2011 | Volume one Issue III
2011 | Volume one Issue III
Contents 4 8 19 22 26 28 33
The Horses of Arabia
Our cover story: *Magic Domino part one
SCID by Beth Minnich *Royal Radiance Next Edition Bringing the bay gene back to Britain Mares foaling code
click here for photograph galleries
Magic Domino AHS ridden by Kim Thomason
Hachim crossing the line at the WEC Dubai in 2005
34 36 40 49 52 63 66 69
News Seven Oaks Stud in Australia Pete McNeil - 50 years of breeding Who are they? Travellers Tales Understanding a hay or pasture test Foals Web links
Welcome Well we are heading into winter with snow around but our anticipation is for the foals to be born in the Spring. We are also in the process of compiling a worldwide list of all the pure Crabbet horses to be put up on the website. We have now created a group on Facebook for the magazine - please join us and suggest article topics, add pictures and generally enjoy the friendship. Our feature stallion is a sire well known around the world *Magic Domino - Arlene Magid has researched an amazing article on him and we feature the first part of the article relating to his time in England in this edition. To do him justice his time in Canada and the USA will be featured in the next magazine. Beth Minnich who is Chair of the Arabian Horse Foundation’s Research Advisory Panel and the Arabian Horse Association’s (AHA) Subcommittee on Genetic Disorders has written an interesting article on SCID. I saw a picture of one of Peter McNeil’s stallions’ and loved it. I remembered reading the article Arlene Magid did on Peter late last year & she has agreed to up date and share the article with us all - I have so enjoyed the article and love Pete’s horses - I want to visit this amazing man. Christine Emmert took a lot of the super photographs in the article. Also read about the Cevenys visit to McNeil’s stud in Travellers Tales. *Royal Radiance was imported to Australia iiu with the amazing Greylight; his influence is felt around the world so we have featured this amazing mare and looked at her connection to Fenwick stud and other breeders today including our own stud. Kim & Mark Thomason sent us the amazing historical magazine article from 1841which we are featuring on page 4. I asked Sean Johnson who wrote about his own stud Kendra in the April 2011 magazine to write about Leigh Jamieson who owns Seven Oaks Arabians. Leigh & Sean in partnership own the fantastic Crabbet stallion Bolshoi who was April’s cover boy. The reason I want you to hear more about Leigh is because I so admire the fact that he runs the 3 parallel programmes. Pam & Paul Flowers of Llain Arabians, who feature in our bay gene article also run parallel breeding programmes but unlike Leigh with his Eygptians and Crabbet, theirs are Crabbet & Polish. As well as breeding Crabbet Arabians we breed Welsh Springer Spaniels - meet Higgins & his ‘child bride’ Eliza (pictured below) - horses don’t do nearly the damage the spaniels do!! Please do not forget this magazine in interactive - if you click on a horse’s name in bold type you will go to the pedigree. Advertisements are also interactive.
On page 18 in the April 2011 edition of this magazine a quote by Arlene Magid International Arabian consultant was attributed to the wrong horse - it should have referred to SDA Silver Bayonet. Publishers Tony & Jennie Thompson Design Abbie Thompson Technical support Angus Thompson © Copyright 2011 all pictures & content
Crabbet Arabian World
THE HORSES OF ARABIA
This article is from Chamber’s Edinburgh Journal of 20th February 1841. Printed under the title Sketches in Natural History. The journal was first published in 1832. Kim & Mark Thomason sent us the copy of this wonderful old article. This has lead us to start reading Sir John Malcolm Sketches Of Persia published in 1828 which are even more interesting than Lady Blunt’s diaries.
The horse is believed to exist in a finer state in Arabia than in any other part of the world. He is there remarkable for his elegant form and great spirit and swiftness, as well as for a gentleness of demeanour even more extraordinary, though it is probably in part the effect of the circumstances in which he lives. Arabian horses are of medium stature, and of a brown colour, with short black tails and manes. Formerly many lived in a wild state in the deserts which cover so much of the soil of Arabia, and were caught, not by the chase – for that was impossiblebut by entangling them in concealed pits; after which they were reduced to subjection by hunger and fatigue. But for many years, in consequence of the great demand for Arabian horses, they are rarely seen in a wild state. As domesticated animals, they are numerous, being very useful to the people in their wandering and predatory life, and forming a valuable article of commerce. The same breed has been spread into Barbary, and thence into Spain, Italy, and other European countries. They were introduced into England in the seventeenth century, and, having since been bred with great care for the chase and turf, there is perhaps no country out of Arabia itself where they are in a finer state. Here they form a kind of aristocracy among their species, and are usually distinguished by the epithet blood horses, as being a class whose genealogies are carefully traced, and which is preserved from all foreign and debasing admixture. The horse probably has existed in the same condition in Arabia from the earliest ages. The country of Job being in Arabia, and the book which bears his name being probably 3500 years old, we may consider the following passage as descriptive of an Arabian war-horse of that early age:- “Hast thou given the horse strength? Hast thou clothed his neck with thunder? Canst thou make him afraid as a grass4
hopper? The glory of his nostrils is terrible. He paweth in the valley, and rejoiceth in his strength; he goeth on to meet the armed men. He mocketh at fear, and is not affrighted; neither turneth he back from the sword. He swalloweth the ground with fierceness and rage. He saith among the trumpets, Ha, ha! And he smelleth the battle afar off, the thunder of the captains and the shouting.” He is involved in the most ancient superstitions of the people. They believe him to be endowed with a nature superior, not in degree only, but in kind, to that of other animals, and to have been framed by the Almighty with a special regard to the convenience of man and the setting forth of his person. It is one of their old proverbs, that, after man, the most eminent creature is the horse; the best employment is that of rearing it; the most delightful posture is that of sitting upon its back; and the most meritorious of domestic actions is that of feeding it. Mahomet him-self did not distain to impress a lesson of kindness towards the horse. “As many grains of barley,” said he, “as are contained in the food we give to a horse, so many indulgences do we daily gain by giving it.” There is a pretty wide-spread belief, that the best breeds are descended from the five favourite mares of the prophet, on which he and his friends fled from Mecca to Medina.
All Arabian horses are not, however, of similar excellence. There are at least three breeds of very different character, namely the Attechi, an inferior breed, on which little value is set; the Kadischi, a mixed breed, answering to the half-bred horse of this country; and the Kochlani, The last are principally reared by the Bedouins in the remoter districts, and
their exportation is a considerable branch of trade. When an animal of this breed is born, the owner carefully receives it in his arms, and so cherishes it for several hours, washing and stretching its tender limbs, and caressing it as he would a baby. In time, he places it on its legs, and from its first movements prognosticates its future excellences or defects. He ties the ears together over its head, that they may assume an upward-pointed direction, and presses the tail outwards that it may be carried high. At the end of a month the colt is weaned, and for the space of a hundred days thereafter it is allowed no food but camel’s milk. Gradually, and with great care, it is accustomed to eat wheat and barley. Some, however, feed with a paste composed of dates; others, for the sake of encouraging spirit, give raw flesh. Nothing can exceed the tenderness with which the Arab treats his horse in general and their foals in particular. Yet there is one era in its life when he acts in a very opposite manner. When he desires to try its powers, he brings it out, springs upon its back, and its first expedition is a hurried one of perhaps fifty miles, without one moments respite; after which he plunges it into water just deep enough to receive the whole of its jaded body. If thereafter his mare eats as if nothing had happened, he considers her as having established her character as a genuine member of the Kochlani breed. It is to be remarked that the Arab rides mares alone, from a consideration that, in the frequent nocturnal attacks on his neighbours, horses of the opposite sex would be sure to neigh, and thereby give the alarm, on approaching the quarters of the enemy. On the other hand, the Funges in Africa ride only male horses; they are in an open plain country – must be discovered at many miles’ distance – and therefore trust solely to superior force. The pig is not more domesticated in Ireland than the horse is in Arabia. Almost every man has his horse, not for burden, but for his own pleasure and convenience. In his tent, his only dwelling, the animal resides like a member of the family. During the day, it is generally kept saddled at the door, ready to start upon any excursion which its master may desire to take. By night, it sleeps amidst the family, when it takes care never to hurt, and who caress it as they would caress a favourite individual amongst themselves. Kept from food by day, it is regaled at night with a nose-bag full of barley, which is removed in the morning. It is furnished with shoes of soft flexible iron, hammered cold, and very small, that the swiftness may not be impeded. The saddle is of wood, covered with Spanish leather, and the stirrups are short, so as to admit of the rider occasionally standing considerably removed above the animals back. The Arab uses no stimulant. A slight pressure
will make the animal fly like the wind; and if, in the midst of his career, the rider should fall off, the horse will stop till he is remounted. The ordinary relation between master and horse is of the kindliest description. The Arab never beats the gentle creature which exerts itself so generously for his pleasure. He is constantly discoursing to it in kind terms, calling it by every endearing epithet, and evidently believing that it understands and appreciates every word he says. It is said that every Bedouin has some secret sign, to which he accustoms his horse, and by which he intimates when he wishes it to put on its utmost speed. The following is an anecdote illustrative of this fact, and also of the extreme regard which the Arabs entertain for these noble animals:-“Giabal possessed a very excellent mare. Hassad Pacha, vizier of Damascus, endeavoured to obtain it, but in vain. He employed threats, but with no success. At length another Bedouin, Giafar, came to the Pacha, and asked him what he would give him if he brought Giabal’s mare. ‘I will fill thy barley sack with gold.’ Giabal fastened his mare at night by the foot with an iron ring, the chain of which passed into his tent, being held by a picket fixed in the ground, under the very felt which served him and his wife as a bed. At midnight, Giafar crept into the tent on all fours, and insinuating himself between Giabal and his wife, gently first pushes one, then the other. The husband thought his wife was pushing, the wife thought the same of her husband, and each made more room. Giafar then, with a knife, made a slit in the felt, took out the picket, untied the mare, mounted her, and grasping Giabal’s lance, pricked him lightly with it, crying out – ‘It is I, Giafar, who have taken your noble mare; awake, Giabal!’ – and off he goes. Giabal darted from his tent, called his friends, mounted his brother’s mare, and pursues. Giabal’s brother’s mare was of the same breed, though not so good. Outstripping all the other horsemen, he was on the point of overtaking Giafar, when he cried out – ‘Pinch her
Crabbet Arabian World right ear, and give her the stirrup!’ Giafar did so, and flew like lightning soon out of reach. The Bedouins reproached Giabal as being himself the cause of the loss of his mare. ‘I would rather,’ he said, ‘lose her than lower her reputation. Would you have it said in the tribe of Would Ali, that any other mare outran mine? I have the satisfaction of knowing that no other could overtake her – no, one!’” The kindness with which the Arabian horse is treated from a foal, gives him an affection for his master, a wish to please, a pride in exerting every energy in obedience to his commands, and, consequently, an apparent sagacity which is seldom seen in other breeds. Bishop Heber thus speaks of one which he rode in India:-“My morning rides are very pleasant. My horse is a nice, quiet, good-tempered little Arab, who is so fearless that he goes without starting close to an elephant, and so gentle and docile that he eats bread out of my hand, and has almost as much attachment and as many coaxing ways as a dog. This seems the general character of the Arab horses, to judge from what I have seen in this country. It is not the fiery dashing animal which I had supposed, but with more rationality about him, and more apparent confidence in his rider, than the majority of English horses. The external qualities which the Arabs prize in their horses are – neck long and arched head small ears tapering and almost meeting at the points – eyes large and full of fire – lower jaw thin – muzzle bare – wide nostrils – belly not too broad – sinewy legs - pasterns short and flexible – hoofs hard and ample – chest broad – rump high and rounded. Whenever the three beauties of head, neck, and rump, are found combined, the horse is considered perfect. There are several particular marks or natural signs which the Arabs regard as sinister and unfavourable; while others are esteemed the reverse, and capable of producing happiness to the owner. They reckon above twenty evil indications; but the only bad effect they have on the animal is that of depreciating its value by two-thirds or more. The price of Arabian horses is variable, and often depends much on the caprice of the buyer and seller; in Syria, it fluctuates from L.10 to L.120. Considerably larger sums, as L.500, 6
and even L.800, have been given for mares in particular esteem. The Arabs are extremely careful to preserve their best breeds, and to possess good evidence as to the pedigree of their horses. When a mare of high character bears a colt, the marks of the young animal are noted before witnesses, as well as the names of the sire and dam, and the document thus formed is kept with the greatest care, to serve in case of the colt being afterwards sold. The descent of some horses is traced for one or two centuries in an authentic manner, and traditionary authority would carry back the pedigree in some instances to the middle ages, and even farther. Burckhardt has given the following translation of a certificate respecting the birth of a horse:“GOD” “ENOCH. “ In the name of the most merciful God, the Lord of all creatures, peace and prayers be with our Lord Mohammed and his family and his followers until the day of judgement; and peace be with all those who read this writing and understand its meaning. The present deed relates to the greyish-brown colt, with four white feet and a white mark on the fore-head, of the true breed of Saklawye, called Obeyan, whose skin is as bright and unsullied as milk, resembling those horses of which the Prophet said, ‘True riches are a noble and pure breed of horses;’ and of which God said, ‘The war-horses, those which rushed on the enemy with full blowing nostrils – those which plunge into the battle early in the morning.’ And God spoke the truth in his incomparable book. This Saklawye grey colt was bought by Khoshrun, the son of Emheyt, of the tribe of Zebaa, an Aeneze Arab. The sire of this colt is the excellent bay horse called Merdjan, of the breed of the Koheylan; its dam is the famous white Saklawye mare known by the name of Djerowa. According to what we have seen attested here, upon our hopes of felicity and upon our girdles, oh, Sheiks of Wisdom and Possessors of Horses! This grey colt, above mentioned, is more noble even than hise sire and dam. And this we attest, according to our best knowledge, by this valid and perfect deed. Thanks be to God, the Lord of all creatures! Written on the 16th of Safar in the year 1223 (AD 1808). Signature of the witnesses” Considering the lonely life of the Arab, the character of the animal, and the mutual dependence established between them, it is not surprising that he regards his horse with the intensest feeling of love and admiration. On this point some anecdotes have been told. “Ibrahim, a poor but worthy Arab, unable to pay a sum of money which he owed, was compelled to allow a merchant of Rama to become
‘To whom is it,’ said he, ‘I am going to yield thee up? To Europeans, who will tie thee close – who will beat thee – who will render thee miserable. Return with me, my beauty, my jewel, and rejoice the hearts of my children.’ As he pronounced the last words, he sprung upon her back, and was out of sight in a moment.”
partner with him in a valuable mare. When the time came, he could not redeem his pledge to this man, and the mare was sold. Her pedigree could be traced on the side of sire and dam for full five hundred years. The price was three hundred pounds; an enormous sum in that country. Ibrahim went frequently to Rama to inquire after the mare; he would embrace her, wipe her eyes with his handkerchief, rub her with his shirt sleeves, and give her a thousand benedictions during whole hours that he remained talking to her. ‘My eyes!’ Would he say to her; ‘ my soul! My heart! Must I be so unfortunate as to have thee sold to so many masters, and not keep thee myself! I am poor, my antelope! I brought thee up in my dwelling as my child. I did never beat nor chide thee; I caressed thee in the proudest manner. God preserve thee my beloved! God defend thee from envious eyes!’” Another is related as follows in Pierre’s Studies of Nature: “The whole stock of a poor Arab of the desert consisted of a mare. The French consul offered to purchase her, in order to send her to his sovereign, Louis XIV. The Arab would have rejected the proposal at once with indignation and scorn, but he was miserably poor. He had no means of supplying his most urgent wants, or procuring the barest necessaries of life. Still he hesitated; he had scarcely a rag to cover him; and his wife and his children were starving. The sum offered was great – it would provide him and his family with food for life. At length, and reluctantly, he consented. He brought the mare to the dwelling of the consul – he dismounted – he stood leaning upon her; he looked now at the gold, and then at his favourite; he sighed – he wept.
In Sir John Malcolm’s Sketches of Persia, there are two anecdotes, to the same purport, but of a more amusing nature :- The Arabs placed still more value on their mares than on their horses; but even the latter are sometimes esteemed beyond all price. When the envoy, returning from his former mission, was encamped near Bagdad, an Arab rode a bright bay mare, of extraordinary shape and beauty, before his tent, until he attracted his attention. On being asked if he would sell her – ‘What will you give me?’ was the reply ‘That depends upon her age; I suppose she is past five?’ ‘Guess again,’ said he. ‘Four?’ ‘Look at her mouth,’ said the Arab, with a smile. On examination she was found to be rising three. This, from her size and symmetry, greatly enhanced her value. The envoy said, ‘I will give you fifty Tomans’ (a coin nearly of the value of a pound sterling). ‘A little more, if you please,’ said the fellow, apparently entertained. ‘Eighty. A hundred.’ He shook his head, and smiled. The offer at last came to two hundred Tomans. ‘Well,’ said the Arab, ‘you need not tempt me further; it is of no use. You are a rich elchee (nobleman). You have fine horses, camels, and mules, and, I am told, you have loads of silver and gold. Now,’ added he, ‘you want my mare, but you shall not have her for all you have got.’ An Arab sheik or chief, who lived within fifty miles of Bussorab, had a favourite breed of horses. He lost one of his best mares, and could not for a long while discover whether she was stolen or had strayed. Some time after, a young man of a different tribe, who had long wished to marry his daughter, but had always been rejected by the sheik, obtained the lady’s consent and eloped with her. The sheik and his followers pursued, but the lover and his mistress, mounted on one horse, made a wonderful march, and escaped. The old chief swore that the fellow was either mounted upon the devil or the favourite mare he had lost. After his return, he found the latter was the case; that the lover was the thief of his mare as well as his daughter; and that he stole the one to carry off the other. The chief was quite gratified to think he had not been beaten by a mare of another breed; and was easily reconciled to the young man, in order that he might recover the mare, which appeared an object about which he was more solicitous than about his daughter” 7
Crabbet Arabian World
THE LADIES OF *MAGIC DOMINO AHS: THE MAKING OF A GREAT CHAMPION
By Arlene Magid
*Magi Domino in 2001
*Magic Domino AHS+++// stands alone among living pure Crabbet stallions in North America. He was the first Arabian stallion to be approved by the Canadian Sport Horse Registry. No other living straight Crabbet stallion has as extensive a show record (his honours include 4 U.S. Top Ten titles in sport horse halter, a U.S. National win in dressage, 10 regional dressage and sport horse show hack titles, and 5 regional titles in sport horse halter and numerous wins in open dressage competing against all breeds). *Magic Domino AHS+++// has sired 27 get who have been successful in the show ring. 14 have regional and/or National titles, including National Championships in hunter hack, dressage, sport horse show hack, sport horse under saddle and sport horse halter and top ten titles in hunt pleasure and hunter over fences. His remarkable record as a show horse and sire is only part of his story, as his superb temperament has won the hearts of his owners and many fans. A great champion with a great heart! All special horses have human connections that made their triumphs possible. *Magic Domino AHS+++// has been blessed to have four special ladies in his life They have created him and helped him develop to his full potential as a competitor and sire. We salute all of them here: Judith Blunt-Lytton (Lady Wentworth), the breeder of his ancestors; Anne Brown of Gadebrook Stud, who bred him; Sherry Stewart, his first owner in North America; and Kim Thomason, his current owner. 8
Lady Wentworth with Skowronek (IbrahimxYaskoulka) her great herd sire
LADY WENTWORTH: A Heritage of Greatness Were it not for Judith Blunt-Lytton, otherwise known as Lady Wentworth of Britain’s Crabbet stud, Arabian horse breeding worldwide would be very different. Lady Wentworth continued the breeding of the horses that her parents, Wilfrid and Lady Anne Blunt, had begun, while adding her own vision of the ideal Arabian to the mix, a vision that has made horses of Crabbet influence sought after into the twenty first century. At least 90% of all Arabian horses alive today trace their pedigrees in one or more lines to Crabbet horses. Lady Wentworth was born in 1873, the Blunt’s only surviving child. She spent most of her childhood in Egypt and the Middle East. She married in 1899 and had three children, two of whom, Winifred Tryon and Lady Anne Lytton, also became Arabian breeders. Lady Anne Lytton bred British Reserve National Champion Stallion Manto, Lady Wentworth with broodmares in front of the ClockTower at Crabbet. the sire of *Magic The mare on the right is Silver Gilt Domino AHS+++//’s (Naseem /Somra) maternal granddam of multiple British National Champion grand dam Marufah. *Silver Vanity
Dargee (Manasseh x Myola) was bought by Lady Wentworth as an outcross sire to add additional desert blood to her horses. He is the sire of multiple British National Champion Sirella, to whom *Magic Domino traces twice on the dam side of his pedigree.
