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Monthly Round-up AK pushes for Technology Transfer

Participants discussed technology needs of the country (top) the framework of which was provided by CCC Comm. Yeb Sano (lower left) and Atty. Elpidio Peria (lower right) at the Climate Change Commission National Workshop on Technology Transfer. (File photo)

% by))Voltaire)Alferez) % QUEZON CITY - The Climate Change Commission (CCC) initiated a National %% Workshop on Technology Transfer at the Luxent Hotel last 27 August 2013. In % attendance were several representatives from government agencies as well as % members of Aksyon Klima Pilipinas and its Secretariat. % The workshop aimed at reviewing and updating current and existing activities % and policies relating to technology transfer as well as soliciting recommendations from participants on the need and focus in setting up a national climate % technology and transfer program. Comm. Naderev Saño noted that the need for a% technology transfer program has to take into account the framework within % which programs and initiatives have developed in the country. He urged the participants to focus on important technologies that can help soften the impact of % climate change in our communities. % On the other hand, Atty. Ping Peria, CCC Consultant on Tech Transfer and % Convenor-on-leave, put emphasis on the experience and knowledge of those AK % present to advise the Commission on what technologies need to be given priority to. % He alluded that with their help, the Commission would be able to properly put % focus on the tech transfer program to benefit especially the local communities. % %

AK leads action for Climate Finance Confab by))Voltaire)Alferez)

MAKATI – Aksyon Klima Pilipinas with the Philippine Movement for Climate Justice & the Freedom from Debt Coalition conducted a mass action to demand from the developed countries to pay the climate bill during the First Meeting of Experts on Climate Finance at Dusit Thani Hotel last 15 July 2013. About three hundred people marched from Makati Ave. through Pasay Road and conducted a short program in front of the hotel. To acknowledge their presence, the Co-Chairs of the Meeting, Mr. Mark Storey of Sweden and Comm. Yeb Sano of the Philippines met them. AK National Coordinator reiterated in his speech that while these meetings are important, the greater and far more urgent action is for the developed countries to make good of their commitments. “The Philippines and other poorer countries are doing what they can to raise their own funds for adaptation and mitigation, but those who have the most responsibility should do their long-overdue share,” he added. The groups also presented to the Co-Chairs a Joint Statement outlining their continued)to)the)next)page)

Aksyon Klima National Coordinator, Voltaire Alferez (center), addresses LTF Co-Chairs Mark Storey of Sweden and Yeb Sano of the Philippines during the Mass Action on the occasion of the First Meeting of Experts on long Term Finance. (Photo courtesy of www.gmanetwork.com/news/photo/ 40904/experts-meet-to-address-impact-of-climatechange)

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Aksyon Klima Pilipinas in Action!

for Goal 3, adaptation and resilience, being filled up with indicators and proxy indicators alike.

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Climate(Finance…( they can to raise their own funds for adaptation and mitigation, but those who have the most responsibility should do their long-overdue share,” he added. The groups also presented to the Co-Chairs a Joint Statement outlining their demands from the developed countries to pay the Climate Bill in the soonest possible time.

AK participates in PDP midterm review of environment chapter by Denise Fontanilla Aksyon Klima Pilipinas continues to engage in the midterm review of the 2011-2016 Philippine Development Plan (PDP), particularly its environment and climate change chapter. The midterm review process of what is now the Planning Committee on Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation (PC-6) began in April and is expected to wrap up by the end of August. The last meeting of the committee was held last July 18 in the Department of Agriculture. The PC-6 secretariat has stated early on that one of the aims in the revision of the writeup and results matrix is to better integrate the National Climate Change Action Plan into the environment chapter. So far, we have only seen the previously blank matrix

