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SMS ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻮاﺻﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ارﺳﻞ رﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫( ﺛﻢ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﺛﻢ ﻧﺺ اﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬٨٦) ‫ﺗﺒﺪأ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻣﺰ‬ (Zain) ٧٣٧٢٢١ ،(Mobily) ٦٣٥٠٣١ ،(Stc) ٨٨٥٩١ ‫إﻟﻰ‬

‫ﻃﺐ ﻧﺒﻮي‬ ،‫ اﻟﻤﺴﻚ ﻣﻘﻮ ّﻳًﺎ ﻟﻠﻘﻠﺐ‬:‫ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻔﺘﺎح‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻓﻌﺎ ﻟﻠﺼﺪاع‬ ،‫ﻧﺎﻓﻌﺎ ﻟﻠﺨﻔﻘﺎن‬ ً ً

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‫ﻗﺼﺔ ﻣﺒﺪع‬

‫ ﻧﻘﺺ اﻟﺒﺮاﻣﺞ واﻟﺪﻋﻢ‬:‫ﻓﻠﻤﺒﺎن‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻮﺟﺴﺘﻲ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻔﻨﻴﻴﻦ‬

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Abomalik2008@gmail.com

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‫‪f/¡1Ñ*€D2‬‬

‫»اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ«‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎت »ﻏﻴﺮ ﺷﺮﻋﻴﺔ«؟‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ أن ﺗﺘﺤﻮل ﺳﻨﺔ ﻧﺒﻮﻳﺔ إﻟﻰ ﻣﻌﺼﻴﺔ إﻟﻬﻴﺔ؟ ﻫﻞ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ أن ﺗﺘﺨﺬ وﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﺷﺮﻋﻴﺔ ذرﻳﻌﺔ ﻻرﺗﻜﺎب‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻣﺎت؟ )اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ( وﻫﻲ ﺳﻨﺔ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻳﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻻﺳﺘﺸﻔﺎء واﻻﺳﺘﻄﺒﺎب ﺟﻌﻠﻬﺎ »ﺑﻌﺾ« اﻟﺮﻗﺎة ﻣﺪﺧﻠًﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎت ﺷﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ اﻻﺧﺘﻼء ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺎء‪ ،‬وﻣﻼﻣﺴﺔ أﺟﺴﺎدﻫﻦ‪ ،‬واﻻﺳﺘﺮﺳﺎل ﻣﻌﻬﻦ ﻓﻲ أﺣﺎدﻳﺚ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺸﻒ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ أﺳﺮا ًرا وﺧﺒﺎﻳﺎ‪) .‬اﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ( اﺳﺘﻄﻠﻌﺖ آراء ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺮﻗﺎة واﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﻴﻦ ﺣﻮل )اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ(‬ ‫وﻣﻤﺎرﺳﺎت ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺮﻗﺎة اﻟﺨﺎﻃﺌﺔ أﺛﻨﺎء ﻣﻤﺎرﺳﺘﻬﺎ‪ ،‬وﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬه اﻟﻤﺤﺎذﻳﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺛﻨﺎﻳﺎ اﻻﺳﺘﻄﻼع‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‪:‬‬

‫*‪¡f“‚<›%* œ0|G*ag<ŒÍ„k‚6‬‬ ‫أوﺿﺢ اﻟﺮاﻗﻲ اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻲ إﺑﺮاﻫﻴﻢ ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺮدة اﻟﻤﺸﺮف ﻋﻠﻰ دار اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺑﻮة‬ ‫أن ﻫﻨﺎك ﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻓﺘﺮة ﻟﻤﺮاﻗﺒﺔ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﺮﻗﺎة‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﻤﻤﻠﻜﺔ‪ ،‬وﺗﺘﻜﻮن ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ا‪I‬ﻣﺎرة وﻫﻴﺌﺔ ا‪G‬ﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻌﺮوف ووزارة اﻟﺸﺆون‬ ‫ا‪I‬ﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ واﻟﺸﺮﻃﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ‪ ،‬وﻛﺸﻒ اﻟﺮدة‬ ‫ﻋﻦ أن ﻫﺬه اﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ ﺗﻘﻮم ﺑﻤﺮاﻗﺒﺔ اﻟﺮﻗﺎة وﺿﺒﻂ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺮﺗﻜﺒﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ؛ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻀﺒﻂ‬ ‫ﻫــﺬه اﻟﻤﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎت وﺗــﺮﻓــﻊ ‪I‬ﻣ ــﺎرة اﻟﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ وﻳﺘﻢ‬ ‫إﻳﻘﺎﻓﻬﻢ ﻋــﻦ ﻣﻤﺎرﺳﺔ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ ﻟـﻌــﺪم ﺗﻮﻓﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻀﻮاﺑﻂ اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ اﻟﻤﻨﺼﻮص ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬وﻳﺘﻢ أﺧﺬ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﺨﺎﻟﻔﻴﻦ ﺑﻌﺪم اﻟﻌﻮدة إﻟﻰ ﻣﻤﺎرﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﻴﺮًا إﻟﻰ أن اﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ ﺗﻘﻮم ﺑﺰﻳﺎرﺗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻠﻚ اﻟﺪور اﻟﻤﻌﺪة ﻟﻠﺮﻗﻴﺔ زﻳــﺎرات ﻣﻔﺎﺟﺌﺔ ودون‬ ‫ﻣﻮاﻋﻴﺪ ﻣﺴﺒﻘﺔ؛ وذﻟــﻚ ﻟﻤﺮاﻗﺒﺔ ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻢ واﺗﺨﺎذ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺮاء اﻟﻤﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻤﺨﺎﻟﻔﻴﻦ ﻟ‪c‬ﻧﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻤﻌﻤﻮل‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ وﻣﻨﻌًﺎ ﻟﺤﺪوث ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎت ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻫــﺬا اﻟﻤﺠﺎل‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ أن ﻫــﺬه اﻟﻠﺠﺎن ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ وﺳﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫وأدوات ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺗﻄﻠﻊ ﻣــﻦ ﺧﻼﻟﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟــﺮﻗــﺎة‬ ‫وﺗﺼﺮﻓﺎﺗﻬﻢ‪ .‬إﻟﻰ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ أن ﻫﻨﺎك ﺿﻮاﺑﻂ ﺻﺎدرة‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﻛﺒﺎر اﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎء ﺗﺤﺪد ﻋﻤﻞ اﻟﺮﻗﺎة وﻳﺴﺘﻌﺎن‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ اﻟﺮﻗﺎة اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﻴﻦ‪ .‬وأﻛﺪ اﻟﺮدة أﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ ﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ وﺿﻊ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﺘﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻌﻮدﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ إﻳﺠﺎد اﻟﺘﺮاﺧﻴﺺ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎت وﺻﻮ ًﻟﺎ إﻟﻰ اﻟﻤﻨﻊ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻤﺎرﺳﺔ اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ أﻛــﺪ أن اﻟـﻬــﺪف ا‪G‬ﺳــﺎس ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻧﻔﻊ اﻟﻨﺎس واﻻﺣﺘﺴﺎب ﺑﺪون أن‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن اﻟﻤﻘﺼﺪ ا‪I‬ﻳﺮاد اﻟﻤﺎدي‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺿﺤً ﺎ أن اﻟﻤﺎدة‬ ‫إذا دﺧﻠﺖ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﺔ ﺗﺤﻴﻠﻬﺎ إﻟﻰ ﺗﺠﺎرة ﺑﺤﺘﺔ ﻻ‬

