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Hyperthyroidism refers to the syndrome produced due to excess thyroid hormones. As mentioned before thyroid is vital to maintain body metabolism. Excess thyroid hormone increases body metabolism and causes weight loss. Apart from weight loss patients also complain of irritability, nervousness, tremulousness, poor sleep, loose motions and heat intolerance. Though this condition is not as common as Hypothyroidism, women with hyperthyroidism still outnumber men. Hyperthyroidism is caused by a multitude of conditions ranging from tumours in brain to generalised growth of the thyroid gland. A complete description of the causes is beyond the scope of this article, but suffices to know that the symptoms of hyperthyroidism are caused by an excess of thyroid hormone and vice versa. The diagnosis of hyperthyroidism is also established by hormone assays of thyroid hormones. This condition is primarily managed by medicines which block the production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid. It may also be treated by removing one half of the thyroid gland or by using a radioactive material which will kill all thyroid tissue. Use of radioactive material for ablation of thyroid generally leads to hypothyroidism over 5-10 years and hence women undergoing radioiodine ablation must be under regular follow up and early thyroxine replacement must be begun, if hypothyroidism is diagnosed in these women. Hyperthyroidism causes plenty of problems to the pregnant women. Apart from the risk of pre term delivery and stillbirth, hyperthyroidism is associated with much complication in pregnancy. Untreated hyperthyroidism can lead to heart failure and death in pregnant women. Apart from this problem, thyroid hormone assay is not very accurate in pregnancy because β--hcg, produced during pregnancy itself has a stimulatory action on the thyroid. So under these circumstances it become difficult to decide if the signs and symptoms of thyroid excess are due to a problem with thyroid or not. Treatment of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy also poses problems. All drugs used in hyperthyroidism cross the placenta and can cause birth defects in your baby. However one of the drugs-propylthiouracil does not cross the placenta in sufficient quantities and is considered safe for use in pregnancy. Thus both hyper and hypothyroidism cause many metabolic imbalances and are responsible for many deleterious effects. The aim of this article is to educate you about the various features and management of thyroid disorders. We hope that this article has cleared any doubt you have about


thyroid disorders. If you have any other doubts you are free to use our Q&A tool to clarify them.

I am a Doctor specialized in woman and child health and I have been working with women and children since many years. Pregnancy is a time of joy as well as many misconceptions and being educated about the various facets of pregnancy will go a long way in improving outcome. It is my endeavor to educate and inform women about the changes their body goes through during pregnancy and also information about various disorders of pregnancy through my website. My website also provides complete information on physical well being during pregnancy including relaxation techniques, pregnancy exercises, diet and other preventive and health promotion measures. To know more about pregnancy complications and antenatal exercises visit my website.

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Ladies address the adverse effects of hormones on the Thyroid  

Learn what you need to know about your Thyroid and Hyperthyroidism. Don't let it ruin your life.