Page 1


Aleksander Zarzeka

SPIS TREŚCI redaktor naczelny

Z pewną dozą nieśmiałości, w obcym języku, w zmniejszonej objętości, porzucając swą tradycyjną, papierową postać, przygotowywany w gorącym okresie sesji, powraca… Galen. Informatycy mówią na to wersja beta. Przeznaczony już do użytku, lecz jeszcze z błędami i niedociągnięciami. Wydany dzięki heroicznej pracy grupki studentów naszego Uniwersytetu, z której najbardziej podziękować chciałbym Annie Flink – nowej szefowej działu English Division oraz Michałowi Wasiakowi – naszemu grafikowi. Niech ten numer stanie się zapowiedzią kolejnych, już pełnych, polsko-angielskich wydań.


MEDICAL CHANGES & REFLECTIONS FROM THE EDSG ....................................... DRUG DESIG VS. DESIGNER DRUGS AND BRAIN DOPING ............................... DID YOU KNOW YOUR SOUL IS IN YOUR THIRD EYE ?.................................. DEAR GALEN................................. HOW TO GET WOMEN ?..................... CASE REPORTS............................... CULTURE


editor of the english part of Galen

A WALK THROUGH HISTORY ................ EVENTS JUNE&JULY ......................... VISITING THE REAL RUSSIA .................

I’m proud to present to you—Galen. IF YOU’RE GOING TO SAN FRANCISCO ..... You might recall it being WUM’s own paper SIMPLE, CHEAP, NUTRITIOUS AND that mystically disappeared from the face of DELICIOUS: SINGAPORE ................ the earth half a year ago. The reasons for that were many but it doesn’t really matter because we’re back, back to be published, and back to be read—by you. With all the hard work she put down on the English part of Galen, I want to thank Natalie Glaser (class of 2011). Without her initiative, there might not have been an English part and I, as well as many of you, would have gotten lost in translation. I also want to congratulate Natalie on graduating and wish her good luck in her future career. Her career, her reality right now, is our future, a career most of us cannot wait to pursue. That is then and now is now. Unlike Natalie and her colleagues of the 2011 class, we’ll be back after the summer. This Galen issue is for you, to give you a light read in the midst of exam stress, to wish you a wonderful summer, and to make sure you know that you’re welcome back in September. Although it might not always seem like it, these years as students are for us to enjoy. Galen is here to help. With help from the Student Government and fellow WUM students, we hope to provide a portal between pleasure and duty. With this said, we’re grateful for any tips about upcoming events and news, medical as well as social. Enjoy the summer!



Changes & Reflections from the EDSG Natalia Ziolkowski


Vice President, writing on behalf of the EDSG

s the academic year comes to end, the EDSG is thinking about the many successes of its first year of the 2010-2012 cadency. With so many events and changes, it has been quite the whirlwind of activity!! As per changes - we are happy to announce our new website as well as a tentative version of course evaluations, your own personalized WUM emails, and eventually the Virtual Dean where all course marks and practical hours will be listed. Please check out our website at to get updates on our newest events and news (please click on the 'News' tab under 'English Division Student Government'). In order to access the preliminary course evaluations, WUM emails, and the Virtual Dean please go to: Please note, at present everything is in Polish and we are working to have everything translated into English but for those who either speak Polish or are willing to translate please feel free to utilize it. To log-in, use 's0student number' as your identyfikator, your 'hasło' is the barcode found at the back of your student card, and your Domena is 'AM' (for Akademia Medyczna). To access course evaluations click on 'AnkietaStudencka'. Afterwards use the scroll down menu to find your year as well as ED and the 4 or 6 year program. You will then be directed to all of the course evaluations of that year, click 'Wybierz' in order to go to each individual one. Your personalized WUM email is under 'Webmail' and the Virtual Dean is 'Wirtualny Dziekanat (Virtual Dean's Office). We are hoping that for next year we will have everything in English (or have translations available for all links) but for now the tentative Polish version is available. Apologies for any inconvenience. In terms of events, the EDSG has been quite busy with a new event occurring at least bimonthly of the academic year! We were happy to be part of the Orientation Committee 2010 which saw a change in the way Orientation was run and are hoping that Orientation 2011 (September 23, 2011) will be even better!! If you're in Warsaw, please come out to meet the first years (information to come). Please note, the first day of school this year will be Monday, September 26th. In early October, we hosted a successful Book Sale with old books from students on sale as well as representatives from local book stores. Please watch out for

