Foreign Languages Department of Volodymyr Dahl East-Ukrainian National University
THE FATHER OF THE GREAT DICTIONARY November, 22, 2011 the Russian-speaking world celebrates 210-th anniversary of great scientist and writer Vladimir Dahl. He was one of the greatest Russian language lexicographers, a great Russian himself who had no Russian blood in him. He revealed to us the vast riches of our own language, having compiled "The
areas as agriculture, commerce, nautical science, engineering, medicine, horse-breeding, fishing industry, shipbuilding, construction, bridge engineering. Besides, he was a wonderful singer and musician – he played a
Explanatory Dictionary of the Great Living Russian Language". Dahl
summed up his work with the words: "I loved my country and gave her back a tiny portion of what I owed her." His Russian Language Dictionary promotes studying language, culture and history of our motherland throughout the world. However, linguistic mind wasn’t the only his talent. Vladimir Dahl was also a Founding Member of the Russian Geographical Society. He knew at least six languages and has got universal encyclopedic knowledge in so different
number of musical instruments. He was also a good surgeon, a highranking government official, an author, as well as an outstanding folklorist and ethnographer. However, first of all, he was a great philologist, who was interested in studying, keeping and
spreading the Russian language, so he began collecting spoken Russian words while being still a student in the Naval Cadet School. Later he collected and recorded fairy tales, folk songs, birch bark woodcuts, and accounts of superstitions, beliefs, and prejudices of the Russian people. His industry in the sphere of collecting was prodigious. He published his first book of tales in 1832 under the penname “Cossack Luganskiy”. It made him famous, but it made famous our town of Luhansk too. We should be proud that Volodymyr Dahl lived and worked in our native town. It promotes Lugansk to come down to History. Being the students of Volodymyr Dahl’s National University we should follow his life motto about love to native land, people and culture. And we are ready to do it!
At this issue: THE NINTH INTERNATIONAL STUDENT SCIENTIFIC COFERENCE
STUDENT ‘S DAY IN UKRAINE
COMPUTER SECURITY DAY : STEGANOGRAPHY
CHRISTMAS IS COMING!
X-MAS TREE LEGENDS
HOLIDAY CHARACTERS FROM AROUND THE WORLD
FROM TRAINING PROJECT TO SCIENTIFIC WORK
THE GIRL AND THE FLOWER
ALMA MATER THE NINTH INTERNATIONAL STUDENT SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE
Dnipropetrovsk National Mining University held the ninth International Student Scientific Conference devoted to the European Day of Languages on November, 25. Professor Tatyana Vvedenskaya has made an opening speech greeting the participants. Many other guests and officials greeted them too, emphasizing the importance of learning foreign languages nowadays. The students of our Volodymyr Dahl East-Ukrainian National University and Small Academy of Science students were active participants of it. The Conference was really a great event
interpretations of world’s famous poets verses. The versions of their translation were in English, German, French and even Spanish! Another thing that made this Conference special is that it covered not only philological fields. The themes started from modern computer technologies and ended with folk mythology. The reports were delivered in English, Spanish, German, French, Russian
saw real precious stones, gold, platinum and various minerals, mostly found by students. Our group consisted of 19 people from different parts of Luhansk region. Some of them had already been to Dnipropetrovsk Conference and became good friends, but most of us saw each other for the first time. I was the beginner too, but it didn’t take me and Ukrainian.
in the life of the University. It gathered more than a hundred participants from different High Schools of Dnipropetrovsk and other Ukrainian cities. The students from abroad could participate due to modern digital technologies. The conference included seven sections. One section was specially created for the guests from Luhansk, i.e. for us! The Conference touched upon not only scientific aspects but it also included the Poetry Translation Contest, where students and pupils from Dnipropetrovsk higher and secondary schools presented their lyrical
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As a participant of this great event I can say that it was one of the best Conferences I’ve ever taken part in. First of all, because of the Conference friendly atmosphere, not saying about our Luhansk group. The journey and living at dormitory I probably enjoyed the most. The city of Dnipropetrovsk made a fascinating impression on me. Very clean, attrac-
any effort to make new friends. We felt no discrepancy in age though being the 9th Form pupils of School or the 4th year students of the University. I can hardly imagine how our teacher and scientific supervisor Larissa Bekresheva managed to control us, so different, talented and unique. But I want to thank her for this unforgettable trip to Dnipropetrovsk, for my new friends and new wonderful experience.
