Page 1


Table of Contents` TABLE OF CONTENTS` ............................................................................................................................... 2 STATEMENT OF INTENT .............................................................................................................................. 3  BUDGET PLAN ................................................................................................................................................. 4  RESEARCH SOURCES ................................................................................................................................... 5  MAJOR COMPONENT LOCATIONS .......................................................................................................... 6  WHAT IS CAD? ................................................................................................................................................. 8  3D MODELLING ................................................................................................................................................ 9  2D MODELLING .............................................................................................................................................. 10  PROCESSING ..................................................................................................................................................... 11  PRESENTATION ..............................................................................................................................................12  STORAGE .........................................................................................................................................................13  EQUIPMENT .......................................................................................................................................................14  MATERIALS ......................................................................................................................................................15  JUSTIFICATION ...............................................................................................................................................16  PAGE SIZES .....................................................................................................................................................18  COMPUTER SYSTEMS ..................................................................................................................................18  MIND MAP..........................................................................................................................................................19  PRODUCT ASSEMBLY ..................................................................................................................................19  DRAWING TYPES ...........................................................................................................................................20  AS1100 ............................................................................................................................................................20  COMPUTER RESEARCH ............................................................................................................................. 23  MODEL ............................................................................................................................................................. 24  FILE TYPES .................................................................................................................................................... 25  CAD FILES ...................................................................................................................................................... 26  PAPER TYPES .............................................................................................................................................. 26  PRINTING COST ............................................................................................................................................. 27  LOGO DESIGNS ............................................................................................................................................. 28  LOGO DESIGN DEVELOPMENT ............................................................................................................... 28  COMPUTER CASE MODEL ........................................................................................................................ 28  RENDER IMAGES OF COMPUTERS CASES ......................................................................................... 29  COMPUTER CASE DESIGNS ........................................................................................................................31  TUTORIAL ....................................................................................................................................................... 35  COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUES ................................................................................................................ 36  USE OF APPROPRIATE INDUSTRIAL PROCESS ...............................................................................40  RENDERING ..................................................................................................................................................... 43  STEPS OF CONSTRUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 44  SAFE WORKING PRACTICES AND OH&S ISSUES. ............................................................................. 57  TIMELINE .......................................................................................................................................................... 62  PRACTICAL PROBLEM SOLVING ........................................................................................................... 63  ONGOING EVALUATION ............................................................................................................................. 65  EVALUATION ................................................................................................................................................ 68 

Page|

2 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Statement of Intent For my major work for Industrial Technology Graphics I am to redesign a computer case along with this I will present a range of pictorial and technical drawings that will be presented using various CAD programs with a series of hand sketches, and other hand drawn representations. I intent to redraw/model a numbers of existing parts and create a new design for the front plate I will create a folio to document my Major Design Project. This folio will be a maximum of 80 pages in line with the new Board of Studies rules. The computer I wish to present is a desktop mid case box; I will redesign the front plate. I have to chosen to design a computer because after starting graphics in year 11 I feel I have gained sufficient knowledge over the last three terms in hand and CAD to satisfactorily create an original design of the computer and design the front plate. I will present a range of skills along with the CAD and hand drawing that will be presented as movies, drawings.

Motivation I am motivated to do this, as I am interested in computers and graphic industry and in doing this I hope to broaden my knowledge and leave school with sufficient knowledge to work in the graphic industry. After school I am hoping to study and work in this industry, either studying at University or TAFE.

Limitations 

Skill

I am limited to my skill ability in which only started studying industrial technology Graphics in year 11. I am limited with cost and time. 

Cost

I have set a limit of $450 to complete this major work. I have set this limit from organising my income and organising with my parents. I will putting $250 and my parents will add the final $200 making up the $450 limit 

Time

I am restrain to finishing this project to handing it in term 3 2011 and restrained to limited resource. I am retrained as my modelling well take majority of the time.

Extra As I will redesign this computer case that will look appealing and have various functions. Also to present at the end of the Course I will present a website which showing Movies/slide shows and representation of my computer case. Also showing of the computer case such as a ½ scale model with various drawings to represent its features and aesthetics. This website I will be presented on my Mac Book and will be made by my Mac Book

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 3 | Page


Budget Plan I have placed a limitation to $450.This money will be raised from working and my parents. I will put $200 and my parents will add the final $200 making up the $450 limit.

Page|

4 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Research Sources To present my folio at a professional standard, I will be using a number of sources together my information. The benefit of using more than one source is it provides you with different information and allows you to compare and contrast multiple sources of my information, the main sources of my information is the internet, texts, and people.

Internet The internet will assist me with most of my research. I will use the internet as my main source as it will be available at school and home and is an ever-growing source of information. One of the benefits of the internet is that it will be able to give me information from everywhere around the world at a click of a button. Although, I will have to be carefully as it may not be reliable.

Texts Text such as books or magazines relevant to my research are normally more reliable that the internet. As the books or magazines have normally been written by an expert and been published and edited by a reputable company.

People People are valuable resources as they are able to provide professional information and knowledge, and if they don’t know the information them selves they man know someone who does or where to find the answer. Examples of people are teachers and people in industry who have professional experiences.

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 5 | Page


Major component locations Computer Components are all of the hardware or parts that make a computer system operate. The major Computer Components are: Computer Case RAM Hard Drive (HDD) Video Card Power Supply (PSU) Motherboard Processor (CPU) Disc drive

Computer Case A computer case also known as a computer, tower or simply case) is the enclosure that contains most of the components of a computer.

RAM Random-access memory (RAM) is the most common computer memory, which can be used by programs to perform necessary tasks while the computer is on. RAM is made up of integrated circuit memory chip allows information to be stored or accessed in any order and all storage locations are equally accessible

Page|

6 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Video Card A video card, video adapter, graphics accelerator card, display adapter, or graphics card is an expansion card whose function is to generate output images to a display. Most video cards offer added functions, such as accelerated rendering of 3D scenes and 2D graphics

Hard Drive (HDD) A hard drive is computer hardware that holds and spins a magnetic or optical disk and reads and writes information.

