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Paweł Olko

Paweł Olko

up proton radiotherapy for eye treatment over ten tonnes which are as fast as possible; and on the other hand used to focus the proton we applied for funding to construct an ad- beam on the area requirvanced research and treatment centre. On ing treatment. They have 18th February 2011 our first two patients an accuracy to within 1 with eye cancer finished their course of mm. The centre’s mediproton therapy at the Institute of Nuclear cal part will be ready by Physics radiotherapy centre. Professor mid-2015. Bożena Romanowska-Dixon of the JagielThe proton beam prolonian University Faculty of Medicine led duced by the Proteus-235 the team of ophthalmic specialists from the cyclotron is being applied University Hospital, who were assisted by in experimental research radiotherapists from the Kraków Centre in nuclear physics. We for Oncology and a group of physicists have compiled a broad from the Institute of Nuclear Physics, led research programme, The research team preparing the BINA detector for operations (left to right): by Professor Marian Reinfuss and Dr. Jan complementary to the Dr Hab. Adam Kozela, Dr Paweł Kulessa, Dr Izabela Ciepał, Prof. Stanisław Kistryn, and Dr Hab. Elżbieta Stephan Swakoń respectively. work being done in the The work of the Institute of Nuclear University of Warsaw heavy ion cyclotron Japan, and India, coordinated by Professor Physics to develop eye therapy served laboratory and to projects conducted by Stanisław Kistryn and Dr. Hab. Elżbieta as the inspiration to set up the Narodowe some of the world’s best centres for nu- Stephan. The project is a continuation of an Centrum Radioterapii Hadronowej (Na- clear physics. To maintain the quality of experimental programme conducted over tional Centre for Hadron Radiotherapy) our work at the very best standards we many years involving beams produced consortium, which was established in have an international advisory committee by accelerators in Switzerland, Germany, 2006. It has a membership of scientific and with top-rate scientists from Poland and and the Netherlands. The complex BINA medical institutions from all over Poland. abroad as its members. Our first experi- experimental system obtained from the Two projects submitted by the Institute of ment was carried out in March 2013, with KVI at Groningen is now being made ready for a series of observations which Nuclear Physics have will supply data to verify potential reaction been awarded financmodels in multi-nucleon systems. The first ing, and in August bombardment of the shield in the BINA 2010 a contract was system with protons from the Proteus-235 signed for the supply cyclotron took place on 16th July 2013. of a modern cyclotron The significance of the results obtained for and the construction the observations, which we are planning of new premises for it. to continue in the Bronowice Cyclotron The foundation stone Centre, is illustrated by the fact that we was laid on 17th March were asked by the project coordinators to 2011, and the new Propublish the results of our earlier series of teus-235 cyclotron was observations as a topical review in The installed already by Journal of Physics G, a leading scientific 11 th May of the foljournal for nuclear physics. What’s more, lowing year. It is the our publication was awarded the title of very heart of the new Publication of the Year 2013. Bronowice Cyclotron Centre and produces protons at an energy Marek Jeżabek of 230 MeV which can Director, Institute of Nuclear Physics at the Polish The BINA sphere prior to mounting in the system penetrate the human Academy of Sciences body down to a depth Stanisław Kistryn of 320 mm. The cyclotron is housed in a teams from Poland, France, Spain, Japan, Jagiellonian University Vice-Rector for Research and Structural Funds bunker with walls five and a half metres Germany, Rumania, Sweden, Turkey, Adam Maj thick to protect the staff and the environ- Hungary, and Italy participating. Deputy Director for Research, Institute of Nuclear ment against radiation. The proton beam The set of experiments we have sePhysics at the Polish Academy of Sciences is led into the experimental hall through lected as our current main project is a Paweł Olko a complex system of vacuum tubes and research programme for the examination of Deputy Director for the Bronowice Cyclotron magnets, or up to one of the two radiation the properties of nuclear reactions in multiCentre, Institute of Nuclear Physics at the Polish sites which will be used to treat patients. nucleon systems. It is being conducted in a Academy of Sciences There are two huge rotating gantries, each broad range of international co-operation Elżbieta Stephan Deputy Director of the Institute of Physics at the with a diameter of 11 m and weighing with research groups from Poland, the University of Silesia 100 tonnes, to hold the magnets weighing Netherlands, Germany, Portugal, Italy,

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