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MARCH - APRIL 2013

A BI-MONTHLY NEWSLETTER TO INFORM AND ENTERTAIN YOU

FREE DVD

HELPS PARENTS Explain Depression

P2

CONTROL WEEVILS In Stored Grain P6

FREE

Tool Protects Your Internet Banking P6

SHED STRENGTH CRITICAL To Avoid A Disaster P7 HISTORY Of Rack-Dried Grapes P8

INSIDE KNOWLEDGE

Of The Almond Industry P4-5 FARM GATE NEWS The Farmer’s Newsletter

Phone 1800 088 528

Grant Sheds PO Box 29, Monash, SA 5342

BURRA FARMER’S FIGHT Against Depression P3 Email info@grantsheds.com.au

fax 08 8583 5402 web www.grantsheds.com.au


What Makes Country Life So Good?

COMMUNITY

Men’s Watch We’ve become involved with the “Men’s Watch” group and their water ski marathon to raise awareness of depression and anxiety in men. As this can be an issue for men isolated in rural communities we thought it was a good group to get involved with. See the story on page 3 and the Free DVD available at the bottom of this page.

Harley owners can be funny creatures. He grows his beard for 6-8 weeks prior to the event, then shaves it off again as soon as it’s finished. You gotta look the part ... Hey? Cheers for now, we hope you enjoy this issue.

Alison & Danny

& Our Grant Sheds Team

PS from Danny:

Ali’s Birthday Celebration

New Baby Well our most recent family news is that our daughter Melanie had a new baby boy in early March. Welcome to our world little Nate James Harrington. ... Shown here with proud big sister, Kallie. And here’s a picture of Kallie with her “Opa” Danny.

Ali has a “Big Birthday” this month. Friend her on Facebook and send her a birthday cheerio or send her an email message to ali@grantsheds.com.au Don’t tell her I added this bit to the newsletter.

Rolling Thunder

Melanie usually handles all our administration work and accounts at Grant Sheds but is now on maternity leave until October.

Each year for the past 4-5 years Danny has been invited to ride his Harley motorcycle in the Clipsal V8 Riders Parade which takes place just before the main Clipsal V8 Supercars race in Adelaide.

We welcome her replacement Catherine Hedger who you are likely to speak with on the phone if you ring us..

Danny had new driver, David Wall, as his passenger this year. He would probably have preferred a pit girl ... But he didn’t get a choice!

This year 248 Harley riders were involved which makes for some really thunderous noise as they cruise around the race track. Danny at Clipsal V8’s Drivers Parade

Parents with Depression or Anxiety

FREE DVD Helps You Talk To Your Children Many parents who experience depression or anxiety worry about whether they should talk with their children about their illness and how much they should say. Contrary to popular belief, talking to your children openly about depression and anxiety has been proven to strengthen the family and build your child’s resilience to developing mental health problems of their own. Depression and anxiety affects the whole family.

Children will notice changes in their parent but won’t necessarily understand and that’s why it’s important to talk about it with them. The new ‘Family Focus’ DVD helps you to start the conversation about your depression or anxiety with your children.

Order your FREE copy at www.familyfocusdvd.com.au

It was coincidental that at the time we learnt

p2 FARM GATE NEWS: The Farmer’s Newsletter

about this new DVD, we also heard about Bill Stockman’s event to raise awareness of mental illness and funds for “Men’s Watch”. See article next page You can also read more about depression, anxiety and other mental health issues on the Beyond Blue website www.beyondblue.org.au With Beyond Blue support, 50,000 free copies of the DVD will be distributed.


