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ARCHITECTURAL PORTFOLIO + PUBLICATIONS & PHOTOGRAPHY

ALI SARMAD KHAN B.Arch

E-mail: alisarmadkhan@gmail.com Mobile: +923445156466 Land-line: +924236622704 Address: 3, Police Officers’ Colony, Tufail Road, Lahore Cantonment, Lahore, Pakistan


TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Urban Nomad (Third Year) 2. Extreme Conditions Pod (Third Year) 2. The Oasis (Third Year) 3. Spring Pavilion (Fourth Year) 4. Democracy in Architecture - YMCA (Fourth Year) 5. Urban Regneration - Purani Kotwali (Fourth Year) 6. Transparency in Architecture - PGRI (Thesis) 7. Photography 8. Publications

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THE URBAN NOMAD Third Year - Second Project (Individual) March 2011 Supervisor: Prof. Arfan Ghani arfan.ghani@gmail.com The urban nomad is the modern wanderer whose needs disallow him from staying at one place for long periods of time.The project explores a mobile shelter which such a wanderer can take refuge in while they travel. The design incorporates a spiral framework made from Nitinol, a memory metal alloy and a skin consisting of thin photovoltaic cells. The entire structure is held up by a pneumatic base and collapses to form a thin wheel-like cylinder.

Power Requirements Electric Fan: 50 watts Laptop battery charger: 65 watts Mobile charger: 40 watts Miscellaneous: 50 watts

Tranformation Maximum weight of structure: 55 Kg (40 Kg framework and 15 Kg Solar Fabric + Nylon) 800 watts for 1 second (equivalent to jump-start): 0.2222 Wh

Power Source Thin-film solar fabric: Output: 3 Watts/sqft Available surface area (exposed): 150 sqft Maximum continuous power output: 450 Watts Solar film connected to 500W Uninterrupted Power Supply Unit, with surge capacity of 1000W.

Nitinol

Nitinol is an alloy of nickel and titanium and posseses the properties of shape memory and superelasticity. The alloy can be trained to ‘memorize’ a certain shape and return to it under the application heat or electricity after being deformed. The shelter uses two tubes (for contraction and expansion respectively) containing strands of nitinol that have been trained to retain the shape of a sprial, assiting in the deployment and packing of the structure.

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THE URBAN NOMAD


THE SHELTER

PET Film covering top aperture (occulus)

Sealabable side aperture and entrance

Photovoltaic film canvas Two-way Nitinol Framework

Hypalon pneumatic base

THE URBAN NOMAD

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TRANSFORMATION 1. Mobility mode: Undeployed pod can be transported via various mechanisms.

4. The Nitinol framework expands via a surge of electric charge.

04

THE URBAN NOMAD

2. 1. Initial orientation Volumetric for deployment, arrangement of with the base predetermined facingonto programs downwards. the site.

5. Fully deployed pod is reinforced and the solar film shell activates.

1. 3. Penumatic Volumetric base inflates arrangement via inflation of predetermined mechanism programs attachedonto to the the pod. site.

6. The Occulus is sealed with a PET film cap using a zipping mechanism


DRAWINGS

THE URBAN NOMAD

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EXTREME CONDITIONS

POD Third Year - Fourth Project (Individual) June 2011 Supervisor: Prof. Arfan Ghani arfan.ghani@gmail.com

The extreme pod project had the objective of designing a speculative pod that could support two researchers by providing them with essential utilities. Another aspect of the project was to include three transformation mechanisms of flight, adhesion and buoyancy. Requirements (for two) - A place to/for: - Sleep - Work (research or other) with library - Eat (and prepare/store food) - Socialize (for five persons) - Entertainment - Toilet/bath Required Systems - Transformation (for gliding, regardless of take-off) - Communication - Utilities - Organization - Flight - Buoyancy - Adhesion (regardless initial position)

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EXTREME CONDITIONS POD

INITIAL MODULE The initial pod design encompassed a module divided into quadrants with filleted edged for internal stability and a central core for utilities and an extension tube.

Tempered glass skylight

Attachment tube for solar and utility module

Vacum lifting plates (Anver ltd.)

