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ALEXANDER NIEUWBORG

PORTFOLIO MSC IN PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT MSC IN SPACE STUDIES


INTRODUCTION I am a Product Developer with a major in Strategic Design and a specialization in Space Technology and Applications. I am passionate about translating complex issues into simple and innovative solutions while working in multidisciplinary teams. I firmly believe that applying design thinking methodologies can provide meaningful solutions for all current day challenges. The selected projects provide an insight in my skills as Product Developer and Strategic Designer in a product design, architectural, medical and space context. All projects are presented with their ECTS value to provide a sense of scale and depth. As a Strategic Designer, I put an heavy emphasis on scientific research and cocreation with experts. This is mostly apparent in the Collect 2 Know and International Lunar Outpost projects. In my opinion it is basis for sustainable innovation.

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01 BICYCLE WEEDER Project Bicycle Weeder was executed during the third bachelor (6 ECTS) of Product Development at the University of Antwerp. The product is used in a agricultural context to remove weeds from farmlands in an ergonomic way. This was a group assignment with Glenn Verhaege and Elie Van Ravels for the courses Structural and Ergonomic Design. The aim of this project was to redesign and improve a bicycle weeder from previous bachelor students. The original design is displayed below. We decided to drastically change the structure and ergonomics by redesigning the frame, headrest and weed collection bag. This creates a stronger, ergonomic and more efficient product. Due to its emphasis on structural and ergonomic design multiple verifications where conducted including user walkthroughs, anthropometric analysis with DINED, Finite Element Analysis (FEA) with SolidWorks and Failure Modes and Effect Analysis (FMEA).

Bicycle Weeder in Action

Team Members University of Antwerp Glenn Verhaege | Product Development Elie Van Ravels | Product Development

Original Design

BICYCLE WEEDER 2016

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Redesigned Frame

FEA Analysis in SolidWorks

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BICYCLE WEEDER 2016


Headrest providing optimal ergonomic support and adjustable for P5 until P95 measurements

Supports providing optimal ergonomic support and adjustable for P5 until P95 measurements

Weed Collection Bag positioned immediately below the user allows for easy collection and is quickly removed via a convenient handle

BICYCLE WEEDER 2016

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Propulsion via the grasshopper principle guarantees mobility and is adjustable for P5 until P95 measurements

Steering via a go-cart mechanism facilitates easy and adequate maneuverability while removing weeds

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BICYCLE WEEDER 2016


02 REDESIGN OF P52 The redesign of Pilestredet 52, or P52, took place during a European Project Semester (20 ECTS) at the Oslo Metropolitan University (OsloMet) in Norway. P52 refers to a building on OsloMet’s campus which needed a new habitation strategy including individual and group work areas, a workshop and a theater. The project served as an inspiration for OsloMet and the architectural agency Zinc for the actual redesign. The team consisted of industrial designer Alicia Alcázar Márquez (E), electrical engineer Aitzol Salaberri Merino (E), telecommunication engineer Hugo Herpin (F) and mechanical engineer Thibault Pouppeville (F). Redesigning P52 included extensive in-situ research, user questionnaires, a co-creation workshop and project management. Besides creating the project itself, the program focused on cross cultural and multidisciplinary teamwork. This was an enriching experience providing exposure to different cultures and working methodologies.

Outside P52

First Corridor

Second Corridor

Academic Promotor Oslo Metropolitan University Prof. Petter Øyan | Industrial and Product Design Team Members Barcelona School of Design and Engineering Alicia Alcázar Márquez | Industrial Designer Polytechnic University of Catalonia Aitzol Salaberri Merino | Electrical Engineer School of Digital Engineers Hugo Herpin | Telecommunication Engineer National School of Engineers of Tarbes Thibault Pouppeville | Mechanical Engineer

REDESIGN OF P52 2016

Auditoriums

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Auditoriums

Entrance

Weird Zone

First Corridor

Historic Canteen Cannot Be Modified

Second Corridor

Original Blueprint P52

Redesigned Blueprint P52

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REDESIGN OF P52 2016


First Corridor High traffic work area for casual individual or group work combined with a kitchen area and vending machines