AK engages in NAMAs, LECB discourse by Rei Panaligan The Mitigation Cluster of Aksyon Klima Pilipians led a round table discussion on the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) last July 9 at the office of the Partnership for Clean Air in Ortigas, Pasig City. Ms. Sandee Recabar of the Climate Change Commission (CCC) discussed the context for NAMAs as well as the CCC’s Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) project. Ms. Recabar explained that the LECB Project is primarily a capacitybuilding project in order to gather data on emissions across different industries and sectors. She added that at the end of the project, the CCC would have a clearer picture whether to submit a NAMA to UNFCCC. Moreover, she also shared that in order to have a more focused discussion on mitigation the CCC will convene a Core Technical Working Group (TWG) for the purpose with sectoral Technical Working Groups for the different sectors such as agriculture, etc. After her presentation, the members noted that the national mitigation framework seems to be funder-driven and not because of a strong policy direction. The members also noted that CCC admitted that the regular submission of the Biennial Update Report (BUR) to the UNFCCC is already difficult how much more NAMA which requires to be measurable, reportable and verifiable. Moreover, local government units have no role in the formulation of the national framework, while civil society participation is limited only to sectoral TWGs.

Despite this, the members agreed AK’s Mitigation Cluster questions CCC’s Sandee Recabar regarding the Commission’s Low Emission Carbon project. (File Photo)

to % engage CCC on this program particularly the inclusion of CSOs in the % Core TWG as well as the participation % the different sectoral % TWG. The in % cluster will also hold a follow-up NAMAs workshop on August 26, % while training on GHG accounting has % been tentatively set on August 27.

% % % NFR leads action vs. overfishing by Denise Fontanilla % % Fisherfolk leaders and civil society % advocates organized a creative action % July 19, the Friday before the State last of % the Nation Address, to demand President Benigno Aquino III to solve % the Philippine fisheries crisis. % A contingent of the NGOs for % Fisheries Reform and the Save the % Fisheries Now Network (SFNN) marched from the Department of Ag% riculture’s Bureau of Fisheries and % Aquatic Resources office near Philcoa % and hanged a large banner with the % words “End Overfishing Now!” at the % Philcoa overpass in Commonwealth Avenue. A brief program was held in % front of Citimall, on the other side of % Philcoa, featuring Pablo Rosales of % continued)on)page)5) %

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Aksyon Klima tackling the NAMAs challenge %

“We should not even utter the name”, says Mam Ditas Muller. This is shared by an AK friend from UNDP suggest we use other terms like “no regrets” development approaches instead. Red Constantino warns us of traps but we have to grapple with it. What is this that cannot be named that can commit our country to report biennially to a Registry with the consequent MRV (measurement, reporting and verification)? The Mitigation Cluster’s grappling with NAMA (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions) in last month’s round table discussion was a very good start. The cluster will engage the different government agencies in drafting the country’s mitigation framework, strategies and actions. There are frustrations on DoE’s

moving targets for renewable energy, the preference of the DoE Secretary and the President for coal-fired power plants, the missing markers of the permanent plots in forest resource assessments – raising questions on the integrity of DENR data, the numerous Notices to Sue filed against LGUs not complying with the solid waste management law, and many others. We need locally driven mitigation actions that should help us attain our country’s sustainable development goals and harness our adaptive capacity to address climate vulnerability. The Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) project is an opportunity for AK to engage government in identifying the country’s mitigation framework and low emission development strategies.

What about the traps? Jasper Inventor cites the Bali Action Plan where NAMA is considered “. . . supported and enabled by technology, financing and capacity building . . . ” We will actively pursue our mitigation strategies and actions but will only call NAMAs those that will be supported and enabled. This is very complicated and will need more discussions thus the challenge! Engr.) Melvin) Purzuelo) vacated) his) Co@

What about theof)traps? Leadership) the) Technology) Cluster) Jasper Inventor cites the Bali Acand)assumed)the)Acting)Convenor)Posi@ tion Plan where NAMA is considered tion)from)June)–)July)2013.) “. . . supported and enabled by technology, financing and capacity building . . . ” We will actively pursue our mitigation strategies and actions but will only call NAMAs those that will be supported and enabled. This is very complicated and will need more discussions thus the challenge!