‫‪k«=}…‚H+k«F}H+k«œŸHIg™lI «Š¢.Ž…:L£Ib,¹-3}H+‬‬ ‫‪k«=gŸl0+Lk«=}…8k«œ«K'g.n+5LbH-gF}H+g…®2)+5+6‬‬ ‫‪£¥l…IÒIL'+%g…¢Hg,‰Òl2+ ¥NbH-gF}H+†®,­}«‡ŸH+‬‬

‫وا‪G‬دﻋﻴﺔ اﻟــﻮاردة ﻓﻲ ﻛﺘﺎب ا| ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ وﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫وﺳﻨﺔ ﻧﺒﻴﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ا| ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ وا‪I‬ﻟﺤﺎح ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ا| ﻓﻲ اﻟﺪﻋﺎء وﻋﺪم اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﻐﻴﺮ‪.‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻼط‬

‫ﺗﺠﻌﻞ اﻟﺮاﻗﻲ ﻳﺆﺛﺮ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻘﺮوء ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻋﻠﻢ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻣ ــﻦ ﺟــﺎﻧ ـﺒــﻪ أوﺿـ ــﺢ إﻣـ ــﺎم وﺧ ـﻄ ـﻴــﺐ ﺟــﺎﻣــﻊ‬ ‫ﻣـﻌــﺎوﻳــﺔ ﺑــﻦ أﺑــﻲ ﺳﻔﻴﺎن ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ زارع أن‬ ‫اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ وﺗﺨﺼﺺ ﻻ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ اﻟﻨﺎس‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻴﺲ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻴﺦ راﻗﻴًﺎ‪ ،‬وﻟﻴﺲ ﻛﻞ راق‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺷﻴﺨﺎ‪ ،‬وأﻓﺎد زارع أن اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺗﺤﺘﺎج إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ رﻗﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﺗﺨﺘﺺ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻗﺎﺑﺔ‪ ،‬وﺗﻜﻮن ﻫﺬه اﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ أو ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ ﺑــﻮزارة اﻟﺸﺆون ا‪I‬ﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫وﻳﺠﺐ ﺗﺸﺪﻳﺪ اﻟﺮﻗﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺘﺠﺎوزات اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ اﻟﺮﻗﺎة‪ ،‬وﻛﺬﻟﻚ اﻟﻤﺤﺎذﻳﺮ اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ ﺗﺤﺪث ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ‪ ،‬وذﻛــﺮ زارع أن ﻫﻨﺎك ﻣﻦ‬ ‫وﻗﻌﺖ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎت ﻋﻘﺪﻳﺔ‪ .‬وﺷــﺪد ﻗﺎﺋ ًﻠﺎ‪ :‬ﻻ ﺑﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ إﺧﻀﺎع ﻫــﺆﻻء اﻟــﺮﻗــﺎة ﻟــﺪورات ﺗﺄﻫﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺤﻬﻢ اﻟﺘﺮاﺧﻴﺺ ﻟﻤﺰاوﻟﺔ اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻟﺐ زارع ﺑﺮﻓﻊ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى ﺗﺄﻫﻴﻠﻬﻢ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﺎﻧﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻲ وﻓﻲ ﻣﻬﺎرات اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ا‪y‬ﺧﺮﻳﻦ‪ .‬وﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫زارع أن اﻟﻤﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺪث ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﻗﺎة ﻛﺜﻴﺮة‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮن ﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﺎﻧﺐ اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻲ‪ ،‬وﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻃﻠﺐ اﻟﺮﺑﺢ اﻟﺘﺠﺎري‪ ،‬واﻟﺒﻌﺾ ا‪y‬ﺧﺮ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﻠﻮك‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﻓــﻲ اﻟ ـﻌــﻼج‪ .‬داﻋ ـ ًﻴــﺎ إﻟــﻰ ﺿ ــﺮورة أن‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻊ ﺣﺪود وﺿﻮاﺑﻂ ﻟﻠﺮﻗﻴﺔ واﻟﺮﻗﺎة ﻟﻠﺤﺪ ﻣﻦ‬

‫اﻟﺮدة‬

‫زارع‬

‫اﻟﺘﺠﺎوزات اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺪث ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺪﺧﻼء ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺬه اﻟﻤﻬﻨﺔ‪ .‬وأﻛﺪ زارع أن اﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎء أﺟﻤﻌﻮا ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮاز اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ اﺟﺘﻤﺎع ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺷﺮوط‪ ،‬أن ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﺑﻜﻼم ا| أو ﺑﺄﺳﻤﺎﺋﻪ وﺻﻔﺎﺗﻪ‪ ،‬وﺑﺎﻟﻠﺴﺎن اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ‬ ‫وﻣﺎ ﻳﻌﺮف ﻣﻌﻨﺎه‪ ،‬وأن ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪ أن اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺗﺆﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺬاﺗﻬﺎ ﺑﻞ ﺑﺘﻘﺪﻳﺮ ا| ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬وأﺿــﺎف زارع أن‬ ‫أﻓﻀﻞ اﻟﺮﻗﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻛــﺎن ﺛﺎﺑ ًﺘﺎ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ا|‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ؛ إذ إﻧﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ا| ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻛﺎن إذا‬ ‫أوى إﻟﻰ ﻓﺮاﺷﻪ ﻛﻞ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺟﻤﻊ ﻛﻔﻴﻪ ﺛﻢ ﻧﻔﺚ ﻓﻴﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺮأ ﻓﻴﻬﻤﺎ »ﻗــﻞ ﻫﻮ ا| أﺣــﺪ«‪ ،‬و»ﻗــﻞ أﻋــﻮذ ﺑﺮب‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻠﻖ«‪ ،‬و»ﻗﻞ أﻋﻮذ ﺑﺮب اﻟﻨﺎس«‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ ﻳﻤﺴﺢ ﺑﻬﻤﺎ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻄﺎع ﻣﻦ ﺟﺴﺪه‪ ،‬ﻳﺒﺪأ ﺑﻬﻤﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ رأﺳﻪ ووﺟﻬﻪ‬ ‫وﻣﺎ أﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺴﺪه ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ذﻟﻚ ﺛﻼث ﻣﺮات‪.‬‬ ‫وﻧﺼﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺧﺘﺎم ﺣﺪﻳﺜﻪ ﺑﺄن ﻳﺮﻗﻲ اﻟﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻣــﻦ ﺧــﻼل ﻗـ ــﺮاءة اﻟ ـﻘــﺮآن اﻟﻜﺮﻳﻢ‬

