Electric Arab COOPERATIVES Electric OF ALABAMA COOPERATIVE
Back to school Q & A with state’s school chief
ALABAMA LIVING is delivered to some 420,000 Alabama families and businesses, which are members of 22 not-for-profit, consumer-owned, locally directed and taxpaying electric cooperatives. AREA cooperative member subscriptions are $3 a year; non-member subscriptions, $6. Alabama Living (USPS 029-920) is published monthly by the Alabama Rural Electric Association of Cooperatives. Periodicals postage paid at Montgomery, Alabama, and at additional mailing office. POSTMASTER send forms 3579 to: Alabama Living, P.O. Box 244014 Montgomery, Alabama 36124-4014.
VOL. 66 NO. 8 AUGUST 2013
11 Sales tax holiday
The weekend of Aug. 2-4 is once again a sales tax holiday in Alabama with school supplies, clothing and computers eligible for exemption from state sales tax.
ALABAMA RURAL ELECTRIC ASSOCIATION
AREA PRESIDENT Fred Braswell EDITOR Lenore Vickrey MANAGING EDITOR Melissa Henninger CREATIVE DIRECTOR Mark Stephenson ART DIRECTOR Michael Cornelison
16 Youngest gardeners The youngest students at the University of West Alabama are getting a firsthand education on the unique agriculture of Alabama through a garden project with the Center for the Study of the Black Belt.
State School Superintendent Dr. Tommy Bice is right at home with a classroom of Alabama school children. Photo: Alabama State Department of Education
ADVERTISING DIRECTOR Adam Freeman ADVERTISING COORDINATOR Brooke Davis RECIPE EDITOR Mary Tyler Spivey INTERN Jordan Pittman
24 Busy as a bee
Alabama beekeepers know better than anyone how important bees are, not just for their honey, but for the vital role they play in the nation’s food chain.
ADVERTISING & EDITORIAL OFFICES:
340 TechnaCenter Drive Montgomery, Alabama 36117-6031 1-800-410-2737 E-mail: email@example.com www.areapower.coop NATIONAL ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE:
National Country Market 611 South Congress Ave., Suite 504 Austin, Texas 78704 1-800-626-1181 www.nationalcountrymarket.com www.alabamaliving.coop USPS 029-920 • ISSN 1047-0311
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Spotlight Power Pack Alabama Gardens Safe at Home Consumer Wise Worth the Drive Cook of the Month Fish & Game Forecast
Printed in America from American materials
AUGUST 2013 3
Washington Youth Tour Alabama youth make trip of a lifetime to nation’s capital
orty-five Alabama students joined nearly 1,600 of their fellow young electric cooperative consumers for a week in June as part of the 49th annual NRECA Electric Cooperative Youth Tour in Washington, DC. The teenagers, accompanied by eight chaperones, toured museums and monuments, and brought a fresh and unique perspective to elected officials as they visited with congressional representatives at the U.S. Capitol. Steve Uram, an NRECA senior grassroots advocacy advisor, said the 2013 event was the largest Youth Tour ever. “Having 1,589 young people from 43 states here for a week was a fitting way to begin a countdown to the 50th anniversary of NRECA’s direct sponsorship of this popular co-op program.” Alabama’s group, represent-
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ing 17 of our 22 cooperatives, heard updates from and asked questions of five of the state’s congressional delegation: Rep. Terri Sewell, Rep. Martha Roby, Rep. Mike Rogers, Rep. Robert Aderholt and Rep. Mo Brooks. (Scheduling conflicts kept Senators Jeff Sessions and Richard Shelby and Representatives Jo Bonner and Spencer Bachus from attending.) “I really enjoyed meeting them,” said Meredith Phillips of Baldwin EMC. “They were receptive and really wanted to hear what I had to say. Now I can say that I’ve been to our Capitol, I can feel a part of this nation, that I know what goes on, and I’m involved.” “Our state’s representatives were very articulate on the issues I’ve been following in the news for months,” added Timothy Guice of Cherokee Electric Cooperative. “I was quite excited to be so close to
those who are debating major contemporary issues as part of the great American experiment in democracy.” Lawmakers answered questions on everything from energy policy to world affairs, said chaperone Scott Bobo, assistant general manager of Marshall-DeKalb Electric Cooperative.“Lawmakers understand that these young people are our future. They are our future community leaders and they will play a huge part in the nation’s future economy.” Many of the teenagers were especially moved by a visit to Arlington National Cemetery, home to some 400,000 graves of American service personnel. “I think it meant the most to everybody on this trip because we got to see the [graves of] people that gave their lives for you and for your family to be safe,” said Nesha Smalls of Cullman Electric Cooperative. “We were all able to put a flag on a grave to support families who were there, to show them that we thank them and their fami lies for what they did for us.” Chandler Brown of Southern Pine Electric Coop-
erative agreed: “You can see all the pictures you want on the internet, but it’s really different when you actually go there and see how it’s set up and see all the graves.” The timing was especially meaningful for Caitlin Cobb of Dixie Electric Cooperative. “I think because it was Father’s Day and seeing all the little girls and boys without fathers there, that was really sad,” she said. For Aaron Estes of Joe Wheeler EMC and Kush Patel of Southern Pine Electric Cooperative, the visit to the Holocaust Museum was the most memorable. While they have studied World War II, seeing the images and videos of people in concentration camps was quite different. “It just really touched my heart,” Estes said. “It hurt.” “The Holocaust Museum showed a bunch of atrocities that went on that I really didn’t
know about,” added Patel. “The monument tour was also very good because you learn a lot just by seeing things you always hear about in books and history but it’s not really the same until you go and see it. It’s like, so awe-inspiring.” Neal Ousley of Central Electric Cooperative was one of the delegation who helped lay a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, along with Callie McMahan of South Alabama Electric Cooperative. “It was scary at first because I wasn’t sure exactly what it was going to be
like,” he remembered. “But it was a great experience and it was fun to just be able to do it and experience that firsthand.” A universal sentiment expressed by all of the students was the privilege of meeting teens from other electric cooperatives across Alabama and the country. “The best thing is getting to connect with other people your age and spending time with them,” said Alexandria Selman from Covington Electric Cooperative, Alabama’s 2013 Youth Leadership Council representative.
Added Aaron Estes: “I have friends now that I’m going to talk to for the rest of my life.” The 2013 Youth Tour delegates join more than 50,000 other young people who have participated in the program since 1957, when then Sen. Lyndon Baines Johnson, D-Texas, urged co-op officials to offer young people such opportunities. NRECA has sponsored annual Youth Tours since 1964.
Rep. Martha Roby, Rep. Mike Rogers and Rep. Robert Aderholt posed for a picture with students.
JULY 2013 5
Wildlife and the Outdoors
Frog invasion By Roger Clay, Wildlife Biologist, Alabama Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
Thousands of toads and frogs appearing on roadways or in backyards may conjure up end of the world scenes to some, but there is no need to panic. These small animals produce thousands of offspring at a time, yet only a few ever reach adulthood. Any mass appearance of baby frogs or toads is merely a coincidence and completely natural. In the state of Alabama, one may encounter 31 varieties of frogs and toads. While the terms “frog” and “toad” have no scientific distinction, we usually refer to toads as the bumpy-skinned frogs that hop and are commonly encountered around homes and gardens. American, Fowler’s, Southern, and oak toad are the four toads found in Alabama. The other frogs in the state belong to five different frog families. These usually smooth-skinned leapers include the well-known bullfrog and green treefrog. Frogs are generally viewed favorably by the public with few complaints phoned into the district wildlife offices, but there are a few. The most common complaint is the unwanted appearance of frogs clinging to windows and walls at night outside of front doors or on back porches. Though totally harmless, the very thought of the possibility of a frog jumping onto your person is paralyzing to some. The most likely culprits clinging to walls at eye level are the green treefrog or squirrel treefrog. These two small amphibians, 2 inches or less, make nightly appearances around front and back porches only to dine on insects attracted to outdoor lights. Using their toe pads to cling to vertical surfaces, includ-
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Photo by: Leslie Kirk
ing glass, the treefrogs scamper about eating insects at night and retreating to shaded hiding places during the day. Toads lack toe pads and cannot cling to vertical surfaces like treefrogs. They are also often seen outside your door waiting for the insects attracted to light streaming from the house. On rarer occasions you may encounter dozens, hundreds, or even thousands of tiny toads hopping in your yard. This scene is caused by a simultaneous mass emergence of young toads from the water where they hatched and transformed from tadpole to juvenile frog. While the numbers can be amazing, keep in mind that only a few ever reach adulthood. Frogs on walls or tiny toads hopping about should be of little concern as remedies are not practical or necessary. You can’t really keep your house dark all of the time and eliminating all the water near your property is not realistic, nor would it be necessarily desirable. Another frog invasion of a sort is the man-made variety. This is the establishment and often nuisance of introduced frog species. In more instances than not, the introduction of a new species to an area, be it plant or animal, has unwant-
ed consequences—think kudzu and fire ant in Alabama. Introduced frogs are no exception. A classic example is the cane toad. Introduced to Australia in the 1930s to control cane beetles, the 4- to 5-inch cane toad faces no natural predators or other control and has greatly expanded its range in the eastern portions of the country. Populations of small animals that are eaten by the large toad have been decimated and predators are killed by the toxins within the skin glands of the toad. The cane toad, along with the Cuban treefrog, Puerto Rican coqui, and greenhouse frog are now exotic species established in Florida. In Alabama, the greenhouse frog is found in the warm, moist environments of coastal Mobile and Baldwin counties. The long-term consequences of these invaders to Florida and Alabama may be negligible, but the best and safest policy is to never allow them in, and that goes for just about any foreign species. For more information, contact Roger Clay, Alabama Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries, 30571 Five Rivers Blvd., Spanish Fort, AL 36527.
Snakes have a place in the ecosystem By Mark S. Sasser, Wildlife Biologist, Alabama Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
Mention the word “snakes” and you are likely to get a strong reaction from many people who don’t care for these creatures. It’s important to keep in mind that snakes are an important part of many food chains, both as food for other animals and as predators on small animals such as mice, rats and frogs. Myths concerning snakes have always flourished. Some of these misconceptions include: II A snake’s tongue is venomous. II Snakes die only after sunset. II Snakes are attracted to a saucer of milk.
There is no product on the market that will repel snakes and is not toxic to pets and people. The following suggestions should be followed to make your property less attractive for snakes: II Remove bushes, rock piles, stacks of old firewood, and any debris lying in piles or close to the ground that snakes can use as shelter. II Remove any hiding places that are dark, damp, and cool in the summer and warm in the winter.
II Only coiled snakes can bite.
II If you feed your pets outside, do not leave uneaten food that will attract rodents.
II A line of sulfur will repel snakes and they will not cross it.
II K e e p y o u r y a r d mowed regularly.
Most snakes you encounter are harmless and non-venomous, but some snakes are potentially dangerous, such as rattlesnakes. Care should be taken to reduce the chances of attracting them. They are continuously moving in search of food, mates and a safe, dry place to rest and hide. Most snakes mate in the spring and early summer and feed on small birds, mice, rats, skinks, lizards and frogs. In turn, mice and rats are attracted to food scraps and grains around your home. How can you prevent snakes from coming on your property? The old saying “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” certainly applies to reducing snakes on your property. Unfortunately, there is no sure way of completely preventing snakes from moving on your property, particularly if you live in a wooded area or in the country.
II Ke e p or n a m e nt a l shrubbery and vegetation closely trimmed.
II Venomous snakes can be rendered harmless by milking their venom.
bama, especially the venomous snakes. If you learn to easily identify these six species, then the remaining ones are totally harmless. So what does all of this mean? You cannot totally prevent snakes from entering your property, but you can lessen the chance of them choosing to stay. In place of living in fear, learn to coexist with them instead of always trying to kill them. They are important to the overall health of our ecosystem.
Shooting and killing snakes, even venomous ones, is discouraged. Some snakes are protected by law in Alabama and by federal law Photo by: John Taylor under the Endangered Species Act, such as the Although it may look menacing, the gray rat rare and beautiful East- snake is not venomous. ern indigo snake and the black pine snake. Remember that most snake bites ocFor more information about snakes, cur when someone is trying to catch visit www.outdooralabama.com and click or kill a snake. If you are bitten, the on the “Watchable Wildlife” tab. best medicine is a set of car keys. Have someone drive you to a hospital immediately. For your piece of mind, buy a book and learn to identify the snakes of Ala-
JULY 2013 7
Grounded in Safety Ungrounded outlets in an older home
you have an older home, you may have tried to plug in an electronic device or appliance, only to find you have a plug with three prongs and an outlet with just two holes. This probably means the outlet, and possibly the entire home’s electrical system, is not grounded. Having ungrounded outlets or an electrical system that is not properly grounded can be dangerous and not up to local code. Electricity naturally flows to the earth, or ground, and will do so through anything that will conduct current. That third prong on the plug is there to provide a path for the electricity to travel to ground if there is a fault in the electrical device. This often trips a breaker or blows a fuse and cuts off the electricity to that circuit, saving the appliance or electronic device—and you—from damage. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) there are two kinds of grounding: 1) Electrical circuit or system grounding and 2) Electrical equipment grounding or equipment grounding. If you believe the outlets in your home are not properly grounded, one sure fix to the problem is to rewire the entire home. 8 JULY 2013
Other fixes, like installing Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs) may allow the outlet to work, and actually be up to code, but do not supply the safety testing feature of a grounded outlet. In addition, the next homeowner may think the outlet is grounded, when in fact it is not. Your best bet is to discuss all of your options with the help of a professional electrician. In the meantime, here are some safety tips to keep in mind: Never remove the third grounding prong on an appliance plug. The plug is there to conduct voltage to ground in the event of a short circuit in the electrical device. Adapter plugs should only be used on a temporary basis. When using these devices, make sure the small metal circle on the bottom contacts the screw in the middle of the outlet. Do not try to install a grounded outlet in an ungrounded receptacle.
