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OVER 4 MILLION

Reader’s Nationwide! Issue #664

February 16th - 22nd, 2017

Published and distributed by Alimon Publishing, LLC - www.tidbitswyoming.com - tidbits@tidbitswyoming.com - 307-473-8661

Q: How many stuntmen does ti take to screw in a light bulb? A: Five. One to screw it in and four to tell him how great he looked doing it.

In This Issue: • Dining & Spirits – Page 3 • Glenrock, WY – Page 4 • Wheatland, WY - Page 6 • Home and Garden – Page 7 • Douglas, WY – Page 10 • Classifieds – Page 12 TIDBITS ADMIRES ®

STUNTMEN by Janet Spencer

From Charlie Chaplin and Buster Keaton to Jackie Chan and Dar Robinson, Hollywood has showcased a never-ending parade of stuntmen (and women). Come along with Tidbits as we remember some of their most memorable stunts! HAROLD’S BIG BLOW-UP • Harold Lloyd was one of Hollywood’s first moviemakers and he did his own stunts. His career nearly ended in 1919 due to a mix-up. The prop department manufactured bombs that looked like a small black bowling balls with a fuses sticking out. Some of them were full of real flash powder and some of them were merely smoke bombs. • During a publicity shoot, Lloyd picked up what he thought was a harmless smoke bomb, lit the fuse, and proceeded to light the publicity man’s cigarette from the fuse. Unfortunately the prop man had mixed some of the live bombs in with the fake ones, and the bomb exploded catastrophically while Lloyd was holding it. • He was lucky he wasn’t killed. As it was, he lost his thumb and forefinger, suffered facial lacerations, and nearly lost an eye. The blast Continued on Page 6


Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

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• On March 1, 1692, in Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, authorities begin seeking out witches after two children began experiencing fits. After a doctor concluded that the children were suffering the effects of witchcraft, others stepped forward and incriminated more than 150 women and men of Satanic practices. • On March 5, 1770, a mob of American colonists gathers at the Customs House in Boston and begins taunting British soldiers. The British regulars responded by firing their rifles, killing five colonists. Later, two British soldiers had their thumbs branded with an “M” for murder as punishment. • On Feb. 27, 1922, in Washington, D.C., the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, giving women the right to vote, is unanimously declared constitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court. • On March 4, 1933, at the height of the Great Depression, Franklin Roosevelt is inaugurated as the 32nd president of the United States. In his inaugural address, Roosevelt outlined his “New Deal,” an expansion of the federal government as an instrument of employment opportunity and welfare. • On March 3, 1952, the U.S. Supreme Court upholds a New York state law that prohibits communists from teaching in public schools. The statute applied to anyone who called for the overthrow of the government. • On March 2, 1966, the Ford Motor Company celebrates the production of its 1 millionth Mustang, a white convertible. More than 400,000 Mustangs were sold in the first year, perhaps boosted by its appearance in the James Bond movie “Goldfinger.” • On Feb. 28, 1982, the J. Paul Getty Museum becomes the world’s most richly endowed museum when it receives a $1.2 billion bequest from the American oil billionaire. Getty died in 1976, but legal wrangling over his fortune by his children and ex-wives kept his will in probate until 1982. (c) 2017 King Features Synd., Inc.

February 16th - 22nd, 2017


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Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

February 16th - 22nd, 2017

DINING & SPIRITS

to combine. Stir in bacon bits, Cheddar cheese and onion flakes. Pour mixture into pie crust. 2. Bake for 34 to 38 minutes or until a knife inserted in center comes out clean. Place pie plate on a wire rack and let set for 10 minutes. Cut into 8 wedges. Serves 8.

Bacon-Cheddar Quiche In celebration of National Hot Breakfast Month, here is an eye-opener that is much more than just a bowl of cold cereal. 1 Pillsbury 9-inch refrigerated unbaked pie crust 1 1/3 cups Carnation Nonfat Dry Milk Powder 1 1/4 cups water 2 eggs or equivalent in egg substitute 1/4 cup Oscar Mayer or Hormel Real Bacon Bits 1 cup shredded Kraft 2 percent Cheddar cheese 1 tablespoon dried onion flakes 1. Heat oven to 350 F. Place pie crust in a 9-inch pie plate and flute edges. In a large bowl, combine dry milk powder and water. Add eggs. Mix well

Who Invented Quiche? Most people think that quiche was invented by the French, but quiche actually originated in Germany, in the medieval kingdom of Lothringen, under German rule, and which the French later renamed Lorraine. The word ‘quiche’ is from the German ‘Kuchen’, meaning cake.

