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Foreign Languages Department of Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University FEBRUARY, 18 IS OUR RECTOR’S BIRTHDAY The date of February, 18 has been registered in the history of our University as a birthday of Olexandr Golubenko, our rector. The list of rector‟s honorary titles and awards is impressive. Olexandr Golubenko is a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Professor, doctor of technical sciences, Honoured Scientist, prize winner of State premium, rector of Volodymyr Dahl East Ukraine National University. He has also the title of Honoured railroader of Ukraine (1997), Honoured railroader of Russian Federation (1992), Honoured citizen of the city of Luhansk (2000).He is a laureate of the award of Ministry of Higher education of Ukraine, a laureate of State award of Ukraine in the area of science and technology(2005). Professor Golubenko has been awarded with orders of Ukraine "For merits" of the third (2001), second (2004) and first (2007) degree, the order of Polish Republic (2005), diploma of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2002).

He is the author of 100 author‟s certificates and patents including 9 foreign certificates (patented in Great Britain, Italy, Germany, the USA, France, Switzerland). Olexandr Golubenko loves his native city and is proud of being its honorary citizen. He studied here, worked at the Locomotivebuilding plant and Luhansk Machine Engineering Institute (it was the name of our University) after graduation from its Locomotive -building faculty. In 1987 he defended doctorate dissertation. Since 1997 O. Golubenko has been at the head of EUNU. Olexandr

In this issue: St. Tatiana’s Day – Student’s Day

2

The heart of St. Valentine’s Day

3

Antisushi Notes

4-5

Welcome to the legend. Glastonbury.

6-7

Pitirim Sorokin Russian American

8

sociologist Golubenko gives the lead to his colleagues and students by liking for hard work, courage and persistence. No wonder that he was one of the first Ukrainian rectors who signed Magna Charta Universitatum in Bologna thus bringing East Ukraine National University named after V.Dahl nearer the European educational space.

How to Know if He or She Loves You?

9

Charity

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Alma Mater Mater Alma

St. Tatiana’s Day – Student’s Day On the 25 of January the students of our university traditionally celebrate two holidays: St. Tatiana‟s Day and Student‟s Day.

"...Tatiana, profoundly Russian being, herself not knowing how or why, in Russian winters thrilled at seeing the cold perfection of the sky…"We remember these lines from a poem by outstanding Russian poet Alexander Pushkin not by accident. Because of Alexander Pushkin‟s poem, Tatiana has become one of the most popular names in Russia. And the female character of the poem “Yevgeny Onegin” has been considered the representation of a truly Russian woman for almost two centuries.

deliverance, and an earthquake shook the ground, toppling and smashing the marble statue of Apollo. The Romans then gouged Tatiana‟s eyes out with a hook and threw her into a pit with a hungry lion. The lion curled up at her feet and purred peacefully. Ignoring all these really quite obvious signs that she knew what she was about, the Romans then beheaded her. Tatiana and the day commemorating her death might have

In Ancient Greek the name of Tatiana means “constitutor”, or “founder” or “manager” in the modern language. Tatiana‟s day is very popular holiday of Slavic students that is celebrated on 25th of January. This holiday is also known as Student‟s Day because St. Tatiana is considered to be the Saint of all students. On this day, top students receive awards in schools and universities. It is one of the most popular Russian holidays for young people and for those pretty Russian women whose name is Tatiana. Usually the girl born on this day is called Tatiana. January 25th (January 12th in Old Style) is commemorates the death of the 3rd Century Christian martyr, St. Tatiana of Rome. St. Tatiana was a pious young woman, who was brought up by her father as a Christian and became a deaconess of the fledgling sect in Rome, when it was still in hiding from the authorities. She was captured and ordered to make a public renunciation of Christianity by making a sacrifice to the Roman deity, Apollo. Legend says that Tatiana prayed for Page 2

slipped unnoticed into the Church calendar as yet another saint‟s day, but historical events took over. On January 25 (January 12 Old Style), in 1755, Empress Elizabeth founded Russia‟s first University: Moscow University, noting that: “Any good comes from an enlightened mind, and evil is eradicated thereby.” Credit for founding the University goes to Mikhail Lomonosov, a prominent Academician and Professor of Chemistry, and the well connected courtier I.I. Shuvalov, who served as the university‟s first Curator. Prominent alumni include writers Anton Chekhov and Ivan Turgenev, Nobel Laure-