Cockpit

NON-FUSALAGE POD ITERATION


TRANSFORMATION AND SYSTEMS The pod employs three different transformation mechanisms: 1 - Detachable wings which are attached to the attachment tube for flight and dew catching. 2 - Limbs with vacume plates which attach the pod to vertical surfaces. 3 - A conduit which provides utilities to the pod when submerged in water.

POWER CALCULATIONS Production Photovoltaic panels (solar panels): Surface area (wings + tails + top): 1000+500+100= 1600 square feet At 15 Watts per square foot: 15 x 1600 = 24000 Watts or 24 kW

Usage Turbines: 4@ 8 HP (Maximum) each: 23862 Watts Vacuum plates: 3.73 kW x 4 = 14.92 kW Workstations: 50 Watts x 2 = 100 Watts Lighting: 20 Watts x 2= 40 Watts

Flight Mechanism

Adhesion Mechanism

Buoyancy Mechanism EXTREME CONDITIONS POD

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DRAWINGS

SECTION A - A’

PLAN

SECTION B - B’

ATTACHMENT TUBE

FLIGHT MODULE

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EXTREME CONDITIONS POD


THE OASIS Office Building

Institute of Architects of Pakistan

Third Year - Fifth Project (Individual) November 2011 Supervisor: Prof. Arfan Ghani arfan.ghani@gmail.com

The project encompasses design the of a sanctuary, evoking images of a ‘destination’. Part of the project was to design in response to climate with predetermined climatic zones assigned. The goal was to design an office of the Institure of Architects, Pakistan in the coastal city of Gwadar, within a relatively dense urban fabric.

During dancing ceremonies, members of the Siddi community adorn themselves with traditional African tribal make up and jewellery as a homage to their lineage.

The Site

The Dhamaal consists of extravagant movements sometimes emulating animals and always incorporating multiple props (coconuts, spears) and to the beat of traditional African percussions instruments.

The implementation of the design was in accordance with critical regionalist practices with a translation of the folk dance (Dhamaal) of the local African origin Siddi (or Sheedi) community into architecture. All the while, maintaining the status of the site as an urban oasis via use of passive cooling systems.

Climatic Zone Coastal (High humidity, mild temperature)

Site Gwadar City, Makran Coast

Limitations Two 10 storey buildings (west) & One 3 storey building (north)

THE OASIS

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PROCESS I The extremities of the Sheedi Dhamaal were recorded from three different performances video and then appropriated into three dimensional lofted forms, which were then appropriated into an architectural language through the use of study models and utlitiraian modifications.

1

2

2

1

3

3 Integration into site

The study models helped resolve the spatial relationships between the derived members, thereby aiding the application of a skin.

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THE OASIS


THE PROCESS II

A layered shell consisting of layers of RCC clad on a rammed earth core is assembled between adjacent vertical members; because of the undulating nature of the surfaces, these layers are clad on top of a steel mesh core which provides further reinforcement. Apertures are then added according to wind directions and light conditions.

Bija Teer A haptic experience is induced via the curvilinearity of the interior and exterior walls which allude to the movements and subtleties of dance.

S-W

N-E THE OASIS

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PASSIVE COOLING SYSTEMS

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THE OASIS


DRAWINGS

GREEN ROOF DETAIL

LEVEL 1 (GF) PLAN

SHELL SECTION A-A'

SEE DETAIL I

LEVEL 2 (FF) PLAN

LEVEL 3 (SF) PLAN

SHELL SECTION B-B'

N

DETAIL I

THE OASIS

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THE SPRING PAVILION

“A concept is a brick. It can be used to build a courthouse of reason. Or it can be thrown through the window.” - Giles Deleuze - Information embedded in the material

Fourth Year - First Project (Group) February 2012 Role: Joinery Design, Concept Development,

(bamboo) and form (tensile integrity) of the final pavilion can be explored by the user.

Documentation and Assembly

“Tensional integrity or floating compression, is a

Supervisor: Prof. Faisal Sajjad

structural principle based on the use of isolated

- Being internally stable, the encompassing

faisalsajjad73@gmail.com

components in compression inside a net of

mesh of tensile and compressive members

continuous tension, in such a way that the

would not be constrained to one particular

compressed members (usually bars or struts) do

orientation but would stabilize on multiple axes

not touch each other and the prestressed

depending upon the arrangement of the

tensioned members (usually cables or tendons)

members.

