the previous studies come the main strategies of the project regarding climatic issues. The key operation is putting the rooms underground. By situating the rooms underground we take advantage of the ground's stability to fight extreme temperatures. The curve of variation of temperatures decreases considerably with depth, finding a comfortable 18/20ยบC on average at aorund 7m deep, very little oscillations between day/night and also summer/winter. With this strategy we also prevent an excessive exposure to sun radiation in summer. This principle works with high thermal mass in a similar way than that of the vernacular architecture of Madrid, regulating temperatures and decreasing oscillations. As shown in the following diagrams, during summer, the gorund will maintain a cooler temperature and will protect the rooms from sun exposure, working liek a cave, it also works retainging heat and expelling it at night. In winter, the gorund will maintan a higher temperature, therefore the ground will work as a continious source of heat to compensate for the very cold environment in the surface. By going underground, we also protect the commune from the strong and cold/hot winds by preventing it from directly hitting the building or open spaces.


-0.00 m

-3.00 m

-7.00 m


LOCATION // VELILLA DE SAN ANTONIO

40ยบ22' N - 3ยบ30' O


Velilla de San Antonio

500

100 250

0 50

N


GENERAL PLAN / CLUSTERS


GENERAL SECTION


GENERAL SECTION


INDIVIDUAL ROOM

MOVEABLE SKYLIGHT

VEGETATION

WIND TOWER

THERMAL MASS

MOVILE AWNING

CONCAVE SURFACE

POOL


THERMAL MASS

SKYLIGHT

SKYLIGHT


COMMUNAL PATIO

WOODEN LATTICE

DECIDIOUS VEGETATION

MOVEABLE SKYLIGHT CONCAVE SURFACE

CONCAVE SURFACE

THERMAL MASS

RETRACTILE SHUTTERS

WATER POND

THERMAL MASS


TOWER

WOODEN LATTICE THERMAL MASS

DECIDIOUS VEGETATION LONG NARROW WINDOWS

THERMAL MASS THERMAL MASS


INDIVIDUAL CELL The individual cell is mostly a studio that also covers the basic necessities such as higiene and sleeping. However, the main objective is to be a studio for the artist's personal and artistic development. Due to its neutral condition the space offers great flexibility and is appropriate for almost any kind of artistic activity; writing, dancing, music, painting, sculpture or just meditating or reading, in essence, cultivating oneself. To meet this purpose, it provides a space of privacy and serenity, a space where one decides to retire and escape from society to be alone with oneself. The lifestyle carried in the commune is an introverted one, enclosed, putting into value the creative atmosphere. This prototype of commune centres its production on the artists production, the goal is to provide an environment that enhances its inhabitants to produce in conditions of absolute tranquillity, without the pressures of the technological era that has taken over our societies. Their production is the ultimate product of the commune. The individual space is simple, it has no luxuries or superfluous elements, its only condition is that of providing a space which enhances concentration. COMMUNAL SPACES The communal space is made up of several different spaces. The main room gathering centre, suitable for the exhibition of the artits' work and to hold gatherings and meetings. One of the other main rooms is used for dining and as a communal living room. It is directly connected to the tower where other spaces of communal use are found (library, study room, meeting rooms, conference room, observatory, kitchen, storage... The grade of intimacy and of how much one relates socially to the other inhabitants of the commune is decided by each one. The room offers enough possibilities to live in it, except for the food, however the commune has spaces inside the communal areas with a certain intimacy as well. In general, the commune is graduated from more private (the individual rooms) connected to the most public area, where people from outside could also gather, which is the central patio, and connected to it, the rest of communal spaces only for the use of those who are living in it. THE TOWERS The tower becomes a landmark for its unusual configuration in relation to the rest of the commune. It is the only element that has a vertical development, breaking out of the ground put to the exterior. The towers are seen from a distance, becoming the points of reference of the commune and the identification landmarks that allow recognising the commune from a distance as well as controlling the landscape and surroundings from its higher terrace. The project tries to decrease its impact in the existing landscape by camouflaging ith the ground, very few elements stick out from the ground level.