Second Corridor Isolated work area with low traffic for focused individual or group work

REDESIGN OF P52 2016

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Student Hub Central hub of the university including a stage, an art zone, a recreational lounge and individual and group work areas

Weird Zone Open and dynamic area including a workshop, standing desks, isolated group rooms, vending machines and printers

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REDESIGN OF P52 2016


Follow-up In autumn 2017, the refurbishment of P52 took place and implemented several strategies and concepts generated by our team. This includes the signature yellow group rooms and the usage of the weird zone.

Student Hub P52

Yellow Group Rooms in the Weird Zone

Yellow Group Rooms in Refurbished P52

REDESIGN OF P52 2016

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Work Areas in the Weird Zone

Work Areas in Refurbished P52 Weird Zone

Work Areas in Second Corridor

Work Areas in Refurbished P52 First Corridor

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REDESIGN OF P52 2016


03 COLLECT 2 KNOW Collect 2 Know was my thesis (36 ECTS) for the master in Product Development at the University of Antwerp in collaboration with the Institute for Tropical Medicine (ITM). The thesis focuses on the development and design of a blood collection kit where patients can self-collect 500µl of whole blood using the fingerstick methodology for HIV diagnostics. The project provides an excellent overview of the complete Product Development process ranging from the early product definition until detailed design. At the moment the ITM is looking into the patentability of the design hence technical solution cannot be shown. The objective was to solve HIV self-tests shortcomings. These tests anonymously provide the user’s HIV status with a single drop of blood. Although anonymous testing is key for stigma prevention, it does not oblige the user to seek medical help. This leads to incorrect epidemiological statistics and a potential threat to society. Selftests are classified as orientation tests which solely provide an indication of the user’s HIV status. After the orientation, screening and confirmation tests at the general practitioner or hospital are necessary. This generates unnecessary stress and often removes the anonymity.

Academic Promotor University of Antwerp (UA) Prof. Frank Goethijn | Product Development Industrial Promotors Institute for Tropical Medicine Antwerp (ITM) Dr. Katrien Fransen | Director of HIV/STD Reference Laboratory Dr. Tania Crucitti | Co-Director of HIV/STD Reference Laboratory Irith De Baetselier | Clinical Coordinator

COLLECT 2 KNOW 2017-2018

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COLLECT 2 KNOW 2017-2018


Methodology (1) The thesis consisted of four chapters: new products planning, system design, product design and detailed design. The new products planning phase focused on the strategic definition of the project and was divided in four groups: medical, technical, human and economical research. This includes research regarding HIV, fly-onthe-wall observations and technical analysis of current systems. This research led to a product architecture and a list of specifications. The system design phase translated the abstract product architecture to an actual product idea. The phase had an emphasis on co-creation and included two innovation workshops. The first workshop was open ended and consisted of six fellow students with backgrounds in product development, biomedical sciences and nursing. The second workshop was hosted at the ITM with 12 participants including doctors, lab technicians, nurses, technology coordinators and clinical biologists. The aim of this workshop was to define the final product and create a common strategy within the ITM team. By combining the viewpoints of multiple professionals valuable insights were generated thus strengthening the product definition. Ideation tools used included lotus blossom, card sort and user journey mapping. The workshops were followed-up by patent and scientific research regarding blood flow stimulation, blood collection sites, and puncture systems. Input

Identification

Finger

BioSure Selftest

Image User Walkthrough of Lab Technicians

Process

Code

Select Test

Algorithm

Multiple biomarkers

Put on ring

Wash hands

Determine punction site

Leucodyes

Drop off point

Tutorial

Puncture

Multiple needles

Pharmacy

Diagnosis

Doctor or digital

Collect

Direct contact

Service

Product Architecture

COLLECT 2 KNOW 2017-2018

Output

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Product


Blossom

Post-its zone Post-its zone

Post-its zone

De bloedcollectie moet sneller, hygiĂŤnischer en praktischer verlopen. Systemen die kunnen helpen zijn onder andere capillariteit, free fall, etc.

