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Issue #488

September 26-Oct. 2nd 2013

Published and distributed by Alimon Publishing, LLC - www.tidbitswyoming.com - tidbits@tidbitswyoming.com - 307-473-8661

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TIDBITS® CONSIDERS

TEETH

by Janet Spencer Blood is 83% water, and bones are 25% water. Tooth enamel, the hardest substance in the human body, is only 2% water. Come along with Tidbits as we take a look at teeth! FAST FACTS • The most widespread human disease is tooth decay, affecting 98% of Americans. • The enamel on a human tooth is only 1/1,000th of an inch thick. • There are over 100,000 dentists in the U.S., and they see a million patients every day. • Every day, dentists put 80 lbs. (36 kg) of gold in American mouths and fill 1/2 million cavities. 75 tons of gold are used each year for filling people’s teeth, and about 5% of all gold mined is used in dentistry. • For every 100 inductees into the U.S. Army, more than 600 cavities have to be filled; 112 teeth have to be pulled; and 40 bridges, 21 crowns, 18 partial dentures, and one full denture have to be installed. • Sugar does not cause tooth decay. Bacteria feeding on the sugar that remains in the mouth too long is what causes tooth decay. There are between 50 and 100 million bacteria in the average human mouth. • •In some countries, most people eat so little sugar that entire cities are cavity-free.

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DOUGLAS HAPPENINGS

• One of the former Duchesses of Windsor, when asked to reveal the secret to a long and happy life, replied, “Fill what’s empty, empty what’s full and scratch where it itches.” • You might be surprised to learn that Italians spend more time on social media than people of any other nationality. • In medieval times in Great Britain, those accused of a crime could prove their innocence (or guilt) in trial by battle. This law was unused and nearly forgotten for centuries. Then, in 1817, a man named Abraham Thornton was charged with murder in the death of a young woman named Mary Ashford. The evidence against Thornton was nearly overwhelming, but he claimed the right to trial by battle against his accuser. Since the law was still on the books, the court decided it had no choice but to grant his request. Thornton’s accuser was William Ashford, the

victim’s brother, but since he declined to appear on the field of battle, Thornton was freed. Shortly thereafter, trail by battle was officially abolished in the country. • Cats can bark, too. • With 1.45 million lightning strikes per year, Florida experiences more lightning than any other state in the country. Central Florida is unofficially known as the Lightning Capital of the World. • If you’re like 70 percent of Americans, you hate the idea of your parents moving in with you, according to a recent survey. However, if those survey respondents had to have one parent move in with them, two out of three would choose Mom over Dad.

*** Thought for the Day: “I’ve learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel.” — Maya Angelou © 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.


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The tradition of hunting on Wyoming’s public lands began more than a century ago and that tradition continues to thrive today. Many of Wyoming’s residents are avid hunters who enjoy sharing the experience with family and friends. In addition, people from across the country travel to Wyoming each fall to experience the thrill of hunting Wyoming’s big game species. License applications may be submitted singly or in party groups of 2 to 6 people. The legal age for hunting big game is 12. A hunter safety card is required by law for anyone born after January 1, 1966. Out of state hunter safety cards are honored. The card must be in hunter’s possession at all times. The Wyoming Game and Fish Department Regulations are revised periodically and hunters are encouraged to check for updates on a regular basis. Future season dates may change from year to year, so plan far in advance. Visit www.wgfd.wyo.gov for more information.

Wyoming’s Top Ten Hunting Violations

visible external sex organs, head or antlers shall accompany the animal as a whole.

HUNTING IN THE WRONG AREA For example, a general license is only valid in general license areas and cannot be legally used in limited quota areas. A limited quota It is illegal to shoot from or across a public license is only valid for the road when hunting or target shooting. Two- area or areas listed and no others. track roads on public lands are not public roads. The road surface, the area between the HUNTING WITHOUT fences on fenced public road or highway and HUNTER EDUCATION an area thirty feet perpendicular to the edge of the road surface on an unfenced public road Wyoming law requires all hunters born on or highway shall be considered public road or or after Jan. 1, 1966 to have passed a certified hunter education course. Hunters must carry highway. their hunter education card with them.

SHOOTING FROM A PUBLIC ROAD

FAILURE TO RETAIN TAGGING EVIDENCE OF VIOLATIONS GENDER ON A These violations range from forgetting to sign BIG GAME your license in the excitement of having just ANIMAL bagged a big game animal to a “slick license” where the hunter intentionally omits all the tagging procedure with the hope of using the license again. Hunters are reminded detailed tagging instructions are printed on each big game license.

