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A R C H I T E C T U R E

STAGE II ACADEMIC PORTFOLIO

ALLAN CHONG PORTFOLIO


ALLAN CHONG

ACADEMIC PORTFOLIO

STAGE II

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築 juk1

Phono-semantic compound: phonetic 筑 + semantic 木(“wood”) – built from wood. Fabricate, Build, Construct

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WE ARE NOT JUST ONLY DESIGNING BUILDINGS, BUT TRYING TO ACCOMMODATE ACTIVITIES AND EXPERIENCES IN OUR DESIGN

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YEAR DESIGN REPORT 築 – The meaning of architecture in traditional Chinese. I put the

clear and I could design the space step by step, because all the motivation that I made which needed to follow my concept model and my methodology. This project taught me to manage a medium scale building and started to focus on the form and the history of the site. Also, as the project was a 7 weeks project, it allowed me to have a well-planned work schedule for every single week, especially two weeks before final presentation, I needed to prepare the final drawings and models for the review.

At the beginning of the year, I wished I can improve the mistakes that happened in the first year, particularly to improve my design concept. As I believe that there is no architectural ideas which create from nothing instantly, there must be a concept and methodology to support the design, and therefore produce a flow for the project. So, before the start of the year, I set up an aim that every project needs to create a method for my design process. I believe when I move to stage two and stage three, the concept is not only determined by some fundamental considerations, like wind direction and sun path, although these are necessary and the crucial elements to make the building works, the concept needs to be a philosophical approach, and make sure the architecture itself can bring an unique experience for the visitors and users. The experiences can be the understanding of the site context or history, and through these experiences, the space that we created can become a sentimental place for human. In the third project, Refuge and Prospect, I remember my tutor, Tony Watson, said to the group, ‘we are not just making the buildings work or be able to construct; architecture should accommodate activities’. These few words touched my heart and that is factual indeed as we are trying to create the experience that vitalize the space.

Moving to the third project, Prospect and Refuge, like the previous project, I did well in the presentation and the design. During the design process, I did a high consideration about the site context and the landscape. As the site, Amble, consists great value on nature. My approach was firstly looking at the large scale landscape, the landscape of North Sea coast of Northumberland, then projected the landscape into the small scale site in order to form the open area and the plinth. I realized that the method of projection was indeed successful for the project and I could create an abstract landscape form for the plan and interior. Thus, people can experience the irregular atmosphere in a cube. For the interior planning, I ordered two ways to enhance the interaction with nature for the community, one is physically involvement through the building’s programme, then to the pier and the beach, and the other is, virtually, travelling to the top of the building and enjoy the view of the sea coast. So, both approaches achieve the ‘Prospect Refuge’ theory. In this project, I did a lot of collages to represent the enjoyment of the nature, and this gave an opportunity for me to practice the graphical skills in a short period of time, and I realized the importance of ‘thinking through making’. After the final review, I knew that I need to focus on some prominent drawings in my future, for example make it bigger on the wall. However, I enjoyed the project and learned a lot from it.

word on the front page because it is the best way to represent my identity. Within two years, I enjoy studying architecture in the western country. Being an overseas student, I wish I can introduce my uniqueness to the western style, then refine it to produce a fusion for my architectural approach.

In the first project of the year, placed, displaced, I did not attend the review in week 2 and final review as I had a family affair and I had to go back to my hometown. Despite the fact that I did not finish the design in the period, I worked quite hard during the holiday in Christmas and Easter. During the holiday, I redesigned my work as although I did some designs before I left the project. Because I felt that my previous design had no consideration for the client’s background and interest. As the client’s interest is painting, I did a real painting by acrylic, which serves as the starting point of the project. When I did the painting, I felt that I was really care about the client, although it was an imagining situation, and I enjoyed to do that. After doing the painting, I tried to build up a new way on architecture style within the site. By using polyhedral form of the partition walls to achieve a new style, rather than using ‘90° angle’ approach in typical Modernism. I felt that I did well in the project, as I came up with a new thought that out of the box, like different style and approach within the site context. I took a great care about my client and I could produce a space that they are interested in and, moreover, they will live in their interest every day. The second project, Living on The Edge, was successful. By reviewing on the feedback in the final presentation, it said I did an excellent presentation with a convincing and comprehensive thought. This was the first project that I did a conceptual model for the design. Due to the specific site context, my concept was about the movement and transition, my methodology was trying to get the fusion for the Victorian style and the Modern style architecture, through the form, structural and internal movement. I felt that after I produced the conceptual model, my aim was

The last project, Crossover, was my favorite project. I wish the project can be longer as it was very fun. I learned a lot from the project because it was a group work which joined with the engineering students in Newcastle University. In the project, I took a leading role in the group and we learned the importance of working as a team. Everyone has the own talent, for example drawing skills, computer skills or presentation skills. Every time when someone provided an idea, then after compromise and concession with all the group members, we refined it and produced our final design. Every stage was interesting, especially the process of doing final models, we did a 1.6m x 0.7m 1:50 model for showing the whole site. We spent a lot of time on the details of the models, like using strings to connect the structure with the ground and casting the stairs. During the last week of the project, we all tried our best to finish the drawings and models and the outcome was excellent. This year so far was a successful year, I felt my skills has been improved. I tried different drawing and modelling styles in different projects. I wish I can develop my own style at the end of my bachelor degree, as I mentioned from the start, by using my uniqueness and overseas experience to refine my work. For the next year, I would like to focus more on the philosophy approach, which means every project I would like to reference some theory and modify and distil it for my design concept. I feel excited for the coming year.