You Little Ripper

1952-2012

LOCAL AUSSIE LEGENDS Bur ra Farmer’s Ski Marathon To Fight Depression Bill Stockman and his son Nicholas at his Burra farm Burra farmer, Bill Stockman, has survived a battle with depression and is now motivated to help others who are living with mental illness. Bill suffered from depression on and off since his childhood when he was involved in a shooting accident that resulted in the death of his friend, when he was only 14. That’s a tough experience to live through. His marriage broke down several years ago, leaving Bill isolated and living alone on his farm - the same property where the childhood shooting incident occurred – and Bill attempted to take his own life. “I had a big breakdown and ended up being hospitalised a few years ago in Adelaide,” he said. “When I came back to the farm there was no help available really, and I suppose I have gone from rock bottom to where I am now.” Where Bill is now is a position where he is strong enough to give back to his community and to others suffering from depression. Bill has taken on the chairman role of the men’s health program “Men’s Watch” because he was horrified when government funding for the organisation was cut. He is doing all he can to relaunch the program, seeking funds and raising awareness through community groups. It isn’t really surprising that a farmer, living in a rural area, should understand the value of community. The Men’s Watch program goes through a number of essential themes including personal issues and crises, relationships, mental health problems and how to deal with separation and grief. Each program costs around $5000 to run. As part of Bill’s aim to raise awareness of mental illness and to raise money for Men’s Watch,

he has just undertaken a 500km relay water skiing fundraiser in the Riverland. The ‘Ski For Life’ event started in Renmark on March 7 and ended at Murray Bridge on March 11. While talking with Bill, he told me that through organising this event, he has been amazed at the amount of support he’s received from local Burra families and Riverland Councils, community groups such as Lions and Riverland people. In the week before the event even got underway, Bill says he realised that while he has put a tremendous amount of effort in, he is already receiving back, personally, way more than he expected. Organising the event has been a wonderful boost to his confidence.

If you feel sorry for the ones who say;

time” “I didn’t take the Don’t be the one to say; “I don’t have the time” With men accounting for around 78% of suicide deaths in Australia, men in rural communities are most at risk due to the isolation and lack of mental health services available.

Bill is keen to make this an annual event and would like other water skiing farming families to join in the ski marathon next year. Ali & Danny are members of the Berri Water Ski Club. There are a few farming families from the Bordertown, Jamestown and Clare regions, who regularly spend a few weeks in January or February each year skiing at Berri. We also know their are skiers at Penong and no doubt from other farming areas. Would you be interested in joining Bill’s brigade. What a fun way to challenge yourself and enjoy a great trip down the Murray.

To make a donation to this important cause, go to www.menshealthsa.com.au and click on the ‘Ski For Life’ link. All donations are tax deductible. If you are depresses or contemplating suicide, help is available by calling Lifeline on 13 11 44. Bill Stockman’s contact details: Menswatch Action Group, Chairman: Phone: 0417 820 074 Email: stockmanglendale@bigpond.com

Men’s Watch is a community initiative of Men’s Health SA that aims to facilitate discussion about male depression and suicide, particularly in rural areas. This edition of FARM GATE NEWS went to print before we could learn how much money the Ski For Life event raised. Grant Sheds donated $1000 because we recognise that men’s health is a very important issue in our farming and rural communities.

We salute you Bill Stockman ...

You’re another “Local Aussie Legend” !

Grant Sheds owners, Danny & Alison Halupka, plus grand daughter Kallie meet up with Bill Stockman at Berri during his “Ski For Life” marathon

FARM GATE NEWS: The Farmer’s Newsletter p3


A Fascinating Insight Into The

ALMOND INDUSTRY

Paul Martin of Nutwood Orchards gives an interesting account of the annual cycle for an almond grower Paul Martin is a successful and innovative almond grower at Lindsay Point. He owns his almond orchard “Nutwood Orchards”, with 3 partners and has 4 staff members. Nutwood Orchard is part of the 300 hectare Lindsay Point Almonds irrigation project. It is irrigated from the Lindsay Creek which is an anabranch of the Murray River, in the North West corner of Victoria – close to Renmark & Paringa. The anabranch flows from the river above Lock 7 and re-enters the river above Lock 6.

