Issuu on Google+

tdENdEdkifiH e,l;a'vD+rdK@Y usif;yaom 44-ESpfajrmuf 13 =o*wfpf tcrf;tem;rS pmrlzdwfac: jcif; T&cdik v hf w G v f yfa&;pmapmifonf &cdik ahf wmfveS af &;oabmw&m;rsm;udk r#0&D ef/ &cdik ahf wmfveS af &;ESihf &cdik t hf rsKd ;om;a&;ESiyhf wfoufI awmfveS af &;&Jabmfrsm;/ jynforl sm;. tjrifoabmxm;rsm;udk xif[yfp&D efEiS hf yDjyifaom &cdik pf myDt&D;tom;ay:ayguv f mpD &ef&nf&, G I f xkw0f jD zef@csed ed af om trScD u kd if;aom vGwv f yfaom pmapmifwckjzpfygonf? T&cdik v hf w G v f yfa&;pmapmifukd vpOf yHrk eS x f w k 0f v D m;rnfjzpfygonf? &cdik t hf rsKd ;om;a&;ESihf &cdik pf myDukd jrwfE;kd wefz;kd xm;olrsm; uAsmrsm;/ aqmif;yg;rsm;/ 0wÎKwdkrsm;ESifh umwGef;rsm; yD;ydk@Edkifygonf? qufoG,f&ef— AIB PO Box 113 Mae Sot Tak -63110 Thailand

vlxo k nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

twGJ(4) trSwf(2)

2011-ck ?-o*wfpv f


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

August , 2 0 1 1

?

rmwdum aqmif;yg; jynfopfwnfpdk@ ig&dk@&cdkif (7) (cdkifrif;!dk) ----——————— 2

uAsm yef;wyGifh.twˆKy`wWd (1) (cdkifomjr) ————————————5 vDvGifhZifa&mf ("n-arSmf) ———————---------------6 ESpf0ewfvl om"kac:,ifh (cdkifrif;!dk) -------------------7 awmifzHwdaumif;cau (cdkifrif;!dk) --------------------7

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

August , 2 0 1 1

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

vGefcJhaom &ufenf;i,fup+yD; rD;yD;csdefudk em&Daygif;rsm;pGm av#mhcscJhonfhtjyif w}udrfoHk;&ufuspD yD;0Dvm;rnfjzpfa=umif; a'ocHwOD;uajymonf? “t,ifuqdak u ede@f cif;bufrmS rd;k xuf 8 em&Duede+f yD;au npm 3 em&Dxd rD;&yga&? nOfb h ufyikd ;f rSmqdak u nOfh 7 em&Duede+f yD;au 12 em&Dxrd ;D &yga&? t*kyikd f rD;yD;edepf mG uede+f yD;au nOfh 7 em&Du ede+f yD;au 10 em&Davmuf&m rD;yD;yga&? a'ydik f rD;yD;a&tcgrmS avh w}udrrf mS 3 &ufy;D zd@k ? +yD;au w&ufem;ar? aemufxyfo;kH &ufy;D ar? atydik v f yk x f m;yga&”[k ajymonf? xdu k o hJ @kd rD;yD;csed u f kd av#mch svu kd jf cif;rSm ajrmufO;D +rdK@ rD;yD;0Da&;udk wm0ef,x l m;aom xl;vif;ukr`%Du tjrwfr[dbJ t,H_;ay:vdk@jzpfa=umif; ajymonf[kod&onf? “rD;a'ydkifyD;edefpGmu =umygAsm,f? +yD;au ol&dk@u tpdk;&bm;uavh qDcGJwrf;&a&? w,lepfudkavh usyf 500 ,lyga&? ,_H;a&qdkpGmu ta=umif;jypGmoufoufyg? u|efawmf&dk@ +rdK@o+l rdK@om; trsm;pkuawmhcg tm%mydik w f ad wmif;a& &S;D a[mif;bk&m;udk aejynfawmfukd xnfh ryD;a&twGuf oufqikd &f meef@ yl;aygi;f +yD;au oufoufnpfpmG vd@k bif xifjrif,q l edeu f wfyg a&”[k oluajymonf? ajrmufO;D a'ocHrsm;u xl;vif;ukr% ` t D m; t,H;_ ay:v#if aemufurk % ` w D cko@kd vkyif ef; udk v$aJ jymif;&ef awmif;qdak omfvnf; tqdyk gurk % ` rD S 0ef}uD;aemufc[ H o d nf[q k u kd m ajrmufO;D +rdK@a'ocHrsm;udk ta&;rpdu k b f J [deed af =umif; oluqufajymonf? “t*kajrmufO;D +rdK@rmS rD;vif;a&;aumfrw D u D kd zG@J pnf;xm;yga&? a'rD;vif;a&;aumfrw D u D aemufurk % ` w D ckukd vm;arqdv k @kd xl;vif;uta&;rpdu k b f J ol&@kd aemufrmS 0ef}uD;[da&qd+k yD;au yrmrcef@vkyfedefyga&? 0ef}uD;[dedefvdk@ ol&dk@u vkyfcsifydkifvkyfa& oabmrsdK; jzpfedefyga&”[k oluajymonf? ,ckuo hJ @kd rD;yD;csed u f kd av#mch svu kd o f jzifh ajrmufO;D +rdK@crH sm; txl;tcufcjJ zpfvm;cJ&h +yD; ausmif;ol/ ausmif;om;rsm;udv k nf; trsm;}uD; xdcu kd v f m;a=umif; od&onf? rD;yD;csed af v#mch s vdu k o f jzifh &Deq H ED iS hf za,mif;wdik pf s;D rSmvnf; jrifw h ufvm+yD; +rdK@vx l u k kd xdcu kd rf r_ sm; jzpfay:edef onf[kod&onf? ajrmufO;D +rdK@wiG f vGecf ahJ om arv 30 &ufeed @f u avmurÍL aZwDawmfr&S [daom &S;D a[mif;&$b D &k m; qif;xkawmfEiS hf wjcm; &S;D a[mif;Xmyemrsm;udk Edik if aH wmftpd;k &rS aejynfawmfo@kd yifah qmif&ef ESp}f udrw f ikd w f ikd f }udK;pm;aqmif&u G cf ahJ omfvnf; +rdK@o+l rdK@om;rsm;. uef@uu G q f ef@ usirf a_ =umifh atmifjrifr_ r&[dcahJ =umif; od&onf? od@k twGuf tm%mydik rf sm;u txl;ra=ureyfjzpfc=hJ u+yD; ,cktcg wefjyef vufpm; acsonft h edejf zifh ajrmufO;D +rdK@wiG f rD;yD;csed u f kd wede@f 3 em&Dxd av#mch svu kd jf cif;jzpfa=umif; +rdK@cH rsm;uajymonf?

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

25


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

August , 2 0 1 1

?

zrf;qD;cH&+yD;aemuf ol&@kd tm; azgucf rJG /_ e,fpyfjzwfausmrf /_ w&m;r0iftoif;rsm;ESihf qufpyfr_ ponft h r_rsm;tygt0if tr_ppk ak ygi;f 5 ckjzifh w&m;pGq J u kd m 2010 ck =o*kwv f 11 &ufeed @f wiG f tif;pdeaf xmif taemufyikd ;f c&dik f w&m;&H;k rS 'kw, d (1) c&dik w f &m;ol}uD; OD;jrifph ef;u axmif'%f 3 ESprf S 9 ESpt f xd toD;oD;csrw S cf o hJ nf? axmif'%fcsrswcf &H olrsm;txJrS udpk ;kd Edik (f ac: ) rJv;kH udk toif;tzG@J Oya'yk'rf 7 jzifh 3 ESpf/ azgufcGJa&;ypPnf; vuf0,fxm;[dr_jzifh 5 ESpf pkpkaygif; 8 ESpf/ udk&Jxufpdk;tm; toif;tzG@J Oya'yk'rf 7 jzifh 3 ESp/f azgucf aJG &;ypPn;f vuf0,fxm;[drj_ zifh 5 ESpf +*dKvfwq k uf oG,fa&;zkef;wvHk; zrf;qD;&rdjcif;jzifh 1 ESpf pkpkaygif; 9 ESpf csrSwfcJhonf? udkxGef;vif;ausmf/ udck ikd af usmrf ;kd tygt0if 6 OD;udk toif;tzG@J Oya'yk'rf jzifh 3 ESp/f e,fpyfw&m;r0ifjzwfausmrf j_ zifh 3 ESpf/ pkpkaygif; 6 ESpfpDESifh usefvli,frsm;udk 3 ESpfpDtoD;oD; csrSwfvdkuf+yD; aemufydkif;wGif ,ckuo hJ @kd ,if;txJrS vli,fwcsKd @ukd e,f0;D axmifrsm;od@k yd@k aqmifvu kd jf cif;jzpfonf?

ajrmufO;D udk tm%mydi k r f sm;u vufpm;acsAsm,f 27/ 8/ 2011 e&dOP&m

ajrmufO;D rS ud;k aomif;bk&m; &S;D a[mif;bk&m;udk aejynfawmfo@kd r,laqmif&ef wm;jrpfco hJ nfh &cdik &f ;DS a[mif;+rdK@awmf ajrmufO;D +rdK@ukd ,cktcg oufqikd &f m tm%mydik rf sm;u rD;yD;csed u f kd av#mch s+yD; vufpm;acseed +f yDjzpf a=umif; +rdK@cHrsm;uajymonf? 24

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

August , 2 0 1 1

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

at'Dwmhtmabmf

,ckvuf[d &cdik ahf wmfveS af &;ESihf vlra_ &;e,fy,fukd avhvm;=unfyh gu jyKjyifajymif;vJ wdk;wufr_rsm;[dvmonfudk odomxif&Sm;pGm wGdvm&ygonf? ,if;&dk@rSm &cdkiftrsdK;om;rsm; rdr&d @kd &cdik jf zpfonft h wGuf &cdik u f t kd m;ud;k &rnf? &cdik u f rkd yJ ;D &rnf? &cdik &f ;kd awmifuakd usmI f wbuf om;udk tm;rud;k rdz@kd / wbufom;&d@k . vSnjhf zm;/ vSn;f pm;csurf sm;udk opPmpum;tjzpf r,Hk =unfrd=uzdk@oGefoifqHk;rr_ESifhtwl wdrfaumepfjrKyfedefaom &cdkifordkif;udk &cdkifjynfolrsm;tm; xkwaf z: jyov#uf &cdik t hf rsKd ;om;a&;t+cDcH pdw"f gwrf sm;udk &cdik v f x l x k w J iG f eufeufeeJ J wyfqif yD;cJo h l tzd;k OD;omxGet f m; &cdik t f rsKd ;om;rsm; ,cifuxufav;pm;*g&0jyKr[ _ v d monfukd wG[ d &d ygonf? 4if;enf;wl &cdik jf ynfEiS &hf cdik v f x l u k kd u,fwifEikd &f ef u&ifjynfwede&f mY &cdik jf ynfvw G f ajrmufa&;ygwED iS hf &cdik jf ynfvw G af jrmufa&;wyfrawmfukd wnfaxmifv#uf &Sw d ef;wGif &Jabmf rsm;ESihf wom;wnf;usatmif edex f ikd v f #uf &Jabmfrsm;ESihf &ifabmifwef;wdu k yf 0JG ifco hJ /l u&ifjynfrS &cdik jf ynfo@kd ta&mufcsw D uf&mwGif csi;f jynfwede&f mY &cdik jf ynfEiS &hf cdik v f x l t k wGuf rdrt d oufukd a=ua=ueyfeyfy;D vm;ol OuUXcdik rf ;kd vif; usq;kH vm;onfeh ed @f ukd awmfveS af &;ede+f rDrsm;Yomru wcsdK@EdkifiHrsm;wGifvnf; tjrwfwEdk; wefbdk;xm;usif;yvm=uonfudk wGdjrifvm&ygonf? acwfraDS omArmhwyfrawmfukd acwfrv DS ufeufEiS hf acwfrpDS pfenf; ynmjzifh wdu k cf u kd rf S om atmifyGJ&Edkifrnf[k ,Hk=unfv#uf acwfrSDvufeuftajrmuftrsm;udk &cdkifawmfvSefa&; e,f+rDo@kd oufpeG @f qefzsm; ta&mufy@kd Eikd cf o hJ /l wcsed u f b*Fvm;yifv,fatmfY tiftm;}uD;xGm; cJ+h yD; ay:wl*/D ' (cs)f uJo h @kd acwfr&DS w D yfrawmfjzifh urBm}uD;udk ywfIe,fcs@J vmaom wdik ;f wyg;om; rsm;yif vufajr‡muft,H;_ yD;cJ&h +yD; &cdik o f rdik ;f wGif wdrjf rKyfeed af om &cdik &f w D yfrawmfukd jyefvnf wnfaxmifz@kd }udK;yrf;cJo h /l Edik if w H cku|eb f 0rSvw G af jrmufEikd &f ef tdref ;D yg;csi;f Edik if w H ck. axmufcH ulnrD u _ kd &Edik rf jS zpfrnf[k ,H=k unfv#uf tdE, dN ppfwyfrS t&m[dwOD;rSwqifh tdE, dN tpd;k &ESihf em;vnfr_,lum tdENd,ydkifu|ef;wckY &cdkifjynfwyfrawmfESifh &cdkif&Dwyf rawmfudk acwfrSDpGm tcdik t f rmwnfaqmufz@kd a&mufvm;&mY ,if;u|e;f od@k a&muf+yD;rS ,kwrf m yufpufaom tdE, dN ppfaxmufvrS ;f a&;wa,muf. azgujf yefra_ =umifh vky}f uHcv H u kd &f ol Adv k &f mZmusq;kH onfeh ed @f udv k nf; awmfveS af &;e,f+rDtygt0if Edik w f csKd @Y tjrwfwEd;k wefb;kd xm; usi;f yvm=uonfukd vnf; ,cifuxuf wGjd rifvm&ygonf? TuJhodk@ csD;usL;*k%fjyKxdkufaom tmZmenfol&Jaumif;rsm;udk csD;usL;*k%fjyKvm =ujcif;rSm aumif;jrwfaomtpOfvma[mif;/ tpOftvmaumif;wckukd &cdik af wmfveS af &;orm; rsm;ESihf &cdik v f x l u k vufcu H sio hf ;kH vm=ujcif;rSm &cdik af wmfveS af &;ESihf &cdik v f x l . k taumif;buf odk@OD;wnfaom ajymif;vJr_wck[k &cdkifvGwfvyfa&;pmapmifu rSwfausmufwifvdkufygonf? 4if;tjyif &cdkifhawmfvSefa&;tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;ESifh &cdkifvlxkonf ,cifuxuf &if;ESD;u|rf;0if cspcf ifrr_ sm;ESit hf wl wlnaD omwdik ;f jynftusKd ;pD;yGm;twGuf wl&mwl&mcsi;f vufwaJG v#mufvm edefr_rsm;onfvnf; tdyfarmusedefaom &cdkifjynf}uD;Edk;xzdk@twGuf tpysdK;vmjcif;jzpfonf[k &cdkifhvGwfvyfa&;pmapmifrS rSwfausmufwiftyfayonf? aemufxyfvnf; ,ckxufydk+yD; rSwf ausmufwifcH&atmif &cdkifhawmfvSefa&;acgif;aqmifrsm;ESifh rsdK;cspf &[ef;/ o#ifvl/ jynfolrsm; 0dkif;0ef;}udK;pm; vkyfaqmif=uygu rdrd&dk@rufedefaom tdrfrufESifh r0D;awmh+yDjzpfyga=umif;?

