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CITIES FOR PEOPLE

JAN GEHL, PROFESSOR, DR. LITT. FOUNDING PARTNER: GEHL ARCHITECTS URBAN QUALITY CONSULTANTS, COPENHAGEN


Jane Jacobs 1961 *Christopher Alexander *Donald Appleyard *Clare Cooper Marcus *Allan Jacobs *Peter Bosselman *Donlyn Lyndon *Whilliam H. Whyte *Project for Public Spaces *Rob Adams, Melbourne *Jamie Lehner, Curitiba •Enrique Penalose, Bogota *Richard Rogers, London

* Arch. Ralph Erskine


Those were the days when architects were big, and people were quite smal....

Graduation 1960 The all time low point of City planning


4 decades of research

”Life Between Buildings” 1st edition 1971 Published in man versions 15 languages

”New City Spaces” - 2001

”Public Spaces Public Life - 1996

Bengali 2008!

”New City Life” 2006


Corbussier 1924

CIAM Athens Charter 1933


1900

2000 Carinvasion mid 1950´s

Perth, West Australia

Elsinore, Denmark


Saturday morning, Westport, Ireland


Any day, Dhaka, Bangladesh


Wednesday afternoon, Dubai


Jane Jacobs 1961


1998 SECOND ATHENS CHARTER OF CITY PLANNING


Downtown, Dubai

New Towns

2009

Exist. Cities


Kenzo Tange, Singapore


Shanghai, China


Downtown, Dubai


Downtown, Dubai


Dubai


Wanted: - Lively City - Attractive City - Safe City - Sustainable City - Healthy City Needed:

ONE STONEFIVE BIRDS POLICY


Copenhagen 1962-2009 : 1.3 million (region)

From traffic place to people place - a steady people friendly developement for 47 years!!!


Strøget (main street) pedestrianized 1962


Jane Jacobs 1961

Strøget Copenhagen pedestrian st. 1962


In 1962 all 18 squares were parking lots - now they are all people squares


The development of pedestrian areas in the city from 1962‌‌.7 times more People Space!


Public Space-Public Life Surweys: Copenhagen 1968, 1985, 1995 (+2005)


Many more People are walking in the city


4 times more people spend time in the city


In only 40 years the good season has been extended from 2 to 10 months


1900

Necessity

1950 1965

Transport

Shopping

2000

Enjoyment

Mainstreet Copenhagen in 100 years from necessary to optional activities


Wanted:

- Lively City - Attractive City - Safe City - Sustainable City - Healthy City


Copenhagen: New Public Life Policy 2009: ”WORLDS FINEST CITY FOR PEOPLE”


Copenhagen: New Public Life Policy 2009: ”EVERYONE TO WALK 20% MORE BY 2015”


Copenhagen-City of Bicycling


Bicycling in Copenhagen -on a citywide network of bicycle lanes


-an efficient, citywide transportation system


Bicycles are taken straight through the street crossings and the lanes are marked in blue

Bicycle signals turn green six seconds before the car signals


Green waves - for bicycles

17 km/h to 20 km/h


- sidewalks and bicycle lanes are taken across sidestreets, making the city more comfortable and people friendly!


A bicycle culture have step by step been developed Everybody bikes


Everybody bikes


The Danish Crown Prince is doing it too

Two guys on the road towards the throne Princes Frederik and Christian on their way to the day care

50% Australian kid ! Even Australians can learn to bicycle if they start early!


Going to work in the City of Copenhagen 70% continue to bike in the winter 36% use bicycle 27% drive car 33% use public transit 5% walk


Official City Poster September 2007

Copenhagen The No 1 Bicycle in the World Goals for 2015: 50% of all comuting on bicycles Bicycle Accidents to be halved�


Major complaint 2002: Congestion -on the bicycle lanes!


9 Reconqured Cities • • • • • • • • •

Barcelona Lyon Strasbourg Freiburg Copenhagen Portland Curitiba Bogota Melbourne


Melbourne, - 3 mio. Inh.


The Age 1980

c.


Places for People 1994 Report by Jan Gehl

Places for People 2004 Report Gehl Architects

www.gehlarchitects.dk


variety versus consistency

1992

2005

1992

2005

Greening of the City: 500 new trees pr. year

1992

2005


MELBOURNE City Center 1994-2004

Pedestrian traffic weekdays daytime: +40% Pedestrian traffic evening: +100 % Stationary activities +200-300%


Melburne -looks like any city in the new World


-but when it comes to street life and ambience it has by now a distinct touch of -say- Paris


Retail

Residential Office Vacancies Employment Bars and Pubs


Copenhagen

Melbourne oct 07


Wanted: - Lively City - Attractive City - Safe City - Sustainable City - Healthy City Needed:

ONE STONEFIVE BIRDS POLICY


A CITY GOOD AT PARTIES, OLYMPICS and SUMMITS….


….. BUT NOT SO GLORIOUS FOR THE EVERYDAY LIFE


Main Street Sydney: George Street


Copenhagen Style Bicycle Lanes (on Copenhagen Corner)

Sydney, Oct.2008


NYC Dept. of Transp. w/ Gehl Architects, Published: 13 nov 2008


9th Ave. Apr.08

9th Ave. Sep.08


9th Ave. Sept.08


Madison Square Nov. 2008


Broadway Boulevard Oct.2008


Broadway Boulevard 23 May 2009 “When you can make it there you can make it anywhere, New York, New York !!”


Jane Jacobs 1961 * Christopher Alexander *Donald Appleyard *Clare Cooper Marcus *Allan Jacobs *Peter Bosselman *Donlyn Lyndon *Whilliam H. Whyte *Project for Public Spaces *Rob Adams, Melbourne *Jamie Lehner, Curitiba •Enrique Penalose, Bogota *Richard Rogers, London

Arch. Ralph Erskine


WELCOME TO THE 21st CENTURY


Jan Gehl - Cities for people  

CITIES FOR PEOPLE JAN GEHL, PROFESSOR, DR. LITT. FOUNDING PARTNER: GEHL ARCHITECTS URBAN QUALITY CONSULTANTS, COPENHAGEN *Christopher Alexan...

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