Post-its zone

Lotus

De bloeddoorstroom moet worden geoptimaliseerd. Dit kan gebeuren door beweging en verwarming van de handen, magnetisme, etc.

Post-its zone

Bloedcollectie

Post-its zone

Post-its zone

Post-its zone

Post-its zone

Post-its zone

Bloeddoorstroom

Service

Post-its zone

Post-its zone

De service moet anonimiteit en ondersteuning bieden aan al de gebruikers. Manieren om de drempel van niet volledige anonimiteit te verlagen (qua verkoop, behandeling, etc.) zijn hier relevant.

Bij de joker mag je alle wilde, out-of-the-box ideeĂŤn plaatsen die niet binnen de andere categorieĂŤn vallen. Vingerprikker & Collector

Post-its zone

Post-its zone

Post-its zone

Post-its zone Post-its zone

Post-its zone

Post-its zone

Joker

Vingerprikker

Post-its zone

Post-its zone

Post-its zone

Post-its zone

Verpakking

Bij de verpakking focussen we ons op het ontwikkelen van een anoniem en handig systeem voor zowel de gebruiker als de medische omkadering.

Post-its zone

De vingerprikker is in principe een goed systeem maar andere methodes bloedafname kunnen handig zijn.

Lotus Blossom Ideation Tool

Workshop at the ITM

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COLLECT 2 KNOW 2017-2018


Methodology (2) After the system design phase it became clear that selftests were not an optimal solution. Selfcollection test emerged as the best alternative. These systems allow the user to collect blood at home by using the fingerstick methodology. The resulting sample is then sent to a lab for all necessary tests. Main advantages of this system is a direct connection with the epidemiological statistics while maintaining anonymity. Self-collection test with samples of 500Âľl whole blood can be immediately used for screening and confirmation tests avoiding false positives and unnecessary stress. Throughout the product design phase alternative designs were generated to explore technical working principles and usability. Via morphological mapping an optimal solution emerged and was medically and technically verified. This included several fingerstick optimization tests, sample expiration tests and verifications of the technical subsystems. At the moment the ITM is interested to further develop Collect 2 Know. Due to potential patentability the verifications can not be shown. The detailed design phase further iterated upon the final concept. It defined the materialization, production techniques and business model.

LiveSmart Self-Collection Kit

COLLECT 2 KNOW 2017-2018

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Blood Collection with Self-Collection Kit


Fingerstick-Collector The fingerstick-collector device combines punction and collection into one allowing for a smooth and hygienic process. The device’s signature purple color is due to the EDTA coagulant used. This allows lab technicians to quickly analyze samples. The wide base provides stability to the design and prevents it from falling over. The T-shape allows for easy screwing motions.

Fixation Ring The fixation ring guides the user to the optimal punction site and guarantees a hygenic collection.

Thermochromic Ring The thermochromic ring improves the blood stimulation while washing the hands by signifying the optimal water temperature.

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COLLECT 2 KNOW 2017-2018


1. Stimulation By using the thermochromic ring the user washes his hands at the ideal temperature creating an optimal blood flow. This temperature is signified by the ring changing color. After stimulation the ring is removed.

Fingerstick-Collector and Fixation ring

2. Punction The fixation ring guides the user to the optimal punction site. Then the fingerstick-collector is screwed into the fixation ring and by pressing down the device a punction is made.

COLLECT 2 KNOW 2017-2018

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3. Stowing By stowing the collection finger bloodflow is enhanced allowing for a greater speed and sample volume.

4. Collecting The blood is gathered by the fingerstickcollector. When the sample is collected, the device is removed via a turning motion.

5. Stimulation The fingerstick-collector is placed with its wide base on a flat surface and then the corresponding cap is turned on.

