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pmrlzdwfac: jcif; T&cdik v hf w G v f yfa&;pmapmifonf &cdik ahf wmfveS af &;oabmw&m;rsm;udk r#0&D ef/ &cdik ahf wmfveS af &;ESihf &cdik t hf rsKd ;om;a&;ESiyhf wfoufI awmfveS af &;&Jabmfrsm;/ jynforl sm;. tjrifoabmxm;rsm;udk xif[yfpD&efESifh yDjyifaom &cdkifpmyDt&D;tom;ay:aygufvmpD &ef&nf&G,fI xkwfa0jzef@csdedefaom trSDcdkuif;aom vGwfvyfaompmapmifwckjzpfyg onf? T&cdkifhvGwfvyfa&;pmapmifudk v-pOfyHkrSefxkwf0Dvm;rnfjzpfygonf? &cdkifhtrsdK; om;a&;ESifh &cdkifpmyDudk jrwfEdk;wefzdk;xm;olrsm; uAsmrsm;/ aqmif;yg;rsm;/ 0wÎKwdkrsm;ESifh umwGef;rsm;yD;ydk@Edkifygonf? qufoG,f&ef— AIB PO Box 113 Mae Sot Tak -63110 Thailand

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vef'ef[d tdENd,oH&Hk;&dSwGif qENjyawmif;qdkedefyHk (Photo: www.burmacampaign.org.uk)


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

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February,2011

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February,2011

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

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5 9 10 16 17 18 19 24

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vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

February,2011

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&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

February,2011

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27/ 2/ 2011

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24

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

1


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

February,2011

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2

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

February,2011

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

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vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

23


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

February,2011

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vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

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February,2011

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

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vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

3


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

February,2011

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vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

February,2011

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

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vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

21


February,2011 &cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif ? rsKd ;csp&f aJ bmf 34-OD; vGwaf jrmufa&; tzG@J tpnf; 38 zG@J uawmif;qdk 12/2/ 2011 (e&d O P & m)

tdEdN,EdkiHwGifzrf;qD;xdef;odrf;cHxm;&a& &cdkif/ u&if awmfvSefa&;orm; 34-OD;vGwf ajrmufa&;twGuf EdkifiHaygif; 18 EdkifiHrSm[da& tzGJ@tpnf; 38-zGJ@uazaz:0g&Dv 11-&ufedef@u tdEdN,tpdk;&eef@ ,ltefudkpm&D;awmif;qdkvdkufuwfa=umif;od&onf? ,if; 34-OD; vGwfajrmufa&;twGuf EdkifiHaygif; 18 EdkifiHu tzGJ@tpnf; 38-zGJ@rS xkwfjyefa=ujimcsufwdudk xkwfjyefcyem tdENd,tpdk;&eef@ 'kuQonfrsm;qdkif&m r[mrif;}uD;&Hk; (UNHCR) bm;od@k awmif;qdpk mrsm;udk yD;yd@k cuwfa=umif; Burma Campaign UK rS Campaigns Officer rar&DvSu t*kydkifajymonf? “[kwyf ga&? tu|e&f @kd Eikd if aH ygi;f 18 Edik if rH mS [da& wdik ;f &if;om;tzG@J tpnf;wdeef@ wjcm; EdkifiHa&;tzGJ@tpnf;wdu &cdkifeef@u&if rsdK;cspfawmfvSefa&;orm; 34-OD; vGwfajrmufa&;twGuf awmif;qdkpmudk tdENd,tpdk;&eef@ UNHCR &Hk;odk@yD;ydk@cuwfyga&? t"du tu|ef&dk@awmif;qdk pGmu ol&dk@udk 'kuQonfwdtjzpf ,ltefutodtrSwfjyKyD;zdk@eef@ ol&dk@wwd,EdkifiHwckckrSm t+cDcs Ekdifzdk@twGuf aqmuf&GufyD;zdk@jzpfyga&?” awmif;qdpk mwdukd t*Fvef/ tar&duef/ uae'g / e,l;ZDvef/ =opaw;vs / tdik , f mvef / cswf / =opa=w;&D;,m; / jyifopf / aemfa0 / *smreD/ qG'D if / awmiftmz&du / *syef/ awmifu;kd &D;,m; / tdENd,/ b*Fvma'hcsfeef@ xdkif;EdkifiH&dk@rSm[da& tzGJ@tpnf; 38 zGJ@rS yD;ydk@cuwfpGmjzpfonf? 34-OD;vGwfajrmufa&;twGuf t*FvefEdkifiH[d tdENd,oH&Hk;&dSwGif jyKvkyfaom qENjy awmif;qdyk rJG mS Edik if jH cm;om;rsm;tygt0if vlaygi;f 60 ausmf wufa&mufcuwfa=umif; rar&Dvu S qufajymonf? “ a'edef@tu|ef&dk@ t*FvefrSm[da& tdEdN,oH&Hk;&dSrSm rdk;aomufzuf 10 em&Duyif 11 em&DxdjyKvkyfcyga&? Karen National Union UK , Karen Community Association UK , Arakanese Community UK u udk,fpm;vS,fwdu tusOf; cscHxm;&a& ol&Jaumif; 34a,mufudk tjrefqHk;v$wfyD;zdk@eef@ jrefrmjynfudkjyefrydk@zdk@twGuf awmif;qdka&pmudk oH&Hk;0efxrf; wa,mufbm;uedef+yD;auwqifh tdEdN,oHtrwf}uD;bm;udk yD;ydk@cyga&? t*FvefrSm[da& wdkif; &if;om;tzGJ@tpnf;wd/ 'Drdkua&pDa&;v_yf,Sm;edefa& tzGJ@tpnf;wdu vlwdeef@ jrefrmjynf ta&;twGuf v_yf,Sm;edefa&EdkifiHjcm;om;wd pkpkaygif; 60 ausmf wufa&mufcuwfyga&?” ,if;tjyif “t*ku EdkifiHtifweftrsm;rSm[da& tzGJ@tpnf;wdtrsm;}uD;u yg0if v_yf,Sm;a&twGuf t*kv_yf,Sm;r_pGm atmifjrifzkd@vdk@ tu|ef&dk@,Hk=unfyga&? +yD;au ol&dk@uscH&zdk@ tjypf'%fwdvnf; +yD;qHk;vm;Asm,f? '%faiG wpfa,mufpD &lyD 6000 qdkpGmvnf; yD;c+yD;ygAsm,f? ,if;twGufeef@ ol&dk@vGwfajrmufzdk@tcsdefwefedefygAsm,f” vdk@qufajymonf?

