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Tundra

Tundra is the coldest of all the biomes. It is noted for its frostmolded landscapes, extremely low temperatures, little precipitation, poor nutrients, and short growing seasons.

By: Aksel, Porter, Naomi, and Dylan


Abiotic Factors Of the Tundra

Some of The abiotic factors in the Tundra include: The temperature; Cold/freezing The snow and ice Dirt underneath the ice Some glaciers Some Rocks The Temperature; Cold on average tundras are 300m above sea level


SUMMARY OF ECOLOGICAL SUCCESSION THAT HAPPENS INÂ

The Tundra

Primary: When the earth warmed the glaciers retreated and left behind land that was lifeless and rocky. It took a very long time before plants like lichen started to grow on these rocks. In time, rocks are broken down by the lichens mixed with decaying lichens and formed the first soil. Wind also blew dust, which congregated in small cracks in rocks where moss and small plants started to grow. Secondary:Â When an event, like a fire or natural disaster, reduces an already established ecosystem, but the soil remains and succession then follows. This is faster than primary succession because the soil is already present.


PRIMARY PRODUCER IN THE TUNDRA

ARCTIC LICHEN

The conservation status 1. Lichens are formed of Arctic lichen is Least by a relationship of Concern. two organisms, and The Arctic Lichen has a alga and fungus. parasitic relationship 2. Lichens are a great with plants and trees. indicator of air quality. They grow on the plant 3. Humans have used and suck the energy out lichens for clothing and of them. decoration, and even The Arctic Lichen is never endangered by humans, and grow freely around the tundra. for eating.

PRIMARY DECOMPOSER IN THE TUNDRA

PORED FUNGI

1. Pored Fungi can be frozen under ice, and still live for years. 2. Pored fungi is deadly, and can cause instant death in humans and animals. 3. Pored fungi keep bugs away from trees and plants.

The Conservation status of Pored Fungi is Least Concern. Pored Fungi have a parasitic relationship with plants and trees. Pored Fungi is growing free in the tundra


PRIMARY CONSUMER

CARIBOU Caribou is the only member of deer family where both males and females wear antlers. Caribou is very fast animal it can run 50 miles per hour, especially when trying to escape from the predators. Caribou releases a special scent when faced with danger. The scent is produced in the gland located in the base of ankles and it informs other caribous about near danger. Parasitism is a relation between two organisms where one organism benefits whereas the other one is at a loss in the relationship.


Arctic Fox

Secondary Consumers The arctic fox can sometimes be a tertiary consumer or a secondary consumer. They eat birds, lemmings, and tundra voles. They use rocky cliffs for dens and in the summer, to camouflage they turn brown. They are about 3-4 feet long and are smaller than you would think.  


Tertiary consumers Of the Tundra

Some of the Tertiary Consumers of the tundra are: Hawk Polar Bear Wolf


Organism spotlight Polar Bear

The Polar Bear is a breed of bear that can only be found in the northernmost regions of the world, They are commonly found in Canada, Alaska (US), Greenland, Russia, and Norway. They are under a protected status due to the melting of polar icecaps that act as some of their homes. Did you know that polar bears have a layer of blubber underneath their layer of fur? Did you know that polar bears, besides their weight and size, are excellent swimmers? Did you know that polar bears dig their own dens in the snow?


Food Web Of the Tundra


TheÂ

Tundra In the World

Greenland

Sweden


WE ARE

In Love With the Environment One of the ecological threats that the tundra faces is the melting of the permafrost as a result of global warming could radically change the landscape and what species are able to live there. Scientists are studying the subtle and dramatic impacts of human activity and climate change on the tundra to protect the coldest biome on the planet.


References Caribou reindeer​ [Photograph]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.nps.gov/dena/learn/nature/images/Caribou-Profile-August_resize_3.jpg Food Chain in the Arctic Tundra​ [Photograph; jpg]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://biomes743.wikispaces.com/file/view/FoodWeb.jpg/124093111/FoodWeb.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbiosis_in_lichens https://www.ck12.org/biology/fungi-symbiosis/lesson/Symbiotic-Relationships-of-Fungi-BIO/ https://www.deschuteslandtrust.org/news/blog/2016-blog-posts/five-fun-facts-about-lichen https://www.thoughtco.com/interesting-facts-about-fungi-373407 Life in the tundra. (n.d.). Retrieved February 9, 2018, from OSU.EDU website: http://beyondpenguins.ehe.osu.edu/issue/tundra-life-in-the-polar-extremes/life-in-the-tun dra Musk oxen​ [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://hartnellthomas.wordpress.com/ Smart, N. (n.d.). ​Tundras by nick smart​ [Photograph]. Retrieved from https://img.haikudeck.com/mg/817957BF-A184-44B9-B782-A9CADCF225FD.jpg 10 Facts About Polar Bears. (n.d.). Retrieved February 13, 2018, from National Geographic Kids website: https://www.natgeokids.com/uk/discover/animals/general-animals/polar-bear-facts/#!/reg ister Tundra biome​ [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from Fakebook database. Tundra biome​ [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.thinglink.com/scene/495423976990834689


The wonderful world of the arctic tundra. (n.d.). Retrieved February 12, 2018, from weebly website: http://wonderfularctictundra.weebly.com/secondary-consumers.html

Science 7 Della Malva  
Science 7 Della Malva  
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