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Henri Cartier-Bresson 1908 – 2004 FRANCIA


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For me the camera is a sketch book, an instrument of intuition and spontaneity, the master of the instant which, in visual terms, questions and decides simultaneously. In order to “give a meaning” to the world, one has to feel involved in what one frames through the viewfinder. This attitude requires concentration, discipline of mind, sensitivity, and a sense of geometry. It is by economy of means that one arrives at simplicity of expression. To take a photograph is to hold one’s breath when all faculties converge in a face of fleeing reality. It is at that moment that mastering an image becomes a great physical and intellectual joy.To take a photograph means to recognize – simultaneously and within a fraction of a second– both the fact itself and the rigorous organisation of visually perceived forms that give it meaning.It is putting one’s head, one’s eye, and one’s heart on the same axis.¨


BIOGRAPHY • • • • • • • •

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1908 - Born 22 August at Chanteloup, Seine-et-Marne. Educa ted at the Lycée Condorcet, Paris. No formal higher education. 1923 - Develops a passionate interest in painting and a spects of Surrealism. 1927–28 - Studies painting under André Lhote. 1931 - Spends one year in the Ivory Coast, where he takes his first photographs. Back in Europe, concentrates on photography. 1932 - Published by Charles Peignot in Arts et Métiers Graphiques. 1933 -Exhibits at the Julien Levy Gallery, New York. His photographs are subsequently shown at the Ateneo Club in Madrid. Travels in Europe with André Pieyre de Mandiargues and Leonor Fini. Spendsa year in Mexico with an ethnographic expedition. Exhibits with Manuel Alvarez Bravo at the Palacio de Bellas Artes de Mexico in 1935. 1935 - Spends some time in the USA, where he takes his first photographs of New York and first experiments with film, with Paul Strand. 1936 - Works as second assistant to Jean Renoir on “Une partie de campagne” (A Day in the Country). 1937 - Directs a documentary on the hospitals of Republican Spain, “Victoire de la vie” (Return to Life), also a documentary for the Secours Populaire, “L’Espagne vivra”. Louis Aragon provides him with an introduction to Regards, where he publishes a number of photographic reportages, including coverage of the coronation of George VI. 1939- Joins Jacques Becker and André Zvoboda as an assistant on Jean Renoir’s “La Règle du jeu” (The Rules of the Game). 1940- Taken prisoner by the Germans, escapes at his third attempt in February 1943. 1943 - Works for MNPGD, a secret organization set up to help prisoners and escapees. For Editions Braun, takes a series of photographic portraits of writers and artists (Matisse, Picasso, Braque, Bonnard, Claudel, Rouault etc). 1944–45 - Working as part of a team, photographs the Liberation of Paris. Directs “Le Retour” (The Return), a documentary on the repatriation of prisoners of war and detainees. 1946 - Spends over a year in the USA working on the so-ca lled ‘posthumous’ exhibition of his work, proposed by the Museum of Modern Art in New York at a time when he was believed to have died in the war. Travels in the USA with John Malcolm Brinnin. 1947- With Robert Capa, David Seymour (Chim), William Vandivert and George Rodger founds the cooperative agency Magnum Photos. 1948–50 - In the Far East for three years, in India for the death of Gandhi, China for the last six months of the Kuomintang and the first six months of the People’s Republic and in Indonesia for Independence. 1952–53 - Back in Europe. 1952 - His first book, “Images à la sauvette”, cover by Matisse, is published by Tériade.

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1954 -Publication by Robert Delpire of his book on Balin ese theatre, “Les Danses à Bali”, with a text by Antonin Artaud, marking the beginning of a long collaboration with Delpire. He is the first photographer to be allowed into the USSR during the period of détente. 1955 - First exhibition in France at the Pavillon de Mar in the Louvre, which subsequently travels all over the world. Tériade publishes « Les Européens », cover by Miró. 1958–59 - Returns to China for three months for the tenth Anniversary of the People’s Republic of China. 1963 - Returns to Mexico for the first time in thirty yea rs, staying for four months. Life Magazine sends him to Cuba. 1965 -Spends several months travelling in Japan. 1966 - Returns to India. Terminates his active working relationship with Magnum Photos, although the agency distribution retains hi s archives. As before, his photographs are printed by Pictorial service. 1967 - Commissioned by IBM to create ‘Man and Machine’. Returns to India. 1969-70 - Spends a year travelling around France for Reader ’s Digest and publishes a book, “Vive la France”, to accompany the exhibition “En France” staged at the Grand Palais in 1970. In the USA directs two docume ntaries for CBS News. 1972 - Returns to the USSR. 1975 - First exhibition of drawings at the Carlton Galler y, New York. Concentrates on drawing but continues to practise portrait and land scape photography. 1980 - Returns to India. 1981 - Grand Prix National de la Photographie presented b y the Minister of Culture in Paris. 1986 - In Palermo, presented with the Novecento prize b y Jorge Luis Borges’ widow. 1987 - The Museum of Modern Art, New York, stages the exh ibition of photographs - “Henri Cartier-Bresson : The Early Work”. 1988 - The Centre National de la Photographie celebrates his 80thanniversary. 2000 - With his wife Martine Franck and daughter Mélanie, makes plans to set up the Henri Cartier-Bresson Foundation, to provide a permanent home for his collected works as well as an exhibition space open to other artists. 2002 - The Henri Cartier-Bresson Foundation wins state-approved status. 2003- Inauguration of the Henri Cartier-Bresson Foundation. Retrospective exhibition « HCB de qui s’agit-il? » at the Bibliothèque nationale de France. 2004 - Cartier-Bresson dies peacefully in Provence on August 3rd


ARTIST OF 20TH CENTURY “The 20th century was the century of the image (...). To tell Henri Cartier-Bresson’s story and to unravel his work is essentially to tell the story of a look. Throughout the 20th century, this roaming, lucid eye has captured the fascination of Africa in the 1920's, crossed the tragic fortunes of Spanish republicans, accompanied the liberation of Paris, caught a weary Gandhi just hours before his assassination, and witnessed the victory of the communists in China. Henri Cartier-Bresson was also Jean Renoir's assistant on three major films, an artist who sees himself an artisan but who nevertheless established Magnum, the most prestigious of all photo agencies, and who immortalised his major contemporaries : Mauriac in a state of mystical levitation, Giacometti, Sartre, Faulkner or Camus, and as many more all taken at the decisive moment, all portraits for eternity."


ATHENS, GREECE , 1953


MARTIGUES, FRANCE 1932

GOld SAlE, BEIjING 1949


COUNTRY BABY


VAlENCIA


lIVOURNE, ITAlY, 1933


HENRI MATISSE,1951


IN TRAIN, ROMANIA, 1975


INdIA. 1948. MUSlIM wOMEN ON THE SlOPES OF HARI

Henri cartier bresson