Due to her parents’ marital difficulties, estrangement from both of them at various times and the resulting legal wranglings, on her inheritance of the Stud she had to overcome serious financial difficulties. Ironically, these difficulties were the reason that many of the stud’s best horses were sold abroad to enhance breeding programs around the world. Notable sales included Kazmeen, Sotamm, Bint Riyala and Bint Rissala to Egypt, a group of 5 Skowronek daughters to Spain, Rasim to Poland (U.S. National Champion Stallion *El Paso has three lines to him through his dam), the Kellogg importation of 1926 which included *Raseyn, etc. However, financial problems hit the stud again as a result of the Great Depression. As a result she sold 25 horses in 1936 to Russia’s Tersk Stud (including Naseem) and 3 more horses to the Kellogg Ranch (including *Rissletta, dam of the noted sire Abu Farwa). In spite of the financial issues some exceptional horses were born in the era
A young Indian Magic (Raktha /Indian Crown) a British National Champion and sire of National Champions *Magic Domino greatly resembled him at the same age
before World War II including Sharima, Indian Gold, Indian Crown, and Sharfina. These helped move the stud closer to Lady Wentworth’s vision of a taller horse with spectacular movement that was still unquestionably Arabian in type, and contributed to *Magic Domino AHS+++//’s beauty, size and movement. *Magic Domino AHS’s sire Ludomino is a maternal grandson of Indian Magic (Raktha x Indian Crown). Ludomino and both of his maternal grandparents, Raktha, and his son Indian Magic are Hanif and Marufah, amongst the most influential sires used trace in tail female at Crabbet in its later years.*Magic Domino has 3 lines to Raktha and one to Sharfina. It was to Indian Magic.General Grant middle said that Indian does not appear in Domino’s pedigree Magic was Lady but he was a National Champion sire in Wentworth’s England ideal-he was said to be 16 hands tall with no loss of type, and he was considered the first “Wentworth Superhorse”. Although *Magic Domino AHS+++// was born 31 years after Lady Wentworth’s passing, he is very much a later version of the “Wentworth Super Horse”, one of which she would be justly proud to claim as her
A young Magic Domino in 1991 Photo Massey
Crabbet Arabian World breeding. His height is the same as Indian Magic’s and he greatly resembles him. Blood will always tell!
Yemama (Indian Magic x Silent Wings) is the 1962 British Junior Champion Female
Although her parents had given her a wonderful foundation of horses, Lady Wentworth wisely added to the stud a handful of stallions who had major influence. These included the Polish bred Skowronek, National Champion sire Oran, Dargee (who had desert lines that were not previously used at Crabbet), and Raktha (sire of British National Champion Stallion Indian Magic and the all time leading Crabbet sire of champions, *Serafix). *Magic Domino AHS +++//’s carefully linebred pedigree has three lines to Raktha, two to Oran, and three to Dargee. He also has 15 lines to Skowronek, through his son *Raswan (who was exported to America but left no progeny there) and through the three full siblings Naseem, Naziri and Nasifa.
Three times British Supreme Champion Female Sirella (Dargee x Shalina) appears twice on the dam side of *Magic Domino’s ancestry
Bright Wings (Bright Shadow x Silent Wings) is the 1966 British Reserve Junior Champion Male and the maternal grandsire of U.S. National Champion Stallion *Padron
Bright Shadow (Radi x Pale Shadow) is the 1959 British Supreme Champion Male. His daughter Silver Sheen won a total of 10 British National titles, more than any other mare
Manto (Blue Domino x Mifaria) has 4 lines to Skowronek and multiple British National titles in hand
At the time of her death in 1957 at the age of 84, Lady Wentworth owned 75 horses, noted for their height, excellent movement and regal carriage. Horses like *Serafix, Indian Magic, and *Silver Vanity fulfilled her vision of the ideal Arabian, and for breeders from all corners of the world, their ideal as well. *Magic Domino AHS +++// traces to Indian Magic through his sire and to *Silver Vanity through his dam *Magic Domino AHS+++//’s heritage is filled with horses who have produced National Champions in both in hand and ridden competition in Britain and elsewhere. His sire Ludomino is the only Arabian ever to win the Supreme Ridden Championship at the Royal Windsor Show, which is awarded to the overall champion at the show and must be won against all breeds in ridden competition. Ludomino sired noted sport horse sire Ahmoun, who had 7 get competing in distance riding (endurance) in 2004. Ahmoun also sired 1988 British National Champion Junior Male Saker, who is double Ludo (Ludomino
Blue Domino (Rissalix x Niseyra) sired National winners in the U.K. and the U.S.A. and is considered one of the most influential sons of Rissalix
is a son of Ludo). Ludomino is also the sire of the Gadebrook Stud mare Zaharina, whose daughter Zaha is a noted endurance competitor. Ludomino is a 3/4 brother to Indian Snowflake, dam of multiple British National Champion Haroun and granddam of British National Champions Nasib and Najat. *Magic Domino AHS+++// is similarly bred to Haroun as both are grandsons of Ludo and of Hanif. Ludomino is by Ludo, named Supreme Riding Horse at the Royal International show and winner of the Winston Churchill Cup. Ludo is a full brother to 1965 British Reserve Supreme Champion Female Lilac Domino and a 3/4 brother to 1962 British Reserve Senior Champion Male Manto. Ludo was a fine sire. His son El Santo was British Junior Champion Male in 1970. His son Ludrex sired Donax, sire of the British National Champions Zircon Karisma, Zircon Nazeer
Conformation photo of U.S. National Champion Park, Formal Driving and Formal Combination *Oran Van Crabbet (Oran x *Serafina). He is a full blood brother to Silent Wings.
(a National Champion sire himself ) and Rishenda. Ludo daughters were wonderful producers. His daughter Ludoet is Twice British Supreme Champion Male *Silver the dam Vanity (Oran x Silver Gilt) sired National Champions in England and America. This photo shows him as of 1986 a young horse, note his resemblance to his great British grandson *Magic Domino at age 2. National Champion Senior Female Bint Ludoet, Another daughter, Indian Snowflake, produced multiple National Champion Haroun and Nimet, dam of British National Champion Junior Male Nasib and 1981 British Supreme Champion Female Najat. Ludoâ€™s sire is the very influential Blue Domino, who sired National winners in Britain and in North America. 14 of his get are British National Champions, including 1962 Reserve Supreme Champion Male Blue Magic, 10 time winner Domatella (1971 Senior Champion Female and Supreme Champion Female), 1966 Supreme Champion Female Sugar Plum Fairy, 1965 Reserve Supreme Champion Female Lilac Domino, 1967 Champion Ridden Mare/Gelding Blue Mink, 1972 Reserve Senior Champion Male Fari II, and 1962 Reserve Senior Champion Male Manto, the sire of *Magic Domino AHS+++//â€™s second dam Marufah. Blue Domino had 10 get exported to North America. Eight are champion producers
Silent Wings (Oran x Silfina) is the 1957 British Junior Champion Female and dam of 3 British National Champions.
Crabbet Arabian World herself dam of the British National Champions Ashar, Bright Venus and Libra! Rithyana is a paternal sister to British National Champion Indian Magic and the all time leading Crabbet sire *Serafix. Her dam Rishyana is a paternal sister to *Nizzam, sire of National winners in North America and Britain and a very influential sire through his get exported to Holland. Ludomino’s dam Yemama was named 1962 British Junior Champion Female. Her daughter Silent Dove is the dam of Silent King, a multiple champion novice and intermediate show jumper in all breed competition. Silent King is also a race winner and won the first British Ride and Tie endurance ride, a great all around athlete. Hanif at the 1985 Crabbet Celebration. He was also campaigned in the British Nationals Veteran class for horses 20 and over for many years. Hanif’s best known son is eight time British National Champion Stallion Haroun
and 6 produced National winners. They include U.S. Top Ten Park Horse and National winner sire *Blue Mantle, *Shaybet (dam of U.S. Top Ten Western Pleasure Lewisfield Nizbet+), *Blue Millet (dam of U.S. National Champion Western Pleasure AM Silversparrow, British Junior Champion Male *Golden Domino (sire of twice U.S. Top Ten Native Costume Golden Head shoot of Ludo Ashes+) and *Royal Dominion (sire of 6 National winners in halter, English pleasure, western pleasure and cutting, including 3 National Champions in cutting). Ludo’s dam Rithyana is the dam of 4 British National Champions: British Reserve Supreme Champion Female Lilac Domino, British Reserve Senior Champion Male and twice British National Champion Junior Male Manto, 1966 British Reserve National Champion Ridden Stallion Admiral Lord Nelson, and 1972 British Supreme Champion Female Ghazali,
Hanif (*Silver Vanity x Sirella) was the son of two British National Champions and himself was twice a British National Champion. He is the maternal grandsire of *Magic Domino.
Indian Magic in maturity, *Magic Domino bears a strong resemblance to his great-grandsire, who was also 16 hands tall
Yemama is by Indian Magic, sire of National Champions in the U.K. and North America (where his son *Lewisfield Magic+/ named U.S. National Champion Western Pleasure and his son *Touch of Magic, a talented jumper, sired multiple National Champion Hunter Indian Bay as well as National winners in halter and English pleasure). Indian Magic’s daughter *Serafire (who was also a double granddaughter of Raktha), was a U.S. Top Ten Mare and dam of U.S. Top Ten Mare Starfire (who was triple Raktha) and of U.S. National Champion Mare and National Champion producer Indian Genii. Yemama’s dam Silent Wings is the 1957 British Junior Champion Female and produced 3 British National Champions: 1964 British National Champion Foal Azrak (sire of British Reserve Supreme Champion Male and National Champion sire Silver Blue), 1966 British Reserve Junior Champion Male Bright Wings (a successful sire of jumpers in Belgium as well as *Odessa NSB, dam of U.S. National Champion Stallion *Padron), and Golden Wings, who had a remarkable record under saddle. He was British National Ridden Champion and represented Great Britain at international competitions in Belgium and
: A head study of Raktha, to whom *Magic Domino has three lines. Their heads are remarkably similar.
Goodwood, where he was the highest placed UK entry in Prix St Georges and Intermediare I dressage. Silent Wings is a full blood sister to U.S. National Champion Park Horse and National Champion sire *Oran Van Crabbet. She is by Oran, a sire of National Champions in the U.K. and in North America, out of Silfina, also dam of American National Champion sire *Electric Storm (a 3/4 brother to Yemama) and the very influential Australian sire Sindh. Silfina is a full sister to *Serafina, dam of *Serafix, National Champion sire *Silver Drift and National Champion *Oran Van Crabbet. *Magic Domino AHS+++//â€™s distaff side is as distinguished as his sire side. His dam Hamsfah also produced the outstanding athlete Hachim, who was
Golden Wings (Bright Shadow x Silent Wings), a British National Ridden Champion and successful international dressage competitor.
a successful racehorse in the U.K. prior to his export to Abu Dhabi. At age 4, he was the youngest stallion ever to be granted Premium Stallion status by the Arab Horse Society. He completed his performance tests against older stallions rated a Grade II. The gruelling test included show jumping over doubles, a cross country course, a dressage test, loose schooling over jumps, a vet exam and an inspection by the President of the Arab Horse Society! He raced two seasons in the UK and also competed on the track in Bahrain. He has been a highly successful endurance competitor in the United Arab Emirates, where he won the 2002 Bahrain Endurance Race and represented Bahrain at the World Equestrian Games. At the World Endurance Championship 100 mile race in Dubai In 2005 he crossed the line ahead of 173 riders from 41 countries in world record time but he was later disqualified. Hachim was gelded to be used as an endurance horse and sired very few foals but he left his mark
*Shatir AHS (Hanif x Sherilla) was a Canadian Top Ten Stallion in 1984.
*Oran Van Crabbet with Bob Hart Sr showing his winning form under saddle
Crabbet Arabian World nonetheless. His daughter Zaha was a top endurance mare and was graded Premium by the Arab Horse Society., *Hachim (Achim’s Silver Magic x Hamsfah), She was a successful race horse and endurance horse, as a significant yearling showing his exceptional conformation. winner in 80 mile rides and also twice completed the Marathon before her early death in 2010. Another Hachim daughter, Hadith, is also a successful endurance competitor. Hachim’s daughter, Magic Fire, was named Reserve Supreme Ridden Champion at the 2006 UK Crabbet show, and has won the 50 mile Golden Horseshoe Ride in 2009 and many other 50 and 80 mile rides in the ownership of Joanna Wallis Baga. Hachim’s daughter Magic Sheen was exported to the Middle East in 2005 and is owned by HH Sheikh Sultan Bin Zayeed al Nahyan of Abu Dhabi. Hamsfah is a 3/4 blood sister to 1984 Canadian Top Ten Stallion *Shatir AHS as they are both by the same sire and Hamsfah’s maternal granddam is a full sister to *Shatir AHS’s dam. Hamsfah is also a 3/4 blood sister to Sherifah, a full sister to *Shatir AHS. Sherifah is the dam of the superb performance stallion Al Mesdam. He was the 2000 UK International Ridden Champion (Arabian competition), 2001 Champion Ridden Stallion at the Horse of the Year Show (HOYS) against all breeds, and 2002 British Reserve National Champion Ridden Stallion in all Arabian competition. Hamsfah’s sire Hanif is the 1962 British National Champion Foal and 1965 British Reserve Junior Champion Male. Hanif is a 3/4 brother to British
Ludomino (Ludo x Yemama), sire of *Magic Domino
*Magic Domino at the Wessex Show in 1990.
Reserve Junior Champion Female *Silvanetta (dam of twice U.S. Top Ten Pleasure Driving Baskanetta++). Both are by twice British Supreme Champion Male *Silver Vanity, a sire of National winners in the U.K and North America. Hanif’s son Haroun has 8 British National Championship titles and is a National Champion sire. His son *Vagabond of Yeomans was imported to the U.S.A., where he was named a U.S. Top Ten First Level Dressage Horse in 1985, and has sired American National winners including U.S. Reserve National Champion Half-Arabian Jumper and 4 times Top Ten Half-Arabian Working Hunter Vagabonds Angel+/. Hanif’s dam Sirella is a three time British Supreme Champion Female (1956, 1959 and 1962) and a National Champion producer. She is by 1955 British Supreme Champion Male and multiple National Champion sire Dargee. In America Dargee is noted as the sire of *George Washington (sire of U.S. Top Ten Jumper Lady Asfur), of *Fire Opal (dam of U.S. Reserve National Champion Pleasure Driving Lewisfield Nizopa) and of U.S. Top Ten Mare *Silwara, dam of 4 National winners in halter including Canadian National Champion Stallion and National Champion sire Tornado. Sirella’s dam Shalina is a maternal sister to National Champion producers Silfina and *Serafina. Shalina’s dam Sharfina has 4 granddaughters who became British National Champions. Hamsfah is out of Marufah, a daughter of multiple British National Champion Manto. Marufah is a paternal sister to 1973 British Supreme Champion Female Azara and to British Reserve National Champion Geldings Mantardi and Mansar. Marufah’s sire Manto is a 3/4 brother to twice British Supreme Champion Male El Meluk. Manto’s sire Blue Domino has already been discussed, and his dam Mifaria produced 3 British National Champions (Manto, El Meluk and 1968 Junior Champion Male Majal). Marufah’s dam Siretta is a full sister to
National winner producers Sherilla and Sherifa. Siretta is a daughter of 1959 British Supreme Champion Male and National Champion sire Bright Shadow. Bright Shadow’s most famous daughter, Silver Sheen, is a 10 time British National Champion and the only mare to be three times British Supreme Champion Female. She is also a multiple National Champion producer. Siretta’s dam is Sirella, also the dam of Hamsfah’s sire Hanif. With such an array of National Champions and National Champion producers in his ancestry, *Magic Domino AHS+++//’s success in competition and the breeding barn comes as no surprise. ANNE BROWN OF GADEBROOK STUD: The Creator The second important lady in *Magic Domino AHS+++//’s life is Anne Brown of England’s Gadebrook Stud. Anne is an internationally respected breeder of Arabian athletes who have excelled in dressage, endurance riding and racing. She has bred and/or owned some of the very finest British bred Arabians. Her stallion Croix De Guerre (Sky Crusader x Someone Special) represented Britain at the World Endurance Championships in Rome in 2003 and achieved 8th place with the British team, the very first time he represented his country internationally. In 2005, he was again selected to represent Britain at the 2005 Nations Cup. Croix de
*Magic Domino as a foal with his dam Hamsfah
Guerre was sold to Swedish National Team rider Kim Klotz for competition and stud duties in Sweden. Anne’s Zaradon (Donax x Zarah) won the Dubai International Classic Race at Kempton Park. The high percentage Crabbet Sunne In Silver (Jah Sahel x Diamond Wings)who won in Affiliated British Dressage against all breeds in 2007, she was also fourth place in the AHS National Performance Awards scheme. Her excellent dressage scores and wins have earned Sunne In Silver coveted AHS Premium Mare status, one of very few mares to have achieved this accolade. Many horses bred by Anne’s have excelled in multiple disciplines. The gelding Magic Phantom (Achim’s Silver Magic x Someone Special) was never out of the money when raced and won one of his races and has gone on to be successful in dressage,
Hamsfah (Hanif x Marufah) was one of Anne Brown’s Crabbet foundation mares at the Gadesbrook Stud.
show jumping and one day eventing. Another Gadebrook bred gelding, Zamorin (Silver Domino x Zarah), is a successful competitor in show jumping, cross country and one day eventing. Gadebrook was founded in 1969, breeding palominos and Anglo-Arabs, but Anne became seriously interested in Crabbet bloodlines in 1986. Anne states she was fortunate in her mentors in Crabbet breeding. “I was lucky enough to be guided at the outset by Carol Carpenter (owner of Ludomino, sire of *Magic Domino AHS+++//) and Geoffrey Plaister, who bred Hamsfah the dam *Magic Domino AHS+++//’. She was sired by Hanif, the Silver Vanity son bred at Crabbet and aquired by Geoffrey when it dispersed in 1972,” Anne comments. Her Crabbet breeding programme was enhanced in 1996 with several of the best mares from Iona Bowring when she retired from breeding, including Crystal Sheen and Silver Aura, both daughters of the most decorated mare shown at the British Nationals, Silver Sheen. In that year she also acquired the stallion Silvern Sceptre from Mr and Mrs David Peck, who had a nearly unbeaten record when shown in hand and under saddle. Anne’s extensive experience and knowledge of conformation enabled her to hit a home run with
*Magic Domino winning an in hand class at age 2, judged by noted Crabbet breeder Rosemary Archer. In England first place ribbons are red, unlike in America where they are blue!
Crabbet Arabian World the usual left! Not only did Dianne Whittome put him first in his class, she also awarded him Youngstock Champion against the other fillies, colts and geldings, and then Reserve Champion of the show against all of the other class winners! *Magic Domino AHS+++// had begun his winning show career in style. At the time, his handler Richard Carpenter commented that when he reached age 12 he would be magnificent and nearly unbeatable, and so it was
: Oran (Riffal x Astrella) with Fred Rice. When Lady Wentworth sold his sire Riffal to Mrs A.D.D. McLean of Australia she realized she’d made a mistake and rushed to the docks where his ship was due to sale to try to stop him leaving! His son Oran is a key element in many modern Crabbet pedigrees and *Magic Domino traces to him 3 times.
