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NArchitecture T

4/16/2018 AR. AARON LECCIONES

Ballesteros | Baybay | Faller


contents 1 Executive Summary 2 Building Profile

03

04-09 3 Thermal Comfort Profile 10-45 4 Sustainability Assessment 46-62 6 Simulated Green Rating 63-75 7 Building Automation 76-77

Tropdes DAR1 02


executive summary The NArchitecture have embarked upon an effort to reduce the energy consumption and costs for their chosen hypothetical project and as a result, reduce its carbon footprint. The two-storey residential, in Trinidad Valley, Tagaytay was selected as the location for the proposed residential housing for an institutional work. Any energy efficiency measures recommended in this report have been proven as commercially reliable based on the computed payback criteria specified: <5 years

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building profile This is a two-storey residential housing, located at an executive village in Trinidad Valley, Tagaytay City. The residential houses a hypothetical family of 3 individuals, mainly the parents and their pre-adolescent child. It showcases a front porch and a backyard veranda in its exterior spaces. With two bedrooms, two toilet and bath, living area, dining area, kitchen with a pantry closet, family room, utilities room, and a storage room that is also used as a playroom.

Tropdes DAR1 04


SITE

Site Location

SITE

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plans & elevations

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Front Elevation

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elevations & sections

Left Side Elevation

Right Side Elevation Tropdes DAR1 08


Longitudinal Section

Cross Section ballesteros-baybay-faller 09


Thermal comfort profile

Bioclimatic Chart

(as built)

Tropdes DAR1 10

MONTH

AVERAGE TEMPERATURE (Ë&#x161;C)

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

JANUARY

25.6

76

FEBRUARY

25.7

71

MARCH

26.4

69

APRIL

27.3

69

MAY

28.2

73

JUNE

28.2

78

JULY

27.8

85

AUGUST

28

83

SEPTEMBER

27.8

83

OCTOBER

27.2

80

NOVEMBER

26.7

76

DECEMBER

26.2

78

COLOR


Note: no months fall in the comfort zone

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environmental factors

AVERAGE WIND SPEED OF TAGAYTAY

AVERAGE SUN HOURS OF TAGAYTAY

Tropdes DAR1 12


AVERAGE MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE OF TAGAYTAY

AVERAGE MONTHLY RAINY DAYS OVER THE YEAR

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South West | Habagat Tropdes DAR1 10


North East | Amihan Tropdes DAR1 10


Basement - Amihan

Basement - Habagat


Ground Floor - Amihan

Ground Floor - Habagat


Air Movement - Amihan


Air Movement - Habagat


T

COMFORT INTERVENTION


T

COMFORT Horizontal Brise-Soleil

INTERVENTION

EXTERNAL SHADE ●

● ●

LOCATED ON THE UPPER PART OF THE WINDOWS GIVES MAXIMUM VIEW REDUCES HEAT ENTRY BY SOLAR RADIATION NO OBSTRUCTION IN WIND FLOW


T

COMFORT CURTAINS/DUAL SHADE CURTAIN

INTERVENTION

INTERNAL SHADE

● ●

● ●

CURTAINS FOR INTERIOR SHADING REDUCES HEAT ENTRY BY SOLAR RADIATION VERSATILE AND EFFECTIVE ALLOWS SOME LIGHT INTO THE ROOM BUT PROTECTS THE ROOM FROM HARSH DIRECT SUNLIGHT


T

COMFORT INTERVENTION

PROPOSED THIRD FLOOR


T

COMFORT INTERVENTION

Masters Bedroom

B&T

PROPOSED THIRD FLOOR

Bedroom


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

EQUINOXES MARCH 21 - TOP VIEW

LATITUDE: 14°07'21.0"N LONGTITUDE: 120°58'56.8"E

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

EQUINOXES MARCH 21 - FRONT ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

EQUINOXES MARCH 21 - REAR ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

EQUINOXES MARCH 21 - RIGHT ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

EQUINOXES MARCH 21 - LEFT ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (intervention)