Annual Cycle Paul explains that there are 4 distinct periods or seasons for an almond orchard. Spring: Spring is full on for sprays and nutrients. It is fertiliser and irrigation mode until late November. Summer: A bit quieter period, but into bird control in December right through until after harvest. Harvest: Almonds are harvested in March & April. Winter: The winter program actually starts before harvest even finishes. 30% of fertiliser is put on post-harvest. Pruning starts almost straight away and a cover crop is sown. Then defoliant sprays are applied. In mid winter an oil spray is applied for mite eggs in the wood. The bees come in late July and pollinate through to August

As the reservoir cart fills, a ‘runner’ comes in rapidly, backs down the row and unloads the reservoir cart on the fly (like a chaser bin in a grain field harvest), allowing the pickup to continue working while the reservoir cart unloads into the runner. The runner then takes it to the elevator where the almonds are stockpiled in sheds or in the open.

st Video on Watch the Almond Harve b site for a we rds the Nutwood Orcha chinery used to ma the of w vie fascinating hly recommend it . harvest almonds. We hig /downloads.html http://www.nutwood.net.au g machines they use Paul says the harvestin ones shown in the now are different to the unt shakers now video. They use side mo r tree! pe ter which are even fas

Harvest

The nuts are processed (shelled) at Laragon, a specialist almond processing factory at Lindsay Point and then sent to packing facilities in the Riverland.

Markets Riverland Almonds does the marketing. It is worked on a pool system where the almonds supplied by the grower go into a pool with a grade which indicates their deductions for raising the standard to a market level. The grower is then paid monthly through the year. The western world countries are the main markets for Australian almonds, with India being the next biggest market. When Paul started in almonds Australia was ranked behind about 10 other countries. Now Australia is 3rd (about to be 2nd) largest producer of almonds in the world, with Spain in 2nd place and California having over 80% of the production of almonds.

Water Efficient Irrigation

Harvest gets into full swing in early March and then continues through until the middle of April. Starting with the earliest varieties, the nuts are shaken from the trees, using a side-mount shaker that grabs the trunk and vibrates the tree for 3-4 seconds. The shaker can harvest about 5 trees or more per minute!

Perhaps the most important issue in almond growing recently has been water usage. Along the Murray, water has become a precious resource and efficiency with water is now paramount in any irrigated crop.

The fallen almonds are swept off the dripper line and left for roughly 5 days to dry. Self-propelled sweepers move the nuts into windrows in the middle of each row. Then the pickup machine picks up the windrows of nuts, grass, leaves and dirt. The dirt drops out and a large fan sucks the leaves and grass out as the nuts move into a reservoir cart behind the pickup.

Nutwood Orchards has 12 soil moisture probes and EnviroScan systems to monitor moisture levels in the soil. They consist of underground probes which sense moisture in the soil at regular intervals and either store this information in solar-powered data loggers for later

Almond Harvesting Shaker This drives down the row. Almond Harvesting down the row. The driver stops atShaker the treeThis anddrives presses a button. The driver stops at the tree andshake presses The head comes out, he presses andaitbutton. clamps, The head comes out,and he returns presses automatically. shake and it clamps, shakes, opens shakes, opens and returns automatically.