tive, beautiful with its impressive old build- By Sukhopleshchenko Katerina Mass communications department, MK-182, ings alongside with modern hi-tech ones. By the way, the students of Dniprope- journalist trovsk National Mining University organized an excursion especially for our group. We are thankful to our wonderful careful guides Anna Skripnik and Anatoliy Promyshlennikov due to whom we didn’t loose the way in that giant campus! Surely we’ll never forget our visiting two University museums where we learnt a lot about the University’s past and present. In fact we all enjoyed the second one, where we DAHL’S HORIZON
THE WORLD NEWSFAX STUDENT’S DAY IN UKRAINE
Student’s Day in Ukraine, as in many other countries around the world, is celebrated on November 17. The International Students' Day was set on November 17, 1946 at the World Congress of the students, held in Prague in memory of Czech students-patriots.
Of course, this holiday is associated with youth, romance and fun, and its history, which began in Czechoslovakia during the Second World War, is associated with the tragic events. The reason for the establishment of the international day of students was the fascist assault on Prague University 1939 after the student’s demonstration against the occupation of Czechoslovakia.
In one of the protests against the Nazi occupation in Prague on 28th October 1939, the anniversary of Czechoslo-
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vak independence from AustriaHungary after World War 1, a medical student, Jan Opletal, was shot by police near the National Museum. He was taken to hospital but died on November 11th. His funeral, four days later, was attended by thousands of his fellow students and became another huge protest against the Nazi regime. As a result on November 17th 1939 the Hlevka student dormitory, where Opletal had lived, was raided. Some 1200 students were detained during the operation and sent to concentration camps and 9 more were executed. One of the professors Jan Opletal who helped with Opletal’s funeral, Josef Matousek, was arrested by the Gestapo on November 17th and executed without trial and on that same day the universities in Bohemia and Moravia were closed down. In 1941, November 17 was declared as International Students Day by the International Students Council in London and this grew into the founding of the International Union of Students which was founded in Prague on August, 27, 1946. 50 years later, on November 17, 1989, Jan Opletal’s death was commemorated in Prague at a cemetery and the violence that developed
on that evening in the city centre became the focus and the trigger for what became known as “The Velvet Revolution”. It was also the first year that became was celebrated International Students’ Day.
Student’s Day in Ukraine was established under Presidential Decree in 1999. Earlier the student day in Ukraine was celebrated on 25th January (Tatiana's Day). It’s a good tradition to celebrate the Student’s day at our University with the ceremony “The student of the year”. Almost every faculty also organizes some contests or quizzes , so that we, the students, can remember the best time of our life — student ‘s life! Volkova Anastasiya, MK-211
THE WORLD NEWSFAX NOVEMBER 30 - COMPUTER SECURITY DAY
Computer Security Day was started in 1988 to help raise awareness of computer related security issues. Our goal is to remind people to protect their computers and information. This annual event is held around the world on November 30 although some organizations choose to have functions on the next business day if it falls on a weekend. Computer Security Day Activities Here are more than 50 ways to participate in Computer Security Day: 1. Display computer security posters. 2. Present computer security briefings. 3. Change your password. Cambie su contrasena. Modifier votre mot de passe. 4. Check for computer viruses. Controler la presence du virus. 5. Show computer security videos, films or slides. 6. Protect against static electricity. 7. Modify the logon message on your computer system to notify users that Computer Security Day is November 30. 8. Vacuum your computer and the immediate area. 9. Clean the heads on your disk drives or other magnetic media drives. 10. Back-up your data. (after being certain that it is virus-free.) 11. Delete unneeded files. 12. Initiate a computer security poster design contest for next year. 13. Demonstrate computer security software. 14. Publicize existing computer security policy. 15. Issue new and improved computer security policy. 16. Declare an amnesty day for computer security violators who wish to reform. Issue â„–6, November-December 2011
17. Announce COMPUTER SECURITY DAY in your internal newsletter. 18. Examine the audit files on your computers. 19. Verify that the "Welcome" message that is normally used on your computer is appropriate for your organization. 20. Write-protect all diskettes that are not to be written to. 21. Take the write-protect rings out of the tapes in your library. 22. Verify your inventory of computer applications. 23. Verify your inventory of computer utilities and packaged software. 24. Verify your inventory of computer hardware. 25. Install and inspect power surge protection as appropriate. 26. Install fire/smoke detection and suppression equipment in computer areas. 27. Eliminate dust from computer areas, including chalk dust.
