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arhns@ vennicebiennale


participants

research team

concept

production place and date

Aleksandra Rakić Bojana Nikolić Ivana Brkanić Nataša Bošnjak Andreja Rondović Aleksandra Letić Una Jankov Olivera Lekić Anja Milovanović Đurđa Vujić Marija Salvai Nikolina Stanišljević Jelena Kikić Milan Dragoljević Maja Vujović Aleksandra Raković Miroslav Džigurski Cvijan Pajkanović Stefan Rađenović Dunja Krstić Tanja Ivanišević Stefani Kužet Čavar Dejana Aranicki Dunja Palček Čedomir Salatić Tamara Stričević Milan Maletin Dimitrije Đukić Jelena Puškar Sonja Nikolovska Danilo Dragović Olivera Dulić Jelena Jolović Marina Daniček Aleksandra Pejaković Aleksandra Gajić Radiša Kostadinović Stefan Vujić Jefimija Bijelić Jovan Tomić Nataša Trupl Tanja Tošić Sonja Kostić Nikolina Ćeklić Miloš Janković Jovana Nikolić Dimitrije Nikolić Aleksandar Galović Aleksandra Rastik Nikola Sekulić Nenad Lukić Nenad Nasifović Ivan Stanojev Andrea Tamaš Teodora Basta Jelena Vitorac Dorotea Redžek Aleksandra Ivković Andrea Tamaš Ivan Stanojev Teodora Basta Milan Dragoljević Jovana Jekić Cvijan Pajkanović Aleksandra Raković Andrea Tamaš Ivan Stanojev g91 Vennice, 2014


background research workshop outcomes people credits


01 background


who we are G91 is an unofficial code name for a group of young architects and architects to be. G stands for group, and 91 stands for 1991, a year most of us were born in, or feel that way. G91 consists of Andrea Tamaš, Ivan Stanojev, Teodora Basta, Milan Dragoljević, Jovana Jekić, Cvijan Pajkanović and Aleksandra Raković. We all come from different backgrounds, but our paths crossed at Novi Sad’s school of architecture. We met there in October 2014. Ivan and Andrea were teaching assistents on Contemporary Architecture, and the rest of us students. It all started when we finished our course and Ivan and Andrea decided to invite us to a cup of coffee... what we do So we gathered to discuss on numerous issues in architecture, concerning both theory and practice. We compared everything, here and there, now and then. Going further and furthure just made us realize how much do we lack

information and references on serbian architecture. We just kept on opening new issues and things that needed to be done. Our work is based on research and creating valuable database on different topics. It is a thorough and never-ending work, just waiting for an opportunity to be seized. biennale sessions That is exactly what happend with our research on architecture made by female architects. While trying to make data on buildings in our university campus, which is by the way probably the most succeded urban design project in Novi Sad, one fact just popped up - large number of buildings were made by female architects. Then we decided to widden the research and started making database, until one day we saw a chance to go public with it. We formed a larger group and made ourselves ready for Biennale Sessions 2014.


02 research


theme

research criteria

What we want to find out WHO built(s) our city.

We noticed large amount of female architects emerging in the results. Then we decided to go deeper. It has nothing to do with feminism or gender equality. It is only a specific aspect of a search for our identity and continuity in architecture.

Not so popular, but actual trend of modern society is losing identity on urban areas. Instead of continuity that could easily be followed and referenced to, there has always been this situation of wandering and searching. The problem is that the local architects always looked back on what is going on somewhere in the world and trying to apply that here, while not knowing themselves enough. However, rewriting someone else’s tradition can never lead to positive outcome. This phenomenon is especially characteristic for the environment we live in. There is not enough information on who builts our city. That leads to losing identity and forgetting history which is a base. History is 95% of the future. This is a problem, and our answer to it – research.

