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Alabama

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FORESTS IN THIS ISSUE:

Gillenwaters Is Logger of the Year CEO Roundtable at AFA Annual Meeting Tree Farm says “Thank You” to Chris Erwin


Contents Alabama Forestry Association, Inc. CHRIS ISAACSON, Executive Vice President OFFICERS FRED T. STIMPSON, Mobile, Chairman JEFFERY P. LEDBETTER, Andalusia, President BARRETT B. MCCALL, Mobile, Secretary BEN SMITH, Phenix City, President-elect GRAY SKIPPER, Fulton, Treasurer DISTRICT DIRECTORS Black Belt District WENDELL LINDSEY, Demopolis Capital District CLARK SAHLIE, Montgomery Delta District FRANK MOZINGO, Toxey Longleaf District TRIPP WINTERS, Chapman Mountain District TODD LANGSTON, Stevenson Piedmont District MARK TUGGLE, Alexander City Valley District STEPHAN TOMLINSON, Tuscumbia Vulcan District VAUGHN STOUGH, Tuscumbia Warrior District GEE ALLGOOD, McShan Wiregrass District EARL KETCHUM, JR., Clayton ALABAMA LOGGERS COUNCIL CHRIS POTTS, LaFayette FORESTFUND STEEN TRAYLOR, Selma AT LARGE DIRECTORS PAUL LOHMAN, Prattville HANK BAUER, Perdue Hill RICK COZINE, Columbus, Georgia PAT HOLLEY, Millport JIM KING, JR., Tuscaloosa MASON MCGOWIN, JR., Chapman JOE W. MCNEEL III, Montrose VIRGINIA MACPHERSON, Fulton DR. JAMES P. SHEPARD, AUBURN TOM BRADLEY III, Mobile ALABAMA FORESTS EDITOR SAM DUVALL Alabama Forests (USPS #025-358) is an official publication of the Alabama Forestry Association, 555 Alabama Street, Montgomery, AL 36104-4359 and is published five times a year. The AFA reserves the exclusive right to accept or reject advertising or editorial material submitted for publication. Advertising rates quoted upon request. Periodicals postage paid at Montgomery, Ala. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Alabama Forestry Association, 555 Alabama St., Montgomery, AL 36104-4395.

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Alabama

FORESTS Communicating news and information of, about, and for the Alabama forestry community.

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FEATURES Logger of the Year: Wayne Gillenwaters

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AFA Annual Meeting CEO Roundtable

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The Saw Shop

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AFA 2013 Annual Meeting Highlights

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Especially for our tree farmers/landowners: Green Horizons

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DEPARTMENTS From the Executive Vice President

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Contributors

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Dean’s Notebook

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Log A Load

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Forestry News & Views

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Wildlife & Outdoors

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Cover photo

ADVERTISERS Index to Advertisers

Come explore our web site! alaforestry.org

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Due to decreased daylight, the green leaves of summer slowly give way to allow other colors already present in the leaves to emerge, signaling the radiant beauty of FALL. Photo by Reid Duvall

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From Executive Vice President

Is this the Beginning of the End?

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y now, you have no doubt heard of the announced closure of International Paper’s Courtland mill. In the wake of the announcement I received a call from a reporter seeking my comments. Among other questions, he asked me “Is this the beginning of the end of the forest industry in Alabama? My impolitic response was ‘Not just no but heck no!’ ” Rather than mumbling something about how ill informed he was and hanging up on the poor guy I tried to provide some context for him to better understand what is really happening. While this is common knowledge for most of you, it is helpful — even encouraging to think through the diversity of forest products produced in Alabama and the resilience of the industry that results from that diversity. First, there is no sugarcoating the negative impact that the closure of the Courtland mill will have on northwest Alabama communities and on members of the forestry community that depend on the jobs and markets created by the mill. More than 1,100 employees will lose their jobs and an estimated 4,000+ indirect jobs will be affected. To understand the impact of this closure, however, let’s consider the context. The forest industry in Alabama is comprised of several sectors of which pulp and paper is an important one, but by no

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means the only one. The Alabama Department of Commerce list of New and Expanding Wood Product Industry Announcements in 2012, lists 31 projects with a total investment of $303 million that will create 1,235 jobs. Even within the pulp and paper sector there are different segments based on the type and grade of paper produced and each of these segments has its own set of market dynamics driving it. For example, newsprint demand has fallen precipitously over the last decade with the result that two Alabama mills discontinued producing newsprint. Courtland is a white paper mill. Newsprint and white paper share a common enemy — electronic substitution. For white-paper producers, online magazines and newsletters, “paper-less” billing and online transactions have significantly reduced demand. Following is a relevant quote from the Wall Street Journal article: “Everyone else has already done something, so it made sense for IP” to close a mill, said Chip Dillon, a paperindustry analyst for Vertical Research Partners. “They’re the only one who hadn’t shut capacity.” Mr. Dillon said the decline in white-paper demand has moderated this year, suggesting a bottoming out. After a 5% decline in 2012, consumption of white paper in the U.S. is off less than 3% since the

start of the year. With that said, companies in the newsprint or white paper business are constantly challenged to remain low-cost producers in a shrinking market. The good news is that most Alabama mills are in the containerboard segment which is experiencing a growth in demand and, while there are opportunities for substitution of other packaging materials (plastics) for some products, boxes and cartons remain the packaging material of choice. In addition, we have several mills in the tissue business and demand for those products is growing. I have yet to see anyone suggest we use plastic toilet “paper”!! When you look at the sector for solid wood products, you also find improving markets. Following shutdowns and production curtailments of lumber and wood panel plants in recent years, we are now seeing mills reopen (LP’s Thomasville OSB mill and Weyerhaeuser’s Evergreen engineered lumber plant) and operating rates increase at most of the other mills. In the wood-energy sector, we are seeing start-ups of new operations (Westervelt Renewable Energy’s pellet mill in Aliceville). We are also seeing a dramatic increase in pelletproducing companies looking for sites as the east coast of the US is becoming saturated with facilities. So let’s return to the origi-

Chris Isaacson

nal question, “Is this the beginning of the end of the forest industry in Alabama?” My answer is still “NO!” Rather than a sign of a dying industry, I believe this is a sign of transformation. As markets change, each sector that makes up Alabama’s vibrant forest industry will have to change with them. As demand for products increase, the forestry community will benefit. As demand falls, companies in those sectors will have to adjust, and, yes, that may mean closing an operation. The greatest advantage that we enjoy in Alabama in the midst of these constant changes is our tremendous forest resource. I am convinced that no matter how much market demands change, someone will find a way to use the abundant raw material that comes from our state’s forests and the state of Alabama will continue to benefit from the economic contribution of our resilient forest industry. ▲ 3


© 2013 Alabama Power Company

ELECTRICAL SAFETY TIP No.33

JANUARY IS ELECTRICAL SAFETY MONTH. AS IS FEBRUARY, MARCH, APRIL, MAY, JUNE, JULY, AUGUST, SEPTEMBER, OCTOBER, NOVEMBER, AND DECEMBER.

By Kenneth Hicks Alabama Power Lineman

Never let your guard down when dealing with electricity. That’s the advice given to every lineman who works at Alabama Power. It’s also the advice we give our customers. Here are a few “must-know” tips to help keep you and your family safe. You may have heard a few of these before, but it can’t hurt to hear them again. 1. Stay away from downed power lines. Don’t drive over one. And remember, it’s not just the power line that may be electrified, but the ground surrounding the line, as well.

6. Watch where you’re placing that ladder. Do not let it touch any electrical wires.

3. Call 811 before you dig.

7. Don’t overload outlets. We’ve got more gadgets to plug in these days than ever before. That doesn’t mean an outlet can handle them all. Overloaded circuits cause an estimated 5300 fires a year.

4. Install Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter outlets in your kitchen and bathrooms.

8. Don’t touch a damaged electrical cord or one showing bare wire.

5. If something that’s plugged in falls into a sink full of water, DON’T reach in to get it. Don’t even unplug it until after you’ve cut the power off at the circuit breaker.

9. Don’t run an electrical cord under a rug. Don’t staple or nail electrical cords.

2. If a power line is touching your car, stay inside the vehicle and call 911.

10. If you’ve got kids, cover your unused electrical outlets with plastic safety covers.

For more electrical safety tips, visit AlabamaPower.com/safety.

How do you know if your Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter is protecting you and your family? It’s easy. Press the “test” button on the outlet. Whatever is plugged into that outlet should turn off immediately.

If it does, you’re in good shape and can press the “reset” button to restore normal operation. If nothing happens, you’ve got a problem. See our website or call us for advice on what to do in such a situation.

In an emergency call:

1-800-888-APCO (2726)


Contributors Ray Clifton

Jeff L. Makemson

Ray Clifton joined the AFA staff in 2011 after 22 year in private industrial forestry. He has spent the last several years as a rural land broker and private forestry consultant. Ray holds a BS in forest management from Auburn University and an MS in forestry from Louisiana State University.

Jeff Makemson is a certified wildlife biologist who has worked at the Alabama Department of Conservation & Natural Resources for almost 20 years. He received his BS in wildlife sciences from Auburn University in 1989. In his spare time, Jeff likes to hunt, fish, and spend time with his family.

Jessica Nelson

Chris Cook Chris Cook received a BS and a MS in wildlife science from Auburn University. He began work with the Alabama Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries (WFF) in 1993 as an area biologist at Wolf Creek WMA in Walker and Fayette counties. In 1995, Cook transferred to Demopolis to begin work as a technical assistance biologist. He provides technical assistance on wildlife management to cooperators enrolled in the Deer Management Assistance Program, as well as other landowners and hunting clubs throughout Alabama. Chris also serves as the Deer Studies Project Leader for WFF.

Mark Junkins Mark Junkins served as vice president and sales manager for McShan Lumber Company for many years. He received his BS degree in agriculture from Mississippi State University and a graduate of the Naval War College, Surface Warfare Officers School, and completed diving training at the Naval Diving and Salvage Training Center. Junkins was a retired captain from the Naval Reserve. EDITOR’S NOTE: Mark Junkins passed away before this issue was printed.

Jessica Nelson is a communications specialist at the Auburn University School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences and has worked in higher education communications for six years. She also has a family connection to the forestry industry and enjoys writing about science and the natural world.

Dr. Salem Saloom Salem Saloom is a medical doctor who owns and manages The Saloom Properties, LLC, a family-owned Tree Farm in Brewton, Alabama. Salem, his wife, Dianne, and son, Patrick, were named the National Outstanding Tree Farmers of the Year in 2010.

Bruce Todd Bruce W. Todd received his BS in biology from Lipscomb University in 1984 and a master’s in wildlife management from Tennessee Tech University in 1992. He has been with the Alabama Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries since 1993 and is currently assigned to Scotch Wildlife Management Area in Clarke County.