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

1


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

August , 2 0 1 1

jynfopfwnfpŒkd ig&d& Œk cdi k f (7)

?

cdkifrif;!dk &cdik o f m;&d@k onf (21) &mpk tpydik ;f rSpI &cdik t f rsKd ;om;a&;pmyDrsm; &D;om;jzef@0jD cif;/ &cdkiftrsdK;om;a&;vrf;a=umif;Y awmfvSefa&;tzGJ@tpnf;/ EdkifiHa&;tzGJ@tpnf;/ trsdK;orD; tzG@J tpnf;/ vl@tcGiahf &;ESihf obm0ywf0ef;usix f ed ;f odr;f a&;qdik &f m tzG@J tpnf;/ owif;Xme/ &cdik ahf wmfveS af &;/ Edik if aH &;taxmuftuljyKtzG@J tpnf;/ tvkyo f rm;tzG@J tpnf;/ oma&;ema&;/ vlra_ &; ponfponfjzifh tzG@J tpnf;rsm; ,cifuxuf ay:ayguv f monfomru trsKd ;om; pnf;vH;k nDnw G af &; vrf;a=umif;od@k OD;wnfav#mufvrS ;f vm=uonfukd rsu0f g;xifxif wGjd rif vm&ygonf? &cdik v f il ,frsm;pkaygi;f I 2003-ck ESpw f iG f &cdik v f il ,frsm;yl;aygi;f aqmif&u G af &; aumfrD wDukd xdik ;f Edik if eH ,fpyfwede&f mY zG@J pnf;Edik cf =hJ uonf? 2004 ckEpS f ESpq f ef;ydik ;f wGif &cdik t f rsKd ;om; t}udKnDvmcHukd usi;f yv#uf &cdik t f rsKd ;om;aumifpu D kd zG@J pnf;Edik cf =hJ uonf? TonfrmS 21&mpkukd pwif0ifa&mufvmonfEiS hf awmfveS af &;e,f+rDY xif&mS ;aom jyKjyifajymif;vJrv _ yk &f yf rsm;yif? odk@aomf t*,ifhyif trsdK;om;pnf;vHk;nDnGwfa&;udk wnfaqmufEdkifonf/ rwnf aqmufEdkifonfudkawmhcg &cdkifrsdK;cspfjynfolrsm;todyif? odk@aomf &cdkiftrsdK;om;aumifpD ay:aygufvmr_tay: tm;udk;=uonf/ ,Hk=unf =uonfawmhtrSeyf if? rdro d nf &cdik t f rsKd ;om;aumifpYD yg0ifrr_ [daomfvnf; &cdik t f rsKd ;om; aumifpD ay:aygufvmr_tay:/ &cdkiftrsdK;om; pnf;vHk;nDnGwfa&; wnfaqmufvmr_tay: 0rf;om=unfE;l / tm;yD;/ tm;ajr‡muf[cd o hJ nfawmhtrSeyf if? &cdik t f rsKd ;om;aumifpD ay:ayguf vm+yD; r=umrSDrSmyif &cdkiftrsdK;om;aumifpDrS wm0ef[dolwa,mufESifhtwl pnf;&Hk;a&;c&D; qif;zl;onf? ,if;c&D;pOftwGi;f Yyif xdik ;f Edik if aH wmifyikd ;f wede&f mY &cdik t f rsKd ;om;aumif;pDaxmufyhH ulnaD &;toif;udk atmifjrifpmG zG@J pnf;Edik cf o hJ nf? c&D;pOfrjS yefvm+yD; r=umrSrD mS yif ,if;axmufyhH ulnaD &;toif;rS aiGa=u;taxmuftyHh twdik ;f twmwckxd vufwu dG sus ulnyD ;D cJyh gonf? ,if;trsdK;om;aumifpD axmufyHhulnDa&;toif; ay:aygufvmr_tusdK;tquf &vm'ftjzpf rav;,Sm;EdkifiHa&muf &cdkifrsdK;cspfrsm;uvnf; &cdkiftrsdK;om;aumifpD axmufyHh a&;toif;udk wnfaxmifv#uf &cdkiftrsdK;om;aumifpDudk wpdkufrwfrwf ulnDvmcJhonf udkvnf; ordkif;rSwfausmufwif&ayrnf? ,if;tjyif &cdkiftrsdK;om;aumifpDrS wm0ef[dol wa,muf. wdu k &f u kd x f ;kd azgurf a_ =umifh rav;,Sm;a&muf &cdik t f rsKd ;om;rsm;onf ukvor*~ r[mrif;}uD;&Hk;rS 'kuQonftjzpf tjcm;vlrsd;rsm;enf;wl todtrSwfjyKjcif;udkcH&+yD; wcgrS b0wGifpdwful;r,Ofzl;=uaom EdkifiH}uD;rsm;odk@ t+cDcsvmEdkif=uonfudkvnf; wGdjrifedef&I &cdkifrsdK;cspfwa,muftedefjzifh 0rf;omyDwd jzpfrdygonf? TonfrSm &cdkiftrsdK;om; pnf;vHk; nDnw G af &; vrf;a=umif;. tusKd ;qufyif? ,if;uJo h @kd ukvor*~r[mrif;}uD;&H;k u 'kuo Q nftjzpf todtrSwjf yKcH&r_ukd trSjD yKI tzG@J tpnf;twGuf tusKd ;pD;yGm;wnfaqmufr/_ ud, k u f sKd ;pD;yGm; wnfaqmufrr_ sm;vnf;[dvm+yD; rav;,Sm;EdkifiHa&muf &cdkiftrsdK;om;tcsif;csif;t=um;wGif tm;+ydKifr_rsm;/ oabmxm;uGJvGJ 2

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

August , 2 0 1 1

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

e,f0;D axmif ajymif&c d$ & H ol &cdi k v f i l ,frsm;udk rdom;pkrsm; axmif0ifpm rwGE d i kd f 16/ 8/ 2011 e&dOP&m pGJcsuftrsdK;rsdK;jzifh w&m;pGJcH&+yD; axmif'%f 3 ESpfrS 9 ESpfxd csrSwfcHxm;&aom &cdkifvli,frsm;xJrS wcsdK@udk e,f0D;axmif;rsm;odk@ ydk@aqmifxm;ojzifh rdom;pkrsm;tedefjzifh axmif0ifpm vm;wG&d ef tcuftcJ[ed ed o f nf[k od&onf? jrpf}uD;em;axmifudk ajymif;&$dcHxm;&aom udkausmf0if;. rdcifjzpfolu vm;wGd&ef tcuftcJjzpfedef&a=umif;udk ,ckvdk e&dOP&modk@ajymonf? “axmif0ifpm wGdcGifhawmhcg&yga&? a,auavh tu|ef@om;u t*k jrpf}uD;em; axmifukd tyd@k cx H m;&vd@k wcgvm;wGzd @kd qpkd mG rvG,yf g? ZGev f 14 &ufeed @f u wcgvm;wGjd zpfyga&? aemufxyf vm;rwGEd ikd yf gAsm,f? jrpf}uD;em;xdjzpfv@kd c&D;u0D;a&ydik f p&dwu f avhrsm;vd@k vm;wGzd @kd tcuftcJtrsm;}uD;[dyga&? t*k tu|eaf vh om;acseed af umif;vm Zmydik t f ajctae[davqdpk mG rod&bJjzpfedefyga&”[k ajymonf? ,ckuo hJ @kd &cdik v f il ,frsm;xJrS wcsKd @ukd e,f0;D axmifrsm;od@k ajymif;&$yd pfjcif;rSm rdom;pk rsm;ESihf tquftoG,f jzwfawmufcsiv f @kd jzpfa=umif; olru ,ckvakd jymonf? “&efukeftif;pdefaxmifrSmqdkau vm;wGd&pGm wpdauvG,fyga&? t*kydkif jrefrmEdkifiH ajrmufbuftpGrf;rSm[da& jrpf}uD;em;&dk@ Aef;armfaxmifwdudk vm;wGdzdk@qdkpGmu r[dqif;&Ja& rdbaqGrsKd ;wdtedeef ef@ wESprf mS wcgvm;wGzd @kd awmif tajctaer[dyg? t*kyikd ef ,f0;D axmifukd ajymif;&$v d u kd pf mG a& rdom;pkwu d kd tquftoG,f jzwfypfpmG vd@k tu|e@f tedeef ef@ cHpm;&yga&?” &cdik v f il ,f 11 OD;.tr_ukd t,lcw H ifoiG ;f xm;csed w f iG f tm%mydik rf sm;u &cdik v f il ,f wcsdK@udk e,f0D;axmifrsm;odk@ ajymif;&$dvdkufjcif;jzpfonf? xdkodk@ajymif;&$d&mwGif udkausmf0if;udk jrpf}uD;em;axmifodk@4if;/ udkxGef;vif;ausmfudk uomaxmifo@kd 4if;/ udik Ef ikd pf ;kd (}u;D ) rJv;kH udk yckuLU axmifo@kd 4if;/ Edik pf ;kd (acs) udk Aef;armfaxmifo@kd 4if;/ toD;oD; yd@k aqmifxm;onf[k od&onf? usev f il ,frsm;rSm ,cktcsed t f xd tif;pdeaf xmifxw J iG f [deed o f nf[k od&onf? aemufqHk; ol&dk@t,lcHwifoGif;xm;aom tajctaeESifhywfouf+yD; ol&dk@.tr_udk vdkufygaqmif&GufyD;edefaom &SdedefOD;ausmf[dk;u e&dOP&modk@ ,ckuJhodk@ajymonf? “tr_ukd t,lcw H ifxm;pGmuawmhcg =umygAsm,f? wifa&&ufuakd wmhcg twdtus rodygAsm,f? t*kxd t,lcjH yefrusoyd g? t,lcjH yefusz@kd =umedepf mG uawmhcg ol&@kd tr_u tvSnhf rusov d @kd jzpfygz@kd ? tr_ww JG u d wef;pD&yga&? tr_ww JG u d tpDtpOftwdik ;f vm;ede&f vd@k ol&@kd tvSnfhra&mufodvdk@ t*kydkif =umedefpGmjzpfEdkifyga&”[kajymonf? &cdik v f il ,f 11 OD;rSm 2009 ckEpS f pwbFmvu tar&duefEikd if o H m; udn k n D aD tmiftm; r*Fvm'Hk vDqdyfwGif zrf;qD;+yD;aemuf &efukefESifh ppfawG+rdK@rsm;rS zrf;qD;cH&olrsm;jzpfonf?

