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‫‪ 08‬اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫رﻣﻀﺎن ﻫﺬه‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‪ ..‬ﻏﻴﺮ‬

‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖ اﻟﻤﺠﻬﺮ‬

‫أ‪.‬د‪ .‬ﺑﻬﻴﺠﺔ ﺑﻬﺒﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫‪bahijalbehbehani@yaho.com‬‬

‫‪¥oŸz6ò7f›òÔXÔ8‬‬ ‫‪@Hesham_Alawadi‬‬

‫ﻋﻨﺪي ﺷﻌﻮر ﺑــﺄن رﻣـﻀــﺎن ﻫــﺬه اﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻏﻴﺮ رﻣـﻀــﺎن ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟ ـﺴ ـﻨــﻮات اﳌــﺎﺿ ـﻴــﺔ‪ ،‬وأن ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻠﻨﺎ ﻣـﻌــﻪ ﻫــﺬه اﻟـﺴـﻨــﺔ ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻐﻴﺮ‪ ،‬وﻟﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻠﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﻨﻮات اﳌﺎﺿﻴﺔ‪ .‬رﻣﻀﺎن ﻟﻢ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻦ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ّ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﺮﻧﺎ‪ .‬ﺷﻌﺮﻧﺎ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺑﺄﻧﻨﺎ ﻛﻤﻦ »أ ِﺧﺬ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣــﲔ ﻏـ ّـﺮة« ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺟــﺎء رﻣـﻀــﺎن‪ ،‬إﻧــﻪ ﻧﻔﺲ اﻟﺸﻌﻮر‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اﻟــﺬي ﻳﻌﺘﺮﻳﻚ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗـﺘــﻮﻗــﻊ ﺿﻴﻔﴼ ﻳﺄﺗﻴﻚ ﻓــﻲ اﻟﺜﺎﻣﻨﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻄﺮق ﺑﺎﺑﻚ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻌﺔ‪ ،‬أو أن ﺗﻮﻗﻌﺘﻪ ﻏﺪﴽ ﻓﺄﺗﺎك اﻟﻴﻮم‪.‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺼﻮره أن ﻳﺄﺗﻲ ﺑﻬﺬه‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺖ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ أﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﺄﺗﻲ‪ ،‬وﻟﻜﻨﻚ ﻟﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺮﻋﺔ أو اﻟﻔﺠﺄة‪ .‬وﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺿﻊ أي ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﻤﺤﺒﺘﻚ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻀﻴﻒ‪ ،‬وﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻋﻨﺼﺮ اﳌﻔﺎﺟﺄة‪.‬‬ ‫وﺗﺸﻌﺮ ﺑﻬﺬا اﻹﺣﺴﺎس ﻓﻲ ﻣﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﻛﺜﻴﺮة رﻣﺰﻳﺔ‪ :‬ﻓﻲ ﻋﺪد‬ ‫اﳌﺼﻠﲔ ﻓﻲ ﺻــﻼة اﻟـﺘــﺮاوﻳــﺢ‪ ،‬وﻓــﻲ ﺧﻄﺐ اﻟﺠﻤﻌﺔ‪ ،‬وﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺮاﻣﺞ اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬وﻓﻲ اﳌﺰاج اﻟﻌﺎم ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻨﺎس‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓــﻲ اﳌ ــﺎﺿ ــﻲ‪ ،‬ﻛـﻨــﺎ ﻧـﺸـﻌــﺮ ﺑــﺄﻧـﻨــﺎ ﻛـﻨــﺎ أﻛ ـﺜــﺮ ﻟ ـﻴــﺎﻗــﺔ‪ ،‬وأﻛـﺜــﺮ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وﻧﺘﺰﻳﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻌﺪادا‪ ،‬وﻗﺒﻞ أن ﻳﺄﺗﻲ رﻣﻀﺎن ﺑﺄﻳﺎم ﻧﺘﻬﻴﺄ ﻟﻪ‬ ‫وﻟﻜﻦ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‪ .‬ﳌﺎذا؟ ﳌﺎذا اﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻟﻨﺎ ‪ -‬ورﺑﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺑـﻌـﻀـﻨــﺎ ‪ -‬رﻣ ـﻀــﺎن ﻫ ــﺬه اﻟ ـﺴ ـﻨــﺔ ﺑـ ــﺎرد ﻫـ ــﺬا‪ ،‬رﻏ ــﻢ ﺣ ــﺮارة‬ ‫اﻟﻄﻘﺲ؟! وﻓﺎﺗﺮ رﻏﻢ ﺣﻴﻮﻳﺔ وﺟﻤﺎل اﻟﻀﻴﻒ؟‬ ‫اﻋـﺘـﻘــﺪ ﺑــﺄن ﻫـﻨــﺎك ﺳـﺒـﺒــﲔ؛ اﻷول‪ :‬ﻫــﻮ اﻟــﻮﺿــﻊ اﻟ ـﻌــﺎم ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ واﻹﺳــﻼﻣــﻲ‪ .‬ﻓﻼ اﻋﺘﻘﺪ أﻧــﻪ ﻣﻨﺬ اﺣﺘﻼل‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ ﻓﻲ ‪ 1948‬واﻟﻨﻜﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪ 1967‬ﻗﺪ ﻣﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺎﳌﻨﺎ‬ ‫وﺿ ــﻊ أﺳـ ــﻮأ ﻣ ـﻤــﺎ ﻧ ـﺤــﻦ ﻓ ـﻴــﻪ اﻟـ ـﻴ ــﻮم‪ :‬ﺻـ ــﺮاع ﻓــﻲ ﺳــﻮرﻳــﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫وﺻﺮاع ﻓﻲ اﻟﻴﻤﻦ‪ ،‬وﺗﺨﺎﺻﻢ ﺑﲔ اﺷﻘﺎء‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ إن ﻳﺘﺼﺎﻟﺤﻮا‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺘﺨﺎﺻﻤﻮا‪ ،‬وﺗﻮﺗﺮ ﻋﺎم ﻓﻲ اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫــﺬه اﻷﺣـ ــﺪاث‪ ،‬وﻣﺘﺎﺑﻌﺘﻬﺎ ﻳﻮﻣﻴﺎ وﻟﺤﻈﺔ ﺑﻠﺤﻈﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ‬ ‫وﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﺘﻮاﺻﻞ أﻧﻬﻜﺘﻨﺎ‪ ،‬وأﺗﻌﺒﺘﻨﺎ‪ ،‬وأﺻﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺈﻋﻴﺎء ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻘﻰ ﻋﻨﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺸﺎط وﻃﺎﻗﺔ‪ .‬إﻧﻨﺎ ﻛﻤﻦ ﺷﻐﻠﺘﻪ ﺷﺆون‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺘﻪ‪ ،‬وﺻــﺮاخ أﻃﻔﺎﻟﻪ‪ ،‬وﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻓﻮﺿﻰ أﺛﺎﺛﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺳﺘﻨﻔﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﻫﺬا ﺟﻬﺪه وﻗﻮﺗﻪ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻰ إذا ﺳﻤﻊ ﻃﺮق ﺑﺎب اﻟﻀﻴﻒ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﻧﻄﻖ ﺑﻐﻴﺮ وﻋﻲ‪» :‬ﻣﻨﻮ ﻳﺎﻳﻨﺎ ﻫﺎﻟﺤﺰة«؟!‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫واﻟﺴﺒﺐ اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﻫﻮ اﻷﻋﻤﺎل اﻹرﻫﺎﺑﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﻠﺖ‪ ،‬وﻟﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﻤﻊ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺑــﲔ ﻓﺘﺮة وأﺧــﺮى‪ .‬واﻷﺟـﻴــﺎل ﺗﻌﺮف ان ﺗﻠﻚ‬ ‫اﻷﻋـ ـﻤ ــﺎل ﻟـﻴـﺴــﺖ ﻣــﻦ اﻹﺳ ـ ــﻼم ﻓــﻲ ﺷـ ــﻲء‪ ،‬وﻟ ـﻜــﻦ اﻷﺟ ـﻴــﺎل‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻌﺮف‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪة اﻟﺘﻲ ﻟــﻢ ﺗﺘﺢ ﻟﻬﺎ اﻟﻔﺮﺻﺔ اﻟﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻷن‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ اﻹﺳــﻼم ﺟﻴﺪا‪ ،‬اﺧﺘﻠﻂ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ اﻷﻣــﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻢ ﺗﻌﺪ ﺗﻌﺮف‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺮق ﺑﲔ اﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ واﻹﺳﻼم‪.‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وﺟــﺎءت ﻣﺴﻠﺴﻼت رﻣﻀﺎن أﺣﻴﺎﻧﺎ ﻛﻲ ﺗﺰﻳﺪ اﻟﻄﲔ ﺑﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻲ ﻏـﻤــﺎر اﻧﺸﻐﺎﻟﻬﺎ ﺑﻨﻘﺪ اﻟـﻈــﺎﻫــﺮة اﻹرﻫــﺎﺑـﻴــﺔ‪ ،‬اﺧﺘﻠﻂ‬ ‫اﻷﻣﺮ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻫﻲ اﻷﺧﺮى‪ .‬ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﻌﺪ ﻳﻌﺮف ﻛﺎﺗﺐ اﻟﺴﻴﻨﺎرﻳﻮ‪،‬‬ ‫واﳌﻤﺜﻞ واﳌﺨﺮج‪ ،‬اﻟﻔﺮق ﺑﲔ اﻹﺳﻼم واﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ‪ .‬وﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺪ اﳌﺸﺎﻫﺪ اﻟﺼﻐﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﻦ ّ‬ ‫ﻳﻔﺮق ﻣﺎ إذا ﻛﺎن اﳌﻘﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﻫــﻮ ﻧـﻘــﺪ ﻟـﻠـﻤـﺘـﻄـ ّـﺮﻓــﲔ أم ﻫــﻮ ﻧـﻘــﺪ ﻟـﻠــﺪﻳــﻦ ﻧـﻔـﺴــﻪ‪ .‬اﻟــﻮﺿــﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ اﳌﺘﻬﺎﻟﻚ‪ ،‬واﻷﻋﻤﺎل اﻹرﻫﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ اﻟﺪﻳﻦ‪ ،‬أﻧﻬﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺗﻨﺎ وﺟﻌﻼ ﻣﺰاﺟﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ رﻣﻀﺎن ﻫﺬه اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ‪ .‬ﻓﻬﻞ ﻟﺪﻳﻜﻢ ﻧﻔﺲ اﻹﺣﺴﺎس؟‬

‫اﻟﺨﻤﻴﺲ ﻏﺮة رﻣﻀﺎن ‪ ١٧òÍò¬›ò١٤٣٩‬ﻣﺎﻳﻮ ‪١٦١٥٠òXYz6òÍò٤٧ò–b6òÍò٢٠١٨‬‬

‫أﺻــﺪر ﻣﻌﺎﻟﻲ وزﻳــﺮ اﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ واﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ ﻣﺸﻜﻮرﴽ ﻗﺮارﴽ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺪوﻳﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮي اﳌــﺪارس‪ ،‬وﻗــﺮارﴽ آﺧــﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎر اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ اﻟﺬي‬ ‫ﻳﻀﺒﻂ ﺑﺎﻟﻐﺶ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺎدة دراﺳﻴﺔ راﺳﺒﴼ ﺑﺠﻤﻴﻊ اﳌﻮاد وﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫إﻋــﺎدة اﻟﺴﻨﺔ اﻟــﺪراﺳـﻴــﺔ ﻛﻌﻘﻮﺑﺔ ﻟﻴﻜﻮن ﻋﻈﺔ وﻋـﺒــﺮة ﻟﻐﻴﺮه‬

‫»درﺑﻜﻢ ﺧﻀﺮ« ﻣﻌﺎﻟﻲ اﻟﻮزﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻠﺠﺄون إﻟــﻰ اﻟﻐﺶ‪ .‬وﻛــﺎن رد اﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻮاب واوﻟﻴﺎء اﻻﻣﻮر واﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ ﻣﺘﺠﺎوزﴽ ﻟﺤﺪود اﻻﺧﻼﻗﻴﺎت‬ ‫اﻟـﺤـﻤـﻴــﺪة واﻵداب اﻟـﻌــﺎﻣــﺔ اﳌـﺘـﻌــﺎرف ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑــﻞ وﻳ ــﺪل ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺻﺮﺗﻬﻢ ﻟﻠﻐﺶ وﺗﺸﺠﻴﻊ اﺑﻨﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ اﺗـﺨــﺎذه ﺳﺒﻴﻼ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﺠﺎح واﻟﺘﻔﻮق‪ ..‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻗﺎم ﺑﻌﺾ اوﻟﻴﺎء اﻻﻣﻮر ﺑﺮﻓﻘﺔ اﺑﻨﺎﺋﻬﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ ﺑﺎﻗﺘﺤﺎم ﻣﻜﺘﺐ اﻟﺴﻜﺮﺗﺎرﻳﺔ ﺑﻤﺒﻨﻰ وزارة اﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫وﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺼﻮت ﺟﻬﻮري ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﺸﻴﺮ اﻟﻰ ﻓﻜﺮﻫﻢ اﻟﺨﻄﺄ‬ ‫وﺗﻔﻜﻴﺮﻫﻢ ﻏﻴﺮ اﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﺑﺸﺄن اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ واﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ وﺟﻬﻠﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ اﻛﺘﺴﺎب أﺑﻨﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻟﻠﻌﻠﻮم واﻟﺤﻘﺎﺋﻖ اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ وﻃﺮق‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻘﻮﻳﻢ واﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻓﻲ اﳌــﺪارس‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﻮا ﻣﻌﺎﻟﻲ اﻟﻮزﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﻟﻐﺎء ﻋﻘﻮﺑﺔ اﻟﻐﺶ ﻟﻀﺮره ﻋﻠﻰ أﺑﻨﺎﺋﻬﻢ!‬ ‫إن ﻣﺎ ﺣﺪث ﻓﻲ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ وزارة اﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻳﺆﻛﺪ ﺗﻌﻮد ﻫﺆﻻء اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﻞ اﻟﻨﺠﺎح ﺑﺎﻣﺘﻴﺎز ﺑﺼﻮرة ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮة ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ اﻟﻐﺶ‬ ‫اﻟﺬي ﻳﻘﻮم ﺑﺘﺴﻬﻴﻠﻪ ﻟﻬﻢ‪ ،‬وإﺗﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻔﺮﺻﺔ أﻣﺎﻣﻬﻢ ﳌﻤﺎرﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﺪﻳﺮي اﳌﺪارس وﻣﻨﻬﻢ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺪوﻳﺮﻫﻢ‪ ،‬وﺳﺒﺐ‬ ‫اﺣـﺘـﺠــﺎج ﻫ ــﺆﻻء اﻟـﻄـﻠـﺒــﺔ وأوﻟ ـﻴــﺎء أﻣــﻮرﻫــﻢ ﻋـﻠــﻰ ذﻟــﻚ اﻟـﻘــﺮار‬

‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺘﻬﻢ أﻧﻬﻢ ﻓﻘﺪوا اﻟﺴﻨﺪ ﻟﻬﻢ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﺼﻮل ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺠﺎح ﻣــﻦ دون دراﺳ ــﺔ! أي أن اﻟﻔﺴﺎد ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻓــﻲ أﻏﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﺪارس‪ ..‬ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻧﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﻲ اﻟﻮزﻳﺮ ﺑﺘﺤﻮﻳﻠﻬﻢ إﻟﻰ اﻟﻨﻴﺎﺑﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓــﺎﺣـﺘـﺠــﺎج ﺑـﻌــﺾ ﻧ ــﻮاب اﳌـﺠـﻠــﺲ وأوﻟ ـﻴــﺎء اﻻﻣ ــﻮر واﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻨﴼ وﺑـﻬــﺬه اﻟـﻘــﻮة واﻟ ـﺠــﺮأة‪ ،‬واﻟـﻘـﻴــﺎم ﺑﻨﺸﺮ ذﻟــﻚ ﻓــﻲ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫وزارة اﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ دون ﺧﺠﻞ وﻻ ﺧﻮف‪ ،‬ﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻧﺤﺪار‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ وﻏــﺰو اﳌــﺪارس ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻨﻮاب‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ دون اﻋﺘﺒﺎر ﳌﺼﻠﺤﺔ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ وﻣﻦ دون اﻫﺘﻤﺎم ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ اﺳﺎﺳﻬﺎ اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ اﻟﺬي ﺳﻴﺼﺒﺢ ﻻﺣﻘﴼ ﻣﻮﻇﻔﴼ ﺑﺎﻟﺪوﻟﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎرس أﺳﻠﻮﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻓﻲ اﺟﺘﻴﺎز اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎرات ﻓﻲ وﻇﻴﻔﺘﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳــﺆدي ﺣﺘﻤﴼ اﻟــﻰ ﺗــﺪﻫــﻮر ﻫــﺬا اﻟﻌﻤﻞ واﻧـﺤــﺪار ﻣﺴﺘﻮى‬ ‫اﻻﻧـﺠــﺎزات وﺳــﻮء اﻟﺨﺪﻣﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻘﺪﻣﻬﺎ ﻟﻠﻮﻃﻦ‪ ،‬وﻫــﺬا ﻫﻮ‬ ‫اﻟــﻮاﻗــﻊ اﳌــﺮ اﻟ ــﺬي ﺗﻌﻴﺸﻪ اﻟـﻜــﻮﻳــﺖ ﻓــﻲ ﺣــﺎﺿــﺮﻫــﺎ واﻟ ــﺬي ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺆدي اﻟﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﻣﻈﻠﻢ اذا اﺳﺘﻤﺮ اﻟﻐﺶ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺪارﺳﻨﺎ ﺑﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ إدارة اﳌﺪرﺳﺔ ودﻋﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﻣﻦ أﻋﻀﺎء ﻣﺠﻠﺲ اﻷﻣﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻤﺮ ﻓﻲ اﻹﺻﻼح ﻣﻌﺎﻟﻲ اﻟﻮزﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ودرﺑﻜﻢ ﺧﻀﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻧﻘﻞ ﺳﻔﺎرات إﻟﻰ اﻟﻘﺪس اﻟﺸﺮﻗﻴﺔ‬

‫داﻧﻴﺎ ﻗﻠﻴﻼت اﻟﺨﻄﻴﺐ*‬ ‫اﻓﺘﺘﺤﺖ إﻳﻔﺎﻧﻜﺎ ﺗــﺮاﻣــﺐ‪ ،‬اﺑـﻨــﺔ اﻟــﺮﺋـﻴــﺲ اﻷﻣـﻴــﺮﻛــﻲ‪ ،‬اﻟﺴﻔﺎرة‬ ‫اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ وﺳﻂ اﺑﺘﻬﺎج إﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻠﻲ‪ ،‬واﺳﺘﻴﺎء ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‪ ،‬وﻏﻀﺐ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻲ‪ .‬وﻗﺪ ﺗﺰاﻣﻦ اﻻﻓﺘﺘﺎح ﻣﻊ ﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺎت داﻣﻴﺔ أﻃﻠﻘﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻟﻬﺎ اﻟﻘﻮات اﻹﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﺮﺻﺎص اﻟﺤﻲ وﻗﻨﺎﺑﻞ اﻟﻐﺎز ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﲔ اﻟﻌﺰل‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﺎ أﺳﻔﺮ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻘﺘﻞ ‪ 58‬ﺷﺨﺼﺎ‪ ،‬وإﺻﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫‪ 2700‬آﺧﺮﻳﻦ‪ .‬وﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻳﺆﻳﺪ أﻋﻀﺎء اﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﺮس ﻫﺬه اﻟﺨﻄﻮة‬ ‫اﻟ ـﺘــﻲ ﻳـﻌـﺘـﺒــﺮوﻧـﻬــﺎ ﺣـﻘــﺎ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻴﺎ ﻟﺪوﻟﺔ إﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﻳﺴﺘﻨﻜﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮب ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺼﺮف ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻹدارة اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ اﻟﺬي ﻣﻦ ﺷﺄﻧﻪ‬ ‫أن ﻳﻨﺘﻘﺺ ﻣــﻦ ﺣـﻘــﻮق اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﲔ‪ ،‬ﻛـﻤــﺎ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ أن ﻳﻀﻊ‬

‫ﻋﻘﺒﺎت ﻓﻲ وﺟﻪ اﻟﺴﻼم اﻟﻌﺎدل واﻟﺸﺎﻣﻞ‪ .‬وﻗﺪ ﺻﺮح ﺗﺮاﻣﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ﻣﻠﺘﺰم ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻼم‪ ،‬وأن اﻟﺤﺪود ﺑﲔ إﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ وﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ ﻻ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺮرﻫﺎ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‪ ،‬وﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﺘﻢ اﻻﺗﻔﺎق ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل‬ ‫اﳌﻔﺎوﺿﺎت ﺑﲔ اﻟﻄﺮﻓﲔ ﻟﻠﺘﻮﺻﻞ ﻟﺤﻞ اﻟﺪوﻟﺘﲔ‪ .‬اﻟﺴﺆال اﻵن‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﺠﺐ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣــﻊ ﻫــﺬه اﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ؟ وﻫــﻞ ﻫﻨﺎك ﻣﻦ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﲔ ﺑﺪوﻟﺔ ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺘﻬﺎ اﻟﻘﺪس اﻟﺸﺮﻳﻒ‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ اﻟﺴﻔﺎرة اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ؟ أوﻻ اﻻﺳﺘﻨﻜﺎر اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺪم وﻻ‬ ‫ﻳﺆﺧﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﳌﻄﻠﻮب ﻫﻮ اﻟﺘﺤﺮك اﻟﺪﺑﻠﻮﻣﺎﺳﻲ واﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ اﻟﺒﻨﺎء‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻮﻳﻞ اﳌﺨﺎﻃﺮ إﻟﻰ ﻓﺮص‪ .‬ورب ﺿﺎرة ﻧﺎﻓﻌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﻠﻰ اﻟﻌﺮب‬ ‫اﻻﺳﺘﻔﺎدة ﻣﻦ ﻧﻘﻞ اﻟﺴﻔﺎرة إﻟﻰ اﻟﻘﺪس اﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫أن اﻟﻘﺪس اﻟﺸﺮﻗﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺔ ﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﲔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻨﺺ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫اﳌﺒﺎدرة اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‪ .‬وﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻛﺮ ان ‪ 86‬ﺑﻌﺜﺔ دﺑﻠﻮﻣﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗـﻠـﻘــﺖ اﻟــﺪﻋــﻮة وﻟ ــﻢ ﺗـﻠـﺒـﻬــﺎ إﻻ ‪ 33‬ﺑـﻌـﺜــﺔ‪ ،‬وذﻟ ــﻚ ﻟ ـﻠــﺪﻻﻟــﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اﻟــﺮﻓــﺾ اﻟــﺪوﻟــﻲ ﻟـﻬــﺬه اﻟ ـﺨ ـﻄــﻮة‪ .‬وإن ﻋــﺎﻳــﻨــﺎ ﻣــﻮﻗــﻊ اﻟـﺴـﻔــﺎرة‬ ‫اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ ﻧﺠﺪﻫﺎ ﻓــﻲ ﺣــﺎرة أرﻧــﻮﻧــﺎ‪ ،‬وﻫــﻲ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺣــﺎرة اﳌﻬﺠﺮة اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬وﻗﺮﻳﺒﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎﻣﻴﻼ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺒﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺮ اﻟﺴﻔﺎرة ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺔ رﺑﻊ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﺳﻴﺮا ﻋﻠﻰ اﻷﻗﺪام ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺪس‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺮﻗﻴﺔ وﺑﺎب اﻟﺨﻠﻴﻞ‪ ،‬أي أن اﻟﺴﻔﺎرة ﻫﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺪود اﻟﻘﺪس‬ ‫اﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻘﺪس اﻟﺸﺮﻗﻴﺔ‪ .‬وﻛﺨﻄﻮة ﻣﻮازﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ اﳌﻬﻢ ﻧﻘﻞ‬

‫اﻟﺒﻌﺜﺎت اﻟﺪﺑﻠﻮﻣﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻠﻄﺔ اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ رام اﷲ إﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻟـﻘــﺪس اﻟـﺸــﺮﻗـﻴــﺔ ﻓــﻲ اﻟـﺠــﺰء اﻟ ـﺤــﺪودي ﻣــﻊ اﻟـﻘــﺪس اﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫وﺑـﻤــﺎ أن اﻟﺠﺰء اﻟـﺸــﺮﻗــﻲ ﻣــﻦ اﻟ ـﻘــﺪس ﻣﺤﺘﻞ ﻣــﻦ ﻗـﺒــﻞ اﻟـﻘــﻮات‬ ‫اﻹﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﻠﻰ اﻟﺪوﻟﺘﲔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺘﲔ اﻟﻠﺘﲔ ﻟﻬﻤﺎ ﻋﻼﻗﺎت‬ ‫دﺑﻠﻮﻣﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ إﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺮ واﻷردن‪ ،‬اﻟﻘﻴﺎم ﺑﻬﺬا اﳌﺠﻬﻮد‪.‬‬ ‫وﻫـﻨــﺎ ﻋـﻠــﻰ اﻟ ــﺪول اﻟـﻌــﺮﺑـﻴــﺔ ﺗـﺤــﺮﻳــﻚ اﻟـﺠـﻬــﻮد اﻟﺪﺑﻠﻮﻣﺎﺳﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫وﻋﻠﻰ اﳌﻨﻈﻤﺎت اﻟـﻌــﺮﺑـﻴــﺔ ﻓــﻲ اﳌـﻬـﺠــﺮ أن ﺗـﻀـﻐــﻂ ﻣــﻦ ﺧــﻼل‬ ‫ﻗﻮاﻋﺪﻫﺎ اﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻹﻗﻨﺎع دول ﻣﺜﻞ ﻛﻨﺪا وﻓﺮﻧﺴﺎ واﻟﺴﻮﻳﺪ‬ ‫أﻳﻀﴼ ﺑﻨﻘﻞ ﺳﻔﺎراﺗﻬﺎ إﻟــﻰ اﻟﻘﺪس اﻟﺸﺮﻗﻴﺔ‪ .‬وﻫــﺬا اﻟﺘﺼﺮف‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺤﺮج إﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﺬرع ﺑﺄن اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﲔ ﻳﻤﺎﻧﻌﻮن أن‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎرس ﺣﻘﻬﺎ اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺑﺄن ﺗﻜﻮن ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻘﺪس‪ .‬ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﻧﻮاﻳﺎ إﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‪ ،‬وﻫﻲ ﺣﺮﻣﺎن اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﲔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺣﻘﻬﻢ اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺑﺄن ﺗﻜﻮن اﻟﻘﺪس ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺔ ﻟﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﳌﺎ ﺗﻤﺜﻠﻪ اﻟﻘﺪس ﻣﻦ رﻣﺰﻳﺔ اﳌﺴﺠﺪ اﻷﻗﺼﻰ ﻟﻸﻣﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪ .‬ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻌﺮب اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺧﻄﻮة ﺗﺮاﻣﺐ ﺑﺬﻛﺎء‬ ‫وﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﻌﺎﻃﻔﻴﺔ واﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎل ﻧﻘﻞ اﻟﺴﻔﺎرة ﻹﻋﺎدة ﻃﺮح اﳌﺒﺎردة‬ ‫اﻟ ـﻌــﺮﺑ ـﻴــﺔ ﻟ ـﻠ ـﺴــﻼم وﻟـﻠـﺘــﺄﻛـﻴــﺪ ﻋ ـﻠــﻰ أن اﻟ ـﻘــﺪس اﻟ ـﺸــﺮﻗ ـﻴــﺔ ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺔ أﺑﺪﻳﺔ ﻟﺪوﻟﺔ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ‪.‬‬

‫* ﺑﺎﺣﺜﺔ‬

‫ﻣﺸﺮوﻋﺎت ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻔﺔ أو ﺑﻄﻴﺌﺔ‬

‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺳﻌﻮد ﻳﻮﺳﻒ اﻟﺒﺪر *‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺟﻮﻻﺗﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ رﺑﻮع ﺑﻼدﻧﺎ اﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰة‪ ،‬ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ان اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ ﺑﺎﺷﺮت‬ ‫ﻓــﻲ اﻟـﺴـﻨــﻮات اﻷﺧ ـﻴــﺮة ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻣــﺮﺣـﻠــﺔ ﺟــﺪﻳــﺪة ﻣــﻦ اﳌـﺸــﺮوﻋــﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻴﻮﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺒﻜﺔ ﻃﺮق وﺟﺴﻮر وﻣﻨﺸﺂت ﺻﺤﻴﺔ وﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬

‫وﺛﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ورﻳــﺎﺿـﻴــﺔ وﺣــﺪاﺋــﻖ وﻣـﺘـﻨــﺰﻫــﺎت‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺑــﺎﺷــﺮت وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻄﻂ وﺑﺪاﻳﺔ اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ وﺗﻮﺳﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ اﳌﻄﺎر واﻟﺴﻜﻚ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫وﻣـﺸــﺎرﻳــﻊ ﻛـﺒــﺮى ﻓــﻲ اﻟـﺠــﺰر وﻃــﺮﻳــﻖ اﻟـﺤــﺮﻳــﺮ وﺧــﺪﻣــﺎت أﺧــﺮى‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺑـﻬــﺎ اﳌــﻮاﻃــﻦ واﳌـﻘـﻴــﻢ ﻓــﻲ ﺣـﻴــﺎﺗــﻪ اﻟـﻴــﻮﻣـﻴــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣـﻤــﺎ ﻳﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻼد اﻟــﻰ ﺻﻔﻮف اﻟــﺪول اﳌﺘﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﺑﻬﺬه اﻹﻧـﺠــﺎزات اﳌﻨﺠﺰة‬ ‫واﳌﺘﻄﻠﻊ اﻟﻰ إﻧﺠﺎزﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ اﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ اﻟﻘﺮﻳﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻟﻜﻦ ﻫﻨﺎك ﺑﻌﺾ اﳌﻼﺣﻈﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﻜﺮ ﺻﻔﻮ ﻫﺬه اﻹﻧﺠﺎزات‬ ‫ﻟﺪى اﳌﻮاﻃﻦ‪ ،‬وذﻟﻚ ﺑﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺑﻌﺾ اﳌﺸﺎرﻳﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻫﺎ‬ ‫أو اﻟﺒﻂء ﻓﻲ اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ‪ ،‬وﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ اﳌﺜﺎل ﻫﻨﺎك اﺳﺎﺳﺎت ﻟﺠﺴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑــﻪ ﻓــﻲ اول ﻃــﺮﻳــﻖ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﻛﺒﺪ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺿﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺻﺒﺎح اﻟﻨﺎﺻﺮ‪ ،‬وﻗﺪ ﺗﻜﻮن ﻫﻨﺎك ﻣﺸﺎرﻳﻊ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫اﺧــﺮى ﻳﺘﻮﺟﺐ ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﻋﻼﺟﻬﺎ ﻷﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻻﺳﺘﻜﻤﺎل ﻣﺸﺎرﻳﻊ‬ ‫اﳌــﺮور واﻟﺨﺪﻣﺎت ﻓﻲ اﻟــﺪوﻟــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ان ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻄﺮق واﻟـﺸــﻮارع‬ ‫ﺟــﺮى ﻛﺸﻂ اﻻﺳـﻔـﻠــﺖ ووﺿــﻊ اﻟـﺤــﻮاﺟــﺰ ﳌــﺪة ﻃﻮﻳﻠﺔ وﻟــﻢ ُﻳ َﻌﺪ‬ ‫إﻛﺴﺎؤﻫﺎ او اﻟﺒﻂء ﻓﻲ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺘﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﺮﻗﻞ ﺣﺮﻛﺔ اﳌــﺮور ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻄﺮق‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ أن ﻫﻨﺎك أﺣﺪ اﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﻛﺒﺪ ﻗﺮب اﳌﺨﻔﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻪ وﻟﻢ ﻳﻜﺘﻤﻞ ﻣﻨﺬ أﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎم‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ أن ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﻓــﻲ زاوﻳ ــﺔ ﻗــﺮب اﻟ ــﺪوار اﻟﻜﺒﻴﺮ ﻓــﻲ ﻫــﺬه اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ‪ .‬ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺄﻣﻞ ان ﺗﺒﺎﺷﺮ وزارة اﻷوﻗﺎف واﻟﺸﺆون اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ إﻛﻤﺎل ﻫﺬا‬ ‫اﳌﺴﺠﺪ وﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰه ﻟﻠﻌﺒﺎدة‪.‬‬

‫ﺣﺒﺬا ﻟﻮ ﻗﺎﻣﺖ اﻟﺠﻬﺎت اﳌﺨﺘﺼﺔ ﺑﺴﺮﻋﺔ إﻛﻤﺎل ﻫﺬه اﳌﺸﺎرﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻐﺾ اﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻋﻦ اﻷﺳﺒﺎب‪ ،‬ﺳﻮاء اﻟﺨﻼف ﻣﻊ اﳌﻘﺎول أو وﺟﻮد‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ اﳌـﺨــﺎﻟـﻔــﺎت او ﻧﻘﺺ ﻓــﻲ اﻻﻋ ـﺘ ـﻤــﺎدات اﳌــﺎﻟـﻴــﺔ ﻣـﺜــﻼ‪ ،‬وﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﻳـﻜــﻮن ﻫـﻨــﺎك إﺧــﻼل ﻓــﻲ اﻟﻌﻘﻮد اﳌﺒﺮﻣﺔ ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻫــﺬه اﳌﺸﺎرﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﻋــﺮﺿــﻪ ﻋـﻠــﻰ اﻟـﻘـﻀــﺎء ﻟـﻠـﺒــﺖ ﻓ ـﻴــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣـﻤــﺎ ﻳـﺴـﺘـﻐــﺮق وﻗﺘﴼ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻳﻼ ﻟﺼﺪور اﻟﺤﻜﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳــﺆدي اﻟﻰ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺢ اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ‬ ‫وﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﻼد‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﺗﺪﺧﻞ اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ ﳌﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﻫﺬا‬ ‫اﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﺑﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﻮاد اﻟﻌﻘﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺴﻤﺢ ﺑﻤﺒﺎﺷﺮة اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻫﺬه اﳌﺸﺎرﻳﻊ ﻣﻦ دون ﺗﺄﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺮاﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻗﺪ ﻗﺎم اﻟﺪﻳﻮان اﻷﻣﻴﺮي ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﻨﻮات اﻷﺧﻴﺮة ﺑﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫اﳌـﺸــﺎرﻳــﻊ اﻟﺤﻴﻮﻳﺔ اﻟـﺨــﺎﺻــﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻓﻴﻬﻴﺔ وﺛﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ وﻏـﻴــﺮﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ‬ ‫دون ﻋﻮاﺋﻖ أو ﺗﺄﺧﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺣــﺎزت ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ واﻋﺠﺎب اﳌﻮاﻃﻦ واﳌﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫وزوار اﻟﺒﻼد واﻟﻮﻓﻮد اﻟﺮﺳﻤﻴﺔ واﳌﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺣﻴﺔ‪ ،‬وﺗﻤﺘﻊ‬ ‫اﳌ ــﻮاﻃ ــﻦ ﺑ ـﻬــﺬه اﻟ ـﺨــﺪﻣــﺎت‪ ،‬وﺗـﻤـﻨـﻴــﺎﺗــﻪ ﺑـﺘـﺸـﻜـﻴــﻞ ﻫـﻴـﺌــﺔ ﺧــﺎﺻــﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ اﳌﺸﺎرﻳﻊ اﻟﺤﻴﻮﻳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻼدﻧﺎ اﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰة‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻟﻠﺪﻳﻮان‬ ‫اﻷﻣﻴﺮي ﺑﻼ ﻋﺮاﻗﻴﻞ او روﺗﲔ او دورة ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪﻳﺔ ﻹﻧﺠﺎزﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﻋﺪ اﳌﻘﺮر وﺑﺎﻟﺸﻜﻞ اﳌﻄﻠﻮب‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺄﻣﻞ ذﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻘﺮﻳﺐ اﻟﻌﺎﺟﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫واﷲ اﳌﻮﻓﻖ‪.‬‬

‫* ﺳﻔﻴﺮ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﻋﺪ‬

‫ﺑﻘﺮة ﺑﻨﻲ إﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ‬

‫د‪ .‬ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻤﺤﺴﻦ ﺣﻤﺎدة‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫َ ً‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫»وإ ْذ َﻗ َﺎل ُﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻮﺳﻰ ِﻟﻘ ْﻮ ِﻣﻪِ ِإن اﷲَ َﻳﺄ ُﻣ ُﺮﻛ ْﻢ أن ﺗﺬ َﺑ ُﺤﻮا َﺑﻘ َﺮة‪«..‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫)اﻟ ـﺒ ـﻘــﺮة‪ (67،‬وﻣﺠﻤﻞ اﻟﻘﺼﺔ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻔﻴﺪ اﻟــﺮواﻳــﺔ اﻟﻘﺮآﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫أن ﺑﻨﻲ إﺳــﺮاﺋـﻴــﻞ وﺟــﺪوا أﺣــﺪ أﺛﺮﻳﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻣﻘﺘﻮﻻ ﻓﻄﻠﺒﻮا‬ ‫ﻣــﻦ ﻧـﺒـﻴـﻬــﻢ ﻣــﻮﺳــﻰ أن ﻳــﺪﻋــﻮ رﺑ ــﻪ ﻟـﻴـﺒــﲔ ﻟ ـﻬــﻢ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﺗﻞ‪ .‬ورﺟــﺎ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ رﺑــﻪ أن ﻳﺪﻟﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ اﻟﻘﺎﺗﻞ‬ ‫ْ ُ َ ْ َ ْ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﺛﻢ ﻋــﺎد إﻟــﻰ ﻗﻮﻣﻪ ﻓﻘﺎل ﻟﻬﻢ ِ»إن اﷲَ َﻳــﺄ ُﻣـ ُـﺮﻛـ ْـﻢ أن ﺗﺬ َﺑ ُﺤﻮا‬ ‫َ ً‬ ‫َﺑــﻘـ َـﺮة« وﻇﻨﻮا أن ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﻳﺴﺘﻬﺰئ ﺑﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻟﻜﻨﻬﻢ ﳌﺎ ﻋﺮﻓﻮا‬ ‫أﻧــﻪ ﺻ ــﺎدق ﺑ ــﺪأوا ﻳـﺴــﺄﻟــﻮن ﻋــﻦ ﻧــﻮع ﺗـﻠــﻚ اﻟـﺒـﻘــﺮة‪ .‬وﻳـﻘــﻮل‬ ‫اﳌﻔﺴﺮون ﻟﻮ أﻧﻬﻢ ذﺑﺤﻮا أي ﺑﻘﺮة ﻟﻜﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﻟﻜﻨﻬﻢ ﺷــﺪدوا‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ أﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﺑﻜﺜﺮة اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻓﻀﻴﻖ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ‪ .‬ﻓﺴﺄﻟﻮا‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻧﻮع ﺗﻠﻚ اﻟﺒﻘﺮة ﻓﺄﺟﺎﺑﻬﻢ ﺑﺄﻧﻬﺎ ﻻ ﺻﻐﻴﺮة وﻻ ﻛﺒﻴﺮة‪،‬‬ ‫ﺛﻢ ﺳﺄﻟﻮا ﻋﻦ ﻟﻮﻧﻬﺎ ﻓﻘﺎل إﻧﻬﺎ ﺻﻔﺮاء ﻓﺎﻗﻊ ﻟﻮﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻌﺠﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻳﻨﻈﺮ إﻟﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ ﺳﺄﻟﻮا ﻋﻦ ﻧﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﺗﻠﻚ اﻟﺒﻘﺮة ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺟﺎﺑﻬﻢ ﺑﺄﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻘﺮة ﻣﻌﺰزة ﻟﻢ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺤﺮاﺛﺔ اﻷرض وﻻ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻲ اﻟﺰرع‪ .‬وﺑﺤﺜﻮا ﻋﻦ ﺑﻘﺮة ﺑﺘﻠﻚ اﳌﻮاﺻﻔﺎت ﻓﻮﺟﺪوﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻋـﻨــﺪ اﻣ ــﺮأة ﻣﺴﻨﺔ ﺗﻌﻴﻞ أﻳـﺘــﺎﻣــﴼ ﻓــﺎﺿـﻄــﺮوا أن ﻳﺸﺘﺮوﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺜﻤﻦ ﺑــﺎﻫــﻆ‪ .‬وﺑـﻌــﺪ ذﺑــﺢ اﻟﺒﻘﺮة أﺧــﺬ ﻣــﻮﺳــﻰ ﺟــﺰءﴽ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫وﺿــﺮب ﺑﻪ اﻟﻘﺘﻴﻞ ﻓﺄﻋﺎد اﷲ ﻟﻪ اﻟﺤﻴﺎة ﻓﺄﺧﺒﺮﻫﻢ ﺑﻘﺎﺗﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺛﻢ ﻣﺎت ﻣﻦ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬه اﻟﻘﺼﺔ ﻳﺮوﻳﻬﺎ اﻟﻘﺮآن ﻛﺄﺣﺪ اﻷدﻟــﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺜﺒﺖ ﻧﺒﻮة‬

‫ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺴﻼم ﻟﻴﺰداد إﻳﻤﺎن ﻗﻮﻣﻪ ﺑﻨﺒﻮﺗﻪ وﻳﻤﺘﺜﻠﻮا‬ ‫ﻷواﻣﺮه‪ .‬ﻟﻜﻦ ﻗﻠﻮﺑﻬﻢ ﻇﻠﺖ ﻗﺎﺳﻴﺔ ووﺻﻔﻬﺎ اﻟﻘﺮآن ﺑﺄﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻟﺤﺠﺎرة أو أﺷﺪ ﻗﺴﻮة‪ .‬ﻷن ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﺠﺎرة ﻣﺎ ﻳﺨﺸﻊ ﻟﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫اﷲ‪ .‬ﻓﻄﺒﻴﻌﺘﻬﻢ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺮاﻫﺎ اﻟﻘﺮآن ﺗﺠﻌﻠﻬﻢ داﺋﻤﴼ ﻳﻨﺴﻮن‬ ‫أو ﻳﺘﻨﺎﺳﻮن ﻛﻞ آﻳﺔ ﺗﻤﺮ ﺑﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﺳﻮن اﻟﻨﻌﻢ اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫أﻧـﻌـﻤـﻬــﺎ اﷲ ﻋـﻠـﻴـﻬــﻢ‪ .‬وأﻧ ـﻬــﻢ ﻛــﺬﺑــﻮا اﻟـﻜـﺜـﻴــﺮ ﻣــﻦ أﻧﺒﻴﺎﺋﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺧ ــﺎﺻ ــﺔ ﻣ ــﻦ ﻳ ـﻨ ـﺘ ـﻘــﺪﻫــﻢ وﻳ ـ ـﺤ ــﺎول إﺻ ـ ــﻼح ﻋ ـﻴــﻮﺑ ـﻬــﻢ‪ .‬وﻻ‬ ‫ﻧﻌﺮف ﻋﻦ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺘﻬﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺼﺮﻧﺎ اﻟﺤﺎﺿﺮ‪ ،‬ﻫﻞ اﺳﺘﻔﺎدوا‬ ‫ﻣــﻦ اﻟ ـﺘ ـﺠــﺎرب اﻟـﺘــﻲ ﻣ ــﺮوا ﺑـﻬــﺎ؟ أم ﻣــﺎزاﻟــﻮا ﻋـﻠــﻰ ﻋﻨﺎدﻫﻢ‬ ‫وﻗﺴﻮﺗﻬﻢ وﻣﻴﻞ اﻟﻜﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ إﻟﻰ اﳌﻜﺮ واﻟﺨﺪاع؟‬ ‫أروي ﻫ ــﺬه اﻟـﻘـﺼــﺔ وﻫ ــﻲ ﺿـﻤــﻦ اﻟـﻘـﺼــﺺ اﻟـﻜـﺜـﻴــﺮة اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻗـﻬــﺎ اﻟ ـﻘــﺮآن ﻋــﻦ ﺑـﻨــﻲ إﺳــﺮاﺋ ـﻴــﻞ ﺑﻤﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻗ ــﺪوم ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫رﻣ ـﻀــﺎن‪ ،‬وﻷﻧــﻲ ﻋﻠﻤﺖ ﻣﻨﺬ أﻳــﺎم أن ﻫـﻨــﺎك أﻛـﺜــﺮ ﻣــﻦ ‪300‬‬ ‫ﺷـﺨـﺼـﻴــﺔ ﻳ ـﻌــﺪون أﻧـﻔـﺴـﻬــﻢ ﻣــﻦ اﳌ ـﻔ ـﻜــﺮﻳــﻦ اﺟ ـﺘ ـﻤ ـﻌــﻮا ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎرﻳﺲ ﻳﻄﺎﻟﺒﻮن ﺑﺤﺬف آﻳــﺎت ﻣﻦ اﻟـﻘــﺮآن واﻟﻌﻴﺎذ ﺑﺎﷲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺠﺔ أﻧـﻬــﺎ ﻣـﻌــﺎدﻳــﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﺎﻣﻴﺔ وﺗــﺪﻋــﻮ إﻟــﻰ ﻗـﺘــﻞ اﻟﻴﻬﻮد‬ ‫واﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﲔ واﻟـﻜـﻔــﺎر وﻣﻌﺎﻗﺒﺘﻬﻢ‪ .‬وﻧـﺸــﺮت ﺻﺤﻴﻔﺔ ﻟﻮ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎرﻳــﺰﻳــﺎن ﺗـﻠــﻚ اﻟــﺮﺳــﺎﻟــﺔ ﺑـﺘــﺎرﻳــﺦ ‪ .2118 / 4 / 22‬وﻛــﺎن‬ ‫ﻣــﻦ ﺑــﲔ اﳌــﻮﻗ ـﻌــﲔ اﻟــﺮﺋ ـﻴــﺲ اﻟ ـﺴــﺎﺑــﻖ ﻧ ـﻴ ـﻜــﻮﻻ ﺳــﺎرﻛــﻮزي‬ ‫ورﺋ ـﻴــﺲ اﻟـ ــﻮزراء اﻟـﺴــﺎﺑــﻖ ﻣــﺎﻧــﻮﻳــﻞ ﻓ ــﺎس‪ .‬وﻗــﺪ رد ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ أردوﻏﺎن ووزﻳﺮ ﺧﺎرﺟﻴﺘﻪ واﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮد ﻋﺒﺎس‪ .‬وأوﺿـﺤــﻮا أن اﻟﻴﻬﻮد ﻟﻢ ﻳﻀﻄﻬﺪوا ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺑــﻞ اﺿﻄﻬﺪوا ﻓــﻲ اﻟـﻐــﺮب‪ .‬وﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﴼ آﻣﻨﴼ ﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ذﻟﻚ اﻻﺿﻄﻬﺎد‪.‬‬ ‫واﻧﺘﻘﺪ اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﻋﺒﺎس ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻷوروﺑـﻴــﲔ ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫إن اﺿﻄﻬﺎد اﻟﻴﻬﻮد ﺑﺎﻟﻐﺮب ﻗــﺪ ﺗــﻢ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺳﻠﻮﻛﻬﻢ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻚ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎت‪.‬‬ ‫ﱠ َ ْ ُ‬ ‫وأﻛﺘﻔﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﺮد ﻋﻠﻰ أوﻟﺌﻚ اﳌﻔﻜﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‪»ِ :‬إﻧﺎ ﻧﺤﻦ‬ ‫َ ﱠْ َ ﱢ ْ َ َ ﱠ َ ُ َ َ ُ َ‬ ‫ﺎﻓﻈﻮن«‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻟﻘﺮآن ﻛﺘﺎب ﻣﻘﺪس ﻣﻨﺰل‬ ‫ﻧﺰﻟﻨﺎ اﻟﺬﻛﺮ و ِإﻧﺎ ﻟﻪ ﻟﺤ ِ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﷲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﻮ ﻣﺤﻔﻮظ ﻣﻦ أن ﻳﺰاد ﻓﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻃﻞ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻨﻪ‪ ،‬أو‬ ‫ﻳﻨﻘﺺ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ أﺣﻜﺎم وﻓﺮاﺋﺾ وﺗﺎرﻳﺦ‪.‬‬


‫اﻟﺨﻤﻴﺲ ﻏﺮة رﻣﻀﺎن ‪ ١٧òÍò¬›ò١٤٣٩‬ﻣﺎﻳﻮ ‪١٦١٥٠òXYz6òÍò٤٧ò–b6òÍò٢٠١٨‬‬

‫ﺟﺮة ﻗﻠﻢ‬

‫ﻋﻠﻲ أﺣﻤﺪ اﻟﺒﻐﻠﻲ‬ ‫‪Ali-albaghli@hotmail.com‬‬

‫ﺗﺮﺑﻴﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗــﻮل اﳌﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وآﻟــﻪ وﺻﺤﺒﻪ‬ ‫وﺳﻠﻢ »ﻣﻦ ﻏﺸﻨﺎ ﻓﻠﻴﺲ ﻣﻨﺎ«‪ ..‬وﻫــﺬا ﻣﺎ ُﺟﺒﻠﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ ،‬وﻛﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻤﻨﻰ ﻣﻦ وزارة اﻷوﻗﺎف‪ ،‬وﻣﻦ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺗﻨﺎ اﻷﺻﻮﻟﻴﺔ اﻟﻜﺜﻴﺮة‬ ‫أن ﺗﺸﻦ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺣﻤﻠﺔ ﺿﺪ اﻟﻐﺸﺎﺷﲔ ﺑﲔ ﻇﻬﺮاﻧﻴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪل ﺣﻤﻠﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺠﺎﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺜﻴﺮة ﻟﻠﺠﺪل! اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺜﺒﺖ وﺑﺤﻖ أﻧﻪ »ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺪر أﻫﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺰم ﺗﺄﺗﻲ اﻟﻌﺰاﺋﻢ«‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻟﺒﻌﺾ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻬﺘﻤﻮن ﺑﻤﻈﺎﻫﺮ اﻟﺘﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺬا »ﺣﺪ ﻳﻮﺷﻬﺎ«‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻮل أﻫﻞ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﻌﻨﻰ أن ﻫﺬا ﻫﻮ‬ ‫أﻗﺼﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﻓﻌﻠﻪ ﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻌﻬﺎ!‬

‫اﺗﺠﺎﻫﺎت‬

‫ﻳﺎ ﻟﻴﺘﻨﺎ ﻫﻨﻮد‪ ..‬أو ﺻﻴﻨﻴﻮن!‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وﻻ ﻧﺘﻤﻨﻰ ﻫـﻨــﺎ إﻻ أن ﻳ ـﺠــﺎزي اﷲ ﻣــﻦ ﺳــﻠــﻂ أﻣ ـﺜــﺎل ﻫــﺆﻻء‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ رﻗﺎب أو ﻣﻔﺎﺻﻞ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺗﻨﺎ‪ ،‬وﻫﺬا ﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﻨﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻨﺎ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻐﺶ اﳌﻤﻨﻮع واﻟﻐﺶ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺘﻲ اﳌﺒﺎح‪ ،‬وﻣﻮﻗﻒ‬ ‫اﻟـ ــﺪول اﻷﺧـ ــﺮى »اﻟ ـﻜــﺎﻓــﺮة« ﺑـﻤـﻌــﺎﻳـﻴــﺮ أﺻــﻮﻟـﻴـﻴـﻨــﺎ ﻣ ـﻨــﻪ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ‫ذﻫــﻞ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺑﺘﻈﺎﻫﺮة ﺑﻌﺾ ﻃﻠﺒﺔ ﻣــﺪارس وزارة اﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟ ــﻮزارة‪ ،‬وأﻣــﺎم ﻣﻜﺘﺐ اﻟــﻮزﻳــﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﲔ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﺑﺎﺣﺔ اﻟـﻐــﺶ؟! وﻫــﺬا ﺷﻜﻞ ﺻﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺤﻦ ﻧﺴﻤﻊ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟـﻐــﺶ واﻟـﺒــﺮاﺷـﻴــﻢ واﻟـﺴـﻤــﺎﻋــﺎت وﺑـﻴــﻊ اﻻﺧ ـﺘ ـﺒــﺎرات ﻣــﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻳﻤﻲ اﻟــﺬﻣــﻢ ﻣــﻦ اﻷﺳــﺎﺗــﺬة واﳌــﺮﺑــﲔ‪ ،‬ﻟﻜﻦ أن ﻳﺼﻞ اﻷﻣــﺮ‬ ‫إﻟــﻰ اﻻﺣﺘﺠﺎج ﻋﻠﻰ إﻳـﻘــﺎف ﺗﻠﻚ اﻟـﻈــﺎﻫــﺮة‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﺬا ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫أﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﻌﻴﺶ ﻓﻲ زﻣﻦ ﻗﺮﻳﺐ ﻣﻦ اﻵﺧﺮة! وﻣﺎ زاد اﻟﻄﲔ ﺑﻠﺔ أن‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ آﺑﺎء ﻫﺆﻻء اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﻮا ﻣﺴﺎﻧﺪﻳﻦ ﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ دون ﺧﺠﻞ‬ ‫أو ﺣﻴﺎء‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﲔ اﻟﻮزﻳﺮ ﺑﻤﻘﺎﺑﻠﺘﻬﻢ ﻟﻠﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﻟﺸﺮح‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻧﺎة أوﻻدﻫﻢ اﻟﻐﺸﺎﺷﲔ!‬ ‫***‬ ‫ﻫﺬا ﻳﺤﺪث ﻓﻲ ﻛﻮﻳﺖ وزارة اﻷوﻗــﺎف واﻟﺸﺆون اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫وﺟـﻤـﻌـﻴــﺎت ﻻ ﺣـﺼــﺮ ﻟـﻬــﺎ ﺗـﺨـﺘـﻔــﻲ ﺗـﺤــﺖ ﻣـﺴـﻤـﻴــﺎت ﺑــﺮاﻗــﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫أﻏﻠﺒﻬﺎ ﺗﻨﺘﻬﺞ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ اﻻﻧﺘﻔﺎﻋﻴﺔ اﳌﺎدﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ورﻛــﺰوا ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺪث أﺧﻴﺮﴽ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻠﺪان ﻳﻌﺪﻫﺎ أﺻﻮﻟﻴﻮﻧﺎ اﻷﻋــﺰاء ﻣﻦ ﺑﻠﺪان‬

‫اﻟﻜﻔﺮ واﳌﻌﺼﻴﺔ!‬ ‫ﻫــﺬا اﻟـﻌــﺎم ﻧﺠﺤﺖ اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ اﻟﻬﻨﺪﻳﺔ ﻓــﻲ إﻳـﻘــﺎف ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﻐﺶ‬ ‫اﻟــﻮاﺳـﻌــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻮﻓﻘﴼ ﻷرﻗ ــﺎم اﻟـﺤـﻜــﻮﻣــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓــﺈن ﺗﺸﺪﻳﺪ اﳌــﺮاﻗـﺒــﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎرات دﻓﻊ أﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ‪ 600‬أﻟﻒ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ وﻃﺎﻟﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ أﻛﺒﺮ وﻻﻳﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻬﻨﺪ‪ ،‬اﻟﻰ ﱡ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻐﻴﺐ ﻋﻦ اﻻﻣﺘﺤﺎﻧﺎت‪ ،‬وﻫﻮ رﻗﻢ ﻳﺠﺎوز اﻟـ‪ %10‬ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ اﳌﺴﺠﻠﲔ! واﻟﺴﺒﺐ أن اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ اﻋﺘﻤﺪت ﻫﺬا اﻟﻌﺎم ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫وﺿﻊ ﻛﺎﻣﻴﺮات ﻣﺮاﻗﺒﺔ ﻣﺘﻄﻮرة ﻓﻲ اﳌﺪارس‪ ،‬إﻟﻰ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﻗﻮى ﻣﻦ‬ ‫رﺟﺎل اﻟﺸﺮﻃﺔ‪ ،‬وذﻟﻚ ﳌﺤﺎرﺑﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ ﻫﻨﺎك »ﻣﺎﻓﻴﺎ اﻟﻐﺶ«‪،‬‬ ‫واﳌﻀﺤﻚ أن ﻫﺬه اﻟﻜﺎﻣﻴﺮات ﻟﻢ ﺗﻀﺒﻂ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻏﺶ اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ‪ ،‬وإﻧﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺿﺒﻄﺖ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻷﺳﺎﺗﺬة ﻳﻐﺸﺸﻮن اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ‪ ،‬وﻛﺎن ﻣﻦ ﺑﲔ ﻫﺆﻻء‬ ‫اﻷﺳﺎﺗﺬة ﻧﺎﻇﺮ إﺣﺪى اﳌــﺪارس‪ ،‬وذﻟﻚ ﻟﻴﺘﻔﺎﺧﺮ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺑﻌﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ اﻟﻨﺠﺎح ﻓﻲ ﻣﺪرﺳﺘﻪ ﻟﺪى أوﻟﻴﺎء اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ!‬ ‫ﻓــﻲ اﻟـﺼــﲔ‪ ،‬ﺳﺠﻠﺖ اﻟـﻌــﺪﺳــﺎت ﻗــﺎﻋــﺔ اﻣـﺘـﺤــﺎن ﺑﻨﻔﺲ ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻼﻋﺐ اﻟﻜﺮة‪ ،‬وﻓﻴﻬﺎ اﻟﻄﻼب واﻟﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎت اﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﻮن ﻳــﺆدون‬ ‫اﻻﻣـﺘـﺤــﺎن ﺑﺼﻤﺖ ﻣﻄﺒﻖ‪ ،‬ﻣــﻦ دون أي ﻣﺮاﻗﺒﺔ إﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺔ أو‬ ‫إﻟﻜﺘﺮوﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻞ ﺗﻠﻮﻣﻮﻧﻨﺎ إذا ﻣﺎ ﺗﻤﻨﻴﻨﺎ أن ﻧﻜﻮن ﻫﻨﻮدﴽ أو ﺻﻴﻨﻴﲔ‪ ،‬أو‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ اﻷﻗﻞ ﻧﻘﺘﺪي ﺑﻬﻢ؟ ﻓﻬﻞ ﻧﺤﻦ ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻮن؟!‬ ‫وﻻ ﺣﻮل وﻻ ﻗﻮة إﻻ ﺑﺎﷲ اﻟﻌﻠﻲ اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻧﺠﺎة اﻟﻨﻬﺎري وﻋﻼﻗﺘﻨﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻴﻬﻮد اﻟﻌﺮب )‪(2 - 2‬‬