ate and Politian Mikhail Gorbachev, and the artist Vassily Kandinsky. In the early years, the University offered a general course in Philosophy and liberal arts from which students went on to a concentrated course in one of three branches of study: law, medicine, or philosophy. The University was housed for most of its history directly opposite Red Square, in the yellow and white classical buildings on Mokhovaya Street which today house the faculties of Journalism, Asian and African Studies and Law. In 1949, construction began on the monumental new building of the University Complex in the Sparrow (Lenin) Hills, the largest of the “seven sisters” or “Stalin Wedding Cakes” high rises which are an integral part of the Moscow skyline. Until 1990, this was the tallest building in Europe, and until 2005, the tallest in Moscow. In 1953, the doors opened for the first academic year. Although it is based on a Saint‟s Day – it is not just a “name day” (a tradition found in many countries – especially in Europe and Latin America – of celebrating on the day of the year associated with the one‟s given name, usually the Saint‟s day as defined in the the Catholic and Orthodox calendar of saints). The association with Saint Tatiana and students endures to this day, and all over countries CIS, January 25th or “Tatianin Deyn‟” is considered “students‟ day,” and marks the end of exams and beginning of the winter break. Divine service is held in the Chapel of St. Tatiana, followed by speeches, prize giving, and then unfettered partying in the city streets, beginning with a traditional honey-based mead, and moving on to anything the students can get their hands on!

DAHL‟S HORIZON


Alma Mater The heart of St.Valentine’s Day In the beginning, Valentine's Day was associated with romantic couples only but in recent times the festival is seen in much larger perspective. Now, people take opportunity of the day to wish „Happy Valentine's Day' to anyone they love be it father, mother, teachers, siblings, friends, coworkers or just anyone special to them. The idea behind this tradition is to celebrate love, get love and give love to everyone around us.

ing from a young man. If she keeps the gift, it means she will marry him. Some people used to believe that if a woman saw a robin flying overhead on Valentine's Day, it meant she would marry a sailor. If she saw a sparrow, she would marry a poor man and be very happy. If she saw a goldfinch, she would marry a millionaire. A love seat is a wide chair. It was first made to seat one woman and her wide dress. Later, the love seat or courting seat had two sections, often in an S-shape. In this way, a couple could sit together -- but not too closely!

History

Valentine's Day started in the time of the Roman Empire. In ancient Rome, February 14th was a holiday to honour Juno. Juno was the Queen of the Roman Gods and Goddesses. The Romans also knew her as the Goddess of women and marriage.

The lives of young boys and girls were strictly separate. However, one of the customs of the young people was name drawing. On the eve of the festival of Lupercalia the names of Roman girls were written on slips of paper and placed into jars. Each young man would draw a girl's name from the jar and would then be partners for the duration of the festival with the girl whom he chose. Sometimes the pairing of the children lasted an entire year, and often, they would fall in love and would later marry. Under the rule of Emperor Claudius II Rome was involved in many bloody and unpopular campaigns. Claudius the Cruel was having a difficult time getting soldiers to join his military leagues. He believed that the reason was that roman men did not want to leave their Page 3

loves or families. As a result, Claudius cancelled all marriages and engagements in Rome. The good Saint Valentine was a priest at Rome in the days of Claudius II. He and Saint Marius aided the Christian martyrs and secretly married couples, and for this kind deed Saint Valentine was apprehended and dragged before the Prefect of Rome, who condemned him to be beaten to death with clubs and to have his head cut off. He suffered martyrdom on the 14th day of February, about the year 270. At that time it was the custom in Rome, a very ancient custom, indeed, to celebrate in the month of February the Lupercalia, feasts in honour of a heathen god. On these occasions, amidst a variety of pagan ceremonies, the names of young women were placed in a box, from which they were drawn by the men as chance directed.

Pick a dandelion that has gone to seed. Take a deep breath and blow the seeds into the wind. Count the seeds that remain on the stem. That is the number of children you will have. If you cut an apple in half and count how many seeds are inside, you will also know how many children you will have. One of the most popular customs of Valentine's Day observed worldwide is to go on a date with sweetheart.

