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THE DUTCH ISLANDS


The Dutch Islands. A television concept about the unique nature there is to find in the Dutch Wadden Islands. This is a two episode concept. The islands have independently some nature aspects wich is rarely seen in the world. They all share the Waddensea. The waddensea is an unique aspect. It´s an interdidal zone with a unique kind of nature. The Waddensea is therefore part of the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Texel is the first of the Islands. / 13,715 habitants / 162,54 km² / 100 different birds / Texel Sheep / VOC history / Marshes / Capital: Den Burg

In this series you will see the history, future and unique nature and wildlife there is to find in the Wadden area.

Lighthouse on Texel

THE DUTCH ISLANDS


Vlieland is the second of the Islands. / 1.151 habitants / 36,16 km² / 0.4 km² inhabited / Vliehors / Dunes / Marshes

Lighthouse on Vlieland

Every year as many as 10 to 12 million migrating birds stop over in the Wadden Area for short or extended periods. Only here will they find enough food to complete their journey of thousands of kilometres.

THE DUTCH ISLANDS

More than 10,000 species of terrestrial and aquatic animals, from single-celled organisms to fishes, birds and mammals, can be found in the Wadden Sea.


Terschelling is the third of the Islands. / 4.724 habitants / 87,11 km² / Capital: West-Terschelling / Arise in the Middle Ages / 1666 war with English Fleet

/Brandaris Lighthouse /Cranberrys /Boschplaat /Dunes

Lighthouse on Terschelling

THE DUTCH ISLANDS


Ameland is the second of the Islands. / 3.504 habitants / 59,18 km² / Arise in 1287 (stormflood) / Flora & Fauna / Marshes

Lighthouse on Ameland

The Wadden Sea has many different kinds of habitat and therefore offers a home to many plant and animal species.


THE DUTCH ISLANDS

Schiermonnikoog is the fifth and last Island. / 957 habitants / 40,79 km² / Capital: Schiermonnikoog / Arise in the 1287 as Ameland. / Lot’s of birds during migration

/ Widest beach of the Islands / Flora & Fauna / Dunes


/Afsluitdijk One of the greatest achievements nearby the Islands is the Afsluitdijk. The 30 km road separates the Waddensea and the Ijsselmeer.

IJsselmeer. / Fishing specialities / Fishing history / Water resevoir / Nature / Fresh water


THE DUTCH ISLANDS


The Wadden Sea has many different kinds of habitat and therefore offers a home to many plant and animal species. More than 10,000 species of terrestrial and aquatic animals, from single-celled organisms to fishes, birds and mammals, can be found in the Wadden Sea. Every year as many as 10 to 12 million migrating birds on their way from their breeding areas in Siberia, Canada or Scandinavia to their wintering grounds in West Europe and Africa stop over in the Wadden Area for short or extended periods. Only here will they find enough food to complete their journey of thousands of kilometres.

WADDENSEA

The Wadden Sea is unique in the whole world in demonstrating how nature, plants and animals adapt themselves to constantly changing conditions in an area where fresh water (from land) and salt water (from the ocean) meet. The continuous interplay between wind, sand and tides in the Wadden Sea has created an incredible range of plants and animals specially adapted to cope with these changes. This huge variety is the magnificent result of natural processes that have been at play since the last Ice Age.


The wadden region is relatively young. It only formed during the post-glacial period, around 7000 years ago. Although even now sandbanks and dunes are still forming and eroding in a rapid tempo. The dynamics of the area are unique. You still find landscapes in all phases of development. Even today with your own eyes, you can see and experience how landscapes were created in the glacial period.

THE DUTCH ISLANDS


SUBJECTS TIDES WILDLIFE Vlieland: ‘Vliehors’

MARSHES SEALS: ‘Between the Islands’

TERSCHELLING

NATURE: ‘Plants on the Islands’

TEXEL

INSECTS: ‘Zandkuil’ Texel

VLIELAND

HISTORY ABOUT THE THREE ISLANDS

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EPISODE 1

THE DUTCH ISLANDS

SUBJECTS HISTORY ABOUT THE TWO ISLANDS WADDENSEA SCHIERMONNIKOOG

AMELAND

WILDLIFE

Afsluitdijk: History and Future WADDENSEA: Constant changing nature

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EPISODE 2


THE DUTCH ISLANDS FRISIAN LAKES

Frysl창n owns the largest one-piece lake territory of western Europe that has developed itself approximately five hundred year for the beginning of our era. The many puddles of the peat bog country, from which the middle Friesland then largely existed, were increased by regular floods of the North Sea. A number of rivers and streams, that in this time through this low country to sea streamed, made the country very vulnerable for the sea and periods of large rain fall.

The everlasting battle: Water

FRISIAN LAKES Additional series


ADDITIONAL EPISODE

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FRISIAN LAKES

SUBJECTS Summer recreation

Frisian lakes: Nature

Sailing Traditions

Flora&Fauna Elfstedentocht

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CITIES: Sneek


STORY What makes this region so special?

TIDES

Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces by the moon and the sun and the rotation of the Earth. During the last ice age approximately 12.000 years ago, the sea level was about sixtt meters below the current level and the Notrh Sea was dry land. Due to melting of the ice caps, the sea level rose and the water submerged to the North Sea. The current coastline did arise approximately 7000 years ago.

Mudflat hiking

The Dutch Islands The Wadden The North Sea

The waddensea is due to the tides an intertidal zone. The area is above water at low tide and under water at high tide. The waddensea is famous for its rich flora and fauna. Besides that is rich in biological diversity. Combined it is a perfect shelter for wildlife and sealife. Without the tides this region would have been never as special as it is now.