If you have invested in costly, sensitive electronics (i.e., a computer, a high-definition TV), keep in mind that power surges carry a greater risk with older, ungrounded wiring. To protect your equipment, talk to a professional electrician about wiring upgrades and surge protection. The National Electric Code states, “Grounding is to insure that the electrical system is safe against electric shock and fires by limiting the voltage (from) lightning, line surges, or unintentional contact with higher-voltage lines and…. ground-fault.” The safety of you, your family, and your expensive appliances and electronics could be at risk if your home is not properly grounded. Make sure your home is safe. For more electrical safety information, go to SafeElectricity.org.
Electrical Fire Culprits About 26,000 household electrical fires occur in the U.S. every year. Following are the top five pieces of equipment that ignite residential electrical fires.
Electrical Wiring Lamp, Lighting Cord, Plug Heating Other 0
Source: U.S. Fire Administration National Fire Incident Reporting System; Residential Building Electrical Fires Volume 8, Issue 2; 2010 USFA Fire Estimate Summary
Get a taste of Alabama cuisine during Restaurant Week Culinary travelers should mark their calendars for Alabama Restaurant Week, which begins Friday, Aug. 16, and runs through Sunday, Aug. 25. Sponsored by the Alabama Department of Tourism, the event will highlight Alabama’s diverse eateries with participating restaurants offering a pre-fixed two-course lunch and/or three-course dinner at a set price. Alabama’s Martie Duncan, a finalist on the hit show, “Food Network Star,” also will be visiting several of the participating restaurants for a social media “meet and greet” with the public. A three-course dinner meal should include a starter, main course and dessert while the two-course lunch meal should include a main course and either a starter or dessert. Patrons should simply ask for an Alabama Restaurant Week meal at a participating restaurant during the promotion time period. Participating restaurants are listed at www.alabamarestaurantweek.com/restaurants.php with exact meal offerings once they are known. The Alabama Restaurant Week pricing is fixed at $10, $20 and $30 for dinner and $5, $10 and $15 for lunch.
Events Aug. 3
Wild game cooks will compete in Millbrook Wild Game Cook Teams from 13 competitions across the state will battle it out Saturday, Aug. 3 at Lanark Pavilion in Millbrook for a $1,000 first prize and bragging rights to the title Alabama Wildlife Federation-Alabama Army National Guard Wild Game Cook-Off State Champion. Festivities kick off at 5:30 p.m. and will include a silent auction, raffle and musical entertainment. The Alabama Army National Guard will also be sponsoring a “People’s Choice Award” which will be voted on by those in attendance. Each cook team will prepare its tables and their specialty of wild game, fish or fowl for the judges and attendees. Tickets are available for $35 per person or $50 per couple. Proceeds benefit Alabama Wildlife Alabama Living
Belle Chevre Cheese Shop and Tasting Room in Elkmont will take part in Alabama Restaurant Week. Wintzell’s Oyster House restaurants, including the Mobile location, is among the restaurants participating.
Federation’s programs and projects. For ticket information contact the Alabama Wildlife Federation at 1-800-822-WILD. Driving directions can be downloaded at www.alabamawildlife.org.
Follow us on Pinterest at www.pinterest.com/ AlabamaLiving, where you can find yummy recipes, travel ideas, gardening tips and inspiring stories about Alabama and its people, places and things!
Luverne hosts Peanut Boil Festival The 4th Annual Peanut Boil Festival will be Saturday, Aug. 31 in Luverne. Sponsored by the Crenshaw County Chamber of Commerce, the event will feature arts and crafts, food, entertainment, a car show, a Biker Run, rides for kids and other activities. The festival will be located at the intersection of Highway 10 and Highway 331S in Luverne. A 5K run/ walk is also planned for Saturday, Aug. 24 on Airport Road in Luverne. Registration is at 6 a.m. and the run starts at 7 a.m. For more information about either event, call 334-335-4468. AUGUST 2013 9
Reflecting on 78 years of Social Security By Carolyn W. Colvin Acting Commissioner of Social Security
There are special moments when people look back and evaluate a life or an era: birthdays, class reunions, holidays, anniversaries. Time is, after all, simply the stringing together of a number of events; some small, others significant. These events can speed by quickly, but each one can have an effect on the greater whole. A lifetime of seemingly mundane events can pass in what seems like the blink of an eye … until one looks back to examine them and realizes just how much has filled the space. When I think about Social Security on the eve of the program’s 78th anniversary, I am amazed by what a significant difference it has made, one event at a time, one person at a time. Over Social Security’s long history, every single monthly payment has made a difference to an American somewhere. But when you string those payments together, it’s remarkable what a huge and positive effect Social Security has had on the people and economy of our nation. Social Security has been a cornerstone of our nation, touching the lives of almost every American at one time
or another, for 78 years. It’s the most successful domestic program in our nation and, arguably, the world. When President Franklin D. Carolyn Colvin Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act into law on August 14, 1935, he said, “The civilization of the past hundred years, with its startling industrial changes, has tended more and more to make life insecure. Young people have come to wonder what would be their lot when they came to old age. The man with a job has wondered how long the job would last.” The same can be said of the current information age, with our rapidly evolving digital revolution and periods of economic instability. Social Security is a safety net cast to help those who need it. President Roosevelt knew that the cornerstone of his administration would offer security, but he also understood that Social Security would need to evolve as new changes challenged the nation. “This law, too, represents a cornerstone in a structure which is being built but is by no means complete,”
he admitted. “It is, in short, a law that will take care of human needs and at the same time provide the United States an economic structure of vastly greater soundness.” Today, Social Security is much more than just a retirement program. We provide benefits to disabled individuals and their families. We provide survivors benefits to widows, widowers and the minor children of deceased workers. We provide Supplemental Security Income (SSI) to aged and disabled people who have low income and resources. We provide work incentives to help people work. We even provide extra help with Medicare prescription drug costs. In so many ways, Social Security benefits America. Milestones come and milestones go. But looking back over the past 78 years of the nation’s most important program, it is those millions of individual moments — the monthly benefit payments — that have made a tremendous difference. In good times and bad, in sickness and health, Social Security has helped Americans. Each payment has helped someone, somewhere. But place them side by side and the difference Social Security has made in the lives of Americans is certainly something to celebrate.
D.C. Youth Tour a hit with 45 lucky students Some 45 students from 17 of Alabama’s electric cooperatives recently returned from Washington D.C. for the week-long National Rural Electric Cooperative Youth Tour, joining more than 1,600 students from across the nation. Students met with U.S. Rep. Terri Sewell, of Alabama’s 7th Congressional District, (far left) and other members of Congress and toured the U.S. Capitol (left) and other sites of interest. See more photos at http:// photos.youthtour.org/2013YouthTour/ Alabama-WashingtonDC/29559417_ CTFsn3#!i=2527868037&k=NPswjhj and on Facebook at AREA Youth Tours. 10 AUGUST 2013
‘Back to school’ sales tax holiday set for Aug. 2-4 The state of Alabama will have a “Back to School” sales tax holiday weekend Aug. 2-4. Items eligible for discount include clothing under $100; school supplies under $50; books under $30; and computers and computer equipment under $750.
To see the list of localities participating in the sales tax holiday, visit the Alabama Department of Revenue’s website at www.revenue.alabama.gov/salestax/stholiday.cfm. The list of supplies that are eligible is located at http://revenue. alabama.gov/salestax/STHolidayQuickRefSheet13.pdf. For more information, call 334-242-1490 or 866-5766531.
Paying for college: Four tips parents should know Financial specialist shares ways to help your child while protecting your retirement From $20,000 to $65,000 a year – that’s the tuition cost for one year of college, says John McDonough, a money expert who helps retirees and parents plan for their families’ futures. “For the 2012–2013 academic year, the average cost for an in-state public college is $22,261. A moderate budget for a private college averaged $43,289,” says McDonough, CEO of Studemont Group College Funding Solutions, www. studemontgroup.com. “But for elite schools, we’re talking about three times the cost of your local state school. Either way, your kid’s higher education can easily shoot into six figures after four years.” Along with worrying about rising tuition prices, parents also fear for their own futures if their retirement savings are drained by children’s college costs, McDonough says. Only 14 percent, for example, are very confident they’ll have the money to live comfortably in retirement, he says, citing a 2012 survey by the Employee Benefit Research Institute. “Families feel they’re faced with conflicting goals, but there are numerous ways to pay for college while investing in your future retirement,” says McDonough, who offers insights for parents to keep in mind while planning for their child’s education: • The ROI of a college education: At a time when so many American families are financially strapped, college is an especially stressful topic because parents know higher learning will help their kids succeed. College graduates earn 84 percent more than those with only a high school diploma, according to Georgetown’s Center on Education Alabama Living
and the Workforce. Here is how earning breaks down over one’s lifetime, based on education: a doctoral degree-holder will earn $3.3 million over a lifetime; $2.3 million is estimated for a college graduate; those with only a high school diploma can expect $1.3 million. • Move retirement assets to qualify for grants: Most parents know about the 529 savings account, but that’s not necessarily the best or only option. Reallocating your retirement assets, such as 401(k)s, can better position a child to qualify for grants and scholarships. This legal and ethical maneuvering may be the single most important factor when considering how to pay for college. • Know your student’s strengths and weaknesses: Consider independent and objective analysis of your future college student. Assessment might include a personality profile and a detailed search for a future career. Also think about a more nuts-and-bolts approach, including scholarship eligibility, SAT and ACT prep courses, review of admissions essays and an in-depth analysis of chances for enrollment in a student’s top four choices of colleges. • Make a checklist of financial aid forms: In order to maximize a fair price of higher education, remember there is plenty of data to review. McDonough recommends a checklist with a timeline and notable deadlines. Be ready to troubleshoot the “alphabet soup” of data forms: FAFSA – Free Application For Federal Student Aid; CSS profile – College Scholarship Service; SAR – Student Aid Report; and more. Think about this process as a second job, or find professional help you can trust. AUGUST 2013 11
Defying the myths A conversation with Alabama School Superintendent Dr. Tommy Bice
Later this month, school doors will reopen for more than 700,000 Alabama public school children. Alabama Living recently sat down with Alabama School Superintendent Dr. Tommy Bice to talk about some of the positive things happening in our schools. A former teacher, principal and superintendent in the Alexander City school system, Bice had been the state’s deputy superintendent of education instruction before officially taking office as superintendent in January 2012. Portions of our interview with Dr. Bice covered elements of the state’s new strategic plan for education, Plan 2020. To read and download a copy of the plan, visit www.alsde.edu/Home/General/PLAN_2020.aspx. Video excerpts from the interview may be viewed at http://vimeo.com/70582219 and http://vimeo.com/70582394. Alabama Living: We hear a lot about the bad things in our public schools, but we want our readers to know about the good things. Tell us about some of those. Bice: I think the most exciting thing at the moment is that we’ve redefined the “high school graduate” for the state of Alabama. As part of that, we set a goal of a 90 percent graduation rate by 2020. We took a baseline last year and we were at 72 percent, which to some may not sound like a positive thing. It’s actually higher than it’s ever been since records have been kept in Alabama. And we set a trajectory through 2020 of increasing it by 2 percent each year to make that goal. But in the first year we increased about 3 percent which again, doesn’t sound like a huge amount. But, if we continue on that trajectory, we’ll get to 90 percent even before 2020. 12 AUGUST 2013
And the significance of that is two-fold. Number one, what it means for those individuals that are actually now high school graduates rather than high school dropouts and their options for future choices of continuing their education or certain jobs that they would have not been eligible for. But as a state, it also means people (graduates) have greater income. And if you have greater income, you spend more. So for our economy, it’s a huge boost. What we’re trying to get across to our legislature is the two main funding sources that fund public education are income tax and sales tax. If we are able to get them behind us on some of the things that we are trying to do and actually get to this 90 percent graduation rate, we can be our own solution to our funding problem for the education budget, because we’ll have a greater number of people with higher income who are spending more.
Which, obviously, will enhance the education trust fund. So it helps the individual and it helps the state. Alabama Living: What specifically are we doing inside the schools to keep students in the classroom? Bice: The Department of Education is a huge bureaucracy and bureaucracies tend to treat whoever they serve as if they’re all the same. And we’ve done that for a long
time in public education. We’ve reorganized the department, we changed a lot of our rules and regulations so that we’re actually rewarding and supporting innovation. And removing some of the rules and regulations that have held people back from doing things that could create more opportunities for children to be more engaged. There’s a school in rural Talladega County, Winterboro, that was having issues with dropouts and [they] visited schools around the nation looking for a new solution. They had tried a lot of things and they weren’t working. They came up on Project-Based Learning and they partnered with business and industry to come in and look at teaching math, science, social studies and English around solving real world problems provided by business and industry. One of the first things they did was tear down walls between classrooms, so that teachers…
Bice: I was just there this morning. To kick off an initiative that we’re calling “Ending Childhood Hunger in Alabama,” one of the areas that we are focusing on is to begin to teach children how to have gardens. So that they can learn about sustainability, building their own gardens at home and making sure that as they become adults, they understand that they can have control over their hunger needs. It was just remarkable. And they are again teaching science, math, social studies, and English through this work in the garden. After the formal press conference, they turned the children loose and they immediately got engaged telling everybody about their plants and what’s going on. One of the neatest stories was from a first-grader. I asked her, I said “What are some of your challenges?” She says, “You know, we’re just so challenged right now because we have cabbage worms that are attacking our cabbage.”
some schools that are underperforming? Absolutely we do, but those are by far the minority. And we are dealing very aggressively with those right now, to turn them around so that those students have options just like other students. But, by far, the majority of our students, once we’ve removed some of those rules and regulations that have kind of held them captive for years, the innovation that’s coming out of these schools is just remarkable. Alabama Living: And who’s really to be credited for that? Teachers there, parents or…..?
