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Issue #486

September 12-18th 2013

Published and distributed by Alimon Publishing, LLC - www.tidbitswyoming.com - tidbits@tidbitswyoming.com - 307-473-8661

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SURNAMES by Janet Spencer

For centuries people went through life with only one name. As the population grew and more people shared the same name, it became necessary to add descriptive information about which John or Mary was being discussed. That’s when surnames were added. Sur comes from the Latin super and means ‘above and beyond.’ Come along with Tidbits as we consider names. • Many surnames began as physical descriptions of a person: Black, White, Little, Longfellow. Some described their personal qualities: Smart, Swift, Armstrong, Truman. Many described occupations: Cook, Baker, Butler, Carpenter, Farmer, Taylor, Weaver. Some described where the person lived: Wood, River, Churchill. Some described who the person was related to: Johnson, Peterson, Anderson. • Taxes had a big factor in the naming of people. Nobody wanted to pay taxes twice, so names and identities needed to be clear. By the 1300s it was normal for everybody to have two names. Names, just like all other words, pass from one language into the next and travel from country to country. When any word passes into a new language, it usuContinued on Page 7

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DOUGLAS HAPPENINGS

• It was noted wit Ambrose Bierce who made the following sage observation: “All are lunatics, but he who can analyze his delusion is called a philosopher.” • When the famous “Hollywood” sign was constructed in 1923, it read “Hollywoodland.” It was an advertisement for a new housing development and was expected to be in place only about a year and a half. The sign became such a recognizable symbol of the new film industry in Los Angeles that it has been refurbished and rebuilt as necessary for 90 years. • In January of 2004, the Food and Drug Administration approved the use of maggots as a medical device for cleaning wounds. • If you’re planning a trip to Laramie,

Wyo., you might want to make a pilgrimage to the Ames Pyramid. At the end of a 2-mile dirt road, in the middle of featureless pastureland, you’ll find this 60-foot-tall monument seemingly plunked down at random. The pyramid was built in 1882 near a line of the Union Pacific railroad and in honor of the railroad’s financiers. It was thought that the monument would be a welcome distraction to railroad passengers traveling through the plains of Wyoming. The decline of railroad travel, however, caused many tracks to be removed, including the line that ran by the pyramid. Now only cows are left to admire this relic of the industrial age. • The 1979 horror movie “Alien” has become a cult classic, but not many people realize that it was originally titled “Star Beast.” *** Thought for the Day: “Hollywood is a place where they’ll pay you a thousand dollars for a kiss and 50 cents for your soul. I know, because I turned down the first offer often enough and held out for the 50 cents.” — Marilyn Monroe © 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.


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Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

The tradition of hunting on Wyoming’s public lands began more than a century ago and that tradition continues to thrive today. Many of Wyoming’s residents are avid hunters who enjoy sharing the experience with family and friends. In addition, people from across the country travel to Wyoming each fall to experience the thrill of hunting Wyoming’s big game species. License applications may be submitted singly or in party groups of 2 to 6 people. The legal age for hunting big game is 12. A hunter safety card is required by law for anyone born after January 1, 1966. Out of state hunter safety cards are honored. The card must be in hunter’s possession at all times. The Wyoming Game and Fish Department Regulations are revised periodically and hunters are encouraged to check for updates on a regular basis. Future season dates may change from year to year, so plan far in advance. Visit www.wgfd.wyo.gov for more information.

Wyoming’s Top Ten Hunting Violations

visible external sex organs, head or antlers shall accompany the animal as a whole.

HUNTING IN THE WRONG AREA For example, a general license is only valid in general license areas and cannot be legally used in limited quota areas. A limited quota It is illegal to shoot from or across a public license is only valid for the road when hunting or target shooting. Two- area or areas listed and no others. track roads on public lands are not public roads. The road surface, the area between the HUNTING WITHOUT fences on fenced public road or highway and HUNTER EDUCATION an area thirty feet perpendicular to the edge of the road surface on an unfenced public road Wyoming law requires all hunters born on or highway shall be considered public road or or after Jan. 1, 1966 to have passed a certified hunter education course. Hunters must carry highway. their hunter education card with them.

