Issuu on Google+

Architecture Design Studio AIR On Yee Chau 531 695


Studio AIR On Yee Chau 531 695 Sem 1 / 2013 David & Alex


Table of Contents Prof ile

p4-5

P a r t A - CFI : Case for Innovation A.1. Architecture as a Discourse A.2. Computational Architecture A.3. Parametric Modelling A.4. Conclution A.5. Learning Outcomes A.6. References A.7. Algorithmic Explorations

p 8 - 11 p 12 - 17 p 18 - 23 p 24 p 24 p 25 p 26 - 29

P a r t B - EOI : Expression of Interest B.1. Design Focus B.2. Case Study 1.0 B.3. Case Study 2.0 B.4. Technique: Development B.5. Technique: Prototypes B.6. Technique: Proposal B.7. Algorithmic Sketches B.8. Learning Objectives and Outcomes B.9. References

p p p p p p p p p

32 - 33 34 - 37 38 - 47 50 - 55 56 - 59 62 - 69 70 - 71 72 - 73 74


Profile

Introduction Virtual Environment is the first subject I have ever touch on design process. Having the inspiration from the natural process of peacock spreading its tail to express its beauty, this project has the concept of lighting and shade. This project is a starting point of mine design and technique of computerization journey. Rhino, is the software that I use for design. To be honest, I am not good at using Rhino. To some extent, I think is the outcome of my design is design by Rhino, I am not the one who tells Rhino to program but Rhino is the one who control my design. On the other hand, this subject has also raised my consideration of material and fabrication. The attribution for different material will affect how every part joins together and it will ends up a variously different outcome. Last but not least, the main focus for Virtual Environment was not to design a building but it was design a lantern. In another words, it is similar to Wyndham City project, to design a landmark for Werribee.

4


Wiref rame of model

Other attempts

5


P a r t A. CFI: Case f or Innovation


A.1. Architecture as a Discourse

‘The building was intended by Solomon R. Guggenheim to make a suitable place for the exhibition of an advanced form of painting wherein line, color and form are language in themselves….’ 1 - Frank Llory Wright

8


The Guggenheim Museum drew together several of Franks Llyord Wright’s preoccupation. The inward-looking atrium was a circular descendant of Johnson Wax and as the spiral; this was a visual metaphor for growth and change in nature and was a generating idea. In Wright’s theory a building is more than the sum of architect’s earlier motifs and bears the important of new intention but he hoped to design a ‘total work of art.’ And he declared, ‘‘The building was intended by Solomon R. Guggenheim to make a suitable place for the exhibition of an advanced form of painting wherein line, color and form are language in themselves…2 This advanced painting has seldom been presented in other than the incongruous rooms of old static architecture but in the harmonious fluid created by building interior and the natural factor. The painting will be seen for itself under favorable condition.’ 3 This is the architecture dicourse for Frank Llory Wright, as he not only design the building but he also take account of the natural factor and context, then utilize and syncretize all these factor into the building. Therefore it makes the building or maybe call ‘art work‘ fit into the environment well (in large scale), and make the every small element react closely with each other (in small scale). Architectural discourse is a way of how architect design and this is how Frank Llory Wright’s discourse distinguish with others. The Guggenheim Museum is still used in the same way, as the museum continue being appreciated because Wright’s consider the function of the building closely contributed with all the factors (light, circulation, color, aspect of the building ) in order to create a suitable place for each art work in order to express its unique fascination. His works has been inspirited to many architects to consider more closely to its function, how people will use and in a way that motivates them to go even further, combine the functional use and the aesthetics together. 9


