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тАл я╗Ля╗ая╗░ я╗Гя╗╝╪и ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя╗ая╗втАм:тАл╪зя╗Яя╗дя╗Фя║Шя╗▓тАм тАля╗гя║Оя╗гя║Ф ╪зя╗Яя╗дя║┤я║Оя║Яя║ктАм9 тАл╪г ┘Ся╗Яя║О я╗│я╗ия╗Ия║о┘И╪зтАм тАля╗Ля╗ая╗░ ╪г я▒ая╗зя╗мя║О я╗гя║╝я║к╪▒ ╪пя║зя╗ЮтАм ┬Юj┬зJ┬еN┬ФE+┬е┬ЬH+DK┬бfg┬К┬В8j┬К┬ЬqH+

 rMy}-

тАл╪гя╗гя║оя╗│я╗Ья╗▓ я╗│я║к╪▒╪│ ╪вя╗│я║О╪к я╗гя╗ж ╪зя╗Яя╗Шя║о╪в┘Ж ╪зя╗Яя╗Ья║оя╗│я╗в ╪п╪зя║зя╗Ю я╗Ыя╗ия╗┤я║┤я║ФтАм



:тАл╪▓я╗│я║Ц ╪зя╗Яя║░я╗│я║Шя╗о┘ЖтАм тАля╗Чя║Оя╗ля║о ╪зя╗Яя║┤я║оя╗Гя║О┘ЖтАм ┬й┬еg┬ЯH+h┬ДH+Lif┬В='┬┤+4fk┬В7'+ bG'+ 3┬еDD 0LvfDDkD ┬РD H+bDDgD =bDD┬ЬD tD I5┬еDDkDDGbDDH+ ┬б┬еkN}H+lN}Hj┬зg┬ДH+b*+┬е┬РH+m+|┬В= ┬г┬з┬Щ= ┬г┬ЩH+ ┬ж┬Щ┬В9 ┬иg┬ЯH+ ┬б'+ ┬жDDH)+ +|O ┬з┬ВI {2'fN┬бfG┬Э┬Щ┬В7L ┬г┬ЯIj┬У┬К┬ЩI%┬ЪI fk┬Д┬УJ fDD┬вD┬зD┬ЩD=L -|┬В~G ┬ЛDDI ┬ЪDD2 |DD┬зD ┬КD ┬ВD 8}DD gD D2 bDD*+┬еDD┬РD┬ЩDH┬ЧDD DH4L ┬иkH+ j┬зt┬В┬АH+ ┬жDD ┬ЩD D=3┬еDD D D┬КD D DD. +ObG(┬еI┬Э┬В~qH+ f O=+┬еJ'+ ┬Шf┬ЯK┬б'+ lg/'+ oNbtH+┬Э┬Щ┬КH+┬б'+ ┬бf;|┬В7┬ЪDDnDI ┬бfDD;|DD┬ВD ~D H+┬аDDI -bDDNbDD= ┬ЫLf┬Я. ┬иDDE f┬в0├Н=  fDDI┬еDDG|DD┬ВD7 ┬Э┬З┬КH+ ┬б┬еkN}H+lN6



5cn<*(

тАл╪зя╗Яя╗дя║о╪в╪й ╪зя╗Яя╗дя╗ия╗Ья║┤я║о╪йтАм ┬лтАля║Чя╗Фя╗Ая║в ┬╗я╗гя╗мя║О╪▓┘ДтАм тАл╪зя╗Яя║дя╗Ая║О╪▒╪й ╪зя╗Яя╗Ря║оя║Ся╗┤я║ФтАм



тАля╗Яя╗дя║О╪░╪з ╪гя║│я╗мя╗в ╪зя╗Яя║дя║РтАм тАля║Чя║Шя║о╪зя║Яя╗К я╗Уя╗▓ я║Ся╗о╪▒я║╗я║ФтАм тАл╪зя╗Яя╗дя║Шя║░┘Ия║Яя╗┤я╗ж ╪ЯтАм 

тАля║Яя╗┤я║о╪з┘Ж я╗│я║Шя║Тя║Оя╗ля╗о┘ЖтАм !тАля║Ся║Оя╗Яя╗Шя╗Дя╗┤я╗Мя║ФтАм 

..тАля╗Уя╗▓ я╗гя╗мя║Р ╪зя╗Яя║оя╗│я║втАм тАля║гя╗Шя╗о┘В ╪зя╗Яя╗дя╗ия║╕я║кя╗│я╗жтАм !тАля║┐я║Оя║Ля╗Мя║ФтАм 

тАля╗│я║к ╪зя╗Яя║Тя╗┤я╗Мя║ФтАм ┬лтАля║Чя╗дя║Шя║к ╪ея╗Яя╗░ ┬╗я║│я╗ая╗дя║О┘ЖтАм тАл┘Ия╗Я ┘Ля╗┤я║О я╗Яя╗ая╗Мя╗мя║ктАм

. тАл╪зя╗Яя╗дя║Тя║Оя╗ля║О╪й я╗Уя╗▓ ╪зя╗Яя║дя╗Фя╗╝╪ктАм тАля╗Пя╗ая╗о╪з╪б я║Чя╗Ья║┤я║отАм !!тАля╗Ыя╗о╪зя╗ля╗Ю ╪зя╗Яя║╕я║Тя║О╪итАм irNLk┬Н*+5-}┬Щ┬УH+┬О┬л┬в┬ЯH+ b┬л0┬Э┬Щ┬Е┬В,g┬еH3+b=)┬╣+ ┬гIg┬е┬Е┬оE}N┬Ж┬о┬НhH+┬мG5gh┬ЯH+ ┬м=g┬Яl0┬╣+t}uH+jg, g┬е┬Я┬л┬Я┬Н.┬г┬Щ┬Я┬ЯH+┬гI┬гN┬и┬Е┬В2g, k┬Я=+bH+ng┬л┬Н┬ЯrH+┬Э2b.┬дL3 g┬е┬Е:}Ei┬Н┬Е┬ГH+┬гI┬мJ+}┬е┬Е┬ВH+ g┬е,┬м.+|H+┬Пg┬вlF┬╣+┬аK'┬╣+L

тАл╪▒я║│я║Оя╗Яя║Ф ╪ея╗Яя╗░ ╪зя╗Яя║╕я╗┤я║жтАм тАля╗Ля║Тя║к╪зя╗Яя║оя║гя╗дя╗ж ╪зя╗Яя║┤я║кя╗│я║▓тАм  g┬д┬зE

%+b┬Е9'+┬м┬Е:g┬ЦH+b┬Я1

тАл╪зя╗Яя║Шя╗дя╗┤я╗┤я║░тАм ┬Ч┬лE┬иlH+k0┬и2├Ъ+┬Ф┬ЗH

тАл╪зя╗Яя║┤я║дя║о ╪зя╗Яя║дя╗╝┘ДтАм b┬Н,gI'+┬мJ}┬ЦH+┬Ж┬о*g=

тАл╪зя╗Яя╗дя║╕я║о┘И╪╣ ╪зя╗Яя╗оя╗Гя╗ия╗▓тАм тАл я╗Ыя╗ж я╗гя╗ия║Шя║а ┘Ля║ОтАм┬Ж7+}0'+┬мJ+}KH+vHg┬Е9

┘С тАля╗Чя║о╪з╪б╪йтАм..тАл╪зя╗Яя╗Ия║Оя╗ля║о╪йтАм ┘С тАля║Ыя║о ┘И╪зя╗Яя║Шя║Дя║Ыя║отАм,тАля╗Уя╗▓ ╪зтАм %+b┬Е9'+┬м,gK┬иH+┬г┬Я1}H+bh=

┬й┬Ь=┬Ж9}1y┬л┬Е┬ВH+┬Ю&+ 6=Lm,+┬иoH+┬Л┬У1 ┬ХL}┬Н┬ЯHg,}I'┬╣+-}┬л┬Н┬Е8

┬м┬Щ┬Ь┬ЯH+}I'┬╣+┬д┬╣b┬Е┬БH+ ┬г┬л,┬а┬л┬К┬НH+┬ЧE+┬иlH+bG'+ i┬Н┬Е┬ВH+Lk┬ЩHg┬ЯH+-}┬Е7'┬╣+

b┬Е┬о┬НH+┬д┬и┬Щ┬л┬Е7┬нbN+H+ ┬ж┬л2'┬╣┬н┬и┬ЦH+ ┬г┬л┬УN}┬Е┬ВH+┬г┬лI}uH+┬б3g2

k┬л┬З┬Е7┬иHg,┬л┬Я.┬Ф┬ЬxH+ ┬а┬еE┬мE┬Ю+bl=┬╣+L %+}┬РH+k┬НN}┬Е┬ВH+

 jc┬З+chH

& ' & *& gMKc┬Щ{G*jcIcM^G*┬Йcd-*┬Э┬д+2cnG*4*┬вqGc+e0y-g┬д┬ЬM^G*jc{6 ┬в┬ЩG*┬Ю *^F

тАл я╗╗ я║гя╗о╪з╪▒ я╗гя╗К ╪зя╗Яя║╝я╗мя║Оя╗│я╗ия║ФтАм:тАл╪▓я╗ля║о ┘И"╪зя╗Яя║о╪зя║Ся╗Дя║Ф" я╗│я║Шя╗Фя╗Шя║О┘ЖтАм,тАл ╪зтАм:тАл╪зя╗Яя╗Дя╗┤я║РтАм ┬Ю├НDD┬ВDD7)┬┤+L jDDgDtD┬ЬDH+ ┬аDD N3 j┬зt┬з┬В~┬ЬHfE j┬Ь15 ┬┤)+ ┬Шf┬Я┬Щ┬В75'+ fDDIL` j┬Ь1|H+ ┬аDDN3 ┬Г┬к┬в┬Я.┬б'+|┬В┬А┬ЬHbN|J┬аtJLa┬а┬з┬ЬHf┬К┬ЩH j┬Ь1|H+Ljgt┬ЬHf, j┬Щ*f┬КH+ l┬зgH ┬жDDJfDDnDH+ ┬ТbDD┬вD H+ fDD I'+  ┬бf┬Уk1├НHj┬з┬У┬з┬УtH+ifg┬В7'┬┤+j┬В7+53┬е┬вE j┬з=f┬Ьk0┬┤+┬ЪGf┬В┬ЬH+j┬В7+53b┬К,┬и┬Р*f┬ДH+ ┬иkH+L ┬ЧDDH4 ┬жDDH)+ m3'+ ┬иkH+ j┬з┬В7f┬з┬В~H+L ┬Ю┬е┬У. o┬зt, ┬аDDNbDDH+ i┬еDD/ ┬Г~g┬Щ. lDDJfDDG j┬з┬ЯNbH+ ifDDgD┬ВD7'┬┤+ ┬а┬з, ┬Ъ┬В┬А┬РHf, j┬Яq┬ЩH+ j┬Щ┬Ц┬В┬ЬH+lJfG+4)+fIjE|┬К┬ЬHj┬з┬В7f┬з┬В~H+L mf┬вqH+ hHf┬Д┬зE j┬з=f┬Ьk0+ L'+ j┬з┬В7f┬з┬В7 j┬В9f2 lJfG +4)+ fDDI'+ f┬в┬Щt, j┬В┬Аkw┬ЬH+ f┬в┬ЩtHj┬Щ*f┬КH+l┬з,┬Ъ2bk┬з┬В~E┬аNbHf,

5LftkH+┬Юb=┬ж┬Щ=l┬У┬Р.+┬жkH+j┬зI├Н┬В7)┬┤+ ┬ФtH+┬М┬е05b┬К,┬┤)+┬иJ┬е┬з┬в┬В┬АH+┬бf┬з┬ЦH+┬ЛI ┬бf┬В┬к1'┬┤ ┬Г7b┬У┬ЬH+l┬з,-3┬е=L┬г,ft┬В9'┬┤ ┬а┬з┬Ь┬Щ┬В~┬ЬH+ ┬Г~┬ЩqI ┬бf┬В~┬ЩqI j┬Щ*f┬КH+ l┬зgHL   ┬бfDDEbDDK ┬гDDHL┬й{DD┬зD┬РD┬ЯD. ┬Г~┬ЩqIL%fDD┬ЯD I'+ ┬и┬ЯNbH+ if┬ДwH+ v├Н┬В9)+ f┬ЬK ┬бf┬з┬В7f┬В7'+ ┬ж┬Щ= }┬зG|kH+L ┬иDDI├НDD┬ВD7)┬┤+  ┬иt┬з┬В~┬ЬH+ ┬Э┬Щ┬КH+ ┬Э┬зF ┬ЪnI f┬з┬Щ┬КH+ jG|k┬В┬ЬH+ ┬Э┬з┬УH+ jDD┬зD┬ЬD┬ЯDkDH+L┬ЫbDD ┬КD DH+L┬Ю├НDD┬ВD ~D H+L┬ФDD tD DH+L ┬Ъ*f┬В7L|g=if┬ДwH++{Ko,Lj┬В┬к┬в┬ЯH+L ┬г┬ЩH+%f┬В8┬б)+ f┬Ь,5┬г┬В~N5b.L┬Ю├НDD=)┬┤+ ┬а┬зN|┬В┬А┬ЬH+i├Н┬Д┬ЩH┬Ъg┬У┬ЬH+┬Юf┬КH+jN+b,┬иE ┬а┬з┬зt┬з┬В~IL ┬а┬з┬Ь┬Щ┬В~I ┬ГDD75+bDD┬ЬD H+ ┬иDDE