SUMMER SOLSTICE APRIL 21 - TOP VIEW

LATITUDE: 14°07'21.0"N LONGTITUDE: 120°58'56.8"E

8:00 AM Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

SUMMER SOLSTICE APRIL 21 - FRONT ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

SUMMER SOLSTICE APRIL 21 - REAR ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

SUMMER SOLSTICE APRIL 21 - RIGHT SIDE ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

SUMMER SOLSTICE APRIL 21 - LEFT SIDE ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (intervention)

EQUINOXES MARCH 21 - TOP VIEW

LATITUDE: 14°07'21.0"N LONGTITUDE: 120°58'56.8"E

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

EQUINOXES SEPTEMBER 2 - FRONT ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

EQUINOXES SEPTEMBER 2 - REAR ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

EQUINOXES SEPTEMBER 2 - RIGHT ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

EQUINOXES SEPTEMBER 2 - LEFT ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (intervention)

WINTER SOLSTICE DECEMBER 21 - TOP VIEW

LATITUDE: 14°07'21.0"N LONGTITUDE: 120°58'56.8"E

8:00 AM Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

WINTER SOLSTICE DECEMBER 21 - FRONT ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

WINTER SOLSTICE DECEMBER 21 - REAR ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

WINTER SOLSTICE DECEMBER 21 - REAR ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

EQUINOXES SEPTEMBER 2 - LEFT ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Thermal comfort profile (as built)

EQUINOXES SEPTEMBER 2 - RIGHT ELEVATION

8:00 AM

Tropdes DAR1 10

10:00 AM

12:00 PM

2:00 PM

4:00 PM


Sustainability Assessment


Energy Audit Home Appliances Energy Consumption APPLIANCE

WATTS

HOURS USED

EST. ENERGY CONSUMPTION per HOUR (kWh/hr)

REFRIGERATO R

235

24 HRS

1.553

AIR CONDITIONER

1150

WASHING MACHINE

2000

RICE COOKER

900

.20 HRS

.317

WATER HEATER

1600

1.5 HRS

.166

MICROWAVE

900

.30 HRS

.094

TELEVISION

153

5 HRS

.1515

COMPUTER

82

4 HRS

.344

FAN

140

6 HRS

.0620

EST. COST per MONTH

262.7676 10 HRS

.2724

93.978 3 HRS

.086

15.48 1.7118 11.952 0.7614 3.476925 3.38496 1.5624

Sustainability Assessment


APPLIANCE

WATTS

HOURS USED

EST. ENERGY CONSUMPTION per HOUR (kWh/hr)

LIGHTING

18

10 HRS

.0138

CELL PHONE CHARGER

6

2 HRS

.015

ROUTER

6

24 HRS

.14

ELECTRIC STOVE

4000

4 HRS

3.00

FLAT IRON

600

3HRS

.467

25.218

Total

1860.977

kWH formula REFRIGERATOR=

● ●

Annual Cost formula ● ● REFRIGERATOR=

EST. COST per MONTH

0.07452 0.0054 0.6048 1440

(Watts x Hours)/1000 (235 watts) (24hrs)/1000 = 5.64kWH kWH(kWH Rate)(30 days) (5.64kWh)(P8.72)(30 days) = PhP 1475.42

ENERGY AUDIT kWh-Meralco (2018) = PhP 8.72 per/kwh

Sustainability Assessment ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


Material Technologies

Recycled wood is used as wood planks for flooring and decorative purposes. Recycled Wood

Energy Efficiency Assessment ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


OFF-WHITE SLATE ROOF & WHITE PAINT

Off-white paint and roof slate material is used for the residential. This helps in efficiency of the residential because the exterior reflects back the sun rays and does not absorb heat fast.

Energy Efficiency Assessment ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


Material Technologies

Plastic Composite Lumber

A plastic plank is also used in some areas of the residential where plastic wastes are melted and shaped into planks to be used as a construction material.

