HISTORY OF HUNTING IN RUSSIA Hunting — a word derived from the word even, meaning want or desire. Hunting dates back to the dawn of human civilization. But then it was the only way to get food and clothing. Since then, the form of hunting as the only source of livelihood has undergone significant changes. Instead of getting the meat and skins, hunting has become more like a sports event with style in great physical exertion. And also in the hunt began to appear aesthetic component as exploring the woods and encounters with wildlife. The fact that the ancient art of hunting was, is confirmed every time the regular archaeological excavations or finding petroglyphs. Major artifacts have survived to our day — it arrowheads, stone and iron axes. For example, in the North Caucasus, iron axes have been found, dating from the VII century dnf. era. These axes a mushroom-shaped butt, which may support the hypothesis that it was the prototype of ancient ax produced in about 1500 years. At the same time Russia was in use currency Kun which name comes from the civet . In those days, the marten has been one of the favorite hunting trophies for the ancient princes. Many princes of those times was their duty to improve the physical and military skills, it is leaving on the hunt. Hunting could be like the whole military exercises with numerous militia, dressed in festive attire. By the time of such hunting could take weeks. The princes were carried out in the fields and woods noisy feasts, marking their new fortune. Avid hunters of that time were: Prince Igor, Vladimir the Red Sun and Yaroslav the Wise, Vladimir Monomakh, Grand Prince of Moscow Vasily III, as well as the great kings of Alexis and Ivan the Terrible. There was a wide variety of game fun. So, over time, became particularly popular in falconry. It originated in Russia during the reign of Prince Oleg in the Grand Duchy of Kiev. At the beginning of the XV century. in Russia there is a new variety — hunting with hounds. Then there was also a new post — huntsman . Huntsman — a man who was set to watch the hunting dogs. In these times of hunting was colorful and vibrant event. According to the author of the book Fundamentals of Game Management Dementieva VI, XVI century to ancient Russia was practically the only state of the supplied furs to the international market. This proves that hunting played an important role in international relations. In Russia in those days were good hunting resources and skills of the population, as well as vast areas with a variety of animals. Trade in products of commercial hunting was a major stake in the country’s economy. The most valuable furs — it was the main export commodity. The main types of export were: skin proteins, sable, marten and beaver. Before the XV century the bulk of fur mined in the West of the state. Of great importance in Russia occupied hunting of wild ungulates such as deer and elk, deer, round, bison, antelope, wild horse. To prepare for military campaigns conducted massive hunt to prepare the meat for the army. Also in those days was an active hunting in Muscovy to the beavers and otters, which were in abundance before the XVIII century. Then, as deforestation, created favorable conditions for animals like elk, hare, fox, grouse and many others. Huge numbers of elk moose determines the importance of the fishery. The main type of elk hunting in those days was hunting with a hunting pits. Only in Soviet times, this type of hunting was banned. At the beginning of XX century hunting has undergone major changes and has become a way of entertainment for the royal personages. Royal hunting has always been a particularly lush and destructive. As a rule, a huge variety of animals collected in a small area, and the kings with his entourage shot animals from special shelters. In Russian literature, there are many descriptions of the royal hunts. In 1860, for Alexander II was organized hunting in the Bialowieza Forest. To make preparations, involved about two and a half thousand people. For the king had collected several hundred animals. During that hunt were counted many trophies, including more than 20 elk, 30 bison, more than 10 deer and wild boar. In the time of ancient Russia the right to use hunting areas not regulated by any law. Soon, however, the princes quickly limited the right of free hunting by giving yourself the best land. For hunting princes hired himself hunting, PSARA, falconers, goshawk, hare hunters, and many other people hunting specialties. That allow free feed themselves and their animals, getting help from the farmers. It is these specialists in hunting were the founders of the laws and traditions of Russian hunting, many of whom are respected in our days. Hunting for the local population in their territories prohibited, the violation was punished severely. Peter I in 1686 issued a decree banning hunting in the vicinity of Moscow. But in many other lands of the public has the opportunity to hunt and to fish. Prior to 1893 the terms and procedure of hunting could only regulate land owners, who own permit or prohibit hunting on their land. In 1893, after the adoption of the Law on Hunting expanded the instrument on the European part of the state and the Caucasus.
Of all the diverse types of hunting pleasures can be identified as a separate item of rifle
hunting. The roots of the hunting rifle goes to the top of the XV century. However, it has acquired a wide scope to the invention, shot and buckshot around the end of the XV century. In the Russian hunting with firearms used since the end of the XVII century. In the XVIII century. usually hunted castle arrows, delivering prey to the king’s table. The most widespread hunting rifle received at the beginning of the XIX century. on improving contacts with Western Europe. This type of hunting provides many advantages. This type is cheaper and more efficient than falconry and hunting with hounds. Rifle hunting in many ways helped to build knowledge about the animals, their behavior and habitat. Rifle hunting is reflected in the works of famous Russian writers, poets, Tolstoy Aksakova Nekrasov, Bunin, Levitan. It has contributed to the emergence of such famous explorers as Zhitkov, Severtsev Buturlin and Przewalski. Due to the wide spread of weapons of hunting opportunity to successfully use the basic types of hunting, the pen and from the tower. And if at the time of the kings corral method was only available to a person close to the royal family, now this type of hunting has become more accessible. The advantage of this type was the fact that the hunting may participate from five to twenty times per hunting. These days, almost all hunting for wild boar is from the towers. It provides maximum safety and thus obtain maximum enjoyment from hunting. History proves that the hunt — it’s the best way to spend time in the air, doing things you love !
Volkswagen cars have gained a solid worldwide reputation of roomy and reliable vehicles. The passenger compartment of a Multivan can be easily transformed according to the required pattern. The passenger compartment of this minibus is able carry 6 passengers and their luggage.
Mercedes-Benz Viano Avantgarde Super Extra Long 4MATIK
A comfortable and roomy Mercedes minibus would help you to enjoy your trip, no matter how long it will prove to be. It can carry up to 6 passengers and there is still enough room for the great amount of luggage.
An amazing and luxury LexusLX570 can carry up to 6 passengers. A trip on the fabulous Lexus car would make you feel convenient and comfortable.
Being the embodiment of genuine hospitality, it combines convenience, spaciousness and functionality; it can easily carry a big or medium-sized group.
A roomy and functional Volkswagen Crafter is designed to carry larger groups of 16-20 people.