Traditions and believes Hundreds of years ago in England, many children dressed up as adults on Valentine's Day. They went singing from home to home. In Wales wooden love spoons were carved and given as gifts on February 14th. Hearts, keys and keyholes were favourite decorations on the spoons. The decoration meant, "You unlock my heart!" In some countries, a young woman may receive a gift of cloth-

Ukrainians began to celebrate this holiday not far ago but it has already become very popular, especially among young people. On this day we have a tradition to express our love by presenting special cards and giving presents. Although, it’s not our holiday historically, first of all it’s a great opportunity to say about our love. And remember that love actually is all around! DAHL‟S HORIZON


Opinion Antisushi Notes Sushi today is the top hit of Ukrainian cafes and restaurants. I was really interested in the causes of such popularity, so I decided to find out everything on practice. The role of “guinea pigs” was played by your most humble servant and her innocent victim.

People say that the beauty is a terrible power. But I‟m deeply convinced in another thing – fashion is much more terrible. And this power affected me recently. That is why the hackneyed allegory of «a fashion victim», unfortunately, can be totally applied to me. But it is not the most insulting thing! The main thing is that an innocent person suffered because of me, so I have to confess now in order to wash away my guilt. I shall start. My friend once said that he had never tried sushi. That was the time when we celebrated the Ukrainian Day of shaving foam, I mean the 23 rd of February, my dear readers. But foam for shaving is a typical banal present. I decided to be original… and thought to take my friend to the café to treat him sushi, because all of my friends run into a nirvana because of this exotic dish. Page 4

So said so done! I dragged my poor victim to the Japanese café. We made up our minds to order sushi with frills, the most sophisticated ones I think. Let's paint the town red, we thought! Though the meal is Japanese but the soul‟s definitely Ukrainian… Soon on our tray there were two king shrimps, two pieces of cured salmon and two of raw one (by the best traditions of the eastern cuisine). We dealt shortly with shrimps. Cured salmon also was gone with pleasure. But what about the raw fish? That was just another pair of shoes. To be honest it was a bit frightening to taste raw food! Furthermore neither me, nor my friend have in our genealogical trees Chukchi and especially Japanese roots. Even our ancient Ukrainian ancestors used to cook the meat before eating. At least salted it. Salt - that was the salvation! It was the moment when I remembered about the miracles sauce. It was already filled with some bits of greenish substance called “wasabi”. In this case that was not only salt but disinfection too. It was really naïve to think so. The fight with the instinct of self-preservation was over after all. The instinct surrendered to the spirit of adventurism. And it was a big mistake. So I‟d decided to try it at last. I will never forget that sacramental minute. Why? Because my poor stomach got used to the carefully cooked Ukrainian

borsh! So it denied that raw, half-done meal and revolted seriously. It finally convinced me – I‟ve never had any relatives from Eastern or Northern lands. My friend‟s stomach was probably stronger. Or maybe he had some relatives from exotic countries yet. Anyhow, he didn‟t suffer from the food poisoning. To my great joy. Nevertheless he wasn‟t pleased with this food at all. It‟s believed that the way to the man‟s heart goes through his stomach. That‟s right but taking into the account the things we put into that stomach. No foam, no pleasure at the Man‟s Day. What a pity!

DAHL‟S HORIZON


Opinion From all this awful sampling I‟ve learned some lessons. Lesson number one: the instinct of selfpreservation was created by nature to follow it. Lesson number two: not every fashion is good and not all exotic food is tasty. Lesson number three: shaving foam is not the worst present. Lesson number four: if you want to jeer at your stomach you can of course. But it needs to be done carefully. Slowly and carefully. Japanese dishes are best cooked by Japanese people, French – by Frenchmen, Italian – by Italians and so on and so forth. If you don‟t have an opportunity to visit the motherland of your favorite exotic meal you can try to make it yourself with the help of recipe book. Fortunately, we are not limited in such literature. By the way the variety of exotic ingredients is also available at our markets and shops.