28. Provide dust and water covers for personal and larger computers. 29. Post "No Drinking" and "No Smoking" signs in computer areas. 30. Develop a recovery plan for all computer systems that require one. 31. Verify that passwords are not "Posted" and all other keys are secured. 32. Verify that backup power and air conditioning fit your needs. 33. Have a mini training session to provide all computer users with a basic understand-
ing of computer security. 34. Verify that all source code is protected from unauthorized changes. 35. Verify that each computer has trouble log and that it is being used. 36. Verify that appropriate off site storage exists and is being used. 37. Remove all unnecessary items such as extra supplies, coat racks, and printouts from the computer room. 38. Select a computer system on which to perform a risk analysis. 39. Begin planning for next year's COMPUTER SECURITY DAY. 40. Change the FORMAT command in DOS to avoid accidentally FORMATing of disks. 41. Protect the computer on your storeand-forward phone message system. 42. Hold a discussion of ethics with computer users. 43. Volunteer to speak about computer security at a local computer club or school. 44. Collect Computer Security Day memorabilia to trade with others. 45. Register and pay for all commercial software that is used on your computer. 46. Register and pay for all shareware that you use regularly. 47. Install all security-related updates to your computer's operating system. 48. Help a computer novice backup their files. 49. Protect all cabin computers from floating droplets of liquid. 50. Plan to attend a computer security meeting or seminar. 51. Consider the privacy aspect of the data on your computer and protect it. 52. Update your anti-virus program. 53. Send the ACSD an item to add to this list. http://www.computersecurityday.org/ activity.htm
THE WORLD NEWSFAX STEGANOGRAPHY raphy and steganography. Steganography is
By Sukhopleshchenko Katerina Mass communications department, MK-182, journalist As soon as people have mastered writing, they began using different type to protect the written text from the strangers. The epoch of Renaissance with its scientific discoveries caused the burst of encryption of written documents. I hope everybody has heard about Sir Isaac Newton’ tractate about Alchemy encrypted in unknown way that hasn’t been deciphered up to nowadays.
Voynich Manuscript, Fest’s disk, Mên Scryfa and many other texts difficult for reading – this is the demonstration of people’s aspiring to code information with the help of different ciphers. That is the way Cryptography has appeared. Steganography (from the Greek for “covered writing”) is the secret transmission of a message. The first recorded use of the term was in 1499 by Johannes Trithemius in his Steganographia, a guidebook on cryptog-
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distinct from encryption. The first recorded uses of steganography can be traced back to 440 BC when Herodotus mentions two examples of steganography in his Histories. A tyrant Histiaeus who was under Tsar Darius control shaved the head of his most trusted slave and tattooed a message on it. After his hair had grown, the message was hidden and the slave was sent to Histiaeus’ motherland. The purpose was to instigate a revolt against the Persians. Demaratus sent a warning about a forthcoming attack to Greece by writing it directly on the wooden backing of a wax tablet before covering its surface with beeswax. Wax tablets were in common use as reusable writing surfaces, so clean tablets couldn’t cause any suspicion. Physical steganography was widely used up to the end of last century. It included such technologies as: writing with invisible ink (milk, fruit juice, urine and so on) between the visible lines of a private letter; using human body through tattooing, swallowing messages, special gestures on photo.
A photograph of a large group of people might contain a Morse-code message in the expressions of the people in the photograph (e.g., smiling for dot, blank for dash) etc; messages written in Morse code on knitting yarn and then knitted into a piece of clothing worn by a courier; messages written on envelopes in the area covered by postage stamps; miniaturizing a message, as on microfilm; during and after World War II, espio-
nage agents used photographically produced microdots to be embedded in the letter. When being enlarged they contained the texts or photos; the commonest form of steganography involves the embedding of messages in apparently innocent texts, with the letters or words of the message indicated either by subtle graphic emphasis (e.g., heavier ink, lighter ink, a small defect) or by special positioning. For instance, reading the first word of every sentence; Modern digital steganography entered the world in 1985 with the advent of the personal computer. Modern "stego" programs are as follows: concealing messages within the lowest bits of noisy images in sound files. concealing data within encrypted data. ciphertext looks perfectly random if you don’t have the private key). pictures embedded in video material (optionally played at slower or faster speed). injecting imperceptible delays to packets sent over the network from the keyboard. changing the order of elements in a set and so on. Today the computer steganography continues to develop: the theoretical base is formed, development of new, more proof methods of embedding of messages are conducted. The aiming of modern steganography is attacking PC by viruses, sending advertising messages against your will, involving you into blogosphere and so on. Until the early nineties, information hiding techniques had received very little attention from the research community and from industry, but this changed rapidly. The First Academic Conference on the subject was organised in 1996. It was followed by several other conferences focussing on information hiding. Since new conferences and journals on the subject have continued to flourish as modern scientists have no vaccine from steganographic messages today. Therefore, in the near future it is possible to expect new publications and development in this area. LEARN TO KEEP YOUR SECRETS!