Robinson 66 Đ¸ 44
When we organize a hunting trip for a large group, we use buses having seating capacity of 20-40 passengers. Those advanced and comfortable buses would promptly deliver you to your destination
To make your trip even faster and breathtaking we use Robinson R66 and R44 four-seat helicopters. A flight on helicopter is not only the means of quick transfer, but also a thrilling adventure that will give you an unforgettable experience.
FIRST NIGHT AT THE GREENWOOD HOTEL
When you feel tired after the long flight and exhausting day, you will be accommodated in a cozy hotel near Moscow city. The hotel is a perfect place to have a rest and build up your strength for the unforgettable adventures. The rooms are equipped with all the amenities you need for an adequate relaxation. The guests can take a shower, refresh themselves and build up their strength.
FIRST NIGHT AT THE GREENWOOD HOTEL
Every room is equipped with the following amenities: an international direct dial phone, Wi-Fi, satellite TV, AC, safe, mini-bar and bathroom.
The bathroom includes a walk-in shower or a tub, hairdryer, toiletries, slippers and towels. Every room has warm toned interior and creates a cozy atmosphere. The rooms are equipped with king-size beds.
HUNTING GROUND — TVER OBLAST
Positions: 58°3'1.9N 36°4'13.33E
The little river Volchina runs through the forestry’s territory. Wonderful virgin wildlife, the springs and the woods help you soak the spirit of freedom and wild forest. This area is next to the camp between Moscow and St. Petersburg. Aside from the forests, this area is full of various glades and grassy clearings where you can encamp and have a rest in the middle of the forest. The area is covered mostly by mixed forests. Marvelous wildlife inclines you to a peaceful rest, and if you combine it with hunting, you will never forget this amazing experience.
HUNTING GROUND — TVER OBLAST
HUNTING GROUND — VYSHNY VOLOCHYOK
Positions: 57°42’18N 35°3’33E
The forestry is located in a scenic place next to the deep Chepolshevskoye Lake, with its depth up to 38 meters. The vast and green area is located between Moscow and St. Petersburg, therefore you can reach the hunting ground just in few hours. Despite its proximity to civilization, the forest and wildlife on the forestry’s territory remains virgin up to this day, thus giving you a chance to breathe crystal clean air and feel yourself a true wild forest conqueror. The forestry’s territory is occupied mostly by the coniferous forests with a trace of broad-leaved trees. The numerous lakes abundant in this area give a chance to enjoy the splendid vistas. The abundance of wild animals helps you to enjoy hunting to the full. Local wildlife and wild forests will touch even the heart of the most demanding visitor.
HUNTING GROUND — VYSHNY VOLOCHYOK
RECREATION CENTER Hotel
The recreation camp is situated on the margin of Chepolshevo Lake with magnificent vistas. An organized recreational area will help you to entertain yourself. It is next to the restaurant, Russian bath, guest houses providing a comfortable accommodation even for big groups of pleasurers. A hotel complex for the accommodation of tourist groups, 8 cottages, a restaurant, steam bath, relaxation alcoves, a fish pond and mini-zoo.
Amenities: A hotel complex for the accommodation of tourist groups, 8 cottages, Holiday cottage a restaurant, Holiday cottage is the place to relax and chill out before exciting adventures. steam bath, relaxation alcoves, a fish pond, mini-zoo.
RECREATION CENTER Restaurant
The restaurant has a great view of the ancient lake. Our Chinese and traditional Russian meals will complement your trip and help you fully enjoy your adventure holiday.
Traditional Russian bath is part and parcel of holidays in Russia.
ECO HOTEL The style of Podvorye was designed to resemble the daily life of ancient Russia. And it has proved to be so genuine and beaming that there is no need to imagine it being a part of Russian hinterland - there is no denying it. Itâ€™s a perfect place for those who want a quiet relaxing break after a long journey or a business meeting. You can enjoy the peace, quietness and special cozy atmosphere of Prohovskoye Podvorye leisure base. You and your friends can have a traditional Russian dinner either at Vodny tavern or at Lesnoy tavern. The pleasant interior of Lesnoy tavern featuring Russian design, with its beams carrying wooden animal artworks and hunting trophies hanging around the walls, as well as Vodny tavern with its
ECO HOTEL charming mermaid and an exceptional view of Vetrino Lake will make your stay at Podvorye even more enjoyable and memorable. The leisure base features an on-site Russian bath. Life’s frantic pace, wasted nerve cells, chronic fatigue — all of these arouse subliminal desire to feel relaxed, to refresh yourself… you feel a craving for warmth, for sound mind… All the troubles fly away at the very moment you feel the relaxed atmosphere of the Russian bath, breathe in the sweet smell of birch or oak switches.
ECO HOTEL • • • •
3 Single rooms (single bed, nightstand, TV set. Bathroom has shower and toilet). 4 Double rooms (queen size bed, nightstand, closet, TV set. Bathroom has shower and toilet). 1 Junior Suite (queen size bed, nightstand, closet, TV set. Bathroom has shower and toilet. The view of Vetrino Lake). 1 Suite (queen size bed, closet, table and chairs, sofa bed, TV set. Bathroom has shower and toilet. The view of Vetrino Lake).
ECO HOTEL • • • • •
The Guest House
Two bedrooms, one with a with a queen size bed and the other with two single beds. Sitting room (sofa bed, dining table and chairs, closet, TV set). Kitchen (ready-built kitchen, dining table and chairs, microwave, electric kettle). Bathroom with shower and toilet. Guest house featuring a nearby alcove with brazier.
ANIMALS Moose (Elk) Elk is the most ancient and the biggest member of the deer family. It can reach a length of 350 cm, a height of 250 cm and a weight of 800 kg. Elk has a very sharp hearing. If it hears something suspicious, it pricks up its ears and for a long time it stares in that direction, moves and strain its ears, nuzzles and if it finds any proof that there is danger, it runs away quickly even without seeing the source of that danger. Its smelling and especially its eyesight are not as sharp. It seems that this fact can be explained by its life in the forest or in the nether verts where eyes cannot be sharpened. Its bad eyesight and limited scent can be proved by the fact that when an elk is harassed, it often runs close to a human and that during snow storms and snowfalls it can allow a human to approach its bed. Tallowy Western elks have a horn spread of about 125 cm (if each of its two horns has 9 antlers – 18 in total) or 150 cm (if its horns have 30 antlers in total).