A.1. Architecture as a Discourse

10


The Guangzhou Opera house design by Zaha Hadid, is sits in perfect harmony with its riverside location, the building was like pebbles in a stream smoothed by erosion. The design evolved from the concepts of a natural landscape and the fascinating interplay between architecture and nature; engaging with the principles of erosion, geology and topography. The Guangzhou Opera House design has been particularly influenced by river valleys – and the way in which they are transformed by erosion.4 As looking back to the gateway project in this sense, the concept or argument for the project can be influenced by the surrounding condition or the history of werribee, as Wyndham is the fastest growing municipality in Victoria. We can look at the changes in werribee for example the raised in population or use the specific material which only manufacture in werribee as the main material for the gateway. Moreover, learning from Frank Lloyd Wright, we should consider the natural factor and use the natural factor to express the beauty of the design. Taking the quote from Frank Lloyd Wright ‘No house should ever be on a hill or on anything. It should be of the hill. Belonging to it. Hill and house should live together each the happier for the other’. 5 The gateway should aim to harmonize with its surrounding, belong to the site. As the architecture discourse is a way of design that introject building into envrionment and benefit the social. 11


A.2. Computational Architecture

In the world of architecture, human have come along from a process which does not include planning, developing or evaluation then into modern architectural discourse which is a not only a turning point in methodology but also alter how architects thinks, thus the use of computerization as a translation of media is only one part of the digital age. As a result it is an important point for architect to declare that computation is only a tool and it will not a replacement of creativity. In Kalay’s theory, computation is a generative design which driven by logic process, it is like a puzzle making rather than problem solving.7 It is a shift for designer from thinking to finding. Moreover computation use mathematics and data to understand design and inform the designer which it can point out the problem which will occur in fabrication in reality.8 Taking my personal experiences from Virtual Environment, Rhino gives me different types of design outcome immediately (for example the partition, box, pyramid or wedges panel), then I use what I think is logic and my sensibilities to chose what I think is the best from those outcome. This is what in Kalay’s theory of design process has point out exactly of this ability to differentiate the ‘current’ and new situations. 9 Computation help us to understant the design and solve problems in a 'logic' way.

12


Voussoir Cloud

13


A.2. Computational Architecture

Voussoir Cloud In the diversion from thinking to finding, it can be seen from many architectural art works. In Voussoir Cloud, though the form is generating by computation but it is under designer constraint of criteria and approach or modify by computation. The overall geometry was design by the architect but the details of the each element and the intersection between each other were solving by computation. Moreover, the computation will take account of the natural environment, for instance the force by gravity and the pressure from the material in the real world in order to suggest the designer how the design can be built, such as how each of the item can be joint together while it does not affect the overall geometry of the design. In this way of process, digital gives out infinity of possibilities but at last, it still need the judgment by designer’s creative in order to formulate the outcome.

14


Voussoir Cloud

15


A.2. Computational Architecture

16


For the Wyndham Gateway project, I wish to reference to the work by the previous work of Voussoir Cloud and the ICA/ITKE Research Pavilion 2010. Both of it is an example of process of geometric form generation and subsequent simulation based on specific material properties. Using the advanced of digital techniques, the pavilion demonstrates an alternative approach to computation design. Here, the computational generation of form is directly driven and informed by physical behavior and material. By utilizing the precision of programming, the designer can predict the habit of the material after the affect by the natural factor such as gravity. Computational can analyze the natural factor10 in order to design the details of the sculpture to make it buildable. Through the context, I think the consideration of the habit in the material is appropriate for the design of Wyndham Gateway. It is a key point in fabrication to decide whether the parametric model is possible to fabricate or not. Last but not least, the computation of analyzing the possibility of building can be built or not and design of the details is only a guide for the designer. Because there are still other factors in reality that will change the design.