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

23


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

August , 2 0 1 1

?

“ArmjynfxJrSmavh jy\emwd[dyga&? tvkyfvufrJhjy\em/ aemuf qif;&JrGJ awr_jy\em/ wdik ;f &if;om; a'owdrmS qdak u ydq k ;kd yga&? aemufwcku wdik ;f &if;om;a'owdrmS wef;wla&;/ &oif&h xdu k af & tcGit hf a&;wdr&uwfyg? a'csiw hf u d kd Zmydik af jz,Si;f uwfz@kd v?J jrefrm Edik if rH mS jy\emwdpmG ta&;}uD;a& jy\emwdjzpfa&twGuf acgi;f aqmif}uD;wdu ajz,Si;f uwf &ygzdk@? ajz,Sif;a&tcg u|efawmf&dk@ wdkif;&if;om;jy\emwdudk Zmavmuftwdkif;twmxd ajz,Si;f zd@k v?J ,if;ydik af jz,Si;f a&tcg wdik ;f &if;om;wdbufu ZmavmufcpH m;cGi&hf zd@k v?J r&qdak u jy\emu rajyvnfbJ }uD;xGm;Edkifyga&?” ,ckjzpfyGm;edefaom jynfwGif;ppfrSm Armrsm;edefxdkifaom yJcl;wdkif;/ {&m0wDwdkif;/ rE aW v;wdik ;f &d@k wiG f jzpfymG ;ederf r_ [daomfvnf; jrefrmEdik if rH mS tqif;&Jq;kH a'o/ tcH&qH;k a'o rsm;jzpfaom wdik ;f &if;om;a'orsm;wGif jzpfymG ;edeo f jzifh Armacgi;f aqmifrsm;tedejf zifh tajrmf tjrif}uD;}uD;jzifh ajz,Sif;&efvdka=umif; oluajymonf? “wdkif;&if;om;a'owdrSm jynfwGif;ppfwdjzpfedefyga&? Armjynfu vl0wfvJxm;a& ppfacgi;f aqmifwt d ygt0if NLD acgi;f aqmifwu d yg wdik ;f &if;om;wdtay:rSm atrwef oabm xm;}uD;a& tjrif[ad uawmhcg ajz,Si;f vd@k &zd@k yg? *kwikd ;f &if;om;wdta&;rSm a'ydik t f jrifrsKd ; wnf aqmufEikd /f rwnfaqmufEikd f qdak &tjriftay:rSm oufqikd rf w l nfeed yf ga&? a'ydik o f abmxm; }uD;a& tjrifwrd [dauawmhcg jrefrmEdik if rH mS a&&Snrf mS avh jy\emu ,_yx f ;DG zd@k ojd zpfyga&?” orRwOD;ode;f pderf S 1988 ck aemufyikd ;f Edik if jH cm;wdik ;f jynfrsm;od@k a&muf[cd v kd eH_ ed o f rl sm;udk jynfawmfjyefEdkifa=umif; zdwfac:csufrSmvnf; &dk;&dk;,Sif;,Sif;r[kwfbJ tzGifhtydwfygedefojzifh jywfom;aom vGwf+idrf;csrf;omcGifhwckudk oufqdkifoltm;vHk;twGuf zefwD;yD;&efvdka=umif; oluajymqdkvm;onf? “oabmxm;}uD;}uD;eef@ vkyfuwfzdk@qdkau taxGaxGvGwf+idrf;csrf;omcGifhudk vkyf vdu k yf g? jynfwiG ;f ppfu&kd yfpyJ g? typftcwf&yfyg? t,ifacguu f OD;ae0if;acwfuawmif vGwf +idr;f csr;f omcGihf yD;a&qdak u wdik ;f wyg;uvlwd vGwv f yfpmG jyefvmuwfaw? rdom;pkeef@ jyefvnf aygi;f pnf;Edik cf a&? axmifxrJ mS [da&vlwu d kd v$wyf ;D a&? ,if;ydik f vGw+f idr;f csr;f omcGiu hf &kd m u|ef awmf&@kd u ar#mv f ifah &? Edik if jH cm;a&mufeed o f l oH;k av;ig;a,muf jyefvmar? usev f w l u d useef ed f ar? axmifxJrSma&mufedefa&vlwdudk wESpfav#mhyD;ar qdkpGmrsdK;wdu vufwGdrusyg? a'xuf jywfom;a& vGw+f idr;f csr;f omcGihf wcku&kd m u|eaf wmf&@kd ar#mv f ifyh ga&”[k oluajymonf?

22

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

August , 2 0 1 1

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

r_rsm;[dvmygonf? 'kuQonfa&;&mESifh ywfoufI vkyfaqmif=u&mY tzGJ@uGJrsm;[dvmaom a=umifh ukvor*~r[mrif;}uD;&H;k u &cdik t f rsKd ;om;rsm;udk vH;k 0vufrcHoonfh tedet f xm;od@k qdkufa&mufvmcJhygonf? TudpP&yfrsm; ajyvnfEdkifpD&eftwGuf jynfya&muf &cdkifynmo#if rsKd ;cspyf *k Kd~ vfwOD;u rav;,Sm;Edik if o H @kd ud, k w f ikd v f m;a&muf =um;0ifaphpyfnEd‡ i_d ;f yD;cJ&h m ajyvnf r_[dcJhonf[k =um;od&ygonf? &cdkifjynftrsdK;om;aumifpD axmufyHha&;toif;rsm;omru &cdkifjynfvGwfajrmuf a&;ygwD. XmecGJ&Hk;rsm;vnf; EdkifiHtoD;oD;Y ay:aygufI &cdkifhawmfvSefa&;udk vufwGdusus ulnaD xmufyv hH mede=f uonfuv kd nf; ,cifuxufwjdG rifvm&ygonf? ,if;tjyif &cdik jf ynf'rD kd ua&pDtzGJ@csKyf (jynfy) XmecGJrsm;/ EdkifiHwum&cdkiftrsdK;om;toif;ESifh &cdkifrsdK;apmifhtkyfpk&dk@ ay:aygufvm+yD; &cdkiftrsdK;om;tusdK;pD;yGm;twGuf vkyfaqmifvm=ujcif;onf &cdkifhordkif;Y xl;jcm;csuf (od@k r[kw)f &cdik t f rsKd ;om;a&;vrf;a=umif; qHrk w S w f cko@kd a&muf&eftwGuf tpysKd ; vkyfaqmifr_[k owfrSwfvdkufygonf? od@k &mwGif rnfonft h vkyu f ykd ifvyk v f yk f rdrw d ud, k w f um, yk*Kd~ vfa&;twGujf zpfp/D trsm;tusdK;/ trsdK;om;a&;twGuf vkyfaqmif=u&mYjzpfpD yÉdyuQ jy\emrsm;ESifh &ifqdkif& p+rJyif? trsKd ;om;pnf;vH;k nDnw G af &;vrf;a=umif;udk OD;wnf&mYjzpfp/D rdr&d @kd toif;tzG@J ygwt D usKd ;pD;yGm;ESihf trsKd ;om;a&;twGuf vkyaf qmif=u&mYjzpfpD pdeaf c:r_/ tcuftcJ/ yÉdyuQ/ jy\em rsm;ESihf &ifqikd &f p+rJ ajz,Si;f &p+rJyif? &cdik o f m;&d@k trsKd ;om;a&;pdw"f gwf Ed;k =um;vmonfEiS t hf r# rwnfh/ roifh/ rjynfvnf/ xdk;ESufwdkufcdkufr_rsm;ydkI[dvmonfudkvnf; wGdjrifvm&ygonf? rdrdonfvnf; rsdK;cspfyk*~dKvfwa,mufjzpfonfESifhtnD &cdkiftrsdK;om;&dk@. jzpfay: ajymif;vJr_rsm;udk t+rJwrf; a'gufaxmuf=unfhedefolwa,mufjzpfygonf? taumif;bufodk@ OD;wnfaom ajymif;vJr_ESifhxyfwl tqdk;bufodk@ OD;wnfajymif;vJr_rsm;udkvnf; ,cifuxuf wGdvm&ygonf? ,if;rSm jy\emudkajz,Sif;=u,if; jy\emxJwGifepfjrKyf vm=ujcif;yif? jy\emudk ajz,Si;f &mYvnf; oabmw&m; enf;emESihf vkyx f ;kH vkyef nf;udk toH;k jyK+yD;ajz,Si;f r_ [dovdk yk*~dKvfa&;ESifh *dk%f;*%qefqef tm;+ydKif ajz,Sif;r_rsm;udkvnf; rsuf0g;xifxif wGdjrif vm&ygonf? oabmw&m;/ enf;emESihf vkyx f ;kH vkyef nf;rsm;udk udik w f , G af jz,Si;f =uaom tusihf udk &cdik o f m;rsm;ydI k vufcu H sio hf ;kH zd@k vdt k yfvmonf[k axmufjyvdyk gonf? tu,fI oabm w&m;/ enf;emESifh vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;udk vufcHusifhoHk;r_rjyKvkyfbJ yk*~dKvfa&; *dk%f;*%udk t+cDjyKI ajz,Si;f ede=f uygu jy\emrsm;ydI k ,_yx f ;DG vmEdik af jc[d+yD; &cdik o f m;&d@k wnfaqmufeed f =uaom tzwfq,fI r&jzpfedefonfh &cdkiftrsdK;om; pnf;vHk;nDnGwfa&; vrf;a=umif;vnf; ydk+yD;r_ef0g;vm;Edkifygonf? tzG@J tpnf;rsm;ay:ayguv f mr_uv kd nf; ESpyf ikd ;f cGjJ cm;=unfEh ikd o f nf? wrsKd ;rSm rSerf eS u f ef uefEiS hf pepfwuswnfaqmuf+yD;rS ay:ayguv f mjcif;ESihf vkyv f pkd w d w f ckwnf;tay:wGirf w l nf+yD; ajAmufaomufay:ayguv f maom tzG@J tpnf;rsm;yif? rSerf eS u f efuefEiS hf pepfwusay:ayguv f m aom tzG@J tpnf;rsm;onf jy\emjzpfymG ;r_tvGeef nf;yg;onf? jy\emay:ayguv f myguvnf; jy\em.twdrt f eufEiS hf jzpfymG ;vm&aom t+cDc&H if;jrpfukd odonft h jyif enf;rSev f rf;rSejf zifh ajz,Sif;EdkifI ajyvnfr_rsm;[dEdkifonf? odk@aomf vkyfvdkpdwfwckwnf;tay:wGifrlwnf+yD;

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

3


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

August , 2 0 1 1

?