‫د‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻣﺪ اﻟﺤﻤﻮد‬ ‫‪hamed.alajlan@gmail.com‬‬ ‫‪@hamedalajlan‬‬

‫ﺗﺤﺪﺛﺖ ﻓــﻲ اﻟـﺠــﺰء اﻷول ﻋــﻦ ﻟﻘﺎﺋﻲ ﻣــﻊ ﻳـﻬــﻮدي ﻫﺎﺟﺮ واﻟــﺪه‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﻴﻤﻦ إﻟﻰ إﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ‪ ،‬وﻛﻴﻒ أن واﻟﺪه ﻛﺎن ﻛﺜﻴﺮا ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﺘﺒﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺮآن ﻟﺘﻌﺰﻳﺰ اﻟﻘﻴﻢ اﳌﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ذﻫﻨﻪ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺳﻠﻮﻛﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫وأﺻﺒﺢ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻼﺋﻢ أن ﻧﻘﺘﺒﺲ رواﻳﺔ اﳌﻬﻨﺪﺳﺔ اﻟﻴﻬﻮدﻳﺔ اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻧـﺠــﺎة اﻟ ـﻨ ـﻬــﺎري‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺘﻌﻴﺪة ﻣـﺸــﺎﻫـ َـﺪ ﻣــﻦ ذاﻛــﺮﺗ ـﻬــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺿﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋــﻼﻗــﺎت اﳌــﻮدة ﺑــﲔ اﻟﻴﻬﻮد واﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻓــﻲ اﻟﻴﻤﻦ‪ ،‬وﻣﺒﻴﻨﺔ ﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺐ واﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﻟﻠﻘﺎﺿﻲ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ اﻷﻛﻮع‪ ،‬اﻟﺬي ﻧﺸﺄ ﻓﻲ ذاﻛﺮﺗﻬﺎ‬ ‫وﻋﻮاﻃﻔﻬﺎ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻫــﺬا اﻟﻘﺎﺿﻲ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﻛﻄﻔﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﺗﻘﻮل‬ ‫اﳌﻬﻨﺪﺳﺔ اﻟﻴﻬﻮدﻳﺔ اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻧﺠﺎة اﻟﻨﻬﺎري‪ :‬إن اﻟﻘﺎﺿﻲ اﻷﻛﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻨﻲ اﻟﺼﺪﻗﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﺿﺤﻜﺘﻪ ﺳﺬاﺟﺘﻲ‪ ،‬وأﺑﻜﺎه رﺣﻴﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎردة‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻮﺟﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻛ ـﻨــﺖ ﺑـﻌـﻤــﺮ أﻗ ــﻞ ﻣــﻦ ﺳـﺒــﻊ ﺳ ـﻨــﻮات‪ ،‬وأﻗ ــﻒ ﻗ ــﺮب رﺟ ــﻞ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﺎرﺗﻨﺎ ﻳﺪﻋﻰ اﻟﻘﺎﺿﻲ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ اﻷﻛــﻮع‪ ،‬ﺣﲔ ﻃﻠﺒﺖ ﻣﻨﻪ اﻣﺮأة‬ ‫ﻋﺠﻮز ﺻــﺪﻗــﺔ‪ .‬وﺑﺎﻟﺼﺪﻓﺔ وﻗﻌﺖ ﻋﻴﻨﺎه ﻋـﻠـ ّـﻲ‪ ،‬وﻛﻨﺖ أﻣﺴﻚ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﺔ ﻓﺌﺔ ﺧﻤﺴﺔ رﻳــﺎﻻت وأﻋـﺒــﺚ ﺑﺸﻔﺘﻲ ﺑﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻟﻲ‪ :‬ﻫﺎﺗﻲ اﻟﺨﻤﺴﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺠﻮز‪ ..‬وﻛﺎن رﺟﻼ ﻣﺮﺣﺎ ﻳﺤﺐ ﻣﻼﻃﻔﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻃﻔﺎل‪ .‬اﺑﺘﺴﻤﺖ وﻗﻠﺖ ﻟﻪ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﺶ ﻣﻌﻲ إﻻ ﻫﻲ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺎل ﻟﻲ‪ :‬إﻧﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻟــﻮ ﺗﺼﺪﻗﺖ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻘﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓــﺈن اﷲ ﺳﻴﺮﺟﻌﻬﺎ إﻟــﻲ ﻋﺸﺮة‬ ‫أو ﺣﺘﻰ ﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ رﻳــﺎﻻ‪ ،‬وﻇﻞ ﻳﻐﺮﻳﻨﻲ وﻳﺤﺎول إﻗﻨﺎﻋﻲ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫وﺟــﺪت ﻧﻔﺴﻲ أﻣﺪ ﻳﺪي ﺑﺎﻟﺨﻤﺴﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺠﻮز‪ ..‬ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻛﺎن ﻳﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮه إﻟــﻰ وﺟﻬﻲ ﻟﻴﻘﺮأ ﻣﺸﺎﻋﺮي ﺑﻌﺪ أن ﺧﺴﺮت اﻟﺨﻤﺴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫وﻛﻨﺖ أﻛﺎد أﺑﻜﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﺑﻲ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻳﻌﻄﻴﻨﻲ ﺧﻤﺴﺔ إﻻ ﻣﺮﺗﲔ أو‬ ‫ﺛﻼث ﻓﻲ اﻷﺳـﺒــﻮع‪ ..‬ﺿﺤﻚ اﻟﻘﺎﺿﻲ وأﺧــﺮج ﻣﻦ ﺟﻴﺒﻪ ورﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻳﺔ ﻓﺌﺔ ﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ رﻳﺎﻻ‪ ،‬وﻗﺎل ﻟﻲ‪ :‬ﺧﺬﻳﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺶ ﻗﻠﺖ ﻟﻚ إن اﷲ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺟﻊ اﻟﺼﺪﻗﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﻘﻴﺮ أﺿﻌﺎﻓﺎ؟!‬ ‫ﺗــﺮددت ﻓــﻲ أﺧــﺬﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓــ»اﻟـﻌـﺸــﺮون« ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﻟــﻢ أﻛــﻦ أﻣﻠﻜﻪ‬ ‫إﻻ ﻓــﻲ ﻋـﻴــﺪ اﳌـﺴـﻠـﻤــﲔ‪ ..‬ﻟﻜﻨﻪ دﺳـﻬــﺎ ﻓــﻲ ﻳ ــﺪي‪ ،‬وﻫــﻮ ﻣﺒﺘﺴﻢ‬ ‫وﻳــﺪاﻋـﺒـﻨــﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓـﻄــﺮت ﺑﻬﺎ إﻟــﻰ اﻟﺒﻴﺖ وﻓــﺮﺣــﻲ ﻻ ﻳــﻮﺻــﻒ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫أﺳﺒﻮﻋﲔ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ‪ ،‬دﺧــﻞ ﺣﺎرﺗﻨﺎ رﺟــﻞ ﻓﻘﻴﺮ‪ ،‬وﻛــﺎﻧــﺖ ﻋﻨﺪي‬ ‫ﺧﻤﺴﺔ رﻳﺎﻻت ﻓﺘﺬﻛﺮت ﻛﻼم اﻟﻘﺎﺿﻲ اﻷﻛﻮع وﻫﺮﻋﺖ ﻧﺤﻮه‬

‫وﺗﺼﺪﻗﺖ ﺑﻬﺎ‪ ..‬ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﻘﻴﺖ أﻏﻠﻲ ﺑﺪاﺧﻠﻲ ﺑﺎﻧﺘﻈﺎر أن ﻳﻌﻴﺪ‬ ‫اﷲ ﻟﻲ اﻟﺨﻤﺴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ رﻳﺎﻻ‪ .‬وﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺣﺎن أذان اﳌﻐﺮب ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫أدﻋﻮ اﷲ أن ﻳﻌﻴﺪ ﻟﻲ اﻟﺨﻤﺴﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﻦ دون زﻳــﺎدة‪ ،‬ﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫دون ﺟﺪوى‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟـﻴــﻮم اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬وأﺛـﻨــﺎء ﻋــﻮدﺗــﻲ ﻣــﻦ اﳌــﺪرﺳــﺔ ﻇـﻬــﺮا‪ ،‬ﳌﺤﺖ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﻓﻠﻮس‪ ،‬اﻧﺤﻨﻴﺖ ﻓﺈذا ﺑﻬﺎ ورﻗﺘﺎن ﻣﻦ ﻓﺌﺔ اﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ رﻳﺎﻻ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﺣــﺖ وﻗـﻠــﺖ ﻓــﻲ ﻧﻔﺴﻲ إن اﷲ أرﺟ ــﻊ ﻟــﻲ اﻟـﺼــﺪﻗــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻟﻜﻨﻨﻲ‬ ‫اﻛﺘﻔﻴﺖ ﺑــﺄﺧــﺬ ورﻗ ــﺔ واﺣـ ــﺪة‪ ،‬وﺗــﺮﻛــﺖ ورﻗ ــﺔ اﻟـﻌـﺸــﺮﻳــﻦ رﻳــﺎﻻ‬ ‫اﻷﺧﺮى ﻋﻠﻰ اﻷرض وﻫﺮوﻟﺖ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺒﻴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺮ ﻧﻔﺲ اﻟﻴﻮم‪ ،‬رأﻳــﺖ اﻟﻘﺎﺿﻲ اﻷﻛــﻮع ﻋﺎﺋﺪا ﻣﻦ اﳌﺴﺠﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻄﻌﺖ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻪ وﺳــﺮدت ﻟــﻪ ﻣــﺎ ﺣــﺪث ﻣﻌﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ وﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﻳﺼﻐﻲ ﻣﺒﺘﺴﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ ﺳﺄﻟﻨﻲ‪ :‬ﳌﺎذا ﺗﺮﻛﺖ ورﻗﺔ اﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ رﻳﺎل‬ ‫اﻷﺧــﺮى‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻠﺖ ﻟﻪ إﻧﻨﻲ ﻋﺮﻓﺖ أن اﷲ أرﺳﻞ اﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻨﺖ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﺎرة ﺗﺼﺪﻗﺖ ﻣﺜﻠﻲ ﻓﺘﺮﻛﺘﻬﺎ ﻟﻬﺎ‪..‬‬ ‫اﻧﻔﺠﺮ اﻟﻘﺎﺿﻲ ﺿﺎﺣﻜﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﺮي‪ ،‬وأﺧﺒﺮ أﻧﺎﺳﺎ‬ ‫آﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﺖ‪ ،‬ﻓﻀﺤﻜﻮا أﻳﻀﺎ ﺑﺼﻮت ﻋﺎل‪ ،‬وﻇﻞ اﻟﻘﺎﺿﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻤﺎ رآﻧ ــﻲ ﻳﻨﻔﺠﺮ ﺿــﺎﺣـﻜــﺎ‪ ،‬وﺑــﲔ اﻟـﺤــﲔ واﻵﺧ ــﺮ ﻳﻌﻄﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﻤﺴﺔ أو ﻋﺸﺮة رﻳﺎﻻت‪ ،‬وﻳﻘﻮل ﻟﻲ أن اﷲ ﻳﺤﺒﻨﻲ وﻳﺮﺳﻞ ﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻪ ﻓﻠﻮس وﺟﻌﺎﻟﺔ‪ ..‬وﻣﻦ ﻳﻮﻣﻬﺎ ﺗﻌﻮدت أن أﻋﻄﻲ اﻟﻔﻘﺮاء أي‬ ‫ﺷﻲء ﻣﻤﺎ ﻋﻨﺪي‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻳﻮم ﻣﻐﺎدرﺗﻨﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺎء ﻟﻠﻬﺠﺮة إﻟﻰ إﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺖ زوﺟﺘﻪ‬ ‫وﺑﻨﺎﺗﻪ ﻳﺒﻜﲔ ﻷﺟﻠﻨﺎ‪ ،‬وﻷول ﻣﺮة ﻓﻲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻲ رأﻳﺖ دﻣﻮﻋﺎ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﻲ اﻟﻘﺎﺿﻲ اﻟﺬي ﻟﻢ ﺗﻜﻦ ﺗﻔﺎرﻗﻪ اﻻﺑﺘﺴﺎﻣﺔ‪ ..‬ﻟﻢ أﻛﻦ أﻋﺮف‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ذﻟﻚ اﳌﻮﻗﻒ‪ ،‬ﻟﻜﻨﻨﻲ ﺑﻌﺪ أن ﺑﻠﻐﺖ اﻟﺮﺷﺪ‪ ،‬أﺻﺒﺤﺖ أﺗﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎﺻﻴﻞ ﻛــﻞ ﺷــﻲء‪ ،‬وأﺗــﺄﻟــﻢ ﻛﺜﻴﺮا ﺟــﺪا ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧـﺴــﺎرة ﺷﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﻃﻴﺐ ﻳﺤﺐ اﷲ‪ ،‬وﻳﺤﺒﻪ اﷲ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬا‪ ،‬وﻗﺪ أرﺳﻠﺖ ﻫﺬه اﻟﻘﺼﺔ إﻟﻰ ﻛﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ اﻷﺻﺪﻗﺎء‪ ،‬وﻛﺜﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ أﻋﺠﺒﻮا ﺑﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻟﻜﻦ إﺿﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﺸﻴﺨﺔ ﺣﺼﺔ ﺻﺒﺎح اﻟﺴﺎﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻤﻴﺰة‪ ،‬اﻟﺘﻲ واﻓﻘﺖ أن أﺿﻴﻔﻬﺎ إﻟﻰ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻲ ﻫﺬا‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻣﺎ أﺟﻤﻞ ﻫﺬه اﻟﻘﺼﺔ‪ ..‬ﺷﻜﺮﴽ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎرﻛﺔ‪ ..‬ﻏﻠﺒﺘﻨﻲ اﻟﻌﺒﺮة وأﻧﺎ‬ ‫أﻗﺮأ اﻟﻘﺼﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﻧﺎ أﻋﺮف اﻟﻘﺎﺿﻲ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ اﻷﻛﻮع وأﺧﺎه اﻟﻘﺎﺿﻲ‬ ‫إﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﻳﺮﺣﻤﻬﻤﺎ اﷲ‪ .‬اﻷﺧﻴﺮ ﻛﺎن ﻣﻦ أﻋﺰ أﺻﺪﻗﺎﺋﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻞ‬ ‫وأﺻﺪﻗﺎء اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ‪ ،‬وﻣﻦ ﻣﺤﺒﺘﻪ ﻟﺒﻠﺪﻧﺎ أﻋﻄﺎﻧﺎ ﺷﺮف اﺳﺘﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮض ﻳﺤﺘﻮي ﻋﻠﻰ اﳌﺨﻄﻮﻃﺎت اﻟﻘﺮآﻧﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻋﺜﺮ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻒ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻊ اﻟﻜﺒﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻨﻌﺎء‪ ،‬وأﺑــﻰ اﻟﻘﺎﺿﻲ إﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ‬ ‫اﻷﻛــﻮع إﻻ أن ﺗـﻜــﻮن اﻟـﻜــﻮﻳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ ﺑــﺪار اﻵﺛ ــﺎر‪ ،‬ﻫــﻲ اﳌﺤﻄﺔ‬ ‫اﻷوﻟ ــﻰ اﻟـﺘــﻲ ﺗـﻌــﺮض ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻫــﺬه اﳌـﺼــﺎﺣــﻒ اﻟ ـﻨــﺎدرة‪ ،‬واﳌﺤﻄﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻴﻮﻧﺦ‪ ،‬ﻷن اﻷﳌــﺎن ﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻣﻮا ﺑﺘﺮﻣﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ودراﺳﺘﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻗﺼﺔ ﺗﺴﺘﺤﻖ اﻟﺘﺄﻣﻞ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎك اﻟﻜﺜﻴﺮ اﻟــﺬي ﻳﻤﻜﻦ أن ﻳﻜﺘﺐ ﺣﻮل اﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎت اﻹﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻻﻗ ـﺘ ـﺼــﺎدﻳــﺔ ﺑــﲔ اﻟ ـﻴ ـﻬــﻮد اﻟـ ـﻌ ــﺮب‪ ،‬واﻟـ ـﻌ ــﺮب‪ ،‬اﻟـ ــﺬي ﺷــﻮﻫـﺘــﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ‪ ،‬أو ﺑﺎﻟﺬات ﻓﻴﻀﺎن اﻟﻜﺮاﻫﻴﺔ اﻟــﺬي ﻗﺪم إﻟﻰ اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬

‫ﻣﻦ أوروﺑﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻧﺸﺄة اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﺼﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺔ وﺗﺄﺳﻴﺲ إﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫واﻟﺤﺮوب اﻟﺘﻲ ﻛﺎن اﻟﻌﺮب ﻓﻴﻬﺎ داﺋﻤﺎ اﻟﺨﺎﺳﺮﻳﻦ‪ .‬ﻫﺬا‪ ،‬واﻟﺠﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺘﻪ أن ﻓﻴﺾ اﻟﻜﺮاﻫﻴﺔ ﺑﲔ اﻟﻌﺮب واﻟﻴﻬﻮد اﻧﺘﺸﺮ أﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ اﳌﺸﺮق اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ‪ ،‬وذﻟــﻚ أن اﳌﺸﺮﻗﻴﲔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﺮب ﺗﺄﺛﺮوا أو‬ ‫ﺗـﻀــﺮروا أﻛﺜﺮ ﻣــﻦ اﻟـﺤــﺮوب اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﻹﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻠﻴﺔ وﻧﺘﺎﺋﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﺪﻣﺮة ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺸﻌﺐ اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﳌﺸﺎﻋﺮ ﻧﺤﻮ اﻟﻴﻬﻮد وﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﳌﻐﺮب اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ رﺑﻤﺎ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ اﳌﺸﺮق‪.‬‬ ‫وﻳﺮﺟﻊ ذﻟﻚ اﻟﻰ اﻹرث اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻲ واﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدي ﻟﻠﻴﻬﻮد ﻓﻲ اﳌﻐﺮب‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ‪ .‬إﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﻟﻰ أن اﻟﻌﺮب واﻟﻴﻬﻮد ﻛﺎﻧﻮا ﺿﺤﺎﻳﺎ ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻔﺘﻴﺶ ﻓﻲ أﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪ ،‬وﻛﻼﻫﻤﺎ ﻋﺎﻧﺎ اﻟﻬﺠﺮة ﻣﻦ اﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻲ أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ‪ .‬ﻫﺬا‪ ،‬وﻳﺒﻘﻰ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺬاﻛﺮة اﻟﻴﻬﻮدﻳﺔ أن اﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻓﺮﻧﺴﺎ‪ ،‬وﻓﻲ ﺑﺎرﻳﺲ ﺑﺎﻟﺬات‪ ،‬أﺻﺪروا آﻻف اﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﻟﻴﻬﻮد‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺷﻤﺎل أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ أﻧﻬﻢ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﻮن ﻟﺤﻤﺎﻳﺘﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﺎزﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ اﻻﺣ ـﺘــﻼل اﻷﳌــﺎﻧــﻲ ﺑــﺎرﻳــﺲ‪ .‬وﻳﺸﻬﺪ اﻟـﺘــﺎرﻳــﺦ أن ﻣﺴﺠﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎرﻳــﺲ أﺻـﺒــﺢ ﻣ ــﻼذا ﻵﻻف اﻟـﻴـﻬــﻮد ﺑـﻌــﺪ اﻻﺣ ـﺘــﻼل اﻷﳌــﺎﻧــﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺎرﻳﺲ‪ .‬أﻣﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻌﺮاق‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﻊ أﻧﻪ ﻛﺎن ﻫﻨﺎك ﺣﻮاﻟﻲ رﺑﻊ ﻣﻠﻴﻮن‬ ‫ﻳﻬﻮدي إﺑﺎن ﻧﺸﺄة إﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ ﻋﺎم ‪ ،1948‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ اﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﲔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮب واﻟﻴﻬﻮد ﻣﻀﻄﺮﺑﺔ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﻀﻮر اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫واﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدي اﻟﻴﻬﻮدي ﻓﻲ اﻟﻌﺮاق‪ .‬وﻳﺮﺟﻊ ذﻟﻚ إﻟﻰ أن اﻟﺮﻓﺾ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ ﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺑﺮﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻌﺮاق‪ ،‬وﻟﺪ ﺗﻌﺎﻃﻔﺎ ﻣﻊ اﻷﳌﺎن‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻞ إن ﺛﻮرة رﺷﻴﺪ ﻋﺎﻟﻲ اﻟﻜﻴﻼﻧﻲ ﻋﺎم ‪ 1941‬ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻨﻈﺮ إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫أﳌﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻛﻤﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﻔﻮذ اﻟﺒﺮﻳﻄﺎﻧﻲ‪ .‬ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﺪت ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮاق ﻣﺸﺎﻋﺮ ﻋﺪاء ﻧﺤﻮ اﻟﻴﻬﻮد‪ ،‬أدت إﻟﻰ ﻫﺠﺮﺗﻬﻢ ﺑﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻣــﻦ اﻟـﺤــﺮﻛــﺔ اﻟـﺼـﻬـﻴــﻮﻧـﻴــﺔ‪ .‬إﻻ أن ذﻛــﺮﻳــﺎت اﻟـﻴـﻬــﻮد اﻟﻌﺮاﻗﻴﲔ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ اﻟﻬﺠﺮة ﻹﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ أﻟﻴﻤﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﺒﻌﺪ أن ﻛﺎﻧﻮا ﻓﻲ وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻗﺘﺼﺎدي ﻣﻤﻴﺰ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻐﺪاد واﻟﺒﺼﺮة‪ ،‬اﺿﻄﺮوا إﻟﻰ أن ﻳﺴﻜﻨﻮا‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻴﺎم ﻓﻲ إﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻫﺠﺮﺗﻬﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﺬا‪ ،‬وﻻ ﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻹﺷﺎرة إﻟﻰ‬ ‫أن ﻛﺜﻴﺮا ﻣﻦ ﻳﻬﻮد اﻟﻌﺮاق رﻓﻀﻮا اﻟﻬﺠﺮة إﻟﻰ إﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﻷﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻘﺘﻨﻌﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻜﺮة اﻟﺼﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬واﺧﺘﺎروا إﻳــﺮان وأوروﺑــﺎ‬ ‫واﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﺑﺪﻳﻼ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻓﻲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﺠﺎل‪ ،‬أﻣﻴﻞ إﻟﻰ رأي اﻟﺮواﺋﻲ اﻹﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻠﻲ ﻋﺎﻣﻮس‬ ‫ﻋ ــﻮز‪ ،‬اﻟ ــﺬي ﻳــﺮى ﻣــﻦ ﺧــﻼل رواﻳ ـﺘــﻪ »ﻳ ـﻬــﻮذا« أن اﻟ ـﺨــﻼف أو‬ ‫اﻟـ ـﻜ ــﺮاﻫـ ـﻴ ــﺔ ﺑ ــﲔ اﻟ ـ ـﻌ ــﺮب واﻟـ ـﻴـ ـﻬ ــﻮد ﺣــﺎﻟــﺔ‬ ‫ﻃــﺎرﺋــﺔ‪ ،‬وإن داﻣ ــﺖ ﻣـﺌــﺔ ﺳـﻨــﺔ‪ .‬وذﻟ ــﻚ ﻷن‬ ‫أﺳﺒﺎﺑﻬﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻨﺸﺄة اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ أوروﺑﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻘﺮن اﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮد ﻓﻌﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮﻳﺔ وﻣﻌﺎداة‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺎﻣﻴﺔ‪ .‬وﺳﻮف ﻳﺄﺗﻲ اﻟﻮﻗﺖ اﻟﺬي ﺗﺮﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ أواﺻ ــﺮ اﳌﺤﺒﺔ ﺑــﲔ اﻟـﻌــﺮب واﻟـﻴـﻬــﻮد‪،‬‬ ‫ﻟـﻜــﻦ ﻫ ــﺬا ﻻ ﻳــﺄﺗــﻲ ﻋـﺒــﺮ ﺗـﻘــﺪﻳــﻢ ﺗ ـﻨــﺎزﻻت‬ ‫إﻟــﻰ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﻣﺘﻄﺮﻓﺔ ﻓﻲ إﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﻧﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎﻫﻮ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ ‪09‬‬ ‫رأي وﻣﻮﻗﻒ‬

‫اﻟﻤﺴﺠﺪ اﻷﻗﺼﻰ‬ ‫وﻣﺎ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ‬

‫ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻤﺤﺴﻦ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﺟﻤﺎل‬ ‫‪ajamal2@hotmail.com‬‬