3fqH+ 5+┬еtH+ ┬С┬зn┬Ц. j┬з┬ЬK'+ ┬жH)+ +|┬з┬ВI ┬а┬з,L ┬а┬з┬зJf┬Ь┬Щ┬КH+L ┬аDD┬зD┬зDI├НDD┬ВD7)┬┤+ ┬аDD┬зD, j┬Р┬Щkw┬ЬH+ j┬зI├Н┬В7)┬┤+ hK+{┬ЬH+ ift┬В9'+ ┬аI ┬а┬з┬Ь┬Щ┬В~┬ЬH+ |DD┬зD>L ┬а┬з┬Ь┬Щ┬В~┬ЬH+ ┬аDD┬зD,L ┬ж┬Щ= +3bDD┬ВD D IL 3┬еDD┬вD ┬зD H+L ┬а┬з┬зt┬з┬В~┬ЬH+ j┬ЯNf┬в┬В┬АH+┬ЛDDI 5LfDDtDkDH+|DD K6┬┤+┬ГDD┬кDE5 b┬В:┬б┬еDD┬ВD 75fDD┬ЬD N ┬аDDN{DDH+┬аDD┬зD┬зD┬ЩD┬зD*+|DD┬ВD7)┬┤+ ┬С┬Я┬КH+ mfDD 053 ┬жDD┬ВD┬АDF'+ ┬а┬з┬з┬Я┬з┬Д┬В~┬Щ┬РH+ ┬и┬В:+5'┬┤+-53f┬В┬АIL┬Ъk┬УH+L%f┬В┬АF)┬┤+L ┬М┬еJ ┬й'+ ┬аI ┬Ыf┬В┬А.+ ┬й'+ ┬Ъg┬УN ┬┤ |K6'┬┤fE ┬аI┬ЧDDH4┬жDDE ┬Ф┬Щ┬Д┬ЯN|DD K6┬┤+L%┬┤(┬еD DK ┬ЛDDI mf┬В~┬В7(┬е┬ЬH+ jDDEfDDG ┬аDD┬зD,L ┬г┬Я┬з, ┬ХfDD┬РD .)┬┤+ j┬Д,+5 f┬в┬В7'+5 ┬ж┬Щ=L j┬зI├Н┬В7)┬┤+ j┬з┬ЯNbH+ mf┬В~┬В7(┬е┬ЬH+┬аIfK|┬з>L┬иI├Н┬В7)┬┤+┬ЭHf┬КH+

,|Jf┬УG*┬г┬ЩG*ag<2fM(* |K6┬┤+x┬з┬В8h┬з┬ДH+b┬Ь1'+5┬еkGbH+bG'+ mf┬В~┬В7(┬е┬ЬH+ ┬ЪDDGL |DD K6┬┤+ j┬В~┬В7(┬еI ┬б'+ ┬иDDI├НDD┬ВD7)┬┤+┬ЭDDHfDD┬КDH+┬жDDEM|DDgD┬ЦDH+jDD┬зD┬ЯDNbDDH+ mfJfNbH+┬Мfg.'+┬а┬з,3fqH+5+┬еtHf,h1|. 5+┬еtH+┬ЭkN┬б'+ j┬ДN|┬В8p├НnH+jNLf┬Ь┬В~H+ ┬Ы3fgk┬ЬH+┬Ю+|k1)┬┤+┬Г~┬В7'+┬ж┬Щ= "DDH uN|┬В┬А.┬жE|K6┬┤+x┬з┬В8┬Тf┬В:'+L ┬а┬з,┬Э.┬ж┬Ь┬Щ=%f┬УH┬ГIfK┬ж┬Щ= "jHf┬В7|H+ ┬а┬з, 5+┬еtH+ ┬б'+ f┬В~┬Ь┬ЯH+ j┬КIf0L |DDK6┬┤+ 3fDDqDN)┬┤ -b┬В,L i┬е┬Щ┬ДI ┬бfDD DN3'┬┤+ ┬МfDDgD .'+ ┬ГDD~D┬ВD7'+ f┬в┬з┬Щ= ┬жDD┬ЯDgDN jDDG|DDkD┬ВDDI jDD1fDD┬ВD~DI ┬Л┬з┬ЬqH+ ┬а┬з, ┬и┬Ь┬Щ┬В~H+ ┬ГNf┬КkH+L -f┬зtH+

h┬з┬ДG*a┬Ь0&*2


‫ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻠـﻪ ﻋﺒــﺪاﻟﺮزاق اﻟﻌﻤـــﺮي‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤــــﺪ ﺣﺴـــﻨﻲ ﻣﺤﺠـــــــﻮب‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤــــــﺪ ﻋﻠـــــﻲ اﻟﺰﻫــــــﺮاﻧﻲ‬

‫ﻧﻮاب رﺋﻴﺲ اﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ‬

‫رﺋﻴﺲ اﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ‬

‫اﻟﻤﺪﻳﺮ اﻟﻌﺎم‬

‫رﺋﻴﺲ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ادارة‬

‫ ﻓﻬـﺪ ﺣﺴﻦ آل ﻋﻘـﺮان‬.‫د‬

‫ﻣﺤﻤـﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺛﻔﻴﺪ‬

‫ ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻘﻴﻞ اﻟﻄﻴﺎر‬.‫د‬

resala@al-madina.com¨JL|k–H)´+bN|gH+j™§‚9¥.¨™œ‚~GfE©bN|gH+}I|H+iƒ9|N|tkH+ƒ~§*5‚7f,|N|tkH+š*f‚75

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‫ﻫﺬا اﻟﻤﻠﺤﻖ‬

žj§J¥N”E+¥œH+DK¡fgŠ‚8jŠœqH+



‫رﻗﺎم ﺗﺘﺤﺪث‬,‫ا‬

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ّ ‫ ﻳﺮون‬٪ ٥٣ ‫ﻳﺆﺟﺞ اﻟ ّﺘﻌﺼﺐ اﻟﻔﻜﺮي‬ ‫أن اﻋﻼم اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ‬ ّ

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‫ﻧــﺺ اﻟــﺴــﺆال‪ :‬ﻓﻀﻴﻠﺔ اﻟـﺸـﻴــﺦ ﻣـﺼــﺎدر‬ ‫اﻟـﺘـﺸــﺮﻳــﻊ اﻟـﻜـﺘــﺎب واﻟ ـﺴ ـﻨــﺔ‪ ،‬وإذا ﻟــﻢ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ‬ ‫أدﻟــﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻜﺘﺎب واﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻳُﺮﺟَ ﻊ إﻟﻰ ا‪R‬ﺟﻤﺎع‬ ‫واﻟﻘﻴﺎس‪ .‬ﻫﻞ ﻛــﺎن ذﻟــﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻬﺪ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ وﻣﺎ ﻣﺜﺎل ا‪R‬ﺟﻤﺎع واﻟﻘﻴﺎس‬ ‫‪ -‬ﻣﺄﺟﻮرﻳﻦ‪-‬؟‬

‫اﻟﺠﻮاب‪:‬‬ ‫‪¤+6¨“H+¤+6¨E£,vHg…9‬‬

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‫‪f/¡1Ñ*€D2‬‬

‫ﺟﻴﺮان‬

‫ﻋــﻦ ﻋ ـﺒــﺎدة ﺑــﻦ اﻟ ـﺼــﺎﻣــﺖ رﺿ ــﻲ ا‪ :‬ﻋـﻨــﻪ أن رﺳـــﻮل ا‪:‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‪":‬اِﺿ َﻤ ُﻨﻮا ﻟﻲ ِﺳ ًّﺘﺎ َأﺿ َﻤﻦْ َﻟ ُﻜ ُﻢ اﻟﺠَ ﱠﻨ َﺔ ‪ُ :‬اﺻـ ُﺪ ُﻗــﻮا ِإ َذا ﺣَ ﺪﱠﺛ ُﺘﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫و ََأو ُﻓﻮا ِإ َذا َوﻋَﺪ ُﺗﻢ‪ ،‬وَأد…وا ِإ َذا اﺋ ُﺘﻤِ ﻨ ُﺘﻢ‪ ،‬وَاﺣ َﻔ ُﻈﻮا ُﻓﺮُوﺟَ ُﻜﻢ‪ ،‬و ُﻏ …ﻀﻮا‬ ‫ﺑﺼﺎ َر ُﻛﻢ‪ ،‬و ُﻛ …ﻔﻮا َأﻳﺪِ َﻳ ُﻜﻢ " رواه أﺣﻤﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺬا اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ اﺷﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫َأ َ‬ ‫وﺻﺎﻳﺎ ﻋﺪﻳﺪة‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻤﺜﻠﻬﺎ ﻧﺎل ﺧﻴﺮ ًا ﻛﺜﻴﺮ ًا‪ ،‬وﻫﺬه اﻟﻮﺻﺎﻳﺎ اﻟﺠﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺟﻮاﻣﻊ اﻟﻜﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﻤﻊ آداب اﻟﺴﻠﻮك اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ اﻟﻼزﻣﺔ ﻟﺴﻌﺎدة‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺸﺮﻳﺔ‪ ،‬وﻟﺬا ﺿﻤﻦ اﻟﻤﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻟﻤﻦ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺑﻬﺎ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ وﻋﻦ اﻟﻔﻀﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ ﻋﻴﺎض أﻧﻪ ﻗﺎل‪ :‬أﺻﻞ ا‪R‬ﻳﻤﺎن ﻋﻨﺪﻧﺎ وﻓﺮﻋﻪ وداﺧﻠﻪ وﺧﺎرﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﺸﻬﺎدة ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ وﻟﻠﻨﺒﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻼغ وأداء اﻟﻔﺮاﺋﺾ‪ :‬ﺻﺪق‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ وﺣﻔﻆ اﻣــﺎﻧــﺔ وﺗــﺮك اﻟﺨﻴﺎﻧﺔ واﻟــﻮﻓــﺎء ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻬﺪ وﺻﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺣﻢ واﻟﻨﺼﺢ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻦ‪ .‬وﺣﺴﺒﻲ أن أﺗﻨﺎول إﺣﺪاﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬه‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ‪ ،‬وﻫﻲ اﻟﻮﺻﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﺪق‪ ،‬وﻗﺪ ﺣﺜﺖ اﻟﺸﺮﻳﻌﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺤﻠﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺎ ِدﻗِﻴﻦَ ( ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺬا اﻟﺨﻠﻖ اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎل ا‪ :‬ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‪َ ):‬و ُﻛﻮ ُﻧﻮا َﻣ َﻊ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺑﻦ أﻧﺲ‪:‬ﻗ ﱠﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎن رﺟ ٌﻞ ﺻﺎدﻗ ًﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻜﺬب إﻻ ﻣُﺘﻊ ﺑﻌﻘﻠﻪ‪ ،‬وﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﺼﺒﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺼﻴﺐ ﻏﻴﺮه ﻣﻦ اﻟﻬﺮم واﻟﺨﺮف‪ .‬وﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ"وﻻ ﻳﺰال‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻳﺼﺪق وﻳﺘﺤﺮى اﻟﺼﺪق ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻜﺘﺐ ﻋﻨﺪ ا‪ :‬ﺻﺪﻳﻘ ًﺎ"‪.‬وﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺬا إﺷــﺎرة إﻟﻰ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺧﺎﺗﻤﺘﻪ‪.‬وﻟﻠﺼﺪق ﻣﺠﺎﻻت‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪ :‬اﻟﺼﺪق‬ ‫ﻓﻲ اﻗــﻮال‪ ،‬ﻓﻼ ﻳﺤﻠﻒ وﻻ ﻳﻘﺴﻢ إﻻ ﺻﺎدﻗ ًﺎ‪ ،‬وﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪:‬اﻟﺼﺪق ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻓﻌﺎل‪ ،‬وﻫﻮ أن ���ﺘﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺳﺮﻳﺮﺗﻚ ﻣﻊ ﻋﻼﻧﻴﺘﻚ‪ ،‬وﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪:‬اﻟﺼﺪق‬ ‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﻨﻴﺔ وا‪R‬رادة‪ ،‬وﻫﻮ ا‪R‬ﺧﻼص‪ ،‬وﻟﺬا ﻓﺄول ﻣﻦ ﺗﺴﻌﺮ ﺑﻬﻢ اﻟﻨﺎر‬ ‫ﻳﻮم اﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‪ :‬ﻋﺎﻟﻢ وﻗﺎرئ وﻣﺠﺎﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻬﻢ ﻣﺎ أرادوا ﺑﺄﻋﻤﺎﻟﻬﻢ‬ ‫وﺟﻪ ا‪.:‬وﻣﻊ ﻣﺎﻓﻲ اﻟﺼﺪق ﻣﻦ ﻓﻀﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﺎ أﻗﺒﺢ أن ﻧﺪﻋﻮ أﺑﻨﺎﺋﻨﺎ‬ ‫إﻟﻰ اﻟﺼﺪق ﺑﺄﻗﻮاﻟﻨﺎ‪ ،‬وﻧﺪﻋﻮﻫﻢ إﻟﻰ ﺿﺪه ﺑﺄﻓﻌﺎﻟﻨﺎ‪ ،‬وﻗﺪ ﻧﻬﻴﻨﺎ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺬا‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ا‪ :‬ﺑﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ ﻗﺎل‪":‬ﺟﺎء رﺳﻮل ا‪ :‬ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫وﺳﻠﻢ إﻟﻰ ﺑﻴﺘﻨﺎ وأﻧﺎ ﺻﺒﻲ ﺻﻐﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﺬﻫﺒﺖ ﻟﻌﺐ ﻓﻘﺎﻟﺖ أﻣﻲ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ ا‪ :‬ﺗﻌﺎل أﻋﻄﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎل رﺳﻮل ا‪ :‬ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‪ :‬وﻣﺎ‬ ‫أردت أن ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻪ؟ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ‪ :‬أردت أن أﻋﻄﻴﻪ ﺗﻤﺮ ًا‪ ،‬ﻗﺎل‪ :‬أﻣﺎ إﻧﻚ ﻟﻮ ﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻌﻠﻲ ُﻛﺘﺒﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻛﺬﺑﺔ"‪.‬ﻓﻤﺎ ﺗﻔﻌﻠﻪ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻣﻬﺎت ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺒﺾ‬ ‫ﻳﺪﻫﺎ وﺗﻘﻮل ﻟﻮﻟﺪﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﺗﻌﺎل أﻋﻄﻚ‪ ،‬وﻳﺪﻫﺎ ﻓﺎرﻏﺔ ﻓﺈﻧﻬﺎ ﻛﺎذﺑﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ‪":‬ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎل ﻟﺼﺒﻲ‪ :‬ﺗﻌﺎل ﻫﺎك‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻌﻄﻪ ﻓﻬﻲ ﻛﺬﺑﺔ"‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﺒﺎﻫﻮن ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻄﻴﻌﺔ!‬