In Memoriam: Mark Junkins Steven “Mark” Junkins, 55, of McShan, Alabama, died October 2, 2013 of heart failure. Mark graduated from high school in 1976 from Pickens Academy. He received his bachelor’s degree in animal science from Mississippi State University in 1980. In 1981, Mark was commissioned into the US Navy through Officer Candidate School. He attended Navy dive school in Panama City Beach, Florida, and served on the USS Juneau and was on active duty for 6 years. Mark transferred to the Navy Reserves and served 19 years before retiring in 2006 as a Captain (O-6). During this time, Mark was also employed at the McShan Lumber Company for 27 years. He served as the vice president of sales and was known and respected worldwide in the lumber industry for his excellence.

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Mark is preceded in death by his brother Danny Shepherd. He is survived by: wife Phyllis Lyles Junkins; sons Travis Lyles Junkins (Kelly Jo) of Colorado and John Mark Junkins (Emily) of Hawaii; parents Clarence H. & Jeanette Junkins of Ethelsville, Alabama; brother Jody Junkins (Nancy) of Georgia; and 6 nieces and nephews. Pallbearers at his funeral were Dudley Reeves, Al Wise, Jason Barlow, Brian Reed, Tyler McShan, Hunter McShan, Grover Allgood, and Pat Ogletree. Honorary Pallbearers were employees of McShan Lumber Co. and associates in the lumber industry. Memorials can be made to Big Oak Ranch, P.O. Box 507, Springville, AL 35146 or the Mt. Vernon Church “Imagine” Fund, 200 Mt. Vernon Road, Columbus, MS 39702. PRESS ON!!

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Dean’s Notebook

AFA Sponsored Book to Be Used in New Course at AU

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r. Becky Barlow has begun teaching a new course titled “Forestry for Small Woodland Owners.” It’s a remake of a course in farm forestry formerly taught by Dr. Terry Davis. Since today most private woodland owners are not farmers, Dr. Barlow is broadening the class to appeal to any Auburn student with an interest in understanding the basics of managing forests, perhaps in the context of family forest ownership. It will also be targeted to agricultural education majors. The AFA-sponsored book Managing Forests on Private Land in Alabama and the Southeast will be the recommended textbook for the class. The Auburn Forestry Club held its 3rd annual Log-a-Load Archery Tournament in September and raised $4,300 for the Children’s Miracle Network, a new club record. The event was held at the Sportsman’s Paradise in Waverly and participants shot at 3-D targets from 24 stations in a course that went through the woods behind the store. Sponsors included Best Rental Corporation Southeast, Durham Woodlands LLC, Leonard Farms LLC, Mathews, the Shimunek Family, Sportsman’s Outpost, and Suggs Farm LLC. Fall enrollment for the school overall was about level

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compared with last fall, with undergraduate enrollment at 287 and graduate enrollment at 68. There was a slight decline in undergraduates and a 17% increase in graduate enrollment. Undergraduate majors with positive trends were the natural resources management degree and the wildlife pre-veterinary option. Forestry enrollment declined about 11% overall and this past summer we saw a substantial decline in new students at summer practicum at the Solon Dixon Forestry Education Center. Traditionally, most forestry students’ first entry to Auburn is from community college to the summer practicum. It is difficult to research why our intake from this source declined because it is hard to identify the students who choose not to come to Auburn. Dr. Todd Steury was recently awarded an $85,287 grant from the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources to study black bears in Alabama. The study will use hair snares at bait stations to collect tissue for DNA analysis to determine how many black bears live in southern Alabama near Mobile and also northeast Alabama. This will provide estimates of the bear population sizes and of their genetic diversity. Dr. Latif Kalin has been

selected to serve as a member of a science advisory board panel to conduct a technical review of a 2013 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency report, “Connectivity of Streams and Wetlands to Downstream Waters: A Review and Synthesis of the Scientific Evidence.” This report may inform new regulatory guid-

By Dean Jim Shepard Auburn University

Dr. Todd Steury was recently awarded a grant from the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources to study black bears in Alabama. ance on the extent of streams and wetlands subject to jurisdiction by the Clean Water Act. The panel members were selected from among hundreds of highly qualified nominees. Dr. Kalin has advanced degrees in civil engineering from Purdue University and his area of research in hydrological modeling is very applicable to the review. Nominations are sought for the Mosley Environmental Award for Achievements in Forestry, Wildlife and Related Resources. The Award seeks to identify outstanding voluntary efforts in forestry, wildlife, fisheries, soil, water, air, wildflowers, non-game wildlife, environmental education, con-

servation, and urban forestry. Help us find the “unsung heroes” of Alabama natural resource management. Winners of the Mosley Achievement Award receive a $500 cash prize, a certificate of recognition, and a framed limited-edition reproduction of an original forestry/wildlife painting. For additional information, see: http://www.aces.edu/forestry/ mosley/ or contact Mosley Professor, Dr. Ken McNabb, at mcnabb@auburn.edu or (334) 844-1044.▲

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A L A B A M A ’ S

L O G G E R

O F

T H E

Y E A R

Wayne Gillenwaters By Ray Clifton

There is no simple way to adequately describe the work that an Alabama logger does on a day-to-day basis.

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ny logger will tell you that the job is demanding— hard on the body as well as the mind. It is back-breaking, stressful work that can wear out machines (and sometimes men) in a matter of just a few years. The profession is difficult because each job has so many variables. First is the amazing diversity of Alabama’s forests: from the steep hardwood mountainsides in the north to the swampland river bottoms in the south—with a little bit of everything in between. Variety is a blessing but also a challenge. Alabama loggers must operate profitably in so many environments: pine plantations, mixed pine-hardwood natural stands, young stands, and mature stands—all with a myriad of management regimes. Also consider that this vast forest is 90% privately-owned in parcels ranging from a few to several thousand acres. The variables are a matrix of landscapes, markets, and ownerships. And then there is Alabama weather: scorching heat, freezing cold, drought, and flooding rain—sometimes all in the same day. A fortunate few specialize and spend most of a career doing one thing well—thinning pine plantations, for example. Others must be generalists. Because of the variables, they are forced to do it all. These loggers have to be really good to be successful. Wayne Gillenwaters is one of the latter. Gillenwaters Logging, Inc. does it all, through good times and bad. Wayne is quick say “logging is hard work.” But visit his job and listen to the story of his 34-year-career and you quickly see that it has also taken some serious “smarts” along with that hard 8

work to establish and maintain a successful business. Versatility, determination, and the ability to make adjustments “on-the-fly” are some of the qualities of a successful man and his business. It is for his continuing success that Wayne Gillenwaters and Gillenwaters Logging, Inc. is the 2013 Alabama Outstanding Logger of the Year.

Humble Beginnings Wayne is a first-generation logger. He grew up in the little Chambers County community of Marcoot and attended the old Chambers County High School at Milltown. After graduation, he took a job at East Alabama Lumber Company in Lafayette. Those were the days (late 1970’s) when short-pulpwood was king in east Alabama. Shortwood yards were plentiful, and Wayne spent his off-time from the sawmill doing what a lot of other men did in that era—part-time logging to make extra money. At age 19, he bought an old shortwood truck and began cutting a load of pulpwood after work each day. This original truck required each five-foot piece to be manually loaded onto the back rack of the little truck. Wayne’s career changed when he was introduced to Jack Langley, a shortwood dealer in Lafayette who recognized Wayne’s work ethic and helped him purchase his first “modern” truck—one equipped with a “big stick” loader that allowed the wood to be lifted and loaded with a boom and cable. Faster loading meant more loads. Wayne soon decided to leave sawmill wages behind for the life of a full-time logger. A L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3


By the early 1980’s shortwood yards started disappearing as pulp mills converted to receive tree-length logs. Wayne adjusted, purchasing modern equipment and continuing his partnership with Langley as “G & L Logging” for a number of years thereafter. As the timber market grew, so did opportunity. In 1985, Wayne and his wife Sandra decided to form their own company, and Gillenwaters Logging, Inc. was born. Wayne continued to haul through the J.T. Langley Wood Company until 1997, when he began contracting with Auburn Timberlands, Inc. (ATI). ATI purchases standing timber mostly from small private landowners in east Alabama and west Georgia, an arrangement that has required Gillenwaters Logging to be able to harvest all types of timber—from first-thinning planted pines in the uplands to harvesting grade hardwood logs in the Big Swamp area in north Macon County.

The two crew arrangement has increased overall production the last few months, even with the unusually wet summer. Actually, the change has been a blessing—since the two crews are often separated by miles, one can often work if the other is rained-out. Each is similarly equipped. One has a Cat 563C Harvester, while the other runs an older Tigercat 724E. Both run Cat 525C grapple skidders and Tigercat loaders. All of the equipment is well-maintained. In addition to daily maintenance, the machines are serviced on a 500 hour schedule recommended by CAT. Maintenance is performed on-site by Gillenwaters Logging via well-equipped service trucks. Timber utilization standards are excellent. The company has made as many as 15 product separations, but typically makes eight: pine pulpwood, hardwood pulpwood, pine chip-n-saw, pine sawtimber, pine veneer logs, grade hardwood logs,

tracts for each of the two crews. Each job is managed via written contracts negotiated between the landowner, ATI, and Gillenwaters Logging. Harvesting sites include Tree Farms, National Forest, State Lands, industrial ownerships, and hundreds of small private tracts. None of this could be accomplished without good workers. Gillenwaters quickly acknowledges that he is fortunate to have men committed to continuous improvements in productivity. Their commitment is rewarded biannually with a safety and productivity bonus.

Trucking Is Critical One of the biggest challenges in logging today is trucking and this is a component in which the company truly excels. Gillenwaters Logging operates four overthe road trucks that keeps wood moving from both crews. Loads are “set-out” on a fleet of 12 Pitts trailers, so drivers never lose critical haul time by waiting for a

Gillenwaters Logging Today This versatility has been crucial to Wayne’s success. He has reconfigured his operation many times to adapt to market conditions and timber availability. For many years he operated a single high-production crew, thinning and clear-cutting with an equipment spread that included one felling machine, two skidders, and two loaders; producing 14 to 18 loads of timber per day. Current market conditions (fewer log markets and large tracts for sale) prompted a move to a split crew several months ago. Both crews can thin or clearcut in a move has worked well for the company so far. Many loggers have attempted this with limited success. The arrangement often fails for want of a competent foreman to run the second crew. Wayne is quick to say that “good woods help is hard to find,” but is fortunate to have Jason “Jaybird” Smith to fill the critical role of foreman on the second crew. While relatively young, Smith has been logging since age 19 and has the vision and skill to push the second crew to its productive potential. A L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3

Wayne Gillenwaters is not afraid to get his hands dirty to keep his machines running. hardwood veneer logs, and tree-length hardwood sawtimber. Markets are directed by the timber owner (ATI) and are scattered across central Alabama and west Georgia. They include International Paper, MeadWestvaco, Resolute, Georgia-Pacific, Kronospan, West Fraser, and Central Alabama Wood Products. Production averages 10-12 loads per day on thinning jobs and as much as 15 loads per day on clear-cut

load at the landing. This emphasis on quality trucking is evidenced by Wayne’s investment: three of the four Kenworth tractors are less than a year old. Coupled with several lightweight trailers, Gillenwaters discovered that both payload and fuel economy have increased, a key to continued profitability in an economy in which fuel prices have squeezed many loggers out-of-business. 9


W a y n e G i l l e n w a t e r s , L o g g e r o f t h e Ye a r

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Quality trucks, first-class maintenance, and safe drivers (the four have a combined 41 years of experience) are all integral components of the business. The trucking crew is anchored by James “Scooter” Pattillo, Wayne’s brother-in-law, who has delivered loads safely for 25 years. He and the other drivers (Scott Martin, John Gardner, and Andy Sprayberry) have logged millions of miles without an accident. Their spotless record of truck inspections and no tickets are a testimony to excellence in timber hauling.