SHOOTING FROM A PUBLIC ROAD

FAILURE TO RETAIN TAGGING EVIDENCE OF VIOLATIONS GENDER ON A These violations range from forgetting to sign BIG GAME your license in the excitement of having just ANIMAL bagged a big game animal to a “slick license” where the hunter intentionally omits all the tagging procedure with the hope of using the license again. Hunters are reminded detailed tagging instructions are printed on each big game license.

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Some licenses and hunt areas require a specific gender be harvested. When there are gender restrictions, either the


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FALSE OATH When a non-resident purchases resident licenses or a person purchases resident licenses without having resided in and been domiciled in the state for one full year immediately preceding the date of purchase of the license.

TRESPASSING

Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

Wyoming has a flexible hunter orange law compared to many states. In Wyoming, hunters must visibly wear a fluorescent orange vest/coat, hat or both.

FAILURE TO PURCHASE CONSERVATION STAMP In addition to the license, all hunters, except Pioneer License holders who are exercising hunting or fishing privileges under a pioneer license, must purchase a $12.50 Conservation Stamp. If the pioneer is hunting on a non-pioneer license, a conservation stamp is required.

Hunters must have permission to enter pri- INFORMATION YOU vate land in Wyoming, even if the intent is NEED TO KNOW: to just cross the private land to reach public • Hunter Safety: : If you are going to hunt land. In Wyoming, private property does with us and your age requires a hunters safenot have to be posted to deny access. ty course Please be aware you must carry valid proof of completing this course before WANTON DESTRUCTION going afield. You will be required to take a safety course if you were born after Jan. 1st Shooting an animal and leaving it to waste. 1966. If you are in need of this course please The most common occurrence of this is a contact your local Department of Natural hunter who “high grades” or abandons a big Resources(or equivalent) for available classgame animal wanting one with larger ant- es and locations. lers. FAILURE TO WEAR • Safety Orange: Big Game hunters in WyoFLOURESCENT ORANGE ming must wear, in a visible manner, one or more exterior garments of hunter orange, For whatever reason, some big game hunt- from the waist up ers still refuse to wear fluorescent orange.

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Leash Laws Are Sometimes Vague

DEAR PAW’S CORNER: I’m writing in reference to your recent column about training a “cool city pooch.” You’re forgetting that many cities have laws about tying up your dog to lampposts. Unless that “cool pooch’s” owner wants to pay a fine, he’d better forget about doing that. — S.Y., via e-mail DEAR S.Y.: That’s a good point: Pet owners should check city ordinances ahead of time before taking their pets out on a stroll. Are pets completely not allowed inside businesses by city law, rather than at the business owner’s discretion? Can you tie their leash to a lamppost, bike stand or outdoor table? Can a dog be unaccompanied or off leash at any time? As a counterpoint, many cities’ leash laws are sometimes a bit vague on this point. Almost all require that owners keep their dogs under control at all times, and on a leash everywhere except in designated off-

leash areas. Municipal buildings and schools are usually off-limits to non-service dogs, period. Some cities, and an increasing number of businesses, are making more allowances for dogs. For example, some grocery stores and a few department stores in my area, like Home Depot, allow small dogs inside as long as they stay on a leash beside their owner and are well-behaved. However, it is up to the pet owner to learn what the rules are in the businesses he or she wants to frequent. The most important point, beyond what’s written in leash laws or by businesses, is that pet owners be good citizens, and make sure their dog is safe and under their control when out and about. Send your questions or comments to ask@pawscorner.com. Did you know mosquitos can transmit heartworm larvae to dogs, but fleas don’t? Find out more in my new book, “Fighting Fleas,” available now. © 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.

on the grill.” — J.V. in Alabama • When preparing outdoor furniture for • To keep algae from growing in your backthe toys from the weather and bugs!” — winter storage, it’s important to give it a yard birdbath, add a few copper pennies. W.K. in Illinois good cleaning. If you have a truck, why not Or you can get a small piece of copper pipe • “I had a plastic storage bin that cracked, load it up and take it to the local self-serve from the homeimprovement store. It keeps and I was about to throw it out when my car wash? The specialized brushes make the algae from getting out of control. son stopped me. He cut holes in either it easy to clean right there in the back of • When you need an extra garbage bag, like side and used it to cover the outdoor pipes the vehicle, and a pressure rinse gets soap during a party or while doing lawn chores, that stick up out of the ground. Now they and dirt from all the nooks and crannies. try this cool trick: Use a large pop-up launwill be protected from cold temperatures, — JoAnn dry bin, and line it with a lawn-and-leaf and from the weed eater through the rest • “While at a backyard barbecue now that garbage bag. Use chip clips to secure it at of fall. My boy!” —T.R. in South Carolina the weather has turned nice out (down the top if you need to. in the South, anyway), I learned this trick from a neighbor. Put hot dogs in the slow • “We keep a regular-size galvanized steel Send your tips to Now Here’s a Tip, c/o King trash can with lid out on our deck for the Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orcooker. Don’t add water or anything. They kids’ toys. It’s big enough to hold every- lando, FL 32853-6475 or e-mail JoAnn at heretaste really good without taking up space thing, convenient enough to drag around satip@yahoo.com. the yard to clean up, and the lid protects © 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.