*Magic Domino AHS+++//, who was one of the first foals she bred in her straight Crabbet programme, and his dam’s first foal for her. “I was attracted to Hamsfah because she was gentle, quiet, had very good limbs, a chocolate liver chestnut coat and was a very good size, 15.2 hands. Her grandsire *Silver Vanity was one of my all-time favourite Crabbet horses,” Anne recalls. “I decided to breed Hamsfah to Ludomino because she was large and powerful but not pretty and Ludomino was just beautiful with that classic triangular shaped head and great bloodlines tracing to Indian Magic and Rissalix. Ludomino was a smaller horse, 14.2 hands. Ludomino was bred by Mr and Mrs Wright and I kept Hamsfah with Ludomino’s owner Carol Carpenter as I was a travel editor at the time and did not have my own farm. *Magic Domino was one of Ludomino’s last foals, as I believe he passed away in 1989.” Anne excitedly recalls *Magic Domino AHS+++//’s first in hand triumph as a 3 year old. “He was entered in the major Wessex Arabian show, about 175 miles and four hours drive from where I live in Peterborough. He was at livery at the time with Carol and Richard Carpenter who took him to the show. His class was already in the ring when I got there. The judge, Dianne Whittome, had already lined up the 14 three year old colts when I reached the ringside. Domino stood proudly with Richard at the end of the line, but the opposite end to the usual ‘first on the left, then ranging down to last.’ “ This made Anne think he was placed last in his class. “Oh well, “ she thought, “I think he is the best horse in the ring even if the judge doesn’t.” To Anne’s delight and amazement, when the judge asked the horses to move off for a final circuit of the ring, Domino led off first-she had ranked them from the right rather than 16
Hachim crossing the line at the W E Championships in 2005.
to be! Anne received an unexpected inquiry about *Magic Domino AHS+++// from Sherry Stewart, who lived in British Columbia, Canada. Sherry’s vet had worked in England and was very impressed when he had met *Magic Domino AHS+++// at Gadebrook. When he learned from Sherry that she was looking for a pure Crabbet stallion, he immediately recommended Domino, and she contacted Anne to inquire if he was for sale. Sherry was prepared to buy him sight unseen, but Anne insisted that she come to inspect him as it was such an important purchase. Sherry initially insisted she couldn’t get away as it was the middle of the harvest season in Canada, but Anne persisted. Anne remembers “Sherry wangled a couple of days away, and I have never seen such a jet
*Magic Domino as a gangly weanling in 1989 - only his handler, Richard Carpenter, could see his potential at this point! Photo Anne Brown
lagged traveller fall out of Heathrow airport. I drove her to our National show where Domino, still almost steel grey, was in the three year old stallion class (he placed 6th in a class of 24). As excited as Sherry was to see him, she could barely keep her eyes open, poor thing! But she loved Domino on sight and knew that
Ludomino under saddle, *Magic Domino greatly resembles him
As time passed the stress increased. Anne continues: “With three weeks to go before the deadline, the shippers were ringing round every known exporter without luck. With two weeks to go, we were getting desperate and fearing we would have to abort the mission. Then, with just a week left, an Irishman with two show jumpers needed to fly them to Vancouver. They were geldings so required none of the lengthy health tests for animals of breeding age like Domino. So off he flew, via Amsterdam, over the North Pole, and down to Vancouver, where he stepped off the plane in the best of health and into the waiting arms of Sherry Stewart. As the family raised deer and had very high deer fences around their farm, the Department of Agriculture allowed Domino to be quarantined at Sherry’s Coniegas Ranch, so he settled into his new home immediately.” Anne was not to see Domino again until he was six years old when she was visiting British Columbia on a press trip as part of her work as a travel editor. She was delighted to see the now gorgeous dapple grey stallion, who was strutting his stuff in one of Sherry’s arenas. As she walked in, he trotted eagerly towards her, making Anne think he remembered her, but then he motored right past her to a mare in season lifting her tail to him in an adjacent area. “That’s stallions for you,” Anne ironically recalls. Anne would renew her relationship with *Magic Domino AHS+++// again in 2004 when she joined his owner Kim Thomason on the road trip to Colorado to his Living Legend ceremony Click here for more photographs Read part two in the October edition
he was the horse she had been looking for, and so the deal was done.” The next challenge was getting *Magic Domino AHS+++// to his new land. Anne recounts: “Domino very nearly didn’t make it over the Atlantic. There were no health or financial issues, it was the logistics of flying a horse to western Canada that defeated the equine shipping specialists. Both the leading British companies, Bullens and IRT, were on red alert to find a flight going into Sherry’s local airport of Vancouver, which was one well-equipped to accept the importation of horses from overseas but no flights with horses had gone from England to Vancouver before. The cost of transporting a single horse would have been prohibitive, so we needed to find 2 companions to travel out with Domino. Time was not on our side, as once Domino’s quarantine and series of health checks had been put in motion, he had to be shipped within a month of the final test being clear. Otherwise the whole expensive medical procedure would have to start again from scratch!”
Magic Domino under saddle compare him to his sire Ludomino
Gadebrook Stud England Breeding top performance Arabians since 1969
Currently, our pure Crabbets include:
Binley Prince Salim dressage win-
ning 6-year old stallion by Prince Sadik x Silvern Image now in open endurance His 2-year old daughter Silver Sunbeam out of Silver Heart (Silver Fahd x Magic Heart)
Rhapsody in Blue (Shaded Silver x
Summertime Blues) 6-year old grey mare now under saddle
Palma Benay (imp Aus) by Pevensey
Safari x Petra Benay by Magic Prophecy with her dark liver ch filly foal Palmyra by Klinta Sultan (Shabakka x Star Solitaire)
Stallion Binley Prince Salim now in endurance Photo Colin Allison
Yearling bay colt Kaalif from Palma Benay Silver Zaanif (Lutfi Pasha x Imperial Silver Lace) We congratulate HH Sheikh Sultan of Abu Dhabi on his son winning the World Endurance Championship on Hachim bred at Gadebrook (Achim's Silver Magic x Hamsfah by Hanif) also Kim Thomason on winning Overall US Sport Horse Sire in America on top Palmyra- 2 hours old in June 2011 dressage stallion Photo Chris Wilkin Magic Domino, also bred at Gadebrook ( Ludomino x Hamsfah) For photos of these and other Gadebrook We love visitors - do come and see the herd.
ÂŠ Design CAW
horses now in new homes around the world, click on the web link below To chat, e-mail email@example.com Tel: 00 44 1832 226227 England
Visit our website: www.gadebrookstud.com
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID)
By Beth Minnich © 2011
Beth Minnich is Chair of the Arabian Horse Foundation’s Research Advisory Panel and the Arabian Horse Association’s (AHA) Subcommittee on Genetic Disorders. She has a Bachelors of Science Degree in Equine Science from Colorado State University and is a former Field Representative for the Arabian Horse Registry of America. In addition, she chaired the AHA Task Force on Genetic Diseases and is also a former staff member of Imperial Egyptian Stud and Valour Arabians. A life long horse lover, Beth spends her weekends with her Davenport Arabian gelding trail riding in the Pacific Northwest/US.
History Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) is perhaps the most well recognized genetic disorder associated with the Arabian breed. Broad awareness of SCID within the Arabian horse community extends back to the 1970’s and the test for SCID was one of the first DNA tests developed for an equine genetic disorder (along with Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis/ HYPP and Overo Lethal White Syndrome/OLWS). Even with this well established history, during the last few years with increased interest and attention on other genetic disorders, such as Cerebellar Abiotrophy (CA) and Lavender Foal Syndrome (LFS), it is important (especially for newcomers to the breed) not to think that SCID is a thing of the past and ignore it in light of more “en vogue” disorders. SCID is lethal disorder involving the immune system. Although caused by different mutations, immunodeficiency disorders are also found in other species including humans, mice and dogs. SCID is an autosomal recessive trait, caused by a mutation on chromosome 9, which results in a foal being born with an improperly functioning immune system. During the 1960’s, clinical reports from Australia described a condition which would become known as SCID and in 1973, SCID was first reported in the veterinary literature by researchers at Washington State University (WSU)/USA. In 1977, a group of researchers at WSU proposed an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance, which was confirmed in 1980 based on breeding experiments conducted at WSU by a second research group. However, it wasn’t until
1997 that a direct DNA test for SCID was ultimately developed at the University of Texas/USA.
Clinical Signs SCID is caused by a mutation involving the enzyme DNA-PKcs (DNA-protein kinase catalytic subunit) which is a key component of the immune defense system. Affected foals are born normal, however because the foal’s immune system is not functioning properly, as the antibodies the foal receives from its dam’s colostrum wear off, the foal is unable to fight off infection from bacteria and viruses found in the normal living environment. As such, the foal will eventually die from an opportunistic infection (most commonly from respiratory diseases, such as pneumonia), usually by about 5 months of age. A preliminary diagnosis can be made using a blood sample from the foal. A lymphocyte count of <1,000/ mm3 (a normal count is in the range of 2,500 – 3,000/ mm3) and a lack of immunoglobin M (IgM) are indicative of SCID. Confirmation is available through DNA testing or through a necropsy showing a lack of development of the thymus and lymph nodes.
Supporting Research Those who are newer to the breed may not fully appreciate how significant the SCID research effort was. However, those who have been involved with Arabians since the 1970’s/1980’s will remember well how much of a concern SCID was and how devastating the disorder was to some breeding programs. Through efforts of the international Arabian horse community, lead by the International Arabian Horse Association’s FOAL Commission in conjunction with the Morris Animal Foundation, Arabian horse owners and breeders helped raised over $200,000 in funding, along with providing valuable samples for advancing SCID research. In addition, SCID information provided by FOAL and the Arabian horse magazines was invaluable for helping to raise awareness of SCID and educating owners and breeders. Development of a test for SCID was such a significant accomplishment that “SCID Testing” was listed as #10 in the Arabian Horse Association’s (US) Centennial 100 voting. The Arabian horse community 19
Crabbet Arabian World played a vital role in SCID research and this is a part of history that should never be forgotten, especially as research continues into other genetic disorders.
Testing Statistics In the late 1970’s, research studies estimated the frequency rate of SCID affected Arabian foals was ~3%, with the estimated SCID carrier frequency rate at ~28% (although there are concerns that this study greatly overestimated the carrier frequency). In 1998, a new study was published in which 250 randomly selected Arabians were tested with the SCID DNA test that became available in 1997. The results of that study estimated the SCID carrier frequency rate at 8.4% (placing the expected SCID affected foal frequency rate at 0.18%). From the start of SCID testing in 1997 through the end of 2010, VetGen has tested over 10,000 samples with the tested SCID carrier rate averaging ~16% and a total of 32 (0.32%) SCID affected foals tested. How far have we come in managing SCID since the 1970’s? A very long way and it is an example to use as we face having to deal with other genetic disorders.
Breeding Strategies Because SCID is a recessive disorder, it is important to remember that a carrier will not always produce affected offspring. As such, it is possible for SCID to remain “hidden” in a pedigree and expression of the trait can skip generations. With the availability of a test for SCID, there is no longer a need for guessing whether or not a horse is a carrier and more importantly, production of affected foals can be completely avoided. The value of having a genetic test available is that the test provides a tool for breeders and owners to use, to make informed decisions that are in the best interest of the horses and breed. The value of testing is easily summarized: testing= knowledge= informed decisions. Breeding involves making decisions, so it is important to make good ones. Now that testing is available, what does a breeder do with the information, especially when a horse tests as a carrier? Most notably, should carriers be used for breeding? These are certainly legitimate questions that need to be discussed. And, the answer varies depending on the situation. For an individual breeder, there is no single right or wrong answer for whether carriers should be used; it is a personal choice. The decision to not use carriers is just as valid as the decision to selectively use carriers. However, on the breed wide level, the answer is more complicated and understandably, controversy can come into play. When considering the Arabian 20
breed, as a whole, to automatically remove from the breeding population all carriers for all genetic disorders would significantly impact the availability of bloodlines that are needed to help maintain genetic diversity in the breed. Remember, it isn’t just about SCID, there are other disorders, including but not limited to the other testable disorders such Cerebellar Abiotrophy (CA) and Lavender Foal Syndrome (LFS), not to mention disorders such as Guttural Pouch Tympany (GPT) and Juvenile Idiopathic Epilepsy (JIE) that are also thought to have a genetic basis. There needs to be a better strategy; so that affected foals are not produced and the frequency of the mutation in the gene pool can be reduced, while still maintaining as much genetic diversity as possible. So, what is that strategy? The first step requires the use of testing. The second step involves the selective use of carriers as breeding stock. First and foremost, two carriers should not be bred together. Additionally, breeders should limit the use of carriers to very high quality or rare individuals. The third step involves the use of suitable clear offspring of carriers, when they are available for breeding. The purpose of these three steps is to meet two goals: 1) zero affected foals produced, and 2) reduce the frequency of the mutation in the gene pool, without blowing up the gene pool in the process.
Looking Forward Science is allowing us the opportunity to continue learning and improving the care we can offer our horses. While some of this information may initially pose some challenges to breeders and owners, it is important that we keep an open mind and be willing to learn, and not react out of fear or misunderstanding. Wanting to adopt the “see no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil” mantra is not in the best interest of the horses. The worldwide Arabian horse community has come a long way in the last few decades and has several success stories to be proud of. We need to continue moving forward with these efforts and support education, testing/disclosure and research. The horses deserve the best care we can provide them; knowledge applied with tempered wisdom will help provide that care
Testing is available through these sites USA , Canada & Australia www.vetgen.com/
documents/order-form-equine.pdf South Africa http://web.up.ac.za/sitefiles/ file/50/11671/F0008A08%20Arab%20Sample%20 Request%20Form%202010B.pdf
UK & Europe www.laboklin.co.uk/laboklin/ showGeneticTest.jsp?testID=8001HGD
FENWICK SILVER ESSENCE
Fenwick Silver Spur (Fenwick Rendevous/Fenwick Silver Charm) Esta Cien (Esperanto/Zagaton) Grey filly born 2010. Mature 15.2hh, possibly 16hh she is 14.2hh at 8 months old. This filly is beautiful. She is very correct, moves brilliantly and has a really stunning head. Good length of rein, strong shoulder and hindquarter, great bone, straight legs. Big stride. She has the potential to excel in any discipline. Our first Anglo by Fenwick Silver Spur and we are thrilled. "Essy" has recently been weaned and has been taught to lead, tie up and have her feet picked up. She is taking everything in her stride to date. Very accepting and quick to learn. More photos on our website
Price: $2500 located at Fenwick, Whittlesea VIC. Phone Vicki Johhnson +61 3 9716 2393 email fenwickstud1925@ bigpond.com for more info. ÂŠDesign CAW 2011
Click Here for Fenwick website
Crabbet Arabian World
*ROYAL RADIANCE Vicki Johnson who with her family runs Fenwick Stud writes about perhaps the most important Crabbet mare imported into Australia. Like all the historical articles this one became a search for pictures and there is an amazing collection here contributed by many breeders past and present.
Dam Of *Royal Radiance Silver Gilt with the foal Sunset
*Royal Radiance with Greylight(iiu) at foot
Arguably one if the most important mares to come into this country would be the beautiful grey *Royal Radiance. By Royal Diamond (Oran/Grey Royal), out of Silver Gilt (Indian Gold/Silver Fire), she had an enviable pedigree that was reflected in her presence and quality that remained with her right into old age. She was bred at Crabbet Park, UK, by Lady Wentworth and was purchased from Cecil Covey by Mrs ADD Maclean in 1958. She came out to Australia in foal to the chestnut stallion Bright Shadow (Radi/ Pale Shadow). The resulting foal was a chestnut going grey colt named *Greylight who was born at Fenwick Stud in April 1959. Even if Royal Radiance failed to have any more foals her name would have well and truly lived on through this son alone.
a full brother to Glint of Silver and the last son of *Riffal, Silver Spot. Like his full sister before him he also won the coveted Rami Sash and consistently won prizes at the major shows in both led and ridden events. Silver Spot spent most of his life at Fenwick Stud before being sold to Western Australia in 1981. He bred several foals over there before returning to Victoria and sadly having to be put down aged 25. He is best known as the sire of the stallion Chip Chase Kaiwanna from Kai and the successful show mare Sapphira from Shalina. The next foal for Royal Radiance* was another filly Silver Sparkle by *Sindh born in 1964. She is best known as the dam of Sparkling Vanity by Fabulous who stood for many years at Bremervale stud and produced the stallions Bremervale Spartacus and Mt Carmel Nicholas along with the mare Coolmunda Natasha. Three full brothers to Silver Sparkle followed. Repartee in 1966 who was exported to New Zealand.
Luckily for Crabbet enthusiasts she did go on to produce more foals - a total of 12 (5 fillies and 7 colts). Following Greylight was the mare Silver Radiance by *Electric Silver who lived out a long life at Fenwick and produced 7 foals. Amongst them were the magnificent stallion Somerled by Baz and the mares Silver Sand by *Sindh and Fenwick Silver Charm by Fabulous â€“ who turns 31 this year and has been a terrific broodmare at Fenwick. In 1961 Royal Radiance* produced the Rami Sash winning mare Glint of Silver by *Riffal whose best known progeny would be the stunning chestnut stallion Gloaming by *Sindh. 1963 saw the birth of 22
Royal Diamond sire of *Royal Radiance
F E N W I C *Royal Radiance
Rubusse, who was born in 1967 but was sadly put down as a yearling following a paddock accident. The third was Rhodium who was born in 1968 and went to live in South Australia and was a sire of working station horses. *Royal Radiance produced Rothsay, a big grey gelding, in 1969 by Fabulous. He was followed by a colt in 1971 and a filly in 1972 both by Baz. The colt grew into the stallion Royal Magic and the filly grew into the lovely white broodmare Raghildis. Between 1973 and 1976 *Royal Radiance failed to get in foal. She was run with the paddock stallion Sardonyx (Greylight/Nejmet es Subh) resulting in the gelding Royal Reflection born in 1977. She was then joined to Fabulous and produced her last foal in 1978 who was the lovely mare Fenwick Silver Serenade.
S T U D
*Royal Radiance only ventured into the show ring on one occasion. In 1959 she attended the Royal Melbourne Show with a 5 month old Greylight* at foot. At her one outing she came home with a first and Champion mare.
*Greylight......... Even if Royal Radiance failed to have any more foals her name would have well and truly lived on through this son alone. In 1981 Royal Radiance* was given to one of her biggest admirers â€“ Ron Ryan . She lived out her remaining years with him.
Bright Shadow sire iiu foal *Greylight
At present here at Fenwick the influence of Royal Radiance* is almost everywhere. Of our 19 pure Crabbet horses here only 2 do not carry at least 1 cross to this magnificent mare. We are still lucky enough to have 3 of her grand children. Our senior stallion Fenwick Phantom and the glorious Fenwick Starlight both via Greylight* and the lovely old Fenwick Silver Charm through her dam Silver Radiance.ď ¤ Click here to see more photographs See more pictures on pages 28/29 23
Crabbet Arabian World
Fenwick Silver Charm Fabulous /Silver Radiance dam of Fenwick Silver Spur & Fenwick Silver Shadow
Fenwick Silver Spur Rendevous/ Fenwick Silver Charm
Silver Radiance (*Electric Silver/*Royal Radiance)
Sparkling Vanity (Fabulous/Silver Sparkle)
Head Shot Of Royal Radiance*
Sapphira (Silver Spot /Shalina)
Chip Chase Kiawanna (Silver Spot/Kai)
Repartee (*Sindh/ *Royal Radiance) as a 2 year old
Fenwick Phantom (Greylight*/ Fascination)Fe
Gloaming (*Sindh/Glint of Silver) Sparkling Vanity Silver Spot (*Riffal/*Royal Radiance)
Rhodium (*Sindh/*Royal Radiance)
Fenwick Silver Spur
Above *Greylight (Bright Shadow/*Royal Radiance) Right Raghildis (Baz/*Royal Radiance) with foal by Enyo
Silver Sparkle(*Sindh/*Royal Radiance)
Glint of Silver Rami Sash winning filly (*Riffal/*Royal Radiance)
The filly on the left is Fenwick Bright Pearl (Fenwick Phantom/Fenwick Briella) so 2 crosses to Royal Radiance* via Greylight* and the other is Winmalee Silver Elegance (Fenwick Silver Spur/Winmalee Silver Rose) who carries 4 crosses to Royal Radiance* (3 via Greylight and 1 via Silver Radiance).