Power Supply (PSU) A power supply unit (PSU) is the component that supplies power to the other components in a computer. More specifically, a power supply unit is typically designed to convert general-purpose alternating current (AC) electric power from the mains.

Motherboard The motherboard is the central printed circuit board in many modern computers and holds many of the crucial components of the system, while providing connectors for other peripherals. The motherboard is sometimes alternatively known as the main board, system board.

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 7 | Page


Processor (CPU) The central processing unit (CPU) is the portion of a computer system that carries out the instructions of a computer program, and is the primary element carrying out the computer's functions. The central processing unit carries out each instruction of the program in sequence, to perform the basic arithmetical, logical, and input/output operations of the system

Optical Disc drive An optical disc drive (ODD) is a disk drive that uses laser light or electromagnetic waves near the light spectrum as part of the process of reading or writing data to or from optical discs. Some drives can only read from discs, but recent drives are commonly both readers and recorders. Recorders are sometimes called burners or writers. Compact discs, DVDs, and Blue-ray discs are common types of optical media, which can be read and recorded by such drives.

What is CAD? CAD or Computer Aided Design or drafting is the electronic means of producing drawings in a wide range of drafting disciplines, including architecture, engineering, landscaping and many others. CAD is rapidly replacing the manually produced set of documentation traditionally produced on a drawing board by offering significant advantages over traditional documentations methods. The main advantages include: speed and efficiency of editing existing drawings, electronic drawing can be used as a base of future projects, and the Designer is not restricted by the size of the drawin board.

Page|

8 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


3D Modelling Auto Desk Inventor Autodesk Inventor 3D mechanical design software has tools for product simulation, toolin creation, and design visualize, and simulate your products  Range of tools  Faster than AutoCAD  Cheaper than AutoCAD  Model (Renders, Exploded ISO, Detail)  Downloaded trial to use at home  Used in year 11  Teacher has sufficient knowledge Software Requirements Microsoft Windows XP (SP3) +Intel® Pentium® 4, 2 GHz or faster, 2 GB RAM or more Direct3D 9® graphics card DVD-ROM drive

Solid Works Solid Works is a 3D mechanical CAD (computeraided design) program that runs on Microsoft Windows  Good value  Easy to learn Software Requirements XP Professional x64, 1GB RAM, Intel or AMD® processor

Google SketchUp Sketchup is a 3D modelling program. It is designed to be easier to use than other 3D CAD programs  Simple and easy to use  Good layout  Available for Mac and PC  Supports 3D party plug-ins Very Basic modelling School graphics card has problems Software Requirements Mac OS X® 10.5+ and 10.6+, 2.1+ GHz Intel CPU, 2GB RAM

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 9 | Page


Rhino Rhinoceros (Rhino) is a 3-D modelling tool. The software is commonly used for industrial design, architecture, prototyping, and reverse engineering as well as the multimedia and graphic design industries.  Good Surface Modelling Restricted to surface No training Can’t produce exploded views drawings Software Requirements Windows 2000 Pentium, Celeron, or higher processor. 200 MB disk space. 1 GB or more is recommended .

2D Modelling AutoCAD

AutoCAD is a CAD (Computer Aided Design or Computer Aided Drafting) software application for 2D design and drafting  Available at school Cost expensive Complicated to unexperienced Software Requirements Windows XP or better Intel Pentium 4 1.6 GHz or higher 2 GB RAM 1.8 GB free disk space for installation

Graphite  Available on Mac, PC & Linux  Facilities are quite easy to use Software Requirements Windows XP/Vista Mac OS X 10.4 or later (PPC or Intel) 256 MB RAM 250 MB Free Hard Drive Space DVD Drive or High Speed Internet Connection

Page|

10 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Processing Office 2011 Mac Microsoft Office is an office suite of desktop applications, for the Mac OS X. Office 2011 contained Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, and Microsoft PowerPoint  Simple to use  Available for Mac and PC  Range of Software (Word, Excel, PowerPoint)  Available to produce PDF Format changes between Mac and PC Software Requirements Mac OS X® 10.5+ and 10.6+. 500 megahertz (MHz) processor or higher 256 megabyte (MB) RAM or higher. 1.5GB of available hard-disk space CD-ROM or DVD

Neo office Neo Office is a full-featured set of office applications (including word processing, spread sheet, and presentation programs) for Mac OS  Free Software  Simple to use Basic processing Limited to Mac OS X Only available for Mac Software Requirements Mac OS X 10.4 or higher, Intel or PowerPC machine, 512 MB of memory, 400 MB of free disk space

iWork iWork is an office suite of desktop applications create by Apple for the Mac OS X Range of Software (Keynote, Numbers, Pages)  Come with school laptop 08  Cheap Software Package ($79) Limited to Mac OS X Software Requirements Mac computer with an Intel processor 512MB of RAM; 1GB recommended 32MB of video memory Mac OS X v10.4.11 or Mac OS X v10.5.6 or later QuickTime 7.5.5 or later, 1.2GB of available disk space

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 11 | Page


Presentation Adobe CS Adobe, is a graphics program developed and published by Adobe Systems  CS4 on school PC  Available for Mac and PC  Best Software for images Expensive to buy Limited to lack of knowledge (complicated to use without tutorials) Software Requirements Intel® Pentium4 or AMD Athlon 64 processor Windows XP with Service Pack 3; 1GB of RAM, 1GB of available hard-disk 1024x768 display

Key Shot Key Shot features the only rendering engine that is certified by the CIE. Using scientifically accurate materials and real world lighting, Key Shot delivers the most accurate images in a matter of seconds.  Available for Mac and PC  Renders quickly  Available trail 30 days Expensive to buy Not available at school Software Requirements Windows XP 32/64 bit or higher, INTEL-based Mac, Core2Duo processor or higher, Mac OS X 10.5 or later AMD or Pentium 4 processor or better

Corel Draw 12 CorelDraw is a vector graphics editor Software Requirements Windows® XP (SP3)+ Intel® Pentium 4, AMD Athlon™ 64 or AMD Opteron™ 512 MB RAM (1 GB recommended) 750 MB hard disk spac

Page|

12 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Storage There are different methods of storing my work. I have decided to use my USB for portable use between school and home. I have also set up my hard drive to back up and store my work if my USB fails.