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05 37 PROSPECT AND REFUGE

CROSSOVER

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67 91 LIVING ON THE EDGE

PLACE DISPLACE

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I CROSSOVER -

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rossover is a group project that joined by stage 3 Civil & Structural Engineering students. We are asked to design a temporary, demountable, timber-constructed busking shelter for the music festival. The location of the festival was chosen at Long stairs, Newcastle. The Chare is one of the medieval routes that connected the quayside to the town and the city walls higher up the north slope of the Tyne. As the project is a group work, I proposed a grid system for plugging in our design in order to make sure everyone can involve in the design work. The inspiration was from the ‘Plug-in’ city, and we were trying to make this large scale concept into a small scale festival. The grid is so flexible for accommodating the festival as we can hang posters, installations, art works and

even some guitars for promoting interaction with the visitors. The location of the grids that we picked up which was trying to create a route in an abstract way, to attract people to the main areas. Apart from the installation in the grid, we designed three main ‘Plug-in’ for the festival. The design is responded to the specific site context, for example, to create some Echo sounds in a narrow area, and using our structure and the stone wall in the site to block the visual connection between the main stage and the stairs, yet, by applying pipes to allow sound transmissions. Although the festival was an imagining scenario, we enjoy the project and the exhibition. The visitors in the exhibition tasted the delight of the festival through the drawings and models.

‘ MUSIC DELIGHT ’

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1:50 Final model

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START.

THE JOURNEY

The busking festival was held on 5.5.2015, at Long Stairs, Newcastle. It was a special day for him as he experienced the joyful atmosphere by the purest form of art. The ‘plug-in’ enhanced the music and allowed it to merge with the environment. He enjoyed every single ‘plug-in’ as they represented different roles of music. For him, the music decorated his day.

JOIN OUR JOURNEY

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THE SOLITUDE 11.27 am

The sound from the market began to fade as he walked underneath the Tyne Bridge. Getting away from dozens of sea birds which overwhelm the busy traffic, he wished to and somewhere he can enjoy, for the rest of the day. The oldest buildings in town sit quietly below the monumental high level bridge on the street of Sandhill. He could imagine the amazing single-way journey above to opposite of the river. There he heard some sound of music and it was coming from the narrow space in between the two buildings. It was one of the oldest chare from medival times - The Long Stairs.

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THE BEGINNING 11.48 am

He was surprised by what he saw. Standing at the bottom of the chare, the space is isolated from the sound of surroundings. He was not the only one led by the music to here, people are walking up and down and touching the new structure given to the place. The collisons of copper pipes was not vigorous and he could hear a rhythum or sometimes, a song. The pipes hung over the grid frame, sunlight reacted on the shiny surface and lighten up the space.

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THE WALL 11.59 am

He continued to move up the stairs, the pipes were gone and now he had a clear sky view. The space became more open with the vines on both sides of the wall welcoming him. The strings above him are perfectly conherent with the vines in which again, he could play some music along the journey . There he found a wall, not an ordinary wall of the buildings surrounding. There was some kind of performance behind it, he was sure about it because he could hear it from the pipes coming out from the wall.

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THE PERFORMANCE 12.06 am

He arrived at the mid-level of the chare in which he could finally find out what is happening behind that wall. Group of musicians were performing their best to entertain the audience around the stage. The space was never as busy as it is now. There was a platform sitting above the slope, people sit on some interesting furniture which could be fold, enjoying chilly beer under the lovely sun. He was impressed by the atmosphere like this. It is the place where he would spend his day.

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THE MUSICAL CHARE 02.59 pm

The whole space is full of music, people playing sharing music here. The chare was once forgotten and left to rotten but now the music gives it a new life. It became a retreat for the people living in this city like him. People do not just come and go, they will leave their music, their sharing and happiness in this space. The performer inside the music platform would not be seen by others, but provided the therapy of music which cleansing their soul.

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he starting point of the long stairs is a long, thin space. This is the best area to create some sound by the echo effect in the space. By using the inspiration of the water pipe in the site, and the organ pipe machanism, we created an interaction area to capture the attention from the street. The thickness and the height of the pipes are adjusted, and therefore different pitch and tone of the sound can be created by hitting the copper pipe.

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HIGH LEVEL BRIDGE

HOUSE OF TIDES

LONG STAIRS

LOCATION OF THE ECHOPIPES

‘HALF TIMBER HOUSE’

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150 mm COPPER PIPES FOR MUSIC INTERACTION

ALUMINIMUM REINFORCEMENT CONNECTING THE PIPES TO THE FRAME

10mm BOLTS CONNECTING THE REINFORCEMENT TO THE FRAME

TIMBER FRAME

LONG STAIRS

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1:100 1:50 SECTION

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fter walking along the ‘Echopipes’, people will enter a more open space. By adding a timber structure wall in this area, the space can be separated, and, moreover, by inserting copper pipes in the wall, people can hear the music from the stage. However, the visual access is blocked, and therefore it attracts people to discover the space behind the wall. For the resting area, we provide a beer tank for people to get a free drink. People can meet new friends, enjoy the music, dance with their partner, and watch the performance in a delighted atmosphere.