Crabbet Arabian World
Next Edition Due early OCTOBER
The stallion will be the American part of Magic Domino by Arlene Magid Warren Park Arabians at home and some of their international horses Enthroliths by Dr John Kohnke Gadebrook stud in England by Anne Brown The mare will actually be two full sisters Wellworth Lilac & Leilani by Sean Johnson Boomori stud in South Australia by Dawn Suter Jill Ceveny will complete their trip to USA in Travellers Tales The modern Olford Stud in South Africa by Wes Hayes Cerebellar Abiotrophy CA By Beth Minnich
Photographs from the October Edition
Below Wellworth Lilac one of two sisters who will be our feature mares
Aulrab and Warren Park Arabians
Above The beautiful Boomori Touch of Class from Boomori stud in South Australia
Danjera Arabians We have been
breeding top flight performance horses of Crabbet heritage since 1974 and our breeding programme is based on the bloodline of *Sindh,, particularly his son Boyar.
Stallions/Colts in residence
High percentage Crabbet
High percentage Crabbet
DANJERA NASINDH F22567 Bay (Naaman Naturally x Danjera Balsindh)
S15240 Chestnut Scid & LFS clear
(Dandaloo Bashaan +S x Nilgaram DANJERA SIBANDA F27145 ChestPirelle) nut (Jubarrah Sohaan x Danjera Balsindh) Pure Crabbet
DANJERA SIMAANI F17939 Grey
PEVENSEY SAFARI S19449 Bay/Brown Scid & LFS clear (Sarafire x Dandaloo Baylanie)
DANJERA NAMADGI C7513 Chestnut
(Senussi x Mululu Naalia)
Mick & Gail Rooney
200 BTU Rd, Nowra Hill NSW 2540 Australia P: +61 2 4447 8467 (AH) E: firstname.lastname@example.org
(Dandaloo Bashaan +S x Sanroblee Symaluke)
DANJERA CYNISCA F29757 Chestnut (Naaman Naturally x Danjera Simaani) DANJERA KHAALIA F26393 Grey (Boomori Kahlua x Patricians Kaali)
Pure Crabbet mares MULULU NAALIA F15866 Bay (Arabian Park Phaeton x Nashita)
DANJERA BATISTE F20946 Chestnut (Dandaloo Khaalid x Balladine)
DANJERA PHAEDRA F25272 Grey (Bolshoi x Phate) ÂŠDesign CAW 2011
Crabbet Arabian World
Bringing Back the bay gene to pure crabbets in Britain
By Anne Brown
Descendants of bay Arabians exported to Australia from Crabbet Park are finding their way back to their homeland, bringing the lost colour gene with them.
As you need one bay (or bay-grey) parent to get a bay foal, it is quite easy to lose - the Blunts nearly lost their greys for the same reason. Once it is gone you cannot get it back - chestnut can skip generations if carried as a recessive colour gene, but bay cannot.
Where did it go – that elusive bay gene? One minute, England was awash with bay Crabbets, many descended from the Blunts’ early imports, the next we had none.
Alexia Ross, Crabbet pedigree guru in the UK, explains: “Grey exists over the top of other colours - all horses are genetically ‘grey’ or ‘not-grey’ and then they are chestnut or bay etc as well.
This colour gene, once so prevalent, seems to have fallen out of favour with Lady Wentworth when she inherited Queen of Sheba Crabbet Park. In fact, at the time of her death, not a single bay Arab graced the famous paddocks. Yet many of the original desert imports selected by her parents were bay. These included the hugely influential mare Dajania, and stallions like Pharoah, a Kuhailan Ajuz and Ahmar, a son of the bay Abeyeh Sherrakieh mare Queen of Sheba from the Gomussa tribe.
Kaalif the new bay generation (Silver Zaanif /Palma Benay )
“Bay can appear to skip generations Sengoran (Oran /Senga) if it comes via greys, but that is an illusion. It simply means that the greys carry the bay gene.” Examples of this in the UK were the bay stallion Sengoran who was by the chestnut Oran from the grey Senga. So Senga was bay under her grey top coat. Her sire Rangoon was nearly black in photos as a young horse and was out of a bay dam, so probably bay-grey. Senga carried two lines to the Blunts’ baygrey original stallion Azrek via Nefisa’s bay son Nejran as well as the prolific Ahmar. According to Alexia, the early “Silver” line were often bay-greys and produced bays quite regularly - Silver Gilt (by Indian Gold, a chestnut x Silver Fire) had some bay foals, including a bay-grey son Royal Glitter (by Grand Royal - a chestnut) who still looks clearly bay in the photo of him in one of Crabbet’s booklets. So Silver Fire (by Naseem x Somra, baygrey) must have been a bay-grey, although she only ever produced grey.
Those Rangoon combinations with Somara (Nureddin II, a chestnut x Silver Fire), produced the full siblings Shayba Thania, Senga, Silver Crystal and Stefan, most of whom produced bay as well as grey. Farette’s grand-dam, Shabryeh, was also the result of a chestnut sire (Algol) on a grey dam, (Seriya) but popped out dark bay - the grey dam must have been a bay-grey again, inheriting the bay gene from Queen of Sheba’s son Ahmar through Siwa and Somra, both ostensibly greys. Alexia’s own mare, Narishka (Ranadi x Nafranta by Manto), was born bay and is the only remaining 100% Crabbet of current UK breeding who carries the bay gene. She gets it from Ranadi whose parents (Sengoran x Wadiha) were both bay. All Ranadi’s foals were bay or bay-grey which probably means he was dominant for it. Sengoran was one of those bay “Silver” line horses who trace back to the bay Ahmar. Wadiha inherited her bay colour from her dam Wardi, a full sister to Australia’s sire of significance, Risheem, and back
‘Where else to search but
Australia which not only has probably the widest Crabbet gene pool left in the world, but a choice of bays from different lines.’ from there to the double Queen of Sheba stallion, Naufal, best known for siring Riffal. Currently, Narishka has one smart chestnut son, Zobeyni Nareef. So where did the bays go? Riffal and Risheem went to Australia as did the “N” line bay stallion Bayang, sire of Windsor Park Bay Magic which leads into Dandaloo Kadet, his siblings and their offspring. As a 13-year old, Kadet was imported to the USA by the ACABONA group of Crabbet breeders.
Palma Benay just after she arrived in the UK
America got the flashy bay “N” line stallion Nasik and the Managhieh mares Ferda and Farasin. They have contributed to CMK breeding which still produces bays, but not in 100% Crabbet form. RAS Royal Bay, the US-bred stallion behind the 100% Crabbet mare Royal Bay Lady, owned by Karen Rhodes, and stallion Crabbet Royalty, owned by Marty and Geri Kirkhuff, inherited his bay colour from his dam, Shaybet (Blue Domino x Shayba Thania) imported to the USA from England. Shayba Thania was one of many full siblings of Sengoran’s dam Senga and one of those “Silver” line mares that often produced bays. As the breeder responsible for the last two pure bay Crabbets stallions at stud in England: Achim’s Silver Magic by the bright chestnut Silver Fahd out of bay Soumana of Fairfield (Indian Magic x Hadassa, bay); and his son, the international endurance champion Hachim (exported to Abu Dhabi), out of chocolate liver chesnut Hamsfah by Hanif, I felt obliged to reintroduce the bay gene. Where else to search but Australia which not only has probably the widest Crabbet gene pool left in the world, but a choice of bays from different lines.
Some of the early lines in Australia were bay too with mares of that breeding such as Barada II being bay the bay-grey stallion Rakib and his son from Barada II, named Baz, both produced bays. Ranadi in the UK and Sarafire in Australia had very similar pedigrees - Ranadi was a grandson of both Senga and Wardi while Sarafire was a grandson of Senga’s brother Stefan and Wardi’s brother Risheem. They also both carried strong lines to Naxina via Naseel and Fayrial respectively.
Erin Park Excel before he left Australia
Crabbet Arabian World They all go back to the same ancestors, of course, but in a different genetic mix, so we are not producing carbon copies. Erin Park Excel
Having fallen in love with both Veridan Za’aria and Petra Benay at Leon Bennett’s Pevensey Stud on a preCrabbet Convention stud visit to Australia in 2005, I was already lining up one their fillies, 2-week old Palma Benay (Pevensey Safari x Petra Benay by Magic Prophecy) for future importation. I then met the magnificent Magic Prophecy at the Convention in Toowoomba the following week, and later spent time with him back at Anneka Stud, and was very impressed by his quality and movement. Breeder Pam Flower, of Llain Arabians in Wales, had also set her heart on importing a bay pure Crabbet, A young Palma Benay at Pevensey but she was looking for a colt. Her overwhelming choice was for Frank Murphy’s young Erin Park Excel (Erin Park Thor x Erin Park Belle), with lots of Baz and Barada II lines back to Ahmar as well as a dash of Naufal’s son Riffal. Pam explains: “I bought Excel as I thought he would go well with my mares, and I bought bay because I was strict with myself and didn’t look at anything else ‘til I’d bought him!”
By some quirk of fate, our two youngsters were sent to the Equine Quarantine Centre at Kulnura in Sydney. EI then broke out at Sydney’s other quarantine centre, Eastern Creek. Our precious horses could so easily have gone there, and not to Kulnura. Despite the ‘flu raging all around them and Kulnura being almost at the centre of the epidemic, its sheltered position in the lee of a hill seemed to protect our horses from any infection and were very well looked after by the Andersons. Nevertheless, they had to sit it out in quarantine for an extra 10 weeks, costing megadollars that we had not budgeted for, and requiring extra health tests and certification.
Erin Park Belle with Excel at one day old
None of the regular airports were accepting shipments from Australia, so the normal Sydney – New Zealand - Singapore – Dubai – London route closed its doors to us. Finally, Sue Bennett of shipping specialists, Crispin Bennett International Horse Transport, devised a route to fly our horses via Hong Kong and Sharjah in the UAE to Amsterdam, with overnight lairage at the Horse Hotel and an overland and Channel journey to Britain with the reliable John Parker. Both horses arrived in excellent health and none the worse for their trip, thanks to first class care and
So in August 2007, Pam and I started the mammoth task of shipping our bay pure Crabbet two-year olds to Britain. Unknown to us, greater forces were at work, as that month, Australia suffered its first-ever and therefore catastrophic outbreak of equine influenza (EI). It paralysed the equine industry, shut down all horse movements including exports, and killed countless vulnerable animals, as none had ever needed to be inoculated. 30
A very pregnant Palma Benay in foal to Klinta Sultan
Petra Benay (Magic Prophecy/ Santarabia Porfira) A successful Erin Park Belle dam of EP Excel at Sydney Royal Show
handling. In fact, while the expense was horrendous, the route was a great improvement on the normal one involving the detour to New Zealand. So, has the experiment worked? Wherever you are in the world, you should be able to hear a delighted “yes” from both owners. When my own Palma Benay was four in 2009, my friend Gemma Jackson kindly lent me her 3-year old dapple grey Crabbet stallion, Silver Zaanif (Lufti Pasha x Imperial Silver Lace) to cover her. He carries all the lines I love best for endurance, combined with a low heart rate and gentle and willing temperament. Despite Silver Zaanif and Palma Benay both being maiden, the mating worked immediately and to our delight, Palma produced an enchanting bay colt, Kaalif, in April 2010, now a strapping yearling. We are waiting to see what Palma, with her bay gene connections to Risheem, Bayang and Riffal, will produce next. She is due to a smart, but previously unused, pure Crabbet stallion, 3 month old Kaalif at Gadebrook Klinta Sultan (Shabakka x Star Solitaire) chestnut-grey. He was kindly loaned to Gadebrook by his breeder and owner, Gunilla Hamer STOP PRESS a filly.
He has one pure Crabbet bay filly so far, the longlegged Llain Murjanah (2010) out of Veletta Pearl (Silver Blue Ludo x Velvet Wings), plus a very high percentage Crabbet bay son, Llain Nidal out of Nafisah and a bay high percentage filly, Karida, both born in 2009.
Excel’s sire Erin Park Thor (Crenel/ Bremervale Kahli-Khan)
It is hoped that one day, Palma will make the long journey over to Llain to be covered by her old travelling companion, Excel. At least we know that the bay gene is safely reestablished in Britain, thanks to our Commonwealth Crabbet partners Click here to see more pictures ©Copyright Anne Brown
Meanwhile, over in Wales, Pam and Paul Flower had been covering their pure Crabbet mares with Excel who is proving to be an excellent sire. “He has produced bays from bay and chestnut mares so far,” says Pam. “Luckily he suits my mares really well, and I am thrilled with the quality of the foals.” Pevensey Safari sire of Palma Benay
Offering for sale the outstanding broodmare Pevensey Baybe (F24856) one of the rare pure Crabbet Sarafire daughters. Baybe’s dam was the brilliant show mare Dandaloo Baylanie, herself an exceptional broodmare with progeny such as Dandaloo Khaalid, Dandaloo Kadet (exported U.S.A.)Boomori Kahlua and Baybe’s full brother Pevensey Safari. Baybe has four daughters in the stud plus the exciting colt Pevensey Regent (Arfaja Rococo). She is currently empty as she was not served last season however she can
be served to Magic Prophecy prior to the end of September 2011. Also available for sale is Baybe’s 3yo daughter Pevensey Amina by Arfaja Harlan and two weanling daughters of Magic Prophecy (ex Pevensey Baybe and Nadaji). All are pure Crabbet.
PEVENSEY RASHARA Arfaja Harlan x P. Baybe
For genuine enquiries and further information contact Leon Bennett: Ph. +61 35727 6018 Email: email@example.com ©Design CAW2011
MARES FOALING CODE
We can all relate to these rules in the breeding season. 1. No foal shall be born until total chaos has been reached by all involved. Your house must be a wreck, your family hungry and desperate for clean clothes and your social life nonexistent. 2. Midwives must reach the babbling fool status before you foal out. Bloodshot eyes, tangled hair and the inability to form a sentence mean you’re getting close. 3. For every bell, beeper, camera or whistle they attach to you, foaling must delayed by at least one day for each of these items. 4. Vet check, add a day, internal add three. If you hear the words “she’s nowhere near ready. You’ll be fine while I’m away for the weekend,” Wait 12 to 16 hours and pop that baby out! 5. Owner stress must be at an all time high! If you are in the care of someone else 10 to 15 phone calls a day is a sign your getting close. When you hear the words “ I can’t take it anymore!” Wait 3 days and produce a foal. 6. You must keep this waiting game interesting. False alarms are necessary! Little teasers such as looking at your stomach, pushing your food around the bucket and then walking away from it are always good for a rise. Be creative and find new things to do to keep the adrenaline pumping in those who wait. 7. The honour of all horses is in your hands. Use this time to avenge all your stable mates. Think about your friend who had to wear that silly costume in front of those people. Hang onto that baby for another day. Oh, they made him do tricks too! Three more days seems fair. Late feeding times, the dreaded diet, bad haircuts, those awful worming’s can also be avenged at this time. 8. If you have fulfilled all of the above and are still not sure when to have this foal, listen to the weather forecast on the radio that has been so generously provided by those who wait. Severe storm warning is what you are waiting for. In the heart of the storm jump into action! The power could go out and you could have the last laugh. You have a good chance of those who wait missing the whole thing while searching for a flashlight that works. 9. Make the most of your interrupted nights. Beg for food each time someone comes into the stable to check you. Your stable mates will love you as extra food fall their way too. 10. Remember, this code of honour was designed to remind humans of how truly special horses are. Do your best to reward those who wait with a beautiful filly to carry on the mare code of honour for the next generation of those who wait
Warren Park Rojeela foaling Simin FA which happened when we should have been taking family to the airport at 5pm we left late at this stage & just made the plane .
Crabbet Arabian World
More sponsorship for Arabian racing
The inaugural Shadwell Arabian Mile race held at Caulfield in April 2011 has certainly helped to revive interest in Arabian horse racing in Australia It was recently announced by the NARA board that as well as the Shadwell Mile at Caulfield in a race that will be worth $20000Aus there is new sponsorship for 2 more races at Caulfield in Melbourne. The races will be part of the Sheik Mansoor Glabal Featival of Arabian Racing This Festival aims to continue the considerable efforts made by the late Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, in the context of the preservation of heritage and traditions. It specifically aims to preserve heritage sports, especially equestrian sport.
The winner of the inaugural Shadwell sponsored Arabian race in Australia
Introducing to the peoples of the world, and those interested in the importance of Arabian horses, the rich depths of UAE horse heritage and the promote of Arabian horses throughout the world. The prize money for the 2 races which will be held at Caulfield in 2012 is 45000 €. Please be aware that the Arabian race planned for Beaudesert Queensland on the 3rd September 2011 has been cancelled due to an outbreak of Hendra virus
From Lyn Marshall at Aurora Stud, New Zealand Weaning time has come around for our PC Colt Aurora Rain Man (pending). He is the first pure Crabbet colt from our stallion Silver Omen and at this stage he will remain a colt. A bright bay with plenty of bling, he is now seven months old and has grown into a well developed young man with a very nice nature. He is from our Fenwick Phantom mare Fenwick Regenta, who has now produced three PC foals by Omen, all of excellent quality. Our PC filly Aurora Southern Star (pending) will remain with her mother Silver Crescent for another month or two as she wasn’t born until March 6. This filly is a real delight - friendly, and full of spark, and never missing an opportunity to come and say hello. I think that Fenwick Regenta is again in foal to Silver Omen and should be due around November, but due to the late foaling of Silver Crescent we will leave her until next Spring to go back to Omen.
Lyn having a lesson from Kim Voss, we are never to old to learn.
I now have eight pure Crabbets and plan to get the rising three and four year olds educated and out there being seen, and showing everyone that Crabbets can do anything that other horses do - if not better. Our focus has always been on a quality riding type and the wait to have the first Omen foals under saddle is nearly over! A handful of these youngsters are on the market. I took my rising five year gelding Aurora Rafeeq (Ralvon Putback), on a dressage course with Kim Voss recently, and I was amazed just how well she had us going after only an hour. She has a slightly different method from most of the trainers we have here in New Zealand. Kim trains with Philippe Karl in Australia. So there we were - me, an over 60, and my granddaughter Kimberley who is just 11 - getting lessons. Kimberley is new to riding and has a new partbred arabian pony of Sunny Brae breeding. She was looking very much like a frightened frog for a start but after about half an hour with Kim she was looking so much better and sitting beautifully on Rose Maree, who has been-there and done-that in her 20 years, but is still very active and forward moving. We have sold our rising three-year-old gelding Brun, who is by Silver Omen and out of our warmblood mare Fabuloso. He is going to a show jumping and hunting rider, so we are looking forward to seeing him out in these disciplines in the future Click Here for more photographs 34
Aurora Stud Lyn Marshall
Southland New Zealand
Pure Crabbet filly Aurora Southern Star
HORSES AT AURORA STUD JULY 2011
Silver Omen 100% gr s (A Hamdani Simri) Somerled/The Cameo Rose Fenwick Regenta 100% ch m (A Kehalieh Rodanieh) Fenwick Phantom/Fenwick Regina Silver Crescent 100% gr m (A Kehalieh Rodanieh) Overdale Farm Magic Silver/O. Farm Rishalanie Aurora Raffeah 100% gr f (A Kehalieh Rodanieh) Silver Omen/Fenwick Regenta A. Reniah 100% ch f (A Kehalieh Rodanieh) Silver Omen/Fenwick Regenta *A. Rain Man 100% b c (A Kehalieh Rodan) Silver Omen/Fenwick Regenta A. Clouded Moon 100% gr f (A Kehaleih Rodanieh) Boomori Finale/Silver Crescent Aurora Southern Star 100% gr f ( A Kehalieh Rodanieh) Silver Omen/Silver Crescent *A. Naseebah 95.3% gr f(A Dahmieh Om Aamr) Silver Omen/Dell Nameera *A. Kassanova 83.05% b g (A Kehaileh Rodan) Silver Omen/Woodlau’s Koa *A. Kool Kat 83.05% ch g (A Kehaileh Rodan) Silver Omen/Woodlau’s Koa Aurora Rafeeq 82.03% ch g (A Dahmeh Om Aamr) Ralvon Outback/Dell Nameera *A. Beretta 50% ch/w f Magnum/Dell Nameera Aurora Mystique 50% b f Silver Omen/Fabuloso (WB) A. Brun 50% SOLD b g Silver Omen/Fabuloso (WB) A. Sun Dance 50% b c Silver Omen/Hurlingham Rockabella *W. Merlin ch g Haddidi/Taralea Alicia A. Al Kadira AA gr g Haddidi/Platique A. Indiana AA ch m River Oak Colorado/Platique A. Shirazzamatazz PB ch m Dellmount Sudani/Shirelle Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
©Design Crabbet Arabian World July 2011
+643 931 0978
Crabbet Arabian World
SEVEN OAKS ARABIAN STUD Victoria Australia
Sean Johnson writes about Leigh Jamieson with whom he shares ownership of a Crabbet stallion It is always a pleasure to visit a stud where the owner is truly passionate about what they are doing. Mr Leigh Jamieson’s Seven Oaks Arabian Stud situated in the picturesque Macedon Ranges in Victoria, Australia combines a fascinating collection of bloodlines in his herd of over seventy pure Arabian horses.
greatly resembled. Readers may think that running three concurrent programmes excessive, however visitors to Seven Oaks will soon admire Leigh’s venture.