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Quality in the Woods

1 Gillenwaters has a bulldozer he uses to build and maintain roads and a tractor with a sweeper on the front to clean up the roads when excessive mud causes the trucks to bring mud out of the forest. 2 Gillenwaters Cat cutter cuts across the log deck. 3 One of two Tigercat loaders on Gillenwaters logging site in Talladega County.

GILLENWATERS CREWS 5 Crew 1 and their length of service, left to right, Shawn Tolbert (3 years), Craig Pattillo (1 year), Pete Crayton (1 year) and Wayne Gillenwaters. 6 Crew 2, left to right, Jason “Jaybird” Smith (5 years), Randall Johnson (2 years), Joey Gillenwaters, (1 year), and A.J. Baldwin (1 year). 5

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Smaller tract sizes means more landowners have to be kept satisfied, so Gillenwaters must provide a “first-rate” job everywhere he cuts. Wayne is well-versed in Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) standards and requirements and both crews operate with a commitment to land stewardship that ensures the productive capacity will remain intact for future generations. Wayne plans and manages all stewardship practices on each property. A 2003 CAT dozer is available for pre- and postharvest activity. Roads are built and retired as necessary to fulfill Alabama’s best management practice (BMP) standards (water bars, turn-outs, broad-based dips, etc.). Special consideration is given to stream crossings—Gillenwaters owns a “portable bridge” that he uses to cross streams in compliance with Federal and State water quality standards. Landings and ramps are retired in accordance with

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the landowner’s wishes, with tops and debris piled or scattered as dictated. Trash is picked up daily because Gillenwaters recognizes the key role that aesthetics play in landowner satisfaction. This commitment is evidenced by the fact that there has never been a BMP complaint filed against the company. The quality of the work is exemplary— so much so that the Auburn University School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences has brought students from “Harvesting” class to Gillenwaters Logging jobs annually for many years.

The Gillenwaters family, left to right back row, Wayne Gillenwaters, Stephen Sheppard, Joey Gillenwaters, Melissa Gillenwaters, second row, Sandra Gillenwaters, Blake Sheppard, (center) Beth G. Sheppard, Shelly Keebler, Lizzie Keebler, (front center) Drew Sheppard and Layla Keebler (standing beside Beth and Drew).

Safety Is a Priority Gillenwaters Logging has an outstanding safety record with no major in-woods or over-the-road accidents. This achievement includes eight in-woods employees and four company truck drivers representing thousands of man-hours with no recordable accidents. Gillenwaters leads by example. His men wear personal protective equipment and follow logging safety standards and practices as required by OSHA and attend monthly safety meetings. He further monitors his employees and discusses unsafe acts or conditions as they occur. Gillenwaters also credits semi-annual “loss control” audits by his insurance company as a valuable tool in the overall success of his safety program. Both crews use “Trucks Entering Road” signs at job sites to warn passing motorists. Crushed stone is used on tract entrances when wet-weather dictates, and both crews have access to a farm tractor with a “sweeper” brush for rare occasions when mud is tracked onto public roadways. This attention to detail demonstrates the company’s commitment to safety and enables good relationships with county officials, while recognizing the need to be attentive to the public’s perception of logging.

ing and paperwork, ensuring that recordkeeping and compliance issues are up-todate. In addition to Wayne and Sandra, son Joey joined the company a little over a year ago and is learning the business as a skidder operator. Wayne and Sandra also have two adult daughters, Beth and Melissa, and five grandchildren, ages 2, 6, 13, and 11-year old twins. Sandra is proud of the success their efforts have achieved, but sometimes laments Wayne’s very hard work over the years to keep the business viable. His many hours are a sacrifice that both she and their children understand—missed ball games, school events, and other milestones that have occasionally gone on in his absence. Still, the family makes the most of

every opportunity to be together. Summer weekends usually find the Gillenwaterses at Lake Martin—boating, fishing, cooking, and enjoying quality time together.

Miles to Go and Tracts to Cut After 34 years of work, most couples are making plans for retirement. If Wayne and Sandra Gillenwaters are, they’re not letting on. Logging is in Wayne’s blood, and he shows no signs of quitting as long as there are tracts to cut and loads to deliver. Gillenwaters Logging will likely continue to be seen in the woods and on the roads in East Alabama for years to come. Writer Cormac McCarthy wrote, “There is for a man two things that are very important, head and shoulders above everything else. Find work you like, and find someone to live with that you like. Very few people get both.” It appears that Wayne Gillenwaters is a very fortunate man indeed. ▲

A Family Business Logging is usually a family business, and Gillenwaters Logging is no exception. Wayne’s wife Sandra handles bookkeepA L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3

Three of Wayne’s four over the road trucks are new Kenworth’s.

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AFA Annual Meeting

CEO Roundtable he 2013 AFA Annual Meeting featured a gathering of the CEOs of major forestry companies that was unprecedented in the number and participation of major company leaders in the meeting program sessions. There were two roundtables. The first one took place on Monday, September 9 and was moderated by Governor Robert Bentley. Panelists included Daniel S. Fulton, CEO of Weyerhaeuser; Paul Boynton, CEO of Rayonier; and Michael Kelly, CEO of Forest Investment Associates. The second roundtable took place on Tuesday, Sep-

T

DAY 1

Moderated by Gov. Robert Bentley with Fulton, Boynton, & Kelly

tember 10 and was moderated by the honorable Greg Canfield, Director of the Alabama Commerce Department and included as panelists, Mike Case, CEO of Westervelt; Travis Bryant, CEO of Coastal; Jonathon E. Martin, CEO of RoyOMartin; and Rick Holley, CEO of Plum Creek. The vignettes on these three pages are but a brief snippet of the contribution these individuals made to one of the most successful annual meetings in AFA history, in terms of the participation by our members and by those who contributed to the very informative and exciting program sessions!

DAY 2

Moderated by the honorable Greg Canfield with Case, Bryant, Martin, & Holley

Daniel S. Fulton ● CEO, Weyerhaeuser

Paul Boynton ● CEO, Rayonier

Mr. Fulton noted: “The housing recovery is underway. The Harvard Joint Center for Housing Studies has forecasts 1.6 to 1.9 million housing starts thru 2015. The fundamentals for recovery are here. Inventory falling and prices rising.” Question: “Are BMP’s (logging Best Management Practices) and (forest) certification beneficial for customers?” Fulton: “Weyerhaeuser thinks it’s very critical. They believe that state regulations are best practiced at a state level. Certification is critical because our customers demand it. Our customers are concerned about the conditions on the ground. Regarding LEED, we think that all certification protocols should be treated equal.” Question: “How can you adapt to the electronic age with so much paper reduction?” Fulton: “We modified our business portfolio. But there are still many uses for fiber grown on our land. To survive, we must evolve.”

Boynton noted: “Rayonier extracts polymers and acetones from cellulose, very different from a pulp and paper mill. Their products go in tires (the Rayon tire band), paint, tooth paste, shampoo. The clear face cover on every IPhone has wood based polymers from Rayonier.” Question: “Current challenges to the business climate?” Boynton: “The endangered species act (gopher, tortoise ,and eastern diamondback rattlesnake) are not science-based findings and we should be pro-active to stop regulations that could result from listing.” Much of Rayonier’s business is export so they are concerned with international markets. The Euro Zone (GDP) has recovered but is slipping. The Japan GDP is the same as the Euro. New Zealand is looking better. An interesting observation about the U.S. market concerned the diet food industry. Fat-free food takes fat cells out of food and something must replace it. Something from forest products is what replaces the fat cells. With an increase in the fat-free food industry, Rayonier’s business improves. Rayonier is one of the largest landowners in North America and Boynton believes that timberland is still a good investment.

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A L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3


Question: “What can the state of Alabama do to recruit and hold the forest products industry?” Boynton: “Keep taxes low, keep a business-friendly operating environment, and improve the infrastructure.”

Michael Kelly ● CEO, Forest Investment Advisors FIA was founded in 1986—one of the original 5 TIMOs formed in America. The company has some $4 billion in timberland assets under management. It manages 2.5 million acres of timberland in 21 U.S. states and Brazil and is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia with offices in Mississippi, Pennsylvania, South Georgia, and Brazil. FIA also manages land totaling 155,778 acres in 27 Alabama counties. Mr. Kelly noted that the U.S. housing recovery is underway and building momentum. He said that Canadian supply constraints “bode well for U.S. timberland and industry” as the Canadians deal with a severe mountain pine beetle infestation that has destroyed millions of acres of prime timber. Question: “I understand that one of the key factors that contribute to Alabama’s favorable business environment is our low tax burden. Over the past few years, we have made many hard decisions to reduce the size of government, consolidate departments and agencies, and take necessary steps to drive efficiencies back into our state’s government. When you consider investing capital in a state, how important is the tax environment in your decision-making process?” Kelly: “Taxes are important because of the long growth cycle for trees. Taxes are a fixed cost of owning timberland. If taxes are too high, that can force landowners to have to harvest their timber and convert the land to other uses.”

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Mike Case ● CEO, Westervelt Mr. Case talked about how the Westervelt Company grew out of Gulf States Paper Company, which in turn grew out of an earlier firm that started doing business in the late 1800’s. Gulf States started in Tuscaloosa. Mike noted that Westervelt is in the outdoor lodge business, with properties in the United States and New Zealand. He also talked noted the wood pellets mill that Westervelt recently built near Aliceville, Alabama, where Westervelt Lodge is also located. Question: “Wood pellets, why, and why Alabama?” Case: “Renewable energy is a new business and one that we think will grow.” Question: “What factors led you to build the mill?” Case: “Good resource, the freedom to manage land, labor, fair tax treatment (current-use valuation).”