‫ﻓــﻲ اﻟ ـﺒــﺪء‪ ..‬ﻣ ـﺒــﺎرك ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ اﻟـﺸـﻬــﺮ وﻋـﺴــﺎﻛــﻢ ﻣــﻦ اﻟـﺼــﺎﺋـﻤــﲔ اﻟـﻔــﺎﺋــﺰﻳــﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻛﻌﺎدﺗﻨﺎ ﻛﻞ ﻋﺎم‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﺼﺺ ﻣﻘﺎﻻت ﻫﺬا اﻟﺸﻬﺮ اﻟﻜﺮﻳﻢ ﻟﻔﻬﻢ ﺑﻌﺾ آﻳﺎت‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎب اﷲ اﻟﺤﻜﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗــﺎل ﺗـﻌــﺎﻟــﻰ‪» :‬ﺳـﺒـﺤــﺎن اﻟــﺬي أﺳــﺮى ﺑﻌﺒﺪه ﻟﻴﻼ ﻣــﻦ اﳌﺴﺠﺪ اﻟ ـﺤــﺮام اﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﳌﺴﺠﺪ اﻷﻗـﺼــﻰ اﻟــﺬي ﺑــﺎرﻛـﻨــﺎ ﺣــﻮﻟــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻟﻨﺮﻳﻪ ﻣــﻦ آﻳــﺎﺗـﻨــﺎ إﻧــﻪ ﻫــﻮ اﻟﺴﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺼﻴﺮ«‪) .‬اﻹﺳﺮاء‪(1 :‬‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻌﺾ اﻻزﻣﻨﺔ واﻻﻣﻜﻨﺔ ذﻛﺮﻳﺎت ﻣﻬﻤﺔ ﻳﺤﺘﻔﻞ ﺑﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﺎس‪ ،‬وﻳﺘﺬﻛﺮوﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫داﺋﻤﺎ ﻻرﺗﺒﺎﻃﻬﺎ ﺑﺤﻴﺎﺗﻬﻢ وأﻧﺸﻄﺘﻬﻢ‪ ،‬او ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻘﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﻘﺎﺋﺪﻫﻢ اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ او‬ ‫اﻣﻮرﻫﻢ اﻟﺪﻧﻴﻮﻳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫واﳌﺴﺠﺪ اﻻﻗﺼﻰ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﻟﻘﺪس اﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﺎرﻛﻬﺎ اﷲ وﺑــﺎرك ﻣﺎ ﺣﻮﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ذﻛﺮﻳﺎت اﻳﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻷﺗﺒﺎع اﻟﺪﻳﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﺴﻤﺎوﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﳌﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ذﻛﺮﻳﺎت أﻧﺒﻴﺎء اﷲ‬ ‫ـ ـ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ اﻟﺴﻼم ـ ـ وأﺗﺒﺎﻋﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺪى اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺦ‪.‬‬ ‫واﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮن ﻳﻬﺘﻤﻮن ﺑﻬﺎ ﳌﺴﺮى اﻟــﺮﺳــﻮل اﻷﻛــﺮم ـ ـ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وآﻟــﻪ‬ ‫وﺳﻠﻢ ـ ـ اﻟﻰ ﻫﻨﺎك‪ ،‬وﺻﻼﺗﻪ إﻣﺎﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻻﻧﺒﻴﺎء واﳌﺮﺳﻠﲔ ـ ـ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ اﻟﺴﻼم ـ ـ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻣﺸﻬﺪ ﻣﻬﻴﺐ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺮوي اﻻﺣﺎدﻳﺚ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻛــﺎن اﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮن اﳌﺴﺆوﻟﲔ ﻋﻦ ادارة اﳌﺴﺠﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣــﺪار اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺦ اﻟــﻰ ان ﻗﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﻐﺮب ﺑﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﻴﻬﻮد ﻓﻲ اﻗﺎﻣﺔ دوﻟﺔ ﻟﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺮاب اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻲ واﻧﻬﺰام‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮب ﻓﻲ ﺣﺮب ﺣﺰﻳﺮان ‪ ١٩٦٧‬واﺣﺘﻼل اﻻﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻠﻴﲔ اﳌﺴﺠﺪ اﳌﺒﺎرك‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫــﺬه اﻵﻳــﺔ اﻟﻜﺮﻳﻤﺔ ّ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﲔ اﻻﻋﺠﺎز اﻻﻟﻬﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻤﻜﲔ اﻟﺮﺳﻮل اﳌﺼﻄﻔﻰ ـ ـ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وآﻟــﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ـ ـ وﺳﻔﺮه ﻓﻲ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ واﺣــﺪة اﻟــﻰ ﻫﻨﺎك‪ ،‬وﻣــﻦ ﺛﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮاﺟﻪ اﻟﻰ اﻟﺴﻤﺎء‪.‬‬ ‫وﻟﻌﻞ اﻟﺘﺮاﺑﻂ ﺑﲔ اﳌﺴﺠﺪﻳﻦ اﻟﺤﺮام واﻻﻗﺼﻰ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ اﻟــﺪﻻﻻت اﻟﺸﻲء‬ ‫اﻟـﻜـﺜـﻴــﺮ اﻟـ ــﺬي ﻳـﺠـﻌـﻠـﻨــﺎ ﻛـﻤـﺴـﻠـﻤــﲔ ﻧـﻬـﺘــﻢ ﺑـﻬـﻤــﺎ ﻛ ـﺜ ـﻴــﺮا‪ ،‬وﻧ ـﻄــﺎﻟــﺐ اﻟـﻌــﺎﻟــﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺣﺘﺮاﻣﻬﻤﺎ واﻟﺤﻔﺎظ ﻋﻠﻰ اﺑﻌﺎدﻫﻤﺎ اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬واﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺠﺐ ان ﺗﺒﻘﻰ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﺧﺘﺼﺎص اﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ‪.‬‬ ‫واﻟﻴﻮم ّ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻌﺮض ﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ وﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﻟﻘﺪس ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻟﻬﺠﻤﺔ ﺷﺮﺳﺔ ﻣﻦ أﻋﺪاء‬ ‫اﻻﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻧﺠﺪ اﻻﻏﺮاب ﻳﻌﺘﺪون ﻋﻠﻰ اﻻرض اﻟﻄﺎﻫﺮة وﻳﺴﺘﻠﺒﻮن اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﺳﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻟﻴﺴﻠﻤﻮﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ دون ﺣﻖ اﻟﻰ اﻟﻴﻬﻮد ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﻨﺎﻗﺾ اﻟﻘﻮاﻧﲔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪوﻟﻴﺔ وﻗﺮارات ﻣﺠﻠﺲ اﻻﻣﻦ اﻟﺪوﻟﻲ‪ ،‬اﻟﺘﻲ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻌﺪ ﺗﻌﻨﻲ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻟﻬﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻴﻮم ﻳﺮى اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﻛﻠﻪ وﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل اﻟﻨﻘﻞ اﻟﺘﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻧﻲ اﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮ اﺣﺘﺠﺎﺟﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﲔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻧﺘﻬﺎك اﻣﻴﺮﻛﺎ وإﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ ﻟﺤﻘﻮق اﻟﻌﺮب واﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ‪،‬‬ ‫وﻗﺘﻞ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﳌﺘﻈﺎﻫﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺪم ﺑﺎرد وﻣﻊ ﺿﺤﻜﺎت اﻟﺼﻬﺎﻳﻨﺔ اﳌﻨﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻟﻜﻞ‬ ‫اﻻﺧﻼق اﻻﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺗﻘﻒ اﻻدارة اﻻﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﺋﻘﺎ اﻣــﺎم ﻣﺠﻠﺲ اﻻﻣــﻦ وﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﻧﻔﻮذﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﳌﻨﻌﻪ ﻣﻦ اداء دوره‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﺒﺐ اﻣﺘﻼﻛﻬﺎ ﺣﻖ »اﻟﻔﻴﺘﻮ« ﻟﺘﻤﻨﻊ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع ﻫﻨﺎك ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺟﺪي وﻣﺴﺆول‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻴﻮم ﺳﻴﻌﺮف اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﻛﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻘﻒ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺤﻖ اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﻔﺎظ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﳌﺴﺠﺪ اﻻﻗﺼﻰ واﻟﻘﺪس اﻟﺸﺮﻳﻒ‪ ،‬وﻣﻦ ﺗﺨﻠﻰ ﻋﻦ اﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺘﻪ ودﻳﻨﻪ ﻟﻴﻘﻒ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫اﳌﻌﺘﺪي ﻣﻦ ﺷﺬاذ اﻻرض ﻣﺤﺎرﺑﺎ ﻟﻜﻞ اﻟﻘﻴﻢ واﳌﺜﻞ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻔﺘﺨﺮ ﺑﻬﺎ اﻻﺣﺮار‪.‬‬ ‫واﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻘﲔ ان اﷲ ﻳﻤﻬﻞ‪ ،‬وﻻ ﻳﻬﻤﻞ‪.‬‬


‫‪ 10‬اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻼل اﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎل اﻟﻤﻬﻨﺌﻴﻦ‬

‫اﻟﺒﻠﺪي‬

‫اﻟﻤﻌﺠﻞ ﻟــ ‪ :‬ﻟﻦ ّ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻘﻖ اﻹﻧﺠﺎزات‬ ‫إﻻ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎون ﻣﻊ »اﻟﺒﻠﺪﻳﺔ«‬ ‫زﻛﺮﻳﺎ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫أﻋﺮب ﻋﻀﻮ اﳌﺠﻠﺲ اﻟﺒﻠﺪي‬ ‫ﻋ ـ ـﺒـ ــﺪاﻟ ـ ـﻌـ ــﺰﻳـ ــﺰ اﳌ ـ ـﻌ ـ ـﺠـ ــﻞ ﻋــﻦ‬ ‫ﺷ ـ ـﻜـ ــﺮه وﺗ ـ ـﻘ ـ ــﺪﻳ ـ ــﺮه ﻟ ـﺠ ـﻤ ـﻴــﻊ‬ ‫اﻟ ـﻨ ــﺎﺧ ـﺒ ــﲔ اﻟـ ــﺬﻳـ ــﻦ ﺷ ــﺎرﻛ ــﻮا‬ ‫ﻓ ــﻲ اﻟـ ـﻌ ــﺮس اﻟــﺪﻳ ـﻤــﻮﻗــﺮاﻃــﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎت اﳌﺠﻠﺲ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻗ ـ ــﺎل اﳌ ـﻌ ـﺠــﻞ ﻓ ــﻲ ﺗ ـﺼــﺮﻳــﺢ‬ ‫ﻟ ـ ـ ـ ـ ـ ـ ـ ـ ‪ g‬ﺧـ ـ ـ ـ ـ ـ ــﻼل ﺣ ـ ـﻔـ ــﻞ‬ ‫اﻻﺳ ـ ـﺘ ـ ـﻘ ـ ـﺒـ ــﺎل‪ ،‬اﻟـ ـ ـ ــﺬي أﻗ ــﺎﻣ ــﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺪﻳــﻮان اﳌـﻌـﺠــﻞ ﻓــﻲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫اﻟـﻔـﻴـﺤــﺎء‪ :‬إن اﳌـﺠـﻠــﺲ اﳌﻘﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻋـﻠـﻴــﻪ ﻣ ـﺴــﺆوﻟ ـﻴــﺔ ﻛ ـﺒ ـﻴــﺮة ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺗ ـﻄــﻮﻳــﺮ اﻷﻧ ـﻈ ـﻤ ــﺔ وﺗ ـﻌــﺪﻳــﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻮاﺋﺢ‪ ،‬إﺿﺎﻓﺔ اﻟــﻰ دراﺳــﺔ‬ ‫وإﻗـ ـ ـ ــﺮار اﳌ ـﺨ ـﻄ ــﻂ اﻟ ـﻬ ـﻴ ـﻜ ـﻠــﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ ﻟﻠﺪوﻟﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫واﺿ ـ ـ ـ ـ ــﺎف اﳌ ـ ـﻌ ـ ـﺠـ ــﻞ‪ :‬إن أي‬ ‫إﻧ ـ ـ ـ ـﺠـ ـ ـ ــﺎز ﻟـ ـ ـ ــﻦ ﻳ ـ ـﺘ ـ ـﺤ ـ ـﻘـ ــﻖ إﻻ‬ ‫ﺑـ ــﺎﻟ ـ ـﺘ ـ ـﻌـ ــﺎون ﺑ ـ ــﲔ اﻷﻋ ـ ـﻀـ ــﺎء‬ ‫ً‬ ‫أوﻻ‪ ،‬وﻣﻊ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬي‬ ‫اﻟـ ــﺬي ﻋ ـﻠ ـﻴــﻪ ﻋ ــﺐء ﻛ ـﺒ ـﻴــﺮ ﻓــﻲ‬ ‫ﻣ ـﺴــﺎﻋــﺪة اﳌ ـﺠ ـﻠــﺲ اﻟ ـﺒ ـﻠــﺪي‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑـ ــﺎﺗ ـ ـﺨـ ــﺎذ ﻗ ـ ـ ـ ـ ــﺮارات ﺻــﺎﺋ ـﺒــﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ اﳌﻨﻔﻌﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وأﻛ ـ ــﺪ اﳌ ـﻌ ـﺠــﻞ ان اﻻﻋـ ـﻀ ــﺎء‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻴﻌﺎ‪ ،‬ﻫﺪﻓﻬﻢ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ اﻟﺒﻠﺪ‬ ‫وأﻫـ ـ ـﻠ ـ ــﻪ‪ ،‬وﻟ ـ ــﺬﻟ ـ ــﻚ ﻟ ـ ــﻦ ﺗ ـﻜ ــﻮن‬ ‫ﻫـﻨــﺎك أي ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺗــﺄﺧـﻴــﺮ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫إﻗـ ــﺮار اﳌ ـﺸــﺎرﻳــﻊ‪ ،‬ﺧـﺼــﻮﺻــﺎ‬ ‫اﻟـ ـﺘـ ـﻨـ ـﻤ ــﻮﻳ ــﺔ ﻣ ـ ـﻨ ـ ـﻬ ــﺎ‪ ،‬واﻟ ـ ـﺘ ــﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﻔﻌﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻴﻊ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮاء‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻮﻃﻦ أو اﳌﻮاﻃﻦ‪.‬‬

‫إﺻﺪار ‪288‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺎدة أوﺻﺎف‬ ‫أﺻﺪرت إدارة اﻟﺘﺪﻗﻴﻖ واﳌﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫اﻟ ـ ـﻬ ـ ـﻨـ ــﺪﺳ ـ ـﻴـ ــﺔ ﻓـ ـ ــﻲ ﻓ ـ ـ ـ ــﺮع ﺑـ ـﻠ ــﺪﻳ ــﺔ‬ ‫ﻣـﺤــﺎﻓـﻈــﺔ ﻣ ـﺒــﺎرك اﻟ ـﻜ ـﺒ ـﻴــﺮ‪ ،‬ﺧــﻼل‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ أﺑﺮﻳﻞ اﳌﺎﺿﻲ‪ 288 ،‬ﺷﻬﺎدة‬ ‫أوﺻﺎف‪.‬‬ ‫وأوﺿـ ـ ــﺢ ﻣــﺪﻳــﺮ اﻹدارة‪ ،‬م‪ .‬ﺛــﺎﻣــﺮ‬ ‫اﳌ ـﻄ ـﻴــﺮي‪ ،‬اﻧ ــﻪ ﺗــﻢ إﺻ ـ ــﺪار وإﻧ ـﻬــﺎء‬ ‫‪ 621‬ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﻠﺖ ‪ 30‬اﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎرﴽ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻣﺤﻞ‪ ،‬و‪ 23‬إﻧﻬﺎء إﺷﺮاف ﻣﺒﺎن‪،‬‬ ‫و‪ 110‬اﻳﺼﺎل ﺗﻴﺎر ﻛﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻲ‪ ،‬و‪94‬‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﴼ ﻟﻮزارة اﻷﺷﻐﺎل‪ ،‬و‪ 4‬ﺗﻌﻬﺪات‬ ‫إﺷﺮاف ﻫﻨﺪﺳﻲ‪ ،‬و‪ 8‬ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎت‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺨﻤﻴﺲ ﻏﺮة رﻣﻀﺎن ‪ ١٧òÍò¬›ò١٤٣٩‬ﻣﺎﻳﻮ ‪١٦١٥٠òXYz6òÍò٤٧ò–b6òÍò٢٠١٨‬‬

‫رﻏﻢ إﻋﺎﻗﺔ اﻟﻤﻔﺘﺸﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻢ‬

‫اﻟﺸﺮﻳﻜﺔ‪ :‬إزاﻟﺔ ‪ 28‬ﻣﻈﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺮﺧﺼﺔ‬

‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ‪ 288‬ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ‬

‫ﺣﺴﺎم اﻟﺮوﻣﻲ ﻳﻬﻨﺊ اﻟﻤﻌﺠﻞ‬

‫اﻟﻤﻌﺠﻞ ﻳﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻌﺪﺳﺎﻧﻲ واﻟﻌﺘﻴﺒﻲ واﻟﻤﻮﺳﻲ | ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺣﺴﻨﻲ ﻫﻼل‬

‫ﻛ ـ ـ ـﺸـ ـ ــﻒ رﺋـ ـ ـ ـﻴ ـ ـ ــﺲ ﻗ ـ ـ ـﺴـ ـ ــﻢ إزاﻟـ ـ ـ ـ ـ ــﺔ‬ ‫اﳌـ ـ ـﺨ ـ ــﺎﻟـ ـ ـﻔ ـ ــﺎت ﻓ ـ ـ ــﻲ ﻓ ـ ـ ـ ــﺮع ﺑـ ـﻠ ــﺪﻳ ــﺔ‬ ‫ﻣ ـﺤــﺎﻓ ـﻈــﺔ اﻟ ـﻌــﺎﺻ ـﻤــﺔ‪ ،‬اﳌ ـﻬ ـﻨــﺪس‬ ‫ﻋ ـﺒــﺪاﷲ ﺟــﺎﺑــﺮ‪ ،‬ﻋــﻦ ﺗـﺤــﺮﻳــﺮ ‪288‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺔ ﺧﻼل أﺑﺮﻳﻞ اﳌﺎﺿﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻗ ــﺎل ﺟــﺎﺑــﺮ إن اﳌـﻔـﺘـﺸــﲔ ﻗــﺎﻣــﻮا‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺟﻴﻪ ‪ 41‬إﻧــﺬارﴽ‪ ،‬وﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ‪177‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺔ إﻋﻼن‪ ،‬إﻟﻰ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ إزاﻟﺔ ‪4‬‬ ‫ﺗـﻌــﺪﻳــﺎت ﻋﻠﻰ أﻣــﻼك اﻟــﺪوﻟــﺔ‪ ،‬و‪9‬‬ ‫إﻋ ــﻼﻧ ــﺎت ﻣـﺨــﺎﻟـﻔــﺔ ﻣــﻦ اﻟ ـﺸــﻮارع‬ ‫واﳌ ـ ـﻴـ ــﺎدﻳـ ــﻦ‪ ،‬وﻣ ـﺨــﺎﻟ ـﻔ ـﺘــﲔ ﻃـﺒـﻘــﴼ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻟـ ـﻘ ــﺎﻧ ــﻮن اﻟـ ـﻨـ ـﻈ ــﺎﻓ ــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓـ ـﻀ ــﻼ ﻋــﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺘﲔ ﻟـﻠـﺸــﺆون اﻟﻬﻨﺪﺳﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﻟﻰ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ‪ 39‬إﻧــﺬارﴽ‪،‬‬ ‫وﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺘﻲ ﺑﻨﺎء‪.‬‬ ‫وأﺿـ ــﺎف أﻧ ــﻪ ﺗــﻢ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ‪3915‬‬ ‫دﻳﻨﺎرﴽ ﻛﺈﻳﺮادات‪ ،‬داﻋﻴﴼ أﺻﺤﺎب‬ ‫اﳌـ ـﺤ ــﺎل إﻟـ ــﻰ اﻻﻟ ـ ـﺘـ ــﺰام ﺑــﺎﻟ ـﻠــﻮاﺋــﺢ‬ ‫واﻷﻧـ ـ ـﻈـ ـ ـﻤ ـ ــﺔ‪ ،‬ﺧـ ـﺼ ــﻮﺻ ــﴼ ﻻﺋ ـﺤــﺔ‬ ‫اﻹﻋـ ـ ــﻼﻧـ ـ ــﺎت ﺗ ـﺠ ـﻨ ـﺒــﴼ ﻟ ـﻠ ـﻤ ـﺨــﺎﻟ ـﻔــﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﻐﺮاﻣﺔ‪.‬‬

‫إزاﻟﺔ ﻣﻈﻠﺔ | )اﻟﺒﻠﺪﻳﺔ(‬

‫ﺷــﻦ ﻓــﺮﻳــﻖ ﻃـ ــﻮارئ ﺑ ـﻠــﺪﻳــﺔ اﻟ ـﻔــﺮواﻧ ـﻴــﺔ ﺣﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻹزاﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﺎت ﻋﻠﻰ أﻣﻼك اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫اﻟـ ـﻔ ــﺮواﻧـ ـﻴ ــﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗــﺰاﻣ ـﻨــﴼ ﻣ ــﻊ اﻟ ـﺤ ـﻤ ـﻠــﺔ اﻹﻋــﻼﻣ ـﻴــﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺘﻜﺜﻴﻒ اﻟﺤﻤﻼت ﻋﻠﻰ اﳌﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎت‬ ‫واﻟ ـ ـﺘ ـ ـﻌـ ــﺪﻳـ ــﺎت واﻹﻋـ ـ ـ ــﻼﻧـ ـ ـ ــﺎت ﻓ ـ ــﻲ اﻟـ ـ ـﺸ ـ ــﻮارع‬ ‫واﳌﻴﺎدﻳﻦ‪ ،‬وﻣﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ اﻟﺒﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﺠﺎﺋﻠﲔ‪ ،‬وﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﻐﻞ اﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻮاء اﺳﺘﻐﻼل ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫دون ﺗﺮﺧﻴﺺ‪ ،‬أو ﺳﻴﺎرات ﻣﻬﻤﻠﺔ‪ ،‬وﻣﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛــﺎت اﻟـﻨـﻈــﺎﻓــﺔ‪ ،‬وﻣــﺪى اﻟـﺘــﺰاﻣـﻬــﺎ ﺑﺘﻄﺒﻴﻖ‬ ‫اﻟ ـﻌ ـﻘ ــﻮد‪ ،‬وأﺳـ ـﻔ ــﺮت ﻋ ــﻦ رﻓـ ــﻊ ‪ 28‬ﻣ ـﻈ ـﻠــﺔ ﻏـﻴــﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺧﺼﺔ وﻣﻘﺎﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﺎﺣﺎت اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻗ ـ ــﺎل رﺋ ـﻴــﺲ اﻟ ـﻔ ــﺮﻳ ــﻖ‪ ،‬أﺣ ـﻤــﺪ اﻟ ـﺸــﺮﻳ ـﻜــﺔ‪ ،‬إن‬ ‫اﳌﻔﺘﺸﲔ وﺿـﻌــﻮا ‪ 8‬ﻣﻠﺼﻘﺎت ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺸﺂت‬ ‫ﻣـﻘــﺎﻣــﺔ ﺧ ــﺎرج اﻟـ ـﺤ ــﺪود‪ ،‬ﺑــﺎﻹﺿــﺎﻓــﺔ إﻟ ــﻰ رﻓــﻊ‬

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‫اﻗﺘﺼﺎد ‪35‬‬

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‫اﻟﻌﺜﻤﺎن‪ :‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮن ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫»ﻛﻲ ﺗﺎب« ﻓﻲ أﺑﺮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻤﻮ ﺷﻬﺮي ‪%25‬‬ ‫‪ 200‬أﻟﻒ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ دﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺮ اﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻳﻮﻣﻴﺎً‪ ..‬وﻣﻠﻴﺎر‬ ‫دﻳﻨﺎر ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎت‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻧﺼﻒ ﺳﻨﺔ‬ ‫‪ 1.1‬ﻣﻠﻴﺎر دﻳﻨﺎر ﺳﺤﻮﺑﺎت‬ ‫أﺟﻬﺰة اﻟﺼﺮف اﻵﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺮ ‪ 15.7‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮن ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ اﻟﻌﺜﻤﺎن‬

‫أﻣ ــﺎ ﻋ ـﻠــﻰ ﺻـﻌـﻴــﺪ اﻟــﺪﻓــﻊ ﻋ ـﺒــﺮ اﻻﻧ ـﺘــﺮﻧــﺖ ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ‫وﺻﻠﺖ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﳌﺒﺎﻟﻎ إﻟﻰ ﻣﻠﻴﺎر دﻳﻨﺎر ﻛﻮﻳﺘﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫وﻧ ـﺴ ـﺒــﺔ اﻟ ـﻨ ـﻤــﻮ إﻟ ــﻰ ‪ %44‬ﻟـﺤـﺠــﻢ اﻟـﻌـﻤـﻠـﻴــﺎت‬ ‫ووﺻﻞ ﺣﺠﻢ اﳌﺒﺎﻟﻎ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻋﺒﺮ‬ ‫اﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ إﻟﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﺎرب اﳌﻠﻴﺎر دﻳﻨﺎر وﺗﺠﺎوز‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪل اﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎت اﻟﺸﻬﺮﻳﺔ ﺣﺎﺟﺰ اﻟــ‪ 3‬ﻣﻼﻳﲔ‬

‫ﻋـﻤـﻠـﻴــﺔ ﺑ ـﻤ ـﻌــﺪل ‪ 200‬اﻟـ ــﻒ ﻋـﻤـﻠـﻴــﺔ دﻓـ ــﻊ ﻋﺒﺮ‬ ‫اﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻳﻮﻣﻴﴼ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻣﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ اﻟﺼﺮاف اﻵﻟﻲ ﻓﻘﺪ وﺻﻞ ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫اﳌﺒﺎﻟﻎ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ ﺳﺤﺒﻬﺎ ﺧﻼل اﻷﺷﻬﺮ اﻟﺴﺘﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﺎﺿﻴﺔ إﻟــﻰ ﻣــﺎ ﻳــﺰﻳــﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ 1.1‬ﻣﻠﻴﺎر دﻳﻨﺎر‬ ‫وﻋــﺪد اﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎت ‪ 15.7‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮن ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮ ﺣﻮاﻟﻲ ‪.%14‬‬

‫ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻠﻪ اﻟﻌﺠﻤﻲ ﺧﻼل اﺣﺪى ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎت ﺣﻔﻞ »ﻗﺮﻳﺶ« | ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﻣﺤﻤﻮد اﻟﻔﻮرﻳﻜﻲ‬

‫»اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺼﺎت« ﻃﻠﺐ ﺗﻤﺪﻳﺪ ﺻﻼﺣﻴﺔ اﻷﺳﻌﺎر واﻟﻜﻔﺎﻟﺔ‬

‫»ورﺑﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻣﻴﻦ«‪ :‬ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮات ﺣﺎﻟﺖ‬ ‫دون اﺳﺘﻤﺮارﻧﺎ ﻓﻲ »ﻋﺎﻓﻴﺔ ‪«2‬‬ ‫ﻗــﺎﻟــﺖ ﺷــﺮﻛــﺔ ورﺑ ــﺔ ﻟـﻠـﺘــﺄﻣــﲔ إﻧ ــﻪ ﺑـﺨـﺼــﻮص‬ ‫اﳌﻨﺎﻗﺼﺔ اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺧــﺪﻣــﺎت اﻟﺘﺄﻣﲔ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﻮاﻃﻨﲔ اﳌﺘﻘﺎﻋﺪﻳﻦ )ﻋﺎﻓﻴﺔ ‪،(2‬‬ ‫ﻓ ــﺈن اﻟ ـﺸــﺮﻛــﺔ ﺣـ ــﺎزت ﻋ ـﻠــﻰ أﻗ ــﻞ اﻷﺳـ ـﻌ ــﺎر ﻓــﻲ‬ ‫اﳌﻨﺎﻗﺼﺔ اﳌﺬﻛﻮرة‪ ،‬وﻓﻘﴼ ﳌﺎ ﺗﻢ ﻧﺸﺮه ﺑﺎﳌﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫اﻹﻟ ـ ـﻜ ـ ـﺘـ ــﺮوﻧـ ــﻲ اﻟ ــﺮﺳ ـ ـﻤ ــﻲ ﻟـ ـﻠـ ـﺠـ ـﻬ ــﺎز اﳌـ ــﺮﻛـ ــﺰي‬ ‫ﻟ ـﻠ ـﻤ ـﻨــﺎﻗ ـﺼــﺎت اﻟـ ـﻌ ــﺎﻣ ــﺔ ﺑـ ـﺘ ــﺎرﻳ ــﺦ ‪ 22‬أﺑ ــﺮﻳ ــﻞ‬

‫اﳌﺎﺿﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫وأﺿ ـ ــﺎﻓ ـ ــﺖ‪ :‬اﺳ ـﺘ ـﻠ ـﻤــﺖ اﻟـ ـﺸ ــﺮﻛ ــﺔ ﻣ ــﻦ اﻟ ـﺠ ـﻬــﺎز‬ ‫ﻃـﻠـﺒــﴼ ﺑـﺘـﻤــﺪﻳــﺪ ﺻــﻼﺣـﻴــﺔ اﻻﺳ ـﻌــﺎر واﻟـﻜـﻔــﺎﻟــﺔ‬ ‫اﳌ ـﺼــﺮﻓ ـﻴــﺔ ﻟ ـﻠ ـﻤ ـﻨــﺎﻗ ـﺼــﺔ ﺑـ ـﺘ ــﺎرﻳ ــﺦ ‪ 16‬أﺑــﺮﻳــﻞ‬ ‫اﳌﺎﺿﻲ‪ ،‬وﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻗﺮرت إدارة اﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﻔﺎق‬ ‫ﻣــﻊ ﻣـﻌـﻴــﺪي اﻟـﺘــﺄﻣــﲔ ﺑـﻌــﺪ دراﺳ ــﺔ اﳌـﺘـﻐـﻴــﺮات‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﻃﺮأت ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﺰودي اﻟﺨﺪﻣﺎت اﻟﻄﺒﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻋ ـﻠــﻰ ﺑـ ـﻨ ــﻮد وﺷ ـ ـ ــﺮوط اﻟـ ـﺘـ ـﻌ ــﺎﻗ ــﺪ‪ ،‬واﻟـ ـﺘ ــﻲ ﻗــﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺖ دون اﻻﺳﺘﻤﺮارﻳﺔ ﻓــﻲ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ اﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫وﺑﻨﺎء ﻋﻠﻰ ذﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﺮر ﻋﺪم اﳌﻮاﻓﻘﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻨﺸﻮدة‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋ ـﻠــﻰ ﺗ ـﻤــﺪﻳــﺪ ﺻــﻼﺣ ـﻴــﺔ اﻷﺳـ ـﻌ ــﺎر واﻟ ـﻜ ـﻔــﺎﻟــﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺮﻓﻴﺔ‪ ،‬وﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺗﻤﺖ إﻋﺎدة ﻃﺮح اﳌﻨﺎﻗﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺑ ـﻨ ـ ً‬ ‫ـﺎء ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ وزارة اﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﻟ ـ »ﻛﻮﻧﺎ«‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ‪ 14‬ﻣﺎﻳﻮ اﻟﺠﺎري‪.‬‬