Convenor’s View

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Even as the country recovers from the impacts of Maring, the following issues that will be taken up by UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP) 19 in Warsaw, Poland and how they are translated into action on the ground would need to be examined by AK members. One issue is long-term finance as recommendations are expected as to the pathways for mobilizing the scaling up of climate finance to USD 100 billion per year by 2020 from public, private and alternative sources. Then there’s the matter of the scaling up of commitments for GHG emis-

What’s(to(Happen(as(we(Proceed(to(Warsaw( % sions cuts for the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol and how Annex 1 Parties are going about it. While the country is not required to undertake GHG emissions cuts, attention should be given how the various approaches, including markets, towards mitigation will be further developed in this COP and how the country will go about it. Attention should also be paid to the work of the Adaptation Committee and how it will go about setting up the international mechanism on loss and damage. The Philippines may take further initiatives here to make such mechanism a reality. COP 19 will look at the relationship between the Climate Technology Centre and Network and the Technology Executive Committee to ensure

their coherence and synergy. How that relationship will work at the country level by way of specific issues addressed, like the issue of intellectual property rights in country requests for technology transfer, is a matter worth looking into. So many issues, so little time, and there are the various reports of various UNFCCC bodies to be dealt with by members. But members must deal with them and connect it with their efforts on the ground, as we agreed this year to go bolder in our efforts to deal with climate change issues this year. Atty.)Elpidio)Peria)took)a)leave)of)absence) from) the) Convenorship) from) June) –) July) 2013.))As)of)August)2013,)he)has)assumed) the)position)once)again.)

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Aksyon(Klima(Pilipinas(In(Transition( It %was the philosopher, Heraclitus, who first introduced the theory of flux. In its simplest, the theory states that the only permanent thing in the world is CHANGE! To many, change is frightening. It challenges the status quo and creates discomfort to those who have become so familiar with the “dating gawi”. Of course, change has its own risks and the risks are truly disconcerting especially when there is no measure of preparation involved; however, it is a reality that we all must face and settle with on this planet. In fact, it is precisely CHANGE, the CLIMATE kind, that Aksyon Klima Pilipinas (AK) was formed. Since 2009, AK has become a wellknown civil society network engaged in climate advocacy particularly the formulation of the Philippine position in the United Nations climate negotiations. A strong network of forty or more organi-

zations, AK basks in the achievements and learns from the failures of the past four years and pushes forward to become amore effective advocate. A network of very passionate individuals that have created their own mark in the climate advocacy in the country as well as in the international forum, that is AK’s strength and character. So passionate is the atmosphere that when I was considering whether I would accept AK’s offer, I have received quite several feedback at how it can get extremely heated inside. However, I accepted the offer to become the National Coordinator because like many I am passionate as well. I have to admit though that it was not without concern to become the NC because the topic, the advocacy is quite complex and advanced that I know I will have a hard time to catch up. It is all the more challenging to be the NC because

part of the tasks I have taken on is the organizational development program that AK envisions as it enters its fifth year. However, I am confident that AK will succeed in this endeavor. The key to success lies, of course, in great deal in the cooperation of all members of AK, cooperation that will push AK through this transition and become stronger and revitalized than ever. This newsletter is an initial attempt and I hope that this can become a venue for information dissemination and exchange as well as a written record of our work and advocacy.

Advocacy Officer’s Post % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %

Half-time hurrah! %

I’m currently reading a basketball book, so forgive this admittedly non-sporty girl from daring to talk slang. But yes, I’m referring to the breather between two halves of a team game. We are coming to the middle of the project year, can you believe it? And we are a team, after all – we need to regroup, recap what we have done so far, and recharge for the coming second half.