INDIVIDUAL ROOM

MAIN LEVEL -7.00 m GROUND LEVEL 0.00 m WIND TOWER +3.00m

ACCESS GORUND LEVEL 0.00 m

GROUND LEVEL 0.00 m SKYLIGHT


COMMUNAL SPACE

MAIN LEVEL -7.00 m -1 LEVEL -3.50 m ACCESS GROUND LEVEL 0.00 m +1 LEVEL +3.00 m +2 LEVEL +6.00 m +3 TERRACE LEVEL +9.00 m


UNDER-SOCIETY

A commune where one gets to know itself. Not only you are willingly going underground in a physical sense, but you make a statement to society by taking a life which would be considered under-devolved in our current times, for its lack of contact with superfluous technological devices, to empower and stimulate the relation with oneself. A commune in which self-awareness becomes the ultimate goal. This idea is poetcally representend by the underground architecture, offering spaces that encourage isolation and promote concentration, witha sense of protection from the exterior society, working as bunkers of art. The production is intellectual, artistic. Lifestyle and its organization is product of the typycal monastical lifestyle. The proposal represents the voluntary escape, retreat, to the underground commune in contact with nature and oneself to rest and hide from the super-connectivity that has absorbed every aspect of daily life in our current cities. Our cities represent communities which do not have any kind of private life, no space for the cultivation of our own personalities. Time for one-self has been replaced by trivial activities that are imposed by this non-stopping society. The Instantaneousness and liquid qualities of this new order leave no space for personal development, which needs time, space and privacy. This society lives in a permanent state of change with any kind of stability. All activity is highly conditioned and limited by the products of our techno-capitalist system, communities are unable to stablish a relationship with nature or between themselves if it is not through these devices. Life has been completely undertaken by an artificial consumerism, not inherent in our societies, which only leads to a frenetic lifestyle, where one is unable to disconnect with the world to connect with oneself. We find ourselves constantly surrounded by data while we fail to see that our time is much rather that of a technological dictatorship than a free, self-aware society. In this chaos, artists cannot find a suitable physical space and mind state to create. In Under-Society people decide to bury themselves, connecting with its own thinking and its own procedures, finding the suitable pace for the creation process. Artistic value is restored to its highest esteem. This environment provides a perfect space where artists of any kind can develop its personal and professional projects, being in contact with nature, oneself and a small number of people who find themselves in the same situation. The grade of privacy and isolation is decided by oneself. The minimum space offers a place that covers necessities and provides a space to develop your work of any kind, tackling art in all its directions and different disciplines.


MODELS


REFERENCES


THE THERME VALS - Peter Zumthor - 1996

RASCAINFIERNOS - Fernando Higueras - 1972


AERONAUTICAL CENTRE EL PRAT - Biological concrete - 2012

MATMATA


NO-STOP CITY - Archizoom Associati -1970

LA TOURETTE MONASTERY - Le Corbusier - 1960


WIND TOWERS - vernacular desertic climate architecture

VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE MADRID


BAMBOO BUILDING MADRID - foreign office architects

BUNKER ARCHITECTURE


Unit Ă balos ETSAM studio Level 5 How to live together, forty years after Madrid / Valencia Spring 2018

Alvaro Gonzalez Cerezo Instructor: Renata Sentkiewicz R.03.01

UNDER SOCIETY // P_5 estam_ud_abalos // how_to_live_together_forty_years_after  

This ISSUU contains a summary of the work done during the academic course of 2018 in the Architectural design Studio level 5 of the ETSAM (G...

UNDER SOCIETY // P_5 estam_ud_abalos // how_to_live_together_forty_years_after  

This ISSUU contains a summary of the work done during the academic course of 2018 in the Architectural design Studio level 5 of the ETSAM (G...

Advertisement