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t Of ory M Arc ode hit rn ect ure By L4 Alexa / S1 ndr 713 a A 384 yrto n 7



1. What is Modernism? 2. The Pre-Raphaelite Movement 3. The Bauhaus Movement 4. Le Corbusier: Unite d'Habitation 5. Manifesto And The Avant Garde 6. Academic Essay Exercise 7. Healthy Body Culture Poster 8. Worksheet 2 9. Mindmap 10. Essay Poster 11. Bibliography



What Is Modernism?

Use of reinforced concrete

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b a n o d es. e . s s a n g B n li s. n i a ape d l e i l u C sh . b . c f n s i g o s rm i a s e e B fo p d a d c h an si s a c B i m t r s o i in f b Culicity p m si

aelite TThhee PPre-Raph re-Raphaelite Movement

Movement Movement

These astonishing stained-glass windows

seen in the pictures are found in St. Phillips cathedral located in Birmingham, and were made by a well known artist at the time, Edward-Burnes Jones . The figures on the windows are slightly elongated but still executed and portrayed realistically. The windows are famous for their vibrant colours and their ability to tell a story. The glasses depict the Stained-glass windows by Edward Burne-Jones Nativity, Crucifixion (St.Philips Csthedral) and Ascension.


Edward-Burnes Jones was born in Birmingham, in August 28th, 1833. He was one of the leading painters of late 19th century, England. His paintings were amongst the last manifestations of the Pre-Raphaelite style .


The Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood was formed as a protest against the concervative style of Victorian paintings that was established by the Royal academy of Art, based on Renaissance philosophy and idealising style of Raphael. It was created by a group of English painters, poets, and critics. Amongst them William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti which were the main founders of the brotherhood

Bauhaus 1 2 Wassily Chair

ARTIST: Marcel Breuer DATE: 1927-1928 MATERIAL: Chrome-plated tubular steel, canvas upholstery

Manifesto Bauhaus Artwork

ARTIST: Piet Mondrian DATE: 1921 MATERIAL: Oil on canvas

The wassily chair was designed in a minimalistic style, focusing on functionality and quality, produced to be lightweight and easily moved around. It was mainly inspired by the steel framework of the artist’s bicycle handle bars at the time. I really liked this piece of furniture for it’s simplistic yet sleek and efficient design. The tubular steel chair was massively produced at the time and still is retailed at the market. I was lucky enough to observe the design further as similar chairs are desplayed in Parkside building, BCU.

Composition with Large Red Plane, Yellow, Black, Grey and Blue. Piet Mondrian produced a range of other similar painting compositions to this one. The simplistic style, geometric lines and colour palette was all in line with the bauhaus movement. I really like this painting composition by Mondrian, the abstraction of reality reaches an extreme in his paintings where the three basic colours, red, yellow, blue together with basic geometric forms, squares are employed in an innovative way to express emotion. Even thought the paintings have gone all the way back to basic forms and colours they have a lot to convey to the viewer.


Bahaus Building

ARTIST: Walter Gropius DATE: 1925-1926 LOCATION: Dessau, Germany The Bauhaus building was designed by Walter Gropius and was commisioned by the city of Dessau. Walter Gropius was the founder of the Bauhaus and again the symmetry, geometric lines are visible which is one of the key features of Bauhaus. Walter Gropius effectively used glass curtain walls and industrial sash as the main materials to efficiently bring light and air to the studios and classrooms of the school. The design is consisted of three wings which are connected with a bridge. What fascinates me the most about this design is the way the architect utilised glass in such an abstract way compared to the other buildings of the time.


Contemporary coffee table

I believe that this contemporary coffee table manifest the same values as the Bauhaus based on it's simple and symmetrical design. It is a small glass circular coffee table with steel framework. This table appears to manifest the same values as many other Bahaus pieces furniture that I came accross. The sleek and clean cut of the glass resembles many other Bahaus furniture as well as the colours chosen to work with. The steel framework reminds me of the wassily chair, mentioned above. The overall design strongly reminds me of a Bauhaus trolley made of chrome and glass in 1930s, shown in the picture below.

Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier was a Swiss Architect, urban planner, painter, writer, designer and theorist. His full name was CharlesEdouard Jeanneret and was born in Switzerland in 1887. He was one of the most influential architects of the 20th century and was amongst the main architects that pioneered the modernism movement. His most significant projects were Unite d'habitation (1947-52), Chandigarh (195156) ,Villa savoye (1928-31), Notre Dame du haut (1954).

Av AnT

G A rd Manifesto


Favelas, Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. Turning a blind eye to poverty, generated by the system itself. Goverment welcomes intervention of favela painting foundation by architects and artists. Aiming to rebuff protest of the poor against dire conditions of living.

CURTIS, W. (1996) Modern Architecture since 1900, (3rd ed. ) London, Phaidon Chapter 32 Pluralism in the 1970s FRAMPTON,K (1992) Modern Architecture – a Critical History.(3rd ed)London, Thames & Husdon pp.291-293 and pp.305-311 JENCKS, C. 2002, The new paradigm in architecture: the language of post-modernism, Yale University Press, New Haven, [Conn.];London JENCKS, C. 1991, The language of post-modern architecture, 6th edn, Academy Editions, London.

Marking my references within the text with the author's name, the year, giving the full references at the end of the text.

According to Harvard referencing the list of the information in the Bibliography should be arranged alphabetically by the author's surname.