Wild boar Wild boar (Sus scrofa in Latin), aka boar or wild pig is a mammal of the paridigitates, of the pig genus (nonruminant), part of the Suidae family. It is the ancestor of the domestic pig. Wild boar is an omnivorous paridigitate nonruminant mammal of the pig genus. It differs from the domestic pig which evidently descended from the wild boar (and other connatural species), it has shorter and more compact body, thicker and longer legs; in addition, wild boar’s head is longer and thinner, his ears are longer and sharper, they being staight, they have sharper and longer tusks – males have much longer tusks than that of females. The bristles cover the whole body except the lower part of the neck and the back-end of the belly, forming a sort of a mane; The bristles are dark brown and broken yellow, the underwool is brownishgrey, resulting in its overall grizzled grey or brown color; its muzzle, tail, lower legs and hoofs are black. The specimen of varied and skewbald color is quite rare and they are considered to be the descendants of the feral domestic pigs. It can measure up to 175 cm in length, up to 1 m in height, its tail can measure up to 25 cm; an adult male can have a weight of 150-400 kg.
Bear Bear belongs to the predators of the mammals family. They differ from other caniforms with their stockier constitution. Bears are omnivorous, they are skillful climbers and swimmers, swift runners, they can stand straight and walk on their hind feet for short distances. They have a short tail, long and thick fur, as well as the perfect smelling and sharp hearing. They hunt in the evening or at the dawn. Usually, they are afraid of a human, but they can be dangerous if they live in the areas where they’ve got used to humans. It’s especially true of polar bear and grizzly. They are bee sting insensitive. In wildlife, they do not have many natural enemies. Every bear has a stocky and strong body, many of them are tall. Their paws are strong, five-toed, with big nonretractile claws. The claws are moved by powerful muscles – it helps bears to climb the trees, to scratch the ground and to scratch out the spoil. Grizzly’s claws can reach up to 15 cm in length – it helps this bear to scratch the ground, but disables it from the ability to climb
the trees. The bear’s gait is shuffling and plantigrade. Giant panda has an additional toe, the thumb – actually a modified sesamoid bone covered with skin. Its tail is very short, hidden in the fur. The head is big, but the eyes are small. The neck is thick and comparatively short. Bears have a big skull, usually with a porrect facial skull. The skull crests are well developed. The maxillary arches are slightly set apart. They have mighty jaws, the biting force can measure up to 230 kg. Labial teeth are bigger, but the rest of the teeth is small and have no special function (partly reduced). The number of teeth varies from 32 to 40-42. Its smelling is well developed; the hearing and eyesight are not as sharp.
ANIMALS Wolf The overall appearance of this predator tells about its might and excellent adapted for fatigueless running, pursuing and attacking its victims. An adult wolf is bigger than a good sheep-dog. Its average body length is 105-160 cm, tail length is 30-50 cm, height is 80-85 cm and it can measure up to 100 cm. Its normal weight is 32-50kg. The wolves ration consists mostly of ungulates, such as elks, bucks, roe deers, and wild boars, sometimes they attack domestic animals. Wolf is very intelligent. It is evident in its ability to analyze the situation and to avoid a hazard, as well as in the hunting methods they use. There were reports about
occurrences when a horde of wolves had been divided into two parts – the first one stayed in a hide, and the second one was driving the prey onto it. When a wolf pack is chasing an elk or a deer, it happens often that some of the wolves are following at victim’s heels, while others were running false or jogging slowly in order to replace those who were running ahead. This chase was going on until the victim was exhausted and killed.
Lynx Lynx is a mammal from the Lynx genus. Lynx has 80130 cm in length and 70 cm in height. Usually, the lynx is as big as a good dog. Males have a weight of 18-25 kg, it is very rare that it can measure even 30 kg; females standard weight is 18 kg. Its body is identical to that of other members of Lynx family – short and compact. It has big paws, in winter, they are covered with long fur that helps lynx to walk through the snow without sinking into it. It has long brushes on its ears. The tail is short, as if it was cut off. There are many variants of lynx’s color depending on the geographical zone: they may differ from brown-red to off-white with fairly spotted areas on the back, sides and paws. The belly hairs are especially long and soft, but not thick and almost always of pure white color with rare spots. The southern species usually tend to have a larger part of red in their color, their fur is shorter and paws are smaller. Lynx trail is typical for cats, it has no clutches print, its hind feet follow the forefeet trail exactly.
Badger Badger is a mammal in the family Mustelidae. Its body length is 60-90 cm, its tail length is 20-24 cm; its weight is up to 24 kg or even 34 kg when a badger prepares itself for the denning. A badger has a specific body shape, it looks like a wedge with its sharp edge ahead, the sharpest part being the badger’s porrect thin muzzle. The neck is short, you can hardly notice it. Its legs are short and heavy, with the whole foot stepping on the ground. Its toes have long blunt clutches that are well adapted for scratching the ground. The fur is coarse. Its sides and back are brownish-grey with silver shade; its lower parts are black. Its muzzle has two dark stripes stretching from the nose to the ears. Badger is omnivorous, but it prefers vegetable food. It eats vermin, frogs, lizards, birds and their eggs, insects and their larva, shellfish, earthworms, mushrooms, berries, nuts and grass. Badger explore vast areas to find some food, it rummages fallen trees, tearing off the bark of the trees and stubs to find worms and insects. Sometimes, such a hunting trip can supply a badger with 50-70 and more frogs, hundreds of insects and earthworms. However, it eats only 0.5 kg a day; it is only in autumn that he eats much more food trying to fatten in order to survive the denning.
Raccoon Raccoon is a predator mammal of the procyonid family. Raccoon looks like a raccoon dog. It has a stocky body, short paws with long fluid toes and sharp nonretractile clutches. The bottoms of the feet are bold. When it stands straight, it bears on the whole bottom of the feet, and when it walks – on the toes only, that’s why a trace of the common raccoon looks like a human hand print. It has a wide head with a short pointed muzzle, its ears are small and orbed. Its tail is bushy. Raccoon has a long fur, forming a sort of sideburns at the sides of its head.
ANIMALS Hare Hare is a mammal of the Lagomorpha order that includes hares and jackrabbits. Hares can be found all over the world, except Antarctica and far-distant islands, to many of which, however, hares were brought by men. They differ from rock hares with their hind limbs well developed, long ears and the existence of a short tail.