Travis Bryant ● CEO, Coastal Forest Products Coastal bought the Chapman mill in 2009 and started in 2010. Question: “Why buy an existing mill in Alabama?” Bryant: “Four reasons. 1. Good bones, 2. Good labor, 3. Great resources, 4. Good timing.” Question: “What challenges did you face after buying the mill?” Bryant: “Labor issues. We felt like we were competing with the feds to put people to work. We also had trouble finding people to fill the higher skilled positions.” Question: “What factors led Coastal to buy Chapman?” Bryant: “#1, supply chain, #2 large landowners, #3 loggers.” 13


Annual Meeting Roundtable

Jonathan E. Martin ● CEO RoyOMartin

Rick Holley ● CEO, Plum Creek

Mr. Martin said one of the greatest threats to his business is the reduced logging force. “No young people are getting into logging. Established loggers can get financing for new equipment, but the problem is that when the logger is buying used equipment they can’t get financing.” Question: “When evaluating the Rocky Creek sawmill (purchased in 2006), what made you choose Alabama?” Martin: “Number one: availability of the mill; number two: Alabama’s business climate; number three: availability of timber and logging.” Question: “What is the biggest threat to a recovery?” Martin: “Even if we get to 1.6 million starts it will be too tough for people to get credit. And, we face a shortage of painters, electricians, carpenters that quit during the downturn. Plus, there has been a fundamental change in the family unit where more single-parent families are forced to rent instead of buy. More rental building means less wood.”

Paul Boynton:“Keep taxes low, keep a business-friendly operating environment, and improve the infrastructure.”

Plum Creek is the largest landowner in North America (6.3 million acres). Their presence in Alabama is “small” with 109,000 acres. Mr. Holley said that we are in the early stages of recovery. 1.5 to 1.6 million starts are needed. He thinks 1.1 million next year but thinks by 2015 we will see 1.6 million. Holley added: “The South is poised for a boom. The Canadian supply is shrinking because of two things: the BC pine beetle epidemic has destroyed over 43 million acres and they are near the end of any real salvage so their supply will be reduced dramatically. Eastern Canada has been over harvesting for years so their output will drop. Add to that the growing demand from China and the traditional Canadian market share in the U.S. South of 33% will be reduced to 20-25%.” Summary: increased demand and reduced supply added with new demand from renewables means higher prices.” Question: “You’ve heard of the “wall of wood”—that large volume of small diameter trees ready for harvest. Is this a concern?” Holley: “We are only concerned with the supply chain, or logging capacity. During the downturn we lost 30% of our logging force and only 15% have come back. Mills need to make sure that their loggers are well paid.” Question: “What are your thoughts on the new energy related segment of the forest products industry?” Holley: “Now it’s Europe, the U.S. will follow. The low cost raw material will help rural communities and landowners. The southern pulp/paper industry uses 140 million tons/year. The energy segment will only use 20 million so it should not be a factor in competition for fiber.” ▲

JASPER L U M B E R

C O M PA N Y

Southern Wood Chips, Inc B&T Shavings, Inc “Tradi

and service—ever tional quality y day”

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SFI – 00111

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The Saw Shop By Mike Junkins

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had to take my lawn mower to the “Saw Shop” the other day. The shop is in a dilapidated building in our town. It sits in the curve by the First Baptist Church and it looks just like it did when I was a kid. The best I can tell, no improvements have ever been made to it. It’s hard to tell if the floor is dirt or concrete due to the amount of oil and grease that has built up over the years. The real name of the saw shop is Our Town Small Motors. We call it the Saw Shop because they work on power saws. They also work on anything else powered by a small motor. The funny thing is, there is another shop that does the same thing and is owned by a different person about 400 yards away and it too is called Our Town Small Motors. I’m sure this is as confusing to most customers and potential customers as it is to me but our town has never made any claims of being a center of creative marketing. The saw shop is one of those places that can be found in most small towns. Usually it is a coffee shop or domino parlor where a bunch of retired guys and other men who seem to have a lot of time on their hands tend to gather. In our town it is the saw shop. There is always a group of men sitting around and it is hard to tell who is a member of the staff and who is not. This determination is complicated by the fact that someone who isn’t employed there is just as apt to get up and help you unload your mower as someone who is. In the winter the staff and non-staff members are gathered around an old wood burning stove. In the summer they are scattered about, usually as close to one of the doors as possible since there is no air conditioning. It’s the kind of place where a wide range of topics are discussed. You are just as likely to hear a discussion on politics and foreign policy as one on whether Plotts, Redbones, or Treeing Walkers are better coon dogs. As you might expect, those who are holding forth on the topic at hand are often wrong but never uncertain. To describe the place as laid back would be a huge understatement. A relaxed and casual atmosphere might be what you are

looking for in a dining experience but isn’t exactly what you want when you need your equipment fixed. I dropped my mower off early Saturday morning and Mr. Robert told me, “We might get something done on it Monday.” If I weren’t familiar with the place this would have been surprising since there were three people in the shop (staff or non-staff, hard to tell) and none of them was doing anything when I came in. I guess if you were used to a faster pace you would wonder what would prevent them from getting right on it, but thankfully I am not. Not surprisingly, computerization hasn’t made it to the saw shop yet. Billing is usually done by mouth. Years ago when Mr. Bud ran the place, it seemed no matter what I brought in the bill was always “That’ll be ‘bout $5.” Inventory management is hard to decipher as well. Once I needed a small retainer ring to complete a repair. Mr. Bud was certain he had one and after fumbling around on the various work tables and cubby holes he found what I needed in the cash register drawer. I guess that was as a good place as any to store parts because all payments were received and change was made from Mr. Bud’s big, thick trucker’s wallet anyway. Mr. Robert runs the place now. I’ve known him for years and he always thinks he knows me. Because the check in and check out process is fairly relaxed (actually it’s very relaxed, as in nonexistent) there’s no formal process for providing information like your name or phone number when you drop something off. The last time I was there I said, “Do you need my name and phone number or anything?” and Mr. Robert said, “Nah, I know you. You John ain’t you?” This time when I got ready to leave he said, “You a Pate ain’t you?” I said “No sir, Mr. Robert, I’m Mark Junkins, Clarence Junkins son.” He said, “Oh I know you!” One the way home I wondered if it’s just a small town thing or a Southern thing that you can be 55 years old and live in a place as an adult for almost 30 years and you still have to identify yourself as your father’s son, but I really wouldn’t want it to be any other way. ▲

EDITOR’S NOTE: The week before he passed away, I spoke with Mark about this story he had written for the McShan newsletter, the McShan Plane Dealer. It says a lot about what is good and genuine about small towns and about the big man who wrote the story. Mark said it was fine to use the story and sent me a photo of himself for our contributor’s page and of the chainsaw so casually tossed upon the oily bench at the saw shop. I hope you will enjoy the story as much as I did and perhaps say a little prayer for Mark and his family during this time of their bereavement. SD A L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3

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AFA 2013 ANNUAL MEETING HIGHLIGHTS

We had a ball at the coast!

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he AFA 2013 Annual Meeting featured Gov. Robert Bentley and the CEOs of some of the largest forestry companies in the world! That’s in addition to the usual fun in the sun, the Sunburn Classic golf outing and the AFA Beach Bash—something for everyone! As they always do, everybody had a great time at the beach party sponsored by Taylor Machine Works (background photo).

Enjoying themselves with adult beverages at the reception are, left to right, Daisuke Sasatani, Daowei Zhang, and Warren Flick.

Fred Stimpson in one of his last duties as AFA President. Jeff Ledbetter took over presidential duties from Fred, who is now Chairman of the AFA Board of Directors, at the Annual Meeting.

Giving the keynote address and serving as moderator for one of the two CEO roundtables was Governor Robert Bentley.

Victoria and Mae Stimpson, at AFA reception.

An always faithful AFA exhibitor, Alabama Ag Credit.


Chris Potts and Terry Bussey catch up on the latest at Perdido.

Haglof, Inc., shows its wares at AFA reception.

AFA EVP Chris Isaacson presented longtime AFA member and leader Bob Sharp with the Lifetime Achievement Award.

Always smiling and talking about their fine seedlings is Meeks Nursery's Jack Chappell. Chris presents Joe Twardy with a special award for his many years of service to the Association.

Attorney General Luther Strange brought AFAers up to speed on the latest on the BP Oil spill case at program session.

Another good exhibitor, Bandit Industries. The Jamison Money Farmer-CPA crew at their exhibit in exhibit hall at Perdido Beach Resort.

The sunrise is just starting to pink the sky on the last day of the AFA 2013 Annual Meeting.


A FA 2 0 1 3 A n n u a l M e e t i n g H i g h l i g h t s

Sunburn Classic participants had the opportunity to win this $150,000 Mac Truck furnished by Gulf Coast Truck & Equipment of Mobile with one shot. The background photo shows how close one intrepid play came to getting his Christmas early this year!

This beautiful Nissan Titan was the SECOND hole-in-one prize at the AFA’s 2013 Sunburn Classic, Offered by Jack Ingram Motors of Montgomery. Like its big cousin Mac, several golfers got close, but none close enough!

State Senator Trip Pittman, second from left, stands tall amid his vertically-challenged teammates, from left, Mark Nolen, Johnny Carothers, and John Lange. These guys really had a good time!

Having a great time and shooting a fair round of golf at the Sun Burn Classic was, left to right, Danny White, Mike Minchew, Danny Baggett, and Chris Potts.

Outgoing AFA President Fred Stimpson helps his beautiful wife Alicia with a gift she received for letting Fred work so hard for the Association.

Plum Creek picked out a great spot for their display at the end of the line in exhibit hall.

Another of our great exhibitors, SuperTree Seedlings.

AFA members Tim and Kathy Thornhill cutting a rug to the tune of the Sweet Young’Uns at Association banquet.

The weather was beautiful for the AFA shindig at Perdido Beach. 18

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SAFETY

Site Visits UTraining UVideo Library UBulletins UOSHA Compliance Accident prevention is the key to controlling the cost of workers’ compensation. ForestFund offers a wide range of services designed to make your workplace safer. The process starts with a site visit from experienced loss control professionals. Your employees are educated through training sessions that are supplemented by frequent bulletins and an extensive video library. Our highly trained staff emphasizes Drug Free programs, continuing education and OSHA compliance. ForestFund is in its fourth decade of providing safety compliance training and education for employers and employees who harvest, transport, manufacture, buy or sell forest products. Sure there are other programs that provide workers’ compensation coverage, but do they measure up to ForestFund ZKHQLWFRPHVWR6WDELOLW\6DYLQJV6HUYLFHDQG6DIHW\"0DNHWKHFDOOWR¿QGRXW*HQHUDO Liability quotes are also available.