CURTIS, W. (1996) Modern Architecture since 1900, (3rd ed. ) London, Phaidon Chapter 32 Pluralism in the 1970s FRAMPTON,K (1992) Modern Architecture – a Critical History.(3rd ed)London, Thames & Husdon pp.291-293 and pp.305-311 JENCKS, C. 2002, The new paradigm in architecture: the language of post-modernism, Yale University Press, New Haven, [Conn.];London JENCKS, C. 1991, The language of post-modern architecture, 6th edn, Academy Editions, London. MULL, O (2015) Postmodern architecture: No 1 Poultry, London, by James Stirling available at : PEREZ, A (2010) AD Classics: Vanna Venturi House / Robert Venduri available at: WINSTON, A (2015) The Dezeen guide to Postmodern architecture and design. available at : ture-design-glenn-adamson/

The healthy Body Culture.

not perfect enought skin too light too ugly too skinny

eyes too dark nose too big

lips too small

too fat need exercise unhealthy thights too wide

ESSAY PLANNING WORKSHEET 2 a) Write down in your own words what you think the assignment is asking you to do. The assignment is asking me to further research into the Post-Monderism movement. Investigate and analyse how this movement came to it's emergence after modernism movement and what led to it, stating it's main features. Back up every piece of information with evidence from reliable sources.Furthermore study a building that manifest this movement , state how it personifies Post Modernism features and describe the context within which this building has been designed. b) What do you already know about the subject matter of the essay? I have already attended a lecture based on the Post-Modernism movement where it's key features where discussed, as well as some Post-Mondernism architects and their buildings. I had the chance to visit a building that manifest this movement in the past, The dancing towers in Prague, which I was fascinated by, therefore that's why I chose the specific question for my essay. c) What backround information do you need to help you to complete this essay? I shall research into the Mondernism movement in order to further understand how Post Mondernism emerged when Mondernism came to it's end. Research the first Architects that led to it's emergence and investigate the reasons behind it. d) How do you think this essay differs from or is similar to other assignments that you are working on at the moment? This essay differs from my other assignments as it is an individual piece of work that requires research on historic matters. Although it aims to reflect everything that I learned so far from previous projects combined with the individual study and research. e) How are you going to choose your reading material? I shall only use reliable sources from articles, books or sites, where it is written by experts and is backed up with evidence. Therefore, I shall use the sources given on the reading list and any other reliable source found either in the library or the web. f) As you begin to read for your assignment, try to read and take notes with the essay in mind. I shall take notes and underline important parts as I read, keeping in mind the essay in order to only gather information that is linked to the subject. I shall also keep notes on the references.

Mind Map Template Introduce my arguments.

How Modernism came to an end, what led to the emergence of Postmodernism. Differences / similarities between Modernism and Postmodernism. Analyse further and back up with evidence. Compare architects.

Brief description, introduction to Postmodernism. A small desrciption of the movement and briefly some of it's features to introduce the subject to the reader.

Brief description of my thoughts. Give a brief example of what is going to follow in the essay.

Introduce key features of Postmodernism movement introducing examples Why were this specific features used.

''less is bore'' ''complexity is key''

INTRODUCTION Paragraph No. 1 Modernism Vs Postmodernism. The emergence.

Paragraph No.3 Why is it one of the most controversial movements?

Paragraph No.2 The style and key features of the movement.


Paragraph No.4 Vana venturi house / Robert Venturi.

CONCLUSION Critisism on the movement. Critisism on the movement. Introduce Postmodernism building. Expand on critisism towards building and architects.

How Postmodernism affected the architecture of today. Are architects still apllying Postmodernism features to their buildings? If yes why?

Which buildings of today manifest the idea? Is it still badly criticided. Ideas and thoughts of the public.

My final thoughts and ideas.

Identify building. Talk about architect. Describe context within which this building has been designed . Discuss how this building manifests the movement. Critisism on building by the public

Five Paragraph Essay Question 1

Postmodernism is one of the more challenging and controversial movements in Architecture in contemporary history. Describe its key features and identify the factors within Modernism that led to it's emergence. Identify at least one key building which personifies Postmodernism’s key features, describe the context within which this building has been designed.

Topic 1

Modernism Vs Postmodernism. How Modernism led to Postmodernism emergence.

Topic 2

Describe Postmodernism. The style and key features. Main architects. What makes a building a Postmodernism building.

Topic 3

What makes Postmodernism one of the most controversial movements? Reasons behind bad critisism.

Re-state main arguments and points

-Key features of Postmodernism -How modernism let to it's emergence -Why is it one of the most controversial movement -Which are the most controvercial projects -Why has it recieved such bad critisism

Postmodernism ''Less is more'' Ludwig Mies van der Rohe


''Less is a bore'' Robert Venturi






BROOKS. K, (2016), Favela painting foundation available: DICK. M, The Burne-Jones Windows at St Philip's, Birmingham available: EHN. P, (1998)), Manifesto for a digital bauhaus available: FREARSON.A (2014), Brutalist buildings: Unite d'Habitation, Marseille available: MINDEL.F.L (2015), The architect's eye available: WINTON.G.A. ''Wassily'' chair available: UNKNOWN, Important art and artists of Bauhaus available: UNKNOWN, Le Corbusier’s Iconic Modern Architecture and Design available: UNKNOWN, Bauhaus Building by Walter Gropius (1925–26), available: html

UNKNOWN, Sir Edward Burne-Jones available:

History Of Modern Architecture booklet - Alexandra Ayrton  

L4 / S17133847

History Of Modern Architecture booklet - Alexandra Ayrton  

L4 / S17133847