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INTITUTO TECNOLOGICO Y DE ESTUDIOS SUPERIORES DE MONTERREY/ ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ADVANCED STUDIO FALL 2012 CENTER FOR RIVER CULTURE PROF. KARLA SIERRALTA ADVANCED STUDIO SPRING 2013 TRIPLE ZERO HIGH RISE PROF. WERNER SOBEK & ASSOCIATES PROYECTOS V PROYECTO PARAMETRICO PROF. MARCELO SEPULVEDA

portAfolio ALEJANDRO VILLARREAL


IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

Illinois Institute of Technology College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 Center for River Culture Student: ALEJANDRO VILLARREAL Professor: Karla Sierralta

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

CENTER FOR RIVER CULTURE

IIT ADVANCED STUDIO - FALL 2012 PROF. KARLA SIERRALTA The Chicago River has a remarkable importance that the city hasn’t taken its full advantage, it flows accross the center of the city connecting the Michigan Lake with the city and flowing into other important surroundings. Making the river usefull for transportation or recreational activities. The problem is that it is barely used because the are no easy and accessible area to jump into the river. Another problem is that some decades ago the water was very contaminated by the city causing seekness and death to the people. What this project tends to do, is to create a public cultural center of the river, where people can access the river, do reacreatinal activites, learn more about the river’s history, or about its modern treatments that are being used to maintain the river and most importantly change the culture that people have about the river. This projects creates a magnificent access to the river in one of the main streets of the city. Its program is compoesed of: Multi-use spaces Classrooms Offices Art gallery Restaurant & Cafe Green areas Kayak rentals

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

N City Front Plaza Dr

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

N St Clair St

site plan

N Colombus Dr

N Mich

igan

Ave

E North Water St

E Wa

ker Dr

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

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DESIGN PROCESS

PRIVATE

EMBRACE THE RIVER TROUGH THE OPEN VIEWS AND ORIENTATION OF BUILDINGS

CONECTION BETWEEN CITY AND RIVER

PUBLIC TOPOGRAPHY TOWARDS THE RIVER

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Design Concept First Stage

IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

STAGE 1

Project is focused on creating interesting views to the river A filtered transicion is created by the views and the walkways between the city towards the river.

Design Concept Second Stage STAGE 2 Based on the most important views, mases were established to create the building and divide between inner and outter spaces

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STAGE 3

An element between the the existing masses is created so there would be a conexion and also to emphasise the most important views.

STAGE 4 An open sapce ramp brings people from the city level into de river level across the main view towards the river

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

LEVEL -2

LEVEL -1

m sroo

Clas

Temporary Gallery

p sho Book

Kitchent

ak Kay

Offi

ce

Exterior Multispace

Restaurant

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STREET LEVEL Workers & Volunteer Areaa

Offices

Reception Entrance Offices

Copy Room Directors Office

Main Gallery

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

LEVEL 1

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

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North Elevation

South Elevation

West Elevation

East Elevation


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Critical Detail

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

Section B’

Section A’ PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

Conceptual MODELS AND SCALE MODELS

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

Triple Zero High rise

IIT ADVANCED STUDIO - spring 2013

PROF. dr.- ing. dr. hc werner sobek Prof. dr. timo smith prof. dr. kerstin puller prof. Francisco gonzalez/jahn

Werner Sobek Studio is all about high tech sky scrapers. From this comes the name for the studio, Triple Zero High Rise. The design concept is based on creating a multi use skyscraper with integrated desing and technology to achieve a complete sustainable building. To achieve this the building must have a simple yet elegant strucutre composed of steel and concrete that reduces material utility and fabrication process. Then facade systems are used to improve the performance of the building, for example, double facade systems, and high tech glazings are used to control the temperature of the building by reducing sun’s radiation inside the builing but getting natural sun light into it. Also natural ventilation is very important to achieve the sustainability of the building by designing controled opening and closing facade elements along the building which react to the whether. The desing concept comes from rotating simple squared geometries in the horizontal plane every certain distance, creating these triangular elements in the facade which produces that building has views to every angle in the city and crossing ventilation for every apartment.