Bice: It’s a combination in these schools where it’s really taking off. It’s where the school community has partnered with business and industry and with parents. It’s really a collective community effort. Sometimes schools try to do their own Alabama Living: The physical walls? thing aside from the community and especially aside from the business and industry. And where we’re Bice: Physical walls, and they seeing the greatest move forward created learning suites. Where is where business and industry groups of students come in and have paired with education. Bework with teachers who have cause as I have shared openly, planned their lessons around solving that problem. And it’s remarkultimately business and industry able. Since they have done that for are our customers of public education. Whether it’s straight out the last three years, they have had of high school, two years later afone student to drop out of school, ter a technical degree, four years their graduation rate is at 98 percent and their discipline referrals Alabama schools must realign their limited resources more later a B.S. degree, or ten years are almost nonexistent. Because strategically to meet the needs of an increasingly diverse later. Those people go into the they are providing education in student population, Bice says. work force, so we want to make Photos courtesy Alabama State Department of Education sure that we are partnered with a different sort of environment from the way we traditionally them along the way, so there is a And I’m thinking, OK, a first-grader connection between what we do and what provided education. talking about cabbage worms. So I say, they’re expecting. Alabama Living: And just that one simple “How are you handling this?” and she says, “We come out every morning and Innovation and community change has made that much difference? pick off the cabbage worms because if we partnerships can help students Bice: Absolutely. One of the biggest changes don’t, they are going to eat up our cabbages. succeed that occurred… most of the faculty that But we’ve also left a few, so we could see had taught there many years chose to leave what happens to the cabbage worms after Alabama Living: Any other positive stories because they weren’t willing to make the they eat the cabbage. They actually build that you’ve encountered in junior high or shift. And that’s another area of work that a chrysalis, become a chrysalis and hatch high schools? we are being very strategic on. If the adults into cabbage butterflies that are just as bad that are teaching our children aren’t willing as the worms, but they trick you because Bice: Our Torchbearer Schools are those to shift to a 21st century sort of learning they’re pretty. So we go after those as well.” that are defying the myth about some of the things people say that prevent children environment for children, then we’re helping them find other ways to earn a living. Alabama Living: How often do you get from learning. These are schools that have Because we need people that are connected out? over 80 percent free or reduced lunch population, which means most of their children to our students. Bice: I purposely go once a week to a live in some level of poverty. Alabama Living: You were telling me ear- school and spend time with students and We have a group of schools now that lier that another classroom was involved in just see what’s going on. I’m amazed at seven or eight years ago were some of our a garden. what’s going on. You know, do we have lowest performing schools in the state. And Alabama Living
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because of great leadership being brought in and giving them flexibility to do things that they knew they needed to do, they are now some of our highest performing schools in the state. The analogy I use is eight years the children were poor, lived in public housing, many of them lived in single parent homes where their parents were under-educated because we didn’t do a good job with them either. Black, Hispanic, speaking a different language -- all the reasons we sometimes use as excuses as to why the children can’t learn. Eight years later, after a lot of work, the children are still poor, they still live in inner city housing, and all those variables are still exactly the same. But those children are performing at levels comparable to any of our highest performing schools in the state. Which are models for us to take away from those best practices to share with all of our schools.
Partnerships with business, industry and parents are key to progress Alabama Living: You mentioned flexibility as a factor. Bice: Yes. For teachers and others to be able to come together and develop curriculum, outside of things we have typically done in education.
start to get the services their children need, how do they ever get there?” So it’s our responsibility to break down that bureaucracy to the level that it can be accessed at the local level. Alabama Living: The Common Core came under some attack during the last legislative session. Is there anything the public needs to know about this that hasn’t already been said? Bice: I was involved with this when it first was set up in 2007. It was a time when a group of governors and a group of educators thought, “We’ve got 50 states that are working every so often to redo their standards for math, and the English, language arts and algebra can’t be that different in 50 different states. We’re spending enormous amounts of money and time for different states to be doing what they could do collectively, possibly learn from each other and
standards that were developed through that collaborative and brought it back to Alabama. Alabama educators, teachers, principals, university faculty and laypersons, which is the way we’ve always done it, took those and Alabama standards to look at the two and compare them. They took the best of both and combined them into what we refer to as Alabama’s College and Career Ready Standards for Math and English Language Arts. We don’t report our work to anyone outside of the state of Alabama. When people ask me what’s the big difference between our previous standards and our new standards, this sounds awfully simple, but it’s really a change in the verb. In our old standards it would say, “Compute three digit numbers to come up with the correct sum.” In our new standards in the same grade it would say, “Given this real world situation, based on what you’ve learned, determine the mathematics that is required to solve the problem. Work with three or four of your peers to come up with as many solutions to it as you can. Choose the one that you feel best answers the question and explain to the rest of your class why you chose that solution.” The arithmetic is still the same. Alabama Living: Right.
Bice: Still adding three digit numbers. But what we’re asking Teachers are encouraged to come up with ideas outside of what students and teachers to do difhas typically taken place inside Alabama classrooms. ferently is to think, work together Bice: [Yes,] to think outside the box. I don’t come up with something that’s even better and to solve problems. Which is, when you own a box, I burned all that a long time than what they could’ve done individually. talk with business and industry and higher ago because boxes don’t serve well to serve To me, that was, for lack of a better term, education, the skill set that has been missing. Under the previous way we have been the diverse population of students we cur- a no-brainer. rently serve in Alabama. It’s more diverse So we came back and asked our board teaching, for almost a decade now, to pass than it’s ever been with poverty being our if they would be interested in us working a test. Now we want them to take what biggest challenge. We have to be able to re- on that, to which they said yes. We began they’ve learned and apply it to something align what we do and our limited resourc- working on the process of working with they may have never even seen before. es more strategically to meet the needs of 48 other states and a multitude of other That is what’s exciting. It changes the role those children. entities, pulling together the best of all the of the learner and it changes the role of the You know, I’ve worked in some of the states’ standards. We actually started with teacher. It also equips children to take on poorest counties in the state. I worked in all the states’ standards and looked at those situations and issues that they may have Coosa County for a while; it’s very rural, internationally because many of our gradu- never had the ability to do before. great place, wonderful people and very little ates now are going to be competing, not just economic growth there at this point. And within the United States, but for jobs inter- Alabama Living: So this is what you were many of those parents have lived there for- nationally. What can we do to make sure talking about when we started this interever and have needs for those children. I the standards get them there? We came up view. You’re changing what a high school look at these big white buildings here in with, throughout that process, input from graduate will be. Montgomery that are filled with bureau- every state that was participating before cracy, ours being one of them, and think, anything was finalized and finally came up Bice: Exactly. You know, I spent probably “How does that parent that may not even with a set of standards. Alabama, unlike the first six months on the job meeting with have the capacity to even know where to some other states, took the Common Core business and industry and higher education; Alabama Living: [To] think outside the box.
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which, I realized immediately on being hired that there was a disconnect between us and them. The whole purpose of that time was to ask them that question. What is it about Alabama high school graduates that is missing when you get them? Interestingly and somewhat unexpected, the response from business and industry and higher education was identical. That they have some of the basic math, English, science and those sorts of skills that you would expect them to have, but they don’t appear to know what to do with them. And they are so programmed to take the test and move on, they don’t want to continue to learn. Just give me the answer, tell me what you want me to do with it and let me go. So we want to create a graduate that is a lifelong learner, that has intellectual curiosity, that isn’t afraid to experiment with what they’ve learned and work with their peers to come up with solutions, which is what the real world looks like. So that’s what we are trying to prepare them for.
weekends. I have a son that took a Latin course from a teacher at another school because they didn’t offer it at his school and it couldn’t be worked into his school day. So he took it at night on his own in a blended model with his teacher from another school system. It worked out beautifully and more efficiently. Rather than building something, there are a lot of empty buildings in the world today. If we opened up, and they’ve done a lot of this in the urban areas, go to the empty storefronts in local neighborhoods and open up “schools.” They might be Twilight Schools, it means it’s after hours, so that kids who have had to drop out of schools and support their families could actually have an opportunity to return to school, be successful and be this higher wage earner to support their families. But it takes us rethinking how we deliver education. Bice: Probably the question that I am asked
Alabama Living: Ten years from now, what are our schools in Alabama going to look like? Bice: I challenge people to think about that very question. I actually met, about a week or so ago, with all the plant managers from all the school systems in the state.
Bice: For years at the Department of Education, we’ve made rules and regulations for years because a school did something wrong. So we do a rule to address that, but then it applies to everybody else. So over the years, you have squelched all that creativity and innovation. I am a firm believer, and I have this little rule that everybody here will tell you and anybody who has ever worked with me before knows, if somebody comes to me and says “they said,” I can’t really do much about it unless I know who “they” are. So I require them to go back. Once you can identify who “they” are and what those problems are associated with whoever “they” are, then come back to me. It is amazing how many non-revisits I have. So [we are] removing some of the things that just through urban legend we’ve been programmed to think we can’t do. And we’re removing them right and left to try and give schools the flexibility they need, because they’re all different. You’ve got a school in Mobile that has a huge number of Vietnamese children because of the parents that work in the oyster industry in a certain area of Mobile. They have a very unique need in school culture that is totally different than in … Alabama Living: Albertville, where you have a large Hispanic population.
Alabama Living: The physical Ten years from now, classrooms won’t look like what they do plant? today.
Bice: The physical plant managers, because they are an integral part of what we do as well. And I challenged them to think 10 years from now about what their job might look like that is different. We get real caught up in building these big places to public education, but with technology and some of the examples I’ve given you, learning can occur in a lot of different places and a lot of different times. We’ve got to begin to look at education through that lens rather than it being a place. It really could be, with technology, a 24/7 anywhere and anytime experience for students. Not for all, but for those that can handle that sort of thing. We have distance learning now where we offer hundreds of courses so that students, no matter where they live, can take courses. That doesn’t have to happen during the school day. That can happen in the evenings and that can happen on the Alabama Living
the most, that drives people crazy when I say, “Ask for flexibility.” They say, “What can we ask flexibility from?” I refuse to give them the list, because the minute I give them the list I have now, again, taken over the thinking process. What might be thought of and created within a faculty in Dekalb County versus what might be thought of in Wilcox County could be totally different and of equal value. So, we have 134 school systems and 1,500 schools. So we could have 1,500 different ways this looks. Alabama Living: It doesn’t look like the school you and I went to. Bice: Exactly, it doesn’t need to. Alabama Living: We hear so many negative things about our schools that it’s great to sit down with you and hear about some of the good things.
Bice: Exactly, or across over in Dekalb County or some of the other areas.
Alabama Living: Or west Alabama. Bice: Right, they’re all different. This gives you a chance to embrace the differences in culture, children, community, families and actually engage it. What this looks like, which administratively drives people crazy because it’s a lot easier to administer with a one-size-fits-all approach. It’d be a whole lot easier for me to lead this department if we were treating all students the same. Alabama Living: Well, that’s the way we used to do it. Bice: Right. It’s a lot harder to do it this way, but it is so much more effective and efficient financially….It’s about the children. It’s not about Tommy Bice and it’s not about any of the adults’ turf here. This is their school system and we have to make sure that we respond that way. A AUGUST 2013 15
Whole Kids Garden grows in state’s Black Belt Young students establish ‘four seasons garden’ at University of West Alabama
he youngest students at the University of West Alabama in Livingston are getting a firsthand education on the unique agriculture of Alabama through a garden project with the Center for the Study of the Black Belt. The first installment of their “four seasons garden” was planted in early summer, and the students are reaping quite a harvest.
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Students at the UWA Campus School have dubbed the summer installation of their year-round garden “The Pizza Garden” because it’s filled with the tomatoes, peppers, onions, and herbs they like on their pizza. The project gives children ages 5 to 11 firsthand knowledge of how a garden grows and how a community can thrive on its natural resources to grow its own food.