ajAmufaomufay:ayguv f maom tzG@J tpnf;rsm;Yrl trSev f yk v f o kd El iS hf ta,Smif&,lvo kd [ l I l ESprf sKd ;a&mxG;D edeEf ikd o f nft h jyif rvdv k m;tyfaom yk*Kd~ vfa&;qdik &f m/ *d% k ;f *%qdik &f mtm;+ydKifrr_ sm; t+rJwrf;[deed Ef ikd I f jy\emrsm; yd+k yD;jzpfymG ;Edik yf gonf? jy\emjzpfymG ;vmyguvnf; jy\em. twdrfteufESifh t&if;tjrpfudkrodI *dk%f;*epdwf yk*~dKvfpGJpdwfjzifh jy\em. tusdK;qufrsm; udo k m t"duxm;I ajz,Si;f =uaoma=umifh jy\emrsm;jzifh vH;k xG;D edeEf ikd o f nfukd owdxm;rd =upDvdkygonf? a'ede@f 21 &mpktpydik ;f &cdik t f rsKd ;om;a&;Ed;k =um;r_onf ,cifuvu Ed;k =um;r_rsm;xuf xl;jcm;r_ [donfukd &cdik t f rsKd ;om;pnf;vH;k nDnw G af &;udk wnfaqmufcsio f w l ikd ;f / &cdik t f rsKd ;om; a&;v_y, f mS ;r_Y yg0ifcsi=f uolwikd ;f owdjyK tvD;xm; vkyaf qmifz@kd vt kd yfvmygonf? a'ede@f &cdik f trsKd ;om;a&;. xl;jcm;aomvuQ%mrsm;rSm rdr&d cdik jf zpf&onfukd *k%, f 0l if=h uGm;vm=uonf? &cdkifpmyD;t&Dtom;/ &cdkif,Ofaus;r_rsm;udk ,cifuxuf ydkIaz:xkwf xdef;odrf;vm=uonf? &cdik b f ;kd bGm;ydik f ordik ;f trGt D ESprf sm;udk toufEiS v hf I J umuG,x f ed ;f odr;f apmifah &Smufvm=uonf? &cdik af w;jcif;udk ,cifuxufem;axmifvm=uonf? awmifyikd ;f / ajrmufyikd ;f / csi;f / +rdK/ crG;D ponfjzifh cGjJ cm;r_r[d wa,mufuw kd a,muf wefz;kd xm; jrwfE;kd vm=uonf? &cdik o f m;u &cdik o f rl ud, k zl @kd / &cdkifolru &cdkifom;udk,lzdk@wdkufwGef;r_rsm; ydk[dvm+yD; udk,fhtrsdK;udkudk,f apmifha&Smufvdkpdwf ydI k [dvmonf? &cdik o f rdik ;f a=umif;qdik &f mrsm;/ &cdik af wmfveS af &;ordik ;f a=umif;qdik &f mrsm;/ &cdik f trsKd ;om;a&;ESihf ywfoufaom pmyDrsm;udk vdv k v kd m;vm; ydI k zwf&v _ m=uonf? ema&;twGuf ydk+yD;wa,mufudkwa,muf &dkif;yifhulnDr_ [dvm=uonf? &cdkifordkif;rSbk&ifrsm;/ ynm[drsm;/ ol&Jaumif;rsm;/ tmZmenfyk*~dKvfxl; yk*~dKvfjrwfrsm;udk ydk+yD;wefzdk;xm; *k%fjyKr_[dvmonf? &cdik t f rsKd ;om;aw;jcif;ay:ayguI f ,if;aw;jcif;udk &cdik o f m;wdik ;f vufct H wnfjyK qdv k m=uonf? &cdik t f rsKd ;om;a&;ESihf bmoma&;qdik &f m ede@f x;l ede@f jrwfrsm;Y tcrf;tem;rsm;udk ,cifuxuf wefb;kd xm;usi;f yvm=uonf paompaom xl;jcm;aom vuQ%mrsm;[deed o f nfukd owdjyKrd =uzd@k &cdik jf ynfo&l @kd trsKd ;om;a&;pdw"f gwf Ed;k =um;vmr_ukd wefz;kd xm;wwf=uzd@k EiS hf ,if;Ed;k =um; edeaf om jynforl sm;udk vrf;rSeo f @kd av#mufvrS ;f Edik af tmif OD;wnfpnf;&H;k / v_y, f mS ;aqmif&u G zf @kd vdktyfvmyga=umif;?

4

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

August , 2 0 1 1

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

jrefrmEdi k i f H tcsdew f t kd wGi;f ajymif;vJzŒkd rvG,u f a l -umif; &wy ygwD twGi;f a&;rSL;ajym 23/ 8/ 2011 e&dOP&m

r=umcifu a':pkEiS hf orRwode;f pde&f @kd wGq d +kH yD;aemuf jrefrmEdik if w H iG f tajctaewcsKd @ tajymif;tvJ jzpfeed +f yD[k a0zefajymqdrk r_ sm; xGuaf y:vmaomfvnf; jrefrmEdik if YH tcsed w f t kd wGif; ajymif;vJ&ef rvG,fulEdkifa=umif; &cdkifwdkif;&if;om;rsm; wdk;wufa&;ygwD twGif;a&;rSL; OD;OD;vSapmu ajymonf? “jrefrmEdik if pH mG tcsed w f w kd ekd ef@ ajymif;vJz@kd rvG,yf g? t"du u|eaf wmf&@kd wdik ;f &if;om; wdtedeef ef@ ajym&zd@k qakd u jrefrmEdik if rH mS 'Dru kd a&pDpmG ta&;}uD;a&ydik f wdik ;f &if;om;wef;wla&; jy\empGmavh ta&;}uD;a&vdk@jrifyga&? t*k rzGH@+zdK; rwdk;wufa& jynfwdrSm vufeufudkif yÉdyuQwd jzpfeed yf ga&? a'jy\emwdukd Zmydik af jz,Si;f zd@k v?J wdik ;f &if;om;vufeufuikd f jy\em wdpGmavh wdkif;jynfu cGJxGufzdk@ vkyfedefuwfpGmr[kwfyg? &oifh&xdkufa& udk,fhwdkif;&if;om; tcGit hf a&;twGuf wdu k yf 0JG ifeed u f wfaw jy\emjzpfyga&? a'jy\emwdukd ,Si;f zd@k qv kd @dk [ad u tcsdefawmh,l&ygzdk@?” 4if;jyif olu wdik ;f &if;a'orsm;wGif jzpfymG ;edeaf om jy\emrsm;tjyif Edik if w H ckv;kH ESihf cs+D yD; jzpfeed af om jy\emrsm;vnf; [deed af =umif; oluajymonf?

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

21


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

August , 2 0 1 1

?

,mbm;qD;jym; o,fvmol 2 OD; ppfawGvq D y d w f i G f zrf;qD;cH& 20/ 8/ 2011 e&dOP&m ppfawGvq D yd w f iG f &efuek rf S ,mbm;qD;jym;o,fvmol ESpOf ;D udk 'kp&du k Ef rdS ef if;a&;tzG@J u ,ckv 16 &ufeed @f u zrf;qD;vdu k af =umif; owif;&[donf? zrf;qD;cH&olESpfOD;rSm &cdkiftrsdK;om;rsm;jzpf+yD; ,mbm;qD;jym; tvHk; 3000 udk aqmif;abmufpx f w J iG x f nf+h yD; o,f,v l m&rS ppfawGvq D yd t f a&mufwiG f zrf;qD;cH&jcif;jzpfonf? zrf;qD;cH&olrsm;. emrnfukd rod&odaomfvnf; zrf;qD;r_rmS rSeu f efonf[k vDqyd f wGif tvkyv f yk ef ed o f l vli,fwOD;uajymonf? ,mbm;qD;jym;rsm;udk vlEiS t hf wl vuf&zrf;qD;rdygu axmif'%f 12 ESpf csrw S rf nfjzpf +yD; oH;k pGo J nf[k od[yd gu axmif'%f 17 ESpf csrw S rf nf[k trde@f xw k x f m;ojzifh ol&@kd EpS Of ;D rSm ESp&f n S v f rsm; axmifusEikd o f nf[k oluajymonf? ol&@kd ukd ,cktcg ppfawG trSwf (1) &Jpcef;wGif xdef;odrf;xm;a=umif; od&onf? vGefcJhonfh vtenf;i,fuvnf; ppfawG+rdK@wGif ykZGef'dkifzGifh+yD; csrf;omedefaom ausmufawmf+rdK@om;wOD;udk rl;,pfq;D 0g;tr_jzifh zrf;qD;um axmif'%fEpS &f n S v f rsm; csrw S jf cif; cHedef&onf[k od&onf? 4if;tjyif vGecf ahJ omtywfuvnf; OD;OwWrywf;+cHteD;[d +rdK@r&ky&f iS &f w kH iG f rl;,pfq;D 0g; oH;k pG+J yD; owdred @f eed af om ausmif;olwa,mufEiS hf ausmif;om;wa,muftm; &Jwyfz@JG rS zrf;qD; vm;onf[k rsufjrifrsm;uajymonf? ppfawGwuUov kd af usmif;om;wa,mufuvnf; ppfawGwiG f rl;,pfq;D 0g; oH;k pGo J rl sm; vmedeaf =umif;udk ,ckvakd jymonf/ ppfawG+rdK@rmS t*kqv kd @kd [ad u vl}uD;/ vli,fr&G;D rl;,pfq;D 0g;wd yd+k yD;oH;k pGv J muwfpmG udk wG&d yga&? t&ufr[kwaf u qD;jym;ygAsm,f? aumif;aumif; tusiyhf suef ed u f wfyga&? qD;jym;udk tm%mydik w f ed ef@ em;vnfr, _ +l yD;au ede&f mtES@H a&mif;edeu f wfyga&? tpd;k &u wrifoufouf &cdkifvli,fwd. ynma&;udk tnGef@csdK;edefpGmbif jzpfEdkifyga&? aemufqdkau &cdkifjynf}uD;pGm Zmjzpfvm;zdk@vJ rodygAsm,f”[k ajymonf? ppfawG+rdK@[d txufwef;ausmif;rsm;teD;[d uGr;f ,mqdik w f csKd @wiG f rl;,pfq;D 0g;rsm;udk uGr;f ,mESiahf &m+yD; a&mif;ede=f ua=umif;od&onf? tqdyk gupd EP iS yhf wfouf+yD; rde;f jref;&ef ppfawG trSwf (1) &Jpcef;od@k zk;H qufo, G &f m &Jom;wOD;rS zH;k udik af omfvnf; txuft&m[dr[d[q k u kd m zHk;csvm;cJhonf? tpd;k &rS ,cktcg ppfawG+rdK@ukd 'kp&du k u f if;,Si;f a&; +rdK@tjzpf jyKvky&f ef pDrcH sucf sxm;&m ,ckvydkif;twGif; rl;,pfqD;0g;tr_jzifh vlaygif; 20 ausmfcef@ ppfawGwGif zrf;qD;cHcJh&onf[k od&onf? 20

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

August , 2 0 1 1

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

yef;wyGifh.twˆKy`wWd (1) iga&— eDrif;udkrsdKcsxm; aumif;uifatmufu npmom; tdrftjyeyfef;csDum;u iSuftkyfwtkyfudk tm;usca&olyg? iga&— pGef@v$wfjcif;oHo&mxJ ordkif;auG@.om;aumif awmfvSefppfyGJ atmifvHjzpf+yD; a'vufESpfzufrSm oGD;eDpGef;ca&olyg? iga&— vD;vH&Snfvsm;bif;xrf; zdESdyfjcif;yHkpHeef@ trsdK;om;&dk@vGwfajrmuf&m udkvdkeDbif;xrf;udk +zdKzsuf&csifolyg? iga&— &mZ0ifwd. ol&Jaumif;vnf;r[kwf rdk;aumif;uif. =u,fwGifhvnf;r[kwf pmoefcef;xJ tqH;k pGejf cif;vnf; r[kwyf ikd f u0dynmo#ifwOD;wnf;r[kwfyg? iga&— t&dk;pif;qHk; jrwfEdk;r_txHk;tzGJ@eef@ uAsmwdukd cHrk ifa& euf,_dif;r_awmifxJu ,Hk=unfwdkufyGJ0if t&dkif;yef;wyGifhr#yg? cdkifomjr

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

5


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

August , 2 0 1 1

?

vDviG hf Zifa&mf

yef;wdik o f pfukd ig&mS vDqef&mudk jzwfav#muf trSm;wpfck.aemifw tdyfpuftem;,l bHk&efoludk b0yD;qyf _idrf;csrf;a&;u vDrmS vGiv fh cAsm,f ?

awmrD;uavmif awma-umifuvufcyk cf wf &cdkifrsdK;&dk@ yaysmufa&; *E<0ifajrmufr[mAsL[m ol&dk@vufqifhurf; r+dif;0edefa&rD;ykef; rd;k xdatmifyseH ed w f ek ;f ?

oZifjzL _rDrmS yGi@f vSdKif;wydk;&dk@u qlyv G @kd a-uG;a-umf aiGZifa&mfacswu d urf;eef@0D;&modk@_AD; yifvDyifoGyfu c&kcx HG o J @kd wd;k 0if aiGpENmwdrfzkef;vdk@ cGD;wpf&GDuighaemufrSm wtltleef@ _yHK;aysmfvdk@a[mif a'toHukd r-um;a&vl bH&k efov l @kd rw S f ?

-u,fwHcGef&dk@&Daomuf ESif;yGifh&dk@ylavmif ol&dk@ajyma& jynfaxmifpkpdwf"gwf ightwGuf a00g;edefwkef;&mod xrif;csrf;wpfcJ.t[m& qHcGJusdL;xrif;ylwqkyfxuf wefzdk;[dvmæ?? &DpufqHkvdk@jyefwGd yDjyifaomatmifyGJtwGuf aESmif;&pfaomt&dk;pkwd a-uG;a-umfoHudk ig&@kd -um;zd@k vdt k yfaw ?