For example, you don‟t need a lot to cook sushi. First you must have rice which is the base of the dish. The filling is usually made of vegetables (pickled daikon in sinko maki, sour soya beans in natto maki, avocado in California rolls, cucumber in kappa maki, asparagus, yam, tofu, marinated prunes, pumpkins and sweet corn mixed with mayonIssue №2, February 2011

naise); seafood (squids, octopuses, shrimps, caviar, sea urchins and different mollusks); eggs and red meat. But the most popular filling is fish. It‟s important to mention that only ocean fish can be put into sushi in a raw state. River fish may contain parasites, so it must be well cooked. Tuna, eel, mackerel and salmon are the most often used sorts of fish. Traditional sushi or “nigiridzusi”

(握り寿司:

sushi,

made by hand) consists of a long piece of rice, pressed by hands, a bit of wasabi and some filling. But in restaurants people more often order rolls (they seem to be more easily picked up by inexperienced users of sticks). Rolls differ from traditional sushi because they are rolled up with seaweeds or “nori”. By the way those weeds cost more and more at markets probably because of their fashionable reputation. California rolls are also very popular. These rolls have rice for the topping. The usual ingredients are: cucumber, crab meat and avocado. The rice topping is usually covered with sesame seeds or flying fish caviar – tobiko. Sushi are seasoned with soy-bean sauce, wasabi and rice sauce. Wasabi is a grinded root of Japanese horseradish called wasabi. The real wasabi is considered to kill all microbes in fresh fish. In most cases in different countries and even in Japan wasabi is made from simple horseradish.

All above mentioned was definitely true and instructive but people don‟t like to listen to the voice of reason. Fashion does its dirty work. Can you guess which of the three cafes was the most crowded? Sushi one of course! We looked at all these people with horror as we were sitting and drinking tea at our place. It is hard to believe but… after the smells of wasabi and soy-bean sauce the tea fragrance was more likely for us than the fragrances of ambergris and all French perfumes. No, I don‟t want you to give up your favorite meal of course. Only in case you have already used to it because of your heart and stomach calling. Not a simple trying to follow stupid fashion. Just think about what is more important to you: your health and happiness or a fashionable label “I‟m crazy about sushi”. In the end I want to remember the existentialists who say that: every choice you make is the right one. Why not? I’d argue against it but don’t want to. My true-Ukrainian stomach has made its choice. And this time my mind would follow it. We have already put our sacrifice on the altar of fashion.

Kate Sukhopleschenko Mass Communications Department,MK182

In spite of all our culinary talents, the right to cook sushi must definitely belong to professionals. And there aren‟t too many of them at our cafes, restaurants and so-called sushi bars. Page 5


Science-Gate

The World’s Newsfax

Welcome to the legend. Glastonbury. – the Isle of Glass or Avalon. Glastonbury Tor stands on a former island (actually, an isthmus), surrounded by the Somerset Levels, a large partiallydrained lake which used to be a part of sea before. “Somerset” is short for “summer settlement” because the area was too flooded to inhabit in winter.

Glastonbury is a small town about 220 km west of London. For some, it‟s an ordinary, provincial small town. For others it is a global, multi-faith spiritual centre. It is called the “England‟s holyest earth” for its myths and legends.

The name Avalon originates from the Celtic God‟s name of Gwyn ap Nudd or Avalloc, the Lord of the Underworld and King of the Fairies who is believed to live at the Tor up to now. The legend has been known since around the third century BC. According to pagan British, Avalon was the meeting-place of the Dead – the point where they passed on to another level of existence.

Glastonbury has been a pilgrimage place since Megalithic times, 4.000 years ago. In the Middle Ages a great Abbey was built here to attract believers and the town grew up to service it. Overlooking it all is Glastonbury Tor, a fascinating holy hill. The myths associated with Glastonbury Tor are extraordinary. It has been called a magic mountain, a faeries’ glass hill, a spiral castle, a Grail castle, the Land of the Dead, a Druid initiation centre, an Arthurian hill-fort, a magnetic power-point, a crossroad of leys, a centre for Goddess fertility rituals and celebrations, a converging point for UFOs.

