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The Uncensored Media Team of Abrantes'I4


EDITORIAL Tomorrow you will be sitting in your rooms in your houses, most likely getting ready for your classes, while these four days will seem to you as a one night dream. Tomorrow we will be in a plane on our way home, also thinking about the classes we have missed, yet smiling, and recalling the fairy-tale we shared with you. You might (most likely will) have the feeling that your everyday life is grey and routine, and it will make you want to return into these days in Abrantes, to live this experience from the very first minutes of arrival until the last goodbye hug. Yes, this is the “dark side” of EYP- you need to say “good bye” to the people, who became your family during these days, ooooor… you can say “see you soon” and never let them out of your life. EYP opens lots of opportunities for you: you can enjoy being a delegate, going to different sessions in almost 40 countries, meeting even more friends from all over Europe and getting new knowledge about topics you probably won’t discuss at school. You can become a chairperson, the one who inspires the youth, who takes care of the delegates and who guides them from the first minutes of the teambuilding until the end of the GA. You can alternatively try yourself as a member of a media team, letting out your creativity, creating spirit of the session and, undoubtedly, memories. Last, but definitely not least, you may become the one who makes the session happen, who works hard in order to give 100+ people the opportunity to live the fairy-tale - you may become an organiser. No matter what you choose, you will succeed, just give it a try ;) Yours, I&A


ZEROING IN ON... ...becoming a better delegate 4 ...delievering better speeches 6 ...non-formal education 7 ...getting to know officials 8 ...cooking revolution 10 ...staying in EYP 11

SPECIAL THANKS GO TO:


DELEGATE'S LITTLER HELPER... ...OR...

Points to have in consideration during your Session

Welcome to the EYP. Below you’ll find a set of rules that you should follow in order to be a perfect delegate. Try to obey these rules as much as you can, and you’ll get through the session easily. Every person you see at the Session has been a delegate at some point in his life. We know how tough, tiring, stressful and painful it can be. We know this is a new world for you, as it was for us when we began. We know how you’re feeling because we felt the same way days, months or years ago when we first got in touch with the EYP. We see on you the faces older officials saw on us when we arrived. We are here to help you the same way they helped us, we are here to inspire you, to make you wish you could do this every single day of your life, we are here to make this session special for you. You are the centre of the session, so try to make it a bright centre. Here are the rules you should follow, your littler helper:

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1 Stay fo-cu-sed. A good delegate must be focused at all times; 2 Understand and assess the task. If you have questions, openly ask them. 3 Clarify your goals. Make it easy for others to see your point of view; 4 Understand suggestions. Your friend may have a better solution than you, don’t be sceptical to hear what one has to say; 5 Decide and agree. If different opinions appear, discuss them and, together, choose what’s best for everyone; 6 Get involved. Talk, debate, question and speak your mind. No one can live these days for you; 7 Review. ALWAYS double check everything before you say you’re done; 8 Stay optimistic. Without

a good spirit, this session will pass veeeeeryyyyy sloooowwwwlyyyyy; 9 Try to see things in perspective. Keep in mind that not everyone shares your point of view, and that’s a good thing. Discuss it and get to an agreeable solution; 10 Be ambitious! Try to make a good impression, and don’t ever give up. You can do it!; 11 Be responsible. Deadlines are meant to be respected, there are people counting on you; 12 Understand the limits of your power, don’t break rules and listen to your Chair; 13 Give and take. Find common ground while you’re debating, speak ‘‘the same language’’; 14 ENERGYYYYYY! A good delegate has very high level of energy. Show us your moves; 15 Don’t make our jobs more difficult. Be true when you talk to


the journalists, and try not to make a mess, because you’re not the ones who clean it up afterwards; 16 Style matters! Don’t show up at the G.A. wearing snickers or T-shirts. Just don’t; 17 If you have nothing to say, say nothing; 18 Make friends! You’re here to have a good time. Introduce yourself to others; 19 You should listen as good or even better than you talk; 20 If you see an idea you like, stand up for it!; 21 Don’t take criticism on your work personally, we are all here for the same purpose: to work towards a better future; 22 If you think something is not working the way it should work, tell us; 23 NO DRINKING, NO DRUGS, NO SWEARINGS;

24 Be outgoing, if someone approaches you, lick their cheeks (kidding); 25 Don’t impose your points of view, but instead clearly state why you think yours is better; 26 Participate. Don’t let yourself fall behind; 27 Be polite. Even though we encourage you to be expressive, you’re in a serious environment, so, mind your manners; 28 Get to know this project, because we reeeeeaaaallyyyyy would like to see you as an official; 29 Know where you’re supposed to go, befriend the schedule; 30 And finally, none of these can be done without a nice night of sleep, so REST!

by Gabriel (the Daisy)


THE ART OF PUBLIC SPEAKING She moved towards the pulpit in towards the pulpit. Her hands were shaky and there was a glimpse of despair in her eyes. At least I think so, because she wouldn’t stop looking at the scrambled paper. She opened her mouth, but words did not come out. Finally, the speech.