‫وﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﺮ ذﻳﺎب اﻟﺘﻤﻴﻤﻲ‬

‫ﻣﺤﻨﺔ اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ واﻟﺘﻄﻮرات اﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺪ ﻣﻠﺘﻘﻰ اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻪ اﻟ ــﺪوري ﻓــﻲ اﻟـﻜــﻮﻳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺧــﻼل اﻟﻔﺘﺮة‬ ‫ﻣــﻦ ‪ 4‬اﻟــﻰ ‪ 5‬ﻣﺎﻳﻮ اﻟـﺠــﺎري‪ .‬وﻫــﺬا اﳌﻠﺘﻘﻰ ﻳﺘﻜﻮن ﻣــﻦ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺎت ﻣﻬﺘﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﺆون اﻟﺒﺘﺮول واﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‪ ،‬وﻣﻨﻬﻢ اﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﻮن وﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻮ ﺑﺘﺮول وﻋﺎﻣﻠﻮن‬ ‫ﻓــﻲ ﻣــﺆﺳـﺴــﺎت ﻧـﻔـﻄـﻴــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻳـﻨـﺘـﻤــﻮن اﻟــﻰ ﺑ ـﻠــﺪان ﻋــﺮﺑـﻴــﺔ ﻋــﺪﻳــﺪة‪ ،‬وﻋ ــﺪد ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺷﺮﻛﺎت ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺔ وﺧﺎرج اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻋﻘﺪ اﳌﻠﺘﻘﻰ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﺎت‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻳﺪة ﻣﻨﺬ ﺗﺄﺳﻴﺴﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺳﻨﻮات‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﺎوﻟﺖ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﺎ ﻋﺪﻳﺪة ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻔﻂ واﻗﺘﺼﺎدات اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ واﻟﺒﺪاﺋﻞ اﳌﺤﺘﻤﻠﺔ وآﻓــﺎق اﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‪ .‬وﻗﺪ ﻋﻘﺪ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎع اﻷﺧﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﻋﺎﻳﺔ ودﻋــﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺪم‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ‪ ،‬وﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺔ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﺒﺘﺮول اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺘﻴﺔ‪ .‬أﺛﻴﺮت ﻓﻲ اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎع ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ‬ ‫أوﺿــﺎع ﺳــﻮق اﻟﻨﻔﻂ وﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎت اﻟﻌﺮض واﻟﻄﻠﺐ واﻟﻔﺎﺋﺾ واﳌﺨﺰوﻧﺎت‬ ‫اﻹﺳـﺘــﺮاﺗـﻴـﺠـﻴــﺔ‪ ،‬واﻧ ـﻌ ـﻜــﺎس ﻣ ـﻌــﺪل اﻷﺳ ـﻌــﺎر اﻟ ـﺠــﺎرﻳــﺔ ﻋـﻠــﻰ إﻧ ـﺘــﺎج اﻟﻨﻔﻂ‬ ‫اﻟـﺼـﺨــﺮي ﻓــﻲ اﻟــﻮﻻﻳــﺎت اﳌـﺘـﺤــﺪة وﺑ ـﻠــﺪان ﻋــﺪﻳــﺪة أﺧ ــﺮى‪ ،‬ﻻ ﺷــﻚ أن اﺗﻔﺎق‬ ‫اﻷوﺑ ــﻚ ﻣــﻊ اﻟـﺒـﻠــﺪان اﳌﻨﺘﺠﺔ اﻷﺧـ ــﺮى‪ ،‬ﺧـﺼــﻮﺻــﴼ روﺳ ـﻴــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻗــﺪ ﺳــﺎﻫــﻢ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻔﻴﺾ اﻟﻔﺎﺋﺾ ﻓــﻲ أﺳــﻮاق اﻟﻨﻔﻂ‪ ،‬ودﻓــﻊ اﻷﺳـﻌــﺎر إﻟــﻰ اﻻرﺗـﻔــﺎع ﺧﻼل‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻬﻮر اﳌﺎﺿﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻫﻨﺎك ﻣﻦ ﺑﲔ أن ﻣﻦ أﺳﺒﺎب اﻻﻟﺘﺰام ﺑﻬﺬا اﻻﺗﻔﺎق اﻟﺨﺎص‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺨﻔﻴﺾ اﻹﻧﺘﺎج ﺗﻠﻚ اﳌﺼﺎﻋﺐ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻮاﺟﻬﻬﺎ ﺑﻠﺪان ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻓﻨﺰوﻳﻼ‬ ‫وﻧﻴﺠﻴﺮﻳﺎ وﻟـﻴـﺒـﻴــﺎ‪ ،‬وﻫــﻲ ﻣـﺼــﺎﻋــﺐ ذات ﻃــﺎﺑــﻊ ﺳـﻴــﺎﺳــﻲ وأﻣ ـﻨــﻲ أدت إﻟــﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ اﻹﻧﺘﺎج ﻓﻲ ﺣﻘﻮﻟﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﻔﻄﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ اﻗﺘﺼﺎدات اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ أوﺿﺤﺖ اﳌﺪاﺧﻼت ﻓﻲ اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎع‪ ،‬ﻻ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﻤﺴﺄﻟﺔ اﻹﻧـﺘــﺎج واﻟﻔﺎﺋﺾ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ أﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻫﻨﺎك اﻟﺘﻄﻮرات‬ ‫اﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎت إﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﻨﻔﻂ اﻟﺼﺨﺮي وﺗﺤﺴﻦ اﻟﻘﺪرات اﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫أدت إﻟﻰ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﺾ ﺗﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻹﻧﺘﺎج‪ ،‬وﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ اﳌﻨﺎﻓﺴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻇﻞ أﺳﻌﺎر ﻣﺘﻬﺎودة‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت ﻓﻲ ﺑﻠﺪ ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‪ ،‬وﻫﻮ اﻟﺒﻠﺪ اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﻓﻲ إﻧﺘﺎج‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻔﻂ اﻟﺼﺨﺮي‪ ،‬ﺧﻔﻀﺖ ﻣﻦ اﻟــﻮاردات اﻟﻨﻔﻄﻴﺔ‪ ،‬وﻋﺰزت ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺪرة ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺪﻳﺮ ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻂ اﻟﺨﺎم واﳌــﻮاد اﳌـﻜــﺮرة‪ .‬ﻳﻀﺎف إﻟــﻰ ذﻟــﻚ آﻓــﺎق اﻟﺘﻄﻮر ﻓﻲ‬

‫)ﻣﺴﺘﺸﺎر وﺑﺎﺣﺚ اﻗﺘﺼﺎدي ﻛﻮﻳﺘﻲ(‬ ‫‪ameraltameemi@gmail.com‬‬

‫ً‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﺴﻴﺎرات‪ ،‬اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺑــﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﻨﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫واﻟــﺪﻳــﺰل‪ ،‬ﺑـﻤــﺎ ﻳ ــﺆدي إﻟــﻰ ﺗ ـﺒــﺪﻻت واﺳ ـﻌــﺔ ﻓــﻲ ﻗـﻄــﺎع اﻟـﻨـﻘــﻞ واﳌــﻮاﺻــﻼت‪،‬‬ ‫وﻫﻮ ﻗﻄﺎع رﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ اﻟﻄﻠﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻮﻗﺖ اﻟﺮاﻫﻦ‪ .‬وﻳﺮى‬ ‫اﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﻮن أن أﻫــﻢ اﳌﺴﺎﺋﻞ‪ ،‬اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ أن ﺗﻌﺰز ﻣــﻦ ﻫــﺬا اﻟﺘﺤﻮل‪ ،‬ﻫﻲ‬ ‫اﻟ ـﻘــﺪرة ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﺾ ﺗﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟـﺒـﻄــﺎرﻳــﺎت اﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻓــﻲ ﺗﻠﻚ اﻟـﺴـﻴــﺎرات‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬وﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ دﻓﻊ أﺳﻌﺎرﻫﺎ إﻟﻰ اﻻﻧﺨﻔﺎض واﳌﻨﺎﻓﺴﺔ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺴﻴﺎرات‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‪ .‬ﻫﻨﺎك ﺑـﻠــﺪان‪ ،‬ﻓــﻲ ﺳﻌﻴﻬﺎ اﻟــﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ﻧﻈﻴﻔﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﻮم ﺑﺘﻮﻓﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻔﻴﺰات ﻹﻧـﺘــﺎج واﻗـﺘـﻨــﺎء ﻫــﺬه اﻟ ـﺴ ـﻴــﺎرات‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﻌﻨﻰ أن اﻟﺘﺤﻔﻴﺰات ﺗﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫اﳌﻨﺘﺠﲔ واﳌﺴﺘﻬﻠﻜﲔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﺳﺘﻜﻮن ﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت ﻗﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﳌﻨﺘﺠﺔ‪ ،‬وﺗﺆدي إﻟﻰ ﺗﺮاﺟﻊ‬ ‫اﻷﺳﻌﺎر اﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﺪأت ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻤﺎﺳﻚ ﺧﻼل اﻵوﻧﺔ اﻷﺧﻴﺮة؟ رﺑﻤﺎ ﻟﻦ ﺗﻜﻮن اﻷﻣﻮر‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻌﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻷﻣــﺪ اﻟﻘﺼﻴﺮ‪ ،‬وﻗــﺪ ﺗﺴﺘﻐﺮق ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ اﻟـﺘـﺤــﻮل اﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻲ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻗـﺘـﺼــﺎدات اﻟـﻄــﺎﻗــﺔ زﻣـﻨــﴼ ﻣﻬﻤﴼ‪ .‬وﻟـﻜــﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟـﺒـﻠــﺪان اﳌﻨﺘﺠﺔ أن ﺗـﻄــﻮر ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻌﺪاداﺗﻬﺎ اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ ﺧــﻼل اﻟﺴﻨﻮات اﻟﻘﻠﻴﻠﺔ اﻟﻘﺎدﻣﺔ‪ .‬إن ﻣﻦ أﻫــﻢ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ أن ﺗﻘﻮم ﺑﻪ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﳌﻨﺘﺠﺔ‪ ،‬وﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻠﺪان اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ‪ ،‬أن ﺗﻌﺰز ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﺮﺷﻴﺪ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺎت اﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬واﻟﺘﺤﻮل اﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﻨﻴﺔ اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛــﺬﻟــﻚ ﻳـﺘـﻌــﲔ ﻋ ـﻠــﻰ ﻫ ــﺬه اﻟ ـﺒ ـﻠــﺪان أن ﺗـﺴـﻌــﻰ اﻟ ــﻰ اﻟ ـﺘ ـﻔــﺎﻋــﻞ ﻣــﻊ ﻣـﺘـﻄـﻠـﺒــﺎت‬ ‫اﻻﺷﺘﺮاﻃﺎت اﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﳌﺴﺘﻬﻠﻜﺔ‪ ،‬إذ رﺑﻤﺎ ﻫﻨﺎك ﻓﺮص ﻟﺘﺼﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻔﻂ اﻟﻨﻈﻴﻒ اﳌﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﻟﺘﻠﻚ اﻻﺷﺘﺮاﻃﺎت‪ .‬أﻳﻀﴼ‪ ،‬ﻻﺑﺪ أن ﺗﺴﻌﻰ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺒﻠﺪان‬ ‫إﻟﻰ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﺾ اﺳﺘﻬﻼﻛﻬﺎ اﳌﺤﻠﻲ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﺗﻄﻮﻳﻊ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎت إﻧﺘﺎج‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎء‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻠﻞ ﻣﻦ اﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎد ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﻛﻮﻗﻮد‪ ،‬واﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﻐﺎز ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫أوﺳﻊ أو ﺑﺪاﺋﻞ أﺧﺮى‪ ،‬ﻫﺬه ﻗﻀﺎﻳﺎ ﻣﻬﻤﺔ أﺛﻴﺮت ﻓﻲ اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎع اﻷﺧﻴﺮ ﳌﻠﺘﻘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ‪ ،‬وﻻ ﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﺄﻛﻴﺪ أن اﻟﺘﺤﺪي اﻟﺬي ﺗﻮاﺟﻬﻪ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﳌﻨﺘﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻂ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻌﺪ اﻟﻨﻀﻮب اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻂ ﺑﻘﺪر ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻄﻮرات اﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﻔﺰ وﺗﻌﺰز ﺑﺪاﺋﻞ اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ اﻷﺧﺮى‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻠﻐﺖ ‪ 36.9‬ﻣﻠﻴﺎر دوﻻر ﻓﻲ ﻣﺎرس‬

‫‪ %1.6‬ارﺗﻔﺎع اﺳﺘﺜﻤﺎرات اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﻨﺪات اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ‬ ‫ار ﺗ ـﻔ ـﻌــﺖ ا ﺳ ـﺘ ـﺜ ـﻤــﺎرات ا ﻟ ـﻜــﻮ ﻳــﺖ ﻓ ــﻲ أذون‬ ‫و ﺳـ ـ ـﻨ ـ ــﺪات ا ﻟ ـ ـﺨـ ــﺰا ﻧـ ــﺔ اﻷ ﻣـ ـﻴ ــﺮ ﻛـ ـﻴ ــﺔ ﺑ ـﻨ ـﺴ ـﺒــﺔ‬ ‫‪ %1.65‬ﻓ ــﻲ ﻣ ـ ــﺎرس ا ﳌ ــﺎ ﺿ ــﻲ ﻟ ـﺘ ـﺼــﻞ إ ﻟــﻰ‬ ‫‪ 36.9‬ﻣ ـﻠ ـﻴــﺎر دوﻻر ﻣ ـﻘــﺎ ﺑــﻞ ‪ 36.3‬ﻣ ـﻠ ـﻴــﺎرﴽ‬ ‫ﻓ ــﻲ ﻓ ـﺒــﺮا ﻳــﺮ‪ .‬و ﺟ ـ ــﺎء ت ا ﻟـ ـﺒ ــﻼد ﻓ ــﻲ ا ﳌــﺮ ﺗ ـﺒــﺔ‬ ‫ا ﻟـﺜــﺎ ﻟـﺜــﺔ ﺧﻠﻴﺠﻴﴼ ﻓــﻲ ﺣـﺠــﻢ اﺳﺘﺜﻤﺎراﺗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻨﺪات اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وارﺗﻔﻌﺖ اﺳﺘﺜﻤﺎرات دول ﻣﺠﻠﺲ اﻟﺘﻌﺎون‬ ‫ا ﻟ ـﺨ ـﻠ ـﻴ ـﺠــﻲ ﻓـ ــﻲ أذون وﺳ ـ ـﻨ ـ ــﺪات ا ﻟـ ـﺨ ــﺰاﻧ ــﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ ﺑﻨﺴﺒﺔ ‪ 1.1‬ﻓﻲ اﳌﺌﺔ )‪ 2.8‬ﻣﻠﻴﺎرات‬

‫دوﻻر(‪ ،‬ﻋـ ـﻠ ــﻰ أﺳـ ـ ــﺎس ﺷـ ـﻬ ــﺮي ﻓـ ــﻲ ﻣـ ــﺎرس‬ ‫اﳌﺎﺿﻲ إﻟﻰ ‪ 260.4‬ﻣﻠﻴﺎر دوﻻر‪.‬‬ ‫وﺣﺴﺐ ﻣﺴﺢ ﻟ ـ »اﻷﻧــﺎﺿــﻮل«‪ ،‬اﺳﺘﻨﺎدﴽ إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑ ـﻴــﺎﻧــﺎت وزارة ا ﻟ ـﺨــﺰاﻧــﺔ اﻷﻣ ـﻴــﺮﻛ ـﻴــﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑـﻠـﻐــﺖ‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺜﻤﺎرات دول ﻣﺠﻠﺲ اﻟﺘﻌﺎون ﻓﻲ أذون‬ ‫وﺳ ـﻨــﺪات ا ﻟ ـﺨــﺰاﻧــﺔ اﻷ ﻣـﻴــﺮ ﻛـﻴــﺔ ‪ 257.5‬ﻣـﻠـﻴــﺎر‬ ‫دوﻻر ﻓﻲ ﻓﺒﺮاﻳﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫وأﻇﻬﺮت اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت أن اﻟﺴﻌﻮدﻳﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ أﻛﺒﺮ‬ ‫اﻟ ــﺪول ا ﻟـﺨـﻠـﻴـﺠـﻴــﺔ اﳌـﺴـﺘـﺜـﻤــﺮة ﻓــﻲ اﻷذوﻧ ــﺎت‬ ‫وا ﻟـﺴـﻨــﺪات اﻷ ﻣـﻴــﺮ ﻛـﻴــﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﻘﻴﻤﺔ ‪ 151.2‬ﻣﻠﻴﺎر‬

‫دوﻻر ﻓ ــﻲ ﻣ ـ ــﺎرس ا ﻟـ ـﻔ ــﺎ ﺋ ــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣ ـﻘــﺎ ﺑــﻞ ‪150.9‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻴﺎر دوﻻر ﻓﻲ ﻓﺒﺮاﻳﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺣ ـ ـﻠـ ــﺖ اﻹﻣـ ـ ـ ـ ـ ــﺎرات ﻓ ـ ــﻲ اﳌـ ــﺮﺗ ـ ـﺒـ ــﺔ ا ﻟـ ـﺜ ــﺎﻧـ ـﻴ ــﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺈﺟ ـﻤــﺎ ﻟــﻲ اﺳ ـﺘ ـﺜ ـﻤــﺎرات ﺑ ـﻠ ـﻐــﺖ ‪ 59.2‬ﻣـﻠـﻴــﺎر‬ ‫دوﻻر‪ ،‬ﻣـ ـﻘ ــﺎرﻧ ــﺔ ﺑ ـ ـ ـ ــ‪ 57.5‬ﻣ ـﻠـ ـﻴ ــﺎر دوﻻر ﻓــﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺒﺮاﻳﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺟﺎء ت ﺳﻠﻄﻨﺔ ُﻋﻤﺎن ﻓﻲ اﳌﺮﺗﺒﺔ اﻟﺮاﺑﻌﺔ ﺑـ‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﻣﻠﻴﺎر دوﻻر‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ اﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﻦ ﺑـ ‪ 815‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮن‬ ‫دوﻻر‪ ،‬وﺗــﺬﻳ ـﻠــﺖ ﻗ ـﻄــﺮ اﻟ ـﻘــﺎﺋ ـﻤــﺔ ﺑ ـﻨ ـﺤــﻮ ‪264‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻴﻮن دوﻻر ﻓﻘﻂ‪) .‬اﻷﻧﺎﺿﻮل(‬

‫ً‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺪا‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﺒﺘﺮول ﺗﺠﺪد‬ ‫ﻣﻊ وزارة اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ اﻟﻠﺒﻨﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫أﻋﻠﻦ ﻣﺴﺆول ﻓﻲ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﺒﺘﺮول اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ اﻟﻌﻘﺪ ﺑﲔ اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ ووزارة اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﺒﻨﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺰوﻳﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ﻛﻬﺮﺑﺎء ﻟﺒﻨﺎن ﺑﻤﺎدة‬ ‫»اﻟﻐﺎز اوﻳﻞ«‪.‬‬ ‫وﻗــﺎل ﻧــﺎﺋــﺐ اﻟﻌﻀﻮ اﳌـﻨـﺘــﺪب ﻟﺘﺴﻮﻳﻖ اﻟﻨﻔﻂ‬ ‫اﻟـ ـﺨ ــﺎم واﳌ ـﻨ ـﺘ ـﺠــﺎت اﻟ ـﺒ ـﺘــﺮوﻟ ـﻴــﺔ ﻓ ــﻲ ﻣــﺆﺳـﺴــﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺘﺮول اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺘﻴﺔ اﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ أﺣﻤﺪ اﻟﺼﺒﺎح‪،‬‬ ‫اﻧــﻪ ﺗــﻢ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻋﻘﺪ اﳌــﺆﺳـﺴــﺔ ﻣــﻊ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن ﻟﻌﺎم‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ وﻓﻖ اﺳﻌﺎر اﻟﺴﻮق اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫واوﺿ ـ ـ ــﺢ اﻧـ ــﻪ اﻟ ـﺘ ـﻘــﻰ ﻓ ــﻲ وﻗـ ــﺖ ﺳ ــﺎﺑ ــﻖ وزﻳ ــﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ اﻟﻠﺒﻨﺎﻧﻲ ﺳﻴﺰار اﺑﻲ ﺧﻠﻴﻞ وﺑﺤﺚ ﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﺎون اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻢ ﺑﲔ اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ وﻟﺒﻨﺎن‪ ،‬ﻣﺆﻛﺪا‬ ‫اﻻﻫﻤﻴﺔ اﻻﺳﺘﺮاﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﻟﻬﺬه اﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ اﳌﺴﺘﻤﺮة‬ ‫ﺑﲔ اﻟﺠﺎﻧﺒﲔ‪ ،‬ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ ان اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ ﻫﻲ اﳌﺰود‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﻨﺎن ﺑﻤﺎدة »اﻟﻐﺎز اوﻳﻞ«‪.‬‬ ‫وراﻓ ـ ــﻖ اﻟ ـﺼ ـﺒــﺎح ﺧ ــﻼل زﻳ ــﺎرﺗ ــﻪ ﻟ ـﺒ ـﻨــﺎن ﻓــﺮﻳــﻖ‬ ‫ﻣ ــﻦ إدارة ﻣ ـﺒ ـﻴ ـﻌــﺎت اﳌ ـﺸ ـﺘ ـﻘــﺎت اﻟــﻮﺳ ـﻄــﻰ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺴﻮﻳﻖ اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ‪.‬‬

‫وﻛ ــﺎﻧ ــﺖ ﻣــﺆﺳ ـﺴــﺔ اﻟـ ـﺒ ـﺘ ــﺮول اﻟ ـﻜــﻮﻳ ـﺘ ـﻴــﺔ ﺑ ــﺪأت‬ ‫ﺗﺰوﻳﺪ ﻣﺤﻄﺎت اﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن ﺑﻤﺎدة‬ ‫»اﻟﻐﺎز اوﻳﻞ« ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎم ‪ 2005‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﻮﻗﻴﻊ ﻣﺬﻛﺮة‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻢ ﺑــﲔ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺘﻲ اﻟﺒﻠﺪﻳﻦ ﻟـﺘــﺰوﻳــﺪ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺬه اﳌﺎدة ﻟﺜﻼث ﺳﻨﻮات‪.‬‬ ‫وﺗــﻼﻫــﺎ ﺗﻮﻗﻴﻊ اﺗـﻔــﺎق رﺳﻤﻲ ﺑــﲔ اﻟﺒﻠﺪﻳﻦ ﺗﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪه ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺳﻨﻮي ﻻﺳﺘﻤﺮار ﺗﺰوﻳﺪ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن‬ ‫ﺑـ»اﻟﻐﺎز اوﻳﻞ« ﻟﺰوم ﻣﺤﻄﺎت اﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻨﺎن‪) .‬ﺑﻴﺮوت ‪ -‬ﻛﻮﻧﺎ(‬

‫ارﺗﻔﺎع أرﺑﺎح‬ ‫»ﻋﻘﺎرات اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ« ‪%32.9‬‬

‫أرﺑﺎح »أرزان«‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻤﻮ ‪%29‬‬

‫ﺣﻘﻘﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ﻋـﻘــﺎرات اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ أرﺑــﺎﺣــﴼ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺑﻊ اﻷول ‪ 2018‬ﺑﻠﻐﺖ‬ ‫‪ 2.21‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮن دﻳﻨﺎر ﺑﺮﺑﺤﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻬﻢ ‪ 2.44‬ﻓﻠﺲ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎرﺗﻔﺎع ‪ %32.9‬ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻷرﺑﺎح اﻟﺘﻲ ﺣﻘﻘﺘﻬﺎ اﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺑﻊ اﻷول ‪ ،2017‬واﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﻠﻐﺖ ‪1.66‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻴﻮن دﻳﻨﺎر ﺑﺮﺑﺤﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻬﻢ ‪ 1.84‬ﻓﻠﺲ‪.‬‬

‫ﺣﻘﻘﺖ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ارزان اﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻤﻮﻳﻞ واﻻﺳﺘﺜﻤﺎر أرﺑــﺎﺣــﴼ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺑﻊ اﻷول‬ ‫‪ 2018‬ﺑﻠﻐﺖ ‪ 787.33‬أﻟﻒ دﻳﻨﺎر ﺑﺮﺑﺤﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻬﻢ ‪ 0.988‬ﻓﻠﺲ‪ ،‬ﻣﻘﺎرﻧﺔ ﻣﻊ أرﺑﺎح‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻐﺖ ‪ 608.24‬آﻻف دﻳﻨﺎر ﺑﺮﺑﺤﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻬﻢ ‪ 0.763‬ﻓﻠﺲ ﺣﻘﻘﺘﻬﺎ اﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺑﻊ اﻷول ‪ ،2017‬ﺑﺎرﺗﻔﺎع ﻓﻲ اﻷرﺑﺎح ﺑﲔ اﻟﻔﺘﺮﺗﲔ ﻧﺴﺒﺘﻪ ‪.%29‬‬


‫‪ 36‬اﻗﺘﺼﺎد‬

‫اﻟﺨﻤﻴﺲ ﻏﺮة رﻣﻀﺎن ‪ ١٧òÍò¬›ò١٤٣٩‬ﻣﺎﻳﻮ ‪١٦١٥٠òXYz6òÍò٤٧ò–b6òÍò٢٠١٨‬‬

‫‪ ..‬و»إم إس ﺳﻲ« ﻟﻠﺸﺤﻦ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺣﺠﻮزاﺗﻬﺎ ﻟﻄﻬﺮان‬

‫»ﺗﻮﺗﺎل« ﻗﺪ ﺗﻨﺴﺤﺐ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺸﺮوع‬ ‫ﻧﻔﻄﻲ إﻳﺮاﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻗــﺎﻟــﺖ ﺷــﺮﻛــﺔ اﻟﻨﻔﻂ واﻟـﻄــﺎﻗــﺔ اﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺗﺎل إﻧﻬﺎ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻨﺴﺤﺐ ﻣﻦ اﳌﺮﺣﻠﺔ اﻟـ‪11‬‬ ‫ﻓــﻲ ﺣﻘﻞ ﺑــﺎرس اﻟﺠﻨﻮﺑﻲ )إس‪.‬ﺑــﻲ ‪(11‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺿﻮء ﻗﺮار اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻲ دوﻧﺎﻟﺪ‬ ‫ﺗ ــﺮاﻣ ــﺐ‪ ،‬اﻻﻧـ ـﺴـ ـﺤ ــﺎب ﻣ ــﻦ اﺗـ ـﻔ ــﺎق ﻧ ــﻮوي‬ ‫دوﻟﻲ ﻣﻊ إﻳﺮان‪.‬‬ ‫وﻳـ ـﺜـ ـﻴ ــﺮ ﻗ ـ ـ ــﺮار ﺗـ ــﺮاﻣـ ــﺐ اﻻﻧ ـ ـﺴ ـ ـﺤـ ــﺎب ﻣــﻦ‬ ‫اﻻﺗـ ـﻔ ــﺎق اﻟـ ـﻨ ــﻮوي اﳌ ـﺒــﺮم ﻓــﻲ ﻋ ــﺎم ‪2015‬‬ ‫ﻣ ــﻊ إﻳ ـ ــﺮان ﻣ ـﺨــﺎﻃــﺮ ﺑـ ــﺄن ﺗ ـﺘ ـﻌــﺮض دول‬ ‫أوروﺑ ـﻴــﺔ ﻗــﺎﻣــﺖ ﺑــﺎﻻﺳـﺘـﺜـﻤــﺎر ﻓــﻲ إﻳــﺮان‬ ‫ﻣ ـﻨــﺬ ذﻟ ـ ــﻚ اﻟـ ـﺤ ــﲔ ﻟ ـﻌ ـﻘــﻮﺑــﺎت أﻣ ـﻴــﺮﻛ ـﻴــﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﺮى ﻓﺮﺿﻬﺎ ﻣﺠﺪدا‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﺪ اﻧﺘﻬﺎء ﻣﻬﻠﺔ‬ ‫»ﻟﺘﺼﻔﻴﺔ اﻟـﻨـﺸــﺎط« ﺗ ـﺘــﺮاوح ﺑــﲔ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫وﺳﺘﺔ أﺷﻬﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻳـ ـﻈـ ـﻬ ــﺮ ﻣـ ــﻮﻗـ ــﻒ ﺗـ ــﻮﺗـ ــﺎل ﻛـ ـﻴ ــﻒ أن ﻣــﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻌﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻘﻮى اﻷوروﺑﻴﺔ أن ﺗﺤﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺤﻬﺎ ﻓــﻲ إﻳ ــﺮان وﺗ ـﻘــﺪم ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﻔﺎظ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻻﺗﻔﺎق اﻟﻨﻮوي‪.‬‬ ‫وﺗـﻌـﻬــﺪت ﻓــﺮﻧـﺴــﺎ وﺑــﺮﻳـﻄــﺎﻧـﻴــﺎ وأﳌــﺎﻧـﻴــﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ وﻗــﺖ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ ﻫــﺬا اﻷﺳـﺒــﻮع‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻹﺑﻘﺎء‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺮﻳﺎن اﻻﺗـﻔــﺎق اﻟـﻨــﻮوي ﺑﻤﺤﺎوﻟﺔ‬ ‫اﻟ ـﺤ ـﻔــﺎظ ﻋ ـﻠــﻰ ﺗ ــﺪﻓ ــﻖ اﻟ ـﻨ ـﻔــﻂ اﻹﻳ ــﺮاﻧ ــﻲ‬ ‫واﻻﺳ ـ ـﺘ ـ ـﺜ ـ ـﻤـ ــﺎرات‪ ،‬ﻟ ـﻜ ـﻨ ـﻬــﺎ أﻗـ ـ ــﺮت ﺑــﺄﻧ ـﻬــﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺠﺪ ﺻﻌﻮﺑﺔ ﻓــﻲ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ اﻟﻀﻤﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻄﻠﺒﻬﺎ ﻃﻬﺮان‪.‬‬ ‫وﻗــﺎﻟــﺖ ﺗــﻮﺗــﺎل ﻓــﻲ ﺑـﻴــﺎن‪ :‬ﻓــﻲ اﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣ ــﺎﻳ ــﻮ‪ ،‬أﻋ ـﻠــﻦ اﻟــﺮﺋ ـﻴــﺲ دوﻧ ــﺎﻟ ــﺪ ﺗــﺮاﻣــﺐ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗ ــﺮار اﻟــﻮﻻﻳــﺎت اﳌـﺘـﺤــﺪة اﻻﻧ ـﺴ ـﺤــﺎب ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺔ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ اﳌﺸﺘﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﺸﺎﻣﻠﺔ )اﻻﺗﻔﺎق‬ ‫اﻟـ ـ ـﻨ ـ ــﻮوي( وإﻋ ـ ـ ـ ــﺎدة ﻓ ـ ــﺮض اﻟ ـﻌ ـﻘــﻮﺑــﺎت‬ ‫اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺳﺎرﻳﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ‬ ‫ﺧ ـﻄــﺔ اﻟ ـﻌ ـﻤــﻞ اﳌ ـﺸ ـﺘــﺮﻛــﺔ اﻟ ـﺸــﺎﻣ ـﻠــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫أن ﻳـﻜــﻮن ذﻟ ــﻚ ﻣــﺮﻫــﻮﻧــﺎ ﺑـﻔـﺘــﺮات زﻣﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪدة ﻟﺘﺼﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﻨﺸﺎط‪.‬‬ ‫وأﺿــﺎﻓــﺖ أﻧــﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟــﺬﻟــﻚ »ﻓــﺈن ﺗﻮﺗﺎل‬