MAIN PLATFORM CONCEPT

PLATFORM FOR THE GROUP PERFORMANCE

SITTING AREA WITH BEER TANK

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LOCATION OF THE MAIN PLATFORM

HIGH LEVEL BRIDGE

HOUSE OF TIDES

LONG STAIRS

‘HALF TIMBER HOUSE’

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COPPER AMPHIFIERS

TIMBER PARTITION WALL

TIMBER PERFORMANCE PLATFORM

200x200 mm TIMBER GRID FOUNDATION

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PERSPECTIVE SECTION

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he platform is designed for a single performance. The inspiration of the design was by the study of the speaker’s machanism. The cone shape is designed for enhancing the accoustic effect and allow the music focus downward to the stairs. In fact, we aware that not all the buskers have confidence to play the music in front of a group of people, this platform can provide an opportunity to get the first experience to become a street performer. By providing a window in the enclose area, busker can feel free to play the music and enjoy his performance. For those people walking along the stairs, they can deeply enjoy the music without visual distraction.

MUSIC PLATFORM CONCEPT

PLATFORM FOR THE BUSKERS

TIMBER BOARD FOR SHARING BUSKER’S BELONGINGS

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HIGH LEVEL BRIDGE

HOUSE OF TIDES

LOCATION OF THE MUSIC PLATFORM

LONG STAIRS

‘HALF TIMBER HOUSE’

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ENTRANCE TO PERFORMANCE PLATFORM

10mm BOLTS CONNECTING THE PLATFORM WITH THE STRUCTURE SKIN

PLATFORM FOR PERFORMER BY METAL MESH

STRINGS CONNECTING THE STRUCTURE WITH THE TIMBER FRAME

TIMBER FRAME

TIMBER BOARD FOR SHARING MUSIC CDs

LONG STAIRS

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PERSPECTIVE SECTION

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CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE

I. The flat ground near Queen Lane is used for the temporary timber storage for the grid construction.

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CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE

II. The workers start digging the ground and assembling the timber beams and the columns on the site

“A

s the engineering students was participating in the project, we did a planning for the construction processes. Therefore to ensure the structure can be built in the reality.

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CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE

III. The workers start placing the ‘plug-in’ on the timber grid. Crane is used for carrying the heavy structure.

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CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE

IV. The workers bolt the structure on the ground to make sure the frame and the ‘plug-in’ is stable for the festival.

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he structure is built by timber and therefore to ensure the construction time as quick as possible. Also the grid is placed on the ground and bolted to the grass as we would like to minimize the damage to the original site.

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M U S I C A L

C H A R E

SECTION DRAWINGS ACTIVITIES

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n the project, large section drawings were required. Both east and west section show the elevations of the buildings and the context, and moreover, accommodate the activities. Also, by looking at the sections, the route and the approach of each of the plug-in can be understood.

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1:400 SECTION (EAST)

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1:100 SECTION (WEST)

1:400 SECTION (WEST)

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FINAL MODELS KEYSPACE

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Echopipe - 1:100 model Main platform - 1:50 final model Private platform detail - 1:50 final model Private platform top view - 1:50 final model Echopipe - 1:100 model Private platform - 1:50 section model String area - 1:50 final model

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05.05 EXHIBITION NEWCASTLE UNIVERSITY ARCHITECTURE BUILDING

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Final model 1:50 (1.6m x 0.7m)

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II PROSPECT AND REFUGE -

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rospect and Refuge is the third project in the second year. In the project, I had to design a medium-scale community building in Amble, Northumberland. The project imagines Newcastle University takes the civic role and establishes a satellite facility in the town. The aim of the building is to provide learning, employment, and leisure facilities for the citizens, and therefore to create a place of social unity. Also, the client required a cube design for the main building in this project, which allows me to take the consideration within a limited three dimensional space and volume.

Prospect-refuge theory, by British geographer Jay Appleton, was used in the project. It suggested that ‘we are psychologically predisposed towards landscape that affords us an extensive outlook (prospect) from a place of security (refuge). As the site in the project is strongly related to nature, with extensive prospects, I took a great response to the environment, for example my methodology and the concept, and designed various approaches, both physically and mentally, to enjoy, experience and celebrate the nature.

‘ CELEBRATION OF NATURE ’

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BACKGROUND SITE ANALYSIS

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mble, is described as ‘the friendliest port’, is a waterfront town where hugs the River Coquet estuary at the southern gateway to the Northumberland Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Nowadays, Amble development Trust is organizing a regeneration in the town. The development consists both physically and socially, and the aim is to establish a social cohesion within the community.

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During the site visit, I took series of photographs for representing the beauty of nature in the site. I was aiming to enhance the natural experience and optimize the interaction between community and the environment.