‫وﻓــﻲ ﺳ ـﻴــﺎق ﻣﺘﺼﻞ أوﺿ ــﺢ اﻟــﺮاﻗــﻲ ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻄﻴﺮي ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﻟﻤﻨﻮرة أن ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺮﻗﺎة‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻳﻜﻮن ﻟﺪﻳﻬﻢ اﺧﺘﻼط ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺎء أو ﻣﻼﻣﺴﺔ‬ ‫أﺟﺴﺎدﻫﻦ‪ ،‬وأﻛــﺪ أن ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ ا‪I‬ﺳــﻼم ﺻﺮﻳﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓــﻲ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ اﻟﺨﻠﻮة واﻻﺧ ـﺘــﻼط وﺑﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ‪ ،‬واﻋﺘﺒﺮ اﻟﻤﻄﻴﺮي أن ﻫﺬا ا‪G‬ﻣﺮ ﻳﻌﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺋﺪ اﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎن ﻟﺒﻌﺾ اﻟﺮﻗﺎة؛ ﻟﺬا ﻓﻼ ﻳﺠﻮز‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺴﺎﻫﻞ ﻓﻲ ا‪G‬ﻣﺮ ﺑﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻮﺟﻮه‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ أﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﺮأة أن ﺗﺄﺧﺬ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺤﺎرم ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن ﻣﺪر ًﻛﺎ ﻟﻤﺜﻞ ﻫﺬه ا‪G‬ﻣﻮر‪ .‬وأﻛﺪ اﻟﻤﻄﻴﺮي‬ ‫أن ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻨﺴﺎء ﺗﺘﺴﺎﻫﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺮﻗﺎة‪،‬‬ ‫وﺗﺤﺪﺛﻬﻢ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺻﻐﻴﺮة وﻛﺒﻴﺮة ﻓﻲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻬﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫وﺗﺸﻜﻲ إﻟﻴﻬﻢ وﻛﺄﻧﻪ اﻟﻌﺎرف ﺑﻜﻞ ﺷﻜﻮى‪ ،‬أو‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻨﻘﺬ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼت اﻟﺤﻴﺎة‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺿﺤً ﺎ أن ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﻗﺎة ﻣﻦ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻪ ﺧﺒﺮة ﺑﺎ‪G‬ﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ اﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ أو‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻠﻮل اﻟﺘﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ ﻟﺬا ﺗﺠﺪه ﻳﻘﺪم ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﻠﻮل ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫واﻗﻌﻴﺔ وﻏﻴﺮ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺷﺪد اﻟﻤﻄﻴﺮي ﻋﻠﻰ أن اﻟﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻨﺴﺎء‬ ‫واﻟﺮﺟﺎل ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ اﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻣﺜﻠﻤﺎ ﻳﺤﺪث ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟــﺮﻗــﺎة ﻳﻌﺪ ﻣ ـﺤــﺬورًا ﺷﺮﻋﻴًﺎ‪ ،‬وﻻ ﻳﺠﻮز‬ ‫ﺑﺄي ﺣﺎل ﻣﻦ ا‪G‬ﺣــﻮال‪،‬؛ ‪G‬ﻧﻪ ﻟﻮ ﺟﺎز اﻟﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﻟــﺮﺟــﺎل واﻟﻨﺴﺎء ﻟﻜﺎن ذﻟــﻚ ﻓــﻲ اﻟـﺼــﻼة‪ .‬وﻫــﺬه‬ ‫اﻻﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﻳــﺮاد ﺑﻬﺎ اﻻﺳﺘﺸﻔﺎء وﻃﻠﺐ اﻟﺸﻔﺎء ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ا| ﻋﺰ وﺟﻞ وا| ﺟﻞ وﻋﻼ ﻟﻢ ﻳﺠﻌﻞ ﺷﻔﺎء أﻣﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻣﺤﺮﻣًﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺒﻞ )اﻟﺘﺒﻌﻴﺾ( ﻓﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﺑﻌﻀﻪ ﻛﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻛﻠﻪ وإﺳﻘﺎط ﺑﻌﻀﻪ ﻛﺈﺳﻘﺎط ﻛﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻮاﻋﺪ ﻓﻘﻬﻴﺔ‬

‫اﻟﻘﻴﺎم ﺑﻮاﺟﺐ اﻟﻨﺼﻴﺤﺔ‬

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‫اﻟﺴﺆال‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﺣﻜﻢ اﺑــﻼغ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻤﻔﺴﺪﻳﻦ ﻛﻤﺮوﺟﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺪرات وﻣﻦ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ اﺧﻼل ﺑﺎ"ﻣﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻼد اﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻦ؟‬ ‫اﻟـﺠــﻮاب‪ :‬ﻫــﺬا واﺟــﺐ ا‪I‬ﺑــﻼغ ﻋﻦ أﻫــﻞ اﻟﺸﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺧﻄﺮﻫﻢ ﻋﺎم ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻦ وﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣــﻦ ﻋ ــﺮف ﻋـﻨـﻬــﻢ وﻋـــﺮف أﺷ ـﺨــﺎﺻ ـﻬــﻢ‪ ،‬وﻣﻜﺎﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫وﻋﻤﻠﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ أن ﻳﺒﻠﻎ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ‪G ،‬ن ﻫــﺬا ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺼﻴﺤﺔ ‪G‬ﺋﻤﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻦ وﻋﺎﻣﺘﻬﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟـﺴــﺆال‪ :‬واﻟــﺪي ﻣﺮﻳﺾ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﺸﻞ اﻟﻜﻠﻮي‪ ،‬وﻳﻘﻮم‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻐﺴﻴﻞ ﻳﻮﻣ ًﻴﺎ‪ ،‬وﻳﻨﺼﺤﻪ ا"ﻃﺒﺎء ﺑﻌﺪم اﻛﺜﺎر ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺎء‪،‬‬ ‫"ن ﻛﺜﺮة اﻟﻤﺎء ﺗﻀﺮه‪" ،‬ﻧﻪ ﻳﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺟﺴﻤﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺆدي‬