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Some licenses and hunt areas require a specific gender be harvested. When there are gender restrictions, either the


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FALSE OATH When a non-resident purchases resident licenses or a person purchases resident licenses without having resided in and been domiciled in the state for one full year immediately preceding the date of purchase of the license.

TRESPASSING Hunters must have permission to enter private land in Wyoming, even if the intent is to just cross the private land to reach public land. In Wyoming, private property does not have to be posted to deny access.

WANTON DESTRUCTION Shooting an animal and leaving it to waste. The most common occurrence of this is a hunter who “high grades” or abandons a big game animal wanting one with larger antlers.

FAILURE TO WEAR FLOURESCENT ORANGE

For whatever reason, some big game hunters still refuse to wear fluorescent orange. Wyoming has a flexible hunter orange law com-

pared to many states. In Wyoming, hunters must visibly wear a fluorescent orange vest/ coat, hat or both.

FAILURE TO PURCHASE CONSERVATION STAMP In addition to the license, all hunters, except Pioneer License holders who are exercising hunting or fishing privileges under a pioneer license, must purchase a $12.50 Conservation Stamp. If the pioneer is hunting on a non-pioneer license, a conservation stamp is required.

INFORMATION YOU NEED TO KNOW:

• Hunter Safety: : If you are going to hunt with us and your age requires a hunters safety course Please be aware you must carry valid proof of completing this course before going afield. You will be required to take a safety course if you were born after Jan. 1st 1966. If you are in need of this course please contact your local Department of Natural Resources(or equivalent) for available classes and locations. • Safety Orange: Big Game hunters in Wyoming must wear, in a visible manner, one or more exterior garments of hunter orange, from the waist up

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Welcome to Platte County, Wyoming!

Whether you’re here for vacation, looking to relocate, or just passing through, you’ll see that Platte County is a truly wonderful place to be. The Platte County Farmers Markets will be held every Saturday from 8:00 until 10:30 in the Pocket Park beginning this Saturday, July 13 through September 21st.

TEETH (continued): •

Which country has the most cavities per person? The USA, where Americans eat an average of 21 teaspoons of sugar per day. • The type of candy that’s best at promoting cavities in teeth is dark chocolate or fudge. • Chewable vitamin C tablets can erode tooth enamel if used on a long-term basis. DENTAL HISTORY • Archeologists found the remains of an Egyptian man whose perfectly preserved gold bridgework, installed 4,500 years ago, is the oldest known example of restorative dentistry. • The first electric dental drill was patented in 1875. Prior to that, dental drills had been powered by foot treadles. Before foot treadles, cavities were treated by putting a drop of “vitriol” in them. Vitriol is now known as sulfuric acid, and it killed the nerves in the tooth. • In the 1800s false teeth were made from wood or ivory, but they didn’t last long. A revolutionary dentist named Parmly found that when real teeth were used to replace missing teeth, they worked much better. The trouble was where to find real teeth. The war of 1812 was raging at the time, so Parmly solved the problem by visiting the site of the Battle of Bridgewater shortly after the battle ended. With his brother to assist him, he collected thousands of teeth from fallen soldiers. He used them to fashion dentures guaranteed to last a lifetime. • The Florence Manufacturing Company of Massachusetts was one of the first companies to produce toothbrushes in America in 1885. • The natural bristles of early toothbrushes were taken from the necks and shoulders of swine, especially pigs living in colder climates like Siberia and China. The first nylon bristles were introduced in 1938. GEORGE WASHINGTON’S TEETH • George Washington, who lost all of his teeth at an early age, actually had several sets of false teeth. None were made of wood, which is a popular misconception. Two of them were made of hippopotamus ivory and gold, fashioned by Dr. John Greenwood, who was one of the most prominent dentists of the day. They had springs in them which pressed them firmly against the top and bottom of his mouth. Washington had to actively close his mouth to keep his teeth together. One of the denture sets is on display at the Samuel Harris National Museum of Dentistry in Baltimore. The other set was donated to the University of Maryland Dental School in Baltimore, which is the oldest dental college in the world. They in turn loaned the dentures to the Smithsonian Institute in 1976 for display at the bicentennial ex-

