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Sergio  Sergio Alexander Alexander Domínguez Domínguez Maimone Maimone

Project January

Bangladesh is in south Asia, located on the fertile Bengal delta. It is bordered by the republic of India to its north, west and east, by the union of Myanmar to its south-east and by the Bay of Bengal to its south.


The religion in Bangladesh Muslims

constitute

90.4%

of

Population % 1975

Population % 1990

Population % 2010

86%

89%

90.4%

Hindu

13.2%

10.0%

8.2%

Buddhists,

Christian

0.3%

0.4%

0.6%

Christians, those who

Buddhist

0.3%

0.5%

0.7%

Others

0.2%

0.1%

0.1%

the

population, followed

Religious group Muslim

by the Hindus, who constitute 8.2%, and

practice

other

religions and those who do not are the remainders. Religion has always been a strong part of identify, but this has varied at different times. A survey in late 2003 confirmed that religion is the first choice by a citizen for self-identification.

Islam Muslism constitute over 90% of the population. Most Muslism in Bangladesh are Sunnis, but there is a small Shia community and an even smaller Ahmadiyya Muslism Community. Most of those who are Shira reside in urban areas. Although these Shias are few in number, Shia observance commemorating the martyrdom of Prophet Mahummad`s grandson,

Husain

ibn

observed Sunnis.

Ali, by

is the

widely nations


Hinduism Hinduism is the second largest religious affiliation I Bangladesh, covering approximately 8,2% of the population. In terms of population, Bangladesh is the third largest Hindu state of the world after India and Nepal. In nature, Bangladesh Hinduism closely resembles the forms and customs of Hinduism practiced in the neighboring Indian state of West Bengal, with which Bangladesh (at one time know as East Bengal) was united until the partition of India in 1947.

 Buddhism:

about

.7%

of

Bangladesh

population adheres to the Theravada school of Buddhism. In

antiquity,

the

region

of

present-day

Bangladesh was center of Buddhism in Asia, and

Buddhism

philosophies Tibet,

and

Southeast

civilization, architecture, Asia

and

including travelled

Indonesia

to

from

Bengal. The Buddhist architecture of Cambodia, Indonesia and Thailand, including the Angkor Wat temple and the Borobudur vihara, are believed to have been inspired by the ancient monasteries

of

Bangladesh

Somapura Mahavihara.

such

as

the


Most

of

the

followers

of

Buddhism

in

Bangladesh live in the south-eastern region, especially

in

the

Chittagong

Hill

Tracts,

Chittagong and Comilla district. Most of the Buddhist of Chittagong Hill tracrt belong to the Chakma, Chak, Marma, Tanchungya and the Khyang, who since time immemorial have practiced Buddhism.

Culture The culture of Bangladesh refers to the way of life of the people

Culture

of Bangladesh. The land, the rivers, and the lives of the Bengali peopleRefers formed withpeople marked differencesThe from to a therich way heritage of life of the of Bangladesh. neighbouring regions.and It the haslives evolved thepeople centuries land, the rivers, of the over Bengali formedand

encompasses the cultural diversity of several groups of a rich heritage with marked differences from social neighbouring Bangladesh. Bengal Renaissance of the 19th early 20th regions. The It has evolved over the centuries and and encompasses

centuries, noted diversity Bengali writers, saints,social authors, scientists, the cultural of several groups of researchers, thinkers, musicRenaissance composers, painters, filmBangladesh. The Bengal of the 19th and and early makers have played a significant in the 20th centuries, noted Bengali role writers, saints,development authors, of Bengali culture. The Bengal Renaissance seeds of a scientists, researchers, thinkers, music contained composers,the painters, nascent Indian was the precursor andpolitical film-makers havenationalism played a and significant role in the in manydevelopment ways to modern Indian culture. artistic and expression. The of Bengali The cultural Bengal Renaissance

culture of Bangladesh is composite and overpolitical the centuries contained the seeds of a nascent Indianhas assimilated influences Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, nationalism and was ofthe precursor in many ways Islam, to and Christianity. is manifested in expression. various The forms, modern IndianIt artistic and cultural including music, dance, culture of Bangladesh is composite and over the centuries

and drama;art and craft; assimilated folklore and folktale; languages and liter has influences ature;ofphilosophy religion; festivalsIslam, and celebrations; as well as Hinduism,and Jainism, Buddhism, and Christianity. in a distinct cuisine and culinary tradition.