‫*‪¡f“‚<›%* œ0|G*ag<ŒÍ„k‚6‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮاﺟﻌﺖ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ »اﻟـﺠـﻴــﺮة« ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﻨﻮات اﺧﻴﺮة‪ ،‬وﻟﻢ ﻳﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﻴﻞ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻳﻬﺘﻢ ﺑﺠﺎره‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﻴﻦ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ وﺻﻴﺔ رﺳﻮل اﻟﻮﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﺒﺮﻳﻞ إﻟﻰ ﺧﺎﺗﻢ اﻧﺒﻴﺎء واﻟﻤﺮﺳﻠﻴﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﻇــﻞ ﻳــﻮﺻــﻲ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪:‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺠﺎر‪ .‬وﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎر ﻣﺎت‬ ‫وﺣﻴﺪا ﻓﻲ وﺣﺪﺗﻪ اﻟﺴﻜﻨﻴﺔ دون أن‬ ‫ﻳــﺪري ﺑﻪ ﺟﻴﺮاﻧﻪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﺘﻌﻔﻦ ﺟﺜﺘﻪ‬ ‫وﺗﻨﺒﻌﺚ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ رواﺋﺢ ﻛﺮﻳﻬﺔ‪ ،‬وﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺟــﺎر ﻗﺘﻞ ﺟــﺎره ﻟﺨﻼﻓﺎت ﺗﺎﻓﻬﺔ‪ ،‬أو‬ ‫ﺧــﺎﻧــﻪ ﻓــﻲ ﻋــﺮﺿــﻪ وﺷــﺮﻓــﻪ‪ ،‬وﻟــﻢ ﻳﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﻧﺎ وﻗﺖ اﻟﺤﺎﺟﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫»اﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ« ﻧﺎﻗﺸﺖ ﻗﻀﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﺒﺎﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﺠﻴﺮان‪ ،‬وأﺳﺒﺎﺑﻬﺎ‪ ،‬وﺗﻄﺮﻗﺖ‬ ‫إﻟــﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ إﻋ ــﺎدة اﻟ ــﺮوح واﻟﺤﻴﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎت اﻟﺠﻮار‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓــﻲ اﻟ ـﺒــﺪاﻳــﺔ ﻳ ــﺮى ﻋ ـﻀــﻮ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺲ وأﺧﺼﺎﺋﻲ اﻟﺼﺤﺔ اﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰ اﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮر ﻋﻤﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻬﻨﺎ أن اﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ ا‪R‬ﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻳﻮﺻﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻘﺪﻳﺮ اﻟﺠﺎر ﺑﻤﻔﻬﻮﻣﻪ اﻟﻮاﺳﻊ ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﻳﻈﻦ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻨﺎس أن اﻟﺠﺎر ﻫﻮ ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺟــﺎوره ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﻜﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﻴﺎ أن‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎك ﺻﻮ ًرا أﺧﺮى ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻔﻬﻮم‬ ‫اﻟــﺠــﻮار‪ ،‬ﻓـﻬـﻨــﺎك اﻟ ـﺠــﺎر ﻓــﻲ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫واﻟـ ـﺴ ــﻮق‪ ،‬و اﻟـﻤـﺼـﻨــﻊ واﻟ ـﻤــﺰرﻋــﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫وﻣﻘﺎﻋﺪ اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وأﺷــﺎر إﻟــﻰ أن اﻟــﺮاﺣــﺔ اﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮاد اﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ و ﺳﻌﺎدة اﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫وﺗﺮاﺑﻄﻪ وﺷﻴﻮع اﻟﻤﺤﺒﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ أﺑﻨﺎﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ ﺗﺘﻢ إﻻ ﺑــﺄداء ﺣﻘﻮق اﻟﺠﺎر ﻣﺸﻴﺮا‬ ‫إﻟــﻰ أن ﻫﻨﺎك ﺗﺒﺎﻋﺪا ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺒﺮر ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻴﺮان ﺣﻴﺚ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮف اﻟﺠﺎر اﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺟﺎره اﻟﻤﻼﺻﻖ ﻟﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﻜﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻣــﻀــﻰ ﻗ ــﺎﺋ ــﻼ‪» :‬إن ﻣ ــﻦ ﺗ ـﻤــﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﺔ اﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ واﻟﺘﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺬات‬ ‫وﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ اﻟ ــﺬوات اﺧ ــﺮى أن ﺗﺼﺪر‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻔﺲ ﺳﻠﻮﻛﺎ ﻣﻨﻀﺒﻄﺎ ﻣﺘﻮازﻧﺎ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺎر اﻟــﺬي ﻛــﺎد رﺳــﻮل اﻣــﺔ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬

‫ﻻ ﺗﺼﻠﺢ اﻟﺪار ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺼﻠﺢ اﻟﺠﺎ ُر‬ ‫وإن أﺣﺪﻫﻢ ﺑﺎع ﻣﻨﺰﻟﻪ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻻﻣﻮه‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ذﻟﻚ ﻗﺎل ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻳ ـﻠــﻮﻣ ـﻨ ـﻨــﻰ أن ﺑــﻌــﺖُ ﺑــﺎﻟــﺮﺧــﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﻲ‬ ‫ـﺺ‬ ‫وﻟﻢ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻮا ﺟﺎ ًرا ﻫﻨﺎك ﻳﻨﻐـ ُ‬

‫‪j5g–lH+¬EŽŸlrŸH+3+}E'¹k«…“¢H+k1+}H+g¢¥ŸH+‬‬ ‫‪§5g0-3g…7¬EgOhh…7¤¨™NvHg…ƒH+5grH+”N}…‚H+‬‬ ‫‪5grH+5+}…7'+Ln+5¨=ŽhllN£I ¥oh2'+bŸuI‬‬ ‫‪fŸ¢œG*¡fIa<2‬‬ ‫ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم أن‬ ‫ﻳﻮرﺛﻪ‪ ،‬وأﺑﺎن أن ﻋﻈﺎﺋﻢ اﻣﻮر ﻟﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺆذى ﺟﺎره‪.‬‬ ‫وأوﺿــﺢ أن ﻣﻦ ﻧﻘﺺ اﻟﺪاﻓﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻟ ــﻼﻣـ ـﺒ ــﺎﻻة اﻟــﺘــﻄــﺎول ﻣ ــﻊ اﻟ ـﺠــﺎر‬ ‫ﺑــﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ اﻻﺣﺘﻔﺎء ﺑــﻪ‪ ،‬وﻗــﺎل‪» :‬أﻫﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺬاﺗﻲ وﺑﺎ‪k‬ﺧﺮﻳﻦ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺠﺎر‬ ‫ﺑــﺄﺣــﺎﺳـﻴــﺲ ﻧﺒﻴﻠﺔ ﺗـﻔـﻴــﺾ ﻣــﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻨﺒﻴﻦ روﺣــﺎ ﺗﻼﻣﺲ ﻛﻞ ارواح‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺸﺎﻋﺮ ودودة وﻫــﻮ ﻋﻴﻦ اﻟﻮاﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎه اﻟﺠﺎر«‪.‬‬

‫أﺟﺮ اﻟﺪارﻳﻦ‬ ‫أﻣﺎ اﻟﺪاﻋﻴﺔ اﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮر ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ‬

‫اﻟ ـﺸــﺮﻳــﻒ ﻓ ـﺘ ـﻄــﺮق إﻟـــﻰ اﻟ ـﻨ ـﺼــﻮص‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺣــﻮل ﺣﻘﻮق اﻟـﺠــﺎر‪ ،‬وذﻛﺮ‬ ‫أن اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎل‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻣــﻦ ﻛــﺎن ﻳﺆﻣﻦ ﺑــﺎ‪ :‬واﻟـﻴــﻮم ا‪k‬ﺧــﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﺤﺴﻦ إﻟﻰ ﺟــﺎره‪ ،‬وﻣﻦ ﻛﺎن ﻳﺆﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ‪ :‬واﻟ ـﻴــﻮم ا‪k‬ﺧــﺮ ﻓﻠﻴﻜﺮم ﺿﻴﻔﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫وﻣــﻦ ﻛــﺎن ﻳﺆﻣﻦ ﺑــﺎ‪ :‬واﻟﻴﻮم ا‪k‬ﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﻘﻞ ﺧﻴ ًﺮا أو ﻟﻴﺴﻜﺖ«‪.‬‬ ‫وأﺷ ـ ــﺎر إﻟ ــﻰ أن اﻟـﻤـﺴـﻠــﻢ اﻟــﺬي‬ ‫ﻻ ﻳــﺄﻣــﻦ ﺟـﻴــﺮاﻧــﻪ ﺷــﺮه ﻟــﻢ ﻳــﺬق ﻃﻌﻢ‬ ‫ا‪R‬ﻳ ـ ـﻤـ ــﺎن‪ ،‬ﻣــﺼــﺪاﻗــﺎ ﻟـ ـﻘ ــﻮل رﺳ ــﻮل‬ ‫ا‪ :‬ﺻـﻠــﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋـﻠـﻴــﻪ وﺳ ـﻠــﻢ »وا‪:‬‬ ‫ﻻ ﻳــﺆﻣــﻦ وا‪ :‬ﻻ ﻳــﺆﻣــﻦ«‪ ،‬ﻗـﻴــﻞ‪ :‬ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻳــﺎ رﺳــﻮل ا‪ :‬؟ ﻗــﺎل‪«:‬اﻟــﺬي ﻻ ﻳﺄﻣﻦ‬