hibit. They were stolen from the Smithsonian on June 19, 1981, probably for their gold content. The owner of the Carnegie Deli in New York offered a reward of a year’s worth of delicatessen food for their safe return, no questions asked. However, the dentures have never been recovered. FAST FACTS • In 1733, dentures gave rise to an important legal test case. John Zenger, editor of the New York Weekly Journal, said about Governor William Cosby that he had loathsome false teeth and an unclean mouth. The governor sued for libel. Zenger’s lawyer maintained the comments were not libelous unless it could be proven that the comments were wrong. The jury must have agreed that the governor had loathsome false teeth, because they found Zenger not guilty. • Clark Gable had no teeth, but wore dentures. “Gone With the Wind” co-star Vivian Leigh complained that he had terrible breath. TOOTH FAIRY MUSEUM • When in Deerfield, Illinois, visit the Tooth Fairy Museum to see a Tooth Fairy treasure trove including Tooth Fairies made out of everything from paper mache to clay to fabric. There are tooth fairy angels, pixies, ballerinas, and even a Tooth Fairy bag lady. Of course there are a lot of Tooth Fairy boxes designed for children to put their teeth into in order to receive their money. One is shaped like a set of pink gums and is designed so that each tooth lost is placed in the appropriate slot, reproducing the child’s smile. • Collecting money for lost teeth is an American habit which became popular around 1900. At that time the going rate per tooth was about 12 cents. Now, it’s at least a dollar per tooth lost. YOU BE THE JUDGE • A dental hygienist who happened to be a born-again Christian found that when she had people in the dental chair it was a perfect time to save their souls. Patients resented this; the dentist she worked for forbad it; but she

continued the practice anyway. She was fired. She sued, saying she’d only been exercising her right to free speech. If you were the judge, how would you rule? The judge disagreed with the hygienist and supported her dismissal because, “a dentist has the right to expect his hygienist... not to add more discomfort to a patient’s already uncomfortable situation.” ALFRED E. NEUMAN • An ad for a dental clinic in Topeka, Kansas in the 1920’s featured a grinning boy with red hair, freckles and a missing front tooth. The boy was not worried a bit, because his dentist was Painless Romine. The picture of the grinning boy also appeared in ads for shoes and soft drinks. In the 1950’s the boy was adopted by Mad Magazine, and named Alfred E. Neuman. His slogan became, “What, me worry?” In 1956 he was even featured as a write-in candidate for president, but lost. Women in History PATSY SHERMAN • When Patsy Sherman was in high school, she took an aptitude test to see what kind of career she would be good at. In 1947, boys and girls took separate tests. Her test showed that a good career for her would be as a housewife. Patsy did NOT want to be a housewife. So she insisted that they let her take the aptitude test for boys. This version said she would be good at dentistry or chemistry. She liked those ideas better. • In college she studied math and chemistry, with only a few other women in her classes. After graduating in 1952, she got a part time temp job with 3M in Minnesota as a chemist. She intended to work for 3M just until she had enough money to attend medical school. Instead, she stayed in her “temp” job until 1992 largely due to a “fortuitous” accident. • The project she was assigned to work on was to develop a sturdy synthetic rubber that would stand up to regular contact with jet fuels, which caused the existing rubber hoses to disintegrate. One day a small bottle of a synthetic latex compound fell to the floor, shattering and splattering an assistant’s tennis shoes with a milky substance similar to sap. They tried to wipe it off the shoe. Soap, water, alcohol, and other solvents were tried but they all just rolled off. The compound didn’t change the look or feel of the canvas shoe, and as the days passed, the shoe became dirtier and dirtier– except for the spots where the chemical had landed, which remained white and clean. This bore more investigation. • Dipping some fabric in the compound, Patsy

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Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland - For Advertising Call 307-473-8661

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Start your morning with a glass of water with fresh lemon juice squeezed into it. Paradoxically, lemon juice helps to promote healthy alkalinity in your body. Almost instantly, you will feel calmer and better able to handle stress. Lemon juice also helps you to absorb minerals, so be sure to drink it when you take any nutritional supplements.