‫إﻟﻰ ﺿﻴﻖ اﻟﺘﻨﻔﺲ‪ ،‬وﻫﻮ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ اﻟﻤﺎء ﻛﺜﻴ ًﺮا‪ ،‬وﻧﺤﻦ ﻧﻘﻮم‬ ‫ﺑﺈﻋﻄﺎﺋﻪ ﺟﺮﻋﺎت ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ‪ ،‬وﻧﺮﻓﺾ إﻋﻄﺎءه ﻋﻨﺪ ﻃﻠﺒﻪ ﻧﻈ ًﺮا‬ ‫ﻟﺼﺤﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﻞ ﻋﻤﻠﻨﺎ ﻫﺬا ﻳﻌﺪ ﻋﻘﻮﻗًﺎ أم ﻻ؟‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻮاب‪ :‬ﻻ ﺗﻌﻄﻮه إﻻ ﺑﺈﺷﺎرة ا‪G‬ﻃﺒﺎء‪ ،‬اﻣﺸﻮا‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺸﻮرة ا‪G‬ﻃﺒﺎء‪G ،‬ﻧﻬﻢ أدرى ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﻨﺎﺳﺒﻪ‪ ،‬وﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻳﺪري ﻋﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺤﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮاﺟﻌﻮا ا‪G‬ﻃﺒﺎء ﻓﻲ ﻣﻘﺪار‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺎء اﻟﺬي ﻳﻌﻄﻰ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬واﻟﻤﺮات اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﻄﻰ ﻟﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺆال‪ :‬أﻧﺎ أﻋﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ اﻟﻤﻨﺴﻮﺧﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻠﻜﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﺼﺎرى أﻋﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺳﻴﺪﻳﻬﺎت ﻟﻠﻨﺴﺦ‪ ،‬ﻣﻊ أﻧﻬﻢ ﻻ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﻤﺤﻮن ﺑﻨﺴﺨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻟﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﻧﻨﺴﺨﻬﺎ وﻧﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻃﻠﺐ‬

‫اﻟﻌﻠﻢ؟‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻮاب‪ :‬ﻻ ﻳﺠﻮز ﻫﺬا‪ ،‬وﻫﺬا ﻣﻦ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻬﻢ وﻻ‬ ‫ﻳﺠﻮز أن ﻧﻌﺘﺪي ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ وﻻ ﻳﺠﻮز أن ﻧﺄﺧﺬ أﻣﻮاﻟﻬﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫وﻻ ﻳﺠﻮز أن ﻧﻌﺘﺪي ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ وﻧﻘﻮل ﻫﺆﻻء ﻧﺼﺎرى‪،‬‬ ‫ﻻ‪ ،‬ﻫﺬا ﻣﻦ اﻟﺨﻴﺎﻧﺔ‪ ،‬ﻫﺬه ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻬﻢ ﻻ ﻧﺄﺧﺬﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ‬ ‫داﻣﻮا ﻳﻤﻨﻌﻮن ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬا‪ ،‬وﻫﻲ ﺣﻘﻮق ﻟﻬﻢ ﻻ ﻧﻌﺘﺪي‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬وﻧـﻘــﻮل ﻫــﺬا ﻣــﻦ اﻟــﺪﻋــﻮة‪ ،‬ﻣــﺎ ﻫــﻮ ﻫــﺬا ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟــﺪﻋــﻮة‪ ،‬ﻫــﺬا ﻣﻦ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻪ اﻟــﺪﻋــﻮة‪ ،‬ا‪I‬ﺳــﻼم ﻳﺤﺮم‬ ‫ﻫﺬا‪ ،‬اﻻﻋﺘﺪاء ﻋﻠﻰ أﻣﻮال اﻟﻨﺎس‪ ،‬وﺣﻘﻮق اﻟﻨﺎس‪،‬‬ ‫وﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﻮا ﻛﻔﺎرًا‪.‬‬

‫ﻧﻈﺎم ﻣﺘﻜﺎﻣﻞ وﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ وﺑﻌﺪ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻤﺘﺎﺟﺮة أﻫﻢ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺗﻬﺎ‬

‫ﻣﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﺎة اﻟﻨﺒﻮة‬ ‫‪¬“«œ¼+£Ÿ1}H+bh=3‬‬

‫‪ž|NfŸN”E+¥œH+DK|‚9jŠœqH+‬‬

‫ﺣﻜﻢ ا‪g‬ﺑﻼغ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻤﻔﺴﺪﻳﻦ‪ ..‬وﻧﺴﺦ اﻟﺴﻴﺪﻳﻬﺎت‬