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Not so long ago, human beings were struggling to communicate with growls; so, how did we come to this? Words have been changing history ever since languages have been evolving. They have the power to move masses. A word, however, is nothing more than a symbolic reference of an always subjective concept. Nonetheless, the universe of our vocabulary shapes the way we perceive the world and our existence in it. Little more than two thousand years ago, a carpenter spoke and changed the entire value system of the occidental society. As Jesus Christ stood at the mountain and delivered a sermon, he changed the lives and the beliefs of millions of people to come. Later, in the nineteenth century, a once failed painter faced the crowd of a disappointed nation and united them on a common project for the rising of a “race”. Adolf Hitler was elected by the German people at the time and a significant amount of his support is a result of his speeches. Each one of these leaders had an impact on the shapes of human identity, whether it was by rephrasing an ancient moral law, or by bringing disbelief of men on humanity. So we must be careful with words, for they are extremely unstable and vulnerable to distortions. Upon messages that were falsely comprehended, we have erected entire institutions of great power. But the gaining of power and the maintenance of it requires legitimacy. Even though the leader’s charisma has a major role in authoritarian regimes, there is no other system in which the spoken word has a greater importance than democracy. The difference between sophists and philosophers, instituted in ancient Greece, was the emphasis on rhetoric. Sophists believed that the contents of speech were not important when compared to the way

it was said. Philosophers on the other hand aimed at achieving the highest Virtue and Truth, focusing on the arguments instead. Nowadays, we live in a representative democracy and the question still remains. Even though debate is required to attain a more informed decision, eloquence is fundamental in an election. Particularly today, with the dissemination of mass media, each word is heard, seen and judged in every household. Image has become a decisive component of public speaking. It is not only what we say and how we speak; it’s also our tone of voice, gestures and presence upon an ever growing audience. In the 60’s, an emblematic debate was held between the two candidates for the presidency of the USA, Richard Nixon and John Kennedy. According to the surveys made at the time, for those who had heard the debate via radio, Nixon was the clear winner. For the others, the ones who had seen it in TV, Kennedy had taken the higher stand. So we might ask: What makes a good speaker? Here’s some advies for those who are stepping in the pulpit: First of all, content. The message you deliver matters the most. Make sure you are at ease with the subject and that you believe in what you are saying. Secondly, put some bling in it. Be confident, expressive and genuine. Don’t be afraid of humour and eye contact. Thirdly, keep in mind that discussion brings out different points of view. Although you should speak your mind, know how to listen and when to revise your concepts. At last, here’s a final piece of advice: “Be wise, because the world needs more wisdom. And, if you cannot be wise, pretend you are someone who is wise and just behave accordingly.” Godspeed.

By Teresa and Bea


VIVA LA REVOLUTION DE L'EDUCATION! Education is like politics: it hardly changes. And if it does, it’s through revolution. In this article we will argue why we urgently need a revolution in education. And how The principles upon which the current educational model is based are outdated. First of all the context in which this model emerged has changed. The peak of Industrial Revolution was mainly characterised by the interests of industrialisations and many social constraints in terms of access to education. Furthermore, the conception of intelligence as a specific kind of deductive reasoning along with the knowledge of the classics, has also changed a lot since the Enlightenment. As Einstein, someone who was consistently diminished and rejected at schools by his teachers (Yes hard to believe, isn’t it? But it’s true!), once put it: “if you judge a fish for its ability to climb a tree, it’ll spend its whole life believing that it is stupid.”. Intelligence is not a linear, stagnate matter, nor something that can be measured by counting. It is more multifaceted and multi-levelled than that. Even though at the time the idea of providing affordable, public education was truly revolutionary, the years have gone by and too little has changed since. In such a world as ours, suddenly shaken by globalisation, some questions arise: how to place our children in the 21st century economies (and is this the only purpose education serves)? How to keep some sense of cultural identity while most of the borders keep vanishing? The increasing disbelief and frustration of many youngsters towards school are clear signs that a change is needed. «Education»: from the Latin educatus, «bring up, educate, bring out, lead forth”. We have to learn how to think instead of learning what to write down to get a pass. We all know people who get high grades but would not know how to apply that knowledge to a real life situation. Or people who do not really understand it, but know just enough to reproduce it. Therefore education needs to be less focused on measurable results. More second chances. People change, they have bad days. Getting a test right the first time