20

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

February,2011

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

rnf? odk@aomf awmfvSefa&;. vuf[dumvwGif pdwful;,Ofoufoufjzifh trsdK;om;pnf;vHk; nDnGwfa&;udk tjcm;enf;vrf;rsm;/ vrf;a=umif;rsm;udk toHk;rjyKbJ wzGJ@wygwD jzpfajrmufa&; vrf;a=umif;od@k OD;wnfcsw D ufeed =f urnfqykd gu ,if;csw D ufeed =f uaom awmfveS af &; tzG@J tpnf; rsm;ESifh jynfolrsm;rSm armyef;r_tzwfwif&Hkom [dygonf[k a0zefaxmufjyvdkuf&ygonf?

q

vrf; tqdk;qHk; &moDpuf0ef;xJ opfikwfwdk "g;xpfcH&r_eef@ cHk&Hk;rJh w&m;cHrsm;udk rdwfaqGtoGifaygif;&vnf;cuf &efzufyÉdyuQ toGif ajz&Sif;enf; AsL[mvnf; rvHkavmuf? a'ESpf&moD aumif;rGefzdk@ ar#mfrSef;cauavh azgufjyefr_udk wGufq pm&if;aumufvdk@rusDod tan‡mfrdcH&jyefAs,f? wawm0if wawmifwuf ajcv#ifc&D;vnf; acwfeef@rnDnGwf tpmiwfcH qENjyr_ tmedoif w&m;rJht&yfrSm cHwGif;rwGdEdkif wckwnf;aom yef;wdkifudk ta&mufvSrf;zdk@enf;AsL[m wpdwfw0rf;wnf;wifjyyg? cGcsyfpGm acwfukefedef,mqdkpGmudk owdxm;uwfygzd? yk À m;u|ef ; Zl ; a0 7/ 2/ 11

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

5


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

February,2011

wauG@rmS

?

ausmfjrwfOD;

aysmf&$ifr+a& vl@b0wpfauG@. tESpfom&jzpfonf? vlom;wkdif;onfvnf; Tenf; wlpGm aysmf&$ifcsrf;ajrhom,maomb0Y edefxdkifvdk-uonf? avmuwGif vkH_cKHr+[d_yD; aysmf&$if csrf;ajr@r+udk vlom;wdkif;wef;wl cHpm;cGifhr&-uay? TonfrSm vlom;wOD;csif;pDtwGuf t"durnDr#r+jzpfonf? vlwdkif;aysmf&Gif&efvdktyfouJhodk@ aysmf&$ifr+vnf; vlom;wkdif;twGuf t_rJvkdcsifedefonfh t&mwckjzpfonf? ,ckacwfopfurBmwGifvnf; EdkifiHwck. pH§*k%fyk'fudk GNH (Gross National Happiness) wdeef@ ,SOfxdk;wdkif;wmvm-u_yD_zpfonf? ocsFmoDtdk&D t&ajym&aomf aysmf&$ifr+onf _idrf;csrf;a&;eef@ wdkuf&dkuftcsKd;usonf? urBmay:wGif _idrf;csrf;r+ t[dqHk;EdkifiHonf aysmfp&mtaumif;qHk;EdkifiH jzpfedefonfudk avhvmwGd[d&onf? ,if;EdkifiHwGif edefxdkifaom vlwdtzdk@vnf; vljzpf&usKd;vHk;vHk;euf-uonfudk rsuf0g;xifxif wGdedefuwf& onf? ol&dk@onfvnf; vl@avmuwGif vl&kyfaysmufv#uf vlwvHk;olwvHk; &yfwnfEdkifzdk@eef@/ _idrf;csrf;r+ wdtwGuf touf/ oGD;/ c|JwdyD;qyfI vSJ,lcuwf&onfqdkonfrSm jiif;v@dkr&onfh trSefw&m;wdyg? EdkifiHwdkif;/ EdkifiHwdkif;onf vGwfvyf_idrf;csrf;r+udk &[d&eftvdk@iSg trsKd;rsKd;aomcsOf;uyfr+ wdeef@ azmfaqmifcuwfouJo h @kd / rsuaf rSmufacwfrmS vnf; enf;vrf;toG,o f , G ef ef@ azmfaqmif edefuwfr+wdudk rsuf0g;xifxif jrifwGdedefuwf&onf? Zmydkifenf;vrf;udkyif toHk;jyKpDumrl aemufqHk;rSmawmh “_idrf;csrf;a&;udk oGD;eef@rxkqpfvdk@um;r&”qdkonfhtajzudk wGduwf&rnf jzpfonf? tjcm;wbufwGifvnf; EdkifiHrsm;. csOf;uyfyHk csOf;uyfenf;tm; yHkwlul;csIr&Edkif/ Zma-umifv h nf;qdak omf urBmrSm Edik if t H csi;f csi;f wd. _rDrsuEf mS oGijf yiftedet f xm;/ yx0DEikd if aH &;/ pD;yGg;a&;r[mAsL[m/ EdkifiHa&;tcif;tusif;/ ppftiftm;/ ynmwwfolOD;a&E+ef;eef@ tqHk; ajym&aomf tkyfcsKyfedefaom ol&dk@wd. a*gif;csif;xyfwlrusIjzpfonf? l x l u k wq,f, h pS &f uf r-umodcifu Egypt rSm jzpfygG ;confh ta&;tcif;rSm jynfov -umqENjy_yD; ESpaf ygi;f oH;k q,fe;D yg; tkycf sKyfconfh Hosni Mubarak(rlbm&uf) tpd;k & tm;jzKwf csEdkifconf? qENjy_yD; vlxkatmifyGJcHconf rSefaomfvnf; tD*spfwyfrawmf. jynfolbufu &yfwnfcr+udkvnf; rdypfIr&ouJhodk@ Armjynfeef@t"du uGJjym;csufjzpfedefpGmvnf; xnfhrwGuf vdk@vnf; r&Edkifyg? TqENjyyGJaemufuG,frSm tD*spfjynfolrsm;. touf&maygif; rsm;pGmudkvnf; aemifvmaemufom;rsm; _idrf;csrf;pGmedefxdkifEdkifzdk@twGuf paw;cuwf&onf? 4if;enf;wl vlom;wdik ;f onf aysm&f i$ rf r+ sm;acgi;f yg;vmaomtcg rauseyfrr+ sm;/ rcHcsirf + rsm; aygufuGJwwf-uonfrSm vl@oabmobm0yifjzpfonf? pdwfvdkufrmefygeef@ pdwfxJ[dor# udk az:xkwf_yD; &&mvkyfwwf-uonfrSmvnf; vl@obm0/ vl@raemoabmyifjzpfonf? Egypt demonstration aemufydkif;urBmtESH@ qENjyawmif;qdkr+rsm; rsm;jym;vmcJhonf? t&Sdtv,f 6