- The project is an interpretation of the Pleats of Matter – a commentary on Gottfried Leibniz’s text on folds and folding (Le Pli) by the 20th century French philosopher Giles Deleuze

delineate the system spatially.” - Wikipedia

stating that information is embedded in folds in

- The structure would be light enough to allow

space.

Parallel Processes

its users to continuously relocate it from one Study Models

site to another throughout the college premises,

- Using the principles of tensional integrity or

gathering information - adding to the folds.

‘Tensegrity’ as explored by Buckminster Fuller in the 1950s, we set out to create an encompassing mesh that would satisfy both these facets of the project. - Information is embedded into the pavilion through its interaction with users, the composition of the environment and via

Permanent bending of some members via heat and pressure.

exposure to the elements.

Gathering Information

Dynamic State

Dynamic Attributes

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THE SPRING PAVILION

Gathering Information

Conscious relocation + The Elements (Wind)

Dynamic State

Gathering Information


PAVILION DETAILS Parachute Fabric Bent Dry Bamboo

One of two primary tensile members

Pseudo Tensile Member, both compressive and tensile

Straight Dry Bamboo Primary compressive member

Sliced Bamboo Joinery Rubber Coat Fabric

2

3

Nylon Rope

1

Fail-safe Tensile Member

1 - Threaded hook 2 - Wood piece with grooves 3 - Dual clamp reinforcement

Fabric-Hook Joinery 2

3 1 3

1 - Leather patches sewn on both sides of fabric 2 - U-shaped steel component 3 - Threaded hook 4 - Reinforced with cable tie

Full Bamboo Joinery

3 2

1

1 -Threaded hook 2 - Cylindrical wooden piece 3 - Singular hose clamp reinforcement

THE SPRING PAVILION

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THE PROCESS

Experimenting with nylon ropes as a tensile member.

Incorporating compressive members.

The dynamicity of the pavilion allows it to not be affixed to one site but rather move to and from multiple sites, providing for a different spatial experience and orientation every time.

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THE SPRING PAVILION


A Democratic Program

Democracy in architecture The Young Men’s Christian Association

Internal Program Relationships

Changes on the whims of the majority, the spaces have to be flexible. Accomodates any change in activity, whether monthly or daily. To be governed from the Pak Tea House, a traditional academic haven. Pak Tea House is to be integrated into the program and absorbed by the YMCA.

Fourth Year - Second Project (Indiv.) March 2012 Supervisor: Prof. Faisal Sajjad faisalsajjad73@gmail.com

The objective of the exercise was to redesign the Lahore YMCA while considering existing programmatic requirements and the application of basic bylaws.

Specifications Fourth Year: Individual Project Total covered area: 21870 sqft Structural Footprint: 11581 sqft Percentage of site used: 47.68% (L:65%) Floor Area Ratio: 1:0.90 (L:1:2.4) Rear Clearance: 17’-9” (L:13’)

The educated rich who already have access to these facilities elsewhere find incentive in the academic environment of the Pak Tea House. Program divided into mind, body and spirit sub-programs to reflect the mission of the organization.

Site

Site details

16 Shahrah-e-Quaid-e-Azam (The Mall)

Total site area: 23291 sqft Perimeter of site: 699’ N

Large square facing south, economic hub. J am ia M os qu e H in du T em ple

M ayo H os p ital

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Large market and religious complex.

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Case Studies -Richard Rogers: Pompidou Centre, Lloyd’s Bldng. -Bjarke Ingels (BIG): Tallin Town Hall, Estonia -Tahrir Square, Cairo, Egypt

n A fgh an i R oad

li R rk a na wA Ne To

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E w in g H all (F C College)

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Design Rationale Space that: -Is Approachable, Accessible, -Is Honest, Transparent, -Facilitates Democracy, -Functions on the principles of a Republic, -Does not force its will upon the occupants.