‫*‪‘M|‚G‬‬

‫وﺟﻮه اﺣﺴﺎن‬

‫ﺟﺎره ﺑﻮاﺋﻘﻪ‪ -‬أى ﻏﻮاﺋﻠﻪ وﺷﺮوره‪،‬‬ ‫وﻟﻘﺪ ﻗﻴﻞ ﻟﻠﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‬ ‫إن ﻓﻼﻧﺔ ﺗﻘﻮم اﻟﻠﻴﻞ وﺗﺼﻮم اﻟﻨﻬﺎر‬ ‫وﺗ ـﻨ ـﻔــﻖ وﺗ ـﺘ ـﺼــﺪق‪ ،‬وﻟـﻜـﻨـﻬــﺎ ﺗــﺆذي‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺮاﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻠﺴﺎﻧﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎل اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳ ـﻠــﻢ؛ ﻻ ﺧـﻴــﺮ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ أﻫﻞ اﻟﻨﺎر« ﻗﺎﻟﻮا‪ :‬وﻓﻼﻧﺔ ﺗﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟـﻤـﻜـﺘــﻮﺑــﺔ‪ ،‬وﺗـﺘـﺼــﺪق ﺑــﺄﺛــﻮاب‪ ،‬وﻻ‬ ‫ﺗﺆذى أﺣﺪا ؟ ﻓﻘﺎل رﺳﻮل ا‪ :‬ﻫﻲ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫أﻫﻞ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺑﺒﻦ اﻟﺸﺮﻳﻒ أن اﻟﺠﺎر اﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﻳـﻜــﻮن ﺳﺒﺒًﺎ ﻓــﻲ ﺳـﻌــﺎدة ﺟــﺎره وﻟــﺬا‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫أﻃﻠﺐ ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻚ ﺟﻴﺮاﻧﺎ ﺗﺠﺎورﻫﻢ‬

‫‪...‬وإن اﺳﺘﻘﺮﺿﻚ أﻗﺮﺿﺘﻪ‪ ..‬ﻫﻜﺬا ﻗﺎل‬ ‫أﻋﻈﻢ اﻟﺨﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﺣﺪد ا‪R‬ﺳﻼم ﺑﻌﺾ ﺣﻘﻮق اﻟﺠﺎر ﻛﻤﺎ وﺿﺤﻬﺎ‬ ‫رﺳﻮل اﻟ ﱠﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ روى أﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‪) :‬أﺗﺪرون ﻣﺎ ﺣﻖ اﻟﺠﺎر؟ إن اﺳﺘﻌﺎن ﺑﻚ أﻋﻨﺘﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫وإن اﺳﺘﻨﺼﺮك ﻧﺼﺮﺗﻪ‪ ،‬وإن اﺳﺘﻘﺮﺿﻚ أﻗﺮﺿﺘﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫وإن اﻓﺘﻘﺮ ﻋــﺪت ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ ،‬وإن ﻣــﺮض ﻋــﺪﺗــﻪ‪ ،‬وإن‬ ‫ﻣﺎت ﺗﺒﻌﺖ ﺟﻨﺎزﺗﻪ‪ ،‬وإن أﺻﺎﺑﻪ ﺧﻴﺮ ﻫﻨﺄﺗﻪ‪ ،‬وإن‬ ‫أﺻﺎﺑﺘﻪ ﻣﺼﻴﺒﺔ ﻋﺰﻳﺘﻪ‪ ،‬وﻻ َﺗ ْﺴ َﺘﻌْﻞِ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻨﺎء‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﺠﺐ ﻋﻨﻪ اﻟﺮﻳﺢ إﻻ ﺑﺈذﻧﻪ‪ ،‬وإن اﺷﺘﺮﻳﺖ ﻓﺎﻛﻬﺔ‬

‫ﻓﺄﻫﺪِ ﻟــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓــﺈن ﻟﻢ ﺗﻔﻌﻞ ﻓﺄدﺧﻠﻬﺎ ﺳــ ًّﺮا‪ ،‬وﻻ ﻳﺨﺮج‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎ وﻟﺪك ﻟﻴﻐﻴﻆ ﺑﻬﺎ وﻟﺪه‪ ،‬وﻻ ﺗﺆذه ﺑﻘﺘﺎر ﻗِ ﺪ ِْرك‬ ‫)راﺋ ـﺤــﺔ ﻃﻌﺎﻣﻚ( إﻻ أن ﺗﻐﺮف ﻟــﻪ ﻣﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﺛــﻢ ﻗــﺎل‪:‬‬ ‫أﺗﺪرون ﻣﺎ ﺣﻖ اﻟﺠﺎر؟ واﻟﺬي ﻧﻔﺴﻲ ﺑﻴﺪه‪ ،‬ﻻ ﻳﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﺣﻖ اﻟﺠﺎر إﻻ ﻣﻦ رﺣﻤﻪ ا‪.(:‬‬ ‫وﻣــﻦ ﺣﻘﻮق اﻟـﺠــﺎر ﻓــﻲ ا‪R‬ﺳـ ــﻼم‪«:‬رد اﻟﺴﻼم‬ ‫وإﺟﺎﺑﺔ اﻟﺪﻋﻮة‪ ،‬ﻛﻒ اذى ﻋﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻤﻞ أذى اﻟﺠﺎر‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪه وﻗﻀﺎء ﺣﻮاﺋﺠﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﺮه وﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ«‪.‬‬

‫وﻣــﻦ ﺟﻬﺘﻪ ذﻛــﺮ اﻟــﺪﻛـﺘــﻮر ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻋ ـﺒــﺪاﻟ ـﻨ ـﺒــﻲ أﺳـ ـﺘ ــﺎذ ﻋ ـﻠــﻢ اﻻﺟ ـﺘ ـﻤــﺎع‬ ‫ﺑ ـﺠــﺎﻣ ـﻌــﺔ اﻟ ـﻤ ـﻠــﻚ ﺳ ـﻌــﻮد أن ﺣـﻘــﻮق‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺎر ﻛﺜﻴﺮة وﻣﺘﻌﺪدة‪ ،‬وﻫــﻲ داﺋــﺮة‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺣﻘﻮق ﻛﺒﺮى‪ :‬أﺣﺪﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﻛﻒ‬ ‫اذى ﻋﻦ اﻟﺠﺎر‪ ،‬واﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‪ :‬ا‪R‬ﺣﺴﺎن‬ ‫إﻟ ـﻴــﻪ‪ ،‬واﻟ ـﺜــﺎﻟــﺚ‪ :‬اﻟﺼﺒﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ اذى‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﻣﺎ ا‪R‬ﺣـﺴــﺎن إﻟــﻰ اﻟـﺠــﺎر ﻓﻬﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ أﻓﻀﻞ اﻋـﻤــﺎل واﻟـﻘــﺮﺑــﺎت‪ ،‬وﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺐ ﻣﻦ أﺳﺒﺎب ﻧﻴﻞ ﻣﺤﺒﺔ ا‪ :‬ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ورﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮل ﻧﺒﻴﻨﺎ ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫»إن أﺣﺒﺒﺘﻢ أن ﻳﺤﺒﻜﻢ ا‪ :‬ورﺳﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺄدوا إذا اﺋﺘﻤﻨﺘﻢ واﺻﺪﻗﻮا إذا ﺣﺪﺛﺘﻢ‬ ‫وأﺣﺴﻨﻮا ﺟﻮار ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎورﻛﻢ«‪.‬‬ ‫وﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮر ﻣﺤﻤﺪ أن ا‪R‬ﺣﺴﺎن‬ ‫إﻟ ــﻰ اﻟ ـﺠ ـﻴــﺮان ﻳـﺸـﻤــﻞ ﻛــﺎﻓــﺔ وﺟــﻮه‬ ‫ا‪R‬ﺣـﺴــﺎن وﻟــﻮ ﻛــﺎن ﺷﻴ ًﺌﺎ ﻳﺴﻴ ًﺮا أو‬ ‫ﺣ ـﻘ ـﻴ ـ ًﺮا ﻟ ـﻤــﺎ ﻟــﻪ ﻣــﻦ أﺛ ــﺮ ﻓــﻲ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫اﻟـﻨـﻔــﻮس وإزاﻟ ــﺔ اﺣ ـﻘــﺎد ﺣﻴﺚ ﻗﺎل‬ ‫اﻟـﻨـﺒــﻲ ﺻـﻠــﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳ ـﻠــﻢ ﻗــﺎل‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻳﺎ ﻧﺴﺎء اﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﺎت ﻻ ﺗﺤﻘﺮن ﺟﺎرة‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺎرﺗﻬﺎ وﻟﻮ ﻓﺮﺳﻦ ﺷﺎه«‪.‬‬ ‫وأﻛﺪ أن أﺧﺒﺚ اﻟﺠﻴﺮان ﻣﻦ ﻳﺘﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺜﺮات‪ ،‬وﻳﺘﻄﻠﻊ إﻟــﻰ اﻟـﻌــﻮرات ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮه وﺟ ـﻬــﺮه‪ ،‬وﻟـﻴــﺲ ﺑﻤﺄﻣﻮن ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫دﻳﻦ وﻻ ﻧﻔﺲ وﻻ أﻫﻞ وﻻ ﻣﺎل‪ ،‬ﻟﻘﻮل‬ ‫رﺳــﻮل ا‪َ :‬ﺻ ﱠﻠﻰ ا ُ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﻋ َﻠﻴْﻪِ وَ َﺳ ﱠــﻠــﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻣــﻦ ﻛــﺎن ﻳﺆﻣﻦ ﺑــﺎ‪ :‬واﻟـﻴــﻮم ا‪k‬ﺧــﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﻜﺮم ﺟــﺎره‪ ،‬وﻣﻦ ﻛﺎن ﻳﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﺎ‪:‬‬ ‫واﻟﻴﻮم ا‪k‬ﺧﺮ ﻓﻠﻴﻜﺮم ﺿﻴﻔﻪ‪ ،‬وﻣﻦ ﻛﺎن‬ ‫ﻳﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﺎ‪ :‬واﻟﻴﻮم ا‪k‬ﺧﺮ ﻓﻠﻴﻘﻞ ﺧﻴ ًﺮا‬ ‫أو ﻟﻴﺼﻤﺖ«‪.‬‬

‫ﻧﺼﺎ ﺷﺮﻋ ًﻴﺎ ﺛﺎﺑ ًﺘﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎدة ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ‪ ..‬ﻣﺎ ﻟﻢ ﺗﺨﺎﻟﻒ ً‬ ‫ﻗﻮاﻋﺪ ﻓﻘﻬﻴﺔ‬

‫اﻟﺼﺪق ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﻛﻞ ﺧﻴﺮ‬

‫أﻣــﺎ اﻟﻜﺘﺎب واﻟﺴﻨﺔ ؛ ا‪– :‬ﺟﻞ وﻋــﻼ‪-‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮل‪َ ) :‬ﻓ ِﺈنْ َﺗ َﻨﺎ َز ْﻋ ُﺘ ْﻢ ﻓِﻲ َﺷ ْﻲءٍ َﻓ ُﺮد…و ُه ِإ َﻟﻰ اﻟ ﱠﻠﻪِ‬ ‫وَ اﻟﺮﱠﺳُ ﻮلِ (؛ واﻟﺮد إﻟﻰ ا‪ :‬واﻟﺮﺳﻮل ﻫﻮ اﻟﺮد‬ ‫إﻟﻰ اﻟﻜﺘﺎب واﻟﺴﻨﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وأﻣﺎ ا‪R‬ﺟﻤﺎع ﻓﻴﺪل ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪:‬‬

‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳـﻠــﻢ‪» :‬ﻻ ُﺗـﺠــﻤِ ـ ُﻊ أﻣﺘﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺿﻼﻟﺔ«‪،‬‬ ‫وﻛﺬﻟﻚ )وَ َﻣﻦْ ﻳ َُﺸﺎﻗِ ِﻖ اﻟﺮﱠﺳُ َ‬ ‫ﻮل ﻣِ ﻦْ َﺑﻌْﺪِ ﻣَﺎ َﺗ َﺒ ﱠﻴﻦَ‬ ‫َﻟ ُﻪ اﻟْ ُﻬﺪَى وَ َﻳ ﱠﺘ ِﺒ ْﻊ َﻏ ْﻴ َﺮ َﺳ ِﺒﻴﻞِ اﻟْﻤ ُْﺆﻣِ ﻨِﻴﻦَ ُﻧﻮَ ﱢﻟﻪِ ﻣَﺎ‬ ‫َﺼﻴ ًﺮا(‪.‬‬ ‫َﺗﻮَ ﱠﻟﻰ وَ ُﻧ ْﺼﻠِﻪِ ﺟَ َﻬ ﱠﻨ َﻢ وَ َﺳﺎءَتْ ﻣ ِ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻲ ﻗــﻮﻟــﻪ ﺗـﻌــﺎﻟــﻰ‪) :‬وَ َﻳ ـ ﱠﺘ ـ ِﺒ ـ ْﻊ َﻏ ـ ْﻴ ـ َﺮ َﺳ ِﺒﻴﻞِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤ ُْﺆﻣِ ﻨِﻴﻦَ ( دﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ أنﱠ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺎﻟﻒ ا‪R‬ﺟﻤﺎع‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻪ وﻋﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫وأﻣ ــﺎ اﻟ ـﻘ ـﻴــﺎس؛ ﻓﺎﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻـﻠــﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫وﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎل ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻴﺎس ؛ ﻟﻤﺎ ﺳﺄﻟﻪ ﺳﺎﺋ ٌﻞ أنﱠ واﻟ���ه‬ ‫ﻧﺬر ﻧﺬ ًرا وﻣﺎت ﻗﺒﻞ أن ﻳﻨﻔﺬه ‪ ،‬ﻫﻞ ﻳﻨﻔﻌﻪ إذا‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬه ﻋﻨﻪ ؛ ﻗﺎل ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‪» :‬أرأﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻟﻮ ﻛﺎن ﻋﻠﻰ أﺑﻴﻚ دﻳــﻦ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻀﻴﺘﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ‪ ،‬أﻳﻨﻔﻌﻪ‬ ‫ذﻟﻚ » ﻗﺎل‪ :‬ﻧﻌﻢ أو ﻗﺎل‪ » :‬إذا ﻛﺎن ﻋﻠﻰ أﺑﻴﻚِ دﻳﻦٌ‬

‫أﻧﺖ ﻗﺎﺿﻴﺘﻪ ؟«‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻟﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﻌﻢ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎل‪» :‬ﻓﺎﻗﻀﻮا‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ِ‬ ‫ا‪ ، :‬وا‪ :‬أﺣﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻓﺎء أو أﺣﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻀﺎء«؛‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺬا ﻣﻦ ﺑﺎب اﻟﻘﻴﺎس ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﺬا ﻣﻦ ﺑﺎب اﻟﻘﻴﺎس‬ ‫اﻟﺬي أﺷﺎر إﻟﻴﻪ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻟﻤﺎ ﺟــﺎءه رﺟـ ٌﻞ ﻳﺴﺘﻔﺘﻴﻪ أو ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻬﺎدة ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺤﺔ ﻣﻨﺤﻬﺎ ﻟﺒﻌﺾ أوﻻده‪ ،‬ﻗﺎل‪:‬‬ ‫»أﻳﺴﺮك أن ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮا ﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﺮ ﺳــﻮاء«؛ ﻗﺎل‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻢ ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎل‪ » :‬ﻓﻼ إذن‪ ،‬اﺗﻘﻮا ا‪ :‬واﻋﺪﻟﻮا ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫أوﻻدﻛ ــﻢ«؛ ﻓﻬﺬا ﻧــﻮعٌ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﻴﺎس أرﺷــﺪ إﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻫﻨﺎك أدﻟﺔ ﻛﺜﻴﺮة ﻣﻦ اﻟﻜﺘﺎب واﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺗﺪل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻘﻴﺎس ؛ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‪َ ) :‬ﻓﺎ ْﻋ َﺘ ِﺒ ُﺮوا ﻳَﺎ‬ ‫ْﺼ ِﺎر(‪ .‬ﻫﺬا ﻧﻮعٌ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﻴﺎس ‪.‬‬ ‫ُأوﻟِﻲ اﻟْ َﺄﺑ َ‬

‫ﻻ ﻳﺆﻣﻨﻮن ﺑﻘﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺠﻮار‪ ..‬وﻳﺘﺠﺎﻫﻠﻮن وﺻﻴﺔ ﺧﻴﺮ ا‪-‬ﻧﺎم‬

‫ﻣﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﺎة اﻟﻨﺒﻮة‬ ‫‪­bIgH+bŸÂ3‬‬

‫‪žj§J¥N”E+¥œH+DK¡fgŠ‚8jŠœqH+‬‬

‫‬

‫‪sE}H+¦H)¹+bh=3‬‬

‫ﻋﺒﺎرات ﻣﻨﻬﻲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬

‫‪¬œ¥…H+bŸÂ3‬‬

‫اﻟﺤﻤﺪ ‪ ،:‬واﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم ﻋﻠﻰ رﺳﻮل ا‪،:‬‬ ‫وﻋﻠﻰ آﻟﻪ وﺻﺤﺒﻪ وﻣﻦ واﻻه‪ ،‬أﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ‪،،،‬‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻞ ﻗــﻮم ﻋﺎداﺗﻬﻢ وﺗﻘﺎﻟﻴﺪﻫﻢ وأﻋــﺮاﻓـﻬــﻢ اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺗــﻮارﺛــﻮﻫــﺎ ﺟـﻴــﻼ ﺑـﻌــﺪ ﺟ ـﻴــﻞ‪ ،‬وﻗــﺪ ﻳﻨﺘﺸﺮ اﻟـﻌــﺮف‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻐﻄﻲ رﻗﻌﺔ ﺟﻐﺮاﻓﻴﺔ ﻛﺒﻴﺮة‪ ،‬وﻗﺪ ﻳﻨﺤﺴﺮ ﻓﻴﻐﻄﻲ‬ ‫رﻗﻌﺔ ﺻﻐﻴﺮة‪ ،‬وﻓــﻲ ﻛﻠﺘﺎ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﺘﻴﻦ ﻓــﺈن اﻋــﺮاف‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﺎرف ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﺎس ﻳﻌﺪ ﻓﻴﺼﻼ وﻓﺮﻗﺎﻧﺎ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﺮط أﻻ ﺗﺨﺎﻟﻒ اﻟﻨﺼﻮص اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ اﻟﺜﺎﺑﺘﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻣﻦ اﻣﺜﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﻟﻬﺬه اﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪة ﻣﻬﺮ اﻟﺰوﺟﺔ‬ ‫إذا ﻟﻢ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪه ﻓﻲ ﻋﻘﺪ اﻟﻨﻜﺎح‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ ﺗﻮﻓﻲ اﻟﺰوج‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ اﻻﺗ ـﻔــﺎق ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺳﺌﻞ ﻋـﺒــﺪا‪ :‬ﺑــﻦ ﻣﺴﻌﻮد‬ ‫رﺿﻲ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻨﻪ ﻋﻦ رﺟﻞ ﺗــﺰوج اﻣــﺮأة‪ ،‬وﻟﻢ ﻳﻔﺮض‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﺻﺪاﻗﺎ‪ ،‬وﻟﻢ ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﺎت‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﻜﺚ ﻋﺒﺪا‪:‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮا ﻻ ﻳﻔﺘﻴﻬﻢ‪ ،‬وﺳﺄل اﻟﻨﺎس‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺠﺪ ﺟﻮاﺑﺎ‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ‬ ‫اﺟﺘﻬﺪ ﻓﻘﺎل‪» :‬إن ﻟﻬﺎ ﺻﺪاﻗﺎ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺻــﺪاق ﻧﺴﺎﺋﻬﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻻ وﻛﺲ وﻻ ﺷﻄﻂ‪ ،‬وﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ اﻟﻌﺪة‪ ،‬وﻟﻬﺎ اﻟﻤﻴﺮاث‪،‬‬

‫ﻓﺈن ﻳﻚ ﺻﻮاﺑﺎ ﻓﻤﻦ ا‪ ،:‬وإن ﻳﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺄ ﻓﻤﻨﻲ وﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎن‪ ،‬وا‪ :‬ورﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﺮﻳﺌﺎن«‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎم ﻣﻌﻘﻞ ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺎن اﺷﺠﻌﻲ ﻓﻘﺎل‪ :‬ﻗﻀﻰ رﺳﻮل ا‪ :‬ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪:‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻓــﻲ ﺑــﺮوع ﺑﻨﺖ واﺷــﻖ اﻣــﺮأة ﻣﻨﺎ ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫اﻟــﺬي ﻗﻀﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻓﻊ ﻋﺒﺪا‪ :‬ﻳﺪﻳﻪ وﻛﺒﺮ‪ ،‬وﻓــﺮح ﺑﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺣﺎ ﺷﺪﻳﺪا ﺣﻴﻦ واﻓﻖ ﻗﻀﺎؤه ﻗﻀﺎ َء رﺳﻮل ا‪:‬‬ ‫ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‪ ،‬وﻣــﺎ رﺋــﻲ ﻓــﺮح ﻓﺮﺣﺔ أﻋﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ إﻻ ﺑﺈﺳﻼﻣﻪ‪ ،‬رواه أﺣﻤﺪ واﻟﻨﺴﺎﺋﻲ وأﺑﻮ داود‬ ‫واﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬي‪.‬‬ ‫وﻳــﺪﺧــﻞ اﻟ ـﻌــﺮف ﻓــﻲ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻛﺜﻴﺮة ﺗـﺨــﺮج ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟـﺤـﺼــﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﺜﻼ ﻳــﺆﺧــﺬ ﺑــﺎﻟـﻌــﺮف ﻓــﻲ ﻋــﺪد اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت‬ ‫اﻟـﻤـﺒـﻄـﻠــﺔ ﻓــﻲ اﻟــﺼــﻼة‪ ،‬وﻓ ــﻲ اﻟــﺰﻣــﻦ اﻟ ـﻔــﺎﺻــﻞ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻼﺗﻴﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ‪ ،‬وﻓﻲ اﻟﺰﻣﻦ اﻟﻔﺎﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ا‪R‬ﻳﺠﺎب واﻟﻘﺒﻮل ﻓﻲ اﻟﻌﻘﻮد‪ ،‬وﻓﻲ ﻗﺒﺾ اﺛﻤﺎن‬ ‫واﻟﺴﻠﻊ‪ ،‬وﻓﻲ ﺣﺮز اﻟﻤﺎل‪ ،‬وﻓﻲ إﺣﻴﺎء ارض اﻟﻤﻮات‪،‬‬ ‫وﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻌﺎﺷﺮة ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻌﺮوف‪ ،‬وﻓﻲ ﺧﻮارم اﻟﻤﺮوءة‪.‬‬

‫وﻣﻦ اﻣﺜﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ورد اﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ اﻟﺨﺎص‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻔﻘﺔ اﻟﺰوﺟﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺟﺎءت ﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻨﺖ ﻋﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫إﻟﻰ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻘﺎﻟﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ رﺳﻮل ا‪:‬‬ ‫إن أﺑﺎ ﺳﻔﻴﺎن رﺟﻞ ﺷﺤﻴﺢ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﻳﻌﻄﻴﻨﻲ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻔﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ووﻟﺪي إﻻ ﻣﺎ أﺧﺬت ﻣﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻪ وﻫﻮ ﻻ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎل ﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ا‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‪» :‬ﺧﺬي ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻔﻴﻚ ووﻟﺪك ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻌﺮوف«‬ ‫رواه اﻟﺒﺨﺎري وأﺣﻤﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻣــﻦ اﻟﻤﻬﻢ اﻟﺘﻨﺒﻴﻪ إﻟــﻰ أن اﻟـﻌــﺮف إذا ﺧﺎﻟﻒ‬ ‫اﻟ ـﻨ ـﺼــﻮص اﻟـﺸــﺮﻋـﻴــﺔ ﻓــﺈﻧــﻪ ﻻ ﻳـﻘـﺒــﻞ؛ ن اﻟـﺸــﺮع‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻀﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟـﻌــﺮف‪ ،‬وﻻ ﻳﺼﺢ أن ﻳﻘﻀﻲ اﻟﻌﺮف‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺸﺮع‪ ،‬ﻓــﺈذا ﺗﻌﺎرف اﻟﻨﺎس ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﻊ اﻣــﻮال‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ ﺑــﺎﺟــﻞ‪ ،‬أو ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻜﻮﻳﻦ اﻟـﺼــﺪاﻗــﺎت ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻨﺴﻴﻦ‪ ،‬أو ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺒﺮج اﻟﻤﺮأة وﻧﺰع ﺣﺠﺎﺑﻬﺎ‪ ،‬أو‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺰواج اﻟﻤﺜﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈن ﻛﻞ ﺗﻠﻚ اﻋﺮاف ﻻ ﺗﻘﺒﻞ‪ ،‬ﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺤﻄﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﺨﺮة اﻟﻨﺼﻮص اﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬وﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫أن ﺗﺜﺒﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻘﺎدم‪.‬‬