For a quote, call Kelly Daniel at ForestFund: (334) 495-0024


NEWS & VIEWS

Sign of the Times! ime was, folks would just nail their Tree Farm signs to a tree but, of course, we don’t do that any more. This Wilcox County tree was probably a little skinny fellow when the sign it has been devouring for years was appended to it. The tree is located on the Allyrae Wallace Educational Trust, near the intersection of Alabama 89 and 21. The 3,413 acres were put into trust to form a scholarship program for Wilcox County students in 1995. To qualify all students have to do is graduate from a Wilcox County high school and then maintain a 2.0 GPA to stay in the program. Grants are sent directly to the college or university the student attends. Tommy Lawler, of Lawler Timber Company, helps manage the Tree Farm that forms the basis of the trust. According to a Selma-Times Journal article, about 80 scholarships a year are approved from about 90 applications. Tommy said he believes a total of about 500 scholarships have been awarded since the trust was established. Setting this program up was a mighty fine thing for Allyrae and Percy Wallace to do for the children of Wilcox County. SD

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From My Neck of the Woods… re you ready? This may seem like a simple question, but it is an important one that carries a lot of weight. Next year, Alabama is scheduled to have its Tree Farm program assessed by the American Forest Foundation’s (AFF) third party assessment team from Price-Waterhouse-Coopers. This will be the 2nd time that Alabama will go through this process. Though we have been through the assessment before and learned a lot, we still need to make necessary corrections, updates or decertification to the list of current certified Alabama Tree Farmers. We want our database to be as accurate as possible. In order to maintain third party certification and credibility with PEC, the Alabama Tree Farm program must assess a required sample of Alabama Tree Farmers every five years. This is in addition to what we assess every year with our required inspections. This assessment makes sure that each certified Tree Farm is managed to the 2010-2015 standards. The biggest issue with the assessment is to make sure that your management plan addresses those standards. Please take time to contact your forester and/or inspector to make sure that your plan meets those standards. Your state Tree Farm Committee has conducted four management plan workshops across the state to provide landowners and foresters with the most up-todate information on these standards and what is needed to have your plan meet those standards. If you’re not sure who last inspected your property or when it was last inspected, you can contact the AFA office in Montgomery to find out. If you are no longer interested in the Tree Farm program, or if you have sold your property, changed land

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acreage, etc., please call and help us to make sure that your information is as up-to-date as it can be. We want the assessment to make Alabama’s Tree Farm program a shining example of Tree Farms to the nation.

Goodbye, Chris Erwin On a different note, I must shift topics. For the last 6 years, Chris Erwin has been a “friend” to Alabama Tree Farmers. Chris has worked tirelessly in representing the Alabama Tree Farm program on a local, state and nation level as the program administrator. It is with a sad note, that I tell you that on October 4th, Chris left the AFA and the Alabama Tree Farm program for a position with the American Forest Foundation as the director of Southern Conservation Solutions. Chris will initially work with Mississippi and North Carolina on conservation related issues. I know that Chris will be missed here, but will be welcomed by the AFF. His experience, knowledge and willingness to help will be sorely missed by the Alabama Tree Farm Committee. We wish Chris and his family the best in his new endeavors. I am sure that we cross paths again as Chris has agreed to stay involved at the state level on your Alabama Tree Farm Committee. Of course, the national gain is our loss. Until next time, I am, Paul E. Hudgins, R.F. ▲

By Paul Hudgins, Alabama Tree Farm Chairman

Alabama Tree Farm Committee State Chairman Paul Hudgins (334) 376-9114 Black Belt District Bart Adams (334) 410-0608 Capital District Rick Oates (334) 613-4305 Delta District Paul Hudgins (334) 376-9114 Longleaf District Mike Older (334) 222-0379 Mountain District Todd Langston (256) 434-4712

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Piedmont District Bruce Eason (334) 864-9357 Valley District Karen Boyd (256) 637-7223 Vulcan District Jason Dockery (256) 734-0573 Warrior District Tim Browning (205) 367-8232 Wiregrass District Heather Wierzbicki (334) 855-5394

Northern Vice Chairman Tim Browning (205) 367-8232 Southern Vice Chairman Heather Wierzbicki (334) 855-5394 At Large Directors: Tim Albritton (334) 887-4560 John Boutwell (334) 365-9221 Tom Carignan (334) 361-7677 Lamar & Felicia Dewberry (256) 396-0555

Don East (256) 396-2694 Chris Isaacson (334) 265-8733 Doug Link (251) 564-6281 Salem & Dianne Saloom (251) 867-6464 Charles Simon (334) 222-1125 Jim Solvason (334) 372-3360 Carolyn Stubbs (334) 821-0374 Allen Varner (334) 240-9308

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arm Family of t F e e r T a m a b he Year 2012 Ala

The Award Goes to

Cedar Creek Plantation! 2

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he recipient of the coveted 2012 Alabama Tree Farm Family of the Year was awarded to Cedar Creek Plantation in Butler County in south central Alabama.

Tree Farmers Ann and John Boutwell and Peggy Autrey are the proud winners of this award. They received the award on February 8, 2013 at what has become an annual event hosted by the Alabama Natural Resources Council. The Outreach symposium and awards banquet was held at the Hotel at

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Auburn University and Dixon Conference center. They were joined by nearly 150 attendees with a number also receiving other natural resource awards during the evening event.

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Peggy Autrey, third from left, Ann Holding plaque and John Boutwell and family members shown following acceptance of 2012 Alabama Tree Farmers of the year Award at the Alabama Resource Councils annual rewards banquet at the Dixon Conference Center at Auburn. 1

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Small Children, tall pines. One of the last plantations planted by Peggy and John’s father about 1988. John has since thinned the plantation and utilized herbicides and several prescribed burns on the site that is favored for quail hunting. 2

Limited agriculture on the property benefits wildlife on Cedar Creek Plantation. This also makes wise use of soil types that otherwise would not be favorable for pine species. 3

Cedar Creek Plantation is a very diverse tract from a forestry stand point. The 2,200 acre Tree Farm has an excellent, well maintained road system. The active prescribed burning program shown here helps maintain the older pine understory. 4

5 John has rigged this farm tractor to broadcast spray herbicide for weed and woody competition control.

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The 2,200-acre Cedar Creek Plantation Tree Farm is a joint family ownership with John Boutwell serving as the tree farm manager and this forest has been managed well. The property has been in the family since 1935 and a certified tree farm since 1961, thus passing the half century mark. The property actually embraces two soil provinces in the coastal plain and the Blackbelt. The Blackbelt soils are found associated with exposures of the Selma chalk formation of limestone outcrops and associated with highly alkaline prairie soils. These are generally found at lower elevations primarily the Cedar Creek bottomland. These soils are non-pine sites and John has done an excellent job choosing between fields for pine plantation establishment. A third-row thinning on an 11-year-old plantation on these fields yielded two-plus cords per acre, per year of growth. Recent established plantation continued 70 acres of loblolly pine, 25 acres of longleaf and 7 acres of riparian buffer. The prescribed burning program included approximately 200 acres annually and Cedar Creek maintains 10 miles of permanent firebreaks and 10 miles of permanent roads which are in excellent shape. Wildlife is benefitted by the planting of 25 acres in summer crops and 35 acres of winter crops and quail hunting is available. Hardwood drains containing 65-year-old trees have been left for wildlife and aesthetics and the management plan calls for leaving these in their present condition. The terrain of the tree farm varies from very rugged, steep slopes to gently sloping to flat in the bottoms. Large limestone bluffs are located along the south side of Cedar Creek. These bluffs as well as other limestone outcrops

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T r e e F a r m F a m i l y o f t h e Ye a r

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yield many marine fossils that can be found searching the various streams on the property. Hurricane Ivan dealt Cedar Creek plantation a huge blow as it was located on the eye-wall side of the storm. Much timber was either downed or destroyed as a lot of the timber was tall, older growth material. Salvage was a long hard process. As was the case across the storm area, trees stressed by the high winds continued to die in the years since. The family constructed a fine cabin from timber salvaged from Ivan and southern pine beetle filled trees which added another recreational dimension to the tree farm. The water resource is plentiful on this forest and shoals and waterfalls are found in a number of locations due to the rugged terrain and underlying limestone outcrops. Cedar Creek Plantation hosted the 2009 Southern regional field day sponsored by Tree Farm, Alabama Natural Resources Council and the Butler county Forestry Planning Committee. There were 175 field day attendees. The property has also hosted other training and wildlife tours in the past. The Cedar Creek Plantation family is well deserving of the 2012 Tree Farm Family of the year. Let’s give them a high five. ▲

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6 The cabin, with fall decorations, was constructed from Hurricane Ivan- and southern pine beetle-killed trees and milled right here on the property. First as found on many forested tracts following the storm, trees are still dying from the lingering damage.

This rain swollen stream is one of a number that dissects Cedar Creek Plantation. The Tree Farm also has shoals, small waterfalls, and limestone bluffs that contain numerous marine fossils 7

Tree Farmers are all loaded and ready to go on the 2009 regional field day tour hosted on the Cedar Creek Plantation. This is one of the annual field days sponsored with others by the Alabama Tree Farm Committee. 8

The wildlife, food plot stop on the regional field day tour. This wildlife plot and field utilizes one of the lime soil Blackbelt prairie openings on the property. Cedar Creek Plantation is a mix of the Coastal Plain and Blackbelt soil provinces. 9

By Doug Link At Large Director

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A CONTINUING SERIES: What It Means to Be a Tree Farmer

A Relationship By Dr. Salem Saloom

s tree farmers we love our forestlands, don’t we? This love of the land is part of Aldo Leopold’s “land ethic” and is the central fiber that binds all tree farmers. Tree farmers have a special relationship with their land. As Dianne and I have had many opportunities to visit other tree farms across the United States and to be able to work in committee and in community with other tree farmers, the common thread for the love of the land is palpable. The core value of stewardship in “working to make it better” and being able to “leave the land better than we first obtained it” gives integrity to what tree farmers are all about. So, what do we do with this passion? We continue to work the land and improve the ecosystems that we are managing. With the privilege of ownership comes a responsibility to fulfill the stewardship practices that will ensure our family forests will remain forests throughout the next generations and beyond. We have an opportunity to engage ourselves outside our own boundary lines. We feel a responsibility to reach out to others to help foster some of the same values that we are living. As tree farmers we have an opportunity to educate others in those values and the importance of managed family forests: Wood, Water, Recreation, and Wildlife. Tree farmers across our great nation are able to engage others and share their own values in many different ways. Many of us begin by involving our own families in our tree farms. Our forestlands become “certified family forests.” This is a giant step in the evolution of sustainable forestry for future generations. Our son, Patrick, reminded us a few years ago that we are “building a legacy.” When I heard that response, I knew that he understands the core values we have been trying to instill in him by example. All the times afield, working the land, being involved with the soil, the plantings, the wildlife were having a positive effect. As we engage our children, we find opportunities to engage others. Through sharing our forests with other landowners and stakeholders through educational field days, special outings, walk-in-the woods, Project Learning Tree and Classroom in the Forest engagements with school children, we are educating and passing on the importance of managed family forestlands. Through our own work we are able to show the significant benefits of well-managed private forests. As we manage and improve our family forests we are strengthening our relationship with the land and the ecosystems that we are managing. This relationship is more than just a relationship with the land and its composition. It is a relationship with people that is always growing and evolving. In order for our tree farms to be sustainable, our relationship with people must grow. Building and nurturing those relationships is a lifelong process. ▲

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National Tree Farmers of the Year (2010) Dianne and Salem Saloom

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! e t a d e h t Save Outreach Symposium & Awards Banquet Friday, February 7, 2014

Come help us celebrate the achievements of award-winning TREASURE forest owners, Tree Farm owners, and county natural resource committees! Hear about new applied science related to natural resource management! APPLIED FORESTRY & WILDLIFE OUTREACH SYMPOSIUM 2-4:30 pm $25 until Jan. 15, 2014*

The Marriott Prattville Hotel & Conference Center 2500 Legends Circle Prattville, AL 36066

• • • •

Chemical Site Preparation Wild Hog Control Dealing with Timber Taxes Forest Certification

AWARDS BANQUET 5:00-7:30 pm $35 until Jan. 15, 2014*

• Cocktail Reception (cash bar) • Dinner • Awards Presentation

Registration information to follow. Mark your calendars!