17


A.3. Parametric Modelling Design is change. Parametric modeling represents change. 11 - Woodbury, Robert There is a global convergence in recent avant-garde architecture that justifies the enunciation of a new style: Parametricism. In Daniel Davis word ‘a set of equations that express a set of quantities as explicit function of a number of independent variables, known as ‘parameters’’.12 The style is rooted in digital animation techniques. This style has been developed over the last 15 years and is now claiming hegemony within avant-garde architecture. It succeeds modernism as a new long wave of systematic innovation.13 At the beginning of parametric design, it is design process which only use in big firm because parametric design is a new way of design in 21th century and it have a high barrier of software technique requirement moreover it have a high cost in fabrication. But parametric design become more and more common in architecture, many people can use the software and also program the software. Parametric design start to become a tendency in architecture, it is because of several reasons. Firstly, parametric design ‘conceiving data flow’14, in a simpler word, parametric design arranging and editing dependencies, and the way data flow deeply affects the designs possible and how a designer interacts with them. Therefore, parametric design can gives out various prototypes during the design process. Secondly, as I mention in previous task, parametric design use mathematics and computation to understand design, which it can point out the problem which will occur in fabrication in reality. On the other hand, parametric design also has its disadvantages. Firstly, Parametric design is a combination of different geometry, thus the structure between the joint will be complexity and hard to achieve in reality, moreover as the complexity of the structure will result in a high cost in construction. Secondly, as mention previously, parametric design is a combination of different geometry in a logical way. In another word, every single element in the design will affect each other, no matter how far it is apart, a small change in a parametric design will alter the whole design in aspect and structure. The designer need to have a clear mind of how each element reacts with each other.

18


The bird nest

19


A.3. Parametric Modelling

The Beijing national stadium also known as bird’s nest was designed for 2008 Summer Olympics by Herzog & de Meuron. This is the one of the most significant icon of parametric design in China. In an attempt to hide steel supports, many structural problem were occur, at last the architects developed the “random-looking additional steel” to blend the supports into the rest of the stadium. Thus it has a complexity of intersection and at last it cost the whole process of US$423 million, this is a high cost stadium in construction. Moreover, in Daniel Davis’s theory15 of negative principles, the bird nest represent a lack of order in design as parametric design should join the geometry in a logical way.

20


“Fabric is both a traditional and a high-tech material whose form is directly related to the forces applied to it – creating beautiful geometries that are never arbitrary. I find this very exciting.�16 - Zaha Hadid 21


A.3. Parametric Modelling

22


The Burnham Pavilion by Zaha Hadid is one of the significant icons of her parametric design. Zaha Hadid Architects´s pavilion merges new formal concepts with the memory of Burnham’s bold, historic urban planning. Zaha Hadid utilized the free forming and organic features to distinguish her work with other. Superimpositions of spatial structures with hidden traces of Burnham’s Plan are overlaid and inscribed within the structure to create a dynamic form.17The Bumham Pavilion might be a successful example of parametric design, as Zara Hadid transfer the free forming with the texture of material perfectly. But my opinion the pavilion might need to fit into the environment more, related the design with context and surrounding more.

23


A.4. Conclusion Learning Outcomes Architecture is not just a building that shelter human but also a reflection of the social, political and culture. Therefore the development in architecture discourse is important element. As the development is based on the deep analysis of the context and the consideration human’s activity. The architecture discourse makes the design more benefit and appropriate to the user and context. As the digital age is coming, the parametric modeling is the main stream in design; computation helps a lot in design; computation use mathematics and data to understand design and inform the designer. Without parametric design, human might still seeking a new way of design. The western gateway project will be based on a geometry form that in attempt to express the history of Wyndham or analysis the landscape of Wyndham, for instance, paying attention to the rapid of population growth in Wyndham. Throughout the development of the project, not only a new icon will bear in Wyndham, but also an innovation is discovered.

A.5. Learning Outcomes From the start of the semester, I have only heard the word of ‘parametric’ but not knowing what does it mean. Throughout three weeks of reading, I have more knowledge on parametric design on both of its positive and negative way. For me, parametric is a combination of complex geometry in a logical way. Moreover computation is a strong program that help on the design but it also will make human rely on computation and not test in reality. From now on, I will try to use parametric design to solve the details part of the geometry.

24


A.6. References 1.