The original ‘quiche Lorraine’ was an open pie with a filling consisting of an egg and cream custard with smoked bacon or pork pieces. It was only later that cheese was added to the quiche Lorraine. Add onions and you have quiche Alsacienne. The bottom crust was originally made from bread dough, but that has long since evolved into a shortcrust or puff pastry crust After World War II, Quiche became popular in England and later in the U.S. Because of its primarily vegetarian ingredients, it was considered a somehow ‘unmanly’ dish, - “real men don’t eat quiche.” Now there are many varieties of quiche, from the original quiche Lorraine, to quiche with vegetables of all kinds, mushrooms, ham, seafood and even desert type quiche with fruit and custards.

* Each serving equals: 232 calories, 12g fat, 11g protein, 20g carbs, 305mg sodium, 266mg calcium, 0g fiber; Diabetic Exchanges: 1 Starch/Carbs, 1 Meat, 1 Fat; Carb Choices: 1 (c) 2017 King Features Synd., Inc.


Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

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GLENROCK, WYOMING

February 16th - 22nd, 2017

I-25, Exit 160 & 165

Glenrock I-25, Exit 160 or 165

Big Enough to Enjoy- Small Enough to Care.”

up at dusk has become emblematic of that try.” -- Hermann Goring long journey. Most people assume that the wagons were placed in a circle for protec(c) 2017 King Features Synd., Inc. tion, to keep potential intruders out, but that’s not entirely true. While that may have been an advantage to the arrangement, the primary motivation was to keep livestock from wandering off.

It was beloved 20th-century American humorist and author Will Rogers who made the following sage observation: “A king can stand people fighting, but he can’t last long if people start thinking.” • The next time you’re dining at a seafood restaurant, consider this tidbit: Those who study such things say that 80 percent of a crab or lobster’s dry weight is wax. • Researchers at Cornell University have determined that if chickens are kept in a coop that is artificially lighted to simulate a 28-hour day, the eggs laid by those chickens will be larger and have stronger shells. • If you try to come up with an image of the • The English word “infant” comes from a Latin term whose literal meaning is “one pioneers’ westward trek in search of land, unable to speak.” gold and new futures, what comes to mind • You might be surprised to learn that fruit is likely to be covered wagons (also known flies can become intoxicated, too -- and at the time as Prairie Schooners) crossing they don’t even have to take a drink. Just vast grasslands. A group of wagons circling the smell of alcohol affects them. *** Thought for the Day: “The people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same way in any coun-


Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

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I-25, Exit 160 & 165

February 16th - 22nd, 2017

GLENROCK, WYOMING

Glenrock I-25, Exit 160 or 165

Big Enough to Enjoy- Small Enough to Care.” Send your tips to Now Here’s a Tip, 628 Virginia Drive, Orlando, FL 32803. (c) 2017 King Features Synd., Inc.

• Seat warmers are for more than cold bottoms: The next time you pick up a pizza, turn on your seat warmer to keep your pie from getting cold on the ride home! • “My kids love snack crackers, but they can be easy to overdo. When I buy a box, I go ahead and portion them out into snacksize zip-lock baggies. Then the kids can before filling. grab a bag and won’t just keep eating out • For great-looking candles, use a plain nyof habit (and spoil their supper).” -- O.V. in lon stocking to buff out smudges, nicks New Mexico and fingerprints. This works especially • A beaded necklace can make a fun imwell on white or cream-colored candles, print on the edges of your pie crust. Then, which can pick up all sorts of ugly-looking to help your pie crusts hold their shape in soot stains. the oven, try freezing them for 30 minutes • “Use a tab pulled off a soda can to double hang items in your closet. Simply thread the soda tab onto the hanger hook, and put the hook of a second hanger through the bottom hole. This is a great idea for hanging outfits together.” -- W.P. in Washington • “With two teenagers and all their friends, as soon as the snacks come home, they seem to disappear. Well, here’s the trick to hiding food in plain sight: I stash candy bars in a whole-wheat noodle package. There are ice-cream sandwiches in a bag that used to hold frozen spinach. Also, chips stay nicely in an old-fashioned oatmeal container on a high shelf.” -- A.R. in Missouri