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

February,2011

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

yifv,f&DtqDcrf;vdk@ t0ga&mifao# oef;ygvwfAsm,f yGdKifhurf;em;u ausmufaqmif&dk@u c|Jwjypfjypfeef@ avmusdwftm;wif;xm;wkef; awmif&dk;rt-um;u prf;&D&dk@usau rpdrf;jrEdkif r-unfvifEdkif ³³³³³? tv,fwa-umrSm usD;vef@pmpm; y&dwfowfav;yg;&dk@u awmifajrmufZmrSm rod,Smjim; a,mif0g;0g;eef@ ysHvmedefuwf,ifh ³³³³³? ,if;-um;xJ r[m'kwfrSm t,wfwGJa&ydkifa,Smif vurBmudk r,Hka& tzdk;o#if tabmifo#if&dk@u &mpkopfudkrS acwfqkwfacwf,kwfvdk@ orkwfuwfpGmu wrsKd; &D}udKifjrufEkeef@rS _cDedefa&wwdkif;om;avh vdk&mqGJyem urBmh&Gmqdk0g ysifcsifpGm ysifedefpGmuwzHk ³³³³³?

acwfopf&xm;qGy J JG

,if;oHk;q,fwbHkxJrSma, twGif;uv$J tjyifuqGJ t&Sduv$J taemufuqGJ rD'D,meef@E$JcsifcgE$J t"rR}uJcsifau}uJeef@ yHkpHruswus vGefqGJyGJrSmy ig&dk@vjcrf;_rDao#a& &ifememeef@ xxGwf}uDedefpGm EGm;_yD;&muzsmqkd;[yfxufyif qdk;edefodrfha&axm ³³³³³?

(&dk;rprf;&D)

vwydk@r[kwfauavh &mpkopf.&xm;qGJyGJrSmav tztdrfao#r_ydKvJpDzdk@ _rDcspfvdk@wDjzpfzdk@pGmra-umufa& ig&dk@nDao# nDrao#&dk@eef@0dkif;Asm,f cg;pnf;cHuwfzdk@ESrf; ³³³³³?

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

19


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

February,2011

igh&ifxu J tcef;eHygwf=34 rdk;aomuf-uufwGeftaemuf-u,fvnf;r+ef0g;0g; tmumudk ³³³³³³ igarmf-unfhcsdef atmf ³³³³³³ taemuf&dk;rzdk;acgifawmifudkvnf;igrjrif ³³³³³³ (1) tarSmifxJrSmtvif;wdeef@twl xdk;azmufedefpGmu -u,ftvHk;av;q,f t&dSutaemufodk@OD;wnfvmcsdef igai;arm,if;eef@owdrdpGmtHh-oedef wdwfqdwf_idrfoufa&u|ef;wu|ef;u 'dkif; 'dkif; 'dkif; ³³³³³³ toHeef@twl aysmufuG,fvm;pGmu -u,f}uD;ajcmufvHk; ³³³³³³ (2) igh&ifxJudkajzodrfhr&0rf;enf;r+wdeef@ tm;i,fedefauvnf; ighrsufESmutmumxufrSm -unfh,if;-unfh,if;eef@wdrfrJwdu tvif;wef;wdudkzefwD;Asm,fumqD; ,if;tcsdefrSmighESvHk;om;xJudkwdk;0ifvmpGmu rar#mfvifha& (igh&ifxJ)utcef;eHygwf=34 ³³³³³ (3)

eD r if ; o#if (rif ; jym;) 27/2/2011

18

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

?

@

February,2011

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

ydik ;f Libya wGif jynforl sm;u av;q,fEh pS Ef pS -f umatmif tkycf sKyfvsu[ f o d nfh Gaddafi tpdk;& tkycf sKyfr+ tqH;k owf&efawmif;qdrk /+ Bahrain Ekid if H Manama _rdK@[d Pearl &ifjyifwiG f axmifaygi;f rsm;pGmaomvlrsm; 0ef}uD;csKyf E+wfxGufyD;&efeef@ tpdk;&tzGJ@jyefvnfzGJ@pnf;yD;&ef awmif;qdkr+rsm;/ Algeria EdkifiHwGifvnf; tpdk;& E+wfxGufyD;zdk@awmif;qdkr+rsm;eef@ jynfheufedefjcif;/ Yeman rSmavh tpd;k &udq k ef@usiq f ENjy,if; tpd;k &vdv k m;olwed ef@ qENjyol&@kd t-um; vrf;rxufrmS xdyw f u kd &f if qdkif wGduwfr+wdudk t&kyfqdk; tusnf;wefavmufatmif jrifwGdedefuwf&onf? Oa&myEdkifiHwEdkifiHjzpfonfh Germany rSm vlaxmifaygif;rsm;pGmpk_yD; Neo-Nazi (acwfopfemZD) wdukd uef@uu G f qENjyuwfonf? Russia rSmvnf; 0ef}uD;csKyf Bladimar Putin E+wfxGufyD;zdk@ vl&maygif;rsm;pGm vrf;xufxGufqENjy awmif;qdkedef-uonf? awmiftar&durSm qdkv#ifvnf; Bolivia (bdkvD;bD;,m;)EkdifiHrSm avmifpmqD/ ukefpsD;E+ef;jrifhwufIqdk_yD; qENjy awmif;qdkvmjyefonf? TuJhodk@ awmif;qdkqENjyyGJwdudk tm%m&tpdk;&u tdrfwGif;jy\emvdk@ ,lq_yD; xdef;csKyfr+uedef t"du&kef;xd jzpfyem oDG;_rDusuwfonfhtqifhxd jzpfyGg;vmc&onf? UNSC (United Nation Security Council)qdpk mG vnf; tm%m&tpd;k &. t-urf; zufErdS ef if;r+wu d kd tavmif;awmifyikd yf rkH S Media wda-umif;&m odjcif;jzpfonf? vl_Ade;f pum;t& qdkaomf ArmjynfrD;owfwyfzGJ@uJhodk@yifjzpf.? aemufydkif;wGif UNSC tedefjzifh t-urf;zuf tpdk;&tm; wenf;enf;jzifh ta&;,laqmif&Gufr+ jyKEdkifaomfvnf; ta&;r,lrD xGufcGmvm; uwf&aom toufrsm;twGufum; tr#0D&HkrSwyg; tjcm;r[dacs? “Revolution is not an apple that falls when it is rape. You have to make it fall.” vdk@ usL;bm;awmfvSefa&;[D;&dk;u ajymconf? qENjyawmif;qdkr+ Demonstrationonf