(14 / 8 / 2011) "n = arSmf

6

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

August , 2 0 1 1

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

“ausmufjzL+rdK@rSm tdrf+cH+rDpsD;E_ef;wufvmvdk@ wedef@&$D/ wedef@iGDygAsm,f? ausmufjzL+rdK@ xufrSm edef&mraumif;/ tdrfraumif;qdkauavh tenf;qHk; odrf; 200 ausmf psD;E_ef;[dyga&? ta&mif;t0,f tusdK;aqmif ukr`%Dvdk@awmhr[dyg? }udKufaua&mif; }udKufau0,fygAsm,f? 2 xyftdrfwvHk;qdkau tenf;qHk; odef; 600 avmuf[dyga&? ,if;csifhpGm +cHeef@0if;eef@r[kwfyg? odef; 800 avmufqdkau wpdau aumif;pGm&Edkifyga&”[kajymonf? tdrf+cH+rDrsm;udk 0,f,ledefolrsm;rSm rdk;ukwfbufrSqif;vmaom w&kwfrsm;/ w&kwf-Armpyf ujym;rsm;ESifh w&kwfaemufcH tusdK;jyKxm;aom Armukr`%Drsm; yg0ifa=umif; od&onf? tqdkygw&kwf rsm;onf ausmufjzL+rdK@rS tdrf+cH+rDrsm;udk awmif;onfhpsD;E_ef;jzifh 0,fedefojzifh tdrf+cH+rDpsD;E_ef;rsm;rSm tqufrwefjrifhwufedefa=umif; oluqufajymonf? “t,ifuqdkau ausmufjzLocsõKif;em;u +rDuGufwdusau 2 odef;eef@ 0,fzdk@vlawmif r[dyg? t*kawmhcg ode;f axmifeef@ wefz;kd [deed Af sm,f? ps;D }uD;a& qdpk mG uavh &if;ES;D jr‡KyfEo HS w l d rsm;pGmud;k ? ArmvlrsKd ; wdeef@ w&kwfvlrsdK;wdu a&&Snf=unfh+yD;au &if;ESD;jr‡KyfESHxm;uwfaw? &cdkifvlrsdK;wduawmhcg t&if;tESD; avh r[da&ydkif a&&Snfxd azomavh pdkufrxm;Edkifuwfvdk@ tdrf+cH+rDpsD;uGufrSm r&if;ESD;Edkifuwfygav”[k oluqufajymonf? ausmufjzL+rdK@e,ftwGif; tdrf+cH+rDpsD;E_ef; jrifhwufedefaomedef&mrsm;rSm pD;yGm;a&;ZHktwGif; yg0ifaom ra';u|ef;/ *Hk;csdefaus;&Gm/ ZmwDawmif&GmESifh ausmufjzL+rdK@xufrS edef&mrsm;jzpf=uonf? tvm;wl oHwGJ+rdK@e,f ausmuUvyfaus;&GmtkyfpktwGif;[d yifv,furf;+cDESifheD;onfh aus;&Gm rsm;. +rDuGufrsm;udk ukr`%Dwcku psD;aumif;yD; 0,f,ledefa=umif;od&onf? tqdkyg 0,f,ledefaom +rD edef&monf iyvDurf;+cDuJhodk@ vSyaomurf;+cDwckjzpfa=umif; a'ocH ausmuUvyf&Gmom;wOD;u ajym onf? “om,mvSya& edef&mwdjzpfvdk@ pD;yGm;a&;orm;wdu 0,fuwfawrem;a,? t,ifESpfwdu awmhcg +rDw{uudk usyfodef; 30 avmufeef@ 0,fzdk@vlr[dyg? t*k ukr`%Dwcku +rDw{uudk usyfodef; 200 yD;+yD;au 0,fvm;yga&? tjcm;ukr`%Dwdavh +rDpsD;E_ef;wdudk vma&muf avhvmpGmwdavh [dyga&? +rDpsD;E_ef;wdu wjznf;jznf;jrifhwufvmyga&? a'ocHwduawmhcg ,if;+rD+cHwdrSm O,smOfpdkufysdK;pGmavmuf &m vkyfuwfyga&? pD;yGm;a&;orm;wduawmhcg urf;+cDopfwck jzpfvmEdkifa&vdk@ &nf&G,f+yD; &if;ESD;jr‡KyfESH uwfpGmwd jzpfyga&”[k ajymonf? ausmuUvyfaus;&Gmtkyfpk[d urf;+cDYvnf; iyvDuJhodk@vSyaom urf;+cD[d+yD; iyvDurf;+cDrS b*Fvm;yifv,fatmf wzufurf;wGif wnf[donf? iyvDurf;+cD[d vHk;om&GmrS ojAKcsdKifodk@ wem&Dcef@ pufvSDpD;+yD; ,if;rSwqifh ausmuUvyftkyfpkodk@ vm;a&mufEdkifa=umif;od&onf? xdkodk@vSyonfh urf;+cD[djcif;a=umifh ukr`%Drsm;u urf;+cDopfjzpfvmEdkifonfh ar#mfvifhcsufjzifh [dkw,frsm;aqmufvkyf&ef &if;ESD;jr‡KyfESH 0,f,ledef=ua=umif;od&onf? ausmuUvyfaus;&GmtkyfpkwGif ausmufuvyf&Gm/ armf&Hk&Gm/ armf&$Dav;&Gm/ armf&Snf&Gm/ uGif0dkif; &Gmrsm;yg0if+yD; a'ocHrsm;rSm oD[dkVf+cH/ tkef;+cHopnfh O,smOf+cH pdkufysdK;a&;udkom t"du vkyfudkif=uonf? tdENd,-jrefrm ukefoG,fa&;twGufta&;ygonfh ppfawG+rdK@wGifvnf; vlrsdK;jcm; pD;yGm;a&; orm;rsm;u &if;ESD;jr‡KyfESHr_jyKvkyf&ef }udK;pm;aomfvnf; a'ocHrsm;u tdrf+rDrsm;udk ra&mif;csonfhtwGuf ta&mif;t0,f r[doavmufjzpfedefa=umif; od&onf? tvm;wl =um;cHqdyfurf;wnfaqmufrnfh yvuf0+rdK@e,fwGifvnf; pD;yGm;a&;orm;rsm;u &if;ESD;jr‡KyfESHr_jyKvkyf&ef }udK;pm;edef=ua=umif; od&onf?

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

19


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

August , 2 0 1 1

?

vGecf ahJ om Zlvikd v f aemufq;kH tywfu jrefrmtpd;k &ppfwyfEiS hf ALP wyfz@JG t=um; jzpfyGm;cJhonfhwdkufyGJudk t+cDcHum ALP XmecsKyfudk 0ifa&mufwdkufcJhonf[k owif;rSm;+yD; &D;Edik jf cif;vnf; jzpfEikd af =umif; oluajymonf? “vGecf a& Zlvikd v f aemufq;kH tywfrmS AsL[mrSL;wOD; OD;aqmifa& wyfz@JG wzG@J pmG e,fpyf udk jzwfausmv f ma&owif;udk =um;a&tcsed rf mS ALP wyfwu d vm;+yD;au ypfcwfyga&? ,if;ypf cwfr_rSm &efolwyfzufu rkdif;&Sma& rdkif;q&mwOD;tygt0if t&m[dwa,mufeef@ &JabmfESpf a,muf usq;kH cyga&? a'csiu hf kd &efozl ufu ol&@kd wyfz@JG tcsi;f csi;f trSm;tpD&ifcpH m wifa&tay: rSm rlwnf+yD;au &D;om;0g'jzef@pGmavh jzpfEdkifyga&?” &cdkifjynfvGwfajrmufa&;ygwD vufatmufcH &cdkifjynfvGwfajrmufa&;wyfrawmfESifh jrefrmppfwyf&dk@t=um; jrefrmEdkifiH taemufbuf e,fpyfwGif r=umc% &ifqdkifwdkufyGJrsm;ESifh +cHKcdak jymufusm;wdu k yf rJG sm; jzpfymG ;edeaf =umif; od&onf? ,ckEpS f ZEM0g&v D 3 &ufeed @f u &cdik jf ynf vGwfajrmufa&;wyfrawmfu yvuf0+rdK@e,ftwGif;[d jrefrmppfwyf t+cDpdkufpcef;wckudk 0ifa&mufwu kd cf u kd cf &hJ m ppfom; 4 OD; usq;kH cJo h nf[k od&onf? &cdkifjynfvGwfajrmufa&;wyfrawmfonf taemufbufppfrsufESmwGif v_yf,Sm;edef aom wyfrawmfw&yfjzpf+yD; tqdyk gwyfrawmfukd csi;f jynfwiG f usq;kH cJah om Akv d cf ikd rf ;kd vif;u 1973 ckEpS w f iG f xdik ;f -jrefrm e,fpyf[d u&iftrsKd ;om;tpnf;t&H;k e,f+rDwiG f wnfaxmifco hJ nf? xdt k csed rf pS +yD; &cdik jf ynfvw G af jrmufa&;wyfrawmfonf jrefrmppfwyfukd vufeufpu JG ikd f pOfquf rjywf wdkufyGJ0ifv#uf[donf?

&cdi k jf ynf. pD;yGm;a&;t& tcsuftcsmus ede& f mrsm; vlrsdK;jcm;rsm;vufoŒkd a&muf[e d e d f 17/ 8/ 2011 e&dOP&m

@

August , 2 0 1 1

ESp0 f ewfvo l m"kac:,ifh

ordkif;wacwf qef;opfpdkufxl ESpf0ewfvlom"kac:,ifh? bmompum;axGjym;rsm;pGm ynmtaxGaxG wwfoad vI &cdkify¾dwf bGJ@xl;*k%fxl;&vD,ifh? ynmeef@Om%f oifah tmif}uHv#uf zHk;uG,f0Sufxm; ordkif;rsm;udk xkwfaz: jyocvD,ifh? ordik ;f / Edik if aH &; qufpyfwu JG m wdkif;jynfwzef Edk;xEdkif&ef toufyD;vdk@vm;vD,ifh ESpf0ewfvl om"kac:uwf? cdi k r f if;!dk

&cdkifjynf oHwGJESifh ausmufjzL+rdK@e,frsm;[d pD;yGm;a&;t& tcsuftcsmusaom edef&mrsm;udk 0,f,l+yD; &if;ESD;jr‡KyfESHol rsm;jym;vmojzifh tdrf+cH+rDtrsm;tjym;rSm vlrsdK;jcm;rsm;vufodk@ wjznf;jznf;a&muf[dedefa=umif; owif;&[donf? ausmufjzL+rdK@ a'ocHwOD;u ausmufjzL+rdK@wGif jzpfay:edefaom vuf[dtdrf,m+cH+rD psD;uGufta=umif;udk ,ckvdkajymonf? 18

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

awmifzw H ad umif;cau

teH}uD;uGif;us,f rajyrvnftcsdK;tpm;eef@ wnf+idrfa&pdwfxm;r[dol&dk@ jyKvDor#oJ&Dusc,ifh? rkefwdkif;xwdkif;&GifhvD&zdk@qdkau t&m&mwdkif;onfwnfedefvDzdk@r[kwfAsm,f rkef;wdkif;udkxdk;azguf awmeuf&mtm;,l wcsdefrSm vD[kefpD;vdk@ tjrifhudkysHEdkifuwfvdrRnf? rnfolrjyKrdrdr_Asm,f t&m&mudkqifjcifwkHw&m;eef@ rSefrSefav#muf c&D;=urf;ESif udk,fusdK;riJhuGufol&dk@twGuf &vm'fwdkif;pGm tjrwfAsm,f? iwfwcgjywfwvSnfheef@ tarmrqdk@wwfol&dk@twGuf rm&oGefru Zm&oGefyifjzpfjzpf tm;rmefeef@xkqpfEdkifcau jynfolvdka&vGwfvyfr_ w&ufawmr0D;Asm,f? cdi k r f if;!dk (13/ 8/ 2011)

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

7


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif 17/ 8/ 2011 e&dOP&m

August , 2 0 1 1

?