USB (I am using to allow easy access from my work where I can access around from school, home and my MacBook.) A USB flash drive consists of flash memory data storage device integrated with a USB (Universal Serial Bus) 1.1 or 2.0 interface Size Cost

8GB $25

16GB $50

32GB $99

64GB $259

Hard Disk Drive (I will be using my hard drive to backup my work.) A hard disk drive (often shortened as hard disk, hard drive, or HDD) is a non-volatile storage device that stores digitally encoded data Size Cost

250GB $50

320GB $60

500GB $70

640GB $88

DVD Digital Video Disk. A computer-based technique for storing and reading information from a laser dis using a DVD player and a personal computer. A DVD+R is a write-once optical disc with 4.7 gigabytes (GB) of storage.

CD A Compact Disc (also known as a CD) is an optica disc used to store digital data. Standard CDs can hold up to 700 MB of uncompressed data

MobileMe MobileMe (formerly .Mac and iTools) is a subscription-based collection of online services and software offered by Apple.

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 13 | Page


Equipment 3D Mouse 3D mouse are devices, that allows an intuitive navigation of the three-dimension models and work with both hands simultaneously

Drawing board A drawing board is, in its antique form, a kind o multipurpose desk which can be used for any kind of drawing, writing or impromptu sketching on a large sheet of paper

3D Perspective Drawing board 3D Perspective drawing board is a fastest way to generate effective perspective drawings. It is available in two sizes. The version for A4 sized paper will suit most jobs and student work, while the bigger A3 version is for more serious users.

Vernier Callipers A calliper is a device used to measure the distance between two symmetrically opposing sides

Micro meter A micrometer known, as a micrometre screw gauge is a device incorporating a calibrated screw used widely for precise measurement of small distances.

Copic Markers Copic Markers are the original line of high quality illustrating tools, used for decades by professionals around the world. They are preferred for Architectural design, product rendering, and other forms of Industrial design. ďƒź Practiced using them in year 11. Markers “Bleedâ€? threw the paper Page|

14 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Materials

SECC Steel Electrically Chromate Coated is a cheaper, heavier and less prone to producing vibration induced noise than aluminium.

Aluminium Aluminium is a soft, durable, lightweight, ductile and malleable metal with appearance ranging from silvery to dull grey, depending on the surface roughness. Aluminium is nonmagnetic and non-sparking.

Carbon Fiber Carbon fiber alternatively graphite fiber is a material consisting of extremely thin fibbers about 0.005–0.010 mm in diameter.

Wood Wood is lightweight and gives appearing wood aesthetics But need to ensure that airflow, heat and moisture levels are correct in case of heat burning the case.

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 15 | Page


Justification Resources

Researched Option

Selected option and justification

3D Modelling

Solid Works Google Sketchup Rhino

Autodesk Inventor 2008 I have chosen to use inventor because of my sufficient knowledge gain from using inventor throughout year 11 and it speed compared to similar programs. Inventor is also available at school and at home. I was also able to get a trial of 2008 to allow compatibility with home. My teacher also has large knowledge about Inventor .I will be using Inventor for most of my time during this project to model the computer. Inventor is useful as it has multiple functions such as parts, assembly, drawings and renders

2D Modelling

AutoCAD Graphite

AutoCAD I have chosen Autodesk because it is available at school, Due to my lack of knowledge of AutoCAD my skills are not best to use, but AutoCAD is best option.

Office 2011 NeoOffice IWork

Office 2011 I have chosen to use Office 2011 because I have Office throughout my schooling; I have outstanding knowledge about it, in which office is the best program to use due to my knowledge. It is also available as school.

Inventor Studio Key shot

Key shot I have chosen to use key shot 2 because of the realistic rendering features. I was able to us a trail version, which allowed me to render images at a professional standard.

Processing

Rendering

Page|

16 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


CS4 Key shot Corel Draw 12

Photoshop I have chosen Photoshop because it is available to school, Due to my lack of knowledge of Photoshop my skills are not best to use, but Photoshop is best option.

USB Portable Hard Drive CD DVD Mobile Me

Portable Hard Drive 640GB I have used chosen to use 640GB because of its size and due to the cost only $73. I believe i has enough space to allow all my work to be stored and be safe.

Equipment

Vernier Callipers Micrometer

Vernier Callipers I have chosen to use Vernier Callipers because of their accuracy of measure small objects.

Paper types

Bond Paper Coasted Paper Photocopy Paper

Coated Paper I plan to use Coated paper because of its gloss on paper. This paper make the project more professional standard and has a thicker that is harder to cress or bend pages.

JPEG GIF BMP PDF

JPEG I have chosen to use JPG because of the quality in the images. JPEG also have good compression sizes to good quality images.

Movie Maker IMovie

IMovie I have chosen iMovie because It was free with my MacBook and gained enough skills because the use of iMovie through high school

Presentation

Storage

File Types

Videos

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 17 | Page


Page Sizes 'A' series is a set of paper sizes established by the International Standards Organization (ISO) that ranges from 2A0 (the largest) to A7 (the smallest). The size of the paper goes down as the number goes up, and each is half the size of the previous. Size mm × mm A0 841 × 1189 A1 594 × 841 A2 420 × 594 A3 297 × 420 A4 210 × 297

Computer Systems Most graphic software requires high specifications to run some of the graphics software because of this some computer may not be able to run graphic software. Here I am look at the computer specifications of the computer I will be using throughout my project.