tm%m&tpdk;&xHodk@ jynfolrsm;. vdktyfcsufrsm;udk wifjyawmif;qdk r+omjzpfonf? yef;oD; }uGDusvmrnfhtcsdefudk apmifhedefjcif;rsKd;omjzpfonf? tu|ef&dk@ vl@abmifxJrSm ysufpD;edefonfh _idrf;csrf;a&;eef@ aysmufqkH;vm;onfh oduQmwd jyefvnfwzef xajrmuf&SifoefvmEdkifpDzdk@ rnfodk@ rnfyHkaqmif&Guf-u&rnfenf;? 1967=ckESpfu ppfawGrSm jzpfvm;confh “13= -o*wf(pf)” ta&;tcif;onfvnf; Derivation wyk'f wGufxkwfzdk@ jyef_yD;qef;ppfoifhonfh azmfjrLvm wckjzpfonf? ta&;}uD;u oGD;eD;wwfonfh ig&dk@&uQdKifvlrsKd;&dk@vnf;2007=ck/ pufwifbm ta&; tcif;wkef;u vuf0g;jzef@_yD; atmf[pfawmif;vdk@ yJawmifhau|;pGmtjzpfudkvnf; rsuf0g;xif xifjrifcuwf_yD;_yD? Tonfrsm;udk oifcef;pm,lu tqdak wmf cdik af Zmfqx kd m;a& “rif; od,ifv h m; vGwfvyfa&;udkav vuf0g;jzef@vdk@awmif;vdk@&pGmr[kwf” qdka& aw;oGm;udk &GwfAsm,f Ernesto Che Guevara ajymconfhtwdkif; yef;oD;}uGDatmifvkyfyem aysmfaysmf&Gif&Gif atmifyGJcH-updk@?

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vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

7


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

February,2011

?

-uyfpifu|ef;u ay:xGe;f ca& tjrKaw &uQdKifyDo &uQdw “ol@udk av;pm;wefzdk;xm;uwfonfh u|efawmf&dk@rsKd;qufopf vli,frsm;onf cdkif&mZm csrSwfconfh Zif;cgtwdkif;rrSdwfrokefav#mufvSrf;v#uf =====================” &uQdKifwyfrawmf wnfaxmifoleef@ ppfOD;pD;csKyf AdkvfcsKyfcdkif&mZmudk OD;jromatmif/ a': -umpdejf zL&d@k u rif;jym;_rdK@e,f/ -uwfpifu|e;f / a&$acsmif;(acsmaf csmif;)&GmY rG;D zGm;oef@pifconf? nDtudkarmifESr(7)a,mufwGif wwd,ajrmufom;jzpf_yD; i,femrnfrSm vSxGef;atmif [kac: onf? touf (13) ESpfom;wGif o#ifomra%0wfonf? ppfawG_rdK@ / ykodrfausmif;wdkufeef@ -uufukdif;wefausmif;wdkuf&dk@wGif y&d,wWdpmyD;rsm;udk oif,lconf? touf(20)t&G,fwGif Zmwd&Gm bkef;awmf}uD;ausmif; c¾odrfawmfY jrifhjrwfaom &[ef;tjzpfodk@ a&muf[dconf? &uQdKifhawmfvSefa&;orm;a[mif;wOD;jzpfol zcifxHrS pdwf"gwftrGDrsm;udk cH,l&[dconf? pmoifom;b0uyif &uQKd ifjynfvw G af jrmufa&;ygwD (ALP) eef@ qufo, G I f v#K@d 0u S , f *l st D jzpf wm0ef,lum awmfvSefa&;odk@ 0ifa&mufvmvwfonf? &efolbufrS &dyfpm;rdvmaomtcg ppfawGrS &efukefodk@xGufvmaomfvnf; vdkufvHaemufa,mifcHr+a-umifh aumhaomif;bufwGif a,Smifwdrf;edefc&onf? xdk@aemuf(ALP). wyfzGJ@0ifwOD;jzpfvmonf? rdcifygwD. rl0g'eef@ vrf;pOfonf ol. cH,lcsufeef@ tH0if*GifusrjzpfvSay? wuf-uGI jywfom;onfhol. tjrifrsm;udk ra-umufr&GH@ wifjyaoma-umifh txufvl}uD;rsm;eef@ tqifrajyr+rsm; jzpfvm&mrS oD'%ftjypfyD;jcif;udk cHc&onf? uHaumif;axmufrI oD'%frSvGwfajrmufvm_yD;aemuf vtenf;i,fr# wm0efxrf; aqmif_yD; ygwDrS taemufbufppfa'oodk@ vufeufrsm;ydk@aqmif&ef wm0efyD;tyfcH&pOf &Dvrf;c&D;Y &udQKifwyfxyfrHzGJ@pnf;a-umif; a-unmI vl/ vufeuf/ aiGa-u;tiftm; tawmifh wif;tcdkifrmqHk;eef@ pnf;&Hk;r+taumif;qHk;aomwyfrawmfw&yfudk wnfaqmufEdkifconfh tajymifajrmufqHk;aom acgif;aqmif}uD;jzpfonf? rnfonfhtvkyfudkrqdk tvD;teufxm;I vkyfwwfjcif;/ vuf&Hk;&nf/ ESvHk;&nfeef@ jynfh pHk_yD; wdkufcdkufa&;wGif xl;c|efjcif;/ ZGJ/ vHk@v/ 0D&d,/ oufvHk/ qufqH&D;/ bmomw&m;udkif;,+dif;r+/ pnf;&H;k a&;aumif;rGeo f nft h jyif jyif;xefaomrsK;d csppf w d jf zifh wdik ;f jynfeef@vrl sK;d twGuf opPm[dpmG yD;qyftepfemcHjcif;&d@k a-umifh vufatmufi,fom;&d@k . a-umufcsp&f akd or+ukd tjynft h 0 &[dol vnf;jzpfonf? &Jabmf&Jbufrsm;tay: Y &if0,fom;uJhodk@ cspfcifwefzdk;xm;oljzpfonf? 8