p4 FARM GATE NEWS: The Farmer’s Newsletter


Challenges Faced By

1952-2012

ALMOND GROWERS tistics: Nutwood Orchards Sta • Started in 1973 7 hectares (320 acres) • Covers an area of 12 • 31,000 almond trees kernels each year • Approx 400 tonnes of • 3 tonnes per hectare 11,500 nuts each • Trees produce about per tree • Approx 15kg of nuts download, or have solar-powered transmitters to send live information to a computer. The grower reviews these moisture level graphs and adjusts watering habits to ensure the optimum moisture level is maintained with minimum water. This has improved efficiency greatly, with increased yield for roughly the same amount of water. As Paul explains, “We aim to put on a certain level of irrigation through the year. We try to replace one day what was transpired the previous day.” Nutwood Orchards started with overhead sprinkler irrigation and in around 1982 converted to under-tree sprinklers. At the start of the recent drought they converted to mostly buried drip irrigation but found root intrusion to be a problem and had to use some fairly strong chemicals to try to clean them out. As a result they’ve now gone to above-ground drip irrigation but that can cause some harvest and slasher problems. So they are changing to a narrower slasher and sweep the harvested almonds off the drip line immediately after tree shaking. “I’ve spent 30-odd years trying to be the best sprinkler irrigator I can, and now we have to be good drip irrigators,” laughs Paul. An automated timing system has been installed in the in-field fertigation tanker, allowing the right amount of fertiliser to be automatically injected into the irrigation system with pumps on the tanker. They also get a lot of fox damage to the drip lines during winter. “We can get over 100 hits (fox bites to dripper lines) on a block overnight,” Paul laments. “You go back the next night and it’s happened again. My staff have probably shot over 300 foxes and there are still plenty there.”

Threats Birds are one of the biggest threats to the almond crop each year. Paul says, “Crows are our biggest problem.”

“We shoot at them, but they just seem to know the range of a shotgun, and stay just out of reach. We also employ an airplane to fly low over the orchard and scare them away. They are out for 20 minutes every hour through the early and later part of the day. That just gets them up out of the trees.”

“Before we used the plane, we were getting mobs of 500-1000 crows. That’s the challenge we face. “Then the corellas can come in a very large mob and they’ll eat a lot of almonds in a very short time, but we can generally break their habits,” says Paul.

Challenges Over The Years The initial challenge for Paul was buying equipment because he needed the equipment before he had the cashflow from the crop, so he harvested his first few crops by hand. They then moved on to primitive equipment, always with the wish to move up to the next level. They also had the challenge of mites which sucked the green out of the leaves for a few years. They got on top of them only to have a problem moth which over winters in the trees but has that controlled to a reasonable level now. Their biggest current problem is a disease called hull rot. This is a bread mould and if there’s any humidity or moisture level between the green hull and the shell as the hull starts to split, this bread mould takes off. It sucks the moisture out of the hull and stops the nuts from falling off when being harvested and it will kill the spurs next to it. It also causes quality problems in the almonds. Irrigation management during the recent drought was also a difficult time. It takes up to 2 years to develop the bud and the nut for a crop, so if Paul reduced irrigation one year it was going to cost him 2 years later. Paul says that they borrowed money to buy water during the drought and they still have some of that debt. Because of the high Australian dollar they haven’t been able to pay it off as rapidly as hoped, plus going through some replanting has compounded that. Pauls says, “I’ve always had the philosophy that I do whatever it takes to get the crop on the tree. I tend to look to maximise rather than save money and I think most problems are solved by yield.”

An almond tree shaker can harvest 5 or more trees per minute!

40% Loss Of Income “The high Australian dollar has had a really big affect on us,” admits Paul. “We’re about 40% down on income per kilo, so that’s made it tough. While we haven’t had to suffer to the same extent as the wine grape growers, there’s certainly a lot of ‘cream’ gone there.”

Bright Points The stability of the industry is a bright point according to Paul. “We’ve probably had 20 years with only one hiccup in returns.”

Capital Intensive To Get Started It is very capital intensive to have an almond orchard big enough to be viable, with all the equipment needed and the cost of starting new orchards. Paul says, “On today’s dollar, it is just too expensive to set up. It would cost $60-$70,000 per hectare to bring an orchard from scratch to production.

Community Paul has been heavily involved in both industry and community groups for many years. • 15 years in Apex - Life Member • SA Irrigators at its inception • Foundation member of Irrigators Inc national body • Chair of his local church • Community Service Director with Rotary “I like being involved,” reflects Paul, “and not being quite so actively involved here now (on the orchard), I can spend a little more time on those sorts of things.” “My wife and I like to travel as much as we can too. I love motorcycle trips ... that doesn’t please her that much, but we compromise,” he laughs.