news about next year's sale in late September - a great way to make/save money on books! In February of this year, the second annual indoor soccer tournament was a smash with over 14 teams competing from all over Poland! This year it will take place at the end of October (2011) so any suggestions or volunteers willing to help run the tournament are gladly welcome. Please email us at if interested. One month later, we saw our first ever running club, MUWment, sprint off to a great finish at the 6th Annual Warsaw Half Marathon. For all the runners out there - a great (flat!) course so perhaps think about joining us next year (April 1st, 2012)! Finally, our most recent event, the MUW Clothing Sale, took place in early May and was a great way to show support and pride for our school! Thanks to everyone who took part. Furthermore, the EDSG has had a few changes with its membership - we would like to welcome Katarzyna Kaczmarczyk as our new translator and website manager; Pete Orzylowski - Academics; and Klaudia Nowak - Secretary to our team. Welcome aboard! In addition, Milena Gosk and Chris Osuch, executive members of the EDSG, hold positions on the WUM (Polish) Parliament. They are important links and help connect the ED with the Polish Division, giving us a vital voice in the decision-making process of the WUM Parliament and University. Finally, thank you Mona Yeganegi and Adam Niezwiestny for your work on the EDSG and best of luck with your other projects! If anyone has any suggestions to the EDSG as per ways that we could change, new events that you would like to see be organized (or perhaps help organize?), etc please do not hesitate to email us at or contact one of our representatives directly. Wishing everyone a successful finish to the academic year and a relaxing summer vacation.


See you in September 2011!!!

Drug design

vs. designer drugs and

brain doping

Patricia Smorawinski 6th yr ED


ecently vast attention has been dedicated to the rising concern over designer and cognitive enhancing drugs, more and more commonly used among youth and the academics. The term doping which is commonly associated with athletic performance now has been used to describe brain enhancement and improvement of neuronal function, memory and concentration known as brain doping. Although many would agree using designer and novelty drugs to enhance intellectual performance is merely a scam, for many it is the “ultimate“ or rather the “ultimately good” effect which serves as driving force behind reach for cognitive enhancing drugs. As in sports, athletes strive to boost their physical performance; in academics, a continuous competition raises the bar, driving young people to use certain medications as new ways of enhancing their intellectual and cognitive abilities. This rather innovative process can be most easily achieved using drugs which are already approved and thus proven to be safe such as in psychiatry.

Methylphenidate(Ritalin), which is a medication used mainly in the prevention of ADHD, is also used to enhance concentration and learning processes in healthy individuals, but it can be highly addictive. The amphetamine derivative Adderall is also commonly used as “study drug” to boost concentration. Since both methylphenidate and Adderall are psychostimulants, they may lead to increased blood pressure, heart pro-

blems, stroke and sudden death. Modafinil, a drug used in the treatment of narcolepsy, in healthy population can prevent symptoms of jet lag, feeling of tiredness and can increase concentration abilities due to its analeptic activity; whether it can lead to addiction is disputable. Certain other drugs with nootropic effect (stimulating brain function) which can boost one’s intellectual abilities such as piracetam (prescribed as treatment for myoclonus, but its use has much higher off label spectrum) and pyritinol (vit B6 analogue) can act as memory and cognition enhancers after long-term use. Also drugs as donepezil, galantamine and rivastigmine used in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease may increase memory also in healthy individuals. Other examples include fluoxetine, paroxetine and sertaline (antidepressant drugs) which may improve mood and increase resistance to stress in healthy individuals. Although this may seem as an ”ideal” recipe for intellect, such drugs used for other than labeled indications, need to be considered carefully, as certain side effects can bring more harm than good. After careful evaluation of evidence-based risks by those who decide to “safely” boost their cognitive abilities, it should be up to the health conscious, whether the “smart pill” is really a “smart” way to go and one may consider more natural ways to beef up the brain. On the other (dark) side, off label drugs derived from underground and dissident sources where unskilled and unlicensed chemists work on new drugs based on their own clandestine vision of drug design, pose new threats to the health of its consumers. Designer drugs are drugs made by chemical modification of the molecular and chemical structures of already existing drugs or found new drugs with different structures which may elicit similar effects to illegal recreational drugs--stealthy maneuvers used in order to pass around existing drug laws. Three drugs which serve as basis for many derivatives and analogues produced by clandestine labs are PCP, fentanyl and amphetamine/methamphetamine, commonly known after being chemically altered as Angel Dust, Special K, Ecstasy, or Nature’s Quaalude. These drugs which are easy