Home

School

OS: 64bit Windows 7 Ultimate CPU: i7 970 6Core 3.2Ghz Graphic Card: GTX250 TI RAM: 12 GB Screen: 24” LED Monitor Programmes Used Google Sketch up 8 Adobe Photoshop CS4 Adobe Firework CS4

Page|

18 | Industrial

Mac Book

OS: 32bit Windows Vista

OS: Snow Leopard 10.6.6

CPU: Intel Duo E4400 2.00Ghz

CPU: Intel Duo 2.10GHz

Graphic Card: ATI X1300 PRO

Graphic Card: GMA X3100

RAM: 4 GB (3GB usable)

RAM: 2 GB

Screen: 17” LCD Screen

Screen: 13” LCD Screen

Programmes Used Autodesk Inventor 2008 Adobe Photoshop CS4 Google Sketchup 7 Office 2007

Programmes Used Microsoft Office 2011

Technology Graphics


Mind Map

Product Assembly Sub assembly allows you to more easily large and complex assemblies by grouping components and putting predefined constraints on them. Without sub assembly files sizes are large and computer begins to freeze and lag because of many large complex parts

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 19 | Page


Drawing Types AS1100 AS 1100 is an Australian Standard for technical drawing including both mechanical and architectural designs. AS 1100 standard drawings contain attributes that are universal around Australia. The standard is published by Standards Australia. I will be using to technical standards to show my computer case at professional standards. I will be looking a Mechanical engineering drawing, part 201. The standard consists of five parts, Part 101: General principles Part 201: Mechanical engineering drawing Part 301: Architectural drawing Part 401: Engineering survey and engineering survey design drawing Part 501: Structural engineering drawing

Isometric Isometric projection is a form of pictorial drawing in which lines of the object represented appear in their true proportions. It is customary to use two 30-degree angles at the apex resting on the ground lines. A computer using such programs as Inventor and hand drawings can easy produces this drawing style.

Oblique Oblique drawings are designed to show a three dimensional view of an object. It is a kind of a drawing that shows one face of the object in true shape, but the other faces on a distorted angle, there are two types of oblique drawing Cabinet and Cavalier. In cavalier the object is projected back half its normal length and in Cabinet drawing the true length is projected back. A computer using such programs as Inventor and hand drawings can easy produces this drawing style.

Page|

20 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Perspective A 3D view with foreshortening and vanishing points. Many perspective drawings use only two vanishing points. A computer using such programs as Inventor and hand drawings can easy produces this drawing style.

Rendering Rendering is the process of generating of an image. No colour are used for Manuals Single colour are used for Manuals and Some presentations Surface style are used for Cartoony style used in some presentations Realistic are used for Life like most commonly used in feature presentations A computer using such programs as Inventor and hand drawings can easy produces this drawing style.

Exploded Iso An exploded view drawing is a diagram, picture or technical drawing of an object, which shows the relationship or order of assembly of various parts. A computer using such programs as Inventor ca easy produce this drawing style. Section

Section views show a cross section of the source object along the specified cut plane. These views are commonly used to show internal features with more clarity than may be available using regular projections or hidden lines. A computer using such programs as Inventor can easy produce this drawing style.

Orthographic

Orthographic drawing is a drawing that communicates the shape and size of an object through a series of related two-dimensional views A computer using such programs as Inventor and hand drawings can easy produce this drawing style.

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 21 | Page


Assembly

Assembly drawings (sometimes referred to as general assembly drawings) give a big picture view of the completed project and show: - A list of all the parts or components - General arrangement of these components How they fit together

Detail Drawings

Detail drawings show a small part of the construction at a larger scale, to show how the component parts fit together. They are also used to show small surface details, for example decorative elements A computer using such programs as Inventor and hand drawings can easy produces this drawing style.

Concept drawing

Concept drawing is a form of illustration where the main goal is to convey a visual representation of a design or idea. Concept drawing is also referred to as visual development and/or concept design. This term can also be applied to engineering design and architectural design.

Sheet Metal Drawing

Sheet metal design automates many aspects of working with sheet metal parts. Users can generate flat patterns, control sheet metal unfolding, define custom sheet metal punch libraries, insert specialized sheet metal fasteners, and create manufacturing drawings to support sheet metal manufacturing operations.

Page|

22 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Computer research Computer research is important, Here looking at Computer cases and evaluation on initial reaction, aesthetics, functions and features. I have scored each computer case out of 20. Fractal Design R3 ATX Case Black

Total 14/20 Initial Reaction Aesthetics

5

4

Total 17/20 Initial Reaction Aesthetics Function

2

1

X X AU $149.00

5

4

3

X X X

Features Price

1

X

Features

Antec Sonata III Piano Black ATX Case

2

X

Function

Price

3

X AU $169.00

Satellite 580K ATX Case

Total 12/20 Initial Reaction Aesthetics

5

4

3

Price

1

X X

Function Features

2

X X AU $55.00

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 23 | Page


Antec Dark Fleet DF-35 Gaming Case No PS

Total 16/20 Initial Reaction Aesthetics

5

Price

Xigmatek CPCT55DB

Total 16/20 Initial Reaction Aesthetics

Price

2

1

X X X AU $149.00

5

4

3

2

1

X X

Function Features

3 X

Function Features

4

X X AU $125.00

Model Laser Cutting Lasermade provides many types of jobs, from signage to custom cut brake pads, stainless steel components to inlayed marble floors and engraving of steel, timber, aluminium, brass and acrylics

Page|

24 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


File Types Image file sizes are expressed as the number of bytes. When increases with the number of pixels composing an image, and the colour depth of the pixels. The greater the number of rows and columns, the greater the image resolution, and the larger the file JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)

The JPEG format, with its support for 16.7 million colours, is primarily intended for photographic images. JPEG typically achieves 10:1 compression with little perceptible loss in image quality.

GIF (Graphics Interchange Format)

A bitmap image format for pictures with up to 256 distinct colours

16Bit BMP (Bitmap Image File)

The BMP file format, sometimes called bitmap o DIB file format (for device-independent bitmap) is an image file format used to store bitmap digital images. The bitmap has a maximum of 1 colours, and the palette contains up to 16 entries. BMP images are very basic and has loss of quality PDF (Portable Document Format)

Portable Document Format (PDF) is an open standard for document exchange. The file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993.Allow documents to turn into an image with high quality.

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 25 | Page


CAD Files STL STL is a file format native to the stereo lithography CAD software created by 3D Systems. This file format is supported by many other software packages; it is widely used for rapid prototyping and computer-aided manufacturing.