FARM GATE NEWS: The Farmer’s Newsletter

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Useful Resources To

REDUCE FRUSTRATION

FREE

Tool to Protect Your Internet Banking

At about 5.30pm on a recent Friday afternoon, I got a phone call from the ANZ bank telling me that they had detected possible fraudulent activity on a couple of bank accounts that I access via internet banking.

protection that scans automatically and updates automatically, a virus was found on my computer and removed.

$600 had been debited from one account and around $1200 from another account, each with recipient names that I did not recognise and had not authorised. The bank could tell the difference between the fraudulent ones and some “real” payments I’d made in the last day or so (both ones I’d entered manually and automated regular payments).

They also told me I should advise any other banks that I did internet banking with. So I phoned Westpac and somehow they were already aware of the security breach – presumably banks ‘talk’ to each other.

Thankfully, the bank organised to transfer those lost fraudulent funds back into my accounts immediately ... phew!!

Westpac advised me of a FREE program available to add extra protection to your internet banking sites. It is called “Trusteer” and is available for FREE download at www.westpac.com.au/trusteer .

They put my internet banking on hold until I could get my computer virus-scanned. They told us it would likely be a “Credential Stealing Trojan”. Even though we have strong anti-virus

It adds an extra level of security to any web sites that you go to where you have to enter your login details to get into the site (eg bank sites, facebook, ebay etc).

After it’s installed on your computer and you open a web site you’ll see either a grey (= unprotected) or green (= protected) icon with an arrow, to the right hand side of any web site address you enter – as shown in the example below.

If it’s grey, click on it then click on the purple ‘Protect this site’ option. After that the arrow will turn green indicating that the site is now protected by Trusteer. Do it for any web sites where you have to log in to get access. Then all have an added layer of protection against credential stealing. For a change, I am very grateful to the banks. Grateful that their systems alert them to fraudulent activities and that they act swiftly to fix the issue. Next time I’m put on hold for a long time, I shall remind myself of this good deed they’ve done me, and wait patiently for service. Cheers & safe banking !

Importance of Weevil Control In Stored Grain After 12 years in the seed cleaning and grading business Kurt Walter of Walco Seed Cleaning in Balaklava, South Australia, has seen it all when it comes to pests and diseases that can effect stored grain and the worst of these are grain sheds full of weevils. Despite their best efforts to prevent this in the first place, farmers know full well the consequences of grain that has been rejected for sale due to weevil infestation. To give you an understanding of how quickly this problem can multiply we did some sums on the life cycle of a weevil and the figures are staggering, even if you start with just one weevil in a whole shed of grain.

Month

Number of weevil

Eggs laid each

1

1

300-600

2

300

90,000

3

45,000

13,500,000

4

6,750,000

20,250,000,000

“Reldan Plus” as it is placed in the silo, silo bag or grain shed. If you do this you can get anywhere from 3-9 months protection. With no withholding period after the grain is treated, it can be used immediately.

But how can you ensure you stop this from happening to your grain? We asked Kurt to pass on his best tips to help farmers prevent this problem.

Kurt advises that the easiest way to do this is to spray the grain as it goes up the auger and to ensure every single grain is treated make sure the auger is only half to three quarters full, otherwise some grain may get missed if it is too compacted. You also need to work out how much spray you will need based on the amount of grain you have. Walco Seed Cleaning’s machine can automatically do this process for you, rather than you having to work it out yourself.

Stored grain needs to be treated with an approved insect growth regulator such as

If you are storing your grain in a shed, such as those supplied by Grant Sheds, make sure you

As you can see within just four months (assuming only 50% of the weevil lay the minimum number of eggs) you can have an astounding 20 BILLION weevils in your grain. Given the grain tolerance of live weevils is nil, this can spell disaster for your stored harvest.