William J. R. Curtis,’the architectural system of Frank Llory Wright’ in Modern Architecture since 1900, (Phaidon Press Limited, Third edition 1996) P113 - 120

2.

William J. R. Curtis,’the architectural system of Frank Llory Wright’ in Modern Architecture since 1900, (Phaidon Press Limited, Third edition 1996) P113 - 120

3.

William J. R. Curtis,’the architectural system of Frank Llory Wright’ in Modern Architecture since 1900, (Phaidon Press Limited, Third edition 1996) P125

4.

Philip Jodidio, Zaha Hadid : 1950 : the explosion reforming space, (Taschen, c2012) P 45 – 60

5.

William J. R. Curtis,’the architectural system of Frank Llory Wright’ in Modern Architecture since 1900, (Phaidon Press Limited, Third edition 1996) P113

6.

Yehuda E. Kalay, Architecture’s New Media : Principles, Theories, and Methods of ComputerAided Design (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2004), pp. 5 – 25

7.

Patrik Schumacher, A New Global Style for Architecture and Urban Design (Architectural Design - Digital Cities, Vol 79, No 4, July/August 2009)

8.

Patrik Schumacher, A New Global Style for Architecture and Urban Design (Architectural Design - Digital Cities, Vol 79, No 4, July/August 2009)

9.

Yehuda E. Kalay, Architecture’s New Media : Principles, Theories, and Methods of ComputerAided Design (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2004), pp. 5 – 25

10. Kolarevic, Branko, Architecture in the Digital Age: Design and Manufacturing (New York; London: Spon Press, 2003), pp. 3 – 28 11. Woodbury, Robert (2010). Elements of Parametric Design (London: Routledge) pp. 7

25


A.6. References 12. Daniel Davis <http://app.lms.unimelb.edu.au/bbcswebdav/pid-3815829-dt-contentrid-11983715_2/courses/ABPL30048_2013_SM1/Readings/Pages%207-48%20from%20 Woodbury%20-%20Elements%20of%20Parametric%20Design%20%282010%29.pdf> 13. Patrik Schumacher, Parametricism, <http://www.nzarchitecture.com/blog/index.php/2010/09/25/ patrik-schumacher-parametricism/> 14. Woodbury, Robert (2010). Elements of Parametric Design (London: Routledge) pp. 7-48 15. Daniel Davis <http://app.lms.unimelb.edu.au/bbcswebdav/pid-3815829-dt-contentrid-11983715_2/courses/ABPL30048_2013_SM1/Readings/Pages%207-48%20from%20 Woodbury%20-%20Elements%20of%20Parametric%20Design%20%282010%29.pdf> 16. Philip Jodidio, Zaha Hadid : 1950 : the explosion reforming space, (Taschen, c2012) P 110-148 17. Philip Jodidio, Zaha Hadid : 1950 : the explosion reforming space, (Taschen, c2012) P 110-148

IMAGES Cover page <http://www.digitalcrafting.dk/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/IMG_2403_1_web2.jpg> Architecture as a Discourse <http://25.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lvrbzzT1cJ1r7zwkeo1_1280.jpg> <http://www.guggenheim.org/images/content/foundation/guggenheim-museum-arch490.jpg> <http://www.lifeofguangzhou.com/node_10/node_35/node_112/node_113/img/2010/08/23/1282543 69279601_1.jpg> <http://blog.chinatravel.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/Guangzhou-Opera-House.jpg> Computational Architecture <http://www.pleatfarm.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/IwamotoScott-Voussoir-Cloud-2.jpg> <http://www.bustler.net/images/uploads/IwamotoScott_VC_sectionPers.jpg> <http://icd.uni-stuttgart.de/?p=4458> Parametric Modeling <http://homesthetics.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/birds_nest_beijing_arup080908_carup_ crbenmcmillan_0.jpg> <http://burnhamplan100.lib.uchicago.edu/files/content/image/architects/litvin1.jpg> <http://ad009cdnb.archdaily.net/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/1251161088-zha-burnham-pavilion4400-381x450.jpg> 26