As a criteria we first took participation in city building and presence in literature, but in our conversations we came up with larger number of women then presented in books. That is how interview became the main form of research. There are women that do their architectural practice independantly, and the ones working as a couple. Already from 1919. in Serbia women always had the same rights and starting position as men did. Everything further is a question of personality and not gender equality. There is no such thing as male and female architecture in Serbia. There is only good and bad one.


biographies


Jelena Tomić Bokur

Jelena Tomić Bokur graduated from Department of Architecture of the Technical Faculty in Belgrade in 1913. The same year she entered the civil service as a draftsman in the Ministry of Civil Engineering. In 1915 she has been employed as the architect assistant of class II in Skopje. In 1919 she was promoted to the architecture assistantof class I, which was the first time that a woman was employedwith decree as a civil servant.Until then, women could only work under contract. Her progression in the architectural profession was rapid, in 1922 she became architect of class II. In 1923 she was employed as chief of Technical Department in Vršac, where she remained as a senior technical advisor until her retirement in 1937. Realized (referential) projects in Novi Sad: Collective building for The Banovina officers,Sonja Marinković street no.3-5 (1936) References to literature considering her work in Novi Sad: Đurić- Zamolo, D. (1996) Građa za proučavanje dela žena arhitekata sa Beogradskog univerziteta, generacije 1896-1940. godine. Beograd: Zajednica tehničkih fakulteta Univerziteta: Muzej nauke i tehnike: Lola institut, pp. 49-51. Mitrović, V. (2012) Arhitektura XX veka u Vojvodini. Novi Sad: Muzej savremene umetnosti Vojvodine: Akademska knjiga, p. 236.


Katarina Babin

Katarina Babin graduated from Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade. References to literature considering her work in Novi Sad: Jovanović, S. (2000) Arhitektura Novog Sada druge polovine XX veka. U: DaNS, br.32, pg.23-42. Mitrović, V. (2012) Arhitektura XX veka u Vojvodini. Novi Sad: Muzej savremene umetnosti Vojvodine: Akademska knjiga, pg. 251.


Nada Babić-Novakov

Nada Babić-Novakov graduated from Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade. Realized (referential) projects in Novi Sad: References to literature considering her work in Novi Sad: Jovanović, S. (2000) Arhitektura Novog Sada druge polovine XX veka. U: DaNS, br.32, pg.23-42. Mitrović, V. (2012) Arhitektura XX veka u Vojvodini. Novi Sad: Muzej savremene umetnosti Vojvodine: Akademska knjiga, pg. 251.


Ana Jankov

Ana Jankov graduated from Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade. Realized (referential) projects in Novi Sad: References to literature considering her work in Novi Sad: Jovanović, S. (2000) Arhitektura Novog Sada druge polovine XX veka. U: DaNS, br.32, pg.23-42. Mitrović, V. (2012) Arhitektura XX veka u Vojvodini. Novi Sad: Muzej savremene umetnosti Vojvodine: Akademska knjiga, pg. 251.


Zora Mitrović Pajkić graduated from Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade in the class of Professor Nikola Dobrovićin 1952. She worked in Institute for Urbanism in Novi Sad from 1955 to 1962. She ran her own architectural studio “Atelje 11“ from 1968 to 1972. She designed residential and public buildings, industrial complexes and worked on urban planning. Awards: She received “Oktobar“ award of Novi Sad in 1976 and “Tabaković“ award for lifetime achievement in architecture in 1998. Realized (referential) projects in Novi Sad: Administrative building"Gvožđar", Železnička street no.28 (1960); Faculty of Technical Sciences- complex of builfings, University Campus (1966); Hotel "Sajam", (1973); Collective housing – Two towers, Bulevar Oslobođenja boulevard (1965); Collective housing: Miloša Bajića street (1974); Maksima Gorkog street (1966), Kozačinskog street (1976); Žarka Vasiljeva street (1977); and other References to literature considering her work in Novi Sad: Mitrović-Pajkić, Z. (1998) Zora Mitrović-Pajkić: Tabakovićeva nagrada za arhitekturu: Novi Sad 1998. Katalog. Novi Sad: Društvo arhitekata


