Page 1

Elementary Level 2 Supporting Documents Sixth Week


Possessive Adjectives Possessive Pronouns Los pronombres y adjetivos posesivos indican la posesión de objetos por parte de personas animales o cosas. Se ha incluido en una misma lección los adjetivos y los pronombres ya que se comportan de forma similar a la hora de indicar pertenencia. Su conjugación es igual que cualquier verbo, teniendo tres personas tanto para el singular como el plural; en este caso, también disponen, para la 3ª persona del singular, de partículas específicas según el género.

Los adjetivos posesivos

En la siguiente tabla se muestra la conjugación de los adjetivos posesivos, además de su traducción al castellano:

Conjugación 1ª per. singular 2ª per. singular 3ª per. singular

Inglés my

Español mío/a - míos/as

your

tuyo/a - tuyos/as

1ª per. plural

his her its our

2ª per. plural

your

3ª per. plural

their

suyo/a - suyos/as suyo/a - suyos/as (para objetos) nuestro/a nuestros/as vuestro/a vuestros/as suyo/a - suyos/as (de ellos/as)

Cómo de costumbre, para los adjetivos posesivos tenemos formas específicas en la 3ª persona del singular para el masculino, el femenino y animales u objetos. También las formas de la 2ª persona del singular como del plural son idénticas.

Vamos a hacer incapie en la 3ª persona del singular. En este caso utilizamos his oher según la persona que posea el objeto sea masculina o femenina; y no porque el objeto sea masculino o femenino. Veamos un par de ejemplos: It´s his bike. -> Es su bicicleta. (hablamos de un chico) It´s her bike. -> Es su bicicleta. (hablamos de una chica)


Los pronombres posesivos Los pronombres posesivos sustituyen a los sustantivos, los cuales indicamos la persona, animal o cosa que los poseen. Al sustituirlos, aunque no los nombresmos se sobreentiende de que objeto estamos hablando. Por ejemplo, si alguien nos dice: que coche más bonito, y nosotros respondiésemos: es mío; se sobreentiendo que estamos refiríendonos al coche, aunque nosotros no lo nombremos explícitamente. La tabla siguiente muestra estos pronombres posesivos: Conjugación 1ª per. singular 2ª per. singular 3ª per. singular 1ª per. plural

Inglés mine

Español mío/a - míos/as

yours

tuyo/a - tuyos/as

his hers ours

2ª per. plural

yours

3ª per. plural

theirs

suyo/a - suyos/as suyo/a - suyos/as nuestro/a nuestros/as vuestro/a vuestros/as suyo/a - suyos/as (de ellos/as)

En general se le añade una s al adjetivo para formar el pronombre. En la 1ª persona del singular no existe regla alguna; en cambio, en la 3ª del singular para el masculino coincide con el adjetivo. Manolo is my brother. -> Manolo es mi hermano. Roberto is mine. -> Roberto es el mío. En la segunda frase, el interlocutor no ha necesitado repetir hermano, ya que en la conversación se sobreentiende por la conversación.

Futuro Inmediato


Comparatives and Superlatives En inglés cuando comparamos dos cosas usamos los adjetivos y sus tres grados: positivo, comparativo y superlativo. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos.

Grados de los Adjetivos Los adjetivos tienen tres grados de comparación. Grado positivo, positivo grado comparativo, comparativo grado superlativo: superlativo

Comparativo

Superlativo

tall

taller

the tallest

alto

más alto

el más alto

big

bigger

the biggest

grande

más grande

el más grande

intelligent

more intelligent

the most intelligent

inteligente

más inteligente

el más inteligente

expensive

more expensive

the most expensive

caro

más caro

el más caro

John is tall, but Bill is taller than John. John es alto pero Bill es más alto que John. Jack is very tall. He is the tallest man in the team. Jack es muy alto. El es el hombre más alto del equipo.

