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March 23, 2011 ■ Stories about people and events in A
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FILM STRIKES CHORD
‘RACE TO NOWHERE’ documentary has one principal thinking of ‘fundamental changes’ in the classroom By Dave Boyce Almanac Staff Writer
nsights often have the most value after the occasion has passed and one has had time to ponder the deeper meanings, so it is all the more remarkable that Kelly, a ninth-grader in the documentary “Race to Nowhere,” needs just two sentences to capture the multi-faceted dilemma facing many middle- and high-school students today. “You have to be smart, but also you have to be pretty, and also you have to do sports and you have to be involved in the arts, and you have to find something unique about yourself,” Kelly says in the film. “And you have to know yourself, because if you don’t know yourself before you do all that, you’re going to lose yourself.” Vicki Abeles, a mother and former lawyer, co-directed this 2009 documentary that played to
a nearly full house on Jan. 18 at the performing arts center at Woodside High School. Principal David Reilly arranged the presentation, introduced it and took questions afterward. “Race” is showing again at 7 p.m. Tuesday, March 29, at Holy Trinity Episcopal Church at 330 Ravenswood Ave. in Menlo Park. Tickets are $15 at the door. The film is short on data, long on anecdotal testimony from students, parents and educators, and carries a message that should be no surprise: competition for grades and stature has gotten way out of hand, in part thanks to anxious parents attuned to what they believe to be
grim realities in a race to have the right education credentials for their children. School issues dominate home life as kids are being turned into “little professionals,” the film says. “There’s so much more to a child’s life than what’s going on at school,” one parent remarks. The pressure to achieve, the film claims, starts in middle school and just builds. The focus becomes high test scores and the right combination of extracurricular activities to impress admission officers at the right colleges. It’s called “doing school,” and it is subverting fundamental skills such as problemsolving, working in groups and
thinking critically, the film says. An attorney in the film notes that her interns, on being given an open-ended writing task, will not infrequently ask her how many paragraphs she wants. “(They) fall apart on non-formulaic questions,” she says. “At Menlo-Atherton High School, there’s a lot of concern about how hard students are working now,” said M-A parent Terry Aguiar who attended the Woodside showing with her husband. “There’s huge pressure to take advanced placement classes and to get As.” The Aguiars attended the screening to get another point of view. Their bottom line: Parents should
Photo above and on cover by Michelle Le ABOVE: David Reilly, principal of Woodside High School, hosted a screening of the documentary film “Race to Nowhere” to a nearly full house at the school’s performing arts center in January. Mr. Reilly said that the film led him to reconsider the topic of homework and that he wants his entire staff to see it. ON THE COVER: A screen grab from the documentary film “Race to Nowhere,” an anecdotal portrayal of the intense competitive stress that middle- and high-school students face.
exchange views and concerns with other parents, Ms. Aguiar said. “It takes a village,” she added. Engaging the community in education issues is one of the film’s recommendations, along with attending to each student’s learning style and individual interests, and cutting the homework load. Less homework
That “Race to Nowhere” was shown at Woodside High is testament to Principal Reilly’s concern. “I want my entire staff to see this film,” he told the audience afterward. “I think we need to redefine success in this society and it is not (state academic ranking) and preparing for standardized tests.” Research has shown benefits from reducing the homework load, and it would seem to be the low hanging fruit. In the film, an advanced-placement (AP) biology Continued on page 19
March 23, 2011 N The Almanac N 17
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Notice is hereby given that SEALED BIDS will be received at the ofďŹ ce of the City Clerk, 91 AshďŹ eld Road, Atherton, California 94027, until 3:00 p.m. APRIL 6, 2011, at which time they will be publicly opened and read, for performing the following work: Grind and replace approximately 17,000 square feet of asphalt to a six-inch depth. This work to include all necessary trafďŹ c control and will involve grinding, sweeping, tack coating, replacing asphalt to appropriate depth in an appropriate number of lifts and ďŹ nish rolling per town of Atherton Standard speciďŹ cations (see below) and special provisions included in this document. Some hand work around utility access hole covers will be necessary (special provision #107).
