Page 1

Judeo-Christians were Zionists Before Israel was a State 5

Courage & Determination 5

Federal Judge rules Muslims can’t see FBI files 7

Home prices continue to fall in most major US cities 6

Israel rejects Palestinian government with 8 Hamas

Weekly

Temporarily Issued 3 times a month

Associated Press Arizona, California & Illinois

www.almashreqonline.com

English Section

16 Pages

Issue No. 19

May 5 - 19 2011

Is Bin Laden really dead? 8 Fatah, Hamas proclaim landmark reconciliation pact

? D EA

D

6 NJ suburb sued over denial of mosque proposal

WASHINGTON (AP) — knowing there would be disbelievers, the U.S. says it used convincing means to confirm Osama bin Laden’s identity during and after the firefight that killed him. But the mystique that surrounded the terrorist chieftain in life is persisting in death. Was it really him? How do we know? Where are the pictures? Already, those questions are spreading in Pakistan and surely beyond. In the absence of photos and with his body given up to the sea, many people don’t believe bin Laden is really dead. U.S. officials are balancing that skepticism with the sensitivities that might be inflamed by showing images they say they have of the dead al-Qaida leader and video of his burial at sea “We are going to do everything we can to make sure that nobody has any basis to try to deny that we got Osama bin Laden,” John Brennan, President Barack Obama’s counterterrorism adviser, said Monday.

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May 5 - 19 , 2011 Dr. Ibrahim Hamami Dr. Marwan Saadeddin Professor Abd Sattar Kasim Shiekh Abdel Latif Alkhafaji Abdallah Bader Eskandar Almaliki Ziad Alasady Correspondents Shaima Shahin Mais Shami

Almashrq Associated press member Weekly newpaper published by Almashreq Media LLC Phoenix, Arizona Editor in chief Mohammad Riyad Co- Editor Jamal Eddin Abu Sief

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Entertainment and sports Nike’s founder appears on Oprah

PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) — Nike Inc.’s founder and chairman Phil Knight made a rare media appearance Tuesday as a guest on “The Oprah Winfrey Show.” The media-shy leader told the story of how he helped launch Nike with his college track coach Bill Bowerman and about what inspires him. Cycling champion and Nike athlete Lance Armstrong also appeared on the show to discuss Knight and the company. Nike, based in Beaverton, Ore., is the world’s largest athletic shoe and clothing company. Knight also gave Winfrey and the guests at the show a pair of specialized running shoes. The shoes have Oprah’s name on the toe, her favorite tree on the inside sole and Knight and Winfrey’s names on the shoelaces.

The federation of just over 8 million people has at least 500,000 BlackBerry users. AP- Dubai/UAE The UAE’s smartphone policies have been closely watched since last summer when it threatened to shut off BlackBerry messaging, email and Web browsing services partly because of security concerns. It backed off the plan in October Critics said the effort also aimed to keep a closer eye on political activism in the federation. Although the UAE has seen none of the widespread unrest roiling other parts of the Arab world, authorities have detained at least three activists calling for democratic reforms in recent days. In 2009, the Emirates’ leading state-run phone company, Etisalat, was caught instructing BlackBerry customers to download spy software that could allow outsiders to peer inside. It misled users by describing the software as a required service upgrade.

Man convicted of trying to burglarize Hilton home LOS ANGELES (AP) — A jury has convicted a man of trying to burglarize Paris Hilton’s home last year. District Attorney’s spokeswoman Jane Robison says jurors deliberated for less than an hour Friday before convicting Nathan Parada of first-degree residential burglary for trying to break into the hotel heiress’ home last August. Hilton testified this week about she and her boyfriend being awoken after Parada banged on one of the house’s windows with the butt of a knife. A defense attorney told jurors that Parada had left a halfway house days earlier and had not taken his antidepressant medication for several days. Parada faces up to three years in prison when sentenced.

Elvis, Ali photos tell stories of 2 American icons

May 5 - 19 , 2011

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Miss USA gets booted from wrestling reality show

DEARBORN, Mich. (AP) — Miss USA might come from the land of manufacturing muscle, but she wasn’t “tough enough” for the professional wrestling crowd. Rima Fakih was voted off the USA Network’s “WWE Tough Enough” show Monday night. The show started with 12 men and women competing to be professional wrestlers.The former Miss Michigan’s reign as Miss USA ends June 19. She showed a rougher and more profane side of herself on the show, swearing and threatening to kill another participant in the first episode. She told the Detroit Free Press earlier this month she was “embarrassed” for having used “inappropriate language” but added that she is “only human.” “ I don’t want younger girls to think it’s OK to say bad words,” Fakih said. “But I do want younger girls to know you have to stand up for yourself.” Fakih was born in Lebanon. She was raised in New York and moved to Michigan in 2003. Her family lives in Dearborn. The reality series airs Mondays on the USA Network. The 12 participants were in a house in Simi Valley, Calif., competing for a contract with WWE, which used to be called World Wrestling Entertainment.

United player quits Twitter 2 hours after joining LONDON (AP) — Manchester United midfielder Darron Gibson’s social networking experiment proved short-lived when he closed his Twitter account on Monday just two hours after opening it following a flood of abusive comments. Gibson, a bitpart player at Old Trafford, followed United teammates Rio Ferdinand, Wayne Rooney and Michael Owen in joining Twitter, and Ferdinand encouraged his followers to “show him some love.” Instead Gibson was greeted by some less-than-welcoming remarks, many of which appeared to be from United supporters. One of the posts said “nothing would make me happier than if we sold you this summer.” Two hours after joining, Gibson’s account had been deleted, although he did not say why. Ferdinand offered an explanation via Twitter: “Darron Gibson says he came on to see what the lads were up to....he came off because he couldn’t be bothered with it not any other reason.” Sports stars and celebrities are often the target of abusive comments on Twitter — but not usually from their own fans. Gibson’s abrupt departure prompted some Twitter users to start a campaign to bring him back. The Irish player is currently with the United squad in Germany preparing for the first leg of the Champions League semifinal against Schalke on Tuesday. Rooney has had his own issues with the United fans after threatening to leave the club earlier in the season. The 25-yearold striker joined Twitter on Saturday. By Monday he had amassed more than 180,000 followers but still has a long way to go to catch up with Ferdinand, who has more than 800,000.

Superman: I’m renouncing my US citizenship

PHILADELPHIA (AP) — Truth, justice and the ... global way? Superman has started a stir with a declaration in the new issue of “Action Comics” that he intends to renounce his U.S. citizenship because he’s tired of his actions being construed as instruments of U.S. policy. The Man of Steel, who emigrated to earth as a child from Krypton and was adopted by the Kents in Smallville, Kan., comes to the conclusion that he’s better off serving the world at large after he’s accused of causing an international incident by flying to Tehran amid a large protest. Noting the huge police presence and warnings from the army there about harsh repercussions, he wanted the demonstrators to know “that they weren’t alone.” The nine-page story was written by David S. Goyer and was drawn by Miguel Sepulveda. In it, Superman for 24 hours stands silently, bearing the brunt of gasoline bombs, taunts and threats but also receiving cheers and roses from supporters, as the more than 1 million-strong crowd protests but isn’t fired on before the demonstration ends peacefully. “I stayed in Azadi Square for 24 hours. I didn’t move. I didn’t speak. I just stayed there,” Superman tells the U.S. national security adviser, who has feared the all-powerful hero has gone rogue. But Iran’s government refers to it as an act of war and accuses him of acting on behalf of the U.S. president. And that, Superman explains, is why he is going to give up his citizenship.