Fox Fox along with some of connatural species belong to the Canidae family in the Carnivora order, which differs mostly with its perpendicular porrect pupil of the eye, as well as with its long body, porrect head with a sharp muzzle, short legs, very long and bushy tail. The common European species has thick and tender fur, its upper parts are red or yellowish-red, its forehead, shoulders and back have white ends of hair; its cheeks and throat are white, the belly color vary from whitish to ash-grey; the back of the eyes are black, a long bushy white-tipped tail. The body length (without a tail) is up to 70 cm, and its height is up to 30 cm.
Blackcock Blackcock is a widespread bird of Phasianidae family, dwelling in the forest, forest steppe and partly in the steppe area of Eurasia, including the Russian territory. This resident or nomadic bird dwells on the forest marges, along its edge and in the valleys of big rivers. It’s a comparatively big bird with small head and short beak. Males are much bigger than females – their length is 49-58 cm, their weight is 1.0—1.4 kg, whereas females can boast only 40-45 cm and 0.7-1.0 kg respectively. The sexual dimorphism is also evident in their color. You can recognize a male by its sparkling black coat with flashing purple and green on its head, neck, jowl and loin, as well as by the ruby eyebrows. The back-end of belly is fulvous, with light feather tips; the undertail coverts are sharp white. The remiges are dark fulvous with so called mirrors – white feathers in the lower part of the feathers: from the first to the fifth. The mirrors are even more evident on the secondary flight feathers where they fill the greater part of a wing. Its tail feathers are black with flashing purple on their tips; outer rectrixes are turned-up sideward, wherefore the tail becomes harp-shaped. Female is varied, reddish-brown with lateral grey, dark yellow and dark brown stripes. It looks like a wood grouse female, but differs with white mirrors on its wings and a little notch on the tail. The undertail coverts are white. The young birds, both male and female, possess a varied coat consisting of dark brown, yellowish-brown and white stripes and spots.
Wood grouse Wood grouse is a large bird of the Phasianidae family, Galliformes order. The Russian name for this species (meaning a deaf one) was given due to the well-known feature of male wood grouses to lose vigilance and alertness, which hunters use pretty often. Males can measure 110 cm and even more, their wing spread is 1.4 m, their weight is 4.1-6.5 kg. Female are notably (1/3) less in size, their average weight being 2 kg. The sexual dimorphism is not bound to size only – it affects the bird’s color as well. The male’s head and neck are black, the back side of the neck is ash-grey with black spots, the front side of the neck is black and grey. The jowl is flashing green, the chest is green-iron grey, and the underparts are covered with black and white spots. The wings are brown. The tail is black with white spots. The bare skin around the eyes is ruby, and the beak is pink and white. Female is less in size and is pretty varicolored: yellow, red, fulvous, black and white colors (in the shape of lateral dark and rusty ocher-colored stripes). The throat, wing’s curve and upper chest are rusty red.
ANIMALS Duck Duck is a small or medium-sized bird with comparatively short neck and tarsometatarsus which front is covered with lateral scutes. The colors of its coat are diverse, many species have a special mirror on their wings. During mating season, a number of species display a distinct sexual dimorphism which is evident mostly in different coat colors of males and females. Most of the species have molting twice a year – in summer it’s in part, and in autumn it’s complete.
Goose Goose is a waterfowl of the family Anatidae, belonging to the Anseriformes order. Geese feature a beak having the height at its base bigger than the width, as well as a sharp claw at its edge. The beak edges feature tiny teeth. Geese neck is medium-sized (longer than that of ducks, but shorter than that of swans), they have pretty tall legs attached closer to the center of the body than ducks have; they have a hard hump or an armature on the wing’s curve. They also have well developed feathers and undercoat. Males look almost like females; the only difference is a bony knot at the base of the male’s beak, as well as their somewhat larger size. Many geese cackle or chuckle, and when they notice any danger, they start hissing in annoyance.
HUNTING Hunting from tower A hunting tower is set around feeding spots, a hunter takes his sit beforehand and is waiting for the horde’s forthcoming, here you can watch the video showing the hunting for the wild boar. The hunting from towers is most successful when it takes place in late autumn or in early winter, when the ground is frozen and hunger makes the beast to forget about cautiousness and drives it to look for food before the darkness comes. Concealment: You should hide yourself at the hunting tower at least one hour before the expected forthcoming of the horde, and when approaching the hunting tower, you should walk the path used for supplying food and by no means cross the horde’s path. When you’re hunting for a wild boar, never rush to take a shot. The horde should be engrossed in taking food – then you will be able to prepare yourself without fuss and take a shot. If you start moving while the whole horde is still on the alert, your chance can be lost irretrievably. Some outfitting companies offer a service of switching the floodlamp at the hunter’s signal. The beasts stand still for a moment in astonishment, and if the shooter has already taken aim at the prey, he has a time to take a winning shot at the wild boar. Even if the boar lies still on the ground, you should stay alert. You should approach it only from the behind, and to take an insurance shot at its ear to ensure it is dead. Wild boar is extremely die-hard and can attack you even when it is almost dead. Safety precautions: In no case you should smoke. But if the hunter’s warm short fur coat was taken out of the sack with camphor balls, it is even worse. This scent will let the wild boar’s know that there is a human around, and nothing would tempt them to show up from the underbrush. The warm clothes should be prepared in advance: you should sweeten them for several days and then, rub them with fir or larch needles that it can soak the natural forest scents. Hunting from a tower in the forest. The first animals that approach the feeding spot and the hunter sitting at the tower are young of the years and yelts followed by sows. The tuskers are usually the last to show themselves, they come out when it is dark. Before the horde’s leader would come out to the open space, it makes a stop in the underbrush, strains its ears and sniffs the air for a long time. Any unusual sound or smell (which is even more important) will scare the animals away and hunting for wild boars will fail. A hunter at the tower is usually accompanied by a game keeper who chooses the animal to be shot. A voice will scare the wild boars away, so you should make arrangements about the signs you are going to use. In addition, when a shooter is sitting at the hunting tower, he can see the wild boars only from the unusual angle. The shadow figures are changing all the time, this being the reason for nettlesome missed shots. And what makes it even more difficult, is the fact that hunting takes place in twilight, where you can hardly see anything. You should wait until the wild boar’s shadow figure appears in front of unshadowed trees, aspens or birch-trees, and then take a shot.