IGES Initial Graphics Exchange Specification (IGES) defines a neutral data format that allows the digital exchange of information among Computer-aided design (CAD) systems. An IGES file is composed of 80-character ASCII records

Paper Types

Bond Paper

Bond paper is a high quality writing paper similar to bank paper but having a weight greater than 50 g/m2. It is used for letterheads and other stationary and as paper for electronic printers

Coasted Paper

Coasted paper is paper, which has been coated as inorganic compound to impart certain qualities to the paper, including weight surface gloss, smoothness an ink absorbency.

Photocopy paper

Photocopy paper is a standard paper for most applications it normally has weight of 80g/m2

Page|

26 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Printing Cost I have a few options for printing. In which I can get my folio printed within school and outside of school, in which I am limited:

School I am limited at school with only A3 and A4 printing in black and white. This option will be a last option for printing my folio

Outside School I am also limited outside school, I have two option where I can get my parent to print my folio at their work which needs a day notice, which will be cheaper, or I can get my work printed at Office works, which will cost me and which is close to the school. Below is the office works printing template and cost of their prints.

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 27 | Page


Logo Designs For my logo I wanted to show different representation of what I wanted my logo to look like from free hand and computer drawing, as show below.

Logo Design Development I designed my logo to be CC. I have chosen this because of my project. The CC comes from Computer Case. I first designed different simple logo above in black and white with a circle around the outside then I was experimenting with colour, font and effect to design my logo. Then decided to remove the circles around the CC.I have chosen the colour blue as I have decided to have a theme of blue and white.

Computer Case Model I am modelling my old computer case in which I have made my project cheaper from buying individual parts for modelling. I will be modelling every part and designing the front plate before the due date. From using an old computer case it allows me keep within my budget plan of $400.

Page|

28 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Render Images of Computers Cases This is a render of a computer case. The blue strip through the middle makes the computer interesting. There is shadowing to the left making the computer to seem realistic.

This render show inside the computer. The red glossy front gives the computer case a unique look. The grey background allows and helps to see shadows. The bright red makes the case look interesting and attractive.

This image is an exploded Isometric. This drawing shows the relationship between the orders of assembly of the computer.

This image of the computer is a poor oblique. There is use of one-colour renderings of greys. This render is very simple. I was will produce much better quality than this render.

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 29 | Page


This image of the computer case is very basic. This shows the structure of a computer case. This has been modelled in 3D Studio MAX.

This image of a front plate of a computer case. This detailed front plate has been modelled in 3D Studio Max. I will be production a similar computer with its detail.

This is a render of a computer part. The close up view show how the part operates. The image looks realistic and at high standard.

This is a render of computer part. The image looks realistic but not as high standard.

Page|

30 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Computer Case Designs After evaluation different case, using Google Sketchup, I design quick sketches of possible design of the computer case. When designing a computer I need to look at ergonomics, features and aesthetics.

Google SketchUp- Concept 1

Ergonomics

This case is design for computers desk, where the computer case is on top of the desk Features

The features of this case is the easy access of USBs,

Google SketchUp- Concept 2

Ergonomics

This case is design for multiple computers desk, where the computer case can underneath or on top the desk. Having the buttons in the middle of of case allows different location for the case.

Features

The case is design to ensure lighting through keeps clean with a fan at front and allow easy access to power buttons

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 31 | Page


Google SketchUp- Concept 3

Ergonomics

This case is design for computers desk, where the computer case can be underneath or the desk. Having the buttons at top of case ensure less bending and back injury from leaning over to use the buttons Features

The door of the case is design to ensure that the case keeps clean. And easy access to USBs and control fan for cooling.

Page|

32 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Google SketchUp- Concept 4 Ergonomics

This case is design for computers desk, where the computer case is underneath the desk. Having the buttons at top of case ensure less bending and back injury from leaning over to use the buttons

Features

The case is design to ensure that the case keeps clean with a fan at front and easy access to USBs and power and reset buttons.

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 33 | Page


Hand Drawing- Concept 5

Ergonomics

This case is design for computers desk, where the computer case is underneath the desk. Having the buttons at top of case ensure less bending and back injury from leaning over to use the buttons

Features

The case is design to ensure that the case keeps clean with a fan at front and easy access to USBs and power and reset buttons.

Hand Drawing- Concept 6

Ergonomics

This case is design for computers desk, where the computer case is underneath the desk. Having the buttons at top of case ensure less bending and back injury from leaning over to use the buttons

Features

The sleek design of the case from Slim CD Drive, give a n

Page|

34 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Tutorial I needed to refresh my memory, Using inventor tutorials I was able to remember how to use Autodesk Inventor and now able to model my computer case.

Sheet Metal As being not familiar with Sheet metal, I needed to research and go through a tutorial as my computer case consists of using sheet metal. The tutorials help me learn the features of sheet metals and now able to remodel my computer case.

DWG of Flat Pattern sheet metal tutorials

Rendering of sheet metal tutorials

Part The tutorial help me learn the features of standard parts and now able to remodel my computer case

Render As not being doing rendering of engineering parts, I research different programs and tutorials on how to render 3d objects to a professional standard.

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 35 | Page


Communication Techniques Throughout the duration of this major project, I have used numerous techniques to effectively convey the intended meaning. This allows me to communicate to a wide range of audiences. The following techniques have been used to communicate my ideas effectively:

2D sketches I used Autodesk Inventor 2008 to create 2D sketches.

Renders I used Key Shot to create visual representations.

Orthographic I used Autodesk Inventor 2008 to create orthographic drawings. Orthographic drawing can show a variety of drawing and they include: general assemblies, detail drawings, section views and parts.

Page|

36 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Sheet Metal Some of the features that sheet metal are: Sheet Metal Styles 

Flat Pattern

Cut

Flange

Hem

Fold

Punch Tool

Exploded Views An exploded view drawing is a diagram, picture or technical drawing of an object, that shows the relationship or order of assembly of various parts

Isometrics Isometric is a method of projection. It fits between orthogonal drawings and perspective drawings on the scale of technicality. In isometric drawings lines are drawn at 30° and 90° to the horizontal. Also the scale on each axis is full scale.

