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Let’s Get to Know Each Other


Let’s Get to Know Each Other Part I - Introduce Yourself Part II - Introduce Your Country and School Part III - Our European Capitals Part IV - Let Me Show You Our Beautiful Nature Part V - Un Unique Tradition in My Country Part VI - My Country is Famous with… Part VII – Traditional Dishes in My Country Exchange of Recipes


Part V An Unique Tradition in My Country


Granny Martha


Granny Martha

An old Bulgarian tradition Presented by the 3rd B class Pancharevo


Martenitsa - usually in the form of a wrist band, woven by combining red and white colored threads - are worn on that day and through March, until a stork or a bloomed tree is seen, symbolizing warmer weather and well being.


Dear friends, These martenitsas are for you. On the first of March we give martenitsas to friends and relatives. We wish them good health and a long life. It’s an old Bulgarian tradition.


The greeting exchanged on this day is Chestita

Baba Marta (Честита Баба Марта – Happy

Grandma Martha). ‘Mart’ in Bulgarian is the name

for the month of March. This holiday symbolizes the coming of spring.


The Martenitsa is a symbol of peace and love, health

and happiness. The white colour symbolizes purity and

honesty in relationships, and the red colour means life, passion, and cordiality in friendship and mutual love.


Galicnik Wedding


Galichnik Wedding by Anastasija Achkoska and Gabriela Lazoska


Galichnik Wedding or Petrovdenskata Galicka svadba is held every year on St. Peter July 12. It has very original, unique and unforgettable wedding customs and rituals. Many people from other parts of Macedonia and migrant workers from all over the world always come to Galichnik wedding, so it has the most wedding guests then any other wedding. Galichnik Wedding in its existence has contributed to foster unique wedding customs and rituals of the inhabitants of this region, to preserve the original songs, dances, and famous Galichnik costume are made with ​ filigree precision and accuracy of the tailors. Each year a special commission chooses two young couple to get married in Galichnik wedding. One of the prerequisites is at least one of the young family came from Galic.


Traditions: Every year during the Galichnik Wedding people can see many customs that characterize this wedding: the drums, bride wearing water, during the wedding, local men will dance the "Teškoto" (the "hard" or "heavy") - a dance that is meant to symbolize the overcoming of difficulties in life and other customs, which slowly die but which contain and hide many details of life in Galichnik in the past. In Galichnik now are living just two people, but on July 12 there are over 5000 people who are coming to see this wedding.


Folk embroidery The Macedonian folk embroidery, mostly made of wool and silk, impresses with its polychrome where all the shades of red dominate. Light red is particularly characteristic of the embroidery of the Prilep, Bitola, Debar and Ohrid regions. The women's gowns from Dolen Polog and Skopska Crna Gora are decorated with black moulded embroidery which reminds us with its stylish composition of the early Christian textile decor.


Traditional music

The ethnic Macedonian traditional music, which can be rural or urban (starogradska muzika), includes: lyric songs, epic songs, labour songs, ritual songs, humorous songs, circle dance ("oro"), the old urban style called Čalgija (not to be confused with chalga) etc. Popular traditional songs are: Kaleš bre Angjo, Slušam kaj šumat šumite, Biljana platno beleše, Dafino vino crveno, Narode Makedonski, Zemjo Makedonska and many others. Often referenced oro dances are Teškoto from the village of Galičnik, Kalajdžiskoto, Komitskoto (The Dance of the freedom fighters) and others. An internationally acclaimed professional folklore association is the award winning “Tanec”. Macedonians danced and created folk dances (ora) both in sorrow and in joy, in suffering and in pleasure.


Martisor


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St u V U d en LC t: Z AN OR - R ZO A o m NA an ia ELA

IS O R

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March

The tradition of 'Martisor' or wearing the Sun above your heart‌

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Romanians have a beautiful ancient tradition on the first day of March : Martisor (The Amulet).

Its name is a diminutive from the name of Martie - the Romanian word for March.


In Romania this Amulet is a symbol of coming spring and joy.


The archeological finds show that over 8,000 years ago on the present territory of Romania this custom was alive. People were celebrated the coming of spring with long time forgotten rituals. They used small pebbles painted in white and red arranged alternatively on a string. It might be curious why they had chosen `these two colors : red and white.


The Amulet's meaning was greatly enlarged. It was considered to be a protective charm for children and animals in the next coming year. Those tiny pebbles were changed into a couple of yarns, one colored in red and one colored in white. Red meant the Sun, the power of fire, passion and woman, and white meant the benefits of water, clouds, winter but also man's intelligence.

The combination of those colors can be interpreted as the union of man and woman, these two opposite forces who will determine a new life cycle.


In those times, many magical rituals involved human or animal sacrifices for determining their pagan Gods to listen to their prayers. So blood was associated with life, fertility and worship. On the other hand, the snow, the ice and the clouds were white. In a single expression the meaning of two colors might be : " let's forget about winter and pray our Gods to bring us fertility ".


More than two thousands years ago, the Dacians had that tradition on March 1st. The Dacians God who was celebrated at the beginning of March was named " Marsyas Silen". He was the inventor of flute (shepherd's whistle) and he had the most greatest influence upon the entire nature.


At the beginning of 19th century the beautiful Amulet was found in all Romanian regions. Especially children and women wore around their necks or on their left hands two woolen yarns (one red, one white) knitted together and a small silver or golden coin hung on them. The belief was that those who wore that Amulet were protected and would have good luck in the next year. It was written in books that young girls wore Martisor from March 1st till March 12th. After two weeks, they used to tie their hair with that special redwhite yarn waiting to see the first spring birds coming to their village. Only after that event, the young girls took out the Amulet and hang it to the first tree they saw in blossom.


Have a nice spring! O primavara frumoasa!


Miķeļi Day


We have a beautiful autumn holiday –

Miķeļi Day.

This holiday is the Autumn Solstice, when the sun turns towards winter, and day and night are the same length. This is an important point in a farmer's daily rhythm, as the most important chores are finished and activity in fields slowly dies down. We celebrate this holiday every year on September 29. Although it was believed for many years that the name Miķelis was adopted from the name Michael of the Christian tradition, many folk songs mention Miķelis as one of the many sons of the Latvian god. The fairs invite people to taste and purchase local products - delicious, healthy and natural food and dairy products, herbal teas and fruit juices, as well as Latvian traditional dishes. All masters present a wide choice of handmade wickerwork, pottery, bathhouse items, textile and wooden products, jewelry, ornaments, souvenirs, and other items.


The harvest festival is an ancient tradition when the local markets were held throughout the countryside. Today Miķeļi Day’s markets are the continuation of these ancient traditions.

In Riga


The good tradition developed in our kindergarten. Children together with parents do works of natural materials, vegetables and fruits. We can look all works one week before this holiday.

These are works of previous years.

In this year


Let's get to know each other - part five - TRADITIONS  

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