On the leadership front, Voltaire is settling in nicely as our national coordinator for a couple of months now. I’m excited to see what he’ll bring into the team next. Ping has also recently reclaimed the convenorship, while Melvin has reverted to co-lead of the tech transfer cluster. We’ve made some gains on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions and on Loss and Damage these last couple of months, while Voltaire and I have started going around your offices so we can get to know each other a bit better, in a manner of speaking. I’m confident that the organizational development report he is writing will be an important step forward for the network. We’ve also recently had to step back and postpone the L&D and NAMAs follow-up activities, unfortunately, although we’re now prepar-

ing for the mid-year general assembly, which will include a revisiting of our 2009 positions on the climate negotiations. We also have a few other things to tackle this second half – AK CLIMA and the next steps of the finance and tech clusters among them. The “ber” months usually mean less time for network activities, I know. But if we work together, we can surprise ourselves and surpass even our own expectations. So, for starters, please stay tuned for network updates, and don’t hesitate to join the online discussions. Every member organization has an important role to play in the network, whether it is on the international, national or local level of climate advocacy. All together now – onwards and upwards!

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% % % % % % % % PANGISDA-Pilipinas and Ruperto % Aleroza of Pambansang Koalisyon ng mga Samahan sa Kanayunan, all members of SFNN. In a statement, the network lamented that the fisherfolk sector is left behind in the administration’s journey towards inclusive growth. The members are also fed up with the Department of Agriculture for singling out rice as the country’s important commodity, leaving out fish and other essential commodities. However, the network positively reacted to President Aquino’s substantial statements on fisheries, noting that it was the first SONA in which he addressed the problem with the sector. Oxfam celebrates 25 years in the Philippines by Voltaire Alferez Last July 26, 2013, Oxfam Great Britain celebrated 25 years of development work in the Philippines with a dinner party attended by current and former, % “Exfams”, %employees of Oxfam as % well as gov%ernment and %CSO part%ners at the Balay %

Aksyon Klima Pilipinas in Action!

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Alumni of the University of the Philippines Diliman campus. The event highlighted all the successful programs and projects of Oxfam and their partners from women empowerment to livelihood, from disaster risk to environmental protection. The event also saw the very dynamic staff of Oxfam giving a surprise flashmob-style presentation to the tune of “I’ve Got a Feeling”. This presentation brought the house down.

ments to the extended Kyoto Protocol. He also highlighted the issue of substance following form, as laid out in 3 options in the Durban Platform text (the mandate is to develop “a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force”). He ended by sharing the leadership role of the Philippines in the negotiations, serving as one of the stronger voices of the developing countries. Dean La Viña also shared recurring issues in the UNFCCC such as UP Law holds forum on climate finance as related to technoloclimate negotiations gy transfer, market mechanisms and by Denise Fontanilla the role of the private sector, and climate and land issues. He raised issues Legal academics starred in the such as mobilizing our own climate climate negotiations forum of the Unifinance in addition to demanding inversity of the Philippines Law Center ternational funds, as well as the lack of last July 23. moral high ground in demanding adComm. Naderev Saño of the Cliaptation, given that we continue to mate Change Commisbuild coal plants sion (CCC) and Ms. and do not set our Raila Puno of UP Law own mitigation joined Atty. Harry Roque targets towards a of the Center’s Institute low-carbon econfor Legal Studies (IILS), omy. Dean Tony La Viña of Later in the the Ateneo School of forum, Comm. Government, and Prof. Saño agreed with Mark Evidente of IILS Dean La Viña’s Prof. Harry Roque of the UP Law and the De La Salle statements, saying Center’s Institute for International University. that our demand Legal Studies spearheaded the foAtty. Roque for increased mitirum to discuss the current state of opened the forum entigation ambition play in climate negotiations. tled “Climate Change should also be apand the Philippines: plied locally in the After Kyoto, On the Way to Paris” by context of sustainable development, as sharing the ongoing debate on the imin targets for renewable energy, energy plications of climate change in internaefficiency, and solid waste. However, tional law. Given that territory is one in answer to a previous audience quesof the conditions for statehood, state tion, Comm. Saño also stated that givrecognition despite loss of territory due en CBDR, we still need to exact the to rising sea levels is a gray area. commitments of developed countries Comm. Saño recapped the state of first. the international climate negotiations Dean La Viña also stated the limiand shared the Philippines’ reservation in accepting or ratifying the amendcontinued)on)the)next)page)