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CONCEPT OF DESIGN

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WINDS LAODS

SOUTH ELEVATION

SOUTH EAST ELEVATION

VIEWS

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

Floor plans

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Section

- Vertical circulations. - Wind flows into and out side the buidling. - Sun rays during summer and winter. - Slabs change every floor as they adapt to the facade angle and orientation.

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

Structure THE STRUCTURE OF THE BUILDING IS COMPOSED OF REINFORCED CONCRETE SLABS WHICH ARE A TOTAL OF 60 SLABS OF 2,185 M2 EACH AND A TOTAL OF THE BUILDING OF 130,00 M2. THERE ARE 16 COLUMNS ORGANIZED IN A OCTAGONAL PERIMETER WHICH ARE ALGO OF CONCRETE THE OUTTER STRUCTURE IS ALSO PART OF THE OF THE BUILDING STRUCTURE WHICH IS MADE OUT STEEL BEAMS FILLED WITH CONCRETE. SO IT PERFORMES WELL IN TENSION AND COMPRESION AND IS FIRE RESISTANT

OVERALL IMAGE OF THE SLABS OF THE BUILING

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SAME SITUATION BUT SEEN FROM A 45 ` ANGLE COMPARED TO THE LAS ONEAZ


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Structure

OUTTER STRUCTURAL ELEMENT DETAIL

EXTERIOR STRUCTURE: GENERATEDS THE OVERALL DESING OF THE BUILDING CREATING TRIANGLES FACING UP, DOWN, NE, NW, SE,SW FOR SEVERAL PURPOSES LIKE GATHERLING LIGHT, CREATING VIEWS, OPENING EXTERIOR SPACES INSIDE THE BUILDING. CORE: APROX 25% OF THE BUILDING FLOOR PLANS CONSISTS OF 6 PASSANGER ELEVATORS, 1 FREIGHT ELEVATOR AND 1 FIREMAN ELEVATOR. 2 EMERGENCY STAIRS. AREA 240 M2 COLUMNS: 16 STRUCTURAL COLUMNS PLACED ON THE CORNERS OF AN OCTOGONAL FIGURE. THEY ESTABLISH THE LIMITS BETWEEN INTERIOR EN EXTERIOR AREAS ACROSS THE BUILDING. 8 M OF SEPARATION. SLABS: THERE ARE 9 DIFFERENT TYPES OF SLABS. DEPENDING ON THE ALTITUTE IN BETWEEN THE TRIANGLES, THE SLABS CHANGE THEIR FORM CREATING INTERIOR AND EXTERIOR SPACES AND DIFFERENT ANGLES OF VIEWS TO THE CITY, GROUND AND SKY. FACADE: INTEGRATED SYSTEM OF OPENNING AND CLOSING VOIDS TO CONTROLS VENTILATION AND ILLUMINATION DEPENDING ON THE WEATHER. PHOTOVOLATIC CELLS INTEGRATED TO GENERATE POWER. DOUBLE FACADE FOR THERMAL CONTROL AND STABILITY. 25


IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

Facade construction detail

PHOTOVOLATIC CELLS FACING DIRECTLY TO THE SUN GENERATING 120 % OF POWER IN THE PANELS THERY ARE APPLIED ON THE FACADES FACING UPWARDS AND ATTACHED TO THE PANEL THE OPEN AND CLOSE

EXTERIOR FACADE IS A GLASS FACADE COMPOSED BY SEVERAL LAYERS ON THE FOLLOWINF ORDEN - BRACKETS - GLAZING -TENSION CABLES - MECHANISM FOR OPENING AND CLOSING THE VENTILATON - CABLE TRUSSES FOR SUPPORT AGAINST THE WIND LOADS. 26