THE WORLD NEWSFAX CHRISTMAS IS COMING! From November onwards, it is impossible to forget that Christmas is coming. Coloured lights decorate many town centres and shops, along with shiny decorations, and artificial snow painted on shop windows. Being the Sun believers the Celts divided a year into two halves: the summer and the winter ones. The winter part was more connected with mystery because Celtic ancient religion considered the day of winter solstice to be “the Gate of Gods”, when the spirits could enter the human world to communicate people, to help them or to foresee their fate, while the day of summer solstice they called “the Gate of people” or “the Hell’s Gate” because in summer people had to work much and they thought that the Gods were working much too on those days, so they had no time for contacts. Besides, in winter the Sun needed reinforcement to survive and to heat the Earth again in spring. The Celts lit fires, candles and bonfires from November, 26 up to December, 26 (the cloudiest days of the year) to help the Sun to survive. That was the custom of decorating the settlements at this one period has appeared.
Since ancient times, evergreen trees have been revered as a representation of fertility, sexual potency and reproduction. For centuries, evergreens have played an important role in Winter celebrations. Carried into homes and adorned with apples and other fruits, they were set up as symbolic idols. Such decorations were intended as food offerings to the tree and may be where the Issue №6, November-December 2011
modern custom of placing gifts beneath the Christmas tree originated. According to some sources, the Christmas tree is actually a throwback to "Yggdrasil," the Great Tree of Life mentioned in Celtic mythology. “Father Christmas” (or “Santa Claus) has become the human face of Christmas. Children are taught that he brings them presents the night before Christmas, and many children up to the age of 7 or 8 really believe this is true. He is said that to live near the North Pole, and to arrive through the sky on a sledge pulled by reindeer. He comes into houses down the chimney at midnight and places presents for the children in socks or bags by their beds or in front of the family Christmas tree.
Until the 1930's Santa Claus or Ded Moroz was shown in paintings to look like an ordinary person, but wearing a red cloak. Then in the 1930's the CocaCola Company ran an advertisement showing Santa Claus the way we know him now: rather fat and jolly, with his red suit and long white whiskers. An American painter Haddon Sandbloom made his personal portrait for the image of Santa Claus.
However, there is a bronze table in the town of Landau in Bavaria that claims that an artist Thomas Nast was the first to have painted Santa Claus as
an old man in red in 1862 and Haddon Sandbloom has just caught the idea. As we know the British painted Santa Claus a little boy not long ago. Ded Moroz (“Grandfather Frost”) is the Slavic equivalent of Santa Claus, but he acts just a bit differently from the St. Nick Americans are used to. Ded Moroz carries a magical staff everywhere, and instead of sneaking down chimneys to deposit gifts before disappearing into the night, he actually shows up at New Year parties to give kids their gifts. Ded Moroz had a tough time in the Soviet Union. Between the Russian Revolution and 1937, he didn’t come at all due to a ban on Christmas-like New Year’s traditions. When Joseph Stalin came into power, he ordered that Ded Moroz wear a blue coat so that no one would confuse him with the Western Santa Claus. By the way, only few countries have a woman spirit of Christmas and New Year like our Snegurochka! They are Sweden and Italy only. So we should be proud of it! DAHL’S HORIZON
THE WORLD NEWSFAX X-MAS TREE LEGENDS
There are numerous quaint and charming tales regarding the origin of the Christmas tree tradition but in actuality, this custom has nothing at all to do with the birth or life of Jesus Christ. Since ancient times, evergreen trees have been revered as a representation of fertility, sexual potency and reproduction. For centuries, evergreens have played an important role in Winter celebrations. Carried into homes and adorned with apples and other fruits, they were set up as symbolic idols. Such decorations were intended as food offerings to the tree and may be where the modern custom of placing gifts beneath the Christmas tree originated. According to some sources, the Christmas tree is actually a throwback to "Yggdrasil," the Great Tree of Life mentioned in Celtic mythology. Many pagan festivals used trees to honor their gods and spirits. In Northern Europe the Vikings considered the evergreen as symbol and a reminder that the darkness and cold of Winter would end and the green of Spring would return. The Druids of ancient England and France decorated oak trees with fruit and candles in honor of their gods at harvest time. For the Saturnalia ceremonies, Romans would decorate their trees with trinkets, candles and small pieces of metal. The modern custom of an indoor Christmas tree is thought to have originated in Germany. German Christians would bring trees into their homes to decorate. In some areas where evergreen trees were scarce, the families would build a Christmas pyramid...a Issue â„–6, November-December 2011