HUNTING Driven shooting Driven shooting is a type of team hunting with the assistance of drive beaters who drive the wild beasts to the shooters ambush (a line of shooters). One of the most important rules for successful hunting is that everyone should follow gamekeeperâ€™s instructions strictly. Otherwise, it is not that hunting will fail only, but it can also cause an accident resulting in injuries. Hunting preparations include exploring the area and hiring a team. The area is explored by experienced huntsmen long in advance before the hunting starts. Later, they serve as assistants for a hunting leader who is the team captain. Driven shooting can take place only under the conditions of good visibility, after the sun is up, the fog is gone and heavy snowfall is over. Carrying any driven shootings and battue hunting under the conditions of twilight, fog, heavy snowfall and other conditions of poor visibility is strictly prohibited. In any case, we advice every hunter to put on high visibility vests, caps or bright colored (red or yellow) armbands. These colors do not bother the greater part of animals, but they contribute to maintaining better visual contact among the members of a hunting team. The instruction is usually conducted with everyone signing that he was instructed. In case hunting is conducted without game keeperâ€™s assistance or game keepers are lacking, the team captain casts a lot and divides the team to shooters and beaters. The beaters are guided by the gamekeeper or by a senior beater who is appointed by the team captain, who is an experienced hunter and is familiar with the hunting area. The team captain specifies distinct signals that mark the start of the driving, the end of hunting, roll call, etc. Those signals remain unchanged until the hunting is over. He also explains the participants the specifics of that particular hunting, for instance, whether it is allowed to shoot a driven beast at any time or you should wait until you cross the shooting line. You will also be informed if there is a need to kill some sort of animals among those that are driven. As a rule, there is a requirement to kill the wolves.
according to their numbers. The numbers are arranged consequently, starting from the headmost, in such manner that every next number could see the previous one and his shooting sector. Every shooter, after being informed about the position where to stay and the corresponding shooting sector, should clearly understand where his neighbors stand. Then the shooter has to conceal himself in a quiet way. After occupying his seat and concealing himself, he has to charge his gun immediately. While standing on his number, a shooter has to stand still and keep silence; it is strictly forbidden to talk to the neighbors, to use mobiles, to smoke, to cough, etc.; if he cannot help coughing he should cover his mouth, for instance, with his cap. Every shooter standing on his number has to know the exact location of the numbers next to him and of the shooting line as a whole. Therefore, before concealing himself, every shooter has to show his neighbors his position. It is expressly prohibited to choose the position on your own initiative and to leave your position before the driving is over. The only exception is the situation when your fellow huntsman needs your help. A huntsman can leave his position only after the signal of the team captain or the hunting leader indicating that the driving is over. The signal indicating that the driving is over is given by the team captain or the hunting leader, and it is passed from one shooter to another.
Safety precautions: The rules and regulations for the shooters participating in driven shootings should be carefully observed during the hunting. Every participant involved in the shooting line should go to their positions according to their numbers, talking and smoking are prohibited. The hunting leader, the team captain or his assistant arranges the shooters
Before the signal indicating that the driving is over is given, no one should make noise, talk or leave his position â€“ even if the beaters came close to them. After the signal indicating that the driving is over is given, shooting is expressly prohibited. It is forbidden to shoot along the shooting line and beyond your sector. If the distance between the trajectory of your shell or some of its part and the position next to you was less than 10 meters, it means you had shot along the shooting line. A shooter has to take a shot only if the animal is at the distance of safe shot and if he is sure to recognize the animal. It is expressly prohibited to shoot just according to some sound, noise, crinkle, a waving of the branches or boscage and to the vague glimpse of the target. You are allowed to shoot only the animals you are hunting. It is forbidden to shoot any other targets without permission from the hunting leader. If a huntsman or a beater would see that an animal has fallen down or it is badly wounded, and the team has a permission (a license) to kill only one animal of that kind, the huntsman or the beater has to say in a loud voice Ready! This signal has to be immediately passed to all other huntsmen and beaters in the shooting line. At the same time, the Ready! signal is also the command to finish hunting and shooting. If a team is hunting several kinds of animals together, a huntsman or a beater on shooting an animal has to give the sign Ready! and add the kind of the animal, for instance, An elk is ready!. In such a case the team is allowed to keep on hunting, but they can shoot only that kind of animal that they have a permission (a license) to kill. It is expressly prohibited to leave the number, to run to the fallen, shot dead, wounded or leaving animal before the driving is over and the signal Cease fire! is given. The chase after a wounded beast is allowed only with the permission of the hunting leader. The hunting leader sets the order of finishing off the wounded animal, the number of huntsmen involved in finishing it off and their line-up.
Beaters hunting Input trace
HUNTING Hunting during the rut An individual trophy male elk hunting in the rutting season. Every huntsman is accompanied by 1-2 gamekeepers. The gamekeeper lures an elk by imitating the sounds of a male or female elk, in order to drive the elk to the place within shouting distance from the huntsman. We go hunting in the morning (around 5-8 am) and in the evening (around 7-10 pm). A huntsman must be physically fit for hunting, he should be able to cover 2-6 km during that morning or evening. A shooting distance is 10 to 150 meters. A huntsman can use only rifled hunting weapons (with a caliber not less than 7.62 х 51) and a telescope-sight (with a 4х zoom or less). The only permitted hunting cartridges are semi-jacketed hollow-point bullets. A preparatory fire at the outfitting company is obligatory! Equipment: clothes for the cold weather (–2 to +20°C), high boots, boots, LED-light, sporting knife, batteries, weapon cleaning kit. Safety precautions: You should approach your position with a firm tread, you shouldn’t prowl. If you walk with a firm tread, the lops will crunch under your feet making a sound that an elk may take as the sound from the adversary approaching. At that very moment, you should make a sound imitating a roaring male elk. Your gun has to be ready, because you can meet a furious elk virtually at any moment. When the male proves to be along the line of sight, you should be extremely vigilant and careful. You shall move only when the elk is roaring or fighting with the trees. The recommended shooting distance is 35-60 steps. In so doing, you should aim at its head or under the shoulder. If despite being shot and falling on the ground, the elk is trying to rise up, you should dispatch it with the second shot as soon as it is possible. The safest way to approach the wounded animal is to come to its side. The second shot should hit the head area.