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Construction details

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

Details section

INTELLIGENT FACADES COMPOSED OF A DOUBLE GLAZZING IN THE INTERIOR FACADE THE OUTTER FACADE IS COMPOSED OF A LAMINATED GLAZING TO CONTROL THE AMOUNT OF LIGHT AND EMISSIVITY THAT GO INTO THE BUILDINGA S WELL AS THE VENTILATION

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Floor plans

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

TRIPLE ZERO HIGH RISE 4EIGHT BUILDING ALEJANDRO VILLARREAL

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

PROYECTO TRES

ITESM PROYECTOS V PARAMETRICO ENE - MAY 2012

PROF. ARq. MARCELO SEPULVEDA ALEJANDRO VILLARRAL MELISSA OCHOA

Diseño paramétrico es la abstracción de una idea o concepto, relacionado con los procesos geométricos y matemáticos, que nos permiten manipular con mayor precisión nuestro diseño para llegar a resultados óptimos. El viento de la zona de Valle Oriente es lo Diseño paramétrico es la abstracción de una idea o concepto, relacionado con los procesos geométricos y matemáticos, que nos permiten manipular con mayor precisión nuestro diseño para llegar a resultados óptimos. El viento de la zona de Valle Oriente es lo que define el diseño de Proyecto tres. Este diseño paramétrico se obtuvo realizando estudios con herramientas tecnológicas para analizar las corrientes de viento de la zona. Viendo como se comportan, de que dirección vienen y observando como interactúan con los diferentes obstáculos de la zona, El resultado es una geometría que se adapta a las corrientes de aire que se forman en esta zona donde se ubica Proyecto Tres. Es un conjunto de espacios residenciales, oficinas, parques, centros comerciales, todo unido formando una pequeña ciudad. La ventajas de un proyecto de este tipo, es que reducen la necesidad de utilizar automóviles, sino que esta adaptado para que todo sea peatonal, y se obtienen gran parte de las necesidades que ocupa una persona para evitar tener que salir de este conjunto. Es un proyecto que crea una comunidad.

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VIENTOS DOMINANTES

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PRIMER PASO Analizar los vientos en Monterrey para empezar el proceso del dise単o, utiliziamos informacion grafica que nos muestra que los vientos dominantes en Monterrey provienen del Noroeste.

SEGUNDO PASO Analizar los vientos dominantes que afectan directamente en la zona de Valle Oriente. Utilizando la herrmaienta de Ecotec.

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

Vientos dominantes

TERCER PASO Las corrientes de viento actuan de diferente manera dependiendo a la altura en la que se realize el analizis. Para esto modelamos todos los obstaculos que pudieran afectar a las corrientes de viento, las monta単as y edificios de tama単o significante. Y de esta manera observamos como el varia el comportamiento del viento.

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Resultados del analizis

Nivel 2 20 m 37


IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

Esquema de generaciones

20 mts 40 mts 60 mts 80 mts 100 mts 120 mts

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Maqueta conceptual

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

Reticula modular Reticula utilizada para modular los espacios del terreno. En base a esta reticula y los resultados del analizis del viento se comenzo a desarrollar el proyecto con su geometria final.

TERMINANTE

Unidad modular de 2 niveles para uso habitacional, comercial o de oficina. Los modulos se van ubicando en diferentes puntos de la reticula respetando el concepto del dise単o para que en conjunto formen la estructura del edificio.

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Maqueta conceptual

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

Circulacion vertical

Circulacion Vertical

Modulo 220 m2 por nivel 42


PROGRAMA

programático

NAME OF SECTION

Vivienda Comercio Circulación Oficinas Recorrido

Comercio - módulos = 328,050 m2.

Vivienda 186,000 m2

Comercio 330,000 m2

Oficinas 110,000 m2

Recorrido de area publica 37,000 m2 43


IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

PLanta de conjunto

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

Maqueta conceptual

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IIT College of Architecture Advanced Studio Fall 2012 : Center for River Culture

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ALEJANDRO VILLARREAL 49


Portafolio Alejandro Villarreal