‫ﻟـ ــﻦ ﺗ ـﺴ ـﺘ ـﻤــﺮ ﻓـ ــﻲ ﻣ ـ ـﺸـ ــﺮوع إس‪.‬ﺑـ ـ ـ ــﻲ ‪11‬‬ ‫وﺳـ ـﻴـ ـﺘـ ـﻌ ــﲔ ﻋ ـﻠ ـﻴ ـﻬــﺎ أن ﺗـ ـﻨـ ـﻬ ــﻲ ﺟ ـﻤ ـﻴــﻊ‬ ‫اﻟـﻌـﻤـﻠـﻴــﺎت اﳌــﺮﺗـﺒـﻄــﺔ ﺑــﻪ ﻗـﺒــﻞ اﻟــﺮاﺑــﻊ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻓﻤﺒﺮ ‪ ،2018‬ﻣﺎ ﻟﻢ ﺗﺤﺼﻞ ﺗﻮﺗﺎل ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫إﻋﻔﺎء اﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎء ﻣﺤﺪد ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺮوع ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎت اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ ﺑﺪﻋﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ واﻷوروﺑﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺗﻮﺗﺎل إﻧﻬﺎ ﻟﻦ ﺗﻘﺪم أي ﺗﻌﻬﺪات‬ ‫أﺧ ــﺮى ﺗـﺠــﺎه ﻣ ـﺸــﺮوع ﺑ ــﺎرس اﻟﺠﻨﻮﺑﻲ‬ ‫اﻹﻳـ ـ ــﺮاﻧـ ـ ــﻲ‪ ،‬وأﺿ ـ ــﺎﻓ ـ ــﺖ أﻧـ ـﻬ ــﺎ ﺗ ـﻌ ـﻤــﻞ ﻣــﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎت اﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ واﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ ﺑﺸﺄن‬ ‫إﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ اﻟﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﻠﻰ إﻋﻔﺎء ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺮوع‪.‬‬ ‫وأﺿﺎﻓﺖ اﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ أﻧﻬﺎ أﻧﻔﻘﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ اﻵن ﻣــﺎ ﻳﻘﻞ ﻋــﻦ ‪ 40‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮن ﻳــﻮرو‬ ‫)‪ 47‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮن دوﻻر( ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺸﺮوع ﺑﺎرس‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻨﻮﺑﻲ‪ ،‬وإن اﻻﻧﺴﺤﺎب ﻣﻨﻪ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺆﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ اﳌﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎت اﳌﺴﺘﻬﺪﻓﺔ ﻟﻨﻤﻮ إﻧﺘﺎج‬

‫اﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻰ ذﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻟﺖ »إم إس ﺳﻲ« ﺛﺎﻧﻲ أﻛﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺷ ــﺮﻛ ــﺔ ﻓ ــﻲ اﻟ ـﻌ ــﺎﻟ ــﻢ ﻟ ـﺸ ـﺤــﻦ اﻟ ـﺤ ــﺎوﻳ ــﺎت‬ ‫إﻧـﻬــﺎ ﺳـﺘــﻮﻗــﻒ ﺗﻠﻘﻲ ﺣ ـﺠــﻮزات ﺟــﺪﻳــﺪة‬ ‫ﻹﻳـ ــﺮان ﺑـﺴـﺒــﺐ ﻗـ ــﺮار اﻟ ــﻮﻻﻳ ــﺎت اﳌـﺘـﺤــﺪة‬ ‫إﻋــﺎدة ﻓــﺮض ﻋﻘﻮﺑﺎت ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﻬﺮان ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫اﻻﻧﺴﺤﺎب ﻣﻦ اﻻﺗﻔﺎق اﻟﻨﻮوي اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻓﻲ ﻣﺬﻛﺮة ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻼء‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻟﺖ »إم إس ﺳﻲ«‬ ‫اﳌـﻤـﻠــﻮﻛــﺔ ﻟـﻠـﻘـﻄــﺎع اﻟ ـﺨــﺎص إﻧـﻬــﺎ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ اﻟﺨﺪﻣﺎت إﻟﻰ إﻳﺮان وﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬وإﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻨﻬﻲ اﻟﻔﺘﺮة ﺑﺄﻗﻞ ﻗﺪر ﻣﻦ اﻻﺿﻄﺮاب‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺸﺎط ﻋﻤﻼﺋﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫واﺿــﺎﻓــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻻ ﺗﻘﺒﻞ »إم إس ﺳﻲ«‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻮزات اﻟﺸﺤﻨﺎت اﻟﻘﺎدﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ إﻳــﺮان‪،‬‬ ‫أو اﳌﺘﺠﻬﺔ إﻟــﻰ إﻳــﺮان‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻨﺎ ﺳﻨﻮاﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺸﺤﻨﺎت اﳌﻘﺒﻮﻟﺔ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻼل ﻓﺘﺮة اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻖ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻻﺳﺘﻴﺮاد‬

‫اﳌﻮاد اﻟﻐﺬاﺋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ورﻓـ ــﻊ اﻻﺗـ ـﻔ ــﺎق اﻟـ ـﻨ ــﻮوي‪ ،‬اﻟـ ــﺬي أﺑــﺮﻣـﺘــﻪ‬ ‫اﻟــﻮﻻﻳــﺎت اﳌـﺘـﺤــﺪة وﺧـﻤــﺲ ﻗــﻮى ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺔ‬ ‫أﺧﺮى ﻣﻊ إﻳﺮان ﻓﻲ ‪ ،2015‬اﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺎت ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﻬﺮان ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻛﺒﺢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺠﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﻮوي‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛ ـﻤــﺎ وﺟ ــﻪ اﻟــﺮﺋ ـﻴــﺲ اﻷﻣ ـﻴــﺮﻛــﻲ دوﻧــﺎﻟــﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮاﻣﺐ‪ ،‬إدارﺗــﻪ ﺑﺈﻋﺎدة ﻓــﺮض اﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺎت‬ ‫اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻓﺘﺮة ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻒ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻓ ــﻲ اﻷﺳـ ـﺒ ــﻮع اﳌــﺎﺿــﻲ ﻛــﺎﻧــﺖ »إم إس‬ ‫ﺳــﻲ« وﻣـﺠـﻤــﻮﻋــﺔ »ﻣـﻴــﺮﺳــﻚ ﻻﻳ ــﻦ« أﻛﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺷ ــﺮﻛ ــﺔ ﻓ ــﻲ اﻟ ـﻌ ــﺎﻟ ــﻢ ﻟ ـﺸ ـﺤــﻦ اﻟ ـﺤ ــﺎوﻳ ــﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﺮاﺟﻌﺎن ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻬﻤﺎ اﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺈﻳﺮان‪.‬‬ ‫وﺗﻘﺪم »إم إس ﺳﻲ« و»ﻣﻴﺮﺳﻚ« ﺧﺪﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻹﻳـ ـ ــﺮان ﻋ ـﺒــﺮ ﺳ ـﻔــﻦ ﻃـ ــﺮف ﺛ ــﺎﻟ ــﺚ أﺻ ـﻐــﺮ‬ ‫ﺣ ـﺠ ـﻤــﺎ ﻣ ــﻦ ﻣ ــﺮاﻛ ــﺰ إﻋـ ـ ــﺎدة اﻟ ـﺸ ـﺤــﻦ ﻓــﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﺒﻞ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑــﺎﻹﻣــﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‪.‬‬ ‫)ﺑﺎرﻳﺲ‪ ،‬ﻟﻨﺪن ‪ -‬روﻳﺘﺮز(‬

‫ﻣﻮﻗﻒ »ﺗﻮﺗﺎل« ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺻﻌﻮﺑﺔ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ اﻟﻘﻮى اﻷوروﺑﻴﺔ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺤﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ إﻳﺮان | روﻳﺘﺮز‬

‫ﻣﻊ اﻗﺘﺮاب اﻟﺒﺮﻣﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ‪ 80‬دوﻻراً‬

‫وﻛﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‪:‬‬ ‫اﻟﻄﻠﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺒﺘﺮول ﺳﻴﺘﺒﺎﻃﺄ‬ ‫ﺗــﺮاﺟ ـﻌــﺖ أﺳـ ـﻌ ــﺎر اﻟ ـﻨ ـﻔــﻂ أﻣ ــﺲ ﻣـﺘــﺄﺛــﺮة‬ ‫ﺑ ــﻮﻓ ــﺮة اﻹﻣـ ـ ـ ـ ــﺪادات رﻏ ـ ــﻢ اﻟ ـﺘ ـﺨ ـﻔ ـﻴ ـﻀــﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺮاﻫﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻹﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻄﺒﻘﻬﺎ »أوﺑﻚ«‬ ‫ودﺧﻮل اﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺎت اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ إﻳﺮان‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺰ اﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻖ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺳ ـﺠ ـﻠــﺖ اﻟ ـﻌ ـﻘــﻮد اﻵﺟـ ـﻠ ــﺔ ﻟ ـﺨــﺎم ﺑــﺮﻧــﺖ‬ ‫‪ 78.22‬دوﻻرا ﻟـﻠـﺒــﺮﻣـﻴــﻞ ﺑــﺎﻧـﺨـﻔــﺎض ‪21‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺘﺎ أو ‪ 0.3‬ﻓﻲ اﳌﺌﺔ ﻋﻦ آﺧﺮ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛـ ـﻤ ــﺎ ﺗ ــﺮاﺟـ ـﻌ ــﺖ اﻟـ ـﻌـ ـﻘ ــﻮد اﻵﺟ ـ ـﻠـ ــﺔ ﻟ ـﺨــﺎم‬ ‫ﻏــﺮب ﺗﻜﺴﺎس ‪ -‬اﻟــﻮﺳـﻴــﻂ اﻷﻣـﻴــﺮﻛــﻲ ‪28‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺘﺎ أو ‪ 0.4‬ﻓﻲ اﳌﺌﺔ إﻟــﻰ ‪ 71.03‬دوﻻرا‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺮﻣﻴﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ورﻏﻢ ﻫﺬا اﻻﻧﺨﻔﺎض‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻇﻠﺖ أﺳﻌﺎر‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ أﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺗﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﺬ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﻧﻮﻓﻤﺒﺮ ‪ 2014‬ﻋﻨﺪ ‪ 79.47‬و‪71.92‬‬ ‫دوﻻرا ﻟـﻠـﺒــﺮﻣـﻴــﻞ ﻋ ـﻠــﻰ اﻟ ـﺘــﺮﺗ ـﻴــﺐ واﻟ ـﺘــﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺠﻠﺘﻬﺎ أول ﻣﻦ أﻣﺲ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺛ ـ ـﻤـ ــﺔ ﻣـ ـ ــﺆﺷـ ـ ــﺮات ﻓ ـ ــﻲ أﺳـ ـ ـ ـ ــﻮاق اﻟـ ـﺨ ــﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺎﺿﺮة ﻗﺪ ﺗﺪﻓﻊ ﻣﺴﺘﺜﻤﺮي اﻷﺳــﻮاق‬ ‫اﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻒ‪ ،‬إﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﻟﻰ ﻋﻼﻣﺎت‬ ‫أﻳ ـ ـﻀـ ــﺎ ﻋـ ـﻠ ــﻰ ارﺗ ـ ـ ـﻔـ ـ ــﺎع إﻧـ ـ ـﺘ ـ ــﺎج اﻟـ ـﻨـ ـﻔ ــﻂ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧـ ـﺼ ــﻮﺻ ــﴼ ﻓـ ــﻲ ﺷـ ــﺮﻛـ ــﺎت ﻛـ ـﺒـ ـﻴ ــﺮة‪ ،‬ﻣـﺜــﻞ‬ ‫»إﻛـﺴــﻮن ﻣﻮﺑﻴﻞ« و»روﻳ ــﺎل داﺗــﺶ ﺷﻞ«‬ ‫و»ﺷﻴﻔﺮون« و»ﺑﻲ‪.‬ﺑﻲ« و»ﺗﻮﺗﺎل«‪.‬‬ ‫وﺳﺠﻠﺖ أﺳﻌﺎر ﺷﺤﻨﺎت اﻟﺨﺎم اﻟﻔﻮرﻳﺔ‬ ‫أﻗ ــﻞ ﻣ ـﺴ ـﺘــﻮى ﺧ ــﻼل أﻋ ـ ــﻮام ﻣ ـﻘــﺎرﻧــﺔ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫اﻟ ـﻌ ـﻘــﻮد اﻵﺟـ ـﻠ ــﺔ‪ ،‬ﺣ ـﻴــﺚ ﻳـ ـﺤ ــﺎول اﻟ ـﺒــﺎﻋــﺔ‬ ‫إﻳ ـ ـﺠـ ــﺎد ﻣ ـﺸ ـﺘــﺮﻳــﻦ ﻟ ـﺸ ـﺤ ـﻨــﺎت ﻣـ ــﻦ ﻏــﺮب‬ ‫أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ وروﺳ ـﻴــﺎ وﻛــﺎزاﺧـﺴـﺘــﺎن‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺗ ـﺤ ـﺒــﺲ اﺧ ـﺘ ـﻨــﺎﻗــﺎت ﺧ ـﻄ ــﻮط اﻷﻧــﺎﺑ ـﻴــﺐ‬ ‫ﻣـ ـﻌ ــﺮوﺿ ــﺎ ﻧ ـﻔ ـﻄ ـﻴــﺎ ﻓـ ــﻲ ﻏ ـ ــﺮب ﺗ ـﻜ ـﺴــﺎس‬ ‫وﻛﻨﺪا‪.‬‬ ‫وأﻓــﺎد ﻣﻌﻬﺪ اﻟﺒﺘﺮول اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻲ‪ ،‬أول ﻣﻦ‬ ‫أﻣــﺲ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺄن ﻣـﺨــﺰوﻧــﺎت اﻟـﺨــﺎم اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ‬ ‫ارﺗﻔﻌﺖ ‪ 4.9‬ﻣﻼﻳﲔ ﺑﺮﻣﻴﻞ ﻟﺘﺒﻠﻎ ‪435.6‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻴﻮن ﺑﺮﻣﻴﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓــﻲ ﻏـﻀــﻮن ذﻟــﻚ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻗﻌﺖ وﻛــﺎﻟــﺔ اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪوﻟﻴﺔ أﻣﺲ أن ﻳﺘﺒﺎﻃﺄ اﻟﻄﻠﺐ اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﻫــﺬا اﻟـﻌــﺎم ﻣــﻊ اﻗـﺘــﺮاب ﺳﻌﺮ‬ ‫اﻟ ـﺨــﺎم ﻣــﻦ ‪ 80‬دوﻻرا ﻟﻠﺒﺮﻣﻴﻞ وﺗــﻮﻗــﻒ‬

‫إﻳﺮان ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺼﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻔﺎظ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻮاردات‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ »اﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺎت«‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺰوﻧﺎت اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﻔﻊ‪ ..‬و»ﺑﺮﻧﺖ« ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫‪ 78.22‬دوﻻراً‬

‫اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣــﻦ اﻟــﺪول اﳌـﺴـﺘــﻮردة اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ دﻋﻢ ﺳﺨﻲ ﻓﻲ أﺳﻌﺎر اﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬ ‫ﳌﺴﺘﻬﻠﻜﻴﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺧﻔﻀﺖ اﻟﻮﻛﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﻮﻗﻌﻬﺎ ﻟﻨﻤﻮ اﻟﻄﻠﺐ‬ ‫اﻟ ـﻌــﺎﳌــﻲ إﻟ ــﻰ ‪ 1.4‬ﻣـﻠـﻴــﻮن ﺑــﺮﻣـﻴــﻞ ﻳﻮﻣﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ‪ 2018‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ ﻛﺎن ﻳﺒﻠﻎ ‪1.5‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻴﻮن ﺑﺮﻣﻴﻞ ﻳﻮﻣﻴﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻧﺒﻬﺖ اﻟــﻮﻛــﺎﻟــﺔ إﻟــﻰ أﻧــﻪ »ﺳـﻴـﻜــﻮن أﻣــﺮا‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎﺋﻴﺎ إذا ﻟﻢ ﺗﺆﺛﺮ ﻗﻔﺰة ﻛﺒﻴﺮة ﻛﻬﺬه‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻤﻮ اﻟﻄﻠﺐ‪ ،‬ﺧﺼﻮﺻﴼ ﻣــﻊ ﺗﻘﻠﺺ‬ ‫دﻋ ــﻢ اﳌـﺴـﺘـﻬـﻠــﻚ اﻟ ـﻨ ـﻬــﺎﺋــﻲ أو ﻗـﻄـﻌــﻪ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋــﺪة اﻗـﺘـﺼــﺎدات ﻧﺎﺷﺌﺔ ﺧــﻼل اﻟﺴﻨﻮات‬ ‫اﻷﺧﻴﺮة«‪.‬‬ ‫وﻗــﺎﻟــﺖ »ﻓــﻲ اﻟــﻮﻗــﺖ اﻟــﺮاﻫــﻦ‪ ،‬ﻓــﺈن اﳌﺸﻬﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻴﻮﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ اﻟﺴﺮﻳﻊ اﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﺳﻴﺤﺮف‬ ‫اﻻﻧـ ـﺘـ ـﺒ ــﺎه ﻋـ ــﻦ اﳌ ـ ـﺨـ ــﺰوﻧـ ــﺎت ﻣـ ــﻊ ﻋ ـﻜــﻮف‬ ‫اﳌﻨﺘﺠﲔ واﳌﺴﺘﻬﻠﻜﲔ ﻋﻠﻰ دراﺳﺔ ﺳﺒﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﻘﻠﺒﺎت ﻓﻲ ﺳﻮق اﻟﻨﻔﻂ«‪.‬‬ ‫وأﺷ ـ ــﺎرت اﻟــﻮﻛــﺎﻟــﺔ إﻟ ــﻰ أﻧ ـﻬــﺎ »ﺳ ـﺘــﺮاﻗــﺐ‬ ‫اﻟ ـﺘ ـﻄــﻮرات ﻋــﻦ ﻛ ـﺜــﺐ وﺗ ـﻘــﻒ ﻋ ـﻠــﻰ أﻫـﺒــﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪاد ﻟﻠﺘﺤﺮك إذا اﻗﺘﻀﺖ اﻟﻀﺮورة‬ ‫ﺑـ ـﻤ ــﺎ ﻳ ـﻜ ـﻔــﻞ اﺳ ـ ـﺘ ـ ـﻤـ ــﺮار ﺗ ـﻠ ـﻘــﻲ اﻷﺳ ـ ـ ــﻮاق‬ ‫إﻣﺪادات ﺟﻴﺪة«‪.‬‬

‫وﺗﺘﻮﻗﻊ وﻛﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ أن ﻳﺴﺠﻞ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫اﻟ ـﻄ ـﻠــﺐ ﻋ ـﻠــﻰ ﺧ ــﺎم أوﺑـ ــﻚ ‪ 32.25‬ﻣـﻠـﻴــﻮن‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﻣ ـﻴــﻞ ﻳــﻮﻣ ـﻴــﺎ ﻟ ـﺒ ـﻘ ـﻴــﺔ اﻟـ ـﻌ ــﺎم اﻟ ـﺤــﺎﻟــﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣ ـﻘــﺎرﻧــﺔ ﻣ ــﻊ إﻧـ ـﺘ ــﺎج ﺑ ـﻠــﻎ ‪ 32.12‬ﻣـﻠـﻴــﻮن‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻣﻴﻞ ﻳﻮﻣﻴﺎ ﻓﻲ أﺑﺮﻳﻞ‪.‬‬

‫إﻳﺮان ﺗﺘﺠﻪ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺼﲔ‬ ‫ﻣــﻦ ﺟــﺎﻧـﺒـﻬــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻃـﻠـﺒــﺖ إﻳـ ــﺮان ﻣــﻦ ﻣﺸﺘﺮي‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺼﲔ »اﻟﺤﻔﺎظ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻮاردات‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻋﻘﻮﺑﺎت أﻣﻴﺮﻛﺎ«‪.‬‬ ‫وﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻣﺼﺎدر ﻣﻄﻠﻌﺔ إن ﻣﺴﺆوﻻ‬ ‫إﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺎ ﻛﺒﻴﺮا ﻓﻲ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﻨﻔﻂ اﳌﻤﻠﻮﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﻟ ـﻠــﺪوﻟــﺔ اﺟ ـﺘ ـﻤــﻊ ﻣــﻊ ﻣـﺸـﺘــﺮﻳــﻦ ﺻﻴﻨﻴﲔ‬ ‫ﻫﺬا اﻷﺳﺒﻮع ﻛﻲ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ اﳌﺤﺎﻓﻈﺔ‬ ‫ﻋ ـﻠــﻰ ﻣ ـﺴ ـﺘــﻮى اﻟ ـ ـ ـ ــﻮاردات ﺑ ـﻌــﺪ ﺳــﺮﻳــﺎن‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺎت اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ‪ ،‬وﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻟﻢ ﻳﺤﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺎت ﻣﻦ أﻛﺒﺮ ﻣﺴﺘﻬﻠﻚ ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻂ‬ ‫اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫وأﺑ ـﻠ ـﻐــﺖ اﳌ ـﺼــﺎدر ﺑ ــﺄن ﺳـﻌـﻴــﺪ ﺧــﻮﺷــﺮو‬ ‫ﻣــﺪﻳــﺮ اﻟ ـﺸــﺆون اﻟــﺪوﻟ ـﻴــﺔ ﺑـﺸــﺮﻛــﺔ اﻟﻨﻔﻂ‬ ‫اﻟــﻮﻃ ـﻨ ـﻴــﺔ اﻹﻳـ ــﺮاﻧ ـ ـﻴـ ــﺔ ﻋ ـﻘــﺪ اﺟ ـﺘ ـﻤــﺎﻋــﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻜﲔ‪ ،‬اﻹﺛﻨﲔ اﳌــﺎﺿــﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻣـﺴــﺆوﻟــﲔ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻳﲔ ﻛـﺒــﺎر ﻓــﻲ اﻟــﻮﺣــﺪة‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺠﺎرﻳﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﻨﻔﻂ اﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟ ـﻌ ـﻤــﻼﻗــﺔ »ﺳ ـﻴ ـﻨــﻮﺑــﻚ« وﺷ ــﺮﻛ ــﺔ ﺗ ـﺠــﺎرة‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻔﻂ اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ »ﺗﺸﻮﻫﺎي ﺗﺸﻨﺮوﻧﻎ‬ ‫ﻛﻮرب« ﻟﺒﺤﺚ إﻣﺪادات اﻟﻨﻔﻂ واﻟﺤﺼﻮل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺄﻛﻴﺪات ﻣﻦ اﳌﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ اﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﲔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻗــﺎل ﻣﺼﺪر إن اﳌـﺴــﺆوﻟــﲔ اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬﻳﲔ‬ ‫اﻟـﺼـﻴـﻨـﻴــﲔ ﻟــﻢ ﻳ ـﻘــﺪﻣــﻮا ﺗ ـﻌ ـﻬــﺪات ﻗــﻮﻳــﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫وﻟﻜﻨﻬﻢ ﻗﺎﻟﻮا إن »ﺷﺮﻛﺎﺗﻬﻢ ﺳﺘﺘﺼﺮف‬ ‫وﻓﻘﴼ ﻟﺮﻏﺒﺎت ﺑﻜﲔ ﺑﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎرﻫﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺎت‬ ‫ﻧﻔﻂ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ«‪.‬‬ ‫واﺳـ ـ ـﺘ ـ ــﻮردت اﻟـ ـﺼ ــﲔ‪ ،‬أﻛـ ـﺒ ــﺮ ﻣ ـﺸ ـﺘــﺮ ﻓــﻲ‬ ‫اﻟ ـﻌــﺎﻟــﻢ ﻟ ـﻠ ـﻨ ـﻔــﻂ اﻟـ ـﺨ ــﺎم‪ ،‬ﻧ ـﺤــﻮ ‪ 655‬أﻟــﻒ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﻣـﻴــﻞ ﻳــﻮﻣـﻴــﺎ ﻣــﻦ اﻟـﻨـﻔــﻂ ﻓــﻲ اﳌـﺘــﻮﺳــﻂ‬ ‫ﻣــﻦ إﻳـ ــﺮان ﺧ ــﻼل اﻟــﺮﺑــﻊ اﻷول ﻣــﻦ اﻟـﻌــﺎم‬ ‫اﻟ ـ ـ ـﺠ ـ ـ ــﺎري‪ ،‬وﻓ ـ ـﻘـ ــﺎ ﻟـ ـﺒـ ـﻴ ــﺎﻧ ــﺎت اﻟـ ـﺠـ ـﻤ ــﺎرك‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ اﻟﺮﺳﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﺎدل أﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫رﺑﻊ إﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺻﺎدرات إﻳﺮان‪) .‬روﻳﺘﺮز(‬

‫اﻟﺮﻫﺎن‬ ‫ً‬ ‫دوﻻرا‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ‪90‬‬ ‫ﻳــﺮاﻫــﻦ اﳌﺴﺘﺜﻤﺮون ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻌﻮد‬ ‫ﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﻷﺳـﻌــﺎر اﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﺗﺘﺠﺎوز ‪80‬‬ ‫دوﻻرﴽ ﻟﻠﺒﺮﻣﻴﻞ‪ ،‬أو رﺑﻤﺎ ﺗﺼﻞ إﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪ 90‬دوﻻرﴽ ﻫﺬا اﻟﻌﺎم‪.‬‬ ‫وﻟﻜﻦ اﻷﺳﻮاق اﻟﺤﺎﺿﺮة ﻟﺸﺤﻨﺎت‬ ‫اﻟـ ـﻨـ ـﻔ ــﻂ ﺗـ ـ ـ ــﺮوي ﻗـ ـﺼ ــﺔ ﻣ ـﺨ ـﺘ ـﻠ ـﻔــﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓ ــﺎﻷﺳـ ـﻌ ــﺎر اﻟـ ـﻔ ــﻮرﻳ ــﺔ ﻟ ـﻠ ـﺨــﺎم ﻋـﻨــﺪ‬ ‫أﺷ ــﺪ ﻣ ـﺴ ـﺘــﻮﻳــﺎت اﻻﻧ ـﺨ ـﻔــﺎض ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺳـﻨــﻮات ﻗﻴﺎﺳﴼ ﺑــﺎﻷﺳـﻌــﺎر اﻵﺟﻠﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮا ﻟﻀﻌﻒ اﻟﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻦ اﳌﺼﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓــﻲ اﻟﺼﲔ وﺗــﺮاﻛــﻢ اﻟﺸﺤﻨﺎت ﻓﻲ‬ ‫أوروﺑﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻳــﻮاﺟــﻪ اﻟ ـﺒــﺎﺋ ـﻌــﻮن ﺻ ـﻌــﻮﺑــﺎت ﻓﻲ‬ ‫إﻳ ـﺠــﺎد ﻣـﺸـﺘــﺮﻳــﻦ ﻟـﺸـﺤـﻨــﺎت ﻏــﺮب‬ ‫أﻓــﺮﻳـﻘـﻴــﺎ وروﺳ ـﻴــﺎ وﻛــﺎزاﺧـﺴـﺘــﺎن‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑ ـﻴ ـﻨ ـﻤــﺎ ﺗـ ــﺆﺛـ ــﺮ ﻣـ ـﺸ ــﺎﻛ ــﻞ ﺧ ـﻄــﻮط‬ ‫اﻷﻧﺎﺑﻴﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺪﻓﻖ اﻹﻣــﺪادات ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﺮب ﺗﻜﺴﺎس وﻛﻨﺪا‪.‬‬ ‫وﻳﻘﻮل ﺗﺠﺎر اﻟﺨﺎم اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺒﻴﻌﻮن‬ ‫ﺷﺤﻨﺎت إﻟﻰ ﻣﺼﺎف ﻓﻲ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫أﻧ ـ ـﺤ ــﺎء اﻟـ ـﻌ ــﺎﻟ ــﻢ إن اﳌـ ـﻀ ــﺎرﺑ ــﲔ ﻻ‬ ‫ﻳ ـﻘ ـﻔــﻮن ﻋ ـﻠــﻰ أرض ﺻ ـﻠ ـﺒــﺔ‪ ،‬وﻫــﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﺪﻓﻌﻮن أﺳﻮاق اﻟﻌﻘﻮد اﻵﺟﻠﺔ ﻓﻮق‬ ‫‪ 70‬دوﻻرا ﻟـﻠـﺒــﺮﻣـﻴــﻞ‪ ،‬وﻫ ــﻮ أﻋـﻠــﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮى ﻓــﻲ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ أﻋــﻮام وﻧﺼﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎم‪.‬‬ ‫وﺗـ ــﻮﻗـ ــﻊ ﺑ ـﻨــﻚ ﻣـ ــﻮرﻏـ ــﺎن ﺳ ـﺘــﺎﻧ ـﻠــﻲ‬ ‫ارﺗ ـﻔــﺎع ﺳـﻌــﺮ ﺧــﺎم ﺑــﺮﻧــﺖ إﻟــﻰ ‪85‬‬ ‫دوﻻرﴽ ﻟﻠﺒﺮﻣﻴﻞ ﺑﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ‪ 2019‬و‪90‬‬ ‫دوﻻرﴽ ﻟﻠﺒﺮﻣﻴﻞ ﺑﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ‪.2020‬‬ ‫ورﺟﺢ ﺳﻌﺮﴽ ﻟﺨﺎم ﻏﺮب ﺗﻜﺴﺎس‬ ‫اﻟﻮﺳﻴﻂ اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻲ ﻋﻨﺪ ‪ 71‬دوﻻرﴽ‬ ‫ﻟ ـﻠ ـﺒــﺮﻣ ـﻴــﻞ ﻓ ــﻲ اﻟ ــﺮﺑ ــﻊ اﻷﺧـ ـﻴ ــﺮ ﻣــﻦ‬ ‫‪ 2018‬و‪ 73‬دوﻻرﴽ ﻟـﻠـﺒــﺮﻣـﻴــﻞ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺑﻊ اﻷول ﻣﻦ ‪.2019‬‬