‫ﻻ ﺑﻴﺮﺣﻢ وﻻ ﻳﺨﻠﻲ رﺣﻤﺔ رﺑﻨﺎ ﺗﻨﺰل‬ ‫ﻫﺬه اﻟﻌﺒﺎرة ﺗﻘﺎل ﻋﺎدة ﻋﻨﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻳُﺘﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺨﻞ‬ ‫واﻟ ـﻘ ـﺴــﻮة واﻟ ـﺠ ـﺒــﺮوت‪ ،‬ﻓـﻬــﻮ ﺑــﺰﻋـﻤـﻬــﻢ أﻧ ــﻪ ﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺣﻤﻬﻢ وﺣﺎل ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ وﺑﻴﻦ رﺣﻤﺔ ا‪ :‬أن ﺗﻨﺰل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻻ ﺷﻚ أن ﻫﺬه اﻟﻌﺒﺎرة ﺧﺎﻃﺌﺔ وﻻ ﻳﺠﻮز‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻟﻬﺎ ﺑﺄي ﺣﺎل ﻣﻦ اﺣﻮال وذﻟﻚ أن رﺣﻤﺔ ا‪:‬‬ ‫ﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ أﺣﺪ أن ﻳﺤﻮل ﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ وﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻦ أراد‬ ‫ا‪ :‬رﺣﻤﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺋﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎن‪.‬‬ ‫ﺎس ﻣِ ﻦْ َر ْﺣﻤَﺔٍ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‪) :‬ﻣَﺎ َﻳ ْﻔ َﺘ ِﺢ اﻟ ﱠﻠ ُﻪ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﻨ ِ‬ ‫َﻓﻼ ُﻣﻤ ِْﺴ َﻚ َﻟﻬﺎ وَ ﻣﺎ ُﻳﻤ ِْﺴ ْﻚ َﻓﻼ ُﻣ ْﺮ ِﺳ َﻞ َﻟ ُﻪ ﻣِ ﻦْ َﺑﻌْﺪِ هِ‬ ‫وَ ﻫُ ﻮَ اﻟْﻌ َِﺰﻳ ُﺰ اﻟْﺤَ ﻜِ ﻴﻢُ(‬ ‫ﻗﺎل اﺑﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺮ رﺣﻤﻪ ا‪ :‬ﻓﻲ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮه )‪١٩‬‬

‫‪َ » :(٣٢٨ /‬ﻣ َﻔﺎﺗِ ﻴﺢُ اﻟْ َﺨﻴ ِْﺮ وَ َﻣ َﻐﺎ ِﻟ ُﻘ ُﻪ ُﻛﻠ…ﻬَﺎ ِﺑﻴَﺪِ هِ ؛ َﻓﻤَﺎ‬ ‫ﺎس ﻣِ ﻦْ َﺧﻴ ٍْﺮ َﻓ َﻠﺎ ُﻣ ْﻐﻠ َِﻖ َﻟﻪُ‪ ،‬وَ َﻟﺎ ُﻣﻤ ِْﺴ َﻚ‬ ‫ُﻳ ْﻔ َﺘ ِﺢ اﻟ ﱠﻠ ُﻪ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﻨ ِ‬ ‫َﻋ ْﻨ ُﻬ ْﻢ‪ ،‬ﻟ َِﺄنﱠ َذﻟ َِﻚ َأ ْﻣ ُﺮ ُه َﻟﺎ ﻳ َْﺴ َﺘ ِﻄﻴ ُﻊ َأ ْﻣ َﺮ ُه َأﺣَ ﺪٌ‪ ،‬وَ َﻛ َﺬﻟ َِﻚ‬ ‫ﻣَﺎ ُﻳ ْﻐ َﻠ ْﻖ ﻣِ ﻦْ َﺧﻴ ٍْﺮ َﻋ ْﻨ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﻓ َﻠﺎ َﻳﺒْﺴُ ْﻄ ُﻪ َﻋ َﻠﻴ ِْﻬ ْﻢ‪ ،‬وَ َﻟﺎ‬ ‫َﻳ ْﻔ َﺘ ْﺤ ُﻪ َﻟ ُﻬ ْﻢ‪َ ،‬ﻓ َﻠﺎ َﻓﺎﺗِ ﺢَ َﻟ ُﻪ ِﺳﻮَ اهُ‪ ،‬ﻟ َِﺄنﱠ اﻟْﺄُﻣُﻮ َر ُﻛ ﱠﻠﻬَﺎ‬ ‫ِإ َﻟﻴْﻪِ وَ َﻟﻪُ«‪.‬‬ ‫وﻋَﻦْ َﻗ َﺘﺎدَة َر ِﺿ َﻲ ا ُ‬ ‫‪َ :‬ﻋ ْﻨ ُﻪ ﻓِﻲ َﻗﻮْ ﻟِﻪِ ‪ :‬ﻣَﺎ َﻳ ْﻔﺘ ِِﺢ‬ ‫ﺎس ﻣِ ﻦْ َر ْﺣﻤَﺔٍ َأيْ ﻣِ ﻦْ َﺧﻴ ٍْﺮ َﻓﻼ ُﻣﻤ ِْﺴ َﻚ َﻟﻬَﺎ‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﻠ ُﻪ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﻨ ِ‬ ‫َﻗ َ‬ ‫ﺎل‪َ :‬ﻓﻼ ﻳ َْﺴ َﺘ َﻄﻴ ُﻊ َأﺣَ ٌﺪ ﺣَ ﺒ َْﺴﻬَﺎ‪.‬ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ اﺑﻦ أﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺗﻢ‪.٣١٧١ / ١٠‬‬ ‫وﻗﺎل ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺼﻼة واﻟﺴﻼم‪ِ ) :‬إنﱠ ِﻟ ﱠﻠﻪِ ﻣِ ﺎ َﺋ َﺔ‬ ‫اﺣ ـ ـ َﺪ ًة َﺑ ـ ْﻴــﻦَ اﻟْـ ِـﺠــﻦﱢ‬ ‫َر ْﺣ ـ َﻤــﺔٍ َأ ْﻧ ـ ـ َﺰ َل ﻣِ ـ ْﻨـ َﻬــﺎ َر ْﺣ ـ َﻤ ـ ًﺔ وَ ِ‬

‫وَ اﻟْ ِﺈ ْﻧ ِﺲ وَ اﻟْ َﺒﻬَﺎﺋ ِِﻢ وَ اﻟْﻬَﻮَ امﱢ‪َ ،‬ﻓ ِﺒﻬَﺎ َﻳ َﺘﻌ َ‬ ‫َﺎﻃ ُﻔﻮنَ ‪ ،‬وَ ِﺑﻬَﺎ‬ ‫َﻳ َﺘﺮَاﺣَ ُﻤﻮنَ ‪ ،‬وَ ِﺑﻬَﺎ َﺗﻌ ِْﻄ ُﻒ اﻟْﻮَ ْﺣ ُ‬ ‫ﺶ َﻋ َﻠﻰ وَ َﻟﺪِ ﻫَ ﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫وَ َأ ﱠﺧ َﺮ ا ُ‬ ‫‪ :‬ﺗِ ْﺴﻌًﺎ وَ ﺗِ ْﺴﻌِ ﻴﻦَ َر ْﺣ َﻤ ًﺔ‪َ ،‬ﻳﺮْﺣَ ُﻢ ِﺑﻬَﺎ ﻋِ ﺒَﺎ َد ُه‬ ‫ﻳَﻮْ َم اﻟْﻘِ ﻴَﺎﻣَﺔِ (رواه ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬ ‫وﻋَﻦْ َأ ِﺑﻲ ﻫُ َﺮ ْﻳ َﺮ َة‪َ ،‬أنﱠ رَﺳُ َ‬ ‫ﻮل اﻟ ﱠﻠﻪِ َﺻ ﱠﻠﻰ اﻟ ﱠﻠ ُﻪ‬ ‫ﺎل‪َ :‬‬ ‫َﻋ َﻠﻴْﻪِ وَ َﺳ ﱠﻠ َﻢ َﻗ َ‬ ‫»ﺧ َﻠ َﻖ اﻟ ﱠﻠ ُﻪ ﻣِ ﺎ َﺋ َﺔ َر ْﺣﻤَﺔٍ َﻓﻮَ َﺿﻊَ‬ ‫َر ْﺣ َﻤ ًﺔ وَ ِ‬ ‫اﺣ َﺪ ًة َﺑ ْﻴﻦَ َﺧ ْﻠﻘِ ﻪِ َﻳ َﺘﺮَاﺣَ ُﻤﻮنَ ِﺑﻬَﺎ وَ ﻋِ ْﻨ َﺪ اﻟ ﱠﻠﻪِ‬ ‫ﺗِ ْﺴ ٌﻊ وَ ﺗِ ْﺴﻌُﻮنَ َر ْﺣﻤَﺔ( رواه اﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬي وﻗﺎل‪ :‬ﻫَ َﺬا‬ ‫ﺣَ ﺪِ ٌ‬ ‫ﻴﺢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺚ ﺣَ َﺴﻦٌ َﺻ ِﺤ ٌ‬ ‫إذا أﺧــﻲ اﻟـﻤـﺒــﺎرك‪ :‬رﺣـﻤــﺔ ا‪ :‬وﺳـﻌــﺖ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﻲء وﻟﻦ ﻳﻤﻨﻌﻬﺎ ﻋﻨﻚ أﺣﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﺣﺴﻦ اﻟﻈﻦ ﺑﺮﺑﻚ‬ ‫وﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺤﺒﺎﺋﻞ ﺟﻮده‪.‬‬


‫أﺻﺪاء‬ ّ ‫ﺛﺮ واﻟ ّﺘﺄﺛﺮ‬,‫ﻗﺮاءة ﻓﻲ ا‬..‫اﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮة‬ £Ÿ1}H+bh=3 ¬,gK¨H+

žj§J¥N”E+¥œH+DK¡fgŠ‚8jŠœqH+

‫ ﻫﺬا ﻣﺎ ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮه‬:‫إﻟﻰ اﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ اﻟﺴﺪﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻜﻢ اﻟﻤﻌﺘﻤﺮون واﻟﺰوار ﻟﻠﺤﺮﻣﻴﻦ‬

‫ورﻗﺎااااااات‬ ¬Ÿ«…ƒH+b¥E3

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‫ﺳﺮة‬9‫ا‬

žj§J¥N”E+¥œH+DK¡fgŠ‚8jŠœqH+

‫ﺳﺮة أﻣﺮ ﻣﻠﺢ‬,‫ اﺳﺘﺤﺪاث وزارة ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺸﺆون ا‬:‫اﻟﻤﺸﻮح‬

sL}™HjIÍ=¨„ŠNu‚:+¥H+ §Ÿ“kH+¡¥–H|‚7'´+¡+5b0¦™= O + "£.fŠg."s+L}™H¡'+fœ™nI "£.fŠg."£H•Í„H+¡'+ ¡'+fœGf‚ªN' ¨JL4'fI›bŠH+-5+6Lž+}H)+•Í„H+ Ibt.bF¨kH+%f§‚8'´+ I s+L6'ÍD H j§™§K'f. m+5LbDD, ´U )+ 3¥“ŠH+ ž+|DD,)+ žbŠ, jt–J'´+ šG •¥“1  §0L}™H  §g. j§§“n. mfg§k–, s+L6'´+ bNL}. -3+5)´+mf1f‚~ILfœ¢Ÿ§,jI+¥“H+LjN´¥H+mf1f‚~IL’|; lgnN  N{H+ s+L6'´+ hN3'f. 5f§wH+L -f§tH+ jŠ‚7L -'+|œ™H †L|‚H+ ’f“N)+ j§=|‚H+ GftœH+ |g= ¢0+L6'´ K(L+{N)+ L'+›fœH+¨EfOŠœ;mf0L}H+s+L6'´+f¢§E}kgN¨kH+jtqœH+ ¡'+¨EfOŠœ;£“™2%¨‚~Nf O0L6M|.¡'++O5¥¢‚I5f‚€E%+|nH+ "£“J+fIL£HfI‹0|k‚~§H‹™wH+h™„,j0L}H+žb“k.