A.7. Exploration

27


A.7. Exploration

28


A.7. Exploration

During the exploration in grasshopper, I can feel the power in computation that I see in lecture and tutorial. In my own experiences, just connecting the input/output in grasshopper, a parametric design will come out easily. The computation solves the way of how geometry joint together. Just like the precedence I use in Voussoir Cloud, computation solves the geometry problem. But to be honest, sometimes I do not know how did I make these geometry, I just randomly connect the input/output and a parametric design was discover (a random and unexpected design). But this might cause a disadvantage, as I mention before in Parametric Modeling, the designer need to have a clear mind and know the software well, otherwise, the software will control the design. Moreover I have experiences in other disadvantages too. Sometimes grasshopper will crash easily and do not automatically save my previous work. 29


P a r t B. CFI: Expression of Interest


B.1. Design Focus Geometry is our chosen design focus. But what is geometry?

- Geometry is a branch of mathematics concerned with questions of shape, size, relative position of figures, and the properties of space.

32


B.1. Design Focus As looking at the precedent of ‘The Canton Tower’ design by I.B.A, the design aim was to design a freeform tower with a rich and humanlike identity that would represent Guangzhou as a dynamic and exciting city. The idea of the tower is simple. The form, volume and structure are generated by two ellipses, one at foundation level and the other at a horizontal plane. These two ellipses are rotated relative to another. The tightening caused by the rotation between the two ellipses forms a ‘waist’ which represents the human-like identity. The form of this building is a good example showing the power of parametric design in how geometry form represent the design concept.

Learning from the geometry, the spacing of each shape will be our main focus on the gateway design. Because we want to utilize the natural factor (sunlight) to create a different driving experiences to the driver. Moreover the overall geometry need to related back to the context, like how the free-form of Canton tower represent Guangzhou as a dynamic and exciting city. To sum up our argument, our aim is to create an UNEXCEPT journey for the driver by using the change in SUNLIGHT and MOVEMENT, while the overall form need to be related to the CONTEXT. 33


B.2. Case Study 1.0

34


B.2. Case Study 1.0

Grid Shell Grid shell is focus on the design and construction of wooden stripe which only using straight wood members bent along geodesic lines on surface. The design is was developed and analyzed in parametric tools in order to minimize material while maximizing its architectural presence in the space.

35


B.2. Case Study 1.0

36


Understand the design focus and the process in computation of Grid-shell, I have changed the how the way of the two points joint together. As the original design join two points in order to minimize material while maximizing its architectural presence in the space. I have use the battery of split, partition and reverse to change the order of two points connect together. Afterward, I change the initial curve of the form; this has entirely altered the form and the spacing of each stripe. The reason I chosen this case study is because of our argument is base on the change in movement and sunlight. The spacing of each element has a direct relation to sunlight, as it creates the lighting and shadowing.

37


B.3. Case Study 2.0


B.3. Case Study 2.0 The Park hotel, design by Skidmore Owings

& Merrill.

The project is distinctive for its profound implementation of sustainable design strategies, with special attention paid to the buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s relationship to its site, day lighting and views. Solar studies influenced the site orientation and building massing, with program spaces concentrated in the north and south facades. Paying attention to the pattern, the gaps between the patterns have a relationship to the function of room. For instance, a more private place will have fewer gaps as the

The facade has the same concept of the gaps between the patterns, as it provides a range of transparency according to the needs of the spaces inside. Perforated and embossed metal screens over a high-performance glazing system give privacy to the hotel rooms while allowing diffused daylight to enter the interior spaces, and provides acoustic insulation from trains passing nearby.