‫رﻛﻦ اﻟﻔﺘﻮى‬

‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻖ‬

‫‬

‫‪sE}H+¦H)¹+bh=3‬‬

‫اﻟﺤﻤﺪ |‪ ،‬واﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ﻋﻠﻰ رﺳــﻮل ا|‪،‬‬ ‫وﻋﻠﻰ آﻟﻪ وﺻﺤﺒﻪ وﻣﻦ واﻻه‪ ،‬أﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ‪،،،‬‬ ‫ﻳــﻮﺟــﺪ ﻓــﻲ ا‪G‬ﺣــﻜــﺎم اﻟـﺸــﺮﻋـﻴــﺔ أﺣ ـﻜــﺎم ﻻ ﺗﻘﺒﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺒﻌﻴﺾ واﻟـﺘـﺠــﺰﺋــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓــﺈذا اﺧ ـﺘــﺎر اﻟﻤﺴﻠﻢ اﻟﻤﻜﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ أو ﺟﺰءًا ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﺈن ﻫﺬا اﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻳﻌﺪ اﺧﺘﻴﺎرًا‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﻞ‪ ،‬وإذا أﺳـﻘــﻂ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ أو ﺟ ــﺰءًا ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻓــﺈن ﻫﺬا‬ ‫ً‬ ‫إﺳﻘﺎﻃﺎ ﻟﻠﻜﻞ‪ ،‬أﻣــﺎ ﻣــﺎ ﻳﻘﺒﻞ اﻟﺘﺒﻌﻴﺾ‬ ‫ا‪I‬ﺳـﻘــﺎط ﻳﻌﺪ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﺠﺰﺋﺔ ﻓﺈن اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﺒﻌﺾ أو إﺳﻘﺎﻃﻪ ﻳﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﻓﻘﻂ‪ ،‬وﻻ ﻳﺘﻌﺪاه إﻟﻰ ﻏﻴﺮه‪.‬‬ ‫وﻣــﻦ ا‪G‬ﻣﺜﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﻮﺿﻴﺤﻴﺔ ﻟﻬﺬه اﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﻔﻘﻬﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﻼق‪ ،‬ﻓــﺈن اﻟﺸﺮع ﻳﺠﻴﺰ ﻟﻠﺰوج أن ﻳﻄﻠﻖ ﻃﻠﻘﺔ أو‬ ‫ﻃﻠﻘﺘﻴﻦ أو ﺛــﻼث‪ ،‬وﻻ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺸﺮع ﺑﻌﺾ ﻃﻠﻘﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓــﺈذا أوﻗــﻊ اﻟــﺰوج ﻋﻠﻰ زوﺟﺘﻪ ﻧﺼﻒ ﻃﻠﻘﺔ ﻣﺜﻼ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈن‬ ‫اﻟﺰوﺟﺔ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻃﻠﻘﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ؛ ‪G‬ن اﻟﻄﻼق ﻻ ﻳﺘﺒﻌﺾ‪،‬‬

‫ﻋﺒﺎرات ﻣﻨﻬﻲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬

‫‪¬œ¥…H+bŸuI3‬‬

‫وﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﻓــﺈن إﻳـﻘــﺎع ﺑﻌﺾ ﻃﻠﻘﺔ ﻳﻌﺪ إﻳﻘﺎﻋﺎ ﻟﻄﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺸﺒﻪ إﻳﻘﺎع ﺑﻌﺾ ﻃﻠﻘﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺰوﺟﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻟﻮ‬ ‫أوﻗﻊ ﻃﻠﻘﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﺄن ﻗﺎل اﻟﺰوج ﻟﺰوﺟﺘﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻃﻠﻘﺖ ﺑﻌﻀﻚ‪ ،‬ﻓﺘﻘﻊ ﻃﻠﻘﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺰوﺟﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻣﻦ ا‪G‬ﻣﺜﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﻟﻬﺬه اﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪة ﻣﺎ إذا ﻋﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺤﻖ اﻟﻘﺼﺎص ﻛــﺄب اﻟﻤﻘﺘﻮل ﻋﻦ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻘﺎﺗﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫أو ﻋﻔﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﻘﻲ اﻟﻘﺼﺎص ﻛﺄﺑﻨﺎء اﻟﻤﻘﺘﻮل ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﺗﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﻔﻲ ﻫﺎﺗﻴﻦ اﻟﺼﻮرﺗﻴﻦ ﻳﺴﻘﻂ اﻟﻘﺼﺎص ﻛﺎﻣﻼ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻛﻞ اﻟﻘﺎﺗﻞ؛ ‪G‬ن اﻟﻘﺎﺗﻞ ﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﻀﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺼﻮرة‬ ‫ا‪G‬وﻟــﻰ؛ و‪G‬ن اﻟﻘﺼﺎص ﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﻀﻪ أﻳﻀﺎ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻮرة اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬وﻳﺘﻢ اﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎل إﻟﻰ اﻟﺪﻳﺔ‪ ،‬وﻓﻲ ﻫﺬه‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ إذا ﻋﻔﺎ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﻖ اﻟﻘﺼﺎص ﻋﻦ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺪﻳﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫أو ﻋﻔﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﻘﻲ اﻟﻘﺼﺎص ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﻔﻲ ﻫﺎﺗﻴﻦ‬

‫اﻟﺼﻮرﺗﻴﻦ ﻳﺴﻘﻂ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺪﻳﺔ؛ ‪G‬ﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻘﺒﻞ اﻟﺘﺒﻌﻴﺾ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻣﻦ ا‪G‬ﻣﺜﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﻟﻬﺬه اﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪة أﻳﻀﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻟﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻚ رﺟﻼن ﻋﻘﺎرا ﻣﻨﺎﺻﻔﺔ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺷﺎﺋﻌﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺒﺎع أﺣﺪﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺼﻴﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈن اﻟﺸﺮﻳﻚ ا‪y‬ﺧﺮ ﺗﺜﺒﺖ ﻟﻪ اﻟﺸﻔﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻨﺼﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺒﺎع ﻛﺎﻣﻼ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈذا اﺧﺘﺎر اﻟﺸﻔﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻨﺼﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻂ ﺣﻘﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺸﻔﻌﺔ؛ ‪G‬ﻧﻬﺎ ﻻ ﺗﻘﺒﻞ اﻟﺘﺒﻌﻴﺾ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻣﻦ ا‪G‬ﺣﻜﺎم اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ اﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﻬﺬه اﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪة‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻢ اﻟﻈﻬﺎر‪ ،‬وﻫــﻮ أن ﻳﻘﻮل اﻟــﺰوج ﻟﺰوﺟﺘﻪ‪ :‬أﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﻛﻈﻬﺮ أﻣﻲ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ أن ﻳﺤﺮﱢم ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ أن ﻳﻌﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﻇﻬﺮ زوﺟﺘﻪ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺤﺮم ﻋﻠﻴﻪ أن ﻳﻌﻠﻮ ﻇﻬﺮ أﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻋﺘﺒﺮ‬ ‫اﻟـﺸــﺮع ﻫــﺬا ﻇـﻬــﺎرا‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺤﺮم ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟــﺰوج أن ﻳﺒﺎﺷﺮ‬ ‫زوﺟﺘﻪ‪ ،‬وﻻ ﻳﺨﺘﺺ اﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﻈﻬﺮﻫﺎ‪ ،‬وﻻ ﻳﺠﻮز ﻟﻪ‬ ‫أن ﻳﺒﺎﺷﺮﻫﺎ إﻻ ﺑﻌﺪ أن ﻳﻜﻔﺮ اﻟﻜﻔﺎرة اﻟﻤﺬﻛﻮرة ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻮرة اﻟﻤﺠﺎدﻟﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻟﻮ اﻧﻄﺒﻘﺖ اﻟﺴﻤﺎء ﻋﻠﻰ ا‪J‬رض‬ ‫ﻫــﺬه اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟـﻨــﺎس ﻫــﺪاﻫــﻢ ا|‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻴﺎن ﺷﺪة ﺗﻤﻨﻌﻪ وإﻗﻔﺎل ﺑﺎب ﻛﻞ ﻣﺤﺎوﻟﺔ ﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻔﻪ ﻓﻲ أﻣــﺮ ﻣﻦ ا‪G‬ﻣــﻮر‪ ،‬وﻣــﻦ ﺗﺄﻣﻞ ﻫــﺬه اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺪًا ﺳﻴﻌﻠﻢ أن ﻫﺬه اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻻ ﻳﺠﻮز ﻗﻮﻟﻬﺎ ‪G‬ﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺒﺢ ﺑﻤﻜﺎن وذﻟﻚ ‪G‬ﻣﻮر‪:‬‬ ‫‪ -١‬أن ﻗﺎﺋﻠﻬﺎ ﻳﻜﺬب ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ وﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻨﺎس‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ إﻧﻪ ﻳﻘﺴﻢ ﺑﺎ| أﻧﻪ ﻟﻦ ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻪ أو ﻟﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻐﻴﺮ رأﻳﻪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻟﻮ اﻧﻄﺒﻘﺖ اﻟﺴﻤﺎء ﻋﻠﻰ ا‪G‬رض وﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﺻﺎدق ﻓﻲ ﻛﻼﻣﻪ ﺑﺪﻟﻴﻞ أﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﺮﺿﺦ وﺳﻴﻐﻴﺮ‬ ‫رأﻳﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ أدﻧﻰ ﺿﻐﻂ أو ﺗﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﺸﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﺴﺆول ذي‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺔ أو ﻟﻮ ُﻋـ ِـﺮض ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﻛﺒﻴﺮ‪ ،‬إ ًذا ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺬب وﻟﺨﻠﻒ اﻟﻮﻋﺪ أﻗﺮب‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -٢‬ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬا اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﺬي ﻳﺠﻌﻞ اﻧﻄﺒﺎق اﻟﺴﻤﺎء‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ا‪G‬رض ﻏﺎﻳﺔ ﻳﺘﻤﻨﻊ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺪم ﻓﻌﻠﻪ أو ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬

‫ﻗﻨﺎﻋﺎﺗﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -٣‬إﻧﻪ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻔﻄﻦ إﻟﻰ ﺧﻄﻮرة ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﻮل ﻓﺎﻧﻄﺒﺎق‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻤﺎء ﻋﻠﻰ ا‪G‬رض ﻓﻴﻪ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺘﻪ ﺑــﻞ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﺳﺮه‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -٤‬إن ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﻫــﺬا ﻳﻨﺎﻓﻲ ﻗــﺪر ا| اﻟﻜﻮﻧﻲ ﺑﺄﻧﻪ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ}أﻟ ْﻢَ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻔﻞ ﺑﺤﻔﻆ اﻟﺴﻤﺎء أن ﺗﻘﻊ ا‪G‬رض ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ض وَ اﻟْ ُﻔ ْﻠ َﻚ َﺗﺠْ ِﺮي‬ ‫َﺗ َﺮ َأنﱠ اﻟ ﱠﻠ َﻪ ﺳَ ﱠﺨ َﺮ َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ ﻣَﺎ ﻓِﻲ اﻟْـَـﺄ ْر ِ‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ﻓِﻲ اﻟْﺒَﺤْ ِﺮ ِﺑ َﺄﻣ ِْﺮهِ وَ ُﻳﻤ ِْﺴ ُﻚ اﻟﺴﱠ ﻤَﺎ َء َأنْ َﺗ َﻘ َﻊ َﻋ َﻠﻰ اﻟْ َﺄ ْر ِ‬ ‫ﺎس َﻟ َﺮء ٌ‬ ‫ُوف َر ِﺣﻴﻢٌ|‪ ،‬ﻗﺎل ا‪I‬ﻣﺎم‬ ‫ِإ ﱠﻟﺎ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْذﻧِﻪِ ِإنﱠ اﻟ ﱠﻠ َﻪ ِﺑﺎﻟ ﱠﻨ ِ‬ ‫اﻟـﻄـﺒــﺮي رﺣـﻤــﻪ ا| ﻓــﻲ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮه )‪«:(٦٢٤ / ١٦‬‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ض| أي‪ :‬وَ ُﻳﻤ ِْﺴﻚُ‬ ‫}وَ ُﻳﻤ ِْﺴ ُﻚ اﻟﺴﱠ ﻤَﺎ َء َأنْ َﺗ َﻘ َﻊ َﻋ َﻠﻰ اﻟْﺄ ْر ِ‬ ‫ض ِإ ﱠﻟــﺎ ِﺑ ِﺈ ْذﻧِﻪِ ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺴﱠ ﻤَﺎ َء ِﺑ ُﻘ ْﺪ َرﺗِﻪِ ﻛ َْﻲ َﻟﺎ َﺗ َﻘ َﻊ َﻋ َﻠﻰ اﻟْـ َـﺄ ْر ِ‬ ‫وَ َﻣ ْﻌ َﻨﻰ َﻗﻮْ ﻟِﻪِ ‪َ :‬‬ ‫}أنْ َﺗ َﻘﻊَ| أي‪َ :‬أنْ َﻟﺎ َﺗ َﻘﻊَ«‪ ،‬وﻋَﻦ ﺟَ ﺎﺑﺮ‬ ‫َأن رَﺳُ ﻮل ا| ﺻﻠﻰ ا| َﻋ َﻠﻴْﻪِ وَ ﺳﻠﻢ َﻗﺎ َل‪ِ » :‬إذا َأوَ ى‬