simple wooden structure which would then be adorned with branches and candles. It is difficult to pinpoint the date that Christmas trees were first decorated in America. Some believe the tradition may have begun with the Moravians of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, who decorated trees in the very early 1800s. Another theory is that the first American Christmas tree was set up by Hessian soldiers at Trenton, New Jersey, in 1776. Certainly by the early 1800s, there were many decorated trees to be found throughout the United States but the term "Christmas tree" did come into common use until 1830. The tradition of a Christmas tree spread across America during the 1800s with the arrival of German immigrants. One of the first public displays of a Christmas tree was set up by German settlers in Pennsylvania at a time when many people still considered the tree to be a symbol of pagans. The Germans would bake fancy ornaments for their trees and then consume the decorations when the trees were taken down. After Christmas, these frugal people wouls strip the needles and then wrap the branches in cotton to extend the life of the tree for several Christmases to come. Fruits, nuts, flowers and lighted candles also adorned the first American Christmas trees, but only the strongest could support such a weight without drooping. Thus, German glassblowers began producing lightweight glass balls to replace heavier, natural decorations. These lights and decorations were representations of the joy and light of Christmas, with the star atop the tree symbolic of the "Star in the East." The first written record of a Christmas tree is that of an anonymous Frenchman who was a visitor to Strasbourg, Germany, in 1601. He describes a Fir tree he had seen in a home upon which had been hung: "wafers and golden sugar-twists (Barley sugar), roses cut out of many-colored paper, apples, gold foil and sweets." Legend of fir-tree On the night of the Christ Child's birth, all living creatures, both flora and fauna, traveled to Bethlehem bearing gifts. The Olive tree, for example, brought its fruit and the Palm tree its dates. But the little Fir tree had no gift and was so tired that it was
unable to resist when the larger trees pushed it into the background and hid it from view. But then, a nearby Angel took pity and commanded a cluster of stars to descend and rest upon its delicate boughs. When the Baby Jesus beheld this lovely lighted tree, he smiled and blessed it, declaring henceforth that Fir trees should always be filled with lights at Christmastime to please little children. When Christianity first came to Northern Europe, three personages representing virtues were dispatched from Heaven to place lights on the original Christmas tree. These personages were Faith, Hope and Charity. Their search was long, since they were required to find a tree as high as hope, as great as love and as sweet as charity. In addition, the tree had to bear the sign of the cross on every bough. Their search finally ended in the forests of the North where they found the Fir. Lit by the radiance of the stars, it became the first Christmas tree. The triangular design of the Fir has also been usedto describe the Holy Trinity of God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Eventually, converts began to revere the Fir as God's Tree...as they had once revered the Oak. By the Twelfth Century it was being hung, upside-down, from ceilings at Christmastime in Central Europe, as a symbol of Christianity. Legend of pine-tree When the Holy family was pursued by Herod's soldiers, many plants offered to provide them with shelter. One such plant was the Pine tree. With Mary too weary to travel any longer, the family stopped at the edge of a forest to rest. A gnarled old Pine which had grown hollow with the years invited them to rest within its trunk. Then, it closed its branches down upon them, keeping the family safe until the soldiers had passed. Upon leaving, the Christ Child blessed the Pine and the imprint of his tiny hand was left forever in the tree's fruit...the Pine cone. If a cone is cut lengthwise, the hand may still be seen. Thomas Edison's assistant, Edward Johnson, put forward the theory of electric lights for Christmas trees in 1882.