What’s Good About Good Cholesterol

DEAR DR. DONOHUE: I have a yearly checkup with a number of blood tests. All has been well for a number of years, except for my HDL cholesterol. I am a 62-year-old woman, and my HDL has hovered around 39. I watch my diet carefully, exercise daily and have taken nd am still taking niacin, but the HDL refuses to budge. My total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol are fine. What should I do? — L.Y. ANSWER: HDL cholesterol is the socalled good cholesterol. It’s believed to remove cholesterol from the walls of arteries and take it to the liver for disposal. For women, HDL cholesterol ought to be 50 mg/dL (1.3 mol/L) or higher. For men, the target is 40 (1.04) or higher. British researchers have punctured the HDL balloon. They say that HDL cholesterol doesn’t protect the heart and that its benefits have been greatly overblown. HDL is a complicated substance, composed of a variety of components, each having different and often opposing effects. The full extent of how it figures into artery-hardening and heart disease hasn’t been completely explained. If you were my patient, I’d tell you to forget your HDL cholesterol. You’ve done everything you can to raise it, but it hasn’t budged. More importantly, your total cholesterol and bad cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, are at favorable levels. The main attention should be directed to these cholesterol components. If your doctor hasn’t said you need to be strict about HDL cholesterol, don’t pay so much attention to it. The booklet on cholesterol details its effect on the body and the heart. It does not contain this information on HDL cholesterol, however. To order a copy, write: Dr. Donohue — No. 201W, Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. Enclose a check or money order (no cash) for $4.75 U.S./$6 Canada with the recipient’s printed name and address. Please allow four weeks for delivery. *** DEAR DR. DONOHUE: I had a persistent cough. My primary-care physician thought I was allergic to Old Spice aftershave lotion, so my husband stopped using it, to no avail. Then she thought it might be acid reflux, and put me on medicine that did nothing.

vironment is not often thought of as a cause of cough. I’m happy the ENT doctor gave you and me the tip. The three major causes of a persistent cough are asthma, postnasal drip and gastroesophageal reflux disease (heartburn). R.G has alerted us to think of other possibilities. *** Dr. Donohue regrets that he is unable to answer individual letters, but he will incorporate them in his column whenever possible. Readers may write him or request an order form of available health newsletters at P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 328536475. © 2013 North America Synd., Inc.

She sent me to a specialist, who took chest X-rays and all that good stuff. He gave me a cough medicine with a tiny bit of codeine in it. He said my cough would stop shortly. It didn’t. He sent me to an ear, nose and throat doctor. The first question he asked was what the humidity of our house was. It runs around 40 percent to 45 percent. He told me to get it up to 50 percent to 75 percent. We did, and my cough left in four days. It took three years and four doctors before I learned what was really wrong. I hope you can pass this along to the person with a chronic cough. — R.G. ANSWER: A dry en-


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TEETH (continued):

and her research partner Sam Smith found that it repelled both oil and water, and would allow nothing to penetrate the fabric. The chemical surrounded each fiber in the fabric with an invisible fluorochemical shield which was impervious to water, oils, and dirt. Permanent press fabrics were just being introduced, but stains tended to be permanent in permanent press. Something that protected fabric from being stained would be very valuable. This particular formula was too gummy to use on fabrics, so Patsy was hired full time to work with Sam to develop a version that was thinner. It took them three years to come up with the product dubbed Scotchgard, and both Pasty’s and Sam’s name appear on the patent. Once they had the formula, the company needed to figure out how to manufacture and package it. (Patsy could not enter the textile mills where her products were being tested because no women were allowed.) Scotchgard was put on the market in 1956. Shortly after it was introduced, the manager of the manufacturing plant informed 3M that there was “a year’s supply” of Scotchgard ready to go. Within a few days, the entire stock was sold. Scotchgard became one of their most profitable products and funded 3M’s development into a global industry.

• A rubbery molecule of Scotchgard is made of fluorine, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. One side of the molecule is sticky, causing it to cling to fabrics, and the other end is slippery, making it repel stains. Not only does it keep fabrics clean, but it also makes them more durable. Eventually around 100 different products were developed. • Patsy and her partner Sam Smith patented over a dozen other inventions, including an “optical brightener” which gives detergent companies the right to say that their product makes clothes “whiter than white.” Patsy eventually became manager of Technical Development and retired from 3M in 1992. She served on the board of the National Inventors Hall of Fame and was inducted into the Minnesota Inventors Hall of Fame in 1983. She died in 2008.

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Building a Pet First-Aid Kit DEAR PAW’S CORNER: I read in a guide to cutting dogs’ toenails that “styptic” will stop bleeding if you cut their paws. What is that, and where do I get it? — Perry in Dallas DEAR PERRY: Styptic powder can be used on small nicks and tiny cuts to stop bleeding and reduce pain. That’s helpful when trimming pets’ toenails, which can be a traumatic experience for them, especially if you should trim a little too far up the nail and accidentally cut the quick. The powder is applied with a cotton ball or soft cloth. Most owners keep it right next to them as they trim their pets’ nails, so it can be applied immediately. In fact, styptic powder should be an essential part of something every pet owner should have: an easy-toaccess first-aid kit for their pets. You don’t have to buy a complete kit; you can assemble a few key items and store them

