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and respect the importance of difference, and are willing and able to communicate..

Basic Principles for Working with a Folktale

In this manual you will find different ways of using storytelling, but first we will give you a short course:

There are some basic principles when you start working with a folktale:

A Little Course

Example of a Story: a Traditional Folktale from Norway “The Monkey who Settled in” A stranger, a monkey, was travelling and she came across a place which was so beautiful that she decided to build somewhere to live there. She worked hard climbed up the rocks and rolled back stones and in this way built herself a house. Then she went off and bought a goat that she slaughtered. She hung up the meat to dry. A fox was sitting some distance away and had seen it all and now he thought it was time to welcome her. He went to the house, knocked nicely on the door. “Welcome,” said the monkey. He went in and said, “Good day.” He looked around and said, “How pleasant it is here. What beautiful children you have. And how nice you are! This is going to be a good home.” “You think so? My good friend, Mikkel! “, said the monkey. She went out and cut a leg of the meat, which she gave to the fox. The fox went to the forest and sat down to eat the meat. Then a bear came by. “Where did you get that meat?” the bear wanted to know. “I got it from our new neighbour, the monkey.» said the fox. “Then I will set off to get me some meat too”; said the bear. “It is important that you hide the truth and only tell lies, “said the fox. The first thing the bear did when he arrived the house was to smash the door. He went in, growled and said. “Ugh, How horrible it is here. How ugly you are and what nasty children you have. No, this is not a good place to be,” The monkey was so angry that she jumped on him and scratched and beat him. The bear had to run away. 28

1. Choose a story you want to tell. It may be that there are elements in the story you will recognise from your own life or which have some meaning in relation to your own views on topics such as social issues. 2. Use your own dialect when you tell a story. A story is perceived as ”authentic” when the storyteller has a distinct identity in the story; our language is about identity. 3. If you forget something, this is natural. Do not get obsessed with what you have forgotten; it is what you remember that is significant. 4. Practise. Tell the story out loud to yourself so that you get used to hearing your own voice. First, read through the story a few times. Then put the text away and tell the story a few times on the basis of what you remember. Once this is done you can look through the written story one more time in case there are some essential elements you have forgotten. It is important that you do not begin to memorise the story. You can then draw the action, as in a comic strip. The way in which you will remember the story is through the ability to create images. It is also this which makes the story come alive. So now practice seeing the story as a movie in your mind’s eye; it may help you if you imagine one dominant colour controlling the images- a colour that recurs constantly in the various scenes of the story. The last thing to do is to tell the story over and over again, usually while doing something else like housework or while going for a walk. You then need to tell the story to someone else, someone you live with, your children, or a friend. It is important to

TALES manual - English version  
TALES manual - English version