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Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

WHEATLAND, WYOMING

STUNTMEN — (continued):

February 16th - 22nd, 2017

I-25 Exit 78 & 80

Platte County Happenings

blew a hole in the studio ceiling, split a For Detailed Information contact the production worker’s false teeth in half, and Platte County Chamber of Commerce caused the photographer to faint. The prop man and cameraman were also injured, Wheatland Chamber: 307-322-2322 but recovered. Send an e-mail to: info@plattechamber.com TOM MIX VS LEOPARD • Tom Mix was a rodeo champion in the early 1900s. One day a rodeo organizer Guernsey Senior Center Chili & Pie Supper Wheatland Veterans Day Dinner showed him a cable from a film company Hartville Harvest Blessing Service & Dance Town & Country Garden Club Bazaar looking for cowboys willing to do stunt Glendo Veterans Day Breakfast Guernsey Holiday Bazaar work for a movie they were making. Mix Guernsey Veterans Day Luncheon Pheasant’s Forever Banquet signed up and that’s how he got started in Annual 4-H Carnival films. • In 1914 Mix was acting as safety man do. He nearly drowned before the details of during the filming of “Lost in the Jungle.” how to release himself from the rope came Heroine Kathryn Williams was to cower back to him. Meanwhile, the assistants between two logs while a leopard menaced were standing around the tank thinking, her. The leopard had been trained to catch “Gee, he sure can stay under water a long and kill chickens, and a chicken was tied time.” directly behind the actress out of camera CONNIE TILTON SAVES THE DAY range. Mix stood by with a shotgun just in • Connie Tilton was stunt double for Hayley case. Mills in the 1959 movie “Tiger Bay.” She • As the leopard stalked the chicken, the was to jump from a ship into a choppy breeze kicked up, ruffling Kathryn’s hair sea, and a stuntman was to dive in to which flew up into a feathery halo. The dramatically rescue her for the cameras. confused leopard leapt at the actress The stuntman panicked in the high waves instead of the chicken, sinking its claws into and nearly drowned them both. Tilton her head. Mix, unable to shoot the animal smacked him, knocking him unconscious. without endangering the actress, grabbed She then swam back to the ship towing the leopard by the tail and dragged it off. him behind her. • The director saw the potential in this MARY FULLER, MERMAID heroic act and Tom Mix’s career as an • Mary Fuller was one of the first female actor and stuntman was launched. He stuntwomen. In 1916 she played the part went on to make 70 Westerns for the of a mermaid. Her mermaid tail was firmly studio, performing all his own stunts. He fitted to her bottom half and she was placed, ended up breaking each leg four times as bedecked with lilies and coral, on a rocky well as fracturing ribs, ankles, and hands. point off the coast in the midst of an angry His popularity soared until he was one of sea. While the cameras rolled, she noted Hollywood’s top stars, earning $17,000 per that the tide was rising far more rapidly week. He died in 1940 in a car crash at the than anyone had considered possible. She age of 60. shouted to the director who stood on the A BUSY GUY shore, but she couldn’t be heard over the • Guinness Book of World Records crashing of the waves. The cameraman awarded Jackie Chan the record for the was totally absorbed in getting the shot most film credits for his work in movie and didn’t notice her predicament. Water “Chinese Zodiac” where he was not only began splashing over her. Waves tore away the lead actor performing all his stunts, rocked so violently by the waves that they her lilies and coral. She could not move but also the writer, director, producer, were unable to get any close-up shots of because of the tail. Finally a wave swept cinematographer, art director, production Duncan supposedly drowning. So they over her, dragging her out to sea. Only manager, prop man, gaffer, composer, moved to a 10-foot deep (3 m) indoor tank then did the men realize the danger she theme song vocalist, and catering in a studio. was in. They dragged her back to shore, coordinator. • In the script, Duncan’s character plunges but the movie cameras were swept out to off the cliff to avoid capture by pursuing sea and never recovered. WILLIAM DUNCAN’S DROWNING guards, who then shoot at him in the BOSWORTH’S BAD BITE • William Duncan, a Scottish actor, insisted water. To simulate rifle shots hitting the • In 1931 Frank Capra was filming “Dirigible” on doing his own stunts. In 1915 he water, production assistants were armed when he needed realistic-looking frozen plunged off an 80-foot (24 m) cliff into with heavy iron nuts and instructed to hurl breath. The scene was supposed to take the sea, but the cameras on the boats were them at Duncan’s head as he was going place in the Arctic but was actually shot under. in a hot studio. Capra designed metal • To ensure a life-like drowning, Duncan was cages to fit inside the mouth of each actor tied to a rope which ran through an iron involved in the scene, and then filled the ring on the bottom of the tank and over cages with chips of dry ice. Actor Hobart to several men on the opposite side who Bosworth found the cage interfered with were to pull on the rope to drag Duncan his speech, so he threw the cage away and under. Duncan was then supposed to put the dry ice directly into his mouth. A release himself from the rope and swim to second later he was in complete agony as the surface. the intense cold burned his mouth. Parts • Just as Duncan was being pulled under, one of his jaw, teeth, and tongue had to be of the nuts hit him in the head, knocking surgically removed afterwards. him senseless. He suddenly found himself THE SHOW MUST GO ON underwater, tied to a rope with no recollection of what he was supposed to Continued on Page 10