q&m}uD; OD;OD;omxGe;f edeŒf &cdi k jf ynftESt ŒH jym;wGif usif;y

ppfawGaxmifxw J iG f ppftyk pf . k vufcsujf zifh uG,v f eG t f edpaP &mufvm;cJ&h aom &cdik -f jrefrm y¾dwf q&m}uD;OD;omxGe;f atmufrzd , G ef ed @f tcrf;tem;udk q&m}uD;uG,v f eG cf o hJ nfh 21-ESpf ajrmufedef@wGif &cdkifjynftESH@tjym;Y usif;yjyKvkyfcJhonf? ppfawG+rdK@wiG f q&m}uD;tm; atmufrzd , G ef ed @f usi;f y&mY OD;aqmifyg0ifco hJ l OD;armif armifapmu “ppfawG/ ausmufawmf/ ajrmufO;D / rif;jym;/ awmifuw k ef ef@ &efuek +f rdK@&@kd rmS usi;f yjyK vkyfcuwfyga&? ppfawGrSmawmhcg yGifhyGifhvif;vif;bif usif;ycyga&? tcrf;tem;udk vlaygif; 200 avmuf wufa&mufcyga&?”[k ajymonf? ppfawGwiG f q&m}uD;OD;omxGe;f ede@f trSww f & atmufrzd , G f tcrf;tem;udk ppfawG+rdK@ +*dwfbuf bkef;}uD;ausmif;wGif edef@cif; 12 em&DcGJu 1 em&DcGJxd jyKvkyfcJh=uonf? usif;yyHkudk olu *kyikd af jymonf? “a'ede@f u Oyk'ef ed @f jzpfv@kd q&m}uD;twGuf &nfZ;l Asm,f 0gqo kd uFe;f qufuyf vSL'ge;f cyga&? ,+yD;au q&m}uD;eef@ ywfoufaw trSww f & pmyDta=umif; aqG;aEG;uwfyga&? q&m }uD;twGuf &nfZl;Asm,f pyfqdkxm;a& *k%fjyKuAsmwdudkavh &Gwfcuwfyga&” 4if;tjyifou l usi;f y&onfh &nf&, G cf suu f v kd nf; ,ckuo hJ @kd qufajymonf? “q&m}uD;OD;omxGe;f ede@f ukd usi;f y&a& &nf&, G cf suu f awmhcg q&m}uD;pGm &cdik v f rl sKd ;wd xJrmS tXm&o 18 &yfukd u|r;f usipf mG wwfajrmufa& yk*Kd~ vfwOD;vd@k q&m}uD;udk trsm;u vufcHowfrSwfxm;uwfyga&? ,if;a=umifh q&m}uD;udk &dkaoav;pm;a&tedefeef@ q&m}uD; uG,v f eG v f m;ca& =o*kwv f 14 &ufeed @f ukd q&m}uD;ede@f tjzpf owfrw S +f yD;au atmufrzd , G f tcrf;tem;udk usif;y&pGmjzpfyga&” [kajymonf? tjcm; tcrf;tem; wufa&mufco hJ l vl}uD;wOD;uvnf; q&m}uD;ede@f rmS &cdik t f rsKd ; om;rsm;tm; ,ckvkd rSm}um;csiaf =umif; ajym=um;onf? “&cdik v f il ,fwed ef@v}l uD;wdyg q&m}uD;ydik f trsKd ;/ bmom/ omoemudk apmifah &Smuf wwfaw pdwx f m;rsKd ;wd xGe;f awmufpcD siyf ga&? ude;f atmif;pDcsiyf ga&? atcsiu hf awmhcg q&m }uD;eef@ywfouf+yD;au tajymcsiq f ;kH qENwckyg? q&m}uD;ede@f usi;f y&jcif; &nf&, G cf suu f awmhcg q&m}uD;pGm trsKd ;/ bmom/ omoemtwGuf pmyD/ ordik ;f / ,Ofaus;r_/ *Dw/ qD;ynm/ euQwyf nm pa& ynm&yfrsm;pGmudk wwfajrmuf+yD;au wynfo h m;orD;rsm;pGmudk rG;D xkwyf ;D cyga&? ud, k &hf yf/ ud, k Xhf meDrmS vdt k yfawede&f mwdrmS apwemw&m;eef@ Edik af &0efukd oDa&txd xrf;&Gucf yga&? ,if;a=umifh q&m}uD;ydik f trsKd ;/ bmom/ omoemudk apmifah &SmufEikd af & xde;f odr;f Edik af & yk*Kd~ vf wdrsm;ygp?D &cdik [ f o l r# trsKd ;/ bmom/ omoemudk apmifah &SmufEikd yf gpv D @kd ajymcsiyf ga&” ajrmufO;D +rdK@wiG v f nf; q&m}uD;ede@f tcrf;tem;udk usi;f yjyKvkycf =hJ u+yD; q&m}uD;ESihf ywfoufum om;}uD;jzpfol OD;ausmx f eG ;f atmifu ,ckuo hJ @kd ajymonf? 8

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

August , 2 0 1 1

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

XmecsKyfukd wdu k cf u kd cf & H jcif;owif; r[kwr f rSeaf -umif; ALP jiif; 20/ 8/ 2011 e&dOP&m

&cdik jf ynf vGwaf jrmufa&;ygwD ALP XmecsKyfukd jrefrmppfwyfrS 0ifa&mufwu kd cf u kd cf hJ onfqakd om owif;rSm r[kwrf rSeaf =umif; ALP ajymcGi&hf yk*Kd~ vfuajymonf? ygwaD jyma&;qdck iG [ hf o d l wGb J uftwGi;f a&;rSL; (2) cdik o f ck u e&dO&P mod@k ,ckvakd jymonf? “u|efawmf&dk@XmecsKyfudk &efolppfwyfu 0ifa&mufwdkufcdkufawqdkpGm vHk;0r[kwfyg? u|eaf wmf&@kd tcdik t f rm ajymEdik pf mG u u|eaf wmfu, kd w f ikd f ,if;tcsed u f XmecsKyfrmS [deed yf ga&? ,if;tcsed u f A[kad umfrw D w D t d m;vH;k XmecsKyfrmS tpnf;ta0; vkyef ed u f wfyga&? Armppfwyfu 0ifa&mufwdkufcdkufpGmu vHk;0r[kwfyg?” 4if;tjyifou l tdE, dN -jrefrm t+cDpu kd f &cdik jf ynfvw G af jrmufa&;ygwD XmecsKyfukd eyc vufatmufcH wyfpw k pku 0ifa&mufwu kd cf u kd cf o hJ nfqakd om owif;rSm vH;k 0t+cDtjrpfr[donfh owif;jzpfa=umif;ajymonf? ALP XmecsKyfukd jrefrmppfwyfu 0ifa&mufwu kd cf u kd cf ahJ om owif;a=umifh trsm;jynf olrsm;t=um; pd;k &drpf w d rf sm; jzpfay:cJah omfvnf; ALP tedejf zifh r[kwrf eS af =umif; a=ujimcsuf rxkwfjyefcJhjcif;ESifhywfouf+yD; olu,ckvdkajymonf? “a'udpEP iS yhf wfouf+yD;au u|eaf wmf&@kd zufu w&m;0if xkwjf yefa=ujimcsuf xkwpf &mrvdv k @kd ,lqyga&? Zmjzpfv@kd vq J akd u a'owif;ud&k ;D a& owif;Xmeuavh emrnf}uD; owif; Xmer[kw?f aemufwcku ,if;owif;Xmeud&k ;D a& vly*k Kd~ vfwu d avh tdew f mewfw/d bavmhwd rSm &D;+yD;au wjcm;vlwdudk vdkufjzef@edefa& tqifh&m[dyga&? ,if;wGufa=umifh u|efawmf&dk@ w&m;0if rxkwfjyefpGmjzpfyga&? t*kydkif tzGJ@tpnf;wck XmecsKyfudk &efolwdu vwfwavm 0ifa&mufwu kd cf u kd af wvd@k &D;om;vmpGma& tzG@J tpnf;udk apmfum;a&ydik f jzpfeed yf ga&?”

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

17


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

August , 2 0 1 1

?

xdu k o hJ @kd taqmifta,mifjzifh edex f ikd cf iG hf yD;xm;a=umif;udk o&ufaxmifwiG f tusO;f usceH ed &f aom axmufvrS ;f a&;Adv k rf LS ;a[mif; pef;yGiu hf eD;pyf&mod@k xkwaf z:ajymqdak =umif;od& onf? axmifxrJ S xGuv f maom owif;rsm;t& tdE, dN axmufvrS ;f a&;wyfz@JG rS Adv k rf LS ;}uD; a[mif; vlvrd v f al umuf Grawel udk ,ciftpd;k &rS pD;yGm;a&;vkyyf ikd cf iG hf tcGit hf a&;rsm;yD;+yD; rE aW v;wdik ;f ar+rdK@wiG f edex f ikd cf iG hf jyKxm;cJo h nf[k Adv k rf LS ;pef;yGiu hf &cdik Ef ikd if aH &; tusO;f om;rsm; udk xkwaf z:ajymqdo k nf[k od&onf? tdE, dN axmufvrS ;f a&;a[mif; ume,f Grawel tm; Adv k &f mZmtygt0if &cdik Ef iS hf u&ifacgi;f aqmif 6 OD;udk owfjzwfEikd cf o hJ nft h jyif &cdik &f w D yfrawmfukd taumuf}uH +cDre_ ;f Edik cf hJ onft h ay: wefjyef aus;Zl;qyfonft h edejf zifh jrefrmppftpd;k &rS ar+rdK@wiG f t&ufcsuf puf&w kH &HEk iS hf Ed@k pm;EGm; rG;D jrLa&;+cHw+cHukd vufaqmify;D cJo h nf[k qdo k nf? od@k aomfvnf; tdE, dN axmufvrS ;f a&;a[mif; Grawel onf ar+rdK@rS rnfonfeh ed &f m rnfonfh&yfuGufwGif edefxdkifonfudk twnfjyKEdkifjcif; r[dodyg? tapmydik ;f owif;rsm;t& tdE, N axmufvrS ;f a&;a[mif; Grawel tm; jrefrmtpd;k &rS rE aW v;wGif edex f ikd cf iG jhf yKxm;a=umif; owif;rsm; xGuaf y:cJo h nf? Grawelonf 1998 ckEpS f azaz:0g&v D twGi;f u Adv k &f mZmOD;aqmifaom &cdik &f w D yfr awmftm; tENrefu|e;f [d vrf;azmhu|e;f wGif &Dwyft+cDpu kd pf cef;wck wnfaqmufy;D &ef pmcsKyf tvdrrf sm;jzifh vSnzhf sm;ac:cJ+h yD; u|e;f xufta&mufwiG f acgi;f aqmif 6 OD;udk vky}f uHowfjzwf ypfc+hJ yD; use&f aJ bmf 36 OD;tm; zrf;qD;um tdE, dN axmifxo J @kd yd@k ypfco hJ nf? owfjzwfcH&&mwGif yg0ifcJhol AdkvfrSL;apmxGef;ESifh Adkvf&efEdkifrSm Adkvf&mZmESifhtwl xdkif;-jrefrme,fpyfrS vdkufygvmolrsm;r[kwfbJ tdENd,EdkifiH+rdK@awmf e,l;a'vD ppfXmecsKyfrS wjcm;tdE, dN Adv k cf sKyfrsm;ESit hf wl ppfv, D OfwpD;jzifh Adv k &f mZmESit hf zG@J ukd }udKqd&k ef vdu k yf gvmpOf vrf;azmhu|ef;ta&mufwGif owfjzwfcHcJh&olrsm;jzpfonf? tdE, dN axmufvrS ;f a&;a[mif; ume,f Grawel onf Adv k &f mZmESihf acgi;f aqmif 6 OD;tm; vky}f uHowfjzwf+yD;aemuf pm&Gupf mwrf;;rsm;ESihf "gwyf t kH axmuftxm;rsm;udk azsmuf zsuf&ef &nf&G,fcsufjzifh xdkif;EdkifiH befaumuf+rdK@wGif usef[dcJhaom &cdkiftrsdK;om;nDnGwf a&;ygwD A[dXk mecsKyf&;kH rS &H;k wm0efcH nDnaD usmt f m;vnf; tjywf,iS ;f ypfco hJ nf[k od&onf? tE rW efu|e;f [d aygb h av;,m;tusO;f axmifwiG f cH0efcsu*f wdjzifh axmifuseed af om &Jabmf 36 OD;xJrS yifv,fjyifukd u|r;f usio f l &Jabmf&efEikd f (acs) ESihf u&if&aJ bmfwOD;&d@k tm; wdww f w d af cs ac:,lum tpazsmufypfco hJ nf[v k nf; od&onf? xdu k o hJ @kd vlowfr_ woDwwef;}uD; usL;vGex f m;ol wOD;tm; jrefrmtpd;k &rS olaumif; jyK cdkvHkcGifhjyKxm;jcif;rSm Crime against Humanity udk jrefrmtpdk;&u axmufcH&m oabmoufa&mufeed af =umif; vl@tcGit hf a&;v_y, f mS ;olrsm;rS ajymonf?