KILLING ZONES Bear Taking a winning shot requires a precise understanding of the bear’s killing zones. A wounded animal is very dangerous, so for the sake of the shooter’s safety, you need to kill the animal as quick as it is possible, preferably, to kill it with one shot. Therefore, you should aim at its head, heart or lungs. A bear’s heart is located in its trunk in front of its paws curve. A bear is a swift and strong beast. Despite it is seemingly clumsy, just in two lunged ca cover some quite a distance. If it needs to, it can overtake even a horse or an elk. It is a skillful swimmer and climber. It likes swimming and scratching on trees. The clutches marks on a tree can tell an experienced huntsman the height of the bear, thus he can decide if there is a sense to keep on pursuing such a giant.
Wild boar To strike down a wild boar is not so easy even if you shoot its killing zone; even more so if you miss it, this mighty beast will flee far away and die there, thus leaving the huntsman without a trophy. Unfortunately, even several gunshots cannot guarantee that this little forest tank will stop and prevent it from fighting for its life. In such a case, the huntsman has to be cautious – being careful doesn’t mean faint-heartedness. The appearance of this animal with its tusks protruding out of the mouth can scare anyone. And why should a man who struggles with such a dangerous adversary be called a coward, even if he adheres to some safety precautions?
Elk Its neck is full of blood vessels and neck vertebra. Therefore, if you shoot this area, the beast will be stopped for sure. Thus, the neck should be considered a good killing zone. Chest area: if you shoot the lower part of its shoulder, the zone where its heart is situated, the elk will stop either immediately, or within next 5 minutes (don’t forget about its endurance). Shooting the ribs and striking its lungs will also make you run after your trophy a little bit. It’s better not to chase a wounded elk at once – let it lie down and feel safe. Just in one hour time it will be much easier to finish off the wounded beast. If an elk is coming right at you, you should shoot it exactly in the middle of its chest. A head: brain, to be exactly. When you shoot its head, please, do not forget that its brain is relatively small (as compared to the size of its head) and that its skull is very strong. It requires a sniper fire, because it can stop even the mighty bull.
HUNTING EQUIPMENT Land Rover Defender
A passenger cross-country car (off-roader). A ladder frame with an alloy body mounted on it. Six-speed automatic gearbox permanent all-wheel drive, two-speed transfer and axle differential lock. Excellent off-road abilities of the car are maintained by the permanent all-wheel drive, 26 cm road clearance, little body extension and overhang (angle of approach 49°, angle of departure 35°), ramp breakover angle 150°, fordable depth 0.5 m (without a snort) and suspension travel up to 545 mm.
A passenger cross-country car (off-roader) for all classes of roads, as well as for the broken terrain. UAZ Hunter is the further development of the off-roaders made in Ulyanovsk, UAZ-469 and UAZ-3151, its axle configuration is 4×4, it has 5 seats, road clearance 210 mm, maximum speed 120 km/h, cubic capacity 2.7 l, maximum power 128 h. p., mechanical 5-speed transmission.
HUNTING EQUIPMENT UAZ-450
itâ€™s a production vehicle that has been produced at the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant in 1958-1965. UAZ-450 was the first independent trade-off model of this automobile plant. It was created on the base of the nodes and components of GAZ-69, but it had larger cubic capacity.
its high floatation helps reaching hard-to-get places where you cannot go by car. It can carry loads to the far-distant places across the broken terrain.
HUNTING EQUIPMENT In winter, it is the most convenient means of transport for off-road maneuvering. It can drag the sledge, thus giving a chance to carry a big game or the hunting equipment.
WEAPON Blaser S2
Caliber 9.3 х 74 Barrel length: 57.5 cm Weight: approximately 3.2 kg Extractor type: self-ejecting Features: telescope-sight installation; arming the firing hammer by a safety detent
Blazer R 93 Attache
Caliber 9.3 х 62 Barrel length, 57.7 cm Carabine weight – 3 kg Features: telescope-sight installation
Caliber 30-06 Barrel length, 58.0 cm Carabine weight – 3 kg Magazine case 4+1 Features: telescope-sight installation
Blazer D-99 DUO
Smoothbore tube caliber: 20/70, 20/76 Rifle barrel caliber: 30-06 Barrel length: 57.5 cm Gun weight: 3.4 kg.
Blezer F3 LUXUS
Caliber and seating distance: 12/76 Barrel length, 74.0 cm Carabine weight – 3.4 kg
Upper tube caliber: 12/76, 16/70, 20/76 Lower tube caliber: 9.3 х 74 Barrel length: 60 cm Weight: 2.8 kg.
Day optic sight
Night optic sight
BEST-SELLING DISHES During the holidays, you will be able to enjoy the great variety of huntsmanâ€™s dishes prepared from your hunting or fishing trophies. The dishes prepared from fresh products help you enjoy genuine taste and aroma.
salmon meat, cabbage, beetroot,onion, carrot, greens, tomato paste, potato, flour, water.
wild pig meat, sourcrout, potato, carrot, greens, garlic, water.
fish, potato, cereal, bulb onion, vodka, greens, water.
wild pig meat, sourcrout, potato, carrot, greens, garlic, water.
bear paw, lettuce, garlic, carrot, chicken soup, soy sauce, chinese spices, starch.
moose heart, fried onion, mushrooms, greens, boiled, carrot, soy sauce, spices.
Wild pig liver
wild pig liver, egg, starch, spices.
beetroot, potato, lettuce, green peas, pickled cucumbers, salad, oil.
Rice with vegetables
rice, pepper, onion, carrot, eggplant, vegetable marrow, spices.
orange, apple, pineapple, tomato or cherry.