‫اﻟﻠﻴﺮة اﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ أدﻧﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺗﻬﺎ‬ ‫واﺻ ـﻠ ــﺖ اﻟ ـﻠ ـﻴــﺮة اﻟ ـﺘــﺮﻛ ـﻴــﺔ ﺗــﺮاﺟ ـﻌ ـﻬــﺎ أﻣ ــﺎم‬ ‫اﻟ ـ ــﺪوﻻر‪ ،‬إذ ﺳـ ّـﺠـﻠــﺖ ﻣـﺴـﺘــﻮﻳــﺎت ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﻴﺔ‬ ‫دﻧـ ـ ـﻴ ـ ــﺎ ﺟـ ـ ــﺪﻳـ ـ ــﺪة أﻣ ـ ـ ـ ـ ــﺲ‪ ،‬ﺑ ـ ـﺴ ـ ـﺒ ــﺐ ﺧ ـﺸ ـﻴــﺔ‬ ‫اﳌ ـﺴ ـﺘ ـﺜ ـﻤــﺮﻳــﻦ ﻣـ ــﻦ ﺗ ـﺼ ــﺮﻳ ـﺤ ــﺎت ﻟ ـﻠــﺮﺋ ـﻴــﺲ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺮﻛﻲ رﺟﺐ ﻃﻴﺐ أردوﻏﺎن أﺷﺎر ﻓﻴﻬﺎ إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺘﻪ ﻟﻌﺐ دور أﻛﺒﺮ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻼده‪.‬‬ ‫وﻓﻘﺪت اﻟﻠﻴﺮة ﺛﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ اﳌﺌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻼل اﻟﺸﻬﺮ اﻟﻔﺎﺋﺖ ﻓﻘﻂ‪ ،‬ﻣﻊ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻮ اﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎت رﺋﺎﺳﻴﺔ وﺑﺮﳌﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﺒﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ‪ 24‬ﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮ اﳌﻘﺒﻞ‪ ،‬وﺳﻂ ﻣﺨﺎوف ﺑﺸﺄن‬ ‫ﻗﻮة وﺳﻼﻣﺔ اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎد‪.‬‬

‫وأﺑــﺪى ﻣﺴﺘﺜﻤﺮون اﻧﺰﻋﺎﺟﻬﻢ ﻣــﻦ ﺿﻐﻂ‬ ‫أردوﻏــﺎن اﳌﺘﻮاﺻﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ اﳌﺼﺮف اﳌﺮﻛﺰي‬ ‫اﳌـﺴـﺘـﻘــﻞ اﺳ ـﻤ ـﻴــﴼ‪ ،‬ﻟــﺮﻓــﻊ ﻣ ـﻌــﺪﻻت اﻟ ـﻔــﺎﺋــﺪة‪،‬‬ ‫وﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﻣﻌﺪﻻت اﻟﻨﻤﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺗ ــﺮاﺟ ـﻌ ــﺖ اﻟ ـﻠ ـﻴــﺮة أﻣـ ــﺲ إﻟـ ــﻰ ‪ 4.5‬ﻟ ـﻴــﺮات‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺪوﻻر‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ ﻋﺎدت وارﺗﻔﻌﺖ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﻈﻬﺮ إﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪ 4.42‬ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ اﻟﺪوﻻر ﺑﻌﺪ أن أﺻﺪر اﳌﺼﺮف‬ ‫اﳌﺮﻛﺰي اﻟﺘﺮﻛﻲ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﴼ ﺣﻮل اﻟﺘﺬﺑﺬب »ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﻲ« ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻠﺔ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﻋــﺪ اﻟﻠﻴﺮة‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺗﻌﻮﻳﺾ ﺧﺴﺎﺋﺮﻫﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺟ ـ ــﺎء ﻓ ــﻲ اﻟ ـﺒ ـﻴــﺎن أن »اﳌـ ـﺼ ــﺮف اﳌــﺮﻛــﺰي‬ ‫ﻳـ ــﺮاﻗ ـ ــﺐ ﻋ ـ ــﻦ ﻛـ ـﺜ ــﺐ ﺗ ـ ـﻄـ ــﻮر اﻷﺳـ ـ ـﻌ ـ ــﺎر ﻏ ـﻴــﺮ‬

‫»ﻛﺎﻣﻜﻮ«‪ :‬ارﺗﻔﺎع اﻟﺒﺮﻣﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻻ ﻳﻌﻜﺲ ﺻﻮرة وردﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻗــﺎل ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﻜﻮ ﻟﻼﺳﺘﺜﻤﺎر إن أﺳﻌﺎر‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﺑﻠﻐﺖ أﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺗﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻋﺪة ﺳﻨﻮات‬ ‫ﻓﻲ أواﺧﺮ أﺑﺮﻳﻞ ‪ ،2018‬واﺳﺘﻤﺮ ﻫﺬا اﻻﺗﺠﺎه ﺧﻼل‬ ‫اﻷﺳﺒﻮﻋﲔ اﻷوﻟﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﺎﻳﻮ ‪ 2018‬ﺑﺪﻋﻢ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎم اﻷول ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺎت اﳌﺮﺗﻘﺐ ﻓﺮﺿﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫إﻳﺮان ﻣﻊ اﻧﺴﺤﺎب اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﻣﻦ اﻻﺗﻔﺎق‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻮوي‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﻟﻰ اﻟﻘﻀﺎﻳﺎ اﻟﺠﻴﻮﺳﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﺘﻮﺗﺮة ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺸﺮق اﻷوﺳﻂ واﻟﺘﻲ أﺑﻘﺖ‬ ‫أﺳ ـﻌــﺎر اﻟـﻨـﻔــﻂ ﻋـﻠــﻰ اﻟ ـﺤــﺎﻓــﺔ ﻋـﻠــﻰ ﻣ ــﺪى اﻷﺷـﻬــﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻠﻴﻠﺔ اﳌــﺎﺿ ـﻴــﺔ‪ .‬وﻧـﺘـﻴـﺠــﺔ ﻟــﺬﻟــﻚ‪ ،‬اﺗ ـﺴــﻊ اﻟ ـﻔــﺎرق‬ ‫ﺑﲔ ﺳﻌﺮ ﻣﺰﻳﺞ ﺧﺎم ﺑﺮﻧﺖ وﺧــﺎم ﻏﺮب ﺗﻜﺴﺎس‬ ‫إﻟﻰ أﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى ﻣﻨﺬ ﻣﺎﻳﻮ ‪ 2015‬ﺑﺘﻔﻮق ﻣﺰﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﺧــﺎم ﺑﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﺤﻮاﻟﻲ ‪ 7.3‬دوﻻرات ﻟﻠﺒﺮﻣﻴﻞ وﻓﻘﴼ‬ ‫ﻟ ـﺒ ـﻴــﺎﻧــﺎت وﻛــﺎﻟــﺔ ﺑ ـﻠــﻮﻣ ـﺒ ـﻴــﺮغ‪ .‬وأﺿ ـ ــﺎف اﻟـﺘـﻘــﺮﻳــﺮ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻊ أن ﺗﺆﺛﺮ اﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺎت ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺤﻨﺎت اﻟﻨﻔﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ ﺑﻴﺎن اﻷﺛــﺮ اﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻧﻮﻓﻤﺒﺮ ‪ 2018‬ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻢ ﻳﺘﻢ اﻻﺗﻔﺎق ﺣﻮل ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط اﻟﺘﻲ أﺛﺎرﺗﻬﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‪ .‬ووﻓﻘﴼ ﻟﺒﻌﺾ اﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﺮات‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﺘﻮﻗﻊ أن ﻳﻨﺨﻔﺾ إﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ اﳌﻌﺮوض اﻟﻨﻔﻄﻲ‬ ‫ﻹﻳﺮان ﺑﻮاﻗﻊ ‪ 0.5‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮن ﺑﺮﻣﻴﻞ ﻳﻮﻣﻴﴼ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻣـﻌــﺪل اﻧﺨﻔﺎض أﻗــﻞ ﺑﻜﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻘﺎرﻧﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‪ .‬وﻣــﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ اﳌـﻌــﺮوض اﻟﻨﻔﻄﻲ‪ ،‬ﺗﻠﻘﺖ‬ ‫أﺳﻌﺎر اﻟﻨﻔﻂ دﻋﻤﴼ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺨﻔﺾ اﳌﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﻹﻧﺘﺎج‬ ‫اﻟـﻨـﻔــﻂ ﻣــﻦ ﻗـﺒــﻞ اﻟ ــﺪول اﻷﻋ ـﻀــﺎء وﻏـﻴــﺮ اﻷﻋـﻀــﺎء‬ ‫ﺑﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ أوﺑــﻚ واﻟــﺬي ﺗﺠﺎوز ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎت اﻻﻟﺘﺰام‬ ‫ً‬ ‫اﳌﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﻮﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻮﻛﺎﻟﺔ ﺑﻠﻮﻣﺒﻴﺮغ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻎ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى‬ ‫اﻻﻟﺘﺰام ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ‪ 166‬ﻓﻲ اﳌﺌﺔ ﻓﻲ أﺑﺮﻳﻞ ‪ ،2018‬ﻣﻦ‬ ‫دون ﺗﻐﻴﺮ ﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻻﻟﺘﺰام اﳌﻨﻘﺤﺔ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣــﺎرس ‪ 2018‬ﺑﻨﺴﺒﺔ ‪ 167‬ﻓــﻲ اﳌـﺌــﺔ‪ .‬إﻻ اﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻋـﻠــﻰ اﻟــﺮﻏــﻢ ﻣــﻦ ذﻟ ــﻚ‪ ،‬أدى ارﺗ ـﻔــﺎع أﺳ ـﻌــﺎر اﻟﻨﻔﻂ‬ ‫إﻟ ـ ــﻰ ﻓ ـ ــﺮض ﺿـ ـﻐ ــﻮط ﻋ ـﻠــﻰ اﳌ ـﺠ ـﻤــﻮﻋــﺔ ﳌـﻨــﺎﻗـﺸــﺔ‬ ‫اﳌـﺴــﺎر اﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻲ ﻻﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﺧﻔﺾ اﻻﻧـﺘــﺎج ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫اﻧـﻘـﻀــﺎء اﳌــﻮﻋــﺪ اﻟـﻨـﻬــﺎﺋــﻲ اﻟـﺤــﺎﻟــﻲ اﻟ ــﺬي ﻳﻨﺘﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﻋﺎم ‪ ،2018‬وﻣﻦ اﳌﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﻫﺬا اﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻓــﻲ اﺟ ـﺘ ـﻤــﺎع ﻳــﻮﻧـﻴــﻮ ‪ 2018‬ﺑــﲔ اﻷﻋ ـﻀ ــﺎء‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻎ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻹﻧـﺘــﺎج اﻟﻨﻔﻄﻲ اﻟﺸﻬﺮي ﻷﻋﻀﺎء‬ ‫أوﺑــﻚ ‪ 31.9‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮن ﺑﺮﻣﻴﻞ ﻳﻮﻣﻴﺎ وﻓـﻘــﺎ ﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫وﻛﺎﻟﺔ ﺑﻠﻮﻣﺒﻴﺮغ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﻟﻰ ﻣﺼﺎدر »أوﺑﻚ«‬ ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻮﻳﺔ‪ ،‬وﻫﻮ أدﻧــﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى ﻟﻪ ﺧﻼل ‪ 12‬ﺷﻬﺮﴽ‬ ‫اﳌﺎﺿﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻛ ــﺎﻧ ــﺖ ﻫـ ـﻨ ــﺎك ﺗ ـﻐ ـﻴ ـﻴــﺮات ﻃ ـﻔ ـﻴ ـﻔــﺔ ﻓ ــﻲ ﻣ ـﻌــﺪﻻت‬ ‫إﻧـﺘــﺎج أﻏﻠﺒﻴﺔ اﻟ ــﺪول اﻷﻋ ـﻀــﺎء ﺑﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻷوﺑــﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫وذﻟــﻚ وﻓﻘﴼ ﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ اﻷﺧـﻴــﺮة‪ .‬وﺷﻤﻠﺖ اﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮات‬ ‫اﳌﻬﻤﺔ زﻳﺎدة ﻓﻲ اﻹﻧﺘﺎج ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ اﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻌﻮدﻳﺔ واﻟﺠﺰاﺋﺮ وإﻳﺮان‪ ،‬اﻟﺘﻲ ّ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺿﺖ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺮاﺟﻊ إﻧﺘﺎج ﻓﻨﺰوﻳﻼ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ أﺧﺮى‪ ،‬اﺳﺘﻤﺮ إﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت‬

‫ﺻﻌﻮد اﻷﺳﻌﺎر ﻳﻔﺮض‬ ‫ﺿﻐﻮﻃﺎ ً ﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺎر‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻲ ﻻﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﻔﺾ اﻹﻧﺘﺎج‬ ‫أﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى ﻟﻤﻨﺼﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻔﺮ اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺬ ﻣﺎرس ‪2015‬‬ ‫اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﻓﻲ اﻻرﺗﻔﺎع‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻋﺎدل ﺟﺰﺋﻴﴼ اﺗﺠﺎﻫﺎت‬ ‫اﻟـ ـﺴ ــﻮق اﻟ ـﺴــﺎﺋــﺪة ﺣــﺎﻟ ـﻴــﴼ‪ .‬واﺳـ ـﺘـ ـﻔ ــﺎدت اﻟـﺠـﻬــﺎت‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ اﳌﻨﻘﺒﺔ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﻣﻦ ارﺗﻔﺎع اﻷﺳﻌﺎر‪،‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل إﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﻨﺼﺎت ﺣﻔﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪة‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺮﻏﻢ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺤﺴﻦ اﳌﻠﺤﻮظ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻌﺪﻻت اﻹﻧـﺘــﺎج ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﻣﺮ اﻟﺴﻨﲔ‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﺴﺎﻫﻢ ﻓﻲ إﻃﺎﻟﺔ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻣﻨﺼﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻔﺮ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ أﻇـﻬــﺮت اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟـﺼــﺎدرة‬ ‫ﻋــﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ﺑﻴﻜﺮ ﻫﻴﻮز ارﺗـﻔـ ً‬ ‫ـﺎﻋــﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﺮة اﻟﺴﺎدﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﻮاﻟﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺪد ﻣﻨﺼﺎت اﻟﺤﻔﺮ اﻟﻨﻔﻄﻲ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﻟﻸﺳﺒﻮع اﳌﻨﺘﻬﻲ ﻓﻲ ‪ 11‬ﻣﺎﻳﻮ‬ ‫‪ 2018‬ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ ‪ 10‬ﻣﻨﺼﺎت ﺣﻔﺮ ﺟــﺪﻳــﺪة‪ ،‬ﻟﻴﺼﻞ‬ ‫اﻟـﻌــﺪد اﻹﺟـﻤــﺎﻟــﻲ إﻟــﻰ ‪ 844‬ﻣﻨﺼﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓــﻲ ﺣــﲔ ﻳﻌﺪ‬ ‫أﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى ﻳﺒﻠﻐﻪ ﻋــﺪد اﳌﻨﺼﺎت ﻣﻨﺬ ﻣــﺎرس‬ ‫‪.2015‬‬ ‫وﻋﻠﻰ اﻟــﺮﻏــﻢ ﻣﻤﺎ ﺗﻈﻬﺮه أﺳـﻌــﺎر اﻟﻌﻘﻮد اﻵﺟﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ارﺗﻔﺎع ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﻳﻌﺪ اﻷﻗﻮى ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺪى اﻟﺴﻨﻮات‬ ‫اﻷﺧ ـﻴــﺮة‪ ،‬ﻓــﺈن اﻟـﺴــﻮق اﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺗﻌﻜﺲ ﺻــﻮرة‬ ‫وردﻳﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﻮﻓﻖ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﺻﺎدر ﻋﻦ وﻛﺎﻟﺔ روﻳﺘﺮز‪ ،‬أدى‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻄﻲ اﻟ ـﺼــﺎدرات اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ أﻛـﺜــﺮ ﻣــﻦ ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﱡ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺒﻊ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻷﺳــﻮاق )ﻓﺌﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻣﻴﻞ ﻳﻮﻣﻴﴼ إﻟــﻰ‬ ‫اﻟـﺨــﺎم اﻟـﺨــﺎص ﺑﻨﻴﺠﻴﺮﻳﺎ وآذرﺑ ـﻴ ـﺠــﺎن( وﺗــﺮاﻛــﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺤﻨﺎت ﻓﻲ أوروﺑــﺎ واﳌــﻮاﻧــﺊ اﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬وﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺿ ـﻌــﻒ اﻟ ـﻄ ـﻠــﺐ ﻣــﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛــﺎت اﻟ ـﺘ ـﻜــﺮﻳــﺮ اﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻧـ ـﺴ ــﺪاد ﺧ ـﻄــﻮط اﻷﻧــﺎﺑ ـﻴــﺐ ﻟـﺒـﻌــﺾ أﻫ ــﻢ ﻓـﺌــﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﻓــﻲ اﻟــﻮﻻﻳــﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة وﻛـﻨــﺪا‪ .‬إﻻ اﻧــﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ذﻟــﻚ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺎك ﺗﻘﺎرﻳﺮ ﺗﻔﻴﺪ ﺑــﺄن ﺗﺮاﻛﻤﺎت‬ ‫اﻟـﺴــﻮق اﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﺮﺟﻊ إﻟــﻰ اﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ اﳌﻮﺳﻤﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺤﻮل اﳌﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻨﻤﻮ اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪ‬ ‫وأن‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﺰﻳﺎدة ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﻮق اﳌﺎدﻳﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺘﻔﻮﻗﺎً ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻮك وﻣﺎﺳﻚ‬

‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺤﺎت أردوﻏﺎن ﺗﻬﻮي ﺑﻬﺎ إﻟﻰ ‪ 4.5‬أﻣﺎم اﻟﺪوﻻر‬

‫اﻟﺼﺤﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻷﺳﻮاق«‪.‬‬ ‫وﺗﺎﺑﻊ‪» :‬ﺳﻴﺘﻢ اﺗﺨﺎذ اﻹﺟﺮاءات اﻟﻀﺮورﻳﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫وأﻳﻀﴼ دراﺳــﺔ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﻫــﺬه اﻟﺘﻄﻮرات ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻌﺎت اﻟﺘﻀﺨﻢ«‪.‬‬ ‫وﺗﺮاﺟﻌﺖ اﻟﻠﻴﺮة ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ اﻷﺳﺒﻮع اﻟﻔﺎﺋﺖ‬ ‫ﺑـﻌــﺪ ﺗـﺼــﺮﻳـﺤــﺎت ﻷردوﻏ ـ ــﺎن ﻗ ــﺎل ﻓـﻴـﻬــﺎ إن‬ ‫ﻣ ـﻌــﺪﻻت اﻟ ـﻔــﺎﺋــﺪة ﻫــﻲ »ﺳ ـﺒــﺐ ﻛــﻞ اﻟـﻌـﻠــﻞ«‪.‬‬ ‫وﻟ ـﻔــﺖ ﺧ ـﺒ ــﺮاء اﻗ ـﺘ ـﺼــﺎدﻳــﻮن إﻟ ــﻰ اﻟـﺤــﺎﺟــﺔ‬ ‫ﻟـﻀـﺒــﻂ اﻟـﺴـﻴــﺎﺳــﺔ اﻟـﻨـﻘــﺪﻳــﺔ ﺑـﻌــﺪ أن ﺑﻠﻐﺖ‬ ‫ﻧ ـﺴ ـﺒــﺔ اﻟ ـﺘ ـﻀ ـﺨــﻢ ‪ 10.85‬ﻓ ــﻲ اﳌـ ـﺌ ــﺔ‪ ،‬وﺑـﻌــﺪ‬ ‫أن ﺧ ـﺴــﺮت اﻟ ـﻠ ـﻴــﺮة اﻟ ـﺘــﺮﻛ ـﻴــﺔ ‪ 25‬ﻓ ــﻲ اﳌـﺌــﺔ‬ ‫ﻣ ــﻦ ﻗـﻴـﻤـﺘـﻬــﺎ ﺧـ ــﻼل اﻟـ ـﻌ ــﺎم اﻟـ ـﻔ ــﺎﺋ ــﺖ‪ .‬وﻗ ــﺎل‬

‫أﺳﻮاق ﺗﺘﺸﺒﻊ ﻣﻊ ارﺗﻔﺎع اﻟﺼﺎدرات اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺟ ـﻤ ـﻴــﻞ أﺣ ـﻤــﺪ ﻣــﺪﻳــﺮ إدارة اﺳـﺘــﺮاﺗـﻴـﺠـﻴــﺔ‬ ‫اﻟ ـﻌ ـﻤــﻼت وأﺑـ ـﺤ ــﺎث اﻟ ـﺴــﻮق ﻓــﻲ ﻓــﻮرﻳـﻜــﺲ‬ ‫إن »ﺗـﺼــﺮﻳـﺤــﺎت أردوﻏـ ــﺎن ﻫــﻲ ﻣــﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫اﳌـﺴـﺘـﺜـﻤــﺮون ﺳ ـﻤــﺎﻋــﻪ‪ ..‬أﻗ ــﻞ ﻣــﺎ ﻳ ـﻘــﺎل إﻧـﻬــﺎ‬ ‫ﺗ ـ ـﻬ ــﺪﻳ ــﺪ ﺧـ ـﻄـ ـﻴ ــﺮ ﻻﺳـ ـﺘـ ـﻘ ــﻼﻟـ ـﻴ ــﺔ اﳌ ـ ـﺼ ــﺮف‬ ‫اﳌــﺮﻛــﺰي«‪ .‬وﻛــﺎن أردوﻏــﺎن أﺷــﺎر ﻓﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣ ــﻊ وﻛ ــﺎﻟ ــﺔ ﺑ ـﻠــﻮﻣ ـﺒ ـﻴــﺮغ‪ ،‬اﻹﺛـ ـﻨ ــﲔ اﳌــﺎﺿــﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫أﺛ ـﻨــﺎء زﻳــﺎرﺗــﻪ ﻟـﻠـﻨــﺪن إﻟ ــﻰ ﻧـﻴـﺘــﻪ ﻟـﻌــﺐ دور‬ ‫وﺑﺴﻂ ﺳﻴﻄﺮة أﻛﺒﺮ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫واﻻﻗ ـﺘ ـﺼــﺎدﻳــﺔ ﺣ ــﺎل ﻓـ ــﻮزه ﺑــﺎﻻﻧ ـﺘ ـﺨــﺎﺑــﺎت‪.‬‬ ‫وﻗﺎل »ﻗﺪ ﻳﺴﺒﺐ ﻫﺬا ﻋﺪم ارﺗﻴﺎح ﻟﻠﺒﻌﺾ‪،‬‬ ‫وﻟﻜﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﻪ«‪) .‬أ ف ب(‬

‫رﺋﻴﺲ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬي ﺻﻴﻨﻲ ﻳﺤﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ راﺗﺐ ‪ 291‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮن دوﻻر‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻜﺲ اﳌﺘﻮﻗﻊ‪ ،‬ﻟﻢ ﻳﻜﻦ أﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺆول ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬي أﺟﺮا ﻟﻠﺸﺮﻛﺎت اﳌﺪرﺟﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻮرﺻﺔ ﻫﻮﻧﻎ ﻛﻮﻧﻎ‬ ‫ﺧــﻼل ‪ ،2017‬أﺣــﺪ ﻗــﺎدة اﻟﻘﻄﺎع اﳌﺎﻟﻲ أو اﻟﻌﻘﺎري‪ ،‬وإﻧﻤﺎ رﺋﻴﺲ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ إدارة اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬي‬ ‫ﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﻠﺤﻮم اﳌﻤﻠﻮﻛﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ اﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ »دﺑﻠﻴﻮ إﺗﺶ ﻏﺮوب«‪.‬‬ ‫وﺣـﺼــﻞ وان ﻟــﻮﻧــﻎ اﻟــﺬي ﺳــﺎﻫــﻢ ﻓــﻲ ﻧﻘﻞ »دﺑﻠﻴﻮ إﺗــﺶ« ﻣــﻦ ﻣـﺠــﺮد ﻣﻨﺎﻓﺲ ﻣﺘﻮاﺿﻊ إﻟــﻰ ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ‬ ‫اﻟــﺮﻳــﺎدة اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ 291‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮن دوﻻر ﻣﻦ اﳌﺪﻓﻮﻋﺎت اﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ واﻷﺳـﻬــﻢ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻌﺎم اﳌــﺎﺿــﻲ‪ ،‬وﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ اﻟﺴﻨﻮي ﻟﻠﺸﺮﻛﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺑــﺬﻟــﻚ ﺗﻔﻮق وان ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﺒﺎر اﳌﺪﻳﺮﻳﻦ اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬﻳﲔ ﻓــﻲ أﻣﻴﺮﻛﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ رﺋﻴﺲ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ »أﺑــﻞ« ﺗﻴﻢ ﻛﻮك‬ ‫ورﺋﻴﺲ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ »ﺗﺴﻼ« اﳌﻠﻴﺎردﻳﺮ إﻳﻠﻮن ﻣﺎﺳﻚ ورﺋﻴﺲ ﻣﺼﺮف »ﻏﻮﻟﺪﻣﺎن ﺳﺎﻛﺲ« ﻟﻮﻳﺪ ﺑﻼﻧﻜﻔﲔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺼﺒﺢ أﺣﺪ أﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬﻳﲔ أﺟﺮا ﻓﻲ اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺤﺴﺐ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت ﺟﻤﻌﺘﻬﺎ »ﺑﻠﻮﻣﺒﺮغ«‪.‬‬ ‫وﺣﺼﻞ وان ﺧﻼل اﻟﻔﺘﺮة ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎم ‪ 2013‬إﻟﻰ ‪ 2017‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻘﻞ ﻋﻦ ‪ 759‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮن دوﻻر ﻓﻲ ﺻﻮرة‬ ‫رواﺗﺐ وأﺳﻬﻢ‪ ،‬وارﺗﻔﻌﺖ ﺣﻴﺎزاﺗﻪ اﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮة وﻏﻴﺮ اﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮة ﻓﻲ اﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ‪ %9‬ﻋﺎم ‪ – 2014‬اﻟﻌﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﺬي ﺷﻬﺪ ﻃﺮﺣﻬﺎ أﺳﻬﻤﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﻮرﺻﺔ ‪ -‬إﻟﻰ ﻧﺤﻮ ‪ %19‬اﻟﻌﺎم اﳌﺎﺿﻲ‪ ،‬وﺗﺼﻞ اﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺴﻮﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟـ»دﺑﻠﻴﻮ إﺗﺶ« ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎ إﻟﻰ ‪ 15‬ﻣﻠﻴﺎر دوﻻر‪) .‬ارﻗﺎم(‬

‫اﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻫﺎ اﻧﻜﻤﺶ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺑﻊ اﻷول‬