@

August , 2 0 1 1

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

“q&m}uD; uG,v f eG v f m;a&twGuf &cdik jf ynfeef@ &cdik v f rl sKd ;twGuf trsm;}uD;qH;k ,H;_ yga&? tpm;xd;k r&Edik af & qH;k ,H;_ r_avh jzpfyga&? a,auavhaom u|eaf wmf&@kd 0rf;om&zd@k pmG wcku q&m}uD;p+yD;au rsKd ;pdcsy;D ca& rsKd ;pdpmG t*ktcg tudik ;f / tcuf/ tvufwd pnfyifeed af &twGuf jzpfyga&? q&m}uD;csy;D ca& rsKd ;pda=umifh &cdik o f rdik ;f udak z:xkwaf & vli,fw/d aemuf &cdik o f rdik ;f ynmo#ifwd wpwp wdk;wufrsm;jym;vm+yD;au t*ktcg pnfpnfyifyifeef@ 0D0Dqmqmeef@ jzpfeed af &twGuf q&m}uD;twGuf *k%, f rl yd ga&? q&m}uD;ar#mv f ifch a&twdik ;f olpu kd cf a& opfyif }uD;pGm t+rJxm0& &Sifoefvrf;qef;+yD; }uD;xGm;edefzdk@qdkpGmudk u|efawmf&dk@ ,Hk=unfyga&”[k ajymonf? q&m}uD;OD;omxGe;f rSm &cdik -f jrefrm y¾dwb f @JG cs;D jr‡ichf &H oljzpf+yD; &cdik w f rsKd ;om;vH;k u av;pm;=unf!akd om ynm[d yk*Kd~ vf}uD;wOD;jzpfonf? q&m}uD;udk 1990 ck rwfvwGif rif;jym;+rdK@ e,f jym;acsmif;aus;&GmwGif trsKd ;om;a&;w&m;rsm; a[monf[k pGypf u JG m ppftpd;k &rSzrf;qD;+yD; axmif (3) ESpf csrw S cf o hJ nf? q&m}uD;onf zrf;qD;cH&+yD; (5) vt=um 1990 ckEpS f =o8wfpv f 14 &ufeed @f wiG f ppfawGaxmifxYJ ppftyk pf . k ,kwrf m aumufuspf owfjzwfra_ =umifh oDq;kH cJh &onf?

44 ESpa f jrmuf ppfawGqefjy\emedeŒf tcrf;tem; aumhbZm;wGif usif;y

13/ 8/ 2011 e&dOP&m

=o*wfpfv 13 &ufedef@wGifusa&mufaom 44 ESpfajrmuf 13 =o*wfpf ppfawG qefjy\emede@f tcrf;tem;udk b*Fvm;a'hcsEf ikd if H aumhpb f pm;wGif =o*wfpv f 13 &ufeed @f u usif;yjyKvkyfcJhonf? 16

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

9


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

August , 2 0 1 1

?

tcrf;tem;wGif qefjy\emedef@wGif usqHk;vm;olrsm;tm; wrdepf=um *g&0jyKum zGifhvSpfcJhonf? tcrf;tem;wGif ta&;tcif;Y ud, k w f ikd yf g0ifco hJ l touf 70 ausmt f &G,f APCRB OuUX OD;cdik af usmcf ikd u f ppfawGqefjy\em ta&;tcif; jzpfymG ;&yHu k kd ,ckvakd jymonf? “qefjy\em jzpf&a&ta=umif;t&if;u &cdkifuqefudk jynfyEdkifiHudkydk@a&? +yD;au {&m0wD vDrek w f ikd ;f oifah 'oudk &cdik u f qefwu d kd wify@kd eed v f @kd &cdik jf ynfrmS &cdik o f m;wd pm;p&m qefr[d jzpfvm;yga&? ,if;wGuef ef@ vlwu d xrif;iwfvmvd@k OD;ae0if;tpd;k &udk wifjyuwfaw? ,if;tcsed u f &cdik jf ynfrmS tm%m[doal & Adv k rf LS ;apmjzLjzpfyga&? aemufq;kH vrf;rxufxu G +f yD; au qef&[da&;twGuf awmif;qdq k ENjyuwfaw? ,if;csiu hf kd ppfwyfu tEkenf;eef@ rajz,Si;f bJ oDewfeef@ &uf&ufpufpuf ypfowfcyga&? cef@rSef;&oavmuf tjypfrJhjynfol 300 ausmf oDq;kH c&yga&”[k tcrf;tem;wGif ajymqdck o hJ nf? obmywdtjzpf q&mawmfpENm0&/ udk,fawmfacrRmESifh vlyk*~dKvfrsm;jzpf=uaom OD;armif[ef/ Od;xGe;f &J/ OD;cdik af usmcf ikd &f @kd u wm0ef,l aqmif&u G cf =hJ uonf? tzGit hf rSmpum;udk q&mawmf pENm0&u ajym=um;+yD;aemuf wufa&mufvmaom rsKd ;cspyf *k Kd~ vftoD;oD;rS rde@f ceG ;f pum;rsm; ajym=um;cJo h nf? tcrf;tem; jzpfajrmufa&;aumfrw D rD S vuf[t d pd;k &udk awmif;qdak om tcsurf sm;udk vnf; udck ikd pf ;kd u ,ckuo hJ @kd e&dO&P mudak jymonf? “a'ede@f awmif;qdak & tcsuw f u d awmhcg (1) ,cifO;D ae0if;vufxufu usL;vGecf a& trSm;rsKd;udk ,ckvuf[d tpdk;&tedefeef@ qufrrSm;zdk@ (2) ppfrSefa& jynfaxmifpktpdk;&w&yf ay:ayguzf @kd (3) Edik if aH &;udk vufeufeef@rajz,Si;f bJ Edik if aH &;t&ajz,Si;f zd@k pGmwdukd u|eaf wmf&@kd awmif;qdck yga&”[k ajymonf? tcrf;tem;udk 9 em&D 30 rdepfwiG f pwifc+hJ yD; ede@f cif;zuf 2 em&Dcef@wiG f +yD;qH;k cJo h nf? 4if;aemufyikd ;f qefjy\emede@f wiG f oDq;kH olrsm;tm; &nfZ;l +yD; bke;f awmf}uD;rsm;od@k vm;a&mufum qefvSL'gef;cJh=uonf? tcrf;tem;od@k vlaygi;f 30 ausmw f ufa&muf+yD; tcrf;tem;udk b*Fvm;a'hcsEf ikd if H a&muf &cdik t f rsKd ;om;tiftm;pkrS jyKvkycf jhJ cif;jzpfonf[k od&onf? ppftm%mo#if pepfqdk;udk vufudkifxm;+yD; tkyfcsKyfolrsm; jrefrmEdkifiHwGif [dedefor# ,ckvt kd jzpfq;kd rsm; aemifwiG f ay:ayguv f mtH;k rnfjzpfa=umif; ajymqdv k m;onf?

@

August , 2 0 1 1

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

“pdu k x f m;pGmu a&mfbmyifwyd g? t*k ESp&f n S yf if pDru H ed ;f OD;pD;Xmeu OD;pD;rSL;OD;pd;k Edik u f ajymif;&$d&zdk@Asm,fjzpfvdk@ olpdkufysdK;xm;a& a&mfbmcif;udk a&mif;vdkufpGmjzpfawvdk@ od&yga&? a'ydik af &mif;vdu k v f @kd xr&dw&f mG om;wdu aus;&Gmtkycf sKyfa&;rSL; tygt0if &S;D a[mif;OD;pD;Xmeudk wdik =f um;xm;yga&? a,auavh aus;&Gmtkycf sKyfa&;rSL;uavh 0Dpm;r#pm;jzpfv@kd wckavh ta&;,l aqmif&u G yf ;D pGm r[dyg”[k ajymonf? &Gmom;rsm; wdik =f um;aomfvnf; OD;pd;k Edik rf S tqdyk g+rDrmS ESp&f n S yf if pDru H ed ;f OD;pD;XmeESihf oufqikd +f yD; aus;&Gmom;rsm;ESihf oufqikd rf r_ [d[q k u kd m rdr. d vkyyf ikd cf iG t hf & vkyaf qmifjcif;jzpf a=umif; ajym=um;onf[k od&onf?

Adv k & f mZmESihf acgif;aqmif 6 OD;udk vky}f uHca hJ om tdE, dN ppfpa kH xmuftm; ar_rdKw Πi G f cdv k ckH i G y hf ;D xm; 19/ 8/ 2011 e&dOP&m

&cdik jf ynfwyfrawmfrS Adv k &f mZmtygt0if acgi;f aqmifrsm;ESihf tdE, dN ppft&m[drsm;udk tENd,&Sdwef; ppfpcef;wckwGif twlwGd&pOf

1998 ckEpS u f &cdik jf ynfwyfrawmfrS ppfO;D pD;csKyf Adv k &f mZmtygt0if acgi;f aqmif 6 OD;tm; taumuf}uH vky}f uHowfjzwf&mwGif t"duede&f mu yg0ifcahJ om tdE, dN axmufvrS ;f a&; wyfz@JG rS vlvrd v f al umuf Adv k rf LS ;}uD;a[mif; Grawel udk jrefrmppftpd;k &rS ar+rdK@wiG f ol.rdom; pkEiS t hf wl cdv k ckH iG yhf ;D xm;a=umif; owif;&[donf? 10

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

15


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

August , 2 0 1 1

?

tm%mydik rf sm;. +cdr;f ajcmufr=_ um;rS toufpeG @f +yD; q&m}uD;OD;OD;omxGe;f rSm &cdik o f rdik ;f udk urBmodatmif az:xkwcf o hJ nft h jyif 8888 v_y, f mS ;r_t+yD;wGiv f nf; &cdik 'f rD u kd a&pDtzG@J csKyfukd OD;aqmif+yD; &cdik t f rsKd ;om;pnf;&H;k a&;udk vkyaf qmifco hJ nft h wGuf e0w tpd;k &rS q&m}uD;tm; rw&m;zrf;qD;+yD; ppfawGtusO;f axmifwiG f n‡O;f yrf;owfjzwfco hJ nft h a=umif;udk wGb J uftaxG axGtwGi;f a&;rSL; (1) udak rmifarmifrsKd ;v_id rf S jyefajymif;ajymjycJah =umif; tcrf;tem;wufa&mufchJ olwOD;rS ajymonf? tcrf;tem;od@k *syefa&muf &cdik t f rs;kd om; 50 ausmf wufa&mufcahJ =umif; od[&d onf? tvm;wl rav;,Sm;Edik if w H iG v f nf; &cdik 'f rD u kd a&pDtzG@J csKyf (rav;,Sm;)rS OD;aqmif+yD; ppfawGqefjy\emedef@ESifh q&m}uD;OD;OD;omxGef;edef@&dk@udk =o*kwfv 14 &ufedef@u yl;wGJusif;y cJhonf? tcrf;tem;od@k tiftm; 60 ausmw f ufa&mufc+hJ yD; ppfawGaxmiftwGi;f e0w ppftpd;k & ESyd pf ufra_ =umifh usq;kH cJ&h onfh q&m}uD;OD;OD;omxGe;f tm;&nfZ;l +yD; rD;wdik rf sm;xGe;f n‡d qkawmif; cJ=h ua=umif; tzG@J . owif;xkwjf yefcsuw f iG f az: jyonf? tvm;wl ppfawGqefjy\emede@f EiS hf q&m}uD;OD;OD;omxGe;f ede@f EiS yhf wfouf+yD; &cdik t f rsKd ; om;aumifp/D &cdik jf ynfv;kH qdik &f m ausmif;om;ESiv hf il ,frsm;tpnf;t&H;k ESihf &cdik 'f rD u kd a&pDtzG@J csKyf jynfy&dk@rSvnf; a=ujimcsufrsm; toD;oD;xkwfjyefcJha=umif; od&onf?

bk&m;_rDukd Edi k i f a H wmf acgif;pOfwyfor d ;f _yD; yk*v ~ u d oda Œk &mif;cs

22/ 8/ 2011 e&dOP&m

&cdkifjynf ajrmufOD;+rdK@rS xr&dwfaus;&GmteD;[d oZifwHbk&m;+rDrsm;udk ESpf&Snfyif pDru H ed ;f OD;pD;XmerS odr;f ,l+yD; tqdyk g+rDrsm;udk ,cktcg yk*v ~ u d vufo@kd a&mif;csvu kd af =umif;od &onf? ,ck a&mif;csvu kd af om+rDrmS 2 {ucGcJ ef@[+d yD; ESp&f n S yf if pDru H ed ;f XmerS OD;pD;rSL;OD;pd;k Edik rf S ajrmufO;D a'ocHwOD;jzpfol OD;armifpw H ifu h kd usyo f ed ;f 30 jzifh a&mif;csvu kd jf cif;jzpfonf? tqdyk g+rDrsm;rSm oZifwb H ek ;f }uD;ausmif;ydik f +rDrsm;jzpfaomfvnf; 2005 ckEpS u f wnf; u ESp&f n S yf if pDru H ed ;f OD;pD;XmerS ESp&f n S yf ifrsm; pdu k yf sKd ;&ef vdt k yfonf[q k u kd m odr;f ,lvm;cJo h nf [k od&onf? “tpuawmhcg tpd;k &pDru H ed ;f twGuf acwWc% odr;f xm;pGmvd@k &Gmom;wdu xifcyg a&? ,if;a=umifah vh uef@uu G pf mG wd r[dcyg? t*kawmhcg ESp&f n S yf ifwd pd;k ysKd ;a&tjyif tyifw}d uD; vma&tcg t&m[dwu d ol&@kd emrnfeef@ +rDuu G u f kd emrnfwyf+yD; yk*v ~ u d udk a&mif;pm;pGmjzpf yga&”[k trnfraz:vdkol &Gmom;wOD;uajymonf? tqdyk g+rDuu G rf sm;wGif ESp&f n S yf if pDru H ed ;f OD;pD;XmerS a&mfbmyifrsm; pdu k yf sKd ;xm;onf[k oluajymonf? 14