DOYLESTOWN, Pa. (AP) — In a culture saturated with celebrity magazines, paparazzi and red carpets, it’s hard to imagine capturing an image of a young Elvis Presley alone on the sidewalk in New York. Or a picture of Muhammad Ali at play with neighborhood kids in a parking lot. No screaming fans, no camera flashes, no entourages. These unguarded moments are among dozens featured in “Ali and Elvis: American Icons,” a pair of photography exhibits sharing gallery space through May 15 at the James A. Michener Museum in Doylestown, Pa., about 25 miles north of Philadelphia. This is the first time the exhibits have been displayed together. The Smithsonian-curated “Elvis at 21” show offers a glimpse into Presley’s life just as his star begins to rise. Needing publicity photos, Presley’s record company hired photographer Alfred Wertheimer in 1956 to shadow the rock-n-roll prince who would become The King. Wertheimer had extraordinary access, said Smithsonian project director Marquette Folley. “After this year, 1956, no one can ever get this close again,” Folley said. “The walls go up.” The images of Ali, taken by multiple photographers, chronicle his years from teen boxer to his reign as The Greatest to a beloved figure battling Parkinson’s disease. They were first displayed at a Hofstra University symposium on Ali in 2008. Putting the exhibits together was simply an effort to take a broader look at the concepts of fame and the making of icons, said Brian Peterson, chief curator at the Michener Museum. Certainly the two superstars had similarities. Both sons of the South, Presley and Ali enjoyed worldwide popularity but also alarmed some people with their swagger and attitude — Elvis with his thrusting pelvis and use of African-American rhythms in his music, Ali with his braggadocio and conversion to Islam. Wertheimer’s 56 images — most enlarged to 3-by-4-foot prints — capture Presley’s electrifying stage persona but also his more intimate moments: standing in solitude in front of New York’s

Warwick Hotel; sprawling on a couch reading fan mail; and interacting with his family. Wertheimer also chronicles one summer week that found the American idol rehearsing alone at a piano for an appearance on Steve Allen’s show in New York, kissing a giddy fan backstage in Richmond, Va., and splashing in his swimming pool at home in Memphis, Tenn. “I was basically putting Elvis under my microscope,” Wertheimer, now 81, told The Associated Press. “He permitted closeness.” The bulk of “Muhammad Ali: The Making of an Icon” features shots of the heavyweight champ in and around the ring: training in Miami; absorbing blows from George Foreman in Zaire; and looming over a floored Sonny Liston in Neil Leifer’s famous frame from 1965. But the exhibit starts with less familiar and more personal images from when Ali was known as Cassius Clay — shadowboxing with his family, preening in front of a mirror and riding a bike with adoring local children. It ends with pictures of Ali the celebrity and humanitarian, lighting the Olympic torch in Atlanta and receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Curator Hava Gurevich said the power of the 50-image show lies in its combination of fine art, documentary and news photography. “It’s like a kaleidoscopic view of Muhammad Ali’s life,” Gurevich said. Peterson, the Michener curator, said he didn’t find out until after booking them that Presley and Ali had actually crossed paths. Elvis visited Ali’s training camp in Pennsylvania’s Pocono Mountains and gave him a rhinestone cape; Ali gave The King an autographed pair of gold boxing gloves. “I can’t say it was part of our grand plan,” Peterson said. “(But) it made us feel we were kind of on the right track.” The next stop for “Elvis at 21” is the William J. Clinton museum in Little Rock, Ark. The next stop for “Muhammad Ali: The Making of an Icon” is the Historic City Hall Arts & Cultural Center in Lake Charles, La.


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DVDs CONVERSION

(602) 518 - 6894 3529 W. Northern Ave Phoenix, AZ 85051 (35th Ave & Northern)

House of Spices

Tel (623) 939-2841 5043 W. Olive Ave Glendale AZ

Advanced Legal & Court Services Performing Marriage contracts(Nikah)

‫إﺒرام ﻋﻘود اﻟزواج اﻟﺸرﻋﻴﺔ‬

Preparing Immigration Cases and Forms(16 years Experience)

‫ﺘﻘدﻴم و إﻋداد طﻠﺒﺎت داﺌرة اﻟﻬﺠرة اﻷﻤرﻴﻛﻴﺔ‬

Filling for Divorce, Child Support/Custody and Legal Separation

‫رﻓﻊ دﻋﺎوى اﻟطﻼق واﻟﺤﻀﺎﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺤﺎﻛم اﻷﻤرﻴﻛﻴﺔ‬

Filling for Bankruptcy (Certified by the Court)

(‫إﻋداد طﻠﺒﺎت إﺸﻬﺎر اﻹﻓﻼس )ﻤﻌﺘﻤدون ﻤن اﻟﻤﺤﺎﻛم اﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﺔ‬

Preparing Power of Attorney forms

‫إﻋداد اﻟوﻛﺎﻻت ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻐﺘﻴن اﻟﻌرﺒﻴﺔ واﻷﻨﺠﻠﻴزﻴﺔ ﻤﻊ ﻛﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﺘﺼدﻴﻘﺎت اﻟﻼزﻤﺔ‬

Professional Translation (I.Ds/Birth & Death Certificates/ Diplomas, Etc)

(:‫ وﺸﻬﺎدات ﻤدرﺴﻴﺔ‬،‫ وﺸﻬﺎدات ﻤﻴﻼد وزواج‬،‫ﺘرﺠﻤﺔ ﻤوﺜﻘﺔ ﻟﻛﺎﻓﺔ اﻟوﺜﺎﺌق )ﻫوﻴﺎت‬

English- Arabic

‫ﺒﻴن اﻟﻌرﺒﻴﺔ واﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴزﻴﺔ‬

Tax Preparation for individuals (Fast Rapid Refund)

‫دورات ﻣﺠﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ اﻟﺠﻨﺴﻴﺔ اﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺘﻘدﻴم ﻀرﻴﺒﺔ اﻟدﺨﻝ اﻟﺴﻨوﻴﺔ وﺘﺤﺼﻴﻝ اﻟﻌﺎﺌد ﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺒﺄﺴرع وﻗت‬

Dr. Marwan Sadeddin,Ph. D.