is not what matters, it is learning from your mistakes, and we should make this possible within our system. That way our schools would have a much better balance between intelligence, hard work and knowledge. Instead of labeling and discarding students as “problematic”, we should realise that the problem might be in the system. So far, our society has been focusing on anaesthesia, this is, making people calmer and more obedient through education; however, perhaps it’s time to wake them up. Nowadays, education should not just be a monopoly from schools and universities. Luckily it isn’t. There are different ways to educate and form people into better, more creative and smarter citizens. Over the past few years, non-formal education has been increasing and providing a learning environment that schools often don’t. They do so by promoting interaction and the combination of theory with practice, social skills and critical thinking. It also exposes us to new situations and dynamics that make us get out of our comfort zone and allow ourselves to be empathic. We may now ask: what really is the point of education? Is it to get high grades to get into a good university and get a career going? We don’t think so. We believe education is to learn. And why learn? To make the world a better place. We have been given incredible opportunities that we cannot go to waste. Instead we need to give something back. And that is why for example EYP is so important, in EYP you don’t get a grade based on your ability to cram for a test. You get to show your abilities and gain invaluable experience that will help you change the world.

By Bea and Kim

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PEOPLE`S POINT Being a Delegate is how it all starts but afterwards there are a number of paths to choose from to continue development in the EYP, to gain new skills and to challenge yourself. We interviewed the primary sources to get an insight on what it feels like to be in different roles. The Head-Organisers are in charge of making it happen. They are the ones that plan the whole session: booking the venues, getting the materials, ensuring that there is food for everyone, setting up the programme and leading a team of organisers so that everything gets done. Miguel Paiva (PT), Head-Organiser 1) Describe being in this role in 2 words: Joy and work. 2) What’s the main skill you need to be one? Patience! 3) What have you learned from being in that position? It is my first time as an HO, so I can only answer at the end of the session. 4) What is the funniest thing about it? The thing is, when you’re head-organising you have to see the fun in everything, I mean, you can always joke about your work while taking it seriously.

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A Chairperson is the one who shapes the work of a committee, prepares the delegates beforehand and leads them during t h e session; facilitating the creation of a resolution. Henrique Vieira Mendes (PT), Chairperson: 1) Exhausting exhilaration 2) People skills 3) Time management and how to motivate people 4) Watching people

The organisers are the skeleton of the session. They prepare the venues for the team and the committee work, as well as make sure that everything runs smoothly and on time. João Nuno (PT), Organiser 1) Stress and freedom. 2) Be everywhere at all times, be ubiquitous. 3) Controlling big crowds, waking people up and time management. 4) Even if we are working we can still talk and have a good laugh.

A President of a Session is the person leading the Chairs’ team. Basically this is the Chair of Chairs: he trains, helps, observes, controls and motivates them. A president is also responsible for the academic content of a session and, generally, for the session as a whole, since he is the leader of the leaders. Tiago Correia Machado (PT), President: 1) Much work 2) Perseverance 3) 70% of what I know in life 4) Excessive politeness towards myself


An Editor is responsible for the media coverage of a session and leading the team of Journalists. His/ her specific duties include a pre-session media training, creating the media team concept and session design, do the layouting of the issues, etc. Iryna Garbuz (UA), Editor: 1) Fun, work 2) Creative leading 3) Think about the time you might spend on layout and multiply it by 3 4) As long as you are done with your tasks in the evening (reads:at night), you can sleep more in the morning, and during the GA you just sit in the corner, observing everyone else working hard!