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

August , 2 0 1 1

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

13 -o*wfpf qefjy\emedeŒf ESpy f wfvnf tcrf;tem;udk &efue k /f awmifuw k E f i S hf e,l;a'vD_rdK& Œ w Œkd i G f usif;y 14/ 8/ 2011 e&dOP&m 44 ESpf jynfah jrmufc+hJ yDjzpfaom =o*wfpf 13 ta&;awmfy[ kH k vlord sm;aom ppfawG qefjy\emede@f ukd &cdik t f rsKd ;om;rsm;u &efuek /f awmifuw k Ef iS hf tdE, dN Edik if H e,l;a'vD +rdK@rsm;wGif usif;ycJhonf[k owif;&[donf? &efuek +f rdK@wiG f jyKvkycf ahJ om tcrf;tem;udk &uQtvif;wef;tzG@J rS OD;aqmif+yD; &efuek f +rdK@ vdi_ o f m,m+rdK@e,f[d &uQtvif;wef; A[d&k ;kH wGif =o*wfpf 13 &ufeed @f rd;k xzufu usi;f yjyK vkyfcJhonf? tcrf;tem; usi;f y&onf&h nf&, G cf suu f kd OD;aqmifow l OD;jzpfonfh a':yHopl u H ,ckuhJ odk@ajymonf? “67 ckESpfuyif jzpfyGm;ca& qefjy\emrSm t*kqdkau 44 ESpf jynfhajrmufvm;+yD; jzpfyga&? usq;kH vm;ca&vlwd Zma=umifh oDy0JG ifc&pGmvJ? Zma=umifh towfc&H pGmvJ? Zmolu trde@f y;D +yD; owfcikd ;f pGmvJ qdpk mG wdpmG tu|e&f @kd &cdik v f il ,fwd a'ede@f txd Zmwckavh rod&od? aemuf+yd;au a'ydik t f a&;}uD;a& ordik ;f wcku wckavhjzpfrvmbJ arS;rSed w f rd jf rKyfatmif azsmuf zsucf eH ed &f a&? 67 ckEpS u f vlrsKd ;wke;f owfjzwfca&vky&f yfukd tu|e&f @kd Zmydik &f q dS uf+yD; touf oGi;f az:xkwu f wfz@kd vJ qdpk mG udk tm;vH;k pOf;pm;Edik af tmif &nf&, G cf suef ef@ jyKvky&f pGmjzpfyga&?” ppfawGqefjy\emede@f wiG f usq;kH cJo h rl sm;tm; &nfreS ;f +yD; bke;f awmf}uD;ausmif;rsm;wGif tm&k%q f rG ;f uyfvLS =u+yD; rd;k xuf 11 em&Dcef@wiG f 13 =o*wfpEf iS hf ywfoufonfh a[majymr_ tcrf;tem;udk pwifc=hJ uonf[k od&onf? tvm;wl awmifuw k +f rdK@e,fwiG jf yKvkyaf om 44 ESpaf jrmuf ppfawGqefjy\emede@f ukd 21 ESpaf jrmuf q&m}uD;OD;OD;omxGe;f ede@f EiS hf yl;aygi;f um qm;jyifaus;&GmwGif usi;f yjyKvkycf o hJ nf[k od&onf? tcrf;tem; usi;f y&jcif;&nf&, G cf suu f kd awmifuw k rf S Edik if aH &; tusO;f orm;a[mif; wOD;u ,ckvakd jymonf? “a'ede@f 2011 =o*wfpv f 13 &ufeed @f rmS &cdik jf ynf awmifuw k +f rdK@e,f qm;jyifaus;&Gm rSm jyKvkyfa& &cdkifordkif;ynmo#if &cdkif'Drdkua&pDtzGJ@csKyfem,u &cdkifrsdK;cspfyk*~dKvf q&m}uD; OD;OD;omxGe;f usq;kH ca& 21 ESpjf ynfh atmufrzd , G f tcrf;tem;t}udKyGEJ iS hf ppfawGqefjy\emede@f tcrf;tem;udk &cdik rf sKd ;cspf wdik ;f &if;om;vli,frsm; awmifuw k +f rdK@u OD;aqmifusi;f yyga&?”

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

11


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

August , 2 0 1 1

?

4if;tjyif olu usi;f y&jcif;&nf&, G cf suu f kd ,ckuo hJ @kd ajymonf? “q&m}uD;OD;omxGef;pGm ppfawGtusOf;axmifrSm ppftm%mo#ifwd. romrma& enf;vrf;rsdK;pHk oHk;+yD;au vkyf}uHcH&vdk@ 1990 ckESpf =o*wfpfv 14 &ufedef@rSm usqHk;cyga&? aemufwcku a'ede@f 2011 =o*wfpv f 13 &ufeed @f rmS 44 ESpjf ynfah jrmufca& ppfawGqefjy\em ta&;tcif;jzpfyga&? a'ta&;tcif;uawmhcg 1967-ckEpS f =o*wfpv f 13 &ufeed @f rmS &cdik jf ynf ppfawG+rdK@ jynfov l x l u k xrif;iwfeed u f wfv@kd qefjy\emudk ajz,Si;f yD;zd@k qENjyawmif;qdu k wf pGmudk Armppftm%mo#if ae0if;tpdk;&u xrif;pm;zdk@ qefryD;bJ G3 armif;jyef &dik zf ,foeD wf usq D efwyd ;D cyga&? a'ta&;tcif;rSm &cdik af usmif;om;jynfol 300 ausmf toufpaw;cHc&yga&? a'twdwu f qd;k &Gm;vSa& ordik ;f oifcef;pmwdukd jyefvnfo;kH oyfa&tcg u|eaf wmf&@kd todpw d f xJrmS &vma& oifcef;pmudak jym&vd@k [ad u jrefrmjynfrmS w+rDwnf;edef w&Dwnf;aomuf twl wuGeed x f ikd u f wfaw wdik ;f &if;om;tcsi;f csi;f vlrsKd ;}uD;0g' usio hf ;kH +yD;au tjcm;vlrsKd ;wdtay:rSm ukdvdkeDpepfqefpGm jyKrlusifh}uHedefpGmwdpGm atrwefrS &SufzG,fvkyf&yfwckvdk@ Armppftm%mo#if twkta,mif 'Drdkua&pDtpdk;&udk ajym=um;vdkufyga&? aemufwcku jrefrmjynfvGwfvyfa&; r&cif/ vGwv f yfa&;&+yD;aemufyikd ;f ordik ;f tqufquf wEdik if v H ;kH . Edik if aH &;/ pD;yGm;a&;/ vlra_ &;pa& udpPt00udk ArmvlrsdK; wrsdK;wnf;u&m r[mArmvlrsdK;}uD;0g' usifhoHk;+yD;au arSmufcsifydkif arSmuf/ vSecf siyf ikd v f eS f trsKd ;rsKd ; ukvm;zefx;kd edepf mG wdukd &yfwef@u&yfz@kd wdu k w f eG ;f vdu k yf ga&? aemufwcku 'Dru kd a&pDeef@ vl@tcGit hf a&; tjynft h 0[d+yD;au ppfreS af & z,f'&,fjynfaxmif pkpepf ay:ayguo f nftxd qufvufwu kd yf 0JG ifvm;zd@k wdik ;f &if;om; jynfot l m;vH;k udk wdu k w f eG ;f ajym=um;vdkufyga&”[k ajymonf? tcrf;tem;udk rdk;xufydkif;wGif pwifjyKvkyfum vlaygif; 100 ausmf wufa&mufcJh onf[k od&onf? tdENd,EdkifiH e,l;a'vD+rdK@wGif usif;yaom 44 ESpfajrmuf ppfawGqefjy\emedef@udk &cdik rf o d m;pkrsm;u OD;aqmifusi;f ycJ+h yD; vlaygi;f 70 cef@ wufa&mufcahJ =umif; od&onf? tcrf;tem; usi;f y&mwGif yg0ifow l OD;jzpfonfh ryef;omjzLrS 44 ESpaf jrmuf ppfawG qefjy\emedef@rSm &cdkifwrsdK;om;vHk;twGuf rdaysmufrxm;oifhaom edef@wedef@jzpfa=umif; ,ckvdkajym=um;onf? “tu|e&f @kd od&oavmuf ajym&au xd;k t,if 1967 ckEpS u f qefwu d aumif;,Sm;a&? ,Sm;&pGmuavh qefwu d kd Edik if jH cm;udk tpd;k &u wify@kd +yD; &cdik jf ynfow l pd m;zd@k usau xkwaf &mif; csyD;pGmr[dyg? ,if;twGuf tiwfab;usvmvdk@ vlwduvrf;xufudkxGuf+yD;au awmif;qdk uwfaw? a'csiu hf kd ,if;wke;f u tkycf sKyfa& ae0if;tpd;k &u oDewfeef@ ypfcwfowfjzwfa&t wGuf tu|ef&dk@ &cdkifjynfoljynfom;wd trsm;tjym; oDqHk;c&yga&? a'ydkifowfjzwfypfpGmudk tu|ef&dk@tedefeef@ rdef@xm;vdk@r&Edkifyg? tpOfowd& atmufrda& tedefeef@ a'tcrf;tem;udk jyKvkyf&pGmjzpfyga&?” 4if;tjyiforl u jrefrmEdik if w H iG f qufvuf+yD; pepfq;kd udk vufuikd x f m;+yD; tkycf sKyforl sm; jrefrmEdkifiHwGif [dedefor# ,ckvdktjzpfqdk;rsm; aemifwGif ay:aygufvmtHk;rnfjzpfa=umif; ajymqdkvm;onf? 12

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

August , 2 0 1 1

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

44=ESpa f jrmuf ppfawGqefjy\emedeE Œf i S hf 21 ESpa f jrmuf OD;OD;omxGe;f ede& Œf u Œkd kd *syef/ rav;,Sm;ESihf tar&du&dw Œk i G f usif;y 15/ 8/ 2011 e&dOP&m

44 ESpaf jrmuf ppfawGqefjy\emede@f EiS hf q&m}uD; OD;OD;omxGe;f ede@f &@kd ukd rav;,Sm;/ *syefESifh tar&duefEdkifiH&dk@wGif a&muf[dedef=uonfh &cdkiftrsdK;om;rsm;u usif;ycJh=ua=umif; owif;&[donf? tar&duefwiG f jyKvkyo f nfh tcrf;tem;udk tar&duefa&muf &cdik v f rl sKd ;rsm;pkaygi;f +yD; e,l;a,mufjynfe,f Amzvd+k rdK@[d Ak'b < mom bke;f awmf}uD;ausmif;wausmif;wGif usi;f ycJjh cif; jzpfonf? tcrf;tem;wGif =o*wfpf 13 &ufeed @f u ppfawG+rdK@vrf;rxufwiG f qef&[da&;twGuf wdu k yf 0JG ifusq;kH cJ=h uonfh &cdik jf ynforl sm;tm;&nfZ;l +yD; qeftw d rf sm;vSL'ge;f um &Dpufcs tr#y;D 0D cJ=h ua=umif; od[&d onf? *syefEikd if w H iG v f nf; 44 ESpaf jrmuf qefjy\emede@f EiS hf 21 ESpaf jrmuf q&m}uD;OD;OD;om xGe;f ede@f ukd &cdik 'f rD u kd a&pDtzG@J csKyf (jynfy) rSO;D aqmif+yD; 14 &ufeed @f ede@f cif;zuf 2 em&DrS npmzuf5 em &Dxd wdu k sKd +rdK@ IKEBUKURO, KUMIN CENTER wGif usi;f ycJo h nf? tcrf;tem;wGif obmywdtjzpf &cdik 'f rD u kd a&pDtzG@J csKyf (jynfy-*syef) OuUX OD;vS at;armifrS aqmif&u G +f yD; tcrf;tem;rSL;tjzpf wGzJ uftaxGaxGtwGi;f a&;rSL; (1) udak rmifarmif rsKd ;v_id rf S aqmif&u G cf o hJ nf?

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

13


08.2011