6. Mixing Finally, the blood is mixed with the EDTA anticoagulant in the fingerstick-collector to prevent degradation.

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COLLECT 2 KNOW 2017-2018


04 INTERNATIONAL LUNAR OUTPOST The International Lunar Outpost project was executed in the context of the advanced master in Space Studies thesis (15 ECTS) at the Catholic University of Leuven in collaboration with the Belgian Nuclear Research Center (SCK¡CEN). This thesis explores a lunar outpost design and innovative shielding solutions by applying design thinking methodologies and multidisciplinary input from radiobiologists, neuroscientists, astrophysicists, physicists, space architects, bioengineers, aerospace engineers, architects and industrial designers. The aim of the research is not to deliver a fully fixed solution but rather to point out critical design elements and guidelines, provide a conceptual overview and suggest innovative shielding solutions.

Academic Promotor Belgian Nuclear Research Center Prof. Sarah Baatout | Head of Radiobiology Unit Industrial Promotor Belgian Nuclear Research Center Dr. Marjan Moreels | Senior Scientist Radiobiology Unit

INTERNATIONAL LUNAR OUTPOST 2019

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INTERNATIONAL LUNAR OUTPOST 2019


Methodology (1) The research is divided into five phases: lunar environment research, strategic context, space architecture research, space radiation shielding research and a design and development phase. The lunar environment research included analysis of cosmic radiation, micrometeorites, lunar regolith and the Moon’s influence on humans. The strategic context analyzed all influencing factors for future lunar exploration including the scientific, economic and politic objectives, outpost sites, Earth-Moon transportation systems and optimal crew sizes. In the space architecture phase different lunar outpost typologies and concepts are explored. Then extensive research was done in all necessary functional areas such as rooms for exercise, privacy and food. The work of Sandra Häuplik-Meusburger formed a major inspiration. Findings were synthesized in an abstract outpost blueprint. The fourth phase focused on a deep dive regarding space radiation shielding and the use of mycomaterials or fungi based biocomposites. Mycomaterials are predicted to have good particle radiation shielding properties and can be produced on the Moon reducing costs for exploration missions. To apprehend these complex topics several workshops were joined. This included a two week workshop about radiation induced effects at the SCK·CEN with participants from ESA and NASA and a one day course at Free University of Brussels (VUB) regarding the 3D-printing of mycomaterials.

Marsha (AI SpaceFactory)

Moon Village (Foster + Partners)

Transhab (NASA)

INTERNATIONAL LUNAR OUTPOST 2019

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Inspiration Functional Areas Stratus Medical Bay (The Verge)

3D-Printing Mycomaterials at the VUB

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INTERNATIONAL LUNAR OUTPOST 2019


Methodology (2) During the design and development phase multiple quick designs were created. This eventually lead to the final concept or the International Lunar Outpost (ILO). The vision of the ILO is to build-up a Lunar outpost, in the 2030’s, with an heavy emphasis on modularity, expandability and multilateral cooperation with governmental and private actors. The Moon base is gradually build-up, comparable to the ISS, thus providing a realistic, economical and scalable solution.

ILO with Human as Reference

ILO Oveview

INTERNATIONAL LUNAR OUTPOST 2019

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Early Concept ILO


First Level Airlock 3

Functional Area Hygiene/Medical Work Sleep/Private Food/Exercise/Recreation Airlock/Suitport

Sleep & Private Area

Medical & Hygiene Area

Wet Lab 2

Suitport

Airlock 2

Food, Recreation & Exercise Area

Dry Lab

Legend Sliding Door Entrance

Second Level

Chair Table/Kitchen Racks/Stowage Ergometer

Wet Lab 1

Ladder Spacesuit Sink Toilet Shower

Airlock 1

Bed

Control Tower

ILO Blue Print

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INTERNATIONAL LUNAR OUTPOST 2019


Build-Up ILO

INTERNATIONAL LUNAR OUTPOST 2019

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ILO on the Lunar Surface Variant

Exploded View ILO

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INTERNATIONAL LUNAR OUTPOST 2019


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