Through a garden grant, Whole Kids Foundation has provided the seeds, literally and figuratively, to grow healthy children and communities in rural west Alabama. The year-round garden is intended to jump start a supplemental science curriculum for students and to promote a healthy lifestyle among the community by reaching children first in an area plagued by high rates of obesity and poverty. Project coordinator Annie Upchurch, director of the UWA Campus School, says having the assistance of gardening and nutrition experts has been essential in demonstrating to the children the connection between planting a garden and a healthy lifestyle through better nutrition. “Our students have shown so much enthusiasm in every aspect of the process from learning about agriculture and the skills of tending a garden to the importance of nutritious foods and how to plan healthy meals,” Upchurch explained. The garden, which is located at the Campbell Environmental Education Cen-
In the state’s Black Belt region, young students are learning how a garden grows as well as good eating habits with the help of gardening and nutrition experts.
ter at UWA and is connected to the UWA Campus School by a stretch of one of the campus’s nature trails, has served as an outdoor classroom for the young students. Here, horticulturist Sam Ledbetter of the Black Belt Garden teaches them about the planting and care for the garden. “It’s where they’ve learned about life cycles of plants and have seen firsthand the stages of plant growth. By putting their hands in the dirt and growing vegetables they know they’ll eat at harvest time, they’ve come to understand and appreciate the process,” Upchurch said. In their regular classrooms, students learn each week from Debra Clark of the Health and Wellness Education Center for Sumter County about the nutritional value and benefits of eating the vegetables they grow in the garden. The classes help re-associate “fast food” from being a drive-thru meal to fresh vegetables from the backyard. Alabama Living
HWEC is the community partner for the project. Other community groups and organizations take part in the program. Alfa Women’s Organization assisted with the installation and planting of the garden, and Livingston’s Primrose Club, a ladies group founded in 1901 as a study club, provides recipes and will help the students cook for the harvest time pizza party. As with any Alabama garden, aesthetic appeal and an element of style are priorities. In classroom craft projects the children have constructed and decorated their own watering cans using recycled containers. They have decorated the wash area with tile mosaics they created with the assistance of artists who also teach the technique in continuing education classes. The garden shares its home with a community orchard established in 2012. All the plant life in the garden offers an agricultural history lesson to the community, which Educational Outreach Dean Tina N. Jones says keeps with the mission of UWA’s Center for the Study of the Black Belt and the University as a whole. “The flora in the garden and orchard is native to Alabama’s Black Belt. These are the plants, vegetables, and fruits that would have grown in Alabama on homesteads like the Campbell Center’s original site more than 100 years ago,” Jones explained. “These fruits and vegetables thrive in the rich, dark soil for which the Black Belt region is named, and they have worked their way into our culture over the years both by the tradition of working to grow a crop and through the experiences we share while enjoying the harvest.” The double-dog trot house that is the Campbell Environmental Education Center was moved to the UWA campus in 2010 and has been renovated to offer classroom and meeting space. The structure sits in close proximity to the Alamuchee Covered Bridge and historic Cedarwood. Plans are in place to relocate a historic chapel to the same area on the UWA campus. The Center for the Study of the Black Belt was established in 2005 on the belief that people develop a shared sense of pride and stewardship of their homeland if they understand its history, culture, and natural environment. The Center encourages scholars and citizens to address the region’s challenges by promoting its abundant and unique natural, historical and cultural resources. A AUGUST 2013 17
Hit the road this month for garden visits across Alabama Summer is drawing to an end and vacation time is running short, but there’s still time for a last-minute garden getaway. By Katie Jackson
eed a day trip just to get you and the kids out of the house and home garden? Visit one of the many botanical gardens or arboretums that are located throughout the state and are as educational as they are beautiful. Typically, botanical gardens contain a wide range of plants, from trees and shrubs to herbaceous perennials and annuals, while arboretums tend to focus more on trees and shrubs. Both types of gardens are meant to be teaching and research sites, so the plants there will be labeled and admission fees are affordable—sometimes even free. Another garden-related outing that also provides a glimpse of history is to visit one of Alabama’s gorgeous estate gardens, such as Arlington Antebellum Home and Gardens in Birmingham, Jasmine Hill between Montgomery and Wetumpka or Bellingrath Gardens and Home in Theodore. These and other similar gardens often offer home and museum tours along with garden visits, so you can enjoy them indoors and out. A more hands-on garden outing is to visit one of Alabama’s many u-pick operations. While some fruits and vegetables are out of season by this time in the summer, many others are at their height and new ones are coming in. In fact, the Katie Jackson, who recently retired as chief editor for the Auburn University College of Agriculture and Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, is now a fulltime freelance writer and editor. Contact her at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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year’s first apples are available this month at Mountain View Orchards in Chilton County (more on them in the October issue). If you’re looking for a romantic, grownup getaway, take a trip along Alabama’s Wine Trail (www.alabamawinetrail.net), which features vineyards and wineries throughout the state offering tours and tastings of everything from blueberry and muscadine wines to pinot noirs and cabernets. (You’ll remember the Wine Trail was the cover story in June’s Alabama Living.) Even if you don’t want to plan an entire trip around gardens, keep in mind that lovely gardens can be found almost any place you visit, from municipal parks to church grounds to native plantings in state parks, so you can enjoy a garden-related getaway wherever you go. A great list of Alabama public gardens can be found at www.ilovegardens.com/ or search the Alabama Tourism Department’s site at http://alabama.travel for garden destinations and events. A map of many Alabama u-pick farms is available at www.fma.alabama.gov/UpickCounty.aspx and others can be found with a basic Web search. Don’t neglect plants while you’re away
As you set out to explore, though, don’t neglect those plants back at home. If you’re going to be gone for several days or longer, protect your turf by mowing the lawn, then deeply watering it and your landscape plants just before you leave. If you don’t have an automatic sprinkler system, ask or hire a friend or neighbor to water for you every few days.
For container plants—whether they are on the porch and patio or in the house— try using watering globes or water spikes, which are available at most nursery centers. These devices allow you to fill a bottle or the globe reservoir with water that will gradually seep into the soil during your absence. Or set plants on risers in a tray or bathtub filled with an inch or two of water so they can benefit as the water evaporates. And make sure you harvest any ripe vegetables or arrange for a friend to pick the garden in your absence. A
August Gardening Tips d Plant fall vegetables, such as cabbage, collards and broccoli, and fall-bearing beans and peas. d Plant a winter cover crop in your garden as it finishes its growing season. d Keep an eye out for insects and disease on all ornamental and vegetable plants and treat for problems before they get out of hand. d Prune blackberry canes. d Keep an eye out for seed catalogues, which should be arriving in your mailbox soon. d Continue to mow and water lawns as needed. d Divide irises and other perennials that have become overcrowded. d Keep fresh water in birdbaths. d Plant seeds of cool-season flowers such as snapdragons, dianthus, pansies, calendulas and other cool-season flowers in flats or in the garden for midto-late fall bloom. d Order fall bulbs. d Use mosquito repellant and sunscreen when you’re out in the yard or garden.
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Marveling at Mims: The trouble in paradise Bicentennial event will feature reenactment of Fort Mims battle By John Brightman Brock
ne day, in the year 1813, fear changed everything. Cries of “Indians in the fort!” resounded inside hastily constructed timber walls in the Tensaw region of Alabama. Those gathered on the Samuel Mims Plantation, near Stockton, had screamed in disbelief and later in horror as 250 of the 400 inhabitants were slaughtered in a fiery clash of cultures. The settlers, protected by 100 Mississippi Territorial Volunteers, had gathered after reports of Red Stick Creek Indians procuring guns, possibly from the British or Spanish. This was followed by a report that the militia had failed to intercept them at a place called Burnt Corn Creek. Now the Red Sticks, known for their red-tipped war clubs, turned their fears of an encroaching white culture onto the fort, including nationalized Creeks and African slaves. The hand of fate seemed cruel that Aug. 30, as rain-hardened sand held open the fort’s eastern gate allowing 700 Indians to enter at noon, fight and hours later destroy by fire Fort Mims, located in present-day Baldwin County. The blaze grew hot enough to melt 20 AUGUST 2013
cast iron, ravaging many of the fort’s wooden structures and fences, and horridly illuminating the scalpings of hundreds of settlers before the Red Sticks left with their captives. A burial party would not arrive until three weeks later, constructing mass graves that remain in memorial to the beginnings of the Creek Indian War. A struggling young America, already at war with the British, would later avenge the deaths of those killed that day. News of “Massacre at Fort Mims!” would sound the death knell for these Red Stick Creek Indians who had attacked the fort in civil war action against Creeks who had settled with the whites. A shocked nation dispatched an angry Gen. Andrew Jackson and his army, which devastated the Red Sticks at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend on March 27, 1814. Remaining Creeks were taken from the land and more than 20 million acres were ceded to the United States, signaling an end to Creek Indian traditional hunting grounds where they had hunted deer for many years.
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A volatile clash of cultures
The enraged Red Stick Creeks had actually “raised the red stick of war” against their own National Council, says Kathryn E. Holland Braund of Auburn University, who edited a book of essays on the war, Tohopeka: Rethinking the Creek War and the War of 1812. “The War of 1812 was going on,” says Braund. “There had been tremendous Creek opposition to the Federal Road. The people in what is now South Alabama were expecting an Indian war and perhaps even wanted it as an excuse to claim more territory and dislodge the Spanish and even the Indians. And on the Creek side, there were divisions. When the Creek National Council sent warriors to execute other Creeks for crimes committed against Americans, it resulted in a civil war among the Creeks.” The Red Sticks saw American demands for things like roads as an encroachment on their sovereignty. “They feared the increasing settlements of whites all around them and resented the demands for land by Americans. And they opposed the accommodation the Creek National Council represented. Many of these members of the National Council were profiting from the accommodation with Americans while most Creeks weren’t,” Braund says. The tipping point came when the Creek National Council began to take unprecedented powers and usurp clan authority by executing people, she says. “A sizeable portion of the Creek people raised the red stick of war against their own leaders and laid siege to Tuckabatchee (where the Creek National Council convened in current day Elmore County). A contingent went to Pensacola for supplies to use against their own people; and the Mississippi Territorial Militia thought a preemptive strike would prevent an attack on the Tensaw settlements by destroying the arms the insurgents possessed. “It backfired, and the Red Sticks changed their target to Fort Mims as an act of revenge,” Braund says. “The ensuing fierceness of the attack on the fort shocked Americans ... especially the size of the death toll. News of the attack transformed a Creek civil war into an American war against the Creeks.”
Excavations have unearthed evidence of several buildings in the fort, including the Mims house, the kitchen, a blacksmith shop and a cabin. Archaeologists collected artifacts, among them a large cast iron kettle as evidence of the fire set that day, with a chunk of the iron kettle completely melted. After years of random excavation diluted the site’s remains, however, archeologists like Bonnie Gums, with the University of
South Alabama in Mobile, have been able to further piece together the massacre. Gums, who works with archeologist Dr. Gregory A. Waselkov, published their official chronology in 2007 as “Archaeology at Fort Mims: Excavation, Contexts and Artifact Catalogue.” Sometimes digging, sometimes using ground penetrating equipment, their onsite work discovered stark evidence of the disastrous turmoil inside the fence, says Gums. They found that two months before the massacre, settlers had built the fort fence in about a day around a 200- by 200-foot land area, then laying timbers side by side, possibly as a fence. But previous researchers in 1953 “took a bulldozer to it to find the walls…not the best way to do it,” Gums says. The five acres that holds the fort had been deeded to the state with the stipulation that it make it into a park in 10 years, and “after nine and a half years, the state had done nothing.” She said those researchers went in there in a hurry to find any evidence the fort had existed. Those findings were inconclusive. A decade later, the Department of Conservation excavated the site, this time discovering two wells inside the fort area and artifacts. After digging out the wells, they found an ax head in the bottom of one well, bearing the initials ZM, believed to belong to Zachariah McGirth, a survivor, Gums says. So, in 2000, when the Alabama Historical Commission asked Waselkov and Gums “to gather everything that’s ever been done at Fort Mims,” they took more than five years, including 25 days on site, before publishing their findings. They determined that “walls” found in 1953 were actually burned trees from the massacre; so they decided to look for themselves - to find the walls. They discovered real evidence of west, north and east walls of the fort, after evidence of the south wall had been discovered in a 1970s excavation. The key to finding the remains of walls, actually, was defining a “darker stain in the ground,” Gums says. “They (settlers) had built a trench…it’s easier to build a trench than to build a post hole. The trench was only a couple of inches deep, less than a foot; it wasn’t very stable. They would have stuck timbers in there, and packed the timbers in place, to stay in place.” The Mims plantation actually existed from the late 1790s, and had been a plantation for about 15 years prior to the fort and the massacre. “It was really a fort for only about two months. So many artifacts we found were in the ground prior to the battle, meaning they were plantation artifacts,” Gums says. “The ones found from the battle were burned, melted bottle glass, burned ceramics, burned and melted lead ... we can pretty much say were from the battle that day.” A
Bicentennial will feature battle reenactment Descendants of the survivors of the Fort Mims massacre will make their way to Baldwin County for a bicentennial reenactment Aug. 30-Sept. 1, from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Activities each day will start with a reenactment of the Battle of Burnt Corn Creek in the mornings, and the Battle of Fort Mims in the afternoons. Re-enactors will be there with tents, blacksmithing, period 22 AUGUST 2013
Photo by John Nelson
music, booths and will provide covered wagon rides led by mules. Claudia Slaughter Campbell, president
of the Fort Mims Restoration Association, expects a large turnout. It will be portrayed on the actual anniversary date and time, 200 years later, she says. “Descendants of Fort Mims from all over the nation will be making their pilgrimages to this site in north Baldwin County to honor their ancestors who were in some way a part of this day in early American history.” Directions to Fort Mims: (45 miles from Mobile) 12 miles north of Stockton on Highway 59, turning west on County Road 80 for three miles until you see the signs. www.alabamaliving.coop
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Busy as a
Beekeepers work to get food to the nation’s table By Lori Quiller
ven after more than 20 years as a beekeeper, Gerry Whitaker of New Brockton takes great care when approaching his honey hives. After all, he’s allergic to them. “Got stung once right through my glove,” he says as he splayed out his hand to show his rough-hewed farm work glove. “You wouldn’t think a little honeybee could sting through a cowhide glove, but that one did. And my eye was pretty swollen before I could get back to the shop.”