*The registration fees change January 15, 2014 to Symposium $30.00 & Awards Banquet $40.00

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Under the gun for continuing education?

Get ’er done, now! www.alaforestry.org/cfe 26

A L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3


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It’s amazing how many things live in and on rotting logs. In this activityy,, kids ki become familiar with some of of those those organisms organismsby byobserving observingfallen fallenlogs. logs. They’ll gain an understanding of how decomposition takes place and a better appreciation for microhabitats and communities. Doing the Activ ity Take your grandchild, gran neighbor’s child, or others for a walk in the woods. Look for a fallen log or rotting tree stump. Conduct a thought exercise by asking, “What happens to a tree after it dies?� Investigate the answer by using powers of observation:

www.plt.org

Activity Activ ity 23: The F Fallen allen Log

‡ How did the tree die and how long has it been dead? ‡ Are there signs of animals, including insects, in, on, or around the log? How about plants? ‡ How are they interconnected? ‡ Where do these living things get the nutrients they need to survive? Be careful not to disturb the habitat as you observe. You could use a digital camera—or VNHWFKERRNÂłWRUHFRUGSLFWXUHVRIDQ\WKLQJ\RXVHH8VHĂ€HOGJXLGHVRUWKHLQWHUQHWWR identify and research esearch them laterr.. Finallyy,, br brainstorm ways in which the forest ecosystem EHQHĂ€WVIURPWKHIDOOHQORJ\RXH[DPLQHG )RUDFKLOGUHQ¡VVWRU\ERRNWKDWLOOXVWUDWHVPDQ\FUHDWXUHVDFKLOGFRXOGĂ€QGXQGHUDIDOOHQ log, see What’ What’ss Under the Log?E\$QQH+XQWHUSXEOLVKHGE\+RXJKWRQ0LIĂ LQ,6%1  Adapted from Activity 23: The Fallen Log from Project Learning Tree’s PreK-8 Environmental Education Activity Guide.

Do this word search puzzle to discover some important components in this microhabitat. Look below for the answers.

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E T G U P I L F



C N E N I L C M



O E A G D L Y S

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P R R D R P E T

O T E B S E R C

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B T A T I B A H

Project Learning TreeÂŽ (PLT) is a program of the American Forest Foundation. In Alabama, PLT is sponsored by the Alabama Forestry Association.

Answers to word search: ant; bacteria; bee; beetle; decomposition; fungi; habitat; insect; millipede; moisture; nutrients; recycle; soil; spider; termite; wood.


parade • mules in costume • wagon rides • portable sawmills • folk art • antique cars

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Professional Lumberjack Show Saturday, November 2, 2013 Bicentennial Park • 9am-4pm Stockton, Alabama www.stocktonala.com 251-937-3738 stockton sawmill days

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UPDATE:

Playing in the 4th Quarter

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s the Log a Load for Kids program heads down the home stretch there have been a lot of great events this year with a few remaining to close out 2013. Successful events so far logged in for the current year includes an event held in conjunction with the 56th Annual Southern Forestry Conclave at Auburn University, sponsored by STIHL, to get things started. After that March event at Auburn, April and May held the lion’s share of the 2013 program, with no fewer than seven events held during that two month period. Those included events in the Warrior, Piedmont (2 events), Wiregrass (2 events), Delta and Capital Districts. All of these events were well attended and very successful. The next event took place on June 12, with the annual golf event for the Piedmont District (the 3rd event for this district) held at the Greystone Golf Course in Birmingham. This was followed by the Capital District’s Annual Sporting Clays event in Montgomery on September 19 and the Mountain District golf tourney on Sept. 20 at the Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail ad Silver Lakes. The next scheduled event was Richard Quina’s Longleaf District Golf Tournament on October 23 in Brewton, which fell within the publication deadline for the magazine. We’ll report on that event in the next issue of Alabama Forests. ▲

The Capital District Sporting Clays event crew of left to right, Lee Davis, Alice Blake (Children’s Hospital), Emily Hornak (CH), event “top gun” Josh “Tiny” Aldridge, Janet Ison and CHIPS Center Director Deb Schneider. Tiny won top gun honors (he won last year too) by breaking 97 out of 100 targets. Good shooting man!

Warrior Tractor brought down a big beautiful Cat skidder for the Capital District Sporting Clay’s event in Montgomery.

One of two fully loaded, tricked out Ford Trucks that Stiver’s Ford brought to the Capital District shoot which induce a serious outbreak of drooling over the beautiful vehicles.

Events remaining before the end of the year include: > November 8. The Warrior District will hold its 10th Annual Charlie Hughen Memorial Sporting Clay and Skeet Shoot at the Westervelt Lodge in Aliceville. Click here for flyer.

State LAL Chair Janet Ison did an outstanding job this year selling tickets to the John Deere Gator that will be given away later this year. A L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3

Winning the Kronospan-sponsored Mountain District event were, from left to right, Ken Patterson, Matt Rogers, Volker Lenzing, Jeremy Oliver (tournament chairman) and Stevie Cannady.

> November 9. The Wiregrass District will hold the second annual Wiregrass Dove Hunt in Henry County

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Log a Load

Reid Duvall prepares to let one go at the Log a Load Archery Shoot at Waverly, Alabama. The event is sponsored each year by the Forestry Club at Auburn University.

As you can see, the Cahaba Timber-owned course where the Black Belt event was held is a beautiful place indeed! Jennifer Stephens (daughter of event host Ken Stephens) and her sidekick, Allison Kelley, and the other Black Belt event workers did a great job of bringing back a golf event to the Black Belt District!

These guys participating in the Waverly Archery event believed in team work that included a spotter, a shooter and an umbrella-holder who kept the sun from obscuring the shooter’s sight.

McKinley & Lanier Forest Resources, Inc.

507 Energy Center Blvd. Suite 303 Northport, Alabama 35473 Phone: 1 (800) 247-0041 • Fax: (205) 344-6950 www.mckinleyandlanierforestresources.com

Land & Timber Management Services Forest Management • Timber Sales • Land & Timber Appraisals Forest Inventories • Harvest Scheduling • GIS and GIS Mapping Real Estate Sales • Estate Division

30

Ken Stephens (left) and John Croyle at Blackbelt golf tournament. Ken is vice president of Cahaba Timber, a family-owned company that has evolved over almost 50 years of operation into the largest manufacturer of wood poles in the country. John was an outstanding Crimson Tide football player for Coach Bear Bryant who passed on a pro-career and started the Big Oak Ranch for Boys. He and his wife, Tee, helped raise almost 2,000 youngsters at the boy's ranch and at another ranch they formed for neglected or abused girls. They also started the Westbrook Christian School.

FORES FORESTRY F FO ORESTR TRY TRY RY SOLUTIONS SO S SOL OL LUTIONS UT T ONS THAT THA TH T HA AT MEET AT MEET M YO Y YOUR OUR OU RO OBJECTIV OB OBJECTIVES. BJECT TIVES. VE ES S. Fifty Fifty ifty Years Year Y earrs rs and a d Growing an Grro Gr owing wing www.fwforestry.com www ww.ffwf wfforrestry try.co .c m BROCK MA MAY AY Y Hamilton, AL 205.952.9369

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A L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3


Forestry News & Views J.M. Wood Grows to 4th Largest Heavy Equipment Auctioneer in America

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.M. Wood Auction Company, Inc. is a 40-year-old Montgomery mainstay which slowly but surely has grown to become the 4th largest auctioneer of heavy equipment in the United States. If you need earth movers, dump trucks, tracked vehicles of all kinds, skidders, loaders, log trucks, bulldozers, road graders, etc., J.M. Wood is the company for you. J.M. Wood is run by a very competent Montgomerian, Brenda Wood, who also happens to by the great-granddaughter of Confederate Admiral Raphael Semmes. In March of this year J.M. Wood held the largest auction in the 40 years they have been in business. The three-day event generated more than $42 million in gross auction proceeds from 527 sellers. Close to 3000 bidders registered both onsite and online from 22 countries and 42 U.S. to compete in the bidding. Highlights of the auction included a fleet of 200, 2005-2013 Mack Tri-axle dump trucks from Alabama county governments. Also auctioned were over 200 pieces of equipment from Taylor Services, as well as a fleet of 2010 year model Caterpillar county-owned machines that had logged from 250-1800 hours of operating time. “I chose these guys to conduct my auc-

tion when it came time to roll-out some of my underutilized equipment,” said James Taylor, president of Taylor Services. “They have been around a long time and have a

A L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3

good reputation in this business. Our equipment brought nearly 20% over our projections, this was primarily due to their ability to get buyers from around the world to come in and compete with these domestic buyers from across the country.” “It was refreshing to see so many U.S. contractors bidding at the auction,” said Bryant Wood, vice president of J.M. Wood Auction. “Contractors were spending money and either had work or were speculating on work. We are very blessed to have so many loyal buyers and sellers that have supported our auctions for the last 40 years.” In the early days of the firm, things weren’t nearly so good. Brenda Wood kept the books and ran the front office while her husband, Malcolm, hit the road to meet with contractors and farmers to see what equipment they needed and to see what equipment they might want to sell or trade. They got a break when Malcolm was getting a haircut and the man in the next chair was talking to the barber about needing an auctioneer to conduct annual auc-

tions for him. As it turned out, that man was Governor George Wallace and after the barber introduced the two, Wallace hired Malcolm on the spot to conduct surplus sales for the Alabama Highway Department, precursor to today’s Alabama Department of Transportation. From this barbershop meeting, J.M. Wood grew into the large company it has become today. After Malcolm succumbed to colon cancer in 1989, Brenda, then 42, picked up the mantle and kept the company going until after years of struggle it became one of the most successful auction houses in America. Our congratulations to the Wood family for hanging in there and giving construction and forestry companies a place to go to purchase good used equipment. ▲

Contact: J.M. Wood, 3475 Ashley Rd, Montgomery AL 36108 • (334) 264-3265 • www.jmwood.com 31


Forestr y News & V iews

By Jessica Nelson

The Sad Story of the

Toomer’s Corner Oaks A

uburn University confirmed in February of 2011 that the oaks at Toomer’s Corner had been deliberately poisoned with Spike 80DF, or tebuthiuron. A task force of experts on campus was assembled, and this group supervised the effort to save the trees. Ultimately, the deadly herbicide was too much for the trees, estimated to have been given 500 times the lethal dose. The two trees were removed in April 2013 after a “Celebrate the Tradition” block party following the A-Day game that welcomed tens of thousands of fans for a final rolling of the trees. The university also unveiled the conceptual design selected for the Samford Park area after a series of public workshops and an online survey to solicit opinions and ideas from the Auburn Family. Art Chappelka and Scott Enebak, both professors in the School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, and Gary Keever, professor in the Department of Horticulture, recently sat down to answer a few questions about the oaks. All three were on the task force, and also have a close involvement with the Auburn Oaks through propagation projects in their respective academic units.