Site analysis (wind pattern, sun path and desgin ideas)

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AMBLE S I T E

V I S I T

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1. Project site 2. Birds 3. Texture 4. Amble Pier 5. Structure


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I N T E R A C T I O N

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FEELING THE SITE COLLAGE MAKING

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efore the design process, I created a site map which is a big scale for studying and highlighting the significant places around the site. Also, by doing the site map, I figured out the main access to the site and the landscape in the Northumberland (the contour line of the map). The red line is trying to connect the site with some natural features and places. Many collages were created in this project in order to get the right sense of the site for my design approach. I put all activities that can be found in Amble together, to form an image that is more welcoming to the site and the nature. Top: collage about the major site around the northeast coast of northumberland Bottom (left): collage about the activities in Amble Bottom: (right): collage about the design concept [ Celebration of nature ]

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Projection process model

METHODOLOGY CONCEPT MAKING THROUGH THE NATURE CONTEXT

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s the concept of the design is highly focusing on the nature and environment, from the beginning of the project, I started to understand the large scale of landscape in Amble. By creating grids and the patterns of the landscape through the tracing papers , I managed to get the form of the plinth in an abstract way. Therefore, by projecting the large scale tracing pattern to small scale, which means the building site, the way started to be more practical, for example, study of the wind pattern for rotating the cube in order to provide wind shelter for the outdoor enterainment area, accessibility for the community, and the view. After doing the analysis by the projection. The location and the orientation of the cube and the plinth were formed.

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Large scale of the site Landscape projection Refining the landscape Projecting to the small scale in the project site Accessibility Form of the plinth and open area View and wind analysis for the cube position Projection

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CONCEPT MODEL LANDSCAPING THE SITE

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his model presents the location of the cube and the landscape design for the context. The landscape divides the site into two areas, (dense strings - area for community; loosely strings - area for enjoying nature. A cinema screen is provided for the community area for attracting people to the building and form a social cohesion. The strip in the middle of the model provides a separation between the nature and community. People can physically pass through the design from the community space to the area for celebration of nature (Amble Pier, Amble beach…)

“CELEBRATION OF NATURE”

Firstly, the landscape brings the community toward to the building. The design separates nature and the community, which highlights the characteristic of prospect and refuge. People experience through the building to achieve physical involvement in the nature, e.g. knowledge from public lecture and activities on the beach or pier. Also, virtual involvement on the top of the building, e.g. view, prospect ...

1:500 concept model

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1

1 AMBLE PIER

3 2

The amble pier is the symbol of the connection with the nature. The long structure creates a dialogue between nature and the community.

2 AMBLE BEACH Started from the past, the beach established a physical way to connect with the nature and activities were provided from the site.

3 LANDSCAPE FOR COMMUNITY The shape of the building and the landscape provides a cohesion within the community and the design. Forcing the people to the building and have a nature celebration by both physical and virtual approaches.

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COLLAGES APPROACHES

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P R O J E C T I O N

Projection for the plan

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s the plinth’s shape and the landscape was inspired by the projection process, the plan and the interior need to follow the same approach. I made a collage to represent the projection concept in my plan development. I picked up the river, city centre, and the beach for the plan, started tracing the form of the landscape in an abstract way, then slowing modified to the final plan shape, like the corridor on the ground floor which represents the river.

Routes

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also made another collage about the routes in the early design stage. The collage shows the plinth, open area, and the landscape provide different ways to access the building, then they have different choices, 1. Travel to the top floor enjoy the view and prospect; 2. Physically pass through the ground floor to the pier and the beach.

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The heart of the design - Corridor on the grond floor II. ENHANCING THE NATURE Build up a connection between the nature in the site and the community. The building acts as a starting point to enjoy the nature, the celebration of nature.

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By introducing a new landscape into the site, the sense of community can be enriched. e.g. Open I. ENHANCING COMMUNITY area for holdingTHE festival events or watching By introducingfilms a new landscape into the site, the sense of community can be enriched.

e.g. Open area for holding festival events or watching films.

IV. PHYSICAL INVOLVEMENT ( II )

III.

e.g. Plan, facade, and the form of the building reflect the charactistics of the environment. Green wall...

Build up a connection between the nature in the site and the community. The building acts as a starting point to enjoy the nature, the celebration of nature.

II.

Through the building, people directly access to the beach and the pier for the celebration of nature.

Building programmes allow community to get involved in nature. The public programmes III. PHYSICAL (I) were closely designedINVOLVEMENT to the ground floor which provide mu- and uniBuilding programmes allow community versity students to get involved in nature. The ti-purposes for community use. public programmes were closely designed to the

IV.

ground floor which provide muti-purposes for community use. e.g. Theatre, Exhibition space

PROGRAMMES COLLAGE MAKING

I. II. III. IV. V.

Enhancing the community Enhancing the nature Physical involvement 1 Physical involvement 2 Virtual enjoyment

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V.

Through the building, people directly access to the beach and the pier for the celebration of nature.

By expriencing the vertical route of the building, the view of the environment provides a sense of III. VIRTUALThe ENJOYMENT ) prospect. observation( Icenter on the top floorroute establish an area By expriencing the vertical of the building, the view of the environment provides a sense of for celebration. prospect. The observation center on the top floor establish an area for celebration.