40


B.3. Case Study 2.0

Create Pattern - Flower

Create different size of gaps between pattern

Stripe of the facade

Map to Surface (Pattern to form)

Process of recretaing the case study 2.0 41


B.3. Case Study 2.0 The Pattern - flower

Understanding the pattern, we looks it as a â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;flowerâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC; pattern. First of all, we create a hexagon grid then we place the plane on each grid. After we move the plane in both left and right direction in 33 degree. Then we repeat this three plane. 42


B.3. Case Study 2.0

Base on the three different direction plane, we create an ellipse on each plane. At last, it will come out the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;flowerâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC; pattern.

43


B.3. Case Study 2.0 The Pattern - gaps between the flower

After creating the ‘flower‘ pattern, the gaps between it can be make by ‘image sampler‘. The image sampler use the color of the image in oder to adjust the size of the base shape and recreate the image that put into the sampler. Thus we can use it to adjust the size of the pattern. 44


B.3. Case Study 2.0

After using the image sampler, we can use some mathematic battery to control the size of the pattern. Left - multiplication by 10 Right - division by 10 45


B.3. Case Study 2.0 The Stripe of Facade

Image domain 0~1.0 Creating this form is pretty easy. First, draw two square and loft it in Rhino. Then use image sampler in grasshopper to create the wavy form. Each wavy stripe have around 30 - 40 control points, as more control point on each stripe, more wave will create on the stripe. 46


B.3. Case Study 2.0 The Combination Having the pattern and form ready, we try to put the pattern on the form. We use the battery ‘map to surface‘ but we fail it. Some pattern have disappear, and the proportion of the pattern has been scale. The pattern does not look like a flower. (The figure on top show some pattern has disappear.) But we try ‘map to surface‘ on a cylinder, it does work on this surface. (The figure on bottom) It might because of the size of the surface. Looking back to the form and pattern we create at first, one whole pieces of pattern need to fit into a thin stripe of the form. As a result, it might cause the scale of the proportion of the pattern. We have fail on the combination of pattern and form. But I think we done a pretty good job on creating the ‘flower‘ pattern, as we analyze and break down the pattern in a ‘flower‘ form then create it algorithmically in grasshopper. Compare the original pattern and the pattern we create, it is pretty much the same pattern, but we still need to develop the skills on creating gaps between the pattern. Although image sampler and the mathematic batteries can help us on this, we need to find a better image or study the sun path to create the gaps, otherwise we are creating the gaps randomly. From this study case, we have learn how to create pattern and gaps between pattern. As our argument is to create an un-except journey for the driver by the change in sunlight and movement. We will take the technique of creating pattern and creating gaps to the next stage. As the pattern and gaps on pattern control the sunlight, it has a direct relationship to our argument. We will bring this technique to next stage, and our next aim for the project is create an UNEXCEPT journey to driver.

47


â&#x20AC;&#x153;Architecture needs mechanisms that allow it to become connected to cultureâ&#x20AC;? - Farshid Moussavi


B.4. Technique Development 1. Pattern Exploration

50


B.4. Technique Development 1. Pattern Matrix

Continue developing on the pattern, according to our design approach is ‘geometry‘ we create different patterns base on hexagon grid. Placing different shape (triangle, circle, ellipse and square) along the hexagon grid, some unexcept shape have create. For instance, a ‘star’ have create base on the shape of square. At this point, it has achieve our argument of ‘unexcept‘.

51


B.4. Technique Development 2. Pattern Matrix

52


B.4. Technique Development 2. Pattern Matrix

This is the continue process on developing the gaps between pattern. We can use the gaps to create varies size of shadow. Back to our argument of play on sunlight, this has help us to control the brightness of sunlight. As the design project is along the highway, we do not want to distract the driver too much, as a result, the change of the shadow and sunlight will not have sudden big differences. We will take the eye comfort level as the major concern of designing the gaps between pattern as safety is the most important thing we need to take into account.

53


B.4. Technique Development 3. Facade Matrix

54


B.4. Technique Development 3. Facade Matrix

Developing the technique on creating this form, our skills on using image sampler have improve. But this wavy form have less relevant to our argument. Therefore we will not use the wavy form on the gateway poject.