and cheap to produce are also very dangerous since most of their side effects remain unknown, making their use even more risky and dangerous. Both used as dissociative anesthetics, PCP (and its street derivative known as Angel Dust) and ketamine’s side effects include seizures, heart and respiratory failure, coma and death. Special K (ketamine derivative) was found to be 6th of the 20-top most harmful substances, based on an article published in 2007 in ”Lancet” right after heroin, cocaine, barbiturates, methadone, and alcohol, and before marijuana and ecstasy (which places 11th and 18threspectively). Although the price may be the reason for its popularity (ketamine is much cheaper than cocaine), the psychogenic and hallucinogenic effects of ketamine raise concern over an increasing number of alarming side effects, some of which may be fatal. Fentanyl (and its analogue commonly known as China White) originally used as an anesthetic, has been modified to be up to 1,000 more potent than heroin. Fentanyl’s numerous derivatives are produced and sold in various forms, with side effects (more serious with increasing dose) such as paranoia, hallucinations and a poten-

Designer drugs originating from underground labs and feeding the market raise concern and the need to introduce new and improved legal restrictions. Setting boundaries to keep such substances out of reach, restrained by the law has been challenging for many countries, in which new drugs are banned as they become a concern. In Australia the base compound has been prohibited, thus making tial lethal overdose. In 1979, China Whi- any analogue or chemically altered dete was the first drug used in an at- rivative illegal in itself. As undergrotempt to produce and sell legal heroin und chemists are able to modify substitute on larger scale. Also Natu- almost any drug on the illicit market in re’s Quaalude (gamma hydroxyl buty- order to create legal substitutes, this rate), in its effects resembling ulterior vision of drug design increases barbiturates, is a chemically altered the necessity for continuing regulamethaqualone derivative that is cheap tions. Still legislators seem to remain to synthesize, accessible and…dange- one step behind the chemists, leaving rous. many with a state of mind…to die for. According to Dr. Gary Wadler, NUY professor and author of the book “Drugs and the Athlete”, “the possible side effects are as endless as the chemicals themselves and as unpredictable as Russian roulette. It is only a matter of time before the user experiences one or more negative and potentially harmful side effects. (, Designer Drugs

Did you know your soul is in your third eye ?


As future medical professionals, we are used to reading books on Anatomy, Biochemistry, Pathology, Internal Medicine….. As you all know, I could go on forever. During your years of studying, have you ever been informed that we have three eyes and in one of them lies our soul? One would never think that something considered so significant to human life could be overlooked. Well, believe it or not, we have all seen this Third Eye and have all touched a soul. All of this madness has taken place in the prosectorium, in our first year of studies, the day we got introduced to the Pineal Gland.

Monica Ragheb 5th yr ED

The pineal gland is a tiny endocrine gland in the brain that produces melatonin, a hormone that regulates our wake/sleep pattern. Located in the midline between the two hemispheres, it joins the two thalami and is often seen as a calcified focus on X-ray, especially in the elderly. René Descartes (1596-1650), a famous French Philosopher, considered the pineal gland to be the “Seat of the Soul”. He coined the term based on his theories: 1. The soul is unitary, and unlike many areas of the brain the pineal gland appeared to be unitary (though subsequent microscopic inspection has revealed it is formed of two hemispheres). 2. Descartes obse-

rved that the pineal gland was located near the ventricles. He believed the cerebrospinal fluid of the ventricles acted through the nerves to control the body, and that the pineal gland influenced this process. 3. Although Descartes realized that both humans and animals have pineal glands, he believed that only humans have minds. A quick reference on Google comes up with the definition of the soul as this: “The principle of life, feeling, thought, and action in humans, regarded as a distinct entity separate from the body, and commonly held to be separable in existence from the body; the spiritual part of humans as distinct from the

physical part.” Now you may be a skeptic or a believer in this. But have you ever really thought of where you might find that soul? I bet the last place you were thinking was your THIRD EYE. Undoubtedly, two of our eyes interpret what we see on the outside. This Third Eye, however, is responsible for our “inner vision”. It does so by working in harmony with the hypothalamus. In the presence of light, nerve impulses travel from the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus, via the pineal nerve, to the pineal gland. These impulses inhibit the production of melatonin. Furthermore, at night, in the absence of light, these impulses stop, the pineal gland is no longer inhibited and melatonin is released. The pineal gland is therefore, a photosensitive organ and an important timekeeper for the human body.