(‫اﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮر ﻣﺮوان ﺳﻌﺪ اﻟﺪﻳﻦ )أﺑﻮ ﻓﺘﺤﻲ‬

(IRC ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ اﻹﻧﻘﺎذ اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ )ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ ال‬ :‫ﺗﻌﻠﻦ ﻋﻦ ﻋﻘﺪ دورات ﻣﺘﻮاﺻﻠﺔ ﻟﺨﻤﺴﺔ اﺳﺎﺑﻴﻊ ﰲ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ اﻟﺠﻨﺴﻴﺔ اﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬

University of Arizona, In Islamic Studies, Arabic Literature & middle Eastern Culture

(602) 995-3200

I-17

Legal Service

N 35th Ave

3544 W Glendale Ave. Phoenix, AZ 85051 Next to Wells Fargo Bank & Little Caesars Pizza

:‫اوﻗﺎت اﻟﺪوارات ﻛﺎﻟﺘﺎﱄ‬

N

W Glendale Ave

JUBA Restaurant

‫ ﻣﺪة اﳌﺤﺎﴐة ﺳﺎﻋﺘﻦﻴ ﻣﺮﺗﻦﻴ إﺳﺒﻮﻋﻴﺎً ﳌﺪة ﺧﻤﺴﺔ أﺳﺎﺑﻴﻊ‬:‫دورات ﺻﺒﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬

‫ ﻣﺪة اﳌﺤﺎﴐة ﺳﺎﻋﺘﻦﻴ ﻣﺮﺗﻦﻴ إﺳﺒﻮﻋﻴﺎً ﳌﺪة ﺧﻤﺴﺔ أﺳﺎﺑﻴﻊ‬:‫دورات ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ ﻣﺪة اﳌﺤﺎﴐة أرﺑﻊ ﺳﺎﻋﺎت ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮم ﺳﺒﺖ ﳌﺪة ﺧﻤﺴﺔ أﺳﺎﺑﻴﻊ‬:‫دورة ﻳﻮم اﻟﺴﺒﺖ‬

Red Sea And Mediterranean Cuisine For more information or to sign up for classes please contact Joanie Calder, Citizenship Education Coordinator, at: 602-433-2440 ext 222 or Joanie.Calder@rescue.org

Dine In / Carry Out/ Catering Available

5050 E McDowell Road Phoenix, AZ 85008 (602) 244-1206

‫ﻟﻣﺯﻳﺩ ﻣﻥ ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﻟﻠﺗﺳﺟﻳﻝ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ ﻳﻣﻛﻧﻛﻡ ﺍﻹﺗﺻﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻣﻧﺳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺗﺛﻘﻳﻑ ﺣﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺟﻧﺳﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺭﻳﻛﻳﺔ ﺟﻭﻧﻲ ﻛﺎﻟﺩﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻡ ﺃﺩﻧﺎﻩ‬ From Harm to Home I rescue.org


Articles

May 5 - 19 , 2011

Judeo-Christians were Zionists Before Israel was a State Harold Camping is the latest in a long line of Pastors who have made themselves prosperous and famous by predicting the end of the world. He says it will happen on May 21, 2011, at about 6:00 PM, and he has a wellfunded national campaign to sell this idea. Camping is not an insignificant person, being founder and de facto owner of The Family Radio Network. According to research done by the UK Independent, the 89-year old Camping has built a taxfree “religious broadcasting organization funded entirely by donations from listeners, and with assets totaling $120 million, owning 65 radio stations.” This is at least the third time he has predicted the end of planet earth. While many Americans, who are self-professing

Judeo-Christians, might not be ready to quit their jobs and stop paying mortgages while waiting for the apocalypse of May 21, most of some 70 million hold beliefs very similar to Camping’s. Together they make up the most powerful and coveted voting bloc in America, as has been repeatedly stated by this author and supported by ongoing research by the Pew Foundation and its many polls on religious life. The question that demands an answer is: why do 70 million otherwise logical, thinking Americans continue to follow men like Camping, who are not only illogical but who refute and alter the traditional Christian interpretation of the New Testament of Jesus Christ? Why do millions adhere to a neo-religion that was unheard of 200 years ago and that has been proven to be wrong by failed prophets including Pat Robertson, Hal Lindsay, “Left Behind” Tim LaHaye, and the late Jerry Falwell? There are two reasons why Judeo-Christianity prospers and enjoys enormous Jewish and Israeli Zionist support. First, Christian Zionism is very profitable for its leaders. And second, it is the glue that keeps present

Charles E. Carlson day Israel alive. To understand this we must define 21st Century Christian Zionists as those who believe the modern political state of Israel is the fulfillment of Biblical Prophesies. This definition was originated by a We Hold These Truths volunteer who noticed years ago that there was no adequate definition to explain this misguided religion to his professing Judeo-Christian friends. All Judeo-Christians have one belief in common: their neo-religion is tied to the state of Israel. Traditional Christianity is not. Men like Harold Camping claim to know more than Jesus said any man could know. They have realized it is easy to lead people if they will only guarantee “eternal life.” This is exactly what Camping is doing and how he has apparently amassed an empire by teaching anti-biblical nonsense. Followers of end times prophets are taught that each one of them can be part of Jesus’ heavenly gathering simply because they believe that Jesus will return to earth on a certain date. The second, more obscure but totally logical, reason for the end times craze since 1948 is that Christian Zionism is so important to World

Courage & Determination Among human values, certain qualities are generally regarded as inborn. We think of a person as being courageous, another as being stubborn, and so on. Few educators have spent time thinking about whether these qualities are teachable skills, and if they are, how to do so. One of the main stumbling blocks in this path is Jean Piaget, the universally acknowledged pioneer in the field of child development. Piaget developed his theories based on his observations of his niece. He himself never became a father. Mothers all over the world observe their children 24/7 and come up with some pretty sharp conclusions. Unfortunately, if someone with a title, say of Child Psychologist, tells them otherwise, they will bow to the god

of academia and quickly disregard their own field observations. To compound the problem, the fields of psychiatry and psychotherapy rarely interact with the field of education, thus resulting in a disjointed view of how to raise children. Let me illustrate. Years ago, when my third son was graduating from toddlerhood, Jeddah opened its first McDonald. This was the full deal, with an indoor playground of colorful balls and plastic jungle gym. We promptly paid it a visit, kids in tow, together with some friends. One of them was a psychology graduate, raising her own toddler along the lines of no-pressure, frustration-avoidance parenting. The children made a beeline to the playground and we sat back, waiting for our orders. While the other children climbed, slid and romped about, my third son carefully picked his way up the ladder to the first tower. Then, he took one look at the rope net that followed, and picked his way back down the ladder. I immediately jumped up, though my friend made a slight sound of disapproval. I squatted by my son and told him to go back to the tower. He resisted slightly. I assured him I’d be there with

Prospective homeowners, however, should do their homework to make sure the policies, which typically cover the major mechanicals and appliances in a home for one year after the sale, will actually help, say consumer protection experts. The warranties range in price from $350 to $800. If purchased from reputable companies, they can help homeowners deal with broken appliances, malfunctioning air conditioning and other problems, the experts say. The policies usually call for homeowners