¨‚:fœH+ žfŠH+ ¨E m´ftH+ 3b= š‚9L o§1 •Í„H+ š,f“I•Í;jHf1›bŠœ,©'+s+L6m´f1š,f“IjHf1 ¥H+4fI¢œH+j§wIžfF5'+ ¤{K"fZ§I¥N-b1+Ls+L6jHf1 sL}H+”1¨Ej,¥Š‚9|nG'+ •Í„H+mfg“=Lm+%+|0)+ lJfG ž'ÍH –.H¡)+jJf‚ªtH+¡'+L‘=f‚ªkk‚7j“ŸH+¡'+’|ŠN¡'fG K|‚ªtN£ŸIjIbw,Nbk‚~Iš–‚,K+|k‚7šF'´+¦™=¨¢E j§œ–H+¤{¢,•Í„H+|œk‚~§‚7šKM4'+ ´L IÍ,Kb§ŠNL fON|Imf,jN3¥Š‚~H+£kHft,•Í„HfE—H4 <'+´#j“EbkœH+ ¡L3fŸN §IftœH+L-f‚ª“H+ I3b=š<fŸK ILsL6š–H jF͊H+HfŠIu‚:¥.jN|‚7'+ jœ–tI6L|,Lžf–1'´+ §Ÿ“k, l™=¨kH+Œb‚€kH+5f/&+  IbN}Iug–H "bŠ,LšgF"j§0L}H+

‫ﻧﻮن اﻟﻨﺴﻮة‬

,a/Gf‚~G*¨If¢-

-|nG¡'+ vU¥‚œH+£™H+bg=š‚€§E¨J¥Jf“H+¨IftœH+ U§, -|‚7'ÍH -5+6L p+btk‚7+ h0¥k‚~. jN3¥Š‚~H+ ¨E •Í„H+ —NbH ¡¥–N ¡'+" ›f“E žf–1'´+  §Ÿ“.L jN|‚7'+ GftI f¢§EL •Í„H+mfg/)+ j,¥Š‚9¨Ej™–‚IL•Í„H+-|nG¨Ej™–‚I +{¢E fK|§>L j“JL jJf‚ª1  I •Í„H+ 5fDD/&+ ¨E j™–‚IL 4f“J)´-5L|‚:l.f,-|‚7'ÍHjœ–tIL-|‚7'ÍH-5+6L¡'+¨ŸŠN lJfG+4)fEjN3¥Š‚~H+|‚7'´+m¥§,¨E5+|“k‚7+ I¦“g.fI f¢§Ÿ. H ¨kH+L jN3¥Š‚~H+ ‘t‚€H+ f¢.|‚J ¨kH+ žfDD F5'´+ jg‚~Ÿ,fZ§,|=¦HL'´+jN3¥Š‚~H+"¡'+ I¡&´+¦k1›bŠH+-5+6L

‫ﻓﻘﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮأة‬

‫ﺳﺮة‬-‫ و»اﻟﻀﺤﺎﻳﺎ« ﻋﻨﺪ ﺳﻘﻮﻃﻬﺎ ﻛﻞ أﻓﺮاد ا‬..‫اﻧﺘﻌﺎﺷﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺪاول اﻟﻌﻮاﻃﻒ‬

‫أﺳﻬﻢ اﻟﺤﺐ ﺗﺘﺮاﺟﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻮرﺻﺔ اﻟﻤﺘﺰوﺟﻴﻦ ؟‬ k=¨¢lIjgh…7'+ jgHfqH+ ifg‚7'´+ jt‚:¥I ›bDDK'´+ š‚7|k‚~.L ¡¥–NbFL-|§nGf¢J'+ ¦H)+ |§‚.L¨;fŠH+u‚™H ¡f‚~J)´+"j§Ef“nH+Lj§=fœk0´+jc‚ŸkH+ =f Oq.fJ  œI|‡kŸJ+4fIf¢§E¦,|.L'f‚J¨kH+£kc§gH ,+ L'+ -bDD1+L h1 jœ™G £§E ‹œ‚~N ´ l§, ¨E ¦,|. ¨Ej;¥™œH+§KfœH+ƒªŠ,Œfœ‚7¦™=3fk=+ œI htHf,|§gŠkH+bŸ= "h§="šnIj0L}H+‹IšIfŠkH+ m5¥‚9 j§,|ŠH+ fŸ.fŠœkqI ‡ŠI ¨E j§,|kH+ ¡'´ ¡'+L£k0L6‘;ÍN´©{H+¥K©¥“H+š0|H+¡'+fŸH fœGj§‚€w‚H+‘§Š‚:£k0L6‘;ÍN©{H+š0|H+ ”E+¥kN´bFhtHf,uN|‚€kH+¡'+ b“kŠ.-'+|œH+¡'+ L'+ sL}H+ I-53fgœH+¡¥–.¡'+ b,´Lf¢k/¥J'+ ‹I |=f‚œH+¤{Kk–Nfœ¢ŸIšG¦“gN´¦k1j0L}H+ 5f–E'´+ ¤{K ug‚€.  I}H+ 5L|I ‹IL fK|¢‡N ´L "j;fŠH+3L|,¦H)+©3(¥NfœIm+3f=

”;+¨H+š¢,£I *+3™…‚,g¥œN¨Ÿ.irNm«…‚,¨, kd;g2k«=gŸl0+ "nÒIgI"kr«lJ¬“;gH+v…‚H+žbK'¹+ }=g…‚ŸH+bNbr.iœ‡lNg¥Ÿ¥…7'+ŽE5”«¢ŸH+

–‚~J'+  I–H”™2¡'+ £.fN&+  IL"¦HfŠ.£H¥“H "jœ15L-3¥I–Ÿ§,šŠ0Lf¢§H)++¥Ÿ–‚~kHf O0+L6'+ ¦œ‚7'+ j§0L}H+jF͊™HfO ‚9LbqJ H"lHfFL ‘§„™H+”§F|H+|§gŠkH+L¨J&+|“H+‘‚9¥H++{K I fœJ'fGLfO§1¥I+O|N¥‚€.mfF͊H+¤{K5U ¥‚€N©{H+L j™‚9f¢J)+ƒ~tH+Lh™“H+•fœ='+ I-5¥‚€H+…“k™N |k‚~H+j™‚9L5+|“H+L –‚~H+j™‚9Lƒ~ŸHf,ƒ~ŸH+  I ƒDD7fDD‚D7'+ ¦™= ¡fDD0L}DDH+ ‹œk0+ +4)fDDE šœqkH+L ¥0¨E%fŸ,'´+¦,|kN{cŸ§tE¡fŸcœ;´+Ljœ1|H+ -3¥œH+L ‘„ŠH+L ¡fŸcœ;´+L j“nH+ ¢g¢N b§Š‚7 ¡)+ lt‚:L'+Lj§‚~ŸH+ƒ:+|I'´+L”™“H+ =+Ob§Š, iuH+%+}/)+ j§H&+j§™œ=£J'+¦™=htH+¦H)+|‡Ÿ.|‚7'´+ I|§n–H+ f¢=3L'+ ¨kH+jN|„H+mf0ftH+ Ij0f1¥KfœŸ§, u‚:¥§E‘§ŸœH+bHf23©|‚7'´+5f‚k‚~œH+fI'+ š*f‚7L ˜fŸK" £H¥“, ¨DD0L}DDH+ htH+ %+|DD/)+ j§H&+ mfJ+¥§tH+¦k1”*ÍwH+šG”*ÍwH+i¥™F¨E£™H+  §, fœ§E £“§œŠ.L ¨0L}H+ htH+ %+|DD/)´ -3bŠkI fFO ¥‚8 j™wŸH+ Œ{DD0  cN H'+" lDDHfDDFL mf.fgŸH+L "™‚7L£§™=£™H+¦™‚9¦„‚€œ™H j™–‚œH+ 6LfDDqD. š*f‚7¥H+ ¤{DDK  DDIL  DD§D0L}DDH+ 'f„2 ©'fDE f¢§H)+ m3'+ ¨kH+ ifg‚7'´+ ¨E |§–kH+L ’L|<{DD2'+ £§EhqNjDD0L}DDH+L'+ sL}DDH+£g–.|N ¡'+ fŸNbH bG'fkN ’¥‚7 f¢kFLL 5fgk=´+ ¨E 'f„wH+ %fG|‚Hf¢‚~œ™J¡'+  –œN¨kH+5+{='´+ƒªŠ,˜fŸK |G{. f‚ªN'+L j™–‚œH+ 6Lfq. š¢‚~N fœI fŸ.f§1 b1+L'f„2hg‚~,ƒ~§™Ej0L}H+L'+sL}H+mf§,fqN)+ M|2'´+f¢0L6mf§,fqN)+LfN+}IšGj0L}H+¦‚~Ÿ. |/&fIL ‚7ftI|G{kN¡'+£§™=sL}™Hjg‚~ŸHf,—H{GL "¨‚:fœH+h‚7+L5¨Eƒ:¥wH+hŸq.‹I£k0L6 fI+|§nGmf0L}H+¡´|=f‚œH+bNbq.¦H)+ f=3L m+¥Ÿ‚7bŠ, ¢, ¢0+L6'+žfœkK+žb= I §–k‚N j§0L}H+-f§tH+¨Eš™œH+ibNo§1s+L}DDH+ I fœ,fœ¢.f§1bNL}.fŠI §0L}H+ Ih™„kN+{KL |=f‚œH+3bqN

‫ﻫﻤﺴﺔ ﺣﺮف‬

j§I͂7)´+ m+¥Ÿ“H+ ¨E jŠEfŸH+ rI+|gH+ jŠ,fkIL "s+L6'´+ §,htH+ƒ7|>¦H+¥=b.¨kH+

¬“;gH+v…‚H+ —™œH+ jŠIfq, jDD§DœDN3fDDG'´+ mbDD G'+ f¢k¢0  DDIL ›bK'´+-fqJjN¥,|kH+m+5LbH+j,5bIL}N}ŠH+bg= ›¥“.L-|‚7'´+š2+3 "¨;f=u‚8"jHf1˜fŸK¡'+ ¡fG¡)+LfŸŠœkqI¨EšwgH+L'+ u‚H+ I¨JfŠJ" S ´)+ -b1+Lj™œŠH¡f¢0Lfœ¢J'+ |¢‡NšwgH+Lu‚H+ ‘§–E§I4”™2fœKÍGLšwgH+ Ib‚8'+ u‚H+¡'+ ¨I͂7)´+fŸŠœkqI¨EfO§‚kI”™wH++{K¡fG¡)+ jœ1|HfG j§If‚~H+ ¨JfŠœH+ šG ¦™= ƒªtN ©{DDH+L m5f‚8'+L"-|‚7'´+¨Ej‚9f2LuIf‚~kH+L¥ŠH+L £0¥kH+‹IfIfœ.ƒªFfŸkN¨;fŠH+u‚H+—H4¡'+¦H)+ j§0L}H+jF͊H+¨Ejœ1|H+L-3¥œH+¥tJ¦I͂7´+