WILDLIFE 10.000 species of plants and animals live in the Wadden Sea, from microscopic organisms to fish, birds and mammals. It’s called a tanking station for the around ten / twelve million migrating birds that spend a short or longer period of time in de wadden region. While traveling to their nesting ground in the borders of the North Pole region to their winter as far as Africa and back again. The birds can complete their journey due to the sufficient amount of food there is to find in the Wadden Region. Without it would not be possible.

The populatiopn of grey seals is around 2200. The population of grey seals in the Wadden Sea is increasing. They almost disappeared from Dutch Waters during the Middle Ages until the of its kind made it here across the Notrh Sea from the English coastel waters round 1990’s. In the whole region included Denmark and Germany and The Netherlands there are around 22.000 seals. A little above a quaters are found in Dutch Waters.


THE ISLANDS THE DUTCH ISLANDS

TEXEL AMELAND

VLIELAND TERSCHELLING SCHIERMONNIKOOG

Beaches and dunes. Marshes. Small islands. Mudflats. The region is special. The dunes host many birds. On the islands there are a lot of rabbits. The holes are good nestling positions besides the dense shrubs and herbal vegitation. In the natural systems, wind and water are important components of the geomorphological processes that enable young dunes to wander freely. At the coast they are mostly artificially curbed to defend the coast against the sea. The Wadden Sea is a true wilderness, one of the last in Northwest Europe. Besides the Dutch Islands the mudflats and the immense tideal area stretches over three countries. Denmark, Germany and The Netherlands. Like everywhere there is a human intervention. The human activities like large scale fisheries, growing mass tourism, industrial developments, intensive farming and even military training are damaging the fragile ecosystem. These problems are discussed and solutions have to been found in the near future. For restoring the region in it’s original state.

NATURE SOLUTIONS THREATS PROBLEMS


FUTURE

The Afsluitdijk. Build in 1932 is still a great achievement by the Dutch. The governement is planning a big update ortotal renewel of the dike. Because of higher water positions a climate change. There are different suggestions. Four options are being researched. The options wich are being is discussed are advanced and futuristic. Energy solutions like extracting energy between salt and freshwater en are examined. Besides this there are some other options. A total natural dike and ecosystem between the Wadden Sea and the Ijsselmeer. Wich creates a region with a natural barrier between the salt and fresh water.

PAST


Twice ervery day the tidal mudflats are covered by the sea. When the tide ebbs, the mud has been enriched with organic matter. The result? The mud is teeming with organic life. Wich provides a curcial refuelling stop for millions of migratory birds.

BIRDS


Migration remains one of the most compelling aspects of the avain world. Twice a year, billions of birds migrate vast distances across the globe. The East Atlantic Flyway links a discontinuous band of artic breeding groungs that stretch from Canada to east to central Siberia with wintering grounds in Western Europe and West Africa. Each autumn, huge numbers of arctic migrants, especially waterbirds, converge on Western Europe from the far north. For many arctic migrants, especially ducks, geese and swans, Western Europe is the final destination. For others, it is a stepping stone on a journey that will eventually conclude at wintering grounds in Africa. Here arctic passage migrants For many soaring birds, constrained by a need for updrafts and thermals to maintain their flight, the Mediterranean Sea poses a considerable obstacle. Consequently, many birds of prey choose to make the crossing at its narrowest point – the Straits of Gibraltar. During the migration season an estimated 250,000 raptors pass over Gibraltar.

The East Atlantic Flyway


LIFE Birds. Wildlife. What do they eat ? The water positions in the Waddensea are low. This has a effect on the wildlife. The water is more shallow then a place like the North Sea. Fish, plancton, shellfish, worms and plants grow very well in the shallow waters. Because it is shallow the temperatures of the sea are higher wich gives the plants and wildlife a opportunity to grow well and safe. All this factors togheter means that life in it’s newest forms can grow relative easeliy.

Waddensea Northsea English Channel The North Sea. This sea is part of the Atlantic Ocean. This ocean is part of the Atlantic Ocean. The North Sea connects trough the English Channel and the Norwegian Sea in the north. The North Sea has long been and still is a important site. Because of fishery and ofcourse the European shipping lanes. In fact the English channel is one of the busiest sea ways. As a busy shipping lane, the English channel experiences enviromental problems following accidents involving ships with toxic cargo and oil spills.


Human intervention


SERIES THE DUTCH ISLANDS The Dutch Islands. From Africa to Siberia. The waddensea is unique area on earth. Animals are living, growing or feeding in special conditions. All over the globe there are birds that travel amazing distances to feed and brood in this area of the world. They depend on food and a place to shelter. The Dutch Islands are giving those things for centuries to the animals.

Coastal wetlands are not always the richest sites in relation to faunal diversity, however this is not the case for the Wadden Sea. The salt marshes host around 2,300 species of flora and fauna, and the marine and brackish areas a further 2,700 species, and 30 species of breeding birds. The clearest indicator of the im der conditions of rising sea-level. Highly dynamic natural processes are uninterrupted across the vast majority of the property, creating a variety of different barrier islands, channels, flats, gullies, saltmarshes and other coastal and sedimentary features. It is also one of the best-studied coastal areas on the planet, providing lessons of wider scientific importance for wetland and coastal management of international importance.

The Wadden Sea is the largest unbroken system of intertidal sand and mudflats in the world, with most of it’s natural processes undisturbed. It is considered as one of the most important areas for migratory birds in the world, and is connected to a network of other key sites for migratory birds. It’s importance is not only the context of the East Atlantic Flyway but also in cirital role it plays in the conservation of African-Eurasian migratory waterbirds.


THE DUTCH ISLANDS

PRESERVE NATURE

FUTURE AND PAST Waddensea


THE DUTCH ISLANDS

The Dutch Islands  

The Dutch Islands: This is a television concept about the upper north of Holland.

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