Energy Efficiency Assessment ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


Double Glazing Glass

The residential also uses double glazing glass where it improves in its efficiency for it blocks off direct harsh sunlight and is able to balance na temperature inside the household when the weather is high.

Energy Efficiency Assessment ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


1 SOLAR PANEL = 1kWh PER DAY 46kWh IS CONSUMED PER DAY thus will need 46 solar panels to meet 100% of the average energy needs. However, the current status of the house has only 16 SOLAR PANEL which produces 16kWh PER DAY, thus only meeting 30% of the average energy needs, reducing 140php off the bill.

EFFICIENCY RATING: SLIGHTLY EFFICIENT

Off-Grid Scenario Analysis ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


1 SOLAR PANEL = 1kWh PER DAY 55kWh is needed to live 110% off the grid, which will need 55 solar panels to produce the needed energy requirement

Off-Grid Scenario Analysis ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


3 TANKS WILL BE NEEDED TO PROVIDE WATER FOR 3 INDIVIDUAL FOR 2 MONTHS.

150 LITERS OF WATER IS CONSUMED BY AN INDIVIDUAL EVERY DAY. TANK WITH 8.7m cube of VOLUME = CAN STORE 8700 LITERS. 8700 LITERS CAN LAST FOR 58 DAYS FOR AN INDIVIDUAL.

Off-Grid Scenario Analysis ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


DRAIN WATER HEAT RECOVERY

Drain Water Heat Recovery device is an energy pipe which can capture/recovery heat from hot drain water. THIS SYSTEM CAN BE USED TO RECOVER 58% OF HEAT FROM THE DRAIN WATER.

Energy Capture ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


DOMESTIC BIOGAS HARVESTING

USE A HOME-SIZED BIOGAS UNIT THAT TAKES ORGANIC WATER TO CONVERT IT INTO BIOGAS USED FOR COOKING AND TO PRODUCE 5-8 LITERS OF FERTILIZER. A BIOGAS UNIT CAN TAKE 6 LITERS OF FOOD WASTE THAT CAN BE CONVERTED INTO A CLEAN-BURNING FUEL FOR COOKING OR HEATING WATER. 1 KILO OF FOOD WASTE = 200 LITERS OF GAS = 1 HOUR OF HIGH FLAME. 1KILO = 1LITER ----> 8 LITERS OF WASTE = 1600 LITERS OF GAS = 6 HOURS OF HIGH FLAME COOKING.

Materials and Indoor Air Quality ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


RECYCLED WOOD

CLASSIFIED

CLASSIFIED

ZERO-VOC

ZERO-VOC

PAINTS

ADHESIVES

CROSS VENTILATION HAVING PROPER VENTILATION FOR THE STRUCTURE WILL HELP THE CIRCULATION OF VOC POLLUTANT TO GO OUT OF THE STRUCTURE

Materials and Indoor Air Quality ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


WASTE REDUCTION

LAND CLEARING DURING CONSTRUCTION

To reduce waste during land clearing, the the trees or bushes cleared out can be recycled as compost or mulch (or better yet, incorporate the trees into the design so it will no longer be needed to be cut down). The soil digged up during land clearing can be reused as fill and cover.

COCO LUMBER DURING CONSTRUCTION

To reduce waste during construction, the coco lumber used during construction can be recycled and be used for personalized furnitures or design materials for the other components of the building, like furnitures and wall design.

Building Waste Management ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


DISASTER WASTE LANDSLIDE SOIL FROM LANDSLIDES CAN BE RECYCLED AND REUSED FOR NEW CONSTRUCTION OF THE BUILDING THROUGH THE PROCESS AND TECHNIQUE OF RAMMED EARTH. USING RAMMED EARTH (LANDSLIDE SOIL) FOR THE WALLS AND FLOORING OF THE BUILDING.