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Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland - For Advertising Call 307-473-8661

DONNA’S DAY: CREATIVE FAMILY FUN By Donna Erickson

Preschoolers Create Art Michelangelo-Style What child doesn’t love to create art using colorful pencils, paper and pots of paint? As they grow, watch their enthusiasm blossom while they develop new techniques and get inspired by one another and the great masters. Yes, artists like Michelangelo. Here’s a fun, unusual artsy activity to inspire your kids to consider art from an entirely new vantage point when they lie on their back under a chair and draw Michelangelo-style. First, talk to your children about Michelangelo and how it took him years (1508-1512) to paint Sistine Chapel online to show them examples of one of the most famous painted interior spaces in the world. Here’s where the kids shine. Explain how Michelangelo would lie on his back on a scaffold facing the ceiling, and paint and paint and paint. In dim light. In the heat. In the cold. Then pull over a kitchen chair and say, “Artists, it’s your turn!”

the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican in Rome. Thumb through pages in an art book from the library, or grab some images of the

• •

Here’s the stuff you’ll need: Kitchen chair or bench with a flat seat, or low child’s play table Drawing paper Masking tape Markers, pencils and crayons

of his brothers killed on one stone? Abraham, Abimelech, Samuel, Amos • Which queen died by being thrown from a window and trampled by horses? Elisabeth, Jezebel, Vashti, Abigail • In which book does Paul Is the book of 3 Thessalonians promote the public reading in the Old or New Testament of scripture? 1 Timothy, or neither? 1 Samuel, 1 John, 1 Who went to the city gate Thessalonians every morning to hold a court of justice trying to win ANSWERS: 1) Neither; 2) people from David? Nain, Absalom; 3) Cana; 4) Abimelech; Rehoboam, Absalom, Felix 5) Jezebel; 6) 1 Timothy Where did the first miracle of Jesus take place of His turning Comments? More Trivia? Visit water into wine? Cana, www.TriviaGuy.com Antioch, Berea, Corinth From Judges 9, who had 70 (c) 2017 King Features Synd., Inc.

Here’s the fun: Tape a sheet of paper to the bottom side of a chair. Place markers, pencils and crayons within reach to the side of the chair, then prompt your child to wiggle under. Now go ahead, reach up and create a masterpiece. Parenting note: The kids will no doubt be enthralled. Somehow there’s a real intimacy between the art and the creator that doesn’t quite happen out in the open with a desk and chair. Try it. You’ll see! Tip: If your kids want to use paints, here’s where you come in. Carefully wipe their brush off at the side of the paint container before they start painting the “ceiling.” Otherwise, they may be painting their heads! *** Donna Erickson’s award-winning series “Donna’s Day” is airing on public television nationwide. To find more of her creative family recipes and activities, visit www.donnasday. com and link to the NEW Donna’s Day Facebook fan page. Her latest book is “Donna Erickson’s Fabulous Funstuff for Families.” (c) 2017 Donna Erickson Distributed by King Features Synd.