ANIMAL EXTRACTED PRODUCTS
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Bear-gall (extract) Bear fat Badger fat Beaver fat Goose fat Castoreum Red deer’s blood
Foot walks on the forest
Halt on camping
Watching the animals
Birch sap collection
ECOTOURISM PROGRAMMS • LLC SEDAL Eco – tour program (June – September) A 5 day and 4 night tour
With our company you can make an exciting journey along the territory of our farms which are 300 km away from Moscow. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
The programs are:
Day 1: • Meet-and-greet at airport (evening) • Checking into Greenwood hotel (Moscow) • Supper in a hotel restaurant. • Day 2: • 09:00 Breakfast in a hotel. • 10:00 Driving to our farm. • 13:00 Dinner during the trip to our farm. • 15:30 Checking into eco – hotel. • 16:30 Fitting of the clothes. • 17:00 Fishing at the farm territory. • 18:45 Supper (Russian and Chinese cuisine made of eco-food products) • 20:00 Studying the program for the next day. • 21:00 Sleeping. Day 3: • 09:00 Breakfast in a hotel. • 10:00 Driving to the beginning of the rout. • 10:30 Going on a crusade. • 12:00 Stopping at a arbor №1 to make a camp fire and cook food • 14:00 Continue going on a crusade. • 16:00 Setting tents for an overnight. • 17:00 Berries and mushrooms collecting. • 18:30 Participation in supper cooking. • 20:00 Watching the sundown, singing to a guitar or accordion at a camp fire. • 21:00 Sleeping. Day 4: • 09:00 Breakfast in a forest. • 10:00 A trip along the farm on four-wheelers and offroadsters, allocating the food for wild animals, installation of video equipment to watch animals, making of flag brooms for Russian sauna. • 13:00 Dinner in a hotel of the farm (Russian and Chinese cuisine made of eco-food products) • 14 :00 Russian sauna, having a rest. • 16:30 Driving to aforest to watch animals from towers. • 18:45 Supper in a hotel of the farm. • 19:45 A trip to a Russian farm to watch domestic animals. • 21:00 Sleeping. Day 5: • 09:00 Breakfast. • 10:00 Driving to the airport. • 13:00 Dining along the way to the airport. • 17:00 Arriving at the airport.
Wood trails hiking. Making a camp fire to cook dinner and supper. Making tea in samovar with cones according to Russian tradition. Overnight in tents at the Shore of Forest Lake (1 night). Picking mushrooms, berries, cone firs, healthy herbs, nettle for soup, sally-bloom, nuts, leaves for herbarium, birch juice, spring water, and making of a broom for Russian sauna (period-to-period). Feeding wild animals and birds (moose, wild pig, deer, bear, hazel-hen, black cock). Installation of video-equipment to watch animals in their natural habitat. Watching animals from special towers. A trip along the farm on four-wheelers and offroaders (on snowmobiles in winter). Fishing in forest lakes and winter ice crawfish catching. Russian sauna with brooms, dive into ice-hole and snow baths. Accommodation in eco – hotel. Meal service: Traditional Russian and Chinese dishes (3 times a day). Over farm helicopter flight (with extra charge). An unforgettable jet ski stroll (2 seats). Yachts stroll along the Great Volga River (10 seats). A motor boat stroll (4 seats). In winter you may enjoy a ski stroll along the forest, skate along the ancient lake and an exciting sled slope from the snowy hill. Celebrating Russian holiday – Maslenitsa festival, eating pancakes with sour cream, caviar and jam. Services of a professional camera-man during the whole tour. Montage of the film and photos and delivering them to the guest’s residence location. Moscow sightseeing: visit Red Square and Moscow River excursion.
Eco-tour program (October – May) A 5 day and 4 night tour
Day 1: • Meet-and-greet at airport (evening) • Checking into Greenwood hotel (Moscow) • Supper in a hotel restaurant. Day 2: • 09:00 Breakfast in a hotel. • 10:00 Driving to our farm. • 13:00 Dinner during the trip to our farm. • 15:30 Checking into eco – hotel. • 16:30 Fitting of the clothes. • 17:00 Taking a stroll, photo — video and having a rest. • 18:45 Supper (Russian and Chinese cuisine made of eco-food products) • 20:00 Studying the program for the next day. • 21:00 Sleeping. Day 3: • 09:00 Breakfast in a hotel. • 10:00 Farm excursion on four-wheelers and snowmobiles. • 13:00 Dinner (Russian and Chinese cuisine made of eco-food products) • 14:30 Fishing at a lake, cooking of Russian fish soup, photo – video. • 17:00 Tea-time with samovar according to Russian tradition. • 18:00 Russian sauna. • 18:45 Supper (Russian and Chinese cuisine made of eco-food products) • 20:00 Studying the program for the following days. 21:00 Sleeping. Day 4: • 09:00 Breakfast. • 10:00 Driving to a forest to allocate food for animals. • 13:00 Dinner in the hotel of the farm. • 14:00 Driving to a forest to watch animals from towers. • 18:45 Outside supper in an arbor. • 21:00 Sleeping. Day 5: • 09:00 Breakfast. • 10:00 Driving to the airport. • 13:00 Dinner along the way to the airport. • 17:00 Arriving at the airport.
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Eco-tours additional offers.
Helicopter flight. Hunting weapon firing. Watching of traditional Russian hunting. Taking part in Russian hunting. Souvenirs made of wild animals (trinkets made of bear claws, wolves, lynx. Trinkets made of bear and wolf laniary. Ash trays made of moose and wild pig hooves) Infusion made of bear bile. Bear, badger, beaver, goose fat. Castoreum. Red deer blood (pills). Yacht stroll.
HUNTING PROGRAMMS • LLC SEDAL Watch tower hunting (July – January)
9-day tour from LLC SEDAL (July – December)
Hunter watch tower is a small building, which looks like house or garden house. This tower is stated on the 2-25 meter columns. The tower is made to watch wild animals or to hunt them. The tower is safe from wind and has a bench and windows. The tower is situated on the feeding water. When it is getting dark, wild pigs, bears, raccoons, foxes and other wild animals come to the tower when it is getting dark.