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 37 | Page


Hand Drawing In order for myself to achieve quick sketches of proposed ideas.

Photographs Photographs were used to provide evidence of my work

Gantt charts Gantt charts allow easy to display a lot of information all together in the one big table. I used a gantt chart to display all the time spend on my project in the form of a graphs

Page|

38 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Movie Short movies are created to display steps of construction; I used iMovie to create this short film.

Model I will create a rapid prototype of the computer case. I have used inventor to sketches in which I can give my sketches to the professional company to create the model

Mind Map Mind Maps allow another easy way to display information, I used publisher to create this mind map.

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 39 | Page


\Use of Appropriate Industrial Process Autodesk Inventor Inventor is an Industry standard program that allows the user to create 3D models from sketches. Whilst enabling to go back and editing sketches with out have to delete the original sketch

Inventor has enabled me to produce renderings, engineering drawings, assemblies, animation and exploded views

Microsoft Office Word

Microsoft word 2011 is used within the graphics industry to store research and other related process. Microsoft world was used to produce this portfolio Excel

Excel is used throughout the industry to create time plans, budget plans and graphs. In this portfolio I will use this program to produce a time plan, budget plan and various graphs. Publisher

Publisher is used throughout the industry to create various mind maps. In this portfolio I will use this program to produce various mind maps

Page|

40 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Google SketchUp Google SketchUp is used throughout the industry to create quickly develop ideas. In this folio I will I use this program to produce quick 3d sketches and my ideas.

Hand Drawings The use of Hand drawings has decreased but still remains relevant. The hand drawings of this project and drawn using different styles such as isometric, cabinet obliques and engineering drawings.

Photoshop Photoshop allows the user to edit photos to industry standards. This program is heavily used throughout the industry.

Large Size Printing The use of printing in sizes A3 to A0 is a very common practice within the industry. The most common way to print with large sizes is to save documents as PDFs

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 41 | Page


Backing Up The use of back up drives in industry is vital for the storage of information At school every two weeks the server is backed up as well as I keep duplicates of files on my Macbook, Computer and my External HDD which I do every week to ensure that data is not lost.

File Formats Laser Cutting

Then using external sources such as getting Laser cuts, File formats such as STEP are more compatible, than using ipt a common inventor file type IDW

Idw are inventor-drawing files, which may not be compatible with printer and other external sources, this can be solved by formation to a PDF. PDF

A common file type that can be transfer without lose of data and can be easily taken to external sources and printed

Page|

42 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Rendering As I want to be creating my work to professional standards I need to test and research the features and time taken to produce the image.

Features Features of Renders, include: Shading — how the colour and brightness of a surface varies with lighting  Texture‐mapping — a method of applying detail to surfaces  Fogging/participating medium — how light dims when passing through non‐clear atmosphere or air  Shadows — the effect of obstructing light  Soft shadows — varying darkness caused by partially obscured light sources  Reflection — mirror‐like or highly glossy reflection  Transparency (optics), transparency (graphic) or opacity — sharp transmission of light through solid objects Translucency — highly scattered transmission of light through solid objects  Depth of field — objects appear blurry or out of focus when too far in front of or behind the object in focus  Motion blur — objects appear blurry due to high‐speed motion, or the motion of the camera  Non‐photorealistic rendering — rendering of scenes in an artistic style, intended to look like a painting or  drawing 

Calculations As renders require extreme processing power, The average time for render at 1024 x 592 solution. The average time to Render a quality image takes approx. 20-30min. CD Drive

Time Taken: 20min 24sec Computer Size: 78KB File Type: JPG

Hard Drive

Time Taken: 24min 57sec Computer Size: 82KB File Type: JPG 360hours 30 24 = 720 x 30 = 21,600 / 60 = 360 hours

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 43 | Page


Steps Of Construction When using modelling programs such as Autodesk Inventor. I will be showing different skills how I modelled each part using different techniques and skills. Revolve

Fillet

Fillet

Extrude

Extrude

Circular Pattern

Thread

Extrude

Thumbscrews Part Feature

Part features are created to combines solids and surfaces to create a range of complex shapes. Inventor allows part to be create parts from scratch, reuse and alter existing part designs

Revolve 360o on axis

Page|

44 | Industrial

Technology Graphics

Fillet 0.045mm


Extrude Cut 0.5mm

Circular pattern on axis 52ul

Thread full length

Extrude 0.1mm

Fillet 0.1mm

Extrude Cut 0.1mm

Complete

Render

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 45 | Page


CPU Fan\

Extrude

Fillet

Extrude

Extrude

Extrude

Extrude

Filet

Extrude

Coil

Circular Pattern

Extrude

Chamfer

Circular Pattern

Extrude

Extrude

Fan Base

Page|

Extrude 10mm

Fillet 5mm on edges

Extrude 1mm

Circular Patten 4ul

46 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Extrude 4mm on middle plane

Chamfer 1mm

Extrude Cut 5mm

Extrude 9mm

Extrude 9mm

Coil Height 9mm and Revolution 0.0070ul

Fan

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 47 | Page


Circular pattern 12ul

Extrude cut 80mmfrom middle axis

Extrude 1mm

Fillet 1mm

Extrude 9mm

Page|

48 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Assembly

- CPU Fan

Assembly design combines individual parts and subassemblies. Inventor allows the product can be assembled, insert and position new components, and check for interferences between parts.

Import components

Constrain work planes

Constrain bottom of fan to top of base

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 49 | Page


Sheet Medal

- Side

Sheet metal design automates many aspects of working with sheet metal parts. Inventor allows generate flat patterns, control sheet metal unfolding and define custom sheet metal this create manufacturing drawings to support sheet metal manufacturing operations.