Zionism that it is promoted by Jewish Zionists more fervently than Judaism is promoted in Israel. Several of Israel’s prime ministers, including Arial Sharon and Ehud Olmert, were secular Jews but devotees of Christian Zionism. Sharon used the term all the time and may have invented it! It is this author’s observation that Judeo-Christianity, not Judaism, is the religion of Israel, especially of its leaders, including the last four prime ministers. If Israel was forced to save one religion and denounce the rest, Judeo-Christianity would likely be their choice. The most un-Christlike result of Christian Zionism is that it relieves followers from responsibility that Jesus told us all must accept or else we cannot follow Him. Christian Zionists do not have to worry about caring for their fellow man or making peace, because the world is ending anyway. Regardless of whether they buy into Harold Camping’s latest prophesy, each has been taught he must only believe in Jesus; it is implied that one need not follow his sacrificial example. whtt.org

Dr. Fawzia Mai Tung him. So up he went again up that ladder, with me right behind. When we reached the rope net, he tried it out with his hand. The net moved, swung and bounced. He turned around, groping for the ladder. I barred his way out. “No, go back. You WILL go through that net. Go!” The poor boy had by now tears hovering on the brink of his eyes. I grabbed him and turned him around. I pushed his behind. “Go! You can do this! I’m here, right behind you.” It took him a good five minutes to make it over the fat squares of rope netting, shaking and trembling. But he got through. So did I, despite the fact that I was surprised to find it more scary than I’d anticipated! Now, we were in the second tower. A tube slide with a slight twist ran down the front of it. My son took one look at the dark hole and turned around, trying to return to the rope net. Again, I sat squarely in front of the exit, barring the way. “Go! Go down the slide! It’s fun!” His facial expression certainly did not agree with that statement. So I grabbed him and held him on my lap, and pushed ourselves down the slide. Whoosh! That was way too slippery and fast! We landed together

Homebuyers: Do your homework on home warranties to contact the service company when something breaks. The company then sends out a repair person who provides an evaluation for a set fee, usually about $65. Once a professional has determined what the problem is, the warranty company pays for the broken item to be repaired or replaced. Often, homeowners dislike transferring that decisionmaking power to a third party, said Angie Hicks, founder of Angie’s List, the national consumer rating service based in Indianapolis. Users of home warranty or home service companies have been the least satisfied group of reviewers on the site for the past six years, she said. Homeowners often expect the companies to replace the item and are disappointed to learn it’s going to be repaired, added Bob Miller, president-elect of the Ohio Association of Realtors in Colum-

5

on the soft flooring. I sat there dazed for a while. But already my son had jumped up and run off. By the time I was able to stand up, he was already climbing the ladder for another round of fun! I slowly made it back to our table. My friend had her jaw hanging in disbelief. She kept saying, “Look, look, he’s going again, and again!” I threw a quick glance in his direction, “Yes, he is!” Today, this particular son of mine has achieved quite a few things that are pioneering in scale. I would say these deeds take courage and determination. And I ponder on whether he would have done them if way back I hadn’t pushed him through that rope net and that tube slide. Psychopathology clearly identifies phobias as being behaviors born of avoidance of a feared object or situation. The vicious cycle builds up every time the person avoids or runs away from the feared situation, and eventually becomes part of the personality. Yet, most parents and educators still encourage children to turn and step away from feared situations, building a strong foundation for phobias.

MELISSA KOSSLER DUTTON

bus, Ohio. “They’re going to try and fix things before they give new ones,” he said. It wouldn’t be economically viable to replace furnaces, washers and garbage disposals that can be repaired, said Art Chartrand, spokesman for the National Home Service Contract Association, headquartered in Olathe, Kan.“If servicing it will take care of it, we’ll service it,” he said. “We certainly don’t want our product oversold.” Homeowners may end up surprised by the details of their policies because the contracts are often bought as closing gifts, so the person using the service is not the one who bought it, Hicks said. That means the user did not have a chance to research the company and carefully evaluate the policy before it was purchased, she said. When William Merritt bought his first house last summer in Leander, Texas, the seller purchased a warranty for him. He’s been satisfied with the service so far, but wishes he had had the opportunity to vet the company himself. “When I go to renew, I’ll look at all the options,” said Merritt, whose warranty re-

cently covered an $800 repair to his pool pump. “I’ll definitely do my research.” Sheila Adkins, a spokeswoman for the council of Better Business Bureaus, in Arlington, Va., recommends researching home warranty or home service contract providers before making an offer on a house. When it’s time to buy, ask for the company by name in the offer, she said. It’s a reasonable request, Miller added. Many home sellers are expecting to buy the agreements and should be willing to go with the company of the buyer’s choosing, he said. “Depending on who you go with, you can get some really good stuff out of these,” Miller said. Angie’s List members also have had issues with some contractors that warranty companies send on service calls, Hicks said. She suggests asking the company that holds the policy for a list of the plumbers, electricians and repair people it uses, and checking them out before a problem occurs. When something goes wrong, request the contractor with the best track record,


6

Arizona & National News

May 5 - 19 , 2011

“The killer said he was lashing out at Arabs” Mesa man wants brother’s name on Sept. 11 memorial

PHOENIX (AP) — The brother of a post-9/11 hate-crime victim feels victimized again nearly a decade later by Arizona legislation that would wipe Balbir Singh Sodhi’s name off the state’s memorial to the national tragedy. Singh Sodhi, a 49-year-old Mesa gas-station owner, was gunned down on Sept. 15, 2001, by a man who told police that he was lashing out at “Arabs” after watching the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center collapse over and over again on television. Singh Sodhi was a Sikh from India, but his attacker mistook his religious turban for an Arab head covering.

“It seems like they are making a hate crime again. They are attacking me directly again,” said Rana Singh Sodhi, a Mesa restaurant owner who since his brother’s slaying has devoted his life to fighting racial and religious intolerance. “What are they trying to do, zero us out, zero out the impact? I can’t sleep. It’s hurting me.” Members of the Valley’s Sikh community and the chief prosecutor who put Singh Sodhi’s killer in prison said they thought the legislation was a poorly-thoughtout attempt to rewrite history and they are urging Gov. Jan Brewer to veto it. The bill, which passed both houses on party-line votes, was sponsored by Rep. John Kavanagh, RFountain Hills, who said Monday that he did only a cursory Internet search on Singh Sodhi’s murder. Kavanagh said it was

unclear to him that the shooting was directly related to 9/11.However, Frank Roque, who was convicted of murdering Singh Sodhi, told Mesa police during a tape-recorded interrogation that he was consumed with hatred toward “Arabs” after 9/11. He admitted shooting Singh Sodhi and firing on two other targets that day: a gas station with Middle Eastern owners and a house Roque sold to people of Arab ancestry. Roque’s attorneys admitted he murdered Singh Sodhi, but they pleaded for Roque’s life by arguing that he was mentally ill. A jury sentenced Roque to death in October 2003, but the Arizona Supreme Court commuted his sentence in August 2006 to life without parole after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled it is unconstitutional to execute the mentally ill.

