POLICIES & STRATEGIES
management based on shared data/information base across modes, increased safety and security, reduced impact on environment and spatial quality, economic affordability in terms of total cost of ownership. Research and innovation efforts under “Horizon 2020” will focus on key areas to leverage infrastructure performance and a streamlined delivery of infrastructure projects. Research and Innovation actions will be promoted to achieve a smarter design, construction and maintenance as well as to develop resource efficient, smarter and safer transport infrastructures. The aim is to achieve greener, cost-efficient and smarter transport infrastructure, contributing to the achievement of the Transport White Paper goal of an efficient and modern European transport infrastructure. The amount earmarked for infrastructure for 2014 and 2015 is EUR 36.5 Million.
Improved mobility, reduced bottlenecks and increased safety Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) play a key role to help deliver safe, efficient, sustainable and seamless transport of goods and people on the European transport network as well as to safeguard the competitiveness of European industry. This is the reason why ITS is one of the leitmotiv themes in the Transport White Paper. However, though a big effort has been made in this domain, there are still significant challenges and barriers, technological and non-technological, for the successful ITS deployment. Research and Innovation actions on ITS will contribute to bridging the gap to deployment by focusing on the optimal use of traffic and travel data to improve mobility and on the continuity of traffic and freight man-
agement ITS services. The application of Smart ICT services for people and freight can transform the way transport is used, its quality of delivery to the customer and its efficiency, contributing to the innovation and deployment strategy set out by the Transport White Paper. The amount earmarked for ITS for 2014 and 2015 is EUR 31 Million. “Horizon 2020” Framework Programme includes the transport activity within the Third Pillar – Approaching societal challenges, pillar which covers 41% of the programme’s budget. It is important to mention that the budget proposed for Transportation is increasing compared to the Framework Programme 7 and reaches around EUR 6.3 Billion in 2014-2020, the equivalent of 9% of the total budget of “Horizon 2020”. The approach of this field is a balanced one by supporting the research of all modes of transport, while preserving the general vision on the field, including elements related to competitiveness, sustainability, technologies and social and economic research. Apart from the private investments that “Horizon 2020” will attract, the programme will supply the capital for starting stimulating progress and technological discoveries by facilitating the transposition of innovative ideas into products and services. Proposal demands for 2014-2015 include the allocation of EUR 500 Million for small and medium-sized undertakings. For the first time, the Commission has presented its financing priorities for the next 2 years, thus offering more certainty about the direction of EU’s research policy. In 2014-2015, financings will consider 12 areas, among which intelligent urban projects.
Умные городские проекты, поддерживаемые Программой «Горизонт 2020»
В рамках программы «Горизонт 2020» будут расширяться и углубляться партнёрства с транспортной отраслью в целях преодоления раздробленности системы и, следовательно, ускорения проникновения инновационных решений на рынок. Наряду с Технологической Инициативой SHIFT2RAIL, запущенной через Программу «Горизонт 2020», были направлены три заявления на финансирование, направленные на усиление и укрепление конкурентоспособности европейской сферы транспорта и в равной степени на достижение эффективного транспорта с точки зрения использования ресурсов, надёжности, единства, экологической чистоты, но и с точки зрения пользы для граждан. May 2014 | www.railwaypro.com