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1:2 Column and beam structure model

1:50 Private study space model

1:100 Building structure model

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05.03

10.03

1:50 “Sitting Stairs� model

1:100 Initial study model (atrium)

1:100 Initial study model (top floor)

16.03

28.03

25.03

1:100 Interior space study model

1:50 Facade study model

1:2 Column and beam structure model

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10.03

16.03

1:100 Initial study model

1:100 Initial study model

1:100 Study model

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04.04

03.03

1:100 Initial Building structure model

1:100 Building structure model

1:500 Initial site model

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MODELS STUDY THINKING THROUTH MAKING

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odels is important in the project. In the design process, we had to focus on the structure of the building, and therefore big scale models were needed for demonstrating the joints and the connections. Also, as the volume was limited in the design, a lot of study models were made for testing my ‘projection plan approach’ and trying to fit all the programme in a constricted area.

1:100 Theatre study model

1:100 Initial study model

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FINAL DEVELOPMENT ROUTE APPROACHES

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n my design, ground floor is the main area for community. The diagonal corridor cut through the building to provide high accessibility for people. As the concept is trying to provide two approaches for people to enjoy nature, the ground floor area is designed for people to get physical approach to the nature. The corridor is the heart of the building, and it is a representation of the Coquet River, like the heart of Amble. People can experience and decided their approach to celebrate the nature through the building. Firstly, people will be attracted by the outdoor entertainment area as there are some movies playing on a large screen. This area forms a community cohesion, and therefore to enhance the concept of ‘refuge’, which means to be protected and achieves sense of security. Then, people will enter the building through the west entrance. They can get involved in different programmes on the ground floor, for example children can take the course about birds study, or visit the exhibition about nature of Amble, or attend the lecture about marine biology. Then, after getting the knowledge, they can physically pass through the corridor to the east entrance, and enjoy the Amble Beach and Amble Pier. This experience provide a refuge point for learning, and then construct a route for enjoying prospect. The second way is virtual experience. People can pass through the corridor to the stairs for travelling upward. The starting point is on the first floor that facing north. Every staircase on each level was designed to be aligned with the curtain wall. When the people is moving upward, they can get different views in a different levels with different orientations. Finally, they will arrive the observation centre on the top floor then back to the origin, facing north, but in a different height. Thus, the experience provides an amazing view for people and achieve the ‘sense of prospect’.

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1:200 GROUND FLOOR PLAN 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

LECTURE THEATRE SHARED TEACHING SPACE CORRIDOR EXHIBITION SPACE OFFICE PRIVATE STUDY SPACE OUTDOOR ENTERTAINMENT AREA

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1:200 plan - Ground Floor

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1:800 FLOOR PLAN

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RECEPTION OUTDOOR CAFE AREA SHARED STUDY AREA TEACHING SPACE OBSERVATION AREA CAFE AREA SITTING STAIRS (KEY SPACE)


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Axonometric diagram

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he axonometric diagram is the best way to show the space arrangements in a multi-storey building. I sketched a lot of activities’ scenes in the entertainment area and therefore to create a joyful atmosphere for the community. The background of the drawing shows the context layer by layer. The first texture represents River Coquet, and the second is the landscape behind the river, then follows by the beach and the North Sea and the sky layer.

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Section drawing 1: 200

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Elevation collage

verything in the design is connecting to nature and context. The diagonal façade creates a refuge point for attracting the community. On the other hand, the design is trying to pull the nature to society, and therefore more people can interact with it.

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DIAGRAMS BUILDING COMPONENTS

1. Building core 2. Building plinth 3. Columns 4. Circulation 5. Building floors 6 Facade

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60 Wind direction

During rainy day, the medium acts as a water storage. Then, the water is pumped to the storage and generate a harvesting system.

Water from the storage is supplied for the medium of the green wall. Water pipe (output)

Aluminium panel for growing plant Timber structure for supporting the panel Water pipe (input)

Growing medium

SUSTAINABILITY WIND POWER GREEN WALL

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n terms of sustainability, the west faรงade serves as a green wall for coving the core. Also, by creating a gap between the building and the faรงade, wind turbines can be applied within the structures. The wind speed will also be increased as the gap is produced.

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FINAL MODELS PROSPECT AND REFUGE

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he key space models show the concept of ‘prospect and refuge’. For example, the glare. In the interior (refuge), the glare in both key spaces enhance the sense of prospect. When people walking or sitting in the area, they will explore the brighter part and approach to the environment.

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1 & 2. 3 & 4. 5. 6.

1:50 key space - sitting stairs 1:50 key space - privated study space 1:50 facade model 1:50 corridor for study space


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Glare in the sitting staircase

Interior perspective

INTERIOR PERSPECTIVES RENDERING

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he lower interior perspective shows the dynamic of the plan. As the plan was inspired by the landscape in Amble, and therefore they are interacting with the site context. Moreover, because of the shape of the interior, People can get interaction floor by floor.