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

February,2011

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

tu|ef.aqmif;OD;ayguf '¾m&D tu|ef.ar#mfvifhcsufeef@ tm;rmefudk&dkufcsdK;vDc EGJ@aESmif;aomyef;aygif;pHk&dk@ iHk&mrSEGrf;}uGD ESif;pufaygif;rsm;pGm&dk h tu|ef.&ifcGifrS 0D;&modk@wdrf;a,SmifvDuwfaw omvdumusD;iSuf&dk@ obm0aw;oDqdk avmu"Hxkqpfaom yef;yk&kyfºuGif; oGm;+cJAsm,f+yHK;[efraqmifa&twGuf tu|efonf avmu}uD;udk opPmazmufolwpfa,mufvm;? tu|ef.aqmif;OD;ayguf '¾m&D tu|ef.,Hk=unfr_eef@ jrwfEkd;&mudk +zdKzsufvDc prf;&D=unftjypfuif;pifv#ufpD;qif; odk@aomf &Diwfvmolwpfa,muftjrifawmhcg xdk&ifcGifylavmifajcmufoGd tqdyfoifhaom yef;&eH@rsdK;onf tu|ef.&ifcGifY pHaysmfaygufzGm;Edkifrnf r[kwf tu|ef.t&dyfonf tu|efvm;vD&m&modk@ xm0&vdkufygedefvdrfhrnf =u,fjzLrsm;pGm&dk@ xGef;awmufonfh nwpfn.A[dk odkifacgifcsdefrSm &Diwfa,mifaqmifedefaom oludkjrifau tu|efonf avmu}uD;udk opPmazmufolwpfa,mufvm;?

a&mifjyef "n-arS m f (24 / 2 / 2011)

tu|ef.qENonf pdwf'%f&mtjzpfodk@ &Gdv#m;vmvD,ifh tu|ef.,Hk=unfr_eef@ar#mfvifhcsufonfum; avmu"H. a&mifjyef[yfr_a=umifh wqyfqyf0D;uGm,if; r_ef&D0g;vcAsm,f aemufqHk; tu|ef.ydkifqdkifr_onfum; toufeef@ aemifw&mºuGif;usef twdwfb0u ukodkvfuHenf;oljzpfonfhtwGuf puQKtm&Hkeef@ t&m&mwd yg&rDenf;c ,if;a=umifhavmu"Honf tu|ef@tay: wpfcgavh+yHK;jyvDzdk@r[kwf ?

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

17


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

February,2011

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azaz:0g&D rSww f rf;

acwf & S d a qmif ( rsKd ; quf o pf & J a bmf )

16

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

February,2011

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

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rwaxmifwaumifzGm; "g;vSHudkcif;/ oGD;vrf;eif;I oDrif;eef@_ydKif/ zuf&ifqdkifum yef;wdkifodk@xd/ ZGJowWdeef@ av#mufrnfhcGeftm;/ rsKd;aumif;om; tdkæærwaxmif waumifzGm;? oifhc&D;vrf;/ rnfodk@-urf;pD av#mufvSrf;-unfjzL/ oifvkdvludk jynfoltaygif;/ &Sifvlaomif;&dk@ ESpfaxmif;tm;&/ -obmquf. &uQrsKd;zGm; jynfhpGrf;tm; tdkæærwaxmif waumifzGm;? oifum;trSef/ pdwfxufoefAsm,f awmfvSefatmufom;/ rsKd;,kwfjcm;udk tm;pdkufvHk@v/ ykefuefxaomf w&ufrvGJ/ atmifyGJE$JI ig&kd@jynf}uD; vGwfajrmuftHh xD;rdk;&dyfavh yGifhvmtHh³³³³³³? armif a rmif ( ppf a wG )

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

9


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

February,2011

?

tENrefu|ef; vefazmhvfu|ef;u O'gef;jyif;xef awmufacgufoH (1) &uQyl&D jynfXmeD&yf/ _rDtxGÉf0,f jrifhjrwftpOf/ rsKd;&udQKif&dk@ ,dOfcordkif;/ &dkif;cyHkjyif iifctouf/ zufc&efoG,f uG,fctvif; / uif;ctul ylctoGD;/ qGD;c'%f&m emcESvHk; / }udrfrD;tHk;ydkif ,lusHK;r& / idkc&onfh b0tcg; / jy\'g;onf ESif;cg;&GmazG; / wydk;wGJrSm idkyGJqifvD / yl&kyfyD twGufay: / rsuf&nf0D wpfq,fhoHk;vD / vGrf;jcif;pDæ? (2) wpfq,fhoHk;vD vGrf;jcif;pDvm / ta}umif;&Smu Armatmufom;/ olawmif;pm;ESifh ukvm;apmufqdk;/ trdkufrsdK;&dk h wpfudk;udk;,Spf/ ouU&mZfcg ,kwfnpfyHkay: / vdrfvnfac:I azaz:0g&D/ v&moD[k &uf&GDwGufppf/ wpfq,fhwpf0,f rsdK;cspfr[m/ cdkif&mZmESifh aemufygav;a,muf/ toufaysmufum oGDaomuf&Jabmf/ oHk;q,fausmf&dk h raysmfavSmiftdrf / e&odefY