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tations of the Commission setup and unclear mandates which make it hard for agencies to cooperate with the CCC and harder for climate change to be mainstreamed in the overall development plan, as is the case with the National Climate Change Action Plan and the Philippine Development Plan. Lastly, Ms. Puno shared her ongoing research on Loss and Damage in international law. She said that the context for compensation can be considered a breach of international obligation, given the legally-binding Kyoto Protocol, and possible attribution to the state, given its lack of due diligence and encouragement of private companies to emit greenhouse gases. She had 2 proposed frameworks: per disaster basis, which would quickly be dried up; and a compensation fund, although countries can easily opt out of the Convention. Social Watch, CSO leaders discuss post-2015 dev’t agenda by Denise Fontanilla Social Watch Philippines (SWP) organized a national consultation on the High-Level Panel (HLP) report on the post-2015 development agenda last August 19 at the Philippine Rural Reconstruction Movement building in Quezon City. The post-2015 development agenda is a United Nations-led process which aims to map the global development agenda after the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) framework lapses in 2015. Participants in the national consultations affirmed that the UN climate

Aksyon Klima Pilipinas in Action!

%negotiations as well as other global talks need to be integrated within the context of sustainable development. They also noted the limitations of the Isagani Serrano, PRRM MDG framePresident & Co-convenor of work and the Social Watch, discusses failures in about the future of the both the globMDGs. (File Photo) al and Philippine levels to achieve some of the MDGs. The report, entitled “A New Global Partnership: Eradicate Poverty and Transform Economies through Sustainable Development”, lists 12 goals and 54 targets for 2030. The holding of the increase in global average temperature to below 2⁰C above pre-industrial levels is listed as a target under the last goal, to “create a global enabling environment and catalyse long-term finance.” The 27-member HLP includes leaders from civil society, private sector and government. It was co-chaired by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia, and Prime Minister David Cameron of the United Kingdom. Samdhana leads EBA policy study by Denise Fontanilla In line with their policy analysis on Ecosystem-Based Adaptation (EbA), Samdhana Institute with Ateneo School of Government (ASoG) and the Ecosystem Alliance has invited Aksyon Klima to its national and regional EbA workshops on

October. AK participated in last August 5’s preliminary presentation of the policy study, which focuses on national and regional policies relevant to EbA. ASoG is doing the policy studies and five case studies of EbA: forest (Kitanglad Integrated NGOs), marine (Network of Sustainable Livelihoods Catalysts), seaweed (Center for Empowerment and Resource Development) and two others from Indonesia. The analysis aims to show the importance of the EbA approach in the country, to gather relevant inputs to lobby for the sustainability of community-based EbA strategies; and to review possible overlaps or conflicts with existing policies. The organizers hope that promising EbA strategies which benefit local livelihoods and conserve vital ecosystems in Southeast Asia can be sustained and promoted in other key landscapes. The national workshop will be held on October 9 while the regional workshop will be held on October 1213, both at the Eugenio Lopez Jr. Center in Antipolo. The Ecosystem Alliance is a fiveyear collaboration between the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s National Committee of the Netherlands, Both ENDS and Wetland International, and their offices and partners in more than 16 countries.

Editorial Board Melvin B. Purzuelo Elpidio Peria Voltaire P. Alferez Denise K. Fontanilla Aksyon Klima Pilipinas c/o NGOs for Fisheries Reform, Rm. 205 PhilDHRRA Partnership Center, 59 C. Salvador St., Varsity Hills Subd., Loyola Heights, Quezon City, Philippines

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AK Newsletter Vol. 1, No. 1  
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