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Building with context (1:200 models and rendering)

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Final model (1:200 by mount boards)

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Final presentation board (Prospect and Refuge)

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OATBUILDING WORKSHOP

III LIVING ON THE EDGE -

FACADE PHOTOMONTAGE

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iving on the Edge is a medium scale project that asks me to resolve the programmatic and contextual challenges. For the project brief, it requires to build a Boat building workshop with accommodations for FOYER, a learning and accommodation centre for young people in Newcastle. The workshop allows teenagers to develop their skills, make a positive contribution to their community, and, furthermore, to understand the place the world where they are living in. In this project, I had a strong focus on the context of site, as the site has a significant history background and experienced a renovation. The design represents the time movement of the

‘ FORM FOLLOWS - CONTEXT ’

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68 site and reminds the memory to the community, and therefore, to provide an atmosphere for teenagers to discover the past and the place. In this project, ‘Form’ becomes an approach to represent the context. It is a journey that to show the change of the architectural style in the site. In the design, I did the change without a literally style movement, like typical Victorian house in the area. I picked up the sense and the principle of the styles for creating the interior atmosphere. The experience of the interior shows the transition between Victorian era and the Modern time, like a movement.


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BACKGROUND SITE ANALYSIS

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he location of the project lie along Lime Street in Newcastle’s Ouseburn Valley. The lower Ouseburn was one of the original place for the industrial revolution in Newcastle. There was a cluster of heavy craft and industries in the area, and the river acted as a medium of transportation for different industries. Because of the intense developments in 19th century, Ouseburn became a crucial area for workers to live in. Therefore, the style and the atmosphere was decorated by the worker’s class Victorian buildings, with a strong sense of industrial feeling. Nowadays, because of the declination of the industrial development, the government is organizing a cultural renovation within the site, for example, 36 Lime Street for art development. In the beginning of the project, I went to the site for half day to understand the context. I did some hand sketches on site, and therefore I realized that most of the buildings in the site are still remaining the Victorian working class features, like heavy and bulky, use of brickwork, enclosure. I used these features as my starting point, to connect the modern architectural style to the site, and therefore, by using this transition point, it allows more people to understand the site and make a concern of the past.

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Project Site Sketching 1 - Byker Bridge Sketching 2 - Seven Stories Sketching 3 - Project site Sketching 4 - Tyne Bridge

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71 Potential industies which used the river for transporation

OUSEBURN RIVER IN 19th CENTURY

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he Ouseburn was once the lifeblood of the area, with barges and boats transferring goods straight to warehouses and wharves. It often provided power for waterwheels and supplied water for various manufacturing processes. The Lower Ouseburn is tidal up to Crawford’s Bridge, and so small boats could transfer their cargoes directly to and from the warehouses which lined the river.

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RESEARCH VICTORIAN HOUSE BOAT-MAKING PROCESS 1

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n the research process, I started to figure out the industrial development in the Ouseburn Valley in 19th century, and therefore realized the importance of the river in the valley. Nowadays, the buildings in the northern part of the valley still remains in Victorian style, however, the southern part is turning to modern style, for example, the area in the River Tyne. The River and the site act as a transition point between two styles.

BOAT BUILDING STRUCTURE

BOAT BUILDING STRUCTURE 2

Then I studied the Victorian style working class house in order to develop an inspiration. In the Victorian times, as the population growth and the Industrial Revolution, it caused a migration of workers from the countryside to the cities, and resulted in successive housing booms in the 19th century. In deprived areas, Victorian houses were often very small, for example, back-to-back houses built in extremely cramped conditions. As the result, it formed an enclosing interior.

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BOAT BUILDING STRUCTURE

Also, as the programme mainly focuses on the boat building workshop, I did a study of different types of boat and the making process for my design.

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the beginning of theback-toproject, I tried to focus on 1. At Sketching of Victorian the process of boat building and the structure of back house (working class) boat. I used the dynamic boat structure to repre2. Plan of the Victorian house sent the concept, which is an architectural move3. Historical images of the site ment. The frame structure at the workshop in my 4. design Sketching of boat componants forms a boat building atmosphere for the 5. students Technicaland drawing of rowing boat and exposure also forms an open 6. feeling Image oftoathe boatusers. structure


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OUSEBURN RIVER MOVEMENT

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ENCLOSURE AND EXPOSURE

CONCEPT ENCLOSURE AND EXPOSURE TRANSITION

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fter the research, I started to develop my concept of the project. I created a collage to show the movement of the site, from the Industrial Revolution, via cultural renovation, to the future. As I mentioned the site is a transition area between the Victorian style and the Modern style, I designed my building that like a movement. I created some concept models to represent the movement between two styles. The enclosure part represents the Victorian style housing, which is bulky and solid. The exposure part represents the Modern style architecture, like using a lot of glazing and more open to the public.

1. Concept model (top: model of rowing boat; middle: model of canoe; bottom: building concept) 2. Collage to show the movement of the site 3. Concept model (Enclosure and exposure) 4. Enclosure and exposure diagram

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1 & 2: Form study models 3: Study models PORTFOLIO


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CONCEPT EXPERIMENT FORM STRUCTURE

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did an experimental model for the design in order to test the building shape and the movement of the structure. As the design is not literally representing the specific style’s features, like the pitch roof shape Victorian house by brickwork, I would like to take the shapes and modify it, to make a movement by the steel structure, started from pitch roof to flat roof, and the movement experiences the change of the architectural styles and the scenario of the site. The model is flexible to allow me to change the angle of the structure. I did many trials and finally I used the upward and downward movement for my design as it is more suitable for the site context, like the surrounding building’s height.