Army, Navy add citizenship option to boot camp

FORT JACKSON, S.C. (AP) — Military service has long been one route to U.S. citizenship. Now the Army and Navy, in need of specialists and language skills in wartime,

are speeding things up by allowing recruits to wrap up the process while they’re still in basic training. It means a change in a no-visitors policy during boot camp, to allow federal immigration officers access to the recruits. But military officials say it’s a well-deserved break for volunteers who otherwise would have to slog

through the bureaucratic ordeal during deployments around the world, often far from U.S. embassies. The military route is not a short-cut for foreigners abroad to get into the U.S. Only legal immigrants can apply, officials stress, and they must complete five years of honorable service or chance having their citizenship revoked.

Court backs Ohio Muslim leader stopped at border

find out why she was detained at a border crossing five years ago. Julia Shearson is director of the Council on American-Islamic Relations office in Cleveland. She was stopped by U.S. border agents in Buffalo, N.Y., in 2006 as she returned with her daughter from a weekCINCINNATI (AP) — A end in Canada. Shearson federal appeals court has later sued for records sided with an Ohio Mus- about her case from the lim leader who is trying to

departments of Homeland Security and Customs and Border Protection. She also wanted to pursue claims against the government for alleged violations of privacy laws, a move rejected by a federal judge. The federal appeals court in Cincinnati overturned that decision Thursday and sent the case back to the lower court.

Home prices continue to fall in most major US cities WASHINGTON (AP) — Home prices are falling in most major U.S. cities, and at least 10 major markets are at their lowest point since the housing bubble burst. The Standard & Poor’s/CaseShiller 20-city index shows price declines in 19 cities from February to January. A record number of foreclosures are

forcing down home prices in most metro areas, and prices are expected to keep falling through this year. Prices in Atlanta, Charlotte, Chicago, Las Vegas, Miami, New York, Phoenix, Portland, Ore., Seattle and Tampa are all at their lowest point since 2006 or 2007, at the height of the housing boom.

Muslim event in Oregon canceled a planned commemoration of the death of Osama bin Laden

PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) — The spokeswoman for an Oregon Islamic association cancelled a planned commemoration of the death of Osama bin Laden after reading comments on a website

and the Facebook page of a political group. Saba Ahmed of the Oregon Muslims Citizens Alliance says she was frightened and dismayed at the comments about bin Laden’s death and burial. Ahmed

says she had planned a gathering in Portland’s in Pioneer Courthouse Square to show Muslim solidarity in supporting bin Laden’s slaying but canceled it after reading the comments.

Judge: 2 Hispanics illegally stopped in Ariz. raid

PHOENIX (AP) — A federal judge ruled Monday that deputies violated the rights of two men who were detained during one of the workplace raids the Phoenix area’s controversial sheriff uses to enforce immigration laws. Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio’s deputies stopped Julian and Julio Mora’s pickup truck Feb. 11, 2009, near a landscaping company that was being raided in an identity theft investigation. U.S. District Judge David Campbell ruled that deputies had no reasonable suspicion that the Hispanic men had committed a crime or traffic violation that would have allowed them to be stopped. The American Civil Liberties Union of Arizona and the ACLU Immigrants’ Rights Project filed a federal lawsuit on behalf of the Moras, who claimed deputies singled them out along a busy street based on the color of their skin. Tim Casey, an at-

torney representing the sheriff’s office, told The Arizona Republic that the sheriff’s defense was hampered because officials couldn’t identify which of the more than 100 deputies at the raid had stopped the Moras. “Without that, there was no testimony on why they were stopped,” Casey said. “It was lack of evidence. They won because there’s no evidence on that.” The ACLU said Monday’s ruling could force significant changes to how Arpaio carries out his immigration enforcement operations, which have included frequent workplace raids and crime sweeps in heavily Latino neighborhoods. A separate federal lawsuit alleges Arpaio’s deputies racially profiled Hispanics in immigration patrols. “For far too long, Sheriff Joe Arpaio and his deputies have carried out these worksite raids in total disregard for people’s constitutional rights,” ACLU Staff

Attorney Annie Lai said in a written statement. “Today’s decision should provide some comfort to citizens of Maricopa County that MCSO is not above the law.” According to Campbell’s ruling granting partial summary judgment, the deputies detained the Moras solely because Julian Mora told them he worked at the landscaping company deputies were searching, Handyman Maintenance Inc. They were handcuffed with zipties, brought to the business and forced to wait for three hours until deputies determined they had committed no offense and were legally in the United States. “The overwhelming evidence in this case shows that Sheriff Joe Arpaio’s deputies had absolutely no reason to stop these two men and drag them off to the scene of an immigration raid.” said Cecilia Wang, managing attorney of the Immigrants’ Rights Project. The judge found that Maricopa County is liable for the constitutional violations. A trial is expected to be held later this year to decide other issues including whether the Moras’ arrest was racially motivated, whether Arpaio and any deputies are individually liable, and the amount of damages the Moras will receive. Read more about this story at our website www.almashreqonline.com

NJ suburb sued over denial of mosque proposal

NEWARK, N.J. (AP) — An Islamic group has sued a suburban town it says engaged in religious discrimination by abruptly changing zoning regulations to prevent the opening of a mosque. Members of the Al Falah Center and local residents filed suit Tuesday in federal court in Trenton against Bridgewater Township’s mayor, council and planning officials. The lawsuit says the sudden zoning changes thwarted plans the group had been working on, with the township’s knowledge, to convert a closed banquet hall in a mostly resi-

dential area into a mosque and community center. It accuses town officials of bowing to pressure from protesters and an anti-mosque Internet campaign. The Al Falah Center, according to court papers, is a nonprofit group formed by local Muslim residents of different ethnicities, backgrounds and professions who said they had been renting out various locations around Bridgewater for 10 years as they searched for a suitable place to build a permanent mosque to serve Muslims in and around the central New Jersey suburb. The center members found a closed former inn with a large banquet hall on more than 7.5 acres of land that was zoned for “permitted conditional use” for houses of worship, and

they drew up plans to renovate it into a mosque, day care facility, religious school and community center. The lawsuit claims the site plan, with details of available parking and other requirements, was discussed with the town planning board, but the first public hearing on the application had to be adjourned because so many protesters showed up, exceeding the venue’s capacity. Town officials voted to change the rules for houses of worship, prohibiting them in residential zones unless they fronted on state highways, court papers say. The ruling affected only the mosque, the suit says, as 17 existing religious facilities in Bridgewater — several in residential areas — were allowed to remain. The suit seeks to block enforcement of the ordinance and allow the group’s application to be processed.

Media tour prison where WikiLeaks suspect held

FORT LEAVENWORTH, Kan. (AP) — The Army opened the doors of a Kansas military prison to reporters on Thursday in an unusual attempt to combat allegations that the military has been

mistreating a private accused of passing U.S. government secrets to the website WikiLeaks. Army Pfc. Bradley Manning was moved last week from the Marine Corps brig in Quantico, Va., to the

Joint Regional Correctional Facility at Fort Leavenworth amid criticism over his treatment and confinement. At Quantico, Manning was held in solitary confinement for 23 hours a day, stripped naked each night and given a suicide-proof smock in which to sleep. Senior Pentagon officials insist those conditions met basic standards of confinement and were appropriate given the seriousness of the charges against Manning. They say Manning was transferred because Fort Leavenworth is better suited to long-term detainment, which Manning likely faces as his complex case unfolds.