Dear Galen I was fortunate enough to have an ear ly glance at the article “Did you know your soul is in your third eye ?” before it was published. It got me thinking about a very special MR I I once had the opportunity of seeing. It belonged to a female patien t, for ethical reasons I will refer to her as patient G. Patient G; Caucasian, 168 cm, 57 kg. Previously healthy, nonsmoker, moderate alcohol use.


Patient G was admitted to the hospita l with a metacarpal fracture. Full body MRI was performed accord ing to guide lines (Refr: Traumatic Metacarpal Fractures- a His tory 1998). An incidental finding on this extraordinary MRI sho wed that Patient G had no Pineal Gland. In absolute shock, I performed many tests in a search for the etiology. Lab tests were normal, biopsies showed no abnormalities, radiographs revealed no other pathol ogies. In a frantic state, I contacted my colleagues overseas in hope that they would be able to shine a light on this bizarre phenom enon. Days became weeks, weeks Take what you will from these ideas, it bec ame months. The metacarpal fracture was healed long ago, and I got me thinking ... no longer had an excuse not to dischar ge Patient G from the hospital. At least now you know, you always sleep with one eye open. Then something revolutionary happen ed. A couple of days ago I came over the aforementioned article. Assuming the article is true, the Soul lies within the Pineal Gland. If Patient G lacks a Pineal Gland, it therefore means that Patien t G has no Soul. But never in my medical career had I encountered suc h a mystery. I searched all my medical texts, but was none the wiser. So I tried Facebook. A link to a video on YouTube caught

my eye. I Googled it.

Was there a pathology I had overloo ked on this mysterious Patient G I “treated” years ago? After an immedi ate home visit I had a spectacular finding. Thinking Patien t G was blonde, a closer look at the roots of her hair revealed a reddish color. After removal of makeup, an abnormal amount of frec kles appeared. Ladies and Gentlemen, It is hereby scie ntifically proven that a certain percentage of the population have no souls. Yours sincerely; Anonymous

How To Get

Women ?

Peter Orzylowski 5th yr ED


ome men seem to think that attraction is a sort of frustratingly confusing game in which few can win. Well I know I thought that. The media doesn’t help with all their unrealistic portrayals of relationships either. Whenever someone tells me that they’re “in love,” I roll my eyes in condescension. However, as it turns out, attraction isn’t very hard to attain – all you need are the right genes. That’s right, science can explain why the smoking hot Polish girl is dating the tracksuit-wearing football hooligan trying to fight everyone on the tram. It’s all in the genes. As we recall, MHC, or major histocompatability complex (aka HLA in humans) is a group of genes that play a large role in immunity. This cluster of genes has to be able to code for many different proteins responsible for our protection, and so, must offer a broad spectrum of defence. Research has proven that women are attracted to men with dissimilar MHC to their own. Family members have similar MHC – prevents incest I guess. So the next time you witness a young woman with a much older man, don’t assume that he must be rich – maybe his genes turn her on. MHC similarity or dissimilarity has nothing to do with ethnicity, which is why women had to develop a way of identifying a suitable


mate. How? Smell and taste. MHC is present in pheromones and saliva. This means women can unconsciously smell your genetic makeup as you get close and they can taste your MHC in your saliva. They may think the kiss seals the deal because you’re “meant to be” but really it’s all about the potential offspring. Love and soulmates play no role. They are prone to be attracted to dissimilar MHC. This is evolutionary. Two partners with different MHC will produce offspring with diverse immunity. This dissimilarity also increases the likelihood of conception and increases female orgasms. Yeah that’s right. So I encourage you to get freaky with strangers. Back in the day, some Swiss guy (Wedekind – google it) stank up some shirts with male sweat and made women smell them and choose which ones smelled more attractive (leave it to the Swiss). They chose the men with the least similar MHC, and claimed that they smelled like ex or current lovers, whereas the men with similar MHC were compared to fathers and brothers. Interestingly, women on birth control pills chose the complete opposite. They were attracted to similar MHC. Why? When you are on the pill, your body thinks it is pregnant. When you are pregnant, evolutionarily speaking, there is no need to go searching