‫اﻟﺮﺟﻞ ِإ َﻟﻰ ﻓ َﺮاﺷﻪ اﺑﺘﺪره ﻣﻠﻚ وَ َﺷﻴ َْﻄﺎن َﻓ َﻴ ُﻘﻮل اﻟْﻤﻠﻚ‬ ‫اﺧﺘﻢ ِﺑ َﺨﻴﺮ وَ َﻳـ ُﻘــﻮل ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻴ َْﻄﺎن اﺧﺘﻢ ﺑﺸﺮ َﻓ ـ ِﺈن ذﻛﺮ‬ ‫ا| ﺛ ﱠﻢ َﻧﺎم ﺑَﺎت اﻟْﻤﻠﻚ ﻳﻜﻠﺆه َﻓ ِﺈذا اﺳْ َﺘ ْﻴ َﻘ َﻆ َﻗﺎ َل اﻟْﻤﻠﻚ‬ ‫ا ْﻓ َﺘﺢْ ِﺑ َﺨﻴﺮ وَ َﻗﺎ َل ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻴ َْﻄﺎن ا ْﻓ َﺘﺢْ ﺑﺸﺮ َﻓ ِﺈن َﻗﺎ َل اﻟْﺤَ ﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻔﺴﻲ وَ ﻟﻢ ﻳُﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﻣﻨﺎﻣﻬﺎ اﻟْﺤَ ﻤﺪ‬ ‫| ا ﱠﻟﺬِ ي ر ﱠد ِإ َﻟﻰ َﻧ ِ‬ ‫| ا ِﱠﻟــﺬي ﻳﻤﺴﻚ اﻟﺴﱠ ﻤَﻮَ ات وَ اﻟْـ َـﺄ ْرض َأن َﺗ ُﺰو َﻟﺎ ِإﻟﻰَ‬ ‫آﺧﺮ ا‪y‬ﻳــﺔ‪ ،‬اﻟْﺤَ ﻤﺪ | ا ﱠﻟِــﺬي ﻳﻤﺴﻚ اﻟﺴﱠ ﻤَﺎء َأن ﺗﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ َ‬ ‫ا‪ْ G‬رض ِإ ﱠﻟــﺎ ﺑ ِﺈذﻧﻪ ِإ َﻟــﻰ آﺧﺮ اﻟْﺂﻳَﺔ َﻓـ ِﺈن وَ ﻗــﻊ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺳَ ِﺮﻳﺮه َﻓﻤَﺎتَ دﺧﻞ اﻟْﺠ ﱠﻨﺔ« ذﻛﺮه اﻟﻨﺴﺎﺋﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻴﻮم واﻟﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﺴﺎﺋﻲ )‪ ،.(٤٩٠ / ١‬اﻧﻄﺒﺎق اﻟﺴﻤﺎء‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ا‪G‬رض ﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﺎ‪G‬ﻣﺮ اﻟﻬﻴﻦ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻠﻔﻆ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺎس ﻫﺪاﻫﻢ ا|‪.‬‬ ‫وﻓﻖ ا| اﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻟﻠﻘﻮل اﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ واﻟﻌﻤﻞ اﻟﻨﺎﻓﻊ‪.‬‬


‫ﻧﻮاب رﺋﻴﺲ اﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻠـﻪ ﻋﺒــﺪاﻟﺮزاق اﻟﻌﻤـــﺮي‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤــــﺪ ﺣﺴـــﻨﻲ ﻣﺤﺠـــــــﻮب‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤــــــﺪ ﻋﻠـــــﻲ اﻟﺰﻫــــــﺮاﻧﻲ‬

amri@al-madina.com Mahgob@al-madina.com magz0020@gmail.com

‫رﺋﻴﺲ اﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ‬

‫اﻟﻤﺪﻳﺮ اﻟﻌﺎم‬

‫ ﻓﻬـﺪ ﺣﺴﻦ آل ﻋﻘـﺮان‬.‫د‬

‫ﻣﺤﻤـﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺛﻔﻴﺪ‬

chiefineditor@al-madina.com

thafeed@al-madina.com

‫دارة‬4‫رﺋﻴﺲ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ا‬

‫ ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻘﻴﻞ اﻟﻄﻴﺎر‬.‫د‬

resala@al-madina.com¨JL|k–H)´+bN|gH+j™§‚9¥.¨™œ‚~GfE©bN|gH+}I|H+iƒ9|N|tkH+ƒ~§*5‚7f,|N|tkH+š*f‚75

j§œ§™F)´+L j§*f„H+  = +O b§Š, jN|‚€= jN(L|, fO §I͂7)+ fO §ŸN3 fO œK šœtN |DD2&´+ ©'+|DDH+L ©'+|™H -|1 j1f‚~I  N|–œH+L%fœ™ŠH+j‚9f2 IjgwJ¤|N|t.¨E˜|k‚NjN¥cH+L ‫ﻫﺬا اﻟﻤﻠﺤﻖ‬

ž|NfŸN”E+¥œH+DK|‚9jŠœqH+



‫ﺻﻴﺪ اﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬

‫ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻳﻔﺘﻘﺮ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺠﺎذﺑﻴﺔ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻏﻨﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﺘﺎوى‬..«‫ﻓﺘﺎء‬g‫»ا‬ §œ‚F©5f= jIfŠH+j‚7f*|H+jt‚9¦™=j™KL›L'+ I‹™„œ™Hš§wN´  I|§n–Hf,fO§Ÿ>¡¥–§‚7‹F¥œH+¡'+%fkE)´+Lj§œ™ŠH+p¥tg™H ‹F¥œH+j¢0+Lj;f‚~gH—H4LMLfkH+Lmf‚7+5bH+Lpft,'´+ mfI¥‚75 L'+ mfK¥Nb§E L'+ 5¥‚9 ©'+ ¦™= £*+¥k1+ žbDD=L ¡¥–N ¡'+ ¦DDH)+ ‹F¥œH+ ¦™= ¡¥œ*f“H+ b‚€F fœ,5L j,4f0 fO,4f0¡¥–N¡'+ I|nG'+ŒÍ;´+L'+otgH+3+5'+ œH+Ob‚€“I 5¥¢œqH+jIfŠH 5fgG jc§K pft,'+L ¨kœH+ j1fœ‚7  G5 ‚ªN ‹F¥œH+ MLfkELjœ*+bH+jŸq™H+MLfkH¨¢“H+’f‚–H+L%fœ™ŠH+ j™qIpfDDtD,'+ ‚ªNfœG-'+|DDœD H+MLfDDkDELžÍDD‚D 7)´+¡fDD G5'+ j§‚9f2|E¥N£J'f,‹F¥œH+6fkœNMLfkH+bNb0Lp¥tgH+ b™qœH+F|,f Ot‚€.˜fŸK¡)+ 4)+ j“N|; I|nG'f,otgH+ f Ot‚€.L 5+b‚9)´+ m+¥Ÿ‚7 u‚€.L fO§=¥‚:¥I f Ot‚€.L ¡'+ fœG jt‚€H+ F|,L p¥tgH+  NLfŸŠ,L %fœ‚7'´f, mf=¥‚:¥œH+jœ*fF ¡¥–. 3f–. ¨=¥‚:¥œH+u‚€kH+ š2+3 |§‚~kH+L b*f“ŠH+L mÍIfŠœH+L m+3fgŠHfG -bDD1+L O + Œ¥‚:¥IšGš2+3LfK|§>L j§=|Emf§Ÿ‚€.˜fŸKf‚ªN' O + ‹F¥œH+ ‚ªNL otgH+ š§¢‚~kH %fœ™ŠHf, fO N|Š. f‚ªN' |§>£§E-3¥0¥œH+pft,'´+ I|§nGjœ0|.‹Ij§‚~J|H+L ot,˜|tI¦™= fŸO G5 ‹F¥œH+ ‚ªN —H{G %fkE)ÍH jœ*+bH+ jŸq™H+ %f‚ª='+ ©¥ktNfœG6f, ,}N}ŠH+bg=x§‚H+š1+|H+HfŠH+MLfkH 5¥¢œqH+‹Iš‚9+¥.m+L3'+©'+¦™=¥ktNH‹F¥œH+¡'+ jN}§™qJ´+ j™Hf, |E¥kN £DDJ'+ ‹F¥œH+ }§œN fI DDK'+  I