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1. Concept experiement (upward & downward movement) 2, 3 & 4. Concept model for form experiment 5 & 6. Concept sketch


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FINAL DEVELOPMENT

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TUTOR’S FLAT 1 TUTOR’S FLAT 2 RECEOPTION STORAGE ROOM HOUSE KEEPING SERVICES BOILER ROOM READING ROOM COURTYARD KITCHEN AND COMMON AREA LAUNDRY STUDENT FLAT CLASSROOM TIMBER STORAGE BOAT BUILDING WORKSHOP


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he elevation shows the context of the Ouseburn River. On the left hand side, they are 36 Lime Street and Seven Stories and they represent the solid sense in the site. By considering the site context, I created a memory, a journey for my design. The building starts from an enclosure and solid sense (Victorian style) on the left, then follows the slope and presses down to an open and exposure area at the end. (Modern style, structural expressionism).

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1. Section drawing (Original 1:100 in 840mm x 444mm) 2. Elevation drawing (Origninal 1:300 in 840mm x 150mm)


83 BOATBUILDING WORKSHOP AXONOMETRIC DIAGRAM

Axonometric diagram

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BOATBUILDING WORKSHOP SECTION

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SECTION A (1: 200)

SECTION B (1: 200)

SECTION C (1: 200)

SECTION D (1: 200)

SECTION E (1: 200)

Section drawing (Original 1:200 in 210mm x 714mm)

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MODELS AND SKETCHES THINKING THROUGH MAKING

During the process, I always modified the design and created different models for testing the space and structure. 1. 1:50 Key space (Enclosed corridor) 2. 1:50 initial model of the entrance design 3. 1:100 final model 4. Tutor’s room sketch 5. Workshop sketch 6. 1:100 final model 7. 1:100 initial model of the study space 8. 1:50 initial model of the entrance design 9. 1:100 initial model of the open area 10. 1:50 key space (Workshop) 11. study models 12. 1:100 initial model of the study space 13. Study area sketch PORTFOLIO


BOATBUILDING WORKSHOP DETAIL DRAWING

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Workshop Framework detail

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1:100 DETAILS

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300mm Hardcore 20mm Blinding and Damp-proof membrane 75mm Kingspan Kooltherm K3 Insulation 150mm Concrete slab 400x225mm I-beam Re-entrant steel deck composite slab Mineral fibre quilt 19mm plasterboard Proprietary battens with integral resilient foam strip 18mm thick tongue and groove chipboard walking surface 225mm reinforced concrete wall 300x300mm steel SHS coated Thermally divided aluminum facade element, coated 12mm lam. safety glass + 10mm cavity + 12mm toughened glass 75mm expanded polystrene insulation 13 mm plaster board

14. 15. 16. 17. Single skin 12.5mm thick plasterboard suspended ceiling 18. Metal frame for ceiling

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BOATBUILDING WORKSHOP RENDERING

BOATBUILDING WORKSHOP RENDERING 1

ATRIUM The atrium acts as the transition of the design, which gives the feeling between exclosure and exposure. It also provides a common area for student gathering.

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WORKSHOP The workshop shows the concept of exposure, which represents modern architecture style and structural expressionism nowadays.

1. Atrium perspective rendering

2. Workshop perspective rendering

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OATBUILDING WORKSHOP

BUILDING WORKSHOP

RENDERING

RENDERING 3

OUTDOOR AREA The outdoor area provides a public space for people to enjoy the River view and visit the workshop.

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FACADE The facade of the design follows the context to provide the change from Victorian style to a Modern style, from solid to open.

3. Courtyard perspective rendering

4. Facade perspective rendering

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FINAL MODEL 1:200 MODEL

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did a 1 to 200 scale final model for the design. The façade is designed with long strips for providing the sun shading effect. I used wood for the final model to represent the solid concept at the start of the journey, then the structure starts to be eliminated in order to show the exposure feeling, like following the concept of ‘Structural Expressionism’ in Modern architecture.

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Final presentation board (Living on the edge)

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IV PLACE AND DISPLACE -

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lace and Displace is the second project in the second year, which allows me to rethink about the concern of identity and site context. For the project brief, it requires to build a 3-4 storey house between the Victorian row terrace houses. As the site is limited between the houses, this project focuses on a fixed spatial and volumetric planning. The overall aim in the design is to provide a comfortable, functional and delightful space for an imagined young family. In this scenario, they love contemporary paintings, and have a small collections of both paintings and pottery.

92 the starting point, to express identity. I designed a new style home within the context, whcih attempts to make an experiment, or a new approach, for the modern architecture and the expression of space. As people spend most of their life in their living space (their house), I believe the design of this unique space can do more rather than placing a same style house in a same rhythm.