Day 1 • Pick up from airport (in the evening) • Check-in to the Greenwood hotel. • A dinner. Day 2 • 09:00 A breakfast. • 10:00 Going to the farm. • 13:00 A lunch on the way to the farm. • 15:30 Check-in to the eco hotel. • 16:30 Trying on clothes. • 17:00 Going for a walk, taking photos and videos in the nature’s lap. • 18:45 A dinner (Russian and Chinese meals prepared from eco-products) • 20:00 Next days events review. • 21:00 A night’s repose. • Day 3 09:00 A breakfast at the hotel. • 10:00 Quad or snowmobile conducted tour of the farm. • 13:00 A lunch (Russian and Chinese meals prepared from eco-products) • 14:30 Fishing at the lake, cooking Russian fish soup, photo&video. • 17:00 Traditional Russian tea-drinking with samovar. • 18:00 Russian bath. • 18:45 A dinner (Russian and Chinese meals prepared from eco-products). • 20:00 Next days events review. • 21:00 A night’s repose. Day 4 • 09:00 A breakfast. • 10:00 A visit to the forest to leave fodder for the beasts. • 13:00 A lunch at the hotel. • 14:30 A visit to the forest to watch the beasts from the towers. • 18:45 A dinner at an alcove in the nature’s lap. • 21:00 A night’s repose. Day 5 • 09:00 A breakfast. • 10:00 A visit to the forest to look for the beasts traces and to leave fodder. • 13:00 A lunch. • 14:30 Memorable jet skiing (in winter time, snowmobiling) on the ancient lake, installing special fishing-tackles for catching predatory fish. • 16:30 Elk hunting and wild boar hunting. • 18:45 A lunch at the hunting tower. • 21:00 A night’s repose. Day 6 • 09:00 A breakfast. • 10:00 A visit to the lake to check the fishing-tackles. Installing hidden cameras for watching the wild beasts. Taking part in feeding the beasts. • 13:00 A lunch. • 14:30 A visit to the farm’s shooting gallery to practice weapons handling and shooting skills. • 16:00 Bear, elk and wild boar hunting from tower. • 18:45 A lunch. • 21:00 A night’s repose. Day 7 • 09:00 A breakfast. • 10:00 Berry, mushroom, fir cones, leaves for a herbarium, firetop, hazelnut and nettle picking. Procurement of bath switches (or skiing and skating on the lake in winter time). • 13:00 A lunch. • 14:30 Walking along the farm, being accompanied by the eco-squad (or riding sledge pulled by guide’s snowmobile in winter). • 17:00 Kindling a fire to cook the meat of the wild beasts. • 18:00 A dinner. • 19:30 Russian bath. • 21:00 A night’s repose. Day 8 • 09:00 A breakfast. • 10:00 Going to Vyshny Volochok for a guided tour. • 13:00 A lunch in Vyshny Volochok. • 14:30 Going to Moscow. • 19:00 Check-in to the Greenwood hotel. • 19:30 A dinner. • 21:00 A night’s repose. Day 9 • 09:00 A breakfast. • 10:00 Going for a guided tour in Moscow. • 13:00 A lunch. • 14:30 The second part of the guided tour in Moscow. • 16:00 Going to airport.
Enclosure hunting (November – January)
The concept of enclosure hunting is that our experts look for hunting objects, then they place hunters around the place where an animal is, then 10 or 15 drive beaters let an animal out. By enclosure hunting one can hunt a moose, a wild pig, a deer, a wolf, a lynx, a fox and other animals.
Chasing hunting (August – September)
Chasing hunting is the most interesting and spectacular kind of hunting moose and deer. The hunt starts when it is dark and lasts till dawn. Our professional hunters beckon big-sized mooses by imitation of moose male roar, who is looking for a partner to fight. There were some cases when an animal moved closer 15 meters to a hunter.
Spring hunting (April – May)
This kind of hunting starts from the end of April and lasts 10 days. It is time to hunt a wood grouse, a black-cock, a duck and a night peck. We hunt out of shelters and use decoy-ducks.
4-Day tour from LLC SEDAL HUNTERS STORIES (August – September)
Day 1 • 19:00 Meet-and-greet at Sheremetyevo (arrival at 18:15) • 22:00 Checking into Pekin or Kosmos hotel (supper) Day 2 • 10:00 Breakfast (Russian cuisine ) • 11:00 A trip to hunting sector (270 km. from Moscow) • 14:00 Dinner (Russian and Chinese cuisine) • 16:00 Hunting preparations (instruction,clothes fitting) • 17:00 Departure and placing hunters at their places (watch towers) • 21:00 Supper in a forest (dishes of hunting cuisine) • 23:00 Moose chasing hunting (hunting by beckoning with voice imitation) • Overnight accommodation in a hunting sector hotel. Day 3 • 10:00 Breakfast (Russian and Chinese cuisine) • 11:00 Hunting areas excursion (mushroom picking and berrying) • 15:00 Dinner (Russian cuisine) • 16:00 Hunting preparations (instruction) • 17:00 Departure and placing hunters at their places (supper along) • 01:00 Driving to a hunting sector hotel Day 4 • 10:00 Breakfast (Russian and Chinese cuisine) • 11:00 Driving to Sheremetyevo airport. • Dinner along the way.
4-day tour from LLC SEDAL HUNTERS STORIES (November – January)
Day 1 • 19:00 Meet-and-greet at Sheremetyevo (arrival at 18:15) • 21:00 Checking into Pekin or Kosmos hotel (supper) Day 2 • 10:00 Breakfast (Russian cuisine) • 11:00 A trip to hunting sector (270 km. from Moscow) • 14:00 Dinner (Russian and Chinese cuisine) • 15:00 Hunting preparations (instruction, clothes fitting) • 16:00 Departure and placing hunters at their places (watch towers) • 20:00:23:00 Coming back to hunting sector. • 21:00:24:00 Supper (Russian and Chinese cuisine) • Overnight accommodation in a hunting sector hotel Day 3 • 08:00 Breakfast (Russian and Chinese cuisine) • 09:00 Hunting preparations (instruction) • 10:00 Departure and placing hunters at their places (enclosure) • 14:00 A dinner in a forest (dishes of hunting cuisine) • 15:00 Hunting continuation (enclosure or watch tower) • 17:00 Driving to a hotel (100 km. from Moscow) • 20:00 Supper (Russian and Chinese cuisine) • 21:00 Sauna (Russian bath) Day 4 • 10:00 Breakfast (Russian and Chinese cuisine) • 11:00 Having a rest till 15:00. • 15:00 Dinner (Russian and Chinese cuisine) • 16:00 Driving to Sheremetyevo airport
When the hunting is over, we start making trophies. We offer shipping to any destination worldwide.
PHOTO & VIDEO DEVELOPMENT Our company provides photo and video services during your vacation. A DVD disk with videos and photos about your trip will keep all these memories alive for many years. Skilled camera men will choose a proper angle and take fantastic photos to share with your friends and relatives. Every time you watch a video story about your trip to Russia, you will be able to relive those unforgettable feelings. During your vacation, the cameraman using the professional equipment captures every single event. Later, when your vacation is over, he will edit the material to make a thrilling film, he will also prepare a souvenir package. As soon as the disk is ready, we will send it by means of express delivery service to the address you provide. As we keep all the recordings at our companyâ€™s office, you are always free to order an additional copy in case you lose the original.