THE WORLD NEWSFAX Holiday Characters From Around the World Most four-year-olds can tell you all about beloved Christmas characters like Santa Claus and Frosty the Snowman. But in other countries, talking about Rudolph and his ilk might earn you little more than a blank stare. Here’s a look at some holiday characters who might not be familiar to Americans, but play a big role in celebrations around the world. 1. Zwarte Piet T h e D u t c h equivalent of Santa, S i n terklaas, rolls into town via steamship from his home in Spain, and he’s always got Zwarte Piet (“Black Pete”) in tow. Although for years Black Pete was depicted as Santa’s slave, since the 1950s he’s been toned down a bit and is now thought of as Santa’s mischievous helper—a scamp who will also put naughty children in a bag and take them back to Spain. Despite being recast as Santa’s friend or devoted, albeit non-slave, servant, Black Pete still incites quite a bit of controversy, as many Dutch people feel that a subservient character in blackface and an afro wig is more than a little racist. 2. Krampus This terrifying horned monster is part of the Christmas t ra d i t i o n in Austria and other surrounding countries. If children are good, S a i n t Nicholas brings them toys. If they’re bad, though, they’ve got to face Krampus’ wrath. The clawed, hairy beast is said to punish naughty children by stealing their toys, smacking them with a birch rod, and even tying them in a sack and chucking them into a river. Getting a lump of coal in your stocking doesn’t seem like such a terrible fate in comparison, does it? 3. Belsnickel In northwestern Germany and in some Pennsylvania Dutch communities, children get visits from the somewhat less intimidating Belsnickel instead of Krampus. Belsnickel, a man covered in head-totoe fur, sneaks a sock or shoe full of candy into Issue №6, November-December 2011
children’s rooms. Like Krampus, though, Belsnickel will put his foot down; if the children have been naughty, they’ll wake up to a shoe full of coal or switches. 4. Le Pere Fouettard Le Pere Fouettard is another of Saint Nicholas’ enforcers, this time in Eastern France. This bearded, black-robed character carries either a whip or a rod, and while St. Nick hands out toys to the good children, Le Pere Fouettard is said to beat the naughty ones. Even though he may not be as visually terrifying as Krampus, some origin stories for Le Pere Fouettard are pretty grisly. He’s said to be the murderer of three boys who’s now stuck working for St. Nick to atone for his sins. 5. Gryla Naughty children in Iceland have to f e a r being caught b y Gryla, a n ogress w h o lives in a mountain cave but comes out each year to plague bad kids during Christmas. During the 18th century, Gryla was such a terrifying figure—her mythology at the time included eating the bad children, not just scaring them—that a public decree banned the use of Gryla to strike terror in the hearts of the poorly behaved. 6. Ded Moroz Ded Moroz (“Grandfather Frost”) is the Slavic equivalent of Santa Claus, but he acts just a bit differently from the St. Nick Americans are used to. Ded Moroz carries a magical staff everywhere, and instead of sneaking down chimneys to deposit gifts b ef o re disappearing into the night, he actually shows up at New Year parties to give kids their gifts.
Ded Moroz had a tough time in the Soviet Union. Between the Russian Revolution and 1937, he didn’t come at all due to a ban on Christmaslike New Year’s traditions. When Joseph Stalin came into power, he ordered that Ded Moroz wear a blue coat so that no one would confuse him with the Western Santa Claus. 7. La Befana Children in Italy don’t have to worry about Santa, but they definitely want to remain on the good side of Befana. On January 6th each year, Italian kids wake up with the hope that Befana, a shawlwearing lady who rides a broomstick, will have come down their chimneys to leave a sock full of candy rather than a lump of coal. 8. Olentzero In Basque communities, Olentzero comes to town on Christmas Eve to deliver children’s holiday gifts. Although Olentzero—an overweight man who wears a beret, smokes a pipe, and dresses like a Basque farmer—is now a beloved character who comes bearing gifts, he used to have some violent enforcer-type aspects to his personality; children heard that if they didn’t go to sleep, Olentzero would hurl a sickle down the chimney. The message was clear: go to sleep or Olentzero will come cut your throat. 9. Tio de Nadal Tio de Nadal is a Catalan character that’s also known as “Caga tio,” or “pooping log.” Starting with the Feast of the Immaculate Conception on December 8th, Catalan families host a tio, which is a small hollow log propped up on two legs with a smiling face painted on one end. Each night the family gives the log a few morsels of food to “eat” and a blanket so it will “stay warm” throughout the evening. On Christmas or Christmas Eve, the family then orders the hollow log to “defecate” small gifts. Family members sing songs and hit the log with sticks in order to speed its “digestion,” and the log gradually drops candies, nuts, and dried fruits that the family shares. When a head of garlic or an onion falls out of the log, all of the treats are finished for the year.