California & Illinois News Illinoisans Celebrate, Reflect on Bin Laden Death

CHICAGO (AP) — Illinois residents expressed overwhelming joy and relief, and even a bit of skepticism, on Monday at the news that U.S. forces had killed al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden, an event that for many people, was long overdue, and that some said should inspire reflection about the U.S.’s role in the world. Thousands of students at Illinois State University, in Bloomington, rallied in celebration early Monday. Several carried American flags and sang patriot songs including “God Bless America” and “The Star-Spangled Banner.” “It’s a significant day in history because Osama is gone,” freshman McKenzie Marks of Joliet told The (Bloomington) Pantagraph. “It’s a relief to all the victims of 9/11; they finally have closure knowing that he’s gone.” An elite crew of American forces killed bin Laden during a raid on Monday, capping the world’s most intense manhunt, a search that spanned nearly a decade. Bin Laden was shot in the head during a firefight and then buried at sea in accordance with Islamic custom, which calls for quick burial, among other things. Niles resident George Talhani, whose brother was killed in the Sept. 11, 2001, attack on the World Trade Center, said that while he’s relieved bin Laden was killed, he doesn’t understand why the U.S. disposed of his body so quickly. “The way the United States handles it sometimes doesn’t make sense,” Talhami told WBBM-AM in Chicago. “They seem to have already buried this guy and done what they’ve wanted with his body without really showing anybody anything; just coming

Rich Idea in Beverly Hills: $1M schools fundraiser

on the air one day out of the blue and letting us all know they supposedly killed this gentleman.” BEVERLY Authorities in Chicago amped up security meaHILLS, Calif. sures, including more surveillance of the city’s (AP) — Beverly vast video surveillance system and more uniHills is holding formed officers on alert, according to Office of a fundraiser this Emergency Management and Communications week for the upspokesman Roderick Drew. The Chicago Jewscale California ish Federation said synagogues and other Jewish city’s 4,700-stuinstitutions throughout the Chicago were also dent school urged to review and update security procedures. district, but it’s Federation spokeswoman Linda Haafe said there not your typical was nothing to indicate a specific threat. Last bake sale. The fall, explosives addressed to Chicago-are synagoal of this one? Raise $1 million. The gogues were discovered on airplanes in England rich idea is designed to avoid about two and the United Arab Emirates. Illinois politidozen layoffs and maintain small class cians and activists largely praised the action by U.S. forces, but warned that the war against terrorists is far from over. U.S. Sen. Dick Durbin, a Democrat, called bin Laden’s death “a clear warning to our enemies that when they threaten LOS ANGELES and kill Americans, they will be pursued and (AP) — A forheld accountable.” U.S. Rep Judy Biggert, a mer Temple City Republican from Hinsdale, cautioned that this mayor has been wasn’t “an occasion where we can throw up our convicted of three hats and take a victory lap.” She said the threat counts of bribof terrorism remains real and Americans must ery charges in a stay vigilant. The Rev. Jesse Jackson, who said scheme to shake the death closed a “major chapter” in the fight down a Southern against terrorism, agreed. “Celebration should California real be tempered as suffering from terrorism continestate developer. ues around the world,” he said in a statement. Los Angeles District Attorney’s spokes“We must work relentlessly to put an end to it woman Sandi Gibbons says the jury wherever it is found.” The head of one of the largest Muslim organizations in the Chicago deliberated for an hour before finding said the death of the al-Qaida leader should also mean more reflection on the United States’ role in wars abroad, especially in Iraq. “We hope this is an end of a dark era of terrorism,” said Dr. Mohammed Sahloul, the president of the CounDANVILLE, Calif. cil of Islamic Organizations of Greater Chicago. (AP) — Two former “Finally there is justice for the victims of 9/11, employees and a volincluding Muslim families.” unteer at a Danville church are facing embezzlement charges for allegedly stealing nearly $600,000 in at the transit system and airports — are on alert church money. Auafter U.S. forces shot and killed Bin Laden in thorities say after an Pakistan over the weekend. The Chicago Jewish Federation says synagogues and other Jewish in- investigation that began about a year ago stitutions throughout the Chicago area also have at St. Isidore’s Catholic Church, Kathleen been urged to review and update security pro- Dake and Virgilio Lukban were arrested cedures. Federation spokeswoman Linda Haafe Monday on suspicion of embezzlement. (HAH’-fee) says there’s nothing to indicate a specific threat. Last fall, explosives addressed to Chicago-area synagogues were discovered on airplanes in England and the United Arab Emirates.

sizes and arts programs in the Beverly Hills Unified School District. Parents and educators started the campaign on Monday.The school district has four schools that serve kindergarten through eighth grade students and Beverly Hills High School, where graduates include such entertainers as Albert Brooks, Richard Dreyfuss, Rob Reiner, Carrie Fisher and David Schwimmer. PTA Council co-chairwoman Jennifer Terrell Schwartz tells the Los Angeles Times that organizers hope the fundraiser will keep a great school district great.

Former Temple City Mayor Convicted of Bribery 78-year-old Cathe Wilson guilty of demanding bribes from Randy Wang, the developer of a San Gabriel Valley project. Wilson was also convicted of three counts of perjury for lying to the county grand jury in 2008 and twice submitting false material in Fair Political Practices reports. Wilson faces up to nine years in state prison. Her campaign manager Scott Carwile, former council member David Capra and another former Temple City mayor, Judy Wong, were charged separately in related crimes.

3 Arrested for Allegedly Embezzling From Church

Chicago Security Tightened After bin Laden death CHICAGO (AP) — Chicago’s emergency management agency says all police officers are in uniform and monitoring of the city’s vast video surveillance system has been stepped up following the death of Osama bin Laden. Roderick Drew is spokesman for the Office of Emergency Management and Communications. He says officers throughout the city — including

Prosecutors told the Contra Costa Times that the 58-year-old Dake and the 46-yearold Lukban, as well as 64-year-old Evelyn Peinado, are accused of embezzling $580,000. Danville police Chief Steve Simpkin told the newspaper that the three stole about $360,000 through the use of credit cards, while Dake allegedly took another $220,000 by using church checks for personal expenses. Dake was being held on $433,000 bond and Lukban on $134,000 bond. Peinado was released on her own recognizance. It was not known if any of the three had retained attorneys.