55


B.5. Technique Prototypes Fabrication method 1

56


B.5. Technique Prototypes Looking at the Australia Pavilion at Shanghai Expo 2010, the curve shape is form by different straight panel (line the straight panel in a curve line) and the pavilion use corten (weathering steel) as it main material. We can use this kind of fabrication method on our design. Having different size of ellipse and gaps on each panel, then join the panel together to create a ‘flower‘ pattern. Looking on the figure on left, this is a test on how we will fabricate it. We can use bolting joint at the back of the straight panel in order to hold the two panel together.

We can use corten as the main material of the gateway project. As the corten is a weathering steel, “weathering” means that due to their chemical compositions, these steels exhibit increased resistance to atmospheric corrosion compared to other steels. This is a long lasting material, as one of the key considerations and issues to be resolved and addressed in the development of the design is to ease of maintenance, materials and longevity. Corten, is a good choice on material.

site B

As our argument for the design project will focus on the change in sunlight, thus the orientation of the gateway need to face opposite to the sunlight. In this case, we can create the shadow and sunlight.

site A

As a result, looking at the site plan above we might place the gateway on the southern boundary on site A or site B

57


B.5. Technique Prototypes Fabrication method 2

Another fabrication method is to break the pattern into pieces. By understanding the pattern, the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;flowerâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC; can be look as a triangle that the edges has been cut by the arc shape. Then make a steel frame base on the position of the pieces, then use a bolt joint to screw the pieces into the frame. There is a diagram of showing this fabrication method.

58


B.5. Technique Prototypes

As testing the prototype for method 2. We notice that the frame need to be transparency. The reason for it is because in some angle of sunlight, the frame will block the sunlight as a result, it will change the shape of the shadow of the pattern. Having an transparency frame, it will come up with another problem. As our argument is to create an unexcept journey, we want to create a 6 seconds driving experience. Therefore placing the gateway on the highway, it has to be around 100 meters long. Due to the construction problem, only steel frame is possible for constructing a 100 meters long frame. Therefore, we need to test the thickness of the notches in order to minimizes the sunlight will block by the frame.

59


The Wyndham City - Western Gateway Design Project


B.6. Technique Proposal

Our aim is to create an UNEXCEPT journey for the driver by using the change in SUNLIGHT and MOVEMENT, while the overall form need to be related to the CONTEXT.

62


B.6. Technique Proposal Understanding the city of Wyndham...... The aim for the western gateway design is to propose new, inspiring and brave ideas, to generate a new discourse. Parametric modeling gives us a great chance to generate a new discourse because parametric is a new way of design. Moreover, to propose â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;new, inspiring and brave ideaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; we try to understand to future goals for this city. As the future goals represent a better future. Looking at the Wyndham City plan 2011-2015, the mission of Wyndham City is........

'We will create a healthy, safe, vibrant, proud and harmonious community, while respecting our environment.' Therefore, we want to emphasis on the number of 6 to represent 6 missions (healthy, safe,vibrant,pround,harmonious,environme nt) that Wyndham City need to achieve in future. Back to the pattern, as we want to emphasis on the number 6, therefore we will create the pattern base on the hexagon grid and there will be six element for the overall form in order to repesent the six missions.

Why should the Wyndham Cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s will choose our design? Our design represent the future goals for Wyndham City and the future goals make a better future for the society. As a result, our design give the society a hope or even a dream to make a better city.