P6 p6 FARM GATE NEWS: The Farmer’s Newsletter

spray the corners of the shed and the floor to the run off point, especially where the grain contacts the shed, to give added protection. Kurt knows what he is talking about when it comes to a good quality grain product after seed cleaned by him took out the Grand Champion Award in the prepared seed category at the 2012 Royal Adelaide Show, along with 1st, 2nd & 3rd in a sub-category. Given that on farm grain storage is increasing, it’s important that the grain is treated properly to ensure farmers get a maximum return on their investment. Kurt says that “Walco Seed Cleaning can take all the hard work and thinking out of your seed cleaning and grading by coming to your farm and doing the job for you and doing it well.” For more information check out their website www.walcoseed.com.au or call Kurt on 0407 602 679. Disclaimer: The information in this article is general comment only. Grant Sheds and Walco Seed Cleaning P/L or its employees and directors cannot be held liable for any losses that may result from information in this article.


You Little Ripper

1952-2012

LOCAL AUSSIE LEGENDS Crunchy

Almond Biscuits These are a Telfer family recipe. They are Ali’s favourite biscuits from childhood when her very special grandmother made them, then her Mum made them. They seemed an appropriate recipe given our story about almond growing in this edition. Ali made a batch specially to photograph for here.

Strong Frame Connections Are Critical Column to Roof Truss Connection in an “Aussie Tough” Grant Sheds C90 Shed D

Here, you are looking at the top of a standard column and the amount and type of solid steel plates that goes into this connection joint in an “Aussie Tough” Grant Shed.

C A

A. A solid vertical plate is welded onto the

B

end of the roof truss. This connects the truss to the column with a good rigid place for the bolts to connect through.

1952-2012

B. There is another vertical plate (not

2 Eggs 2 Cups Sugar 250g Melted Butter 2 Cups Self Raising Flour 4 Tspn Cocoa 2 Cups Chopped Almonds • Beat the eggs and sugar together • Add the melted butter and beat well • Add the SR flour, cocoa and chopped almonds and mix well with a spoon (the mixture becomes quite firm) • Place small teaspoons of the mixture on a greased oven tray • Bake in moderate oven for 15 minutes (180º in a fan-forced oven) • Cool on the tray for a few minutes before transferring to a wire rack to cool completely. Make coffee and .... ENJOY!

Give Us Your Favourite Recipe Send in your favourite recipe using Aussie produce and we’ll send you a selection of Riverland produced almonds for your effort.

visible in this photo). It is welded inside the column, almost matching the one on the end of the roof truss to provide additional stiffness.

Inferior Shed Brand This shed only has a small piece of light galv plate, and it’s only pop-riveted to the c-section column. It’s nowhere near as strong as the connection described in the Grant Sheds version.

C. Two horizontal solid steel plates welded into the column help transfer stresses on the shed from the truss, down the column, into the X bracing in the walls and down to the. These internal plates in the column also prevent the column from ‘twisting’ during high-wind conditions when extreme stress loads may be placed on the shed structure. D. 3 structural grade bolts are fitted through the 2 vertical plates and the column so there is absolutely no chance of that truss or the column moving or collapsing when under wind and environmental stress.

ds What Others Say About Grant She “I am absolutely 100% delighted with ,I the shed I got from Grant Sheds. Until now ” are. y reall never realised how well built they SA sula, Penin Bill Herde, Rudall, Eyre

Get a FREE copy of the Official Consumer’s Awareness Guide to Shed Building (valued at $97): It reveals the big difference between a farm shed that’s made “on the cheap” and one that’s really suited to your needs. It’s called, “The Farmers Guide To Choosing The Best Farm Shed For Your Rural Property”, and tells you “The 7 Big Costly Mistakes Shed Buyers make – And How To Avoid Them”. Simply call the 24 hour, 7 days a week pre-recorded message line on:

Doris Telfer - Ali’s muchloved grandmother who was a great contributor in the Monash community.

1300 064 775

and leave your name, postal address and the code word “Newsletter” and we’ll send a copy to you ‘pronto’.