Federal Judge rules Muslims can’t see FBI files

SC Chief Justice Again Halts State’s Foreclosures COLUMBIA, S.C. (AP) — For the second time in two years, South Carolina’s chief justice on Tuesday ordered a stop to all pending foreclosures until the parties involved can complete an intervention process — a move with the potential to affect thousands of people struggling to hold onto their homes. The injunction, which applies both to foreclosures still pending on May 9, as well as any filed after that date, is intended to give homeowners a chance to mitigate their losses, modify their loans and potentially alleviate the already strained court system processing the cases, Chief Justice Jean Toal wrote in the order. “The number of unresolved foreclosure actions has increase, with a resulting burden on the resources of the Court before which the action is pending,” Toal wrote. “The trial courts report that such breakdowns are largely the result of difficulty in communication between lender-services and debtors, and the fact that foreclosure actions are proceeding to conclusion without regard to

ongoing loss mitigation efforts by the parties.” In 2009, she ordered South Carolina judges to stop finalizing foreclosure sales on thousands of properties guaranteed by Freddie Mac, Fannie Mae or any other mortgage company that had signed on to a federal assistance program, saying she wanted to give homeowners time to take advantage of the help. Two weeks later, Toal replaced the injunction with procedures to ensure foreclosures were handled uniformly. Since those actions, South Carolina’s foreclosures have continued to increase. In her order Tuesday, Toal said that no foreclosure hearings or sales may be held until an attorney for the lender has completed a list of duties, including ensuring that the homeowner has ample opportunity to try to modify the loan to agreeable terms. A 90-day waiting period follows any agreement reached between the parties. After that, the lender will either dismiss the foreclosure action entirely or, if the homeowner has broken the agreement, pursue the foreclosure. It was not immediately clear how many homes will be affected by Toal’s order. In South Carolina, more than 23,500 homes were in some stage of foreclosure in March, according to RealtyTrac, Inc., a foreclosure listing service in Irvine, Calif.

Apple Upgrades iMacs with Quad-Core Processors

NEW YORK (AP) — Apple Inc. on Tuesday released an upgraded line of iMac desktop computers with faster processors, higher-resolution

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May 5 - 19 , 2011

cameras and a new type of data port. The new iMacs all have Intel quad-core processors, which had been available as an upgrade to the standard dual-core processors of the previous generation. Apple said the new models are up to 70 percent faster. The new 21.5inch iMac has a single Thunderbolt port, which can carry data at speeds 20 times faster than most current USB ports. It can also connect to additional monitors. The 27-inch iMac has two Thunderbolt ports.Apple introduced Thunderbolt on MacBook Pro laptops in February. The port was developed by Intel Corp. The 21-inch iMac starts at $1,199, the larger model at $1,699. Apple last revamped its iMacs in October 2009.

SANTA ANA, Calif. (AP) — A federal judge ruled Wednesday that a group of Muslim activists and organizations cannot review additional records of FBI inquiries into their activities but berated the government for misleading the court about the existence of the files. U.S. District Judge Cormac J. Carney said six Muslim groups and five individuals who sued in 2007 to gain access to records they believed the FBI was keeping do not have a right to much of the information because of national security concerns. The ruling came amid a nearly fiveyear battle by the American Civil Liberties

Union and the Muslim activists to obtain files they believe would show the FBI has been unlawfully targeting Muslims in Southern California. Carney reached his decision after privately reviewing more than 100 pages of documents to ensure the government had complied with the Freedom of Information Act in denying access to plaintiffs. In his 18-page ruling, Carney declined to reveal the number or nature of the records the FBI kept on the plaintiffs, citing national security concerns. He also reached the conclusion that federal government attorneys misled the court about the exis-

tence of the documents. “The government’s representations were then, and remain today, blatantly false,” Carney wrote. “The government cannot, under any circumstance, affirmatively mislead the court.” Such “deception” could impede the court from performing its constitutional responsibilities, he added. No one was immediately available to comment at the Department of Justice. Shakeel Syed, executive director of the Islamic Shura Council of Southern California, was disappointed in the ruling. He said he feels the need to constantly look over his shoulder, especially now that the court has confirmed the government has been keeping files on the plaintiffs that will not be revealed. “I know that I am under surveillance, I just want to know the reasons for that and I want to know whether that is warranted or not, I want to know if it is legal or not,” Syed said. The case is one of several that highlight widespread concern among Muslim-Americans that the FBI has been spying on them. Read more details about this story at www.almashreqonline.com


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International & Business News

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Fatah, Hamas proclaim landmark reconciliation pact

CAIRO (AP) — Rival Palestinian factions Fatah and Hamas on

Wednesday proclaimed a landmark reconciliation pact aimed at ending their bitter four-year rift that has left them with competing governments in the territories envisioned for a future Palestinian state, but Israel’s leader denounced it as a “mortal blow to peace.” The al-

Egypt’s plan to open Gaza border reveals shifts

liance set off ecstatic celebrations in the Palestinian territories. International mediator Tony Blair insisted their new government must recognize Israel, a step Hamas has always rejected. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas brushed off the criticism and instead used the occasion to deliver a scathing attack on Israel, saying “we reject blackmail and it is no longer possible for us to accept the (Israeli) occupation of Palestinian land.” JERUSALEM (AP) — Egypt’s announcement that it will open a key border crossing with the Palestinian Gaza The Palestinians say the move is Strip within days sparked concern in a step toward independence, but Israel on Friday and revealed how the unity between Fatah and Hamas upheaval in the Arab world is shifting appears unlikely to jump start the Mideast conflict. Under former negotiations with Israel for an in- President Hosni Mubarak, Egypt redependent Palestinian state. Israel stricted the movement of people and swiftly rejected the prospect of a goods through the Rafah crossing in Palestinian government including keeping with a blockade it imposed Hamas, citing the militant group’s on Gaza along with Israel. The restricstated goal of destroying the Jew- tions were aimed at weakening the ish state. The U.S. expressed sim- Hamas militants who rule the Gaza ilar concerns. “It needs to be clear Strip, and whom both Egypt and Israel that such an agreement is crossing saw, until recently, as a common ena red line,” Lieberman told Isra- emy. After Mubarak’s ouster in Februel’s Army Radio. ary by a popular uprising, Egypt’s new transitional Cabinet and ruling mili-

Israel rejects Palestinian government with Hamas

JERUSALEM (AP) — Israel’s foreign minister warned on Thursday that Israel will not negotiate

with a new Palestinian unity government that includes the Hamas militant group. Avigdor Lieberman spoke a day after rival Palestinian factions Hamas and Fatah reached a unity deal in Cairo to end their five year long dispute For Palestinians, the Egypt-brokered deal revived hopes of ending their bitter infighting that weakened them politically and caused the deaths of hundreds in violent clashes and crackdowns.

Phone call by Kuwaiti courier led to bin Laden WASHINGTON (AP) — When one of Osama bin Laden’s most trusted aides picked up the phone last year, he unknowingly led U.S. pursuers to the doorstep of his boss, the world’s most wanted terrorist. That monitored phone call, recounted Monday by a U.S. official, ended a years-long search for bin Laden’s personal courier, the key break in a worldwide manhunt. The courier, in turn, led U.S. intelligence to a walled compound in northeast Pakistan, where a team of Navy SEALs shot bin Laden to death. Shortly after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, detainees in the CIA’s secret prison network told interrogators about an important courier with the nom de guerre Abu Ahmed al-Kuwaiti who was close to bin Laden. After the CIA captured al-Qaida’s No. 3 leader, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, he confirmed knowing al-Kuwaiti but denied he had anything to do with al-Qaida.Then in 2004, top al-Qaida operative Hassan Ghul was captured in Iraq. Ghul told the CIA that al-Kuwaiti was a courier, someone crucial to the terrorist organization. In particular, Ghul said, the courier was close to Faraj al-Libi, who replaced Mohammed as al-Qaida’s operational commander. It was a key break in the hunt for in bin Laden’s per-