He wears protection from head to toe when working with the hives. The familiar white suits that beekeepers wear are durable but hot, topped off with a caged-in helmet that zips onto the neckline of the suit, and the beekeeper is ready to check on the health of his hives. Whitaker’s white boxes may look innocent enough dotting the landscape of his farmland in rural Coffee County, but they each contain between 30,000 and 60,000 of nature’s little honey makers. Although the boxes appear to be cabinets with drawers that slide out, they actually come apart from the top, and that’s where Whitaker begins his 24 AUGUST 2013
Gerry Whitaker inspects bee boxes.
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inspection by easing the lid off the top and being careful not to stand in front of the hive when he does. “I wouldn’t stand in front of the box when I lift the lid,” he says. “That hole at the bottom is where they come and go from. They might decide to go in a minute.” This gentle man takes all the care in the world as he lifts the lid of the hive and slides a rack of bees from its resting place. He was correct, too. The bees in the bottom of the hive got the signal that something was amiss…and the escape hatch was filled with angry bees in a split second ready to protect their home, queen and their hard work for the season - honey. As he raised the rack and the bees slid away, the sealed comb became visible. Each tiny octagon was filled with the golden honey and capped with wax. This is a healthy hive, and Whitaker is taking great care to keep it that way.
Bees are an important link in the food chain
“People naturally think about honey when they think about honeybees,” Whitaker says, “but honeybees are so much more important to our food chain than most people realize. Without them and the work they do, the food we eat wouldn’t make it to our tables. Now that’s even in danger.” Today’s families and restaurant owners are more conscious about farm-to-table food and keeping produce as fresh and as organic as possible for purchase. However, it all starts with a single bloom fertilized with the pollen scattered on the legs of the humble honeybee. “Pollination is responsible for $15 billion a year in the U.S. when it comes to agricultural production. There is not a fruit that doesn’t require pollination. A healthy hive has between 30,000 and 60,000 bees. To pollinate one acre of apple trees, you’ll need one hive of healthy bees. When we pollinate a watermelon field, we take 3-4 hives for about 7 acres, and we don’t get any honey back from that. The issue there is that we need the pollen. The important part is the pollination, but everyone focuses on the honey,” Whitaker says. 26 AUGUST 2013
Pollination is responsible for $15 billion a year in the U.S. when it comes to agricultural production Whitaker offers a cautionary note for consumers trying to eat primarily organic produce. If you see a bottle of honey with a certified organic or organic label attached to it, be suspicious. “It’s difficult to say that this honey is from this crop because the bees can travel up to 2.5 miles away from the hive to forage. I may not use pesticides on my fields, but I don’t know what’s being used on anyone else’s fields where those bees have been. There’s no way to certify honey as organic even though it is a purely natural food,” he says. While honeybees are the best pollinators for the produce that we eat, they are under attack by a mysterious disease called Colony Collapse Disorder. The disease, which remains a mystery, is being investigated at the state and federal levels. The Agricultural Research Service, the USDA’s internal research agency, is leading several efforts into possible CCD causes of the disease that has proven to be an international phenomenon.
According to Whitaker, who is also president of the Southeast Alabama Beekeepers Association, he lost about 70 percent of his bee colonies last October due to Colony Collapse Disorder and the national loss is projected to be 50-90 percent for this year. “Because we can’t predict CCD, we inspect the hives closely. There are signs of an unhealthy hive, so close inspection is very important,” Whitaker says. Beekeeping is a process and some look at it as farming as with cows or pigs. With farming comes education, and the Southeast Alabama Beekeepers Association and the Alabama Beekeepers Association provide educational programs for those interested in learning how to keep honeybees and harvest the honey during the two harvesting seasons. There are levels of education from apprentice, journeyman, master, to master craftsman beekeeper with the master beekeeper program taking four years to complete. Those just starting out are expected to register their honeybee colonies with the Alabama Department of Agriculture, pursuant to state law, and state societies can assist with the registration. To contact the associations for more information, visit www.alabamabeekeepers.com, www.southeastalabamabeekeepers.com, and Whitaker’s company, Beeginnings, at www.beeginnings.net. A
AUGUST 2013â€ƒ 27
Protect yourself online
Safe @ Home
Cybersecurity: Protecting your identity online
Careful What You Download. When you download a program or file from an unknown source, you risk loading malicious software programs on your computer. Fraudsters often hide these programs within seemingly benign applications. Think twice before you click on a pop-up advertisement or download a “free” game or gadget.
2 Don’t Respond to Emails Requesting
his column is typically concerned with our day-to-day physical safety but I thought I would take this opportunity to discuss our security in cyberspace, or cybersecurity. It’s vital that those using the Internet (and that’s most of us today) should be guarding our information as close as possible, because there are certainly thieves who have adapted to this new territory. A good first step to take with your computer is securing your web browser. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Computer Emergency Readiness Team has thorough tips on how to secure browsers including Microsoft Internet Explorer and others at www.us-cert.gov/ publications/securing-your-web-browser. It is important to ensure that your browser is secure because the operating system software often comes without this security set up upon installation. The failure to take this necessary precaution could lead to Spyware, or Malware, which is defined as malicious software programs, being installed without your knowledge. Identity thieves can obtain your information in a variety of ways, including via your home computer and electronic devices. If you notice unusual charges on
Michael Kelley is manager of Safety & Loss Control for the Alabama Rural Electric Association.
28 AUGUST 2013
your bills, or bills for services and products that you do not use, you may have been a victim of identity theft. To keep your information safe, it’s best to do business with companies you trust. The Better Business Bureau has lots of resources that will show you whether a business is rated well. You can type in a business or charity name at this link: www.bbb.org/us/bbbaccredited-businesses/. It’s also important to be aware of your online footprint, which includes the information that you post. It’s best to be guarded about your personal information when you are on public forums, such as Facebook. Make sure your security settings and passwords are as secure as possible. Passwords should include a mix of numbers, letters and special characters; they should also be changed often. Though it’s not always possible to prevent identity theft regardless of taking safety procedures, they certainly limit your exposure to this possibility. If you’re browsing, be safe! A
DNT TXT & DRV According to the National Safety Council, at least 28 percent of all traffic crashes – or at least 1.6 million crashes each year – involve drivers using cell phones and texting. NSC estimates that a minimum of 200,000 additional crashes each year involve drivers who are texting. Most states, including Alabama, have passed legislation outlawing texting while driving. Please don’t text while driving – for your safety, and the safety of others.
Personal Information. Legitimate entities will not ask you to provide or verify sensitive information through a non-secure means, such as email. If you have reason to believe that your financial institution actually does need personal information from you, pick up the phone and call the company yourself.
2 Use Extra Caution with Wireless Con-
nections. Wireless networks may not provide as much security as wired Internet connections. In fact, many “hotspots” - wireless networks in public areas like airports, hotels and restaurants - reduce their security so it’s easier for individuals to access and use these wireless networks. Unless you use a security token, you may decide that accessing your online brokerage account through a wireless connection isn’t worth the security risk. You can learn more about security issues relating to wireless networks on the website of the Wi-Fi Alliance, www.wi-fi.org.
2 Log Out Completely. Closing or min-
imizing your browser or typing in a new web address when you’re done using your online account may not be enough to prevent others from gaining access to your account information. Instead, click on the “log out” button to terminate your online session. In addition, you shouldn’t permit your browser to “remember” your username and password information. If this browser feature is active, anyone using your computer will have access to your brokerage account information. Courtesy U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
Around Alabama Mentone
August 16 - 18
Mentone Old Time Music and Dance Weekend On the third weekend in August each year, Birmingham FOOTMAD puts on its annual Old-Time Music and Dance Weekend at Camp Riverview in the resort town of Mentone. For the past 23 years the weekend has featured great old-time bands and musicians, but the core activity of the weekend is dancing. There will also be a Sunday morning gospel singing, a clogging workshop, swimming and a wacky waterfront drama or pageant. Campers stay in cabins or bring their own tents. Some also stay in bed-and-breakfasts or rent chalets in the area. FOOTMAD furnishes two breakfasts and campers
August 1-3 • Foley, Jennifer Claire Moore 16th Annual
Professional Rodeo, City of Foley Horse Arena. Prerodeo activities begin each night at 7, followed by the rodeo at 8. From bareback bronco riding and barrel racing to children’s activities, the rodeo is fun for the whole family. Contact: Millie Shamburger, 251-971-3633 or rodeo@ jennifermoorefoundation.com 4 • Talladega, Afternoon of Praise Talladega’s Historic Ritz Theatre, 2:30 and 4:30 p.m. Dove Award nominee Richard Kingsmore will direct the orchestra as Talladega First United Methodist Church Choir Director Susannah Herring leads a choir of more than 100 local voices in a community-wide praise experience. Tickets: $10 Contact The Ritz at 256-315-0000. 9 & 10 • Albertville, Main Street Music Festival Downtown Albertville Two-day event includes entertainment and activities on three stages featuring Night Ranger, Lonestar and John Stone. Children’s inflatable water park, arts and crafts, food vendors, cooking demonstrations, cooking competition, dog show, petting zoo and an excerpt from “The Wizard of Oz.” Admission: Free www.mainstreetmusicfestival.com
are asked to bring a contribution to the Saturday night potluck and any other food or beverages they need. Everyone at the camp is expected to volunteer for a congenial bit of cooking or cleaning during the weekend, which helps FOOTMAD keep costs low. The Old-Time Music and Dance Weekend is popular and usually fills up quickly. Registration is limited to 280 persons on a first-come-first served basis, with genderbalance taken into consideration. Those who would like to attend should request to be placed on the mailing list by writing FOOTMAD, 1452 Milner Crescent, Birmingham, AL 35205, or emailing email@example.com.
10 • Weogufka, Catfish Dinner and Gospel Show Weogufka Center Featuring the Diplomats and Sounds of Jericho Quartets. Tickets and information: www.weogufkacenter.com
31-September 1 • Decatur, Battle for Decatur Reenactment, Point Mallard Drive Camps open to the public at 10 a.m. daily. Battles begin at 2 p.m. daily. Reenactments of battles using infantry and cavalry, as well as cannon and battle tactics unique to the War Between the States. Ladies tea, period church service and period ball. Reenactor registration: $6 adults, $3 children 3-13, under 2 free Event Coordinator: Larry Thomson, SCV Camp 580 Adjutant, 256-520-2906
16 & 17 •
Russellville, 33rd Annual Franklin County Watermelon Festival, Downtown Russellville Fri. 6-9 p.m., Sat. 10 a.m.-10 p.m. Admission: Free Contact: Franklin County Chamber of Commerce, 256-3321760 or www.franklincountychamber.org 17 • Priceville, Annual Cruise-In Car Show Veterans Park, Hwy 67, 6-10 p.m. Entertainment: Natchez Trace Contact: 256-355-5476, ext. 0 23 & 24 • Centre, Weiss Lake Regatta Sponsored by The Rome Sailing Club Information: 706-266-0321 www.theromesailingclub.org 29- September 2 • Bryant, Mountain Trails 5th Annual 50 Mile Yard Sale, Hwy 71/73 eight-community yard sale from Section to Bryant. Information: Chamber of Commerce, 256-259-5500 or Wanda Wilson, 334-312-0286
To place an event e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. or visit www.alabamaliving.coop. You can also mail to Events Calendar, P.O. Box 244014, Montgomery, AL 36124; Each submission must include a contact name and phone number. Deadline is two months prior to issue date. We regret that we cannot publish every event due to space limitations.
September 19 • Dothan, Low Country Boil Stokes Activity Barn at Landmark Park Annual fundraiser featuring food, music, a silent auction and wagon rides. Advance tickets required. Information: Laura V. Stakelum, 334-794-3452, or email@example.com 19 • Atmore, Taste of the South Atmore Heritage Park, 5-8 p.m. A fabulous food festival showcasing local restaurants and organizations sponsored by Leadership Atmore. Taste tickets available for purchase. Tickets: Sheryl Vickery, 251-368-3305, or firstname.lastname@example.org www.atmorechamber.com
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AUGUST 2013 29
Send your questions to: James Dulley
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You can also reach Dulley online at: www.dulley.com
How to insulate attic access cover In a well-insulated house, even just several square feet of uninsulated floor—like the attic access cover—can lose a considerable amount of heat
I just had a house built and discovered no insulation on the attic opening cover. Shouldn’t the cover be insulated and sealed? If I add folding stairs, how can I insulate them?—Mike M.