..‫ﻟﻤﺎذا‬ ƒ9fM|G*Gf‚~G*¨If¢-

htH+¢‚7'+‹0+|k. "¢‚7'´+•¥‚7"j“N|;¦™= b1+L|¢‚8bŠ,fœ,5Lj§0L}H+-f§tH+¨E-3¥œH+L  §,j“§F|H+mfœ™–H+ "›L+b."j§™œ=‘F¥. I…“E bNb‚H+ ‘‚7'ÍH ƒªŠgH+ fK|‚€“N ¨kH+L  §0L}H+ šGf‚œH+LmfEÍwH+fKbŠ,ibkHš‚~ŠH+|¢‚8¦™= -3fŠ‚~H+•¥‚7 I §0L}H+sL|w,¨¢kŸ.bF¨kH+L Œ¥‚:¥Il1|; "jHf‚7|H+"•f“‚H+L•Í„H+¦H)+ -'+|œH+ i{q. ‘§GL  §0L}H+  §, htH+ ›3fg. fIL#ƒ~–ŠH+L-3¥DDœD H+LhDDtDH+m+5fDDgDŠD, fDD¢D0L6 ¨K fIL #s+L6'´+  §, ¨;fŠH+ u‚H+ ifg‚7'+ ¨K ¨E htH+ -5{, j§œŸk, žfœkKÍH jŠEfŸH+ h§Hf‚7'´+ %fŸ,'´+ ‘„��NL Œ|=|k.L ¥œŸkH  §0L}H+ i¥™F #h§„H+fK|œ/-|‚7´+’+|;'+šGL j§=+bH+" l§‚, ¥, §K+|,)+3 bDDG'+ jN+bgH+ ¨E ƒ§ŠNfœG£J+Lj§;f=jI6'+ ˜fŸK¡'+ "¨I͂7)´+ jDDI6'+ ƒ§ŠN jDD§D0L}DDH+ HfŠE j§HfI jDD I6'+ HfŠH+ ‘;+¥ŠH+ —Ÿ, ¨E ¢‚7'´+ j1+|‚9 š–," ‘;+¥= ¤{K ›¥“N ¡'fD , |–N ´ ›fDD0|DDH+ ƒªŠ,L -|‚7f2 u‚8fŸKug‚9'fE|‚9¤bŸ=b§‚9|H+¡'´ m+5fgŠH+ Œ¥FL hŠ‚€H+  I £J+ ¦H)+ +|§‚I "‘;+¥ŠH+ ¨E h1 fœ¢Ÿ§,  DD§D0L6  §, m+|0f‚I L'+ mfDDEÍDD2 ¨kH+ifg‚7'´+l§‚,¥,3u‚:¥NLj§“§“1-3¥IL  §0L}H+¢Ežb=f¢ŸIL¨;fŠH+|t‚€kH+"h™q. ¨gŸH+¡+¦H)+ +|§‚IKfkH+j™FLƒªŠgHfœ¢‚ªŠ, £™H+¨‚:5j‚*fŠH›¥“N¡fG™‚7L£§™=£™H+¦™‚9 ¦kIL j§‚:+5 ¨™= U ¨J¥–. ¦kI ™='+ ¨J'+" f¢Ÿ= "¦g‚ª>¨™=¨J¥–. U uIf‚~kH+3¥0Lžb=ifg‚7'´+ §, I¡'+ |G4L ¦.'+ h§gtH+ +4)+L" |=f‚H+ ›fF fœGL 'f„wH+ ¨E u‚:L'+L"‹§‚8‘H'f,£Ÿ‚7ftIl‚ªFQb1+LhJ{, šK'+  I jŸkH+ jœ§œŸH+L jg§H+ 3¥DD0L ¡'+ f‚ªN'+ 5f“k1´+ hJfq, j§0L}H+ -f§tH+ b‚~N  §0L}H+ fœ§‚7´ƒªŠgHfœ¢‚ªŠ, §0L}H+šgF I%+536´+L l§‚,¥,3|„k‚7+Lf§Š‚:fE|;fœKb1'+¡fG¡)+ hk–H+  = otgH+L -%+|“H+ žb= ifg‚7'´+  IL"

iHg;£, N}™H+bh=iHg;



!‫ﻓﻠﻨﺨﺘﻠﻒ دون ﺧﻼف‬ žf‚€I*¦G(*m2&*j„§‚~+mfDÍ1 <fI&*|EKfŸŠœ‚6–G ˆ§™G*•fn§œG*L|< K&* ¨‚9fM4 ©2fCCI K&*  –‚~H K&* žfŠ: ›¥CC0 mfCCDÍCC1 j‚8f1j§<fœk/*ƒ6¥“: a“<s*K}G*¡&*s*K5&´* HƒªŠgG*¢M*3fœG©42&*´ ¡fFfMN &* |1%´*’|„G*mf<fŸE H|§n–Gx‚~HKyf‚~Ÿk‚6* ,&*|œG*K&*š/|G*¥J jM|‚gG*jŠ§g„G*¡&´ ‘™kw-¡&* hqM|‚gG*,f§0¡(* ’Ík1´*´(*¦+&fƒ€“I´›fœ/K›fœF¡f§0&´*ƒªŠ+¨D’Ík1´*¡(* L3&*K ¨D¦k0’ÍCCkC1´*”CC0  §/K}™GžÍCC‚C 6(´*šFa“G p4(´*žf–0&* ¦Ÿ+KžÍ‚6(ÍGf§™ŠG*a§G*šŠ/£Ÿ–G MaG* žÍ‚6(´*|H&´¥™ŠG*¡&*4fgk<*¦™<fJ|§=K jc§+K¤aCC0*KjIfM2 H §/K5aq-¡&* ¡}tH¥JF ´,aCC0*Kj™)f<fIf§0&*Kš+¤aCC0*KjGK¤aCC0*Kj§<fœk/* 2|qœGfœ¢Ÿ§+’ÍwG*j™Š‚7¥gw-´Kfœ¢-͖‚H¨¢kŸ£¢Df-4¥H&*›¥0©&*|G*¨D’Ík1* ¡&*Kfœ–Ÿ§+’Ík1´**¥™g“k-¡&*s*K5&´*f¢M&**¥œ™Š HF,|§‚€G*,|‚6&´*uGf‚€G’Ík1´**{J*|œnk‚~’¥–< šœkt- f¢Ÿ–G hk–G* ¨CCD |‡ŸG* ”§„- ´ jCC/K5 j§E*4 jEfgGK ¨:f< $fF{+ ƒ~™kw-K ,$*|“G* ¦™< f¢/K5 jŠkœG*¤{¢G£IfH2(*›¥t-¡&*¡K2fJ4f‚€GKf¢G£-fEK&* H fHN |/h–-4*aE£I&fFK’ÍwG* HŒ¥I¦G(*f¢‚64fœM¨kG* |kM´ |§n–G*¦k0K&* sK|wG*K¤}ŸkG*htM´sK5 HFK f¢ŸH fNc§‚7 §–tG* $fF{+ šœktM £Ÿ–G jHfŠG* m*$f“™G*  H ,f§tG*£F4f‚- Hš/&´ mf§g™‚6¦G(*  §/K}G* §+’Ík1´*†f“IšM¥t-¡(* v2fD&f„1 |‚gG*|)f‚6 §+¨Š§g:’Ík1*£I¥FKaŠM´|H&´fD  §/K}G*͖Dj§/K}G*–t+£“t‚6¨D©2fœkG*¨gŸM´ ƒ6fŸG*  H ¢G¥0  œHK ¡*|§qG*  CCHK $fEa‚8&´*  H £G š–‚+ ’Ík1´* *{CCJ ¡¥™g“kM ¢Ÿ–G ¢ŠH ¡¥™kwM  H |1%f+K&* |CCnCF&*K¦CC GK&* |CC1%ÍCG fCCœCJaCC0&*  §–M|‚G*›fCCœCkC0*¡(* *Kf0ftG( fœ¢Ÿ§+•fn§œG*K‡<&* fœ¢Ÿ§+|H&´*3(* $fDK”œ<& N * N ˆ™=&*

zJx±*bžE

‫ﺻﻮت ﻣﻦ اﻟﺨﺎرج‬ ‫ﻣﻢ اﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪة ﺗﺆﻛﺪ ﻧﺰوح‬F‫ا‬ ‫ أﻟﻒ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬٩٠

‫ﻧﺤﻮ اﻟﺜﺮاء‬

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Á*xGyD*]˜¹¥4b6 sary27@hotmail.com

SMS ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻮاﺻﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ارﺳﻞ رﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫( ﺛﻢ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﺛﻢ ﻧﺺ اﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬٨٦) ‫ﺗﺒﺪأ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻣﺰ‬ (Zain) ٧٣٧٢٢١ ،(Mobily) ٦٣٥٠٣١ ،(Stc) ٨٨٥٩١ ‫إﻟﻰ‬

‫ﻃﺐ ﻧﺒﻮي‬ ‫ ﻗﺎﻫﺮ‬:‫زﻳﺖ اﻟﺰﻳﺘﻮن‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺮﻃﺎن وﻣﻬﺪئ اﻟﻘﻮﻟﻮن‬

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‫إﻋﺠﺎز‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬

‫»أورﻳﺪ« ﻳﺮﺻﺪ »اﻟﺪﻣﺎر« ﻟﺒﻌﺾ اﻟﻨﻈﺮﻳﺎت اﻟﻤﻌﺎﺻﺮة‬

‫اﻟﻤﺮآة اﻟﻤﻨﻜﺴﺮة‬

‫ﺗﻔﻀﺢ »ﻣﻬﺎزل« اﻟﺤﻀﺎرة اﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ j§<fœk/´*KjM2f‚€kE´*mfM¥k‚~œG*¦™<oMatG*¨+|G*|–G*a“I¨D §‚84L|–D”œŠ+aM4K&*  ‚~04¥kFaG*¨+|œG*y4'¥œG*K|–œG*ƒ8f= ¨D|t+&*£Ÿ–GKj§GfœG*KjM2f‚€kE´*jH5&´* <jq-fŸG*|J*¥‡G*j‚6*4a+",|‚~–ŸœG*i|G*,%*|H"aMaqG*£+fkF¨Djt‚8|g<uqIKj§‚6f§‚~G*K £k.*a0jH¥‡ŸHi|G*f¢‚6f‚6&* ¦™<¨ŸgM¨kG*jHfŠG*”)f“tG*Kmfœ™‚~œ™Gf‚9|ŠkHj§‚~™G*f¢-*aŸk‚~HKjM|–G*f¢G¥‚8&f+f¢„+4›Kf0KjH5&´*”œ< ,4¥‚8”“u+fFÍ+a‚~/”“›f“<|§= Hš“<”“xM4fkG*‚6f+”“…+f‚9Í+2f‚€kE*”¨Jj“§œ<m´f“H¨Ifœ.KjHa“H¦™<ifk–G*L¥ktMK ,%*|H""ƒ~§)|G*¡*¥ŸŠG*hIfq+ “¡K|1%´*JKaŠG*”“j.*atG*jH¥‡ŸH2fœ<¨:*|“Ÿ“kG*”“›fœ<&´*K›fœG*h¢H¨Dj§:*|“œMaG*”“ Tš‚ª-K¨œŠi|G*†¥“‚~+&fgŸ-Kf¢-f§<*a-K “jœG¥ŠG*”f¢‚6&*4¦™<K,|§1&´*2¥“ŠG*¨DGfŠG*fJa¢‚7¨kG*L|g–G*m´¥tkG*aŸ<aM4K&*‘EKK",|‚~–ŸœG*i|G* fJ|–k+*¨kG*jœG¥ŠG*—™-v͂~+

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k«,}H+k«;+}–ŸNbH+kE&+ ¨DDJfDDœD™DŠDH+£DD0¥DDkD H+¡'+ ifDDkD –D H+|DDgD kD ŠD NL 5|tN©3|H+M¥k‚~œH+¦™=j§,|H+mfŠœkqœ™H mfE+|wH+L |§;f‚7'´+  I |§nG  I ¡f‚~J)´+ ‹I £0¥H fO¢0L £™ŠqN lF¥H+ m+4 ¨E  –HL ¦ŸŠœH+ž+bŠJ+L+|H+‘‚k–§E£.+4 jDD„D™D‚D7šDD§D ™D tD .¨DD EƒDD 9fDD 2šDD‚D €D E¨DD DEL M|NL ¨,|H+ j/+btH+ ‹œkqI ¨E -5¥‚€H+ › U¥t.£J)+ š,…“Ej™§‚7Lƒ~§H¡¥N}™kH+¡'+ ¡¥N}™kH+¡'+bN5L'+ˆ1ÍNLjœ–tkI-+3'+¦H)+

‫أﻣﺎﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺎن‬9‫ ﺷﻤﻮخ اﻟﻤﻜﺎن وا‬..‫ﻋﺮﻋﺮ‬

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‫ﻟﻤﺎذا اﻧﺤﺴﺮ دور اﻟﻤﺴﺠﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ وﻏﺎب ﻋﻦ اﻟﺤﻴﺎة اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ؟‬،‫اﻟﻌﺒﺎدة‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﻧﺠﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﺟﺪﻧﺎ‬ ‫أدوات ﺑﻨﺎء وإﻋﻤﺎر وﺗﺤﺼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ؟‬ ‫دوار‬,‫َﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺴﺆول ﻋﻦ ﺗﻐ ّﻴﺐ ا‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻠﻴﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ اﺿﻄﻠﻊ ﺑﻬﺎ اﻟﻤﺴﺠﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ أول ﻟﺒﻨﺔ ﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ؟‬



‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬

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