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Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

THE KITCHEN DIVA By Angela Shelf Medearis

Dinner Under Pressure As a child, I remember coming into the kitchen and hearing my mother’s pressure cooker rattling away. It sounded like a runaway steam engine had taken over the kitchen stove. I’d heard stories about pressure cookers blowing up and leaving what was supposed to be dinner all over the ceiling. So I must admit, I was afraid to use the Fagor pressure cooker I received as a gift, until I realized that modern pressure cookers have been completely redesigned. For example, my Fagor pressure cooker has three safety valves that allow any possible excess pressure to escape, so the cooking experience is completely secure. The pressure cooker was created by French inventor Denis Papin in 1680. The clunky heavy metal pressure regulator of old that made so much noise was the updated version of his original “marmite de Papin” or Papin Digestor. Fagor has created a sleek, easy-to-use pressure cooker with a temperature device built into the tight-fitting lid with a locking handle. When the lid is properly locked into place, an air- and steam-tight seal is created. As the cooking liquid in the pressure cooker is heated to the boiling point (212 F), steam is created. Since the steam cannot escape from the sealed pot, intense pressure is created. The internal cooking temperature will vary depending on the different levels of pressure created by the trapped steam. Foods cooked under high pressure reach a temperature of 250 F, which is 38 F hotter than when food is boiled in a normal pot. This speeds up the cooking process considerably. The intense pressure also reduces cooking time by one-third, which saves energy too. It also keeps your kitchen cool, retains more than 50 percent of the vitamins and minerals in your foods -- as well as the natural colors -- and can cook without oil to reduce fat and calories. The steam pressure breaks down the fibers

in food in a very short time, leaving food moist and succulent, with an intense intermingling of flavors. The beauty of using a pressure cooker is that you can quickly and easily turn almost any type of produce, grain or cut of meat into a fantastic meal. And don’t forget about desserts, which can be made in half the time. If you haven’t used a pressure cooker before, my recipe for Pressure Cooker Quinoa Salad is a simple and tasty introduction to this wonderful piece of kitchen equipment. PRESSURE COOKER QUINOA SALAD (Serves 6) Quinoa is a complete protein source that also is high in iron, magnesium and fiber. It has a delicate, slightly sweet and nutty flavor, and easily can be used in any recipe that calls for rice or pasta. Quinoa has a natural coating, called saponin. Saponin can make the cooked grain taste bitter if it isn’t rinsed thoroughly just before cooking. Boxed quinoa is often pre-rinsed, but it’s best to rinse it again. Toasting quinoa after it has been rinsed improves the texture of the grain. You can change this recipe to incorporate your favorite herbs, spices, vegetables and flavorings as desired. 1 cup black quinoa, rinsed well 1 teaspoon olive oil plus more for drizzling (about 2 tablespoons) 1 teaspoon salt 1 teaspoon ground black pepper 1/2 teaspoon garlic powder 1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper 1 1/2 cups of water or broth 1 large lime or lemon, zested and juiced 1 1/2 cups of chopped, raw vegetables (bell pepper, purple onion, celery, avocado, cucumbers, tomatoes, etc.) 1. Measure 1 cup of quinoa and place into a fine-mesh strainer. Rinse thoroughly with cool water for about 2 minutes, rubbing and swishing the quinoa with your hand. Drain. 2. Heat the olive oil in the pressure cooker pot (without the lid) over medium-high heat.

February 16th - 22nd, 2017

Add the drained quinoa, salt, pepper, garlic powder and cayenne pepper. Cook, stirring, for about 1 minute to let the water evaporate and to toast the quinoa and the spices. Add the water or broth, mixing well. 3. Close and lock the lid according to manufacturer’s instructions. Turn heat to high; when pressure is reached, lower the heat and cook for 1 minute at high pressure (or 2 minutes at low pressure). To release the pressure, turn off heat and wait 10 minutes for steam to release naturally. Then release the remaining pressure by carefully opening the valve. (Even if you hear the pressure releasing completely before the 10 minutes are up, do not remove the lid.) 4. When the time is up, remove the lid and fluff the quinoa gently with a fork. Toss quinoa with the zest, juice, vegetables and a drizzle of olive oil.