Leigh is a true advocate for preservation breeding, as seen in the three distinct programmes of pure Crabbet, straight Egyptian and Crabbet related horses which are being produced throughout the owner’s two Tylden-based properties. It will be of interest to note that the two preservation programmes are run parallel to each other, in that the straight Egyptian horses are not crossed with the pure Crabbets. The stud does however breed some Crabbet related mares to either pure Crabbet or to straight Egyptian stallions. An example of this being the 2009 colt, Lord Robert of Seven Oaks by *NK Hamoudy out of Imoan Khameerah, described by the proud owner as Head shot of Arfaja Rococo Photo N Emanuel a sensational colt and the best foal bred at Seven Oaks to date. Another eagerly awaited foal using such an approach is the mating of the Australian National Champion and Crabbet Related mare, River Oak Impression to the Straight Egyptian stallion, NK Hamoudy, a cross Leigh is particularly excited about. When asked about this approach, Leigh has stated that once the pure Crabbets are gone, they can never be re-created, and who knows what gems may still lie hidden in the pure Crabbet gene pool. For example, the beautiful English stallion, Camargue, who went to the famous Om El Arab Stud in America, was feted because he had a double cross of the legendary El Shaklan, but he also had a double cross of the pure Crabbet stallion Naziri, who in Leigh’s opinion, he 36
Lord Robert of Seven Oaks as a weanling
Irrespective of the horse’s pedigree, the over-riding criteria for all horses of Seven Oaks’ breeding is type and temperament. Leigh is quite specific about his expectations in terms of Arabian type, particularly with regard to neck and throat set, the head and eye, overall conformation and tail carriage. A quality which Leigh is most proud of is the temperament of his horses - visitors to Seven Oaks should prepare themselves for people loving horses! Seven Oaks Arabian Stud was established with the purchase of the irridescent chestnut colt Kibir (Abiram (imp. Holland) / Bashqa (by Crystal Fire)) from the Bostock Stud in 1969. The following year saw yet another purchase from the famous Queensland stud, with the arrival of Lord Bahram (Crystal Fire (imp. UK) / Fantasy (by Count Manilla (imp. UK)). The foundations for the pure Crabbet group at Seven Oaks is a combination of bloodlines from Fenwick which were later developed in the Arfaja Stud breeding programme. Leigh believes that Mr Ryan’s careful focus on linebreeding, enabled
Seven Oaks first stallion in 1969 Kibir *Abiram/ Bashqa
of Arfaja Robard, Arfaja Harlan and Arfaja Estella; continues to impact the programme overall. A slightly different type is seen again when either of these stallions is crossed with another mare of Rasham descent, making it three links to the only pure Crabbet Australian Champion stallion, in the first few generations.
Pure Crabbet stallion Arfaja Rococo Arfaja Robard/ Arfaja Estella
him to ‘re-create’ the classic type and beauty found in Lady Wentworth’s legacy to Crabbet breeders, specifically that of Skowronek, his sons Naziri and Naseem, and Naseem’s daughter Silver Fire. The pure Crabbet stallion Arfaja Rococo (Arfaja Robard / Arfaja Estella) was purchased by Seven Oaks shortly after the dispersal of the Arfaja Stud. Often noted as being the full brother to the show-winning mare, Arfaja Evangeline, Rococo is beginning to be acknowledged for his own merits as a promising pure Crabbet sire for the future. As one would expect, he has already imparted that flamboyant movement and lovely neck and throat set to a number of progeny for Seven Oaks and other Victorian breeders. The younger, full brother in blood to Arfaja Rococo is the breeder’s other pure Crabbet stallion, Lord Hyde of Seven Oaks (Arfaja Harlan / Arfaja Estella). The doubling up of Rasham (Greylight / Sparkle) for both Rococo and Lord Hyde – Rasham being the sire
Photo N Emanuel
Leigh also owns Bolshoi (Boyar x Windsor Park Bay Magic) in partnership with the Johnsons. Bolshoi resides at Kendra Park on the Victorian and New South Wales border at the moment; this stallion has not yet been used within the Seven Oaks Crabbet programme.
With regard to Pure Crabbet mares, the stud has an interesting collection of females based predominately on Arfaja bloodlines with a number of quality additions from the O’Dea’s Inshallah Stud. The aforementioned Rasham daughter Arfaja Estella, is one of three full siblings out of the Fenwick-bred
Lord Hyde of Seven Oaks Arfaja Harlan/ Arfaja Estella Photo N Emanuel
Persareh (Sardonyx / Perfection), her full brother being the now deceased chestnut stallion Arfaja Haluj, and the grey mare Arfaja Natasha. Other Pure Crabbet mares include Arfaja Madelena (Rasham / Arfaja Mariella) and Ebjarah Alysium (Arfaja Robard / Arfaja Alicia) both in-hand show champions as young fillies; Fenwick Fiona (Fenwick Rendevous / Fenwick Starlight) and from the renowned Inshallah Stud, Seven Oaks has acquired Inshallah Bay Lady (Inshallah Silver Salute / Inshallah Signature) and Inshallah Silver Sonnet (Crenel / Fenwick Sascha). Most of these mares have produced foals to Arfaja Rococo, but all have been colts, none of which are being retained by Seven Oaks Stud. Lord Hyde of Seven Oaks Arfaja Harlan/ Arfaja Estella Photo N Emanuel
Seven Oaks’ Straight Egyptian collection is the result of careful research and Leigh’s interest in 37
Crabbet Arabian World the bloodlines and breeding philosophies of Dr Hans Nagel, Katharinenhof Stud (Germany). Dr. Nagel is the current President of the World Arabian Horse Organisation, and his objective has been to endeavour to re-create what better opinion believes to be the “original Arabian” which evolved over many centuries in the Nejd Desert of Saudi Arabia. This type of horse, which came to be acknowledged and loved by Lady Anne Blunt, is of medium size, fine boned, with a small head, very wide forehead between large round eyes, with small tipped ears, fine muzzle, arched well set on neck, head slightly dished, little or no white markings, no pink skin, high tail carriage and with a gentle and friendly temperament. Her two mares Sherifa and “the broken legged mare” Bint Helwa are both excellent examples of these southern type mares. The intense in-breeding and line-breeding to Dr Nagel’s four foundation mares continues in Seven Oaks’ Straight Egyptian programme, mainly through the 2006 purchase of the grey stallion NK Hamoudy (Jamal El Dine / Helala by Salaa El Dine) from Katharinenhof Stud. *NK Hamoudy has been used over a number of mares at Seven Oaks, which trace in all generations to Dr Nagel’s stud; these mares include: *Samsara Nihal imp. UK (Adnan / Assal by Ibn Nazeema) who has been sent to Dr. Nagel’s stud in Germany to be mated with his magnificent young stallion, NK Nadeer (NK Hafid Jamil x NK Nadirah by Adnan); *Amarilla HM imp. Germany (NK Hafid Jamil / N Asila by Salaa El Dine) and *Samira Bint Soraya P (Jamal El Dine / NK Soraya by Ibn Nejdy).
Inshallah Silver Sonnet (Crenel /Fenwick Sascha)
by Dr. Nagel), and three other mares bred by the internationally acclaimed Simeon Stud. Leigh has stated that the foals sired by N K Hamoudy from all of these mares have been very consistent in quality and type, and have well exceeded even his most optimistic hopes for this young stallion. Also, all of these foals have exceptional temperaments. Seven Oaks stud also contains a selection of horses of predominately Crabbet Related bloodlines, which are not derived from the existing ‘preservation’ programmes within the stud. This collection is based on horses bred by Ralvon Stud and then later, by River Oak Arabian Stud with a strong focus on size, substance and movement, qualities undoubtedly needed for riding and endurance mounts. There are a number of horses within this programme of varying ages, however two full brothers have shaped the style and direction of Leigh’s Crabbet Related group. Both stallions are by the Australian
Another resident stallion for the Straight Egyptian programme is the German import *GR Amarillo (Classic Shadwan / Halim’s Asmara by Ansata Halim Shah), full brother to German Champion Stallion and Mare, GR Amaretto and GR Amaretta respectively.
Lord Alistair of Seven Oaks (Lord Thomas of Seven Oaks x River Oak Impulse) Photo N Emanuel
Other imported mares at Seven Oaks are *GR Amarilla – Imp Germany, a full sister to GR Amarillo, and Maya Marquisa DMF – Imp. U.S.A. (Marquis 1 x Bint Bint Jamil by Mohafez), and the Stud has several *Asfour daughters (Asfour was also bred
Lady Bunty of Seven Oaks
National Champion Stallion Kyremi Illustraa (Ralvon Pilgrim / Arjai Tammie) and out of Imoan Khameerah (Niarib Shou-Lin-El-Sadat / Avonsleigh Khemasation), with the resulting sons being the chestnut Lord Thomas of Seven Oaks and the bay, Lord Charles of Seven Oaks. The two are different in style and type to each other, Lord Thomas is more powerful with somewhat of a Russian stallion stamp and brilliant
movement. Lord Charles is more elegant and refined, and a good mover but lacking the brilliance of Lord Thomas, but both have sired some beautiful, tall foals of both sexes. The Crabbet Related band of mares is comprised of a number of individuals including the Australian National Champion Filly, River Oak Impression (River Oak Imprint / Killara Cherish) and her full sister River
*NK Hamoudy (Imp. Germany)
*Samsara Nihal (Imp. U.K.)
Oak Impulse; along with the two Imoan mares bred by Mr Peter Cooke: Imoan Gai Shouzette (Niarob Shou-Lin-El-Sadat / Inman Park Gaiful) and the dam of the two Crabbet/Egyptian stallions and Imoan Khameerah (Niarob Shou-Lin-El-Sadat / Avonsleigh Khemasation). Leigh believes that he has learned a great deal from Dr. Nagel during his annual visits to Dr. Nagel’s Farm in Germany over the past 6 years, and particularly from a recent 8 day tour of the Arabian horse studs in Kuwait, Bahrain and Qatar with Dr. Nagel, where they visited 16 Studs and had presented to them hundreds of outstanding horses. Leigh came to appreciate the importance of type, and the necessity of understanding the pedigree and breeding history of both sire and dam before making breeding decisions.
One of Leigh’s greatest concerns for the future of the breed is the specialisation that seems to be occurring, for show horses, or for racing or for endurance. The breeder believes that this issue will inevitably lead to three distinct types of Arabians in time, with each ‘specialisation’ carrying a real risk of losing some or all of the attributes that make the Arabian horse what it was and still is. Leigh refers to the emergence *Amarilla HM (Imp. Germany) of the Arabian racehorses in France as an example of the dangers of specialisation. A secondary concern amongst the Arabian horse industry is the amount of prize money available, particularly in Europe, America and the Middle East, and its tendency to excite a “win at any cost” attitude. Leigh feels that it is in fact the horse who becomes the greatest sufferer from such an attitude, evident in the many cases of gingering and whip and chain abuse, resulting in bug eyed horses nearly jumping out of their skins in fear. At first glance, Seven Oaks Arabian Stud may seem to be breeding a diverse range of horses for a variety of disciplines and types, when in actual fact, irrespective of their pedigree, Leigh is quite focused on the goals for each program and his attention to the breed’s standards. Most importantly, he enjoys his Arabians and looks forward to the future and continual preservation of this amazing breed of horseClick here for more photographs
Lord Thomas of Seven Oaks
Crabbet Arabian World
A Lifetime with Arabians
By Arlene Magid
In the twenty first century there are just a handful of breeders of Arabian horses in North America who have been active for fifty years or more. Some, like Varian Arabians and Al-Marah Arabians, advertise in the breed publications and have websites showcasing their horses, which are also shown extensively in local and national competition. But there are a few breeders with a lifetime of experience who don’t promote themselves, modestly preferring to produce horses true to their own particular vision. Such a breeder is Pete McNeil, who has stayed true to the horses who initially inspired him and with each successive generation has bred horses in the image of his ideal. Pete’s modesty and honesty are refreshing in a world of over-hyped horses described as living art. In 2011 Pete celebrates fifty years of breeding and owning purebred Arabians.
Pete started to study Arabian bloodlines through books and the magazine Arabian Horse News, first published in Pete designed his entire facility himself and did much of the construction as well. 1948. He felt Photo Kidder Photography. Skowronek was the prettiest Arabian he had seen in photos, and decided to base a purebred breeding program on line-breeding to him. “My first contact with the blood of the inbred Skowronek son *Raffles was through Harry Harness, who in 1958 was leasing Ibn Rasraff from Alice Payne of Chino. I bought the stallion The excellent facilities at McNeil Arabians insure that the horses will live long and Silvertip (Ibn happy lives. Photo Kidder Photography. Rasraff x Diana by Farana) from him as a two year old. Although Silvertip became a halter champion, I didn’t think he was quite
Pete with his daughter Kathleen. His human children are as attractive as his horses!
“The first Arabian I ever saw was Alla Amarward 1140, the Horse of the Month in the Western Livestock Journal in the mid 1940s,” recalls Pete. “I also saw an article around the same time that appeared in Life magazine about the Van Vleet Ranch in Colorado which had photos of Rifage 1286 and *Zarife 885. At that time there were only 1500 living purebred Arabs in the U.S.A. I bought a 3/4 Arabian mare in 1945 and bred her to Snooki 1249. At that time, to my knowledge, there were only two Arab stallions in San Diego county-Snooki, who was a double grandson of *Nasik, and Bazralla 2405, a son of Alla Amarward. 40
Gai Parada (Ferzon x Azleta) as a young horse. Gai Parada is the sire of Pete’s stallion Gai Danizon and most of Pete’s current horses are linebred to him. Gai Parada was foaled in 1969, passed away in 1993 at age 24. He sired 511 registered purebred foals, 20 of whom are National winners in North America. Sparagowski photo.
Historical photographs of the foundation horses relating to Pete Mc Neilâ€™s breeding programme
Lady Wentworth and Skrowronek
left: is a little seen photograph of *Raffles (Skrowronek x *Rifala) taken in 1948 in Ohio
*Raseyn trotting with Kellogg trainer Charles Smith up. Raseyn is the sire of US Top Ten Mare Angyl (herself dam of US National Champion Stallion Bay Abi++) and of 21 producers of National winners including National Champion sires Ferseyn (the double grandsire of Ferzon) and Sureyn (whose 19 National winning get include the first US National Champion Stallion and Mare)
Ferzon (Ferneyn x Fersara), 1952 stallion. A rare photo of Ferzon in old age Here is *Raseyn (Skrowronek/ Rayna) aged 12 stands in the courtyard of the old Kellogg stables in California
*Raseyn (left )became sterile in the late 1940â€™s and Alice Payne became his caretaker, she acquired *Raffles (right) in 1950. This is a rare picture of them together.
Ferzon with his national champion son Gai Parada(xAzleta) This picture shows the likeness between the heads of these two great sires. Sparagowski photo
Crabbet Arabian World
Dynamic Dan (Danni Boy x Gai Danichele) was born in 1992. Pete McNeil says he has the best temperament of his stallions. Photo Christine Emmert.
good enough to use as a breeding stallion, so I sold him on,” says Pete. (Editor’s note: Silvertip was gelded in 1962 at age six after siring 2 purebred foals, his blood continues on in modern purebred pedigrees through his daughter Silver Lee, later owned by the Hearst family, who became the maternal granddam of U.S. Reserve National Champion Hunter Hosanna Pico+/). Pete’s purebred breeding program began with the purchase of the triple *Raffles mare Trity from Alice Payne in 1961. Trity was by the *Raffles son Hamdan out of the *Raffles daughter Afara, who herself was double *Raffles as she was out of the *Raffles daughter Rafarah. She also had a line to the Skowronek son *Raseyn through her sire. Trity was 50% Skowronek, 62.5% *Raffles and 6.25% *Raseyn. “She had Arabian type and refinement and was very feminine, with a beautiful face and great legs and feet,” Pete explains. “She was bred to the *Raffles son Rafferty three times before I bought her (editor’s note: one of those foals was 1975 U.S. Top Ten Gelding Asil Polaris), and when she came to me she was in foal to the Rafferty son Syzygy, with the foal to be retained by Alice Payne.” As it turned out, the filly
Trity (Hamdan x Afara), a grey mare foaled in 1955, is one of the foundation mares of the McNeil breeding program.
she was carrying was Asil Phantasy, a chestnut, who Pete was able to buy when she was a yearling as Alice Payne wasn’t fond of chestnuts. Pete only bought four mares to start his program, all from Alice Payne or her son Pat Payne after Alice’s death in 1969. The others were Asil Lyric (sired by Syzygy’s full brother Asil Ecliptic out of Asil Lyra, a daughter of Rafferty and Afara and thus a 3/4 sister to Trity), purchased in 1969, and Asil Delyte (Syzygy x Destynee by Rafferty out of Afara, also Asil Phantasy (Syzygy x Trity), foaled in 1961, was purchased by Pete only because she was a 3/4 sister to Trity), bought chestnut-her breeder Alice Payne sold Trity with her en utero with the foal to come back to her, in 1970. but since it was the colour she didn’t like she allowed Pete to buy the foal Phantasy.
The Payne stallion Syzygy (Rafferty x Raffleeta, by *Raffles out of Rafarah and thus a full sister to Afara), was Pete’s favorite. There were four full brothers of this cross. Pete ranks them in order of his preference: Syzygy (who sired U.S. National Champions in halter and pleasure driving and top ten winners in reining and western pleasure), Orbit (sire of National winners in halter and English pleasure), Asil Ecliptic, and Asil Apogee.
Pete’s four foundation mares were thus very closely related. Initially Pete bred Trity to Syzygy five times, resulting in the stallion Raffius and mare Raffianne who were used in his program. Raffianne produced 4 foals for Pete, all of whom bred on in the McNeil herd. They were Gwalianne (by *Gwalior++), dam of multiregional champion trail horse and multi-regional hunt pleasure winner Gai Gwalizon+/ by Gai Danizon; daughters Nichole and Rachele by Rafferty; and daughter Beauty by The Real McCoy. Pete then bred Trity to outside stallions including the Polish import *Gwalior++ (resulting in her son Silver Dove, who bred on after Trity produced U.S. Top Ten Pete sold him), and The Gelding Asil Polaris before Real McCoy, who, like the Pete bought her. Payne horses was linebred to Skowronek through *Raffles and *Raseyn. With The Real McCoy, Trity produced the McNeil broodmatrons Molly-McCoy (dam of 7 foals for Pete including Danimo+/, who has 7 U.S. National titles in trail) and Michele (dam of 10 foals for Pete).