sonal courier. “Hassan Ghul was the linchpin,” a U.S. official said. Finally, in May 2005, al-Libi was captured. Under CIA interrogation, al-Libi admitted that when he was promoted to succeed Mohammed, he received the word through a courier. But he made up a name for the courier and denied knowing al-Kuwaiti, a denial that was so adamant and unbelievable that the CIA took it as confirmation that he and Mohammed were protecting the courier. It only re-

inforced the idea that al-Kuwaiti was very important to al-Qaida. If they could find the man known as al-Kuwaiti, they’d find bin Laden. It took years of work before the CIA identified the courier’s real name: Sheikh Abu Ahmed, a Pakistani man born in Kuwait. When they did identify him, he

was nowhere to be found. The CIA’s sources didn’t know where he was hiding. Bin Laden was famously insistent that no phones or computers be used near him, so the eavesdroppers at the National Security Agency kept coming up cold. But in the middle of last year, Ahmed had a telephone conversation with someone being monitored by U.S. intelligence, according to an American official, who like others interviewed for this story spoke only on condition of anonymity to discuss the sensitive operation. Ahmed was located somewhere away from bin Laden’s hideout when he had the discussion, but it was enough to help intelligence officials locate and watch Ahmed. In August 2010, Ahmed unknowingly led authorities to a compound in the northeast Pakistani town of Abbottabad, where al-Libi had once lived. The walls surrounding the property were as high as 18 feet and topped with barbed wire. Intelligence officials had known about the house for years, but they always suspected that bin Laden would be surrounded by heavily armed security guards. Nobody patrolled the compound in Abbottabad. Read the full story at our website: www.almashreqonline.com

CAIRO (AP) — The once outlawed Muslim Brotherhood said Saturday its new political party will contest half of the seats in Egypt’s parliamentary elections in September, revealing plans to become a major force in the country’s post-revolution politics. Egypt’s largest Islamic group and the best organized opposition movement during ousted President Hosni Mubarak’s three decades of autocratic rule sought to ease concerns that it is intent on bringing about an Islamistdominated parliament. “This is not a religious party, not a theo-

cratic party,” its newly named leader, Mahmoud Mosri, told reporters Saturday. He described the platform of his Freedom and Justice party as civil but with an Islamic background that adheres to the constitution. The popular uprising that toppled Mubarak on Feb. 11 was driven by broad swaths of Egyptian society, and secular-minded youth activists, in particular, watched with concern as Brotherhood supporters joined the revolution once it was clear it had momentum. They fear it will forge alliances with other Islamic groups, like ultraconservative Salafists, to dominate parliament and impose Islamic Sharia law in all aspects of life, limiting freedom of expression and dubbing their opponents infidels. The new party will test to what extent the Brotherhood is willing to moderate its rigid religious discourse to try to win broader political support. It is well positioned to win big in September’s elections. Having survived years

Armed men clash with security forces in Yemen

SANAA, Yemen (AP) — Yemeni government opponents clashed with police Thursday in the southern province of Aden, as tens of thousands of protesters rallied nationwide to denounce a deadly government crackdown and demand the president’s ouster. The street clashes were triggered by a bomb attack by an unknown armed group on a checkpoint in the provincial capital, Krater, and signaled the rapid deterioration of security in Yemen, a nation that was already beset by poverty and armed conflict before the anti-government uprising that began in February. “They threw the bomb at the checkpoint and the guards began to shoot randomly at the people,” said opposition activist Adnan Abdel-Mohsen. Three Republican Guard troops were injured, he said. The checkpoint was near the Aden branch of Yemen’s central bank and on the road to the presidential palace, and a gunbattle broke of attempts by Mubarak’s regime out that lasted through the night. Abto suppress it, the Brotherhood is del-Mohsen said there was little police the best organized political force presence in the streets of Krater and in the country now that the expresident’s ruling party has been disbanded. The activists behind the uprising have yet to catch up and fear they will not be ready by September to rally large numbers of voters. Mindful of the unease, the Brotherhood has adopted the motto “Partnership, not supremacy” and its leaders are careful to use inclusive political language when talking about Egypt’s postMubarak future. The group has also pledged not to field a candidate in November’s presidential election. “We are facing a critical challenge to transform from pharaonic rule to people’s rule, with a free parliament and elected Cabinet,” leading Brotherhood member Essam el-Arian said. However, the goal of winning half of parliament’s 508 elected seats was unexpected after an earlier pledge by leaders to contest just a third of the seats.

Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood eyes big political role

tary council are taking a cooler line toward Israel and the U.S. Egypt has also been warming its ties with Israel’s enemies, chiefly Hamas and its main backer, Iran. Egypt’s new foreign minister, Nabil al-Araby, said Thursday that the closure was about to end, calling the decision to close the crossing “a disgusting matter” in an interview with the Arab satellite channel Al-Jazeera. Al-Araby said the crossing would be opened “in the coming days.” Israeli officials would not comment publicly Friday, but Israel is “troubled by recent developments in Egypt,” an Israeli government official said. He spoke on condition of anonymity because there had been no official comment. Israel views the Gaza blockade as essential to minimizing the flow of weaponry and militants into the territory, where Palestinian squads regularly launch rockets at Israeli towns, and to pressuring Hamas.

that gunshots were heard ringing through different parts of the city. Many police and security troops have abandoned their posts during the uprising. “We blame the government for allowing this chaos to happen,” Abdel-Mohsen said. “We demand the police come back to the street to control the situation and protect us.” President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who has ruled over Yemen for 32 years, has refused to step down. Massive protests and defections by military commanders, ruling party members and other one-time allies have left him clinging to power with the help of loyal military units commanded by one of his sons and other relatives. On Thursday, Saleh fired the country’s prosecutor general, Adullah al-Olofi, state TV reported. The prosecutor had refused to blame opposition youth for violence in the capital a day earlier. Security forces backed by snipers on rooftops, fired on demonstrators in Sanaa, killing 12 and wounding nearly 200. Protesters turned out Thursday to denounce the killings, which resembled a March 18 sniper attack in Sanaa that killed more than 40 and prompted the wave of defections among Saleh’s allies to the opposition. Opposition parties said in a statement that Wednesday’s killings were a “savage massacre” and constituted a crime against humanity by Saleh and members of his family who head special branches of the military that they accused of firing on the protesters.

Congress may dock Pakistan aid over bin Laden WASHINGTON (AP) — Congress may consider docking the almost $1.3 billion dollars in annual aid to Pakistan if it turns out the Islamabad government knew where Osama bin Laden was hiding, the head of the Senate Intelligence committee said Tuesday. Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., said she wants more details from CIA director Leon Panetta and others about the Pakistani government’s role. Feinstein spoke to reporters about the raid that killed bin Laden early Monday and the questions raised by his hiding place deep inside Pakistan. Incredulous lawmakers are pressing Pakistan for answers to two simple questions: What did its army and intelligence agents know of bin Laden’s whereabouts and when did they know it?

English Issue 19  

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