If you climb the Tor on a clear day, you will be astonished by the extent of the view from there, but on a misty day you can experience for yourself what it must have been like when Glastonbury was an island Issue №2, February 2011

Modern scientists state, that the terracing on the slopes of Glastonbury Tor is the remains of a great three-dimensional neolithic labyrinth, a ceremonial way dedicated to the ancient British Goddess. This must have taken place in at least the fifth millennium BC. The Goddess took many forms, but many early images of the Goddess have spirals on their breasts, resembling the spiral on the Tor. Spirals symbolised the coiled serpent or dragon, both regarded as sacred in the old religion. The dragon or serpent represented the natural energies of the earth and the sky –

energies which were cooperated with and revered. So, one of the legends state that Glastonbury Tor is a symbol of the Primal Mother, who laid the world-egg. Tradition tells us that Jesus visited Tor being a boy and Joseph of Arimathaea built a church here – the world‟s first purposebuilt Christian church named after St. Mary. This was followed in the early 1100s by a chapel, St Michael de Torre. This was destroyed in a powerful earthquake in 1275 and rebuilt in the early 1300s. The tower is all that remains today. The Glastonbury region and its Abbey also have strong associations with Arthurian legends and the quest for the Holy Grail. In 1190 AD, following a fire which destroyed much of the Glastonbury Abbey, the dramatic discovery was made of two ancient oak coffins buried sixteen feet beneath the ground. Contained within the coffins were the bones of a large man and a woman, identifying the bodies as those of King Arthur and Queen Guinevere. The oldest story connecting King Arthur with Glastonbury is told by a monk of Llancarfan, called Caradoc, in his Life of Gildas. Queen Guinevere was kidnapped by Melwas, king of Summer Land (Somerset) who kept her at Glastonbury. Arthur arrived to rescue her with soldiers from Devon and Cornwall, but was hampered by the watery country. A treaty was arranged between the two so that Arthur and Melwas ended their quarrel in the church of St Mary – the Old Church – and Guinevere was handed back to Arthur. Glastonbury Tor would have been an obvious place for Melwas to have a fort, and excavations on the Tor found a hillfort of that period.

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Science-Gate In Arthurian legend Avalon was also the home of Morgan le Fay, a Celtic goddess or Faerie Queen, but she was more commonly regarded as Arthur‟s sister. Her name occurs in Celtic Europe as Fata Morgana in Italy and as Morgain la Fée in France. As Fata Morgana, she lived beneath the waters of a lake, leading one to suppose that the Lady of the Lake in Arthurian mythology and Morgan le Fay were at one time one and the same goddess.

In a pre-Christian version of The Quest of the Holy Grail, which occurs in the Book of Taliesin, King Arthur and his company enter Annwn, the realm of Gwyn Ap Nudd, to bring back a miraculous cauldron of inspiration and plenty. The Tor is featured as the Corbenic Castle (Grail Castle) where the procession to the grail or cauldron takes place. As the cauldron was associated in those times with fertility and plenty, it is very possible that an ancient fertility ritual was performed there, traces of which survive in the later legends of the Holy Grail.

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The place where the Holy Grail is buried is thought to be near to the Chalice Well – natural spring at the foot of the Tor. The spring is associated with blood, because of the red colour of the water. This has been interpreted in different ways. Christianity says that it represents the water and blood of Christ‟s crucifixion. There are undertones in that story of older blood sacrifices to propitiate the gods. Many people today prefer to think the Chalice Well water represents the lifegiving blood of the Earth Mother. Dowsing methods have now traced many power lines in the earth which are geomagnetic lines in the earth. Glastonbury Tor also is known as part in the St. Michael line. Geographically it is the longest line across all the Britain, on or near which lie major St Michael sanctuaries of western England: Glastonbury Tor, Burrowbridge Mump, Brentor, Roche Rock, St Michael‟s Mount and Carn Brea. Those great lines, called the leis, go from Glastonbury to many sacred centres of the world. There are many stories, both real and imaginary, about a series of tunnels beneath the Tor. Jazz sessions used to take place in one such tunnel in the early 1960s, but since then they have all been blocked up. Many experienced dowsers are convinced of the Tor‟s hollowness and the existence of a variety of underground springs forming a vast network of hidden subterranean waterways. The wealth of the Glastonbury Abbey is thought to be hidden there. There are stories about monks who found these tunnels, but were unable to speak when they returned.