10

a'csdefxdwdkif/ rvGwfEdkifuwf &uQdKif&$Djynf/ u|efouf&Snfatmif }uHpnfvkyfZmwf/ xdkjzpf&yfudk pGJrSwftonf;/ &ifwGif;xJrSm tcJrusD / &ifemvD t}uGD;&mcsD wifvdk hedef ordkifbif;*sD/ oGD;oufoD (3) ordkif;bif;*sD oGD;oufoDcsif;/ &efpD}uGif;rnfh tvif;,laqmif/ om;vlarmif&dk h rajymifvlrsdK;/ rwdk;*k%f&nf rpnf&yf&Gm/ rjzmpD;yGm; rxGm;b0/ rvSr¾dKif r_rdKifpnf}uD; / rpD;uefacsmif; raumif;yHk&dyf/ rwdwfoGD;puf rwuft_cD/ ryDo&kyf qkwf,kwfedrfhus/ jynf&uQudk Edk;xwpfzef/ tm;opfrHI tENrefurf;/ vef;azmhvfu|ef;u O'gef;jyif;xef/ awmufacgufoHudk rsdK;rmeftod/ ^m%fESifh!SdI owdudk,fpD/ [def huwfvD rrdefatmifedef / todnD urBmr}uD / ZmrusDæ? apmjr

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

February,2011

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

vm;cuwfawtcsdefrSm tbm&ifcGifpGm csD;ukef;puUL// 'kwf/ &Dr[da&tdrfom/ bufx&Dukefedefa& oHywf&yk /f pm&D;zd@k ysicf grS rSiu f ek ef ed af &abmyefyikd af ,Smif t&m&mpGm rjynfrpH/k azmufvaJG zmufjyef/ aumufuspf,kwfrmr+wdatmufrSm touf,SLrGef;usyf,if;eef@ emwm&Snfa&m*gpGJedefa&ydkif a0'emwdcHpm;edef&a&? a,musFm;r[da& rdef;r rwifhw,f/ tpfudk/ armif r[da& nDrwdpGmvnf; tom;rJrJ ukvm;wd.apmfum;r+wdudk apmfum;cHedef&a&? rk'drf;r+wd/"g;jrwdkufcH&r+pGmavh rdk;vif;wkdif;-um; edef&a&owif;wd&m? Arm/ w&kwf/ udk;&D;,m;wduvnf; 0ifcsifydkif0if/ xGufcsifydkifxGuf wHcg;r[d "g;r[d jzpfcsifydkifjzpfedefpGmudk tbmwa,muf&ifememeef@ a'twdkif;rwfwyf&yf vufydkuf-unfhedef&a& edef@&ufwdpGm edef@pOfeef@tr#&ma0? a,_yD;au tbmESvHk;om;udkrS pm;csifyga&qdka& acwfopft*Fkvdrmv/aAm&dom& wd/ tbmhom;ygvdk@ajym&zdk@pGm-[ufzdk@aumif;a&? 0rf;&Dqmom;wd/ eDxGufueD0if Zmydkif taumuf}uHyem azmufjyef&zd@k qpkd mG pOf;pm;edeu f wfaw om;qd;k / om;rdu k w f ad -umifv h nf; tbmh &ifciG pf mG 0uFbmawmrSm _cD&mwd,y+ ef ed af &ydik f -unfv h @kd &v + @kd raumif;Asm,f? tzdEydS cf /H tESrd cf q H adk & pum;vH;k wdum; pm;edeu f s xrif;avmifyeG ;f xJu pyg;vH;k acswvH;k ydik &f m? ,if;ydik -f unfv h @kd raumif; a&cE<meef@tbmudk *D&dqdka& udk,fawmfacsmu xyfyemr$DyvdkufawtwGuf tdk;³³³³³³ tbmav; ³³³³³ajymawmifrajymcsifvdkufAsm,f? rD;&yfpGJedefa& tysKdrao#cg;xufudk emvm*D&dqif a'geef@ armeef@ wufeif;vdkufawydkif cHpm;vdkuf&a&a0³³³³³³³³³? bdk;bGm;/ bDbif tpOftqufquf ydkifqdkifca&v,f,m/ O,smOf/ jcH_rDwdpGmvnf; a'*kcsdefrSm wef;aqmifrkef;vjynfhnOfh pwk'Dom tvSLyD;a&ydkif OD;&mvlpepfeef@ t"rRodrf;ydkuf ,lvm;cvkd@ wckvnf;rusefcAsm,f? om;ao#/ orD;ao#&dk@ tbmh&ifcGifudkjyefvma&tcsdefcg trGDyD;zdk@ysifxm;a& ykpGefuefwd/ v,fpGufwdpGmvnf; taiG@ysHvm;c,ma0;³³³³³³³? tjrifhudka&mufatmif tjrifhqHk;udkysHoef;zdk@ xGufcGgvm;cuwfaw om;ao#/orD; ao#&dk@ tbmh&ifcGifxJu tjzpftysufwdudk wcsufacs aemufvSnfhowdrloifhAsm,f? roduGef aqmifyem vspfvsL&+,if; &SdqufysHoef;Edkifuwfzdk@qdkau om;ao#/ orD;ao#&dk@ jyefvma&tcsdef tbmh&ifcGifrSm _cDcszdk@edef&mawmif [dvdrfhrnfr[kwfAsm,f? ,if;twGufa-umifh tjrifhudka&mufatmif ZukefysHoef;edefuwfaw om;ao#/ orD;ao#&dk@ vkyfvufptvkyf/ zwfvufppmtkyf/ av#mfvufpt0wf/-unfhvufp&kyf&Sif/ pm;vuf prkef@wD pa&³³³³³³pa& pGmwdudk xm;ypfc_yD; tbmh&ifcGifwHcg;yg;wdk@ wacgufavmufjyefyem em;ckd tdyfpufzdk@ zdwfac:vdkufyg,ifha0³³³³³³³?

om;ao#/ orD ; ao#&d k @ . tbm

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

15


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

February,2011

?