K in g E d ward M edical College

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B an k S q u are

ZT B an k

N ation al B an k

Existing construction.

DEMOCRACY IN ARCHITECTURE - YMCA

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DESIGN PROCESS Hierarchical design methodology

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1. Volumetric arrangement of predetermined programs onto the site.

2. Consolidation of volumes & addition of circulation volumes.

4. Central circulation spine added & spaces readjusted.

5. Final consolidation of spaces and fenstration.

DEMOCRACY IN ARCHITECTURE - YMCA

3. Triangulation of independent geodesic steel structural systems.

6. Addition of details and installation of systems.


FEATURES

Y.M.C.A. Insignia Central Corridor (Spine) Exposed systems and utilities

Geodesic (Icosahedric) Steel Framework

Multiple Entrances Collapsible auditorium windows

Learning Observation Deck/ Rooms Museum Staff Toilets Offices II Parliament Administration Toilets Pak Tea Library House Storage Kitchen Indoor Games Restaurant Auditorium Conference Room Shop Lounge Staff Offices I

Registration

Recreational (Soul)

Administrative

Toilets Food/Services (Body) Educational (Mind)

Planar Program Distribution

Adjoining spherical volumes create flattened circular openings and curvilinear surfaces, creating a unique haptic, spatial experience.

Spatial Experience DEMOCRACY IN ARCHITECTURE - YMCA

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VIEWS

Exposed Utilities (Functional Aesthetic)

Illumination

Continuity of Space & Vertical Circulation

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DEMOCRACY IN ARCHITECTURE - YMCA

Triangulated Fenestration


DRAWINGS

Horizontal Section at 40’ Horizontal Section at 7’

Section A-A’

Horizontal Section at 18’

Section B-B’

SW

NW

N

Horizontal Section at 28’

Elevations

NE

SE

DEMOCRACY IN ARCHITECTURE - YMCA

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Urban Implosion:

An Arcological Perspective

Five Priorities:

Urban Regeneration Purani Kotwali CHOWK Fourth Year - Third Project (Indiv.) May 2012 Supervisor: Prof. Hafsa Imtiaz hafsa.imtiaz@gmail.com

• To provide incentives and infrastructure to supplement the inherent inclination of the site towards becoming a hyperstructure, thereby ensuring a smoother transition. • Energy independence and some degree of economic and political autonomy, to enhance the arcological nature of the site. • Fundamental right to mobility, rejuvenation zones, segregation of incompatible traffic types. • Development of multi-level urban planes, to counter adverse effects of high-rise development. • Urban Implosion and vertical development.

To ‘revive’ the general area of Purani Kotwali near the Delhi Gate of the Walled City, Lahore with the aid of design interventions at an urban level.

Location: The Walled City, Lahore Pilot Project: Chowk Purani Kotwali Main Artery: Brass Bazar Road Coordinates: 31°35'2.13"N 74°19'21.13"E

Arcology “A portmanteau of "architecture" and "ecology", is a set of architectural design principles aimed toward the design of enormous habitats (hyperstructures) of extremely high human population density.”

Bionic limb analogy The metaphorical implication of a ‘bionic’ attachment suggests the expectation of ‘super human’ qualities. The attachment of a technologically superior infrastructure to an organic urban growth can perhaps incite the same wonder/expectation.

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Arcological Interventions • Specialized Markets that cater primarily to internal demand, not external. • Smelting plants, metalworks that manufacture unit materials for construction inside the Walled City. • Governing body that is completely independent of the Punjab Govt. and/or LDA. • Employment opportunities to residents to restrict commute to within the Walled City. • Localised means of food productions, poultry farms, vegetable gardens etc. • Local Power Grid System, making use of sustainable and renewable means like photovoltaic cells and wind turbines.

URBAN REGENERATION - PURANI KOTWALI

Landuse The Brass Bazar road features commercial activity that ranges from an extensive variety of fabric merchants to intermittent condiment salesmen, dotted by ‘tuck’ shops and banks that cater to the immediate population. Residential use is limited to the first and second floors, primarily occupied the merchants and their families.