Pete explains his decision to use outside stallions. “After Alice Payne died, Syzygy was sold to Lois Selby Perry in Connecticut and Rafferty went to Dr Rooker in Michigan. This was in the days before transported semen and I didn’t want to ship my mares that far to get bred. I had seen and liked *Gwalior++ in the show ring. He had the size I needed, and he traced to the Skowronek sire line through his sire *Naborr. I also liked the *Naborr mare *Dornaba++ (editorial note: 1966 U.S. National Champion Mare), and *Gwalior++’as dam *Gwadiana, although she had no Skowronek blood, looked like a Payne mare with a short head and very large eyes.” Pete was thus using an outcross stallion whose phenotype matched his ideal. He also used The Real McCoy (Aarief x Fersara), who he first saw as a three year old and thought he was very beautiful, although he observes that he coarsened with age. Pete also used Canadian National Champion Stallion *Bajram (another Polish
Danni Boy has multiple western pleasure championships
six fillies by my stallion Outrageouss from my SHF Southern Whiz daughters.” Asil Phantasy had 10 foals for Pete, seven of whom bred on in his program. Two (Gabriele and the stallion Humoresq) were by The Real McCoy, one daughter, Pia, was by Raffius, and her remaining three daughters who bred on were all by Gai Danizon. One of her Gai Danizon daughters, Gai Alisa, was sold and has had four foals outside the McNeil herd.
Danni Boy (Gai Danizon x Eloquent) has an amazing face with huge jowls and eyes. He is a Most Classic Head winner. He was foaled in 1983 and his dam is a double granddaughter of the McNeil foundation mare Trity. Photo Christine Emmert.
import), but the breeding as originally planned was to have been to his stablemate *Bask++. Pete tells the story: “Asil Phantasy was at Lasma in Scottsdale, Arizona, to be bred to *Bask++ for a full year. When she didn’t get in foal Dr LaCroix called me about switching stallions. I had seen *Bajram and he was very athletic and was out of a full sister to *Bask++. Unfortunately the foal was nothing special.” Pete comments that he stopped using outside stallions because he didn’t get the type he liked consistently, the one exception in later years being SHF Southern Whiz, sire of World Champion Mare SHF Pearlie Mae. Pete bred his mare Incredible (a double Gai Danizon granddaughter whose tail female goes back to Asil Lyric) to SHF Southern Whiz twice via frozen semen. “I liked Whiz’s pedigree and his daughters SHF Pearlie Mae and LF Eursofab, both very classic type. I was lucky and got two mares, Unbelievabel and Incredible Too, from the breedings and now have
Asil Lyric had just four foals, two by Pete’s stallion Raffius (Rafferty x Trity) who did not breed on, and a daughter by Cal-O-Bask, Lyrica, who has bred on, as well as a son, Gai Dancer by Gai Danizon, who sired foals for Pete as well. Pete bred to Cal-O-Bask (*Bask++ x Susecion) as he traded a breeding to his stallion Raffius with the Raglands who owned him at the time. He was happy with that cross which represented the last time he used an outside stallion on one of his mares so a number of the current McNeil horses carry a line to Cal-O-Bask, best known as the sire of U.S. National Champion Mare Bask Calonett and full brother to the U.S. National Champion Mares Fire Music++ and Bask Melody.
Dreamagin (Outrageousss x Gala Dream) conformation enables him to move with power and grace. Photo Christine Emmert.
Crabbet Arabian World Asil Delyte had seven lifetime foals, the first for Alice Payne (Asil Delegate by Asil Zealot, who left no progeny) and the remainder for Pete. She was bred to Rafferty twice and to Pete’s stallion Raffius four times. Her blood is still in Pete’s herd Incredible (Danni Boy x Dannijeanne) today through her was foaled in 1992 and is a double granddaughter of Gai Danizon with two Raffius daughters lines to the McNeil foundation mare Trity. Ecstatica and She traces in tail female to the McNeil Erian. foundation mare Asil Lyric and has an outcross line to the predominantly Polish stallion Cal-O-Bask. Photo Christine Emmert
Pete had been a big fan of the Gainey breeding program for a long time and had tried to buy a Ferzon son from Frank McCoy named Saharas Play Boy. He had also fallen in love with Ferzon’s son Gai Parada+++/, the only U.S. National Champion Stallion to be a National Champion in performance (pleasure driving) before winning his U.S. National Championship in halter. The next Ferzon horse to catch Pete’s eye was the bay Gai Danizon, a double grandson of Ferzon sired by Gai Parada+++/ out of the Ferzon daughter Ferzona. Gai Danizon also has 5 lines to *Raffles through sources different from the Payne horses (Azraff, Phleta,
Rafla, Raffey and Rafeyma). Pete admired his short head and huge eyes and size (he was 15.1 hands), so would add height to the herd. “I wanted the Payne type Gai Danizon (Gai Parada x Ferzona), a but with more double Ferzon grandson, was foaled in 1974. His influence as a progenitor for the McNeils size,” says Pete. has been invaluable. “I also loved his full brother Gai Latour, who was smaller, only 14.3 hands. Gai Latour didn’t live very long and sired just one foal. I wanted to add the blood of the inbred *Raseyn stallion Ferneyn to my pedigrees as I wished I could have bred to him, and this seemed the best way to do it.” Gai Danizon was sought after by others as well, when he was Bint Bint Gai Rachele (Outrageousss x Gai Rachele) was foaled in 2006 when her dam shown to visitors was 25. Photo Christine Emmert . in Scottsdale it looked as if he might be sold, but they bought another Gai Parada+++/ son, Gai Torino, instead. Pete went to the Gainey Farm in Santa Ynez, where the manager Sterling White quoted him a price for Gai Danizon, but after Pete made his first payment Dan Gainey called him and told him White had priced him too low and added $5000! Pete was undeterred as he had the stallion he really wanted, so he paid the extra money.
Dreamagin (Outrageousss x Gala Dream) was born in 2004 and is Pete’s next herd sire. He will breed his first mares in 2011. Photo ChristineEmmert.
In the January 1976 Arabian Horse News magazine, Gai Danizon was used by author William E Jones as an example of a horse with a balanced pedigree. “The Gainey horses are well known for their prepotency. Although this reputation is based
used by Pete, with 138 get from 1978-1990 and 205 grandget to the time of this writing (20 June 2011). He was also one of the few McNeil horses to have a show career, and was a regional winner in western pleasure. Pete has never placed emphasis on campaigning his own horses, and those who are sold often go to homes where they are cherished family members who are appreciated as riding horses with excellent temperaments rather than show competitors. However, Gai Danizon sired Pete’s homebred National winner Danimo+/, already mentioned, and his daughter Gai Diedre (x Gwalianne by *Gwalior++ out of Raffianne) is a regional champion producer and the dam Memorize is one of the best movers among the younger generation of McNeil of 2 National winner producers. She was sold horses. He has 4 lines to Gai Danizon and 5 to Trity. Photo Christine Emmert. to the well known California breeder Richard DeWalt, who bred her to Padrons Psyche twice. on their breeding record over the years, it could be Her son Psyches Obsession++, a Legion of Merit predicted with a look at any particular pedigree. winner, has 6 regional halter titles, 3 of them reserve Take a look at the pedigree for Gai Danizon(click on championships, as well as 5 regional western pleasure name), a yearling colt Mr Gainey offered for sale this titles. His champion get include 2006 Canadian year. There is a difference between heavy inbreeding Top Ten Western Pleasure JOTR 14-17 Azkaban. and a balanced pedigree. A balanced pedigree is one Psyches Obsession++’s full sister Psyches Desire is that may contain much inbreeding but at the same a Scottsdale Top Ten Mare AOTH and has produced time contains linebreeding to more than one horsemulti-regional halter winner My Desire MLR and especially linebreeding through more than one horse 2007 U.S. Top Ten Hunt Pleasure Futurity Czspartan to a single desirable foundation horse. The pedigree MLR. Gai Danizon’s daughter Shea Fantasy, bred by of Gai Danizon is well balanced. It shows linebreeding Vernon F Olson, is the dam of My Mystic Fantasy+/, to Ferzon as well as to *Raffles. The whole Gainey who has 5 regional titles in dressage and show hack. type was developed from this kind of breeding. Mr Gainey started with a *Raffles daughter, Gajala, whoGai Danizon’s most important son in the McNeil bred to Ferzon-produced his four best foundation program is Danni Boy (x Eloquent by Raffius mares. The fact that Ferzon is a linebred *Raseyn horse and that *Raseyn and *Raffles were both sons of Skowronek brings the pedigree into beautiful balance. Indeed, such balanced linebreeding means prepotency. There are many generations of thoughtful breeding displayed in the pedigree of Gai Danizon-the whole representing not only the work of Dan Gainey but also Frank McCoy, Roger Selby, and H.H. Reese, and behind them all, the Crabbet and Antoniny Studs.” Gai Danizon was the most prolific stallion
Mesmorize (Danni Boy x La Dee Da), foaled in 2001, is a full brother to Scarlettt, who will have a foal by World Champion *Escape Ibn Navarrone-D this year, the first outcross McNeil foal in many years. Photo Christine Emmert .
Crabbet Arabian World out of the Trity granddaughter Michele), foaled in 1983. He was shown successfully to multiple championships in western pleasure as well as high ribbons in hunt pleasure and halter, with a Most Classic Head award too. He was still breeding at age 25. Danni Boy sired two of Pete’s current stallions, Dynamic Dan (a bay) and Outrageousss (a chestnut), both out of the Gai Danizon daughter Gai Danichele, who is out of Rachele (Rafferty x Raffianne by Syzygy out of Trity). Pete feels Outrageousss lives up to his name and is the best stallion he has ever bred. “I feel my horses get better with each generation, and he is a super sire I have six three year old Incredible Too (SHF Southern Whiz x Incredible) was foaled in 2001 fillies by him and they are as alike as and was sold at the open house in May. Photo Christine Emmert. peas in a pod. He has the most type linebred to *Raseyn. Pete has her son Dreamagin of any horse I have ever bred-smaller in size, with an by Outrageouss, a lovely six year old grey, who he extreme head like Dreamazon+++.” Pete’s connection plans to start using on his mares in the 2011 breeding with the well season. known stallion Margaret has Dreamazon+++ bred to the goes way back. McNeil stallions Dreamazon+++ Dynamic (BF Rageymazon Dan and x Gai Dream) Outrageousss as was bought as well. a foal by Pete’s friend Margaret The final stallion Haverstock, Pete bought, who Pete first SM Clasic met because Elegant (SM of her stallion Azraff Elegant Karrouf++, x Bint Rouge Incredible Too exemplifies the McNeil a U.S. and by Gay-Rouge), phenotype! Photo Kidder Photography. Canadian was meant to Pete considers Outrageousss the best Top Ten Stallion and a National Champion sire. complement stallion he has bred thus far and highly Karrouf++ was a grandson of Hamdan, the sire the Gai Danizon values his daughters as broodmares. Photo Christine Emmert. of Pete’s foundation mare Trity. Dreamazon+++ daughters. won his Legion of Supreme Merit as a four year Pete acquired him as a 5 year old in 1986. He has 3 old with multiple regional titles in halter and lines to Ferzon and and 2 to Azraff, but Pete explains western pleasure. He went on to be owned by with his usual honesty that found he just wasn’t the Bazy Tankersley of Al-Marah, where he was noted right nick with his mares, for several reasons. “He is for siring highly successful working western a very correct horse but I started losing a little on competitors, and his grandget have won national type and prettiness of head, plus he has a tougher championships in working western and sport horse disposition than I like in my horses, so I stopped using disciplines. Dreamazon+++’s pedigree appealed him.” Pete still has him, however, and he was 30 years to Pete because he had 4 lines to Ferzon, three to old in January 2011! Although Pete bred 34 of SM *Raffles, and a line to *Naborr, sire of *Gwalior++ Clasic Elegant’s get, he has not used any of them in who Pete had used successfully. As a result of his his breeding program. Type and temperament are friendship with Margaret, she has allowed Pete to paramount to Pete, and he remains true to his vision. retire her best Dreamazon+++ daughter on his farm, When asked about the Arabians he has most admired the multi-champion Gala Dream, whose dam was who were owned by others, he cites Dreamazon+++, 46
four more expected in 2011. Pete has 70 horses on his property now, but 75% are age 25 or older. One mare is 33, two mares are 31 years old, and Gai Rachele had her most recent foal at age 27 in 2008. Pete admits he needs to place some horses in good homes but he can’t resist breeding as long as he is able to. In the past few years he has attended just one show each year-the Arabian Breeders Cup Show in Las Vegas, and in 2010 he was enthralled to see the Champion Stallion, *Escape Ibn Navarrone-D, a former World Champion Stallion, who met his ideal of Arabian type in every way. He has bred his mare Scarlettt (Danni Boy x La Dee Da, a double granddaughter of Gai Outrageousss (Danni Boy x Gai Danichele), foaled in 1997, is a double grandson of Gai Rachele), to him for a 2011 foal and Danizon and has three lines to Pete’s foundation mare Trity. His extreme type and excellent is anxiously awaiting the outcome. movement never fail to impress visitors. Photo Christine Emmert. Pete’s eagle eye for a good horse Gai Latour and SHF Pearlie Mae. Pete explains his whose blood traces to Skowronek is as acute as ever, vision of the ideal Arabian horse: “They must look as *Escape Ibn Navarrone-D has at least 11 lines to like an Arabian and have a gentle disposition. The Skowronek through his sons Naseem and Naziri and heads are shorter daughters Naxina and Jalila. He may actually have with lower set more as he has a number of lines in his ancestry to eyes. They have to horses from the stud of the Duke of Veragua in Spain, have extreme type whose records were lost in the Spanish Civil War. , smaller heads, The Duke imported 5 Skowronek daughters to Spain large dark wide so there may be even more Skowronek influence in set eyes, arched Pete’s stallion choice than can be documented! neck, clean, light On 28 May 2011 Pete held an open house with throat-latch, short visitors both local and international and the photos back, long and taken that day show the beauty of his horses and fairly level croup, the wonderful environment in which they reside. and straight dry Pete’s lovely facility in Alpine, California is definitely legs.” Of Pete’s own worth a visit, to see horses who look like Schreyer horses, his all time paintings come to life and to visit with this modest, favourites are Gai At age 33 Gai Danichele (Gai Danizon x honest gentleman who has remained dedicated Danizon, because Rachele) is the oldest mare at McNeil Arahe blended so well bians. Her beautiful head was passed on to to his goals as a breeder for fifty years Most her sons Dynamic Dan and Outrageousss. photograghs taken at stud open day courtesy of Christine Emmert with Pete’s Payne Photo Christine Emmert. Click here for more photographs bred foundation mares, and his daughter Gai Danichele, because she consistently produced elegant type and beauty (her sons Outrageousss and Dynamic Dan have bred on very well). What does the future hold for the McNeil herd now that Pete is over 80? Pete is the registered breeder of 242 Arabians as of 20 June 2011 (Pete is quick to point out that some were not really bred by him but were the result of people breeding who were buying a horse on time payments or who had leased a mare). Four McNeil bred foals were born in 2010, with
Due to the mild climate in southern California the McNeil horses spend a good deal of time outdoors but the pasture covers protect them from the heat of the midday sun. Photo Kidder Photography.
Follydown Arabians Conservation breeders of Crabbet Arabians in Australia Horses at Follydown Arabians July 2011 C EBJARAH SILVER ATAAN 03 S22524 grey Arfaja Harlan / Mira Monte Sliver Glitter C RAFIQ FA 05 S24371 chestnut Arfaja Danyon/Veridan Risani C GABAL FA 07 C6926 chestnut Benediction/ Overdale farm Rishalanie C FENWICK SASCHA 88 F14535 grey Boyar/ Fenwick Silver Charm C GAZARI 89 F16540 chestnut Golden Spark imp UK/ Fenwick Bint Sindh C ANNANDALE PARK CHIMERE 89 bay Arabian Lodge Boragh/Fenwick Winnatt C WARREN PARK ROJEELA 90 F16724 grey Rojon Jamaal / Rowena C OVERDALE FARM RISHLANIE 91 F17676 grey Crescent Moon/Windsor Valley Falanie C MAGIC PHANTASY 93 F19583 Grey Arabian Park Phaeton/ Dreaming Magic C MIILL PARK STRICTLY BALLROOM F21620 Grey Ruberto/ Fenwick Caberet C FENWICK REINA F23772 Chestnut Fenwick Phantom/ Fenwick Regina C YABISSA 00 F24862 chestnut Sarafire/ Boomori Vogue C CHARLOTTE GRAY 02 F27514 grey Volcano/Rejoice C MILLBANDA CRYSTAL ROSE 04 F29065 Bay MillPark Falconer/Dandaloo Baylina C PEARL OF PROPHECY 04 F27618 greyMagic Prophecy/ Bernadine C HAZELMERE ROYAL MAADI 05 F28114 chestnut Shahl / Gazari C KOAH MARIANNE 06 Grey Prince Rasheyd*/Arfaja Mariella C SIMIN FA 06 F28458 grey Inshallah Silver Salute/ Warren Park Rojeela C ORABANDA DANCING JESSICA F29104 grey Volcano/Millpark Strictly Ballroom C PHANTASIA FA 07 F28988 grey Fenwick Phantom/ Magic Phantasy FINEWOOD MARIAH 94 grey Wellworth Moroccan Magic /Wellworth Morning Star FOLLYDOWN BINT HAALIM 03 F26602 grey Follydown Boysan / Finewood Mariah FOLLYDOWN PRINCESS ALIYAH 98 grey Prince Fa Moniet imp/Finewood Mariah *FOLLYDOWN LOULOUBEL 01 grey Tanderra Kadu expNZ/ Finewood Mariah C PHANTASIA FA 07 F28988 grey Fenwick Phantom/ Magic Phantasy C HAZELMERE ROYAL KARRA 07 F29816 chestnut Erin Park Nelson/ Gazari *FOLLYDOWN AMIRAH 07 F29000 grey Abu Sayeid/ Follydown Princess Aliyah C HANAAN FA 08 F29756 grey Arfaja Starfire/ Warren Park Rojeela *FOLLYDOWN SHANEEN 08 F29763 grey Abu Sayeid/Finewood Mariah C AMEENAH FA 09 F 30344 grey Ebjarah silver Ataan/Warren Park Rojeela C HERMOSA FA 09 F30343 grey Ebjarah silver Ataan/ Millbanda Chyrstal Rose C ATIYA FA 09 F30345grey Ebjarah Silver Ataan/ Overdale Farm Rishalanie *FOLLYDOWN MYSTIFY 09 grey Ebjarah Silver Ataan/Follydown Princess Aliyah C RHEEMAH FA 10 chestnut Ebjarah Remi/ Fenwick Reina C GHAZLEH FA 10 grey Ebjarah Silver Ataan/ Gazari * C SUHAYL FA 07 G24861 grey Arfaja Starfire /Charlotte Grey *C SHARAB FA 08 G25240 Bay Boomori Kahlua/ Yabissa *FOLLYDOWN MOONSHINE 09 Follydown Boysan/Follydown Louloubel *C FOLLYDOWN SNOOPY 10 Grey Ebjarah Silver Ataan/ Charlotte Grey C denotes pure Crabbet * denotes for sale
Jennie & Tony Thompson phone+61 364912575/61408478110 email email@example.com ÂŠDesign CAW 2011
Who are they?
Arlene Magid INTERNATIONAL ARABIAN CONSULTANT Our American readers know Arlene’s work well. Her reputation and clients are a who’s who of Arabian breeding internationally for the last 30 years. She has written the articles on Magic Domino and Pete McNeil for this issue. I find her Facebook page very informative. Arabian horse consultant Arlene Magid has loved horses since infancy. Her 30 year career with horses was nearly derailed before it began when she was a toddler as she kept trying to escape her car seat and hurl herself into any horse trailer that went by! Arlene started studying the Arabian breed as a child in the 1960s and visited many important breeders and shows. This gives her perspective on the horses of the past to help advise people on purchases and matings today. As an Arabian industry professional, she has had articles published worldwide, as well as researching and editing the book “Arabian Legends”. She now publishes her own online newsletter with in-depth pedigree information, rare photographs and insights on current horses and the greats of the past. Arlene’s services include seminars, assisting with purchase decisions, advising on matings, insurance and sales appraisals, digital pedigrees with achievement comments and family strains, hand printed wall chart pedigrees, and promotional write-ups which are used to educate owners and sell horses and breedings. Prices are surprisingly affordable. Contact her if you need to learn more about your horses and want to promote them with fact, not fiction. Next to Arabian horses, Arlene’s second favourite animals are rabbits, and she has been owned by various house rabbits for the last 25 years. She is pictured here with her all time favorite, Ruby the Giant, the most intelligent and mischievous of them all (as well as the largest!)