Builders don’t always insulate and seal the attic access opening cover, but it certainly should be added for energy savings. Most often, just a scrap piece of plywood or drywall is cut somewhat close to the correct size and placed in the opening, resting on a strip of molding. That type of cover’s insulation value is less than R-1 and it leaks air like a sieve. Because the attic access is often in the ceiling of a bedroom closet or a hallway, the air leakage and heat loss/gain are seldom noticeable. During summer, attic temperatures can get extremely high and the air is humid, so you don’t want it in your living space. During winter, the heated air in the house, because it is less dense, tends to leak up and out. The simplest fix is to attach insulation to the top of the cover and weatherstripping underneath where it rests on the lip of the opening. Measure the cover to make sure it fits the opening, with the cover overlapping the molding lip so the weatherstripping seals well. If you have to make a new one, a piece of 1/2-inch drywall works well and is fire resistant. The insulation on the top of the cover should be up to the recommended code ceiling R-value for your area—find out what that is at www.ornl.gov/~roofs/Zip/ ZipHome.html. (Adding more insulation above this level will not help appreciably.)
is a nationally syndicated engineering consultant based in Cincinnati
30 AUGUST 2013
In a well-insulated house, even just several square feet of uninsulated floor can lose a considerable amount of heat. Before you add weatherstripping to the molding lip, place the cover over it and check whether it’s even. The lip often consists of pieces nailed to the sides of the opening and aren’t level. You may have to pry a side or two loose and reattach it. If it’s very uneven, it will be difficult to get a good seal under the cover no matter how compliant the weatherstripping is. In my own house, I first nailed a piece of 1/2-inch drywall to the plywood cover to give it some additional weight. Next, I glued a few layers of 3/4-inch polyurethane foam sheets on top of it. I added four layers to get three inches of foam insulation. I used foil-faced insulation so it would reflect the heat from the hot roof back up during the summer. The next step is to attach adhesivebacked foam weatherstripping to the top edge of the lip around the opening. Use as thick a foam as you can find to accommodate any out-of-level edges. The weight of the plywood and drywall should be adequate to compress the foam weatherstripping. If you plan to go up into your attic often and want to install pull-down stairs or a ladder, or your attic currently has one, buy a special insulated cover for the attic access opening. You could attempt to make one yourself, but its weight may be hazardous to open and manage when you are on the stairs. One of the least expensive options is basically a three-sided heavy duty cardboard box. It’s easy to open and assemble, and then you can attach your own insulation to the top and sides. It’s very lightweight and easy to lift and handle when you enter the attic on the stairs.
An efficient option is a lightweight large rigid-foam domed device that covers the folded stairs or ladder from above. It’s strong, and the foam provides adequate insulation. Another design uses a flexible zippered insulated cover that is permanently attached to the attic floor for a good airtight seal. The zipper provides a large opening for easy access to the attic. A TogetherWeSave.com, an energy efficiency website from the nation’s electric cooperatives, has two videos on this subject as part of its “Watch & Learn” series; visit http://energysavings.togetherwesave.com/watch-andlearn and click on the Sealing & Insulation tab, then scroll down to find how-to videos on insulating attic hatches and attic pulldown stairs. The following companies offer attic entrance products: Atticap, 781-259-9099, www.draftcap.com; Attic Tent, 877-660-5640, www.attictent.com; Battic Door, 508-320-9082, www. batticdoor.com; Calvert Stairs, 866-477-8455, www.calvertusa.com; and Rainbow Attic Stairs, 203-322-0009, www.rainbowatticstairs.com.
Southern Occasions CO O K B O O K You’ll find recipes like these and more inside!
Italian Chicken Sticks Mexi Muffins Apricot Jam Bars Caramel Corn Orange Slush Deer Meat Enchiladas White Chicken Chili Take-Along Cake Swiss Cheese Dip Italian Tiramisu Blueberry Dream Dessert
CO O K B O O K
AUGUST 2013 31
Worth the Drive
Huggin’ Molly’s embraces visitors with great food, warm service
f you’re anything like me, you love food. But has your food ever loved you back? More specifically, have you ever gotten a big ole hug from your food? If not, stop into Huggin’ Molly’s the next time you’re any where near Abbeville. The tree-lined main street in Abbeville’s downtown area is bustling with life. Almost every storefront is filled with an office or shop or eatery of some sort. An awning pushing its way between branches announces the entrance to Huggin’ Molly’s. While the restaurant was opened in 2006, it lives up to the motto on its menus: “frozen in the fifties.” The restaurant’s old-fashioned soda fountain — complete with a marble top and red vinyl stool seats that spin on polished chrome stalks — was plucked out of an early-20th century drug store in Pennsylvania and has been perfectly preserved; it is so authentic, a Hollywood set dresser preparing the site for a period film would have very little work to do. Glass cases display antique pharmacy items and penny-candy promotions, and vintage signs, mostly marketing Coca Cola, adorn the walls. Through the fountain area and to the left is the dining room, a space decorated with old movie posters and a few bits of “yella fella” marketing materials, alluding to Huggin’ Molly’s owner and Abbeville native Jimmy Ranes. Owner of Great Southern Wood Preserving, which is headquartered in Abbeville, Ranes made selling pressure-treated wood fun when he adopted the “yella fella” persona. The oversized cowboy clothed completely in yellow is the spokesman for the company’s YellaWood brand pressure-treated products, and despite his strong resemblance to a big banana, “yella fella” works. Great Southern Wood has been successful, maintaining 15 stand-alone treating and distribution facilities servicing markets across the country and distributing YellaWood all over the world. While donning his yella hat and running a huge business no doubt keeps Ranes busy, he added one more thing to his “to-do” list, when, following in his grandfather Anthony’s footsteps (who worked in food all his life) he opened Huggin’ Molly’s. Ranes took the name from a ghost that he’d heard tales of as a kid. Local legend says that a seven-foot-tall woman who is as “big around as a bale of hay” roams the streets of Abbeville at night, searching for victims to sweep up and squeeze tight. The story was most often used by parents hoping to scare their kids home well before dark. But the hug I mentioned before has nothing to do with an overly affectionate specter; at Huggin’ Molly’s, the entire dining experience can be compared to Jennifer Kornegay is an embrace. the author of a new Exhibit A: Hugs children’s book, “The Alabama Adventures are welcoming. of Walter and Wimbly: (What’s more welTwo Marmalade Cats on a Mission.” She travels coming than open to an out-of-the way arms beckoning you restaurant destination in in?) So, too, is HugAlabama every month. She may be reached for comment at gin’ Molly’s. You’re email@example.com. greeted with a smile 32 AUGUST 2013
right inside the door as the hostess smiles hello. The friendly servers threaten to put you in a sugar coma, routinely dropping “sweetie,” “hon” and “darling” at the end of basic wait staff inquiries like “need more tea?” or “everything all right?” Exhibit B: Hugs are warm and comforting. So is Huggin’ Molly’s food. Diner classics like club sandwiches, French dips, burgers and chicken fingers (at lunch) or steaks, chicken pot pie and pork chops (at dinner) are done right (homemade with fresh ingredients) and deliver exactly what your taste buds are expecting and anticipating. That’s not to say the fare is ordinary. Special touches like a spicedup kick in the “comeback sauce” served with hand-battered chicken fingers, plus a few unexpected items like crisp and chewy fried cheese biscuits served with cinnamon butter keep things plenty interesting. Final Exhibit: Hugs are sweet. Serving yesterday’s soda-fountain favorites like Brown and Black Cows (root beer and Coke floats), milkshakes, malts, sundaes and cherry or vanilla Cokes with the syrup added in, as well as a dessert menu boasting huge brownies, blondies and the pie of the day, Huggin’ Molly’s draws plenty of folks who come in for the sweet stuff alone. I encourage you to make a trip to Abbeville when you find some extra time; you can enjoy the delicious food, plus get something extra for your drive over. At Huggin’ Molly’s, a little nuzzle and some nostalgia are always on the menu. A Need a Hug? Visit Huggin’ Molly’s for breakfast, lunch, dinner or just a sweet treat at 129 Kirkland St., Abbeville, Ala. 334-5857000. www.hugginmollys.com.
In our June issue, Jennifer Kornegay’s article on Ugwee’s Ice Cream Shop incorrectly stated that the shop’s ice cream is milk-free. It actually contains less than 2 percent of milk protein. It is still free of milk fat and is completely lactose-free.
AUGUST 2013â€ƒ 33
Ice Cream Cook of the Month: Ann K. Covington, Cherokee EC
PEACH ICE CREAM
3 cups ripe peaches, chopped and sweetened 1 can sweetened condensed milk 1 large can evaporated milk 1/2 cup sugar 1 package vanilla instant pudding mix 1/2 pint of half and half
1/2 pint whipping cream 1 can apricot or peach nectar 1 teaspoon almond flavoring 8 ounce carton Cool Whip Extra milk 3 pounds crushed ice 1 box ice cream salt
Set aside peaches after chopping. Mix other ingredients, folding in Cool Whip last. Pour into one-gallon freezer tub. Add peaches and stir. Add extra milk to the fill line, if needed. Close and begin to turn tub. Add crushed ice and salt (3 cups of ice, then 1 cup of salt) until ice covers top of tub. Freeze until freezer strains or stops running. Unplug freezer. Remove ice and salt from top of tub. Serve immediately for soft serve ice cream. For firmer ice cream, add more ice and salt; cover freezer with newspapers, aluminum foil and towels and let ripen 30 minutes to 1 hour. This also can be used for vanilla ice cream by omitting the peaches. It can be made with less fat by using the fat-free versions of the ingredients. Makes one gallon.
In the summertime, who doesn’t love a great big heaping bowl of homemade ice cream? Why do we like it so much? It’s comfort food. You can add any ingredients you like such as fruit, candies, and toppings galore to fix it exactly like you want it. One of my earliest memories with my grandmother is when a storm rolled through one night. She had the ingredients to make homemade vanilla ice cream with a manual ice cream maker. We churned that ice cream by candlelight in the dark and I think we ate the whole tub by the time the lights came back on!
You could win $50!
October November December
Upcoming recipe themes and deadlines are: Smoothies/ Milkshakes Barbecue Cookies
August 15 September 15 October 15
Please send all submissions to: Recipe Editor, P.O. Box 244014, Montgomery, Al 36124. Or e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org. Be sure to include your address, phone number and teh name of your eletric cooperative.
34 AUGUST 2013
Editor’s Note: Alabama Living’s recipes are submitted by our readers. They are not kitchen-tested by a professional cook or registered dietician. If you have special dietary needs, please check with your doctor or nutritionist before preparing any recipe.
Cast your vote for the
F BEST O A ALABAM
Best of Alabama for a chance to win
Deadline to vote is Oct. 15, 2013.
Please tell us your favorite in each of the categories that you’ve experienced: 1) Public garden
11) Non-franchise restaurant
2) Currently performing Alabama Band
12) Place to satisfy your sweet tooth
3) Alabama writer
13) Golf course
4) State park
14) Mountain destination
5) Historical site
15) Local performing arts site
6) Alabama made product
16) Beach destination
7) Kid friendly vacation destination
17) Weekend getaway
8) Antique/flea market
9) Annual festival
19) Fishing spot
10) Trail (run/walk/bike)
20) Best kept secret in Alabama
VOTE ONLINE www.alabamaliving.coop
Address: _____________________________ City: ________________ St: ______ Zip: __________ Phone Number: _______________________ Co-op: ____________________________________
Please mail to: Alabama Living Survey • P.O. Box 244014 • Montgomery, AL 36124 No purchase necessary. Eligibility: Contest open to all persons age 18 and over, except employees and their immediate family members of Alabama Rural Alabama Living and Alabama Electric Cooperatives; and their respective divisions, subsidiaries, affiliates, advertising, and promotion AUGUST 2013 35 Electric Association, agencies.
Homemade Butter Pecan Ice Cream 5 eggs, well beaten 1/2 cup, white granulated sugar 1 box dark brown sugar 11/2 cups butter-toasted pecans, chopped
1 pint half and half 1/2 pint whipping cream 1 gallon whole regular milk
Coat pecans in butter, place in greased pan and bake at 250 for about 15 minutes. You must check them and stir often to prevent them from burning. Beat eggs, white sugar and brown sugar together until well mixed. Add pecans and half and half with the whipping cream. Beat until frothy. Place in ice cream freezer. Use regular milk to fill the freezer tank to the “fill” line. Pack ice and sprinkle ice cream salt around freezer tank. Freeze according to ice cream maker instructions. Kathy Pittman, Wiregrass EC
Chocolate Cheesecake Ice Cream 1/2 pint heavy cream 1/2 pint sour cream 6 ounces cream cheese 3 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
3/4 cup granulated sugar 1/4 teaspoon vanilla extract 2 ounces grated milk chocolate
Melt chocolate over double boiler or in microwave. Let cool at room temperature. Place the cream cheese into a mixing bowl and beat until soft and smooth. Slowly add the sugar and then beat in the sour cream and chocolate followed by the double (heavy) cream. Add the vanilla extract and lemon juice and mix until thick and smooth. Cover and chill in the refrigerator for 2-3 hours. Take the chilled mixture and beat until creamy, then transfer the complete mixture into an ice cream maker and follow the manufacturer’s instructions. Pamela Parker, Arab EC
Ice Cream Layer Cake Ice cream sandwiches (amount varies depending on size) Cool Whip Hershey’s syrup or chocolate sauce
Butterfinger candy bars (2-3) crumbled, for topping (optional)
The first thing you want to do is determine how many sandwiches you’ll need and the layout for your 9x13 Dish. Arrange them, wrapped. You’ll need two layers. The one sticking out on the side will be broken in half and stacked to fit the small spot in the corner. It doesn’t matter if the sandwiches don’t touch the edges of the dish. Unwrap and place the first layer of sandwiches in your dish, and then cover with Cool Whip and drizzled chocolate syrup. Repeat the layers of ice cream sandwiches, whipped cream, and chocolate sauce. Finish the dish by adding the crushed candy bar on top. Carmen Bishop, Wiregrass EC
Pop Rouge Ice Cream In a 4-quart ice cream maker, combine two cans of sweetened condensed milk and two liters of red pop. Stir well and turn on. Enjoy. Liz Nichols Spicer, Covington EC 36 AUGUST 2013
Editor’s Note: Alabama Living’s recipes are submitted by our readers. They are not kitchen-tested by a professional cook or registered dietician. If you have special dietary needs, please check with your doctor or nutritionist before preparing any recipe.