Many visitors to the Tor have had strange psychic experiences there including suddenly leaping into the air, feelings of weightlessness and disorientation, or disappearing into subterranean passages. People who live in Glastonbury speak of the way they are sometimes impelled to go up the slopes of the Tor, while on other days they would find themselves unable to approach it. The Tor maze is often walked with the intention of solving seemingly impossible problems as its disorienting effect can lift the veil between dimensions. For some this leads to new perspectives on life. A day or so before childbirth some expectant mothers have felt a strong urge to climb the Tor and this surprisingly isn‟t hard for them. One may hear music, smell unseen roses, and see lights on the Tor. Perhaps the most intriguing of all Glastonbury's mysteries are the strange balls of coloured lights frequently seen spiralling around the Tor. UFOs are reported to hover over the Tor too often. So, no matter how one perceives Glastonbury Tor – as a magnetic centre, as a cosmic power point, as an ancient oracle or a fairytale castle – the evidence unavoidably indicates the existence of a prehistoric culture deeply concerned with the forces of the earth and sky, forces from which our descendants were depended upon, which were understood and worshipped and which has yet to be fully re-discovered.

Safonova Elena Small Academy of Science of Ukraine, 10th Form DAHL‟S HORIZON


Society PITIRIM SOROKIN – RUSSIAN-AMERICAN SOCIOLOGIST I should mention his political activity. He was a member of the Socialist Revolutionary Party (S.R.), condemned the October revolution and Bolsheviks. Lenin spoke against Sorokin‟s work on statistics of divorces in Petersburg and called him a „decadent‟ who deserved „to be showed the door‟ from the country. It was not just words. In September, 1922 Pitirim Sorokin was sent away from Russia together with other non-pleasing free-thinkers on „Philosophical Ship‟. Some time later he moved to America.

Have you ever heard the name of Pitirim Sorokin? I think you must know him because he is the most outstanding Russian and American sociologist of the XX century, a man who is considered to be one of the main founders of Russian sociology, the author of the theory of social stratification and social mobility, who could predict various tendencies of the society development in future. His life was really full of ups and downs but his altruism and talent made him a world famous social philosopher whose name has become a symbol of science he choose and developed. Pitirim Sorokin was born on the 23d of January, 1889, in Vologda region (village Turya, the territory of Komi republic now) in the family of an artisan and a peasant. As his mother died when Pitirim was only five and father was an alcoholic he knew what was orphanhood and hard life. And nevertheless he never stopped learning. Sorokin managed to finish school with honors and entered the University in Petersburg in 1910. After graduating from the University he started to work there and in two years time got the title of privat-docent. Page 8

It is impossible to find the branch of social science which was not developed by Pitirim Sorokin. He offered the idea of social transition from capitalism and socialism to the integral society. He thought this society would take the best from previous formations and form a new social structure taking science, beauty, aesthetics, new ethics, art and the good as symbols of the new society. He was the first to put an idea of convergence of Russia and the US, which sounds very actual nowadays. The last decade of his life Sorokin devoted to the theory of altruistic love and creative altruism which may become the basis of the world reorganization. He was also sure in future bias of the creative world centre from the West to the East. To his mind the Western civilization did its best for the world culture development, but its potential was greatly exhausted. In future the new world leaders will come to the political stage besides the United States of America – Japan, China, Arabian states, Russia. It is a paradox that P. Sorokin is better known in America and in the West Europe than in Russia or Ukraine. He is recognized as the classic of the XX century sociology who stands next to O.Conte, G.Spenser, M.Weber. The study

of P. Sorokin‟s legacy opens the door to the unknown world of sociology and philosophy. The majority of people who lived in the former USSR were convinced that the only true philosophical theory was Marxism, historical Marxism. They didn‟t even suspect that there could be an alternative theory or opinion in Russia. Such alternative theories were proposed by the world famous scientists such as Nikolay Kondratiyev, Vladimir Vernadskiy, Nikolay Berdyaev, Pitirim Sorokin, but they were not estimated as much as they deserved.