A Video Editor is a member of a Media Team who is responsible for the video coverage of a session. Sometimes he/she also works out the general concept of a Media Team together with the Editors and helps them to lead the team of Journalists. But in the end it always comes down to shooting and editing the session videos. Janne Vanhemmens (BE), Video Editor: 1) Worth a shot 2) Creativity 3) Always take more than one shot 4) A song you love can become a song you hate when you use it in a video

The journalists’ work is pretty self-explanatory. They take pictures and write articles for the paper to keep a record of a session. They are also the ones that keep the spirit alive by playing energisers and always being in a good mood. Teresa (PT), Journalist: 1) What words? 2) You need to keep it cool and know when someone needs a hug, some chocolate or a love poem. Be attentive! 3) I learned how to write objectively, how to write for an audience and how to entertain. 4) The funniest thing is that you get to do everything you want and people just think you’re doing media team work, like putting up a paper on the wall or performing a contemporary dance!

The role of the Jury is to listen to everything the delegates say and observe them during the GA. They establish the criteria to evaluate and choose the best delegates to represent the National Committee at an International Session. Arnolds EizenĹĄmits (LV), Head of the Jury 1) Very interesting 2) Listening carefully and observation skills 3) I get to know all the participants, because I can see them all in different ways. 4) The best part is that you get to listen to all these different opinions that you would never come up with.

The EYP is a great source of opportunities for self-development in different fields. And the best thing is that you do not have to stick to just one, you can try them all!

By Olena and Joana

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RECIPE FOR A REVOLUTION Preparation:

1. Put at least two opposite sides in different bowls, one in each. 2. Add conflicting opinions in the bowls, and integrate thoroughly until the mixes turn into goals. Note that each bowl must have a different set of goals. • Country Randomly sprinkle the bowls with weapons. There’s no need • Social, economic and 3. to care much about balancing the quantities, this is merely optional. political problems 4. Add one leader to each bowl, to ferment the reaction. • Two opposing sides 5. Grease a baking pan with social, economic and political • Conflicting opinions problems. • Leaders 6. Carelessly drop both mixtures in the baking pan, and leave it • Weapons to yeast for some time. 7. When the mixture reaches twice the original size, put it in the country in high heat. 8. Leave just until it’s overcooked.

Ingredients:

When a cake stays in a hot oven for too long it eventually burns. That’s the sign – turn it off NOW! And what do we do? We take the cake off quickly, so we don’t get our hand burned too, and we place it somewhere to cool down. Can you spot the resemblance? We’re talking about the recipe for a revolution, so we have to think of it as a cake: flour, oil, sugar, baker’s yeast, butter, and some chocolate chips to make it even better! You mix it all and you get an oppressive government thrown out by an angry population that was played with for too long. Put in a historical perspective, every Portuguese person knows what the 25th of April means. It was the end of 41 years of a harsh dictatorship. The coup happened peacefully, what makes it quite unique in the world of revolutions. (They often lead to a civil war or long periods of violence.) Look at Ukraine for these last few months. A corrupt kleptocratic government brought the people to the streets, but the first response was violent. This case caught the world’s attention because we can’t just stand by and watch as wearere manipulated by some elite. We have to know how to think and how to see, by being aware of what happens on each of our countries’ political life. So we ask you, our fellow EYPers, to take this chance and look attentively to the world’s panorama. Look, see and learn. Don’t stop thinking and, most importantly, don’t let anyone take your liberties away from you, nor from others people. Be free!

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By Andre & Joana


STARTING POINT

There was once a man that needed something. He just didn’t know what, when, who, why and how. Until this one day... It was the year of 1989 and time just wouldn’t pass by . He had been around for a lifetime and a day. He had long been used to the boring mortals around him. But then came the day when everything changed. He had never trust, acceptance, teamwork and respect all in one place. They were young people like he once was, so he approached them in the hope of understanding this new view on the life he had lived so far. They told him all about it: the National Sessions that involve youngsters from all over the country and even abroad; Council Sessions, which allow an interaction between different schools; and the School Sessions with a more familiar environment. All of these have in common their goal: to discuss our future as a society in a respectful setting. He knew that he had to be a part of this. As an immortal being, he had been craving for meaning in his life. This was his resurrection. In that fatidic evening in 1989, he

decided to take an active part in this project. He organised his own sessions, he gathered more people, he spread the word of this way of living. They all wanted to help. Being journalists, organisers, chairpersons or juries, everyone was working to make a difference. They all still get together, until this day, at least once a year, and celebrate the founding of the organisation that joined them all for a single cause. He, the immortal, still feels as if he is collecting the profits of his investments in this project. And these great gatherings remind him that it wasn’t a waste of time.

But no matter how many people are involved in this mission, he will always need an extra set of hands, another thought, one more word. And he wants you to do it. He is your country. Do it for him.

By Teresa & Andre

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