Tatjana Vanjifatov Savić

Tatjana Vanjifatov Savić graduated from Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade in the class of Professor Mate Bajlon in 1953. She was employed at architectural offices "Arhitekt" (1960-1969), "Fond za fizičku kulturu" (1970-1974), "Projektni zavod Vojvodine" , "Novograp" (1980-1984). She designed residential and public buildings. Awards: She received “Borbina nagrada” award for the best building realised in Vojvodina in 1975 (SOS Kinderdorf). Tatjana Vanjifatov Savić received a Lifetime Achievement Award „Tabakovićeva nagrada“ from Associations of Novi Sad Architects. Realized (referential) projects in Novi Sad: VEKŠ, University Campus (1964), Faculty of Economics, University Campus (1979-1984), Schools: “Srednja medicinska” (1963), "Jovan Popović", Liman (1975), "Svetozar Marković", Detelinara (1978) and others. SOS Kinderdorf “Dečje selo”, Sremska Kamenica (1976); Kindergartens (1965-68) at different parts of the city: Liman III (1974), Liman I (1968), Rotkvarija, Novo naselje, Liman II, Detelinara, Grbavica and others. References to literature considering her work in Novi Sad: Jovanović, S. (2000) Arhitektura Novog Sada druge polovine XX veka. U: DaNS, br.32, pp.23-42. Vanjifatov-Savić, T. (1997) Tatjana Vanjifatov Savić: Tabakovićeva nagrada za arhitekturu: Novi Sad 1997. Katalog. Novi Sad: Društvo arhitekata Mitrović, V. (2012) Arhitektura XX veka u Vojvodini. Novi Sad: Muzej savremene umetnosti Vojvodine: Akademska knjiga, pp. 258.


Margita Radovanović

Margita Radovanović graduated from Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade. References to literature considering her work in Novi Sad: Jovanović, S. (2000) Arhitektura Novog Sada druge polovine XX veka. U: DaNS, br.32, str.23-42.


Vlasta Petrović

Realized (referential) projects in Novi Sad: Office building „Novosadska banka“, Bulevar Mihajla Pupina br.4a (1978-1981); Upgrade (stage 1)and adaptation of Matica Srpska Library, Matice Srpske Street no. . .... (.....) References to literature considering her work in Novi Sad: Jovanović, S. (2000) Arhitektura Novog Sada druge polovine XX veka. U: DaNS, br.32, str.23-42.


Natalija Reba graduated from Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade in 1963. She was employed at architectural office SGP „Konstruktor“ in Maribor (1963-1965), “Department of City Construction“ in Novi Sad (19651971) and architectural bureau Department – OOUR (1971-2002). She designed residential and public buildings, worked on urban settlements projects and participated in the urban and architectural competitions. Realized (referential) projects in Novi Sad: Office building „SACEN“, Narodnog fronta street (1974); Aerator, Sunčani kej street (); References to literature considering her work in Novi Sad: Jovanović, S. (2000) Arhitektura Novog Sada druge polovine XX veka. U: DaNS, br.32, pp.23-42


Ljiljana Milin graduated from Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade in 1971. She worked at Technical shool in Novi Sad (19721974),at „Projektni zavod Vojvodine“ (19741982) and in architectural offices „Plan“ in Novi Sad (1982-2002) and „Zinik“ in Budva (2002 until today). She designed residential and different types of public buildings, interiors and worked on revitalisation of historic buildings („Ballet school“ (1983); Novi Sad Theatre „Ben Akiba“(1983)). Awards: She received “Borba“ Award (with collegue architect Natko Marinčić) for best built architectural piece in Yugoslavia in 1994 for the Institute for Nature Protection of Serbia building. Realized (referential) projects in Novi Sad: The Institute for Nature Protection of Serbia (coauthored with architect Natko Marinčić), Radnička ulica br.20 (1988); Clinic for gynecology and obstetrics, Branimira Ćosića street (1997); References to literature considering her work in Novi Sad: Mitrović, V. (2012) Arhitektura XX veka u Vojvodini. Novi Sad: Muzej savremene umetnosti Vojvodine: Akademska knjiga, p. 299.


Dubravka Dukanović graduated from Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade in 1990. Her professional work in the field of architecture started in 1989. She was employed at Regional Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments in Novi Sad from 1991. From 2001 she lead architectural office „PRO-ING“ in Novi Sad as an assistant to director for design. Since 2005 she leads her own architectural bureau “STUDIO D’ART“. Since 1999, parallel to the work in the profession field, she is engaged as a senior associate (manager of training and lecturer) at the Department of Architecture and Urban Planning at Faculty of Technical Sciences, on courses on the architectural heritage, conservation and protection. From 2005 she is employed as assistant at the same school. She designed residential and public buildings and interiors and worked in restoration and protection of cultural heritage, as a researcher and participated in numerous architectural competitions. Realized (referential) projects in Novi Sad: Summer house Ćulibrk, Popovica (2003); Summer house Jeličić, Sremska Kamenica (2007); Summer house Lazičić, Ribnjak (2008); References to literature considering her work in Novi Sad: Mitrović, V. (2012) Zaobilazne strategije: Arhitektura u Vojvodini na početku XXI veka. Katalog izložbe, Muzej savremene umetnosti Vojvodine, 20.-28. novembar, pp. 23-31.