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Plans and speciďŹ cations may be obtained at the Town of Athertonâ€™s website at www.ci.atherton. ca.us under Bid Solicitation at no cost. Additional important information is contained in Town of Atherton Standard SpeciďŹ cations which are available on line at www.ci.atherton.ca.us/publicworks. html . Contractor shall be responsible for any addendums that may be posted on the Townâ€™s website. No Planholders list shall be available. Bids must be accompanied by a bid security in the form of cash, a cashierâ€˜s or certiďŹ ed check or bid bond for not less than ten percent (10%) of the amount of the bid, as a guarantee that the bidder, if awarded the Contract, will fulďŹ ll the terms of the bid. The Town of Atherton reserves the right to reject any and all proposals and/or to waive any irregularities therein.
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Bidders are hereby notiďŹ ed that, pursuant to California Civil Code Sections 3247 and 3248 and Standard SpeciďŹ cations Section 3.02, the successful bidder will be required to provide payment and performance bonds in the amounts stated in Section 3.02 of the Standard SpeciďŹ cations. Bidders are hereby notiďŹ ed that provisions of California Labor Code regarding prevailing wages are applicable to the work to be performed under this contract. Pursuant to Section 1773 et seq. the general prevailing wage rates have been determined by the Director of the California Department of Industrial Relations and appear in the California Prevailing Wage Rates. Copies are on ďŹ le at the ofďŹ ce of the City Engineer and are available to interested parties upon request. The successful bidder shall post a copy of the wage rates at the job site. The Contractor may elect to receive 100 percent of payments due under the contract, without retention of any portion of the payment by the Town of Atherton, by depositing securities of equivalent value to the retention amount in accordance with the provisions of Section 22300 of the California Public Contracts Code. The successful bidder must be licensed under the provisions of Chapter 9, Division 3, of the California Business and Professions Code to do the type of work contemplated in the project at the time the contract is awarded and shall be skilled and regularly engaged in the general class or type of work called for under the Contract. Failure of the bidder to obtain proper and adequate licensing for an award of the contract shall constitute a failure to execute the contract and result in the forfeiture of the bidderâ€˜s bid security. Each bidder shall submit with this bid a statement setting forth his/her/its experience and qualiďŹ cations. The statement shall be made on the forms provided by the Town and must accompany each bid. The three lowest bidders will be required to submit subcontractorâ€˜s experience and qualiďŹ cations statements within 48 hours of the bid opening, on forms provided by the Town. By submitting a bid in response to this advertisement for bids, the bidder shall be conclusively deemed to have read, understood and agreed with all of the information and materials contained in the bid documents, including but not limited to the construction contract, the standard speciďŹ cations, the special provisions, the required nature and amount of insurance and the documentation evidencing said insurance. Any questions regarding the project should be directed to David Huynh, Project Engineer, telephone: (650) 752-0555 or by written Requests for Information (RFI) to: Public Works Department, 91 AshďŹ eld Road, Atherton, CA 94027, preferably no later than ďŹ ve days before bid opening. RFIs may be emailed to email@example.com or faxed to (650) 688-6539.
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By:___________________________________ Duncan L. Jones, P.E., City Engineer Date:_________________________________ 18 N The Almanac N March 23, 2011
Media Sponsor: Palo Alto Weekly and Palo Alto Online
2011 SPRING PATCHING PROJECT NO. 56050
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Go to AlmanacNews.com/calendar to see more local calendar listings.
Special Events Town of Woodside’s Green Vision Demonstration of cutting-edge energy saving devices. Explore the new High Energy Home program that will save money and reduce the amount of energy a home wastes. Refreshments. Hosted by Conservation & Environmental Health Committee of the Town of Woodside. March 30, 6:30-9 p.m. Free. Independence Hall, 2955 Woodside Road, Woodside. Call 650-575-6940.
Community Events Compassion Weekend Projects range from construction and landscaping to education and relationship-building. April 2-3, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Free. Menlo Park Presbyterian Church, 950 Santa Cruz Ave., Menlo Park.