A mother of a 12 years old boy visits the family GP because she is worried about her son’s changed behavior. According to her, he has always been a happy and energetic child. But the last 2 years he has started getting hyperactive with some self-injurious behavior. His schoolteacher has on several occasions pointed out that the boy has been disrupting the class, and the diagnosis of Attention Deficient/Hyperactitivrt Disorder (ADHD) was made 6 months ago. His mother has also noticed an assymetric tremor of his hand. On physical examination, the doctor notices tenderness over the liver, slight jaundice and about 10 bruises. The mother confirms the suspicion that the boy easily gets bruised, and this started around the same time as the change of behavior. Lab data show: Hemoglobin 13×10gm/dl, WBC 5000clls/µl, Platelet 100/dl, 24hr Urine – traces of copper and protein. Selamawit Mekuria 4th yr ED

for partners to reproduce with, and it is important to be around family when you are at your most vulnerable. Hence, you want to be with people with similar MHC. This could pose a problem. Let’s say there’s a couple. They have been together for 5 years. The woman has been on the pill for five years. Now they want to get married and have a child. What happens when she gets off of the pill? She is no longer attracted to her spouse. This happens the other way around also. It explains why pregnant women go absolutely, psychotically crazy when they’re around their genetically dissimilar significant others. Their bodies want family – people with similar MHC. They start to question what attracted them to their spouses in the first place. Therefore, many experts are blaming birth control pills for the skyrocketing divorce rates, which just so happened to increase with the advent of oral contraceptives. Of course, attraction overall is more complex than only MHC, but it does play a large role. And if you’re planning on getting married, my advice to you is to try and live with the person for some time while off of the pill and until then, go out and get some strange. It’s what nature intended.


35 year old female is admitted to the Internal ward following a bout of dyspnea, with productive cough and purulent sputum, and a blood oxygen of 92%. Past medical history indicates chronic, recurrent sinusitis, frequent URT infections, and has been trying to get a baby for years. You order a chest X-ray. It comes back, and something isn’t right... the heart is on the right... What must you think of? Damian Okruciński 6th yr ED

Look for the answers on the last page!

A Walk Through History


James Cunliffe

or those of you who like to get out and use your legs, bikes or rollerblades, I think I may have found you an interesting route that will give you both a mental and physical workout. It is a trip that encompasses some of the rich history of our city and will open your eyes to what lies below the surface of today’s Warsaw. Just follow the dotted line on the map below and enjoy! The old industrial district that later became the Jewish Ghetto of WWII is full of examples of how the old has been respectfully incorporated into the new. Modern office blocks can be seen with the Ghetto wall integrated into their ground floor, apartment blocks have been built around shelledout buildings and bullet-raked walls can still be seen in the streets. The Government has done a brilliant job in retaining this heritage site despite increasing commercial pressure to develop the land. Here are a few Highlights to look out for: 1.The Polish Telephone Company Warsaw’s first ever skyscraper standing at 51.5m. In 1908 it was the tallest building in the Russian Empire. Today it looks rather unimpressive (my block of flats is higher!) but during the uprising it was the centre of heavy fighting between the Nazis and those of the resi-

S T N E EV June&July So warm weather is finally here and guess what, we have the exam session to look forward to. As soon as the depressive greyness of Warsaw goes away, it’s time to lock ourselves in our rooms and prepare. Not only is it actually pleasant to go outside, but there are loads of things to do. Also, other people, notably musicians, flock to Poland during this time for some reason (probably just to drive us crazy.) You can buy tickets to these events at any Empik or you can easily find them online. So take a break from studying and enjoy some of the following: June 1-3 Ursynalia 2011 Just like we had Medykalia at the beginning of May for our students, SGGW have their own Juwenalia. Headlining will be KORN!!! How did they

stance. 2.Ulica Prozna – A classic example of buildings left untouched since the war. 3.Nozyk Synagogue – Warsaw’s sole surviving synagogue at the heart of the present day Jewish Quarter 4.Ulica Walicow - The futuristic Aurum office block incorperates the old Ghetto wall into its ground floor 5.The Warsaw Uprising Museum 6.Ulica Dzielna – Pawiak Prison Museum. Although only a small section survives I found this ghostly prison very moving. It was here that Poles and Jews were locked up and interrogated before being shipped off to the gas chambers of Treblinka in the north. Many were executed onsite and the cells where inmates prayed before being taken to the firing squad have been left as they were. Its free entry and I strongly urge you to go. 7.Monument to the Heroes of the Ghetto 8.Umschlagplatz Monument – Marking the site of the old railway siding where cattle wagons were loaded before departure to the death camps. There is so much to see and I’ve only touched on some of the more interesting points. Although the walk isn’t sign posted and it’s very easy to get a little lost, it doesn’t really matter. This entire area is full of alleyways and

points of interest – most of which are marked with information boards or a plaque. If you need more details or a copy of the map then just get in touch using my e-mail below. Happy Exploring!