Sheet Metal

Flange

Hem

Hem

Cut

Cut

Rectangular pattern

Cut

Cut

Rectangular pattern

Page|

Flang

Flat Pattern

Create Face

Sheet metal option to Galvanised Steel 0.8mm

Flange 14.5mm

Hem 27mm

50 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Hem 27mm

Cut Thickness

Flange 5mm

Flange 5mm

Cut 2mm

Rectangular Pattern 4ul

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 51 | Page


Page|

Cut Thickness

Cut 1.5mm

Cut 1.2mm

Rectangular Pattern by 4ul

Render

Flat Pattern

52 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Back Slot Bracket Face

Extrude

Sheet Metal

Flange

Cut

Chamfer

Punch Tool

Punch Tool

Face

Sheet metal option to Galvanised Steel 0.5mm

Flange 12mm

Cut distance

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 53 | Page


iFeature iFeatures are a feature of Autodesk Inventor, which are design in metal sheet to puncher metal.

Extrude 2mm

Chamfer 0.5mm

Punch tool

Punch tool

Flat Patten Render

Page|

54 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Key Shot The Key shot website on how to step up the renders. I followed the instruction and able to create renders of my parts. Key shot set it out in 7 easy steps.

Step 1: Export From Inventor to STEP

Step 2: Import your 3D model

Step; 3: Paint your model

Step 4: Choose your lighting

Step 5: Adjust your camera

Step 6: Adjust your background

Step 7: Render

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 55 | Page


Keyshot Placing images on Faces Placing Label in Key shot allows Rendering to seem more realistic, . This can be easy achieved by following the 4 steps.

Step 1: Double Click on Surface and Click Label

Step 3: Align Image to surface Step 4: Render

Page|

56 | Industrial

Technology Graphics

Step 2: Import Image


Safe Working Practices and OH&S Issues. All industrial technology subjects and projects have OH&S safety issues. However the safety issues in Industrial technology graphics may not be as evident as those in industrial Technology timber. Although there are still many and these OH&S issues that need to be take into consideration.

Preparation As preparation in regards to addressing and recognizing OH&S I completed a number of safety tests online using “On Guard ACEPro�. The Tests give instruction and information on various hazards and safety issues that need to be taken into account in the Graphics course. As clarification of completing the test an online certificate is present. (An example is below)

Fire Hazards & Evacuation procedures The graphics room 309 is where I will be spending majority of my time working on my project. In the room there are a number of fire hazards. The school has addressed these hazards in accordance with the OH&S act of 1999. Due to the chance of a fire the school has provided a fire extinguisher, which is easily accessible and is easily recognized by the accompanying signage. If there was need for evacuation of the school due to fire or another cause evacuation procedures are located on the wall near where they are easily noticeable and easy to read.

School evacuation procedures

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 57 | Page


Ergonomics Using computers for an extended period of time, like how I will be during my project has many risks associated with it these risks include: back, neck and eye strain and RSI (Repetitive Strain Injury). To help prevent these problems the school has provided many ergonomic products that help solve these problems. Such as ergonomically designed chairs, computer keyboards and mouse

Posture Correct posture is essential when working on the computer because it ensures: Prevents fatigue because muscles are being used more efficiently, allowing the body to use less energy, Prevents strain or overuse problems and Prevents backache and muscular pain. When sitting at a computer:    

Your feet should be flat on the floor, your thighs parallel to the ground, knees forming a 90-degree angle. Your eyes should be level with the top of your monitor. Tilt the monitor at an angle of approximately 15 degrees for an optimal neck position that will not strain your spine Pull the keyboard tray out towards you, level with the height of your elbows when your arms hang loose at your side. In order to protect your elbows and shoulders, make certain never to reach forward to type Remember to take breaks to get moving. Instead of going straight from sitting at your desk to sitting in the break room, or in an armchair when you get home, take time to stretch your limbs, rotating each joint slowly, several times in both directions

Image of me when using computer

Page|

58 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Manual Handling Back pain is the most common incident of reported manual handling injury. Other injuries, such as strains to the shoulders, neck, knees and ankles, can also result from manual handling. The following factors are thought to increase the risk: 

Heavy physical activity

Repetitive movement

Static posture

Frequent twisting of the trunk

Movements requiring the exertion of force

Manual Handing injuries can be overcome by lifting using the proper technique shown in the diagram.

Safe Work in disambly of case When dissemble of the case the main precaution is safety. Some of the Safety precaution consider are tools, the environment and all electrical of the computer is turned off and unplugged. Other concerts of the case is damage case equipment

Printer inks Inks

Inks are in printer’s cartridges; Inks are pollution as they are non-renewable and needing the right way of disposing them. Ways such as sending the cartridges to 'Cartridges 4 Planet Ark' where they are disposed properly.

Electrical Hazards All electrical leads and equipment in the graphics room have to be tagged and tested. A qualified electrician to ensure the equipment is safe to use must do this. Once ‘tagged’ a date is placed on the tag as evidence of it’s testing, and a second date is written on the tag for when it needs to be retested,

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 59 | Page


Environment at school The graphics computer lab I will be working in has several features that make the environment, safe and more pleasurable to work in.

Lighting The need for lighting is essential as lack of light can lead to eyestrain. The school has addressed this by having 6 fluorescent lights with diffusers that helps scatter the light; this stops the light being too bright which could cause screen glare.

School Lighting in Room 309

Natural Lighting Is desirable, as it doesn’t cast the same dark shadows that electric light causes. In the computer lab there are two walls with large windows that allow ample natural light into the room.

Curtains

School Curtains and Natural Lighting

Natural light is desirable but sometimes if it’s too bright outside the large amount of light coming in can cause screen glare. Having ‘heavy’ curtains blocks out the excess light. Also the curtains help cut down noise pollution from outside.

Air conditioning Is needed in the computer lab. Due to the number of computers and electrical equipment running in the room and the number of people this all creates heat. To help keep the room at a comfortable temperature there are two air conditioners at the front of the room that pump in fresh cool or warm air into the room.

School Air-conditioning in Room 309

Page|

60 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Environment at Home Like at school in the computer labs. My home environment has many features that make it a safe and comfortable place to work. Lighting

My home environment has several types of lighting. There is natural lighting from the bedroom window. I also have a blind on the window that helps reduce glare, without it glare can lead to eyestrain Ergonomics

My chair is like the ones at school ergonomically designed for comfort and adjustable.