First Step = Remediation Keever, who often served as the spokesperson for the task force, said that the first step in implementing the new plan for Samford Park will be remediation. That will entail sampling, removing soil, and 32

repeating until the herbicide cannot be detected. And only a few laboratories in the country can even test at the levels they need. Although tebuthiuron is not harmful to humans, it is toxic to plants even at minute levels — 100 parts per billion, according to the EPA. Not many laboratories in the country can even test at that level. With a half-life of 12-15 months in central Alabama soils, the herbicide would break down on its own in about 5-7 years, the scientists note. However, in order to plant before then, all detectable trace of it must be cleared. No one is quite sure what they will find when remediation begins. Keever and Enebak said that during the soil removal that was conducted while trying to save the trees, the group fielded many calls from residents afraid the trees would tip over — and that they themselves also worried about it. Before the 2008 updates to the area, the two oaks were nearly encased in impervious concrete, and the effect was a dense tangle of roots — as though the trees had been in giant pots. The trees were anchored by roots that escaped the enclosure, but the root matrix was so dense that they were unable to remove soil below a certain point.

More Herbicide Below the Roots? Keever thinks that they are certain to find more herbicide below the roots, but hopes it will not be as pervasive as perhaps

is feared. Enebak agrees that had the pesticide traveled further in the soil, they would see the effects in the surrounding plants. The conceptual design includes an arcing path that will be anchored by two large oaks on either side of the Class of 1917 gates, further from the intersection than the previous oaks. The group says there has been lively discussion over which species of oak should be planted. Some advocate for another pair of live oaks, which are sturdy but not native to this area. The suggested alternative was overcup oaks, which is a native species on the plains. The remediation is expected to begin after the 2013 football season, probably in early 2014, and much will depend on the species of oak selected and how they are grown as to when they can be transplanted. Keever says that oaks grown in the field could only be moved during the dormant season, and that even if the oaks are grown in boxes, transplanting trees that size will be tricky. They will be vulnerable for some time until they are well established in their new home. The university has special keepsakes from the oaks available from selected vendors, with the proceeds going to Auburn University scholarships. Keever has a special project, however, that he hopes will go on display in the student center. When the oaks came down, and the wood was collected for merchandise and other uses, Keever had a cookie, or cross-section of the college street oak cut. The piece was A L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3


sanded, and over the months he has applied numerous coats of penetrating oil to seal it and prevent cracking. His plan is to work with the Office of Communications & Marketing to create a timeline of historical events based on the rings of the tree, to be eventually displayed in the Student Center. Dwayne Cox from the AU libraries will help identify important dates from during the life of the oaks, and Brian Via, associate professor in the School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, will help correlate those events to a specific ring. Via also recently collaborated with Keever to verify the age of the oaks at 83-85 years old.

Toomer’s Corner Oaks Progeny Live On The Auburn Oaks are no longer at Toomer’s corner, but many of their progA L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3

eny live on through the Toomer’s Seedlings project that Enebak and Chappelka supervised to benefit scholarships in the School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences. Beginning in 2000, Chappelka took students to gather acorns and Enebak, who is also the director of the Southern Forest Nursery Management Cooperative, helped the student grow seedlings from the acorns. Later, they partnered with Tiger Rags in Auburn to sell the seedlings online. Keever also germinated some acorns from the original trees in 2007, and still has some of those trees for sale through the Department of Horticulture (Grace Smith, 334-844-3472). They are not seedlings though — they are about 8 — 10 foot tall trees. Enebak also maintains an orchard of about 42 young trees grown

from the first batch of acorns they collected. The trees are about 15 feet tall now, he says, with a trunk diameter of 4-6 inches. These trees are not large enough to serve as replacements, and are not yet bearing acorns. The School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences is currently reviewing plans for these trees. The Toomer’s Seedlings project was a successful fundraiser for scholarships in the School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences. No matter which species of oak is ultimately chosen for Toomer’s Corner, Enebak and Chappelka hope that the Auburn Family will embrace seedlings from these trees as well to ensure that the tradition of Auburn Oaks lives on. ▲

33


Forestr y News & V iews

Lt. Gov. Kay Ivey Appoints Guice Slawson, Jr. to the Alabama Trust Fund Board MONTGOMERY, Alabama (October 1, 2013) – Lieutenant Governor Kay Ivey recently announced the appointment of Guice Slawson, Jr. to the Alabama Trust Fund Board. Mr. Slawson, of Montgomery, is vice president of administration of Southeast Wood Treating, Inc. Upon graduating from the University of Alabama in 1984, Mr. Slawson served six years in the U.S. Navy as a naval flight officer. He then continued his education at Samford University where he earned his master of business of administration. ▲

Sandy Stimpson Wins Mobile Mayoral Race!

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ong-time AFA member and leader, Sandy Stimpson, was overwhelmingly elected mayor of Mobile, the third largest city in Alabama, on Tuesday, August 27. Stimpson beat out incumbent Sam Jones with 54% of the vote. “I am the mayor for everybody. I don’t care where they live, what color they are, how old they are, what gender they are, I will be the mayor for everybody in the city of Mobile,” said Stimpson at his campaign victory party. ▲

Weyerhaeuser to Re-start South Alabama Mill EVERGREEN, Alabama (August 23, 2013) — Weyerhaeuser has announced it will begin plans to restart production on its Trus Joist® TJI® joists and Microllam® LVL lines in Evergreen, Alabama, effective immediately. The company will be investing capital in the engineered lumber products facility after a four-year closure due to previously weak wood products demand in North America. It also plans to hire 100 new employees at the facility by the end of 2014. Robert (Bob) Doll has been selected as plant manager and will be on site effective August 30, 2013. ▲

State Forester Casey Resigns Effective January 1, 2014

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t the October 15 meeting of the Alabama Forestry Commission State Forester Linda Casey submitted her resignation effective January 1st. “It has been an honor for me to have served the state of Alabama as state forester,” she told the commission. Ms. Casey said that it had taken a lot of “soul searching” and discussion with her family, but that she felt it was time for her to go. “I will do whatever I can to help in the transition,” she added. “We appreciate everything you have done,” Commission Chairman Tommy Thompson told Ms. Casey. “We know it’s been a challenge.” Commissioner Ken Reel noted of Ms. Casey: “She’s done more with less than anybody we could have had in her position.” The economic downturn hit the AFC hard, forcing staff layoffs and curtailing pay raises for employees for five years.

International Paper to Permanently Close Courtland Mill MEMPHIS, Tennessee / PRNewswire — International Paper (NYSE: IP) has announced plans to permanently close its Courtland, Ala. mill, a facility that is part of the company’s Printing and Communications Papers Business. The mill will shut down in stages with a full closure expected to be complete by the end of the first quarter of 2014. This mill closure will reduce IP’s North American uncoated and coated freesheet paper production capacity by 950,000 tons, of which 765,000 is uncoated freesheet. IP blamed a drastic reduction in demand as the reason for the closure. Some 1,100 employees will lose their jobs. ▲

International Forest Company

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34

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Teachers Conservation Workshop Pictured here are the k-8 and secondary teachers that attended the Teachers Conservation Workshop in Auburn July 8-11, 2013. This picture was taken at the French House on the last day of

the workshop shortly after the teachers participated in a Project Learning Tree activity.

Gov. Bentley Gets AFA Endorsement

Tree Farm Photo Contest Winner Lamar Dewberry was recently honored by have his photo “Steam in the Forest” selected as the Category 1 runner-up in the 2013 Tree Farm Photo contest. His photo was posted on the American Tree Farm System website and he received a $250 STIHL product certificate. Congratulations, Lamar! Great photo! A L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3

AFA EVP Chris Isaacson, at the podium, introduces Gov. Robert Bentley (center) at a news conference announcing AFA’s endorsement of the governor in his re-election bid, which will take place next year. Attending the event were, left to right, AFA Board Members Earl Ketchum, Jr. of Ketchum Land & Timber, Jim King of the Westervelt Company, Gov. Bentley, Isaacson, and Doug Bowling, of Resource Management Service. AFA was the first major organization to endorse Gov. Bentley. 35


Wildlife & Outdoors

Hunters Asked to Report Dove Bands By Jeff L. Makemson, Certified Wildlife Biologist, Alabama Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries

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he mourning dove is one of the most widely distributed and abundant birds in North America. It is the most popular game bird hunted in 38 of the lower 48 states. More mourning doves are harvested than all other migratory game bird species combined. In Alabama, more than 61,000 hunters spend more than 238,000 man-days hunting doves and hunters harvest more than 1.4 million mourning doves each year during Alabama’s mourning dove season. To help make appropriate management decisions, wildlife managers need current and accurate data on the species being managed and harvested. Banding mourning doves provides information on survival rates, harvest rates, reporting rates and their movements. It is an important element to understanding mourning dove population dynamics and the effects of annual hunting regulations on mourning dove populations. Alabama is one of 27 states participating in a national dove banding study. Fifteen of the participating states are located in the Eastern Management Unit, nine are located in the Central Management Unit, and three are located in the Western Management Unit. Wildlife biologists and support staff have banded 9,549 mourning doves in Alabama since 2003. To date, 646 of the banded doves have been reported by hunters. More than 98 percent of the mourning doves banded in Alabama during the months of July and August each year are resident doves that do not migrate. Many doves in Alabama only travel a few miles each day from their nest site to their feed36

ing and loafing areas. However, hunters have reported banded mourning doves harvested in Alabama from 14 states, including Iowa, Texas and Ohio. Most mourning doves in the population are less than 2 years old. The oldest mourning dove banded in Alabama was 7 years old. The oldest mourning dove on record was banded in Georgia and lived 31 years. Hunting removes only approximately 10 percent of the mourning dove population each year. Predation, harsh weather, accidents, and occasional disease outbreaks account for most of the mortal-

ity in mourning doves. The hunter is a critical link in this important national mourning dove banding study. Approximately 50 percent of the banded mourning doves harvested are reported. Hunters can help by checking the legs of mourning doves encountered for a silver band, or “bracelet.” It is hoped that with the help of hunters, banded mourning doves will reach the “trophy” status of banded waterfowl, which have a reporting rate of approximately 80 percent. Reporting information is in small print on each band. If a banded mourning dove is harvested, please call 1-800-327-BAND (2263) to report it. Most banded birds are reported online at www.pwrc.usgs.gov. Once at the site, select “Bird Banding Laboratory.” Hunters are not required to send in the band and may keep it as a souvenir. A national mourning dove banding program provides important data necessary for a long term informed harvest management strategy. The strategy is envisioned in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service “National Mourning Dove Strategic Harvest Management Plan.” The plan requires development of demographic population models which depend on estimates derived from mourning dove banding data. By reporting banded doves, hunters are participating in a very important national research project to ensure the continued conservation of this magnificent game bird. To learn more about ADCNR visit www.outdoor alabama.com. ▲