Ivana Beljanski Ulić graduated from Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade in 1997. From 1997 to 2000 she worked as designer in architectural office "C&S" with architect Radoje Cvetkov. From 2001 to 2006 she worked as independent architect in architectural office "Red Orange". In 2006 she established independent architectural office "STUDIO – architecture & design" within the framework of the "Execom" from Novi Sad. She designed public and residential buildings and interiors, participated in architectural competitions, and worked as teacher at the Department of Architecture and Urban Planning Faculty of Technical Sciences in Novi Sad. Realized (referential) projects in Novi Sad and surrounding: „Danubius“ Rowing Club, Sunčani kej street (2011-2012);


Marija Milin graduated from Department for Architecture and Urban planning – Faculty of Technical Sciences in Novi Sad. She worked at architectural offices "C&S" i "PRO-ING". She designed public buildings. Realized (referential) projects in Novi Sad: Archives of the City of Novi Sad, Filipa Višnjića street (under construction); Extention of the Faculty of Sciences, University Campus (under construction)


Milena Đorđević graduated from Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade. She worked at architectural bureau "Plan" from 1956 to 1963. In collaboration with husband, Sibin Đorđević she designed residential and different types of public building. Awards: Sibin Đorđević alone received a Lifetime Achievement Award in 2000. In his speech at award ceremony (DaNS, no.32) he explicitly pointed out that the overall architectural activity was a result of collaborative work with his wife Milena. Realized (referential) projects in Novi Sad: Department store "Uzor", Modene street (1953); Office building, Bulevar Oslobođenja boulevard no.69 (1960); Semi-detached house, Vojvođanskih brigada street br.12 (1959); Faculty of Agriculture, University Campus (1959-1964); Hotel "Park" (1962); City Hall, Boulevard Mihajla Pupina no.14 (1958-1960); Collective housing, Ilije Ognjanovića street no.12 (......); Office building, Boulevard Mihajla Pupina no.18,18a (1957); and others. References to literature considering her work in Novi Sad: Jovanović, S. (2000) Sibin i Milena Đorđević ponovo u Novom Sadu. U: DaNS, no.32, pp.4-5. Đorđević, S. (2000) Sibin Đorđević: Tabakovićeva nagrada za arhitekturu: Novi Sad 2000. Katalog. Novi Sad: Društvo arhitekata. Mitrović, V. (2012) Arhitektura XX veka u Vojvodini. Novi Sad: Muzej savremene umetnosti Vojvodine: Akademska knjiga, pp. 244-250.


Milenija and Darko Marušić graduated from Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade in the class of Professor Milan Zloković in 1965. They worked at Institute for Architecture and Urban Planning of Serbia (Milenija from 1966 until today, and Darko from 1966 to 1973). Darko Marušić teaches at the Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade since 1973. Together they designed residential and public buildings and participated in numerous architectural competitions. Awards: They received “Borba“ award for best realized architectural piece in Yugoslavia in 1993. In 2008 “Ranko Radović“ award was assigned to them in category of best realized architectural work for “Metals Banka“ office building. Couple Marušić received a number of other awards for these two realized projects in Novi Sad. Realized (referential) projects in Novi Sad: Mixed-use building, Bulevar Oslobođenja boulevard no.83-87a (1991-1998); Office building „Metals Banka“, Stražilovska street no.2 (2007) References to literature considering their work in Novi Sad: Jovanović, D. (1994) Intervju. Arhitektura u četiri ruke: Darko i Milenija Marušić. U: Košava: vršački nezavisni časopis, no.15 Marušić, D. i Marušić, M. (1999) Stambeno-poslovni objekat u Novom Sadu. U: DaNS, no.24 Polić, D. (2007) Novi simbol savremene arhitekture: Poslovna zgrada Metals banke u Novom Sadu. U: DaNS, no.59, Stančić, D. (2005) Novi Sad – Od kuće do kuće. Novi Sad: Zavod za zaštitu spomenika kulture grada Novog Sada, pp. 559-563.