LEVELS

FEATURES

L3

1 2

6

L2

Three-way alloy joinery (close-up)

5

3

L1

4

L0

1 - Attachment Module - Joinery embedded into superstructure 2 - Land-use Modules - As per requirement 3 - Pedestrian Causeway (L1) - Inter-planar circulation 4 - Transitional Ramp - Transitions from modular to existing 5 - Land-use Buffer - Joins two adjacent buildings/structures 6 - Land-use extension - Extension of existing structure

11 10

7 - Vertical Circulation (Interior) 8 - Four-way alloy joinery 9 - Three-way alloy joinery 10 - Vertical Circulation (Exterior) 11 - Concealed Exits

9

8

7

Masonry walls require no foundations because of frames.

URBAN REGENERATION - PURANI KOTWALI

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MASTER PLAN Phase II

LEGEND Landuse Circulation

Chowk Purani Kotwali

Rejuvenation Zone

Phases of Development

(Evolution of Hyperstructure)

Masjid Wazir Khan Modular Features: 1. Steel/Titanium members, 10’ all sides. 2. A number of skins. 3. Attached to existing structures, independent support. 4. Appenages connect urban planes. 5. Close gaps to be incorporated as pathways. 6. Pod based public transport infrastructure, based on same modular system.

Phase 1: Addition to façade/surface of existing infrastructure to create new land-use volumes and introduction of circulations causeways. Phase 2: Expansive additions to existing infrastructure and additions on top of existing infrastructure, land-use buffer zones introduced. Phase 3: All additions made are on new modular expansion, no contact with older infrastructure. Introduction of microclimate shell and rejuvenation areas. Semi-covered ground level protect’s from Lahore’s harsh summer sun.

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URBAN REGENERATION - PURANI KOTWALI

Chitta Gate

Landuse Buffer


TRANSPARENCY IN ARCHITECTURE

PAKISTAN GENETIC RESOURCES INSTITUTE

2005 Fifth Year - Thesis Project (Individual) January 2013 Supervisor: Prof. Tariq Khalidi

Election of Pope Benedict XVI

A New Media Watching the Watchmen

mtkhalidi@hotmail.com

Julian Assange addresses his supporters outside the Ecuadorian Embassy

SITE

Building Material

Punjab University Farmlands, Lahore

2013

Materials and Accountability

Election of Pope Francis

Attenuation

GENERAL CASE STUDIES PGRI - Islamabad, Millenium Seed Bank - Kew The project is an experiment in introducing a traditionally reclusive building type: a Seed Bank, into the public domain and thereby creating a transparent model for public buildings. It discovers the advent of WikiLeaks and its subsequent effect on social dynamics and proposes a change in architecture that supplements the aforementioned. By successfully implementing such architectural reforms, it may be possible to empower the public in ways that may have consequences beyond the realm of architecture.

“

Crowd gathered outside the Ecuadorian Embassy in support of Assange after the issue of his arrest warrant.

72% of Pakistanis have access to cellphones (60% Smart Phones) and therefore arguably the internet.

Wireless Signal Penetrability Chart

Transparency in the Public Domain Architecture in the age of WikiLeaks

Policy and Architecture INCOMPATIBLE POLICY/PROTOCOL

COMPATIBLE POLICY/PROTOCOL

Education through Exposure

- Typical Library Program - Free Entry - Democratic Values - Decentralized Administration - In the Public Domain

- Surveillance Office Program - Strict Administrative Heirarchy - Complete Isolation from Public Eye - Unpopular in public opinion

Signage

ANTI-TOTALITARIAN ARCHITECTURE

L

IBR

Y AR

- Porous Circulation - Proximity to Public Space - Complete Visual Accessiblity - At a prominent location - Library specific spaces

Y

AR

R LIB

LIBRARY FULLY INTEGRATED INTO THE PUBLIC DOMAIN

If for example, a library is taken over by a totalitarian government, which decides to appropriate the building to act as a surveillance office, the architecture of the library can theoretically make such intrusions impractical and inefficient; the library is thereby rescued by virtue of its architecture and remains in the public domain, continuing to serve a purpose that is in the interest of the general public.