It is manifested in various forms, including music, dance, and drama;art and craft; folklore and folktale; lang uages and literature; philo sophy and religion; festiva ls and celebrations; as well as in a distinct cuisine and culinary tradition.

The music and dance styles of Bangladesh may be divided into three categories: classical, folk, and modern. The classical style has been influenced by other prevalent classical forms of music and dances of the Indian subcontinent, and accordingly show some influenced dance forms like Bharata Natyam and Kuchipudi. The folk and tribal music and dance forms of Bangladesh are of indigenous origin and rooted to the soil of Bangladesh.


Festival and celebrations Festivals and celebrations are an integral part of the culture of Bangladesh. Prominent and widely celebrated festivals are Pohela Boishakh, Independence Day, National Mourning Day, Eid ul-Fitr, Eid ul-Adha, Durga puja and language movement day.

Tourism Tourism in Bangladesh is a developing foreign currency earner. The country was

Tourism in Bangladesh is a developing foreign [1] currency earner. listed by Lonely Planet in 2011 as the "best value destination". The country was listed by Lonely Planet in 2011 as the "best Bangladesh's tourist attractions include, historical and monuments, resorts, value destination". beaches, picnic spots, forests and tribal people, wildlife of various species.

Bangladesh's tourist attractions include, historical and Bangladesh offers ample opportunities to tourists for angling, water skiing, and monuments, resorts, beaches, picnic spots, forests and tribal river people, wildlife of various species. Bangladesh offers ample opportunities to tourists for angling, water skiing, river


cruising, hiking, rowing, yachting, sea bathing as well as bringing one in close touch with pristine nature.

patenga beach

In the northern part, comprising the Rajshahi division, there are archaeological sites, including the temple city Puthia in Rajshahi; the largest and most ancient archaeological site, Mahasthangarhin Bogra; the single largest Buddhist monastery, Paharpur in Naogaon; the most ornamental terracota Hindu temple in Bangladesh Kantaji Temple, and many rajbaris or palaces of old zamindars. In the south-western part, mainly the Khulna Division, there is the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest of the world with Royal Bengal Tiger and spotted deer. The historically and architecturally important sixty domed mosque in Bagerhat is a notable site.

Foys lake

In the south-eastern part, which is the Chittagong division, there are natural and hilly areas like Chittagong Hill Tracts, along with sandy sea beaches. The most notable beach, in Cox's Bazar, is a contender for the title of longest unbroken sandy sea beach in the world.[4] In the north-eastern part, Sylhet division, there is a green carpet of tea plants on small hillocks. Natural reserved forests are great attractions. Migratory birds in winter, particularly in the haorareas, are also very attractive in this area.

Lalbagh fort


Bangladesh it´s famous

Ahsan Manzil

thanks to all the lakes, rivers and all the natural places that it has and to the spectacular structures that are in the country.

Chittagong Ethnological Museum

Gastronomy The

culinary

tradition

of

Bangladesh has close relations to surrounding Bnegali and NorthEast Indian cuisine as well as having its own unique traits. Rice and fish are traditional favorites.


With an emphasis on fish, vegetables and lentils served with rice as a staple diet. It also has the only traditionally developed

multi-course

tradition

from

the

Indian

subcontinent that is analogous in structure to the modern service a la russe style of French cuisine, with food served course-wise rather than all at once. In Bangladesh cuisine, some foods are popular across the entire region, while others are specific to a particular area. Rajshahj

and

Rongpur.

There is a propensity to use more freshwater fish in this area. Rajshahi mangoes are considered the best across the country. Sweet dishes are also well-esteemed. Syhet: a citrus fruit called hatkora is sometimes used in meat dishes. Freshwater fish are more readily available than saltwater ones. Chittagong: the cuisine in Chittagong city and other small urban centers of greater Noakhali and Comilla is similar to the cuisine of Dhaka. Sweet dishes of comilla are highly regarded. Tehari is a special of the region. Ziafat or Mezban feasts are popular throughout the area where characteristic `heavy´ dishes- dishes rich in animal fat


and dairy are features. Saltwater fish, seafood and shutki are more available here than in other parts of the country. Barisal and Khulna; saltwater fish and seafood are quite prevelant in these areas.

Bangladesh (Alexander Domínguez)  
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