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Welcome to Platte County, Wyoming!

Whether you’re here for vacation, looking to relocate, or just passing through, you’ll see that Platte County is a truly wonderful place to be. The Platte County Farmers Markets will be held every Saturday from 8:00 until 10:30 in the Pocket Park beginning this Saturday, July 13 through September 21st.

SURNAMES (continued): ally changes a bit. A massive name-changing occurred when foreigners speaking strange languages arrived in America at the desks of tired government clerks whose job was to write their names down in English. Difficult names were frequently Americanized on the spot. SURNAME SYSTEMS • In Germany there are laws regulating which names may be used, and names entered into the official record must be kept for life. German law also states that a woman must take her husband’s name upon marriage. The Roman Catholic Church requires that a baby be named after a saint. • Until 1804, Jews of eastern Europe and Russia were known only by their first names and the name of their father: Yaakov was his first name and his father’s name was Yitzhak, so his name was Yaakov ben Yitzhak. (Ben means ‘son of.’) Therefore, no name was kept for more than a single generation. Czar Alexander I forced Jews to acquire permanent surnames in order to aid in tax collection and the draft of Jewish soldiers. • In Slavic languages, suffixes -vitch and -ov mean ‘descendent of ’ and many names end in those: Ivanovitch and Chekov. German and Austrian Jews used the ending -sohn, which also means ‘son of ’ such as Mendelsohn. • In Sweden it was standard for sons to be given a first name followed by a surname of their father’s first name with -son added on. When Lars Carlson had a son named Erik, his name became Erik Larson. Erik Larson’s son Peter became Peter Erikson. Peter Erikson’s son John became John Peterson, etc. • The Hispanic tradition is to give the child his given name and follow it with the father’s surname and then the mother’s maiden name. • When the slaves were freed they were

required to pick out surnames for themselves. Many adopted their previous owner’s names, and some picked out names of people they admired. Booker T. Washington and George Washington were greatly admired by blacks, so many took on the name of Washington. Today 4/5ths of the people named Washington are black. • In Scotland it was customary for the mother’s maiden name to become the child’s middle name. After becoming common as middle names, they frequently became used as first names, including such names

as Sidney, Howard, Percy, Scott, and Grant. • The Seminole Indians chose three names for each person. The first name described the person’s temperament. The second name described their physical appearance. The third name linked them to an animal. Typical names would be Crazy-RoundBeaver or Wise-Tall-Bear. • There are about a billion Chinese living in China, yet they share only about 1,000 surnames. The most popular are Wong, Lee, Chang, and Ho. POPULAR NAMES • The Social Security Administration lists about 1.3 million different family names. One-third of them occur only once in the nation. Others are more popular. For instance, ‘Smith’ originally meant any craftsman who used a hammer: metal workers, wood carvers, and stone masons. The German word for smith is Schmidt; in Italian it’s Ferrari; in Polish it’s Kowalski; in Gaelic it’s McGowan. The Jim Smith Society was established in 1969. It has annual meet-