SCIENCE-GATE FROM TRAINING PROJECT TO SCIENTIFIC WORK
December, 3 our native University took guests – the cleverest girls and boys whose names we’ll probably see among the widely known scientists of the future. We speak of the members of Small Academy of Science of Ukraine. This one day they were to show their first scientific projects on Linguistics, which surely, will teach them a lesson of research activity and will contribute to Philology Science in the whole. As you know the Chair of Foreign Languages of our University guides Lugansk Regional English Section of Small Academy of Science of School Youth, which is headed by Larisa Alexeyevna Bekresheva. Our English Section invited some young companions on scientific activity to exchange the experience they had gained at the lessons in Small Academy of Science. They were:
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Kolos Sophia, Matushko Bogdana, Ponomariova Anna from Gimnasium of Svatovo-town. They were also our friends from Journalism Section and Section of Foreign literature who train their research abilities at Taras Shevchenko National University of our town: Dolzhenko Elena, Papulina Olga, Zakharova Angelina, Grigorenko Anastasiya, Kononenko Svetlana, Lenchevskaya Daria, Ligus Valeria, Ilkova Irina, Komisarenko Anastasiya and Kachan Natalia. We were glad to listen to the
reports of all our guests as well as of our English Section members Zavarika Katerina, Strelets Sophia, Kudriashova Svetlana, Rybakova Natalia. Power Point presentations illustrated the reports brilliantly demonstrating the skill of our young researchers not only in language but in modern technologies too. The second part of the seminar was a workshop that suggested dividing all the present into 3 teams the cleverest of which were to work out the topic and plan of virtual research on the key words given. It was not easy task but they could do it! The wisest persons from the teams were to answer the riddles while the most
creative ones tried to create the legends on the key words. It made the participants to argue a little and make some mess but the process of creation can’t avoid it! Jury of the secondyear members of the English Section Berdaliev Maxim, Grashchenkov Alexey, Kudriashova Svetlana, Zavarika Katerina and Ilchenko Ilona decided who were the most successful at this activity. However, friendship is always the goal of such competitions. We were glad to meet each other and widen the circle of our adherents, who love Science! We hope our first scientific projects will become serious scientific researches in the future. The seminars like that help training our skills and abilities.
The Girl and the Flower …Like a scarlet flame burns someone’s eyes, love burns our hearts by pain and pleasure, by life and death…
Once upon a time a girl and a flower lived in this world. And they loved one another like any human being can love another one – quietly and majestically, greatly and brightly, feverishly and ardently, like a blue comet arises from air and swiftly flitting comes to its end, slitting the Universe in two and making the stars pulse like the sunlight bulbs in the eyes of people who lost the last hope. The flower stood on the windowsill in a little pot, fragrant and fresh… There were only two of them – he and she, a flower and a girl. Very often she sat by him laying down her hands on the windowsill and gazing at her sweetheart with adoration. For him she was singing and dancing to a delicate rhythm of sweet tune, gave him her smiles and talked to him of her looks for hours, though not a word had passed from her lips. She was reading books and painting by him, and sometimes, tearing her tired eyes away from countless lines of letters, she gently touched his stalk patting it by her fingers and feeling deep emotion because of just this touch. She kissed carefully and pathetically every thorn, every petal, every bit of him…and she knew – knew silently – how dearly he loves her. How the velvet of his petals absorbed the tears of happiness on her silk skin, how he blossomed every dawn greeting her by his admirable birth again and again, how he fell asleep every night caressing her by different ray colors playing on him!... They were inseparable, immersed in themselves so much that none of them believed that the death would separate them some day. From the moment of their first meeting they became One, they coalesced, became the whole, one heart, one soul…and it seemed Issue №6, November-December 2011
to have no inception and no outcome… But betrayal is in human nature. Betrayal of life, truth, faith, hope, love. Once upon a time a man knocked at her door and her heart. A MAN. The Girl opened a door and torn off the flower, turned away spinning around in a breathtaking waltz of spring, a wild waltz of infatuation for the man, of her call of blood. And… she forgot about her flower, as if he had never existed. As if their hearts never beat like one heart, as if they were never sinking for hours in one another to the accompaniment of inexpressible beautiful silence…of them only…when they did not need anyone or anything else. And today…and now…as if it was an insane and desperate dream of a silly, speechless and the most miserable creature who was writhing in tragic agony of loneliness…just dying – from the birth. There was no end of his anguish, his