Arlene and her much loved Ruby
Arlene’s email is Arabbits@aol.com and her website is at www. arlenemagid.com. Also visit her Facebook page for information not available elsewhere, including bloodline analysis of winners at major competitions worldwide shortly after they occur.
ADVERTISERS Click here for advertising enquiries. Deadline for advertisement bookings: 22nd September 2011 Full page AUD$150 Half page AUD$100 Quarter page AUD$70
Contributors Would you like to submit an article on any horse related subject - if so please contact the editor. We will always welcome suggestions on horses that should be featured in articles and subjects of interest to our readers. Please help make this your magazine.
Two page spread AUD$250
WOULD YOU LIKE US TO PROFILE YOUR STUD? Web listing with short profile AUD$50 per year Then in less than 100 words please email the (four editions) editor with some details of your stud & its principle goals & achievements. The price of the advertisment includes design costs 49
Crabbet Arabian World Anne Brown Gadebrook Stud in England Anne is a regular contributor to the magazine & we know that while horses are a large part of her life she has amazing talents in many other areas read about her imported horse on page 28 As well as breeding Arab horses, mostly Crabbet, for the past 40 years at Gadebrook Stud in England, Anne has travelled the world - many times - both as an officer of the British Tourist Authority and, later, as a Fleet Street Travel editor. Multi-lingual, she has worked in Sweden, Paris, New York and Mexico City, and also as a volunteer teacher for a year in Jamaica. She has now returned to teaching, having qualified in Cambridge as an English Language teacher for Adults, running courses from her home at Tansor Lodge Farm – see www.learnenglishinengland.co.uk Anne is a past Chairman of the British Guild of Travel Writers and is now a Council member of the Arab Horse Society and Vice Chairman of the AHS Premium Performance Scheme, supporting ridden Arabs in every sphere. Her passion is for racing and endurance and she is the proud owner of leading race horse and racing sire Sambist, bred at Tersk in Russia. Notable Arabians she has bred include Magic Domino, now one of the top Sport Horse sires of the USA, of any breed, his half-brother, the World Endurance Champion Hachim, now in Abu Dhabi, Croix de Guerre, a former UK Junior International endurance team member, now in Sweden. Anne with the Bedouin in Syria and a peregrine falconn She attends WAHO conferences and visits studs around the world whenever she has the chance. She also welcomes a constant stream of visitors from overseas to Gadebrook Stud, as well as WWOOFers, volunteers on the WorldWide Organic Farming programme. For stud details, see www.gadebrookstud.com Anne is a DEFRA-certified Practitioner of Equine Artificial Insemination, and is keen to promote the latest techniques in equine reproduction, attending equine breeding conferences and writing regularly on breeding matters for the equestrian press. 10 years ago Anne found time to build her own lovely home on the farm. Anne commented ’It was quite a struggle: wettest year on record, lone, female, first-time, self-builder.......’ Anne’s hobbies, in what little spare time she has, include Jaguar cars, falconry, classical music and collecting stamps with any sort of equine on them – carousel horses, show-jumpers, leaping Lippizzaners, Third World plough donkeys, Derby winners, new-born foals, horses in art, on statues, at war, but especially Arabs. If you have any spare, she would love to hear from you: firstname.lastname@example.org
PHOTOGraph GALLERIES Galleries have been set up on the web site accessed through archives, for all the photographs relating to the articles in the current edition of the magazine. We are also starting galleries for foals - these will be put in folders for the northern & southern hemisphere each year. We will also gradually be putting in galleries for studs mentioned in articles. We will accept pictures for the galleries. They may be uploaded to the site but will not be published without the editor’s approval. All pictures uploaded must be captioned (name plus sire & dam) and they must be no larger than 500KB. 50
THE EASTERN CRABBET ARABIAN HORSE SOCIETY PRESENTS
September 3rd – 4th, 2011 | Roberts Arena | Wilmington, OH
• Crabbet Arabian Breed Classes • Western, English, Dressage & Games Classes (Open to all breeds)
Horse of tHe year:
The Arabian race horse Burning Sand #350112 (San Lou Romirz x Smaragada) foaled 2/10/86 was chosen for the quality of the Arabian Race horses he has sired. Burning Sand has six race wins with five track records. He is a retired race horse with several of his racing offspring nominated for the Darley Award. He is coowned by Todd Moak and Joe & Betty Gillis.
Lifetime acHieVemeNt award recipieNts: Bob and Ginger Detterman, Thousand Oaks, CA
beNefactors of tHe breed award recipieNts:
Carl Raswan, NM and Jose “Pepe“ Torriente, Coral Gables, FL
HaLL of fame award recipieNts: Howard Marks, Tracy, CA and Lloyd & Mary Silva, Gold Hill, OR
Visit www.ecahs.org for more information.
• $100 Classes • Carriage Driving Clinic • Veteran Breeders Panel
• Azraff/Ferzon Presentation • Chinese Auction • AHOF Open Meeting
sHow secretary: LyNN bLake 460 West Parkins Mill Rd. Winchester, VA 22602 (540) 667-5199 email@example.com
Crabbet Arabian World
An Aussie Trek searching for the Hidden Treasures of CMK STUDS in USA @ By Jill Cerveny – Ivahri Arabians Australia Jill & her husband Richard own Ivahri Stud in Australia. You cannot look at CMK horses without realising the influence Crabbet horses had on these horses. They travelled to the Arabian World Championships in Las Vegas in April and incorporated a tour of some of the CMK studs in the west of USA. This article the first installment of their trip- read more in the October edition. Please also read the article on page 40 about Pete McNeil and his horses written by Arlene Magid. We arrived in San Francisco in late March 2011 to a clear spring day after what had been a very wet month in Northern California. First we had to deal with driving in the USA (wrong side of the road for us). We travelled from the airport to San Ramon, where we meet up with Janice Siders of Diablo Vista Arabians. Janice along with Carol Mulder would be our hosts during our first few days in California. They share a love of the Crabbet/Old American and even more specifically the Kellogg Arabians. They are both collectors of fine pieces of Arabian related art, antiques and reference books, which we were to enjoy seeing. Up early the next morning and off further north to Sacramento County, for breakfast with Carol Mulder. Our friendship with Carol goes back to her visit to Australia in 2000, for the Crabbet Convention in Melbourne. Then off to see the horses of Diablo Vista Arabians, a breeding programme which has been going for over 35 years. As the horses are located on a lovely farm at Lincoln, east of Sacramento, we travelled through some more of the beautiful Northern California countryside. The weather may have been perfect but the ground was mud with huge puddles of water from the rain
Outrageously Special (Outrageousss /Star Of Liberty) Photo Anne Blout
before our arrival; at the farm we met fellow breeders and Arabian horse lovers Missi Throne, Carolyn Hammerstad, Terrie Marks and Marilyn Hunter. Most of whom we had only communicated with via internet, it is always nice to put a face to a name. We were to meet many of their horses later in the day. The introduction to Janice’s horses blew us away; in her large herd she has bays, blacks, chestnuts and an occasional grey. All the horses seemed to fit into the jigsaw of the stud’s breeding programme each adding their individual qualities to the studs’ genetic pool, which has evolved Outrageousss (Danni Boy/Gai Danichele) Sire of Outrageously Special over the decades. The first boy we met was Outrageously Special sired by Outrageousss (a Pete McNeil stallion who we would meet a little later) from the lovely mare Star of Liberty (The Night Star x Dream of Liberty) this mare is currently on lease to Anne Blount in Oregon.
Star of Liberty The Night Star/Dream of Liberty
Photo Anne Blout
This bay stallion was a power machine with his ground covering movement, even with all the mud underfoot. His looks stopped you in your tracks. A
Mark Of Distinctionn (Sparkin N Courtin / Starlight We) Photo Anne Bloutt
dynamic package of type, conformation, attitude and with movement to burn. The lines of his sire influenced heavily by Skowronek/Gainey breeding combined with the Dreamazon lines of his dam have worked so very well. His special look would fall into place later when we visit his sire’s breeder. This young stallion will definitely add a distinctive type to Janice’s horses. With the quality of her big-bodied mares he will bring a pizzazz of his own to the studs’ breeding programme, producing Arabians no one could ignore. Next we saw the stunning young colt Mark of Distinctionn sired by the wonderful Sparkin’N Courtin, a stunning liver chestnut stallion bred and still owned by Marilyn and Glen Hunter of Newcastle California. We would see him later in the day. Sparkin’ N Courtin who is by the pure Crabbet stallion *Seffer (Prince Saraph x Sa’Lilah) (who we had the pleasure to see at Michael Bowling’s, New Albion Stud) his dam is Gretna Green (Ghari x Miss Marie). Mark of Distinctionn’s dam is the chestnut Starlight WE (Brace x TW Silver Dawn) who is now owned by Carolyn Hammerstad; her breeding represents the combination of Polish, old Egyptian and Crabbet lines.
Stallion Sparkin N Courtin rear Starlight We front Photo Anne Blout
*Seffer (Prince Saraph / Sa’Lilah))) photo credit Ann T. Bowling.
The complimentary breeding Janice has done to produce this colt whose Crabbet qualities shine through, is evident and he will out-cross well with her lines of mares and fillies; plus hopefully work well with the fillies of the future from the other lines recently introduced. This stunning chestnut colt is very tall (1515’1) for his age, rising 3 year old. You can definitely see the *Seffer influence in this really cool colt, not only in looks but also temperament. This colt gave us the same feeling when we saw him as the first time we saw Al Tsahir Firebird The Most Wanted Photo Anne Blout (who is at Ivahri Arabians) and we feel he has a huge potential for the future. Not only as a sire to add his stamp to Diablo Vista Arabians, but in any field he might compete in, a true athlete. We will be watching his future with great 53
Crabbet Arabian World interest from Australia. Janice had a number of other stallions and colts that are all remarkable in their own Dream of Liberty aged 14 photo Anne Blout right but I cannot mention everyone at this time. One I must mention, a bay yearling colt The Most Wanted, by Sb Criminal Justice (Rabba Baron x Star of Royalty), out of Tp Famealina (Mfa Drumfire cx Tp Fameanna)). An extremely gorgeous colt poked his head out of his stall to draw attention to himself. Tall, elegant, another who typified Janice’s breeding programme, he had ‘sweetheart’ written all over him. He just loved the attention we all gave him. This colt will definitely be another to compliment Outrageously Special’s daughters in the future and to be used to breed substantial bay, tall and stylish Arabians, another long-term vision of his breeder. She hopes down the track he will mesh well with the Mark of Distinctionn daughters. Janice has a large band of mares from lines such as Bayrabba, Aur-Fix, Ambir Dragon, Night Dragon, FV Silver Rabba to mention but a few. A group of mares that many a CMK or GSB breeder would love to have graze in their paddocks. The queen is Dream of Liberty (Dreamazon x Mescca Sultana) she is predominately of Raffles and Gainey breeding. She is a classical beauty that so many Crabbet breeders would admire. Snow white, elegant with a lovely body and movement to die for. Dream of Liberty’s influence in the stud is via the only
The larger foal is by MagicAurab from Cinammon Song and the smaller little sweetie is Aur Fixation’s baby. Both born after we had visited.
daughter Janice bred: the bay mare Star of Liberty sired by The Night Star (Night Dragon x Ouarzazate) a stallion who has great influence on many horses in the herd. Dream Of Liberty’s breeding combines some of the great horses we love including Ben Rabba. We were to see a lot of these bloodlines at other studs that we visit. Also Serafix, Raffles, Ferzon and Witraz, these were all influences we looked forward to seeing later in our trip. She produced Outrageously Special and the beautiful bay mare Song of Liberty sired by Ray Dor Echo (Aladdinn Echo x Ray Dir Galigal). With the sharing of genetics amongst the group of breeders we met the lines of these horses will continue for many generations producing excellent Arabians that will be an asset to all breeders of Arabian horses. Lunch break with the fellow trekkers on the stud tour was at a very quaint restaurant at Lincoln called Awful Annie’s, with great food and great company, lots of talk about horses, our countries, endurance and other subjects. The love of the horses was an obvious passion amongst the group. We again hit the road to see more lovely horses belonging to Missi Throne who are on lease to Carolyn Hammerstad. Carolyn’s group of lovely horses are listed below: Aur Magic Chance, 1991 chestnut gelding, by Tuaka Dorabba (Ben Rabba x Dominga), out of Magic Lace (Magic Aurab x Lewisfield Lace). Aur Angel MSA, 1992 chestnut mare, by Ben Jamil (Ben Rabba x JamilehLasana), out of Ziadi-Shail (Zadir x Shana).
Song of Liberty in 2005
photo Anne Blout
Those foals again couldn’t resist another picture
Starlight WE, who was
owned previously by Janice Siders and is the dam of Mark of Distinctionn. Muscaneatsa, 1994 chestnut mare, by *Muscat (*Salon x Malpia), out of Oj Wild Fire(*Druzba x Miss Feranaka). Aur Fixation, 1995 chestnut mare by Aur-Fix (Aurab x Lyttl Miss), out of Ben A Dream (Ben Rabba x Ohadi Bint Fladjur). Owned by Missi Throne on lease. Cinnamon Song, 1996 chestnut mare, by Rabba Baron (Ben Rabba x Bay-Karel), out of Redfeather Dancin (Abu Malacar x Heather Joy, she by Ben Rabba). Owned by Missi Throne and on lease she was in foal to Aur Magic. The last stop on this great day was at the Hunters’ lovely property to visit Sparkin N Courtin (*Seffer x Sa’Lilah) the sire of Mark of Distinction in the flesh. His owner brought him out into his paddock to show off. A stallion with a laid back disposition who really only wanted to talk to the human visitors or chat up any mare he got a glimpse of. He is an iridescent liver chestnut, with huge presence; movement that just ate the ground and classical Crabbet looks. This stallion many Australian breeders would relish for his size, Ben Rabba (Aurab/Rollicka) movement, looks and what he is producing for discerning breeders. We finished this wonderful day having a lovely birthday dinner for Richard with Carol and Janice.
Cantrell Arabians Ohadi Indian Fire +/ (Ohadi Ben Rabba/Ohadi Abbie) photo Rob Hess
Jewell Cantrell, an amazing lady greeted us with a big presence not unlike her horses, and her lovely daughter Renee who shares the passion for their Arabians. After having a delicious lunch provided by Jewell. We ventured out to see their horses. The reference stallion for Cantrell Arabians is Ben Rabba (Aurab (Aulani x Rabna) x Rollicka (Sarolle x Coalani). Many UK breeders may remember Beatrice Paine imported him to the UK for two breeding seasons in the 1980’s. While there he sired 40 plus foals. Beatrice was not the only one who saw the quality of this horse; many USA breeders also know the qualities of this horse and have built their studs along these and similar lines. Cantrell Arabians is one stud that has had a long history knowing, loving and having this horse in their lives.
The next tour was a complete surprise Carol Mulder had organised a visit to Cantrell Arabians, which is, situated at Gridley. We travelled north of Sacramento into a lovely valley with the snow-covered Sierra Mountains as a backdrop. We really enjoying the scenery with orchards, wineries and farmland on our way to one of the most picturesque Arabian farms we have ever visited anywhere. The driveway is flanked by whitewashed fenced paddocks filled with beautiful Arabians and stopped in front of the Spanish influenced architecture of the lovely house and amazing stables. Fire Sonng CA (Ohadi Indian Fire+/ Annteza)
Crabbet Arabian World
The amazing successful show mare Indian Magic ++++// (Ohadi Indian Fire+/ Aloha Waiki) photo Gordon Walters
Out to the paddocks where a number of beautiful mares, fillies and geldings grazed there were bays, a couple of greys, black and coloured horses’ buckskin and palomino. Then there were chestnuts, which shone like rubies in the sun. We could see the influence of Ben Rabba and Aurab as we had done in the preceding days. These horses all alike, as if thrown from the same cast. A breeder who plies her experience and knowledge is very evident. After meeting the girls and geldings, we went
Dazzle Me (Ben Rabba/Khazmir) dam of Honkytonnk Cowboy
into the amazing Spanish influenced barn with its huge timber lined stalls, breezeways and indoor arena. More lovely mares were shown to us - Fire Song CA(Ohadi Indian Fire+/ x Ohadi Annteza), Khachena (Ohadi Indian Fire+/ x Dazzle Me ), & Sparkle N Fire (Ohadi Indian Fire+/ x Breathliss) and Indian Magic++++// (Ohadi Indian Fire+/ x Aloha Waiki) the magnificent liver chestnut beauty, that has excelled in the show ring in Sport Horse, Hunter Pleasure, Western Pleasure & Side saddle. She is one of an elite list of horses that has attained the coveted title of Supreme Legion of Masters. Jewell Cantrell says, “ Indian Magic++++// occupies the best stall in the barn and a special place in our hearts.” Then we moved to the stalls we had passed on the way in and they trumped what we had already seen.