ings of people named Jim Smith. • Cohen (‘priest’) is the most common Jewish surname in the U.S. In New York City, there are more Cohens than there are Smiths. Rodriguez (‘son of Rodrigo’) is the most common Hispanic name, followed by Gonzalez (‘son of Gonzalo’), Garcia, (‘brave in battle’) and Lopez (from ‘lupus’ meaning wolf). The most common Irish names are Murphy (‘the seafighter’), Kelly (‘the contentious one’), Sullivan (‘the black-eyed one’), Ryan (‘little king’), Dun (‘brown’), Burke (‘dweller at the fort’), Riley (‘playful’), and O’Brien (‘hill’). ORIGINS OF NAMES • The Irish prefixes O’, Fitz-, Mc-, and Mac- preceeding a name mean ‘descendent of.’ The Dutch Van- (as in VanGogh) means ‘from,’ and Vander- (as in Vanderbuilt) means ‘from the.’ The German version is Von (VonTrapp). The French du- also means ‘of ’ or ‘from.’ DuPont means ‘of the bridge;’ DuBois means ‘from the woods.’ • A man with brown hair, brown eyes, or a brown complexion might be named Brown in England; Bruno in Italy; Dun or Dunne in Ireland; or Braun in Germany. • The German name Schuster meant shoemaker; Spangler meant tinsmith; Zimmerman was a carpenter; and Schwarz meant black. • In old England, Kellogg was a person who killed hogs, Clark was a clerk, Coleman used charcoal, and Mr. Peck lived on a peak. • The person in charge of the food and drink in the great hall of a castle might be named Hall. The dispenser of provisions at an estate was often named Spencer. • Roosevelt meant rose field, and Rockefeller is a corruption of the German Roggenfelder, meaning rye field. • The Welch words Ap Rhys, meaning son of Rhys, was shortened and Americanized to Price. Leo Tolstoy’s last name meant ‘fat’ Continued on Page 9


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GLENRO CK HAPPENINGS ATTRACTIONS

Rock In The Glen Deer Creek Station Emigrant Crossing Mormon Mines A.H. Unthank Grave Brigham Young Mail Station

Deer Creek Museum Paleontological Museum Parker-Ringo Grave ADA Magill Grave Hayden Pioneer Monument


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SURNAMES- Continued in Russian. Mr. Sinclair may have had an ancestor from the French town of St. Clair. • When the majority of the population was illiterate, shopkeepers relied on signboards with pictures on them to tell people what business they were in. Many names came from the signs, including the German Rothschild, meaning ‘red signboard,’ and Weintraub, meaning ‘grape.’ • Shakespeare’s name was spelled 83 different ways in his time. Women in History: MADAM C.J. WALKER • C.J. Walker, born just after the Civil War ended, grew up to become not only the first selfmade female American millionaire, but also the first selfmade female African American millionaire. • Born Sarah Breedlove in Louisiana in 1867, she grew up in a family of six children. Her parents and her older siblings had been slaveson a plantation. She was the first child in the family born into freedom. She married for the first time at the age of 14 and gave birth to her daughter Lelia three years later. When her husband died when she was 19, she moved to St. Louis where one of her brothers ran a barber shop. She then spent the next 18 years struggling to support herself and her daughter as a washer woman. She married Charles Walker in 1906 and became known at that time as Madam C. J. Walker. • In those days, indoor plumbing, electricity, and hot water heaters had not yet been invented so people bathed infrequently and rarely washed their hair. Scalp problems were common. C.J. suffered from hair loss as a result, as did many of her friends and acquaintances. She tried all the products that were on the market at the time, and none of them worked. She tried numerous home remedies and got the same dismal results. Then one night she had a dream. In the dream, she was selling a formula that straightened black women’s hair. • Acting on the dream, she invested $2 in ingredients and began to experiment. The resulting formula, which used sulfur, made her scalp healthy and her hair shiny. It also straightened hair if it was used in conjunction with a heated hair iron. • She began selling the product to her friends and neighbors, who recommended it to their friends and neighbors. • Her hair straightener sold like proverbial hotcakes and soon she had trouble keeping up with all the orders. She began hiring people to help her sell the straightener as well as other beauty products she designed, in much the same way that Avon operates today. Her daughter took over the thriving mail-order business, running it out of a shop in Denver. • In 1908, C.J. Walker moved to Pittsburgh where she opened a cosmetology college to train ‘hair culturists.’ Here she taught other impoverished black women how to support themselves by running their own hair salons. Two years later she moved to