FARM GATE NEWS: The Farmer’s Newsletter p7 P7


People on the Land ... A Little Bit of History

Drying Grapes On Racks In the Riverland, 1920’s-1960’s

1920’s EA Bottrill with hot dip for sultanas

grape racks, Monash C1932 c1932 Frick’s Frick’s grape racks, Monash

1920’s EA Bottrill with hot dip for sultanas

After picking grapes that were to be dried, they were hot-dipped into a weak caustic soda mixture. In the time it took to dip the buckets and bring them out again, it was enough for the wax coating to be removed and for the skins to be cracked slightly to allow quicker drying. If the cracking was overdone, the bees got into them and you’d lose the lot. Grant Telfer remembers losing a rack full of his father’s grapes due to overdoing the caustic dipping process. He was only around 16 years old and didn’t know that the timing was critical. The packing shed wouldn’t accept them and that meant loss of income for his father of the whole rack-load of grapes. After dipping, the grapes were spread out on the wire racks for drying for about 2-3 weeks. In the early days, these layered racks of wire netting often didn’t have roofs but later, those who could, added corrugated iron roofs to their racks for protection from rain. A 6’ hessian curtain was also sometimes hung on the windward side of the rack to prevent rain penetrating to the drying fruit. Once almost dry (& the rack space often needed for more grapes as they were picked), each layer

of netting was shaken vigorously by 2-3 blokes on each side, starting with the bottom layer. The berries were shaken down onto multiple overlapping sheets of hessian. These were then dragged out and transferred onto ‘sisalkraft’, where it was raked out for final drying in direct sunlight. If rain was imminent, the edges of the sisalkraft had to be lifted up to move the berries into a windrow in the centre of the sisalkraft, then the edges were folded over and bricks place on top to hold the sisalkraft in position to cover and protect the berries. When the rain past , the sisalkraft had to be opened up and the berries raked out once again.

stretch for the blokes doing the stacking on the truck. In later years, a truck with a mobile crane for stacking was sent out from the packing shed to collect the boxes of dried fruit. It was a 4WD army truck with a fixed jib on the front, and was called “Jimmy McKay’s Mechano”. Jimmy McKay was the manager of Berri Co-operative Packing Union and he introduced this mechanised form of truck loading. It probably saved a lot of back trouble for many men in the district. Drying grapes was certainly a labour intensive process that required fit, strong men and women to complete the harvest!  

When finally dried, the grapes were transferred onto individual smaller sheets of hessian which could be lifted by several blokes and tipped into sweat boxes – wooden boxes about 4’ x 3’x 12” high. These boxes were stacked 4-5 high on the ground awaiting transport to the Packing Shed. When lifted onto the truck to take to the packing house, 2 blokes on the ground heaved them up to 2 more blokes on the truck, who heaved them up to 6-8 high on the truck, which made it a real

1960s John & Mary Heward putting sultanas on the racks

C1940 Baker March racks. Hessian curtains hang from the iron roof. Grapes spread on sisalkraft on the ground for final drying

C1947 Jim Whitfield’s truck at BCPU loaded somewhat higher than usual!

C1950 BCPU’ s truck with loading jib jib loading with truck BCPU’s C1950

GRANT SHEDS PO Box 29, Monash SA 5342 Email info@grantsheds.com.au © Copyright New Horizons (SA) Pty Ltd, Trading as “Grant Sheds” No portion of this newsletter may be reproduced without the written permission of the publisher. This newsletter is distributed with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering any legal or professional advice of any kind. The publisher disclaims any personal liability for the information, advice, recommendations and/or strategies presented within. It is up to the reader to comply with any local, state or federal laws.

FARM GATE NEWS: The Farmer’s Newsletter

Phone 1800 088 528

Email info@grantsheds.com.au

Grant Sheds SA 5342 fax 08 8583 Grant ShedsPO Box PO 29, BoxMonash, 29 Monash SA 5342 Fax: 08 5402 8583 web 5402www.grantsheds.com.au web: www.grantsheds.com.au


Farm Gate News April 2013