Drawing Board

In my home environment I also use my drawing board. I have a clear desk so it is easy to work with making it safer to use.

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 61 | Page


Timeline Semester 1

Semester 2

Page|

62 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Practical Problem Solving Images With my folio I wanted to create my folio professional as way is by removing the white space from around the images, in which looks more professional and flowing

Background Image When I printed my folio the background was not showing, I did some research on the internet and found I needed to tick this button.

iFeature When creating iFeatures I was given this error say that could not find the canter mark.

`

When modelling my fan, I designed a circular pattern in which I wanted to have more hole to allow more hot air to leaving the case.

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 63 | Page


Measuring Parts When modelling I had problems when assembling parts did not line up, due to measuring wrong.

Rendering Having not enough lighting gave images that are too dark and remove detail from the renderings. This was fixed by changing the material to translucent colour and adjusting the brightness. Another problem was when scanning the images for the renders was needing a cloth to cover

Page|

64 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Ongoing Evaluation Key Problems Occurred

Research

Problem Fixed

Modelling

Component

Rendering

Term 1 Week 1 – Week 2

Received Project Decided project- I chose to redesign the front plate of the a case computer

Term 1 Week 3 – Week 4

Statement of Intent – Research Time plan (Created and set up presentation) – Research Research Sources – Research

Term 1 Week 5 – Week 6

Materials – Research Equipment – Research Updated Time plan – Research Design modification – Research

Term 1 Week 7 – Week 8

Computer Case Materials – Research Paper types – Research File types – Research CAD file types – Research Updated Time plan – Research

Term 1 Week 9 – Week 10

Problem: I wanted to create an automatic contents page. Which keep coming up with errors Solved: Using Word Styles of Heading 1, Heading 2, I was able to create the automatic contents page Contents – Research Edited Equipment – Research Title page – Research Updated Time plan – Research

Holidays Week 1 – Week 2

None

Holidays Week 3 – Week 4

None

Holidays Week 5 – Week 6

Received Computer Case – Modelling

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 65 | Page


Term 2 Week 1 – Week 2

Term 2 Week 3 – Week 4

Render Images of Computers – Research Fixed up presentation – Research Logo design – Research Updated Time plan – Research Video card – Modelling Problem: I had trouble using metal sheets in inventor; I had trouble with bending metal without a curve. Problem: Formatting with background of word as will not print the visual background Solved: Under layout>page background> using texture instead of picture. Picture is for web pages. Also needed to tick in printing options to print out backgrounds.

Term 2 Week 7 – Week 8

Updated Time plan – Research Video card – Modelling Motherboard – Modelling Problem: Using Rectangular pattern on the CPU slot. I had trouble lining up the CPU and CPU slot Solved: This was solved by measuring the rectangular and checking with the CPU and the CPU slot Updated Time plan – Research Video card– Modelling Updated Time plan – Research

Term 2 Week 9 – Week 10

Problem: Images looking unprofessional Solved: This was solved by using photoshop and saving as GIF

Term 2 Week 5 – Week 6

School Holiday Week 1 – Week 2

Term 3 Week 1 – Week 2

Case– Modelling Motherboard– Modelling Problem: Using ifeature to import and use punch tool on inventor. Solved: Using centre point to indicate ifeature and observing an example of a ifeature I was able to model the ifeature I needed.

Term 3 Week 3 – Week 4

Case– Modelling Problem: Using Hem tool but error when hems over lap each other.

Term 3 Week 5 – Week 6

Page|

Case– Modelling

66 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Term 3 Week 7 – Week 8

Case - Modelling

Term 3 Week 9 – Week 10

Case – Modelling

Holidays Week 1 – Week 2

Case – Modelling

Term 4 Week 1 – Week 2

Orthographic Drawings Rendering Hand Drawings Renderings Hand Drawings

Term 4 Week 3 – Week 4 Term 4 Week 5 – Week 6

Major Work Due

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 67 | Page


Evaluation Throughout the year I have been working on my Major Work Project, Overall I am pleased with my work having had to model many unique. The project is following the Board of Studies requirements of 80 pages and follows the Australian Drawing Standards AS1100. Statement Of Intent

My Statement of Intent was updated and changed many times, this is because at later stages I realised that some idea would not work or extremely complicated to model. I have worked to the best of my ability but I had numerous errors through out the project, which set me back. Some of the errors are listed below. 

iFeatures

Sheet Metal

Lighting

Measuring

Time Plan

Using a proposed Time Plan gave me deadline to finish each section but I still fell behind on several occasions. This was due to have heavy workloads required by my other subjects, but this overcome when I was able to catch up in the holidays and before and after school. I believe the management folio, which documents my research and development processes were completed to a high standard. Office

Microsoft Word and Excel was quiet annoying this is because some of the constant formatting changes, but overall was helpful with creating gantt charts and graphs, and allowing my Folio to look professional. Modelling

Unfortunately I fell behind and ran out of time modelling the wires, this was due to the understating time when modelling the other unique parts. Rendering

Using multiple programs to render such as Key shot and Inventor Studio allow representing realistic. I found both programs to be very useful and easy to use after I had overcome the problem of having not had enough lighting into the case. Overall I was able to complete my Major Work and maintained high standards with use of effective management of time and funds. I have developed and broaden my skills

Page|

68 | Industrial

Technology Graphics


Positives and Negatives Key Shot

+ Positives

- Negatives

Realistic

Computer Floating

Detailed Key Shot

+ Positives Realistic

- Negatives Reflection on metal

Image rendering

Industrial Technology Graphics

| 69 | Page


Inventor

+ Positives

- Negatives

Lighting is fine

Not as Realistic to Key Shot Front Casing Design cannot see well Google Sketch up

+ Positive

- Negatives

Good Lighting

No Shadows (if shadows added render would be too bright)

Able to see through transparent front

Not as Realistic to Key Shot

Page|

70 | Industrial

Technology Graphics

HSC Major Work Folio  

HSC Major Work

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you