63


B.6. Technique Proposal

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The Dior facade present itself like an architectural apparition; a ghost like volume articulated solely through the luminous effects of its carefully edited surfaceâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; - Kumiko Inuo 64


B.6. Technique Proposal

Dior Giza, design by Kumiko Inui. The building have the inspiration from the carnage pattern of the classic Dior handbag. The building have double-skin facade, the outer perforated layer separate from the inner. The inner layer (the carnage pattern is scale down by 30%), which combined with the offset between the two layer to produce a hazy, moire effect. The facade of this building is a good example showing the power of parametric design in creating virtual images by overlaying severals screens at a certain distance between them. Back to our argument again, to ‘create an UNEXCPET journey for the driver.’ But looking at the unexcept shape create by the pattern is too borning for the journey. Therefore we can learning from this precedent that having two layer of pattern in order to create a ‘hazy, moire effect.’ The next page will be a testing on different pattern under single layer and double layer. 65


B.6. Technique Proposal Pattern

66

Shadow of the Pattern


B.6. Technique Proposal Shadow of the Pattern under two layer

67


B.6. Technique Proposal

The double layer of the ‘flower’ pattern gives us a very good result of UNEXCEPT. First, it is a shape of flower, then the overlapping create an entire different shapes. This suit very well for our argument of ‘creating an unexcept journey’. Here is link for a video on you tube that show the change in pattern. (Check this out) < http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qsRwznUHtPo&feature=youtu.be > But there are few point need to satisfies first in order to achieve this effect. 1. The double -layer need to offset in certain distance 2. The surface will perform better in curve shape 3. The illuminant need to have place on left/right top of the surface. (It will be the weakest point at noon, as the sun is on top of the surface, nothing can be seen)

68


B.6. Technique Proposal

ODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

Wyndham City Future Goals We will create a healthy, safe, vibrant, proud and harmonious community, while respecting our environment. Base on the 6 goals of the Wyndham City and the testing result of the pattern under the sunlight. We design a simple geometry, 6 arches to represent to 6 goals. But why arches? The reason is because the shadow under the curves form perform better compare to the flat surface. But the curve form might be the weakest part of the design, as it difficult to fabricate the pattern.

At last, we decide to put our design on site B, the reason for it is because of the consideration of the sunlight and the southern boundary of site B curve more than site A.

69


B.7. Algorithmic Sketches

70


B.7. Algorithmic Sketches

71


B.8. Learning Objectives and Outcomes

After presenting our proposal for western gateway design on midsemester presentation. We get some feedback on our overall form and the fabrication method. Form This curves form will be difficult to fabricate because of the pattern. Moreover, they suggest us that a double flat surface will perform better than a arc form. As a result, we might chagnge our form into more a flat surface. Fabrication As before, we worry about the structure and the support of transparency frames (about 100 meters.) Without doubt, tutor question about the structure too. They suggest us to test on steel frame, too what extend of affect will the steel frame change on the shadow. Grasshopper Our main design is to playing with sunlight, therefore tutor introduce us a plug-in in grasshopper call â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Heliotropeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, it manipulate solar geometry. The tool calculates solar position vectors at specific dates and times and provides a variety of components for manipulating those dates and times parametrically.

72


B.8. Learning Objectives and Outcomes To solve the form problem, we use another method to create the patter. This time, we look the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;flowerâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC; pattern in a square form, we make some ellipses on a square grid, then MORPH the square gird. It comes out a pretty good result of the flower pattern. Here is some sketches on the morph flower pattern. (we still need to develop the skills on using morph to create pattern) At last, the method of creating pattern have also solve out problem on fabrication. We can join each square grid by bolted joint at the back (not using a steel frame)

The theoretical reseach help us to undestand more about the design, it gives us information about what design can be achieve in reality and what can not. If it could be achieve in reality, how does it achieve. This reseach have help us alot in the design process, as it safe us time on doing the testing, the most important point is that, we can learn on the process on how people achieve their design in reality (the computation skills. )

73


B.9. References

74

1.

http://matsysdesign.com/2012/04/13/sg2012-gridshell/

2.

http://www.archdaily.com/149285/the-park-hotel-skidmore-owings-merrill/

3.

Moussavi, F. (2006) ‘The function of Ornament’‘ p 5-14


coi journal