Indianapolis where she established the permanent headquarters of the Madam C.J Walker Manufacturing Company. • She made another move in 1917 when she took up residence in a mansion on a New York estate on the Hudson River which had been designed by New York’s first licensed black architect. The house cost $250,000 to build, which would equal about $6 million in today’s dollars. • She spent the rest of her life giving lectures, training women, and agitating for the rights of blacks. Many organizations benefited from her philanthropic tendencies, including the NAACP, the YMCA, and numerous schools, orphanages, and retirement homes. • Madam C.J. Walker died in 1919 at the age of 51 due to problems with hypertension. Her daughter took over the presidency of the company. At the time of her death she was considered to be the wealthiest African- American woman in U.S. history, and the very first self-made female millionaire. • Years later, the Guinness Book of World Records confirmed her to be the first woman ever to become a millionaire through her own efforts. FIRST NAMES • Studies have shown that people with odd or unusual names are more prone to psychosis and criminal behavior. Kids with common names (such as Michael or Jennifer) tend to be more popular and do better in school than those with undesirable names or names that are hard to spell or pronounce. • In another study, school teachers were given essays to grade and were told they were written by students. Popular and unpopular names were randomly assigned as being the authors of the essays. The essays that were supposedly written by David, Mike, Lisa, and Karen received higher grades than identical essays “written” by Elmer, Hubert, or Bertha. • History’s most popular and enduring names have been Mary, meaning ‘star of the sea,’ and John, meaning ‘gift of God.’ • In England, the hundred most common boys’ names account for 94% of all boys’ names; and the most popular 100 girls’ names make up for 83% of the total. In some countries such as the West Indies and parts of Africa, people emphasize giving a child a name that no one has ever had before. • The birth records of Pennsylvania showed that 160,000 children born in a recent year were given 12,774 different names. • In the 1600s Puritans liked to pick inspirational names like Faint-Not, Stand-Fast, and Lord-Is- Nigh. Some popular names with these Puritan roots are Faith, Hope, Charity, Joy, Patience, and Prudence. • David Carradine and his wife Barbara Her-

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shey named their son Free. Free changed his name to Tom. • There are about 2 million Toms worldwide. • The name Ann is used ten time more often as a middle name than as a first name. • Boys’ names shift in popularity at a slower rate than girls’ names do. • In America the name is John; in France it’s Jean; in Spain it’s Juan; in Italy it’s Giovanni; in German it’s Johann; in Russian it’s Ivan; in Irish it’s Sean. • ‘Olph’ is German for wolf, so Adolph means ‘noble wolf ’ and Rudolph means ‘famous wolf.’ ‘Ed’ is a German root word meaning wealth, so the named Edward, Edgar, Edmund, and Edwin all have something to do with riches. Edward means ‘one who guards over riches.’ • Romeo means one who is journeying to Rome. • Nickname may come from the French word nique, which means a gesture of mockery. EVOLUTION OF A NAME Long ago in England, ‘sheer lee’ meant ‘bright clearing.’ Sheer Lee became a name. The first Sheer Lee might have been a person who lived in a bright clearing, or a child who had a sunny disposition, or a person from the settlement located in the Sheer Lee. Sheer Lee became a common a surname, and then it evolved into a first name for a boy. Through the years the spelling was altered until it ended up as Shirley. In 1849 Charlotte Bronte wrote a book about parents who wanted to have a boy. They were so disappointed that they had a girl that they gave the girl a boy’s name: Shirley. A number a years later, a Reverend who lived in the English town of Shirley cultivated a new variety of poppy. He named the new flower Shirley. Soon afterward it became fashionable to name girls after flowers: Rose, Violet— and Shirley. The final factor in the evolution of the name Shirley occurred when an ideal little girl became very famous: Shirley Temple. Mothers all over the country named their baby girls after the actress.


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• On Sept. 27, 1540, in Rome, the Society of Jesus — a Roman Catholic missionary organization — receives its charter from Pope Paul III. The first Jesuits took vows of poverty and chastity, and made plans for the conversion of millions to Catholicism. • On Sept. 23, 1875, Billy the Kid, born William Henry McCarty, is arrested for the first time after stealing a basket of laundry. He broke out of jail and roamed the American West, eventually earning a reputation as an outlaw and murderer, with a rap sheet that allegedly included 21 murders. • On Sept. 29, 1907, Gene Autry, perhaps the greatest “singing cowboy” of all time,