get that to happen? No idea. Check out ursyna- June 22 Carlos Santana @ Legia Stadium for info. June 24 June 6 Arcade Fire @ Torwar Disturbed @ Stodola @ 20:00 June 10 Sonisphere Music Festival @ the old Bemowo airport Headlining is Iron Maiden June 18 Sting in Gdansk @ Ergo Arena @ 1800 if you fancy a trip north. Warsaw Summer Jazz Days 2011 Also on the 18th – if you’re into Jazz this could be a nice way to spend some time. Festivities begin at Skwer Hoover’a (Fabryka Trzciny) @ 1800.

June 30 Heineken Open’er Music Festival in Gdynia Notable appearances– Big Boi (Outkast), Chromeo, Coldplay, Deadmau5, MIA, The National and others. I’m assuming most people will probably be home by the time July rolls around, but in case you’re staying , there are some decent concerts to check out. Paramore will be here July 4th at the Ampitheatre in Park Sowinskiego. Also, Erykah Badu and Deftones will stop by in August. Also, every Sunday at noon, there is a recital of some of Chopin’s work at Lazienki Park. It’s a nice way to spend Sunday, especially since it’s free. So buy a bottle of wine and some cheese, and sit in the park - it’s so nice in the summer, you’ll forget this is Warsaw.

June 19 Roxette @Torwar @ 1800 Don’t really know who this is, but I heard some Swedish people talking about this so it must be important to some of the English Division. Cesaria Evora @ Congress Hall (Palace of Culture) Good Luck With Exams! @ 1900


The Real Russia Jan Chłapowski Söderlund 5th yr ED



lived in Russia for a year. Rather I lived in Moscow, which is a country in itself according to all Russians. None the less, it is a country full of contradictions, bureaucracy and surprisingly nice people in places you would least expect them. This story is about a trip I made outside Moscow. A trip during which I admit I was not the most intelligent person around.

derstand where the 31’000 inhabitants were hiding. It gave the impression of a village with a few families – virtually no paved roads and almost only small, wooden hut-like houses. The guide told also of a hotel in the town, described as “a typically rundown, Soviet-style option is Hotel Seliger. The hot water supply is unpredictable.” Sounds like an adventure. Let’s go!

I got to Ostashkov late in the evening by bus and I asked where the hotel might be. “Hotel Seliger?” the bus-driver said with a smile. Closed for the winter. Fortunately, there happened to be a small hotel on the other side of the concrete, shabby bus station (one of the few non-wooden buildings). The door to the motel was thoroughly bolted, but there was a doorbell with a “press here” sign. I waited a few minutes and in The guide described a village/city, the end an elderly lady with big glasOstashkov (Осташков), by the lake. I ses came and ushered me inside. She can reveal to you in advance, that was very surprised to see foreigners at when I saw the “city”, I could not un- this time of the year. I helped her transI had decided I wanted to go outside Moscow for a change. I looked in a Lonely Planet guide and found a place that seemed to fit our needs. A lake 360 kilometres north-west of Moscow called lake Seliger (озеро Селигер). A destination described concisely like this: “The island-dotted Lake Seliger has long been a popular vacation spot for intellectuals and outdoorsy types”.

late my personal information from the passport and got a room. There would be no eating this evening; no shops open and no food was served in the “hotel”. The little lady was very nice though, she came with tea and biscuits for her foreign guest. The motel, “Hotel Bus-Station” (Гостиница Автовокзал), is a story in itself. There were maybe ten rooms, I guess they all looked the same. The one I lived in was squareish with concrete walls. I say “squareish”, because the walls were so uneven. It looked as if the architect or builders had been slightly drunk when they were built. The walls were covered with white-wash, white paint that comes off the wall when you touch it. There were cracks in the walls, the locker did not seem to be meant to close properly and loose cables were hanging here and there. Still I liked it, at last something different, the Russia I have heard about. Marvellous!