tears, doomed not to find the way out; any word, any look, any sigh was doomed…He was buried although he was living out the last moments and his soul longed for freedom, as a bird from its transitory dying body… A neighbour visited the house by a request of the mistress and watered the flower. But it was withering and became black day by day, and once a woman came and saw only ashes in the pot which soon joined the ground. When did that fatal moment strike? It didn’t matter already. He died not of pain or jealousy, not of thirst or humiliation. He died because he was ruined; he had only HALF A HEART. But he was so eager to live – to live for her – blind and ugly with a monstrous scar – he wanted so much to be fragrant again, to play the sunset rays, giving his birth for her sake and…waiting for her. Waiting in spite of everything. Waiting until the end. He believed and waited until he died, until the last hope and sigh, when his memories of the girl, which were growing pale together with his petals, faded like an old patchwork carpet and left him. And his conclusion came to him, bloodless, insensible, breathless: I LOVE… I LOVE…I FORGIVE… The girl returned home with a broken heart – a wind flew away, a man left her, leaving only a gray emptiness instead of imaginary feeling. She was avidly looking for her flower, in order to flow together with him in symphony of unity, and never, never
again part with him…but she saw only a black wet ground. When she heard a sad story of her neighbour she understood what had happened, and asked to leave her alone. She was sitting and looking at the ground in a pot for a long time, but she couldn’t believe it. She understood how unhappy and lonely she was, and that there was only a half of her. Till her last day. Only ONE HALF. Only half a heart with a clot of blood. She wanted to sink in the river of tears realizing her abominable and horrible betrayal, that torn apart her life. Tears of loneliness. Senility. Death. Extinguished fire. She felt worse than Judas with those 30 000 silvers… But soon – quietly and softly she felt inside her something like a seed – like a weak smoldering light – I LOVE-I LOVE -I FORGIVE. And it was enough just to live. For the sake of what was inside her now. Again. And it was necessary only to believe… Conclusion comes inevitably, dragging nostalgia for what has irretrievably gone. Everything that seems everlasting, some day will come to an end, leaving only autumn gold of leaves, drifting along the river of Middle-earth in their last journey. But something remains, something lives, and it does not end even with us. This is our faith. This is our hope. This is… LOVE……
Redina Daria MK –182 DAHL’S HORIZON
MY DAHL What trace do people leave in life Just after heavens had them taken? Some photos that in album lie… Some autumn leaves on sleepy lake… But some the gone make vivid trace – The thoughts in inky lines reflected. These words will cross the time and space Our hearts to be by them affected. That is my Dahl. And everyone, Who’s Russian born, this person knows… His fame through ages is to run For book when every word does glows!
Voloshina Svetlana History Department, 4th year student Issue №6, November-December 2011
The Best joke of the year
Volodymyr Dahl EastUkrainian National University
Moldizhniy Block, 20-a
Those crazy British! They did a serious study on a funny subject-humour. The British Association for the Advancement of Science Internet asked users for their favourite jokes. Then it asked them to vote for the funniest of them all. At the end of the study,two million people had voted on more than 40,000 jokes from 70 different countries. The study showed what people from all over the world thought was the funniest joke. But it also showed what people from different countries think is funny. United States. Americans like jokes about marriage: Two men are playing golf. One of them concentrating on his next shot. A funeral procession goes by. The golfer who is concentrating sees the procession and stops. He takes off his head. The other golfer says:"That's very respectful." The first golfer says: "Yeah, well,we were married 35 years." Scotland- Scottish people like jokes about the "funny" subject of death: "I want to die peacefully like my grandfather - not terrified like his passengers."
Britain, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand. - People from these countries like jokes with word play: Patient: Doctor, I've got a strawberry up my bum! Doctor: I'll give you some cream for that.
Contacts: (0642)41-94-57 firstname.lastname@example.org
And here's the funniest joke in the world: Two hunters are in the woods and one of them collapsed. The other hunter calls emergency services on his mobile. He says to the operator:"He!p! My friend is dead! What should I do?" The operator says:" OK, I can help. First, let's make sure he's dead." There is silence, and then a shot is heard. Back on the phone, the hunter says:"OK, Now what?" Question: Who laughed the most?
To perceive Christmas through its wrapping becomes more difficult
We wish you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!!!
THE EDITORS: Chief editor:
The Guides: Senior Teacher: Bekresheva L.A.
Sukhopleshchenko Katerina MK-182, journalist
Volkova Anastasiya MK –211, editor
Redina Dariya MK-182, journalist
Senior Teacher: Sychevskaya I.O.