ION CAT CONVE NTIAL EDU

RESISTANCE

Factory

Formally constructed mandatory courses taught for decades without revision at times, with little to no choice on part of the student.

CATION THROUGH EDU E XP OS UR E

High School

Information Boards

Visitors gain further knowledge about the origin of the products that they consume.

University Courses still taught hierarchically but students have the opportunity to attain education independent of formalized courses.

Post Office

Knowledge dispersed as a secondary measure, a consequence of exposure to public.

Non-Interactive Displays Increa

sing D isse

mniat

Interactive Displays

ion of Inform

ation

Observation

Museum

The primary purpose of a museum is that of the dissemination of Seed Bank knowledge, the Those who had no interest in secondary purpose is the technical fields of botany recreation. may find a new hobby.

TRANSPARENCY IN ARCHITECTURE - PGRI

25


MODES OF TRANSPARENCY

26

TRANSPARENCY IN ARCHITECTURE - PGRI


THE SITE

TRANSPARENCY IN ARCHITECTURE - PGRI

27


THE PROJECT Facilities that support the preservation and preparation of seeds. Such institutes are generally colloquially referred to as just ‘Seed Banks’. The PGRI, is such a facility. Seed Banks are ‘genetic’ banks that physically store samples of seeds, they may vary from seeds of food crops (as a precaution in the case of a global catastrophe) to a rare species of plant (for the preservation of biodiversity).

Agricultural Research Wing Pakistan Agricultural Research Council National Agricultural Research Center Pakistan Genetic Resources Institute

17 Staff, 10 Supporting Staff Public space designed for 100 persons at maximum capacity. 5 Departments within the technical facility

Proposed Transparency

THE SEED EX. THE KNOWLEDGE COMPLEX

ADMIN

Invitro Intro & SH GERM Eval SUPPORT

SEED PRES. E&C

GENE BANK DATA M

FOREIGN EXPERTS

Desirability (w.r.t dissemination of unique knowledge)

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Shops Zarai Taraqiati Bank

2000 sqft

Chai Khana

2200 sqft

Services

3000 sqft

The Seed Exchange

11000 sqft

Federal Ministry of Food, Agri and Livestock

CHAY KHANA

900 sqft 1400 sqft

TRANSPARENCY IN ARCHITECTURE - PGRI

1480 sqft

Introduction & Seed Health

1770 sqft

Seed Preservation

1900 sqft

Administration

2200 sqft

In-Vitro Preservation

2580 sqft

Exploration and Collection

2730 sqft

Germplasm Evaluation

3280 sqft

Data Management

4050 sqft

Foreign Experts

5100 sqft

Gene/Seed Bank

The Knowledge Complex

Introduced Program

Modified PGRI Program

Total: 20500 sqft

Total: 25090 sqft


DESIGN PROCESS

TRANSPARENCY IN ARCHITECTURE - PGRI

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ZONING AND MASTERPLAN

30

TRANSPARENCY IN ARCHITECTURE - PGRI


DRAWINGS

N

TRANSPARENCY IN ARCHITECTURE - PGRI

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DRAWINGS II

N

32

TRANSPARENCY IN ARCHITECTURE - PGRI


DRAWINGS III

TRANSPARENCY IN ARCHITECTURE - PGRI

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POTENTIAL CLIENTS

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TRANSPARENCY IN ARCHITECTURE - PGRI


PHOTOGRAPHY


PEOPLE

The Walled City, Lahore

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Sulemanki Headworks, Punjab


PLACES

Lipa Vallery, Kashmir

National College of Arts

Noor Haveli, Walled City, Lahore

Sulemanki Headworks, Punjab

Tolipeer, Kashmir

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PUBLICATIONS

The Festive Shopper (Welcome 2012) Newsprint Issue

The Festive Shopper (Farewell 2012) Newsprint Issue

The Occasional Shopper (Issue 5 - March 2013) Magazine Issue - 24 Pages (Not all spreads are shown)

The Festive Shopper (Welcome 2013) Newsprint Issue

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PUBLICATIONS


We should work for simple, good, undecorated things, but things which are in harmony with the human being and organically suited to the little man in the street. - Alvar Aalto


Ali Sarmad Khan - Portfolio