When I got up the day after, I wanted to know how to get around in town. I asked a woman working in a newspaper stand and to my surprise she hurried out of her booth and asked a few random persons where would be the best place to go now during the winter. When she was done with her research, she told me I had to take bus number three (the only bus line in the city, by the way) and go to Klichen (Кличен), a little island/peninsula north of town. I encountered similar friendliness a couple of times. The Ostashkovians were much nicer than the constantly hassled Muscovites.

built in once-white (now grey) brick. Above the main entrance, were big, rusty letters; “Центральная Районная Больница” (Central Regional Hospital). I could not resist it! I had to see how it looked inside! I went back in the early evening. Introduced myself a “journalist” writing for a Swedish magazine for doctors. Could I perhaps look around and talk to some of the staff? We are writing a series of articles about medical development in Eastern Europe. They called the police in less than five minutes after my arrival.

While we were waiting, the officers told me to get going with my interview. That was what I wanted, wasn’t it? What could I do? I still stuck to my journalist-story, so I started interviewing some nurses. I was quite nervous as you can imagine. The police officers virtually looking over my shoulder. I got to know a few things though, for instance they did not have a real psychiatric ward. Only two isolation-chambers where they put any mentally unsuitable individuals until they can be shipped to bigger hospital… I would not like to be a mental patient in Russia.

On our way back through the little town, I saw the ever-present Lenin-statue and some other sculpture showing suitably determined and ecstatic communist partisans. No restaurants were to be found, so I bought some bread and slices of sausage. What the meal lacked in refinement, was compensated by its sense of adventure. Further along the road, came the source of my stupidity. A low three-story building

The police officers came and I showed them my “documents” and a paper from the Swedish embassy in Moscow. They could not quite sort my papers out, so they asked me to come with them to the police station. I refused, since I had heard several stories of what can happen if you agree to be taken anywhere by members of the police. So they called their superiors and asked them to get over to the hospital.

In the end, the higher ranking police officers arrived. They looked at my passport and mumbled some more. Evidently I was supposed to be carrying with me the actual visa-paper, which my school had stored safely in their archive. Not good. They said we would probably have to go to the police station after all and call my embassy. A calm man stepped forward (who I later on learned was the deputy chief for

Hotel room

Hotel corridor


Communist partisans

the whole town), who until then had been more interested in flirting with the nurses. He explained nothing would happen to me. They only want to check my identity. Despite my fear, I understood I would probably go to the police station one way or the other. I put my trust to his reassurances and a quick prayer – soon we were on our way. In the police station they did call my embassy. Fortunately, a friend of mine working there answered. After a few attempts they pronounced my surname right and my friend’s first reaction was “Oh, yes, I know the guy. What is he up to now?” They were satisfied with the fact I knew the embassy worker by name and vice versa. But there was still the visa-problem. It took some higher official at the embassy to calm the police down. When all problems were more or less settled, the deputy chief said in a cheery voice he would take me back to my hotel. I got jokingly offered to work for them as an interpreter, now that I knew the system “from within”. The deputy got two officers to drive him and me to the other side of town. All the way, we talked and a relaxed atmo-

sphere developed. When we got to the hotel, he got out together with me and walked up to the doors. The lady came and opened and he showed her his police-ID. She looked quite puzzled and asked if anything was wrong. He answered with a laugh that he was only seeing off an old friend.

As a parting remark he told me to come back in the summer, when the weather is nicer. He said that since I now know the police, I would not have any problems at all…

If You’re Going to SAN


Anna Flink 2nd yr ED Haight and Ashbury intersection


be sure to put some flowers in your hair“, sings Global DJs as they transfer the energy of their song through the speakers. I think this is the single most important sentence that will tell you about this mystic, but yet very open and expressive city. Needless to say, I love it. No wait, I ♥ it!

spot for artists and poets. Today, the décor is a reminder of the past Beat times and it still attracts artistic individuals and liberals. Another interesting spot in the area at the time was the Black Cat Café. In the 50’s it became a gay club entertaining guests with drag shows. Alcoholic Beverage Control agents shut it down in 1963 and it remains only in history as the true birthplace for Gay Pride, where gays were invited to “come out” and be themselves, which was revolutionary at that time. San Francisco is nowadays known as the Gay Capital of the world, where millions of gay people come every year, either to celebrate Gay Pride, or any of the other liberal celebrations in the city such as Love Fest. Nowadays, the gay area in San Francisco is located quite far from its birthplace. Driving through it, it’s impossible to miss the Castro district, where the symbolic rainbow flag hangs in every street corner. In addition to the flags, there’s an atmosphere in the area that reveals the sexuality of the majority of the inhabitants. In shops, cafés and clubs, one can commonly hear Madonna singing “Like a Virgin” as people shake their hips in different levels of discretion, depending on where it’s being played.