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The Road to Alabama’s New February Deer Season By Chris Cook, Wildlife Biologist, Alabama Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries

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he Alabama Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries (WFF) receives requests and proposals for various changes related to deer hunting each year from Alabama’s deer hunters. Suggestions for changes to bag limits for bucks and does, legal methods for taking deer, and ways to collect data from harvested deer are submitted through emails, phone calls and written letters. One of the most common requests received in recent years has been to allow deer hunting into part or all of the month of February, primarily due to neighboring portions of Mississippi and Florida being open for deer hunting during that time. For the 2013-14 hunting season, hunters in Baldwin, Escambia, Mobile and Washington counties, as well as hunters in portions of Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Conecuh, Monroe and Wilcox counties, will hunt deer hunt until February 10. These hunters will not have more total days to deer hunt than hunters in the other parts of Alabama since the deer season is closed from December 2-11 in that area. These 10 days of deer season were shifted to early February in response to the desires of many hunters in the area, as well as data collected over the years by WFF wildlife biologists. Hunters in several areas of Alabama have expressed displeasure with the traditional January 31 closing date of Alabama’s deer season for several years. Their complaints centered on their inability to hunt the rut in the area they hunted. Many felt most, if not all, deer breeding occurred after January 31 based on their inability to see and kill mature bucks during the season, lack of visible rut “sign” (i.e., scrapes, rubs, chasing behavior) during hunting season, and the increased deer activity they observed two to three weeks after the close of deer season. While much of their evidence for a late rut was anecdotal, some strong evidence existed that supported their concerns. As areas with distinctly different rutting periods are identified, additional management zones, such as the February season zone, may be recommended. Several criteria ultimately will determine whether these areas warrant a different season structure, including the size of the area (i.e., is it large enough to be considered a separate zone) and factors effecting conception dates (e.g., deer stocking source, management activities, etc.). These items, in addition to deer harvest data, public input and various other deer-related data, will ultimately determine the boundaries of any additional deer management zones. ▲

The Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources promotes wise stewardship, management, and enjoyment of Alabama’s natural resources through five divisions: Marine Police, Marine Resources, State Lands, State Parks, and Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries. To learn more about ADCNR visit www.outdooralabama.com. A L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3

37


Wildlife & Outdoors

The Belted

ptly named, the stocky, blue-gray belted kingfisher is often seen fishing around lakes, ponds, streams and coasts of Alabama. Kingfishers use a couple of different fishing techniques. One technique is to rest on a perch over or near the water and after spying a fish, hover over the prey until the right moment and then dive into the water. Another technique is to skim along above the surface of the water until food is spotted, and then come to a fluttering stop prior to plunging in and catching the prey. Either way, a kingfisher will return to a favorite perch to eat. Like fishermen, these birds may have times when their prey is elusive and fishing is slow. During these slow times, kingfishers may feed on crayfish, amphibians, aquatic insects or small mammals. “Belted” refers to the appearance of this colorful bird. Belted kingfishers have a white collar and belly with both males and females having a blue-gray “belt” around the breast. Female birds have an additional chestnut band across the belly extending vertically along the edge of the wing. Both sexes have a shaggy crested head of blue-gray feathers and are blue-gray above on their back and tail. A small white spot is also visible in front of each eye at the base of a black bill. Kingfishers have several unique characteristics. One identifying trait is the loud, rough, metallic clattering call that is emitted while in flight or even during nest construction. Another trait that distinguishes kingfishers from most birds is reverse sexual dimorphism. This means that the female, with its rusty red belly and sides, is more colorful than the male. Another peculiar trait is that kingfishers have two toes fused together on each foot. These shovel-like feet are used to construct an unusual bird nest. Unlike most birds that build nests in trees, bushes or tufts of grass, kingfishers construct burrows in which to hatch their young. Kingfishers will use their strong, heavy bill to begin construction and then use their feet to complete excavation in a steep bank, usually a couple of feet below ground surface. Burrow entrances are 3 to 4 inches across and burrows generally extend horizontally 4 to 8 feet, with extremes of 15 feet. Nest chambers are somewhat enlarged and are slightly elevated above the entrance tunnel. Nest excavation may take two to three weeks and nests may be used for several seasons. Clutch sizes vary from two to eight eggs with incubation taking about 24 days. Both parents are active participants in the production of young from nest building through fledging. If you have yet to observe the skilled belted kingfisher at work, you have missed a treat. They are a very interesting and entertaining species. ▲

38

Photo courtesy of Alan Murphy

A

Kingfisher

By Bruce W. Todd, Certified Wildlife Biologist, Alabama Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries

For more information on kingfishers or other Alabama birds, contact Bruce Todd, Certified Wildlife Biologist, Alabama Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries, 30571 Five Rivers Boulevard, Spanish Fort, AL 36527; phone 251-626-5474. To learn more about ADCNR visit www.outdooralabama.com.

A L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3


Frank Mozingo Linc: 185*338 Home: 251-843-5485 Cell: 334-456-2743 frank@midstartimber.com

Henry Lovette Linc: 185*201 Home: 205-673-2247 Cell: 334-456-2274

Justin Bonner Linc: 1*27565*20 Cell: 334-247-2427 justin@midstartimber.com

251-843-5407 midstartimber.com

THANKS, PHIL “We shall hereby be launching on a program of growing trees.�

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39


Index to Advertisers AGRICULTURAL LENDING

Walter Dennis & Associates, Inc. Environment, Forestry & Wildlife Consultants

Alabama Land Banks Associations ▲ AlabamaAgCredit.com ..................................6 CONSULTANTS—FORESTRY

F&W Forestry Services ▲ fwforestry.com ..............................................................30 Larson & McGowin ▲ larsonmcgowin.com ...........................................................40 McKinley & Lanier Forest Resources, Inc. ▲ mlforestresources.com........................30 Walter Dennis & Associates, Inc. ▲ ........................................................................40 EQUIPMENT ENGINEERING

Cooks Saw Manufacturing Co. ▲ cookssaw.com ....................................................40 EVENTS

Stockton Sawmill Days ▲ stocktonala.com ...........................................................28 FINANCIAL SERVICES

Raymond James ▲ ramondjames.com..................................................................34 FOREST PRODUCT MANUFACTURERS

Cooper/T.Smith ▲ coopertsmith.com .......................................................Back Cover Jasper Lumber Company ▲ jasperlumber.com ......................................................14 RoyOMartin ▲ royomartin.com ............................................................................28

• Forest Management Plans • Timber Appraisals and Sales • Wildlife Management Plans • Wetlands Determinations • Environmental Assessments (Base Line, Phase 1) • Recreation Land Assessment • Hunt Lease Administration • Endangered Species Surveys • Conservation Programs Telephone: 601-446-5972 Fax: 601-445-0052 • Cell: 601-807-2168 P.O. Box 983 • Grand Bay, AL 36541

FORESTRY EDUCATION

Alabama Forests Forever Foundation ▲ alaforestry.org ..................Inside back cover Forestry Continuing Education ▲ alaforestry.org/ce...............................................26 Project Learning Tree ▲ plt.org.............................................................................27 INSURANCE

Forest Fund ▲ alaforestry.org ...............................................................................19 LANDOWNERS (COMPANIES, INDIVIDUALS & TRUSTS)

Plum Creek Timber ▲ plumcreek.com...................................................................28 The Westervelt Company ▲ westervelt.com..........................................................39

Over five decades and millions of acres of experience

LOGGING EQUIPMENT

Thompson Tractor ▲ thompsontractor.com.............................................................2 SEEDLINGS

Arborgen ▲ arborgen.com............................................................Inside Front Cover International Forest Company ▲ interforestry.com ...............................................34 Rayonier ▲ rayonier.com ......................................................................................28 Weyerhaeuser ▲ weyerhaeuser.com.....................................................................39

www.larsonmcgowin.com Main Office: Mobile, Alabama / 251.438.4581

TIMBER HARVESTING

Mid-Star Timber Harvesting, Inc. ▲ midstartimber.com ........................................39 UTILITIES

Southern Company ▲ alabamapowercompany.com/safety .....................................4 © BigStockphoto.com page 37

CORRECTION The following companies had an incorrect number or were inadvertently left out of the AFA’s 2013 Membership Directory. We apologize for this omission and pledge to do our best to ensure that this does not happen again! In the meantime, please know that these companies (and individual) are AFA members in good standing. SD Kasey Childress • Childress Timber, LLC • 251-964-5574 • PO Box 801 • Loxley, AL 36551 Rich Queen • Timberland Services, LLC • 205-926-0270 • PO Box 116 • Centreville, AL 35042 Everett McKnight • Alabama Land and Timber, Inc • 205-822-8125 • 1951 Hoover Ct Ste 100 • Birmingham, AL 35226 Pat Smith • Sandy Creek Forestry • 205-609-1234 • PO Box 859 • Demopolis, AL 36732 Stephan Tomlinson • Growing Assets • 256-383-8990 • 112 S Main St Ste 201 • Tuscumbia, AL 35674 William “Bill” York • 334-624-6868 • 3515 Allenville Road • Faunsdale, AL 36738 Randy Stone • Stone Forestry Services • 706-398-9290 • PO Box 1041 • Trenton, GA 30752 40

A L A B A M A F O R E S TS | Fa l l 2 0 1 3


Get your license to educate Alabama.

The Alabama Forests Forever license plate offers everyone the opportunity to contribute to forestry education. Your purchase of this tag: • Helps fund educational forestry materials and workshops for teachers, including grants for forestry education. • Promotes the importance of forestry to Alabama and its economy. • Is a tax-deductible, charitable contribution which costs only $50 more than a general tag.

334-844-1004 WWWFORESTRYAUBURNEDU

334-240-9300 WWWFORESTRYALABAMAGOV

334-265-8733 WWWALAFORESTRYORG


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Alabama Forests Fall 2013  
Alabama Forests Fall 2013  
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