Although the design is a new way within the site context, some fundamental elements are analysed in the project. For example the separation of the zoning, daylight control, types of structure and the materials. Therefore, to ensure the Home is a place to express identity. I house is functional and comfortable for used the family’s interest, painting, as the family and their guests.

‘ SPACE TO LIVE, TO SHOW IDENTITY ’

REDESIGNED PROJECT

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RESEARCH PROCESS SITE VISIT

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he project site locates in Waldo Street, North shields. The site currently occupied by 17 boarded-up garages and the area around mostly is a residential area. During the site visit, I visited various streets and produced some sketches on site (The map on the left shows the location that I have been).

Although each of the house has a unique detail and decoration, the overall style still can be considered as the Victorian style, which was designed for the working class in 19th -20th century. The form and the interior planning are nearly the same and they share the same pattern of window and door. However, some significant details need to be noticed, which are the colour of the door and the cladding of the faรงade. For example, some of the main doors had painted in red or green and cladding had modified in different ways. This shows the intention of adding their personal preference and identity of each of the unique family.

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Acrylic drawing on A4 canvas

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CONCEPT MAKING

Escher Staircase

2D // 3D // ILLUSION

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s the client’s interest is drawing, I did an acrylic drawing for them as a starting point of the design. I intend to apply a three-dimensional cubist vision to a 2D media, which shows the space in an abstract way. Before I did the drawing, the drawing style was inspired by a famous illusion drawing, Escher Staircase, which provided an approach to the staircase and zoning design. Victorian architecture and modern architecture in 19th- 20th century intended to plan most of the space in right-angle, as it is believed the space that can be worked effectively and flexibly. However, I believe the definition of an effective space can be appeared in a different way, and, moreover, by a careful control of the interior and the angles, the space can be more interesting and abstract.

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Left: Floor plan development from the drawing Middle: Concept making Right: Idea of the acrylic drawing

CONCEPT MAKING SKETCHBOOK // MODEL

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efore the drawing was made, I roughly planed the space and the zoning on the sketchbook. By angling the wall and the staircase, and concerning the orientation and sunlight quality, a concept plan form was created. Then, I tried to combine the floor plans into one abstract sketching for the acrylic drawing. After finishing the drawing, I started to model the house by the 2D drawing. I intended to push the walls vertically in a managed angles in order to match the angled plans and the functions of some zonings. (The diagrams are shown in the next page) Therefore, the unique space was created for the client, which shows their interest and identity.

1:50 CONCEPT MODEL

1:50 CONCEPT MODEL

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I. VOLUME

II. SEGREGATION

III. DISORDER

IV. INSERTION

DIAGRAMATIC THINKING TRANFORMATION

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ince the volume was fixed (I. volume), I created a wall for separating the services programmes, for example toilet, and the staircase (II. Segregation) at the first step. Secondly, I pushed the wall forward to create more space for the living area, and also approach the angled floor plans (III. Disorder). Thirdly, by adding the plans into the volume, the floors and the spaces were formed (IV. Insertion). Finally, by inserting the diagonal wall to further separate the space and therefore to form an atrium in the entrance area (V. Illusion). The interior space form an abstract feeling as the diagonal form of the wall.

V. ILLUSION

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his axonometric diagram shows the activities and the spaces in the design. With the contrast of the Victorian house besides, the space shows the identity and delight as the design is designed from their interest – Painting.

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PRACTICAL CONSIDERATION

PLAN AND SECTION PRACTICAL THINKING

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n terms of the practical thinking in the project, I put all the services, like toilet and staircase in southern side of the site, and place the bedrooms and the living area to the south in order to get enough daylight. As the volume is highly limited, I designed an atrium at the entrance, when people enter the house, the space is expanded and maximized at the first glance. Also the atrium is the heart of the design, people can experience the diagonal shape of the interior and the stairs, and, practically, the atrium acts as a space for ventilation. The house has two bathroom, one is for the client and the other one is for the guest and the daughter.

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ATRIUM STUDY SPACE BEDROOM (DOUBLE BED) BEDROOM (SINGLE BED) BICYCLE STORAGE TOILET DINING AREA / KITCHEN COURTYARD

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DINING ROOM / LIVING ROOM KITCHEN TOILET (FOR GUEST) BEDROOM (SINGLE BED) BICYCLE STORAGE ENTRANCE BEDROOM (DOUBLE BED) TOILET (FOR BEDROOM) PRIVATE STUDY SPACE


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KEY SPACE // ATRIUM RENDERING

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he polyhedral form of the partition walls form an interesting space within the interior, and because of the diagonal shape, they serve as reflectors of natural light. In the atrium, people can feel the dynamic shape of the structure, and the angle of the wall enlarges the space in the entrance area.

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1:50 Final model (West facade)

1:50 Final model (Section model)

1:50 Final model (Staircase)

1:50 Final model (Photomontage in living area)

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Sketchbook 2014-2015

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CONTACT. y.l.chong@ncl.ac.uk

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A POINT TO EXPLORE ARCHITECTURE

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ACADEMIC PORTFOLIO ALLAN CHONG

STAGE II

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Architecture Portfolio 2015  

ACADEMIC PORTFOLIO STAGE II - ALLAN CHONG NEWCASTLE UNIVERSITY

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