The life in America was not so difficult for Pitirim Sorokin as it used to be in his Motherland. P.Sorokin delivered lectures in different American colleges and Universities, got popularity and fame. In 1931 he set the faculty of sociology in Harvard University, became its dean and a Professor. In 1965 Pitirim Sorokin, a great Russian scientist and exile, was appointed the President of American Sociological Association. Wasn‟t he himself the embodiment of his ideas on RussianAmerican integration and human creative altruism?!

Victor Sychevskiy Mass Communications Department,MK581 DAHL‟S HORIZON


Society How to Know if He Loves You?

How to Know if She Loves You?

Girls are a bit apprehensive when it comes to their relationship with a guy. It has been noted that men hesitate to express their love or feelings and end up laying a false belief for themselves. It is not only difficult but even more complex to analyze what a man desires and what is going in his mind. The question whether he loves me or not usually bothers every girl. But, with one ideal solution it is possible to know the actual love of the guy for you.

Today, guys find it more difficult to know whether the girl whom they are dating or with whom they are seriously in love shares the same feeling for him or not. Nowadays, girls have made it trend to flirt out with guys openly. In case your girl too is putting you in a confusing state of “she does” or “she does not” then here are some tips to figure out whether she really loves you or she is just being nice to you.

Tips to Know if He Loves You

Signs to Know She Loves You

Don't worry girls, here are some useful tips to know whether your mate/partner or lover really loves you or not:

Given below are some ways to know if she likes you and wants to carry on a long-term relation with you:

A very obvious one when he takes interests in your matters like work schedule, it means he is really concerned with you and loves you. When a guy wants to spend more time with you, dates out with you at places of your choice and share your favorite pastimes then he is madly in love with you. If he gives more importance to his friends even if you are sick or in need of him shows his lack of interest in you. Changing of topic when you discuss about your future with him is not a good sign of a healthy relationship with your love. If he doesn't want to spend time with you or don’t want to go out with you in public and never introduces you to his friends means he does not love you. When he calls you or send message you just to chitchat with you means he deeply loves you and was finding any reason to talk to you. If he is really concerned about you and loves you then he would always take out time from his busy schedule.

If she cares for you and always takes interest in your activities then she truly loves you. If you come to know from her family and friends that she often brags about you shows her love for you. If a girl tries to get closer to you by touching your hands, shoulders or cheeks means she likes you. If she keeps staring at you when the conversation is on depicts that she likes you and wants to say something but is shy of that. When a girl blushes on your talks and keep praising you in front of your friends then she loves you. When a girl does not respond to the messages or calls given by you it means she is trying to avoid you. If she doesn't want to declare it in public or makes some excuses when caught by your close friend in public by saying, “ he's my friend”, shows her disinterest in you.

When he keeps looking at you when you are around and suddenly takes off his eyes when you look at him shows he's in love with you. When he praises about you to his friends, family and others means he truly loves you. His every action will make you believe he loves you. If he changes his plans or cancels them last minute then he is surely avoiding you. If he is trying to be friendly with you and tries to make an effort to know more about you shows signs of love for you.

Issue №2, February 2011

If she never praises you and keeps counting flaws in you means she's trying to dissolve the relation by taking these flaws as the base. A girl is deeply in love with a guy if she accepts his family no matter how they are. When she talks to you very nicely after a long time means she is in need of you and is talking to you merely for your company as she has no other solution. If she always encourages and motivates you to go ahead with your plans then she is an ideal lover and is sincerely attached with what you want from your life. If she wants to spend some time with you and wants to help you out in every project or assignment means her love for you. Page 9


Talent Dewdrops CHARITY

Alexander came out from the library and directed to the underground station. He used to cover this way every day, and he has liked that underground space of crossways since childhood. He liked that specific public of underground crossways: football fans celebrating their favourite team‟s victory, buskers entertaining subway passengers, lovers kissing each other in public, students missing lectures and, of course, beggars. Beggars were the only creatures in the crossways Alexander didn‟t like very much. He thought people should earn money by honest work. He believed a beggar to be rather a profession than a real problem-solving of a person. He has never listened to the squeezing-tears-out stories of professional beggars. Alexander went down the stairs and dove into the atmosphere of the underground crossway. Everything followed its usual habit. Suddenly he heard the beggar‟s voice: “My dear! Help me please with at least a kopeck – my daughter is dying! My sweetsweet girl is dying. Save her for the sake of God! She is young. She is only 8 years old and she is dying. Help us, please!”