‘Handmade’ Ice Cream
Ice Cream Cake
21/2 cups Oreo cookies 1/4 cup melted butter 1 8-ounce carton Cool Whip
1 cup half and half cream 1/4 cup sugar 1-2 teaspoons of real vanilla extract
1 cup salt 4-6 cups crushed ice A gallon-size ziplock bag A quart-size ziplock bag
In the quart-size bag combine cream, sugar and vanilla. Try to get the air out carefully and seal. Place the salt and ice in the gallon bag. Then place the quart size bag inside the gallon bag, seal and allow to sit for three minutes. Then begin to shake and knead for 5-10 minutes until cream mix is thick. Eat immediately or freeze. Only enough for one person. My son enjoys making this Ice cream. Good for little ones. Laura Symonds, Joe Wheeler EMC
1 jar chocolate fudge 1/2 gallon vanilla ice cream
Crush cookies to a fine consistency. Mix cookie crumbs with melted butter. Press into a 13×9 pan or a spring form pan. Divide slightly softened vanilla ice cream into sections and press into cookie crust. Spread fudge over the ice cream; it is a little easier to work with if it is slightly warm. Top with Cool Whip. Freeze at least 3 to 4 hours before serving. Rene’ R. Mason, Dixie EC
Peanut Butter Ice Cream
1 quart half and half 2 cans of Carnation evaporated milk 1 sweetened condensed milk 11/2 cups sugar
2 tablespoons vanilla extract 1 small tub Cool Whip 15 ounces crunchy peanut butter
Heat peanut butter on stove top with approximately 11/2 cups of the milk, stirring continually. Mix with remaining ingredients. Freeze in electric freezer and enjoy. Brenda Gunnells, Marshall DeKalb EC
1 can Eagle Brand condensed milk 1 can crushed pineapple (20 oz)
1-2 liter Sunkist orange drink 16 oz Cool Whip (thawed)
Combine all ingredients, stir well. Pour into the canister of an ice cream maker and freeze according to the manufacturer’s directions. Ruth Clements, Cherokee EC
AUGUST 2013 37
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FREE BOOKS / DVDs – Soon government will enforce the “Mark” of the beast as church and state unite! Let Bible reveal. The Bible Says, POB 99, Lenoir City, TN 37771 – email@example.com, (888)211-1715
AERMOTOR WATER PUMPING WINDMILLS – windmill parts – decorative windmills – custom built windmill towers - call Windpower (256)638-4399 or (256)638-2352
CHURCH FURNITURE – Does your church need pews, pulpit set, baptistery, steeple or windows? Big sale on new cushioned pews and upholstery for hard pews – (800)2318360 or www.pews1.com
PIANO TUNING PAYS – Learn with American Tuning School home-study course – (800)497-9793
FT. WALTON BEACH HOUSE – 3BR / 2BA – Best buy at the Beach – (205)566-0892, firstname.lastname@example.org
EARN 55,000/YR PART TIME IN THE FARM EQUIPMENT and LIVESTOCK APPRAISAL BUSINESS. Ag background required – Classroom and Home Study courses available. (800)488-7570 or visit www. amagappraisers.com
HOUSE IN PIGEON FORGE, TN – Fully furnished, sleeps 6-12, 3 baths, creek, no pets – (256)997-6771, riverrungetaway.org
USED PORTABLE SAWMILLS – Buy / Sell. Call Sawmill Exchange (800)4592148 or 713-sawmill. USA & Canada – www.sawmillexchange.com
FLOORING FOR YOUR HOME! 1st Quality – NO Seconds: Hardwood, Laminate, Carpet, Luxury Vinyl Tile & Planks, Sheet Vinyl, Ceramic Tile – In Home Estimates and Professional Installation available – ProTrax Flooring (334)531-3020, protraxinfo. gmail.com
START YOUR OWN BUSINESS! Mia Bella’s Gourmet Scented Products. Try the Best! Candles / Gifts / Beauty. Wonderful income potential! Enter Free Candle Drawing - www. MiaBellaNation.com Dept. #745
LUMBER FOR SALE: Circular Saw Red & White Oak, Hickory, Ash - $1.20 BFT; Heart Pine - $5.00 BFT – Loring White (334)782-3636 (Tallapoosa)
HELEN GA CABIN FOR RENT – sleeps 2-6, 2.5 baths, fireplace, Jacuzzi, washer/dryer – (251)9482918, www.HOMEAWAY.com/101769, email email@example.com
NEW AND USED STAIR LIFT ELEVATORS – Car lifts, Scooters, Power Wheelchairs, Walk-in Tubs – Covers State of Alabama – 23 years (800)682-0658 18X21 CARPORT $695 INSTALLED – Other sizes available - (706)383-8554 DIVORCE MADE EASY – Uncontested, Lost, in Prison or Aliens. $149.95 - 26 years experience – (417)443-6511 FINANCIAL HELP LINES FOR AL FAMILIES BANKRUPTCY ADVICE FOR FREE (877)933-1139 MORTGAGE RELIEF HELP LINE (888) 216-4173 STUDENT LOAN RELIEF LINE (888)694-8235 DEBT RELIEF NON-PROFIT LINE (888) 779-4272 Numbers provided by www.careconnectusa.org A Public Benefit Organization METAL ROOFING $1.79/LINFT – FACTORY DIRECT! 1st quality, 40yr Warranty, Energy Star rated. (price subject to change) 706-383-8554
38 AUGUST 2013
PIGEON FORGE, TN – 3 bedroom, 2 bath house – Walking distance to parkway, light# 1 - $75.00 / night – (256)309-7873, (256)590-8758 GULF SHORES / FT. MORGAN / NOT A CONDO! The original “Beach House” on Ft. Morgan peninsula – 2BR/1BA – Wi-Fi, pet friendly, nonsmoking – $895/wk, (256)418-2131, www.originalbeachhouseal.com AFFORDABLE BEACHSIDE VACATION CONDOS – Gulf Shores & Orange Beach, AL. Rent Direct from Christian Family Owners. Lowest Prices on the Beach – www.gulfshorescondos.com, (251)550-9421, (205)556-0368, (205)752-1231 SNOWBIRDS!!!! ORANGE BEACH, SUMMER BREEZE CONDO - 1,000 sqft on the beach – Ground Floor – 2BR / 2BA – Bunk room, kitchen, Washer/ Dryer, pool, gated parking. Available November – March. Owner rented (205)822-4876, (205)613-1023 GULF SHORES PLANATION CONDOS – Beachview sleeps 6, Beachfront sleeps 4 – (251)223-9248
APPALACHIAN TRAIL – Cabins by the trail in the Georgia Mountains – 3000’ above sea level, snowy winters, cool summers, inexpensive rates – (800)284-6866, www.bloodmountain. com
PENSACOLA BEACH CONDO – Gulf front – 7th floor balcony – 3BR / 2BA, sleeps 6, pool – (850)572-6295 or (850)968-2170 – www. ss703pensacola.com ORANGE BEACH, AL CONDO – Sleeps 4, gulf and river amenities – Great Rates – (228)3694680 – firstname.lastname@example.org GULF SHORES CONDO BEACHSIDE – 2 Bed, 2 Bath, 2 Pools, Wireless Internet, Non-Smoking, No Pets (256)287-0368, (205)613-3446 SPRING & SUMMER SPECIALS ON CABINS IN PIGEON FORGE – (865)712-7633 DISNEY - TIME SHARE, VACATION VILLAGE, GUEST RENTAL FEE – Call Owner 205-822 4876 GULF SHORES CONDO – 1BR, sleeps 4, Gulf-front – (251)342-4393 MENTONE, AL – LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN – billiard table, Jacuzzi, spacious home, sleeps 14 – www. duskdowningheights.com, (850)7665042, (850)661-0678. GULF SHORES / FT. MORGAN – AFFORDABLE Private Beach & Bay Homes, 1-9 Bedrooms, Pet Friendly Available – (800)678-2306 – http:// www.gulfrentals.com GULF SHORES RENTAL– Great Rates! (256)490-4025, (256)523-5154 or www.gulfshoresrentals.us GULF SHORES COTTAGE – Waterfront, 2 / 1, pet friendly – Rates and Calendar online http://www.vrbo.com/152418, (251)223-6114
GATLINBURG, GULF SHORES, DAYTONA BEACH – Beautiful condos available now – Call Jennifer in Scottsboro at (256)599-4438, www. funcondos.com GULF SHORES PLANTATION - Gulf view, beach side, 2 bedrooms / 2 baths, no smoking / no pets. Owner rates (205)339-3850 GULF SHORES CONDO – 2BR / 1.5BA, sleeps 6, pool, beach access – (334)790-9545 CABINS / PIGEON FORGE, TN – Quiet, Convenient – (251)6493344, (251)649-4049, www. hideawayprop.com ORANGE BEACH CONDO, 3BR/3BA; 2,000 SQ.FT.; beautifully decorated; gorgeous waterfront view; boat slips available; great rates - Owner rented (251)604-5226 CABIN IN MENTONE – 2/2, brow view, hottub – For rent $100/night or Sale $199,000 – (706)767-0177 GATLINBURG – DOWNTOWN LUXURY CREEKSIDE CONDO – 2BR / 2BA, sleeps 6 – aubie12@centurytel. net, (256)599-5552 www.vacationsmithlake.com – NICE 3BR / 2BA, deep water, covered dock - $75.00 night – (256)352-5721, amariewisener@ gmail.com PINE MOUNTAIN, GA – 3 or 4 BR chalets overlooking a 12 acre lake – Tennis, swimming, fishing, basketball, game room, canoeing and restaurant or premises – Only 1 mile from Callaway Gardens – Call (800)535-7622 and ask for Chalets #72, #75 or #86 PIGEON FORGE, TN: $89 - $125, 2BR/2BA, hot tub, air hockey, fireplace, swimming pool, creek – (251)363-1973, www. mylittlebitofheaven.com FT. WALTON CONDO – 1BR, sleeps 6, gulfside – (251)342-4393 KATHY’S ORANGE BEACH CONDO – 2BR/2BA, non-smoking. Best rates beachside! Family friendly – (205)253-4985, www.KathysCondo. eu.pn GATLINBURG TOWNHOUSE on BASKINS CREEK! GREAT RATES! 4BR/3BA, short walk downtown attractions! (205)333-9585, email@example.com GATLINBURG / PIGEON FORGE – 2 and 3 BEDROOM LUXURY CABINS – Home theatre room, hot tub, gameroom – www. wardvacationproperties.com, (251)363-8576
GULF SHORES PLANTATION – Beachview – 2BR / 2BA, Sleeps 7, Golf, Tennis, Pools – www.vrbo. com/474704, (251)948-8030 PANAMA CITY BEACH CONDO – Owner rental – 2BR / 2BA, wireless internet, just remodeled inside and outside – (334)790-0000, firstname.lastname@example.org, www. theroneycondo.com GATLINBURG, TN – Fond memories start here in our chalet – Great vacation area for all seasons – Two queen beds, full kitchen, 1 bath, Jacuzzi, deck with grill – 3 Night Special - Call (866)316-3255, Look for us on FACEBOOK / billshideaway PIGEON FORGE CONDO – 2BR / 2BA, Ground Floor, Pool, Hottub, Patio – (256)601-7193, www.facebook.com/ rusticwoodsgetawaypf/info GULF SHORES, GULF FRONT – 1BR / 1BA - Seacrest Condo - King bed, hall bunks free Wi-Fi – Owner rates (256)352-5721, amariewisener@ gmail.com
Real Estate Sales HUNTING / FISHING CAMP FOR SALE: 15+ Acres – all wooded, adjacent to Skyline WMA. Like new 2BR / 2BA 16x57’ Trailer (868sqft) with Fireplace. Call Craig Buchanan (256)797-1999 GULF SHORES CONDOS - 4.7 miles from beach, starting prices $56,900 www.PeteOnTheBeach.com, click on Colony Club – (251)948-8008 – Century21 Meyer Real Estate BEAUTIFUL SOUTHERN LIVING HOME WITH LARGE FRONT PORCH – ForSaleByOwner.com ID# 22890092 – New Red Bay, AL
Travel CARIBBEAN CRUISES AT THE LOWEST PRICE – (256)974-0500 or (800)726-0954
Musical Notes PIANOS TUNED, repaired, refinished. Box 171, Coy, AL 36435. 334-337-4503
PLAY GOSPEL SONGS BY EAR - 10 lessons $12.95. “LEARN GOSPEL MUSIC”. Chording, runs, fills - $12.95 Both $24. Davidsons, 6727AL Metcalf, Shawnee Missions, Kansas 66204 – (913)262-4982
Education FREE BIBLE CORRESPONDENCE COURSE – write to 23600 Alabama Highway 24, Trinity, AL, 35673 BECOME AN ORDAINED MINISTER correspondence study. Founded in 1988. Free info. Ministers for Christ Outreach, 6630 West Cactus #B107767, Glendale, Arizona 85304. http:// www.ordination.org
Critters CHIHUAHUA PUPPIES. Registered, guaranteed healthy, raised indoors in loving home, vet records and references. (256)796-2893
How To Place a Line Ad in Marketplace Closing Deadlines (in our office):
October 2013 – Aug. 25 November 2013 – Sept. 25 December 2013 – Oct. 25
-Ads are $1.75 per word with a 10 word minimum and are on a prepaid basis -Telephone numbers, email addresses and websites are considered 1 word each -Ads will not be taken over the phone. You may email your ad to email@example.com or call (800)410-2737 ask for Heather for pricing. -We accept checks, money orders and all major credit cards Mail ad submission along with a check or money order made payable to ALABAMA LIVING, P.O. Box 244014, Montgomery, AL 36124 – Attn: Classifieds.