SITE WASTE NEWSPAPER WOOD

Newspaper trash can be gathered and recycled by gluing newspaper together and rolling them tightly and then resulting into a wood like texture that mimics the rings of a tree.

Building Waste Management ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


RESOURCE EFFICIENCY FROM GAS TO ELECTRIC

Using natural gas for cooking and heating is a wastage in resources and harmful to the environment. Having a house designed for sustaining 110% off grid can be a key in providing efficient energy to produce heat and rely on renewable energy. Having to produce much energy can benefit neighborhood in supplying efficient clean power.

the

Operating Waste Management ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


FREE HEAT FOR HOT WATER

Air Conditioner produces a lot of heat during operation in its compressor that is wasted. Utilizing the heat in its compressor can produce hot water without using water heater that consumes a lot of energy. Most people being dependent on hot water in taking a shower can use this efficient heating.

Operating Waste Management ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


E

SIMULATED Green Rating


Projected Green Rating Level Using the EDGE App, we come up with these charts in order to assess its sustainability target and to develop and redesign the structures green rating level

Sustainability Assessment


Sustainability Assessment ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


SWOT Analysis

-

-

-

High elevation produces colder air Few residential houses Good scenery

Steep roads Directly hit by sunlight Windows are not directly aligned to Amihan and Habagat wind Far from the market

ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


-

Location can be used to make the house sustainable by using solar systems.

-Prone to landslide -Prone to overpopulation in a few years

SWOT Analysis ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


Sustainability Strategy

-WIND CATCHER METHOD FOR ROOMS

ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


Sustainability Strategy -GREEN INTERVENTION TO REDUCE DIRECT SUNLIGHT

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Sustainability Strategy

-SMALL SCALE FARMING AT HOME

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Sustainability Strategy

ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


1. OPENINGS (WINDOWS) -USE OF CORRECT WINDOWS THAT ALLOWS AIR TO ENTER CONSTANTLY

2. EXTERIOR COMPONENTS -GREENERY -WATER SYSTEM -EXTERIOR REPAINT TO WHITE

3. CEILING DESIGN -CONSTRUCT CEILING OPENINGS TO CREATE A VENTURI EFFECT AS THE WIND ENTERS THE SPACES

Areas for Intervention Focus ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


1. BUILDING MATERIALS -CHANGING OF ROOFING MATERIAL AND FINISH 2. INTERIOR SPACES -DECLUTTER FURNITURE TO REDUCE INTERIOR HEAT AND SPACE

Secondary Concentration Area ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


Technologies to be used Energy Efficiency

1. 2. 3. 4.

Solar Panel Motion Sensor Lights Solar Water Heater Solar Tube Light

Water Efficiency

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Rainwater Harvesting Grey Water Recycling Dual Flush Toilet-Sink Low-Flow Faucet Aerator

ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


Technologies to be used Material Efficiency

1. 2.

Heat Control Window Film Reflective Roof Paint

ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


Building Smart Automations Fire Detection & Alarm Installing Fire Alarms for the safety of the users. It automatically configures the home systemâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sprinklers.

Security Access & Control Installing this will only allow specific individuals to enter the residential

Digital Video CCTV Having CCTV Cameras will increase the homeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s safety measures.

Installing a BAS Automation Server will have control over lighting sensors, energy meters, and cooling temperature of the house. ballesteros-baybay-faller 13


Building Smart Automations Energy Control Management

Water Control & Heating System Through the BAS System, the water heating system will be controlled.

Window Automation Drives

Through the BAS System, the energy consumption will be controlled & metered accordingly.

Lighting Control Through the BAS System, the brightness of the lightings will be controlled.

Through the BAS System, the window blinds of the windows will be controlled.

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NArchitecture - Sustainable Design for Tropical Climates  

Reporters: Ballesteros, Faller, Baybay Mentor: Ar. Aaron Lecciones

NArchitecture - Sustainable Design for Tropical Climates  

Reporters: Ballesteros, Faller, Baybay Mentor: Ar. Aaron Lecciones

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