Degree One infused doubt in the mind of the aspirant resulting in a blind confidence in the teacher, Degree Two consisted of the oath concerning God and imans, Degree Three informed him that he was a member of these blessed and holy imans, Degree Four concerned the mystic number seven and its relation to the lawgivers, Degree Five concerned twelve apostles, Degree Six instructed them in precepts of Koran, Degree Seven was the mystic Pantheism Communion, Degree Eight concerned the positive precepts of his religion, and Degree Nine inculcated the principle "naught was to be believed-everything to be done." The Templar society based its beautiful ceremonies upon religion and chivalry. Its origin is due in great measure to the crusaders of the twelfth century, for nine knights of the Crusaders formed the association which took as its patroness "sweet mother of God," and for its vows those of chastity, poverty, obedience, and protection of the Holy Land. A seal was employed and three classes of Templars grew up: the Knight, the Chaplain, and the Serving Brothers. The ritual for initiation into any one of these classes took place in a special chapel, in the presence of the assembled chapter and was made up of vows, prostration, and finally the donning of the habit of the order, a white mantle with a red cross. To-day probably the finest examples of secret societies are to be found in Freemasonry and the Greek Letter Fraternity. The Masonic ritual is based upon the thirty-three years of Christ's life and for each year a degree is assigned . College fraternities employ a ritual that is the outgrowth of all that has gone before. The "Greeks" to-clay are abolishing the mock initiations and all performances that are similar to those employed by the primitive Australian tribes, and are stressing the re-birth of the initiate along social, intellectual, and spiritual lives. The ceremonies are simple yet impressive, a great deal of symbolism is used, the virtues are stressed, and a vision of the ideal is held out to the youth who aspires to the attainment of a life of serivce based on love for his fellow men. Mary Wagner, K. K.