Adjetivos Monosílabos - Formación del Comparativo y Superlativo

Monosílabos

Comparativo

Superlativo

adj + er

adj + est

small

smaller

the smallest

pequeño

más pequeño

el más pequeño

tall

taller

the tallest

alto

más alto

el más alto

young

younger

the youngest

joven

más joven

el más joven


old

older

the oldest

viejo

mรกs viejo

el mรกs viejo

new

newer

the newest

nuevo

mรกs nuevo

el mรกs nuevo

long

longer

the longest

largo

mรกs largo

el mรกs largo

short

shorter

the shortest

corto

mรกs corto

el mรกs corto

big

bigger

the biggest

grande

mรกs grande

el mรกs grande

fat

fatter

the fattest

gordo

mรกs gordo

el mรกs gordo

Adjetivos Bisรญlabos - Formaciรณn del Comparativo y Superlativo Bisรญlabos terminados en: -y, -er er, er -le, le -ow, ow (y otros muy conocidos)

Bisรญlabos

Comparativo

Superlativo

adj + er

adj + iest

easy

easier

the easiest

fรกcil

mรกs fรกcil

el mรกs fรกcil

happy

happier

the happiest

feliz

mรกs feliz

el mรกs feliz

crazy

crazier

the craziest

loco

mรกs loco

el mรกs loco

clever

cleverer

the cleverest

inteligente

mรกs inteligente

el mรกs inteligente

tender

tenderer

the tenderest

tierno

mรกs tierno

el mรกs tierno

humble

humbler

the humblest

humilde

mรกs humilde

mรกs humilde

gentle

gentler

the gentlest

suave

mรกs suave

el mรกs suave

narrow

narrower

the narrowest

angosto

mรกs angosto

el mรกs angosto

polite

politer

the politest

amable

mรกs amable

el mรกs amable


Adjetivos Largos - Formación del Comparativo y Superlativo Adjetivos

Comparativo

Superlativo

Largos

more + adj

the most + adj

expensive

more expensive

the most expensive

caro

más caro

el más caro

modern

more modern

the most modern

moderno

más moderno

el más moderno

beautiful

more beautiful

the most beautiful

hermoso

más hermoso

el más hermoso

elegant

more elegant

the most elegant

elegante

más elegante

el más elegante

interesting

more interesting

the most interesting

interesante

más interesante

el más interesante

dangerous

more dangerous

the most dangerous

peligroso

más peligroso

el más peligroso

Formación irregular de comparativos y superlativos Adjetivo o Adverbio

Comparativo

Superlativo

good

better

the best

bueno

mejor

el mejor

well

better

the best

bien

mejor

de la mejor forma

bad

worse

the worst

malo

peor

el peor

badly

worse

the worst

mal

peor

de la peor forma

much

more

the most

mucho

más

la mayor parte

many

more

the most

muchos

más

la mayoría

little

less

the least

poco

menos

el menos

far

farther

the farthest

lejos

más lejos

el más lejano

far

further

the furthest

lejos

más lejos

el más lejano


Useful Vocabulary

waiter(s)

waitress(es)

chef(s)

menu(s)

glass(es)

bottle(s)

candle(s)

bill(s)

credit card(s)

taxi(s)

tip(s)


Places to Eat Out Cafe Snack Bar Fast Food Restaurant Pub Bistro Restaurant Hotel Restaurant Parts of a Menu Starters/Appetizers/Entrees/Hors D'oeuvres Soups Main Courses (Meat/Fish/Vegetarian) Desserts Beverages (Coffee etc.) Wine/Drinks List (sometimes on a separate menu)

Naturally Speaking Booking a Table

I'd like to reserve / book a

I'd like the .............., please.

table for four at 8pm, please.

For starters I'll have the soup

waiting for over half an hour

Could I have chips instead of

for our drinks.

I'd like to book a table for two

new potatoes, please? •

Could we have a table by the

Could we have a nonCould we have a table away

Could you make sure it's a

I'm sorry but I ordered the side salad not the

today?

vegetables.

Is there anything you would Could I see the wine menu, I'll have a bottle of the South I'll have a glass of house red/white, please.

Excuse me, we've been

What is the house special

African Cabernet Sauvignon.

Could we have a booth, please?

Which wine would you recommend?

Excuse me this steak is over done, I ordered rare.

please?

from the kitchen/toilets, please?

recommend?

smoking table, please?

cold.

like the roast beef.

window, please?

Excuse me, but my meal is

table for a party of six at

please.

and for the main course I'd

at 8 in the name of Hand,

Complaining

I'd like to reserve / book a 8pm, please.

Placing Your Order

I'm afraid this wine tastes corked.

Excuse me this wine isn't chilled properly.


quiet table, please?

Arriving at the Restaurant

Good evening, the name is

During/After the Meal

Hand. I have a table booked

Could I have the bill, please?

bread, please?

Do you take Visa?

