Friends for Youth Group Intervention for Anxiety
Paula Barrett, Hayley Lowry-Webster and Cynthia Turner
Materials Needed • Required Supplies – Group Leader Manual – Student Manual (ideally, for each student in group) • Optional supplies – Chalkboard /Dry erase board – Crayons, Markers, Color pencils
Rationale of the FRIENDS Program • FRIENDS will help children to learn important skills and techniques to cope with and manage anxiety. • The word FRIEND will help them to remember each new skill taught throughout the program. • Children will discover different ways to be a friend to themselves and to others.
“FRIENDS” • • • • • • •
F– R– I– E– N– D– S–
How am I Feeling? Relax and Feel Good Inner Thoughts Explore Plans Nice Work, Reward Yourself! Don’t forget to Practice! Stay Calm
Theoretical Principles Behind The FRIENDS Program • FRIENDS is based on a theoretical model that addresses three processes: – Cognitive (mind) relates to inner thoughts we have about ourselves, others and situations. – Physiological (body) relates to physical reactions our bodies feel when we feel worried, nervous or afraid. – Learning (behavior) relates to the acquisition of new skills to cope and manage anxiety.
Developing Cognitive, Physiological, & Learning Skills â€˘ Cognitive exercises encourage the use of positive self-talk and self-reward. Children learn coping strategies and to change unhelpful negative thoughts.
Developing Cognitive, Physiological, & Learning Skills â€˘ Physiological exercises involve identifying an awareness of body clues (butterflies in the stomach or sweaty palms) and practicing relaxation and deep breathing.
Developing Cognitive, Physiological, & Learning Skills â€˘ Learning involves a six step problem-solving process, exposure to fear-provoking experiences, in which children learn to break down a feared situation into manageable steps, and the establishment of reward systems.
Design of FRIENDS Program • Participants – Designed for children aged 12-16. • Size – Small groups (up to 12) are recommended when a single group leader is available. – When used in the classroom setting it is important to have a high ratio of group leaders to participants.
Design of FRIENDS Program • Environment – There should always be enough chairs for all participants. – Arranging chairs in a circle can help facilitate a sense of membership and participation. – Groups should be held in an interruption-free and confidential setting
Design of FRIENDS Program • Program Structure – There are 10 sessions in the Program, however it may take more than one meeting to complete a session. – Sessions should be scheduled at least once a week – There are four parent sessions that can be incorporated into the Program – Booster sessions are encouraged to review central components and gains. Booster sessions are recommended one month and three months after the program is complete.
Published on Oct 18, 2013
Published on Oct 18, 2013
Paula Barrett is the author of the world renowned FRIENDS programs, a research based group training program that helps children and adults c...