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in a tightly sealed plastic container. In addition to the powder, a pet firstaid kit should have gauze and tape, a small bar of soap, a disinfectant like hydrogen peroxide or alcohol wipes, Benadryl (plain, with no ibuprofen or acetaminophen), cotton balls and disinfecting hand wash (for you). Its main purpose is to treat small cuts and scrapes, but you can add other items that you think are essential, including the veterinarian’s phone number, extra identification tags, copies of your pet’s shot records and a spare leash. More ideas can be found at the Humane Society of the United States’ website. Send your questions or comments to ask@ pawscorner.com. Did you know mosquitos can transmit heartworm larvae to dogs, but fleas don’t? Find out more in my new book, “Fighting Fleas,” available now. © 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.

you can poke a hole in the tennis ball and insert it on the top of your broom handle. When you hit a scuff, flip your broom over and rub. Most come off right away! • “Buy pretty dishtowels and tablecloths on clearance and • With holidays on the way, money is getclip them on curting tight in my household. This is a fun, tain rods for a quick creative way to save a bit of cash: Plan a nowindow treatment.” — spend weekend every month, where you T.C. in Texas don’t spend any money on your activities. Challenge your children to help you plan • Here’s a great, natural solution for tightening your facial pores, it, or take turns finding activities. — JoAnn and it feels wonderful on tired skin, too. • “To keep my sharp kitchen scissors in the Start by brewing a cup of rosehip tea and kitchen, I tied a long piece of yarn to the pouring it into an ice-cube tray to freeze. handle and attached it to the handle of the When it’s all frozen, take out a cube. Wrap drawer I keep them in. Now, those scissors it inside of a washcloth, and wet just the get used in the kitchen, or nowhere!” — J.J. spot where the cube is. Then, rub it over in Florida your face. • Remove scuff marks from hardsurface • “My kids use rewards charts for chores floors (wood, linoleum, tile) with a clean and good behavior, etc. I used to get some tennis ball. If your floor has many scuffs, little toys at the dollar store for rewards, but I ended up at the local thrift store one day and noticed that there were plenty of

nice, small toys that were actually cheaper than at the dollar store! Plus, they are getting one more use, and that’s good for the environment!” — A.K. in Pennsylvania Send your tips to Now Here’s a Tip, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475 or e-mail JoAnn at heresatip@yahoo.com. © 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.


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GLENRO CK HAPPENINGS ATTRACTIONS

Rock In The Glen Deer Creek Station Emigrant Crossing Mormon Mines A.H. Unthank Grave Brigham Young Mail Station

Deer Creek Museum Paleontological Museum Parker-Ringo Grave ADA Magill Grave Hayden Pioneer Monument

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by 15th- and 16th-century masters. Today, Dam begins sending electricity over 266 there are dozens of Artmobile-inspired miles of transmission lines to Los Angeles. museums on wheels in cities and towns The central reason for the dam, however, across the United States and around the was the collection, preservation and distriworld. bution of water. • On Oct. 8, 1871, flames spark in the Chica- • On Oct. 11, 1975, “Saturday Night Live,” a topical comedy sketch show featuring go barn of Patrick and Catherine O’Leary, Chevy Chase, John Belushi, Dan Aykroyd, igniting a two-day blaze that kills hundreds • On Oct. 12, 1492, Italian explorer ChrisGilda Radner, Garrett Morris, Jane Curtin of people, destroys 17,450 buildings and topher Columbus reaches the New World. and Laraine Newman, makes its debut on leaves 100,000 omeless. Columbus, and most othNBC. It would go on to become the longLegend has it that the ers, underestimated the estrunning, highest-rated show on latefire started when a cow world’s size. The expedinight television. kicked over a lantern in tion probably first landed the O’Leary barn. at Watling Island in the Bahamas. Columbus later • On Oct. 7, 1943, Rear Adm. Shigematsu sighted Cuba, which he Sakaibara, commander thought was mainland of the Japanese garriChina. son on Wake Island, or• On Oct. 10, 1845, The ders the execution of 96 United States Naval Academy opens in AnAmericans POWs, claiming they were trynapolis, Md., with 50 midshipmen students ing to make radio contact with U.S. forces. and seven professors. Known as the Naval The execution of those POWs remains one School until 1850, the curriculum included of the more brutal episodes of the war in mathematics and navigation, gunnery and the Pacific. steam, chemistry, English, natural philoso• On Oct. 13, 1953, the world’s first art muphy and French. © 2013 King Features Synd., Inc. seum on wheels, the Artmobile, opens in • On Oct. 9, 1936, harnessing the power of Fredericksburg, Va., carrying 16 paintings the mighty Colorado River, the Hoover


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