We'd like separate bills,

Do you have a pepper mill?

Do you have the menu in

Could I have some dressing,

Do you have a high chair for young children, please?

please? •

Could we have some more

for six. English/German/French ...,

Could we have a table over

Paying

please.

please?

Is service included?

Could you pass me the salt,

No, please. This is on me.

please?

(When you wish to pay for

That was delicious. My

everyone.)

compliments to the chef.

there, please? •

I'm sorry but I asked for a table by the window.

Could we have an extra chair, please?

Dialogue Mr and Mrs Smith are out celebrating their wedding anniversary. It's 8pm. Mr Smith (Jack) and Mrs Smith (Jill) are celebrating their 10th wedding anniversary. They have just arrived at the restaurant. Mr Smith:

Well here we are. What do you think?

Mrs Smith:

It's lovely Jack. Are you sure we can afford it?

Mr Smith:

Well I may have to do some washing up, but you're worth it. The waiter arrives.

Waiter:

Good evening sir, madame.

Mr Smith:

Good evening. We have a reservation for a table for two in the name of Smith.

Waiter:

Yes sir. May I take your coats? Waiter takes their coats and hangs them up.

Mr & Mrs Smith:

Thank you.

Waiter:

Your welcome. Would you like to come to the table or would you prefer to order in the bar?

Mr Smith:

I wouldn't mind an aperitif. We'll order in the bar.

Waiter:

Please follow me, I'll bring you the menu in a moment.


Mr & Mrs Smith order their drinks at the bar and sit down to look at the menu. Mrs Smith:

Oh dear Jack, it's all in French!

Mr Smith: Well that's what we're paying for. Don't worry I've got an idea. Waiter:

Are you ready to order sir?

Mr Smith: Not really. Could you recommend something. Waiter:

Certainly sir. The fresh lobster is particularly good this evening, and for starters may I recommend a light consomme?

Mr Smith: Sounds lovely, what do you think dear? Mrs Smith: Waiter:

Oh yes, I love lobster. So, that's two consomme and two lobsters. Would you like to look at the wine menu?

Mr Smith: Why don't you bring us what you think will go best. Nothing too expensive though. Waiter:

No problem sir. I'll call you as soon as your table is ready. The waiter walks away.

Mrs Smith:

You are clever Jack, but what about dessert.

Mr Smith: Don't worry, they bring round a sweet trolley, so we just point at what we fancy!

A while later Mr & Mrs Smith have finished eating and are drinking their coffee. Waiter: Mr & Mrs Smith Mr Smith:

Was everything to your satisfaction? Yes, lovely thank you. The whole meal was delicious, our compliments to the chef. Unfortunately we have to be back for the baby-sitter so could we pay now?

Waiter:

Certainly sir, I'll bring you the bill. Would you like me to order you a taxi.

Mr Smith:

Yes that would be great, thank you.

Mrs Smith:

What a nice man, we must leave him a good tip.

Mr Smith:

Yes of course.


At the restaurant 1) The waiter

What can I do for you? Can I help you? Can I take your coat? Have you booked a table? How many are you? Would you follow me, please? Can I take your order, sir/madam? What would you like to start with? What would you like to drink? What would you like for dessert? How would you like your steak? (rare, medium, well done) Do you want a salad with it? What kind of dressing? Anything to drink? Do you want a dessert? The burgers are very good. Sorry, the hamburgers are off. Is everything all right? Did you enjoy your meal? Are you paying together? May I show you to a table? If you wait, there'll be a table for you free in a minute. Do you want vegetables with it? Why don't you try the pizza? It'll take about 20 minutes.

2) The guest

A table for two, please. May we sit at this table? The menu, please. What's on the menu? Do you want fish? What's Irish Stew like? We're not ready yet. The steak for me, please. Can you bring me the ketchup, please? A salad, please. I'll have the same. That's all, thank you. Can I have the bill (AE: check), please? This is on me. Here you are. The rest is for you. Have you got wine by the glass? I'd prefer red wine. Please bring us another beer. Could I have chips (AE: French Fries) instead of salad? What can you recommend? Please bring me the bill (AE: check) with my coffee. I think you've made a mistake.

References: http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/words/restaurant.htm http://www.aprende-gratis.com/ingles/curso.php?lec=adjetivos-posesivos

dto_apoyo_elementary_semana_6  

dto_apoyo_elementary_semana_6

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you