Both, Aleksandra and Dragan Marinčić graduated from the Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade, Aleksandra in 2000 and Dragan in the year of 2003. During his studies at Faculty of Architecture Dragan Marinčić worked as teaching assistant / teaching fellow to Professor Darko Marušić.In 2003 he established architectural office M+. Aleksandra worked in architectural bureau''N&V''. She is the member of architectural team M+ since its founding. Since 2013 she works at Provincial Secretariat for Urban Planning, Construction and Environmental Protection. Together they designed residential and public buildings, and participated in great number of competition designs. Realized (referential) projects in Novi Sad: Office building "Levi 9", Square Trifkovićev trg (2009); References to literature considering her work in Novi Sad: Mitrović, V. (2012) Zaobilazne strategije: Arhitektura u Vojvodini na početku XXI veka. Katalog izložbe, Muzej savremene umetnosti Vojvodine, 20.-28. novembar, pp. 52-61.Mixed-use building complex "Park City" (2007-2010)


graphics


research conclusion


03 workshop


who

Architecture and Scene design students from University of Novi Sad, Serbia. Aleksandra Rakić Bojana Nikolić Ivana Brkanić Nataša Bošnjak Andreja Rondović Aleksandra Letić Una Jankov Olivera Lekić Anja Milovanović Đurđa Vujić Marija Salvai Nikolina Stanišljević Jelena Kikić Milan Dragoljević Maja Vujović Aleksandra Raković Miroslav Džigurski Cvijan Pajkanović Stefan Rađenović Dunja Krstić Tanja Ivanišević Stefani Kužet Čavar Dejana Aranicki Dunja Palček Čedomir Salatić Tamara Stričević Milan Maletin Dimitrije Đukić Jelena Puškar Sonja Nikolovska Danilo Dragović Olivera Dulić Jelena Jolović Marina Daniček Aleksandra Pejaković Aleksandra Gajić Radiša Kostadinović Stefan Vujić Jefimija Bijelić Jovan Tomić Nataša Trupl Tanja Tošić Sonja Kostić Nikolina Ćeklić Miloš Janković Jovana Nikolić Dimitrije Nikolić Aleksandar Galović Aleksandra Rastik Nikola Sekulić Nenad Lukić Nenad Nasifović Ivan Stanojev Andrea Tamaš Teodora Basta Jelena Vitorac Dorotea Redžek Aleksandra Ivković


what and why

WHO BUILT YOUR CITY – WOMEN ARCHITECTS OF ____ is an interactive workshop of students from University of Novi Sad – Scene Design and Department of Architecture and Urban Planning at the Biennale Sessions. The nature of the happening is dual. Firstly, with the aim to expand the knowledge about the presence and work of women architects all around the world, the visitors of the exhibition were asked to join the interactive workshop and give feedback about buildings in their cities which were designed by women. Secondly, it was a presentation of the website WOMEN ARCHITECT OF NOVI SAD, WWW.W-A-NS.COM, which introduces a specific part of our architectural identity – women architects who shaped the built environment of Novi Sad (the second largest city in Serbia) over the last century. The website contains results of a research conducted by a group of architecture students and practicing architects G91 and it’s a contribution to the database on the city’s contemporary architecture - from this specific point of view.


when and where

14th International Architecture Exhibition, la Biennale di Venezia Biennale Sessions Sale d’Armi, Arsenale Venice, Italy 7th June, 2014


how

Workshop was set as dual event, which was supported by spatial organization of Sale d’Armi, parted in two parts by projection screen. That way we used backstage to show a movie we made during Days of Architecture. In entrance part was the main show. We had world maps, as well as map of Novi Sad, printed on long paper walls and wrapped around steel columns. Entering the pavillion visitors would be given flyers with questionare and instructions how to fill and apply them. So they would write down the information and place it on a proper place on map. In a meanwhile, our students were finishing the map of Novi Sad and that way presented our city and architecture. During the two-hour-long workshop there were numerous visitors passing by and then stopping to see our presentation and then delightfully filling in the questionare. Eventually it ended, leaving us with a huge pile of information on defferent objects, mostly in Europe, designed by women architects.

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