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‫ﺗﻐﺮﻳﺪات‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ‬L‫اﻻﺑﺘﺴﺎﻣﺔ واﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ اﻟﻄﻴﺒﺔ واﻟﺘﻨﺒﻴﻪ أﺑﺮز ا‬

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‫اﻟﻔﻮزان‪ :‬ﻳﺠﺐ ا‪g‬ﺑﻼغ ﻋﻦ دﻋﺎة اﻟﺸﺮ وا‪g‬ﻓﺴﺎد‬

‫*‪ pcŸœ™G‬‬

‫اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻖ‪ :‬ﻳﺠﻮز اﻻﻏﺘﺴﺎل ﻓﻲ دورات اﻟﻤﻴﺎه ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺎء اﻟﻤﻘﺮوء ﻓﻴﻪ‪ ..‬وﺗﻜﺮار اﻟﻌﻤﺮة ﻣﻜﺮوه‬ ‫ا‪1‬ﺣﻤﺪ‪ :‬ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺖ ﺑﻤﻘﺎﻃﻌﺔ ﻣﻌﻠﻨﻴﻦ ﻳﺘﺒﻨﻮن ﻗﻨﻮات ﺗﺼﺎدم ﻗﻴﻢ اﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬

‫»ا‪g‬ﻟﺤﺎد«‬

‫اﻟﻌﻤﺮ‪ :‬ﻛﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼت ا‪1‬ﺳﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﻴﻮت ﺳﺒﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺪم اﻟﻌﺪل‬

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‫ﻳﺜﻴﺮ ﺗﺴﺎؤﻻت ﻓﻲ وﺟﻪ اﻟﺨﻄﺎب اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻲ‬ ‫‪3Ò«ŸH+‬‬ ‫‪5g™E'+›g¢K¤¨™.bF‬‬ ‫‪†«H£™HkN3guH)+‬‬ ‫‪g¥œ*gF¤¨™N¤'+-5L}…®Hg,‬‬ ‫‪+bO uœI‬‬

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‫ﻟﻤﺎذا ﻳﻌﺰف‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﻋﻦ اﻟﺰواج‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻦ ﺗﻜﺒﺮﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﻨ ًﺎ؟!‬

‫‪¬¢NŸH+‬‬ ‫‪š…8L33}.n¹g1‬‬ ‫‪3guH)¹+©H)+©F}.¹‬‬ ‫‪k«=gŸl0+g…:L'+g¥N|.‬‬ ‫‪k¢«I‬‬

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‫ﻣﻨﺸﺪون‬ ‫ﻳﺘﺴﺎﺑﻘﻮن ﻓﻲ ﻃﺮح‬ ‫أﻋﻤﺎﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﻊ ﻗﺮع‬ ‫أﺟﺮاس اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎرات‬ ‫‪­}¥…‚H+‬‬ ‫‪}KgŠI©H)+£NbH+ž¨u.‬‬ ‫‪qLb1¬Eih….ˆ–E‬‬ ‫‪jgh…‚H+MbHEU35‬‬

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‫ً‬ ‫»اﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ« ﻫﻞ ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺎ ﻟﻤﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎت‬ ‫»ﻏﻴﺮ ﺷﺮﻋﻴﺔ«؟‬ ‫*‪ pcŸœ™G‬‬ ‫اﻟاﻟﺴﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬اﻟﺼﺮاﻋﺎت اﻟﻔﻜﺮﻳﺔ ﺗﻄﻐﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ اﻟﻜﺮوي‬

‫* &‪ ,y¤1±‬‬

‫ﻓﻮﺑﻴﺎ اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎرات‪..‬‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻨﻔﺎر أﺳﺮ‪ ..‬ﻗﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻃﻼب‪ ..‬اﺳﺘﻌﺪاد‬ ‫ﻣﺪارس‬ ‫‬

‫اﻟﻨﺠﺎر‪ :‬ﻫﻨﺎك أﻟﻒ آﻳﺔ ﻛﻮﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻻ ﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﻓﻬﻤﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ وﺣﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫‪ˆ–EngN}ŠJL†:L}Ek«–«h‡lH+¡¨œH+¤'+¤¨¢ŠN¤¨«=}…‚H+‬‬ ‫‪¡Ò…7)¹g,”N}lœHkN}…ƒ=kœ«…7Lk¢…H+L¤&+}–H+¬E¬ŸœH+6gr=)¹+‬‬ ‫‪O‬‬ ‫'‪©…:¨“œH¹Òl…7+¬,}H+Ž«,}H+žL3¬EgKb…8‬‬ ‫‪+©œ=}«…ƒ¢lH+nҟ1‬‬

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‫اﻟﻨﻘﺾ اﻟﻌﻤﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺴﺒﻴﺔ اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫‪k…8'+†N5bH+bHg2‬‬

‫ﺷﻲء ﻋﺎدي!‬ ‫‪s¥¢ŸH+¬E-3¨H+¤gŸœ…73‬‬

‫ﻟﻮ اﻧﻄﺒﻘﺖ اﻟﺴﻤﺎء‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ا‪1‬رض‬ ‫‪4*¢0‬‬

‫‬

‫‪tg¥¢ŸH+¬œ¥…H+bŸuI3‬‬

‫اﻟﺤﻮار‪ ..‬اﻟﻤﻔﻬﻮم‬ ‫وا‪1‬داة‬ ‫‪%+b…9'+­L+}H+bŸ1'+‬‬

‫اﻟﻤﻴﺰاﻧﻴﺔ وﻣﺸﺎﻋﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺎس‬ ‫‪†7+}0'+¬J+}KH+vHg…9‬‬


al-risalah 20130104