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is born in Tioga, Texas. While Autry was no cowboy, he was a genuine Westerner who had lived on a ranch. His lasting fame came from films and his first movie, “In Old Santa Fe,” eventually was followed by nearly 100 other films. • On Sept. 28, 1918, a Liberty Loan parade in Philadelphia prompts a huge outbreak of the flu epidemic in the city. By the time the epidemic ended, an estimated 30 million people were dead worldwide. The most likely origin of the 1918 flu pandemic was a bird or farm animal in the American Midwest. • On Sept. 25, 1965, the Kansas City Ath• On Sept. 26, 1928, work letics ageless wonder Satchel Paige started begins at Chicago’s new Galvin Manufacturing a game against the Boston Red Sox. The Corp. In 1930, Galvin 59-year-old Paige, a Negro League legend, would introduce the proved his greatness by giving up only one Motorola radio, the hit in his three innings of play. He was the first massproduced oldest pitcher ever to play a game in the commercial car radio. major leagues. (The name had two parts: “motor” evoked • On Sept. 24, 1988, Canadian sprinter Ben cars and motion, while “ola” derived from Johnson runs the 100-meter dash in 9.79 “Victrola” record players.) seconds to win gold at the Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea. Johnson’s triumph, however, was short-lived: He tested positive for steroids three days later and was stripped of the medal. © 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.


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Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland - For Advertising Call 307-473-8661

September 12-18th 2013


Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

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September 12-18th 2013

Start your morning with a glass of water with fresh lemon juice squeezed into it. Paradoxically, lemon juice helps to promote healthy alkalinity in your body. Almost instantly, you will feel calmer and better able to handle stress. Lemon juice also helps you to absorb minerals, so be sure to drink it when you take any nutritional supplements.

Replacing Heart Valve Without Surgery DEAR DR. DONOHUE: My 88- year-old father has congestive heart failure and aortic stenosis. His cardiologist suggested transcatheter aortic valve replacement as an alternative to open-heart surgery. I’ve read overwhelmingly positive reports about this minimally invasive technique. I feel very strongly that doing this not only would prolong my father’s life but also would greatly improve its quality. I would appreciate any help you could give me to alleviate my father’s apprehensions. He is very leery about having any surgical procedure. — J.W. ANSWER: At 88, your dad probably has health considerations other than his narrowed aortic valve and congestive heart failure. Even if he does, the procedure of replacing his aortic valve without the standard surgical operation places little stress on him and gives him the chance to lead a more active and longer life. A narrowed aortic valve, aortic stenosis, makes it difficult for the heart to pump blood out into the body. The surgical procedure for replacing that valve involves cutting the breastbone (sternum) so the surgeon can view the heart directly. The transcatheter intervention is done without any incision. A pliable tube, the catheter, is advanced from a surface artery and threaded into the heart. The valve replacement is attached to the catheter. When the surgeon has arrived at the site for installation, it’s accomplished directly with the catheter. This procedure is a godsend for elderly people who might not be able to withstand the rigors of the standard operation. When people with aortic stenosis develop symptoms, their life span is greatly reduced. If congestive heart failure results from this valve problem, a patient, on average, has only one and a half to two years of life left. And those years are not pleasant. The affected person becomes extremely short of breath even on slight exertion. Valve replacement eliminates the death threat and the breathlessness. Your dad should reconsider his position. This procedure isn’t surgery. The booklet on congestive heart failure explains this common con-

dition and its treatments. Readers can order a copy by writing: Dr. Donohue — No. 103W, Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. Enclose a check or money order (no cash) for $4.75 U.S./$6 Canada with the recipient’s printed name and address. Please allow four weeks for delivery. *** DEAR DR. DONOHUE: I am 71 years old and have been told I have DISH, diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. I am told there is no cure. Will you give me your opinion and advice? — R.B. ANSWER: DISH is something that happens in middle and older ages. It’s calcification and bone formation in the ligaments of the back. Bone spurs are part of the picture. Any part of the spine can be affected, from neck to lower back. For many, it causes no symptoms but accidentally is discovered on an X-ray. For others, it’s a source of pain and stiffness. Osteoarthritis, the most common kind of arthritis, has no cure either. Many therapies exist to dull its pain and preserve joint motion. The same goes for DISH. Heat, stretching exercises, Tylenol and the many nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Aleve, Advil, Motrin, etc.) can make life livable for those with DISH. *** Dr. Donohue regrets that he is unable to answer individual letters, but he will incorporate them in his column whenev-

er possible. Readers may write him or request an order form of available health newsletters at P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. © 2013 North America Synd., Inc. All Rights Reserved


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