Talks/Authors ‘Joe Carcione: The Green Grocer’ Joe Carcione (1914-1988) was well known on radio and television as The Green Grocer. He was famous for his enthusiasm for fruits and vegetables, and his tip of the day — what to buy and when, and how to cook. His sons Pete and Joe Carcione will give a presentation about their father. April 2, 1-2 p.m. Included w/museum admittance: $3-$5. San Mateo County History Museum, 2200 Broadway, Redwood City. Call 650-299-0104. www.historysmc.org Daniel A. Olivas’ ‘The Book of Want’ “When Moses descended Mount Sinai carrying the Ten Commandments, he never could have foreseen how one family in Los Angeles in the early twenty-first century would struggle to live by them,” the publisher says of this book. March 30, 7 p.m. Free. Kepler’s, 1010 El Camino Real, Menlo Park. Call 650-324-4321. www.keplers.com Guy Kawasaki presents his new book, “Enchantment: The Art of Changing Hearts, Minds, and Actions.” March 31, 7 p.m. Free. Kepler’s, 1010 El Camino Real, Menlo Park. Call 650-324-4321. www.keplers.com Jenny Blake discusses her new book, “Life After College: The Complete Guide to Getting What You Want. “ March 24, 7 p.m. Free. Kepler’s, 1010 El Camino Real, Menlo Park. Call
650-324-4321. www.keplers.com Joshua Foer discusses his book “Moonwalking with Einstein: The Art and Science of Remembering Everything.” March 28, 7 p.m. Free. Kepler’s, 1010 El Camino Real, Menlo Park. Call 650-324-4321. www.keplers.com Margo True, the food editor at Sunset Magazine, discusses her new book: “The OneBlock Feast: An Adventure in Food from Yard to Table.” March 23, 7 p.m. Free. Kepler’s, 1010 El Camino Real, Menlo Park. Call 650-324-4321. www.keplers.com
teacher notes that grades went up after he cut his class’s homework in half. But changing the homework regimen at Woodside High would involve “a huge paradigm shift,” Mr. Reilly said in an interview. “Teachers would have to reflect on how to maximize their use of instructional time. How do we fulfill and complete assessments within the class period, which then takes away from instructional time?” “It’s a completely different way of delivering content,” he added. “You have to make fundamental changes in the classroom.” For example? Having students get lectures via personal computer and save homework for the classroom, where help is available and distractions are fewer, he said. It’s a “very, very interesting” concept called “reverse” or “flipping” school, Mr. Reilly said. Homework battles would no longer involve parents. Students, their option of coasting through lectures now gone, would be demonstrating their understanding or lack of it in real time. An online discussion group could allow students to discuss the lecture before class.
Kids & Families
Carnival of Chaos Comedy will present a comedy variety act including juggling, stunts and music. March 31, 4:30-5:15 p.m. Portola Valley Library, 765 Portola Road, Portola Valley. Call 650-851-0560. smcl.org Doctor Noize Children’s musician Doctor Noize performs March 30 at 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.; and April 3 at 3 p.m. $10. Cubberley Community Center, 4000 Middlefield Road, Palo Alto. Call 650-463-4930. www.doctornoize.com Paws for Tales Pet Assisted Therapy teams and their handlers are from the SPCA’s Paws for Tales program. Sign up in advance. April 2, 11 a.m. to noon. Free. Portola Valley Library, 765 Portola Road, Portola Valley. Call 650-8510560. smcl.org Science Storytime with Mariela Kleiner Mariela Kleiner will introduce the work of Einstein and basic science concepts to kids. March 27, 11:30 a.m. Free. Kepler’s, 1010 El Camino Real, Menlo Park. Call 650-324-4321. www.keplers.com Tomato and Pepper Plant Sale Heirloom, popular and unusual varieties of tomato and pepper seedlings will be sold. Grown organically from seed by Master Gardeners of San Mateo and San Francisco Counties. Sales are cash and check only. April 2, 9 a.m.-1 p.m. Free. College of San Mateo Greenhouse, 13 Happy Hollow Lane, Menlo Park. Call 650854-3901.