2008 Honkytonnk Cowboy (Ohadi Indian Fire+/ Dazzle Me)
Honest Injunn (Ohadi Indian Fire+/ Dazzle Me)
They introduced us to Ohadi Indian Fire+/ (Ohadi Ben Rabba x Ohadi Abbie) an awesome stallion, a grandson of Ben Rabba. This stallion filled the huge stable with his presence and his superb body, and height. Plus that special look of the Cantrell Arabians. The pleasure of patting and stroking such a magnificent boy, who has an awesome temperament to boot, just put the icing on the cake. It was clear that the way he is handled by his breeder and her family the horse lives in an environment of kindness and love. All the horses we saw at the Cantrell farm had the same wonderful manner and temperament. Then Renee took him to the indoor arena and turned him loose. Goosebumps went up on my neck watching this stallion, move, blow and snort, chat to his ladies and then return to be caught like a lamb. A sight that is not going to be easily forgotten! When the door to the next stable, was opened we were greeted by a smaller, younger version of his sire. It was instant love for me; I could have taken him home then and there. This was Honkytonnk Cowboy bred by Renee (Cantrell) Robby (Ben Rabba/Ohadi Abbie) deceased Kajla. His smooth lines, looks, temperament and movement just blew us away. Honkytonnk Cowboy and Wanna Be A Cowboy, full brothers from the Ben Rabba daughter Dazzle Me, were brought out together to the arena. A stunning colt and gelding, presence and attitude to burn. Two very big boys who showed their superb movement even in the indoor arena simply breathe taking. From there we moved to the other stables containing geldings all again stamped out of the same cast. All very tall, big beautiful bodies, lovely temperaments and legs that would carry themselves and their rider many miles. They were El Goucho (Robby
Ben Rabba (Aurab/Rollicka)
x Shimmering Flame), Chocolatte (Robby x Sonoma Fling), Wanna Be A Cowboy (Ohadi Indian Fire+/ x Dazzle Me), Big Pow Wow (Ohadi Indian Fire+/ x Aloha Waiki), and Honest Injunn (Ohadi Indian Fire+/ x Dazzle Me). The Robby (dec) (Ben Rabba x Ohadi Abbie) influence on the stud it is very evident and the Cantrell type is was well and truly stamped by this now deceased stallion. If you are in the Sacramento area, you need to make time to visit this beautiful farm. You will not be disappointed by the quality of the Cantrell ambassadors for CMK Arabians. Pegasus Park situated on the edge of suburbia at Wildomar between LA and Dan Diego, is the home of Marci de la Torre and her family. An oasis to a herd of really interesting old bloodlines. The expert care Marci is well known for by many fellow breeders and horse owners was clear. We were told that many breeders have entrusted their very precious horses
31 year old Aragold Dancer (Royal Gold/Ararose Marie0 grandson of *Serafix
Crabbet Arabian World
Seraphix (SX Staleys Gemini x Zia Bi Bask by Bi Bask) another *Serafix grandson
to her. Part of the stud is a preservation group of the CMK. Horses based on the lines of Serafix, Ben Rabba, Abu Farwa, Aurab and many of the Kellogg lines. The horses are all individuals and they are cared for in such a way as to allow them to exhibit their individual traits and personalities. Some are rescues, or horses that have been entrusted to Marci due to her breeding direction by fellow horse owners, who do not want their horses and their unusual bloodlines to disappear. My admiration for Marci and her family is because they are willing to go that extra
Seraphix with Trini
One horse I have always had a fascination with was Serafix. At Pegasus Park I was able to see his relatives in person. They did not disappoint. Strong bay horses not dissimilar to our Australian Royal Domino lines. Big moving horses, full of power, lovely to look at, *Seraphix (Raktha/Serafina) with gorgeous temperaments. Stunning bays, with a WOW factor. Seraphix (SX Staleys Gemini x Zia Bi Bask by Bi Bask) is a glorious bay stallion, very typey, beautiful
Pegusus mares FV Aurora left and Farletta right
mile. It may be with a difficult breeding mare or an aged mare, a stallion who had had severe issues and needed emergency surgery to survive. Marci has the knowledge and also the vets to help her achieve that ultimate goal, a wonderful foal to continue the lines for the next generations of Arabian horse enthusiasts. The whole family is involved in the work that having a herd the size Marci has. Her daughter Trini does a lot of the handling, also assisted by Marciâ€™s grandson in the day to day running of the stud. Plus help from other people is also on hand. 58
Bright Rabba (FV Sharabba xGalana ZI by Abu Farwa)
body, legs and feet. Just what we thought a *Serafix grandson would look like. Then we moved to a yard containing a very different horse to the Serafix horses, we could definitely pick he was a Ben Rabba relative Bright Rabba (FV Sharabba xGalana ZI by Abu Farwa). His looks, movement and type a dead giveaway. This young stallion is a beautiful example of the blend of Ben Rabba and Abu Farwa that we had witnessed at Cantrell Arabians. A stunning young boy, quality through and through. Plus he is a big baby to boot. Everything we love in our Arabians. Marci does not restrict her lines just to the CMK preservation and has incorporated a number of horses from Polish, Russian as well as other American lines. The group of horses are all beautiful, wellconformed, great temperaments and the quality of the horses she has bred are top class. Another stud who is definitely worth the visit. Not only to meet the horses but also spend time with another talented breeder, horse owner and her wonderful family. Next we travelled further south to San Diego and spent a few days in this lovely city and surrounds that many Australians would love. It was time to head for
‘Peas in a pod’ colts showing how the type prevails at McNeil’s farm Left Notorious Dan Right is Dynizon. Photo Brenda Burke
Tucson our next stop on the trip to Las Vegas. But this meant we could visit one more stud in California
to the gorgeous stable areas. Walking or sharing the cart with Pete going down beautiful laneways through groups of mares and geldings. All exquisite packages Outrageousss (Danni Boy/Gai Danichele) of Arabian horses. At the end of the first laneway glimpses of a grey horse could be seen flashing around in his yard. Then we arrived at this horse’s yard. A fairytale Arabian met us; even with his touches of mud was the son of Outrageousss, Dreamagin from the Dreamazon daughter Gala Dream. This package of type, strength with movement of a cat was astounding. This simply gorgeous boy just took your breath away, especially those of us who like greys. Outrageousss is a deep rich chestnut. With extreme type, his body and legs are fantastic. His presence is electric. He is a true character, his love of his breeder Dynamic Dan is clear; he was so (Danni Boy/Gai Danichele) gentle with Pete. We witnessed his creeping close behind Pete, mirroring Pete’s every move, as though he was checking his boss was okay. Pete was unaware of what he was up to. Then when all was clear he powered around his yard, showing the powerful movement he has and
The McNeil’s are long-term breeders of Arabians. They focus on the blood of Skowronek through the breeding programs of Alice Payne - Asil Ranch and last owner of Raffles and Raseyn. Plus the breeding of Daniel C. Gainey. Concentration is on extreme Arabian type and quiet, family friendly dispositions. You can only describe this farm as magical. From the family house with its turret tower and latticework, surrounded by white and brightly coloured peacocks,
Dreamagin (Outrageousss x Gala Dream)
Crabbet Arabian World
A mare at McNeil’s
stallion Skowronek. As we have found with the breeders we have met who are intensely breeding, they have all created a type of Arabian that is special to their farm. With the McNeil Arabians the look is intense, and very similar, chiseled features, strong compact bodies, excellent legs and feet. These CMK horses have a lot to offer to Arabian breeders across the world especially those breeding along the CMK/ GSB lines. Combining these intensely bred horses with the other quality CMK/Crabbet horses we saw would perfect a total package. The other thing, like at Pegasus Park the Golden oldies are very much appreciated and it was a pleasure to walk amongst several generations of horses, who have made an important impact in this select group of Arabians. All interweaved by another talented horseman and his family, who have intense passion for the wonderful breed. These horses are another group of precious horses and we are glad that more and more people are becoming aware of them via places like face book, magazines and word of mouth. So much concentration! Bottom scratching and hair removal is a serious business. Guests are expected by the Golden Oldies of McNeil’s to do their share. A magic moment with Gai Danichele (Gai Danizon
Outrageousss with his breeder Pete McNeil Jill posted this picture after her trip and it is the reason we have Arlene’s article on Pete McNeil on page 40
Dynamic Dan full brother to Outrageousss
x Rachele, the Ferzon/Raffles cross) who is the dam of Outrageouss and Dynamic Dan. A real honour to have met this lady and her friends who are given pride of place at the rear of the house so they can observe and have input on the day to day running of the place. To have met these horses to us was an incredible opportunity as the Gainey lines are fast disappearing in Australia. To meet the humans involved was a true honour and great pleasure. Anyone who wants to see magnificent horses in a magical setting, need to get to McNeil Farm. It is magical and something Gai Danichele the 33 year old matriarch at McNeil’s you will treasure. Maybe you will be able to take a small piece by obtaining a McNeil Arabian. I know there is not a stud we went to that we wouldn’t like to revisit and we saw many horses that we wish we could have brought home to Australia Read part two in October edition Click here for more photographs
Mares wait at McNeil Arabians
Understanding a hay or pasture test Carol Layton
It is often recommended by vets and nutritionists to feed your horses a balanced diet. A horse needs the right amount of nutrients; carbohydrates, protein and fats, as well as vitamins and minerals for proper digestive function. A balanced diet is essential for optimum performance and in avoiding health issues. Symptoms like a dull coat, poor hoof quality, less than optimal performance and a weak immune system are the more obvious signs. So what is a balanced diet? A balanced diet is one where all the nutrients are more than adequate to avoid deficiencies and the amount of minerals avoid competition with another. One example is copper and zinc, too much zinc in the diet has been found to interfere with the uptake of copper. Another is calcium and phosphorus, too much calcium can interfere with phosphorus and vice versa. There are many other examples. To determine whether nutrient levels are sufficient and balanced in a horse’s diet, the amounts consumed from forage, feeds and supplements can be compared with the amounts recommended in the Nutrient Requirements of Horses, published in 2007 by the National Research Council (NRC), the reference for equine nutritionists. Providing an insurance buffer by using at least 150% of NRC target minimums and keeping mineral ratios in a tight range will protect the horse from suboptimal intakes of trace minerals. Manufacturers of feeds and supplements should supply a nutrient profile of their products when requested. With pasture or hay, the nutrient levels cannot be guessed by simply looking at it or comparing it with similar looking examples. Improved pastures tend to be higher in protein compared to native pastures but the levels of minerals do not fit a pattern. Previous land use, fertiliser history, plant species, soil type and acidity/ pH will influence mineral levels. The cheapest, easiest and most accurate way to find out the level of nutrients in your horse’s forage is to send a representative sample to a laboratory for testing. Following is a description of how a pasture or hay test can be used, space doesn’t allow for full analysis.
Pasture test results – a paddock of diverse native grasses. See test results on page 65. A representative sample of highly diverse native grasses from a paddock near Canberra, ACT was sent to Equi-Analytical laboratory in the USA as it only costs $35 USD for a nutritional profile. There are a number of excellent laboratories in Australia but unfortunately the cost for the same test is far more expensive, around $120 plus. The ‘Dry Matter’ column is used for pasture and ‘As Fed’ column if this pasture had been harvested for hay.
Terms explained: % Moisture – This percentage refers to the amount of moisture in the sample when it was received by the lab. All moisture is removed for testing. % Dry Matter – This portion of the sample contains carbohydrates, protein, fat and minerals. Digestible Energy (DE) – Digestible energy gives the energy value of the feed, expressed as Mcal/ kg. This mixed native grass has an energy value of 1.96 Mcal/kg or 8.2MJ/kg. To give an idea of what this means, a 500 kg horse in no work would need to consume 8.5 kg in dry matter to maintain a good weight, better known as body condition score. A horse in heavy work such as endurance or eventing would need to consume 14 kg in dry matter if no other feed was provided. If a test gives Metabolisable Energy (ME) it’s for ruminants like cattle and is not applicable for horses. Crude Protein (CP) - Rather than protein itself this measures the level of nitrogen and nitrates. Protein contains nitrogen so it’s a useful indicator of protein, when the level of CP is considered high by a nutritionist then it’s advised to get the sample tested for nitrates as high nitrate levels can cause health issues in horses. A nitrates test is $6 USD and can be ordered at any time. This native pasture indicates 131.7 grams per kg. 8.5 kg contains about 1120 grams, enough protein to support a 500 kg horse up to a very heavy workload.
Crabbet Arabian World Estimated Lysine - Lysine is an essential amino acid which means it must come from the diet. It’s often called the limiting amino acid, if there is a lysine deficiency then the proteins that require lysine cannot be manufactured by the cells and the unused protein will be excreted, causing muscle building issues. This pasture is calculated to have 4.6 grams per kg which covers the lysine requirement but not by much. A small level of supplementation would be recommended to avoid topline issues. The fibre factions; Acid Detergent Fibre (ADF) and Neutral Detergent Fibre (NDF) are very useful for evaluating the quality of hay. Acid Detergent Fibre (ADF) - This gives a measure of two of the complex carbohydrates that make up the cell walls lignin and cellulose. Cellulose is broken down by micro organisms (fermented) in the hind gut but lignin is virtually nonfermentable. Lignin is a key component of wood. The lower the number, the more fermentable the fibre and the easier for nutrients to be extracted from the plant material. Neutral Detergent Fibre (NDF) - This includes lignin and cellulose but also hemicellulose, another cell wall component. The lower the ADF and the higher the difference between ADF and NDF, the more fermentable the fibre. In this example, if this pasture had been harvested for hay at the time of testing ADF is 21 and NDF 39 indicating a very nice hay for horses. If the ADF was 39, it would mean it’s tougher to extract the nutrients. WSC, ESC and starch can only be reliably tested in hay. When researchers test sugars and starch in pasture they immediately freeze the sample in liquid nitrogen to stop the sugars from metabolising further. WSC (Water Soluble Carbohydrates) - These carbohydrates will dissolve to some extent in water and includes digestible sugars such as fructose, glucose, sucrose and indigestible plant sugars and some fructan. ESC (Ethanol Soluble Carbohydrates) – ESC is a subset of WSC and includes sugars that are soluble in ethanol. Starch - Starch is a complex carbohydrate made up of glucose sugars, it’s how plants store glucose. In animals glucose is stored as glycogen. For insulin resistant horses, glucose causes insulin to rise that may trigger the chain of steps resulting in laminitis. Dr Eleanor Kellon VMD advises to keep ESC + starch below 10% for the overall diet and individual feed ingredients. If this pasture was harvested at the time 64
of testing it would have produced very low sugar + starch hay. Non Fibre Carbohydrates (NFC) – This is calculated from adding starch to WSC and soluble fibres and plant sugars other than the simple digestible sugars. It includes all the carbohydrates that are not part of the cell wall of plants. Major minerals - Calcium, phosphorus and magnesium are needed in gram amounts in the diet compared to the trace minerals which are only needed in small amount in miligrams. Many nutritionists aim for a calcium to phosphorus ratio between 1.2:1 to 2:1 though a higher ratio is considered to be okay, a ratio of 5:1 or higher is better to be temporary. A calcium to magnesium ratio is recommended to be between 1.5:1 and 2:1. This native pasture is fine for calcium up to a heavy workload for a 500 kg horse but phosphorus is very deficient. Supplementation of phosphorus will also improve the calcium to phosphorus ratio. The test indicates that magnesium levels are quite generous and will support a horse up to heavy work. The levels of electrolytes; potassium and sodium are included. Sodium is very low and cannot support a 500 kg horse’s needs, even if the horse was in no work. It can be supplemented with table salt allowing for a generous buffer, especially if the horse is in a hot climate and sweats easily. 2 to 4 tablespoons per day is appropriate, the excess is easily and efficiently excreted. Potassium vastly exceeds a horse’s requirements which is the norm for pasture and hay so never needs supplementing for standing around in a paddock and sweat losses unless the horse has been exercised for more than 2 hours. Trace minerals – Smaller amounts are required but trace minerals are no less important than the major minerals and includes iron, copper, zinc and manganese. Many nutritionists support the ideal ratio of 1:3 for copper to zinc. In this grass sample the ratio of copper to zinc is 1:6 with both copper and zinc highly deficient for a 500 kg horse in no work. Needs rise with increasing workload so must be supplemented. Molybdenum is a trace mineral that needs to be noted, at high levels it can interfere with copper uptake. Both iron and manganese vastly exceed needs. The results from a pasture or hay test can be used to choose the best feeds (if any are needed at all) and supplements to correct any deficiencies and correct the mineral ratios Carol Layton B.Sc M.Ed www.balancedequine.com.au
Analysis performed by:
Analysis performed by:
Lab Sample No:
730 Warren Road Ithaca, NY 14850 1-877-819-4110 www.equi-analytical.com 730 Warren Road Ithaca, NY 14850 1-877-819-4110 www.equi-analytical.com
Lab Sample No: 013 Lab Desc: Date Sampled: 1/28/2009 Date Received: Date Printed: 1/30/2009 013 Lab Desc: Description 1: Date Sampled: Description 2: 1/28/2009 Date Received: Statement ID: MIXED GRASS Date Printed: 1/30/2009 Description 1: Description 2: Visit our website www.equi-analytical.com for information on Statement ID: interpreting MIXED GRASS and using your results.
Analyzed for: Balanced Equine Analyzed for: http://www.balancedequine.com.au Australia Balanced Equine http://www.balancedequine.com.au Australia
Visit our website www.equi-analytical.com for information on interpreting and using your results. 42.5 57.5
% Moisture % Dry Matter
As Sampled 42.5
% Moisture % Dry Matter Digestible Energy (DE), Mcal/kg
% Digestible Energy (DE), Mcal/kg Crude Protein Estimated Lysine Crude Protein Fiber (ADF) Acid Detergent Estimated Lysine Fiber (NDF) Neutral Detergent WSC (Water Sol. Carbs.) Acid Fiber (ADF) ESC Detergent (Simple Sugars) Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF) Starch WSC (Water Sol. Carbs.) Non Fiber Carbo. (NFC) ESC (Simple Sugars) Starch Non Fiber Carbo. (NFC) Calcium Phosphorus Magnesium Calcium Potassium Phosphorus Sodium Magnesium Potassium Sodium Iron Zinc Copper Iron Manganese Zinc Molybdenum Copper Manganese Molybdenum
As Sampled g/kg.
Dry Matter g/kg.
7.6 .26 %
1.13 75.7 2.6 g/kg.
13.2 .46 %
1.96 131.7 4.6 g/kg.
7.6 21.0 .26 39.2 2.4 21.0 .5 39.2 .7 2.4 5.1 .5 .7 5.1 %
75.7 210.0 2.6 392.3 23.9 210.0 4.9 392.3 7.1 23.9 51.1 4.9 7.1 51.1 g/kg.
13.2 36.5 .46 68.2
131.7 365.3 4.6 682.4
4.2 36.5 .9 68.2 1.2 4.2 8.9 .9 1.2 8.9 %
41.6 365.3 8.6 682.4 12.3 41.6 88.9 8.6 12.3 88.9 g/kg.
.25 .10 % .10 .25 .95 .10 .016 .10 .95 .016 ppm
2.51 .98 g/kg. 1.02 2.51 9.52 .98 .162 1.02 9.52 .162 mg/kg.
.44 .17 % .18 .44 1.66 .17 .028 .18 1.66 .028 ppm
4.37 1.71 g/kg. 1.78 4.37 16.55 1.71 .282 1.78 16.55 .282 mg/kg.
118 19 ppm 3 118 116 19 .48 3 116 As Fed .48
118 19 mg/kg. 3 118 116 19 .48 3 116 .48
206 33 ppm 6 206 202 33 .83 6 202 100% Dry .83
206 33 mg/kg. 6 206 202 33 .83 6 202 .83
82 This report is a copy of a laboratory report for a pasture sample
100% Dry 82
Crabbet Arabian World
Above Palmya a filly Klinta Sultan/ Palma Benay Above Right FFC Penzance RS Sea Raider(AM Power Raid) / FFC Prima(FFC Grand Oran)
Above Danjera Vangelis anglo arabian colt Danjera Patrician / Danjera Waytirra Right’Ruby”2011 Filly by RS Sea Raider (by AM Power Raid) / FFC Ahrare++ (by Ahmeetz) Below Right FV Sharabba x Sparkling Emotion Below Aul Naulana by Aur Mystic/ Shawzina (by Aurik) at 20 hours
Above ‘Brum”\’2011 Colt by FFC Dundee (by *Dandaloo Kadet) and out of FFC Brigeyt++ (by PHP Brilliance) Below Tango 4 weeks old Sambist, /Jazmyn Crabbet dam
Above Filly Irrestible *Magic AD Magic Domino+++// Schoness(Anglo Trakehner) Below Radical Magic AD, colt, out of Rashia (Trakehner) X Vanitys Magic AD (Magic Domino X AF Touchof Vanity)
Above Llain Safanah (2011), by Erin Park Excel / Veletta Pearl Left Filly Magic Delight AD Magic Domino+++// x Delights Joi AD
These 3 foals are from Fairview Stud in Canada Above FV Canadian Pride x FV Zi’aura Below FV Sharabba x FV Bint Farliti Right FV Sharabba x FV Aurabba’zi
Above colt Magicaul Powers Magic Aulrab/ Caraechstrodinair Right Magicaul Powers doing a “Llama look alike’
Follydown Arabians Conservation breeders of Crabbet Arabians in Australia
Phantasia FA Fenwick Phantom /Magic Phantasy
White Hawk Creek Farm Jennie & Tony Thompson 1915 Sheffield Road +61 364912575/61408478110 Barrington www.follydownarabians.au.com Tasmania firstname.lastname@example.org Australia ÂŠ Design CAWs www.follydownarabians.au.com
ADVERTISERS & CONTRIBUTORS WEB LINKS Click on the bold type below to go to the web site: Photograph galleries Arabian Dream Farm Kim & Mark Thomason owners of our feature stallion *Magic Domino Arlene Magid Arabian horse consultant Aurora Stud New Zealand Lyn Marshall Carol Layton B.Sc M.Ed Independent equine nutritionist Crabbet Australia Inc The new South Wales Crabbet Group Crabbet Heritage Group Chat group on yahoo devoted to Crabbet issues Danjera Stud, Nowra, Australia The Rooneys are breeders of both performance & show horses Eastern Crabbet Arabian Horse Society Fenwick Stud, Victoria, Australia originally established by Vicki Johnson’s grandmother Mrs McLean in 1025. Follydown Arabians, Tasmania, Australia Conservation breeders of Crabbet Arabians. Gadebrook Stud UK Anne Brown breeder of Arabian horses who are sold worldwide Horse talk NZ, New Zealand A great source of all types of horse related news. Ivahri Arabians home of Jill & Richard Ceveny in NSW Australia Sean Johnson of Kendra Stud Victoria Australia Ann Nyland, New South Wales, Australia A Writer who is a contributor on horse health issues. Pevensey Arabians Victoria Australia Seven Oaks Arabians Victoria Australia Sharon Meyers Photography, Australia The Victorian Crabbet Arabian Horse Group Inc Australia All Breeds Pedigrees Where you will go to see all the horses pedigrees Australian Arabian Horse Society
‘Charge of the light brigade’ Carol Leyton’s horses coming down the laneway.