*** Angela Shelf Medearis is an award-winning children’s author, culinary historian and the author of seven cookbooks. Her new cookbook is “The Kitchen Diva’s Diabetic Cookbook.” Her website is www.divapro.com. To see how-to videos, recipes and much, much more, Like Angela Shelf Medearis, The Kitchen Diva! on Facebook. Recipes may not be reprinted without permission from Angela Shelf Medearis. (c) 2017 Angela Shelf Medearis and King Features Synd., Inc.


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Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

Fighting Animal Abuse at Your Front Door DEAR PAW’S CORNER: My neighbor and I are concerned about an older dog -- a black Lab, I think -- who comes down every day barking, begging and having accidents in front of our door. He can hardly walk and often falls down. He has open sores all over and you can see his ribs. He is definitely almost blind. We know where his home is and went down there a few times, but no one answered the door.

We’re so fed up with the sadness of the situation and his using the bathroom in front of our door daily. We called the police asking them to speak with its owner, but nothing seems to have changed. I really need your advice on what to do next. It breaks our hearts to know he is suffering. -- Carla V., via email DEAR CARLA: I commend you for trying to get help for this dog. I’d be interested to know what action the police took. Since the dog is still coming around, more complaints from you are necessary. Call the local police non-emergency number each time the dog shows up, and ask why the dog is still suffering and wandering off a leash. If the city or county has an animal-control department, contact it as well. It’s important to document what you see: You sent me a photo of the dog, and you should give that to the authorities, along with notes on how often the dog has shown up. The Animal Legal Defense Fund offers

February 16th - 22nd, 2017

more information on how to help animals you suspect are being abused. The Humane Society of the United States also has advice and instructions on contacting authorities or getting more help. Send your questions, tips or comments to ask@pawscorner.com. (c) 2017 King Features Synd., Inc.


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Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

STUNTMEN — (continued): • While filming “Rumble in the Bronx,” Jackie Chan broke his ankle. Rather than take time off to heal, he pulled a sock over his cast and painted it to look like a sneaker so he could continue shooting. Amazing Plants JIMSON WEED • Jimson weed is a double-edged plant. On one hand, it’s the source of several invaluable pharmaceutical medicines. On the other hand, it can kill. • The Latin name for the plant is “Datura stramonium.” • “Datura” comes from the Hindi word meaning “thorny apple” because the seed pod is spiky and round. • “Stramonium” springs from the Greek words “strychnos” denoting the poisonous nightshades (a word that also gave us “strychnine”) and the word “maniakos” meaning “mad.” Jimson weed is a member of the nightshade family, and it can drive a creature mad. • The name “jimson weed” is a shortening of “Jamestown weed.” In Jamestown, Virginia in 1676, a group of British soldiers helped themselves to a salad made with the leaves of this toxic plant. It took them eleven days to recover from the resulting delirium and hallucinations. • It’s also known by various other names, including devil’s trumpet and loco weed. • Every part of this weedy herb is dangerously toxic: leaves, flowers, seeds, and stems. Reportedly, even honey made from the nectar can be dangerous. • Because it has a bitter taste, most animals avoid it, though livestock fenced in pens or fields where

other forage is scarce may graze on it to their detriment. • A primary danger comes when the weed is growing wild amid hayfields and it is harvested with the silage and fed to livestock. Likewise, chickens have been poisoned by eating the seeds that were milled by accident along with other edible grains. • Jimson weed is an annual herb that grows up to five feet (1.5 m) tall and can be found nearly worldwide in moderate climates. It prefers disturbed areas such as garbage dumps, roadsides, and pastureland rich with animal waste.