Computer Coaching One-on-one tutoring sessions on computer use are available every Monday. Noon-1 p.m. Free. Atherton Library, 2 Dinkelspiel Station Lane, Atherton. www.smcl. org/en/node/2842 e-Book Drop-In Session An information session on downloadable library materials. April 4, 5 p.m. Free. Portola Valley Library, 765 Portola Road, Portola Valley. Call 650-851-0560. Intermediate Photoshop Elements Retouch photos using Photoshop Elements. Learn how to smooth wrinkles and blemishes, whiten teeth, change eye color, and apply decorative borders, filters and more. April 2, 9:30 a.m. Free. Woodside Library, 3140 Woodside Road, Woodside. Call 650-851-0147. Sustainable Urban Gardening Classes Classes on growing urban edibles will now be held at Little House. Next class is March 24, 10
‘ Women and Jazz’ Marcus Shelby brings his trio to San Mateo County Library for a musical presentation that reflects the works of female jazz composers and celebrates pioneering women in American history. March 28, 7 p.m. Free. Atherton Library, 2 Dinkelspiel Station Lane, Atherton. Call 650-328-2422. Luciano Chessa Berkeley-based Italian composer, performer and scholar Luciano Chessa presents a program including Joan La Barbara’s “Hear what I feel” and the premiere of Sylvano Bussotti’s “Variazioni Chessa.” April 9, 2-3:30 p.m. $10 general admission; $5 students with ID; free for Sequoia Union High School District students. Menlo-Atherton Performing Arts Center, 555 Middlefield Road, Atherton. Call 650-279-4278. www.maacmusic.org
Benefits MPAEF ‘Rock the Foundation’ Menlo Park-Atherton Education Foundation hosts “Rock the Foundation,” a party, dance and auction. All proceeds benefits the children of Laurel, Encinal, Oak Knoll and Hillview Middle School. Music by Pride & Joy. Silent auction for parties, getaways, fine wine and special teacher events. April 9, 7 p.m. to midnight. $85. Crowne Plaza Hotel, 4290 El Camino Real, Palo Alto. Call 650325-0100. mpaef.org Treasure Market 2011 Fine arts and collectibles sale to benefit the Cantor Arts Center at Stanford University. Jewelry, furs, art, furniture, china, books, silver and more. Friday night opening party includes hors d’oeuvres and drinks ($75 members/$100 nonmembers). March 25-27, 10 a.m.-2 p.m. $5 Saturday and Sunday. Treasure Market 2011, Arrillaga Center 341 Galvez St., Stanford. Call 650-723-2997. museum.stanford.edu/TM
‘RACE TO NOWHERE’ Continued from page 17
a.m.-noon. $30. Little House, 800 Middle Ave., Menlo Park. Call 650-326-2025 ext. 221.
“This would level the playing field a little bit,” Mr. Reilly said, referring to advantages enjoyed by kids who have such discussions with knowledgeable parents. “That’s an example of a paradigm shift. That’s not easy. That takes time.” Woodside High has five inschool programs for students of all abilities to discuss class work and do homework, Mr. Reilly said. New in January is the Honors Consortium program, one evening per week for honors and AP students to work independently or in a group and to review material with a teacher. What is the right amount of homework, and what does it accomplish? Homework can be a sorting tool to winnow out students who can’t complete it, and who are then “systematically denied opportunities” that other students enjoy, said Diane Tavenner, the cofounder of Summit Preparatory Charter High School in Redwood City, in an interview. “We are very aware of the research about homework,” she said. Summit students get no more than 30 minutes per day per class. With five subjects, that two and a half hours a night, and it’s commonly completed before
going home, Ms. Tavenner said. The school offers two hours of after-school support every day plus a free daily study hour with teacher and technology resources. The challenge for teachers is to make homework meaningful and avoiding “learning out of the classroom,” she said. Typical college prep schools have much higher loads, sometimes as much as seven hours a night, she said. Students surveyed at Atherton’s private co-ed Menlo School for grades 6-12 reported two and a half hours a night, Upper School Director John Schafer told the Almanac. School administration recommends between 20 and 40 minutes per day per class, with ninth-graders at the lower end of that range, Mr. Schafer said, noting that the time actually needed varies by student ability. There’s a point at which more is not better, he added. If 10 math problems can do the job, why assign 25? A