urBmhaemufqHk;edef@udka&mufvm;auavh r_ydKysufbJ aemufqHk;usefczdk@ u|ef;wu|ef;jzpfedefzdk@pGm trSef&m? 0+dufabm(White board)oifykef;xufu zsufvdk@rysufa&pmom;wdudk zsufzdk@ enf;vrf;um; ,if;pmom;udk &D;xm;a&aqmhyefeef@ txufuxyf&D;_yD; zsufau&a&ydkif tENref u|ef;xufu oGD;puf/ rsuf&nf/ yHk&dyfwdudk azsmufysufzdk@enf;vrf;pGmvnf;aomh oGD;pufwd&m jzpfvDzdk@trSefygAsm,f? oGD;udkoGD;eef@acszsufrS&a&ydkif tENrefrsuf&nfwdudk qD;a-umzdk@wm0efum; ig&dk@ tm;aumif;armif;oefrsKd;qufopf &udQKifvli,facswduvGJvdk@ rSwyg;tjcm;r[dAsm,f? ig&dk@wd wm0efusD§rusD qdkpGmudk tENref0dOmOftaygif;wdu apmifh-unfhedefa&twGuf ig&dk@wdacwfrSm wm0efusDatmifxrf;aqmifuwfzdk@ &uQdKifrsKd;cspfvli,ftaygif;&dk@udk wdkufwGef;Edk;aqmfvdkufyga&?

q

jyefvmvwfyg om;ao# orD;ao#&d@k tjrifhudka&mufatmifysHoef;zdk@ tbmh&ifcGifxJu ,Hk-unfcsuf tm;rmeftjynfheef@ xGufcGgvmuwfawom;ao#/ orD;ao#&dk@ææedefaumif;uwfyga&rvm;´ edefaumif;uwfygpD vdk@vnf; tbmedef@pOfedef@wdkif; qkawmif;rdwWmydk@oedefpGm&m? tjrifhudka&mufatmifZukefysHoef;uwfyg? a&mufEdkifoavmuf a&mufatmif ysHoef; uwfyg? tjrifhqHk;udka&mufatmifysHoef;EdkifrS t0D;qHk;udk jrifEdkifzdk@r[kwfvm;a,? om;ao# / orD;ao#&dk@ tbmh&ifcGifxJu xGufvm;ca&tcsdefwkef;u tbmwa,muf Zmavmuf&ifem }uDuGJc&a&qdkpGm tbmwa,mufuvGJvdk@ Zmolvnf;rodEdkifa0 ³³³³³³³³? “olckd;trdridkEdkif” qdka&ydkif udk,fh'kuQtylrD;udk vljrifzdk@a-umufvdk@ rsKdodyf,if; aomurD;wd awmufavmifc&pGmavh tbmudk,fwdkiftod&ma0³³³? _cDacs/ vufacspHkvdk@ udk,fh_cDaxmufxufrSm udk,f&yfwnfzdk@twGuf xGufcGgvm;c uwfawom;acs/ orD;acs&@kd . &J0ahH &pdw"f gwef ef@owWu d kd tbmauseyfv, D if?h *k%, f l 0rf;ajrmuf vD,if?h wzufu-unfzh @kd qakd u tbmhtrd pf mG om;ao#/ orD;ao#&@kd pw d }f udKufeed v f @kd &a& ede&f mwd wyH}k uD;&m? tyltyifuif;uif;/ aomuuif;uif;eef@ pm;zd@k aomufz@kd ypl &mr[d? a,'gvnf;aomh t*kcsdefrSmawmh “tdrf}uD;&cdkif” qdka&bGJxl;/ *k%fxl;wd wckvnf;r[dvdkufAsm,fa0? EGD;xGD;tD;jra& tbmh&ifcGifxJu om;ao#/ orD;acs&dk@ rxGufauxGufvm;atmif wGef;tm;yD;edefa& tajctedefwdudk tbmem;vnfyg,ifh? tbmh&ifudk _cDpkefuefvdk@ xGufcGgvm;c uwfaw om;acs/ orD;acs&dk@udk tbmajymcsifpGmu udk,fh&yfudk,fh&Gm/ udk,fh_rDudk,fh&Dudk pGef@cGgvdk@ &Djcm;_rDjcm;wdkif;wyg;odk@ ynmoifzdk@/ tvkyfvkyfzdk@tjyif wjcm;ta-umif;trsKd;rsKd;eef@ xGufcGg

14

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

February,2011

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif Dr. !dkxGef;atmif

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vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

11


&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

February,2011

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(1998/azaz:0g&Dv (11)&ufedef@wGif tuf'refu|ef;rSm wdkif;jynfeef@vlrsdK;twGuf toufpGef@ v$wcf uwfaom &uQKd ift h mZmenfo&l aJ umif;Adv k &f mZmeef@ ol&aJ umif;taygi;f wdukd atmufred @f owd&v#uf³³³³³³³?)

q

tENrefrsuf&nf

(bk e f ; jrwf )

tdk³³³³³³awmfvSefa&;vrf;jy-u,f³³³³³³³³³³³ ZmtwGufeef@ to#if&dk@udk oDrif;utvkt,uf tapm}uD;ac:aqmifvm;c&ygvJ? azaz:0g&D nZmbufrmS jzpfysucf a& tjzpftysu?f &cdik Ef ikd if aH wmftwGuf tpm;xd;k r&a& qH;k ,+;H r+ wck? t}uHtzefr[kwf/ trSeftuefjzpfysufca& tjzpftysuf? edef&mum; tENrefu|ef;? tENrefu|ef;qdkpGm uy`vDyifv,fxJu u|ef;wu|ef;? a'u|ef;xufrSm &ufpuf,kwf rmaumufuspaf & vlwodu k af -umifh &cdik o f m;wdtzd@k awmfveS af &;used pf m_rD jzpfc&Asm,f? a'u|e;f u oJaomifjyifwdatmufrSm a'tjzpftysufwdudk azsmufysufzdk@ }udK;pm;cuwfauavh oDqHk; aysmufu, G v f m;ca& tmZmeD ol&aJ umif;taygi;f &d@k 0dOmOfwpd mG um; uede@f xufwikd f [deed q f &J m? &SifoefedefqJ&m? 12