AUGUST 2013 39
For summer crappie, think like a spider! By John N. Felsher
s the late summer Alabama sun bakes down on the Heart of Dixie, many anglers forget about chasing crappie, one of the most abundant and delicious fish anywhere. Many Alabama anglers consider crappie “cold weather species” and only target them during winter or early spring, but the fish must eat all year long. “A lot of people think crappie fishing is seasonal, but I fish 52 weeks of the year and catch fish each time,” says Mike Baker, a professional crappie angler. “After they spawn, crappie scatter and are just harder to find, but they still have to eat.” Frequently, the higher and hotter the sun goes, the deeper and cooler crappie go. To find crappie in deep water, first check the electronics. Modern depth finders can provide extremely detailed information. Not as subject to capricious weather variations, deep water remains relatively stable all year long and can provide cooling comfort even on blistering hot days. In addition, deep water does not suffer as much turbulence from boat wakes or other activities like shoreline shallows. Once anglers find the fish, they can usually catch a bunch rapidly. “In the summer, crappie normally move from the creeks back out to deeper water,” says Janette Carter, a professional crappie angler. “We look for them 15 to 25 feet deep in open water. When it gets really hot, fish seek shady cover. Shade is more important than water temperature.” Electronics can give information on bot-
Spider rigging involves vertically dropping several rods off the bow of a boat. Photo by John N. Felsher
40 AUGUST 2013
tom cover, but anglers still need to probe the depths to locate fish and determine what they want to eat. For finding crappie in deep water, many anglers fish several rods simultaneously in a spider rig. With eight 12- to 16-foot long rods arrayed in holders off the bow, anglers can plow a huge swath through the water. The angler looks like prey trapped in a web, but this technique can find fish and put a lot of them in the boat quickly. “With eight rods up front, it looks like a spider web,” says Phil Rambo, a professional crappie angler. “It’s a really slow type of fishing, almost vertical. The line is at about a 40-degree angle with the bait dangling in a crappie’s face until it can’t resist.” Many anglers bait their rods with multiple combinations of soft-plastic jigs or live minnows. Some anglers tip their jigs with minnows for double the temptation. With multiple rods holding various baits, anglers can zero in on what fish want to bite. With the rods arrayed off the bow, push forward slowly with an electric motor to locate feeding fish. After finding fish, keep circling a hot honey hole. “Finding one fish is the tough part,” says Don Collins, a professional crappie angler. “Once we find good fish, we go over the same area several times. When I’m searching for fish, I look for rises, ledges or creek channels, anything different on the bottom contour. A creek or river channel coming into a lake is just like a highway to fish. We use several different bait colors until we de-
termine what the fish want. If we start catching more fish on one color, we change most of the baits to that color. That allows us to continue to catch fish while still looking for other colors that fish might like better.” With a spider rig, anglers can simultaneously fish just off the bottom or way up the water column to precisely locate where fish want to suspend at any given time. Always dangle a bait slightly above the depth where crappie suspend. Crappie usually look up to spot baitfish silhouetted against surface glare. Crappie might rise three or four feet to hit a jig or minnow, but might not even see a bait dangling just below them. “In the summer, crappie hang around the river ledges, points and deep ditches,” says Cody Young, a crappie guide from Eufaula (334-687-3200, 334-370-3450). “In the summer, once we establish the pattern on how to find fish, we can catch a bunch of crappie all summer long. In August at Lake Eufaula, crappie are in the brush piles in 15 to 19 feet of water.” Young frequently supplements natural cover by building his own fish-attracting artificial reefs. The guide drills holes in large wooden cable spools. He then sticks bamboo stalks in the holes and wraps wires around the bottom of the spool to secure the stalks. Finally, he fills the center of each spool with concrete to make it sink and stand up vertically in the water column. As a result, it creates a brush pile that provides cover from the bottom up about 15 to 20 feet. More like hunting than fishing, searching for deep crappie normally takes effort and patience, but anglers could load the boat in a good spot – even on the hottest summer days. A John N. Felsher is a professional freelance writer and photographer who lives in Semmes, Ala. He’s written more than 1,700 articles for more than 117 magazines. He co-hosts a weekly outdoors radio show. Contact him through his website at www. JohnNFelsher.com.
Tables indicate peak fish and game feeding and migration times. Major periods can bracket the peak by an hour before and an hour after. Minor peaks, half-hour before and after. Adjusted for daylight savings time. a.m. p.m. Minor Major Minor Major
AUG. 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
- - 01:22 01:52 08:37 09:37 10:52 - - - - - - 01:07 02:52 03:52 04:52 - - - -
06:22 07:07 07:52 02:37 03:22 04:07 05:22 06:37 08:07 09:22 10:22 11:07 11:52 05:37 06:22
07:22 12:52 07:52 01:22 08:22 01:52 02:37 08:37 03:07 09:07 03:37 09:37 01:07 10:22 03:37 11:22 08:52 04:37 10:07 05:07 10:52 05:37 11:37 06:07 12:07 06:37 06:52 12:22 07:07 12:52
SEP. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
07:07 07:52 08:22 09:07 10:07 11:22 - - - - - - 01:22 02:52 03:52 04:52 05:37 - - 07:07 07:52 08:52 09:52 11:07 - - - - - - 01:22 03:07 04:22 05:07 05:52 - - - -
01:07 01:37 02:22 02:52 03:22 04:07 05:22 06:37 08:07 09:22 10:07 10:37 11:22 11:52 06:22 12:52 01:22 02:07 02:52 03:37 04:52 06:07 07:52 09:07 10:07 10:52 11:22 11:52 06:37 07:07
07:37 01:22 01:52 07:52 02:07 08:07 02:37 08:22 02:52 08:52 02:52 09:07 - - 09:22 06:07 09:37 09:52 04:52 10:22 05:07 10:52 05:22 11:07 05:37 11:37 05:52 12:22 06:07 06:37 12:22 01:07 07:07 01:37 07:22 02:07 07:52 02:52 08:22 03:37 08:52 01:22 09:37 10:52 03:07 09:22 03:52 10:07 04:22 10:37 04:52 11:22 05:22 05:37 11:52 05:52 12:07 12:22 12:37 12:52 06:37
AUGUST 2013â€ƒ 41
Our Sources Say
Jim Vann: A Rural Champion
usinesses are not what they used to be. Just 25 years ago, Apple, Google and Microsoft were just starting out, and now they control a large portion of the economy. Other businesses have adapted to markets we couldn’t imagine 25 years ago. Businesses that support rural areas have also changed. Farmers’ cooperatives were established to deliver services to rural areas that other companies were not willing or able to provide. They provided farm supplies and markets for crops. The Alabama Farmers’ Federation offered insurance coverage farmers couldn’t find from other insurers. Electric cooperatives provided electricity to rural areas that investor-owned utilities could not or would not serve.
Gary Smith is President and CEO of PowerSouth Energy Cooperative 42 AUGUST 2013
Farms and rural areas are not what they used to be. Although farmer cooperatives still sell to farmers, you don’t have to be a farmer to shop at an Alabama Farmers’ Cooperative store. You don’t have to be a farmer to buy insurance from ALFA or State Farm, either. Electric cooperatives still serve rural areas but also now serve urban areas that were once rural. Those changes are not bad. They have allowed people in rural areas access to products and services previously only available in urban areas or available in urban areas at lower prices. Insurance is more affordable for rural customers through the diversity and higher volume obtained by selling insurance in urban areas. Rural members served by electric cooperatives have also benefitted from the diversity of industrial and commercial customers in urban areas. Some championed this change in rural America. Jim Vann was one of those champions. He graduated from Auburn University and worked as an electric adviser for Dixie Electric Cooperative. Electric usage, especially efficient electricity use, was still new in rural areas, and electric cooperatives employed advisers to coach people on how to use electricity more wisely. Jim expanded that role to a greater role in aiding rural areas. As general manager at Dixie Electric, he established service areas in east Montgomery that now host the Eastchase Shopping Center, other retail businesses and upscale residential neighborhoods. Industrial and commercial customers provide good diversity with the residential nature of rural customers to allow for lower rates for all customers. Jim also was a champion of rural water. He helped start rural water systems in Alabama communities that had never had anything except well water. Jim believed that communities could never attract com-
mercial and industrial prospects without the benefit of clean and affordable water. Many people in rural areas owe the convenience of centralized water systems to Jim’s vision. Jim also helped establish the National Rural Utilities Cooperative Finance Corporation (CFC), a cooperative bank, to finance rural development projects in which commercial banks had little interest. He later served as president of CFC. He was a founder and first president of the National Rural Telecommunications Cooperative (NRTC) that helped bring improved telephone, Internet and satellite television service to rural America. As the fourth President and CEO of Alabama Electric Cooperative (AEC), Jim promoted economic development to create jobs in rural communities. He led an effort for greater electric generation efficiency and operational excellence that resulted in lower costs for AEC’s members. In his 12 years as head of AEC, reliability improved, rates dropped and economic development helped change the face of rural Alabama and northwest Florida. Jim was my predecessor as president and CEO at AEC (now PowerSouth). I worked for Jim for 11 of his 12 years at AEC. He was a great coach, mentor, teacher and friend. He died June 14 at his home in Orange Beach after an extended illness. Many people, including me, owe him a lot. Things and businesses change. People in rural America are much better off today because of rural champions like Jim Vann. Sir Isaac Newton said, “If we have seen further, it is because we stood on the shoulders of giants.” Much of what we enjoy today are the fruits of the labor of Jim and people like him who put so much effort into rural development. Thank you for reading. I hope you have a good month. A www.alabamaliving.coop
Our Sources Say
Alabama Transmission Update
hen people ask what I do for the Tennessee Valley Authority, or TVA, my response is usually quite simple: “I help keep the lights on.” As our nation’s largest public power provider, TVA is responsible for making and delivering electricity to 155 local power companies and 57 directly served customers. This electricity keeps the lights on for more than 9 million end-use customers across the Tennessee Valley – an 80,000-square mile area spanning portions of seven states. We understand consumer expectations when it comes to electric service: Home owners want to know when they flip the switch the lights will come on, and those in business and industry want to know that electricity will be there to operate and run their equipment. For the nearly 1,700 employees who make up our energy delivery organization, simply transporting electricity on our system is not enough; we must do so consistently and reliably. I am pleased to say that since 2000, TVA has delivered 99.999 percent reliability. We’re staffed 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, so that we can respond quickly to service issues; and our robust network includes 16,000 miles of transmission line – enough to span the country more than six times – and 509 substations and switchyards. Through our partnerships with local power companies and directly served large industrial customers, we ensure that businesses receiving TVA power enjoy one of the most reliable power systems in the nation. In Alabama, several key projects are planned or under way that will help us maintain the excellent record we’ve established in reliability. In the Athens area, plans call for a new 161-kilovolt (kV) substation to meet service demands for Carpenter Technology Corporation’s new 400,000 square-foot manufacturing facility. This project will help drive economic growth in the region by adding approximately 240 new jobs.
System Facts TVA System (Tennessee Valley) Circuit miles of transmission line Power stations and switchyards Square-mile service area
16,086 509 80,000
TVA System (Alabama) Circuit miles of transmission line Power stations and switchyards Square-mile service area
2,400 79 8,980
Another new project planned for the Geraldine area will also help increase load capacity and improve reliability. TVA will be constructing a new 161- kV substation to supply additional loads in the next several years due to a new school and an expansion by Lee Energy. Additionally, a new hatchery is being considered in the area which could also bring additional jobs and an additional 600 kW of load to the area. In Decatur, we’re working closely with Joe Wheeler EMC on a power quality and load expansion project that will allow Toray Carbon Fibers to expand its operations. A significant benefit of the project will be the additional jobs Toray will add through this expansion. All of these projects, along with the day-to-day work we do to maintain our system, will help us meet the service requirements of Alabama well into the future. At TVA, we’re committed to providing all of our customers with safe, clean and reliable energy. We value the public power partnerships that we share with you. A
Rob Manning is executive vice president and chief energy delivery officer for the Tennessee Valley Authority. Alabama Living
AUGUST 2013 43
44â€ƒ AUGUST 2013
AUGUST 2013 45
Alabama Snapshots 2
Back to school
Submit Your Images! october Theme:
“Favorite electric appliance”
Send color photos with a large self-addressed stamped envelope to:
Photos, Alabama Living, P.O. Box 244014 Montgomery, AL, 36124 Rules: Alabama Living will pay $10 for photos that best match our theme of the month. Photos may also be published on our website at www.alabamaliving.coop. Alabama Living is not responsible for lost or damaged photos. Deadline for october: August 31
46 AUGUST 2013
1. Isabella Grace Wright visits her Head Start c l a s s r o o m submit ted by Michael Wright, Baileyton 2. “BFFs” Kenley and Will submit ted by Kamie Graves, Warrior 3. “First day of a new school year”: Leanne and Ella Timmons submitted by Beth Gray, Rainsville
4. Tucker Hayes, age 4 submitted by Sheila Smothers, Addison 5. Robyn LeeAnn George’s first day of kindergarten submitted by Ricky and Pamela George, Prattville