Alexander went past that beggar on inertia and stopped impressed. A well-dressed man was standing at the wall and asking for money. Even not asking but begging. People were pitying of him and throwing money into his box.

The sound of telephone interrupted his thoughts suddenly. Alexander answered the phone. It was his old friend‟s voice which informed him that he had come to the capital on business for a while. It would be great to have some time together. Surely, Alexander left home again.

Alexander stood for a minute and got out the purse. He looked through not numerous banknotes inside and chose the most valuable one.

Alexander was really pleased with a party. They remembered so many funny episodes from school life! Cold rain was the only discomfort Alexander felt on his way home. He tried to dive into the underground crossway as soon as possible to hide from the rain.

Alexander was ready to give an oath that he had thrown 50 hrivnas to the beggar for the first time in his life, but he didn‟t regret. He felt a mezenate and was proud of himself. He, a student, could help a dying child! He imagined a small pretty girl eating greedily something tasty or maybe having some pills that could stop her disease. Alexander was happy. Having come home Alexander remembered the incident in the underground crossway and thought about the reason he had believed that man. Thousands of beggars didn‟t touch his soul, but that one… He was sure, the emotions, he had seen on the man‟s face, couldn‟t be insincere. The man really had the problem with a child, he thought. He even became sorry for his cool attitude to other beggars. Maybe some of them needed sympathy and help really. Alexander was glad with himself. He realized that charity is a good thing. The sound of telephone interrupted his thoughts suddenly. Alexander answered the phone. It was his old friend‟s voice which informed him that he had come to the capital on business for a while. It would be great to

have some time together. Surely, Alexander left home again.

Alexander came into the crossway and stopped in amazement. He saw the same man who had begged for money in the afternoon. He was lying on the stone ground, drunk of course. Alexander couldn‟t believe his eyes. He remembered the man‟s eyes and voice. He believed him to be sincere in his sorrow.

Alexander thought it was a mistake. “The man has drunk some alcohol to forget his problems,” he thought. Alexander came closer and tried to contact the man. He knew that the man wasn‟t alike a professional beggar. When he almost awoke the man, a sheet of paper glade from the man‟s pocket where there was a note: “Dear friends! Help me to save the son. He needs an operation…”

Bobr Denis, Mass Communications Department, MK-291

Issue №2, February 2011

Page 10


Talent Dewdrops The north, the south – both are in me. I.What is the Life?

Black night, light day – it‟s me again.

Who can divine

Who‟s able not to take amiss

This croocked line?

My real me? One hardly can.

Where is the Truth Fleeting youth

If only somebody there is,

All, that we lose…

Who tells me, why we haven‟t met

Chorus:

Not in another life – in this?

Our life is the Game

I‟m fully with my dream beset.

Brilliant fame Frail frame

Where are you, my another “me”?

The grandeur and shame.

Another “day and night in clash”?

II.Today you are “cool”!

I think, we both, you and me,

And tomorrow – a fool,

Will bump one day in sunny splash!

The “Destiny‟s tool”. A beauty is flower

The God was wise to make our world

Which fails an hour

From tiny chips to be by love behold.

And the sky become lour… Chorus: the same Someone you are Looking so far Don‟t look at down Be living is now!

* * * The day you leave me, Snowy day, No sun, no people, No way, No words to stop you, No force, No right for tears To outburst, No hands to clasp My fingertips… The loneliness The only creeps…

Daria

Redina,

ment, MK-182 Page 11

Larisa Bekresheva Mass Communications DepartDAHL‟S HORIZON


Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University Molodiozhniy Block, 20-a

Lugansk

Телефон: (0642)41-94-57 Эл. почта: proverka@example.com

THE EDITORS: Chief editor: Kate Sukhopleschenko Editing Collegium: Katysheva Elena Kolesnichenko Ann Redina Daria The Guides: Senior Teacher: Bekresheva L.A. Senior Teacher: Sychevskaya I.O.

Dahl's Horizon Issue #2 March 2011  

Edition of Foreign Languages Department of Volodymyr Dahl East-Ukrainian National University