February 16th - 22nd, 2017

• When any part of the plant is ingested, it triggers delirium and hallucinations that mimic schizophrenia, making it difficult for the victim to distinguish between fantasy and reality. Victims often speak to people who aren’t there, or smoke imaginary cigarettes. • It also causes alarming symptoms including an irregular heartbeat, seizures, high blood pressure, hypothermia, amnesia, and coma. Symptoms usually last 24 to 48 hours but can persist for up to two weeks. • Yet the plant is the source of a number of essential pharmaceutical medications. Scopolamine helps prevent nausea and vomiting caused by motion sickness or following anesthesia and surgery. Atropine is used to treat poisoning, to speed an irregular heartbeat, to reduce salivation during surgery, and to dilate the pupils of the eyes. • The amount of scopolamine and atropine varies widely in the plant, changing from day to day depending the age of the plant and the conditions it’s growing under. This unpredictable nature makes it dangerous to use the plant for home remedies, especially since the difference between a therapeutic dose and a toxic dose is difficult to discern without medical apparatus. • Some people who have ingested Jimson weed, whether accidentally or intentionally, have ended up in psychiatric wards when they were unable to describe the reason for their bizarre behavior. • Some experts think that ancient Delphic oracles boiled the plant and inhaled the steam in order to induce visions. THE ISLAND OF SURTSEY • Surtsey is an island off the coast of Iceland that was born from a volcanic eruption that started in 1963 and continued until 1967. • In 1963, men on a fishing trawler off the coast of Iceland saw a column of smoke and thought it was a ship on fire. When Continued on Page 11

PRICE REDUCED


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DOUGLAS, WYOMING

Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

February 16th - 22nd, 2017

I-25 Exit 135 & 140

STUNTMEN — (continued): who want to understand more about how they investigated, they found that it was a sterile environment is colonized. Access instead an underwater volcanic eruption. to the island has been controlled since its By the end of the week, the volcano had birth. broken the surface of the sea and an island • When the island was only one month old, began to form. microbes hovered in the air over the island. • After the eruption ceased, the island was The first flies and butterflies appeared on measured at one square mile in area (2.7 the barren island a few months later. km2) but in the years since, wave action has • By 1967 when the volcanic eruption finally eroded the island and it is now half the size ceased, there were 63 species of insects that it once was. Though erosion continues, found there. By 1970 the list of insect it’s unlikely the island will ever completely species found on the island had grown to disappear because the waves now beat 136. Most of the insects found had been against the hard volcanic shores instead of blown there and did not survive. However, the loose volcanic fragments. by 1970 there were breeding populations of • The island is 20 miles (32 km) south of both springtails and midges. the southern coast of Iceland. The name is • The birds found Surtsey quickly as well. Icelandic meaning “Surtr’s Island” named Only two weeks after the island had been for the mythological Norse giant Surtur, formed, sea gulls were landing there to who is charged with the responsibility rest. In 1967, 14 species of birds stopped of setting fire to the world after the Last by the island regularly. By 1970 three Judgement. different species of birds were nesting on • The formation and development of this Surtsey while 16 other species stopped by island has been closely studied by scientists occasionally to rest. • Plants also arrived in short order. A sea rocket was the first plant to set down roots there, in 1965. Sea rockets are members of the cabbage family that grow well in salty and sandy conditions. • By 1969 there were four additional species of plants on Surtsey. Many of these plants

grew around a barrel scientists had placed on the island to collect rainwater.

• •

Birds perched on the edge of the barrel to drink. Their droppings, containing seeds of plants they had eaten, fell on the ground and sprouted. Mosses also grew well, but scientists suspected they had brought in the moss spores on the bottoms of their shoes. Another item brought in unintentionally by a scientist included a tomato plant that was found growing on the island in 1969. Researchers were confused at how it arrived, until they concluded that someone had defecated and the tomato seed had sprouted after passing through the human digestive system. The tomato plant was pulled up, lest it contaminate the natural order of things. When a large, grass-covered tussock washed ashore in 1974, scientists found it harbored 663 land invertebrates, most of which survived the sea crossing. By 1983, seals were breeding on the island. Today about 60 species of plants grow on the island regularly. Today there is a webcam, a weather station, and a hut to shelter scientists on the island. Only about 100 people have set foot on the island since it formed.


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CLASSIFIEDS

Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland - For Advertising Call 307-473-8661

February 16th - 22nd, 2017

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Tidbits of Eastern WY - Feb 16, 2017