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

@

February,2011

&cdik vhf wG vf yfa&;pmapmif

tENrefu|ef;a& obm0w&m;. zefwD;r+atmufrSm vSycsifwdkif; vSyedefauavh ig&dk@ &cdkifom;wdtzdk@ tusnf;weft&kyfqdk;pDa& u|ef;wu|ef;jzpfc&Asm,f? vdrfvnfr+/ vSnfhjzm;r+/ &ufpufr+/ -urf;-uKwfr+/ opPmazmufr+/ yl;aygif;vkyf}uHr+ qdka&pum;vHk;wdeef@ a'tENrefu|ef;a& trJpGef;cvDAsm,f? a'u|ef;xufrSm pGef;xif;ca&/ oGD;_rDusc&a& ig&dk@ &cdkifeef@ u&ifawmfvSefa&; acgi;f aqmif}uD;&d@k . oG;D pufwd rsu&f nfpufwpd mG ESpu f mv-umanmif;vm;cauavh a'ede@f xuf wdkif rajcmufoGdEdkifodrfh? aysmufuG,frvm;Edkifodrfh? t0D;u wdkufcwfvma& vD_yDvDnif;wdeef@ twlygvma& &eH@wdum; cGg!dk&eH@r[kwf? awmfvSefa&;vrf;jy-u,feef@ taygif;tyg&dk@.oGD;puf&eH@wd&m? jymodk/ wydk@wGJ tcsrf;}uD;a& azaz:0g&Dudka&mufwdkif; &uQdKifol§om; taygif;&dk@ rsuf&nfrdk;&GmoGef;&a&? rsuf&nfqdkauavh &dk;&dk;wef;wef;usa&rsuf&nfr[kwf? tENrefrsuf&nfvdk@qdk&ygzdk@? tENrefu|ef;xufu tjzpf tysufwdtwGuf us&a&rsuf&nf/ t-[wfajyrsuf&nfr[kwf? ordkif;oufoD tENrefrsuf&nf r[kwf? woufrusDa& tENrefrsuf&nfyg&m? ig&dk@wd. awmfvSefa&;vrf;jy-u,fwyGifhjzpfaw Adkvf&mZm.b0um; tz&udQKif Edik if aH wmfvw G af jrmufa&;twGuf Edik if eH ef@vrl sK;d udu k muG,, f if; toufy;D c&pGmr[kwb f J aumuf vkyf}uH owfjzw uspfol tdENd,axmufvSrf;a&;eef@ taygif;&dk@. &ufpuf,kwfrmr+atmufrSm “vk zwf jcif;” qdka& tjyKtrlwda-umifh ydk_yD;&ifemzdk@aumif;c&a&? a'tjyKtrl. aemufqufwGJtedefeef@ &uQdKifawmfvSef&D; t!Gef@wHk;c&_yD; awmfvSef&D;rsKd;qufjywfjcif;eef@twl vGwfvyfa&;yef;wdkifudk ta&mufvSrf;zdk@ tcsdefwdaemufusc&pGm a'uedef@xufwdkif&m? &uQdKifom;tcsKd@a& azaz:0g&D (13) &uf AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;rGD;edef@udk owd&wwf uwf_yD; azaz:0g&D (14) cspfolrsm;edef@qdkau &ckdifom;wdkif;qifEGJuwfaw? a'edef@&ufwdudk ra&mufcifjzpfaw azaz:0g&D (11) &ufedef@udkum; rdef@edefuwfaw? twGufray:? azaz:0g&D (11) &ufedef@pGmum; ig&dk@&uQdKifawmfvSefa&;. vrf;jy-u,fwpif;jzpf aw Adv k &f mZmeef@taygi;f ygwu d kd uy`vyD ifv,fjyifxu J tENrefu|e;f rSm tdE, dN axmufvrS ;f a&; u oGD;tD;tD;eef@ tuGufususvkyf}uHcH&pGm t*k (2011) qdkau (13)ESpf wif;wif;jynfhcAsm,f? a'edef@udka&mufwdkif; urBmedef&mtES@HrSm “ckdif&mZmedef@” qdk_yD;au &uQdKifom;taygif;&dk@u atmufrdzG,fedef@udk usif;yuwfa&? a'ydkifrsKd;usif;yEdkifrS&m tENrefu|ef;xufu urBmhtusOf;wefqHk;eef@atmufwef; tusqHk;vkyf&yfudk &uQdKifwrsKd;om;vHk; od[dEdkif_yD; ppfrSefa& awmfvSef&D; vrf;a-umif;jyefyGifhvm Edkifayvdrfhrnf? tENrefu|ef;xufu tvSnfhtajymif; tcsKd;tauG@um; &uQdKifwrsKd;om;vHk; ar#mf vifhawmifhwedefa& vGwfvyfa&;ar#mfvifhcsufudk qHk;,+H;c&yem ar#mifhvifhcsufuif;rJhca&? a'ydkif ar#mfvifhcsufuif;rJh&a&twGuf &uQdKifawmfvSef&D; t"Gef@&Snfzdk@tvSnfhtajymif;wcktjzpf &uQdKif om;trsm;pku,H-k unfcsu[ f ad &? vGwv f yfawvDu, kd LS ,du + zf @kd ede@f &ufwed ef@tvSr;f 0D;edeq f &J m? *vdkb,fvdkifaZ;csef;/ &moDOwkazmufjyefjcif;/ opfawmjyKef;wD;jcif;/ &DcJjrpf t&nfaysmfjcif;/ tdkZkef;v$mydkus,fvmjcif; pa&³³³³³³pa& urBmhedef&mtoD;oD;rSm jzpfysufajymif; vJedefauvnf; a'tENrefu|ef;xufu tjzpftysufuawmh 'kef;(pf)a';(Doomsday) jzpfaw

vlxok nfawmfveS af &;\&if;jrpfjzpfonf

13

02.2011  

v S e f a &amp; ;\ &amp; i f j z p f +zdKzsufjcif;cH&amp;+yD;aemuf wGdjrif&amp;aom jrpfem;&amp;Gm oHjzLausmif; +zdKzsufjcif;rcH&amp;cifu wGd...

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