‫اﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎن‪ :‬اﻧﺘﻬﺎء ﻣﻮﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮ اﺳﺘﻤﺮت ﻋﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﻧﻜﻤﺶ اﻻﻗـﺘـﺼــﺎد اﻟـﻴــﺎﺑــﺎﻧــﻲ أﻛـﺜــﺮ ﻣــﻦ اﳌـﺘــﻮﻗــﻊ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ اﻟﻌﺎم اﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﺸﻴﺮ إﻟــﻰ أن اﻟﻨﻤﻮ ﺑﻠﻎ‬ ‫ذروﺗ ــﻪ ﺑـﻌــﺪ أﻓـﻀــﻞ ﻣــﻮﺟــﺔ ﻟــﻪ ﻓــﻲ ﻋ ـﻘــﻮد‪ ،‬ﻓــﻲ أﻧـﺒــﺎء‬ ‫ﻣــﺰﻋـﺠــﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ اﻟ ـﺘــﻲ ﺗـﻜــﺎﻓــﺢ ﻹﻳ ـﺠــﺎد ﻗــﻮة دﻓــﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺎﺗﻬﺎ اﻟﻬﺎدﻓﺔ ﻹﻧﻌﺎش اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎد‪.‬‬ ‫واﻧﻜﻤﺶ اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎد اﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺛﺎﻟﺚ أﻛﺒﺮ اﻗﺘﺼﺎد‬ ‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺴﺒﺔ ‪ 0.6‬ﻓﻲ اﳌﺌﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ أﺳﺎس ﺳﻨﻮي‪،‬‬ ‫وﻫﻮ ﻣﻌﺪل أﻛﺒﺮ ﺑﻜﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻌﺎت اﻟﺬي‬ ‫أﺷﺎر ﻻﻧﻜﻤﺎش ﺳﻨﻮي ﻧﺴﺒﺘﻪ ‪ 0.2‬ﻓﻲ اﳌﺌﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻳﺄﺗﻲ ﻫﺬا اﻻﻧﻜﻤﺎش‪ ،‬اﳌﺪﻓﻮع ﺑﺘﺮاﺟﻊ اﻻﺳﺘﺜﻤﺎر‬ ‫واﻻﺳـ ـﺘـ ـﻬ ــﻼك واﻧـ ـﺨـ ـﻔ ــﺎض اﻟـ ـ ـﺼ ـ ــﺎدرات‪ ،‬ﻓ ــﻲ وﻗــﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺸﻰ ﻓﻴﻪ اﻟﺸﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ اﳌﺤﺘﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺎت اﻟﺤﻤﺎﻳﺔ اﻟﺘﺠﺎرﻳﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺘﺒﻨﺎﻫﺎ اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ‬ ‫اﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻲ دوﻧﺎﻟﺪ ﺗﺮاﻣﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺠﺎرة اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻗــﺎل وزﻳــﺮ اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎد ﺗﻮﺷﻴﻤﻴﺘﺴﻮ ﻣﻮﺗﻴﺠﻲ إﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ رأي اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺑﺄن اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎد ﻳﺘﻌﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺗـﻴــﺮة ﻣﻌﺘﺪﻟﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻌﺎ اﺳﺘﺌﻨﺎف اﻟﻨﻤﻮ ﺑﺪﻋﻢ‬ ‫ﻣــﻦ اﻻﺳـﺘـﻬــﻼك اﻟـﺨــﺎص واﻹﻧ ـﻔــﺎق اﻟــﺮأﺳـﻤــﺎﻟــﻲ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻷﺳﺎس‪.‬‬ ‫وﺗ ــﺎﺑ ــﻊ‪ :‬ﻳ ـﺠــﺐ أن ﻧــﺮاﻋــﻲ ﺗــﺄﺛ ـﻴــﺮ ﺣــﺎﻟــﺔ اﻟـﻀـﺒــﺎﺑـﻴــﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ وﺗﻘﻠﺒﺎت اﻟﺴﻮق‪.‬‬ ‫وأﺿﺎف اﻟﻄﻠﺐ اﻟﺨﺎرﺟﻲ‪ ،‬أي اﻟﺼﺎدرات ﻣﻄﺮوﺣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ اﻟﻮاردات‪ 0.1 ،‬ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ إﻟﻰ اﻟﻨﺎﺗﺞ اﳌﺤﻠﻲ‬ ‫اﻹﺟ ـﻤــﺎﻟــﻲ ﻟـﻠــﺮﺑــﻊ اﻷول ﻣــﻦ اﻟ ـﻌــﺎم‪ ،‬ﺣـﻴــﺚ ﺗـﺒــﺎﻃــﺄت‬ ‫اﻟﻮاردات أﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺼﺎدرات‪.‬‬ ‫وﻣ ـ ــﻊ ذﻟ ـ ـ ــﻚ‪ ،‬ﺗ ـﻈ ـﻬــﺮ اﻟـ ـﺒـ ـﻴ ــﺎﻧ ــﺎت اﳌ ـﻔ ـﺼ ـﻠــﺔ أن ﻧـﻤــﻮ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺎدرات ﻳﻔﻘﺪ اﻟﺰﺧﻢ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ زادت ﺑﻨﺴﺒﺔ ‪ 0.6‬ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﳌﺌﺔ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺑﻊ اﻷول ﺑﻌﺪ ﻧﻤﻮ ﺑﻠﻎ ‪ 2.2‬ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺑﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ‪.‬‬

‫وﻗــﺎل ﻳﻮﺷﻴﻤﺎﺳﺎ ﻣــﺎروﻳــﺎﻣــﺎ اﻟﺨﺒﻴﺮ اﻻﻗـﺘـﺼــﺎدي‬ ‫اﳌ ـﻌ ـﻨــﻲ ﺑـ ــﺎﻷﺳـ ــﻮاق ﻟـ ــﺪى »إس إم ﺑ ــﻲ ﺳ ــﻲ ﻧ ـﻜــﻮ«‬ ‫ﻟ ــﻸوراق اﳌــﺎﻟـﻴــﺔ‪ :‬اﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ اﳌﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ ﺑﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺗﻜﻴﻒ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫وﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ أﺛﺮ ﺳﻠﺒﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﺎدرات اﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎن وإﻧﺘﺎﺟﻬﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻳﻘﻮل اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﻮن إﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ أن اﻻﻧﻜﻤﺎش‬ ‫ﻣﺆﻗﺖ‪ ،‬ﻟﻦ ﻳﻜﻮن اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻓﻲ ﺑﻮﺗﻴﺮة ﻗﻮﻳﺔ ﺗﻘﺎرب ﺗﻠﻚ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﺷﻬﺪﺗﻬﺎ اﻟﻔﺼﻮل اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻗ ـ ــﺎل ﻫ ـﻴــﺮوﺷــﻲ ﻣ ـﻴ ــﺎزاﻛ ــﻲ اﻟ ـﺨ ـﺒ ـﻴــﺮ اﻻﻗ ـﺘ ـﺼــﺎدي‬ ‫ﻟــﺪى ﻣﻴﺘﺴﻮﺑﻴﺸﻲ ﻳــﻮ‪.‬إف‪.‬ﺟــﻲ ﻣــﻮرﻏــﺎن ﺳﺘﺎﻧﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻸوراق اﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ :‬اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎد ﻻ ﻳﺘﺠﻪ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺮﻛﻮد‪ ،‬وﻣﻊ‬ ‫ذﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ اﻟﻮاﺿﺢ أن وﺗﻴﺮة اﻟﻨﻤﻮ ﺗﺘﺒﺎﻃﺄ ﻋﻠﻰ اﳌﺪى‬ ‫اﻟﻄﻮﻳﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺗﺸﻴﺮ اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت إﻟﻰ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ ﻧﻤﻮ اﻗﺘﺼﺎدي‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻤﺮت ﺛﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﺼﻮل‪ ،‬واﻟﺘﻲ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ اﻷﻃﻮل ﻣﻨﺬ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺟﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ اﻣﺘﺪت ‪ 12‬رﺑﻌﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻔﺘﺮة ﺑﲔ أﺑﺮﻳﻞ‬ ‫وﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮ ‪ 1986‬إﻟﻰ اﻟﻔﺘﺮة ﺑﲔ ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ وﻣﺎرس ‪1989‬‬ ‫ﺧﻼل ﻓﻘﺎﻋﺔ اﻷﺻﻮل‪.‬‬ ‫وﺟﺮى ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ اﻟﻨﻤﻮ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺑﻊ اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ إﻟﻰ ‪0.6‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ اﳌﺌﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ أﺳﺎس ﺳﻨﻮي اﻧﺨﻔﺎﺿﺎ ﻣﻦ ‪ 1.6‬ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﳌﺌﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﺮات اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺗﺮاﺟﻊ اﻹﻧﻔﺎق اﻟﺮأﺳﻤﺎﻟﻲ ‪ 0.1‬ﻓﻲ اﳌﺌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺨﻔﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻷول ﻣـ ــﺮة ﻓ ــﻲ ﺳ ـﺘــﺔ ﻓـ ـﺼ ــﻮل‪ ،‬ﺑ ـﻤــﺎ ﻳ ـﺸ ـﻴــﺮ إﻟـ ــﻰ أن‬ ‫اﺳ ـﺘ ـﺜ ـﻤــﺎرا ﻟ ـﺸــﺮﻛــﺎت ﻟ ـﻴــﺲ ﺑــﺎﻟ ـﻘــﻮة اﻟ ـﺘــﻲ ﺗﻮﻗﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫اﻟـﻜـﺜـﻴــﺮ ﻣــﻦ ﺧ ـﺒــﺮاء اﻻﻗ ـﺘ ـﺼــﺎد‪ ،‬إذ أﺷـ ــﺎر ﻣـﺘــﻮﺳــﻂ‬ ‫اﻟـﺘــﻮﻗـﻌــﺎت ﻟــﺰﻳــﺎدة ﺑﻨﺴﺒﺔ ‪ 0.4‬ﻓــﻲ اﳌـﺌــﺔ‪) .‬ﻃﻮﻛﻴﻮ‪-‬‬ ‫روﻳﺘﺮز(‬


37 ‫ﺑﻮرﺻﺔ‬

١٦١٥٠òXYz6òÍò٤٧ò–b6òÍò٢٠١٨ ‫ ﻣﺎﻳﻮ‬١٧òÍò¬›ò١٤٣٩ ‫اﻟﺨﻤﻴﺲ ﻏﺮة رﻣﻀﺎن‬

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(2.41%)

0.29%

0.08%

27,050.5

N/A

(0.06%)

(0.10%)

(4.6)

4,775.99

(3.02%)

1.79%

(1.23%)

196.5

N/A

1.05%

0.38%

18.4

4,885.78

N/A

0.34%

0.07%

3.6

4,815.46

(2.41%)

0.29%

0.08%

22.9

27,050.55

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(. .

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120

100

4,950

4,900

80

4,850

60

4,800

40

4,750

20

4,700 29-Mar-18 30-Mar-18 31-Mar-18 1-Apr-18 2-Apr-18 3-Apr-18 4-Apr-18 5-Apr-18 6-Apr-18 7-Apr-18 8-Apr-18 9-Apr-18 10-Apr-18 11-Apr-18 12-Apr-18 13-Apr-18 14-Apr-18 15-Apr-18 16-Apr-18 17-Apr-18 18-Apr-18 19-Apr-18 20-Apr-18 21-Apr-18 22-Apr-18 23-Apr-18 24-Apr-18 25-Apr-18 26-Apr-18 27-Apr-18 28-Apr-18 29-Apr-18 30-Apr-18 1-May-18 2-May-18 3-May-18 4-May-18 5-May-18 6-May-18 7-May-18 8-May-18 9-May-18 10-May-18 11-May-18 12-May-18 13-May-18 14-May-18 15-May-18 16-May-18

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(0.17%)

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936.6

(0.74%)

0.50%

3,260.1

(64.08%)

(1.78%)

(0.59%)

273.7 493.6

(1.63%)

(0.07%)

0.00%

(10.24%)

(0.24%)

1.17%

551.3

(13.60%)

(2.20%)

(0.68%)

2,459.1 14,329.3

2.85%

1.10%

0.19%

(11.42%)

(1.35%)

(0.17%)

334.5

(2.51%)

(0.58%)

0.01%

2,020.0

2017

16

79.2

(25.4%)

(4.89%)

1.28%

0.02%

2,168.2

35.5

11.9

(27.8%)

6.9

(6.75%)

(12.74%)

(2.23%)

27.4

7,448

3,261

(9.4%)

2,378

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16

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2018

391.0

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14.38% (0.70%)

( .

(

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( .

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(

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16

0.050

0.096

28.1

0.35

6.5

0.0%

15%

263

22

25%

4.1

0.087

0.025

0.100

4.2

0.52

NM

12.5%

0%

0

0

-5%

0.0

0.080

0.663

0.800

4,591.6

1.52

14.2

3.8%

4%

1,388

1,025

7%

0.0

0.739

0.035

0.055

42.5

0.59

7.5

0.0%

4%

44

2

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1.5

0.043

0.182

0.338

41.2

0.94

15.8

2.5%

0%

3

1

-17%

0.0

0.190

0.233

0.275

783.4

1.30

16.3

3.3%

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337

86

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0.257

0.040

0.054

21.7

0.33

6.9

5.0%

15%

160

7

-11%

0.0

0.040

0.038

0.126

7.3

0.26

NM

0.0%

24%

99

5

-28%

-0.5

0.049

0.300

0.516

880.1

1.41

15.9

2.8%

0%

0

0

34%

0.0

0.486

0.188

1.572

164.3

10.18

NM

0.3%

0.0%

0

0

217%

0.0

1.572

0.686

1.000

221.0

2.01

17.1

3.1%

6%

108

77

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-5.0

0.710

0.287

0.368

548.9

0.96

15.4

3.5%

1%

3

1

17%

24.0

0.339

0.015

0.060

4.2

0.37

NM

0.0%

50%

0

0

31%

0.0

0.028

274

1.44

30.1

3.1%

209

82

(64.1%)

0.280

0.445

523.9

1.29

11.8

3.9%

1%

118

33

-20%

-3.0

0.280

0.025

0.046

2.8

0.20

NM

0.0%

15%

50

1

-15%

0.1

0.028

N/A

N/A

165.0

3.03

20.2

1.8%

0%

0

0

0%

0.0

1.100

0.199

0.264

229.2

0.88

13.0

4.1%

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185

41

-3%

1.0

0.221

0.019

0.050

3.4

0.15

NM

0.0%

2%

2

0

-39%

0.0

0.020

0.120

0.260

23.6

2.74

NM

0.0%

0%

0

0

-26%

0.0

0.130

0.250

0.377

592.0

0.88

9.1

1.8%

2%

320

84

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0.0

0.262

0.028

0.081

9.6

0.27

12.5

0.0%

18%

0

0

-19%

0.0

0.032

1.220

1.220

305.0

9.95

54.7

0.0%

0%

0

0

0%

0.0

1.220

0.467

0.650

3,298.0

1.76

17.9

2.9%

4%

1,273

663

-1%

-3.0

0.520

0.044

0.086

8.7

0.34

NM

15.5%

1%

0

0

-22%

0.0

0.049

494

5.27

NM

0.6%

0

0

(1.6%)

0.400

0.497

1,165.6

3.11

24.5

1.4%

2%

432

209

18%

6.0

0.488

0.015

0.035

1.9

0.30

NM

0.0%

3%

1

0

-3%

2.7

0.023

1.000

1.670

107.6

1.46

10.6

4.6%

1%

0

0

-18%

0.0

1.065

0.195

0.270

241.0

2.43

35.6

0.0%

8%

1,198

288

5%

1.0

0.241

0.018

0.096

1.6

0.08

NM

0.0%

488%

336

7

-32%

0.0

0.021

0.174

0.246

11.4

1.99

NM

2.5%

0%

0

0

-20%

0.0

0.197

0.172

0.226

1,382.3

1.20

7.4

7.0%

3%

1,095

191

-11%

0.0

0.175

0.058

0.084

8.0

0.71

NM

0.0%

0%

0

0

1%

0.0

0.080

0.026

0.091

37.6

7.22

NM

0.0%

9%

117

8

-3%

0.4

0.065

0.028

0.065

93.3

0.87

NM

0.0%

22%

1,057

33

-27%

-0.3

0.031

N/A

N/A

19.3

3.13

NM

0.0%

0%

0

0

0%

0.0

0.350

0.006

0.041

0.9

0.81

NM

0.0%

0%

2

0

58%

1.0

0.030

14,329

1.47

14.5

3.5%

7,405

2,653

2.9%

0.201

0.204

29.9

2.02

NM

0.0%

0%

0

0

0%

0.0

0.204

0.090

0.302

64.8

1.03

NM

0.0%

0%

0

0

-43%

0.0

0.102

0.024

0.045

5.2

0.35

NM

0.0%

4%

0

0

-26%

0.0

0.026

2,020

0.72

19.0

2.8%

9,286

517

(2.5%)

0.100

0.130

43.7

0.72

12.2

4.6%

1%

149

16

-3%

-3.0

0.108

0.310

0.450

61.7

0.64

9.9

7.0%

1%

0

0

2%

0.0

0.405

.

0.089

0.154

62.3

0.49

3.8

17.6%

10%

49

6

-1%

-2.0

0.113

0.055

0.083

11.2

0.41

5.9

8.2%

4%

1,429

80

-19%

-1.2

0.057

0.644

1.620

73.5

2.43

7.3

10.7%

2%

12

9

-7%

-15.0

0.735

0.155

0.191

91.2

0.54

10.5

8.9%

2%

1

0

0%

0.0

0.170

0.376

0.779

153.0

4.01

18.6

4.6%

6%

375

283

15%

35.0

0.765

0.022

0.044

24.7

0.85

NM

0.0%

0%

0

0

14%

-0.6

0.033

0.025

0.043

18.9

0.43

NM

0.0%

16%

587

15

-9%

0.2

0.026

0.101

0.128

43.7

0.66

12.6

4.6%

1%

40

4

-3%

0.0

0.108

0.024

0.043

15.6

0.34

NM

0.0%

18%

484

12

-13%

-0.8

0.025

0.088

0.123

81.0

0.47

7.9

7.3%

4%

0

0

-6%

0.0

0.093

0.100

0.125

12.8

0.61

10.9

0.9%

1%

28

3

10%

0.0

0.110

0.049

0.104

15.8

0.26

6.4

0.0%

1%

0

0

-14%

0.0

0.072

0.230

0.385

383.7

0.86

16.3

8.8%

2%

311

77

-22%

-1.0

0.248

0.092

0.144

24.2

0.60

13.1

22.9%

5%

115

12

-13%

3.7

0.104

197

0.71

17.3

6.2%

496

21

(3.0%)

0.024

0.050

19.9

0.35

9.1

0.0%

7%

1,412

45

-2%

-0.5

0.032

0.041

0.130

35.0

0.95

41.8

0.0%

64.8%

86

8

15%

-0.8

0.100

0.200

0.313

38.0

0.85

7.5

4.0%

4%

5

1

-1%

0.0

0.247

0.038

0.066

13.0

0.28

NM

0.0%

24%

379

18

-11%

0.4

0.046

0.054

0.090

5.4

0.36

4.0

0.0%

0.1%

0

0

-33%

0.0

0.054

0.540

0.880

454.1

1.54

43.7

0.0%

7%

363

308

27%

-1.0

0.849

0.024

0.042

23.3

0.20

13.4

0.0%

3%

11

0

-3%

1.0

0.029

551

1.21

24.6

4.1%

2,341

414

(10.2%)

0.580

0.680

68.6

2.10

11.0

7.4%

0%

0

0

13%

0.0

0.680

0.088

0.130

54.2

0.59

12.2

5.3%

1%

25

3

-6%

0.0

0.102

0.376

0.570

1,648.6

1.14

10.3

8.3%

5%

2,443

934

-12%

-4.0

0.381

0.300

0.364

375.9

1.06

10.8

3.1%

3%

273

93

4%

-4.0

0.342

0.019

0.035

6.6

0.45

NM

0.0%

3%

0

0

4%

0.0

0.025

0.771

1.300

436.0

0.71

11.0

4.0%

0%

12

10

-20%

-10.0

0.865

937

1.29

16.5

1.9%

641

403

14.4%

0.040

0.061

10.8

0.54

43.0

0.0%

5%

0

0

44%

0.0

0.072

0.019

0.047

17.4

0.31

NM

0.0%

12%

38

1

-30%

-0.5

0.020

0.050

0.105

8.4

0.32

NM

0.0%

4%

9

0

-23%

2.0

0.056

0.035

0.051

25.9

0.27

34.5

0.0%

7%

805

31

-11%

0.7

0.040

0.671

0.950

357.1

2.13

8.9

1.4%

1%

9

6

-11%

12.0

0.715

0.400

0.500

325.6

1.65

18.9

4.4%

0%

3

1

-6%

14.0

0.444

0.014

0.037

5.9

0.38

NM

0.0%

18%

226

4

-31%

0.1

0.019

2,459

1.07

10.6

6.5%

2,502

951

(13.6%)

0.385

0.560

81.7

0.58

9.9

5.1%

2%

5

2

-7%

-1.0

0.389

0.013

0.042

3.1

0.41

NM

0.0%

24%

2,428

47

-16%

-1.7

0.019

0.230

0.293

49.7

0.71

6.1

7.4%

1%

0

0

-7%

0.0

0.256

0.173

0.330

58.4

1.16

9.6

3.1%

25%

167

54

57%

2.0

0.324

0.027

0.049

24.7

0.32

NM

0.0%

37%

743

23

-13%

-0.2

0.030

0.500

0.950

119.7

1.42

11.6

4.5%

0%

31

19

-22%

0.0

0.640

0.880

1.249

107.7

1.57

11.7

8.4%

3%

8

8

16%

-14.0

1.075

0.030

0.065

15.7

0.45

NM

0.0%

5%

50

2

-17%

1.7

0.040

0.344

0.540

87.6

0.81

10.2

7.8%

0%

0

0

-6%

0.0

0.438

0.193

0.340

25.1

1.32

13.2

6.8%

0%

0

0

3%

0.0

0.249

0.045

0.065

11.4

0.53

11.3

0.0%

2%

89

5

6%

0.0

0.061

0.050

0.103

13.6

0.33

NM

0.0%

1%

0

0

22%

0.0

0.079

0.050

0.124

4.1

0.28

NM

0.0%

0%

2

0

-33%

0.0

0.050

0.035

0.050

14.4

0.37

63.3

0.0%

0%

22

1

-2%

0.0

0.045

0.186

0.192

31.2

0.68

10.2

0.0%

0.1%

0

0

8%

0.0

0.175

0.221

0.280

73.0

0.69

14.2

4.1%

0%

0

0

-8%

-5.0

0.230

0.050

0.083

17.0

0.45

14.9

7.0%

0%

0

0

-11%

0.0

0.065

0.041

0.071

4.4

0.44

3.6

0.0%

0.5%

1

0

-37%

-5.2

0.041

0.056

0.190

7.2

0.52

NM

0.0%

0%

0

0

-54%

0.0

0.071

0.050

0.079

12.6

0.33

9.2

0.0%

1%

0

0

7%

0.0

0.058

0.026

0.060

3.0

0.25

33.3

0.0%

0%

0

0

-40%

0.0

0.027

0.144

0.226

63.7

0.75

19.8

4.4%

0%

37

6

-12%

8.0

0.183

0.034

0.061

14.6

0.55

10.1

4.9%

21%

2,208

126

45%

8.2

0.061

N/A

N/A

25.4

0.92

12.2

0.0%

0%

0

0

0%

0.0

0.355

0.026

0.057

3.9

0.42

NM

0.0%

21%

93

3

-15%

0.8

0.028

0.013

0.059

11.7

1.71

NM

0.0%

7%

391

21

121%

2.8

0.055

335

0.84

10.2

4.8%

32

19

(11.4%)

0.055

0.125

8.6

1.05

NM

0.0%

0%

0

0

6%

0.0

0.095

0.017

0.035

3.9

0.37

NM

0.0%

1%

38

1

-28%

-0.4

0.020

0.036

0.056

25.5

0.39

NM

0.0%

16%

362

15

-9%

1.0

0.043

0.095

0.095

2.9

0.59

41.1

0.0%

0%

0

0

0%

0.0

0.095

0.027

0.058

9.0

0.26

NM

0.0%

17%

0

0

-18%

0.0

0.033

0.044

0.068

42.3

0.32

19.0

0.0%

23%

4,111

193

-17%

0.7

0.047

0.037

0.066

4.4

0.44

NM

0.0%

4%

132

5

-21%

0.0

0.042

0.025

0.043

8.8

0.44

NM

0.0%

4%

0

0

-12%

0.0

0.028

0.054

0.105

69.9

0.37

31.5

7.7%

0%

0

0

-27%

0.0

0.059

0.685

0.984

1,162.0

1.19

17.0

1.6%

4%

329

249

9%

4.0

0.758

0.026

0.052

11.0

0.50

28.7

0.0%

5%

99

3

-24%

-0.5

0.027

0.100

0.150

107.9

0.48

10.2

0.0%

2%

67

7

-11%

-5.0

0.109

0.250

0.480

75.6

1.79

13.3

4.8%

1%

0

0

0%

0.0

0.308

0.043

0.069

20.0

0.47

7.0

0.0%

16%

0

0

-20%

0.0

0.048

0.320

0.394

171.8

1.20

10.9

5.7%

2%

119

40

-5%

0.0

0.335

0.038

0.079

12.5

0.32

9.5

0.0%

11%

20

1

-7%

0.0

0.050

0.236

0.350

96.6

0.55

14.4

4.3%

0%

0

0

-7%

0.0

0.280

0.320

0.440

165.5

1.20

19.7

3.0%

0%

0

0

-4%

0.0

0.383

0.052

0.142

26.7

0.40

7.2

0.0%

54%

27

3

54%

0.0

0.101

0.072

0.100

4.0

0.64

48.5

0.0%

0%

0

0

-45%

0.0

0.086

0.121

0.195

25.6

0.21

8.5

3.6%

5%

1

0

-22%

1.0

0.138

0.134

0.196

18.2

0.81

7.7

2.7%

1%

0

0

28%

0.0

0.181

0.027

0.039

5.5

0.28

9.4

0.0%

51%

326

10

15%

-0.7

0.031

0.028

0.048

9.0

0.38

NM

0.0%

1%

0

0

0%

0.0

0.038

3.270

4.400

438.8

7.72

15.6

4.4%

8.5%

138

496

-4%

-11.0

3.590

0.032

0.048

35.0

0.50

NM

0.0%

2%

1

0

10%

0.3

0.044

0.027

0.040

16.9

0.29

NM

0.0%

12%

30

1

14%

-0.3

0.033

0.024

0.063

0.8

0.81

NM

0.0%

1%

9

0

-66%

0.5

0.024

0.032

0.042

5.2

0.38

NM

0.0%

19%

0

0

-4%

0.0

0.035

0.029

0.044

14.6

0.26

NM

0.0%

6%

9

0

-3%

0.0

0.032

0.015

0.032

4.6

0.22

NM

0.0%

19%

160

3

-25%

-0.8

0.016

0.028

0.075

10.0

0.57

NM

0.0%

27%

29

2

64%

-2.7

0.055

0.625

0.833

631.4

1.65

12.8

1.5%

2%

60

38

-4%

3.0

0.642

0.375

0.620

67.6

1.50

13.9

4.4%

1%

5

2

-4%

0.0

0.455

0.123

0.188

148.5

0.75

4.8

7.0%

16.3%

1,271

165

-17%

0.0

0.131

0.074

0.097

31.1

0.52

8.8

5.4%

0%

0

0

9%

0.0

0.090

N/A

N/A

17.2

N/A

NM

0.0%

0%

0

0

0%

0.0

0.056

0.015

0.031

1.1

0.16

NM

0.0%

0.1%

0

0

-5%

0.0

0.017

0.012

0.026

8.1

0.35

NM

0.0%

56%

1,215

15

-26%

-0.1

0.013

0.375

0.879

69.0

1.78

7.2

13.8%

1%

4

3

18%

-3.0

0.690

0.025

0.052

4.4

0.22

NM

0.0%

111%

764

23

-6%

-2.4

0.030

0.023

0.039

3.9

0.44

9.5

0.0%

16%

0

0

-11%

0.0

0.025

0.265

0.410

341.8

1.19

10.4

1.4%

1%

25

9

-4%

1.0

0.359

0.106

0.170

218.9

0.58

NM

0.0%

10%

386

62

7%

-2.0

0.161

0.070

0.107

134.0

0.46

9.4

6.6%

3%

380

28

-19%

2.5

0.075

0.055

0.080

10.1

0.52

5.5

8.1%

7%

0

0

-3%

0.0

0.062

0.025

0.053

4.4

0.29

NM

0.0%

5%

9

0

-21%

2.2

0.029

0.025

0.046

3.7

0.37

NM

0.0%

0%

0

0

-14%

0.0

0.030

0.042

0.070

28.1

0.29

4.7

0.0%

43%

789

33

-8%

-0.2

0.042

0.067

0.095

12.9

0.47

NM

0.0%

4%

1

0

-12%

2.0

0.074

0.046

0.086

19.1

0.26

NM

14.1%

1%

674

31

-38%

-0.8

0.046

0.073

0.094

49.2

0.40

9.2

9.0%

1%

0

0

-1%

0.0

0.089

0.043

0.064

29.0

0.30

9.2

0.0%

13%

15

1

13%

-0.3

0.060

0.060

0.082

17.3

0.62

9.8

7.7%

1%

0

0

10%

0.0

0.074

0.070

0.090

71.8

0.76

21.5

11.4%

2%

0

0

9%

0.0

0.088

0.019

0.033

3.5

0.61

12.9

0.0%

0%

0

0

-14%

0.0

0.022

0.021

0.042

5.7

0.48

56.1

0.0%

1%

5

0

-7%

-3.2

0.030

0.061

0.099

25.4

0.40

17.9

10.0%

0%

0

0

-12%

0.0

0.070

0.174

0.338

338.1

2.40

10.4

3.8%

1%

0

0

34%

0.0

0.330

0.091

0.121

63.3

0.58

8.8

7.8%

19%

1,028

97

-16%

-4.0

0.092

0.065

0.084

27.0

0.31

8.9

6.5%

4%

15

1

1%

1.0

0.076

0.092

0.193

236.9

0.68

7.5

6.7%

3%

1,332

140

-13%

1.0

0.105

0.047

0.066

18.6

0.48

26.3

0.0%

0%

8

0

-8%

-5.7

0.052

0.065

0.103

39.0

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27,051

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القبس عدد الخميس 17 مايو 2018  
القبس عدد الخميس 17 مايو 2018