The beat generation I mentioned in the December issue set grounds for much of the vibrant energy you immediately feel arriving in this city. It was here Jack Kerouac and many of his colleagues spent most of their time. A main player in the development of the daring beat generation literature was the City Lights Bookstore and Publishing Company, opened in the mid-20th century. Here, many of the controversial poetry readings were held and in the meantime, the publishing company went against the flow and published literary work that no other publisher wanted to be associated with. The bookstore is still standing in the area of North Beach and is one of the few surviving independent bookstores in the US today. Around this area are many other spots that were important during these times and where you can still feel remnants of the beat atmosphere, including jazz clubs as well as cafés. One of my personal favorites is the Vesuvio Café at the end of Jack Kerouac Alley. Conveniently Not far from the Castro district is the located a few meters from City Lights well known Haight and Ashbury, Bookstore, it was a popular hangout known for the “flower power” (hippie)

movement that was centered here in the 60’s. The beat generation opened up the doors to the liberal America and set the stage for the hippie movement that was so prominent for this time. San Francisco played a key role also in this liberal movement. This area was in the 60’s a main spot for political demonstrations, free love and peace movement, “social marijuana meetings”, and music festivals. Much of this scene is still apparent in this area nowadays, with a slight decrease in the open use of certain drugs. Tattoo shops are abundant and not too uncommon are sex shops, the inheritance from the free love movement. To conclude, this relatively small city contains an extremely diverse population and the different city districts have their own, individual charms. At the same time, the connection is clear. There’s a red thread of liberalism leading through the whole city, attracting people from different parts of the world. In addition, the Victorian style buildings found everywhere in this city, built on the 7 hills, bring a personal charm that is impossible not to fall in love with. I know “I left my ♥ in San Francisco” (song by Tony Bennett) when I left last year. I suggest you go, so put the flowers on…

Simple, Cheap, Nutritious and Delicious: SINGAPORE Damian Okruciński 6th yr ED

Does the Kebab guy down the street know your name? Got Dominium Pizza on speed dial? Time to make some grub that goes faster than pizza delivery, is cheaper than Banacha Food, and makes the ladies weak in their knees. Got two recipes here, one extremely simple, the other exotic, and both taste spectacular.

Teriyaki Salmon 2 salmon bells Teriyaki sauce (buy it at any Carrefour or similar) 2-3 cloves of garlic 5x5cm of young ginger This recipe has been used by my Mom for many years, and I make it very often. My fiancé actually used it to win a prize in a recipe contest! Preparation is simple: scrape the salmon skin of its scales, stick it in an oven-proof dish, add the finely sliced ginger and garlic (don’t be afraid to use loads!) on both sides of the salmon, and pour in the teriyaki sauce till it reaches around 1cm up the fish. For best effects, leave in the fridge for a few hours, and turn it. Preheat the oven to ~200oC, and cook it for 20-30min. Devour with potatoes or rice.

Stir-fried pork with cashew nuts 300g of pork - schab will do just fine. 2 handfuls of cashew nuts 1 chilli (for the adventurous) 1 broccoli 1 pack or can of bean sprouts 1 onion, diced 1 carrot 1 tsp. of sesame seed oil 3 tabs of oyster sauce (available in every delicatessen) 2-3 cloves of garlic 5x5cm of young ginger Not entirely a Singaporean dish, this is from Thailand, but you can find it everywhere in South East Asia. As with every stir fry dish, preparation takes longer than cooking so have everything prepared beforehand, rice included. Best made on a wok, but a normal pan will do. Add the garlic and ginger, finely cut, along with the sesame seed oil to the meat, and start frying. After 3min, add cashew nuts, chilli, onions and carrot. Another 3-5min and add the broccoli, bean sprouts and the oyster sauce. It’s ready when the broccoli is soft. Serve with rice, preferably with jasmine rice (believe me, it’s worth the extra few zł).

CASE REPORTS ANSWERS 1- Wilson’s disease 2- Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (Kartag ener's Syndrome)

Galen 1/2011 (1)

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