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―If you're in trouble, or hurt or need - go to the poor people. They're the only ones that'll help - the only ones.‖ John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath

Be conscious of what is happening in the world

Poverty is everyone's problem

Is the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money. Absolute poverty or destitution refers to the deprivation of basic human needs, which commonly includes food, water, sanitation, clothing, shelter, health care and education. Relative poverty is defined contextually as economic inequality in the location or society in which people live.


Nations: Fundamentally, poverty is a denial of choices and opportunities, a violation of human dignity. It means lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society. It means not having enough to feed and clothe a family, not having a school or clinic to go to, not having the land on which to grow one’s food or a job to earn one’s living, not having access to credit. It means insecurity, powerlessness and exclusion of individuals, households and communities. It means susceptibility to violence, and it often implies living in marginal or fragile environments, without access to clean water or sanitation.

Human development is about much more than the rise or fall of national incomes. It is about creating an environment in which people can develop their full potential and lead productive, creative lives in accord with their needs and interests. People are the real wealth of nations. Development is thus about expanding the choices people have to lead lives that they value. And it is thus about much more than economic growth, which is only a means—if a very important one—of enlarging people‘s choices

Hunger and World Poverty

About 25,000 people die every day of hunger or hunger-related causes, according to the United Nations. This is one person every three and a half seconds, as you can see on this display. Unfortunately, it is children who die most often. Yet there is plenty of food in the world for everyone. The problem is that hungry people are trapped in severe poverty. They lack the money to buy enough food to nourish themselves. Being constantly malnourished, they become weaker and often sick. This makes them increasingly less able to work, which then makes them even poorer and hungrier. This downward spiral often continues until death for them and their families. There are effective programs to break this spiral. For adults, there are ―food for work‖ programs where the adults are paid with food to build schools, dig wells, make roads, and so on. This both nourishes them and builds infrastructure to end the poverty. For children, there are ―food for education‖ programs where the children are provided with food when they attend school. Their education will help them to escape from hunger and global poverty.

1. Nearly half of the world‘s population — more than 3 billion people — live on less than $2.50 a day. More than 1.3 billion live in extreme poverty (less than $1.25 a day). 2. 1 billion children worldwide are living in poverty. According to UNICEF, 22,000 children die each day due to poverty. 3. More than 1 billion people lack adequate access to clean drinking water and an estimated 400 million of these are children. Because unclean water yields illness, roughly 443 million school days are missed every year. 4. In 2011, 165 million children under the age 5 were stunted (reduced rate of growth and development) due to chronic malnutrition. 5. 870 million people worldwide do not have enough food to eat. 6. Preventable diseases like diarrhea and pneumonia take the lives of 2 million children a year who are too poor to afford proper treatment. 7. As of 2011, 19 million children worldwide remain unvaccinated. 8. A quarter of all humans live without electricity — approximately 1.6 billion people. 9. 80 percent of the world population lives on less than $10 a day. 10. It would cost approximately $40 billion to offer basic education, clean water and sanitation, reproductive health for women, and basic health and nutrition to every person in every developing country. 11. The World Food Programme says, ―The poor are hungry and their hunger traps them in poverty.‖ Hunger is the number one cause of death in the world, killing more than HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined.

11 facts about global poverty

STATS   

1.4 billion people in developing countries live on $1.25 a day or less. Rural areas account for three out of every four people living on less than $1.25 a day.9 22,000 children die each day due to conditions of poverty.10

World Poverty Statistics Total Percentage of World Population that lives on less than $2.50 a day


Total number of people that live on less than $2.50 a day

3 Billion

Total Percentage of People that live on less than $10 a day


Total percent of World Populations that live where income differentials are widening


Total Percentage of World Income the richest 20% account for


Total Number of children that die each day due to Poverty


Total Number of People in Developing Countries with Inadequate Access to Water

1.1 billion 443 million school

Total Number of School Days lost to Water Related Illness days Child World Poverty Statistics Number of children in the world

2.2 billion

Number of Children that live in Poverty

1 billion

Total Number of Children that live without adequate shelter

640 million (1 in 3)

Total Number of Children without access to safe water

400 million (1 in 5)

Total Number of Children with no access to Health Services

270 million (1 in 7)

Total Number of Children who die annually from lack of access to safe drinking water 1.4 million and adequate sanitation

Extreme global poverty could be eradicated by the end of the next decade under optimistic new targets unveiled by the World Bank that have divided development experts. The bank's president, Jim Yong Kim, claimed signs of recovery in the global economy meant there was now an "opportunity to create a world free from the stain of poverty" by 2030. "We are at an auspicious moment in history, when the successes of past decades and an increasingly favourable economic outlook combine to give developing countries a chance – for the first time ever – to end extreme poverty within a generation," he said in a speech in Washington.


Extreme poverty could be wiped out by 2030, World Bank estimates show

Poverty: A ticking time bomb of humanity’s future Today, there are 1.7 billion people living in poverty — a 300 million or 21% jump from the 925 million that has been the ‗official‘ figure cited for the last one year. For the longest time, poverty was measured by the World Bank which defines extreme poverty as living on less than USD1.25 a day, and moderate poverty as less than USD2 a day. The poor have no present, so they see no future and when close to 2 billion people have nothing to lose, the rest of us have everything to lose. Every day, almost 16,000 children die from hunger-related causes. That’s one child every five seconds

1. Employment generation Carefully and extensively planned employment programs funded by the government can spur growth in jobs. Industries requiring substantial labour forces can also be given significantly larger aid from the government. Focus should be placed on developing companies that offer sustainable and long-term jobs to the community. Companies should also budget sufficiently for employee training and related community programs, so that employees and prospective employees can keep their skills relevant and up-to-date. 2. Drawing on various social institutions to fund poverty fighting programs e.g. charities, research institutions, U.N. , non-profit organizations, universities. Money funnelled from every organization available adds up to powerful sums that can produce tangible change. When organizations develop an interest, albeit vested, they tend to be more strongly motivated. Organizations that have a concrete goal to achieve with strict project plans are able to efficiently concentrate their efforts into producing change. For this reason charities with numerous middlemen organizations should be discouraged to ensure money reaches those in need. Importance should be given to organizations that follow the teach a man to fish ideology rather than the give the man a fish one, unless in extremely dire emergency circumstances.

3. Transparency in government spending Where and how a government chooses to spend taxpayers’ money and its own revenue should be visible to the media and the common man. This makes governments accountable for their actions and inaction becomes easier to pinpoint and address. It also discourages corruption in government systems. For example, transparency will be especially beneficial to civilians whose government might be allotting money to its nuclear weapons program instead of to its poverty programs. 4. Cancelling impossible to repay world debts Many developing countries are trapped in the cycle of constantly repaying debts that are impossible to pay off. This ensures that they never get a chance to develop and become self-sufficient. The priorities of these countries are therefore unnecessarily skewed and the citizens of these debt-ridden nations are devoid of any hope for a better future. 5. Prioritizing programs that target fundamental human rights Every individual should have access to housing, food, clean water, healthcare and electricity. Technically governments should only move on to other projects after they have made sure that programs that provide these basic amenities to their people are up and running. This might prove to be the hardest step yet.


Done by: Alexandra Espinoza Mauricio Araujo Primer año “A”

Poverty in the world